Principles Of Fiqh Part 3
Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
File Size: 18.95MB
lately has worked for me to do to
have the lowest.
Okay, what? Where did we leave off? Let's say
One brother said, one brother who didn't come last. And he asked me, What did we cover? I said the history was so sick. He said, Oh, I didn't miss anything.
You missed the difference between five. And
where do we leave off? Quickly?
so we got to the point.
Quickly where were these people mostly?
Okay. And these people
can we discuss
why basically the developed in those areas.
So we want to go on from here.
What we find is this group here,
what happened in history is that this group was able to relate lots of Hades
had lots of reports from Sahaba, and so forth. But when it came when it came to understanding them, and when it came to interpreting what these headings actually meant, there was some weakness on these people's parts. And they were very good at preserving had it and passing them on correctly. But the actual understanding, and for many of them, of course, obviously, you know, medic is one of these.
I don't think anyone would say that the mimetic Danny did not understand the Hadees that he was passing on.
And with respect to these groups, as we mentioned last time,
they had a distrust for
the little hobbies that they had. And therefore they base a lot of their opinion
on right here,
but the problem,
so don't play with
us playing with you not playing with it.
But the main problem with them, as I said, they used to look for, tries to look at the reasoning behind the outcome, or the reasons behind the laws of the *tier. The main problem with them is that they were not very consistent.
They basically had no set
way of reasoning. For many of them. Again, obviously, there's some exceptions, for example,
the first one of this group,
and, of course, was very consistent. But in general, if you're talking about it often is yours in general, these are some of the problems.
You can look it up.
So that was the situation around the beginning of the
third century history around 200.
Or, let's say between 150 to 200.
Have you ever wondered about any for day, class from last year?
From what 90 to 150 or something?
84 to 150. Of course.
Why my medic was born around name. So let's change this to 100 to 200.
Yes, we'll get to I think we'll get to one
This is basically what the situation I was describing was from 100 to 200.
This is the my medic. Medic was born around nine years old, very close. I don't remember,
any North Africans happen to know.
This is the period that these these groups were being solidified. You can see.
And then last time I talked about
who was the first one to write about?
Actually, I didn't ask that question. Now. That was the first one to write about.
When did that begin?
When did it begin,
as we talked about last time, actually began during the time of
And it developed over time. Now, before before the time of before the membership.
There was there were writings about solutions,
for example, was
given up for the famous for being Martha's, he said that she had a book or he has some writing related tools.
Also of use of the companion of hanifa.
He is credited with having a book called duck
with this book has not survived.
And even some of the medicals they claim that the medic was the first one to write about.
But it seems the first one to really have an organized writing
in organized writing of the different topics.
And covering them in detail was enough.
What's the name of his book?
He wrote many What's the name of his
famous book in Susa? carousel? And why is it called a reseller?
He used to refer to it as an keytab.
In my book, in our book, we said,
became famous as a reseller. Why?
Danny, it was actually from my head, it was seeing this situation himself. He wrote a, and he asked me to write the book. And he's describing how to understand the Quran, and how to use different evidences that we now call the adult level solution.
Well, it's a difficult question to answer.
And he wrote, to ask him to write a book,
which is concerning what we now call.
He was mad, mad.
He was living at the time that he asked me to write shutter was in Baghdad. So obviously, the home was someplace else.
Yeah, it wasn't in London.
I don't remember exactly where, where he was.
If we look at some of the characteristics of a membership,
this is kind of advertisement for the shipping method.
First of all, Where's he from?
He was born in Palestine. But where did he he didn't stay about them very long. He grew up where
There is one of the descendants
actually is one of the relatives of the Prophet.
They've been in Mecca he learned he learned the school.
They've been after.
What do I mean by that? Obviously, he was not
happy by the way he died in the year 204.
That's when he died.
School of meaning
that time when it came to understanding the Quran,
the Quran how to understand the
ne the zoo, or the reason
Behind the revelation of Quran, and other finer points of the Quran,
Mecca was famous for the students of eBenefits. And passing on this knowledge of
way of thinking
that this was a little bit unique in
luck, unique in the sense that he was different, but she was basically more advanced than many other people. Also, like I studied Harry's
under the scores of Harry's and McKenzie.
Yeah, what I'm talking about here, what he's famous for what his students were famous for Mecca, was the style of making consumable.
while young, he spent some time
with the veterans.
This is still history.
But what's what's important this is this is now very, fairly young.
The advantages of that is that he became experts in the Arabic language.
As everyone knows, this used to be the case that the veteran language is purer than the other people's languages, but we have proof nowadays.
What did he do next?
He can tell you
more important Okay, from scholarly for from a scholarly life point of view. What did he do after that?
But okay, he went to Medina.
He studied under
any of our medics found him to be excellent students.
Although there's a story about him,
the first time he said the medic circle, remember if it was somewhat poor when he first traveled,
so he used to sit there with a piece of straw and write in his hand.
Mr. Malik was a little bit upset. He thought he's just playing. But actually, he's writing the headiest because as I just taught this brother, and when you write it down, it's easier to learn for some people. So after the after the lecture in America took him aside and asked him, Why is he playing? And he said, I'm doing this to memorize the headings and he read back from his memory, obviously, all the headings that he had
written was drawn.
It stayed within America until the memo medic died.
became a close companion, though. Obviously, he is by now already considered fairly, fairly good
in the Hijazi.
Although he wasn't really considered a chef by then.
What's happening next?
related to what we're talking about here.
They had to go to Baghdad, why did he have to go to Moses?
No, why did you have to go?
Why was your
okay he was ordered to stand in front of the horse, the qualifier that
was during that time, he was ordered to appear in front of the halifa because they claim that he was supporting one of the zedi men against
and one of the fuqaha. And so he wants to bug that.
There's one story seems to be fairly strong. That's one of the above that or Iraq
went to Baghdad to intercede on his behalf.
And he could talk to the ruler on his behalf Who was that?
handball is one of his students. And in fact he studied under him in Mecca. Much later, after he returned to Mecca.
The one who
One student on his behalf was Mohammed
Okay, and who was this?
Okay, this is one long with us of this is the most important of the students of anything.
And it was at this time of death, that
dementia, we begin to debate shibang
nice season from being killed in the minister
refuting his views. Okay. At this time when he was debating Chavez issue, Bernie in his early years he was representing the school.
Okay. But the difference between him was when he argued, and he wasn't like the other people that had used the DNC.
And he just be able to repeat the headache without understanding them, he was able to understand the headache and therefore refute some of the views of Shivani.
After that, he traveled for some time, he went back to Mecca, he went back to bug that
the next time and does that this is when he wrote the first version of
this is the version that he sent to other family men.
So what we see here is that he was able to view pretty much the whole situation, and study both sides.
When he was in Baghdad, he didn't just debate with Shivani, obviously, but he also learned more of the of Iraq.
So the first version of rissalah heroes one and of the second time you went to
that version doesn't exist today.
But you finally settled, we're
finally settled in Egypt.
And it was in Egypt.
it was an
and Egypt, he wrote the second version of the one that exists today.
And it was in Egypt, where he really began to put everything together and begin is no matter.
He has an earlier version of his result from Baghdad, but not from the strip of literature.
And then he has the second version, the one that exists today, which is in the library. So if you ever want to take a look at it, we don't have it in our library.
Oh, he did lots of things.
He fell back to Mecca. Then he went back to was that and then he went, went to Egypt. And in between also he went between
it would have been the was his students around the year 200.
Mecca was the first time we met.
Okay, now mmcf is considered by many people to be majestic.
What's the medium would you have the same word in Turkish? I hope I hope
like videos when
I was in Indonesia, no
just it is the one who renews things. And he has things straight from the way they're supposed to be. He brings them back to the way to the way that they're supposed to be. So he was considered the first
not the first but he was considered he's considered by many people to be which
of course we cannot really say for sure who he is.
And the reason he is considered them we just did is because this
the first book, like textbook on
it is the the book that basically changed the history of Buddhism.
Okay? His goal as a reseller
was, of course to obviously to put an end to the chaos and the inconsistency that he saw between these two schools
and to return back to the way it was during the prophet and during the time of the whole affair rasheeda
any questions about his life?
The important thing to note
is this one Arabic language
His familiarity with both of these schools
as important thing, that's what really benefited
Okay, basically, the one he wants to book that he wants as really a representative of it.
And he was there and he debated with them. This is even the second time he went, he was still basically a representative. And after the first time, after the first time, we went about dead and the husband's job learning how to save him from halifa. He went back to Mecca, actually went back to Medina, Mecca, Medina, one of those two, and he started to teach in the mosque. But he had changed many of his opinions, because of his debates with the Shivani. So he started giving many opinions that were not popular with the Maliki followers. And
so and then after that, he went back to Baghdad again. So second trip to Baghdad is where he was really known as, as a scholar as a chef. And people begin to take his
his opinions, but his his sort of stuff was still really developing. And we find the final version of it in Egypt. So he changed many of his opinions, not because of like some people said that he changed his opinion.
Because he faced different situations in Iraq, as he did in Egypt, you'll find this in many books, but that's not true. The reason he changed his opinion, basically, there's all sorts of stuff was changing.
there were some writings about specific topics
about the UK as a whole. No, he was the first one to write about sort of UK as a whole.
And Peter was one of his other books, he refers to the first version in the second version, I assume that the second version is much longer and much more drawn out.
If the story of that is true, the first version is probably fairly short, and discussing just a few topics.
So let's see what are some of the major points as I said, and what you did basically revolutionize
so let's see what are the basic points of his of exam.
One with respect to the broad
basic points of research.
Or you can call it the basic points of the disease of membership.
First of all, with respect to the Koran,
he says that the Quran contains
for every aspect of
human life. But oh, before I forget,
there was one more point here
if you permit me to go back, and besides seeing this, or having the background in both areas, is another thing that influenced the membership he loves to write, return. And that was that during this period, loss of non Arabs or embracing Islam,
and these, or these Arab, these non Arabs, even after they learn Arabic, they didn't have the knowledge of Arabic required really to understand
to understand the foreign property. So another another thing behind his rusada was this aspect that there was people who were not proficient enough in in Arabic language to make
to make rulings or to make fatawa even though they may have been doing so. So the first point he says is that the Quran contains games for every aspect of life.
But you have to be able to understand the Quran
He talks about general statements
and particular statements.
What I mean by that no because I'm
He says in the Arabic language, there are some statements that are general and they are meant to be general
Other statements that are particular cause they're meant to be particularly. And there are some statements which are general and they're meant to be Hall says you will find all three.
And you have to be able to understand what's going on talking about the Quran might use a general term but in fact it means something particularly, this is perfectly acceptable in the Arabic language.
And it was something the,
the Quran uses.
So the first part,
or actually the second part of the Sunnah, is basically talking about language
and latency inshallah.
We'll talk about some of those estimates.
So the first thing that we stress that in order to understand the Quran, you have to understand the language of the Quran and he brought some examples of how people
did not understand these principles. Now, during the time of the Sahaba
there was no need for someone like humans to record this
because, as I mentioned, last time, the Sahaba the language was excellent.
They understood the Quran, because they live the Quran during the life of the Prophet. And also because the language was excellent. So, there was no need for anyone to write down these prayers. But as I mentioned, because of the new Muslims who are not that familiar with the Arabic language, they became a need to write down these principles and is considered or even sheffy is the first one to be considered, or first one is considered to be the first one to have recorded
secondly, he stressed that the real meaning of the blog
to be found work
okay, in the end the application and the explanation of the problem,
I'm talking about a result
to be found in the explanation and application of the process.
Nowadays that doesn't sound
like anything radical.
But it has become to the point especially in Iraq, where they used to reason from the Quran and they argued that sometimes the Hadith of the Prophet cillum was going against the Quran and therefore they impose the promises and
mmcf his answer to that is that the way the Quran is actually to be applied is to be found in the explanation application of the Prophet.
In other words, your he argued extensively, that you're not going to find any other provinces in them. that contradicts the Quran
it looks like contradicting the Quran, it says because and you didn't understand the Quran in the in the proper way.
Now third, and this is
also very, very important, although it's gonna sound also kind of strange now.
The ways to know this or not
see, this is so simple.
Through headaches. Now, why did he have to make that point and why would he stressed this point? Why?
Okay, make it more general.
Okay, people, people begin, not just in Medina. If you're familiar with the letter between American
I already used
a laser in that
in Egypt, if you're familiar with this letter between the letters between the two.
emetic argues that a lot
To know this one
is by looking at the practices of the people of Medina.
What was a lay emphasis alleged by the way
a madman occurred that late was making Patel or making rulings that were going against the practice of the people, Medina.
Okay. So him ematic wrote him a letter showing why he has to follow the practices of the people, Medina
lave answered him saying, What
was his basic art?
Now, you bet.
And he's basic, his basic argument was this Sahaba different Sahaba
resided in different parts of the world.
And there's some that has been passed on. So therefore, the late lived were, by the way,
he lives in Egypt. So he says that we can look to the factories of the people of Egypt. And also say that some that it came from the south.
Okay. And this was the same thing and at all.
So this point became very important.
That, look, it's not the practices of the people. And he brings many examples of the people of Medina, where they are violating violating the practices of the Prophet Mohammed. And he even brings examples from the Sahaba themselves, that they used to follow something
is something and then when they hear the correct edits from the province, they will change what they're doing.
So for example, I'm going to have Davi brings example from the dub, that he was doing something, when you heard the Hadees from the provinces tell him that you didn't know he changed what he was doing.
So his arguments and therefore the room that isn't known by the practice of the people, but the sooner is known by what we can trace back to the process. In other words, the heading
and this point, no doubt,
his studies in Mecca, probably his early study,
not studies in Medina, even though they're known as that,
but probably from this magazine,
they were written down, but by that time, and many of them were clicked.
Yes, there was already By this time, there were quite a few books. Although the major works that we know today, like
mustard, or alcohol is a book they came after. But there were books by that.
Okay, so that's the first point
related to this, this have to say quick actions of the people do not determine to submit.
Now, this is the point that I was just explaining that the actions of the people do not experiment with the sun as soon as known through.
And then he had a rather large debate is actually this debate is mostly you won't find it the notice that you'll find in another book that he wrote, but
this is the basis above
not proportional spacing? Yes, it is. I gave the deadlift space and I give the proportional space.
Okay, what is this?
What is this and what was the debate?
For all those who are in the Edit class, excuse me, those of you from the Edit class? Answer this very quickly, although we didn't really get that for what is
everybody's looking incomplete in the class? We never got around to the class.
Hey, okay. This is evidence that he has something
whether it's anything that isn't
any IDs, which is not what the what
any ID which is and what what, what, what,
what what is a report that in every generation, it's narrated by so many people that we have no doubt. There's no doubt that they did not lie about it or they did not make it up.
this was a course accepted by everyone what the what the debate was over this. Okay. And specifically the debate was with the people from Iraq.
but there's not a good translation but just to appease Mr. Mayor.
I told you
you stay with your
actually anything which is not
What what what what is continuous transmission?
It's not also also not a good
also not a good transmission
But what was the debate? Yes.
This is a different class.
Yes is also called ahead at that time go basically these this term
Chevy and not Adela used to talk about it.
There is no minimum.
no. It depends on the situation.
If there's, for example, someone in Baghdad who is trustworthy, and someone in Egypt who's trustworthy, they never met each other, and there's no way they could have communicated on it. Even though they just to me, they're becoming close to Muslims, with whatever the condition is that we know that there's no way they could have forced this heading, or made the same mistake.
As tahiliani. unacceptable to think that way. So there's no actual number limit.
This is the strongest opinion.
Guess what is the base of all we're trying to get to? What was the bait to?
Actually not just copy? This was a little bit different debate.
Now you're getting you're getting have to dispense? They weren't that
they? Yeah, they weren't that
What was the bait about you?
gave it to us? Is that, okay?
The people of Iraq, some of the Iraq.
Anyways, as I said last time,
because last forges of Hades were in Iraq.
And they didn't have that many hedges. They had a tendency to doubt
And it is claimed that it's claimed because there's some question about this, this claim, for example, that they prefer,
or they prefer analogy sometimes over military reports.
only can it be used as a proof, whether it's authentic or not,
that claims is that there's a salty report from the Prophet.
especially, especially with something that refers to things that people do a lot. Okay?
They said that, if there's such a report like that, and it doesn't become very famous,
for example, something related to the salon.
Like putting your hands for example, up here in the salon. Okay? This should be known by everybody according to them, because it's something everyone does. So if you bring just one or two reports that says the product says that and puts his hands up here, according to them, that's not very strong.
Lots of devastating
shooting Okay, sorry about that. What do you remember, we said is that anything that we can prove, has been narrated from the province.
From authentic sources with an unbroken chain we have to accept.
In other words, it is just above any other proof to the proof above any other proof along with the Quran. We cannot refer to the playoffs we cannot refer to amla as Medina. We have to even if it's not Muslim,
Yes, yes. What he's saying here basically, is if we have record from the province that we have to believe in, we have no reason to doubt it. It takes precedence over anything, regardless of whether it comes to us from with watersheds or not.
there is a report.
Let's see if I can see or get it correct. That if
if you buy for example, a camel, female camel from someone else.
I feel sorry for those camels in the desert disease. But anyway, if you buy a female camel from from someone else, and you decide to return it, okay. And you milk this and you decide to return it, you should return it With what?
With some summer,
summer, summer, summer.
Okay, you should return it with somebody, actually, I think is actually referring to a sheep. Okay.
So, these people, they're often said, No, they said, this doesn't
First of all, cover what they're for, we're not constrained to act by. That's their point of view. Again, it says claim that Abu hanifa is one of these books. And he made a statement that shows that he's against it. But it became it began to be the hub of Iraq. So therefore, how do
we justify the things we justify,
according to them, goes against this heading. So therefore they reject
him OSHA would say even though that's heavy, doesn't mean we have to accept that we have to fly.
Yes, after him, things change quite a bit, we'll get to the
things changed a lot.
And he always there was a group of people called out a little bit different from what I described earlier, that always believed in, some of them lived in Iraq.
Okay, but as a must have known as Iraq. This was one this was a problem
as it is something else, okay. I'll get to that. I'll
Yeah, not not the setup.
This is in later years. We make it heavy enough in this class. But we may we may talk about later,
can be the salary position, or the position of the seller is the accepted hoverwatch
regardless of whether it was paid or
Okay, the third point, and this also seems kind of
strange. Now again, remember what I'm saying? I'm saying that mmcf is trying to take back the soul, the soul back to the way it was, during the time of the Sahaba, full of ownership. And he brought us examples. For example, here, he brought many examples from honorable Hassan when he heard the thing from one person, he would change his mind, he would change this.
And there's some reports that double Booker and almost always required to people. This isn't true. Sometimes they did in those for for specific reasons. But in general, no.
Yeah, he has has a lengthy argument, but basically is that kind of he refers it he refers you make the analogy over the case of witnesses and other things. But basically, what he's saying is that, if the report comes from us from people who we trust, have no reason to doubt, and they trace it back to the province,
then there's no way we can say it's not something we can do. There's no way we can say this wasn't the thing. The court
was the head he insisted that he should have
complete chains of transmission said to have complete. In other words, he's rejecting
one cut up
As it was generally known at that time, it was heavy. Okay? These are heavy, whose chains are broken?
What do we mean by chains are broken?
They're broken, meaning there's someone missing in the chain.
Okay. During that time, most of most of us in general almost means the same things.
And in the end, the terminology of the
muscle has a different meaning more specific, but at that time it was
Now the strange thing that was going on at that time
was although these fuqaha in Iraq and in
also and also medic school in Medina, they were somewhat suspicious about covered what I had
the same time they used to except one.
How does that
they have dealt about reports which are sold, they're the same thing except reports was changed or broken.
Okay, for one thing, the argument was there. Now, you have to realize this, the people have had it, the real scholars
are a little bit different from the
okay. So for example, if you want to study the science of Hades, is it time to see how they use this now one of the tricks of the muscular pain by the way, orientalist, you're familiar with me, but
I know you know, most of them
are non Muslims who are writing about Islam. Okay. One of the tricks that they used to use, for example, shocked and people like him is one of the leading orientalist ghosts.
Both of them are German. Okay. One of the tricks that they did is they wanted to prove that they wanted to prove actually they were of late origin.
We talked about this in class. So,
so awkwardly, in fact, he even said that, the better looking at the more proven it's the heaviest in sports. But anyway,
that always, that always cracks me up, when I hear
what they did is they went to the books,
they went to the early books.
And they use the books to prove that the snare or the chain of transmission was not used in the early years.
Now, this might be able to pull some people, because you have to distinguish during those early years between the books of the magazine,
in the books of the people of haggis, and the books.
The books, were not meant to be recording too heavy, but they simply meant to refer to the heavy, so therefore, they were not always put the chains and fragments and didn't put the chain.
But at the same time,
there's the Hadith of the
first alum, and what she's describing the virtues of the first three generations.
And then after that, he said that line will appear and so forth.
So especially for the people in Iraq, and if the person has done one of this one of their teachers, one of visual, Have you realized that even if it doesn't have anything to it,
and similar was the case in with the mimetic and if you look to a motor when a medic and his are going by or using a switch.
So one of the big changes that we made
one of the things that he called for he said that in order for us to have to base
our rulings or he didn't have to have complete change, okay?
In order to be able to use it as a proof in order to and in other words, and in order in order to be able to prove that it's true actually.
And it gives conditions for the narratives
conditions for the narrator's which are similar to those conditions. We stated in Harry's class for
anything he studied most of the muscle had, he actually means mahkota. He studied most of the muscle, and he found that most of them didn't have any source for them whatsoever.
So again, seems like a minor point, but these points, actually very big points.
And actually, there's also this
most again, there's a difference between most of the Sahaba and most of them
again, that's another course that the other course Okay, fourth, what was the fourth thing?
also with respect to this is he refuted
due to the holidays in the country that who doubted
these people did not doubt and you have to make this
means PhD dissertation he makes this very clear.
These people did not doubt the authenticity of the sooner the authority of the sooner.
Okay, they didn't tell the authority The sooner but they are doubting the authenticity of it.
And the main reason that they doubted the authenticity that is because they said they are contradicted
said that they are contradict.
They looked at hedges and they said look this it says one thing, the other one says the opposite thing and so forth. So therefore they doubted or
any man's job he was the first person to write the book and originally this one chapter. But he has a separate word called 11.
in which he shows that these claim or contradictory are in fact not.
You just have to understand.
He was the first worst first he's the one who started to science.
Because when he says the province is telling us to do one thing, and the other one says he did the opposite, that kind of thing.
Actually is called a setup.
Because in the home is not published in I don't know how many words I don't remember. But the the portfolio it contains many other words, one of the works is this one.
As I said,
it is just one one small chapter.
so forth. And I alluded to this one earlier.
they doubted the authenticity of what was being reported as
well. I mean, it was such a big doubt that they said okay, we're gonna leave all
he deals with them quite
politely in a reseller. And a little bit tougher in
end, by the way, every time we refer to any method, this is true in this class in anywhere. You'll always find some differences. I mean, not everyone necessarily among them has this opinion.
Okay, for example, I'm going to talk a little bit about others who came later
they said the woman for example, who is on her period she has to pray
they said that you can marry
a woman and her sister or her aunt at the same time and it because they didn't
seem to be making a comeback that's for sure. The modern version of
this this group of Pilates I don't think it exists. The one I'm referring to
Yeah, but the ones I'm referring to I don't believe
me they were either killed by
Danny there were very violent people
the summer cursor there now know
there's a friend and lots of you that are on
now, most of us
in history when you when you study philosophy, or animal gram, most of the
ethics guys, yeah.
He proved that. It proved that no one statement
no one statement was
was a photo or proof.
What's the rest of it?
Sometimes, in other words, a verse in the Quran or Hadith.
If there's a verse in the Quran or Hadith about something, and someone comes along,
and he says something that goes against it, we reject that person statement.
This, this point is very important, because in both the hierarchy and in the life, you might have
the statements of the Sahaba
the statements of the hava and also even Corinne
and sometimes these payments were raised to the point that people would follow them instead of Hey,
what is that all of these things I'm referring to they actually existed during the time of the phlebotomy
get a question
believe theoretically in the authenticity of the sun, but they said the sun has not come down to us. So they did. Yes, they did.
This point clear,
this is also very important. All of these things can be revolutionized so much that almost all these things to us seems as complex.
could you please be quiet, you're bothering him?
Okay. Now, the fifth point is, this point is one of his weakest
ABCD? No, no, no, this is three ABCD under three. This is the Dewey Decimal System.
We're going to
the conclusion one.
But this is by the way, one of the weakest areas of discussion of ismar.
There was many things that people have ad hoc and the people of Medina claimed was ismar.
So therefore, he tried to he tries to limit really, what does he try to really define what is his map? And it didn't, he went through two stages. You read them and you read over his data. He went through two stages, not clear exactly. What are those two states? I mean, which was first, which was second, okay. In one place, for example, in ERISA, it says the only thing in which there is our consensus, or the obligatory duties that everyone knows,
because the time is taken to mean
any everyone of the oma has to
tell you basically he thinks that the only thing that exists is our facade, and that everyone knows by prayer
because at that time he was talking about this as
being the agreement of the home
and he was the first one to bring a Quranic verse and Support Division.
And he the other people were using it, but didn't
really have evidence for it. It was the first one to provide evidence, but at the same time, he doubted, especially after the time of the Sahaba, he doubted whether, in fact any age might actually exist.
Another way that he looked about it, looked at it as he considered his math to be the ultimate.
If you look at it that way, obviously there are more things that are, you can consider as your man. But the thing that he argued against, and this is I think this was kind of secondary to him, but wasn't that important? What does this man because he believes it is no different really exist. And I think he influenced the students in the magnets in the same way to have the same kind of idea. But the thing that he was arguing against you here
is there's no such thing
as the local jamaa, which can be a local is math,
which can be considered.
What's he talking about?
The most important one, probably, and it's true. Iraq has the same idea, but the most important one is
my medic school, how the actions of the people of Medina, okay. They used to refer to any dad if you tried to pin them in the corner, and give us some things that say this is your mouth, this is a demand. What do you mean by that?
Of the people in the deal? And really what they mean by that is a smile sometimes.
So he his argument basically, is this if you go to the Quran, there's no evidence that any particular people can be taken as a matter
that you cannot take, for example, the people of Medina, they agree upon something that is mine. And that's put up on everybody said, This is nonsense.
Okay, at this point, this
is a not a very strong discussion of this man. But his point was to get rid of this
definition you had to
one basically, is that
basically, he was saying that
the home, sometimes he referred to that way, sometimes we refer to things as mild discourse.
It seems to me that he went from one opinion to the other over time, but it's not sure which letter.
That's what I say. And this discussion is kind of secondary. The important thing was to prove this point. There's no such thing as a local gym.
For sure, sure. There's no such thing as local. There's
no question about
that, as we just pointed this discussion as
one of his weakest points, we'll get to another one.
Okay, any questions about that?
basically eliminated the obligatory
a few things.
In other words, he is almost wiping out this man.
Yes, yes. He proves it, he proves as my as a source of law. But then he goes on to say that either it only exists in various indoors, it's hard to prove.
And as I said, this idea he passed on to his students
who said that anyone who claimed his man as a liar,
except in the case of even academic and he said it's in general, the handle is laid out because
they believe it occurred.
But he dealt about when it ever occurs.
So in essence, yeah, he's not.
But he's not. Yeah, that's good. That's good enough.
Yes, for example, the people of Medina said that if the people of Medina agree on
I think that
that was the definition of
Medina was kind of
This is his thing and he thinks he's trying to prove he's proven that there's no such thing as law of certainty.
Okay, he's pulling it taking his math,
taking his mouth from the Quranic verse say that you have to follow the way of the believers.
Okay? Well, he says believers as everyone. So if the people in Medina agree upon something,
then this is an advisor, you have to have agreement by everyone. That's what he does.
And then he discussed, he didn't even discuss the Hadith itself. But what he says that the oma is not going to agree upon an error. So he says that the oma actually has to follow the scholars. This is in a different writing now. And if they have to follow the scholars, that means
people have to follow.
Oh, yeah, he had a nice to be nice to base on that point. He said he was talking to someone. I don't know, I think many of his debates.
He said, If you have 10 people, nice cars, the one thing the other one disagrees. What will you do? The guy said, I'll follow the name. So it okay. If you have 10 people, and six of them said one thing and for them says something else, which we do. He said, Oh, hold the majority, that just because of two people, you're going to follow one opinion and reject the other. And so he was saying that is not has to be everyone
cannot I mean, and this has been an old discourse cannot leave out any score. And that, that, that is the opinion of all
the text on the text rules.
And I will talk about this later. I'm just
trying to point out some of the
many This is one of his weaker points.
Okay, let me let me make this clear. This point is not one of his weaker points. But this one is.
Now this is good because it refutes the North African view. That's why
Okay, first of all, you were asleep during the first part. So this might have some effects.
Okay, what do you understand?
He's saying that to look for people that agree upon something, and there's another scholar, that they like the father who's in Kufa, and he disagrees. So why is this object? There's no problem with that.
That's why he said the only thing
the only thing we know that everyone needs to
discuss is my leaders on the reading list. Let's leave it at that. No.
That's a good point. That's a good question. We'll get to that.
Point. The sixth point is he tried to
restrain or constrain
Try to constrain the use of apple.
Okay, by showing. Again, most of his writings are in the form of the beta. He's saying something to someone.
Oh, this one.
Oculus reasoning. Okay, reason why she had a juristic reasoning about something there's no text. But what happened before is diamonds she had became kind of wider than that. Even though there was Quran assume that some people still maybe she had. So I tried to confine this
by showing that any athlete or any right actually that goes against the Quran was something that has to be rejected
and the right goes against
number seven also a constrained
constrained by putting it within the confines of the chromosome.
Probably the way you get to the
way you get to, I mean, here, you're actually using knuckles, right?
You're not using
this report from
here the individual is using his mind and coming up with a
constraint the use of this is also very important because before his time here, especially in Iraq
was kind of haphazard,
happened. And it was out November without rules. Okay. It was the first one to record rules record,
and really to talk about how to make
how to my player, and he stressed
and he stressed that there should be strong resemblance between the case the original case in the case you're making ps4. Okay. He stressed strongly, strongly them.
What I mean by that is, you're buying people that take some case, some headaches, okay. And they'll find some other case something happens No, and there is very little resemblance between the headache and the new case. But definitely
know, that there has to be strong resemblance
never works is trying to distinguish between a valid
and invalid this.
Also, he said that the the, the sources for how the Quran was,
sources for a
Now, what do I mean by that?
That's part of it actually cannot make on another
from the Quran, he takes this nucleus as the source case, and you make prayers from that
subject, he says, You can't do that, because he shows that if you do that enough, there's not gonna be any relationship between the final case and
and you always have to refer to it.
also some people and this is the same argument that even Samia had many years later.
And some people talked about
applying certain rules. For example, the one I mentioned earlier about when he returned the camera or the sheep, you have to return it with amounts of dates. It says this, they said that this goes against clear
his argument was well how can you say go the first one this is we're talking about the sources
and the headings is the source you can't question. So how can you say something goes against allowance is arguing that there's no heavy no Quran no verse in the Quran? That goes against correct notes.
As you put up the same arguments
and number and see down here
this is a minor point
seven seat and
he he tries to confer constrain or try to narrow down who can who can make it he tried to restrict any who can make.
In other words, he said there's some qualifications for the person to make this. Number one he has to know that
he doesn't know the Arabic language is one of my players and he's not going to understand the original case.
Danny for the one who's making fear. He didn't call it bad although he said
Same thing so you can take it that way and also must know the Quran must know that you can if you don't know the Quran if you want to make something and maybe go against it okay.
So he also added before this time anyone every as we say in English every Tom Dick and Harry was making videos
to help you in English courses
every Tom Dick and Harry was making
before this kind of need to hold it down, he said if you want you should meet these qualifications.
Okay, what else?
see where this
the eighth one
can eat the whole part of it.
The last one
what is known as
we will discuss,
then, more detail later.
This is this is now the weakest. I said before.
This is now the weakest part of the game.
Because he said Whoever makes the assassin or this thing, he is actually making laws.
Well, you see, that's why the reason I didn't translate is because he's,
Hey, what's up I see equity.
should be their
Okay. Let me tell you why this is the worst part or the weakest part of his
And he refuted him rather strongly in his book.
Because his definition of defense is not the rocky definition.
What is going is not the same thing as what they were doing.
He called this Danny, Sunyani having,
having pleasure with life,
according to him.
And he says, Well, I think this is the best idea.
He's sitting there just to sit with the sun is done in a sitting position.
And he says that he thinks this is the way he described. Now, this is not the correct description.
He may be I suppose, according to the rocky definition. He may be he may be describing something that he saw people do in Iraq, but this is not the this is not the heavy equipment. And he This is where for example, if you look at the rulings and then if you make the offer says you should do something, and you just decided that well, I don't like this ruling. I think this is
pretty much okay. That's what he's saying is
the real thing
or the real happy thing.
In other words, this is a straw man arguments anyone know what a straw man argument is?
straw man arguments. Common arguments is you know, what a straw man is man made out of straw.
Okay, in the real Scarecrow, straw man arguments are so useful to use a
straw man argument is you make an argument that doesn't really exist. And then he refuted.
This is basically what he did. And he's applying this to son is his own way. And then he said, this is not
the end of the definition or the way and again, we're going to talk about this
What they're saying basically,
is that you look at a situation and there is, for example, two analogies that you can make.
This analogy looks stronger, but when you look at the results of that analogy, there'll be more damaging than the results of this announcement. So therefore, you follow the weaker analogy.
To catch my point, and we'll discuss it again later. We'll come back
this one is stronger than this one. Okay. So this is a pure look,
write down your notes this way, but when you look at the results of this one, you see that they might be to some damaging
going against the motto of what the Sharia is intended for. So, therefore, you follow this
this is what they meant. Shafi looked at it as saying well look
for something else, that's not exactly what they meant by so this was one of his weaker arguments because he did not really define
any question we started late so we can go with him.
come to my mind, but then the result
is very early. Okay, basically, those are the eight points and the minor points below them.
Okay, next time Hello. We'll start out with what what effect does it have
and as I said, almost all of the things you can go back to the time of the province of filament the time to Sahaba and he is trying to take us back to the way it's supposed to be used. Okay, that's why it's called my mini