Fiqh of Zakah Part 15
Channel: Muhammad Salah
Series: Muhammad Salah - Fiqh of Zakah
File Size: 12.39MB
You agreed purify you Well, the glue round and where you live, look at all the good you have to give, give a little love your
hand somewhere hold on to fee. There's so much that we can do for so many who are in need, give our time give, give, give ourselves a loss each and every hidden D.
Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Welcome to the thick of Zika a group of episodes where we discussed all the elements of sakar. We looked at the definition of Zika what types of wealth who can give it and who can take it with me? The person who has been expanding this information is Sheikh Mohammed Salah Salaam Alaikum Salaam wa rahmatullah wa barakato. And thank you, Jimmy does aquafresh which is checking all these episodes that we've spoken about the fact of zygon you've expounded upon all of them, you give us the evidence for them. There's one type of xhaka which we don't find mentioned in the Quran, but it's something that we know we all have to pay in a certain
time of the show, you know, this is the cattle fitter. Correct, Chef, what's the hikma behind this and give us an explanation to this act of giving. Just before the salata
missing Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu lillahi wa kafa or Salah manana arriba de la de nos puffer lessee Yama Mustafa sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira
there are two types of zeca is a capital man was a capital of debt zeca on wealth and position was discussed over 14 episodes. And there is a capital of Dan or the body Leeds UK as a cap on one's body that is known as the capital
even though it's commandment or mandate was not mentioned in the Quran, but in the sound sooner.
It is collected by Buhari or Muslim and Abdullah hypno Amara la De La Hoya and Omar
Abdullah him Norma Mia love you pleased with him and his father narrated that photo Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is a kirtle filtri min Ramadan. So I'm in temporary. Also I'm in Sha, Allah, Allah will hurry was Zachary will once I was really well Kabira man and Muslim. He said faraja Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam does the Prophet sallallahu Sallam have this power to mandate and to make things mandatory? Yes, indeed. Allah subhanaw taala gave him this power and he said, whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi salam.
So the obedience of the Messenger of Allah is from the obedience of Allah subhanho wa Taala and the Quran came as a whole and the Sunnah, explained in details what was in the Quran, look at all the discussion with regards to this rate, and the different types and the different different produce and the different livestock which is acceptable and all of that, which we'll discuss in detail. There is no mention whatsoever for all of that in the Quran. So the sooner explain the image man, what was revealed in the Quran as a whole, it explained it in details. So this hadith says that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam ordained the cattle for three or so the cattle fit for a man ramadan
ramadan to be given as saw unmaintained Assad is equivalent to form mode. And if you remember before we set aside approximately equals 2.4 kilograms of what have terminal dates or barley or raisin or wheat, or the average food of the locality or people rely on most or the need most can it be called? Yes. Allah Allah Javi de Waal her whether the Muslim his servant is a slave or a free man, male or a female, young or old men and Muslim as long as he's a Muslim. So this the care covers if the individual, every family member,
when and how, because when we spoke about the cattle male who said there is an assault Yeah. So what is the case with a Gus was a cattle foot because it covers a greater spectrum than the cattlemen. So if I stop you for a moment, then you've said all of these categories but all of them p the person who is
financially responsible for those who under his guardianship is the one who pays in a state of his right. Arm a family Father, I pay the capital for, on behalf of myself, my wife, and my children. And if I have a servant, so everybody who is my dependent financially, I'm supposed to pay the capital filter, per each person saw 2.4 kilogram of whatever food we discussed, okay, now this, this this this value, what is the real value? I mean, you said 2.4 kilograms, okay, but in this date, you know, we don't do we measure by that? Or do we just take 2.4 kilograms a bag of, of wheat, for example, a bag of rice and remember, it is not, if you have a family of six, then it is six or six
times 2.4 soldier, right? And before we go into that, some people are asking, who's supposed to pay every person who possesses an assault? No, then you stop is different here, who possesses it in a food for himself and his family for today, and tonight, for one day, and one night. So I have three meals, and I happen to have some extra food
fuels are few kilograms, then I have to give on behalf of each family member who's under my guardianship, one soccer each, what if I have if we're family of six, and we have Mashallah food in our pantry or the fridge is enough for today. And tonight, but all what I have extra, is just one saw. So you give one saw and you exempt with a gosu there is still the responsibility on behalf of the rest of the family members. So the value now for example, the actual weight some times in the Western countries, what we do is that we go to the supermarket and we can't get 2.4 kilograms, for example, we get a five pound bag and we go and give that bag out and we can't find barley. But like
you said, we can find rice and people accept it. So like exactly wherever people are in need
for in need for most. So when you go to some people who
will not, for instance, eat corn, and you give them code, they don't want it give them what they need most. What is common amongst them most?
In some areas, reason is extremely expensive. So give core give
wheat, give barley give rice, okay, the average and
you give to those who do not have at all
and you assume that they're poor. You can attend me Well, what if we keep giving people and somebody collects for me, sits far away from somebody else tenza. So that's equivalent to 2024 or
approximately 24 kilogram of food. So he has food not just enough for today and tonight for the next week, or the next month. So this poor person who's eligible yesterday now has many, he too has to give the soda bottle shirt or the kettle fudge to others. You see the best solidarity and cooperation in the community presented in the form of given sort of cultural fit, or the cap of the hikma sutra and the wisdom behind that is two things
explained in the Hadith which is narrated by Abu lahab nobis May Allah be pleased with him and his father. He said First of all, Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, the cattle filtery to hottel soy that is the first hikma or wisdom on your side. We've been fasting for a whole month we suffered. we tasted the hunger and thirst for some time, right? But each and every day we were hungry. We knew that there is a time at sunset where we will have food and bread on the table.
There are others
whether it's sunset, or sunrise or tomorrow or next week, they do not expect food. So we should feel the need and rush to help. So it is a purification totally aside from what minute love we were ruffus.
While we're fasting we made some errors vain talk involved in mistakes or since. So this sort of will purify
The sins which are committed during our fasting, water methylene Misaki, that fulfills a second hegman, which is as a means of feeding the poor and the needy along the Leone and the Prophet sallallahu said, Make them rich today's they don't have to back. They don't have to beg for food, they don't have to beg for anything to bring the fest on, show them you have really graduated from the School of fasting. And you really felt the suffering of those who are in need.
Whenever there is a commercial
in the West, about some poor countries, or you see mainly African people, the kids are only bones, you could see the ribs, they're very skinny, and you can see the skull, what happens, they will suck on their lips and say, too bad, the very poor. And many, many, or in most cases, that people will just flip the channel and soon they will forget. But the practical lesson, and the practical mean of making you feel their suffering through fasting. This is just one of the wisdom behind fasting, that you feel the suffering the hunger and thirst of the poor and the needy. Does that refresh it? Now we've gone through this expanded upon this. One thing that we haven't touched upon, is maybe the due
time. Okay, now you've given some you told us now that it purifies is very similar to normal Zika. And of course, there's a time have given us the whole of normal Zika is there due time for this particular Zika a specific due time? Yes, it is due by the end of Ramadan
is the exact time Mr. hanifa was sure very in the old school believes that it should be due at the dawn of the day. So right after Ramadan is over in the morning of the eat.
Then we have also an Emma Malik and the other opinion of CFA and others say that it's due at sunset of the last day of Ramadan. Well what difference does it make? Well, it makes a difference for a family who are expecting if if somebody
his wife gives birth in the evening of Ramadan or past sunset after Asia for instance, according to an American others, then he doesn't have to pay the care on the newborn because he was born after the new tie but according to Imam Abu hanifa, as long as he is born before French, you have to give sada cuttle firstly on his behalf, which is one sir, anyway as men of now Pharaoh the alota Allahu Allah used to commend to give sada Cottle fatale on behalf of the fetus in the womb of his mother, as long as you know that your wife is expecting there is a son or a daughter of yours in her stomach, then it is recommended not a must to give sort of Battlefield three in order to bless them.
Just with that we're gonna take a short break and return in a couple of minutes please stay with us. On the topic of Zika Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
You agreed purify you well.
virtues of Ramadan.
The month of Ramadan is the best month of the entire year according to Islam. It has many virtues that Muslims should benefit from, to not lose the chance of this blessed month and to join Dr. Haitham al Haddad in his program virtues of Ramadan.
Ramadan is a very unique opportunity for all of us. It is a very unique occasion for all Muslims all over the world. We are going to discuss certain issues related to a Yama Lail and how to observe the night prayer. We are also going to speak about Zika in sha Allah, we are going to speak about sadaqa
virtues of Ramadan in Ramadan on Hodor TV.
There's so much that we can do for so many who need time giva Well, Kabbalah
Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh and welcome back to the thick of Zika check just before the break we were discussing the information that you gave us we started going into about staccato fitted. This particular car the specials the colors given in a certain time of year. The body is the was that bottle is a car, not the one
In the world, now, within your explanation you told us about the time have given this a capsule fitted Kensit other fitted like he told us before by normals occur if we do some estimation and we can give it an advance Can this be given in advance and the scholars have agreed yes you can pay the capital for three in advance but they differ with regards to how advanced
for instance you know hanifa says you can even pay before Ramadan begins in membership he says from the first day from Iran you can
pay the cattle foot
while in America Ahmed said he can pay it in advance a day or two before eight
they have something in common which is the purpose of paying the capital photo in advance is to have a chance to distribute it among the poor in order to satisfy their needs. So that when it comes to their a day everybody's happy everybody's cool everybody have enough food and provision for the day and for the next few days as well. Most important thing so whether you choose Abu hanifa his opinion invade before Ramadan or a chef or in the beginning of Ramadan or manneken Ahmed and you paid a couple of days which is the best opinion of course you paid just close to their aid
because that provides the maximum benefit a day or two before Ramadan
would they whether you do this or that it is okay. What's not okay is to postpone it
because saw the cartoon filter in case of the cathode man who said may maybe can take a few days couple of days in order to distribute after it is due, but in case of soda will fit it is late its latest time is Salatu late the Prophet sallallahu never said whoever pays it before the prayer This is a care Sahaja and whoever postpones it after they retire then this is a voluntary charity and he has committed a major sin and he still has to pay it though.
So many many people especially in the West, they do not realize and this is something typical it happens every day come on very dense a shed I want to give my federa So what have we been talking from the beginning of Ramadan?
You must pay us the cattle fit before the IE prior Sunni come right before the emergencies a lot but what we're gonna do with it what can we find a *load to say please take the solder from that person. Zack locker Okay, now let's go back of a chick explained to me again, briefly the value that you have to or possess or the value you have to give as well when it comes to agile more again are of the view that whenever the Prophet sallallahu wasallam specified certain categories or items they have to be given as is for they have nominal haptic the grains from the grains. How do you sabula ignore Omar and Abdullah him not best. So I'm in timber assignment che is pertaining a certain
measure can be converted into weight of specific grains or food. Okay? No honey, if I said what if people do not want the rice,
then give them money. And he says not only if in certain cases is it in general, it is permissible to give the value to simply be in the safe side and get out of this dispute a few days before, before Ramadan ends. You can go to any organization or Islamic Center. If you are living in the US, for instance, and say, here is the money, the value for my Zika they buy the grains and the food and they know hundreds of 1000s of families who would be more than happy to take rice or to take wheat or to take food. So Alhamdulillah if we can defuse this problem and resolve this issue, then we must do that, instead of falling into a dispute. I'm not going to give this account myself. I don't know
for people who are going to take a bag of rice or whatever. I know an organization would take the money from me and buy food for the needy ones. issue is solved and it's the same thing as when we spoke about the Zika you're going to give it to them and your obligation is done. You're finished over. It is over you're free from any obligation whether those guys are honest or not Alhamdulillah I did my best based on my investigation. And they're
what we say
tissue, they are known in the society those people are honest, this is it. Okay, now, let's move on to the next part, which is the whom? Whom? Do they pay this circuit? Very simple. Same eight categories which were discussed in the past. With regards to the cattle man, verse number 16. In the Masada photo, or even a second today, so same eight categories, it can again, the preference or the preferences in those correct exactly dessert. Okay, now I've got a question now, which is out of the cutoff articles. But
it's a question that pops up Now then, because it's a real issue, especially the days that we live nowadays about partnerships. Sure, we have a situation where three four people own a business together, say lively stocks, for example, and they own them together, how do you go about looking at the xikar when it comes to partnerships, if the share of each partner
doesn't does not reach Dennis up,
then there is no cap on any even if collectively, the ads have to make double Denisov because, in this case, each person is responsible for his share me and you and a third or fourth person, when in a company or I bought some shares in a company, this company is very, very wealthy,
multi million dollars, but my share is that much
then I will be responsible for pain is a cat or machine. What if the company pays his account on whatever shares and my share exceeds or equals attains on a sale and each season is up. And we all agree that our accountant will calculate this account and distribute it. And I have nothing to do with it. If we all agree to that, as long as my share attends on Islam, by itself, or in addition to other investment or positions I have, this is permissible. But the trick is that if somebody is share, does not attend, then it's up and he doesn't have any other position investment, then he does not go in his account just
now as we're looking at Zika. Of course, South Africa is that which is voluntary, and that which of course is obligated upon us. When we look at Southern Cotton's Akasha How does somebody actually give that because sometimes you see that people give it in public, you'll see the names and the boards and so forth. And some other people say oh, this is not allowed. We shouldn't show people when we're given a car or Celica. What's the ruling on this? Can you clarify this finish the phone whatever we discuss, we've been discussing that as the the mandatory charity and its rate is very little.
It doesn't mean this is the end of it. No, Allah Almighty encourages us to do business with him through given any charity. Under the law, the law Corbin has an enviable if a hula hoop over half and Casio messala Dino moreon feasability like mF alphabet in embedded server has an Herbalife equilibrium bullet, to have the will la who life will in many a share one single sadhaka burns the word of 700 an even more and Allah gives more and more to him ever he was given in a charity is like giving a goodly loan to Allah subhanho wa Taala allow it accept it, if it is from a lawful earning a lower foster it will grow it until it becomes as big as a mountain of art. As we discussed before,
here is a very important point which is Shall I give it in public openly or it is better to conceal it. The correct answer is that the Quran says in total so the hottie finian Mahi, if you show your charity, it is good. It is excellent. But we're into who has to help.
And if you can see in it and give it to those who are entitled for it, this is better for you. So the scholars concluded the following sometimes given does occur in public or the charity shown your charity for a purpose such as encouraging and motivating others to donate is more recommended than if you give it in private. So there is a fundraise. However, what is reluctant to
donate or to give any charity. Somebody raise his hand and say $10,000 what? So he encouraged others. And he gets the word a similar word of everyone who donates after him. That's like a bucket and on our bucket. Everybody saw him given so much it pushed him at a point where he wanted to give so much exactly. But if somebody is afraid that he wants to make sure that he is sort of fine other kids
Is 100% accepted and sincere, then given in private is the best. The Prophet sallallahu wasallam counted among the seven who will be shoved under the shade of the throne of Allah on the day of judgment? Well Roger on top of the coffee soda hatin affair had the letter Allah mushy marylu metal, Amina, so hon Allah. So a man who give in a charity in such a very concealed fashion, that his left hand does not know how much it his right hand, give enough shirt just after his shirt Sheikh Mohammed for all the knowledge that you partake to us and all the explanation about this very important topic. Again, this series on Zika is a series to explain to you the importance, how to
calculate it, and how to distribute it. Until next time, I live with a Salam alaykum. warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
You agreed purify you Well, the goo round and where you live. Look at all the good you have to can give a little love you sir.
There's a handsome
fee. There's so much that we can do for so many who are in need, give our time give our well give. give ourselves a loss each and every hidden D