Tafsir Surah Kahf – Musa (AS) & Khidr (AS) #03

Mohammad Elshinawy


Channel: Mohammad Elshinawy

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The segment discusses the history and use of the title "Mana alayhis needed" in the title "Mana alayhis needed." It also touches on the use of shaming and evil attacks to harm people, and the potential negative consequences of doing so. The segment also touches on the concept of protecting one's wealth and property through charity and donation, as well as not being an enemy and not being an enemy for one. The segment also touches on the history of the spiritual world, including the use of "has been" to describe experiences of the people.

AI Generated Transcript ©

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Welcome back everyone to our study of sort of death and the story of Musa alayhis salam and unfed or other allihies Salaam.

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And we left off last Friday, at the end of the road between Musa alayhis salam al hada. Right. Musa alayhis salam was accepted as a student under al Qadir, even though he warned him you're not going to be able to

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hang with me it's just you're not gonna be able to show the necessary patience to hang with me and then he said just you know, I promise said Don't ask anything unless I initiate first they got on the ship, he punctured it, he objected.

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I said you're not gonna be able to.

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They weren't he killed the boys that I said to you. You're not gonna be able to when he objected the second time. The third time he didn't ask any question but still he made a suggestion. And he was out of line because the agreement was had delicate detail. Like I mean, he was a crock. Don't get involved, don't speak until I initiate some mention of what I'm doing some explanation of my conduct to you. And so, he said to him at this third time have philosophical benei la Vedic, this is the point of separation between me and you. Set when a be Oh, Kavita Weili, Milan and the stealthier Alejandra sobre.

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I will now explain to you why you could not bear patiently. And so he explains the three events the first of them he says MSF fina Tuva cannot Lima Sakina am i doing I feel as for the ship, the ship that I punctured, it belongs to some needy people.

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Poor people needy people work that work at the sea

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for hour to an hour EBA. And so I wanted to render this ship somewhat defective I wanted to damage the ship.

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What kind of aura who Mehdi Kuya who could lesufi Nothing is also bad because behind them here it says ahead of them. I'll explain it in a second. Behind them is a is a king, a tyrannical king, a pirate king?

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an oppressive King Of The Seas, who seizes every good ship by force every good ship by force.

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So what's he explaining to Musa alayhis? Salam here, the scholar said obviously, something must have happened when they punctured the ship. Right. So he says I punctured the ship.

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He's so that they would head back to the shore. Because behind them

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behind them at sea because they went back to the shore right, the U turn so they don't sink to go back to the shore to get it repaired. And so behind them was a king that took that takes every ship that he can make use of by force.

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The scholars mentioned a few other things about the wording of this idea of it is that he said for out to an iba I wanted to damage it, even though in the end of it he said when my five to Annemarie, I don't do things on my own, this is all revelation from Allah. But why did he say I want to damage it? Right? Even though it is for the greater good, because the term is a negative term damaging something. He did not want to say Allah who wanted to damage it. Right. And that is, you know,

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from the edit of the believer is that when he words things, incidents, events

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that are outwardly negative, you don't attribute them to Allah as the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said was Shahrukh laser Illich used to say in his opening door when he entered Salah while Jairo. Kulu fie ADEC Well, Chevrolet said like that all good lies in your hands, and evil is not attributable is not to be attributed to you, associated with you. So if he would have said, I wanted to save the ship, then he would have said I want it Allah, Allah wanted to save the ship. But when it's wanted to damage, he stuck it to himself out of edit with Allah, I wanted to damage the ship, because the outward is that it's harmful.

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And you know, you find this all throughout the Quran. There's so many incidents I'll just mention to you to Ibrahim alayhi salam when he's speaking about Allah azza wa jal.

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He says, you know, He is Allah Who created me and he is the one that guides me in that he is the one that gives me life and puts me to death and he is the one that feeds me and

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gives me drink. He's mentioned what? Six things so far. Then he says we're either married to but when I become sick for who is Shireen, he cures me. So he stuck sickness to himself even though it's all from Allah right? Allah is behind all of existence, but because sickness is at first glance seen as a negative thing, he said when I get sick, he cures me. Subhanallah that is from the depth that we learn about how to even think about Allah, let alone how we express our thoughts, our

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our beliefs about Allah azza wa jal and our good assumptions of him another instance of this

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we find in sort of gin when the the gin heard the Quran, they said what what Anna learned at a shall rune or either be Manfield out of the hour, or there be him or a boom Rashida. They said, We don't know why the wide sort of the universe is changing, because the gin needs to be able to eavesdrop on the skies, right. But when the Quran was coming down to protect the Quran from being,

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you know, compromised or stolen from or mishandled, Allah set up extra security in the skies. So they said the skies changed. And we don't know why, like something big is about to happen. Right? They said we don't know was evil intended for people on Earth. So they've just been about to happen, right? The skies are changing. The Jin is saying, was evil intended for people on Earth? Or did their Lord intend something good for them? So when it came to intend something good, they said their Lord intended something good. But when they said or something evil about to happen, they said it in the passive voice, maybe a little Mattoon, Sharon read that was evil intended. They didn't say that

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God intended evil for Earth. He said, was evil intended? Or did God intend something good for them? We're not sure what all these changes are about. So this is another, you know, instance of that. Alhaji rallys salaam with his prophetic, you know, Adam, he says,

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I wanted to damage the ship. And it is clear what we learned from, you know,

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is that a broken ship is better than no ship. It's pretty straightforward. It's the greater good. And the believer should always look for the greater good, right? So if it's in your hands to try to effect to bring about the greater good clearly, then go ahead and try. And if it's something completely out of your hands, just have confidence in Allah azza wa jal, that if you're a believer he's bringing about for you the greater good. That's the idea.

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There is, I mentioned it to the youth last week, I had come across a story a day prior last Wednesday or Thursday, and a famous allegory like a moral of a story, a short story about the Chinese farmers. And it's an old widely known story of a child of a Chinese farmer with his

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son on a farm and they had one horse that they valued very much. And so the horse ran away, left them and ran away. So everyone was saying, oh, man, this is a bad horses and unlucky horse. Good thing. You got rid of him. You know, this is a bad sign that your only horse and your work horse that works with you on the farm is gone. So the father just said, maybe, maybe it is bad luck, right? And then a week later, the horse came back with five wild horses from the mountains. He brought back five wild horses. And so they said, Oh, man, this is a lucky horse. It's such a fortunate horse. It came back, you know, instead of one now you have a full six is such a lucky

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horse. He said, maybe like we'll see. Right? Our site is so short, right? We have we're so short sighted. Hindsight, in the end is what is called 2020. Right? He says maybe we'll see. And then his son as he was trying to break in these wild horses, like tame them. So you could use them, put them on a carriage, you can ride them and stuff. The Wild Horse throws him off and the kid breaks his leg. And they said, get rid of these horses. These horses are bad luck. He said maybe.

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And then like a war breaks out soon after that. And there's like mandatory drafting into the army and the Chinese army comes and grabs every able bodied male, but then they see this kid with a broken leg and they say he's useless leave him. And so he's the only kid in town who doesn't get dragged into the army and put into a war by force. So they said, Oh, man, you know, you got one lucky kid. He said,

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maybe? I don't know. Right? But the believer doesn't just say maybe by the way, the believer says you know, Allah does things for the greater good. And you as a believer.

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Need to know that Allah has something good in store for me. Whenever, you know I remember

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I don't want to spend too much time on this. My first ever ticket driving a car. I was 1719 I don't remember but I wasn't wearing my seatbelt. So I got a ticket for not wearing my seatbelt. I was so upset.

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Kind of like the guys with the boat like they they got through their boat punctured. I got my wallet punctured because like it was a $90 ticket. And they it was just like a little plate. It was a lot of money for young, jobless me. One week after that. I flipped the car on the highway. It was like sleep and it was very slippery. And I went into the divider, I flipped and I was hungry, like came out on Scratch. But I was hanging when the car stopped spinning by my seatbelt. Upside down. I pressed the seatbelt and crawled out of the back windshield. So

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all Subhanallah if I didn't get that ticket, right? The believer should always force himself to say Allah has a plan for me outwardly it is negative. There is there are subtleties here that Allah is setting me up for. Right.

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And you know, the scholar said there's few of them you can take from this from this area.

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The first of them is that

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just because someone has a job doesn't mean they're not Miskin. They're not needy. You see it says there these are masa keen, needy people. Yeah, I'm Aluna filled, that work at sea. They had a job. They were fishermen. But Allah called the Messiah keen. And that's an important distinction it has there's rulings related to this in Islam, that it is not just the 30 year, the poor person. That's why I didn't like the word for the poor person. It's not wrong. I just I tried to reserve poor for 40 years so that I can keep needy for miskeen. There are two levels the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said, The miskeen is not the person that is satisfied with one or two bites you give him a day to

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give him a plate, just like a love letter and he goes away. That's not the miskeen he says the miskeen is the person that goes unnoticed looks like he has a job looks like he has a house, right? But he's weighed down by the financial burdens, right? He's always wondering, he's like one hiccup, one sick day away from being in trouble, that sort of thing. And so the miskeen, like the fakir is of the aid that are eligible for yourself

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eligible for your sadaqa. And for years, like yeah, there's sadaqa worthy, another one of the can the scholars extrapolated or stumble through them, they didn't do stem from these verses, they said you are allowed to interfere with someone else's property for their own good.

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Right. Like, if you don't interfere, if you don't interfere, guaranteed something worse is gonna happen, then you are allowed to, you can sometimes even be obligated to interfere. So if my neighbor for examples house is burning down, right, and the only way to save him or even save his dog, is to break the door down to let the dog escape, you're allowed to break the person's door down, right for the greater good. You don't have to pay for his door Islamically speaking, you don't have to compensate the firefighters when they drive through a wall because they have to right? They don't have to compensate for that.

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Or if you are to take money away from someone because

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they're for sure going to use it on drugs, right? So you confiscate their wealth for the greater good, right? Some people you know they have this

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is it worth discussing? They called categorical imperatives it's like moral philosophy. Like you just mind your business and you just do what's right within yourself and doesn't matter anybody else you've ever seen those like questions all the youth or ask them like in philosophy one on one classes. I forget the name of the

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the moral dilemma where even chef said when he was here at the mouth with the debt no doubt class he he shared it. You have like a train track and one guy is tied to the train track and he's he's tied down the train is gonna run him over another guy. Another track, you know, fork in the road has four or five people laying there. What do you do? So a bunch of people say, yeah, for sure. I'm gonna pull the lever to make it kill one guy and not four guys. Bunch of people say no, I'm gonna let it even if it kills more people, but I didn't decide that one person is gonna die. I'm not the one who sent the train on four people, right? So I'm not I'm not responsible for those four people.

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Islamically we have we have right here. We know what to do. If we can minimize damage, then we're obligated to minimize damage. You don't shouldn't see yourself as killing one person, you should see yourself as saving three at least three other lives from having to be lost.

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You know, one last thing the scholar said here is that one of the greatest ways to protect your wealth and your property is to share some of it for the sake of Allah azza wa jal. Where did they get that from this area?

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Just like hello Phaedra

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you guys heard him

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they gave Musa and Alhaji rally Hema Salah I'm a free Right? Right. And so Allah protected their ship when they use some of their chip chips, you know extra space in charitable ways. One of the greatest ways to protect and grow your money is to invest it in the way of Allah azza wa jal through charity and donation.

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So let's start our fundraiser.

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Then we move on to the second one.

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What Amala hula move for Cana Abdullah who moved me Nene for machina your help our home out both Jana Waku frog. And as for the boy, the boy that I killed, his parents were true believers. They were good Muslims. And so we feared we as a cadet, it's just the royal we just like when humans say we have decreed when they're like royalty or kings, we feared that he would pressure them into defiance and disbelief.

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Once again, I only did this for the greater good. I did this for the sake of his parents what Allah revealed to me to do obviously, no one is allowed to do this. But the prophets because only they are infallible, no one ever is ever going to say take an innocent person's life.

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Because just in case, right, they may do something bad, but as a biller, this is exclusively to the prophets for sure.

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But we fear that he would drive his parents in, you know, into a miserable state, by his defiance and his disbelief. And of course, I mean, at face value we all know from the Quran, children can be an enormous trial for their parents because their parents did steal called because their parents to bribe cause their parents to oppress others, right other families or other children so on and so forth. neglect their duties neglect their prayer and they get neglect there's a cap because I need to save up more for my kid and have you know, good stash waiting for them. neglect the jihad of jihad is upon a person say, Oh, who am I going to leave my kids to and so on and so forth. They're

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going to become orphans which is going to become a widow so many. Allah Zilla Jen said in I mean as YG como Allah do come either one Lakhan certainly among humanity, among your spouses, and your children are enemies for you. Not not necessarily an enemy that is open confrontationally, hostile puts or like, you know, even like malicious puts poison in your food, an enemy is someone that could harm you, right? They have your spouses and your children or those that are enemies for you. And the next is as in NEMA and Wailuku Mottola to come Pfitzner your wealth, and your children are nothing but the trial. That's what it all boils down to.

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It's not a pure blessing. It's one of the greatest blessings of this world, but it could also arm you. That's the idea. It still does not remove it from still being a trial.

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And so you think about it, like a mother killed this boy. And,

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how would people react? Like the child died? So Young didn't get to enjoy his childhood, right? That's the reaction, right? When a child dies, why did God let this happen? You know, such a pure soul, the eye Allah who wanted that pure soul to exit this world pure.

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It was in the child's best interest as well, not just his parents, you know, the, the the majority of the Sunnah are of the view that children even if their parents weren't believers, but if they die before the age of adulthood, they are automatically in Jannah.

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And we have clear Hadith when the Prophet alayhi salatu salam was shown and carried through the heavens, he saw this uncountable amount of children around Ibrahim alayhis. Salam, right. And he was told who are these, these are the people that died young and some narrations they gave him more detail these are allowed machine. These are the children of the machine of the pagans and idolaters are under the care of Ibraheem Alehissalaam until the Day of Judgment, he's paella. Some of the scholars even said because the ayah that says you have to for a lay him will then on McCullough Dune, these eternal children that gets to live forever in Jana, your tooth, they roam around the

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people of Ghana, they said, These people, these children, they don't actually have a home. Every home is their home. Like today I'm going to the prophets house I lay salatu salam, tomorrow I'm at his house, right? And so outwardly this kid died, didn't get to enjoy his life and so on and so forth. But Allah azza wa jal wanted to protect his parents from going astray had he remained alive and to protect that child from dying liable for the disbelief they would commit

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And so the next ayah he says for Aradhana a Ubay de la humara boohooman, higher Amin who's ACAT or Acaba, Rama. So we hoped that was there hope, right? us and Allah right or just us at least, it would be more likely we hoped and Kadir that their Lord, he didn't say their Lord kills them right he says their Lord gives them something better in its place, right or rather a Buddha, your Lord for Aradhana we wished and you deal at home out of Bahama, their Lord replace them with something more virtuous, a child more virtuous, and caring in his place, a pure child and a more loving child.

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That could mean in this world, a child that's better for them, even in this world and better for society at large, not the menace. But it also could mean in the hereafter.

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Give them a better child, a child in the hereafter. Right? As the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said, you know

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that the miscarry child and you know, those that die young, he said, they grab their parents by the tips of their garments, and they take them to the doors of Jannah. And they opened the doors agenda for them. Right. They don't let go of their parents until they've delivered them all the way to to Jana. And that's an important lesson that you know, we say Hindsight is 2020. But hindsight doesn't just mean next week I get into a car accident, I figure out why I got the seatbelt ticket. It's not just that sometimes you will only understand the wisdom on the Day of Judgment, right.

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And finally, the third and last one, he says, Well, I'm LG da roofer can and the hola mania team, any field in Medina, as for the wall that he rebuilt, it belong to two orphan boys in the city.

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And under that wall, we can attack that Hulan, Kansas, Oklahoma, and under that wall was a treasure

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that belong to them.

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So why did he restore the wall?

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Why did he restore the wall?

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Because it was slipping over a crack. So what?

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Why couldn't he just like, hey, by the way, here's your stuff.

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Number one, they were very young. Orphans mean children, right?

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But also, it's not just that they were young. They were in a pool of sharks, right or wrong. Remember, we said not a single person wanted to feed and Musa Simon Okada. So this is like an extremely stingy town. These people were, you know, seething with greed. So they found out there was a treasure there, you think they were gonna let the orphans keep it, they wouldn't even spare some food, not a single one of them. They kept going to each person in the town. And all of them said nothing at all, not even a sip, not even a night get out.

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So there was a treasure that belonged to them. And their father had been a righteous man.

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Their father was righteous in the Arabic language, not just in the language also in the Sharia, in general the word up, which means father, can also mean upwards. Well, I don't mean to sound. I mean, it can mean the grandfather, or the great grandfather, those are the same way the grandson is considered a son. Right on the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said, I am the result of the dua of my father Ibrahim, he didn't mean it his immediate father, right? He didn't say that. Or when he said no, no Abdul Muttalib. I am the son of Abdulmutallab. He's actually the grandson of Abdulmutallab, right?

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And so, some of the historical reports and this was actually the view of if not best, or the Allahu Anhu man, others, that their righteous father was actually not their immediate father, but their seventh grandfather.

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And this is profound because it shows you now that the righteousness of a parents can reach generations later can emerge and benefit a child

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many descendants down the line

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and so he said his father was righteous for all darbuka and yeah beluga should their home and so your Lord once again wanted them to reach full strength to come of age of a strong age, and then retrieve their treasure waste the collegia Kansa Houma rahmatan rubbish this is all all these three accounts why operated this way? rahmatan Arabic as a mercy from your Lord, why am I

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ulthuan EMILY I didn't do it on my own Valiquette we do man I'm just there are they he Sabra that there is the interpretation, the explanation of what you couldn't bear and wait to see yourself to hear yourself

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of the lessons in this area

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is that

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if your risk from Allah is delayed, don't panic. Right? Allah delayed their risk. Your risk may be delayed some provision from Allah, your wealth, your child, your marriage, having a kid, having a spouse, having wealth, these things may get put on hold. Don't fret, remember, remember that Allah azza wa jal could keep those things buried from out of your life. They don't yet surface for wisdoms only he knows.

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Another lesson that we kind of already alluded to from this area, is you should be far more worried about your own

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righteousness than the righteousness of your child, or even the righteousness of your spouse. You know, a lot of times people say, I'm trying so hard, but my wife or my husband, they're just, they're not religious, they don't want to be religious, they don't want to help. They're not we're not on the same page. And this happens a lot, right? This happens a lot. Someone decides to be more committed to Allah then later on in life, and the spouse is not catching up or whatever it is.

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This is saying that one parent is enough, doesn't it? Allah can protect your child. For the sake of just you who said both parents have to be righteous for the child to be protected. That's what this iron reminds us of. So yes, you want to try to see righteousness and cultivate ranches in your child. And yes, you want to see righteousness and encourage righteousness in your spouse, but prioritize your own righteousness if you want Allah to protect your children.

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And you know, like if Allah protected the money, the savings of these orphans because of the righteousness of their father, then him to protect them in deen is even more likely, because the end is far more valuable and far more important, right?

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So I didn't say Ibrahima, hola. He used to say to his son Yagoona in Nila ze de Sala team in Angelica Raja and for fake My dear son, I extend an increase in my salah because of you

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out of hope that I you will be protected for me for the sake of my righteousness.

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Then he says in the end all three incidents rahmatan Arabic This was all a mercy from your Lord.

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Like imagine the perception I imagined being the guy on the boat. I just let you on for free. And you just broke my boat.

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And fast forward? Did they ever find out there was a pirate ship they may have never found out. Right? So it was the mercy from Allah that was never discovered. And that is why the Scholars say most of Allah's favors and now I'm on US Army men sia war mafia, either forgotten, you noticed it was like you just take it for granted. Or mafia hidden you don't notice it to begin with.

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Like, think about the amount of dangers that surround us guys, not just pirates, like in the air right now.

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Who knows? You know how many strands of deadly bacteria or viruses went like this and never went up an inch closer or went up? Who knows right?

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Or you took in a small amount and did get sick. But Allah allowed the majority of that Gus to just you know, that would have overwhelmed your system to not get into your body right? unnoticed, Mafia, hidden, hidden subtle protections from Allah all the time. Allah Who knew that if you would have heard that word, you would have had a crisis of faith. If you would have went out that morning, you would have been robbed. We don't know. The many many, many, many incidences verse of Allah's mercy in the form of protection that come our way.

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And then you think of it the parent that loses the child how devastating that is? To lose a child.

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Yeah, that is a huge lesson we take from this verse. Finally, the the last line he says to him,

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that he gets it we know this is the interpretation of Madeleine testlet Allah He Sabra what you could not bear patiently, and the scholars noticed the difference between in the beginning he said to him,

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you will not stop there. You will not be patient. Here he is selling him tell us there you will not be patient. So this it's the same word law

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Stop there, let us not hear right?

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Then what's the difference? Why does one of them sound shorter? Why is one of them abbreviate, it's just like English, by the way, like technology, just call it tech. Right? Or like, demonstration, you call it a demo. So here Alhadeff says to him, this is the interpretation of what you owe. And he abbreviated the word to stop there into Tesla. Why did he do that?

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One group of scholars said, perhaps he lights in the word here, because he's trying to express to him. Now it's like to handle right if only you knew that. So it was almost reflecting the now ease psychological state, if you will of Musa alayhis salam after the after the explanation is there. Now, you would have been patient, right? The other group of scholars said he shortened the word as if to tell him

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you will not get another letter out of me. That's it gave you three explanations have a nice day. Sorry, we can't be friends and report on this mission. And that second interpretation was echoed by the Prophet alayhi. Salatu was Salam. Because he said, you know, what did to allow sabara Musa, I wish that Musa alayhis salam had been more patient. So we could have learned more from, you know, The Adventures of this wise man of this wise messenger and Prophet

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and hydrolase Salam. So that's it, we're done. Maybe, once again, this is the story of knowledge. And that no matter how knowledgeable you are, there will always be things you can never know. And you know, there's there's a lot of like

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subtleties in the Surah. That are extremely interesting. Like one of them, I told you, the scholars mentioned that those three incidents should have been very familiar to Musa alayhis salam, and he still couldn't catch them, right?

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How are they going to survive like this, when you puncture their ship, and your mother put you in a basket, then you survive, you should have caught it more before anybody. And the incident of a second incident, he killed the boy. It's not what it seemed. You also had killed someone accidentally, right? When the man was robbing the man from Israel was fighting, you should have noticed it was not what it seems. It was not evil, even though it may have looked so then the third incident, helping the two orphans and not taking payment, you help the two girls at the well, when you fled Egypt after being accused of murder. And you got to the end, you help the two girls and you

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didn't ask for it despite your need either. So they were so close to home yet. You didn't catch it. So it is the story of knowledge and being humbled, no matter how much knowledge you have.

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You know, they said that, why? Why did Musa alayhis salam have to meet a hadith at the place where the two seas met?

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Perhaps it because they were they were to seize basically the two most knowledgeable men on earth, right? They were the two giants of alien, and they come together and Allah says to us to take nothing from enlarge knowledge. The same way this bird takes nothing from the ocean, right?

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And they said also something else that was

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interesting, I don't know.

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You know what to make of it. They said that.

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It was only when Musa alayhis salam became hungry that he retrace his steps and find it harder. And it was only when they got to the town and they got hungry and they weren't fed. Was it time now to retrace the steps and talk about the story? What exactly happened in this story? What is the connection between that Allah azza wa jal knows best? Ultimately, these were, you know, symbolic not to say they're unreal, but to say they represent countless incidents in the human experience. And once again, the Al Hadid was a prophet and a messenger and was not regulated or under the law have been destroyed. He is not some supernatural figure that represents people that have a higher state

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that don't need to belong to you know, Revelation basically, right? The revelation of Allah azza wa jal has priority. Don't tell me you got a cryptic message from God in your dream, or some mystic message and you can violate the Shetty. The scholars all agree that this is ludicrous. This is insane. Because revelation is for us all. The Prophet Muhammad was not sent to benefit Surah Eid or Ben Omiya or Benu Quraish. He was sent to the whole world right? Unlike Musa alayhis salam, and also because the ye itself is clear. And whatever disclosures you might get from Allah, we believe someone Allah may disclose certain things to people. Absolutely. But how do you know it was ALLAH

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and wasn't the shaitan right? So the clarity of revelation not just doesn't apply to us, but it is reliable. Right? It

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It is definitely not was it was a Shayateen whereas anyone else after the prophets, the line of transmission that connection, sorry for the tech terms may not be secure. You cannot guarantee the connection is secure. You are not a prophet

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Allah Allah Allah, Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah Allah kind of Vienna, Muhammad Ali, he was so happy Jermaine, may Allah continue teachers that which benefits us and benefit us with that which has taught us and keep us rightly guided with the manners of the prophets and their taqwa, or a share of it of course Allahumma Baraka latika said I want to go to LA