Quraan – Episode 01

Episode Notes

The Compilation of the Qur’aan

© Transcript (Experimental)

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Bismillah

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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Let's go to lesson five. I believe that's where we left off. Lesson five.

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Is that right?

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If I can get my notes

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Today's lesson is looking at the compiler and gathering of the Quran in Arabic that's called Gemma Al Quran from Gemma, Gemma and Arabic means together to compile. So we're going to look at a shallow toddler, first and foremost.

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how Allah azza wa jal has promised to preserve and protect the Quran. And then we are going to look at what it means when we say compiler ation and gathering of the Quran is of two types. And then we're going to look at the different eras the time periods in which that occurred. Firstly, in the time of

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the Prophet sallallahu Sallam centum many people when they are asked, When was the Quran compiled? They'll say the time of Arabic or the time of Advent Wrong, wrong. No. Rather, that's what that was when it was put in a must have. But the code and compile ation began way before that in the time of the Prophet salla. Salim himself. And then that occurred, of course, other stages occurred in the time over an armada, and Othman often.

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So those are the lessons. Oops. So those are the objectives of today's lesson.

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We said

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preservation of the

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the two types

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of compile ation of the plan,

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and the time periods in which that occurred. So the first was the time of Rasulullah, alayhi salatu, Salam. And then I will work,

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and then Othman.

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And as a friendly reminder, these are more lectures as opposed to tutorials. So we try to keep questions and comments to the end. So just write them down. And therefore we can we can finish the content, especially today's lesson, it's going to be full on what to take in today.

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And ask allows the model to grant me the ability to teach it well, and to bless you with understanding. I mean,

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firstly, we know that the Quran is the last revelation, yes. Therefore, it has to last up until the day of judgment.

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And it's only logical if that was going to happen that it's going to be preserved. So Allah azza wa jal has promised this. So if someone asks you how did the Quran How is it what's the proof for the preservation of the Quran? You give them this ayah Allah azza wa jal said in national Nazanin ethics, we're in La Jolla half you don't we have set down the reminder avec la ciudad refer to the Quran as a Vic the reminder, because it serves as a reminder for us, we're in La Jolla, half you don't, no doubt we are going to protect it and preserve it left half we don't it's not just happy load. The Lamb here indicates to keep a promise I guarantee a confirmation we are surely 100% going

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to protect this code and from any corruption and hamdulillah that has occurred as opposed to the other scriptures. Look at the scriptures of the Jews and Christians for example,

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the Bible how many versions of it, are they

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still in progress? Right?

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It is they keep on every every year they come up with the new version new edition Allah Stan, but not with the Quran. And this topic, by the way, is a subject of attack from the orientalists those are the people who so called thinkers they study Islam to try and destroy it. But we'll have to see after this lesson, that this only this topic only validates and proves Islam to be the truth even further, will lie in no other book. No other scripture on the face of this planet has been preserved and so much

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Details about its preservation has been written in history, more than the Quran. No other book has had so much care, so much emphasis on its authenticity, like the Quran, we have so much detail about its preservation about its compiler than any other scripture on the face of the planet. And other aspects of the Quran as well. If you were to ask a Christian, what was the first revelation given to Jesus? I don't know. What was the first sort of given to Jesus? I don't know. What was the first verse given to Jesus? I don't know. What was the last chapter given to do this? I don't know. What was the last verse given to Jesus? I don't know. Who wrote down the Bible. I don't know.

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We have all of those details and more in the Quran so much upon Allah. And this is a book we're lucky like none other. And Alo wanted it to be as a book. Allah wanted it to be in book form, many proofs in the Quran, but among them, the opening is in Surah Baqarah Alif Lam Meem. Next is

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that the Calcutta what is kita book? Now when the Quran was when when the Quran was being revealed, was it in a book form? No, it was recited it Cora. That's what's called called and one of the one of the meanings. Allah wanted it to be as a book. That's why I said Delhi, Calcutta. Now Valley can Arabic means what?

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Santi that it's not this. It's commonly translated as this is the book but they say this because I don't want to confuse you. If you read that is the book you think what book so it's saying this is the book is referring to the Quran but valleca was used as opposed to Heather and we know that guitar means book.

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So, that book, Allah azza wa jal is showing us here, he used that because that is in Arabic Valiquette is used for something which is further away there like that, as opposed to Heather, which means this a lot as really saying that book which is to come in the future. It's a prophecy. They say a lot as well is telling us that book which is to come later on. Therefore Allah azza wa jal wanted it to be in a book form and this other as we're not going to get into the know. And also, what's remarkable of this area is Delhi, Calcutta. Bula. Right? Right. What does it mean?

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Good, right means that now there's one way of reciting this ayah you can say that early Calcutta bola lie but stop at a tribe. Right?

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If you do that,

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that's allowed.

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You started Delica that which is for distance, you end up with live doubt, meaning that doubts are far removed from the book. Because Delica was used for something which is further away. So you're if you stop that that word, you're in fact saying that doubts is far away from this book. It's far removed from this book. In other words, showing up this showing us that there's no doubt whatsoever in this book, no errors, no contradictions, that's that's the beauty of stopping it arrived. So you can say Delhi, Calcutta boy Buffy, because say that or you can say early Calcutta Bolero, you can stop there as well. And that's the gem found in those opening.

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So, that is how Allah azza wa jal has protected the Quran preserved it and he wanted it to be in a book.

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Now when we say general Quran, gathering compiled ation of the Quran, that's of two types.

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Number one, I'll have the fish sudo number two, Al Kitab is pseudo

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memorizing in the chests of mankind in the Sahaba In other words, and then other generations, and then the writing in books, that's the two types that rhymes and have the pseudo word Kitab efficitur.

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So let's have

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memorization

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and kitumba.

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written to write

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so the Quran was compiled in two forms. Usually when people think compilation of the Quran they only think of the writing No, it actually has been compiled also in memorization, first and foremost.

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And what's the proof? Allah azza wa jal said Bell who is from beginner to fee so do de la Vina autoland fiso Dori Latina Odin these are these are in were the chests of those who have been given knowledge in other words, they've memorized it so that a a refuge those who say that the Quran was compiled after the Prophet note. Next time a missionary or someone says that this is clip proof, along with many other areas of the Quran has been preserved in the hearts of the Sahaba before it was even written down. That is installed to Lanka but then a large region says why marriage how to be a Latina Illa volleyball nun, reject

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As except the volume or the oppresses the wrongdoers. In other words, those people who are arguing about this topic like the orientalist and so forth, Allah azza wa jal knew that they're going to bring such misconceptions Allah said they are volume on oppresses Don't worry about them. It's upon Allah. You see the beauty of that, I have been mentioned in the context of the preservation of the Quran. In other words, those people who are bringing such lies, those people are volume on the Confirm.

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When gibreel recited a part of the Quran to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was a soldier, he would repeat it back to him hastily. Why?

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fearing he's going to forget, because he was on me. What's that mean?

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illiterate he couldn't read or write. Therefore, he was eager to recite the Quran after jabin rusada team fearing he's going to forget, so Allah azza wa jal told him No, don't do that. You're a sort of law. Why we are going to gather the Quran and it's upon us it's compiling and gathering. Don't worry, we're gonna take care of it. These are yet found in sort of the AMA, and it's in your notes I believe.

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A lot of that revealed to Henrik be here, Lisa, Anna Kalitta jalebi don't haste and Lisa knock your tongue there with why in IRA in German or who could earn surely upon us it is collection and research station Don't worry a lot as we took it upon himself to ensure that the ground is going to be compiled with hamdulillah in Sub Saharan Africa calling tequila or saya tea in Surah Allah, sino Carioca Fela tansa, Illa Masha Allah, we're going to recite unto you so you don't forget except for Allah wills.

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So we believe so therefore we know that the Quran was has been memorized in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and what he would do was pass it down to

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the Sahaba he would make them memorize it as well showing us that the first time period that this occurred was in the time of the Prophet Muhammad himself. So the prophet in your notes it mentioned, the prophet passed on the entire Quran to his companions before he died, the whole thing was given to the Sahaba face odori levena autoturn he used a number of different ways to make sure that they memorize and recorded it exactly as he learned it. How goes on to mention in your notes, number one, the Prophet used to recite aloud the Quran in the silhouette, right and also in lessons in hooked up one of those habits that I memorized so tough. I memorize so tough in its entirety. From what

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Petaluma just from attending the Friday prayers he memorized Schwarzkopf. And it's a long solo. And he, if you compare it to some of these shorter ones, from Jism, but the memories were sharp, the memories were extremely sharp. Why? And that's another point I wanted to add. That's not in your notes.

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That, yes, also Nozomi and many of the other Bhumi as well. They couldn't read or write.

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And because of that, they were forced to memorize a lot of things, whether it was literature, or poetry, or the history, they had a very strong oral tradition. And they were forced to memorize a lot of their things especially because not just the fact that there will be but paper was not available in Arabia back then, during the tomasulo didn't have paper. Therefore they were forced to memorize and they had extremely sharp memories. So Allah azza wa jal knew this and thus, one of the reasons among many was why he sent the Prophet sallahu wa sallam among the Arab among those people because they were extremely strong and sharp in the memory. So they would memorize things

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immediately. So panel just by hearing it, he heard a German term from memory and try memorizing sort of whitening geometry. For us, it's probably impossible.

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Secondly, those who would enter Islam would be taught parts of the Quran. So for example, when they migrated to Medina, a new Muslim entered Islam or came to Medina or Sula would assign a Sahabi to that new Muslim or to that Sahabi and say, teach him such and such from the Quran. Also, the third reason why a lot of the Sahaba memorize the Quran entirely, was Rasul Allah informed us and encouraged us and encouraged us to harbor hydrocodone, mentale, lemon, coriander walima. The best of you are those who

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learn the Quran and teach it to others. Therefore, they want it to be the best, right? We want to be the best. Let's learn the Quran and teach it to others. Unfortunately, Today, many people that don't want to be the best they just want to scrape through into paradise, right? What's the bare minimum I have to do your shave to get into gender, right? So this is this is a fall do I have to do to have different after Macondo? Well, the Sahaba wouldn't be like that. they'd ask your Sula, what is the best of date so I can do it? And they didn't concern themselves? Is this sooner or not know? If Rasul Allah did it, I'm going to do it. In other words, they did something because it was sooner

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Today we are

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Leaving things because it's so

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hard to do. Because look at the mind frame of the Sahaba compared to ours.

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So many memorize the Quran in the time of the Prophet now your notes going to mention a few memorize the Quran No, that's wrong. Many memorized the Quran in the term of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and Lockwood an LA Qur'an.

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We're going to get into that narration in a moment where it says a few

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the Quran we know was given to us via moto wetted form if you remember when we took the topic of Hadith Guzzi

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we discussed motivated

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interactive, as opposed to I had motivated means what?

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Yeah, many multiple narrations the could an came to us via multiple numerous narrations from the Sahaba therefore How can only be a few who memorize the Quran rather many memorize the Quran and the Sahaba would teach the Debye around and that will teach the next generation anthos it came to us what hamdulillah So as we can see, the Quran was memorized in the time of Rasul Allah.

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However, there's a problem a person may bring the hadith of Anna signo Malik

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this hadith says only for memorize the Quran in the town of Rasul Allah only for

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its authentic

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No, I'm gonna explain this hadith a moment, which for the anus, he said, obey him God, why the Blue Devil? They they've been Sabbath and Abu is a demon second. Only these four memorized the whole Quran. That's what the Hadith is saying. What does it mean?

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So the others

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Okay, what is trying to say as I have stated, these were the first four to memorize the Quran. That's what it means. The first four to memorize the entire Quran were these four. That's one opinion. Second reason, or second meaning of this hadith

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is that these four these four were among the most diligent and devoted in adhering to learning from the Prophet himself. So they didn't just memorize the Quran from other people as some of the Sahaba did. Some Sahaba would learn the Quran from other Sahaba

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for example, the story of honorable Hobbs reversion when he went to the house of his sister What happened? He entered upon her house entered upon her and she was learning the Quran with someone else or teaching it. Therefore, sometimes as a hobby, we teach each other the Quran and that's okay. Because there were a lemma there were all scholars you can say this Hubbell and scholars they were However, these four, four extremely these four put strict conditions on themselves not only going to learn from Rasul Allah, therefore they learn to from Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam directly. That's the second meaning of this hadith. Third meaning is that they didn't just memorize it, but they

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wrote it all as well, in its entirety. It's in the title.

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And the proof that there were more that memorized the Quran as opposed to just these four is the NSF dometic. In another generation, we said only for memorize the Quran. Obey even God is not mentioned but rather a Buddha that his name is to show us that it wasn't just restricted to these four, rather many Sahaba memorize the whole Quran, like our Casa de Mr. Othman, Isley and others. Therefore, there wasn't only those four who memorize the Quran, but I want you to

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pay close attention to this particular companion, Zaid, even fair bit and his name is mentioned.

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In your notes, however, put an underline under his name, you're gonna see why he was mentioned in the for the for that memorize the whole column, yes, by NSF dometic.

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But we know now that it wasn't just for right. What does it have these mean? They were the first for another meaning is

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they learned directly from Russell as opposed to other Sahaba. And number three, they wrote it down as well. But as they did with him, I want to I want you to underline his name, wherever you see or even even if you wish to write on the side.

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So we've now taken and Hamdulillah, the first type of compilation which is hope. Now let's go on to the GitHub, the writing of the Quran itself. When this occur, it started in the time of the Prophet Mohammed Salah Salem and this is still in your notes, where it talks about the first era, the time of the Prophet Mohammed Ali sort of slammed himself

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so

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With this was done in three times in tableau. So learn some. And Tom Rothman as for the time will also learn the Sahaba wouldn't just memorize but they will also write whenever Rasulullah would receive revelation, what would he do? He would ask his scribes to write it down. And in particular, they demouth habit. Why? Because he was the prophets neighbor. It was the prophets neighbor. So it was among the four

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and he was the prophets neighbor.

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And on top of that, it shows us he was the primary scribe of lasala.

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first choice for a solo was to call Zaid, even fair bit when he was a young boy, he was taken to the Prophet salaallah Selim in and Medina and he was introduced to the Salah, the Sahaba, said Dr. Salah he was my son is a Timothy has memorized 17 sower from the Quran. And he was 11 years old at the time, and he narrated that Hadith. So he was quite young, he was intelligent, and he was sharp, at a very sharp memory, as opposed to many of the elder Sahaba. We know as you get older, your memory weakens. And that's very important because he was young.

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He had a very sharp memory.

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That's why you'll find out later he plays a very, very important role in the compilation of the Quran in the time. Okay, and Othman. First This is why I wanted you to highlight this companions names Edelman favorite.

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So whenever Sula would receive why he would call upon the Sahaba, the scribes and in particular, is it possible to write down?

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How many scribes did the Prophet have

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Rasulullah had over.

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Over 20 scribes, some say 24 to be exact, but windows over 20

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among them with a

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no doubt

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close Companion of the profits and loss of limb and

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armor

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and

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cement and alley and also holiday When will it?

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Yes.

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While we also need to share them like them?

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Oh, well, too bad. They will describe the Wasilla showing how they had a close connection and relationship with the Prophet Muhammad Allah salatu salam, and of course they they made it. Of course. He was a prophet primary scribe.

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What's amazing,

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was whenever they would write it down, the scribes that would write down the revelation photo Sula, what would they do? They would go to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he would ask them, read that onto me, recite that part that you recited back to me, and they will do so he will check it. And then he would approve and first that copy was left with Rasulullah. They would write it for the for the Prophet because he couldn't write and First they would leave that copy with the Prophet Mohammed Salah Selim. However,

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there were three companions who did something extra additional to this.

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And they were superb.

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So you may want to underline these names. They Devin sabot. And Abdullah even Massoud what they will do in addition to writing the code and leaving a copy with Rasulullah, they'll make another copy for themselves and take it home.

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Extra.

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Why for many reasons, they wanted to adhere to those if they wanted to keep a copy for themselves so they can learn as well. Right there were they had that adherence to the Quran. So those three

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also made a copy and additional copy for themselves and why wouldn't you

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need to have an extra copy of those as for yourself a loved one.

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So to medical law, and industry around the ball they just made an extra copy for themselves into

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and the Prophet alayhi salatu salam would tell them the order in which they wish should in which they should record the use I put this here, but this I am not sure to put this I am not sure therefore the the order of the data we have today is via is via Why? Why revelation wasn't the wasn't the companions choice. In early Calcutta, bowlero bayfield I'll put this as after Alif Lam Meem no Rasul Allah told them to put it like that. Therefore That is why

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and this proof for that in your notes, it goes on to mention the ayah the ayah those believers who sit at home are not equal to those who strive in jihad. Allah azza wa jal revealed this ayah and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said called so and so he came with an input and a wooden board or a shoulder blade of an animal. And that was used sometimes to record things because they were they were flat and they were wide.

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He said write this ayah and put it here. Therefore, this was a direct command from the professor Selim the Sahaba were instructed on where to place the ayat.

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And as we said, because there was no paper in Arabia at the time, the Quran was written down on anything that was available, sometimes date palm leaf, sometimes flat stones, tree bark, wood, dried animal skins, even the shoulder blades of shape or camels. Thus, they were recorded on these pieces of material as well as being memorized by those habits or two in one.

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So the time period of obachan now what happened there?

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It says, in the tunnel obok in your notes, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam died because he's a messenger, he's a man, they will have to die.

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Therefore, we don't worship the creation, but rather rather the Creator. He died in the 632 Christian era, the whole Quran was written down, but not in one complete book. Rather, it was separate separate parchments, materials, etc. It was all over the place. So it was all recorded. Nothing was missing. But it wasn't just compiled in one book, once a hobby had one part of the Sahaba had another, etc.

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And they must say they've been fair but says that he said the Prophet died. While the Quran wasn't compiled in one book, it was all recorded, but it wasn't just in one book. And this happened. Why? For many reasons, the fact that the ayat of the Quran continued to be revealed up until a few months before the prophets death now changed a few months to a few days. The last I was given to him nine days before his death, although

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the icons on now so should

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should start working in a moment.

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Therefore, if all of these I had kept being revealed, it's very it's impossible to compile it because it was still working process. You couldn't, they couldn't finish it because the ayat was still coming down. Secondly, the companions were more concerned with recording and memorizing the Quran, then putting it together in one book, that's what they were concerned about. Because they had no solo with him that any differences I'll just go to him, so love it.

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Number three, also is conducted 2.5 because of the abrogation that occurred. Now three, five is the same thing. Some acts were abrogated, canceled by laws of origin for many reasons. We're going to discuss that in inshallah, in the upcoming lectures, upcoming lessons, on the wisdoms behind abrogation and what that means, for example, the idea of drinking alcohol, a lot of that is not familiar immediately, but rather in stages to train the Sahaba to strengthen them to strengthen the man. Then, finally, it was totally, it was abandoned. Totally. It was, it was forbidden. Another example would be the stoning of the adulterer and the adulterous now, I generate that the ayah where

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a lot of Jen mentioned this was abrogated taken out a Lazarus cancelled the IRA in the re citation only, but the hokum stayed another word we still do it. Why, among the among the wisdoms behind that is to test our adherence to the Sunnah. Many people today say look, if you saw in the Quran, I'm not going to do it.

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In other words, then negating the undermining the son of Rasulullah. So this is something found in the Sunnah. So I found in the Quran, therefore, Allah has released testing us, are you going to? Are you going to carry through this? How can this happen, and of course we perform such photoed in the Muslim lands, we don't do it here when you're under Kufa law and you actually cause more harm than good.

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Another reason why this happened, the Quran was not compiled in one book number four, because the revelation did not come down in one piece, but rather as intervals at intervals and was received continuously up until the end of the Prophet's life that also is connected to point number one. We've already discussed point five, let's go on to point six, the heart and soul were not always revealed in their final order, but were arranged later we know the first eight revealed was sort of developed. And then the first complete sort of revealed wasn't fair to her. But you don't have the most half in order of an accidental 500. Therefore, they weren't revealed in those the way we have

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it now. So they couldn't put it into one book until all of it was revealed.

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Number seven, we've discussed the Prophet only lived a few, really a few days after the last revelation was revealed, revealed. And number eight, there was no dispute or friction about the court and during the term of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam as developed afterwards, when he as the final authority was no longer available. So as we said he was available. He was there there had no need to compile it in one book, but rather that need occurred later after his death in the tunnel. What could they did so and that's what we're going to discuss now.

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And the term obok rodilla, known as the when he was the halifa.

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Many groups across stated

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Many Arab tribes have stated and thus accredit a lot of problems for the Muslims. And these groups. These groups deny the obligation of zakat. They didn't want to pay this ago they said no, we don't have to do so. This is only an example of sola. First they were martyred don't apostates because they denied the obligation of something that Allah azza wa jal has made obligatory, only allows region has the right to make something halal Haram, not us. Therefore, they will call Therefore, our work waged war on such people. And those were called hero baryta, the wars, the battles of Apostasy, or the battles of the apostate.

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And during those battles, many of the coura were killed. These coura had memorized the entire Quran. First, after the death of Mr. odilon, who became married, he approached a work and he said, Yeah, we'll work this karate memorize the whole Quran have been killed martyred, what are we going to do? We should compile the code and in one book to preserve it from being lost? Did our worker agree instantly? No, he was reluctant. Why? Because he didn't want to do something that also never did, or never instructed him to do. He was worried about falling into innovation. So he was reluctant, he didn't agree, but later on Alhamdulillah, as we did guided him, and he realized that by compiling

00:31:22--> 00:31:53

all of these as, as we said, they were all there, but they're all separate. By putting them all in one book, and one must have, he's only doing that he's only continuing on the legacy of the Prophet sallahu wa sallam himself, because during the profiling of sorts of semi instructors to harbor to write things down, he did, he instructed them to write down the ad. Therefore, it's only continuing that which the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, had instructed earlier. And by doing so, it's only helping in preserving, it's only helping in keeping the Quran

00:31:54--> 00:32:31

together. It's not it's not a innovation. Now, this act of obaku was not an innovation, because beta is only to do with deeds, that by doing them, we think you're getting closer to a lot. But if it's to do with something that's helping you in your eye better, you're not drawing closer to Allah by doing it, then no, it's done in innovation, for example, microphones or speakers, right to amplify the voice of the Imam. You're not getting closer to Allah by using the speaker, right? If you use a speaker, you get 10 more hassle. No, it's only helping you in your eye better, so you're not getting closer to Allah via that thing. So that's not a big deal. Therefore compiling the Quran in one book,

00:32:31--> 00:32:48

one was half of what we have today on iPads and phones, you're not getting closer to Allah via that, therefore, it's not a bidet on a religious innovation, therefore, it's allowed. Therefore he realized that and hamdulillah he began, this heavy task of compiling the Quran into one must have one book and who does he get for it?

00:32:49--> 00:33:16

is a they say how important that name was earlier when we were mentioning it. Thus they Timothy Babbitt had the colossal task of compiling the code and our worker Commission's him with this amazing task. However, they also was reluctant, showing us this was harder. We're terrified of doing something in the religion that they had no proof for. They were terrified of falling into Buddha,

00:33:17--> 00:33:52

as opposed to many Muslims today that don't care. Now, I think I'm getting closer to it. Let's demolish the Navy and dance around like imbeciles all night listening to music will not protect us. So, he had this task and you can see why he was told by Oh, because and now because that shows his film shows his understanding that he usually call upon they did with avid, he knew he was the primary scribe of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he knew that he was among the first four who memorize the Quran and wrote the entire Quran. And monk, among many other reasons you mentioned in your notes. He was one of the best reciters of the Quran. He was also one of the most knowledgeable

00:33:52--> 00:34:01

when it came to the Quran, you might want to add that as well. It wasn't just a reciter like today you have people who are great recitalist about a color. But he asked him for the Tafseer of an idea I don't know.

00:34:03--> 00:34:08

So to recite is one thing but to have understanding of the answers another he had both.

00:34:10--> 00:34:17

It says he was one of the few who had memorize the Quran, no, not one of the few as we know there were many that memorize the Quran. And

00:34:18--> 00:34:24

he was the one who would always call upon as we said he was his neighbor. And he used to be happy about this he used to say,

00:34:25--> 00:34:39

I used to write the code and before the prophet SAW Selim himself and he used to say that out of it not boastfulness as in terms of he thought he was better than everyone, but he was pleased with that it was an honor for him. And as we said he was relatively young. Thus he had a very sharp memory.

00:34:41--> 00:34:59

And most importantly, is in United says he was one of the few who were present when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam restarted the whole clan on gibreel during the last Ramadan of his life, he was there. We know when we know in Ramadan jabril la Salaam would come and prophet SAW Selim would recite the entire

00:35:00--> 00:35:46

Put on him in the last year of the Prophet's life, this also happened But gibreel didn't recite it once he recited it twice, and azula recited it twice. zeda metab it was there he was present. Thus, he heard it four times, four times, in the final Ramadan of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam life upon Allah. So that shows you how important this great Sahaba is. They say they've been Sabbath. And when overkill asked him to do so, he said lower multani be negligible, like Anna Juana Allah, if you told me I will work hard to move a mountain that would have been easier on me. And this was a colossal task as we said, any feed a feed Allah azza wa jal, he feared falling into her

00:35:46--> 00:36:29

arm or doing something or not. Or he feared Danny having shortcomings in such a very important task. But Allah azza wa jal increased him instead steadfastness and that's the meaning of his name. Zaid means increase Sabbath means that fast so Allah has increased the mistakes faster upon Allah, and he can advise me, he was on literally he fulfilled the meaning of his name a lot. Increase the mean steadfastness. And he did an amazing job. In fact, he did a perfect job. 100 Lucky for me, and how did this occur? It's not mentioned in notes, but what abacha did, he told her Armada and Zaid Armada and he said, stand at the door of the masjid and call people to bring their ayat from the Quran,

00:36:29--> 00:36:39

those that wish they had written down. He said Whoever comes with two witnesses, that what he has from no code and was written in the time of the Prophet then except that he's placing strict conditions.

00:36:41--> 00:37:22

I'm on said, Whoever has something from the Quran from Rasul Allah, let him come with it. Is it from Rasul Allah, meaning if you have something that you have memorized from someone else, no, no, no, no, no, no, no can accept it from a Sahabi you have had to x you've had to memorize this from the Prophet himself, Allahu Akbar. In other words, showing there very strict conditions and great emphasis the Sahaba placed on ensuring the precision and authenticity of a Quran. As we said, Orientals have got nothing which other scripture has such conditions, strict conditions placed on it authenticity, compilation, preservation, hamdulillah none but the Quran. And of course, even the end

00:37:22--> 00:37:23

the sun as well, and the sun

00:37:25--> 00:37:32

and the ayat and so replaced in the order that the Prophet recital and jabril, as we said, so the way we have it now is via revelation.

00:37:33--> 00:37:58

So they began the process by collecting all of the materials on which the court and had been written. And upon its completion, it says in your notes, the last sentence of the paragraph, they turned it over to Abu Bakr, radi Allahu anhu. And he kept it with him until he died. And he was the halifa for how many years, two years. So this final copy was kept with our back for the lion who, and I stayed with him.

00:38:00--> 00:38:40

And then after we death, of course, it was passed down to the next califa Amara De La Hoya, and nothing's gonna get passed on, you can imagine he's going to protect it with his life, or you're going to protect it with his life and his sword. And something to add, which is not in your notes. As I said, I'd like to give you extra because this is also important the naming of the most half, how to earn the name of most half hour after gathering the whole clan and it was complete, he asked his companions, why should we name it? Some said call it safe. This is mentioned in the Quran, Sif is the more fraud the singular for as far as far was used for the scriptures of the hood care

00:38:40--> 00:38:41

method. Hey, Mary.

00:38:42--> 00:39:23

Yeah, me no esfera Eliza just struck the parable of the donkey of the Jews, like donkeys carrying as far on their backs. In other words, they as far were religious scriptures of the Jews. So our Buchan and others rejected it the Shabbos bill Yahoo, they didn't want to imitate and resemble the Jews and who would, so they didn't want to call it Sif. And as far as So, it was suggested, how about we call that most half from sort of and the word sort of, is an adjective that is used to refer to the Quran in which sutra Fie Sufi mocha Rama motherfu it motohiro so Allah called social

00:39:24--> 00:39:59

with Surah Surah. Tabatha. So Allah is really called it sort of and the word sort of comes from so hey fed, so whoever is anything that is written down, so therefore pages written down, therefore allows you to call the syrup so those are the call that must have must have called hamdulillahi Rabbil aalameen. It was called they all agreed, and the Sahaba unanimously agreed edge map edge map on its accuracy and authenticity. The fact that I had email is very important why? Some of the Orientals were sending some Sahaba different none of them different rubbish. That is mouth

00:40:00--> 00:40:11

Because they know if there's a different proof, it's likely and sooner when you have a dramatic consensus of the Sahaba. It's a definite proof, because it also law himself said, my own map will not unite on

00:40:12--> 00:40:24

falsehood that will not unite on falsehood. If they unite on something. It's definitely true. It's definitely authentic, therefore, as a definite proof, so there was a map and the time of our book, that's very important.

00:40:26--> 00:40:27

consensus.

00:40:29--> 00:40:30

They all agreed.

00:40:34--> 00:41:11

Now you may you may find some narrations of Abdo live in Minnesota disagreeing with some of those harbor in the time of Earth man. Why, why did he disagree? And this is mentioned interceding because he'd however only in the Arabic You won't find it in English. I'm not sure why but perhaps because many people will get confused. But in Arabic, it's mentioned that Abdullah bin Massaro didn't believe that sort of nurse and sort of follow up were from the Quran. He didn't believe he just thought that from the Sunnah. Now that's possible because not every companion was around in the time of the Prophet sallallaahu Selim when he recited particular dinakaran. Right, you can't expect every

00:41:11--> 00:41:44

single Sahabi to witness every single minute detail and incident in the profit and loss. And I'm Sierra. So I'm like today we have everything in a book, right? You can look at everything that happened in the time of the Prophet from beginning to end. But no, the Sahaba had lives sometimes with their families. Sometimes they were traveling sometimes that Wendy had, therefore perhaps perhaps he wasn't there when Allah would restart input. When sola we know that only no Qur'an is restarted after the fact they have, for example. So it's quite possible he didn't know but later on, he went back on his opinion, and he stuck to the gym out as instructed both men of men said no,

00:41:44--> 00:42:19

stick to this, this is true, and thought he changed his mind later on and hamdulillah they all agreed in the time of Earth man that what they have is also the complete version of the Quran, what hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. And that's the only integration we have only him in regards to sort of the follow up, and saltiness. But no doubt, no doubt they are from the Quran, as all the other Sahaba had agreed to. And as we said, Abdullah in mustard also agreed to that later on. So no problem there. And therefore, it's very important that we learn our history before the kuffaar teach us our history. When they come to teach you, what are they going to do? They're going to emit

00:42:19--> 00:42:33

things, delete things, change things, they may use a hadith or look, say, Al Bukhari, but they'll add some sugar and spice on top to meet their agenda is very important, that we learn our stuff before they tell us our stuff. Otherwise, they just kind of put doubt in our minds.

00:42:39--> 00:42:41

And finally, the Quran

00:42:42--> 00:42:52

was also and the third time period in which the Quran was compiled, for the last time was in the time of Earth man, Lord Delano. Why?

00:42:55--> 00:43:34

During the philosopher, as I mentioned, in your notes of Earth man wrote the law on how the Islamic State expanded more and more, right, the Islamic center of Othman, not the is of today, a different many of the people of these regions had accepted Islam and learn the resuscitation of the Quran from the early Muslims. However, we know that the Quran was revealed to the prophet in seven different a hair off, we're gonna take that as a topic and show later on seven different dialects. And the early Muslims taught the Quran in his different readings. And they are correct. Right, but because of these new Muslims, they weren't aware of these other different karate citations and forms and out of

00:43:34--> 00:44:10

the Quran, and these different dialects cause problems that cause problems because they didn't have the fifth understanding and knowledge like the so habit. So you can imagine right? one man, one Muslim is reading Maliki or Medina. Another one is saying Maliki Ahmed in the different in the dissertation, but they are both correct, because the Quran was revealed in seven different articles. And as we said, we're going to take that later on. So they are saying no, well, lo Hee, my recitation is correct. The other one is saying no will lie mine is correct. Almost automatic feed on each other. Little do they realize that they are both correct. So as we said, because Islam spread

00:44:10--> 00:44:44

and spread to other regions, other lands where a lot of people are accepting Islam and we're not necessarily out of they couldn't recite the Quran properly, like, for example, the Sahaba or the Tiburon. Therefore, some problems were occurring in the re citation. So while we're no no more Aria, so how are they fit? Evidently a man as I mentioned in your notes, he witnessed this firsthand. So he rushed back to us the man or the landlord, or one ration says he sent a letter to him, saying, Yeah, Babak. adric behind the hill oma.

00:44:45--> 00:44:59

He said, catch up to this omo. Rescue this Omar before they differ in their book just like the earlier nations differ in their book like the Horde and the Messiah, the Jews and Christians. So as the man or the man who he

00:45:00--> 00:45:40

Hold for an urgent meeting with, of course the elite Sahaba. To gather the Quran. In one official re citation, one official book. So what happened is mentioned in your notes that these problems eventually became a source of confusion in the Muslim provinces outside of Arabia, one of the Sahaba by the name of eminent domain notice the confusion. And he was while he was in Iraq, during the battles, and fear that it might lead to break up of the Muslims and changing of the Quran. So when Earth man heard the news, he along with the major Sahaba decided to make official copies of the Quran, from the one compiled in the time of Oba or Delano. So it wasn't a different must have, it

00:45:40--> 00:46:16

was the same one compiled into a bucket. And we know the one component of a bucket is the exact same for an Amazon Rasulullah. But what he did was make official copies and send them out. This is the official one. In other words, all of the other versions have to agree with this one. And to avoid that confusion, so people don't get mixed up, he ordered for the burning and destruction of the other muscle have that will already sent out before him. In other words, they all have to comply to this official must have the official version. So they took the version of Obamacare and didn't change it. They just made other copies, just like when you go to office works, and you make copies

00:46:16--> 00:46:55

of the original, and you give them out. That's exactly what earthman rodilla. And who did that is it he sent them out. And what he also did was sent out one of the Sahaba, who had memorized the Quran, also with that most halfway, so people don't just read it, but they also learning it from someone that's very important, they hearing the correctly citation. And that's why you don't just learn from books you have to learn from a teacher. The scholars would say man, john, ha ha ha kita. What about Otto whosoever, if you make your shape your book, you're gonna have many more mistakes than you have which is correct. A lot of people will read something and they will misinterpret it. For example,

00:46:55--> 00:47:18

the Hadith awareness of nomadic, he said, Only four memorize the Quran, you read, I think only four. And you believe it because nomadic and it's an authentic hadith, but it doesn't mean only four. If I said four students stop the class. Does that mean there are only four students in the class? No. So there's those Aha, this needs to be interpreted. We need to learn things and the teachers on the machines. May Allah protect us from that from not doing so.

00:47:19--> 00:48:01

And in conclusion, and will endear the orientalist, use this topic to attack to attack Islam. But do they even realize that this topic only strengthens and validates this religion even more, but hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen, as we said, show us a scripture in the world that has so much detail about its completion in its time of Revelation. And after no other book, no such care and consideration has been given to preserve a book like that of the Quran? Well, hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. And you might ask now, why did this man do so when they already had the most half with abubaker, our book was compiled one of the most half different from Earth man's compiled nation in the following.

00:48:02--> 00:48:03

Number one, the reason

00:48:04--> 00:48:12

the reason each of them compiled the code, and this is found in Yes, it caught this book, the introduction to the sciences of the Quran, it's very good.

00:48:13--> 00:48:53

The reason why our book did so was due to the large number of deaths that of the Quran, he didn't want the Quran to be lost, therefore, he can pull the one must have. Whereas men on the other hand, Kampala must have in response to inauthentic re citations, that the newcomers they revert to Islam, or ignorant of the Arabic of the Quran were reciting. Therefore, he wanted to unite them on this research station. Whereas obika did not want to wish to unite everyone on one research session because there's problems never occurred, as we said there was a habit or whatever, and they knew the Arabic. So that's very important. If you want to add that point. The reason why was man compiled the

00:48:53--> 00:49:10

Quran and sent those copies out, as opposed to the reason why I will work with it. We said I will work with it. So to preserve the Quran from being lost because the Quran were being killed, was amended. So why? Because of incorrect citations, he didn't want that to cause disunity or confusion in the Muslim ummah.

00:49:26--> 00:49:35

Also automatic Ron will use more people to compile the Quran, and to make copies of it, whereas obaku solely relied on is a demo fair bit.

00:49:41--> 00:49:59

And the third difference was the number of must haves abubaker ordered was only one whereas earthman ordered several. So as you can see, there are different reasons and differences in the sense of why our bucket compiled the Quran as opposed to Earth man. However, they all used the same copies. They all use the same copies meaning or assemble

00:50:00--> 00:50:13

Use the exact same copy of obachan. He just made several copies of it. And the reasons for doing so were different. And that that explains that it wasn't a different massage, but rather it was the same, or was the same. And for us, what we have today is the earth many, most have

00:50:14--> 00:50:28

the earth manuscript, and you hear that a lot. And that's what it means because he made copies of the script of obika and essentra. Well as will protect us from any doubts, and any errors when it comes to the book of Allah. And we asked the laws of Israel to

00:50:29--> 00:50:43

protect us in ensuring that we understand these very important topics of our religion. Amen. So panicle lahoma will be Hambrick Machado and la isla land, Mr. Federica. Want to lick it did take a little bit longer today. And I apologize for that. But

00:50:45--> 00:51:04

that I believe was very important. And we're lucky Yeah, researching this topic brought me to tears will lie, because I just realized, Annie, how how much care and consideration was put into preserving the plan and how much stuck were the Sahaba had and ensuring that what we have is the authentic original version.

00:51:05--> 00:51:09

And as I said, no other religion has that. Yes. system? I'm not sure.

00:51:17--> 00:51:17

Yep.

00:51:22--> 00:51:23

That's have two witnesses. No.

00:51:30--> 00:51:34

Two Witnesses. Yes. Two Witnesses and from rasulillah.

00:51:35--> 00:51:48

Yes, so I will marketplace the condition and Mr. So both of them, and it just shows you so upon law, they would like the two wings of Islam. And they are always together hand in hand on what Rama so both of those conditions were necessary. Yes.

00:51:51--> 00:51:59

Yeah, the orientalist are people their so called thinkers, right, who study Islam, kuffar, to study Islam to try and refute it.

00:52:00--> 00:52:15

They study Islam to try and show it errors, right? So they will come and attack Islam why this topic can polish in the Quran. And amazing that if you would ask them, okay, give me the details of the compilation of the Bible. Okay, they

00:52:17--> 00:52:21

Christians, Jews, Zionist non Muslims. Yeah.

00:52:22--> 00:52:36

Now, you may have Muslim orientalist, but they're not studying Islam, they may be studying other things. So just because we say orientalist doesn't necessarily mean that you can have Muslim orientalist in the sense that Muslims studying other religions to try and refute them.

00:52:38--> 00:52:41

But when the Oriental is trying to attack Islam, that's who we're referring to.

00:52:42--> 00:52:43

Yes, the noise.

00:52:55--> 00:53:02

suffered for zero is with Assad the sifford. I mentioned with with seen, yeah, can methylate hamari amino acids found on the scene

00:53:04--> 00:53:09

as opposed to us with the salt? But no doubt what they have is

00:53:12--> 00:53:12

a cyst as

00:53:15--> 00:53:17

the other copies Yes, that was other

00:53:19--> 00:53:22

to protect the oma from incorrectly citations

00:53:25--> 00:54:06

that were also put on. Yes, there may have been really differently but like we said, Maliki amin and Maliki are medium. We know the Quran was revealed in seven different dialects. And so what they did was, yeah, and the term of the Sahaba, they knew of the other versions, other dialects, it doesn't change the meaning, like Malik, and Malik, and we're going to discuss that in detail. Because Allah is the Malik and the Malik, he is the owner and he is the king. He says I saw a change in meaning or changing meaning. But as newcomers with some didn't know that, and they were thinking the other person is reciting something different to the Quran. And also because of the not not being learned

00:54:06--> 00:54:13

in Arabic, we know back then they didn't have to scale. You know, for example, in particular words,

00:54:14--> 00:54:39

like Al hamdu, would be written like that, right? There's not the skin. So is that a lambda? Or is it Alhambra? Or is Al Hamdi or hamdu? What is it because of the skin because the skin was in there, because they weren't on Arabs and they weren't familiar with Arabic, they didn't know how to read it. So it was causing problems. So he made the official copies based on our workers, and he sent it out to ensure that these different notations and

00:54:43--> 00:54:45

he, they,

00:54:46--> 00:54:51

they, all of them were still recorded in that original some, some days now some scholars say

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

the most half of our backup was written to preserve all seven but the most of us men only included one half

00:55:00--> 00:55:24

After the other, however, this opinion doesn't have any, any basis to support it. So if some scholars say that this official script of rathmann only had one hair off, and others say no, I had others as well. But he, as we said, he sent a recital or recite a recital, with that must have to ensure that they're reporting it correctly, as well. And if you wish to download this book, it's you can download online

00:55:26--> 00:55:51

an introduction to the sciences of the Quran. And he goes into this topic in further detail. And that was mentioned on page 38 the difference between Abacus compilation and author man's compilation so page 138 from this book, he goes into detail and to better color I I've looked into this book and I used mainly Shahab disease and Hades works on

00:55:52--> 00:55:53

Al Quran.

00:55:54--> 00:56:16

And when I looked into this I found the basically translation to be an almost precise so he's done a very, very good job with this. But unfortunately today he's he's got many errors, unfortunately. Yanni. Yes, of course he unfortunately he is. Yeah, yes, of course. He is diabetic a lot. He was I one stage extremely

00:56:17--> 00:56:59

good in terms of his Manhattan Aveda, but of the last few years, unfortunately, in a pro America and pro democracy kind of thing and, you know, against, you know, particular aspects. Yeah, I mean, and it's about a cola. He's got some very, very good works in terms of as we look around, he's also got another book on drop advocates have dropped very good. Also on towhead. But basically, he's against, you know, the selfie type of, you know, and even Yeah, recently when would have to get into him, Allah guide him and us, and he went out free from his guidance. May Allah protect us all. But I thought I'd mentioned that because and as warnings, it's very important that we don't, we don't fall

00:56:59--> 00:57:02

into error. And the scholars would say

00:57:04--> 00:57:14

that to Allah will have COVID region for insocoat orajel, a squatter Dena Mao, do not attach truth to men. Because if that man falls, he brings the whole Deen down with him.

00:57:15--> 00:57:27

Only attach the truth to one man, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the Sahaba in general, because also like gave them the stamp of approval. He said, My generation is the best. So we go to how the Sahaba understood things.

00:57:29--> 00:57:57

If I give you something that the Sahaba you know, I gave you something contrary to this harbor. No, don't take my opinion, or any chef's opinion go to what the Sahaba said foremost. Therefore, we're trying our best to stick to what you know the Sahaba did our work Rothmans aid. That's the best way. That's the best way once you hear someone coming with newly invented ways, modern ways, you know, trying to take you away from the early generations. That's warning signs for you to keep away.

00:58:04--> 00:58:10

Would you like to just step out to grab a drink or something if you want to freshen up unless you've already done so.

Quraan - Episode 01
40.51MB