The Golden Age Of Islam

Kamal El-Mekki


Channel: Kamal El-Mekki

File Size: 27.20MB

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Sheykh Kamal El Mekki On The Golden Age Of Islam

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Bismillah Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala rasulillah I mean while he was talking

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I want to begin by saying you're glad at vora. blandina siscon. is very

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and that's it. No more sweet desserts the end of it. Is that one sentence

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Okay, actually I'm very happy to be here. This is my second time in this Masjid. I think my first time was two years ago, the mustard was quite new and Mashallah watercolors, you guys have taken great care of it to look clean and new. Mashallah, that's great. It's good to be with you. Again, it's good to be in Sweden, I have I feel I have a lot of ties to this country, my oldest sister was born in Sweden, I have, you know, relatives that are Swedish. So I feel I have some kind of special ties beyond the fact that every time I come, the Muslims are so well mannered, and so excellent. So I'm very happy to be with you jack O'Hara.

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The the lecture is about the golden age of Islam, the golden age of Islam. And we're talking about the time period where there was a lot of discoveries and scientific development and advancement, and so on, and so forth. And typically, this era was from the eighth century until the 12th century. So it's a good period of time. And realistically, we can't really cover everything that happened during this time, nor can we cover every scientific development and discovery and invention.

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And because the audience was primarily Muslim, what I wanted to do was begin with the causes that led to the golden age of Islam, what caused the Muslims to take so much interest in science and medicine and advanced so much, and then give a brief description of just some of the advances and some of the developments. And some of the names, there's so many names, we'll just take a few of the examples and then try to look at some of the theories as to why there was a decline in the Golden Age, you know, for a time, if you want it to look for knowledge, you look towards the Muslims. And then there came another time when you if you wanted to go find knowledge, you had to leave the

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Muslim lands to get knowledge somewhere else. So what happened and we'll try to do some degree of analysis and find out what the issue is and Sharla close off with what this means to us. And what do we do about that in sha Allah azza wa jal?

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So and the one of the things is that a lot of times when you hear lectures about the, you know, the golden age of Islam, it's kind of like all in the past tense. We used to do this, we were great. We were champions, we were smart. And it's kind of a very depressing lecture, because it's like saying, we used to be smart. No, we're all dumb. We were so intelligent. Now we have no brains and kind of sounds like that social as well. We don't want it to sound like that.

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Alright, so the Golden Age, you said it's about the eighth century. And it started during the reign of the ambassador. And as you know, they are busted dynasty, they overthrew the maid, and they moved the Muslim capital from Damascus, they moved it to Baghdad.

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And people try to speculate what made the best so interested in knowledge and these kinds of things. And some argue that in general, they were just going with the general encouragement in Islam towards seeking knowledge and things of that sort. Because, as you've heard this many times, the first verse that was revealed was a crock, which it either means recite, or it means read. Either way, it's something to deal with knowledge, right? And from the importance of knowledge is that the Prophet salallahu salam, after the Battle of butter the captives from amongst Americans, one of the ways they can set themselves free if they knew how to read and write was to teach 10 Muslims how to read

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and write. And by that they can get their freedom. By the way, just so you know that the importance of the greatness of this, before Islam, there were only two options if you were captured in war, before Islam, you're either enslaved for the rest of your life, or you're killed. These are the only two options. So Islam added many other options. And amongst them are unconditional release, like the old man after butter problem, just let him go. He said, I have two daughters, and I don't have any money to pay my ransom. So the person let him go, unconditional release, or it can be the condition would be teaching someone and it chooses the value the processor gave to writing and to reading. So

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there are busted we're just going with this general encouragement that we have. And the general statements that encourage seeking knowledge, seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave, that the blood of the income scholars is more valuable than the blood of martyrs just sayings that encourage education and learning and reading. Amanda from living humble, Allah used to always walk around with his pen and his like his ink bottle, right? The macabre. So people would ask him, you always carrying this

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And he would say my BA, ll maqbara. So with with my ink pen until I go to the grave. Yeah. So this was the the general atmosphere was there was a lot of encouragement for seeking knowledge. Some of the interesting things in the past, if, if they noticed that someone who's very intelligent, they immediately contact the parents, and they will tell them your child is very intelligent, Mashallah take good care of them. So they can become a great scholar, and they can benefit as a scholar of Islam right. Now, what happens today? Today, if someone is very intelligent, what do you tell the parents? What do you say? Take good care of them, they'll become a great,

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great What? What do you say here? Someone's really intelligent

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scientists, yeah, they'll become a great doctor inshallah. They'll become a brain surgeon, they'll become, you know, there's always medicine these days. Islamic knowledge, we just push that to the side and acknowledge

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we can all get that it's no problem. One of my friends, his wife studied, he used to go to an Islamic University. So his parents will tell him, what what is your wife going to go to school in America was a school that means University. So his parents, his parents asking when is your wife going to study and go to school and go to university? And who told him she is in university? She goes to Islamic University? They'll talk No, no, we mean real University.

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And as if this just they go, they play games with Legos. It's real. But now we don't respect Islamic knowledge. And that's why in certain countries, and we're not going to say the names, but the certain countries your career is determined by basically what you get in high school. Your What do you call your degree here as it is in America GCSE is in UK? And they're called one here?

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Exactly that whatever that is, you guys don't answer Oh, fantastic. So you, if you get A's, then you can go into medicine. If you get B's, you can't go into medicine, but they'll give you other options. If you get C's, okay? It's getting narrower now, but we'll find you something. But you have DS, you cannot enter any field, you cannot go to any university, except for Islamic Studies. So they would actually find if I can say this, the dumbest people in the population, and make them the Imams, and we give them this important position, because we don't give much attention anyways to Islamic knowledge. Just an interesting fact. In the old days, when someone who's studying religion,

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they had to study mathematics as well. And they had to study astronomy as well. Why did they have to study mathematics? Anyone?

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If you're gonna become an Imam, why do you need math?

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There's something with math in it.

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When someone dies,

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when someone dies, what happens? The inheritance you have to break it up and their fractions and their, you know, percentages so that the estimate was mandatory for them to learn mathematics, astronomy, for what and that's easy.

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Come on everybody, you know, the Tabler Ramadan, the month all these things related to alfalah. Right. So that the study these things, so they were smart, and they understood the world. Yeah. Okay. The other thing that are best is that is that they will come knowledge from all parts of the world, they didn't have an issue. And from any part of the world, knowledge is welcome. And the books were welcome, and they would translate them and that brought the good and the bad. The good, of course, would be the sciences, the worldly sciences and the bad.

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were some of the philosophies and some of the, you know, some crazy thoughts that crept into Muslim societies, but they will come knowledge from all parts of the world that are busted set up something called bacon hikma House of wisdom, in Baghdad in the capital, and basically, in this place that would translate all the works of the Greeks of any other nation into Arabic. So they made this knowledge available to those who spoke Arabic at the time. And they had lots of translators and translators were very important people and they were very well paid people. Some of the content contemporary scientists now Emperor and historians, they calculated what a translator was paid

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during this golden age of Islam, what they paid the translator, and by today's standards, it would be a translator would be paid as much as an athlete or a sportsman is paid today. You know, and there are some of the highest paid people write to the translator was a very important individual because they valued the knowledge that they brought. And so when you start to look at what happened is that it became the center and intellectual center and science and philosophy and medicine education was what was happening at the time.

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And whatever came will ever good that came from another society. They brought it in immediately. So paper the Muslims then start learning how to make paper from China and the force that we

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Great because then these books were written on this paper, and that paper would absorb the ink. So it was not like writing on Coronavirus, which would dry up and break and the ink could be erased, it was a fantastic thing. And that's why there were so many books and so many books in Baghdad in the library of books that

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now they're from India, they took the decimal system. And those of you who read about that our is me is the name of an Arab Arabic, and they were Muslim scientists that comes up. And he is the one who basically he took the idea of the decimal system from the Indians, but he became popular for it. And he made it popular as well. From medicine, they took whatever existed from the studies of medicine from the Greeks from the Romans and from the Persians. And they built upon that, and added to that, so have been seen, and he has his book known as the canon of medicine. And it was considered and for a good number of years to be one of the most important books in the field. And then they start to

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build hospitals. And the idea of building hospitals taking care of people this existed for a long period before that, Danny from the time of oma probably a lot more. So if you just look at the achievements of the really amazing, and the things that he thought of were just incredible. When they're building roads, they try to take the road that has the you know, the fewer mountains and hills hilltop, so you can get this nice and straight road. He made a, he made a certain fixed weight for the gold coin, because people would just mint these coins and one is heavier than the other. So he made a fixed weight, all kinds of creative things he made or what is known as there are other

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Omari, so there is an arm's length. And it's not a very accurate measurement. If I told you make it for arm's length, yeah, totally make me a bad brother make it for arm's length. Yeah. And then it's a tall Somali brother. So his bed is like seven arms legs for me, right. But what is an arms like them. So I'm not alone who made a fixed measurement for that all kinds of creative things. Now, I want you to notice when they would sit up this is we're again, we're back into the reign of American photography.

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When they would set up a new city, this is how they would like, plan out and design the city, a man would stand in the middle of the area where they're going to have the new city and he would shoot arrows in different directions. And arrows will go a long distance, but more or less, they'll fall in the same distance from each other. The center where he shot the arrows from that will be the middle of the city. Remember, they're building a new city now. So the center where he was standing would become this the center of this city? And what do you think they'll build in the middle there?

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What do you think, take a guess what we'll rebuild in the middle of the city of a new city. This is an Islamic city now.

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There you go, a sense that they'll build the mosque in the center. And so the Islamic city was centered around the masjid. Yeah. Now what happens with these modern cities, when you go all the roads lead to downtown, from all over the cities telling you downtown downtown, when you get downtown, What is there?

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Okay, either shopping malls, or what they call the central business district, all these buildings, all the offices are downtown, where sometimes all the roads lead to downtown, and they all meet at a place where there's some statue or some monument to some president or some founder, but the middle of the Islamic city was the mosque. And from there, everything happened with the center, the mosque. Now then, at the time former as well, they start to build hospitals. And they came up with a very interesting way of deciding where to put the hospital. So they would take pieces of meat, raw meat, and they would put it in different parts of the city. And then the everyday they check on them. And

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the last one to go back to rot is where they build the hospital. And it's clever because as you know, you know, the the speed through which piece of meat will rot will depend on humidity will depend on the kind of air is it dry air or not the amount of sunlight. So the place where it last rots the last, though considered to be the best place for the hospital. And they will build hospitals there. It's very clever. Now the bus is going back to the Golden Age. They still have hospitals but and the hospitals used to close at night. So then they passed the law that the hospitals will stay open 24 hours never closing this was in the 10th century, and that they made

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another rule that no one will be turned away from the hospital if they had no money. And this is exactly what happens in an Islamic State. The Islamic State takes care of everybody. And many of us we still don't understand what an Islamic State looks like. We just think if you live in Islamic State, it's scary. People with swords are walking around the street. Yeah. And the Sharia is scary. And right now if I say Sharia, even though this Masjid is full of Muslims, when I say Sharia, the first thing you think about is what

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a hand being cut.

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crawling the web.

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Is that the Sharia is more to the story than that? What about the justice, the justice system in the Sharia how there'll be no corruption from public officials? there's going to be no bribery, how the orphans will be taken care of how the widows will be taken care of how there'll be no poor people, it will be so just that's all part of the Sharia. But unfortunately, when people market the Sharia, they only market it in a scary way. Yeah. And actually,

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about two years ago, a Muslim president he said on television, yes. We're gonna bring the Sharia we're gonna cut off hands, and we're gonna cut off feet.

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How inviting is that? Is this the best you could do? This is how you Sterling, the city attorney. You know, something? Islam is like a wonderful, beautiful palace. And this palace, the border, the fence around it is scary. Maybe it's razor wire? Maybe there's an electric fence or moat with alligators in it. But do I judge the beauty of the palace? Just from how scary the fence or the border is? I think you don't, right. So Islam is beautiful. And the boundaries of Allah are scary. And they're designed to be scary. But is that all there is in Islam cutting off of hands and feet, Islamic State, you see a guy.

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Everyone has cut off hands and feet, and there's no mercy. That's not it. I always tell people in a democracy. In America, for example, we have a democracy. And we have capital punishment, democracy. We have the electric chair, we have the gas chamber, we have lethal injection, you know, you go they tie you up, they put a little chemical in your body, and it kills you. They put you in a room full of a poisonous gas, you breathe it, you die. That's how they kill you in America, one of the three ways they kill you. But did you ever hear any American president selling democracy by telling you about how they're going to kill people?

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Impossible. So what is that the Muslim president come and said, we're gonna cut off hands, we're gonna bring democracy. That's like the American president coming and saying, we're gonna bring democracy, we're gonna cut off hands.

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That was me doing Obama.

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We're gonna put people in the gas chamber. And after that, anyways, so unfortunately, that's how we market the city, right?

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So hospitals that were open 24 hours a day, and no one was turned away if they didn't have money. And then they put together a car for work, which is like a charitable foundations, to fund hospitals to fund schools, they should take care of people like that. Students of knowledge were paid for by the government to study of teachers were paid. And even if a chef just sits in the machine, and he teaches all day, the government will give them a salary. So you can keep teaching because they viewed that as part of building the home or building the society. And they even had mental institutions. It's not like, you know, you have a society where if someone's crazy, they're just

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walking around the street hitting people, they made mental institutions for them. And, and they were not even afraid to give high positions to people who are non Muslim. So there were Jews that had high positions, meaning in educational systems, and Christians that would have high positions. The whole point was about knowledge and spreading knowledge books were being translated people were reading people were studying, and people were understanding.

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Then you have, of course, certain specific individuals and characters that stood out and there are many of them, but just some of the few we're going to look at one of them was implement Haytham and many of these names have been like they have been anglicised, so it will hate them is

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and has been in English and hasn't that's just like many names are given an English version and anglicized version, sibling Haytham is known as a hazard. I tell you something interesting. By the way, if you want to know the Muslim contribution to technology to science to the world, you have to kind of dig hard to a degree. And it kind of it should be, you know, common and accessible knowledge to people what the Muslims did for the world as far as sciences were concerned. But for the most well, you have to find they just a few books here and there about Muslim contribution to the world. And one of the reasons behind that this is just an interesting point. One of the reasons behind that

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is actually the Crusades. When the Crusades took place, there became this animosity between the west or the Westerners and the Muslims. So when Western scientists started to take from Muslim Muslim scientists, they didn't give them credit. They didn't say when we took this from them, or I borrowed this from this time because there was animosity, so I don't have to give them credit. These were people who are fighting us, and that's one of the reasons why many people in the West don't acknowledge all the good

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All the great things that Muslim scientists had done in the past.

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And one of the, one of the contemporary scholars, historians, and he did a study, and he found like some of the early and famous Western scientists, stole things, copied them word for word from the Muslim counterpart, word for word copied his work. Imagine someone gets a book and just copies it chocolate into his language. So these are my discoveries, not giving him any credit. Why? Because we were fighting with him a few years ago, who cares? I'm not gonna give him credit. That's one of the reasons.

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So if you hate them, he has a very popular book known as

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the book of optics. Yeah, cuttable manava. It's a book of optics. And he

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was named until now people

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recognize his contributions to the scientific method, the scientific method. So if you want to prove something true, or something false, what is the scientific method that you go through? And beyond just giving logical arguments, he actually developed experiments to prove or disprove something. So before his to our during his time, there was certain theories concerning vision. People didn't know how the how your eyes saw things. So they had one known as the emission theory and the intermission theory, the emission theory said that light shot out of your eyes, light rays shot out of your eyes, and they reached an object. And that's why you can see things you can see things in this room now.

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Because light comes out of your eye, and it hits things, and that's why you can see them. That's the emission theory. And the intermission theory, said that particles from the object, go off the object and enter into the eye. And that's how you're able to see things. And these theories were supported by an unknown Greek writers and thinkers, like told me and and, and Aristotle, and so on. And, and some of them believe that the Greek goddess of light of fire, she, she actually lit a fire in the human eye. And that's how people see, yeah, now you can understand how if you're a more head and you're believing Muslim, and someone tells you the Greek goddess of light, you know, she means you

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lit a fire in the human eye, and like, you're not this garbage. Okay, I know for sure that there's no goddess of fire. So I have to come up with my own theory. And he came up with ways of explaining how this doesn't work and experiments that explained how light also travels in a straight line in light rays, traveling the straight line. He argued that, for example, it's impossible that light shoots out of my eye to reach the object, because he argued, if I put an object in a dark room, and I go stand outside, Can I see it?

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No. So if light is shooting out of my eyes, I should be able to see it correct. Just like if my eyes were like flashlights, yeah, flashlights? How is the flashlight in Swedish?

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Say it again. Big, lambda, big lambda. So if your eyes were like I learned Raka yesterday. So I'm gonna say you know, learning some intellectual.

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So that if your eyes were like a big lump, ah, then you can actually be in the light and point to something in the dark, look at something in the dark. And you can see it because light is coming out of your eyes. But you can't see something. If it's in the dark. That means light, even if you're in the light. Yeah, and something's in the dark, you can't see it. That means no light is shooting out of your eyes. He also gave another argument that was very logical, he said, it would be impossible to open to look up at the stars, open your eyes and see the stars immediately. You understand the argument? Because if light goes from your eye, and that's how you see an object, how would you see

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the stars and even back then people knew that stars were very, very far away. Now we know that they're, you know, light years away, millions of light years away. So he argued How would you see a star Everybody with me?

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Thank you just have to keep talking up.

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Dude, who talks more brothers or sisters?

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You sure? The sister said that? Thank you for saying that. What do you guys think? who talks more brothers and sisters? You think so? You're sure to love?

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Why do we think that?

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Actually, research has shown that men and women speak almost the same amount of words.

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But we always think women speak more than men. And we make a lot of jokes. I was very sad when I read about this research. Because now all the good jokes that I have, I can't use them anymore.

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They said I'm going to say them anyways. They said this guy. These two women were in jail together for 10 years. For 10 years in jail together. Did they let him out of jail the same time so one of them tells the other

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Let's go to my house finish the conversation.

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This guy was sitting reading the newspaper, The phone rang. So his wife answered and she started talking for one hour. After one hour, she put the phone down her husband asked her who was that she said was the wrong number.

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There was, in the oldest were very famous research ever psychologist was talking about the research said that men speak to 1500 words a day. And women speak 2000 24,500 words a day. And this research was good news for us men. But then guess what we discovered, they discovered that this research, even though many books were over the years we're quoting, it is actually not true. There is no such research. And the research that was conducted at the university level shows that men women speak to an equal number of words, actually. Yeah. But anyways, the good joke was that the man read this research to his wife. And he said to his wife, you see you guys speak twice as much as we do. And

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the woman said, Yes, because we have to keep repeating ourselves.

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And the men said, What?

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but here's my theory. This is why I think men think women speak more than men. Because if you look at brothers, when they're out having kebab and talking to each other, they don't stop for one minute. The brothers don't stop talking. Pay attention to it next time. They don't stop for a minute. But we think women speak a lot, specially the married brothers. Were the married brothers. You don't even want to be known today.

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So the marriage brothers, we think women speak a lot, because you're not interested in what your wife has to say. That's why. So what is just talking to?

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You know, what we do for women? Let me let me tell you something, this is what your husband does to you, or your future husband will do to you.

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While you're talking? He doesn't listen. I know don't listen to my wife either. What we do is we give you a spaced out variety of different sounds to make you think we're listening to you. So I was just talking to them.

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Like that. But of course, the woman is smart. After a while she notices. She's Are you listening to me? So the message Yes. So what happens? I know we're going off topic here big time. But

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the woman says Will you listen to me? The man says yes. She says, what did I said? Now let me tell you a secret sisters. All men they have in their brain, a recording devices that record the last 20 seconds of conversation. So when you stop when you tell them? Are you listening to me? What did I say? He rewinds he tells what you said to default, and I shouldn't have said that about?

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Yes. Anyways, so I was saying that the room is continuous.

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Okay, are we awake now? Can we continue? Wonderful. So yeah, the whole tangent because a lot of people just started speaking. This is boring. Oh, no, we did this in the past. Who cares? Yeah.

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Anyways, I think it's interesting what you hate them did. So he argued that how can you see the stars that are so far away? If light is going from your eye to the stars? Would you be standing there for millions of years? Yeah. brother wants to show you something waiting for it. I'm trying to see the stars. I've been waiting here for a while. Yeah. And he did a bunch of very interesting and very intelligent experiments. So his book,

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the book of optics remained the most important books in the field for 700 years. 700 years, until Johann Kepler came later on and wrote a more updated more important book, but 700 years it was the most important book, and any of you studied the scientific method, you may hear the name and has an original Haytham because he was of those who kind of put together a scientific method. He didn't just using logic refute. But he put together scientific experiments to prove or disprove

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any, any idea.

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How are we doing? We're good.

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There was abubaker raazi. And he was the first to establish a direct link between bacteria and infections. And he actually came up with an antiseptic. So if there's surgery, there's a warned you give you apply an antiseptic to prevent infection or to prevent bacteria in the feces, the first one to discover that there's something known as a human circulatory system that is an entire system in the body that the blood revolves and circulates the body, using the system going in and out of the heart and so on and so forth.

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And john Hill, actually described

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basically, he described evolution now not evolution, meaning

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You're a monkey then you became evolution meaning animals adapting and changing. And he gives a description is very much so exactly what adaptation and evolution of animal species is very accurately.

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Another other environmental Hayami had the calendar, and discovered that he designed the calendar. And for 500 years, it was off by just one day, fairly accurate calendar. So we're trying to see then that from all different sciences and all different fields, Muslims were doing a great deal, and they were

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making developments and advancements. And one of the reasons that we start again today, people don't give them much credit is that when Western scientists took from the Muslim scientists, they didn't give them much credit, unfortunately.

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And so we started this is like, this goes from the eighth century until about the 12th century, that was the end of the Muslim Golden Age. What were the reasons for the decline? No one will tell you exactly for sure. But there are a number of different theories. And it can be a combination of these different reasons. Everyone with me.

00:31:09--> 00:31:44

There's one theory, or one opinion that says it's due Well, this is after the collapse of the of the busted dynasty. And now the seljuk Turks took over. And some argue that it was the theologians that started to kill science. But there's some experts that disagree with this opinion that made meaning basically, the the Imams, the moolah, as the Milan has said, No, this is all garbage, all this, all this system of, of using science and thinking was not good, and they killed it. So many people actually say this is a very weak opinion that it was theologians who killed the advancement.

00:31:46--> 00:32:22

Another opinion says it was a combination of the crusades, which was in the 11th and 12th century. And the Mongols. Mongols first approach the Muslim Empire it was in 2006. So instead, it was the crusades, the combination of the Crusades and the Mongols to start to help the decline. Others approximate the end of the Muslim golden age to exactly 1258 to the year 1258. How they come up with this, this is people are born here. Golden Age what Golden Age.

00:32:24--> 00:32:27

I didn't come here for Golden Age, you come here for them.

00:32:29--> 00:32:30

I'm gonna cherish those guys.

00:32:32--> 00:32:33

Thank you.

00:32:34--> 00:33:15

So it's why have they picked this date 1258. Because this was this sack of back that one bar dad was was entered and destroyed by the Mongols. This is some actually say this, like if there was a definitive moment where you could say this is when the Golden Age died. It would be when the Mongols entered Baghdad. And if you ever read the history of how they entered Baghdad, it was really, really heartbreaking. Really sad, devastating. And the entered, but that involved a number of things were in the beginning who lacko told that bastard halifa send me all your scholars were nobles, and everybody. And immediately, he had all of them killed. Yeah, but he kept the halifa alive. So he

00:33:15--> 00:33:57

could come back and show him where the gold is the Muslim gold is. And so the Mongols come in, and they take years and decades of Muslim gold. And they took it and they use and so on. Then they started to kill people for days. For 40 days, they were killing people left and right about that. And they were very severe, very severe, or any one soldier would come he turned, he turned into this road, where there were 40 babies that were killed small infants that were known, sorry, they were alive. These 40 babies were on the floor on the ground on the street, because their mothers were killed. So this soldier now takes off, takes out his sword, and one by one just to kill these babies

00:33:57--> 00:34:37

40 of them. And I always ask people, what what would it take and what goes through the mind of a grown man when he has to kill 40 babies and what would make you do something like that. And the Muslims for 40 days while they were being killed did not raise a single hand against the Mongols. And the who said that I witnesses said that one Mongol would have 100 Muslims behind him. And he would lead them all to their death and they would not resist even they wouldn't even raise their hands to resist because they had scared them before entering but that the rumors were that the Mongols didn't eat that their horses lived on routes, which had little nutrition, so their horses

00:34:37--> 00:34:59

don't need nutrition. The men don't need nutrition. The women are great fighters. It's useless to try to fight them so people were devastated and destroyed. And the whole point we want we're not gonna describe everything the Mongols did but what we want is that when they entered but that they beyond killing and burning and everything, and when they just went from city to city to city and it was killed 600,000

00:35:00--> 00:35:04

700,000 800,001 point 2 million. That's how much they were killing people.

00:35:05--> 00:35:32

But when they entered that, they went into the library, the Islamic library, and they took these books and they threw them into the Euphrates River. And the eyewitnesses said, they basically threw so many books into this river that the the books became a bridge. So with their horses, they cross over these books over the river, they became a bridge. And the eyewitnesses said the reef Euphrates River turned black. What made it turn black?

00:35:33--> 00:35:47

guys in the corner there? Yes. Fantastic. The ink Yeah, unbelievable. So the ink, the water would flow through these books and just take the ink out and the river became black on the other side. So sometimes, for example, you're studying the biography of Imam

00:35:48--> 00:36:20

Shafi, for example. And you understand that he read, like he wrote 200 books, for example. And today, what how many books do I have four, or six, and just a few number of books, that 100 200 other books. All of these things were lost all these great writings, all the great translations, great words were just lost in the river like that. And it was lost because the most students didn't want to defend themselves didn't want to wake up to the allowed years and years of work in education and science to just really just go down the drain, you know, figuratively.

00:36:21--> 00:36:32

And so that's why many people pinpoint 1258 when they entered, but that specifically as like, if there's ever a point that can mark the decline of the golden era was that point specifically.

00:36:34--> 00:37:12

Now others say, so now we've got what the first opinion which was quite weak, that is a that religious people who killed science, and this is a weak opinion. The second was that it was a combination of the crusades, and the third, the Mongols. And the the fourth says that it's the weakness, it's happened from within. So the ambassador dynasty began to collapse. And little groups began to sprout up here and there. And I know we think it's a good thing when you break up and make your own group. But if we only had better wisdom, would see that there is more benefit in the oma being together. So when the dynasty start to break off into little groups, and there were many of

00:37:12--> 00:37:58

these groups all over the place, it started to become weak, it started to get weakened. And these splits and some even say, these splits coupled with the decline of Orthodox Islam, which is like mainstream Islam started decline, and from there on, everything else started to decline. And then we come to the final opinion, which is what a lot of the scholars say, the scholars say, for our oma, Allah subhanaw taala linked our success, our financial success and everything else, to our Deen to our religion. So our financial success, the well being on the state of the human, everything is linked to our Deen. If we're in a good situation Deen wise will be in a good situation. If we try to

00:37:58--> 00:38:42

sell our Deen and compromise the dean for the sake of getting the dunya then Allah subhanaw taala is going to basis and we're going to be humiliated and this is one of the opinion and and a number of if in the Koran show something to the same effect right, a link between getting blessings and bought a cat from Allah subhanaw taala and your Yoni how you are religiously internally, a huge weekend that's what I'm gonna do set up pergola at home during his philipa, he would have his generals send him a journal of the spiritual condition of his soldiers, the spiritual condition, because he knew that the amount of the soldiers was the main tool and the main weapon and the main cause of victory.

00:38:42--> 00:39:06

It's not about numbers specifically, or just about technique, but it was about that. So when a decline start to happen religiously, then they start to lose the union start to lose signs and start to lose the element and then start to get to a point where they became humiliated. Allah Subhana Allah says, In the Quran, Willow, Willow and national Pura Amman, what

00:39:07--> 00:39:37

led him Baraka to minister man. Yeah, and if the people of the village believed and believed and had taqwa what taco, the fatahna Allah opened for them from the blessings of the heavens and the earth, believe have Taqwa have a man on the laws origin, and He will give you from the blessings of this duty from the blessings of the heavens and the blessings of the earth. But they belied the messengers. And so they were taken with this punishment. Like what is in another verse?

00:39:39--> 00:39:59

Allah subhanaw taala talks about in Allah Allah euroma gekomen, Hatha Yoga euroma, bm fusi him and this verse is saying, Allah does not change the condition or the situation of a people until they change what's in their heart. Now, if you look at the defeat of this verse, it's actually speaking about when you're in a good situation.

00:40:00--> 00:40:42

Low won't change your good situation to a bad one, until you internally change to become bad as well. Now, the scholars also say the opposite is also true Yanni. They're saying you can reverse the verse and it would be correct. Meaning if you're in a bad situation as well, you want to want it to improve to become a better situation. You actually have to improve here religiously, and your situation will improve. That's why if you want to go back to the Mongols, when syphilis, Namibian Tamia, Allah, when he resisted the Mongols, one of the first things he did, he first sat down and started to teach the people religion, because when you're at a bad religious state, how is it going

00:40:42--> 00:40:54

to give you victory? So first he taught them Then he took them to fight against the Mongols. And that was the mentality that was the understanding. And so as we said, Allah subhanaw taala linked our success in the dunya. To our dean.

00:40:56--> 00:41:07

If you examine, for example, the most cash rich area in the world where is it? The most cash rich area? America is not cash rich, it's all credited. So cash Where Where is it?

00:41:09--> 00:41:50

It's the Middle East, and it's the Middle East, the most cash rich area in the world. So it's not Muslims today. What's the problem with Muslims today? Oh, there's no money. No, there's a lot of money. So that's not the problem, then there's money. Oh, Muslims is not smart. Are you kidding me? Very smart. And I don't know about Sweden. But in America, okay. Don't put this on YouTube. But in, in America, all the smart and brilliant scientists. They're from Pakistan, from India, from Iran, from all these places, all Muslims, NASA loaded with Muslim scientists. But of course, they don't come on TV. On TV, the white guy comes on Yeah, we put our broker on the margin

00:41:51--> 00:41:54

of error of guys behind. That was my idea.

00:42:01--> 00:42:38

So people say it's about cash. It's not about that to say it's about not having intellectuals and thinking we have a brilliant people. Yeah, but they're not given opportunities. So they the brilliant minds, they leave their countries to go to the Western they get jobs during their get appreciated there. So the link is that our Deen is linked to our dunya and when we want to sell out our Deen for the sake of dunya we're in the bad situation. It's kind of like what I'm gonna go on was said that Allah subhanaw taala gave the is the dignity and the honor to the to the Arabs with Islam. The day they tried to find dignity and honor and something else alone based on human lead.

00:42:39--> 00:42:54

Allah subhanaw taala I want to read a verse from sort of, towards the end of school to know. And in this surah Allah subhanaw taala is giving a promise a lot of good says what are the love and the Vina Armando min Kumara Swamy hat, there is the flippin

00:42:55--> 00:43:33

chemistry and Lavina milk company, let's translate. What are the love of the Vina Ahmed woman come? Allah makes this word, what the scholars say a word is a promise with a stipulation, you understand? Meaning I'll give you this, this this this if there's an IF. So a word is a promise of good promise of good, not just any promise will be true. And that's not a word. Now that's a threat. So it's a promise of good and it has a stipulation with it. So Allah subhanaw taala gives this word what are the law hope and levena Amano Minh Kumar,

00:43:34--> 00:43:52

those who believe from amongst you and do the good deeds, not just those who believe you believe in you do the good deeds. And that's the idea. We don't have people walking around saying, I believe, I believe all the time I saw this Muslim he was drunk and stoned. He was saying I'm drunk. And I'm stoned.

00:43:56--> 00:44:36

It's really sort of the beliefs is that the beliefs? No there is a God right? If listeners there's a London he speaks to a lot. It's not enough to know there's a God. It's about action. Yeah. So it's not enough to say oh we believe. So here. Allah promised those who believe amongst you and they do the righteous deeds, this The earth is live on earth means he gives them like the sovereignty of the earth. They will be in charge of the earth chemistry will have a legitimate claim as he gave it to those before some scholars say those who had control of the earth before meeting some of the prophets of Allah who had great control on Earth. Yeah, common stock level idiom in Kabbalah him

00:44:37--> 00:44:59

What do you MacKinnon Allah whom Dena who later Kabbalah and above will not only put them in charge of the earth, but he will give them keen to their Deen, meaning he will keep their religion strong and firm. Not just that you're in charge of the earth, but this week in charge of the earth and make your religion strong on Earth. Yeah, well, you didn't know much about the whole thing.

00:45:00--> 00:45:36

And you will replace their state of fear with the state of security is not an excellent thing. You're in charge of the earth, you religious firm on earth and the state of fear that used to live in, it's gone now and you live in a state of Amman and security and um, and there's no fear now. Then Allah Subhana Allah gives the stipulation. This is what you have to do to get all these fantastic things. A lot of Logan says yagoona de la una visa yeah buena de la use requena. beside you, they worship Me, and they do not worship anything along with me.

00:45:37--> 00:45:49

But, okay, now we're almost ahead, right, with Omar Valera. Hello Allah, the followers of the Prophet Muhammad SAW Salaam Ibrahim al Hassan, the destroyer of idols, how much shirk is in our own mana?

00:45:50--> 00:46:03

How much it is in our own mana ship, is when you worship something besides Allah, or when you worship something else, along with Allah. So you pray to a lot and you pray to something else with Allah.

00:46:04--> 00:46:44

Even if it's 1%, a lot of variances and 100 could see an urban assura Cat on a ship. I am in need of partners in the least whoever worships me and something else with me. Even if you worship Allah 99% and you give 1% of worship to something else, Allah will take the 99 to him and give it all to that thing, because Allah is not in need of partners in the least. And this is the worst and biggest sin in Islam. And we're the home of the hate that fights against Schick, how much it is in the Muslim lands now. And I'm talking about blatant shift, like graves where people go and call upon dead people and make people walk around dead people, all these kinds of how much stuff is in the

00:46:44--> 00:47:24

homeowner, how many 1000s of graves and I don't want to say names of Muslim countries. Yeah, but in one Muslim country, they're about the calculated 5000 graves that are worship where people visit a lot and make two out two and so on. Yeah, and in one other country 3000 in this place this many 1000 so much chicken and this is just one type of show check the latest one where you go to a grave and is a mystery to the grave and all these kinds of things. How about all the other types of ship where you instead of relying on a law you're relying on a folded piece of paper that has drawings and stars inside it? Where strange words in it draw you know you're relying on this weird thing boiled

00:47:24--> 00:48:00

egg that you have to hide under something, all these kinds of weird things, and your heart is attached to these things. These tema m amulets? Yeah, the LM segmanta alacati mutton pocket Ashok, whoever hands an amulet is committed ship. I'm hanging this thing to protect me to defend me. And this man was telling me once we said this in a lecture and this older man came. And he said, Why do you think these things are bad? These things are good. These things that you hang around your neck, they protect you. And he told me a story about how his cousin, you know, escaped from, you know, a war zone through a border. And he was traveling in the depth of night, and he could hear the

00:48:00--> 00:48:23

soldiers in the enemy soldiers. And he was trying to escape. Yeah. And he could hear them and as you walk closer to them, he could hear their voices getting closer and closer, was pitch dark, they can see each other and the mental me as he got closer and closer. He kept squeezing this thing harder and harder and harder, until he made it through. So he says Why do you say they say these things are bad. This thing saved him.

00:48:24--> 00:49:03

And I told him, that's exactly what we're saying. You said this thing saved him. He was alone who saved him. Unless save this map and show me this little folded piece of paper saved him. You know if these folded pieces of paper protected you What's the argument? What? Why would they protect you? They told you what they have put on them. That's why they protect you really open them up. I used to have you know, some of those that were opened up and I would take them around show them to students that have caught on in them have a worse than they have stars and gendlin which is all kinds of weird things. You have never opened one to have caught on in it. And if it has, you still have a

00:49:03--> 00:49:14

problem in going to the bathroom with it. You can't just run to the bathroom. Then I'll take it off. Okay, well you take it off who's gonna protect you while you're in the bathroom? A lot. Well then what do you need outside of the bathroom?

00:49:18--> 00:49:23

What Okay, if one verse is going to protect you don't just hold the hold up and walk around.

00:49:24--> 00:50:00

How about that? This is what the Quran has come to. Now, when you buy little currency you can put it in the glove compartment in your car so you'd be safe no accident Sharla having to crawl under the baby's head. We just talked about that. You know how there's just little microscopic Hold on. And then when you have a newborn you take it you put it into the baby's pillow to protect the baby. Yeah, does it protect babies? Okay, here if you want let's say maybe you go to a family and they just had a newborn baby. And you found they had a smoker under the baby's pillow. So you want to quick knit, when in doubt. We have to be

00:50:00--> 00:50:10

Smart. Yeah, you want a quick technique to show them that that doesn't protect the baby. I'm going to tell you the quick technique. Go to their house and smack the baby.

00:50:12--> 00:50:16

That's the technique. That's it. It will prove that it doesn't protect so how are you?

00:50:18--> 00:50:19

I'm joking. So you were like,

00:50:20--> 00:50:21

why they bring him

00:50:22--> 00:50:24

Don't bring this guy again.

00:50:25--> 00:50:43

Okay, I think I've gone over an hour almost having Uh huh. Yes. Hmm. Borden bringing Muslim bedelia that is fun. The poetry and stuff Get out. Get this guy out of here. Mr. molars coming soon. inshallah, just let me end with this. Okay.

00:50:45--> 00:51:20

I want to end with this. So what does it have to do with us? Are we just talking about the past and there's nothing we can benefit from? a number of things. Number one, we should be aware of taking care of our education. And sometimes people start to get religious. And they start to say this just about dunya is just about money. I'm concerned with apcera Mashallah, and chewable Baccarat play games. Okay. Many times I had a lecture recently. And the brother who was announcing it was saying, we're talking about the real success. Who cares about grades and dounia. And in homework it was this guy.

00:51:21--> 00:51:35

This is your excuse for failing. Yeah, brother. I got an apple handle. I care about the Acura and care about no paper. Many times old meat brothers were going through university this for to me though, tell me the oldest running around for a piece of paper.

00:51:37--> 00:52:07

Okay, if that's what you think it is? Fine. So look, you being religious, and failing in school have nothing to do with each other. And the companions were all brilliant people. And they were all successful people. And the intelligent Muslim is the one who uses his, his dunya and translates that and changes it into Dean. You can take anything with you to the next slide. Can you take your car to the next slide? Just like can you take Swedish crowns to Germany?

00:52:08--> 00:52:33

Yeah, but you just have to convert it into another currency that's acceptable in Germany, right? I can take my car, I can take my farm my house to the Euro, but I convert it into a job. And I can take it with me. That's an acceptable currency if I can use that term in the US era. So some people they got there they're doing it in the US it to get their Dean and others that are known or lost, or divorced or dunya. What do you 17 the worst of dunya

00:52:35--> 00:52:39

and two years laters I need to get married brother. You shouldn't divorce the dunya Javi.

00:52:40--> 00:53:06

Okay, this will help you get married. So, as moto della Han, who was a millionaire by our standards, he was a millionaire multi millionaire. And he used his Deen to buy an income and the facility can do that for you. Right? He uses Dean to get gender personal and wanted someone to donate to the army have to book who will prepare the army to book and he will get agenda. So as Monica Lohan got up and he said I'll give 100 camels

00:53:08--> 00:53:52

meaning fully loaded, ready to go with the reins, saddle, stirrups, ropes, everything, not just going to give you a camel Do you find your own ropes, ready to go full tank well fed. Then the pasta lamb because he said we'll get a gentleman so he got it now and post him again. smarten up again and give another 100 fully ready to go. Then he sat down in person asked again and he got up again. NARRATION say he got up seven times when narration says he got 10 times. So he used his money to get General obok raise his money to support the religion. So there's no contradiction here. Most people think philosophy you get the if you're religious. Don't matter about the donor and be a failure and

00:53:52--> 00:54:13

always be broken smoke is coming out of your pockets. One and we want the mom to be like that always. I always talk about the mom, the mom's car. We want our mom to have a broken car with smoke and dust and rust in it and what happened in my mom's car broke down brothers sisters a mom's car broke down. We need to buy him a new battery. Please donate.

00:54:14--> 00:54:37

Always. And if a man has a nice car people get offended. A man like you have a nice car. It was in the moment America had a Mercedes. One of the board members came to me he said shouldn't drive a nice car. You should be a role model. I had a broken Ford for three years. None of you sold your Porsches to buy a Ford what kind of role model is this? I just have to live in poverty and you guys

00:54:39--> 00:54:59

anyway so this this strange here and listen, this is a big disconnect you find amongst Muslims that if you're religious, I lost and I shouldn't be I shouldn't have worlds I shouldn't have wasn't a book called wealthy wasn't. Oh, Mr. wealthy, wasn't it man was the joke. They were all wealthy. Alright, and my last point because I've gone to over and we don't want to keep Muslim beloved waiting

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

I know you guys like get out of here, we want Muslims.

00:55:04--> 00:55:06

And guess what I do too.

00:55:07--> 00:55:47

And so we're saying, in the end, I want to say, find your role, find your part. Everyone in here has the talent, everyone has a skill. And every skill can be used to benefit the religion of a large audience. But nobody with an AR oma is not at a time where we can afford to just sit back and watch. Everyone has to roll up their sleeves and do something. Do not belittle what you can do. Do not belittle your part. Do not say I'm just a young guy, I'm still in school and what have you, you can do whatever you want to do, okay? But you believe in Allah azza wa jal, you plan properly, and you want to do something for this oma and the least case, if you can't do anything, you're a complete

00:55:47--> 00:55:57

loser, you have no skills to offer the oma. And that's not simple. How many of us You always make the offer. So only when there's a calamity Syria?

00:55:58--> 00:55:58


00:56:00--> 00:56:13

Once done half, Alaska barely now have energy left. How many of us constantly make two after the summer? do that? Yeah. And I'll stop here in South LA. And because I don't want to go over. We don't keep it that way.

00:56:15--> 00:56:31

I want to tell you that I'm here with I came for a conference and also here during this tour with a motive Institute Who's heard of a motive Institute Put your hands up. Oh, that's a small number. Here's the great news. And Mother of Institute is now coming to Sweden.

00:56:33--> 00:57:08

Yeah, thank you for that. That could be excellent. Because you don't know what it is. Let me tell you what it is. Basically what it is. Now. It's a it's a it's an institute that offers degrees in Islamic Studies. Not everyone can go overseas and study in a certain study in Medina and study overseas is that not everyone can do that. You're in the middle of studying law. How are you going to do that? So what happens is that mother brings the course to your town. And it's an intensive course. It can be single weekend or double weekend, all day, Saturday, Sunday, you take the course you get the notes, you understand your topic very well. The instructor leaves town. And then four

00:57:08--> 00:57:21

weeks later, you take the exam online and it goes towards your degree in Islamic Studies. A number of courses, a number of great instructors, you guys know she has a colleague. He's the Dean of academics with the Mughal Institute. You guys know shepway the Sunni

00:57:23--> 00:57:38

Oh, come on people now we're gonna have I thought we were friends. Jeff is the CEO and if people say holy man, this is our like heavy hitter. This is our heavyweight in North America. So Khalid is the vice president of a mogul if you guys know Shama Sharif.

00:57:40--> 00:58:23

Man, you guys man. He is the founder of a MongoDB Institute. You guys know how barista networks a lot? He? Yeah, so he is one of our instructors. She has a bit just shamatha tea. Chef Aston Honey. Yeah. And a bunch of names. Yeah. And the most handsome instructor of all come on. I'm just kidding. Now, anyway, so it's coming to Stockholm. The first course will be in November it's going to be on the seat of the porcelain with Chef the battery was phenomenal. And come to the course especially if you think you know the serum, see if you'll be challenged at the course or not. Knowledge is much deeper than we always think it is. So now this is a great blessing that's coming to the to this

00:58:23--> 00:58:43

country. And maybe it will come to your city as well because it's in multiple cities sometimes in one country. So maybe we can come to yet a Bori anyway, it's something like carefree attentive listening, and then the website is a for more information and doc McCarran Salama, we're going to take a break and then it's going to be time for

00:58:46--> 00:58:50

yes two sisters are excited Muslim Bella. Terra, Somali kakula