Tafsir Surah Kahf – Story of Dhul Qarnayn #01
Channel: Mohammad Elshinawy
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Welcome everyone back to our discussion and reflections on social KEF. And sort of the KEF, we said can be summarized into a chapter of the Quran that is comprised of four stories, the story of the youth in the cave, the story of the owner of the two gardens, the story of Musa alayhis, Salaam and further and now in sha Allah beginning the story of the little Quatermain.
And we mentioned in the past, maybe we will need to revisit it again the context in which social care have and so that it sort of came down some questioning that was posted the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam under the assumption that it would stump him, but rather further solidified, you know, his prophethood. So his audiences, whether they accepted it or not admitted it or not, is a secondary issue. What is of the proofs of His Prophet toda la salatu, salam, all that came down in these great sorrows. And we said aside from responding to the questions of those who were quizzing him, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, it also is for every believer, a discourse and a representation on
four different types of trials that we pass through in our lives. recurrently
the boys in the cave were the youth in the cave was the trial of religious pressure, religious persecution, but even in its milder forms could apply to us right the pressure of keeping to the faith in a surrounding in a climate that is averse to it or resistant to it. And then there is the story of wealth and prosperity in the owner of the two gardens then there is the fitna or the trial of, of what
in the story of Musa alayhis salam and
the trial of knowledge, right, acting upon your knowledge and staying humble as you seek knowledge and gain it and so on and so forth. The fourth of them is going to be the story of Little Quatermain which
we will begin now it begins at the 83rd verse of the Surah or in Allah azza wa jal says Why is Aluna care I'm Lila Nene cordsets Lu Aleikum. Minh who the Kra and they ask you also because it's not the first question they asked. It was a series of questions about the youth in the cave about the soul and then about the Quatermain right. So this is the third of the questions. They asked you Oh Mohamed, oh prophet of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about Volker inane, he was titled will remain, we will talk about that in a second say to them say back to them said to Lou Alikum mean who they Kra I will recite for you some of the accounts of this man of the local domain. So they
basically asked him
What do you know? Or what can you say? What can you possibly know about this ruler, this king, this commander who roamed the entire Earth from its east to its west,
and they were quizzing him on this. And the Quran, Quran came down with the following verses in response to that inquiry. And you know, from another angle, not just revealing to them what they thought was secret knowledge, what was lost knowledge of the past. But the fact that the Quran response to begin with is a miracle.
Like the Quran discussion on lost knowledge is a miraculous aspect of the Quran, right? How did it know all this? Yes.
But from another angle altogether, the fact that the Quran continues to respond to questions of people
prove that it's from God, how
the Quran being interactive, is a proof of its divine origins. Can you imagine trying to give an eloquent speech? And the audience keeps interrupting you with questions? Would that not take away from the quality of your speech? Right? Like I'm talking to you about, you know, the bliss of paradise,
or the horrific nature of the Hellfire, right, or the grandeur of God. And then people say, I got a question.
This whole menstruation thing? How does it work in terms of marital relations? This whole moon sighting thing how does that work? That's what there's so many verses in the Quran that begin like this. Yes. Aluna can in my head. Yes, I do like Angela. Hilda. Yes. I don't like me.
As a unicorn, this is a cat sadhaka thing, how much do you spend? Exactly right? The Quran is interacting with its audience being prompted, if you will, by its questions, the questions of the audience of the Quran. And yet still, it retains its eloquence, that's impossible. That is impossible for a person if it were human, to remain eloquent in their speech, when the listener gets to dictate the subject of my speech. And yet the Quran never faltered in its linguistic brilliance. Despite that facet, you understand how now it is, from the miraculous nature of the Quran, that you're asking about this and without skipping a beat, right in the rhythm in the beauty in the
compositional structure, I'm going to respond to you anyway. So they asked you, so they asked you about the coronation, who was the carnation. So the local name just means the one who had two horns is that
corn is a horn, or Nene means two horns. This was just a title the man that was known as you know, the bearer of two horns or the one with two horns. Some said this was a reference in his crown ever seen like you know, those the olden times the helmet or the war helmet has two crowns on it, for whatever reason.
Some said it was a reference to his helmet, his war helmet or his crown. Others said it was a reference to the length of his hair. Because the attributes the call the bunch of hair, whether it's in a ponytail form, or braided form, or otherwise, the ABS we call it a column, right. And that's what you read in the in that hadith about the woman when you're watching her for burial or hair is to be split into three karoun three sections, right divided into three and fasten that way. So he could have had two long ponytails or two long braids, two locks of hairs are separated into two.
So it could have been his helmet, it could have been his hair, it could have also been the fact that he dominated the two poles of the earth. That doesn't necessarily mean Antarctica, but I'm gonna start selling water. So
the two poles of the earth because I'll measure the McRib the east and the west are known as Coronel aren't the two corners, if you will, right points origins, the two corners of the earth. And so it could have been a reference to his territory, whatever it may be. He was known to those who knew him as Dale Carnegie. So that was just his title. What was his name?
don't know don't care.
Right? Some of you saying stuff for Allah we can say don't know don't care. No, really, it isn't really not that relevant, or else Allah azza wa jal would have told us you know, the great Egyptian Quran scholar
Sheikh Mohammed and today shout out Rahim Allah, he used to say, those who over investigated the personality of the Quran Nain are guilty of weakening the story of Little carnitine Right? Like if it was important, Allah would have put it in the Quran, if you're gonna go to great lengths say was the Alexander the Great, there was the Cyrus the Great there was a book The NASA and NASA when he was, you know, known great king in terms of influence and power and historically speaking,
tore down messes it up. So at some point in history,
what who was he? We don't know. And the historians can waste their time debating on this, especially what happens at the expense of the story itself. Allah to Allah azza wa jal told us what we need to know. This is really the story of power, the trial of power power, and it applies to every single one of us, in terms of whatever power Allah may test us with in our lives. There's not just state power, the nation state or the kingdom or otherwise,
it is about whenever you have any degree of power in your life, how to not be corrupted by it, right? The more power you have, the more corrupt you can become. That's why we say that famous expression in English absolute power corrupts absolutely right, the more power you have, the more prone to corruption you are. And there is a lot of truth to this power is intoxicating, right? Power is intoxicating. Look how often people become
corrupt with power. You hear about all the powerful people in the world, the scandals they got into with money or with women or otherwise, why is it always with the powerful I mean, to be fair to the powerful for a second half of the time is because they are envied so they have more eyes on them. And so
They get sort of cancelled faster, because everyone is scrutinizing them. But the other half is because you believe you can get over on anyone or anything, because you have the power to write it is very intoxicating.
And so the power is not haram. Power is sometimes necessary, we'll talk about this in a second.
But necessary as a means it should never be the end for anyone, right? Power is necessary. When it is not an end, it is a means to virtue, right? When it is a means to virtue,
like is someone who is strong, even physical power, praiseworthy?
Not necessarily, if you don't have like fear of God, and as a result, self restraint, that physical strength of yours is going to be one of your greatest regrets on the Day of Judgment, right. But if you have self restraint, and you have wisdom, and you have, you know, spiritual reverence for God, you have the fear of God in you, then your physical strength can be an asset for those that need your strength, right? So power is a means to great good, right. But when it becomes an end, when it is sought in and of itself, to dominate others, to brag in front of others to subjugate others, that's when it corrupts you right in so many different ways. So here, not only do I know about the
carnage, and I'm answering you, I'm also listing out some of the accounts said to ally caminho, I will recite to you of it, Allah is choosing what to tell us about his story, the story of this man of great power, so that we may learn from it. This is a man who is not corrupted by power. This is a man who did not fail the test of power. This is a man who Allah honored in his book, whether he was a prophet or not, some said he was a prophet. Some said he was just a righteous man. But at the end of the day, Allah honored him by mentioning him in the Quran that talks about the prophets, right and talks about the great angels and talks about Allah Himself. It talks about little codomain
because he did just such a fantastic job wielding that power in the right way.
I will make to make for you some mention of it. What do you need to know about power I'm telling you to to the story of the full name. That's the idea.
In a cannula who fill out of the
where Tina Hoffman Cooley che in suburb, McKenna Allah who we established him on earth, he had he had power over his kingdom, firmly established, firmly fastened, he had authority. You know why? Because many people could be leaders.
But they don't actually have authority. They're not established. It's like an honorary seat. Right? Long live the Queen who passed away. She did not have any sort of leverage over her country. She abdicated that she sort of left it for the Parliament of the she's the queen, right? She's the authority per se, but she doesn't actually wield any authority. She doesn't have any power, right? Allah saying he had everything under his control. In namah Cana, we established him on earth. What attina Hoffman Cooley che in Saba, and we granted him.
suburb is like a means or an avenue or access point, right? We granted him access to everything. What does everything mean? I mean, everything he needs, he doesn't have to have access to paradise doesn't have access to the jinn. He's not so they might not they set up right. So we everything he needed, he had access to his kingdom was so big. If he needed more military, he had enough people in his kingdom to dominate the world. If he needed an architect, he could just he had access, he could just go this way get architects who needed natural resources, they'll go that way and get he had access, he had avenues to every single thing he could need.
For his objectives he had that he was truly independent. And there's also a lesson here about power, like
this is how our nation functions, you know, speaking about like, rebuilding our own and where we are as an ummah. And, like, many people, they lament and they say, you know, there are 59 Muslim majority countries in the world, and why can't we, you know, yeah, on paper, there are 59 Muslim majority countries. But how many of these countries are actually countries? Right? How many of them have self determination have access to what they need? Do they possess power? Do they produce on their own? Are they independent, right?
They're not autonomous nation states and that's what it means to be a nation to be able to fend for yourself
You know, very simplistically, but the, the old Arab adage, like the farmers used to say
Libby Kelemen fell Olivia Coleman first with Kelemen Rasul, the one who eats from his own X speaks from his own head. In other words, when I'm self sufficient, I buy till and I plant and I harvest my own food, right, my own two hands, I can speak my mind why I don't need to appease you because I'm not dependent on you. That's the idea. Right? I remember, you know,
person who was trying to over romanticize the condition of the OMA, they're saying, look at a country like Egypt, you know, we can save the Oman or if we just had the right leaders, right? If only they weren't just cowards, right? We have 80 to 90 million Muslims in Egypt, we could have, you know, helped our brothers and sisters in Syria, this issue in palace, it's like, Oh, hold on. Hold on one second. Yes, we are 80 to 90 million in Egypt.
something to be proud of, I think, right. But how independent Are we right? How much access to our own strength do we have? So one of the senior scholars that was trying to sort of wake up this this gentleman, he told him, Do you understand that in Egypt, right? If we were to upset the powers that be our children would die in the streets, we don't produce our own vaccines, our kids would die of diseases that have been long gone 50 and 100 years ago on the planet, right? We don't produce anything for ourself, right? We are not we are utterly dependent. Even our our planes, if you want to, like talk militarily, you know, we can intimidate other people. We don't have the code. So our
own planes, the countries that sell us our planes, which is the United States, by the way, they have the code, so our planes, right, so even if I'm going to dream with you, that, you know, we're gonna be bravado and save the rest of the world. And, you know, with what exactly, you don't own anything, right. And so Allah is saying, This man truly had power, because he was truly autonomous, he was self sufficient, he was independent. And therefore he had that sense of self determination, I can determine what I'm going to do, because I have all that I need. And so this is of the definitions of power that you should recognize, because one of the most dangerous things for someone is to assume
you have strength when you don't have strength, right?
To assume it's just about, you know, wishful thinking or bravery or otherwise, this is ludicrous. This is delusional.
And so one last thing to mention here, when Allah is describing that this man truly, truly had power, and he was righteous, this is in stark contrast to the boys in the cave, right? Like some scholars said that the youth in the cave had no power whatsoever the righteous were weak in this story, right. And then in the last story, the story of Little Colerain the righteous are dominant, the righteous have strength, in that and then this two stories in the middle.
The two gardens, the men that were arguing are pretty much on equal footing. Like they were just, it was a an exchange of words. And likewise with Musa alayhis salam, Al hada. Each of them sort of had some sort of leverage on the other Musa lesson was superior, but the how they knew something that Musa lesson didn't know. And so you have the two poles here, right? The righteous are weak, the righteous are dominant. And here equal footing between the righteous and others are in the case of Musa they said, and they're both righteous. So just something to keep in mind. Contrast that with the very first story where the youth in the cave were subjugated. So we established him on Earth,
and we gave him access to everything he needs. And so he was truly independent, truly powerful. So what did he do with his power? Allah azza wa jal says, That's Bathsheba. So he went out on it on a mission, he marched out, meaning he took his armies took his resources, and he went on a journey. We are told about three journeys for the domain. We'll just discuss the first one tonight to keep our usual 30 to 35 minute span.
He went out on a journey and this
this is just an illustration of how committed to fulfilling his duties diligently, little carnitine was.
And so he was not sitting at home enjoying the luxuries of his kingdom. He was out and about upholding his duty to serve his kingdom. Right. That was part of his righteousness. He didn't just sit around consuming, but he was dedicated to service public service. And this is a righteous leader in the family capacity in the community capacity
In, you know, the the nation state capacity, whatever it may be, leadership is very daunting, it requires a whole lot of service. And leadership from the Islamic lens from the Islamic paradigm is extremely different. It should scare the believer because it's such a hefty responsibility.
And that is why in Islam, the one who seeks it should never be given it. Right. The Prophet SAW Selim, when a man told him, like appoint me in a certain office, he said la neurotically had. Amara, I hadn't said, Allah who we don't put in these positions, anyone who requests these positions, this is the default is a small exception, but we can't forget the default, the most important rule, if you're asking for it, that means you're under estimating the responsibility, right? And if you're under estimating the responsibility, then you're probably going to
just make a mess out of things, right. And so that is why the believer is supposed to shy away from the responsibility of leadership, right? Like, you know, you think about, like, in our times, that concept of nominating yourself for like a presidential position or governance position, wherever it may be on whatever level
like votes for me, this is why don't vote for that person. They're an absolute loser, right? I've seen like gazillion in the past election run like YouTube campaigns. And I could hardly remember anybody saying, I'm great. They used to say I'm great because of XY and Z. Everybody was saying the other guy is a monkey. I don't know when this happened, but the May Allah May Allah guide us, but it was very scary. It just became like a laughingstock and a mockery of the other candidate, but either or whether you're mocking the other candidate to prop yourself up, or you're just directly propping yourself up. This is, you know, it's rather on Islamic, right? There could be like a small exception
where you, you're forced into mentioning that you have a certain qualification that no one else has, so that, you know, we don't sort of leave this for those who can't handle it properly. Yusuf Ali Salam did that he said, let me take care of the Treasury because like, I know what I'm doing, right. But the self promotion thing, it's not really part of our tradition. It doesn't match at all with the notion of shy away from leadership. Fear the day where you will be questioned about your leadership. All of that, like even imagine when the Prophet Alayhi Salatu was Salam died, they were afraid that the Ansari, the medina Ian's were going to like announce their leadership of the OMA and
that was going to be problematic for a number of reasons. So Abu Bakr and Omar number Aveda they all went to say you guys can't do this it has to be from us but from us I will walk away and say me I'm gonna didn't say me everybody didn't say me. Right when it got deadlocked elbow said listen. The Prophet SAW salem said it must be from calabash. He said the Arabs will not accept anyone except from the you know that the epicenter from Kurdish or Omar's from kurush. Obey or Vedas from courage pick one of these two. And then Omar said, I pick up a book if you reverse that on him. Then before he could react, Abu Zubaydah said, Yeah, I pick up a book. And so the rest of them settled on our
book, very different process, then Pick Me Pick Me Pick Me.
And so you're supposed to shy away from it. That's a huge responsibility. And then whoever is forced to undertake it, like elbow clothes forced to undertake it right? Or you're forced to undertake it, not by someone else, but forced by circumstances. Like I got to get married. And if you get married, especially men, right, you're gonna have to be the leader, you're gonna have to man up, right? If you're forced to undertake it, then you must give it your undivided attention. Because there is heavy questioning after it. The man that is oblivious to what is happening in his home has fumbled that responsibility. Just like the leader of state that is oblivious, right.
What is happening with his subjects or in his territories or under his kingdom is is someone that has fumbled that responsibility. That's why Omar Abdullah Juan and the end of his life, in his very last hajj, he made that famous dua right before he died. He said, Oh Allah, I'm getting old, and my strength is failing me. And kefla trata Yeti, my responsibilities have gotten too much. I can't every time I hold something, something else falls. I can't handle it anymore. I can't I can't find someone to give it to either. Right? Oh, Allah spare me of this.
It requires your undivided attention.
And that is why I will book a study of actually, you know, speaking of Omar, I will work with Sadiq after they made him the Khalifa. Or Omar caught Abu book in the marketplace. And he told him what are you doing? You are muted with money and you're the leader of the believers. You can't be like doing business. Oh, but because a tradesman, right. He can't be doing business. He said a mute means family has to eat
I just got a mineral me doesn't mean I like I, my family became supernatural beings, they need to eat, I need to make money. So he said to him, the responsibilities of the OMA and the market can never coexist. You can't do both. It's impossible. And so he forced Abu Bakr to quit his job, never to trade again and to take money because he didn't want to take money from the state and to take money from the state. So he forced him he said, No, you have to give it your undivided attention. You have to be out and about with the OMA. You can't you can't be doing personal business, even for necessity.
And so Abu Bakr by the way, he accepted a stipend, salary from the state. And then he, when he died, Radi Allahu Anhu. Two years later, they found that he had dedicated a land of his to the state, you know, as like collateral just in case he took anything more than the bare minimum, he absolutely needed to survive him and his family. May Allah be pleased with them all. You know, similarly, I would have not disease Rahima Hola. They say when he became the Khalifa, the first thing he did is that he offered his wife a divorce.
He said to her, I'm about to go out and about in the Khilafah, right? It's about seven, but I'm about to get out there and figure out what the woman needs. And I'm not going to be able to give you your rights. I know I'm going to neglect you. So it is your right you want out you want an exit? I'll give you your exit
because I know I'm not gonna be able to balance both. She said no, I'd rather be with you.
So he said to her, Okay, I want you to take off all your jewelry and go home and get all the other jewelry and put it on the Muslim Treasury because I'm not exactly sure that everything your dad gave you her father was the khalifa to khalifa go everything your father gave you was from Halal was from Halal origins, halal sources. He made her give everything back. I told her not gonna be able to hang to handle it.
She did. May Allah be pleased with her she did. Maybe some of her other relatives were not able to and that's why they said that in Ronda Rousey was ultimately poisoned after a short sale ever because he was too hard on Ben omega. They couldn't handle his frugal nature and his God fearing nature. He was out and about scrutinizing everything in the spirit of justice, so little clutter Nain was of those who was not plagued with his prosperity. He was connected with his followers connected with every corner of his OMA serving them as best he could. You know, I mentioned to you one more story before I move here and close start closing out
the opposite story now that we've worked on Omar and the beautiful first generations, the first time the Khalifa of the Muslims was ever ever
killed was ever assassinated. Anyone know when it was
No no by like an external force by non Muslim not inviting, inviting.
We've had a lot. Who was it?
I mean, I'm invading force. Sorry. My questions are bad. I'm learning it's wrong. I'm trying to get them out of you. Right.
Al Khalifa ibrc, who was killed by the Mongol army that's Arthur's right.
This Khalifa Nick Ethier Rahim Allah says when the Mongols invaded the OMA.
He was in his palace, watching one of the dancing girls dancing and a Mongolian arrow comes flying over through the window or over the rafters or the like the the walls and strikes her dead.
That's how it started the invasion of the royal palace. Like do you get it? The army the enemy is at your doors, and you're totally oblivious to what's happening. You're just sitting there lavishing in your gluttony, lavishing in your in your heedlessness and you're hedonism, you're just carnal desires, Allah says Hatha Eva Bella Mowgli mushrooms and at last
when he reached the very limits of where the sunsets in other words, he was east, or from where he landed, he was east he went westward, right. And that is why in the verse before it you find in parentheses westward Why is a westward he said to us the word because the verse after it says, He reached where the sunsets, the sunsets in the West, right? So he reached basically a point where there was no more land because the sun never sets. The sun is constantly setting and constantly rising. That's why the other verse
He says, a bull machete will Maga rib He is the Lord of the East's and the West's, why is Eastern the Western plural, your east, your West, right? Allah around the clock is being remembered around the clock Salah is being performed around the clock Vegeta is happening and though it is happening and also is happening and motherhood was happening, these are Allah's, you know, cycles of victory even on the human engine level. In any case, he reaches the West, meaning the western most point, and he sees the sun setting, or where the sun was setting for the Iranian Hevea. I didn't have any as basically means he sees the sun setting.
In they say like a murky oil, or the sun setting in like a black, muddy lake or otherwise. What does that mean? Is this like some undiscovered place on earth? No, that is speaking about the onlooker. You know, when you look it looks like the sun is setting into the horizon, meaning from the perspective of the onlooker. Nobody ever believed, you know,
of any any scholar in Islam from the time and also how on earth the earth is actually flat. Nobody believed that only Northern Europeans believed that.
So he reached the place where the sunsets
he found there a group of people, these group of people were a
a wicked group of people. He found the wicked town, they're a town where wickedness was rampant, okay? coldness. So we said to him, who's we?
Allah azza wa jal. This is of the reasons why some of them said he was a prophet, Allah inspired to him. But of course,
Allah also inspire to the beasts to make your homes this way. And Allah inspired the mountain such and such doesn't make the bees in the mountains profits, right? Then we have verses. And so Allah inspired the mother of Moses to put her baby in the basket, does that make her a prophet? Most scholars would say no. And likewise, it is possible quite possible that he was not a prophet, meaning Allah placed inside him. You know,
that notion that consideration, intuition, should I punish them? Or should I?
treat them kindly?
And so in essence, Allah defer to him, Allah tested him with this power. These were wicked people, I just finished them off, right? Or should I hold off? Maybe they're uninformed, maybe they never heard the message, maybe you know, they will repent and so on and so forth. And Allah azza wa jal
found him to be the way he found Sulaiman Ali salaam to be that he would do would judge
according to what would be the judgment of Allah, the preferred judgment of Allah. What do I mean by surname and I said, I'm to judgment. The hadith says the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said to us, in one Hadith, I don't know if he was a prophet or not, by the way, he said, I don't know if he was a prophet or not, which means it's not very relevant, or it's not very consequential. But he said that when Sulayman alayhi salam was building a masjid Roxa, meaning rebuilding a mystery that OXA he asked Allah for three things to give him a kingdom that no one else gets. And then anyone who prays in the masjid that officer is
exits his prayer the way we exit our mother's stomach, meaning pure as a baby. The third one and the orders is interchangeable. But the third one, he said,
was Allahu Hoekman UFL Hohokam Allah, and that Allah grant me judgment that aligns with his judgment, that when I judge king now such power right, not to be hasty not to be misguided, not to be, you know, self centered or short sighted to judge the way Allah who would judge and so this is now the carnation Similarly, Allah is inspiring him, what are you going to do with these people testing him with this power? You're going to finish them off, you're going to punish them. They technically seem to deserve to be punished, or are you going to treat them kindly? You're going to be show clemency towards them. So he said, we are 37 minutes into it. Okay, I'm wrapping up in sha
Allah, he said,
and my mom Varlamov herself and was able who through my era to interrupt the heat for you as people who either nohcra He said I'm not just going to blanket punish them, whoever have them as a wrongdoer. Mmm malema, whoever is oppressive. For Silva, no as they will who then we shall and you know the scholars say the word sulfur means at some point in the future, if he would have said FetLife people who then I will punish him. The Fair in inferred from it is immediacy. But Silva means after some time
Right, meaning the oppressive people, essentially, it's as if he's saying, I'm going to give them one more chance. They're on their last straw. As for the oppressive ones, then we shall punish them.
And then they will be returned to their Lord, to punish them for you as people who are there been a punishment or a torment nohcra lucra could come from Mancha, which means evil, like are horrific punishment. And nohcra could also come from in car, in car is when you don't recognize something, you know, like you, you.
You deny it right. One of the ways to disbelieve is through in car you deny it, you believe it's true, but you deny that it's true, verbally, you say it's not true. And so in car is when you reject the truth of something or you don't recognize something, you refuse to recognize something. And so either by Nakara could mean it's really bad like monka. And it could be no Quran means it's something unprecedented, in car denial, something that no human being has ever seen before. And we haven't solfeggio Allah says, fail might even use you as the wiser, but who I had on the Day of Judgment, nobody will punish the way Allah will punish. Well, are you thankful with Alka who had a
nobody will tie up the way Allah will tie up, it will be unique, may Allah spare us and protect us. So I've ever nohcra Say I'm going to punish. But this punishment of mine is not the greatest punishment. It is just unnecessary punishment for the sake of rebalancing society, if they don't shape up, if they don't dismiss their oppression, then I'm not going to be nice to them anymore. Because if I'm nice to evil people, oppressive people, then what happens?
I'm being cruel to the innocent people that are being oppressed by them. Right? To be merciful, to merciful to the cruel, is to be cruel to the weak and the innocent, the oppressed.
And so for the sake of this world, I'm not going to dismiss punishment, I'm going to give them one more chance, but then I'm going to punish them. And they have no idea what's in store for them, no matter what I do, it's going to be nothing compared to to what Allah Who will do to them. And so he is threatening them with the immediate, worldly and giving them some dry that it's in your best interest that you wake up now. Because anything I can do to you is nothing compared to what Allah will do to you.
Then he says, Well, I'm an AMA no army law. salejaw. And as for the one who believes in Acts righteously, fella who Jezza and in Hasina then his reward will be the best reward her snap is the superlative of Hessen meaning the most emphasized or exaggerated form of Hessen, which means the very best reward, which is what?
What's the very best reward Jannah paradise, it's a listener to the greatest reward ever. Those who believe in act righteously, they will have the best reward does that Elsner was an A poodle that human and Marina usara. And we will,
speak to them with very mild terms. We're not going to ask much of them. So now Cotulla Holman and Marina, our instructions to them will be very mild. We're not going to overburden them. So
what do you get out of this whole thing? Whoever is a wrongdoer, then I shall punish them and then Allah will punish them worse. Right? It's already showing his his leniency, right? You know, like the powerful, what breaks the powerful all the powerful of the world? What breaks them? What brings about their demise? Tell me.
Yeah, just you've never said I'm powerful enough. Every empire in the world has been broken by outgrowing itself, wanting to get bigger and bigger and bigger and bigger, then you fall apart, right? Greed.
He could have just finished them all off, right.
But he was not looking for an excuse to exploit people. He was not looking for an excuse to punish and usurp and gain anything worldly. Right? He said, I shall at some point, punish them if they don't shape up for the sake of their own society, those of them who are wrongdoers, not everybody. It is very clear that he is not bent on dominating others, right.
And the second thing I want to note here is what is the difference between what he said about the wrongdoers and what he said about those who work righteousness, and we're done.
It's really a beautiful point. Some of the scholars point out,
no pun intended.
What is the difference in what he said about the wrongdoers? I'm gonna punish them and God's gonna punish them worse. And between what he said about
The righteous they got the best reward and I'm going to be kind to them
in the first one for the for the wrongdoers flipped up to my part.
Okay, so what does that teach us? Everybody heard him
with the oppressive people he said I'm going to handle them and Allah is going to do even more to them with the righteous. He said Allah is going to give them the best reward and I'm going to be nice to them so the order the sequence is reversed what does that teach us?
How's it as he's speaking to the people though
sisters you got anything
I'm sorry again.
I can't see you so be confident even if you're wrong.
Go ahead sister.
It says He Allah who will punish him you are the Will
anybody going once you find man go ahead
this is true he did not say I will eventually reward them he said I'll reward them immediately. But the point here was the sequence with those who were Voluma and you know, the greatest learning machine in the shell California alim. So these are probably rejecters of faith altogether right? If you don't have any faith to stop you, I'm going to stop you
right now with the man or the Allah on the shows you the utility of power, white power is sometimes necessary, or if the man or the Lavon used to say we're in Neela. As there'll be Soltani mele as our will Quran
I will keep in check I will deter with my assault on with my power. Those who are not kept in check with the Quran
reading the Quran doesn't read the Quran it makes so different same he's just disregarding of the Quran.
You're gonna need some authority sometimes, right? So people that have no regard for hereafter Quran. I'm gonna punish you. I'll speak to you in a language you understand? And whether you believe it or not, when you meet Allah, you're going to realize my punishment was nothing. That's the language they understand. But when it came to the believers, their greatest motivator is what?
So he said you're going to have genuinely thank you. And by the way, here's a secondary perk, even though it doesn't matter as much to you, I promise to treat you nice.
And the scholar said, This is why tell the libo tab Shira Ella little movement that you emphasizing motivating the believer with the rewards of the hereafter. Rewards of the Hereafter couldn't be more effective. As the Prophet SAW Selim said, beshear will lead to the federal give glad tidings spread cheer, right. Not fear don't chase people away. That's what he used to say sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And so when someone has no faith, fear has a greater utility. Either fear of people, sometimes the fear of God just to get their wheels moving in the right direction, that direction of virtue, then for those who have faith, because they have that faith, the positive reinforcement of
the faith could usually be more effective. And Allah Azza knows best masala Hello Baraka Vienna, Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi edge