Principles Of Fiqh Part 4
Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
File Size: 20.30MB
hamdulillah salat wa salam O Allah, Mohammed.
What did we leave off?
after the lecture last time, he said that the lecture was a little bit confusing,
as were some of the others.
He said the other two before them were also confused.
You didn't understand because you're sleeping.
But any questions about what we did last time?
We got big questions.
We have something over here, Mr. Mayor, because
I think it was better.
Proceed, but we will discuss. Right now we're, we're studying the history of rules.
We're still in the first, the first part of the reading the introduction,
meaning of the history will
get us to two questions as to questions for you. And they are actually good for PhD prelims, and all sorts of questions. Because this stuff that I covered yesterday, actually, you'll not find it in very many books about this.
And what was
what was he really trying to say?
So the first question was, was
he was he?
Was he an innovator?
Everyone know what the innovators
looked at it?
The second wave of the land forces arrived.
But the subtle
is good. As I said, we're
You're gonna have to edit this one.
stuck with me anyway.
But what was the man
looked at it was he Danny Cosby bringing something new.
This is a very important aspect of his
and his teachings.
And he This is very important to understand what
he was doing. And what he's saying to the people of Iraq and to the Lebanese to the people of Medina.
But he thinks that the way you people are doing it is wrong.
And here's the right way to do it.
And he came up with was the right way to do what he did
in a way Yes.
Can you elaborate on it? Yeah. Because
he might not draw it from totally new, but he
preceded them by by what?
What was it?
This is this is the important point with respect to
any authority or understanding of the Sharia
is similar to, for example, the science of appeasement.
There is the correct way to say
that gratitude is the source of
any state in the Quran and in the teachings of the Sunnah, as the province has been abroad, the Sahaba and that way, that is the correctness of.
So that's why yesterday last time, I said that
Lim Shafi is the majestic, we just did, as I said, is someone or he's called Majid Can he says Jeep, the three principles of Jeep, and if something existed, that was lost, and you return it back to its original state.
And that's what he did with respect to sort of the he always brought proof from the Quran, from the Hadith and from the practices, especially as the full authority don't
have a plumber. So what he was trying to do, and he was not bringing something new, but he was seeing how the people that had straight in the room was up
From the correct, and he took one. And he tried to bring them back to the correct.
That's the first question.
And he can we say that he?
Can we say that he was a type of revolution? Or was he the result?
Is that was he the result of a process of evolution?
the latter one evolution,
what's your evidence?
My evidence that
And he took
he went off and
he took the knowledge to people. And so where everyone was,
in order for it to be an evolution, was there a movement towards what he was saying? When we say evolution, in other words, these ideas work.
Were existing, they existed, and they were developing, and he kind of put the final touches on
would you say that?
if we look at that time,
we have the scores in Medina, which is basically the medical school.
And we have the scores in Syria,
basically, what score was well known and
you have no
notes during the from the class
his mother was the dominant mother.
And in Iraq, we have the company,
ruffians, and he
kind of like
this is the School of Abu hanifa.
And if you if you study the different schools, from a later point of view, you see the issue here.
Right, rather simplistic,
and the corporate world developing much more than, than the people in desert.
For example, with respect to with respect to the cinema,
the idea that the sooner is known to the editor, the prophecy,
which is what something that shows the stress, the idea that the sun is known through the Hades
and not through the practices of the people. And the customs of the people. This idea first began, actually in Iraq among the coffins.
Also, the idea
is not it's not something local.
This idea also developed among the cooking, cooking and cooking.
although they were known as right,
or press because they were right, the science of theater analogy, by the way, remember these terms is not as consensus. And
the science of analogy was much more developed among the coffins than they were then it was among the other.
What was the point? That was one of the points that she was trying to make about?
Okay, there has to be strong reasons. And it's not just a matter of
Mr. hower, looking at the situation and seeing what looks best to you, but they have the strong resemblance between the pair location the original key
any clear so right.
Before Lehman shares his time
in many areas,
it was the case that you make clear in a very general
And enough something specific This is the lower this is the more this is the ruling for the cause of the ruling. In this case, and this is a parallel case. But in general, you make the art on the basis of muscle heart. And this principle is supported here. So therefore supported over here. And I'm sorry, try to restrict it and say if you want to mess it up, he wants to make an LG, there has to be a strong resemblance between the parallel case or the new case, and the original case.
Now, all three of these
began to develop, actually in Kufa or in Iraq. And it seems to point out that
he he benefited greatly from his debates with was erupting.
Although at the same time, he
still refuted many of their views.
they did not have anyone who put these new principles. In other words, it was still somewhat haphazard as they
were left that chaotic,
was still somewhat chaotic. In other words, some of these ideas developed and some of them apply these ideas while some people are still following the old ideas. So it took until him to be
resolved, and also his other works.
Where he really laid down
and put them clearly for everyone to understand how the principles are to be used.
So it was a kind of evolution. But as I said earlier, it is kind of a
it's more of a reversion than an evolution, evolution, evolution. reversion, because as I
remember, Kevin's principles were basically based on the principles of this harbor specially qualified worker.
So we had some of the principles that are existing during that time, however, they were somewhat lost for many reasons.
And they began to be redeveloped, and they finally finalized by mmcf.
Any questions about that?
The Egyptian school wasn't much of a school,
late, late when sad was the major proponent of the Egyptian school, but when he eventually moved to Egypt, and it was a rather weak school, and he kind of destroyed the school.
I mean, there's many other schools, obviously, but these are some of the better No,
not in the same fashion as
chaotic. Danny without organization without it wasn't systematic.
Our thing is that these ideas developed but at the same time, the situation was still such that some people follow these ideas. While some were still following the other ideas, even in health itself.
Until jumpy because of his writing. He kind of
has to be a little bit tentative, but he kind of put it into all that.
The reason why it was chaotic is because there was no like source book that everyone agreed on that they could go through.
Now I'm not joking, he said basically,
there's four sources
for this video.
And these four among people on this episode, there's no
difference of opinion about this flower obviously.
I must be
Kevin aloneness, basically Sharpies,
And one thing about me is that
I mean, this what he was writing was not actually something theoretical. But these were the guidelines for his own.
And he applied his principles
and the principles that he wrote about and
you can find them discuss them. And you can find them implemented, because we're not the only just theoretical things, but he was implementing these principles in his book. And kabelo may discuss the different topics, which would also include
Okay, we'll get to that.
Now, I will write
a book about dementia, which is unreserved in the library.
The same thing, these books are on reserve.
Now, means you read them in the library, you don't take them out. So everyone else can benefit from
like what you did.
After the time of recovery, the scores are split into three groups.
I'm going to tell you what he said and then discuss it.
After remember, Jeff, he wrote,
he said the scores can now be divided into three groups.
Let's make it four he says.
those who accepted
schools and schools of thought
Look, I tell you, I will go through a person that will decide what
those who accepted What
shall be rude,
but had some differences
with respect to details.
In other words, they accepted these four, but exactly how to apply them.
They had some minor differences, and Zara
Zara says these people are the highest.
Number two, he says those who
just did the majority.
Obviously, actually, there's no way you can you can get Oh, he can avoid, there's no way you can avoid accepting the majority of what humans have. Because the first part of it is about design and logo language, and the principles of language and how to understand the graphics and language and then the position of the position of the sun. And in general, as I said, He's not bringing something new, and it's very hard to reject what he's saying. So those who accepted the majority of what
but they had some major differences
to the sources of
the major differences, so under this dramatic
just make sure
I'm getting what you got wrong up there, right they'll refuse
The third as I said Actually, it's
some completely rejected
some of his
pillars of his theory
some completely rejected
some completely rejected some of his basic
pillars, for example,
a group of
the followers of a store by the name of
The father was number one for example they rejected
when we get to play this weekend
they also the group known as
they also rejected
founded by a buddy
and though the guy is different from isn't hadn't
even had them rejected all kinds of fears, though the body did not.
But he rejected many
types of fears
except that the only the type of spirits which is known as the clear pathogen
and he's a clear manager.
someone who used to be a follower of the chef
and then he rejected chaos and someone asked you ask them why are you rejecting beer?
And he said that to him I'm sure he has a book called The absolved
where he refutes using his defense a daughter of it said I read this book by Alina McAfee, and I found that all the arguments referred to or apply to be a lie most.
In general, they reject the as
as as a group with a separate so they are the same shall
they reject they are the only exception.
Or the only step from from home
from the people of the Prophet's family will not accept it from someone else as opposed to them. And they also have another source of law.
So the law of demand statements.
Demand statements are equal to the sum.
In fact, if you read this little caffee the image statements are superior
because the Prophet was to be followed by the man, so he could say something and incorrect but after the last remember there's no one so he has to make a plan.
No, no, no, no.
Ma'am. I'm basically I'm talking about the 12 what they called what the known as the 12 or
and a body
they rejected is math
of the Muslim Ummah
or they do not consider the Muslim
and the fourth going back to this one now, the fourth one.
The fourth group are basically the the pole was an image who took out
Alan explained this in the comments and on and the you know filled some gaps and everything in the customer the things that he basically the poses MSF is
does no question
and basically they they explained
improved a little bit on some of the arguments
they differed with him in many of the details
he didn't seem as funny as the data
this is part three he's all under three over here
some some groups in Mattila didn't reject the soon as a source law but they said Jenny, they don't accept it.
No, can it be debated with them quite a bit
this is as I said, this is a
four divisions of the people who came up to me and
said you can put them into wonderful groups
it's very strange
faces and it's because the people who differ the most from the Sharpies are
these other people just for the most So actually what happened after you know
as I said, Everyone accepted these four
but basically some of the some of the mother
they weren't satisfied with just these four and they added some that mmcf
so for example the marriages
This is the correct thing now I'm repeating what
what is Medicaid accepted in general what they might have is much closer to the shelf in
the middle as we'll see in this class, when we talk about differences
between the gym horse which is everybody else and
so the the excuse me
so the Nikes added the practices
of the people of Medina
so that was the main one of his one of his arguments he said if anyone goes to Medina nowadays and know that Medina doesn't mean anything
Okay, okay, I'm sorry except for this of course.
I'm talking about of the form of that
okay, just give me give me 10 they had they had differences not really here okay. They pretty much except this is but they added something like practices of Medina
you don't know what the term means right now. It's okay, we're not trying to get the meaning of this and we're just trying to show that magic is they added some
basically they accepted these things they have no problem with with this for some of the people who wrote commentaries on average data are from the medical
but it's not sufficient and it is more than these four.
The same thing with the handling
handle is in fact the handle is they have a little different they don't really accept this order.
Besides strongly downy ism as they referred to less damage the precision of the Sahaba
they have a tendency to put something in here before which is what
the statements of this problem
is very important there.
In general, arithmetic is also added something called
the principle where if something needs to
Wrong, something leads to something wrong, then it's also forbidden.
The handle is also used that point.
But no, I'm here.
You Saudis know about principles still similar. And they also use the past.
They also added that if this happens,
well, what's the presumption of continuity? Right? There was a presumption of continuity.
was misspelled in the outline.
gee, I don't know why we're perfect spelling Texas didn't catch that one.
Now, out of these are different case.
Studies, as we'll see in this class, besides adding things like,
which we talked about last time,
that's this is happening, we're talking about
this, for example, if something is Hello, and we know it,
and we don't have any proof this become Param, then we say it is still valid. For example,
for example, if if we know that you're married,
and we have no evidence that you divorce your wife, then we wrote this just to make us
it's the same as I said, last time, according to membership is where you just sit and say, I like this. Okay, we also
do the same as a hobby Sahaba. But more importantly, with respect to the Hanafi, is that in many of these things,
many of these things they differ
in different from the rest. Okay, so his statement is very strange,
by the way, was from the height of a mother. And I don't know how he could make this
and accepted in general, just that it's very hard to refute what she wrote.
Maybe some minor details.
Except for with these people. As I said, Here, basically, there's no difference in the interpretation of these things among the medicals and then the herbalism. Service. But here, we're going to see a big difference. And we're going to get to why in a sec.
The big difference between these people and the rest in interpreting this.
Now he's wrong. He said, there's only minor differences with respect to details.
no interpretation just very rarely among the benefits and the rest. The rest of concept interpretation is correct. What they just said that there are also some others.
And as I said, even some of the cafes that
that's one thing about
specially in this and it is not
when the door was closed, as they say, it was not closed.
And is the best work that came during the time when the so called doors
little while ago. This is in a book called
unfortunate he's dead now he can tell him that he was wrong.
Yeah, this these are these are the scores. We asked him to return. He wakes up what you said, but and we add some things here and here is big difference. And we'll get to right now we'll get to see why there was
they have but it's not as important as it is in the medical sciences. Right.
Going back to
Me these people basically, well, this force in other words, is it the teachings of
the only thing is kind of be even when it comes to these things? They have lots of differences. And that's what we're going to get.
But then the question was,
Oh, you mean the actual meanings of these things? Yeah. Don't worry about that. Now.
Okay, don't worry about actually what this means right now. Except in general, although this one I didn't even define, too difficult.
Okay. Now we'll see why.
Why didn't actually we'll see now why these differences came up? Why the penalties are so different
from the rest. Okay. That is just there's no more questions about
We'll be getting
to here in this class, we're not concerned with any of these until the end of the class, when we talk about different models. We'll talk about this one and this one, and maybe this one's I don't have very many references on the above in my head, so I cannot really talk.
Yeah, yeah. Also from Libya, you can get
Yes, yes, pretty much.
they will, as I said, we're going to see now what's the, what's the big difference? And why,
why this differences arose. And what's the problem with them?
And how even
wants to be really students, we can even say that there's no such thing as a happy mother. But we wouldn't want to say that.
After the time of inertia,
and when he wrote, basically the first book, The first textbook and also the people who came after him and roll up the bottle, so it can be divided into two categories.
No, we're finished with alpha.
Now this candidate division I'm doing here, something you'll find in every book of
Now, even when finished was terrible. We move on now to something well known.
Okay, those rows was the category. Those who wrote after the time of the lung cavity can be divided into two major categories.
Let's call them on.
Polka. I think everyone knows
what's going on what's the good
is a speakers without
a lot from theologians. to just do.
We could call them philosophers, but we want to distinguish between what became known as Islamic philosophy and what is actually
over here on this side.
You're like, this
is a skirt.
Over here we have the
power we have also the Chevy.
Over here we have the handle is
over here we have the shot.
Yeah, by the way, in
Colombia, very close.
Over here, we have the city.
Over here we have the bodies.
he's over here we have the medical.
do you think wins?
And the rest?
Okay, what do we mean by these students? Do we say that these are the ones who are writing
it has to do with their methodology.
When you think of an exam, what do you think of
lots of the
way these people approach the topic, these people approach the topic in a theoretical way.
simple approach to topic in a theoretical way, in other words, like, which is similar to a reseller by Mr. Wilkie, what are the proofs in Islamic law? First of all, what is the proof the Quran is a proof how to use the product they didn't deal very much with with actual things. And that's to be example.
Okay. So, this is a very theoretical approach to the topic.
Okay, everything they present here has to have logical arguments based on the Quran.
Everything they say here has to be having some logical argument behind it.
The advantage of this approach
is that it is in theory, Everything you say is based on Quran, Sunnah. And as I said, let them for the first time, irrefutable logic.
The problem with this approach, which kind of goes with the name
alone is number one, they had a tendency to talk about things that really had nothing to do with.
For example, they used to talk about
before the Prophet sent and received his first revelation was the masuma.
They have a debate about was he protected from committing sin before the first revelation or not?
They have lengthy debate about whether
if someone is given blessings from from Allah subhana wa Tada.
And he is it because of reason that he should give thanks for it? Or is it because of revelations that says that he should give thanks for
this kind of
No, no, there's lots of things especially I mean, obviously, the the notice, yeah, I also put, these are
very in therapy. Over here, I mentioned that this is not fixed. There was some Chavez's facility, there are some ambulances, and so forth. But the original problem is because in the book since they took it from the kalamoon point of view, they discussed matters really about heat instead of
so you know, from the writing was,
I didn't say over here, for example, what, what, after the school year for
another form Also, since we're talking about logical arguments, sometimes we go into very long winded proofs of what they wanted to say.
And it even gets boring.
Okay, now over here, so they're from a theoretical point of view.
And here we have the shrier how to make proofs in the Sharia that goes to the Quran. They don't go to the point, they just go through the Chrome browser and try to see what are the proofs in the Quran was never give evidence.
I would give an example. How.
And we're not talking about reasoning in like Afrikaans but I mean, reasoning from the point of view that you're starting, here's, here's what they're saying. They're saying we'll sort of just as an independent science and has to submit to the rules of
as the independent thing, and stop has to submit to the rules.
Therefore, they go to the parameter and they try to get the rules.
These people now these people develop, basically, and this is not my experience, many offer statements, including a bizarre I want to have. So they take the conclusions of Abu hanifa and Pamela Shivani.
And we use this, okay, they take their conclusions, and they try to figure out what is the way that they argue, and on what basis did they make these decisions? So they're going the opposite way.
Okay, we are starting with the conclusion out there, in other words there and you can really say or their action is not based on
they will do something based on their trust in the event that they took again.
So, they start with the points and the conclusions. So, for example, in Abu hanifa said something and he that if you do such and such,
so they take this statement and they tried to figure out why did he say that? What was his reasoning? And when they try to figure out this reasoning, they come up with a fight or principle, and they say this is the kind of be
so will you love them?
From India in the last century, who was also happy, he said, he pointed out one of the greatest dangers of this approach.
He said most
of the principles
concerning which the Hanafi disagree with all the elements,
and he, they were never stated by anyone, or by abuse or by Shiva.
And in other words, these principles that they derive, they're actually not the same as humans.
But there are principles derived from the later
I'll give you an example. I'll give you two examples.
was different. Because they're not starting with practice. They're not starting with starting with theory, no difference between theory and practice in any field.
Think about the hypothetical.
They go through the Quran and Sunnah and they see what
first of all language,
you don't have to know language, the principles of language.
So they don't look a separate look at the principles of language as related to
secondly, they go to the Quran, they go to the Sunnah. So for example, with respect to the proof of the position of the feminine and Islam, they don't have to go to a point of views and say that this man did this because he believes in the Hadith, which means he believes in
it just goes to the Quran and the Quran says, you have to obey the problem.
As I said, they are looking at something that just have to abide by, they're looking at it from completely different points.
Yeah, because they're defending them.
You know, it's the big difference for them, to write down what he's what he believes in. And for someone to come along and try to look at what Abu hanifa said, and then try to figure out whatever.
Yeah, that's the that's the that's the argument. That
and yeah, I will not say the degrees it's a Happy Mother's Day, like not soon, but they believe that honey for bases are awesome. But still, they, they, they they come up with the code, or principles that never says and these principles differ from all the others.
And so when we have less than any of these principles, I'm not from over honey. So how can we say this is the head of the minute?
Well, I'll give you some examples of the way
the way that they are you okay?
Allah subhana wa, tada doesn't appear on
the blue cushion
for the group,
okay. translate to
the, as the past of the meridian.
After reaching the zenith,
the noon prayer, the noon prayers to be started when the sun is emerging, okay. So for these people,
they all believe
that the seventh, okay or the action?
The fourth thing cause.
The fourth thing cause
That's the best thing come up with. The fourth thing cause of a prayer is the time of prayer.
In other words, all of them agree that if you make the prayer before the time begin.
So the fourth thing cause is the time of the birth. Now for these people, let's
look at some lamb. Here's one.
Okay, the Lamb here means it's causal.
In other words,
when the sun when the sun makes us look, you must pray.
Means the time for prayer has begun.
They have no problem with it.
An interesting question of course, which is not related to what we're doing is suppose for example, that aftermarket of the temperature
is when the all the redness disappears.
Suppose you're living in a place where the time between mother and budget is too short for the redness to disappear.
And all amazingly old old folk are they discussed this point in their book.
So this is the, this is when the prayer can begin,
this is the symbol for the cause.
according to these people,
any of the time begins, then you have to pray. If there's something that keeps you from praying, for example, you lose your mind,
then let the like the time begin to focus.
If God can begin to focus in,
then as soon as it's all 15, and you're obliged to pray, but if you don't pray for her, and then you lose your mind.
And according to the singlehanded amulet very easily,
there's no problem with that you don't have to make.
Now the head of is
the head of it have a statement? Okay.
Let me make sure I get this right.
I don't want to.
Okay, these people say that, that case, if you go crazy or something you have to make up because the sub game and you're forced to play. So the Hanafi
have a narration from the lambs, whatever it from Mohammed or shibang says that if there's some
if there's some
minor, something, preventing you, something prevents you from praying.
And I'm going to get filled with this example. The
second example is much as much. So there's something preventing you from praying according to the Hanafi madhhab, then
kind of comes up with you go crazy. At 1230 you go crazy.
I know people like so 30 every day they go.
Given it all you think you're better off as a man. Okay. So there's something preventing you from praying, according to the Hanafi madhhab, you
have to make up.
This is there any This is a fifth point.
This is a fifth point.
And from this point, they're going to drive their soul.
Now, what is the problem that there's
such thing anymore?
more interest, more? or general?
Now look what the thing
is the beginning of the time of prayer, the seventh for praying for praying. In other words, the top 15 you have to pray? If you go crazy, doesn't matter. You have to make up the prayer.
But they find in their books that no, you don't have to make a prayer. So they have a problem here. If you don't have to make up the prayer,
it means that the beginning of the time, actually wasn't the symbol for the cause for the person.
And if you don't have to make up the prayer,
it means that the beginning of time was actually not. So let me
let me make sure I get this correctly.
So if the beginning of the time was simple for the parent, you would have to make up the parent later, instead of things that's wrong, sort of thing, or shibani was wrong. They think this is correct. And they tried to figure out how to specify.
That's what they're trying to do. That's the problem.
That's why I said it's a big difference between what they did and what they're trying to do. So, yes.
Okay. But at the same time, if you play a 1218
if you play a 12 again, are you prepared for the senior phase?
That's also from
okay, because if you play a clock, the scale
time is from 12 to three o'clock
if you play a small Flo 16 verse correct, that means the last part,
from 245, to 330, or to three o'clock, this could not have been the setup for the prayer.
That because it's 245 to three o'clock was December for the prayer, when you're ready to toss it in your prayers, not
good. We're in the engineering building, because this is
But if you delay the prayer into 45 to 45, then you must pray that, right.
So any because of this, instead of just saying that this principle
must be wrong,
they take these for these points. And they tried to come up
with any applied.
So they say,
view the project.
There's no process
So therefore, here's what they have to say this is from one of their books. And all this so far from one of the books in
the seven for the prayer. And he says.
And if you try to reason in this way, instead of just saying maybe this point isn't right,
you have to get into some arguments or sheni.
Waste of time.
They say the Sabbath for the prayer is the first part of the cause. For the cause of the prayer is the first part of the time of prayer. In other words, 1216
if the prayer is actually performed during the day,
otherwise, the syllabi or the cause changes,
the cause changes until or changes to the next portion of the time and so on. So the cause changes.
Until and what they're trying to prove is that if for example, was the top 10
top 16, what they're trying to prove is the top 16 if you look crazy.
Okay, they're trying to prove that
this is not the cover for the perfect if you haven't taken
if you're still crazy, two o'clock, okay.
And you haven't read yet than this, then they have to argue that this is still not the silver bullet.
And if at three o'clock, you're still crazy.
Okay, then this is the same symbol for the parent. And that's why you don't have to make it.
Flipping is not
Okay, let me let me give you another example. I should have started with this.
I'm not even going to ask you this one.
But this will be on the final exam.
The point is,
the point is that they have this rule. Okay. This is what one of them said, I'm not sure which one where they got it from the distance, supposedly a Happy Mother's that if something prevents you from friends, and you do not have to make up the first
But what the problem is, is that if the beginning of the time of the prayer is the subject for prayer, then you cannot say you don't have to make it. So they have to figure out some way of saying you don't have to.
Yeah, instead of saying that, well, maybe this isn't right. This is the setup. Yeah. In other words, this is your question the theoreticians or the other schools. They will look at the Koran.
Soon as they come clear that you have to pray. Forget about what he said if he said this. And we're from this school will say forget about what he said he's home.
And he they're not trying to defend them. But the head of his word trying to defend them.
I don't know. I don't know.
I will give you
I read it, I read it
several prefer is the first part of the time of the prayer of the project you performed during it otherwise it suddenly changes in this portion of the time so on until then just sufficient to pray to the Phantasm the person did not pray for several days and distributes it to the entire time. And therefore the some of the enemy did not have. He doesn't have
Okay, here's a simpler example.
what did you say the episode?
This is a festival it says
a word that refers to more than one thing.
Isn't the isn't the sort of fun?
Now we all know the y'all know now Why'd you say that? If you miss the prayer for some man, you don't have to make the prayer.
You can never repeat it again. But y'all know.
Okay, so metallic is a word that can refer refer to more than one thing.
Now the other example they serve is they say that if you have a word which is much better, it can apply to more than one thing.
In other words, it could it could apply to all of the things
they say no
no, no, I'm doing the exam a little bit differently. This is no they're not.
This is not to be used for more than one needs.
cannot be used
for more than one
more than one.
In other words, in other words, okay, there's a verse in the Quran, which is using a word which is much better can refer to more than one thing. It has to refer to get one of them according to this according to this kind of image. That is the that is the maximum according to the Hanafi
I'll give you an example of a mustard
Okay, I'll give you an example.
at all even if it's not
in English, we say homonym hormone empowerment.
But it's not exactly the same thing as much as my definition show. Okay.
Is the word that applies to more than one thing?
Okay, here comes some examples gonna make everything clear.
The terminologies are more precise. Okay. Suppose
we have person eight here
so that could be at a
want to show you how to get this spider. Okay. We have person a person a is asleep.
And over here this is now be family.
he's a slave. They freed him.
Bring him back after 2000 years.
Okay, freedom. They free him. Okay.
What do you call now this
Okay, they also called me one
There is a common one the same time as the money
he presents. Some people don't use DB and
Okay, was the neutron
going back my head.
Okay, these people down here or called also what
These people are known as the upper moiety
and these are known as
yeah this no no BS them is that from one to eight
from one to eight
and C, D and E are the lower one. Everything is in with respect to A.
These are called up from Wiley These are called Penny they because Molly can refer to the one who was freed and was the one who freed. Oh.
Okay, sorry about that while he refers to the one who freed and the one who is free.
Was it okay a die? Hey, has a will.
As the Word says, I did so much property to my one.
Haha, which one this word, this word must be much better because it refers to these people as these people.
According to Abu hanifa Okay, now this is the principle the T is the person who needs the will like this.
And he doesn't say which one is referring to then the will his voice
but doesn't mean anything.
Okay. So from this point,
he said, he said, Actually, there's three things
he said that if the person did not say which Milady means then
the will is void.
Okay. So that's his, that's what his statement is we conclude from this that Mr. Abu hanifa believes that much better cannot be used Okay.
Mr. Machado can be used and more than one. So, he will say that but can be applied to more than one utopia divided equally between among several say divided equally between no problem.
Clear as mud as they say?
No, no, it means
refers to these people nice people The problem is this person a should have let you know, in parentheses upper lower.
But the linguist is wrong.
Okay, now, there's a further there's a further
adjustment that they have to make, because there's someone,
okay, someone like you, okay, someone like he has both upper body and lower body.
And someone says, I swear that I will not talk to his mind.
As far as I'm not confident once
again, he didn't say whether it means upper or lower.
If he speaks to any one of them, according to how
we speak to any one of them, he's breaking his oath.
So, they have to change this the same aesthetic enough to use for more than one meaning unless
it is followed by
followed by negation using a negative sentence.
Okay, in other words, they had to add a condition here, you
know, this is what
he said this was boy, and he also said that the person who said that as well will not talk to him.
He also said that if you speak to any of them, upper or lower, he breaks it Oh,
It just you have to understand his reasoning that Mr cannot be used for more than one meaning unless to use the name
that that that
flows for the hanafy approach to
And in other words,
yeah, but then when we apply this principle to the Quran
and you don't change the former. In other words, if there's the word which is much better than the Quran, and it is followed by negation that
It applies to everything the muster.
If there's a word in the Quran, nothing negation, then you cannot apply that verse until you define who's according to the Hanafi.
The other thing was that it can be used for more than one.
So that's what I said in the first day. If he didn't say what he said, okay, divided between all of them, the first all of them.
in general, he didn't say that.
He didn't say it was the letter Coca
Cola device derive this principle from his.
Now, as I said, the problem was the hanafy approach is that you are relying on the fact that
life is correct.
reason it is
They say nothing earlier.
Yes, exactly. That's what I was trying to say.
some of the books look more like books, if
you open up to you have a hard time finding any for example, what is the Quran begin with this in the beginning, there's all six principles. And he picked points and he's driving rules from
that, of course, I guarantee you that some of
the mistakes are clear is no problem.
Quickly as always,
a body per se, if you speak to any of them, either up or the worker.
And if I say I swear by God, I will not speak to your cousin. Well, that's not a good example.
Because you cannot divide them into two and say this. Which one are you talking about? I'm sorry.
Yeah, there we go.
Then, then you have to
you have to adjust this. Yeah, that's my point. That they took both them they took the first one and said this, and then they took the second one and said, Well, this is the second book we have to adjust
he talks to them, he broke his own
damn saying that.
This is what he thinks that I will not speak through any of them.
I mean, he said, I will not speak with
the negation means that when you say what do you mean any of his more?
Okay. In other words, if he said I was speaking this morning, and he did not define which one number long while he will not judge it the same way. Because I was speaking with
him, he says, I will speak there's no way to stop it. And now it's not. He says while I was speaking this morning, not using negation, and he's picked it up from Wiley.
We cannot say that he is fulfilled
because we don't know whether he was approved it up or low. So therefore, we will
Say that we don't know
this list that I just passed out I didn't pass out that was passed out
by the way they just named the book that's right and translate them into
okay this is if you if you're so interested by
by this class
so, excited by this class
here are the basic books the Basic Books
the basic books have
starting with the books of the mythical the moon
If you go down to the nominee
anytime you see either words of hate in the title This means the author must be what
must be marked as
they call themselves
okay in the 17th volume of that work
they had the work on the 17th volume is devoted devoted
17th volume of that work is devoted to
the rest is
no no no of course
no he has another book called the longer that we got to put it down
and then you have the next one I will say that bursary is also not a jury his book is not some of
these are going in by the way time the first real book
from the humble a point of view was
until recently there was a copy of that available in the airport
Kodama and an opinion this is a three and the family isn't given to me these are the three basic Camberley
that is the first and the basic handling therapy family therapy reference because in the in the introductory section, they refused some of the views of the of the Shara
the next one a llama duck I bought it a lot today to show you this is it and now I forgot of course the one day we finally get around to this
and the next one finally is
if you take the four as
an overhand and
these are known as the four classic work
is known as the four classic works if you want to study
you should study these four
elements which is not there by far the worst
ever says about drugs
buy in Omaha domain join was down by Obama and his are the big four.
Just like General Motors, Chrysler, Ford and Ford
motors, I guess I no longer know
from the early and he all of these actually are kind of going out to the reserves. Now the next one up is a muscle to the soul by Regina Rogers.
He combined the he combined these four he wants to these four and he tried to combine them as much as possible. And he tried to include as much evidence as possible
and it is a very good addition of that from
I would give you one an Indonesian but I don't know what.
Okay, so the whole and there's a very good addition of it from Gemma Tina.
He took the four words and he kind of put them all into one and as many multiples of it because it's quite the same thing I stamped with him.
he did the same thing. He took the Big Four
and put them in the One World
But much without the detail that we had
to go through the books on the next page.
Okay, now the book says
there's a misspelled word Please excuse me.
this is the first one basically, basically is responding to an amateur been trying to show what is the. So, this is like 50 or 40 collide, sustain this for one statement, and it also
will go down in history because the one thing
his famous for one of his collide, which if you think of there might have been makes sense.
Any any verse in the Quran or any heavy that goes against must be either a mentor, or
he must be either abrogated or that needs to be encrypted in such a way to fit our letter. And if you think if you look at the way of reasoning of the book or the mission
and because they're starting with the best one of their is the one by one as soon as by the way
and it has the commentary
if you ever see it, buy two copies One for you and one for me, send it to me
the one by
he has a very good reputation of therapy when it comes to for example,
then the next generation of books in which they try to combine the two approaches How do you combine these two?
No, these people are starting with the theory and basically they only refer to technical points as examples.
So what is the next generation tries to do is to take this theory and on every point that's related to the point
that my that my drift
they start with a theory and they try to go all the way down to what's difficult.
The most important of those are the ones by design
and the one by German German, he claims the Germans Yuan is based on 100 books.
A good one also isn't suddenly Mr. Booth near the bottom it is published on the margin of
the date the date after the names or the date that they died
the next time extracting the practical points from the maximum
this is a very interesting
topic, they tried to take all of the slides and show how they're applied and
to give an example from the voces book, this is another
another basically describing where the enemies and the judges disagree
But one of the most of the Hanafi books or one of the one of the principles that he has the hand if he stays at the slot
of the follower is related or connected to the pair of females
because they know
based on this, so, here are some of the principles that we get from it. This is the some of the books
that he said that if the man prays while he was not an alcoholic, he was not pure and the follower did not know it. Both the demand and the pole was
not valid but
because the honeybees say based on this principle, we say that the loss of the follower is connected or related to the setup of the man
Chevy say no.
The head of he say that if the man was supposed to make sense to sell was essentially for forgetting. forgetfulness.
But he forgot, date is supposed to make sense. So when he forgot, then the poll was not supposed to make it easy.
Because they were forced to follow demand services. Yes. If you're far away, even if you're not forgiving, you should make the decision.
That when demand
how do we say no? How do we say that if demand is the prayer behind? If a man is praying behind the moment, he needs the prayer and praise by Intel? It's about
70 say no.
And it goes up during the time of the Prophet send them the man was making the slot very long. So one person left and he prayed by himself, while the public session is not going to repeat, but because of this, so this is no whispers nothing.
How do we say for example, that if you're, if someone is playing God, he cannot play behind the mammals bring up?
services? Yes, even?
How do we say that if someone is spraying wedges, one of the wedges tell us we cannot pray behind someone who is spraying nothing? Shall we say, Okay. And he this, this is the this kind of book.
And it will begin right anytime we begin, right? This is like, injury time. So I'm the only one who knows
when the exercise is now a different approach. Let me just talk about the necessity to work in for a few moments. As I said, there's a PhD dissertation written in English that is on reserve in the library, about a short Sotheby's book and what
they basically his argument is, is that he had
already making rulings to the Sharia are based on two principles, the Arabic language and the type of stuff that Imam Shafi wrote about, okay. This is not what most of us is about oil
and gas industry or the goals of the city. When you make
when you make it, he had, he says you must know these principles and at the same time, you must also understand the mechanics of this area. It is a unique work in the history of
in the history of Islam, there's no other work similar to it.
The work is somewhat still work at this point in time, and I'll make a commercial Mohammed's live in Fort Collins, he has it for sale.
Well, we'll end with that we finally get to the end.