Fiqh of Salah #04 – Pillars of the Prayer

Navaid Aziz


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Someone else might not have him in Alhamdulillah hinomaru who wants to know when to stop? When I was a villa human surely unforeseen a woman say Dr. Molina, Maria de la vida modela Who am I? Oh lil fella ha de la y Chateau La ilaha illAllah hula hula Shetty. calahonda Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi was seldom at the Sleeman kathira and my blood, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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experience has taught me two things in an argument with my wife, I will never win. And in competing with young children for attention, I will never win that battle either. So I will ask you all to keep your attention focused to the best of your ability in sha Allah. With that having been said today's class is dedicated to the other can of Salah or can of Salah most of you have heard the word or can because it comes from it's the same word as our kind of Islam, the Pillars of Islam. Now, as a technical definition, what does or can actually mean? There are two important components to understand over here the two important components to understand over here number one, it is the

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integral component of Salah that if it is missed, intentionally, it is not valid, it is the integral component of Salah that if it is missed, intentionally, your Salah is not valid.

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The second component to this is that this is within the salon itself. So it is within the salon not outside of the salon, but in the act of salon itself. So that is the second tengo definition of this. So something from the salon itself, that if it were missed intentionally, it is not valid, it is not valid. Now, how about if someone misses it, unintentionally, what happens in that situation? In the situation if someone misses something like this unintentionally, for a prolonged period of time, then inshallah he is not held accountable for it due to ignorance. However, if someone knows, and then they forget, then that act needs to be redone, then that act needs to be redone. So let me

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give you a scenario of this. I'm praying Salah, and then I've finished reciting Surah Fatiha recited a second sooner, but I forget to make a record. So instead of record, I go straight down into such Okay, instead of record I go straight down into such that at that time, I've missed two or can have the salaries will come to see I've missed the record itself. And I've missed the Korean from the record. so in this situation, the rocker actually becomes invalid DACA actually becomes invalid even though I just forgot, but the fact is, I knew I had to do this right. I knew I had to do this, but I forgot. So here your Salah is still valid, the Salah as a whole is valid, but that NACA needs to be

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redone. So this individual he'll start up you'll get stand up. He doesn't do that to the Haram again, but he recite Surah Fatiha recites another surah does Roku stands up from a core goes down to such that stands up gets up from such that goes down to such that again. And now he's finished his first rocker now he has finished his first rocker. So that is an example of what I'm talking about. If a person leaves it forget fully then even then he has to make it up the Salah is not valid without it. So now let us start off the fundamental Hadith that this whole section is based on. And this is the famous hadith of Ohara the Allahu anhu a man entered the masjid while the Messenger of

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Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sitting, the man prayed to Raka and then came to the prophet and said Salaam the Prophet replied to the Salaam and then said, Go back and pray for you have not prayed. So the man went back prayed to God like he did the first time and then came back and repeated the Salaam, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam responded to the Salaam and then said go back and pray for you have not prayed. So the man who went back prayed to Dhaka like he did the first time, and then came back and then repeated the Salam. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam responded to the serum and then said, Go back and pray for you have not prayed. He said it three

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times. Until the third time the man said by He who has sent you with the truth or messenger of Allah. I do not know any better than this Teach me. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when you stand out for Salah say Allahu Akbar, then read what is easy for you from the Koran. Then bow until you are in a relaxed position in your court. Then stand up until you're standing up straight, then prostrate until you are in a relaxed position in your sujood then sit until you're relaxed in your gialos in your sitting. Now do this for your entire Salah reported by Al Bukhari and Muslim.

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What do we learn from this hadith? Let's take some brief lessons. Lesson number one

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Is that when you enter into the masjid, the first thing you should do is pray to lockers before you converse with anyone before you say Salaam to anyone. The first thing you do is pray to hear the masjid. And this is something that should be done at all times. So regardless if the Juma whatever is going on, you pray to lock eyes before sitting down. Regardless of you have something to do in the masjid, you should pray before you sit down. What if it's during the prohibited times, then I would say here be a bit diligent in the sense that if it's a prohibited time that is coming to an end within the next minute, so for example, just before Salah Tomalin, literally, there's one minute

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left till you're done. And that situation, wait till the iodine is over, and then pray the toorak if you don't pray it right away. However, if there's a long period of time, in that prohibited period of time, then go ahead and pray and it is not harmful, go ahead and pray and it is not harmful. So that is something that should be done at all times.

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The second lesson we learned from this is that this individual, after he prayed, he came in he gifts the lamps to the Messenger of Allah. So if you're meeting someone in the masjid, you go and you pray first, and then you go and give the lamps to the individual. Now, over here, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was straightforward. He responded to the serums. He said, Why likoma salam args for Sunday for inner column for Sunday, that go back and pray because you have not prayed. This man didn't take offense to that right? A lot of us when someone tries to correct our prayers, we think to ourselves, who is this individual, you know who who gave him the right to correct our prayer. Now

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I understand this is the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but the point being, we should feel comfortable with our mistakes, we should feel comfortable with our ignorance. And what I mean by that is that if someone corrects us, and they're presenting the proof, they're saying, This is what Allah His messenger said, This is what Allah said, This is what the Sahaba della whom did, then we should willingly accept that right, Amara, Allah Juana we used to say, may Allah have mercy upon the man, may Allah brighten the face of the individual that teaches me my mistakes, that teaches me my mistakes, so we should embrace our mistakes. Now, this man repeated it three times,

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and Subhanallah what a level of patience This is, that the pastor said on gave him the ability to correct themselves gave him a freedom to make mistakes, and this is, you know, a technique in teaching, give people the freedom to make mistakes before you correct them, right. Don't micromanage everything that they do is not what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam teaches us over here. So give him the Mr. Freedom to make a mistake. And he tries it once he fails. The process. Adam is patient, this man is patient. Second time, same thing, third time, same thing. And only when the man says oh messenger of Allah, I've given up I don't know any better Teach me, then

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the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam explains to him in detail, right? So what do we learn from this? That the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in teaching people never lost patience. So yes, people will make mistakes time and time again. This man in the span of like 15 minutes, messed up three times. bothersome, didn't say What's wrong with you? Why aren't you learning? or Why aren't you playing properly? He was patient with him. So for a lot of us, we will make mistakes. It's going to happen a lot of times, but we should embrace those mistakes. And likewise, those that are teaching are required to have patience are required to have patience. Now,

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the last thing if you don't know, ask, you don't know how to pray. Ask someone. You don't know how to do something. Don't feel shy in asking you'll never learn if you don't ask. So this man, he said, O Messenger of Allah, look, I've tried my best. There's nothing more that I know what to do. So Teach me at this time, and then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam teaches him the can of the Salah. Now let us count what the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam taught him. The first thing he says to him, when you stand up for Salah, right? So when you stand up for Salah, say Allahu Akbar, say Allahu Akbar, and then read what is easy for you from the Quran. Then

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bow down until you are in a relaxed position in real court. Then stand up until you're standing up straight, then prostrate until you're in a relaxed position in sujood. Then sit until you are relaxed in your sitting. Now, do this for your entire Salah, do this for your entire Salah. So, here we counted seven, if we break them down individually, and some of the scholars they actually combined that the community along with the standing the combine that the creator the one with the standing, so they only had six. So we see you see what do the number six come from? When he said the wrong the standing was already understood with it the standing was already understood with it. So

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now according to the different schools of thought, the Madhavi Mahmoud hanifa Rahim Allah, it has six pillars of Salah it has six or can have Salah the six that are mentioned here in this hadith. The rest of them are Diab, Mr. Muhammad, Mr. Musharraf, a Mr. Malik. Their mother had

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14 arcane in the cellar at 14 arcann in the cellar, where did they come from? We will be discussing this in some detail, we will be discussing this in some detail. So, now, let us look according to the method of Emmanuel hanifa what are the six are can are what the six are can or he said number one, the opening to Kabir so that

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is the first look on number two and I'll try to go slowly because I know some people are taking notes. Number two, it is the standing inside of the seller it is the standing inside of the seller.

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Number three

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recitation of the Quran recitation of the Quran

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number four, the Roku

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number five, the sujood supports both such this together rather than saying such the up such that he puts both sides this together. And number six, the final the shadowed the final the shout the final sitting down. These are the archives of the salon in the matobo emammal hanifa Rahim Allah, these are the six Akan Okay, so now, one thing that is meant to be highlighted over here and we'll discuss in a bit is when emammal hanifa himolla talks about recitation of the Quran, he is referring to reciting anything from the Quran, whatever you know from the Quran, then your Salah will be valid when the majority talk about recitation of the Quran, they are referring to specifically Surah

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Fatiha and what you know on top of that sola Fatiha, and what you know on top of that, so now let's move on to opinion number two, where did they get the 14 from? Where did they get the 14 from? And for these 14, I'll go through the list quickly, and then we'll discuss them individually then we'll discuss them individually. So they said standing up is the first look one standing up is the first total code number two, it is the ability of Iran number two is that the purity of Iran number three is the recitation of the Quran number three is the recitation of the Koran.

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Number four, it is bang Dodo Chua number four is Dodo Chua

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number five rising up from the royal court number five rising up from the royal court.

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Number six, the sedge the upon seven parts of the body the such the upon seven parts of the body and we'll explain this in detail. That's number six. Number seven, coming up from your such the coming up from your such the number eight, sitting calmly between the two sides that's sitting calmly between the two sides this number nine setting for the last showed number nine setting for the last showed number 10 recitation of the last showed number 10 recitation of the last showed.

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Number 11. Sending salah and Salaam upon the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are what they call a saltwater Ibrahima or a doodle Ibrahimi. That is what he's referring to number 11 number 12 that the slim singer salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah number 13. being calm and tranquil in the cellar, being calm and tranquil in the cellar, and number 14, maintaining the order of the seller, number 14, maintaining the order of the seller. So this is how the majority got 14, this is how the majority got 14. So now let us start off with number one, clear standing for those that are able to standing for those that are able to the first line of Salah is standing up

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for Salah, and there's something we've discussed previously as well, that standing up for Salah is an integral of the Salah that if you're able to do so, and there's nothing preventing you, it is mandatory. So it's winter time you're driving, and is this time for Salah Can I pray sitting in my car? And the answer is as long as you will not freeze outside, then you have to pray standing outside, even on the side of a road in a park wherever you may be to pray sitting in a car for someone that is able to would not be permissible will not be permissible. Now, what actually constitutes standing what constitutes standing in my shoulders are slouched and my back is like

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slightly leaning over. Does that affect the Salah in terms of standing? No, it doesn't affect it. What if someone is standing in their Salah, but they're rocking back and forth. This is not something that they should be doing. However, it will not nullify the standing it will not nullify the standing. How about if someone needs help standing up for Salah. So for example, there's a an individual, he just had some sort of surgery. Can he hold on to a cane while he is in Salah. Can you hold on to a cane while he's in Salah or at the time

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The process of them, they used to hang a rope from the ceiling and hold on to the rope while standing in Salah. And the answer is yes, a person can use support to stand in Salah. However, in such a situation, if a person is in a great amount of pain, or is excessively difficult for him, then it is allowed for him to sit down, it is allowed for him to sit down.

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Which leads us to who is exempt from sitting, sorry, who is exempt from standing, who is exempt from standing, the individual that is exempt from standing is the one that is prevented either due to a physical reason, or due to an external reason. So it is a physical reason, or an external reason, physical reason is broken down into two, physical incapability. So for example, a person is naturally on the wheelchair they are disabled, then that is perfectly fine, they can pray in their wheelchair or pray on the chair. And that's perfectly fine. And this can be temporary, or permanent, this can be temporary or permanent. A second scenario is someone is sick. So for example, someone

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has an illness on their foot that prevents them from you know, putting weight on their foot. In that situation a person can sit down, and is this not a problem, it is not a problem. So those are the physical reasons, in terms of external reasons. So external Reason number one, you can say that a person is going for a journey, and there's something outside that is preventing him from standing. So for example, it is extremely cold, he knows that if he prays outside here, he's more than likely going to get sick. Or for example, you're out camping, and there's like a bear in the surrounding area. And you think to yourself, if I started praying, there's a good chance that bear might come

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and attack me, right. And that situation, pray sitting in your car, pray sitting in your tent, or wherever you are, and that's perfectly fine accurately in your tent, and you should probably stand. But if you're in your car at that time, you can train your car, and it's not a problem. So there's an external means we gave the example last time of the person that is in a in a plane, right in the plane, it's quite difficult to stand up one due to how restricted the spaces are. And number two, it can really put you in an awkward situation and particularly in this day and age with you know, all the the ways Muslims have been brushed, you know, as people that are out to harm, you know, it could

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put you in a difficult situation. So in that situation once the plane has started moving, you can pray in your seat. And that is not a problem that is not a problem. So now how does someone actually sit for the seller? How does someone sit for the seller, the first thing that is important to understand when it comes to sitting for Salah, the general preferred method is to actually sit on the floor. It is not the teaching of the central deposit seller to actually sit on the chair you are allowed to sit on a chair Don't get me wrong, but deposit seldom had the capability of having chairs in the massage it for the people that weren't able to sit your deposit seldom taught us to sit on

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the floor. Now how should a person sit on the floor, the way we sit for the shareholders is the normal way that you would sit for in Salah. Right and that is a position you should maintain. inshallah, next week we're going to we're going to be discussing, talking about to the Sif of the Salah, how do you actually perform the prayer, and I'll show you with some of the physical movements in Sharla. Now, what about is a person allowed sitting cross legged for Salah? And the answer to that is yes, it is narrated, that the pastor sent and prayed his Salah sitting down while he was cross legged. So the scholars genuinely say over here, that whatever is comfortable for a person and

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they can pray their Salah in that manner, then that is something that is permissible to do so that is something that is permissible to do so we get to number two, there could be a total Iran, the statement of Allahu Akbar, the statement of Allah Akbar. Now a couple of weeks back, we were talking about why we say Allah, what why do we say Allah is the Greatest, and that is to remind ourselves that there is no one more important in my life right now. Other than Allah subhana wa Tada. And I mentioned that there was a book that talks about the wordings of the Salah, and some of the inner dimensions of the Salah. I have a copy of that book here today. It's called the inner dimensions of

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the prayer by eternal flame, the inner dimensions of the prayer by even altium. So this book is available online for free download, on that website that I always say, I will not tell you what it is unless you ask me outside, but I'm sure pretty much everyone knows what it is. So you can look it up online and you can download the PDF over there. Now, are we allowed to make another form of Vicar to start the Salah. So for example, instead of Allahu Akbar, I feel like saying La Ilaha luxury so can I go La ilaha illa Allah and started the prayer. The answer to that is no, there is consensus that it is not allowed. You have to say Allahu Akbar, you have to say, Allah who akibat.

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Now, a related point to this. Does this have to be in the Arabic language? Can someone say God is the greatest and

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Start the Salah God is the greatest and start the Salah. So the majority of scholars they said no, it is not permissible to do that. The mother will remember hanifa Rahim Allah, they differed between the taxability haram and after that the community Hara. So they said for the text purity Haram, that should be in Arabic. After that we are to their haoran. Then he can recite in the language that is comfortable for him. And they said in that time, it was fantasy, because that was the closest language to the Arabic That was the closest language to the Arabic Now

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with the community haraam, when does one make the movements? does one go like this? And then go Allahu Akbar? Or does one raise his hands and then say Allahu Akbar? Or is something he should try to do simultaneously, and say, Allahu Akbar? And the answer is the last one, it should be simultaneous. As you're raising your hands, you say, Allahu Akbar, and that is how you make that appear to their home. Now what if you do it a little bit before a little bit after it's not that big of a deal, it is not that big of a deal, but try to do it simultaneously at the same time.

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Now we get to number three, the recitation of the Quran, the recitation of the Quran. So as we mentioned, according to Imam, Abu hanifa, you just need to recite anything from the Quran, and this will suffice for you in the Salah. This will suffice for you in the Salah. According to the majority, they said it has to be sort of Fatiha. And if you can recite more, that is great. If you can't recite more than that is fine, then that is fine. So now let us break this down into two further discussions. Number one is

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actually I just find let's just keep it in this order the way we started. So in terms of the recitation of Fatiha Emmanuel hanifa Rahim Allah He comes from the opinion that deposit seldom said over this set over here that recite what is easy from you for you from the Quran. Likewise, in the Quran itself, Allah subhanaw taala says fakra oma is elemental Quran that recite what is easy from you from the Koran. So, this is where he got the understanding that any surah could be recited the majority they said no, the pasta salad made it very clear. Now salata Lehman, Lehman lamb yagura fatty Hatton keytab that there is no Salah for the one that does not read the opening of the book.

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So they said when Allah His Messenger saw them when Allah subhanaw taala say felco matter Yes, elemental Quran. This is referring to Salatin fattier, this is referring to certain Fatiha and this is something I would say that you never ever give up, never ever abandon. Now the second issue we want to discuss over here from the Fatiha itself. Does the Imam or do you as an individual recite the bus mela out loud? Or do you recite it silently? So unnamable hanifa Imam Malik mm Akhmad. They said you were sighted silently you recite it silently. And he said if you recite it sometimes out loud, then there's no harm in that sometimes out loud, then there's no harm in that. Imam Shafi

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Rahim Allah His method says no, you always recite the bus mela out loud. So when the Imam starts the summer, he goes Allahu Akbar, and he's about to start Surah Fatiha, he will say Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim and hamdulillah Hera Bella and I mean, according to the medical exam, Shafi that is how it is meant to be recited. Now, whatever you version you may see, both of them are acceptable. And I believe this is a moot point of discussion that you know, doesn't make that much of a difference. It doesn't make that much of a difference. The third issue we wanted to get to is when you're praying behind the Ma'am, when do you recite Fatiha behind him? When do you remain silent?

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Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah He says you remain silent the whole time you will not recite Fatiha behind the Imam, the individual that is praying behind himself. He should recite Surah Fatiha. If he doesn't not a big deal, but behind the Imam he should not recite Surah Fatiha behind the Imam. Why did he say this? He said that the recitation of the Imam is sufficient for the followers. This is the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from a logical argument. He says that Imagine you are going to speak to a king, right? You're going to speak to a king. Not everyone needs to go to the king and you know, say what they have to say. But rather they can appoint one individual, and

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that one individual can speak on their behalf. And he actually made an example of this, that he started debating in Malmo. hanifa, about this issue of reciting the Fatiha. They said, Look, he said, Look, I understand all of you have an issue with this. Why don't you choose one person to come and speak to me about this issue? And I will discuss this with him. So that person the group, you know, they were they were they were outsmarted by Manuel hanifa. So they can't miss one individual company says, Ma'am, I'm going to represent the group and he said you've already lost the debate. You've already lost the discussion. The fact that you agreed to appoint one

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Imam is what the Imam is therefore that he will represent the whole congregation. So this was his logical argument. This was his logical argument. Now moving into the rest of the Medina moving in to the rest of the mothership,

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the Shafi and Atma and humbly school they said that you will recite the Fatiha behind the Imam at all times you will set the fire to hide behind the Imam all times are silent prayer out loud prayer, you will recite it at all times. What is the way that you will recite it? Then in the silent prayer, it's pretty easy. You just recite it out loud but in a Silent Voice. When the Imam has his reciting in fudgier mclubbe Anisha. They said that either the Imam takes a break after each verse. So he will say Alhamdulillah he or Bella mean, take a break and a small pause so that the people behind him can say it. They said this is the best way to do it. They said if this is not possible, then after the

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fact has finished. So he says well adore lean mean,

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he'll pause over here for a few seconds so that people behind him can see it. And he say if this is not possible, then when the Imam starts reciting a second Surah then you recite Surah Fatiha at that time, then you recite Surah Fatiha at that time.

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even Kodama from the humbling method, he brings a completely different approach. And Allah Subhana Allah knows best. This is my personally preferred opinion and the preferred opinion of my teachers. And it makes the most sense when you put all the narrations together. And that is, he said you will differentiate between loud and silent prayers. You'll differentiate between loud and silent prayers. In a silent prayer, you will recite behind the Imam and there's no harm in this and a prayer that is out loud. You will not recite behind the Imam you will not recite behind the Imam. So for example in fudger when the Imam is reciting, you stay silent and you listen to the recitation. When you get to

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mclubbe the third record Muslim then you will recite Surah Fatiha at that time. Why is this the preferred opinion? This is the preferred opinion because it puts all the narrations together, the first one being that whoever does not recite Surah Fatiha has no Salah number two is the command in the Quran. When Allah subhana wa tada he says that when the Quran is being recited, then recite silently. Then the third is the narration of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam where he heard people reciting behind him in the Salah. And then the possessor forbade them from saying that do not recite behind me in the Salah. So this is how the different narrations and verses or we consult that

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in prayers that are out loud, then the Fatiha is not to be recited a prayer listens to the Imam, and the prayer that is silent. Then you recite to behind the Imam and that is what should be done. Any questions on the Fatiha are we go ahead?

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Yes, correct. They stay silent, because the recitation of the magma is sufficient for the magma and according to them, but they didn't say

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like, over time, the mud has changed. And they stayed in the salon to Syria, he can recite whatever is easy for him at that time, because they also understood that a person that's just standing there, and he's not doing anything, he's not going to have a level of who show up. But according to their understanding of this, they said he can recite in his head, but not out on his on his lips. Allah Allah Yep.

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Afterwards, like do you recite? So we're coming to that we're coming to that. So we're just on a fight to have right now we'll get to the other source. So brothers first question. And, you know, I will try to repeat the questions from now on. The first question was about

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in the month of November of hanifa. When you have a silent prayer, what do they recommend a person do at that time? So they say a person should stay silent at that time, but he can recite internally and that is not a problem. Then the second question was, how about the other soldiers should they be recited as well that they are the same ruling and we said we're coming to that now. So now it comes to the issue of the extra Sooners that are recited after Serato, fattier the extra soldiers that are recited after certain factor. So the extra students that are after recites after certain Fatiha then they are optional soldiers understand this they are so not to do mean that if you do them, you are

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rewarded. If you don't do them, then you are not punished, then you are not punished. So for example, one day, you know, I have an appointment to get to I need to catch my flight. I'm at the airport. And so a lot of market have just kicked in. And they've started border boarding already. So for me, I'm like okay, let me pray the quickest prayer I possibly can to catch my flight. I will recite Surah Fatiha after I go when avoiding I mean, I can go straight into the court and there is no sin upon me reciting the second story

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Law is something that is recommended to do and does not have to be done does not have to be done. Now coming into the discussion of what should the person behind the Imam be doing? What should the person behind the Imam be? And the answer is by consensus, he should not be reciting after the Imam. He should not be reciting after the Imam, but rather he should be following along in his head he should be following along in his head.

00:30:26--> 00:30:27

Now we get to

00:30:29--> 00:31:15

actually, there's quite a few discussions over here. So first discussion is when should the amin be said in Surah 31. Should the amin be said in Surah Fatiha so scholars have discussed this. It's not too big of an issue. What is preferred is, as the Imam begins to say, mean, then you can say I mean, at that time, or if the Imam doesn't say amin, then you are allowed to say are mean, and there's no harm in this. Now, should the man be proceeded in the army. So he says wallet balling. And you know, he's going to say I mean, but because, you know, we don't like to wait. As soon as he says one of our lien, we stay we start saying mean, then in this situation, I would say it's better to wait till

00:31:15--> 00:31:54

the Imam start seeing amin and coincide with the Imam of the army so as not to proceed the army. So even though the army is not a part of Surah Fatiha, it is an action of the Imam that you know he is going to do and it's better not to proceed him because the process of them said the Imam is there to be followed, the Imam is there to be followed. So you either you can do it at the same time as him or you can do it after but try not to proceed him. If you do it before will it affect your summer? And the answer is no it will not affect your summer but it is better to do so. Number two is how well does a person need to know Surah Fatiha to recite the Salah. And the answer is he should know

00:31:54--> 00:32:12

Surah Fatiha very well. What I mean by this is not in terms of memorization, inshallah all of us know sort of Fatiha in terms of memorization. What I'm talking about is he should have not had any major mispronunciation mispronunciations when leading the Salah. So for example, I'll tell you a very true story.

00:32:14--> 00:32:33

There is an Imam actually Nima was a very good brother, but I don't know why he had this really messed up sort of fattier. So he would go to one a bar lien and the first couple of times they prayed behind it, I'm like there's something wrong here, but I couldn't figure it out. Eventually I figured it out. What he would do is he would go well, a ball

00:32:34--> 00:33:00

lean, like he would prolong gate the butt without making the sound. So this is like a major mess up in Surah Fatiha likewise. You know, I understand a lot of us come from subcontinent backgrounds, and we come from other dialects of the Arabic language, where like every single letter that comes makes it a DA sound all of a sudden becomes a zap. Right? So then we end up saying, lady, vile mouth zoobi either him and one Azhar lean right, I know we want to left control it.

00:33:01--> 00:33:41

When this is a reality. This is the way certain people pronounce it. These type of mistakes are not allowed in Salah. So if we know someone that makes this type of mistake in his recitation, he should not be leading the Salah, unless he is the best of the group. So the whole group or sites like this, and he is the best of them, then the Salah is valid, but in the situation where you have someone that can recite properly and someone that can't recite properly. For example, we have the water bottle and we have the book, this book recite Surah Fatiha and all they know is sort of fattier, and cola hide properly they recited properly. This water bottle is a half of the Koran, but they make

00:33:41--> 00:34:14

some mere major mistakes in pronounciation when it comes time to lead the Salah. Even though this water bottle is a half with the book takes precedence Why? Because of the pronounciation because of the pronunciation so pronunciation is very, very important. And of course it is making these mistakes. He should not feel ashamed that someone says Look brother, I'm going to lead the Salah instead. Do not take it personally, but rather do not put yourself in this predicament by stepping up for Salah when you know you're going to have such a mistake when you know you're going to have such a mistake.

00:34:17--> 00:34:55

I think that's pretty much it for all of Fatiha. And the only thing I would recommend over here is that be censored fit I so highly, highly, highly, highly, highly recommended, meaning it is a rochlin of the Salah. right there's no Salah without it. We don't have time to attend regular halaqaat of Quran, I can understand that. But what you want to do is at least come to the masjid on Mondays and Thursdays when Sheikh Hassan has his class and this practice the Fatiha with him. It's not going to take more than 10 minutes, do it once a month, do it once every three to three months, whatever you have the ability to do practice it with a team or whoever is teaching the class at that

00:34:55--> 00:34:59

time just to make sure that your Koran is being recited properly just to make sure you're caught

00:35:00--> 00:35:45

And is being recited properly. Now we move on to the next one, which is a little cooler, which is the record. And the record, a person will go down into record by saying Allahu Akbar, that statement of saying Allahu Akbar is from the YG bat of the Salah, which we'll be discussing in a little bit. So the saying of Allahu Akbar is not from a local, and what will come to see the difference between a YG vinyl record, while both of them are in Salah, the record being abandoned, will make the record invalid, the YG bat being abandoned, if done unintentionally, then they can be made up with such at the subtle, if done intentionally, then it makes that occur, then it makes the some actually

00:35:45--> 00:36:27

invalid. It makes the Salah invalid and should begin over. So then a person then goes down into the court, he goes down into the court. And in the record, what you want to do is you want to make sure your back is as flat as possible, your back is as flat as possible. So much so that they said that the professor Sallam could have balanced water on his back when he was in real court, he could have put water on his back when he went down for real cool. Then he rises up from the Roku. And he says semula Hanuman hamidah, that is from the big bath of the Salah. But the actual standing is from the archive, the actual standing is from the archive. Now, what is from the archive, it is a is it

00:36:27--> 00:37:06

actually standing, or is actually standing long enough so that a person is calm and comfortable. And as a general rule, just so I don't repeat myself, the general rule is for every act of Salah, every movement in Salah, a person has to become calm and comfortable in that position before he goes on to the next one. So for example, someone's really in a hurry to perform the Salah, he has to make sure that we get down to the core. It's not like a jerk. So for example, you know people go for when they go for Rocco, they'll go like this, right? The egg on the way down, they're saying Subhan Allah bl, Avi, and then they're already standing up, you can't do that you have to go down for Aqua, go down

00:37:06--> 00:37:27

for a quote, get there and then say Subhanallah vilavi. And then you can stand up and then you can stand up how many times you have to say those that could be a lot. We'll get to that when we talk about the YG. But But the point being in each and every action of the Salah perfected that action, before you move on to the next one perfect that action before you get on to the next one.

00:37:28--> 00:38:16

So then he stands out from the record, that was number six, number five. Now he goes down to such the and this is local number six, such that has to be made on seven joints such that has to be made on seven joints of the living ambassador, the Allahu anhu ma he narrated that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I've been commanded to prostrate on seven bones, on the forehead, on the nose, on the hands on the knees, and the toes. Right. So let me repeat that, again, the forehead, the nose, the hands, the knees, and the toes and the toes, those are the seven body parts that need to be touching the ground that they need to be touching the ground. So now in the winter

00:38:16--> 00:38:53

time, a person is wearing a tuk. And he goes down for such that has he fulfilled the requirements of such data? And the answer is no, he has not fulfilled the requirements of such the right, he should make sure that it is actually his forehead that is touching the ground. Now unless it's super cold, and he's preying on the cement, then in that situation, rather than keeping the two gone, I would say put the two on the floor and make sense the upon that and accepted upon that. And that is the better thing to do. So that you have not gone against the command of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Likewise, the nose, you know, a lot of times, the way we will place our

00:38:53--> 00:39:07

foreheads, or forehead will be to the extreme front, so much so that our face Yes, lifted up off the ground. That's not the proper way of making such that your nose should be touching the ground. When you make such as for the hands than the hands, I don't think anyone has an issue with

00:39:08--> 00:39:19

the knees, no one has an issue with and the toes. A lot of the times people will not put their toes on the ground. Like they'll lift up their toes. The toes should actually be bent.

00:39:20--> 00:39:47

When they when you go down to such the and we'll I'll show this to you next week. When we do the actual description of the prayer. The toes should actually be bent when they are down in such the likewise should the feet be spread apart? Or should they be close together. The narration showed that the pastor center would close his feet together when he used to make the such though. So when you're in such rather than having your feet apart, keep your feet closed. That is how the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam prayed.

00:39:49--> 00:39:51

Now one thing that I'll mention over here

00:39:52--> 00:39:59

is as a general rule, the Salah of men and women is the same meaning the actions of Salah

00:40:00--> 00:40:39

are exactly the same. However, the way we do some of those actions, that is what will be different that is what we will do differently. So, for example, when a man goes down to such the, if he has the room, it is encouraged that his hands are like this, and his arms are spread out, his arms are spread out. The companions are the love and home used to say that we could see the whiteness from the skin of the Messenger of Allah so Saddam's underarms, when he goes to McDowell, for such for a woman, it is encouraged that she remains more concealed, that she remains more concealed, and that she should not expose the sides of her body that she should not expose the sides of her body.

00:40:39--> 00:40:51

Similarly, with record tried to be as concealed as can for the woman, and for the men, then the arms can be shown and that is the preferable thing to do. That is a preferable thing to do.

00:40:52--> 00:40:53


00:40:54--> 00:40:58

Scenario number one, so lotto jamaah comes. It's

00:40:59--> 00:41:39

a holiday in Calgary, you show for Juma and there's like overflow. So not only do we say that, you know what brothers and sisters moving as close as you can, we have to create like an extra two lines in the back of the masjid, where there are no black lines. So they're so close, literally, they're standing behind one another like this, what does a person end up doing at that time, in that situation, if a person can find floor space to make sense done, that is perfectly fine to do. If he doesn't find floor space to make such a on, then he can make such that in the best of the best possible way that he can, the closer he can get to the ground, then that is the preferable thing to

00:41:39--> 00:42:18

do. If you can't get to the ground at all, then this is beyond his capability, then this is beyond his capability. Is it permissible to to keep the hands covered in the search the due to weather? So we mentioned that the hands have to be on the ground? Can you wear gloves due to the cold weather? I said yes, you can wear to do to extreme cold weather. However, the preferable thing to do instead is put your gloves on the floor as long as they don't fly away and make sense upon the gloves instead, rather than keeping wearing the gloves. That is a better thing to do. How should a person fall into such that hands first or nice first hands first, on these first, and this is something that the

00:42:18--> 00:42:59

scholars have differed over greatly. Because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said do not go down into such the like the camera does not go down to such that, like the camera does. So what does the camel actually do? You'll notice that the camel when it goes down, it goes down on its front legs first, is it the front legs are the backlinks, it's the front legs, the camel was down on his front legs first. And then he goes down on his back legs. So now the issue is, are the front legs of the camel his arms? Or are they actually his legs and knees. And that's what wasn't clear. And that is why we have this difference of opinion. That is it hands first or knees first. And the

00:42:59--> 00:43:35

answer to this, the majority have said that you should try to go down on your knees First, if you are able to do so if you're not able to do so then you can go down on your hands first. And that is not a problem. The mother will be my medic and some of the scholars of Hadith. They said no a person should go down on the hands first, because that is what the camera does. And he understood it very literally, that the camera was down the front first and that is why you should go down on your hands first. For me personally, I would suggest try to go down on your knees. That is the best thing to do. If you are unable to then it is permissible to use your hands. And there is no harm in doing

00:43:35--> 00:43:37

that there's no harm in doing that.

00:43:38--> 00:44:17

One thing I will mention about the such that the prophets are seldom said about the such that the slave of Allah is closest to Allah subhanho wa Taala when he is in such the when he is in such the and what the prophet SAW said the means by this is that this is the best time to make the vicar of Allah the best time to make a donor. So, a person should take advantage of it a person should take advantage of it that prolong your search this these are good things to do. And in your search this you can make whatever device you want whatever you want to ask for. And this is something that is highly encouraged to do the same that is highly encouraged to do now you get up from the such that

00:44:17--> 00:44:19

this is number seven you get up from the sun.

00:44:20--> 00:44:38

And then at this time, he's mentioned to say a little bit fiddly Robic Philly this from the YG both of the Salah that we will discuss when we talk about the YG but here he just gets up from the search the and then he will go that is record number eight, that is record number eight, okay.

00:44:40--> 00:44:59

Then he says come in between the census and then he will make such that again. However, this is not counting a separate token This is not counted as a separate logon, but the such that in general is considered a token of Salah. So all of the sides of this, with the exception of surgery to shuffle and surgery to Tila are considered from the archives

00:45:00--> 00:45:44

The seller you're considered from the account of the seller. Now, number nine is sitting during the last show. The last show of your salon is from the archives of the salon mean that without it, your Salah is not valid. Number 10. The recitation of the showed the recitation of the Tisha hood, and that is the statement of adhere to the law. He was Salatu was about to tell the end of it till the end of it. Are there different versions of this? Yes, there are many different versions of this next week when we talk about the sefa to Salah or the description of the prayer. We will go through some of those versions we'll go through some of those versions. Number 11. The Sunnah watts Ibrahim iya.

00:45:45--> 00:46:24

And the last the SHA hood. This is from the arcane of the Salah, it is from the pillars of Salah, meaning without it your Salah would not be valid. Can a person recite this in this in the first dish out and the second rocker of the forecast salah and the answer is yes, he can recite it. There's no harm in doing so. Some of the scholars have even encouraged it, but it is mandatory. And the last showed the number 12 the saying of the slum as salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. Now that the sneem over here is looking and there's two things that we want to discuss over here. Number one, is that what wordings Are we allowed to go with? What wordings Are we allowed

00:46:24--> 00:47:01

to go with? Number one is a Salaam Alaikum. That is permissible to say if he says Salaam Alaikum Assalam Alikum this Salah is valid it says a salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah the Salah is valid, as he says salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. The Salah is valid. These are the jaw the normal things that we will see in some of the narrations of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he would give extra Salaam to the right, and would shorten it a bit on the left. So you will say Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh A salaam aleikum, wa rahmatullah. This is something that was done by the Prophet

00:47:01--> 00:47:04

salallahu alaihe salam, and it's something that is permissible to do.

00:47:05--> 00:47:28

The second thing, what part of this is mandatory? And what part of it is Suna what is mandatory of the Salah is to give salaams to the right side you have fulfilled the Salah if you're given Salaam to the right side, to give Salaam to the left side is the fulfillment of his Sunnah the formal filament of a sinner and I'll give you something very interesting that happened.

00:47:30--> 00:48:03

So when I was very young, there's a an Imam that came to our Masjid and Mashallah does a hollow head like he had graduated from Medina. And he just said, You know what, I'm going to come to your community and for two weeks, I'm just going to spend teaching you guys so we're like literally 10 hours a day. It was winter break, he just came and he taught us Mashallah just located and one day in Salah. All he did was a salaam aleikum, wa rahmatullah and he started making his car and the congregation stayed frozen. They're like, Okay, he's gonna say salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah any second now, and like time is going on. And you can see the start laughing and well not flying but

00:48:03--> 00:48:38

smirking inside is like I wonder how long these guys are waiting. Then he said, Look, my dear brothers and sisters, this is a good opportunity to learn. The first Salaam is the requirement the second Salaam is the Sunnah. So as long as the Imam does one Salaam then the Salah has been completed and then the second Salam is soon to do so I've never done this I've never practiced it because I've always feared the backlash from the community. But now that I've told you guys I might try it. So if I average this so that's why they come up with Allah the Salah is now officially over. If I make the second Salaam you should follow me in that second Salaam if I don't make that second

00:48:38--> 00:48:42

Salaam then the Salah is over and that is perfectly fine

00:48:44--> 00:48:46

what was left from the Salaam that I wanted to mention

00:48:48--> 00:49:31

So yeah, that's it for the Salaam number 13 is having peace and tranquility in the summer, peace and tranquility in the Salah. Some of the scholars mentioned who sure in the Salah instead of Toma, Nina, but the general understanding is the same. And what they mean by tranquility is that there should be no movements that are not from the Salah don't excessively. So for example, if there's a fly in front of you in salah and it's really bothering you, you can wipe it away, that's perfectly fine. Or Likewise, if a person is praying, and there's something harmful there, he is allowed to make a slight movement in the Salah, for example, at the time of the Prophet and sell them they're

00:49:31--> 00:49:59

praying and a scorpion is there with your sand and you can stomp on that Scorpion and kill the scorpion. There's nothing wrong with doing that it will not invalidate your Salah. However, actions that are not needed. They shouldn't be done actually that are not needed should not be done. So for example, the Imams taking a very long time in his Salah, and the guy's like you know what, let me check what time it is. So he pulls out his cell phone and his salah and checks what time it is or he feels you know his phone vibrate. It sounds

00:50:00--> 00:50:37

Silent, but he's okay I got a text message. Let me you know, see what this text message says things like this would not be allowed things like this would not be allowed. So when he's talking about Omar Nina, it is the actions that are only are from the Salah, or they're only done out of necessity, they're only done out of necessity. Now there's something I want to highlight over here, something I want to highlight every I've spoken about this before, I'm doing it again, because I still see people making the same mistake. And that is when we're praying by ourselves. Meaning that we're not in congregation, we need to have a sutra in front of us. There needs to be something in

00:50:37--> 00:51:16

front of us, when we pray, and you want to be as close as possible to it, you want to be as close as possible to it. So for example, just leave enough space for you to make sense that that is how close you want to be to it. What are the requirements of a sutra, anything that is an arm's length, can be used as a sutra, you don't have anything that is an arm's length, just make a sign that people understand that they shouldn't walk in front of it. So for example, a person has a water bottle, if he doesn't find one of the cones, he can use a water bottle as the sutra and that is perfectly fine if he doesn't find anything else. But he needs something to protect his prayer. Related to this note

00:51:16--> 00:51:56

is the fact when someone is praying, it is haram haram haram to walk in front of them. You see them praying, avoid walking in front of them, you have to walk in front of their sutra, you have to walk in front of their cetera. Now there's two obligations over here, one on the person who is praying, if someone tries to walk in front of you in arm's length, you have to block him, you have to block and put your arm out, make sure they do not get a cross with exception of young children that are pre you know 20s meaning that they don't differentiate, they walk back and forth. It's not an issue. But anyone other than that, you should prevent them from walking in front of you, even the animals

00:51:56--> 00:52:30

so much so that the professor said that when he was spraying there was a sheep that was trying to cut in between rather than letting the sheep cut in between the prophets Allah Salaam that the sheep walked behind him instead, as he stepped closer to the sutra, which was a wall and his face was literally at the wall at that time. So this shows us and why am I bringing it up over here that if you're in Salah, and the man says Salaam Alaikum wa rahmatullah Salah is finished, would you have to make up a couple of records, you are allowed to take small steps, or even one big step to get closer to a sutra, so that people can walk around you, there's no harm in taking that step. So if you need

00:52:30--> 00:52:36

to step a bit closer to get your sutra, then that is something that is permissible to do something it's permissible to do.

00:52:38--> 00:53:06

The last item from the Arcana of the Salah is maintaining the order of the archive is maintaining the order of the archive, that all of these actions needs to be done in order. So for example, a person cannot make such that before they make a record, right? They cannot be inversed. But rather they need to be done in their proper order. They need to be done in their proper order. Let's talk about the kind of the seller, what questions do we have on the account of the seller? Go ahead.

00:53:07--> 00:53:07

Let's say somebody

00:53:09--> 00:53:14

from Boston, p go and meet the seller, and then afterwards, somebody comes in

00:53:16--> 00:53:49

your thought, is that make this prayer in dollars? No, it doesn't, because this person genuinely thought he could recite properly. So it would not invalidate the person but this question is, what if a person thinks he's reciting properly, but in the Salah, someone starts correcting him because he's not reciting properly there, will that invalidate the prayer? And the answer is no, because the person genuinely thought that he could recite properly and in this situation just to point something out, if you notice that the Imam is is not reciting Surah Fatiha properly, then it is an obligation upon you at that time to recite Surah Fatiha for yourself. But continue follow the Imam recite Surah

00:53:49--> 00:53:51

Fatiha for yourself and continue following the Imam

00:53:53--> 00:53:59

in regards to when you're in a place like Mecca or Medina where I mean

00:54:00--> 00:54:01

it's so crowded that you know

00:54:02--> 00:54:05

you can't even move actually alright.

00:54:06--> 00:54:06

What's What's

00:54:08--> 00:54:38

in there? Okay, so the brothers question is when you're in a place like Mecca and Medina is so crowded, what do you do for sutra in that situation? There's a weak Hadith that says that there is no centralized Mecca. And this hadith is weak is not authentic. Even in Makkah you still need a sutra you still need a sutra. Now, we learned something very important. There is a great wisdom behind the prophets of Salaam, establishing the sooner that you pray your father in the masjid and put your student as at home. There's a huge wisdom behind that just so that we can avoid these situations. So even in McCann Medina, the better thing to do is pray your father with the

00:54:38--> 00:54:47

congregation and for your Sooners in the hotel. Or if you're sticking around in the masjid wait till everyone disperses and then find a quiet corner to pray. I see your handout come to you inshallah.

00:54:49--> 00:54:54

That's the second thing. And then

00:54:55--> 00:54:57

I was going to make something else about McCann Medina.

00:54:59--> 00:55:00

I can't remember

00:55:00--> 00:55:04

If I come back, I'll mention it. Brother over here. Go ahead. Yeah, yeah.

00:55:05--> 00:55:08

One question. The other one is the first one

00:55:10--> 00:55:43

in terms of the language, yes to be in Arabic, right? Correct, the Salah has to be recited in Arabic whether you bring farther whether further soon it has to be said in Arabic however, let me make this clear over here. The actual Salah itself needs to be an Arabic What if one wants to make a draw? What can you do then? So in the situation of dua in the form of Salah you keep it at Arabic and non for Salah you can make in any language that you want, and it's not a problem inshallah. Yeah. Is there any ruling on closing your eyes for concentration, like,

00:55:44--> 00:55:46

I prefer to close my eyes, alright.

00:55:48--> 00:56:22

speak Arabic, right. So the general ruling is that your eyes should stay open in Salah. And that's for the obvious reason that no one should walk in front of you. And nothing that is harmful should come close to you, when your eyes are open. However, if it's a really difficult situation, like you're at home, all the children are crying. And your wife is like on the phone talking really loud. And the TV's playing and something else is happening. And you're like, you know, this is the only place I can pray in the house. And that situation, I don't see any harm in closing the eyes for a limited amount of time. Like Suzanne, when you're sending called on Close your eyes. But as soon as

00:56:22--> 00:56:30

you're going into Roku and such that open up the eyes again. But that's only a very limited amount of time that you should do that. Allah Allah, our brother all the way in the back. Go ahead.

00:56:33--> 00:56:34


00:56:38--> 00:57:14

That's what I forgot. Zack a very good question. So in the issue of moving the finger into childhood, we're going to discuss that next week. we'll mention three opinions on this opinion. Number one is that you just read it, raise it when you say Chateau de la opinion number two is that you keep it raised the whole time. And opinion number three is that you will move the finger we'll discuss this next week when we talk about the civil of Silla. The second question that's the important one is that when should the moon the person praying behind the Imam say the seller? The person should say the salaams behind the Imam once the Imam has completed the Salaam. So once the

00:57:14--> 00:57:49

Imam has completed his Salaam, then you said salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. You should not do it simultaneously. There's a very bad habit that people have that as soon as they see the Imams had more of a Solomonic wahala they start doing the same thing. That is not correct. You have to wait till the Imam is finished, and then do the listening and then do that this day. You should not proceed the Imam what is allowed to do is when the Imam finishes his first name, and is when salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah and going towards the second then you can start making your sleep at that time. However, if you want to wait till he finishes, it's completely a

00:57:49--> 00:58:20

salaam aleikum. wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah and then you do that to sleep, then that is probably even more encouraged because you get more time to make your dog and your and so on and so forth at that time. And one last thing I mentioned earlier that I forgot to mention the part before you said salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah is a highly recommended part to make dua in right because I'm talking more either bingeable to say, Allah, Allah Vickery Kawasaki kearsney, by the tick. That's not said after the Salah. It's actually said before that the sleep that should actually be said before the testing. So just looking for your question.

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Let's start with the site, and then I'll come over there and then come back in the center. Go ahead. Yeah, to make the divine prayer

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sorted out, anytime. So there are certain times where we have clear indications that you can make dua from them are in the record in such that and before the salon, that those times we know do occasionally meet also, when standing up from record, you can make one at that time as well. However, to keep things easy, I would say keep it at your center and keep it up before you sit down. Those are probably the best times to make the line your Salah regarding superdelegates, somebody is praying here, and he didn't keep anything in. Yes.

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Was from there? Or should they come back and go around? Okay, so how far should you wait before crossing the person who's praying? minimum is one arm's length, the more space you can leave the better. In an ideal situation, what you want to do is grab something and put it in front of him so that he realizes that he should be doing this. And then that way you protect his salon as well. Dennis, ready the investigators?

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Like a woman that's in front of you. Yes. What's the correct understanding? Fantastic. So there's a hadith where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that if three things crossed in front of you, the prayer is invalid. The Prayer is invalid. It is the donkey, the black dog and the woman. Now the scholars have differed over why particularly the woman, the majority of scholars have said that this is the case of the menstruating woman, that she should not walk in front of you that she should not walk in front of you, because she should not be in that prayer area to begin with. And that would invalidate the prayer. However, Allah subhanaw taala knows

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is best to say that this is restricted to the menstruating woman is no there's no proof for it. The understanding that my teachers explained to me and this makes sense to me as well. It is the woman who distracts you and your Salah. So for example, she is attractive or she's extremely uncovered, then that woman when she distracts you and your Salah, then that is the Salah that would invalidate your prayer. Allah husana. Go ahead.

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Yes, what happened when you catch?

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Fantastic. so in this situation, when the Imam has already gone into the court, you missed the recitation of the Quran. What do you do in that situation? The answer to that is and I'm very glad you asked this question. The answer to that is you join the record directly, you do not recite Surah Fatiha. However, the point the reason why I'm really happy ask this question. People make a mistake here. When they walk into the most of the moment to record, they'll go Allahu Akbar, and go straight into record. They've actually missed it the Kabira over here, there is the ability to enter into the Salah. And then there's the ability to record the tequila to get into the record. So two tech beers

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needs to be made before you enter into the court. And as for the recitation that was missed from that first locker, or that locker particular aka, the PA system said that it is part it it is part in. So as long as you catch the little core and are able to see Subhanallah build it in once, then you've caught a little core. And you do not need to make up that rocker. Anyone else over here? Go ahead.

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So this is what I was explaining that in your first prayers. Da has to be an Arabic, outside, everything has to be in Arabic, outside of your fourth prayer, your sooner period, you know the prayers pmla, the hydro Doha anything you were praying at that time your device can be in other than Arabic, and it is not a problem? Allah, I'm just gonna jump over here. And I'll come back to you guys over here. Go ahead. So she a couple of things.

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A lot of mistakes. So I just gonna ask you to return

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to them. Yes. Is when Sophia is bringing numbers, a lot of a lot of people think that we may invalidate the size of election taking

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or turn it off, which is definitely a disturbance for the

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number one. Number two is when you're playing behind it, ma'am. Yes. You mentioned that.

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Yes, in that case, a lot of people get going on, he didn't end up passing lots of news into sports. He just walking by and doing that I just wanted to take what I'm just gonna cross in front of somebody else. So I'm breaking. Fantastic. He's fantastic. So the first issue is, what if your insula and your cell phone goes off? What I want to see over here is we need to try our utmost best to put our cell phones on silent or turn them off before the Salah. This is something that, you know, I understand, we all make mistakes, but certain individuals, as if they want to prove a point that I'm not going to listen to the Imam and I'm going to leave my cell phone on. Because literally

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every summer we'll have someone that keeps their cell phone on, and it's a distraction for everyone. So now if your cell phone is ringing insula, it is mandatory. It is why Gibb for you to put it on silent or turn it off. Right now the convenient things about cell phones these days. If you just hold the power button for five seconds, it turns off the phone altogether. And Scylla. Don't look at Hey, who's calling me right now, should I reject the call will respond with a text message? What? No, just hold the power button, turn the cell phone off. That is what should be done. Just so distant repeat. And here's practical experience. If a person calls once and you don't answer, more

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than likely, they will call you a second time, they will call you second time. So don't think you're going to reject their call and you're in safe space, they will call you a second time, turn your cell phone off at that time, it's the best thing to do and you are allowed to do that in salah and it will not invalidate your prayer. Question number two that the brother had is in terms of the sutra, when the Imam when you're praying in congregation, the sutra of the Imam is the sutra of the people. So as long as the Imam has a sutra, then you can walk in between the rows in front of the rows. And it is not going to invalidate the prayer. So if there's an empty space in the masjid, you

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can cut through a row go and fill that space. And there's nothing wrong with that because the sutra of the man is a sutra for the congregation to take a look at good questions. Let's go back over here. Yep.

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And someone is supposed to be

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01:04:31--> 01:04:31


01:04:32--> 01:04:33


01:04:35--> 01:05:00

That's what the policy is tell them said the pastor said fight him. But it doesn't mean like physically start fighting mean that as long as he keeps trying keep pushing him away. Like some people unfortunately really are dying. They're like, why is this guy pushing me away? You keep pushing him away. And if he still insists, more forward closer to your sutra, maybe he'll learn and walk behind you but you never let him cross. No matter how adamant he is. You know, I'll tell you certain situations like particularly

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Some of the scholars of Hadith, Mashallah they're very strict on this, they literally like clothesline the individual, like first time they'll block them on the chest, second time, chest. Third time, does that go straight for the neck? Just knock them down.

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Go ahead.

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Yes, you don't first obligation documentation, either I'm making records.

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And then a person around me is also doing some devices, same combination or different. But this person has an average, praying loud or whispering or making

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mumbling or I mean, these kinds of songs. So if I'm a weak person, I lose my concentration. Yes.

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So the general Hadith is that once the pastor said he was in the masjid while people were praying, and then people were reciting Quran, they had like a small highlight of the Quran. And the process, told them not to recite Quran out loud while people are praying. So that's the state of Quran, then how about just regular chitchat, right? So when we're in the masjid, when people are praying, you should try your utmost best to lower your voice, and particularly stay as far away as possible from them. Now the issue of if he is doing his own Salah, and he's reciting, then the general ruling for prayers that are made during the daytime, is that you will recite them silently. prayers that are

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made in darkness than those are recited out loud. Now, when a person is praying by himself, he should recite just loud enough, so that he knows what he's saying. But it no one else should be able to hear it are so loud enough to know what he's saying, but not loud enough that someone else should be able to hear it. Whereas when you're in congregation, you want to recite it loud enough so that everyone can hear it. So yes, anyone that does that, they should not be doing that. And this is just a general reminder again, that when people are praying, this is the house of Allah subhanaw taala. It's not our living room, right? People are praying, if you need to have a conversation, take it to

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the back of the machine. So we're not disturbing the people that are praying, if And likewise, if you see someone talking, don't tell him, Hey, shut up and stop talking. You're doing the exact same thing that the person prohibited. He's talking, you're talking about doing the same thing, but rather go up to him and say, Look, just as a general reminder, we're not supposed to be talking loud in the machine while people are praying. Let's go to the back. That's how you handle the situation. There's no need to get angry. No need to tell anyone off. Yeah. So you mentioned earlier that if someone comes into a mosque, he should pray.

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Yes, then people enter can be serious, and everybody.

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So this is individual serums. So even after the machine says Santa Monica, there's nothing wrong with that. However, if people are already praying, then you shouldn't do that. If people are already praying, you shouldn't do it. But individual salaams you should do after you do to hit the masjid. The bus

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that's looking at some numbers is some sort of like,

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Alright, so when we talk about the sun and knuffel prayers, the Sunni numbers have their own rulings. And some of the scholars have said that, but the general ruling is that the or can have the wajib are they're kind of the center that is the general and that is what should be observed. They have acquired the faqeer which says, You choose the top and neither you choose to stickler than that you're allowed doing secondary matters, which are not allowed doing in primary matters, like the issue of sitting down for your sinner prayers, like the issue of not facing the Qibla. They said even in certain of their can they can be exempted. But my general understanding is they are can

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should not be exempted because we don't have a proof for that was we're not facing the Qibla and for not standing we have specific proof and that is why those are allowed Allah Juana right.

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interested in knowing if you are praying in the congregation, yes. To make a self fulfilling prophecy is a part of

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of sooner or is a from the YG birth of the Salah. It is from the mandatory aspects of Salah that when you establish the congregation, people should line up their heels together to not the front part of their feet, you line up the heels together, the heels should be straight, they don't necessarily need to be touching. As long as the shoulders are touching and the heels are straight. The requirement is fulfilled if you touch the feet as well. That's a good thing. There's nothing wrong with that, but certain people aren't comfortable with that. So as long as the shoulders are touching and the heels are straight, then that is part of the mandatory aspects of the Salah.

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That's fine, the Salah is still valid, but the shoulders need to be touching. There should be no gap between the shoulders. Okay, go ahead.

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It's crowded you can last forever. Yes.

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Now Allah blesses us with a machine that does folgen regular prayers. And when are you ever going to see a machine that full and regular prayers unless you're in like MK or Medina and even then you could keep making the stuff outside?

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No, there was a deal. He also enjoys that there shouldn't be a second Juma the Germans are only there out of necessity. So in a situation if a person can catch the second Juma, he should catch the second Juma, but in situation where he can't catch the second Juma, then he's allowed to pray like that, and there's no harm in that Allah Juana.

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So it is now time for the event and the comma, and we haven't done the YG but, but I will give you the list of the YG bat and q&a we will do after the Salah. Okay, so let me give you the list of YG booth and we established the salon we do q&a after Silla. So the YG bat of the Salah are five, the big bet of the salon or five. Number one, the tech could be right for moving between positions. So saying Allahu Akbar to get into rocor likewise saying Allahu Akbar to go into such the thing Allahu Akbar together from such sing Allahu Akbar to go down to such that, this is from the YG bath of the Salah. Number two, to say Subhan Allah biella rbwm at least once in the record is from the YG but

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number three, to say semi Allah halimun hamidah is from the YG bat of the Salah. So when you're getting up from the Salah, everyone has to see this everyone has to say semula halimun hamidah

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even the Imam he has to start it will tell me Robin Allah can hand

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in hand then the moon at that time that is he he should say that and the Imam can say that if he wants but the Imam has to say semula haldimand hamidah.

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Number four, in such the the statement of Subhan Allah, Allah at least once Subhan Allah, Allah has to be said at least once. And then the last wajib is the sitting in the first the shadowed setting in the first the shadowed setting in the first shout is from the YG but of the Scylla. How do we differentiate between the YG bat and the AR can I'll explain this again, both of them are physically a part of the Salah. So, both are a part of the Salah, the differentiation between the two is that if a wajib is missed, unintentionally, then it is made up by says it too. So, this presentation of forgetfulness, which we will be discussing in an upcoming halakhah doragon if it is missed, the row

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or the record needs to be repeated, the record needs to be repeated. That is the differentiation between the two. Any questions that you have that are further I will address after the summer. Just to briefly explain. As soon as the Salah is done. I'm going to go to the woman's side, answer their questions first. And then once I'm done with them, I'll come back over here and answer anyone who has questions over here will conclude with that Xochimilco and for your attention halaqaat Next week will continue after mclubbe it will be the last halaqa after mclubbe. After that will change the timings will conclude with that semantical amo becoming a shadow night I learned istockphoto

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kawakubo Lake wa Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh