The Evolution Of Fiqh – Part 10

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Moutasem al-Hameedy

Channel: Moutasem al-Hameedy

Series:

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

This Course presents fiqh from a wide view, beneficial for any student of knowledge. The course starts from the Fiqh at the time of the prothet Mohamed (SAW) up to our time. The main book of the Course is The Evolution of Fiqh by Dr. Bilal Philips.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Let me know so that was so dumb I don't have enough

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money.

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Today inshallah we are meant to talk about

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an email Shafi under the mama mama law. So we spoke last time about

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Imam Abu hanifa Imam Malik Rahim Allah may Allah have mercy upon them both.

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And we briefly explained the some of the little bit of the history behind a memorable hanifa and his madhhab we talked about some of the main principles and his method. We did the same as well with Imam Malik, generally speaking, so we got a glimpse into each of the these two months now it's time to deal with just to have a glimpse into Madhava Imam Shafi and then Madhavi man, Hamad bin Hamad

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Imam Shafi have like being born the year 150

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after his law

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gave him an advantage.

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So he was born the year 150 and he lived 54 years. So he died relatively young, relatively young, so he died at the age of 54.

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So he died two

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or four after his

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Imam Shafi in his time and falafel Agha co de bassy Caliphate was established, was in its peak, actually, that's the peak of the Bessie. Bessie herbicide caliphate. And that meant there was a lot of stability. There was a lot of knowledge as well. So people were free to travel, there was less torque turmoil,

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revolutions, almost completely subdued. And that, as I said, gave a lot of tranquility in the society in general society.

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This also contributed to the intellectual scientific movement. So this call is where people were feeling safe. Everything was available. There was a state of affluence, generally speaking, there was a state of affluence. People were able scholars we had were able to travel safely and meet different scholars and learn from them and so on and so forth. And that had an impact. So Imam Shafi actually it was

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obviously tofik from Allah subhanaw taala

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that he was born or he lived in a time where everything seems to conspire to make him an email anymore. So when he was born, he showed signs of intelligence, and he was exceptional compared to his peers and his friends.

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So he memorized the Quran from a young age. between six and seven, he completed the memorization of ablon, seven 871 completed memorization of the Quran. And also from a young age he lived

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most of his time with Ben,

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Ben who who they these, this is one of the Arab tribes that maintained their bedwin Nomad tradition, specifically the language the purity of the Arabic language.

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So

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Imam Shafi learned the language and learned there, the bedwin nature as well and we said, you know, generally speaking, the Bedouin specifically at that time, there was a lot of manliness in their approach to life. So this is why even you remember from the life of the prophets of Allah, it was seldom that the kids in Mecca used to be sent to the Bedouins outside of Macau outside the cities. Why? Because of the fresh air, the good quality of food, and the noble like character that generally the better ones were known for the language, they know, nobility and the

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outside eliteness of the language.

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And also, because of their lifestyle that was there was a lot of manliness there was a lot of responsibility from a young age. So this would contribute to the growth of the young man specifically, that would contribute a great deal of traits, personal traits that are desired. So Amanda shafali spent off on and off with Ben ovale around 10 years. So he learned a lot from them. Even the Imams over lower the Imams of the Arabic language, like even the Imams of or the The, the, say the Imams have a share of Arabic poetry, like I lost my mom and he was a scholar of howdy but he was not like one of the main famous ones. He was also an imam of a lower amount in the Arabic

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language and specifically in poetry. So he says so how to ashara Luca Allah

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Mohammed Idris he said

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I checked the poems of the Arabs, that's pre Islam and during Islam, so he says I checked them for authenticity. So I checked what I had with the authority. And that's a young man from Croatia named Mohammed Idris, and that's a sharpie hammer during the discovery. So an Imam in the poetry. He goes and checks and verifies his own collection of Arabic poetry with Mohammed is a chef, it shows that you know how profound and well established he is in the Arabic language. So and from a young age as we said, he excelled and he traveled to meet Mr. Malik when he was around 1011 years old.

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Prior to that he had memorized and what

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he had memorized and what part of the mathematic he memorized it completely. And when he went to meet Mr. Malik

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Malik, when he saw him he said,

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Yeah, Mohammed

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la casa he,

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for in an electrician, he said to him, Fear Allah, and do not commit sins do not transgress against the limits of Allah, because I can see you will have a future, your promising future. That's the number three I'm a chef, it became a student with Imam Malik. He stayed with him around 10 years or a bit more. He studied with him and he learned from him and he was considered to be one of the main students so Imam Malik, and that in his early stage, he was a follower of the model of human knowledge, but must have in that time was not very well established as we know it now. Okay, so it was basically a teacher's style. So he was a follower, and he was defender of Imam Malik for the

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early stage of his life, and I'm sharing

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some of the stories mentioned that when he the first time he travels to Medina to learn from its scholars, he was nine years old. His father passed away when he was still young, but his mother raised him. So she sent him to Medina to learn. So he met with when he was to set out from Mecca he needed to join a caravan. So he found one of the caravans and caravans were like, moving traveling daily was like a train station. So every couple of hours, there would be a caravan setting out to northward to Medina, from Mecca.

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So he found a caravan he asked if he could join them. They said absolutely, you can join us and he was obviously it wasn't it was a strange, someone about nine years old traveling by himself. So they admired that about him. They invited him they were having some food. So they invited him over he joined them.

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One of the old men in the caravan. He was a man of wisdom, obviously. So he noticed that this was no normal young man, he was so special. So he approaches me he says you are from college? says yes. He says you are from the most noble among boys.

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Is it? How do you know? He said because we invited you to food and you agreed?

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We'll let the Yakubu kurama nasty Kareem is invited to eat with us. And usually the people who respond to invitations with respect, they themselves are generous. So I noticed that in you.

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Second of all, I noticed that you are silent most of the time and you're a deep thinker. And that's not very common.

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Anyway. So the journey would take around if they like moved quickly would take around three, four days to reach Medina three four days to reach Medina.

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Imam Shafi kept to himself.

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And the people in the caravan used to argue over petty things like you ate more bread than I did, or you, you know, you were like probably marching a little bit faster than us that caused us to be tired, etc, and so on. And so people were arguing, you know, people sometimes, you know, the arguments erupt over small things, insignificant things it happens

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that mount Shafi kept to himself. When he When they reached Medina, like some people said, Oh, no, you didn't engage in any of our like socialization.

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He turned to them and he said to that guy, and he said, I mean, it's fine for your socialization. But on the way, I've revised the Quran more than nine times on the way so it was revising on his he was on his probably camel or horse. And three, I mean three times every day, three times every day, he he revised the whole Quran from his memory.

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So that shows from a young age he was so focused, he knew what he wanted. Anyways, remember, he grew up and as I said he learned a lot from him and Malik anyway

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One of his main students.

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Then he returned to Mecca from Medina. He learned again with the Imams in, in Mecca, who obviously and in Mecca was the knowledge mainly of urban bass, specifically, the knowledge of lambda. So the students and students of the students have been on bass and Abdullah Omar as well.

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So he learned he studied with them.

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And when he was in his early 30s, the governor of Yemen

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visited Mecca, and he was introduced to Imam Shafi. He, like liked him and he said, Why didn't you come and join me and become one of like, I would basically put you in charge and one of the areas under my governance, so he made him the wily Xuan or the animal and Amazon, basically, the person who watches over the drama john is to the south of Saudi Arabia, on the borders with Eminem. So you watch over that area, so you must have more of a governor. Okay, was more of a governor.

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So imagine if he actually took that position, position, government position, and at the time he was in his early 30s 31, probably, and but Imam Shafi was very strict, like people would play games people would bribe etc, he would not accept that he would not take that. This created him a lot of enemies. So they managed, actually to create problems and spread rumors about him, that he was from the Shia.

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He was sharing that he actually

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believed that

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the life of abubaker

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apocrypha were invalid

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and so on and so forth. But obviously, he was not, but this was a lie. So he was taken as captive. He was arrested by the police, with some of his friends. All of them were killed. All of them are killed except for Imam Shafi. Because mama Shafi had very strong, he was very articulate, so he could defend himself. In Arabic, we said can we yell he was very persuasive. So the government, the governor himself, he could not even find a way or a loophole to,

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like accuse them or find find anything against him. And what happened at that time?

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Hamad bin Hasson shibani home Chef Lee had met before Mohammed Hassan Shaban is the student of Abu hanifa, one of the main students.

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He had met Imam Shafi once previously, so when he heard about this, he interfered with our mon Sol, the halifa in Baghdad, and he praised him and Shafi and he put a word for for him. So that helped, you know, get him get Imam Shafi acquitted him of any kind of absolve him of any kind of accusation against him. So he went free, he decided to leave the government positions and to focus on knowledge. That time he was 34 years old, still young, 34 years old. So he decides to go to Iraq study with Imam Mohammed bin Hassan shibani.

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And he started with Imam Hassan, a shibani Imam Shafi said that I learned from him and when I left Iraq, I had

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the knowledge that I learned from Hamad bin has initially been a written in books, that that was a full load of a camel, huge, and he says all of it still in my head.

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So he learned a lot from it. Mm hmm. So Shivani. So that's the advantage that Mrs. Schaeffer he got look at, for example, the madhhab of Imam Abu hanifa. Abu hanifa, did not put principles for his method, but it's his students that started distilling the principles, they started to see the patterns of the circle of Eman, Abu hanifa and make it as principles.

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The same with Imam Malik, Mr. Malik did not say, Okay, these are the principles or the dynamics in the background of my lab. He didn't say this. But his students later on develop that and they wrote down their fatawa. And they documented that, but Mr. Abu hanifa, and Malik, they did not themselves worry so much about this. So these details were taken care of by their students. So in amisha, he benefited from all of this documentation was all available to him. So he was able to take from all of this, so he benefited from that. So he left Iraq, he came back to Mecca. Now he started teaching, by the way he managed after he started teaching. There are two different views. He started teaching

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when he was 15.

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The other view he started teaching when he was 18.

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started teaching in the hallum in Mecca.

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So from a young

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Gage, he excelled and he was recognized as an authority.

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So when he came back from Iraq, notice we remember what we said about madrasa rossett of Hadith in Medina and hijas in Mecca as well, but mainly in Medina, and madrasa to enjoy the people of opinion, intellect and an allergy, which was in Iraq. Imam Shafi, these two schools of thought, were in a state of conflict. So the ones in Iraq, were criticizing the people in Medina and McCain pages and vice versa. So what's the state of conflict?

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Imam Shafi had the advantage of studying with both schools. So it access to both schools, and he did not go against them. He combined them, he combined them. So that was the advantage we might miss Shafi by virtue of him coming later than Imam Abu hanifa, Imam Malik, he got the advantage to see what the points of contention were, what the differences were. And obviously, at his time, as well, Hadith was more documented than their times. So he got more advantage, more exposure. So he, his point was to resolve that kind of contention of disagreement between ages and an airlock, which is the people of Hadith and the people of our way.

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And this is when Imam Shafi actually wrote his book or reseller.

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It was Abdullah bin Maddy, who asked him he said, write a book that describes the principles of your, of your approach of human. So now Imam Shafi started to move away from men have Malik

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he started to develop his own school of thoughts. He started now to develop his own school of thought.

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So the early features of his madhhab started to become clear.

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So he wrote a reseller.

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GarageBand when Maddie says, Every time he says, I read this book, countless times, he says every time I read it, I learned something new.

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And he says, I make dua for Imam Shafi all the time,

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all the time.

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There's a statement that sometimes attributed to Mr. Mohammed but it's being questioned.

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Mr. Mohammed is one of the students of Mr. Chef and he but he said, basically,

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so it's not emphatically attributed, remember, but it was his Anyway, it was said by someone most likely probably

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says, Can, Lou, or what else I know now when I know,

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in my mind is so much focused on Hadeeth. So he says the people a variety of intellect and analogy, they used to curse us and we curse them. Basically, like we used to disagree with them. They disagree with us, we criticize them that there were some some kind of intellectual battle between us.

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ILA and Joshua for kobina. Until he came and he created a reconciliation, a harmony between both. There was a great contribution over Imam Shafi, and this is what his method is actually based upon. And it's not something that bringing two things together just like that, no, you need there's a work of integration has to be authentic. It's not just bringing two entities and like putting them together doesn't work. But it wasn't a work, intelligent work of integration of the principles of them.

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So Amanda shamefully started something very unique.

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He documented the principles of his own school of thought, and that's unique. So you don't find this, for example, as we said, from a Mount Abu hanifa Imam marriage because there were basically it's the students who took them as I have, and they then classified them, organize them, and, you know, did deduce the principles and so on and so forth. Imam Shafi himself was aware of the principles He created them, he he put them together, he designed them nicely, and this is how he built this

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and you refer to this last week right about inductive and deductive approach. So there was Imam Shafi in his approach. So he developed greatly, he became an email from that time. From that time he was he was in his late 30s. And he became a well recognized the man to the extent that people would come from all parts of the Muslim world to study with an Imam Shafi, I want to share with you some statements of praise about Imam Shafi.

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This is the book of a reseller.

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Book varicella by Mr. Chevy This is the first book written on or sold in fact, the first book written

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This copy that's still available then it was Mashallah verified and brought out by

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amateur hacker, the well known scholar of Hadith machaca from Egypt,

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who passed away

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probably

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50 5060 years ago. Ahem, Allah is one he was probably the main authority of his time.

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So he says,

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No jazz. This is the introduction he wrote for the rusada. He said lo Jazz at the Alamo and you're a leader and he meant the kana holiness. In the annual letter, Shafi said if it was permissible, if it were permissible for a scholar to make a lead to another scholar, in my opinion, it would be a shaqiri to make the trade off. That's his personal opinion.

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Another statement

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of praise is basically

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I met with humble came from Iraq to visit Imam Shafi and learn from him.

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So one of his friends one of the Friends of Imam Shafi Imam Ahmed,

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blamed him and he said, You leave the class or the hell out of soufiane Ave Elena, and the great scholar

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who is also the shape of a Chevy Silverado Nina was also the shape of a chef, a teacher of a chef.

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He says you leave the helicopter eminently enough arena and you sit with this bedroom talking about a shuffling so remember he says to him muskets you know stay quiet.

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In NACA, Informatica headphone Bureau, low budget, the whole venusaur

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if there is a hadith that came to you through a long chain of narration that you missed through a very short chain of narration, you will still find it with me shuffling

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from another way. We're in fatica aloha that Oh, he says basically, if I miss a hadith through a short chain of narration through Sophia Marina, okay, I will still find it through someone else that might be a longer chain of narration. Yes. But in in NACA, in fact, a couple who had a half one letter Judah, but if you miss the intellect and the understanding of this man, he's talking about Shafi. I'm afraid you won't find it elsewhere. So he's saying basically, I might miss a hadith from Vienna, but I will find it somewhere else. But if I miss the intellect and the understanding of this man, I'm afraid I won't find it anywhere else. So this is indispensable. So it's a matter of choice.

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Mara, if I hadn't have coffee, kita billahi min hodel Fatah, I have not seen a man who has an understanding of the book of Allah like this young man.

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Although in my mind was younger than him.

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There would have been Ali avari, who started as a chef theory but later on changed is the Imam or the is the one who established avari yet the literalist, extremely trialists

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he says about a chef, he says polity is half Nora, Hawaii, one of the great scholars have always said they have to admit he was he was a

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friend, close friend of Mr. Mohammed he says when I went with him and Muhammad to a chef in Mecca, and I asked him about certain things. So I found him very eloquent in his language and very beautiful in character forgit 24317 as an adverb for them.

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So when we, you know, we're done with questions and we left our lemony Gemma to mean as a family we'll call on some people have knowledge of the whole on they told me and who can ask them a nurse if he's an attorney, he be manual on so the people who understand the call and they told me that this man a chef, he was the most knowledgeable of the meanings of the Quran. of our times were unknown but otfc famine has been granted by Allah and deep understanding of it.

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Fellow according to our after hula lesson, had I really known this I would have stayed with him. Our is kept close company of him.

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Mmm it says Lola chef II, ma often ethical Hadith. He said had it not been for the Shafi we would not have received the understanding of the Hadith. And that's by virtue of young chef combining with the Rasul Hadith with my daughter ye Yes, the flock of Eman Malik on the people of ages with difficulty Mount Abu hanifa and the people of Iraq.

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Imam Hamad bin Hamble, his son Abdullah, who was one of his main students, he says to him, like in the Erica Teixeira, Alicia

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I see that I noticed that you also make up for Shafi all the time. He says yes, I always say Allah homophily when he while he they want to Shafi he says I always say Allah forgive me my sins, forgive my parents that sins and forgive him for his sins all the time. She said yeah, Bonnie, I can assure you that's after the death of a Chevy can a Chevy you can shim Sealy dunia will have yet even us for hell and Miss Lee had I mean what is it oh my son, a mammy Shafi was like the sun

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for the earth.

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And he was like health for the bodies of people.

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He says is there any replacement for a man whose description is like this?

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So, you can see how Imam Shafi was he had a profound impact a lot of his students

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and other scholars, they said had it not been for the shaft, it would not be able to have any, we would not be able to have any proof about physical anything, we would not be able to use proofs properly. It was all fully managed. So let me show you Although he lived the short life, still, he had a very powerful and big impact on

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I mean on the development of on the development of them. Now Imam Shafi after staying in Mecca for a while, obviously he came back from Iraq, stayed in Makkah for a while became very well known him and he decided to go again to Iraq. So he went to Iraq again.

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Obviously the first time he missed Abu Yusuf al Calvi, the first student of a man of war, hanifa. He missed them, because around us for how they had already passed away, but he managed to have arrived the first time. Okay, now the second visit of Imam Shafi to Iraq, he went there again, to learn from its scholars and discuss with them and have some kind of exchange of ideas. And he became an Imam there as well. He became recognized people came to learn from him.

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When he came back to Makkah, some of his students say he went back a third time to Iraq. But like staying in Iraq was not easy for him. Because now the time it was the time when the Hillel at best Co Op, herbicide caliphates started to

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get more people to help them out the closest people to them. There were mainly Persian, some of them were even their Islam was doubted sometimes. So that caused some kind of trouble within the caliphate itself,

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within the caliphate itself, so remember shaffir, he decided because he was invited by the governor, the governor of Egypt, the governor of Egypt, at the time was a descendant of Abdullah bass, his his grandson, so he invited him a machete to come to Egypt and he said, we will take care of you here and like you can have a good place to stay with us.

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So if I'm Chef I decided to move to Egypt.

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So he went to Egypt, and he learned from its scholars, specifically the students of a life events that I later installed, and that's what he said his famous statement, and he said a label of a home in Merrick. What a kena telemedia hola como me my hubby, he can tell me that mommy Maliki said a leaf inside has more understanding, probably better quality and standard Mr. Malik, but his students did not carry his madhhab like the students of Imam Malik.

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So Amanda Shafi in Egypt having all this experience, he reached a level of maturity. He reached out in Iraq, he wrote a book that's called ultra gem. And what that contains is, this contains his book. But when he came to Egypt and settled there for a while, it seems Egypt as well was flourishing at the time. So there was a lot to learn. So he learned and he matured personally, and in terms of knowledge and studying. So what happened demand Mushaf theory now changed some of his opinions, changed some of his fix.

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So he wrote a new version of a reseller.

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He wrote a new version of a reseller, and this is the one that we have

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is that's the second version.

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That's the second version. Most likely the first version was last the one that he wrote in Iraq. So that was the final result that he wrote. And then he wrote his own madhhab. Like, it's not his students. He wrote his own in a book. That's the famous book of Imam Shafi, that's called an kuttabul

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keytab and

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that contains the fact of the man Shafi.

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So this is why Imam Shafi usually when you look into the meta Shafi when they mentioned the statements of Imam Shafi, they say hello

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budeme will help. jellied Kadeem was his old mother the first month when he was mainly in Iraq

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and probably sometimes in Mecca, and his LGD eight when he was in Egypt, that's the new the most recent madhhab opinion. So this is why usually you have to stay statements or two opinions from Imam Shafi and himself in his sometimes in his book, he would document the difference of opinion that he had or the development of his own opinions.

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So Imam Shafi

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said he spent these last few years of his life in Egypt and that's where he died. That's where he died. His mother had flourished, and it was mainly established in Egypt. Then it went to a sham. Some people took it in a shaman in Iraq. Later on later on, it spread into more into certain parts of Asia Minor. So it went into what's known today's Afghanistan and Pakistan a little bit, little bit of India. And then it traveled with some people into Malaysia, Indonesia. So now it's still like in Malaysia in Indonesia, there must have been Madhava Shafi, they follow another Shafi you'll have some pockets in Pakistan, India.

00:31:16--> 00:32:00

Somewhere in Turkey, there are shaffir he's a little bit in Iraq as well, there are some pockets of Sharpies, some pockets of sheffy in a sham in a sham garage after he's in later years or later centuries shafia. His mother have developed a little bit in a shampoo we'll find some of them or their head, or some of the followers of Imam Shafi in a sham, but mainly the the fortress that we might have remembered Shafi was mainly in Egypt, in Egypt, and also in hijas. Some of the people followed the mammogram Shafi, so you will find them there as well. Yemen, Yemen, at some stage was mainly Shafi, and I think until today as well, most of the monies follow the metabo Shafi the

00:32:00--> 00:32:33

Sudanese in Yemen followed Madame Shafi mother the shepherd is spread. So in terms of spreading the two like main metal hubs was in Abu hanifa is metab. We find today and Amanda Shephard is my lab that's last three centuries, there perhaps are probably competing in terms of popularity and numbers. So in terms of how widespread the metabase Imam Abu hanifa Imam Shafi they are probably competing in terms of number Okay, to a lesser extent, and metabolic Maliki and to a lesser extent is another henneberry.

00:32:36--> 00:32:39

Let's see what else we can see about Imam Shafi.

00:32:53--> 00:33:40

Okay, one of his students Mohammed bin Abdul Hakim, one of his students in Egypt. He says Lola Shafi Lola Shafi out of two k for outdoor head will be here to my left wahoo will lady eliminate the yes lemon law for Karina Sahiba soon, we're after in fog Lynn, we're here in Madison in Farsi and believe we're actually in so he can go see him. He says, I did not been for the Shafi I would not have developed the ability to you know, like, have discussion and reply to people who disagree with me in terms of and it's through Imam Shafi that I know what I know. He's the one who taught me analogy and yes, he was a man of Sunnah to his followers, the sooner and the thorough that came the

00:33:40--> 00:33:49

innovations that came from the companions were falling behind he's a man of virtue and goodness and himself. Now listen in Farsi, Hindi, a very eloquent tongue.

00:33:50--> 00:33:59

Where after insertion was in a very intelligent and right mind, sharp mind. So that's a description of a chef anybody one of his students.

00:34:00--> 00:34:08

Or Bobby, one of the famous students of chef he says can a chef your your Hema hola yejide Sofia la casa de la sala Saba Fei Jie.

00:34:09--> 00:34:18

He says if I'm a chef and he when he prayed for God, then he would sit for his halaqa the people who study the Koran and sciences of the Quran, they would come to learn from him

00:34:19--> 00:34:36

for either a politician's karma once after sunrise, they would leave him and Sheffield then the students of Hadith would come and learn from him. jehadi face aluna hotep Sierra who wanna Annie, the students of Hadith will come to Him and ask Him for the meanings and the Tafseer of the Hadith.

00:34:37--> 00:34:40

And he says when afterwards after a while,

00:34:43--> 00:34:47

for either tougher additions or more festivities, hello, Catarina muda, karate when

00:34:48--> 00:34:59

she says when afterwards then it was time for discussions and for reviewing what has been memorized. Remember, Chef he would review what he memorized or what students memorized. He would

00:35:00--> 00:35:09

Do that with some of his students. one another, another is discussion. And another here is discussion so they would discuss issues.

00:35:10--> 00:35:38

So it was more of an intellectual approach for either. So after the house is close to vote time, let's say around 11 these days to follow when everyone would go back home or go to their own business. These are the students Mr. Shapiro would stay with me yet he was one that we were sharing then the students of language would come. Those who study the language, those who study poetry, and the rhymes and those who study

00:35:39--> 00:35:47

grammar and morphology. They would come and they would sit with him. I'm a chef. He learned from him until midday. So you can see

00:35:48--> 00:35:51

in every science he was a teacher and an authority.

00:35:56--> 00:36:01

Okay, Michelle Feeny. Generally speaking, as we said, he was mainly a student for Imam Malik.

00:36:03--> 00:36:05

He also took the fifth

00:36:06--> 00:36:09

through the student of Zara, which is Omar Abu Dhabi selama.

00:36:10--> 00:36:20

And he also took the as we said, in Egypt, the fork or the main hub of a lake have been sent from his students, mainly, ya know, his son.

00:36:21--> 00:36:26

And he also took the fork of Abu hanifa, from Hamad Al Hassan shibani.

00:36:28--> 00:36:33

So he had quite good exposure to the different modalities that were available in his time.

00:36:39--> 00:37:02

In mhfa, generally speaking, was a person of he would hold on to the text, he would hold on to the text. So he was and this is why he has a Muslim. Imam Shafi has a Muslim, a book of Hadith, a book of Hadith a Muslim. That's, as we said, classified based on the names of the narrating companions the companions on the rated the Hadith.

00:37:03--> 00:37:11

Imam Shafi at his time, the my Tesla opinion started to appear and he was a completely against them. He was completely against them.

00:37:22--> 00:37:24

Yeah, they called him Shafi.

00:37:25--> 00:37:39

Basically, for him, the main source of Sharia is Al Kitab. was on the Quran and the Sunnah, these are the main source and for him, for him. The Quran has authority over everything, but he says when it comes to taking rulings, the Quran and the Sunnah,

00:37:40--> 00:37:49

you know, act together. So he says for him, like, and that's according to most of the students that asuna that could

00:37:52--> 00:38:15

to asuna to hospital Koran. So there could be a general statement in the Koran. We have a Hadith, the Hadeeth could actually put a context for this verse, put a context and limiting context for this first, it's possible for him, that's his facade for him. In terms of legislative authority, the Quran and the Sunnah were pretty much at the same level, because both of them are revelation.

00:38:17--> 00:38:28

And then he says for him if we don't find from the Quran, oh, the Holanda should not add to this. So the resources, especially for an Sunnah, and an

00:38:29--> 00:38:52

element, which is the consensus, which is the consensus, and the man shafiqul was very careful to claim what was consensus, so not anything, because for him in need, you needed to have a proper consensus, and that wasn't easy. So if I'm a chef, he was very careful. And this is what I had also learned this specific point from Imam Shafi. So if I'm a chef, he was very careful as to where to claim.

00:38:53--> 00:39:13

So he says each map is something that is known usually among the companions, the main things about Islam, but it wouldn't when it was a marginal issue, and someone says this age map for him, if he would question this, because you would need to investigate, really, is there anyone who disagrees with this? Probably there is somewhat. So I'm not sure if it was very careful about this.

00:39:17--> 00:39:34

The third, or what comes after this. So if there's an issue that we don't do not find something from the Quran and the Sunnah, that addresses it directly. We don't find any Juma consensus about it. Remember, shefa would resort third to the statements from the companions,

00:39:35--> 00:39:45

statements from the companions and he would choose from among them, if they differed, the companions different he would choose the statement that in his understanding is closest to the Quran and the Sunnah.

00:39:47--> 00:39:57

If he did not find anything about this, then he would resort to LTS analogy. He would resort to LTS, which is analogy.

00:40:07--> 00:40:13

So Imam Shafi comparing him to mailable hanifa Imam Shafi made the US come a bit later,

00:40:14--> 00:40:27

come a bit later. So chaos or analogy plays a more important role in the Metalab of Imam Abu hanifa Imam Shafi pushed a little bit later. So, he would put in front of it statements of the companions, he said

00:40:29--> 00:41:09

learn and acquire the Sahaba to Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam he says if we have a statement from the companions, even if they disagreed, we do not depart from their opinion. So, we take one of them, but we do not come up with a new opinion. So, we have to choose from the options that we have among the companions, okay, and the Hanafi madhhab there is more space there, there is more use of analogies and we saw how Mount hanifa as we said, was very careful as well, when to accept Hadith. So, he was like his criteria was stringent with accepting Hadith, because as we said that was justified because at his time, there was a lot of lying against the prophets and there was a lot of

00:41:09--> 00:41:21

fabricated it. So he would be very careful. Before he takes it, he would verify it if you could not verify it, he would not take it. And he would use here too. Yes. He would use for Yes.

00:41:23--> 00:41:26

So basically, Imam Shafi had a disagreement with

00:41:30--> 00:41:37

with one point in, in the Hanafi madhhab, which is an SSN. Number SSN. We said there's

00:41:38--> 00:42:13

there's an issue and there's no statement from the Quran or the student about it. There's no Mr. So in the Hanafi madhhab, okay, the taste It's not like a random taste, taste of a scholar. Yeah. Who's developed his understanding of the Quran and the Sunnah and his taste of Sharia plays a role in you know, coming up with a ruling over this thing. So his general judgment, the judgment, okay, that is developed with a proper taste from the scholar that stessa imagine chef is against this.

00:42:14--> 00:42:30

And chef, it says, No, this has no place with the sources of Sharia. So this is why in this book alone, Manisha has a chapter called abolish the son. We nullification of stsm he goes against it,

00:42:31--> 00:43:15

it goes against it. But anyway, like the latest scholars have, that's the point to put put forth for the Hanafi scholars, the Hanafi scholars later on they qualified is discern. And they said it's actually it's a form of PS. It's an informed form of PS and this has, this has strength, this is opinion has strength. But anyway, there is a hazy area between both. So it's a matter of debate between scholars. Okay. So the latest scholars of the Hanafi madhhab. They basically said SSR is actually a form of bias. So the scholar would not deem this issue to be good or bad, his personal tastes or judgment, except based on his knowledge of sherry. So he would be using Ps of what he

00:43:15--> 00:43:19

knows and Sharia and compare it to what he has in hand. See the point.

00:43:27--> 00:43:30

Okay, that's generally speaking about Imam Shafi and his Muslim.

00:43:33--> 00:43:36

Imam Shafi did not really spread in the end.

00:43:37--> 00:43:49

North Africa apart from Egypt, mainly in Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania or and Delos remember chef is madhhab did not really you know gain followers.

00:43:51--> 00:43:52

It was mainly Maliki

00:44:05--> 00:44:19

Okay, the lucky man as I said, a moment imagine Shafi he wrote the principles of his own madhhab in his book Aris Allah, he wrote his own method kita Johnny rock first then keytab will own in Egypt later on.

00:44:21--> 00:44:52

Then the students of Imam Shafi they developed also his method and we said when we say madhhab, it's not one person. It's not one person. Yes, the Imam started the school of thought on the principles, but yet later on the scholars developed and improved them and you will find this in the Hanafi madhhab. The Maliki meta the Shafi hub is why Shafilea For example, when they talk about issues, if they have a statement from Imam Shafi, they would say no Sol Shafi you, Shafi has spoke explicitly about this. So this is terminology specific terminology for the chapter in MATLAB

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

when they say one logical or the most likely

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

They usually comparing the two halves of Imam Shafi, the older one and the newer one.

00:45:06--> 00:45:08

So they have certain statements

00:45:10--> 00:45:35

and then they would have statements for scholars who came later on scholars who came later on. So the ones who study the mouth of a chef very thoroughly, they can tell from the books of a chef at which are the opinions of Imam Shafi and which are the opinions of the latest colors of the Madhava Shafi like a madman moves any one of the main students of Imam Shafi he himself wrote his own his own and it's one of the main like sources in the Hanafi

00:45:37--> 00:45:38

in the shaft anything.

00:45:39--> 00:45:49

Also you have always have the Shirazi later on came Shafi. So his books became an authority in the manual of ezeli, one of the main authorities in fucka Shafi

00:45:52--> 00:45:54

then mainly lemon nawawi amendment nawawi.

00:45:56--> 00:45:58

Like he's, let's say, one of the later

00:45:59--> 00:46:16

the latest colors of the, and the main pillars of Madhava Shafi, he himself has his own opinions, he has his own opinions still respected, and even like, looked out, like he's looked up to, and Madhava Shafi.

00:46:17--> 00:46:17

So

00:46:19--> 00:46:53

So when we say method, basically we're talking about the man that established the method, the principles, and later on, he developed by the students, this is when we talk about mother. So when someone says you following this specific madhhab, specifically talking about scores, I'm not talking about blind followings following I'm not talking about blind following that has as well, this sense of what we say a tassel, a toss of a sense of bigotry, a sense of cynicism against people, for a lot of them are that we're not talking about this, we're talking about this scholars who follow my dad, and they understand the principles of the madhhab. And they understand the Quran and the Sunnah. And

00:46:53--> 00:47:16

they relate to that. And they evaluate the opinions based on the contextual evidence, or the textual evidence, which is the longest one, you will find this in all the men that you will find this in all the mihrab. So when someone says, Oh, these are just following gamma tab, or the opinion of one person that's inaccurate, and that is the development of

00:47:17--> 00:47:39

school of thought, and it's not like a matter of there's no colon and so none of the scholars have them there have always been going back to the Quran and the Sunnah. And sometimes they will even change like a beautiful, hardly made a lot of fatawa in opposition, or not necessarily in opposition, but there are completely different from Abu hanifa is fatawa was that lack of loyalty? No, on the contrary, he held on to the principles of Abu hanifa.

00:47:41--> 00:48:14

He held on to the principles of hanifa. But by virtue of living further, after Abu hanifa, he came across many ahaadeeth that were that did not reach iraq at the time of Abu hanifa. So later on, he came to learn about this Hadith, and he realized if you mount hanifa, were alive at this time, and he came across this authentic hadith, it would absolutely change his opinion. So that's how the scholars have always developed them adapt in that sense. Okay. So that's and following them and have in that sense is legitimate. following them in that sense is legitimate, okay.

00:48:15--> 00:48:22

is legitimate, undisclosed? I've always done this, the scholars have always done this, have always done this.

00:48:23--> 00:48:32

So the Imam usually grows within a method. And after he reaches like a high level of interest, he had slowly slowly they start departing from animal help.

00:48:33--> 00:49:18

But they still called like, so and so a Shafi. So so I'll henneberry so on. So I'll Hanafi scholars have always been like this have always been like this. So this kind of name or title at the end doesn't mean Oh, he's a blind follower. No, it means that's where he started. That's his foundations, his roots, that his base of work and from them and from there, he flourished and developed. Okay, so we need to understand the heritage of our scholars properly, without doing injustice to them. And as I said, we should not mix the proper following of the madhhab which is enlightened with the divine revelation. We should not mix this with tasks. Okay, we're not talking

00:49:18--> 00:49:18

about tasks.

00:49:20--> 00:49:37

Then it's time to talk about Imam Mohammed. Mohammed was born the year 163 164 164 164 and died 241 so he lived around 77 years. Mm

00:49:39--> 00:49:40

hmm. I was born in Baghdad

00:49:45--> 00:49:48

and he comes from the tribe of Shaban

00:49:49--> 00:49:55

tribe of Sheba, Shaban. shibani. And this tribe was based in South iraq around two bussola.

00:49:57--> 00:49:59

His father died when he was two

00:50:00--> 00:50:16

Child so he was brought up by his mother from a young age man that haven't showed signs of excellence and intelligence and righteousness. So from a young age amount Mohammed was very righteous, very straightforward, righteous person. First, first

00:50:19--> 00:50:25

he started surprisingly he one of his early teachers was abusive for college. Students who

00:50:28--> 00:50:30

first started with madrasa ye

00:50:31--> 00:50:42

with the school of intellect, analogy, okay and reason. That's where he started. Then he left this school and decided to lean more into the Hadeeth later on.

00:50:50--> 00:50:51

Okay, let's

00:50:52--> 00:51:04

can take a minute and Shawn was talking about it. So a man I met firsthand in Iraq, then he moved to a sham travels to a sham to hijas McCain, Medina, he learned from the scholars there. And he also went to

00:51:06--> 00:51:21

he went to Yemen, he went to Yemen to study with Abdullah was that person and he, you know, the one who wrote masala factor was, among others oxen, honey. Mmm, I met him in Mecca. And then he decided even to go to Yemen, to Savannah to study with him. So he studied with him.

00:51:23--> 00:51:42

And obviously, when he met him, I'm a chef early in my career, and then he met a chef and he went to Iraq, him and I had learned from him so much, and he became one of his main students. So remember, Hammad was one of the one of the main students he had a lot to do with Imam Shafi. So it was great friendship among them. They were very close to each other.

00:51:43--> 00:51:44

And I'm Chef Ian.

00:51:49--> 00:51:54

Imam Shafi. Remember, he had focused so much on how do

00:51:55--> 00:51:57

you focus so much on Hadith, to the extent

00:51:59--> 00:52:21

that some of the scholars of his time they said mala fava, like Abu Zora abajo arising one of the great schools have had up so is the political editor of his time. And he saw most of the students and, and, and scholars of Hadith, when he was asked, who's the most knowledgeable of Hadith? He said, I haven't seen like him. I haven't

00:52:22--> 00:52:28

found them in a minute handed. I haven't seen anyone who has memorized and learned more than a madman. It said that he

00:52:29--> 00:52:30

knew by heart

00:52:31--> 00:52:38

200,000 Teddy authentic IDs and 100,000 a week.

00:52:40--> 00:52:43

He knew them by heart, still, Mm hmm. It would not teach from his memory.

00:52:44--> 00:52:55

Out of wa out of his was so careful, so cautious. So he would only teach from his books, although he might add them in there in his head. You still teach from his books?

00:52:56--> 00:53:37

So Imam Ahmed focused so much on Hadith and decided to become a very strong Hadith, but he had the virtue by studying with Hamad bin has an area with a beautiful coffee and being established in madrasa right. And then studying with Imam Shafi and studying with other scholars, obviously, again, he gained a lot of this, a lot of understanding. So he was a muhaddith of topclass mahad. He was also a puppy topclass. Okay, so that's the specialty of Imam Muhammad, have been humbled, remember, has been humble. Although he was learned from a very young age, he refused to teach from an early age. So he decided to teach only upon reaching the age 40.

00:53:39--> 00:53:42

And he would not give at one until he reached the age 40.

00:53:44--> 00:53:47

In management was known for what he calls another because Sakina

00:53:48--> 00:53:53

Sakina will work harder. He had a sense of respect, humility.

00:53:54--> 00:53:56

He had his own presence.

00:53:57--> 00:54:08

He had a very strong presence that was calm, quiet. That's the man, generally speaking, a lot of his students when they talk about him, they describe him in that sense.

00:54:12--> 00:54:18

Remember how it went through a trial and that was basically in the falafel embassy. Yeah, specifically with a moon halifa Moon.

00:54:20--> 00:54:24

Someone who says the law really became close to him specifically, even though a B to AD

00:54:26--> 00:54:31

and Mozilla, there's a philosophical background to their approach to Africa.

00:54:32--> 00:54:33

And

00:54:34--> 00:54:59

there were quite argumentative. They tried to use logic to explain our data sometimes and argue with the People of the Scripture and non Muslims. And that led to issues and problems in their approach on today and in their some of their beliefs. So they reached a conclusion based on their principles, that basically the Koran, the Quran is is is not the words

00:55:00--> 00:55:13

Have a law, but it's basically something Allah created. So for them the Quran was not the words of Allah, in the sense that these are all those words. No, but they say Allah created these words, created them as a creation.

00:55:14--> 00:55:26

Although this law to the general Muslim was this argument, but for them, it was based on certain principles. And the scholars of Islam they stood firm against this, that this wasn't the truth.

00:55:27--> 00:55:34

But the issue and Mr. tesira, came close to Alma moon, they got to the point where more and wanted everyone to embrace the statement

00:55:35--> 00:55:38

to embrace the statement. So he would

00:55:41--> 00:56:00

bring the scholars into His presence, and he questioned them about this. So they agreed he would let them go. If they disagreed to three statements or two, that statement, he would send them to prison, and they would be lashed. They would go through torture, and so on and so forth. They will be persecuted.

00:56:04--> 00:56:08

He managed to be humble was one of those. And he refused to say that statement.

00:56:10--> 00:56:10

And

00:56:12--> 00:56:35

some scholars really went through so much hardship to the point where they just said that to protect their own lives. They just said that statement to protect their own lives. But Mr. Mohammed is very well known that he is the one who really stood firm in this fitna. He stood firm in this fitna, he did not respond to it. He refused to say the statement. And he also refused to rebel against the halifa.

00:56:36--> 00:56:50

When some people approached him, they said, Well, that's he's changing the religion because that statement does cover that statement in itself is covered. So forcing it on people is a real issue. So for them, they wanted to rebel against the halifa. He said, No, he said, No.

00:56:51--> 00:56:55

And remember what because of this, he was imprisoned, he was lashed he,

00:56:56--> 00:57:08

he went through so much hardship, to the extent that he was about even to die. It wasn't the verge of dying because of the persecution. So how long did that give him popularity and love among the people. And one of the stories actually,

00:57:10--> 00:57:11

where he was

00:57:13--> 00:57:16

overly persecuted and lashed.

00:57:17--> 00:57:18

And some

00:57:19--> 00:57:38

scholars said to him, some good scholars about this, and I said to him, you know, it's just a statement, say it to save your life. A lot, Samantha says, and Illinois and Oklahoma are called Walmart, my number a man, you know, if you say the statement of being forced into it, you saying this, just to save yourself, there's no harm on you.

00:57:40--> 00:57:46

So with excessive advice, in management thought of this. So

00:57:47--> 00:58:02

in that story, it says that the general masses of the Muslims were gathered by the halifa, so that they would listen to him and because he gained so much popularity, so Mr. Mohammed would confirm the statement that the Quran was a creation, one of the creations of Allah.

00:58:03--> 00:58:23

When he met, my mother was brought in, he saw the masses. He said, more to whether or below her, he said, I die, I'd rather die than send these people astray. Or say, a misleading statement to them. No. And that actually made his trial even worse.

00:58:24--> 00:58:32

But he made me mad remained firm upon this, his skin, obviously, like, came off because of the excessive

00:58:33--> 00:58:36

like torture, and the

00:58:38--> 00:58:47

in the prison. And this was for such a long time. I think he was, yeah, he was in the prison for 28 months.

00:58:49--> 00:58:54

28 months, that's two years, four months. He was in the prison in that torture

00:58:57--> 00:59:19

during the moon and martyrs when, and then was during the collapse of World War One, let them go. But he basically said to him, I'm mad. You are. You're not allowed to teach. You're banned from teaching or public speech. You can't make any public statements you can't teach. That's it. You just basically you stay at home. You stay home.

00:59:20--> 00:59:27

So there's a there's a funny story of someone who traveled to come to see mama Hamad.

00:59:28--> 00:59:39

And he wanted the management to teach them how to say traveled from a long from a long distance. He came to America to his house. Remember him I told him I can't teach you. I'm not supposed to teach.

00:59:41--> 00:59:45

I'm not allowed to teach. I can't obviously I won't jeopardize my life for that.

00:59:47--> 00:59:59

By so the man insisted and says I said I travel I came to I think he came from Egypt to him and he said I came and to learn and all that stuff. I sold all my properties, all my belongings to be able to come here and

01:00:00--> 01:00:24

So remember how I said to him, listen, if you want, you can pretend to give him a trick you can pretend to be someone who sells maybe bread. So you can go and to the baker, get bread, you come to me, as if you're selling it to me. So you sit on the door waiting for me, and I'll be behind the door, giving you the ad. And then it will open the door. And that will take the bread from you and I'll give you the money.

01:00:25--> 01:00:29

So the man basically accused used to come to the door of Mr. Mohammad

01:00:30--> 01:00:39

every day just for this and he learned from him I had so many hobbies. And then afterwards when the when the ban was lifted from Mr. Muhammad

01:00:42--> 01:01:16

and that the ban was more than five years was more than five years that that person I can't remember his name, Cipolla. He became one of the, like, closest students will remember closest students of Imam. And now after this, he gained so much popularity and love among the masses, so much popularity and so you can see the patient character of Imam Muhammad, that despite what happened to me, he was calm, he was balanced, he did not go and rebuild or create problems.

01:01:18--> 01:01:31

So he management was, as I said, he focused so much on Hadith that he became an authority on Hadith. So he wrote his Muslim he said his Muslim has 28,000 unique Hadees narrations

01:01:32--> 01:01:34

plus change.

01:01:39--> 01:02:01

Mmm, I did not like writing down his fatawa or his thing. So one of one day his son asked me, he said, You don't like writing books. So why did you compile this Muslim? He said I wanted this to be a reference. So people who need to learn the Hadith and check the Hadith, they can always refer to it, they can come back to it and actually until today, as a Muslim is one of the main references of Hadith. One of the main references of Hadith.

01:02:07--> 01:02:13

So Imam Ahmed, basically the Muslim was scattered pages.

01:02:14--> 01:02:19

When he felt that he was close to his death.

01:02:21--> 01:02:23

He had he requested his

01:02:24--> 01:03:07

his son, his son, Abdullah, and some of his students to bring all of these pieces together and organize them so that his compilation is complete. His compilation is complete most of the management himself he did not write down his own, like enormous Shafi. He avoided this, he didn't want to do this. But who wrote his method was his students, including his son Abdullah, do you have an email from his son Abdullah? The you have also the muscle from his students like myself, Hillel, biophilia, etc, and others. So it's his students that are their questions and his fatawa. So but His madhhab His fatawa His book was documented by his students.

01:03:14--> 01:03:49

And muslin has mainly authentic Harry's and hasn't had eats and we've had eats, and we've had is, there is some kind of chemical or there's some kind of discussion among the scholars does it have fabricated Hadith and so on and so forth. But most likely, it doesn't have fabricated Hadith, it might have some weak Hadith, but there is a look behind these weak Hadith because they have a use still, maybe not directly, as we said previously, not directly take a ruling from them, but they might have an indication in the chain of narration about certain narratives, there might be something there in them.

01:03:50--> 01:03:54

Now let's come to the principles of amendment Avraham as mother

01:03:55--> 01:04:11

for him, it was the texts had the ultimate authority, which is the Quran and the Sunnah Koran and authentic hadith had ultimate authority in so Mmm, I would stick to the text, Koran and Sunnah and not depart from it.

01:04:12--> 01:04:15

For him that was he made this the basis of his mother

01:04:16--> 01:04:33

holding on to the apparent meaning to the upside, not the literal, we say the apparent meaning literal is more of an extreme kind of approach, the apparent meaning, the direct, obvious meaning of the text, he would hold on to this and he would build his method mainly on this

01:04:36--> 01:04:39

second source for him was the fatawa of the companions

01:04:40--> 01:04:49

was the fatawa of the companions. So for example, with taking the text mmm when he dealt with the remember the

01:04:51--> 01:04:52

if a woman was divorced

01:04:54--> 01:04:55

three times

01:04:56--> 01:04:59

by her husband that she taken off she take

01:05:00--> 01:05:09

Providence or some, some kind of money from him for her expenses? Remember that the Prophet Fatima been twice said yes. But

01:05:10--> 01:05:23

among hakab refused to take generation because he questioned it. so mad discarded among couples opinion and he took the headache he sent us the text No way. We don't take anything other than the text.

01:05:26--> 01:05:33

And remember how to not take even the opinion of a companion or a Tabby? If it contradicts, or if it seems to be in contradiction with a

01:05:35--> 01:05:39

second source, we said the fatawa of the companions, if it's our are the companions.

01:05:42--> 01:05:43

And

01:05:55--> 01:06:03

so Mr. Mohammed would mainly take what the companions agreed upon, or what opinions were known upon them without opposition. Okay, if there was

01:06:05--> 01:06:15

an opinion among the companions that had no counter opinion, he would absolutely hold on to this. So he would hold on to these.

01:06:16--> 01:06:30

If they come, if the companions differed, Imam Muhammad would choose from their opinions, the ones that are closest to the text, the ones that are closest to the text. And he would not come up with a new opinion.

01:06:31--> 01:06:36

If there's any would not take the opinion of someone else other than the companions. You there's a

01:06:37--> 01:06:44

number of opinions by the companions who would choose from among these opinions and they would not seek anything else. Obviously, when there's no text,

01:06:50--> 01:06:53

Imam Ahmed would consider

01:06:55--> 01:07:30

but this is a sensitive issue with Imam. Okay, because Imam Ahmed used to call Hadith Asahi, which is authentic, clearly authentic. But there is a hadith hesson, which has some weakness, but it's still sound we call it sound has an Imam Ahmed is classification and that's the general classification. So he has one sound and wife weak, okay, which is not strong enough to be taken and fabricated. That's the general classification of risk management has a different classification. He has to hear and you have life.

01:07:32--> 01:07:47

That's his classification. So so he is authentic. Brief for him is not one level, it has sub levels, sub categories. So among the wife, for him, the highest level of wife,

01:07:49--> 01:07:53

which we call hesson, are generally the generals callers call it hasn't.

01:07:54--> 01:07:55

Call it hasn't.

01:07:58--> 01:08:08

And then there would be another level of life which is less which we call life, which is not acceptable, generally speaking, especially in fact, not taken.

01:08:13--> 01:08:28

So there are statements from Ahmed that if he did not find from the Koran or the authentic Messiah, and he's not fine from the companions, he would take what he what he calls by if he had his life, but not all of it, he would take what we are calling Hasson

01:08:30--> 01:09:01

he would take what we call Hassan so this is that's an issue with the terminology, the terminology, but there is something in management would take what we call a more sell, how do you feel more sell is basically what is narrated from one of the tabs in that one of the tab it says the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said such and such, okay this man from a tablet in did not meet the prophet SAW Selim. He's from a tablet in he's not from he's not a companion. So he did not meet the alum. So he is saying the prophet SAW Selim said such and such.

01:09:03--> 01:09:49

This is considered to be Hadith, Marcel. Marcel is one of the three that have gaps in the chain of narration. Most of the scholars do consider these to be weak. They don't don't take them. They don't consider them. But Imam Ahmed says there are certain marcille certain types of Muslims like this, when it comes from certain taboos in these taboos in would not refer this hadith to the province of Saddam unless they know that it's authentic like so a diplomacy it has an anniversary, okay. So, he would choose from these marcille what he deems to be authentic. So if you did not find in the Quran, the authentic hadith, he did not find from the fatawa of the companions, he would then resort not to

01:09:49--> 01:09:59

the US like a Shafi no he would resort even to these marassi that Tabby in quote from the Prophet directly

01:10:00--> 01:10:05

But not all of them, as we said the ones that he knows from certain Tabby

01:10:10--> 01:10:13

then Mr. Muhammad, finally

01:10:14--> 01:10:19

he would resort to trs. He would resort to, yes.

01:10:25--> 01:10:30

He would resort to Yes. And he has in his fatawa he has a lot of beers.

01:10:35--> 01:10:43

The main students have Mm hmm. And the ones who spread his method is his son Abdullah and he has another son called solid as well.

01:10:46--> 01:10:50

So imagine his own children or his own students as well that's that's special.

01:10:55--> 01:10:56

Baba criminals from

01:10:57--> 01:10:58

Abu Bakr Ahmed

01:11:03--> 01:11:05

Abdul Malik ebru Mohan lm Imani

01:11:07--> 01:11:10

Abdul Malik, Mohan and me Mooney

01:11:14--> 01:11:16

Abu Bakr, Al narrowbody

01:11:17--> 01:11:23

Abu Bakr, these very vicious guys very well known in the handling of that Abu Bakr Al marwadi.

01:11:25--> 01:11:26

And it was very close to him.

01:11:35--> 01:11:39

One of the students of Abubakar middlewood he is Abubakar, Allah Allah.

01:11:40--> 01:11:47

So Allah CCleaner what is the student has a student who is called abubaker halaal that's very well known in fact

01:11:48--> 01:11:49

and

01:11:53--> 01:12:04

he's the one who gathered the coffee man had been humbled taking it from his student and middle when he gathered it in a book at Jama it can be called the German

01:12:15--> 01:12:16

mmm

01:12:17--> 01:12:31

sometimes has many opinions about one thing. So this is why these are called rewire. rewire from him and so you'll find sometimes about one issue 3234 sometimes for the Wyatt from mmm

01:12:32--> 01:12:33

for fatawa about

01:12:37--> 01:12:43

these issues have been studied by a lot of these Hanbury scholars. And they

01:12:44--> 01:12:52

tried to find like exactly what was the latest of Okay, the law, the latest of his fatawa

01:12:54--> 01:12:56

henneberry madhhab in terms of spreading.

01:12:59--> 01:13:03

I said well, it was mainly in Iraq where Mr. Mohammed was he was in love that

01:13:11--> 01:13:12

was also in a sham

01:13:14--> 01:13:18

was in a sham okay. And this is why you have for example, even Tamia was Hambali.

01:13:20--> 01:13:21

As

01:13:22--> 01:13:28

a student, it was humbling, as well. I think he was humble.

01:13:30--> 01:13:32

And he was humble. Yes. He was humble.

01:13:37--> 01:13:39

And also in

01:13:41--> 01:13:47

in Nacht in the middle of the Arabian Peninsula, where you have onaiza boy, the

01:13:49--> 01:13:55

little bit spread then afterwards into what's called the DMR mark, which is a real

01:13:56--> 01:14:00

and in an east of non town today, Saudi Arabia.

01:14:02--> 01:14:07

The fact that in the last, say around 150 200 years that the

01:14:08--> 01:14:26

Saudi government has adopted the humbling method that helped it spread as well. So it took strong a became the stronghold. Saudi became the stronghold of the handling method. And that helped it spread and even develop, even develop.

01:14:28--> 01:14:37

Specifically when you're talking about Saudi where Mecca and Medina are so that gives it some that helped spread the method in the last let's say 150 years.

01:14:41--> 01:15:00

The flick of Eman Hamad bin Hanbal is mainly based you find it heavily based on the Hadeeth heavily based on the headings but this corners of the handling will have later on developed a lot. They developed a lot and they got more into solid stuff. They got more into a solid phase which is the principle

01:15:00--> 01:15:05

The dynamics behind it, and they built quite good heritage. When it comes to oil.

01:15:07--> 01:15:13

They're pretty much close to the shaft area as well. And so there are differences, but pretty much close as well to the Shafi

01:15:14--> 01:15:14

soul.

01:15:15--> 01:15:16

Mm

01:15:18--> 01:15:19

hmm had been humble.

01:15:23--> 01:16:07

Imagine a chef, a chef and when he was asked about the humbler, who did you leave? What did you know in Iraq is the most knowledgeable he said, there's no one who knows more about the Quran more about the Hadith. And no one who's more righteous, that I left behind more than a moment. I remember had was young still. So remember Shafi praised a lot, he praised him a lot. He praised him a lot, the scholars of Hadith as well, they all praised him. And that means a lot. So basically, he his method is heavily dependent on the Hadith. And he took advantage of his time, that Hadith was documented. So he took advantage of all of this, and he traveled, and he learned the Hadith, he documented it.

01:16:08--> 01:16:11

And having a base in that way as well gave him very good understanding.

01:16:13--> 01:16:35

So he took advantage of all of this, but he decided deliberately, not to lean so much into array and the use of reason. But he tried as much as possible to rely on the texts to rely on the text. But he had he used to use it as like one of the funny stories, one of the fatawa that came to my mind because there are accusations like you have, for example, even Jerry robbery,

01:16:36--> 01:16:39

he accuses he says, This is not our forte.

01:16:41--> 01:16:42

So he's muhaddith. But he's not.

01:16:43--> 01:16:45

He doesn't have a proper mother. He has just

01:16:48--> 01:17:08

had this. And there are others as well who held this opinion. But you have, for example, as Kalani, you know, saying this is nonsense, that doesn't make any sense Look at him. And it's said uniques, quote, school of thought that has so much about it. And there are others as well who defended the amendment there. So

01:17:10--> 01:17:37

he does actually, so this accusation was against the member, but but because he depended heavily on the Hadith, and he limited the scope, limited the scope for prs. And for use of reason, and for a bit more he had. So this caused some people to hold this view about him and one of the funny stories about him and that shows that he actually he used to use reason,

01:17:38--> 01:17:42

a question came to him that someone Someone made an oath or another

01:17:43--> 01:17:46

if something happens that he would make power from the Kaaba,

01:17:48--> 01:17:56

on, on for Allah Alba, basically on his hands and knees. So he would basically crawl make the toe off crawling.

01:18:01--> 01:18:33

So the question came to him, what should this person do now? Does he have like what he asked for happens? So Can he does he have to fulfill this off now? So remember, thought and he said, No. He said, this is an act of rebellion. And it's not befitting for someone to do it like an animal in this, like how animals in a walk on for Allah gave us the ability to stand on our feet. So he shouldn't be doing it, then we respect the character, we don't do the love in that fashion around it.

01:18:34--> 01:18:44

So he looked at it from a linguistic point to point of view, so he said it's four. So he said he makes the off seven times, then he makes the off seven times.

01:18:49--> 01:19:01

So some people actually at his time made fun of this sweater. But later on the scholars they said that shows very deep understanding that he for him the way he looked at this because he saw it as disrespect to the caravans respect to the person.

01:19:02--> 01:19:09

So he didn't want the person to do this. So he thought the best way to do it to preserve the dignity of the Kaaba and the dignity of that Muslim.

01:19:10--> 01:19:21

And since his oath was the apple fan at a bar, I shall make the waffle on for basically meaning his hands and his knees.

01:19:22--> 01:19:29

So he said since it's four things, okay, once he walks it's on to so in order to be able to

01:19:30--> 01:19:34

make it up for the for he makes two rounds of both.

01:19:35--> 01:19:41

First round seven second round seven. And that's by the way that shows deep understanding still shows deep understanding.

01:19:47--> 01:19:53

Yeah, so that's generally speaking, the story of hamdulillah done with the former head. And as we said,

01:19:54--> 01:19:59

these schools of thought were built by these scholars, but later on they developed

01:20:00--> 01:20:24

scholars who followed these schools of thought develop these mother, and they added to them and they modified them, and they clarified them, and they purified them, and so on and so forth. Unfortunately, later on, as we said, some people resorted to what we call tasks, sub tasks sub, as we said, some sense of cynicism and bigotry against followers of other mothers.

01:20:25--> 01:21:09

And they started to take the fact and I'm talking about scholars and students of large take the fuck without the texts. That's a bit problematic. that's problematic. But still there were always within the mothership scholars who would also take always take the effect referring it back to the Quran and the Sunnah. See, in light of the principles of the founders of these medihelp so it was not a matter of, you know, challenging the Quran and the Sunnah by means of motherhood, no, these were conduits there were mainly means and pathways to help us understand and know how to implement the Quran and the Sunnah. So as I said, there are other methods as well, like you might have a mammal

01:21:09--> 01:21:24

Jose evangelina tabari, himself had a madhhab we saw avahi Yakubu de vida was first Shafi. Then he developed his own method, which is literalist, extremely tourist. And then it was taken by Evan hasm avari, in an endurance in Spain.

01:21:27--> 01:21:52

So there were pretty other other men that have started to fade away except for mainly these formulae, meaning, this form of that there were always people that they would be called added Hades, who would emerge from within these matter happen from within these mega hab, who would still follow the Hadeeth, who would still follow the hairy frog, for example, you have among the HANA fees.

01:22:01--> 01:22:03

Let's say the hamburger is

01:22:10--> 01:22:27

in the hamburgers you have for example, it's very, like even, I mean, to me, I'm not buying the hamburgers, but they would depart from the method. They're considered to be like among the Imams of Al Hadi, right? Among the Imams of the peoples will follow the Hadith.

01:22:31--> 01:22:58

In a chef Hindi, as well, you have a lot of scholars who would actually as well like once they almost any himself, the student of the mammoth Shafi, Alamos and he, himself one of the biggest imams that chef II consider him matcha hidden not luck, luck, he reached the highest level of levels of wish they had he himself changed, you know, change or took opinions other than Him chef ease, although he is his most loyal student.

01:23:00--> 01:23:01

So these are considered to be

01:23:06--> 01:23:07

people of Al Hadi.

01:23:16--> 01:24:00

Okay, anyway, so in all the money they have, you will find, as I said, students or scholars who would still hold on to the method, but whenever wherever they find, there's a stronger point finding it in the salon, the sooner is more indication, they are stronger indication, they would have no issues taking that. Okay, and that shows obviously, that's the way the mother had are supposed to. And that kept some growth in the mother, but the tasks have led to a decline in lead to decline. Now, most of these books and the references that I've been looking into, they seem to be quite negative about what happened after the mother had that there was a decline closing the door first he

01:24:00--> 01:24:19

had, but in reality, I think that's that's a very, like pessimistic view. It's not like there's always been scholars coming up Mashallah, showing a lot of wish they had shown a lot of like, they would renew the principles and they would bring life back again into the future, and so on and so forth. So there's always been

01:24:21--> 01:24:29

like, showing up, there's always been showing up so you have a lot of people in terms of their madhhab that have really contributed greatly.

01:24:31--> 01:24:32

So you would have

01:24:39--> 01:24:59

you're specifically talking about in the hamba in the Hanafi madhhab. The Ottawa is for clear period, what's usually called in hanafy. Alicia one other things that are similar. So the Hanif is really made great achievement when it comes to creating teams.

01:25:00--> 01:25:13

maxims and this was such a huge development until now the science is developing and it's such a powerful science ultra wide alpha t of Kawasaki. It started by a WC

01:25:14--> 01:25:25

by eminent WC and then later on a lot of Ubuntu Jamia Hannah furor ilish Bear one Nevada the Booker's bow in Nevada. So the NFL was rich with this.

01:25:27--> 01:25:50

The mannequin developed them acid, mainly the signs of mocassin that really culminated with the writing of Al Mustafa caught by a man sharp lady. This was a profound advancement in fact, although now it's considered to be out of faith, but it does inform and influence greatly seeing them often the objectives of Sharia. Also,

01:25:53--> 01:25:57

the shaft is are the ones who probably contributed the most or sort of

01:25:58--> 01:26:03

they contributed the most to Slovak so when you talk, for example, about Emmanuel Alavi

01:26:04--> 01:26:10

when he mentioned just his his book, and for all the differences between things that seem to be similar,

01:26:12--> 01:26:19

his contributions and all sorts of Razi man arising in the muscle in the soul. And these are shafia he's okay

01:26:20--> 01:26:23

hazari his contribution to the fucka Shafi

01:26:25--> 01:26:31

amendment Hello amin al Duany. his contribution is amazing to sort of antifa itself

01:26:37--> 01:26:42

you have in the hanbali madhhab you have It's enough even to me Yeah, and

01:26:44--> 01:27:00

that's enough. That's it. Mmm and Noah we for the for the for the Shafi as well as such a great contribution the way he dealt with it when he wrote his book and much more as well. The humble is you haven't been Kodama wrote alimony. It's more like an encyclopedia.

01:27:02--> 01:27:11

Now we're talking about family and money. And you have also been Tamia as we said, maintain media, his contribution to film

01:27:13--> 01:28:00

is so profound. It just is unbelievable is unbelievable, truly unbelievable. The way this man looked into the way he used soldiers, the way he used the like until today, there are 1000s and 1000s of dissertations in universities being produced based on the works of Ubuntu me 1000s people are getting notice like creating new fields of knowledge, new sciences, from the books of obtaining, from the books that we've been seeing here. You can name it, there are arts, which he is not known for his that he there's recently a PhD dissertation on this from his contributions in color art, his fifth until now, scholars are still studying his field. And there are so many books about the film

01:28:00--> 01:28:45

of Ibn taymiyyah exclusively taking this out of his books, and classifying it as a book of film, in terms of a soul. Even Tamia is just profound. In terms of al Qaeda, that's very well known. That's been probably the most focused aspect of Amy's books, it's been highlighted the most highlighted in terms of spirituality, even taymiyah has not even been discovered yet. And he has profound statements, he has a profound system of spirituality within his books, that has not been taken out, has not been exploited and used properly. It is profound. Even taymiyah was more spiritual than the biggest Sophie's of all times. But he was not a Sufi, he had authentic spirituality.

01:28:47--> 01:28:49

He was so profound in his spirituality.

01:28:52--> 01:28:58

Like anything, you name it, when it comes to events or even the mccaslin you will still find a lot of hints, powerful hints and points from

01:29:01--> 01:29:05

his contributions to history, his contributions to philosophy,

01:29:07--> 01:29:11

his responses in the field of logic and arguments.

01:29:13--> 01:29:23

He responded to Aristotle, he responded to a lot of these Greek and Roman philosophers, he responds to them.

01:29:26--> 01:29:38

He like one of his books is about the monkey in a response to people have arguments and logic. This is the probably was such a profound book on philosophy.

01:29:40--> 01:29:50

his contributions to language, profound Arabic language, morphology, and grammar. Unbelievable to the semantics of the Arabic language.

01:29:51--> 01:30:00

These are, by the way, PhD dissertations that have been coming in, like each 110s of them. big numbers are

01:30:00--> 01:30:25

coming out every year, just getting this man is amazing. So to say that the stock has gone down, it's probably maybe stalled a little bit. Yes, but there are major trends that have really boosted the the, the growth of now the problem is with our times, there are great efforts and endeavors here and there. But the problem is that there's no general trend that is picking up and gaining momentum.

01:30:26--> 01:30:30

That's been the case in the last three 400 years.

01:30:31--> 01:30:33

That's the issue. That's the issue.

01:30:36--> 01:30:43

And this is something probably will try to summarize and finalize and conclude inshallah next week, so next week is most probably will be the last.

01:30:44--> 01:30:55

If we might need another one for those who want to discuss their, like research topics that might be the case, but hopefully I'm hoping shallow shallow next meeting Shall we will conclude

01:30:56--> 01:30:58

with with the evolution of thought.

01:31:00--> 01:31:12

If we don't, we'll just put a recap two weeks from now, and then just finalize the research topics, and that would be in Sharla.

01:31:13--> 01:31:15

For those who already chose the topics.

01:31:17--> 01:31:24

I think we gave a deadline what was the deadline the end of the year was it January 1, is that hola Baraka feeco masala la semana