Fiqh of Zakah Part 16
Channel: Muhammad Salah
Series: Muhammad Salah - Fiqh of Zakah
File Size: 12.54MB
you agree purify you well Lou brown and where you live, look at all the good you have to give, give a little love your
hand somewhere to hold mouth to fee. There's so much that we can do for so many who are in need, give our time give, give, give ourselves a loss each and every hidden fee
Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, and welcome to the thick of Zika. I'm your host Jamila on the thick of Zika. We've been discussing many issues regarding Zika discuss the definition of it, what it entails the different descriptions of the types of Zika that can be given and we also looked at recently the recipients of Zika to help us go through this and expound we have with this chick Mohamed Salah salaam aleikum wa alaikum Salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa barakato Thank you Jamil. It is indeed my pleasure desert. Chef in the previous episodes, we tackled the issue of the recipient so we're entering some detail into them. Can we start again just for a refresh for myself and for the
viewers? Who are the recipients who can take as Akasha smilla rahmanir rahim hamdulillah salat wa salam O Allah and Avi ohms differ from that Praise be to Allah alone with pays him and will seek His help whosoever Allah guide is a truly guided one and never leaves astray. No one can show him guidance may the best peace and blessings be upon prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a lot of mighty determined
the eight categories who are entitled for fizika the mandatory Sadako in Surah Titova in verse number 60 those are alpha hora and Misaki Allah Molina Allah, and more alpha t kulu. Boom, and Farah pop Alvar Amina Officer vilella he was in Serbia, the poor weather for Cora or Misaki in the subgroup of the poor, and those who employed to distribute and collect the Zika and those who are in debt and for free and capitals. And for the sake of Allah covers a very broad spectrum. As we say the more I agree that it is mainly jihad, and sending the Muslim armies.
What is Sayville is the wayfarer who lost his positions and does not have any means to send them home. Is that efficient? Now a question comes to mind is that when we speak to these people who are giving zacchara brothers and our sisters, sometimes when they come to giving the oldest have a question, and one of those is, who do we give to do we give to all of these eight categories equally? How do we give? Well the masala or the issue of whether it shall be distributed as a care of an individual or the group should be distributed over the eight categories? The essence that you have to give each
recipient of those categories? Or it would be sufficient to give it all to one person? Let's speak about an individual I haven't saw. That was a Zakah. I owe 1000, or $2,000. Would it be sufficient for me to see when miskeen
Oh moja, free Sevilla or at our center in the West, or program that clarifies the deen to the people, particularly non Muslims, or if you have misconceptions
or wayfair have and just give it to him and say, Take this and mmfa holds the view that one must distribute his care to cover the eight categories. And if he's distributing it by himself, or was somebody who's raised it to him, that means the eight categories have been reduced to seven because Allah Molina Allah, there is no amin, Allah, there is no one who's employed to collect it and distribute it. So we only have seven. Remember what the number says, It is better to cover them all. But if you can, then it is permissible to give it to one Abu hanifa. May Allah have mercy on him said from the beginning it is permissible to put your entire care in the hands of one person or one
In a moment, sheffy may Allah have mercy on him realize, in his opinion on a Hadith, which we discussed before, when somebody came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and
asked him to give him from the sada hi assayed in Allah Allah Melba Kuma, NaVi Yun, Allah, ye who first saw the court.
Allah did not accept that a prophet or anybody else will determine who are the recipients and those who are entitled for the mandatory sadhaka had hacker fee her rather he ruined himself in it. Federal Reserve has ammonia to address that. So, he determined the eight categories for in continental colleges I applied to Kappa. So if you fit in any of those eight categories I will give you so he says the poor meaning of this text says that we must give to the eight categories because there is a termination of Allah subhanho wa Taala
the other scholars and all of them have understood a different state, the purpose is to help the poor so if you have one,
it is permissible. If you have plenty of money, somebody the other day was telling me that is the case is in millions, Masha Allah, may Allah bless him and all the rich Muslims who are paying the due rights in their wealth, may Allah even enriching them more and more and more. So when somebody is okay is in millions, you're not gonna give it to a million say this is for you. Yeah, a million
will be given to the poor until you satisfy his basic needs, doesn't have a house, he doesn't have arrived he wants to get married or whatever, we assist them based on that. So that's why the best solution is number one, the opinion of Allium whole
overrides opinion of OSHA, Chef me Ole Miss and Alana. And we can say that, it is permissible definitely to give it to one person, especially if user care is very little, somebody is the care is if you have for instance 40 sheep, and you have one goat, one sheep that is owed on this, you just give it to one person or a poor family, it will be very sufficient for them. Somebody who has barely than a Saab was equivalent to 85 grams of gold or 595 grams of silver, and is the count on that is
2.5%. So two $300 or whatever, if you give it to one person, that is permissible, but if it is a lot, then it is highly recommended to distribute it to cover as much as you can of the recipients of this account catches application. A question which may lead from this is then who's entitled to receive it? Sure, there's some people who are not entitled to receive the second, if you recall the eight categories. We agreed before that they're all Muslims.
Right? There is one exception, which was in the past during the life of the Prophet Salalah. And some scholars said it may be available whenever it's needed, in the case of Mr. Left ecologo home or for reconciling the hearts of those who are interested in Islam and so on. The scholars have agreed that it is not permissible to give Zakat to non Muslims
but it is permissible to give them from the voluntary charity and also Lola said to
one of his companions
to uphold the ties for mother from the soda the voluntary soda not from the mandatories okay because whenever you have some sad smile to Holloman Avenue in Toronto Hana for him. The pronoun him refers to the Muslims to be taken wouldn't take there's a careful non Muslims so we do not pay to non Muslims. But for the voluntary charity it is permissible and abuse Allah said I'm used to assist non Muslims and he said with regards to the neighbor methodology reduce when he will job one and two and who say you are so encouraged to treat gently our neighbors even if they're non Muslims, and give them food from whatever we eat, share with them happy moments, share with them sorrow events and
give them the condolence and so on. So assisting them financially if they are in need or azeema. From the voluntary charity that is permissible, and you definitely receive a reward for that like you're given a Muslim exactly whenever it is needed. So non Muslims are eligible for the mandatory soda which is as okay
let me give you another reference what Allah subhanaw taala said it is permissible to get from the voluntary charity said Well, I'm gonna be miskeen and we're a team and what I see are all
the rivers, they give the food and they feed the
Those who are in need whether for or orphans or prisoners of war for the sake of Allah and obviously
p o w prisoners of war Muslims, yeah, right. So they are eligible Not only that, and will be rewarded for that as a currencies. The second category you are not eligible for the mandatories occur is a family of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Oh Hashem. When Hashem refer to a lolly or LRP Lucia for Allah best or Ellen Harris,
there is general consensus that those people and their descendants are not eligible for the DACA once in the house of America Salalah hasn't picked up a date. Here he does not differentiate between this date is sort of and his date is a gift and his date is
so he picked up a he was about to eat it. So now Viola Lawson said caffeine, caffeine, alcohol,
alcohol throw it away. And shelter and soda. This is a sound Harris agreed upon its authenticity. Didn't you feel that we do not eat the charity. So neither the Prophet sallallahu Sallam nor his family members and their descendants are eligible for the mandatory sada the scholars differ with regards to the voluntary charity, which is not mandatory, whether it is permissible for Elena via Salatu, Salam family to accept it or not. And the summary to that when an abuser Lawson said let him learn a sadhaka sadhaka is not permissible for us. In general, it covers whether it is voluntary, or mandatory as we explained earlier, that a soda is a common word that covers the voluntary and the
mandatory which is as the cat is specific.
m Nakajima male nurse and him state that Alabama hanifa and most of his students and followers and remember chef very well, Hannah Bella. Bella, are of the view that it is permissible to give them from the totowa the voluntary charity, not from the fold. Why? Look at the beautiful reasoning, because when an abuse Allah La Jolla Salaam stayed to afford live now best when he came to ask me to hire him to collect the cash so that he can get paid. They said, Oh stephanus so Elsa honus. The first that comes out of people's worth is a mandatory sadhaka. But besides that the wealth is pure. It has been already purified by taking out the Zika. So they said this hadith. The catch in this
hadith specifies that what is prohibited for the family of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is a mandatory sort of which is thicker on the voluntary declaration. With that we're going to take a short break and shallow 10 a couple of minutes please do stay with us on the thick of Zika salaam aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh.
You agree purify you? Well.
We need to strive to know, the ruling of the Sharia on a particular incident why scholars had to put a lot of effort trying to figure out how to give the ruling on such topics and issues. Islam tells you to look good. to smell good. The reason of the recession was the collaboration between insurance companies and the banks. Some scholars, though, stated that it is permissible for you to insure because you're compelled to do this by the government by law, but you're not allowed to benefit from the insurance policy.
For so many who need time, give out well
alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh and welcome back to the thick of Zika. Shake just before the break we were going through of gain looking at who is allowed to receive the Zika. Now here's another question who's allowed to distribute the Zika.
Before I go into that, I still have to continue Okay, those who are not eligible for this, okay? Because it's not only limited to non Muslims and the family or the profit
You're not allowed to give us the care. If you're rich and you have that insight, you're not allowed to give this occur to your children, even if they're married, and they have their own houses, why? Because my children and grandchildren and great grandchildren, what we'll call it in Arabic, were in
their descendants, their financial responsibility is on me, if I'm capable, financially capable. Similarly, one should not pay the daycare to his parents for an ILO even if they are regarding parents in my Malik said, the grandparents are exempt from that one can assist them from this occur in the eligible for. So if somebody is rich, and he is he has to pay the care, he cannot give it to his children, nor his parents, even their assent, or in case of the children, even if they descend, again, the grandchildren and their great grandchildren, and so on.
Because the financial responsibility is on either their parents towards their children, or the children as they grow up. And now they have wealth and the Roth is accountable. The financial responsibility to cover all the needs of their parents is due upon them. As we'll enter Now, look at the FAQ and what you possessed belong to your father as well. The fifth category of those who are not eligible for this, okay? Is the wife.
Wife. Why didn't you say the spouses? No, because in Islam, the financial responsibility of supporting the family is due upon the man not on the wife.
That's why a wife is not is not required, support the family financially, even if she has own positions or inheritance or the dowry, which she collected from her husband.
And one incident and abuse Allah Allah encouraged and motivated women to give in a charity. So Abdullah evening, Mr. Rhodes wife was attending, and she had some honey and jewelry, gold and silver. So she decided to give this occur on that, oh, the charity. So Abdullah said, Would you give it to anyone more worthy than me and my children? She said to my husband. He said, Yeah, I know. I'm illegible and entitle for you sada if you want to give it to somebody, and more worthy than anybody else. She said, Now before I asked the Prophet salallahu salam, and she went, and she consulted him, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam approved it. So the wife may give her the care to the husband,
because she's not required to support him financially. While it is the other way around. The husband may not give his the care to his wife, unless if the wife encountered a debt
and not supposed to sit with her that this is something where she came to my marriage life when she owed before. So I'm not required to take care of that. It is not because of my shortcoming, she was not buying food for the kids or so in this case, she will be eligible for entitle for deca, not as a wife, but as a lorry mean, those who are burdened by debt and unable to pay it. So now let's go on to the question about distribution now. Yeah, so how does the distribution differ who's allowed to distribute this account
at the time of the Prophet sallallahu, he used to send his workers employees to collect this occur
and then he will collect it and redistribute
that went through until the oma expanded and became bigger and bigger at the time of rosmarinic. Now fan, he gave a football and he said the show was a critical people used to pay does occur during the month of Ramadan and until now, he will prefer to pay during number seven Can I mean kumala hidden Felicia wadena who had Tuscaloosa unwelcome federal abdomen Hezekiah What does it mean? He said it is due to failures occur during this month. So if you guys owe any debt go ahead and settle your debts before may obtain yours okay in order to take the care this has benefited so many things it benefited number one that if the debt is due immediately it will be deducted from the nisab or the
amount which is a cattle or otherwise the more right opinion as long as it is deferred postponed. Then you still pay the care. If it is paid immediately. It will be dropped from the amount which is a cat A benefits number two that he gave them the permission to calculate and take out and distribute does occur on their own by giving them by the god
have disabilities occur without waiting for his employees or government worker to collect?
In this regard, there is a very important thing that is worth mentioning. One Heidi's stated that a man whom the Prophet sallallahu Sallam sent among his The,
the care administrators to collect the Zika he came to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he dropped this occur that he collected and he said, Hey,
this is yours.
But this is my property or food or gains or whatever a gift. Is it? What is this said? Oh, you guys send me to click there's a calculated it. But those people, why are those people the villagers give me this as a gift for myself.
gather the companions and reclined the member. And it gives the whole industry Oh, God, is it hella jealous how to configure at every elevator on me, man, younger man at?
Why one? Why wouldn't one of you stay home stay in the house of his father or mother. And let's see, if people are going to give you gifts. They only give you a gift for one reason.
So that maybe next time we take it easy on them. And then instead of taking this head, you take that, instead of taking this, you take this. So to make it easy for them to go easy on them. That's called bribery. If anyone is employed by the state, or the government is not allowed, he's not allowed to receive other than his salary.
What sometimes we call it a gift, or you're being generous, or cuddle, or you name it, whatever. And we also have expected that people are going to give the Haram different names. But that would not make it halon. Still it is haram. So this is what it does to
the care administrators who will collect and distribute as a care being employed by the state or the me if you if we live in a Muslim state, and the state or the governor or the sheriff or the man requires us to bring our zakka to write in that
state bank that's collected toward the will collect our churches, whether the mandatory or the voluntary so that we can redistribute it upon the poor and those who are entitled for this.
If this is the case, we would love to so this way, we don't have to deal with individuals, we deal with the state and the state would guarantee the welfare of the entire society. So if somebody cannot buy his medication, or cannot go to the hospital, the state will be blameworthy, and the state will be required to suffice his basic needs. But this is not the case. Nowadays, routinely really find this
hypothetical being what do you trust the Imam or the mayor or the president to give him your sadhaka because we see that it's wasted, whether it is the taxes or the customs in many ways that whether this is a law or does not please Allah subhanaw taala. So in our Mohammed rasheeda said,
in these times, it is best to dispense disposes occur on your own, towards those who are eligible for at least you make sure that you're putting it in the right place. Because still you say, like you said, an organization you trust, for example, like especially into some of the Western countries, a lot of there's a class collected by organizations themselves, as long as you trust them, you say, you check them out, you make are these guys, real honest people, you can give it to them. Remember what we say this is called individual distribution, what I did is I took out my Zika without having the state send somebody to estimate what I have and calculate mazurka. So I still did
it on my own, and give it whether to an individual individuals or an organization. So this is different than where where it was in the past that the state was sent people to collect this occur, and they have their own lists of eligibilities and those who are entitled for it. So if anywhere that you find a nonprofit organization, or an organization that is working in collecting and distributing this occur and you trust them, that's fine. msfd Malik may Allah be pleased with him. They rated that a man came to the Prophet solo last for many time, and said, has vr rasulillah either a day presented in our zuleika socket burrito illawarra sorry, on messenger of Allah. If I
just give my Zika news
To your messenger to your administrator, am I done? Am I free from innocent not blameworthy? Because I've done my part of Solaris and MSF Nam? Certainly, indeed, either a data loss UI socket, very common where you're free from NSM faneca Roja? What is mohalla? Remember Delta? And the sender of will be on a person who did change or do otherwise. I trusted you Jamil and said, Would you please make sure you drop this money to this family? Or we don't have any for in our locality? Can you take care of this review in soccer? He said, Sure. We volunteer you to the measure and say everybody I know a lot of poor people. Would you please give me us a candle collected so we trusted you, we'll
give you the soccer well done. Our part is done and we're free from any blame is only you who are responsible before Allah subhanaw taala if you do properly you'll be rewarded. And if you betray, you will be responsible and you will be the only person who is better in the sense that all your advice today and all the explanations again will come to an end to another episode of Osaka hope you join me next time. Until then a Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
you agree purify you well look around in where you live. Look at all the good you have to again, give a little love your
hand somewhere Hold on.
There's so much that we can do for so many who are in need, give our time give our well give. give ourselves a loss each and every hidden D