Quran Tafseer al-Baqarah – Disbelief After Belief

Mohammad Qutub

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Smilla Rahmanir Rahim hamdulillah and I'm behind me more salat wa salam ala Nabina Muhammad violet earlier he was sabe whatever you're into Planica Lowry Milena Illa marlington. Halima Hakeem from disruption surgery Uncle Mo, determine Lisa and EF ba holy I praise Allah Almighty and I send prayers and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam, his noble family writers companions and all those that follow them with the right guidance until the day of judgment. I mean, my dear brothers and sisters As Salam or aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

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I hope everyone is doing well in sha Allah. On this fine evening.

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We continue with the Tafseer of Surah Al Baqarah. And we got to the following verses Allah subhanaw taala says about the hour that we learn in a che regime Smilla Rahmanir Rahim

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Turri Duna and Rasool Allah Khun karma Suhaila Musa

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Pavan one mini

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coup for robbing the man if I order one less

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surbey

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These verses

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begin

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by addressing a group of people and saying,

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or

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will you?

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Question your messenger

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as Musa alayhis salam was questioned and asked before

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in order to tie this idea into the rest of the verses that we were talking about, we need to refresh and remind ourselves and see how all of these verses are connected. It actually goes back all the way to the idea where Allah subhanaw taala told the believers Yeah, you Halina and when Loretta Kulu

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Kulu Varna was now when he said to them Do not say rhina The word Rabina as the Jews were using it, and we said Allah subhanaw taala was exposing what the Jews were doing, which is to hide behind that word in order to insult the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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And we spoke at length about that and what we benefit from that as well. And the verses continue and the next idea tells us that the Mushrikeen and Al Kitab they don't want any good to come to you from your Lord.

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And then Allah subhanaw taala mentioned this abrogation. So, all of these verses are telling the Muslims number one, beware of the types of misconceptions that the Jews are throwing your way. The kind of doubts that they are trying to place in your minds and hearts about the deen

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do not imitate them in what they are saying and what they are doing. So there are these messages that Allah subhanaw taala is given to the Muslim community warning them off the danger of imitating the Jews being like the Jews acting like the Jews.

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And some of the misconceptions that the Jews are trying to confuse you with. So when it comes to and to reunite and dispelling Rasulullah calm, or would you like to ask of your messenger, but Sula, come, come so either Illa musalman carbon as Musa alayhis salam was asked before, would you like to do the same? Would you like to be like the Jews? Who asked all kinds of things of Musa Ali salaam Kama Sutra Musa in Kabul? What was Musa Ali Salam asked before that was so egregious, so evil

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Hola.

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Hola, como. Show us Allah.

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Show us Allah directly. We want to see Allah

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in person. They asked to hear Allah. They asked all kinds of things.

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And they did that as a challenge. They're doing it to challenge their prophet. So now I'm to read Luna and this Allura Sulaco.

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After connecting the verses and understanding the context, let us also look at some

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I'm of what has been referenced as a reason of Revelation.

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There are two that are mentioned.

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One says that two of the leaders of the Jews are off have even heard a MILA

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and what have been Zaid

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came to the buffet and Sylvia Mohammed,

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bring us from the sky of book that we can read

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and make rivers gush forth from the earth. And we will believe you and follow you

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exactly what they used to do with their prophet before.

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So Allah subhanaw taala revealed this verse unto the Duna. And this aloo Rasulullah Conecuh Massimiliano serving.

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Interestingly, if this is the reason of Revelation,

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then Allah subhanaw taala is calling Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, their prophet as well. Rasulullah Quran, he is the prophet to the Jews.

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Do you want to ask your prophet as if ALLAH is addressing the Jews and saying Do you want to ask your messenger he's your messenger as well, because he is the messenger who was sent to all of humanity.

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Li NASCI CAFA

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so he's their messenger as well, whether they like it or not, whether they admit it or not, and whether they follow him or not. And this only Rasulullah Koo Kumba su mula Musa coven.

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Another reason of revelation as mentioned by Imam Mujahid

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where he said

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that Quraysh came to the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam and asked him to turn mount sofa, you know, Mount sofa sofa where you do the site. They asked him to turn my sofa into gold.

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So the Prophet SAW Selim said yes.

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And it will be for you like the man either off the Christians the supper? Because they asked Issa Ali Salam, for what for a Merida for a feast to come down from the sky. Right?

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So Allah subhanaw taala says, Yes, I will bring it down for them. But whoever disbelieves after that, I will punish him a punishment, that I have never punished anyone. So he said to them, yes. But it will be like that either.

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So then they got scared, and they

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said, no need.

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Because that's a serious thing. If they disbelieve after that, after Allah gives them that miracle.

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They're finished. So Allah subhanaw taala revealed the verse to the Duna. And Luna, solar can come so

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if that's the case, then the ones being addressed are not the Jews, but rather the Muslims.

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The his people Quraysh unto the dunya and Allura Sula.

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It seems Allahu Allah. And of course, there is some difference of opinion about the authenticity of both of these reasons of Revelation. But if we look at the context, as we saw from the beginning, it seems like from Yeah, you will Lavina Rahman Letta Khurana all the way up until the verses we're in. And the next one is why

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Allah is addressing the Muslims, right? That the Quran

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and the pagans and the annual Kitab disbelieves of Anna Kitab would not like any good to reach you. And then and to redo Lantis LM Rasulullah come next I would dare Kathy Rahman Al Kitab. No, you do not come you the Muslims. They want to turn you back to disbelief. Well, people Salah to second. So it seems like all of these verses are addressing the Muslims. It seems from the context, that here Allah is addressing the Muslims and saying to them, are you going to question your messenger, as most Ali Salam was question before.

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Furthermore,

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after that Komatsu COVID won the attempted coup for robbing Eman sacado

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Unless savvy and whoever exchanges or switches from this belief Cofer to Iman sorry from Iman to Cooper

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then

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the those are the ones who have digressed from the straight path or may yet have been delille COFRA been ima going from

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Eman to Cooper exchanging, if you will, exchanging kufr for Iman.

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Then they are the ones who will be off the path. So it seems here what is being referenced are questions of that nature questions that would render a person, a disbeliever.

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Those are the types of questions that are being mentioned those challenging questions like the Jews as Musa alayhis salam, like Pradesh asked of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Quran records how they are asking for all kinds of miracles from him.

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And Allah commands him to reply very simply

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helping to enlarge mashallah Rasul Allah

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I am nothing but a human profits.

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This is these are miracles that you are asking for. So these types of questions, these types of challenges rather

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are what will render a person a caffeine. So it seems like this is what is being mentioned here, those types of questions, which are very serious, and this is why, again, the context Allah is telling them, don't be like the Jews who ask those questions, because this is where it took them. It took them out of Eman into Cofer out of belief into disbelief, and thus they strayed from the path.

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But it's interesting as well,

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to notice

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that the eye is referring to questions and to redo and test all Rasulullah comb.

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What was the situation of the sahaba? And the questions they used to ask of the Prophet alayhi salatu salam?

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Sometimes we wonder about certain things and we say,

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Why isn't there a fruit of sealed by the Prophet alayhi salatu salam? Why isn't every single thing answered by the Prophet sallallahu sallam, you think the Sahaba were like us? If he was here now? We'll sit him down and we'll ask him 1000 questions one after another.

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The Sahaba were very careful about what they asked of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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They were so respectful of him. They loved him so much. They didn't like to bother him with things like this, especially since a lot of it was one well understood by them.

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Things were fairly clear. They lived with him. They ate and drank with him. They witnessed the revelation. They understood it.

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They only asked about a few things here and there.

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When they did ask too many questions.

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They were told not to the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said in the authentic hadith, that what destroyed nations before you

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is too much questioning and deferring with their profits.

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Those are the types of questions that are blameworthy in Islam. These types of challenging the where the idea is to challenge the person, not so much to ask, in order to get a reply, not to sincerely gain knowledge. That's a different story. And this is where the confusion happens. What type of questions are acceptable in Islam is questioning that he's asking questions wrong in Islam? Absolutely not.

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When you ask sincere questions for the sake of gaining knowledge,

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then this is precisely what is required and this is how you gain knowledge. By asking questions, scholars asked questions. Students ask the scholars they ask and they reply in their expositions and the writings

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but it is questioning where you are trying to challenge the speaker to challenge the Prophet, or ask for something impossible, such as a miracle. This is what is blameworthy and too many questions that are irrelevant.

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That as well as something they were, and they were those types. What if this and this happens?

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What if that and that happens? God knows, things that may never happen.

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Strange questions were there, they seem quite irrelevant. And ultimately, even if you answered, there's nothing really practical that comes out of it.

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These are the types of questions that are not encouraged in Islam

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and to reunite and Rasulullah co commercial ala Musa among others.

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That's why the famous Hadith the Prophet sallallahu sallam was asked, Who is my father?

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One of the Sahaba

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So the Prophet SAW Selim said your father is so and so. And then someone else's only single Allah Who is my father.

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And this kept on going until the Prophet sallallahu Sallam got angry. And when Amara, the Allah and saw this, he said, The nebula era

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where real Islam we didn't know what we Mohamed Salah Salem and Obeah. We are pleased with Allah as our Lord and Islam as our deen and Mohammed Salah Salem is our Prophet.

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These are the types of questions that are not encouraged.

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And this is why the ambassador of the Aloha and whom I sent may Allah be pleased with the companions of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam.

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He said I haven't seen anyone like them. They only asked him maybe 12 questions all of which are in the Quran? Yes, no naka and recovery will myself is Elena CARDONE Cheryl haram. They ask you about alcohol and gambling. They ask you about the sacred months they asked you about the orphans, Elia Talma 12 questions in total. This is what they asked.

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This is out of their respect for him. I think it's salatu salam, they couldn't look him in the eye

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for too long. So Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah sent them out of their love and respect for him.

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So

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they're not like us, okay. And the situation is different as well. Right? They lived with him and they they witnessed all of these things with him. And two they do now. And Rasulullah Koo, Kumba Sula Musa in Kabul. Otherwise, if it is something where they don't know the hook, of course, they will ask, and they did.

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And the answer came, and a lot of times he was Allah subhanaw taala who was answering them? Or they would ask another Sahabi? Who knows? Instead of asking the Prophet alayhi salatu salam,

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talking to the prophets of Salaam, yes, he was a friend. And he was very easygoing, and all of that and he was a human more than anyone else. But at the same time, they gave him that that respect.

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So they spoke when they spoke to him,

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they would be careful, especially after the incident where there was some differing between them in front of him. sallallahu alayhi wasallam if we ever get to those verses

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Who am I he attended delille KU Frabill Iman, or the Wallace Seville. So whoever

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exchanges cool Kufa

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for belief, they are the ones who have strayed from the path. And these are the types of

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questions that are considered Cofer that are most dangerous.

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Then Allah subhanaw taala continues to expose the enemies of Islam by telling us what they are really thinking. And this is very important. We saw it a few verses ago by Abdullah Dena Cafaro

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became a unis rally coming hiring Rob become now one decades hero Nikita Lowe will do

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will not come in the email he can co Farah

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many of the key term would love wish

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that they would turn you back

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to disbelief

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after you have believed

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Subhanak era

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This is very unfortunate.

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Thank you, Tom.

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Thank you, Tom. Well, in this they're the ones who are supposed to be closer to us. They're anarchy, Tom, they have a book.

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messengers came to them.

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They and us have a lot in common.

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And they know for a fact that this is the truth that has come that is confirming

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what they have His Word will suddenly.

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And this is what they want. They want to turn us back into disbelief after we have believed instead of believing the truth, which they know about.

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This is very unfortunate. But this is a reality. Allah subhanaw taala is telling us about

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if anyone is to answer

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it's not us brothers and sisters. It's them.

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Why is this something that you seek?

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What they can hear from tabula will do not come in the email and he can confirm has sent them in during the fusi him.

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There is an authentic reason of revelation for this as well, Allahu Allah.

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And that is that Cabanel Ashraf,

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a famous Jewish leader and poet, used to abuse the Prophet sallallahu Sallam verbally with his poetry

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and try to dissuade the Muslims and turn them back from the religion.

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And the pagans, the mush the keen and the polytheist and the rest of the Jews would do the same.

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So when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came to Medina in the beginning,

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they would

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be exposed to a lot of this abuse

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from the Doosan, OSHA kin. This is in Medina, I don't think there was a switch from Mecca to Medina everything changed. No, they were still being abused. And they were patient.

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They were patient with everything they heard and everything that was done to them.

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So, Allah subhanaw taala revealed these verses to tell them, This is what 100 kitab wants from you. Again, we might expect this from the pagans and the poly theists, not from an inky tan.

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People who may claim that they worship one God

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and that they have a messenger

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and there are commonalities that we see between the Quran and the Bible and the Torah.

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Yet, this is what they seek this is what they desire.

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It is also said that it was revealed because of failure, even an Abuja celeb an actor,

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again, leaders of the Jews,

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and because of all of their enmity and animosity towards the Muslims, so Allah azza wa jal said that many of Al Kitab would like to turn you back to disbelief after you have believed.

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Looking just at the reason of Revelation, it seems

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that the verses are talking about the Jews.

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They are the ones who want to turn you

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back to disbelief after Eman has a demeanor in the unforeseen.

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Of course, this is the reason of Revelation. And the famous

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fundamental rule in tafsir.

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You might have heard of is an agora be a woman law firm law before source a suburb

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that

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the correct understanding

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is through removal of the generality of the expression, not by the specificity of the reason for which that is

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was revealed. What does this mean? It means the IRA have been revealed for a specific reason.

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But

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the understanding of the IRA and its interpretation is not necessarily limited to that specific reason. But what we interpreted as is from the generality of the expression, the generality of the expression is what the cathedral mean and any key term that we are doing.

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It can't only apply to Cardinal Ashraf, clearly it applies, even in the same narration, the Jews and the pagans were abusing the Muslims.

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But what they can feel from in alakija first of all, notice again, the objectivity, the precision of the Quran, not all of Al Kitab want to turn you back to disbelief.

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Kathy Roman added kita many of them but not all, right. Subhanak era precision, okay. Detail attention to detail and fairness. What the cathedral, Nikita, mind, you hear what's being said is different than the verse we covered before. There.

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Alladhina Kufa, Roman al Kitab well, we should keep a unison, they do not want any good to come down to you. He didn't say Kathy if

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it seems like it applies to all, Allahu Allah. None of them want the hive to come to you. The fact that the last messenger came from the Arabs and not from them, and this religion abrogates pneus, whatever came before, because it is the final religion. This is not something that any of them are satisfied with. And therefore they don't want anything any good to come to you from your Lord.

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But Allah subhanaw taala favors whomever He wills.

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But here, the statement is what law we do not come in that the email equal to Farah, they would love

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to make you apostatize make you leave the religion of Islam. They will do their utmost to get you to leave your religion and abandon it. In the IDE Manickam ko Farah, they want you to become disbelievers again. Not even to necessarily to their religion, just to leave your religion to become Kufa. Many of them wish this for you. Allah is telling us

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many of Kitab how sad how sad. Even though Subhan Allah, the Quran, and Islam gives al Kitab a higher level gives them a special status, right in terms of Fick in the way we deal with them as opposed to the complete polytheists are pagans because they are closer. Right? And they are al Kitab but yet Allah is telling us, many of them wish to turn you away, or do not come in the Manickam confirm.

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So here

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he mentioned added keytab and I'll get back to that

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has Adam in the unfussy him, out of hassad. out of jealousy from within themselves mean by the matter by you and Allah who will hack after the truth has become apparent to them? I'll explain this. Then far who was for who had deity Allah we agree.

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So forgive,

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forgive and turn away

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until Allah brings his anger to Allah Who Emery

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I'll tell you why. I haven't translated that word.

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Why all of this because of an important narration, Hadith in Sahih, where Osama bin Zaid Toby Allah on Houma

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narrates the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was riding his donkey sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he was writing behind him.

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And he was going to visit Sadhguru and rabada who was sick

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This is before the Battle of better.

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So he's on his way.

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And they pass by a gathering in which is Abdullah bin who may have been cellule.

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Head of the hypocrites.

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But at the time

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he wasn't he didn't declare his Islam yet. He's a Catholic.

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He was a Catholic later as well, but in secret, he was a Catholic and apparently he was a Muslim, right? That was hypocrisy. But before that, before he declared his Islam hypocritically he was there. And in the gathering were Jews, Muslims, and pagans, everyone's there.

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So they pass by

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the Prophet sallallahu Sallam stops there.

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And then

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some of the dust from the donkey stopping by

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hits some of those or touches the faces of those who are sitting and have them as Abdullah base. So immediately he covers his nose and he says, Keep your the dust of your donkey away or something to that effect. Okay, he's he's, he's mocking the prophets, Allah, Allah Allah Allah Salah.

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So, the prophet gone down, and he said salah,

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and he started preaching to them reciting verses of the Quran, reminding them of Allah, then hamdulillah obey, he tells him

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are you Helmer?

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Oh, so and so? Not by his name? Not Rasul Allah.

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Just Oh, you Subhanallah Caleb. He said, what you're saying, There is nothing better than it? If it was truth. And Allah, what on earth? Does that mean? Reminds me of some of the arguments of atheists, when they argue about certain things. And it's like, Well, did you just did you hear what I just said?

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So here, he's saying, There's nothing better than what you're saying? If it wasn't the true? Well then find out? Is it true or not? Are you saying if it is indeed true, what are you waiting for? Are you waiting for a miracle to come down to you from Allah? Is it true or not? You're hearing it and you're saying there's nothing better than it's so find out? Nothing better if it was true, he was less excuse. Stupid.

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If it was true,

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then he said, so therefore, don't come to our gatherings with stuff like this. Stay where you are. If they come to you, you can start telling them these tales or whatever it is. He's mocking it's from A to Z. He's mocking.

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So how do dilla have been for a while huh? Is there I'm delighted that RWA tells him new or messenger of Allah come to our gatherings with this for we love that.

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So Abdullah bin obey God angry that Jews got angry, and they started

00:33:37--> 00:33:42

shouting at each other and verbally abusing each other until they were going to actually fight.

00:33:45--> 00:33:53

What did the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam do? This is? This is about him. This is about the truth that He came to them with.

00:33:56--> 00:33:58

Shouldn't he allow it to continue?

00:33:59--> 00:34:11

His quieting them down, he's calming them down. He's trying to get them to be quiet again. And then finally, he was able to calm them down.

00:34:13--> 00:34:13

And

00:34:15--> 00:34:31

upon that, he left with some Urban's as they went to Sodom and rabada. And then the prophet of Salem told sad or sad. Didn't you hear what abou Habad said, meaning Abdullah bin obey.

00:34:33--> 00:34:39

Again, this is before he became a Muslim, but again as a hypocrite.

00:34:41--> 00:34:50

So he explained to him what happened and what he said, Souza has given over that has the prophets of salaam or messenger of Allah, forgive him.

00:34:52--> 00:34:54

Forgive him and turn away

00:34:55--> 00:34:58

for by the one who sent the truth to you.

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

The people

00:35:00--> 00:35:07

of this Medina. We're getting him ready to become the leader. They were going to put

00:35:08--> 00:35:19

a turban on his head as the chief and the leader of Medina. So out of jealousy, he said, what he said, Forgive him

00:35:21--> 00:35:24

look over it. So

00:35:27--> 00:35:31

Osama bin Zayed continues and he says that

00:35:33--> 00:35:36

this is the kind of abuse that they used to

00:35:38--> 00:36:03

get from the pagans from the Jews in Medina. And Allah subhanaw taala told them as in the if sort of alien run, well, let us now nominate Latina who will Kitab Amin called medical mamina, Latina Ashura, KU, and then cathedra, you are going to hear a lot of abuse from those who have been given the book before you and those who have

00:36:05--> 00:36:07

those the pagans.

00:36:08--> 00:36:10

And then

00:36:11--> 00:36:37

the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the Muslims would be patient, they would be patient, they would overlook they would turn a blind eye to all of this, because of the sake of Allah, what DECA theorem in Al Kitab we are talking about today. Now we are doing a coup de Manikarnika Farah until he says far for was for who to Allah,

00:36:38--> 00:36:51

forgive and turn away until Allah subhanaw taala brings his anguish. This is exactly what the Muslims did. Then,

00:36:52--> 00:36:54

when the Muslims fought in the Battle of bed,

00:36:56--> 00:37:04

and they were victorious, this is when Abdullah obey. And others noticed that

00:37:05--> 00:37:12

this is things are changing, the balance of power is changing. So you said to them in the head that

00:37:14--> 00:37:21

something is happening here. So they decided to join the ranks of the Muslims but as we know

00:37:24--> 00:37:42

they just expressed their Islam apparently verbally, but deep down they were still too far but this is when they declared it after the Battle of better. So this is what the Muslims used to do. They used to forgive fafo was for who had a T Allahu Emery.

00:37:44--> 00:37:47

What the cathedral mean earlier keytab

00:37:48--> 00:37:59

law we have to do Nakum member Imani come kufr and they want to make you kuffaar has had them Minar in the unfussy him out of jealousy

00:38:01--> 00:38:09

from within themselves, not anything else. Don't let them tell you. No, this is what the Bible says.

00:38:11--> 00:38:22

This is what the Torah says. No, the Bible said. Then follow. Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the Torah said follow him.

00:38:24--> 00:38:28

You don't have any argument any religious argument.

00:38:29--> 00:38:42

It is hazard hazard demeanor in the end foresee him. It is purely out of hazard that they were told to follow you that the final messenger came from you.

00:38:44--> 00:38:50

Not anything else. Remember that when we think nowadays Oh, if we can only prove

00:38:51--> 00:39:16

that the Old Testament or the New Testament says you should follow Mohamed that everyone will follow Mohammed. When they had it, it was there. They kept on corrupting and adulterating their book until it seems completely erased and yet we still find vestiges of it in their books. I'll be it corrupted and adulterated. But it was clear.

00:39:17--> 00:39:22

Why didn't they follow her said them in the fusi him

00:39:23--> 00:39:29

out of this jealousy and hazard. hazard is a disease why my dear brothers and sisters May Allah

00:39:30--> 00:39:33

forgive us and protect us all. Where a person

00:39:34--> 00:39:38

is not only dissatisfied with what they have,

00:39:39--> 00:39:52

and they want what someone else has. They want to deprive the other person of what they haven't had it for themselves, not even sharing it. This is hazard. Hazard

00:39:53--> 00:39:56

will eat away at you

00:39:57--> 00:39:58

until there's nothing left

00:40:00--> 00:40:09

I deal with it. If you feel that you have some hazard, ask Allah subhanaw taala to purify your heart

00:40:11--> 00:40:23

we should always want the best for our brothers and sisters. And if anything, maybe I would like what my brother has as well.

00:40:24--> 00:40:28

But I don't want this good to be taken away from him.

00:40:30--> 00:40:32

I would like to have it as well maybe

00:40:33--> 00:40:46

if you really go up in the ranks you might even prefer that good for your brother more than yourself but this is on another level Subhanallah but now we're talking about has had

00:40:47--> 00:40:49

has had this very dangerous

00:40:53--> 00:40:55

May Allah protect us and forgive us?

00:40:56--> 00:41:05

has had them during the unfussy him mean that the Mirtha young Allah who will help so the truth was clear to them.

00:41:06--> 00:41:16

The truth has become clear to them which truth that Islam is the truth that Muhammad SAW Selim is the truth, that this is the prophet that they were told about.

00:41:17--> 00:41:22

In the Injeel and the Torah. This is him mean by the method.

00:41:24--> 00:41:26

So it's not that they didn't know or they were ignorant, they knew

00:41:28--> 00:41:37

it was clear to them you need to follow Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam This is the final religion this is what you were asked to follow

00:41:40--> 00:41:46

has a domino in the unforeseen mean by the matter by you and Allah who will help who was for who

00:41:49--> 00:41:52

had hottie Allahu be Emery

00:41:54--> 00:42:00

forgive this is the this is the way they are. This is how they're going to act with you. Forgive

00:42:02--> 00:42:02

look away

00:42:06--> 00:42:10

diety Allah will be angry until Allah brings his up what does this mean

00:42:15--> 00:42:17

one way to understand it

00:42:18--> 00:42:20

yet to Allah Who be Emery

00:42:21--> 00:42:24

could be understood as a command

00:42:26--> 00:42:35

and could be understood as something Allah decrease what's the difference? If it's a command it is our Shari

00:42:37--> 00:42:48

it's something ALLAH is commanding it is Shara in the sense that Allah is saying do this don't do that. This is Shara oversharing. Okay.

00:42:49--> 00:42:51

If we say it is anger,

00:42:53--> 00:42:58

in the sense that it is a decree, it is an qaderi.

00:42:59--> 00:43:02

It is something Allah is going to decree as a matter of Kedah.

00:43:04--> 00:43:07

So is Allah saying, forgive them look away

00:43:10--> 00:43:27

until Allah commands you otherwise, this is one possibility, a very big possibility. The other possibility until Allah brings his armor in other words until Allah decrees what He decrees

00:43:29--> 00:43:30

for a handle kita

00:43:32--> 00:43:37

clear so it is either our Calgary or Shanghai.

00:43:38--> 00:43:56

Another way to understand it is our here Yeti Allah we Emery, is it the singular of all more? For some of you speak Arabic? Is it the singular of or, or the singular of our male?

00:43:58--> 00:43:59

Both of them is our

00:44:00--> 00:44:07

our award our our, our our commands? Are more affairs decrease

00:44:08--> 00:44:10

which one is it? It could be both.

00:44:12--> 00:44:18

If it is a command to Allah be angry until Allah commands otherwise.

00:44:20--> 00:44:26

Then the command later on was to do what to fight them.

00:44:27--> 00:44:36

Those who are abusing you and trying to turn you away from your religion and doing what they're doing.

00:44:38--> 00:44:43

You are allowed to fight them eventually that permission came down. Okay.

00:44:44--> 00:44:47

Particularly in Allah you may not have been lucky what I believe will occur

00:44:49--> 00:44:50

as in sort of Tober

00:44:51--> 00:44:56

and other yet fight those who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day

00:45:00--> 00:45:05

And this is why even ibis and Qatada and others

00:45:06--> 00:45:15

see that this idea FAFSA was Fahad to Allah Who Emery was abrogated. There was Ness

00:45:16--> 00:45:19

by the other Aya to fight them.

00:45:22--> 00:45:32

The forgiving and looking away has been abrogated by the permission to fight those who fight you and try to turn you away from the D.

00:45:34--> 00:45:37

If it is a command had to Allahu be angry,

00:45:39--> 00:45:41

if it is a decree

00:45:42--> 00:45:46

it is the decree where Allah subhanho wa Taala

00:45:49--> 00:45:50

decreed

00:45:51--> 00:46:16

that his punishment come to them by the hands of Muslims, such as the verses of Surah tell hashtag when he talks about how Ben novoline were kicked out. You know the story of Ben and Nadine. Okay, and how they were kicked out, and how they were destroying the houses with their own hands.

00:46:18--> 00:46:35

This was Allah's decree, Allah decreed that this was going to happen, or the punishment of blucora Eva at the hands of the Muslims. This is the decree of Allah. So far force for who forgive and do soft software has to completely

00:46:38--> 00:46:45

turn away and not hold them accountable whatsoever. For is to forgive, you forgive the person

00:46:47--> 00:46:57

was for who self harm means to completely turn away meaning. Not only did I forgive you, I didn't even blame you. I didn't even mention it afterwards. But I forced

00:46:58--> 00:47:02

her to be angry until Allah decrees what he will.

00:47:03--> 00:47:06

And so Allah decreed that he punished

00:47:08--> 00:47:16

the Mushrikeen and the Jews for what they were doing to the Muslims. So it could be a command and it could be

00:47:17--> 00:47:46

a decree hottie Allah we, in Allah, Allah conditio, a cadet Allah has over all things powerful and competent. Allah is capable of all things Allah does what he pleases, commands what he pleases, decrees what he pleases. Allah is going to grant you glory and victory over your enemies, but just wait Be patient. So he told the father who was foe, to Allah Who, The Emery, but here we need to

00:47:47--> 00:47:49

mention something very important.

00:47:53--> 00:47:54

First of all, this issue of necessity,

00:47:56--> 00:47:57

this is not an easy issue.

00:47:59--> 00:48:04

This is not an easy issue. And this is we don't have time to go into this now.

00:48:05--> 00:48:15

Which is we're all of these verses that commanded patience with the enemies abrogated by what is called Aya to safe,

00:48:17--> 00:48:22

the eye of the sword to fight them, rather than to be patient with them and to forgive them.

00:48:25--> 00:48:37

So we mentioned even Abbas Qatada and others say that this idea is one Suha by the I Have a safe as our other yet. Okay.

00:48:39--> 00:48:43

Other scholars say that, it's not abrogated,

00:48:44--> 00:49:07

but there might be a time for this and a time for that. And Allah has permitted eventually permitted the Muslims to defend themselves against their enemies, before they were being told, be patient, just resist their persecution and their abuse. Be patient, forgive, look away

00:49:08--> 00:49:16

until Allah subhanaw taala brings about what he will and He did okay, whether that was a command or a decree

00:49:20--> 00:49:22

if it is not abrogated

00:49:24--> 00:49:27

and this is a possibility, we can see.

00:49:29--> 00:49:38

Did forgiveness and looking away stop after the permission to fight the permission for jihad?

00:49:39--> 00:49:48

Was there no more forgiveness anymore? Was there no more looking away? Because this will answer a very important misconception.

00:49:49--> 00:49:59

Our enemies will keep hitting us with this the Islamophobes will keep hitting us with this. Oh, yes, the Muslims will forgive. But that was before we had off

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

jihad, that's it.

00:50:02--> 00:50:21

You just kill your enemies, no more forgiving. That was in the makin period. No, the beginning of the medina period as well for was for home. As we mentioned in the Hadith, they continue to forgive, but Allah had that was because Allah commanded them to do so.

00:50:22--> 00:50:24

They had every right to fight back.

00:50:26--> 00:50:42

But they were told to be patient until Allah gave them the permission. Does that mean they can never forgive again, of course, the whole Islamic history, the history of forgiveness, and tolerance and forbearance and looking away.

00:50:44--> 00:50:47

If you know anything about Islamic history, you will know that

00:50:49--> 00:50:55

so even after these verses were revealed, find those who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day I

00:50:57--> 00:51:00

fight them until they pay the Jizya all of these verses

00:51:02--> 00:51:16

fight the Mushrikeen. Right? Give them shrieking wherever you find the different verses. After that, was there no forgiveness, the ultimate act of forgiveness

00:51:18--> 00:51:24

was meted out to the some of the worst enemies of the prophets of Salaam in the conquest of Makkah.

00:51:25--> 00:51:25

Right

00:51:27--> 00:51:32

Atheer Hijiri, just two years before his death valley, Salatu was Salam.

00:51:33--> 00:51:34

He forgave

00:51:35--> 00:51:48

an ultimate forgiveness of people who persecuted him and his family and his people for years until he had to leave Makkah. When he came back, he could have destroyed it.

00:51:49--> 00:51:50

He forgave

00:51:51--> 00:51:57

who was for whom this is a Muslim trait, a Muslim characteristic,

00:51:58--> 00:52:13

even if there are verses that command and allow Muslims to fight their enemies, which came later. But Luca looking at and surveying the rest of Islamic history, it's a history of tolerance.

00:52:14--> 00:52:21

In fact, you find the peak of Islamic tolerance and forgiveness

00:52:23--> 00:52:28

at the zenith of power, when Muslims had the most power.

00:52:30--> 00:52:32

They were the most forgiving.

00:52:33--> 00:52:52

And people entered Islam in droves because of it. In one story after another, which, unfortunately, our time is up, I don't have time to mention, but I've spoken about this in a series on Islam and religious tolerance. You'll find it here.

00:52:54--> 00:52:56

In sha Allah, I'll link it.

00:52:58--> 00:53:02

And I go through many of these very interesting and maybe

00:53:03--> 00:53:18

less heard stories about the tolerance of Muslims, and forgiveness of Muslims, towards their enemies throughout Islamic history. Okay, so it's still far fall was for him.

00:53:20--> 00:53:29

Even after Allah commanded them and give them permission to defend themselves and fight back. This is quintessentially

00:53:30--> 00:53:39

Muslim treat, to not to want to punish because we were sent as guides to humanity

00:53:40--> 00:53:49

to make things easy for people not the other way around. We want people to enter into guidance guidance to leave darkness into light.

00:53:51--> 00:53:52

And this is how Muslims were.

00:53:53--> 00:54:05

But for some of the worst enemies Yes, the only solution was to fight them. Otherwise Muslims loved to forgive and turn a blind eye.

00:54:06--> 00:54:16

The Alpha was for hottie Allahu Allah Allah condition in the herd of Allahu Allah was Allah Allah wa sallim wa barik ala Nabina Muhammad

00:54:31--> 00:54:32

okay

00:54:39--> 00:54:40

Baraka Luffy calm

00:54:41--> 00:54:42

and 100 Allah

00:54:43--> 00:54:52

may Allah accept from all of us, Allah give us knowledge of the Quran and the ability to act and implemented insha Allah

00:54:54--> 00:54:58

subhanaw taala will be handy I can assure you Allah Allah Allah stuff will occur one or two they