Why Follow Madhabs When We Have The Qur’an And Sunna

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Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari

Channel: Muhammad ibn Adam al-Kawthari

Episode Notes

This lecture is a humble attempt to clarify misconceptions that may have crept into the Muslim mind concerning taqlid and adhering to the legal rulings of one particular school within the context of various Islamic issues.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Respect your brothers and sisters listening at home Seto Morocco, Morocco de la barakato.

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First of all, All praise is for our last panel there either for granting us this opportunity to be here today in the masjid

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and I also thank the organizers of this event. It's an honor it's a privilege to be here with you today hamdulillah

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and all Allah reward all those people who have in some way or shape or form

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made this event possible.

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As you know, today's discussion or the today's talk is related to following a mothership following a school of Sunni Islamic law,

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something that we at times termed as the elite, which is an Arabic term which I will explain inshallah.

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But we as Muslims, as believers in Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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we have been ordered and commanded to obey Allah and His messenger. as Muslims, the first responsibility is to obey Allah and His Messenger, and nobody else.

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This is the first responsibility of a Muslim. The Quran and Hadees text in the Quran and Hadith are filled with the guidance that as a Muslim obedience is only for Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Allah says, Yeah, you're Latina. irmen la Whoa, lt o Rasool, O, you who believe obey Allah and obey His Messenger.

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When we use a la hora Sula, the one who obeys Allah and His Messenger, are in control of a boon Allah have a Toblerone obey me the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, the Hadees are filled with instructions that obedience is only for Allah and His messenger. And the reality is brothers and sisters, that as Muslims obedience, what we call ITAR only is for Allah and His messenger. And when we obey Allah and His Messenger, that means we are following the Quran and Sunnah. Following the Quran and Sunnah obedience is only to obey the Quran and obey the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there is no obedience to anyone besides obedience of Allah and

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His message, and rather even obeying the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa early he was, he was sending him is because he is the Messenger of Allah. In actual fact, obedience is only for Allah and nobody else. But because the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was sent by Allah with the washi with the revelation, and because of the fact that he is the Messenger of Allah, and that's the only reason that we follow the messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam So, obedience is only for Allah and His Messenger only. Obedience is only for the Quran and Sunnah we must only follow as Muslims the Quran and the Sunnah the sacred text, the Quran says forever a beaker. Now you may know

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in a hatter your hockey mukha Thema Shabana, who, by your Lord By Allah, they will not be believers, we will not be considered to be true believers, until we don't make the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as our criterion in terms of deciding what we need to do in this life. So obedience is only for Allah and His messenger and obedience is only for the text of the Quran and Sunnah. Now when we obey the Quran and Sunnah a person wants to act upon the Quran and Sunnah a individual wants to obey Allah and His messenger. He doesn't want to obey anybody else. He doesn't want to obey any other any other human being besides the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he wants to obey the

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messenger of Allah He wants to obey the Quran follow the Quran and Hadith or and Sunnah, right he wants to obey the Quran and Sunnah.

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When he picks up the Quran and Sunnah we find that in the Quran and Sunnah we have different types of texts, different categories of rules of laws of rulings of injunctions. I mean, there are different topics in the Quran. There are topics relating to the stories of the previous nations, a lot of talks about the Prophet Musa peace be upon him Allah Subhana Allah talks about use of Allah His Salatu was Salam. O Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about the previous nations, the home of ours and the coma food and the home of loot. A lot talks about all these other you know, nations and the tribes and the people that passed before us and also we have in the Quran things to do with towhees

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About about jahannam about paradise about Hellfire about the next life, about preparation for the next life. And then we also have laws and commands rules. Now when we look at the Quran we look at the Hadith we want to obey the Quran and Sunnah we want to follow the Quran and Sunnah. certain laws of the Quran and Sunnah are absolutely crystal clear.

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Obedience when we say when we look at the Quran and Sunnah brothers,

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then we need to there are certain laws and commands and injunctions of the Quran and Sunnah that are such that they are absolutely clear we call there's a term called the woodworkers dilemma, which means they're decisive in the establishment and decisive in the meaning they are absolute. They are they are categorical, there is no ambiguity there are clear clear rules of the Quran and Sunnah. Like for example, the obligation of five praise for the harasser militia. Like the obligation of Zakat, Allah says we're happy moussaka. Allah says yeah, you know Kuta Bali Kumasi on oh you believe fasting is obligatory upon you. The prohibition of backbiting. When I asked about the combat Allah

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surah to the Herat filled with verses of rules relating to social interaction, Allah tells us Oh, you who believe

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in a confessor combinable inevitable You know, when someone comes to you with a news then verify the news. Allah tells us that what each 10 ibuka zero means one, avoid suspicion don't suspect people of doing things always give people benefit of the doubt all that tells us what I just said, Do not become a jasoos do not spy on people do not try to look for the ills and the sins of other people because that's not our responsibility unless it's what I owe Barack Obama don't backbite these are all rules and laws in the Quran. These are three use the woodworker three, categorical absolutely clear. There is no ambiguity there is no apparent contradiction. Now these types of rules and laws

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found in the Quran and also in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam are such that you don't need to follow any mother Hubbell, any mom or any school or anybody. They are clear, absolutely categorical. You don't have to say Okay, you know what Xena is haram. Why because Imam Abu hanifa says

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that's ludicrous. Nobody should be saying that. I think you know, alcohol is prohibited Riba is prohibited. fornication is prohibited because Imam Malik says this, this is the opinion of the medical school. These are categorical rules of the Quran and Sunnah. wherein there is no following there is no lead what we call following a malherbe. And it's wrong to even say that I follow a Muslim in this particular issue because these are absolute categorical clear rulings,

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issues to do with the heat about the research about Arthur the next life about paradigms about how fire however, that's one category of laws. However, we have another category of rules of laws of injunctions of commands and prohibitions in the Quran and in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wearing, these are iron to come wearing, there is some type of contradiction. There is there is apparent contradiction according to learn reality, there is no contradiction. But for us, there is some sort of contradiction. You know, they're they're ambiguous, they are not clear. There's unclear there's clarity in these laws. There's some sort of ambiguity in

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them. There's apparent contradiction, like there are many verses like that. Just take one verse of Surah Baqarah will allow us to handle the data is talking about women who are divorced, what is the ADA what we call the waiting period, there are different types of data for different types of women. If a woman's husband passed away, then it's four months, 10 days, that's in the Quran. When when a woman is divorced when a woman is pregnant then is giving birth to the child when a woman is divorced and not pregnant. And Allah says well mucho la carte. Yara burstner be enforced the hinda thalassa Kuru divorced women, their waiting period is three guru Allah use the word guru that's in

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the Quran. Now what is this guru?

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There's actually a massive debate amongst the Sahaba companion, the one Allah here and subsequently the moms in regards to what the word blue means. Does it mean three menstrual periods? Or does it mean three three, the intervals of purity between two menstrual periods. And if you look at this word from a linguistic from an Arabic language point of view, both meanings can be taken the word oh if you pick up the dictionary you'll find the auto means hide it also means it also it means purity. It also means menstruation. Now what do we do this is this is a command of the Quran. Likewise, there's there's another example for example, there's a there's there's a Hadith of the messenger

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sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sahbihi wa sallam where he says in this moment Buhari that last anata inlab if it hadn't kita The one who does not offer does not recite and read Surah Al Fatiha when he is offering Salah then he

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Allah is invalid it's just a general rule.

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A person does not resize will have it doesn't say when you're you know when you're reading behind the Imam or individually by itself it just says if you do not recite Surah Fatiha then your Salah is invalid. Now this hadith shows that if somebody wants to recite performance Allah and not recite Surah Fatiha whether behind any mom all by himself, whether it's forward whether it's sadhana whether it's with his Salah becomes invalid, but you have another equally strong Hadith which seems contradictory, which is related by mohammedanism watani how inshallah Merida and many other places that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam says,

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Man can Allah who Mr. Moon for para to mommy Curatola whoever has an Imam when imaams reciting is enough for the follower the mokhtari his imams recitation is enough. Now these two are apparently contradicting Hadees one indicates that you must read fire to another indicates that if you're behind an email, you should not be reading sort of it. And there are numerous examples like that just Salah itself prayer, there are approximately 200 issues regarding which the Imams of this oma have disagreed and differed in terms of what is more correct and what is less correct. There are numerous istilah and numerous differences of opinion. Because these laws are not categorical there

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are not clear in the Parana neither Allah wanted them to be clear. And I will mention this to further along. This was something Allah wanted. This is for hikmah for a reason for a wisdom that Allahu Subhana Allah knows best. But Allah left it ambiguous and clear, this apparent contradiction, it seems that there's apparent contradiction between one Hadith and another, you can pick up a Hadith, but there may be another Hadith somewhere else which is contradictory. Now there are these type of laws. The second category, remember in the first category, there is no following of a mother. And you know, you don't follow anybody. But in this second type of category of rules and

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laws, where there is

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an apparent contradiction, or there is some sort of ambiguity or some sort of clarity, it's not decisive. What do you do? There's only two options that we have. as Muslims, there's only two options. There's literally there's only two options there is less Elisa, who there is no third option available, there's only two options. One option is that I think to myself, I think you know, you know what, I'm highly qualified. I know the Arabic language inside out, that doesn't mean I'm just just being an Arab because even being an Arabic Arabic language being your mother tongue doesn't really do anything. Even the Sahaba This is a hobby companion or the Allahu anhu whose name

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was

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the hobby who, when when the verse of the Quran was revealed had died, Sabina qumola hypermobile domina

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Allah was talking about the darkness being extinct, distinguished from the license, meaning you know, doing and he actually took it literally, the habit of the Allahu anhu was named as a hobby. The companion radi Allahu anhu. He went and he took two threads and put it under under his pillow.

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Sorry.

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Do you know the law which is like a law had this companion? He went home he's a Sahabi he's seen the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is hearing it directly from his mouth. And he went under his pillow put two threads black and white and Captain checking that I'm going to start my first one when the black thread distinguishes itself from the white thread. And when he came in the morning and nothing happened no miracles happened until further so when he came to the salado University he said to the Messenger of Allah hurry so loving waiting all night, you know to start my fast. He said that's not enough. He said that the killer I read, it looks like your pillow is really big

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encompasses in it to the heavens and the skies. So despite being an Arab he misunderstood and people do misunderstand, so only the first possibility or the first option or the first choice is where someone thinks someone knows he thinks that yes, I am highly qualified. I've mastered all the different sciences relating to the Arabic language which means sort of grammar for Saha, Bulava eloquence you know, all the because the Arabic language is a very complex language. It's a very complex language that halfacre in the majority, the literal meaning, the metaphorical meaning, you know, there are different indications of the Arabic language, it's probably the most complicated and

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sophisticated language there is on the planet, the Arabic language and it's it's a unique language, but he thinks he has mastered everything and he knows that Arabic language inside out and then he's mastered all the different sciences, all the sciences related to the Quran, from the commentaries of the Quran and then the verbal newzoo the background of the revelations and he knows all the Mufasa role and and all that are beyond the people who came in, you know, the early commentators are on and he's mastered them and he knows the Hades inside out he's he has a vision, or that I have these are under his vision he knows that this had etc.

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inside your body, but another head is equally science soon and obidos will be contradicting heats his study the chain and he doesn't do anything he leaves his job. It is a work in Birmingham, he says to himself, you know what I am one I'm going to become a machine. So that's it that I can not you know, do anything. No work, no job nothing all day long. I sleep like three, four hours that said, you know, a night and no shopping nothing, no babies and no nappies and no marriage and nothing, you know, just none of that all day long. I will just research investigate, pick up the books of smart or original, check every chain of transmission and look into them. And then I'll come

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to conclusion maybe after about one year, he may come to a conclusion about one particular issue whether someone should say amin loudly or silently in prayer he might do. Okay, let him do it. If somebody wants to do that, that's one option.

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Another option, there's only two options. The other option is that these are all conflicting evidence is the Quran saying this another verse is saying there's one Hadith saying this another Hadith saying that, what is it? What should I do? Rather than me? You know, just thinking that I'm too capable. And I'm a wish to hit that second option. I think to myself that you know what, let me just be a bit humble. Let me just know my place where I belong. Rahim Allah humor and out of

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the ordinary, say Allah have mercy on the person who knows his level and sticks by it. We should not go beyond our level. So he thinks to himself that you know what, let me just be a bit humble. And let me just rely on the investigation. The research that the the study that the deep deep investigation that's been carried out before me 1300 years ago, 1200 years ago, and not just by one person, not just by two people, not just by three people, but literally by 1000s of scholars, hundreds of scholars over like a decade and over hundreds of years and over 1000s of years. And the research they've actually did, they've already done the research for us. They've looked at all the

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studies, just one issue, you pick up one issue whether someone should read, when in Salah whether they should say is mean silently or loudly, you can literally pick up a book and read 200 pages on it. There's a discussion debate, karate reading behind Imam helfen, Mr. karate,

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this books, literally 60 pages, 70 pages, 100 pages, 200 pages, looking at all the different chains of narrations and transmissions and checking the text and looking at all evidences. So I think to myself that look, you know what I don't have time. Number one, I'm busy. I have a lot of commitments I have work to do, I have to go to the job, I have to go for my job. I'm married, I have children to look after I have to go to Tesco. And Sainsbury and ask don't have to do all the shopping. And I don't have time really I just about you know, just read the Quran do a few things. I mean, just about act upon the the main core of Islam, which is you know, being a good Muslim, and I be humbled

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to my I be humble. And I think to myself that look, people have already been researched before me. And they were actually even close to the messenger Salallahu Aeneas and they were close to the time of Revelation, I am 14 130 years away from the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the person before me the man before me, he was probably at 60 7050 100 200 years after the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam, between him and the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam, there was only two or three people between me and the messenger, salallahu alaihe salam, there's 40 people. And also they were more pious than me they were in a time hydropool in a time where people the level of piety was

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far greater than the level of piety today, because all the distractions that we have around us, and also their memory was greater than our memory. And they investigated. So let me just rely on their research and what they've said, I'm not an expert, you know, let me rely on the experts and just follow what they've done. And what they've said. This is the second option.

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There's only two possibilities, there is no third possibility. Besides these two possibilities, the second possibility, the second possibility, and the second option, if a person was to take the second option, remember, I mentioned the beginning there's two types of laws and the first category of laws and rules and texts of the Quran and Sunnah there is no following of any man because it's black and white. But in the second category of rules of the Quran and Sunnah out of the two options, if I was to take if someone wants to take the second option, then that second option is what we call the bleed. And that's second that second option is what we call following a mother. That's basically

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what chocolate is, and that is a definition of chocolate. The Ola actually give a definition of chocolate they say the ulead which is full of polar you polybutylene it's an Arabic word which means to follow someone you know, stuck lead means following the definition they say

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alamelu Allah Kohli immerman minerais motala batida really acting upon an AMA Lu acting upon Allah Ollie immerman on the opinion on the viewpoint on the position on the opinion of an EMA

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An email without demanding a proof.

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Remember, this is significant. I mean Radio motala Big Daddy without demanding a proof. When you say someone says to you ask your mom of the Ministry of us molar, I hear you ask, what's the most law? What's the ruling about this? And they'll tell you this is and you don't demand a proof that we call lead without demanding.

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And I highlighted the word demanding motala that doesn't mean that it's not permissible for you to know or learn about the proof. This means don't demand it your acceptance should not be based on you understanding the proof. This does not in any way shape or form mean that you don't you it's not it's hard on and it's not permissible for you to find out what the proof is. If someone says Look, this is how you pray sought out. This is how you do hydro, this is a ruling of the gods. It's perfectly fine to look for a proof and see okay, what is what is the proof for this particular viewpoint? But my acceptance is not dependent upon me understanding the proof. That's the meaning

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when great lady motala totally. But we can numerous I mean, the scholars when they and the students when they're studying the runes in the final year, what do they do? This is what they do. They actually look at every man's viewpoint and the evidences. Just today we were studying in the morning, we were looking at the issue of a a woman who is mature believer Can she marry herself without the permission of her family, her guardian or not? This is an issue. Now this issue is highly debated within the four schools of thought. On one side we have the Shafi school, the medical school and the handling school, all of them saying that a woman cannot marry herself off without the

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permission without the consent of a Wali of her guardian had it's like learning a high level alien. There is no marriage without the The Guardian. Soon in a few moments in MIDI, a human in NACA had to be ready. Eventually he has Anika who have bought a bottle one bottle and messenger sallallahu Sallam says any woman who marries without his permission nikka marriages invalid invalid invalid three times strong headings if you just pick up these two how these let's say you think this is very strong. But wait a minute, the head of the school despite saying that you should get the consent of the body and it's wrong and it's sinful. It's a debate. It's an issue. It's still wrong, but

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technically the marriage invalid. Now you have to have these good strong habits. But the Hanafi madhhab we actually went through 10 evidences, three verses of the Quran and seven

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seven Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam proving the fact that a marriage is a valid verses of the Quran Allah talks about a woman marrying herself for that Junior highly hidden female philosophy and fusina letter Hello Lumumba. tenki has original IRA she marries herself so there are evidences in the Quran and seven headings of the messengers of Allah. So there are proofs behind every man's opinion. And for example, the Hanafi school. This is actually an encyclopedic work that you can find. There's a book called A Ll soon 24 volumes, written by 24 thick volumes in Arabic, written by one of the great recent scholars of the subcontinent, chez Moana the parameter of

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money time, a whole lot. A great scholar passed away in late 70s, early 80s share the format of money, Rahim Allah, he has a book encyclopedic work of 22 or 24 volumes, wherein all the evidences from the Quran and Hadith specifically with commentary on the level of the Hadees all the evidences of the Hanafi school beginning from chapter one to chapter last, all evidence is there are there and these things have been debated for years and for centuries. So this second option that we take that we follow, taking the opinion of an Imam, and Ana Lucia Colima Minh taking the opinion of an Imam without demanding without seeking without asking for, you can ask for approval but without our

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acceptance being dependent upon us understanding the proof that the example of that is exactly like a person a lay man, myself, for example, I go to a doctor, the doctor is an expert, I have no understanding of medicine. I go to the doctor and I say to him that I have pains I have a headache, my body pains, I've got pains here there etc. I have a problem. The doctor you know,

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does a check up on me and then prescribes me a medicine he gives me two three medicine says Look, this is a you know tablet that you take three, you've got some kind of a problem or you know, you know that there's something wrong with your blood. He takes a blood test, and then he prescribes you some medicine. He says take these tablets just

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To date, one in the morning, one in the night, and he gives me three medicines. What do I do after that? I'm a lay person. Okay, I'm not an expert. What do I do? I say, okay, what's your Where's your proof that he is a doctor, where's your proof that you know, give me the proof. If you want to do that, you can ask your doctor. But your acceptance will not be dependent upon you understanding the proof. And if I take that prescription, and I go to the library in Birmingham, and I go to the section of medical science, and I go and see all the books, and I sit down and say, let me start doing research. Let me see the prescription that the doctor has given me, is it in accordance with

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the books on medical science? And then I find that really the doctor has actually given me a wrong medication, the book say something else. Will he be okay for me to take what's in the book? No, because I may have misunderstood what's in the book, because I'm not expert enough to understand what's in the medical science books, even though I know English. So, this this second option, following an EMR without demanding This is what we call the bleed. This is what we call following a mother This is what we call following one of the four Sunni schools of Islamic law. And then there are numerous I don't have time to go into the evidences but there are numerous evidences which are

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written in the books in regards to the permissibility of following someone. There are numerous verses like Allah says in the Quran, Allah Allah, Allah tala moon, ask the people of knowledge if you do not have knowledge if you don't know Allah says in the Quran, that Allah hello to rasuna what will m&e mean come obey Allah, His Messenger and the people of authority who are the minister who do according to many

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commentators of the Quran, and then others is for internal czar to if you disagree, meaning this this addresses the mistake is that if you disagree the experts Allah says, rest of the people follow Allah and His messenger and experts and then I was talking to the experts that if you disagree, then follow do who you know law whatever. So then you refer back to the Quran and Sunnah, right? So this point is very important to understand brothers, that we are following the Quran and Sunnah anyone who follows a Muslim is following the Quran and Sunnah. He is not following anything other than the Quran and Sunnah. But he is only following the interpretation, the explanation, the commentary of a

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particular image in regards to the Quran and Sunnah these imams what we call the assurity. Home, not sure do your own, they commentate. They explain they interpret. They are not legislators, they don't make the laws. legislation is only in your head kmo in lalibela legislation, you know, we must have heard this verse quite a bit in this current climate. How come only belongs to Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam legislation only belongs to Allah and His messenger. It doesn't belong to Him Abu hanifa the only reason we are following an opinion of Mr. Morocco among Shafi or Mr. Mohammed is because we think that they are, you know, rightly guided people, and they

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have the necessary tools and the means and they understand the Quran and Sunnah better than us, and not just they themselves but they have a whole school, and they've dedicated their whole lives, hundreds of people, and that's the only reason. Otherwise if they were basing their opinion on some other book, we wouldn't even look at the memorable hanifa This is the only reason that we are following Imam Abu hanifa Imam Ali qui mom Shafi because they are interpreters that you know they are interpreters, not law makers. That's what you know, like once I was in university, I was giving a talk, and we had a q&a session.

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So many questions came 3040 questions came. So there's one question started, you know, the brother started with a sister who was really starting to question and said, question, before I asked him a question.

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Let it be known. I follow the Quran and Sunnah and I don't follow the mother. I am a follower of the Quran and Sunnah and I do not follow a mother. Before answering the question. I said, Wait a minute, your statement is wrong.

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These are two different things. Who said you know, I follow the person I don't follow the mother who told you that people will follow the method don't follow the Quran as soon as it Everyone is following the Quran and Sunnah. This statement in itself is wrong, that I follow the Quran Sunnah, I don't follow the mother.

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And that's why I say to a lot of young people that you know, it's actually better. It's not necessary, but it's actually better to state you know, when someone says, The do follow mother, it's actually better not to say it is perfectly fine that I follow the Hanafi school or the Sheree school or I am a follow up email mobile hanifa you can see that but it's actually better in the current climate, that what we say I follow imaam Abu hanifa rahima who laws interpretation and explanation of the Quran and Sunnah.

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I follow the Hanafi schools interpretation and explanation of the Quran and Sunnah. Rather than saying I follow the Hanafi school, I follow the SHA fairy mother hubs, interpretation explanation of the Quran and Sunnah rather than because I

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Everybody's following, instead of me saying I am following minds interpretation of the Quran and Sunnah. Because there's only two possibilities. There's some of us are brothers, they will follow the Quran, they follow their own minds interpretation of the Quran and Sunnah. And there are other brothers who follow the interpretation of other people's minds. That's the only difference, either your own mind or Abu hanifa is mind, your own mind or among Chavez mind. That's the only difference everybody has to follow. And even those people are brothers who claim that you know, they don't follow there's nobody in the planet who does not follow a method. There's nobody, there is nobody

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Oh, it doesn't follow somebody who didn't like the rmse learn differently. I had to plead. Nobody has an escape from following you have to at some level be following someone like one brother came to share one of my teachers with to deal with money having the whole lot he said to him, I don't follow you know, he said

00:31:01--> 00:31:14

this opinion of yours in your school, which is the Hanafi school. It's wrong opinion. The Hadith is weak. says how do you know it's weak? said in the chain of transmission there's such and such narrator does the narrator is weak

00:31:15--> 00:31:17

is how do you know he's weak? Did you meet him?

00:31:18--> 00:31:31

Did you devise house so No, of course not I mean, he was in the seventh century or the sixth century so how do you know who told you don't tell me so dream a lot of people base a lot of things on dreams in our current climate as well.

00:31:32--> 00:31:41

It's a no it's written such and such Imam Yahya bin marine I checked in the books he said his week yeah I've been sorry the ricotta and he said it's week to week.

00:31:42--> 00:31:49

So you are following him you have been sorry the Cotton's opinion that his week I am following Imam Abu hanifa his opinion that is not weak.

00:31:51--> 00:32:28

Same thing his in which they use emotionally these are too much states his so you are following someone as well. everyone follows. So there are many evidences in the Quran about and there's a lot of Hadees of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam about which I don't really want to go into because time doesn't allow us but there are evidences of ducklings are following the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He you know he said in the Hadith in the psyche of Imam Al Bukhari, he said in Allah Allah, Allah Allah in design, when I can Yakubu be a llama hasta is an amoeba illumine it tada NASA roussanne Johanna for some of Toby radio element for Baloo Baloo. The messenger

00:32:28--> 00:33:13

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that Verily Allah will not remove and take away knowledge from you, except by taking away scholars of us. This is a How do you say authentic in the salary of Emmanuel Buhari in a valuable ally will not take away knowledge certainly pull it away from you amongst you. But knowledge will be taken away from us by taking by the removal of scholars they will pass away. In other words, knowledge comes from where from scholars if I didn't say by removing the books, it's from the scholars because there are no scholars to explain the contents of the book. We cannot understand a book unless we don't have a teacher. And that's a common concept in this life. We can't

00:33:13--> 00:33:53

be a doctor until we don't study under a qualified doctor. You can't be a lawyer no country no law will allow you to practice law until you don't undergo the necessary format and the method of study and of of being tutored by someone who's qualified. You can't just study the books on medical science yourself and then open up a surgery you'll be playing with people's lives. Likewise, the same is with Islam who said Islam is an orphan religion where you just you know everything else in the world you need to go and get a degree in Islamic knowledge is okay it's called lumen Hubba dub like the Arab say every Tom Dick and Harry can just pick up the book and read himself. Allah says

00:33:53--> 00:34:38

yes hualapai Hassan Al Quran and the Vic we have made or an easy but for what lithic for remembrance for taking your Quran is easy if you want to read the story of Musa and Isa and Yusuf and Moses and you know the people of houde and coma. Quran is easy welaka dsrl or an lithic not for the latest m bar to take the rules and to make laws no not for that. The Quran is easy for the basic things that that's in the Quran. So there are numerous evidences, this is a Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Allah will remove knowledge by taking away the scholars to the point that a time will come when allow will not keep any scholar within the Muslim ummah. And hence people will take

00:34:38--> 00:34:58

Jew herlin the ignorant people as their leaders and they will be asked questions and they will respond without knowledge and therefore vaalu A bolo they will deviate themselves and they will deviate other people. This How do you think of Mr. Mahajan of the Allahu anhu so there are many evidences now this duck lead following

00:35:00--> 00:35:12

This following of a particular school of this following we said the definition of taking an opinion of someone without demanding a proof. There's two types of following one is called tapa Li to shotzi.

00:35:13--> 00:35:48

And another is called leader makaya. Sorry toplevel motala interpleader shaxi. top leader Matala means general general following which means that yes, we understand we realize if we're not experts, we need to ask we need to follow. But it's general I cannot follow one person, the next person, third person I can follow and you know, different if when people ask different people, you know, and another type of following is I stick to one person in my local Imam in my Masjid, I have reliance on him, I have trust on him. I know his qualified his good, his pious, his scholar of knowledge of wisdom of piety. That's it for me, he's enough. I'm not just going to him because it's going to give

00:35:48--> 00:36:17

me easy answers. I'm going to him because I have trust in him that said one person, and that's what we should really do. We shouldn't go further to our shopping anyway, even in this day and age trying to find who gives the easy answer. But this the cleaner mocha, which is following one person in early Islam within the time of the Sahaba radi Allahu anhu, marriage married, both types of following was prevailing both types of following. We had we have examples of legal matter of General. And in fact, it started like that.

00:36:18--> 00:36:32

It started is a very important point, you know, it started like that following anyone. And then later on, as time passed, it moved on to the political bias, as I will explain, but you know, I'll tell you one thing before I do that, this is very relevant.

00:36:33--> 00:36:55

You know, just 2530 years ago, some of our brothers, Muslim Brothers, good brothers, of course, suddenly came out with a slogan, you have to follow the Quran and Sunnah nobody else. You know what they did, they made a big leap, jump directly, they thought they were living in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam follow the message like the Sahaba, follow the messenger, sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

00:36:57--> 00:37:33

And that's how you was that time, you know, the whole evolution, the whole thing that the whole procedure that took place from messenger solo and instance time, till the ninth 10th century, okay, it took 900 years, they went, they they've been going through those stages in the last 2030 years. And they're realizing themselves right now, they went, they made a big leap, follow the messenger sort of arisa, then they realize, look, you know, it's not easy to follow the messenger of Allah, so we don't live we live, we can't just ask him. Because you see a dream and say, you're a solo, you know, what do I raise my hands and pray or not? Do I pray here? I mean, place my hands you on. So

00:37:33--> 00:38:08

they realize, no, it's not as easy as that. So we need to follow. But, you know, follow do your own research, this was this was the next step that happened the time of the Sahaba. The look, follow different people, but you know, try to do your own research, but then follow, you can follow, take and pick from here. And then realize less, you can follow the method that they went to the third or fourth century, within 90 days in 10 years, from, you know, the first century to the fourth century. And then they realized that look, you know, we can't really do that. So now we need to follow a particular school, but look at the evidences and look at it, and you know, then prefer prefer the

00:38:08--> 00:38:31

opinion, the viewpoint, which seems to be more correct. And then some of them realize, and that's probably the stage some of them are are at right now. But yes, the false four schools of thought are valid, follow the four schools of thought, but then make sure that you look at the drills and evidences this was happening in the seventh century, in the eighth century, where the general lay people were very knowledgeable, and I'll talk about deplete the levels of the two levels.

00:38:33--> 00:38:48

And this is an evolution that's taken place, and we've come to a time where now people just follow without demanding and seeking the proof. So this, this is what's happened, they're going through the whole Islamic history within 2030 years. But anyway,

00:38:49--> 00:39:26

this both types of lead were found in the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam. In the time of the Sahaba on your loved one, I'm both I originally both are permissible, both forms of following are okay, in the time of the Sahaba we have both types of examples, there are examples where the Sahaba rhodiola, who and whom they would ask different people different questions, there were certain wish the hidden Sahaba the great you know, scholars who really knew that stuff, they dedicated their lives to seeking knowledge. Others will be busy farming and working and having a job so they didn't have time. So they would go and ask the Sahaba examples say that you know, we didn't

00:39:26--> 00:39:38

know Juma or whatever. And this is a statement offered to Jose Douglas habits. The most knowledgeable in regards to the laws of inheritance is they've been sabbat will occur only Nikita Villa he will be

00:39:39--> 00:39:59

the most knowledgeable in terms of the recitation of the book of Allah was already been carved. Certain companions were known for certain areas and people would refer to them and this These examples are found both of Toledo oxy and Toledo Mottola both, there are examples where the cleaner mocha just falling one person abou Musashi.

00:40:00--> 00:40:30

You know, the Allahu anhu was living in a time when the lightning rod was in the same time with him. Some people went to Abu Salah Sherry and asked him a question. And he said to them, let us ludie Madonna has a little fuchal Don't ask me any questions. As long as this great ocean of knowledge this person had a great album is amongst you don't ask me You just refer to him. The people of Medina, they once said to Abdullah him know our best he gave them a ruling. This isn't the time of the Sahaba after the demise of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam

00:40:32--> 00:41:15

I believe not our best gave him a ruling. They said learn hoodoo coloca, one through one or two ruku Allah zaidan we will not take your opinion and leave Zaid bin sabots opinion because we follow our Imam who is a bin sabot but your loved one for us whatever he says that's it. We don't take anybody else's opinion. The Sahaba the Allahu anhu understood they were following if the Sahaba can follow a particular individual, and where does that leave people like us in this day and age. So there are many evidences in the Quran and Sunnah of top leaders and top leaders, both types of following general following and specific following of one individual and in fact, in reality, both forms of

00:41:15--> 00:41:48

following is permissible. We don't really in reality, have to follow only one person. But as I said, the whole evolution, the whole evolution that transpired and took place. In the latest centuries, the emergence of this oma the great ordermark the great scholars of this oma they looked at the situation and they said that look. In reality, it's permissible whoever it is. I know first Alou Helen Vickery in control at the Alamo, if you don't have knowledge as the people of knowledge, you can follow anybody but we are living now in a time they was they were saying this in the fifth or the sixth century.

00:41:50--> 00:42:26

That we have arrived at a time where people are picking and choosing easy opinions because they can pick and choose so they say okay, let's ask this amount this amount. The Hanafi school says if blood comes out from your body will do is broken is invalidated so let's take an opinion of mama Sheree who says that if blood exits from your body will do is not invalidated Okay, let's take this opinion. Now. When a man touches a woman even if it's his own wife skin to skin contact, according to mama Shelfari will do is invalidated Oh, this one's a bit disappointing is a bit difficult. Okay, let's now take the hanafy viewpoint because it's easy the window doesn't break there. People were

00:42:27--> 00:43:08

picking and choosing this is what we call the top bar Ross seeking out convenience is taking out easy rulings, whatever they felt was easy for them. They were they were they were taking those rulings. And this is the reason why the Obama and the motion ahead of this Obama, they said look, there is no verse of the Quran saying this there is no Hadith it's not you know, something like clear cut in Surah Fatiha that you can only follow any mom but because of the fact that people are picking and choosing and following the desires which is clearly Haram in the Quran what we call it the bar. However, we have two things it the bar will Huda and it t bar will hover it t bar Luda

00:43:08--> 00:43:48

means following guidance, it t bar will hover means following your desires. Allah says alpha Ada Manny De La Hoya, Have you not seen the one who's taken his own desires and his wishes and his Caprice as his Lord, who do not follow your desires, people were falling into the grave and major sin of following the desires of picking and choosing and seeking out easy convenient rulings. And there's a reason why the scholars the order murder machines of this moment unanimously made a judgment that look a person has to stick with one mother so that he does not pick and choose because you see with every mom, they have isolated positions every Mom You know, besides these four moms,

00:43:48--> 00:44:30

there were other machines as well. And everybody has some sort of isolating really easy opinion. If I give you some examples, you know, there are some one or two moms who said you know, fast fasting in the month of Ramadan starts from blue or shrimps, sunrise, not from dawn. Some of the Imams said there's a hadith of supernovae that would that if one of you wants to marry and you go to see the girl for longer a llama yet oh hula nikasha he can see whatever will attract him to marry the woman which means you can see the hair and the body and some like though the volume said, if he wants to see the potential spouse naked, you can see an ache. This is an opinion. If someone if people

00:44:30--> 00:45:00

started picking and choosing all these easy and isolated positions, you probably can compile a book and look at the rulings in the and you won't even think it's a book of the Muslims might have been awarded on a man for Katara German and Islam. That's why some of the Ottoman said Whoever takes all these easiest, you know isolated positions of the various imams who will eventually leave Islam he will become a non Muslim. So because of this, Adama gave a ruling that look in order

00:45:00--> 00:45:47

To avoid the major sin of following one's desires which is clearly and categorically Haram in the Quran and Sunnah it is prohibited it is unlawful. Therefore the ruling now which is given is that you must stick to one mother one school of thought only one school of foot and you stick to that I will explain to you what about if somebody sees an evidence etc. Well, that's going to come but only one method because you're not picking and choosing Now, sometimes people say why why can't we pick and choose? What if this for a mom's for viewpoints? If they're all valid, why not? You know take any of the four options? Do you Soren Deen is easy. This Hadith Why don't you share the Deena I

00:45:47--> 00:46:00

agree la hora. No one becomes extreme in the religion accepted that religion overtakes him. Allah says in the Quran you read Allahu be como usara. Whether you read to become a Lhasa, Allah once is for you and he doesn't want difficulty for you.

00:46:01--> 00:46:07

Majora de COVID demon Hara, there is no hydrogen difficulty in your religion. So why don't we just take the easy ones?

00:46:09--> 00:46:12

This is sometimes the question that comes into our heads and in our minds.

00:46:13--> 00:46:56

The reason is that we've missed completely misunderstood the point here. And the point is that, you know, when we say this for schools, or for moms, therefore, different ways of doing something, does not mean that these are four options, choices given to us. It doesn't mean there's a for legitimate ways of doing things. And all are equally valid. No, you see, this is an issue that in reality, the olema have actually discussed this topic. But in reality, the truth is they have lied and and whether it is the truth will allow one or many didn't send my point. The question is, according to Allah, does Allah say that the truth is all for like, for example, the Hanafi school says, If blood

00:46:56--> 00:47:06

comes out from your body, who breaks him, I'm sure if he says it doesn't break? How can both of them be equally true? Because you can't see a black and white it's either black or white.

00:47:07--> 00:47:11

So according to Allah, there's only one truth.

00:47:12--> 00:47:32

According to Allah, there's only one truth. In reality, Allah knows best, we don't know, we will only find this out when you will pay. And as you were saying in the talk, and I always say this to the students, that one of the things I personally want to do is in the next life, sit down and find out in all these different rulings, what was the real truth by Allah

00:47:33--> 00:48:09

is going to be quite interesting. I want to sit down with a Sahaba and the messengers of Allah, and he said, and maybe in January inshallah, I say, look, really? Was it better to raise your hands or not? Raise your hands? We don't know. These are our attempts. Our research, although wanted to keep it ambiguous. A lot wanted to keep it ambiguous and unclear. So according to a law, there's only one true opinion and viewpoint. But what does the law say? I mean, this is not a verse of the Quran. But But this the concept is, that the truth is only from these two opinion there's only one which is true according to Allah.

00:48:10--> 00:48:38

But Allah Subhana, Allah did not tell us categorically in black and white, which of the two opinion is the correct opinion. He let it let us to, you know, he left it to us to debate and discuss and investigate, with with good good harmony with peace in a nice positive way. And students study and you keep on studying on your life, there's a hikmah behind this. This is Heckman, you see, this point as well. The what is the Hikmah Allah knew, you know, this allow one two differences of opinion.

00:48:40--> 00:48:41

You know, allow one to this.

00:48:42--> 00:48:51

Allah intended that we have differences of opinion, why you might ask me why did you did you ask a lot to do seal on your dream? No, I didn't.

00:48:52--> 00:48:59

You know why? I know that a lot wanted to look at the verse I just said, I mentioned earlier on a divorced woman.

00:49:00--> 00:49:15

Her waiting period, eight days three Kuru. Okay, three Kuru, it's ambiguous. Both possibilities are possible. Whether it's hired menstrual period, or whether it's purity to her.

00:49:16--> 00:49:20

Now we all have Akita we all believe that Allah is what

00:49:21--> 00:49:59

he knows the past, you know is the present, there's no past there's no present. There's no future for Allah. Allah is free from Zimmern will McCann from time and space, did it alone, you know, the Sahaba. they disagreed, a group of Sahaba said, Guru means menstrual periods and other Sahaba group of Sahaba said, it means what? to her, likewise, the blood exiting the body. Allah is the Creator of all the human beings. He has elements they didn't know beforehand, that our time will come to this a habit will disagree and they'll have a big laugh amongst them, whether all means to her or hide purity or menstrual period during alano that you know the shafia animal

00:50:00--> 00:50:17

hanafy two schools will be divided and split in two, you know, camps. One will say that if God exits your body, you will do breaks. The other camp will say that it doesn't break. Allah knew that. So now we should, you know would have if you didn't want this to happen. It just saved them the hassle. Instead of Oh, let me just put it down clearly it's either.

00:50:19--> 00:50:59

Why didn't I do that? Because I didn't want us not to have differences of opinion. Allah wanted, that we investigate, we research we read, we study we have done our rooms, we have situations, we have schools, we have teachers, we have books, we have commentaries, otherwise everything will be dry. There'll be no lectures, there'll be no discussion, there'll be no talk. Everything's black and white. It's very limited. So Allah wanted this to happen. So anyway, the point that I was talking about that according to a law, there's only one truth, okay. Take this example, which example of blood exiting the body? Does it invalidate one's will do or not? According to Allah Huck is only

00:50:59--> 00:51:06

wide it's only one true, true, you know, opinion according to Allah. But what did Allah say and do that look,

00:51:07--> 00:51:22

I have not made it clear cut for you in the Quran and Sunnah. You apply your tools of HDR, investigate research, look into the matter, study, and try to come to a conclusion which you think is true. Based on what

00:51:23--> 00:51:50

the HANA fees on the shelf is, they've been discussing, researching this, this issue for centuries, they are looking at different evidences looking at evidences from the Quran, Allah says Allah must to manisa in the Quran, they use that evidence, the Hanafi is used another evidence and then the blood coming out. There's a hadith here is a verse here, looking at the chains of transmission, looking at looking at the text of the Hadees trying to understand the text, all these detail investigation or research that's been happening and being carried out.

00:51:52--> 00:52:20

According to a law, there's only one truth is a very important point. I need your attention. According to a law there's only one truth, but Allah subhanho wa Taala, out of his infinite mercy, and compassion. He says, Look, you're my slaves you wish to his you have the tools, you have tried your utmost best to arrive at a correct conclusion. And the one in asaba for Easter hidden Hakeem Allah which the head in asaba follow urine when

00:52:21--> 00:52:55

you're on wash. That's a Hadith, that if you come and arrive at a correct conclusion, you receive two rewards. And if you arrive at a incorrect conclusion, and you receive one reward, in other words, the one who arrived at a wrong conclusion, according to a law, even though it is the wrong conclusion, it's not the true real opinion of ourselves because of your endeavor, because of your research because you've sacrificed your whole life in trying to get to the right conclusion, I will consider it as though it is the truth. And I will accept it as though it's true, even though it's not really true. But

00:52:56--> 00:53:04

this is the understanding of this difference of opinion, doesn't mean there are four options. Now when these emotions when they disagree, it's not because of what's easy.

00:53:05--> 00:53:14

You know, when when they say like, for example, that when when this issue is being debated, the sheriff said if blood comes out from your body, your will does not break, is it because it's easy.

00:53:15--> 00:53:50

It's not because it's easy to look at all the numerous evidences, but they never base it on ease on yourself. It's never based on ease. It's always based on evidences. So these if these imams like you have your mom Abu hanifa Imam Shafi mom, Maliki mom, Mohammed. Yeah, imagine they are investigating a particular issue. Will any of us allow them to take a particular opinion? Because it's easy? Will anybody allow this? If somebody says that Hanafi madhhab states that if you touch a woman you will do does not break? Why? Because in my Manifesto, this is easy?

00:53:52--> 00:53:56

Wouldn't that be wrong? What would you mama need to base his opinion on?

00:53:57--> 00:54:38

On the evidences of the attorneys, these moms, they cannot base their opinion on what? On what on ease, it has to be on evidences. So if we say the moms cannot base it on ease, but the followers I'm a follower of Amanda, but if I see someone with a mom, Chef, and let me just tell you that that's being unjust, that you moms, you can't base it on what on ease, you have to look at evidence, and the father was, you don't look at which Imam you feel more comfortable with rather you just take whatever is easy. That's complete injustice. And that's why it's wrong. And it's sinful to take easy convenient rulings from the different schools of thought. A lot of times people mentioned this, if

00:54:38--> 00:55:00

they therefore mature Rama, this is not a Hadith, by the way, this column on the Senate, but the meaning is correct, which I have accepted that the differences of opinion is arama and mercy. You might say to me that Okay, then if you're saying that you have to stick to one school, you're a chef or you take everything from the chef at school. What's the meaning of the differences of opinion is mercy. I mean, I can't see the mess if I can take it from anywhere else.

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

There's no mercy people will say this where's the mercy gone

00:55:05--> 00:55:16

Okay, where's the mercy isn't Dean supposed to be easy? Number one isn't there no difficulty in religion of course there's difficulty in religion you know when they use all these verses some people look Dean is easy easy.

00:55:17--> 00:55:59

Isn't that isn't offering five time prayers a day difficult. Isn't waking up for 200 solo in the middle of the night difficult or waking for fudger isn't praying Russia in some moments difficult fasting in Ramadan difficult? How do you say is prohibited agenda Toby McCurry in order to enter Jannah you have to do difficult things. So there is difficulty religion, if we take the general blanket ruling of this whatever is difficult to do is easy. So you know we'll say Ramadan is coming in July August is very difficult to fast means easy. I'm not gonna fast. You can't take a general application of Deen is easy, but the meaning of ease is that Allah subhana wa Taala has not

00:55:59--> 00:56:22

obligated and has not made it compulsory upon you to do that, which is beyond your capacity capability. Now you can live Allahu knifes and Ilsa, you can stand up and pray, sit down and pray. If you can't sit, then lie down and pray. If you can't generally genuinely fast whilst traveling, then you don't have to fast. So those types of ease are available in Islam. So the meaning of instead of omarama, that

00:56:23--> 00:56:59

the differences of opinion, mercy, how can you be mercy? There is a form of mercy. You know the order I've actually debated and discussed this in the books that generally you have to follow a particular school, but sometimes due to genuine hardship, widespread difficulty what we call or mumble Bella, it's genuinely difficult. Then they say okay, you can take the opinion of another school. Like for example, you know, in the Hanafi school, a woman whose husband goes missing, we call him or a trauma food husband goes missing missing for two, three years. The opinion in the Hanafi school was that she has to wait 90 years before she can remarry. She has to wait till a time

00:56:59--> 00:57:24

comes when she when people think that her husband passed away 90 years old lady should probably do the new guy in her grave. Now, that was the original opinion. In practical view, you can't practice upon it genuine hardship. So the owner of the Hanafi school said look this is impossible to act upon take the Maliki opinion this is terra firma to Rama. So anyway, um, this is very important, we need to understand we need to stick this is called legal

00:57:25--> 00:58:07

sticking or not picking and choosing sticking with one emaan Yes, if there is genuine hardship and difficulty in a particular particular issue, then yes, indeed, you may ask the scholars and take something from another mother. Now another phenomenon in this day and age is that forget that is one easy opinion. Take the one which is more preferred. This is a phenomenon you know, they'll say look, the hanafy say this the medic, he says this, the chef or they have this opinion the humble the humble is they have this opinion. But according to me, this is the more Raja opinion the more you know, authentic opinion. You have a share of today, for example, and he's saying a quote in every

00:58:07--> 00:58:41

issue. According to me, you become his student, you're following him? In other words, you're following him in all your issues, issues that you become it's the fifth Mother, you have Abu hanifa asthma Have you following Abu hanifa asthma have been everything someone's following you mama chef in everything, someone's following him American everything someone's following you mama been handling everything, and someone's following share food and insulin in everything. This is a fifth mother, because that's according to him the more preferred opinion. So someone who follows the Hanafi mother, I mean, everything is following the opinion which is preferred according to one

00:58:41--> 00:58:43

particular human or one particular school of thought.

00:58:44--> 00:58:51

So, this is fun, you know, even when we say that, you know, we don't follow a mother, nobody in this world

00:58:52--> 00:59:16

is free from following. Everybody has to do properly the shocks and people you know they have to follow. And as I said, there is no there is no, you know, no one who can say that. I don't have to use the opinions of the Imams. Nobody. Nobody can directly go to the Quran and Sunnah. Nobody. You must have heard of one of the great scholars of the subcontinent.

00:59:17--> 00:59:23

His name was Muslim mahmudul hasn't gone go here. I'ma holla great scholar Mufti of the subcontinent.

00:59:24--> 00:59:35

He was a really learned individual and very scholarly, capable and very pious as well. Once he was set in the harem of MK in Amara,

00:59:37--> 00:59:46

a brother somebody came to him and said to him that he heard about him. You're a big chef on the subcontinent, one of the top scholars of the subcontinent. You're a Hanafi. Yes.

00:59:47--> 01:00:00

I want to have a debate with you. So look, I don't like debates, but we can discuss something so No, I want to discuss with you something. The issue about I think raising hands in prayer or this is a problem you know, these issues are secondary. These issues are

01:00:00--> 01:00:32

Secondary, you know, raising hands in prayer not is actually the differences about what's preferred or not preferred. I mean, silently or loudly. It's just about what's preferred, more important to concentrate on our backbiting, not having jealousy, not having hatred. So one bad opinion about other people that just source trying to look at evils of other people investigating other people's affair slandering, swearing, controlling the tongue. That's the real Islam. These issues are secondary issues. But today, we'll come into the masjid first question is brother You know, how do you know when allies

01:00:34--> 01:00:38

brothers reading Quran, Allah will not ask you where he was

01:00:39--> 01:01:11

one of the moms that in Allahu Allah is no guarantee that what can you say? First of all, I can yes or no, can you allow me to wonder why Allah will not ask you about the detailed aspects of his attributes, the basic attributes, you know, but he won't ask you you know, later coming to the show, there is nothing like Allah will stop a lot when I ask you whether he was sitting on the throne on the chair, or whether on the cloud on the sky, or whether in a cup or here or everywhere or there. Allow me to ask you about his commands and his provisions. Whether you offer your prayers, whether you worship and whether your mom and dad, were correct with other people. That's what I will ask us.

01:01:12--> 01:01:32

And unfortunately, this is you know, a time the first question, Brother, do you know about Lulu here? Tokido rubia. Do you know about this? Do you know about that? And you say, you know I don't know about stuff Rola your brother, I'm going to make you a Muslim today. say the Shahada shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah, Mohammed Abdullah Sood, today you're becoming a Muslim.

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So usually that happens, this show hopefully my mother doesn't go his brother came to him and he said to me, I want to have a debate with you about an issue about raising hands pray or whatever something said, Okay, let's discuss it. Basically, I have a condition the brother said, so what's your condition? My condition is that

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when we discuss I don't want you to use any evidence besides the Quran and Sunnah. Only verses of the Quran and only Hadees and only Hadith Sahih. rigorously authenticated, I don't want a weak Hadith. I want the absolutely sorry. That's it. Nothing else. I don't love kabiru calama region, I will not accept the opinions of people only for an and say Howdy. That's it. So she said okay, accepted. No problem, your condition, you know, accepted.

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But before we go on, can you tell me the definition of a Hadeeth? Sorry, what is the definition? says, Oh, you don't know. What do you think? I don't know the definition of God. There's a definition. I mean, this is something that's discussed. And you know, it's taught in the books. There's five conditions or the literal it's a sort of son or daughter Aviva Dr. Ravi Adam, we should do a little cardiac five conditions. So he knew that it's basic it's the you know, the first first few books when students study the chain is connected and although these are you know, it's it's absolutely agreed upon five conditions of Sahih Hadith there's numerous books on this is it's like a

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very basic thing. So definitely, he knew it. He said, You think I don't know these five conditions? Of course I know. And he started saying five conditions it decided to wait wait, before you carry on I have a condition as well.

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What's your condition? When you give me the definition of Hadith Sahih.

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I want you to give me that evidence. Definition own in light of Quran or Hadith say,

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your condition my condition say I will not accept anyone's definition. Tell me a verse of the Quran Allah says al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen o Rahman Rahim Allah hum social route ladies, sorry, there's five conditions for having say a verse of the Quran or Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, How do you say he is such and such?

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He was flabbergasted. Your condition was I don't accept any human beings opinion or are you doing giving me the five conditions who made these conditions to allow me these conditions? No. Do the messengers of Allah who made these conditions? No Sahaba no Tabby Oh, no, he was later at birth in the later people in the fourth in the fifth century ebru salah and and Mr. Minogue, and many others later on who came and made these conditions. So everybody has to follow someone, there's nobody who does not follow. We rather follow someone who will we are comfortable with the half of the Muslim oma has been following and just stick with it, rather than start becoming a witch date and start

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picking and choosing and following different people from here and there.

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And the point here that I want to also mention, that you know, why sometimes people

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you know, move away from following a school. Sometimes we the people who follow schools have to take a blame a share of the blame as well. We have to take a share of the blame.

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Because when youngsters they see that look, the only you know they stay think that this my forefathers they think the Hanafi school has been coming from India, Pakistan, or Bangladesh is coming from there. And these are forefathers

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From Django, they don't already know anything. It's an it's trendy, they go to the university and I you know, how is everything going and you know, they say if you hire Kala Kiefer, how can you know if he was you know, they and you know the socks you get here, you know, they look quite trendy and smart and your choices are really high up and you know, you've got a nice sofa hair and it's trendy, and you know a few words of Arab Arabic, and they think this coming from the forefathers and the only Arabs and these Arabs are the main people of course Islam was the messenger Salallahu Islam was an Arab so we naturally have love for the Arabs naturally in the subcon we should this hadith the

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messengers and Allahu Allah Islam says those who are the proper correction unit of Arab, we should love them. Hey Bill, you know the language of the Arabs or because Quran is in Arabic and I was the messenger sallallahu Edisons is I was an Arab and the law to Allah Jenna it's the language of the Bible of gender. So we naturally it's built in we have love for Arabs, but unfortunately our Asian people the only Arabs we see is the Arabs in Makkah and Medina in Saudi, that's it. And most of them they pray in a way which may be not following a particular school of thought. We don't see any of the Arabs in our life. And when we see that harem maka, Medina This must be the correct way. That's

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not no criteria. If you want 100 years ago in Mecca and Medina do all following schools of thought there was the Mufti of the Hanafi is the Mufti of the shell theory of Makkah. The Mufti of the shirt is the Mufti of the molecules in Medina they were in in harem of Makkah and Medina they were different different halaqaat, the Hanafi mother being taught that the chef women have been taught that the Maliki must have the humblest school there, but because of the political things that have happened, so this is a problem. Go any other parts of the Arab world is not just restricted to Egypt or Saudi Arabia, go to the North African countries. 80% of them Arab Muslims are all minorities

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that, go to Mauritania, go to Tunisia, go to Algeria and go to Morocco and go to Tunis. Go to Syria, you will hardly find anyone in Syria who does not follow a school of thought nobody. I lived two years in Syria. Most of them either hanafis or Chavez. There's a split in one family. You'd have half hand honeybees, and half of them Shelfari. You can't even claim to be non Madhavi. They

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go to Yemen, you'll find people who don't follow school, but you have a lot of people who follow the chef in school, go to Lebanon, I've been to Yemen, I've been to Jordan, I've been to Lebanon, Yemen, Syria, Egypt, I've been to Egypt as well. Can I send people who don't follow school but there are a lot of people follow the shelter in school. So this is one of the reasons that we the youngsters one day see that it's coming from the forefathers and then our blamed Our problem is that when they ask us questions, you don't ask all these questions. But scholar. Don't ask too many questions. Arabic language, no, no, no, you can't learn or learn how to first. I'm not saying you know, you should

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learn how to do and our mother tongue. But Arabic language youngsters want to learn Arabic. And they when they go to some other brothers, who promised them to teach them the Arabic language and tell them look, brother, this is the translation they pick up sorry or Buhari, they feel happy when they go back to their homes and in their own communities. And then say Sahil Buhari will have years of tyranny you don't just let's just do it. However it is. So we have to take a share of the blame. We have to teach them these are the rules of the Hanafi school based on the Quran and Sunnah.

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So

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this is our duty we teach, we should educate our communities. Teach them the evidences, teach them the Quran and Sunnah. Teach them the Hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sahbihi wa sallam, teach him a bit of the Arabic language, Arabic language is very important. And then we have some other questions. I'm just going to conclude this that why is only four schools of thought Why only four Some people ask this question why only four? Why not five? First and so why do you only have two years? why not three? Why only two twice? And there's no you'll never find an answer for every Why in the world. Why did allow me kunos here I'm not here. Allah knows best. So

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you don't have an answer but the Hikmah wisdom. The reason is that there's no such thing there was no such thing that it can only be full. We could have had many and in early history, there were many more states Mr. Mousavi so Fiona folder so Fiona florina Abdullah him robotic a brother once said he wanted to follow the School of Abdullah mobarak. He met me personally. And he said that, you know, I want to become a robot. Okay, so I want to follow him over to la hora was a great hero. And in reality, a person could have followed any wish to hate. There's no way in the Quran and Sunnah, saying that only four. But Allah made it such that it's impossible today to follow any other school

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besides these four schools because the schools extinguished. We don't have the legacy. We don't have books, you the school, their viewpoints are very limited, and they were not preserved. Allah made it such that they were not preserved even if somebody wants to follow Sophia and ignore Marina today. It's difficult he won't be able to follow so if you don't even know Marina

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Then another question comes in why why do we have these differences? I mean, this is a lengthy topic Why do we have Why does the mom share free say something else? Why does Imam Abu hanifa say something else?

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That is there a bookish knowledge there's a book written by shahadi.

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Tara for oma differences of opinion different reasons. Even in the time of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there were differences of opinion between the Sahaba once the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam, said a statement to the Sahaba He said, No to suddenly allow you Selena to consolata Leila, even if they were going on an expedition. He said none of you should pray a lot of us are accepting blucora the tribe of Purina like saying you're leaving for you know, London, none of you should pray, you know, Malaysia or McRib. Except in London now, they were they were delayed when they will go into a delayed the mother was becoming Kadar. It was about a short time and they

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hadn't reached blucora so some of the Sahaba did they have discussion? Some said the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was trying to say that make sure you get to Bucharest get to London by Asia that's what he meant but we have not reached there. We shouldn't make our Salah cada let's pray and carry on. Others said no let's take it literally he said do not offer your Salah accepting by no coryza but we haven't reached there so we will pray we'll go there and we'll do

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two opinions of the group of Sahaba when they came back they came to the messengers of Allah holy sermon informed some of them said we did this some of them said we did this messenger sallallahu it was in smiling said both of you on the right both of you understood my you know statement according to your own capability and ability. So this is this is one of the reasons and there are a lot of reasons and then finally this is very important

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that there are levels and I'm just going to end on this but this is actually a very important this is a topic on its own There are levels of

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following a method there's actually four levels but I won't go into level three and four but the first two levels these are levels and this is important to understand not to get too carried away as well and be you know moderate we are on metal wassup we are a moderate oma was made it made us a balanced oma. We don't get overexcited about things. So sometimes being overexcited, we just completely dismiss everything and just become you know, very, very, you know,

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emotional about things we need to understand there are levels of lead. There's the first level, which is a tech lead of what we call the lay person, the army. All of us here, everyone, although not everybody, you know, generally most people are. The general API layperson includes just the normal public also includes Imams and automatic and scholars like us who've just undergone seven 810 years of study. These are all laypeople. Everybody included in this first category, despite them having levels the general public level below the Imams and the allameh. But still everybody's in this category. They tallied and following is such that whatever happens you're not an expert, you

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must you must follow a school of thought at all costs. Even if you come across a hadith that is bang on contradicting the opinion of your mother. Even I mean, you might think the Hanafi school says this, but you pick up silent bodies absolutely contradicting, don't have a right to follow Hadith.

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It would make logical sense Abu hanifa saying this, have you seen this? I should be following the Hadith. But the issue the example is exactly like the the individual, the patient who goes to the doctor, doctor prescribes him a medicine. He goes to medical science books and picks up something and it's absolute contradiction. What does he do? He follows the doctor because I am not an expert enough to understand the Hadith. There may be another contradicting Hadith I may have misunderstood the context. And this actually not just may happen actually did happen to me with murni one of my teachers having the whole law he mentioned a small incident that once a brother came to him and he

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was like, you know force himself on which day you know he was supposed to follow but he considered himself a mistake. He said look, there's a hadith I want you to explain this hadith to me so which had it there's a hadith in the Sunnah of Lima Buddhahood the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, lol will do ilam insulting or reaching your wound does not break. Listen to this carefree and less you heat when you pass air and wind unless you hear a sound or you smell otherwise you will do is not broken. That's literal meaning of daddy. So after Christmas a tune brother.

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This is not that you don't take this idea literally. He says All my life I've been acting upon this, that even if I knew for a fact that I've passed Aaron wind, but if I didn't hear anything, and I tried to smell and I couldn't smell anything, I would have not broken Allahu Akbar.

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This is this happened and he happens to people. This is why do you do that? He said Look, I'll bring you how you say look, there's a hadith says yeah, I know the heart of you must have said something but you know, I'm educated.

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However you must have never have made a mistake How do you clear up picked up sooner free mama Buddha would position at the bottom had eaten hasn't sound Hades translation is the law we'll do a lemon salt and O'Regan will do does not invalidate it unless you don't hear or you don't smell. So the chef explained to him brother, you've misunderstood the Hardys totally, you've taken out of context. Look at the other versions of this what is your kind of commentary? this Hadith of the messengers that alone and you said it was said in a situation where a brother Sahabi came to him and Captain coming to him who was who had the illness, the sickness, the disease of wasa you know, what

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was a misgiving? Every time we kept on thinking you know, I think I broke mold I think some of us have this illness

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but some of us have this so the message that allowed him to look don't worry you know, you have to be sure your pain and to really emphasize the point that for you until you don't hear anything or you don't smell something's gonna break

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so in other words, until you don't have your pain you're not absolutely certain That's the meaning is that oh no for the past 20 years in my life I've passed where and when so many times I've even led Salah

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have become a mom as well.

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This is going to cover and I'll repeat them all because you have to repeat all your prayers. So this first level of lead is for general people that even if we see a hardy opposing what the Imam says you know when we hear always the mo honey fantasy mom said either sahan How do you fall under the hubby? If you if you see a salary howdy that's my opinion. If you see a hadith which is contradicting my opinion, throw it against the wall. That's what I'm talking to people like me, are you not talking to the Tom Dick and Harry of the of Birmingham roads and streets, he's talking to the Greenwich days, because he's not talking. He's talking to the doctors. Not not the general

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patience for us. Even if we see something contradictory safety for us is just follow, we just rely on trust on them. And the second level, that's the first level of lead, the second level of lead which we must realize which is there and this is to bring the balance that there is a level even today amongst us of some olema and individuals and scholars who have been really deep thorough understanding of the Quran and Sunnah and all the numerous sciences, all the numerous disciplines, they understand everything in detail, they've sacrificed their whole life, they understand that they have a good vision, okay, they are again, unlit, everybody is a monad. And even earlier on creating

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moms, they all remain followers of mothers don't they're not going to come out from following a mother. But in one particular issue, if they investigated research with their tools with their understanding, they saw how these clearly contradicting something of the matter and they know they research they understood the text and they realize the real context not like the brother who understood lasota illa you know that will do lm insulting, but they understood the context properly and they also realize there is nothing contradicting this Howdy. And in that particular issue, they might come up from the mouth have no problem and take another opinion from another matter because

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they think that evidence is strong. That is okay. And there are some scholars like Like for example, the subcontinent, shell,

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modernization return Rahim Allah shakra, shirahama Ganga Hiroshima, Allah Allah Muhammad Rasul Kashmir Rahim Allah all heard of is that they don't become non mother hobbies later much later, they are still hanafis but still earlier on abou use of Mr. Mohammed Mamata how are we they were huge oceans of knowledge. They still follow schools of thought but in particular issues they might come out of the bathtub because they've done the investigation in that particular issue. And all is in moms of the oma like your mama Noah we they all remain which the followers him and we're going to conclude with this look at Imam and Novi. radi Allahu anhu one of the gems of this oma moment no he

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Yeah, he had been shut off. His title was more you do the revival of the unique personality he passed away even before his 50s but the works that his left legacy we have to solder in we have to know we have a left car when he was a sheriff. Copy. His one main book is a commentary of the psyche of Mr. Muslim one of the best commentaries alameen Hodge and in the shelf remember we wrote it 23 volume he didn't complete the whole thing but 13 volumes are his and then he was completed later on called an image more shareholder who has them he was a jurist. huge ocean of knowledge. yet he's still a sharpie. someone like him and no worry for me if you mama No, we can follow a man hub. Then

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everyone in this world has to follow me. If you Mama, no, we can follow a mother he remained a mallet a follower of your mama Shelfari, radi Allahu taala and who so we look we see in history, all these great humans, they were in the second level, they still follow school of thought, but in certain issues they came out of following a particular school, but inshallah we'll end with this there are a lot of things to say but time is short. So we end with this inshallah.

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I pray Allah Subhana Allah grant us the true understanding of Deen give us tofik inshallah, the purpose of this is not to debate or discuss or argue we don't want brothers going and arguing. argumentation takes away my medics and elmyra will use the Hebrew noodle Eman will end. argumentation takes away the light of your element knowledge. You understand what's right leave people to their fears between them and allows panel data

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loss or loss