Quraan – Episode 02
Channel: Muhammad Al Bizry
Series: Muhammad Al Bizry - Quraan
File Size: 25.53MB
The Compilation of Uthmaan
of last lesson because I had many questions about that. And we're going to then focus on the compiler, one of the most often the time of Earth man, and what it means when we speak about the
because there were different, a sort of sense because Islam spread at lightning speed. A lot of people who were not Arabs entered into the fold of Islam, and they began to recite the Quran in a different manner due to mistakes due to ignorance of the Arabic language, or Arabs who knew Arabic but they were ignorant of Quranic sciences and the different number of first Earth men wrote the land who combined the metal one common must have said we're going to go into that in more detail inshallah.
This earth manuscript, and is most most half of us, man. So there's two different things. So we're going to focus today more on most half of men, the most
quick revision of last lesson, what did we discuss?
What's that mean?
compilation of the Quran. And because some sisters were absent, it will obviously be a good revision as well for ob good for them to go over it. So our revision of the compiler
and then we're going to look up.
That's included. We're going to look at
of Salaam in Iraq, that occurred with the different citations. Then we're going to look at Othman solution. rodilla. And
what did he do?
It was a one must have
that you noted the oma
Allah azza wa jal has promised to protect the Quran, from any corruption and any deviation and any change whatsoever. Why? Because no doubt, Allah is the final messenger. He's the boss, his message has to last until
they have judgment, the day of judgment, therefore, it's not possible for that message to remain unless it's been preserved. So a lot of debt has protected and promised to protect this court. And now if someone asked you how is the Quran preserved, compiled and protected, there's two ways of answering this the short version if you're abadan and you don't have time for imbeciles who just want to attack Islam, then you can just say the ayah the AI is in Nanana Zelnick, we're in Allahu Allah Hafiz. Allah said we have sent down the reminder and we are going to protect it. So I promised from Allah, then the longer version is what we took last week. So a quick revision, where we go into
general Quran in detail, and the word Jama in Arabic means together but it also means to compile. So how was the Quran compiled?
Mr Shreck, orientalist to say? The Quran was compiled and Tom buck, even some Muslims who believe that as some may even say, it was compiled and timeless man, what do we say? Wrong in the tongue of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam. And when we say compile ation of the Quran we refer to two things. What are they
good writing and
good memorization. And we said in Arabic, it was a pseudo while keytab is pseudo. So it was compiled via have meaning memorization in the town of Rasulullah Sahaba memorize it, and Kitab which means it was written down.
And this occurred in three time periods, the first in the era of Rasulullah.
secondly, as the sister said, the era
of obok rhodiola anhu Allah
subhanaw taala and why wouldn't it be
obachan was first after salah and he was the first of the Sahaba in so many other things as you'll see in Sierra. He came first on so many occasions. That's why he was called a buck. Buck literally means something which is early from Bachir and book RA and mo backcare. Any word that has bad calf or up
in that order, it means something early. That's why the young camel is called back. And the virgin is called Big male or female. Big early stages also out of dawn Beck which is allowed
has not been fertilized yet. You haven't put any crops to the early stages. So the bat gafa always means something early. So book raw doesn't necessarily mean tomorrow it actually means in the morning in the Quran book written while sila refers to the morning and I'll see you as the evening. So he was the first panel on so many occasions as you say, he was deserving to be the first halifa because he was the first man to enter Islam. The first you find also the first and only person to perform his role with Rasul Allah.
And then the era of Who is the man wrote the law? No.
It was compiled, and in those three eras in the sense of and we explained last week, the hawkwood M was complete. Firstly, in the town of Rasul Allah, and the Sahaba memorized it and wrote it down in its entirety. But the way it happened was the Quran was written down, but it was in separate different parchments, materials, and so forth. It wasn't compiled in one book. So what I did throughout the article was he gathered all of those yet and sewer that were in different locations of the Sahaba, and so forth. And he put them all together. And as we said, Because have already had memorize the Quran, and they all agreed to what was there. And in terms of man, what he did, was
basically, because of the problems that occurred in Iraq, when Islam spread, people didn't know how to read properly, or they read the Quran in different styles, and they thought this was wrong. In fact, it was right. What he did was he used the same most half of ovac. But he made official copies, some say five, some say six, and he ordered the oma on that massage. And he said, whoever's most half does not agree with this one, then it needs to be burned and destroyed. And we're going to that's a summary of last week. So let's go in a little bit more detail now.
Now, the proof that the crown was memorizing the top result many among them the crown, Belvoir area to bayonet fee, so during larina, Odin, Allah said, the Quran is clearly manifest at work. She is so Doreen leadin autoland, in the hearts of those who have been granted knowledge, therefore, Allah said, it's already been memorized, and many other Hadees as for the writing, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, whenever he would receive why, whenever he would receive revelation, or read,
good, he would call upon his neighbor who was his neighbor
to come and rice yetta is a tile coming right there, this ayah and he wrote it down, then what will happen?
After he would write it?
Before that, he would tell his aide to repeat recite what he had written down to check, it will do so and then also given the stamp of approval. So it was written and memorized in the tumbler. So look, as for memorizing, how many while equals lmft? How many memorize the Quran, more than four only?
There's a hadith by Anna signo Malik, where he said for memorize the Quran in the time of Rasulullah. Now, it doesn't mean only for memorized. What's the proof that it's not only for that memorized?
Good. And I said no. Malik has another generation of four who memorize the Quran. And instead of obeying God's name, it's a Buddha that's name to show you it wasn't restricted to those four. Therefore, it's not. Therefore it's very important that a Muslim learns a hadith
and studies under a teacher Russia Why? Because if you were to read that Hadith by nomadic you think what only four companions memorize the Quran and somrus Allah, you that's an injustice to the companions. Even today, you have six, seven year old children memorizing the whole Quran. You think, how can they memorize this habit and memorize it? No, it doesn't mean only four, it means they're among the first four as we said, it also means
you can remember, they didn't just
go and means they learnt directly from the Prophet, because some Sahaba will learn from each other.
But they learned everything from Rasulullah. Another meaning was, they didn't just memorize it, but they wrote it down. Therefore, that narration of aniseed nomadic is authentic. But it doesn't mean only for if I said for example, four students took the class doesn't mean there are only four students in the class are can mean there are others. It could mean there are also other students who took the class in other subjects. So that's very important. So
many memorize the Quran in the timeless Allah.
That's very important, not just for us for the writing.
Rasul Allah had many scribes, how many did we mentioned?
We said over 20
Some said 24, to be precise. rasuna had over 20 scribes who wrote the code and for him
and before I mentioned those, going back to
memorization, most of the auto bullets
on me Yeah, what's that mean?
No illiterate they could not read and write. Now that will mean not hi me big difference. What time me How am
Yeah, the layman, the one who's ignorant and educated. There's a big difference. There's I'm me. And our it comes from a hammer. blind. That's where the word army came from an educated Rasulullah was an army he was only he couldn't read it right? There's a big difference. Once a brother told me he asked me how come the Prophet was an educated? I said, No, you can't say that. He couldn't read or write doesn't mean he was educated. He doesn't mean he was uneducated. How many people cannot read or write yet they are extremely intelligent. Many will let the street smart, extremely wise, and how many people can read or write but they the most ignorant of people just check out Facebook. They can
read or write but will light the filth and bigotry, hatred, racism that comes out of their mouth? Well, that is disgusting to say the least. All you have to do is read a few of those posts that were put on my page just on the weekend. Allah tala
Yeah, and in a way hamdulillah Good riddance for that woman and her crony friends, but hamdulillah So, there are many people who can read or write yet will lie they are imbeciles, to say the least. So it also Lochner era and many of those habit therefore, the Arab in general, had a very strong oral tradition, they would pass down information via memorizing and teaching because paper wasn't available in Arabia, therefore they got used to memorizing and they were extremely sharp in memorizing extremely sharp that's why I'm sure you all know in Arabia back then. There were there were the peak of poetry and literature. That's very important. As for writing there were over 20
scribes named me some of them
in order if we Okay, among the best was eight no doubt, even seven.
I will back
yesterday, it was among the best, no doubt, then of course, our work. There's no doubt we can't forget him.
No, it was just he mentioned for you.
Our work and then of course, mentioned the focal effort. Mr. Othman Isley.
Yes, Marley bingeable. Good house.
Abu Zeid obey mccobb. Who else was a scribe? others call it Devon Walid good.
So he wasn't just busy in jihad, but he was also busy and seeking knowledge. More How can you see this? Well?
She didn't like that but tough luck.
Yeah, no doubt there. Were there were actually didn't just look into all of them. I just wrote the main menu. But no doubt there were more Alia and yazeed.
Is it even me Sofia? But no, the eyeshadow delanda was was among the scholars. In fact, she is the female scholar of this oma Chateau de la Anna, and other Sahaba yet.
Also hafsa was the one who took control of the most half she kept with her after the death of her father, Amaro Delano and the Sahaba. The Sahaba had they trusted her. The only she was so reliable that they kept the Muslim with her and they left the earth man was the halifa He didn't say Nana Give it to me. I can't have a woman in charge of the massage. No, that's not how we are as Muslims. She's a Muslim or a woman yet extremely trustworthy with hamdulillah assures you that in Islam, yes, women have a very important role. They entrusted her with the most half, and Allahu Akbar, the Quran, that's an that's an amazing amount, to say the least. So therefore, don't listen to the
feminists who say that, in Islam, we just want to degrade women and so forth. No, just haters.
So that was the writing. That was the writing. So there were many scribes. So that was the time of the prophet SAW Selim. Now after that, Rasul Allah passed away, of course, is a messenger yesterday, it was mentioned that
after the death of the Prophet, many tribes have stated, they left Islam, and therefore the cause, and therefore abubaker. And among these tribes, they said, we're not going to pay the Zika. They denied the obligation of Zika. First, they left Islam because that's before, you've now denied something, which is an obligation. So what happened was broke out and these were called, robe aritha, the Wars of Apostasy and in those battles, what happened?
Santi many of the half of coura were killed. So who became worried?
proach that will work
and he said what?
So I feel the Quran is going to be lost because the Quran, the Quran have been killed. Therefore, yeah, boubakeur compile, one must have gather all of the different scripts and put them in one. So it was all available. It was not just in a book. Now our backer was he reluctance he was he was hesitant. He didn't want to do something that was an innovation. But he later realized he's only continuing the legacy of lasala. So he agreed, and that shows I want to speak. Also, it shows that almost as well, because he knew the health and githaba. memorization and writing go hand in hand. Yes, we have it written. But we need also the Quran because they were killed. We feed that it's
going to get lost. So they compiled it. And of course, they'd brought the lotto. He was the man in charge of this colossal task. And we all took that last week. So that was the time of Oba. So it was Alhamdulillah preserved in one thing, almost half and all the Sahaba agreed. Once you have HTML on an issue, consensus, that is a definite proof. Because Rasul Allah said, my alma will not unite on falsehood. So if they've united on something, it means it's definitely true. So that's like put an ensign, when you have a demo on an issue. Very important. It's about consensus. That's a definite proof Lockwood Anderson. Yes. He said, let me rometty Allah, Allah Allah, my oma will not unite on
So when you have, for example, Muslims today, who say you you're allowed to congratulate the kuffar on the AIDS? No, you're not allowed because there's consensus on this issue? They'll say, No, no, there's no way there's a difference of opinion. That's wrong, because to break consensus is called a horrible village map to break it. It's not after because anyone can come later and oppose the difference. oppose the edge. Now, anyone can do that. The way to break edge now is before HTML. So if you can provide proof from before that there wasn't consensus, then you broken otherwise, anyone can come later and say I disagree with that opinion. Therefore, there's no, there's no consensus,
because I disagree. Firstly, I'll say that that person who are you? Secondly, I'll say No, you've actually went against the rule to break consensus, it's before the consensus, not after. Otherwise, everyone will just break all the rules in the book.
Therefore, you're not allowed to congratulate liquified on the AIDS like saying Merry Christmas and Easter circle. That's just one example among many.
So that was a time I'm working on hamdulillah. Now in the time of man, which is what we're going to go into now a bit more detail and discuss the way he compiled the must have and the seven.
We're going to give a bit more detail in that.
We know the Quran as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told us was revealed in the dialect of Quraysh. That was the most eloquent, however to facilitate ease, ease for the other Arabian tribes and other dialects. Allah revealed the same color and in various styles, forms and citations. Those are called who knows.
Allah revealed the code and the same could end in various styles and forms in their code of how many,
very important. This shows the brilliance and uniqueness of the Quran.
And Hadith for this Rasulullah asked God rally Salaam upon revealing as he says, he asked him to reveal it in another way. And he did. So then he asked him to reveal in another way, and he did so and he asked again, and he did so in his in your notes for next lesson in sha Allah tala, or the week after, there's a hackathon that he kept doing. So.
Now, we're still continuing with lesson six from the era of earthmen.
Lifting five, sorry, lesson five. So I'm just going to be more detailed last week about the because a lot of questions were asked, what does it mean above. We're gonna discuss this topic of Ashraf in more detail in two weeks time. But it's very important that we give a brief introduction because of men's
script the most of us men dealt with.
So he kept on revealing it until he revealed it in seven different forms. Now, when Islam spread, as we said, like wildfire, because of Hamza, it's a religion of truth. Other people who are not Arabs became Muslims, they entered the father of Islam. They began to make mistakes in literary citation and problems rose in Azerbaijan,
in Iraq, so upon a lot those feet and back then up until even till today, even today, it's always fitted in Iraq. So Panama. So one of the Sahaba
witnessed this, who was he
even a layman. He witnessed this and he rushed back to Earth man and he said yes man adric howdy Loma, save this on my Earth man, Atlanta telephony keytab e COVID-19 telephony tabea camera telephony one masala. He said before they differ in its book just like the Jews and Christians differ in their book. So he told him that they basically different because of the incorrect visitations why the people were making errors for two main reasons, lack of knowledge in the Arabic language, or knack, lack of knowledge and the arrow, they didn't know what this is out of work. Therefore, a person was reciting the Quran in a correct manner, for example, saying Maliki or Medina
another one was saying, Maliki or Medina and they both thought that the other was reciting incorrectly but they were both correct. They're both correct because the Quran was revealed in seven different ways. And as you can see, it doesn't change the meaning. There's Malik and Malik and we're going to give some examples of that. So those were the two main reasons why people were reciting the Quran in different manner. So what did he do?
He united and brought to Omaha together on one must have, one must have that was written in a way that included all seven out of for example.
As we said in Al Fatiha, it's Maliki Ahmed Deen in Arabic is written like that. The Elif after the meme.
Another sort of another way of reciting it is Melek. Instead of as opposed to Malik, see, Malik Malik. So what did the author man do?
He brought the most half in the in a way that included all the other
sources written like that Malik, but the little olive there so you can read it as Malik and Malik. That's right. And also because it didn't have halachot. As we say that we're ignorant of the Arabic language this the Arabs who the non Arabs who accepted Islam, back then they didn't have harakat the Fatah bomb Mecca slow. So you're not sure whether it's math or move or me you're not sure? Because they were ignorant of the Arabic language. And because they didn't have dots also, they were making errors. Another example would be Allah azza wa jal says,
Yeah, well, yes, what he did was he combined, he combined the different items into one. So it can be read either way. Therefore, he didn't dismiss the other.
He didn't cancel them out. No, they and the proof of that the proofs for that are many among them is still present today. They didn't cancel them. But because one person was saying Malik and other person was saying Malik, they were about to make the clear on each other saying no, what you are saying is up to CRAN when it was sort of man feed this, therefore, what he did was the following. He combined.
So after that, after this,
he ordered that animals have to does not coincide and agree with this has to be burned and destroyed. Why to protect the oma so he said about this incident. Oh people do not say evil on earth man, but only say good about him concerning the burning of the most half. I swear by Allah. He only did this after he had called all of us. Men only did this after he had consulted the Sahaba This is where I lead on the one who said he asked what do you think should be done concerning these citations in Azerbaijan? For it has reached me that each party is claiming that their dissertation is correct and better. And this attitude might lead to cover disbelief. So we asked about man, what
do you suggest? He responded I think we should consolidate the Muslims on one common must have so that there be no any there'll be no disagreements or disunity. We said the Sahaba no doubt this idea of yours is an excellent ID fast the action of man was agreed upon by all the Sahaba
and of course they were the best of generations if there was going to be something wrong. One of them is going to speak up at least one of them at least is going to speak up. Another example of this different approach would be the following Allah azza wa jal isn't suited for the rot
in a confessor combinability flutterby you know, if an evildoer comes with news,
verify it, confirm it for whatever you know it's written like this in Arabic
Fatah obiano another way of reciting This is Fatah fab battle. We didn't like this
further sub battle.
Now we said back then they didn't have the
That's the number haircut. Therefore, if you take them away, what do you notice?
They both the same.
For tavano butter butter looks the same. So as you can see, because they were ignorant the Arabic language and ignorant of the cloth one was saying about you know when we're saying to beto and others are thinking that it's wrong, but as you can see, it's not a different word, it's actually the same way it looks the same. Another example would be Allah azza wa jal mentioned in sort of vaquera
tabooed v secada. Tomorrow become tabooed. That boots in Arabic
deciding what's taboo
because some dialects were harder on
their dialect, therefore, Allah has done center for me 70% I heard of like, as you saw,
once this once these have become the means of difficulty, which is the opposite of AES, there is no longer a need for them. Therefore, what earthman did was excellent was a was an incorrect, think of like training wheels on a bike, you use them in the beginning to
exactly to facilitate ease, but once you become a good rider, you remove them, no longer need them, like was primarily sent to facilities. But once they became a means of dissension and disunity, causing problems, therefore, man, remove them, in the sense of it was written in one way, primarily the way of Croatia dialect of Croatia, that also incorporated the other, so ignored by him gave a very beautiful parable
in discussing why earthman radula and who did this? And he said, What on earth man did was correct.
Think of it like a house, there's seven different paths and ways to get to that house. However, the amid will say, Muslims only go on this path. Why? Because the otherwise have, because other parts are dangerous. For example, it could be harming Robert here, or a thief or a wolf or a lion, therefore, go this way. So what he did really, he didn't cancel the other ways. He just, you know, wanted them on one path to protect his people to protect the subjects. Likewise, that's what was mandated. He didn't cancel the others. He didn't say the others are wrong, but rather he said go use this way to protect them from disunity from making differences in recitation and causing fitness on
so that was a beautiful peribulbar time describing what was amended. Also, the fact that the companions great on this issue shows that it's a different approach. And lastly, what earthman did was correct. Because Rasulullah said, on a community was so natural Hola, terace Deen and Medina midbody upon you is where my son and the son of the whole affair Rashi Dean was an earth man among other fellow she didn't know that he was, therefore solar said follow him. So now
problem What are we
official copies? Now this is according to a member of CLT. He made five however it seems he made more. Some say six Some say eight but doesn't really concern us. But he made it seems a little island six to be correct. Six official copies. And what did they go?
They went Yes, one went to
One stayed in El Medina.
One went to a sham, good.
Another most half went to go for Yes.
And the six, he kept one for himself an official copy of the mohandro as we said,
other places but doesn't really concern us. It's not an issue of a man Cooper. The point is that he made copies official copies and other masahisa did not agree with that. They weren't destroyed and burned because he did not want to create disunity and dissension among the ranks.
He has been bladder Sham is the term used for Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Yemen. Basically,
Kufa is in Iraq
is neither as well. Neither of those areas iran iraq, they will quote Kufa and Basra So, beloved to Sham is present day Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Yemen. Philistine forget that.
One recent person said yeah, Sham includes
Philistines Philistine Lebanon, and he mentioned the countries and then he added Israel
after the stuff he's been saying, but yeah, he scrubs to Islam, because himself a Muslim.
A big shift as well. just shows you it's not about knowledge, it's about traffic from Allah. You can have all the knowledge in the world. But if Allah azza wa jal does not guide you, then what's the point? Look at it, please. very knowledgeable.
It's about Sofia. Yeah, it's about 250. ask Allah to keep you steadfast.
What happened with
the most half of Earth men?
That leads us on to the next lesson, inshallah. Tada. And we'll leave that for next week, where we begin lesson six, I believe, yes, in your notes.
I was going to mention an introduction now, but I think better just to keep it at that. That way.
It's not too much to take in.
Now, you can learn from a chef who has for example, has a jazz s in the crock lecture, our VEDA? Yeah, it can be written. It was written in the Tom Rothman. So what he did was he also made copies of other sort of other massage written elsewhere that were kept with him. So he did write it down. But he primarily kept one official massage that included all the other stuff. For example, there's one camera in the end of sort of two, chumps while.
And finally, both are correct. Weller and Fela. So in that case, you can't combine them in one writing, he wrote the different arrows in a different muscle.
For example, there's another area in sort of bacala
wasabia Ibrahim was saw and this was also so where there was a different research station where you cannot accommodate in one writing he wrote the other house in another must have and he kept it. Therefore that will preserve the in writing and memorization.
No, no every sorta in every area. That's why
that's why if you ever heard for example, shake sod, or shehab or beta recite in a different presentation, you'll notice most of it is the same but just some letters like the habit to and Tobago that are a bit different, but it doesn't change the meaning.
So have a half hour break sisters? And if you all will do I'll stay here for 10 minutes for two questions in its fidelity.
Yes, those different karate now let's go out we're going to take that in, I believe that next week or the week after, because the Ashraf and kurata connected
in a way they are in a way they're not the basically they could have ads are found in that. But not all that often.
Think about like messenger and profit. But we're going to go into more. It's a big topic.
To go into detail now it's gonna take too much time. So
That's why the problem is in the translation.
Because in English we're limited in how we can express the Arabic words. Sometimes it's an accent, sometimes it's said, dialect sometimes it's even translated as re citation. However, karate would be boring citations. So it really doesn't really matter at the end of the day, but yes, accent will probably be more
there are some words that are recited like that. In Arabic, they are recited, sometimes there are is Morocco mahama if you started to do it instead of a raw today, sometimes I had already started like that in a different dialect, if you're going to translate like that. So what we'll do next lesson, I'm going to is discussing more details what hopefully means. The word sort of comes from the word health in Arabic and have means a letter. It can also mean a word