Channel: Jamal Zarabozo
Welcome to the 11th lecture
the topic, smarter gel, which is an AMA checkers book from pages 151 to 213, since we're getting very far behind,
will, will not really be going over those. And unfortunately in English we don't really have reference on.
This basically discusses
different types of narrators and who they are. Basically, it's identifying, identifying who the people are. So if you read those sections,
you should for example, read about who are the Sahaba what's the definition of a Sahabi? According to them handwritten
who are the most important Sahabi?
Well, have you considered either These are some of the important things should get from there.
You should know that there is no hobby and no TV by the name of Abrahim
was important. Why is information like this important?
The Senate ends with someone by the name of after him, you know that you're missing at least two narratives between him and the purposes
some of the things they cover for example, is
a category called a service or a lead.
And this is also an important topic because it can lead to some confusion.
I will get to it
later lead to some confusion.
What is this in English?
I'm going to define it okay.
The former the former in Latin the letter for
so for example, we have Mr. Malik.
We look to see what's the
What's the earliest
of the people who narrated from him? What's the earliest date of death?
That's called a seven. Okay, so for example, in the case of a medic in Amazon, he was older than him.
And he was full of Hades, but although he's older than him, he still took some heat from him and medic. This is not uncommon for older people take it from young people. So as though he was the first one today
was the earliest to die from those people who narrated from him a medic. And he died in 124.
And then we look to see the death of the oldest person who died I mean of the last person, the last person who died who narrated from him Amharic
and in this case is someone by the name of Hamelin Ismail
and he died in the year 259.
When you smile,
and this is
the reason this is important.
They said that removes the possible confusion because as you see the
math class between the dates of his death, and the date of his death is 135 years.
So someone if you were just to look and see the zaharie narrative from medic and made narrated from medic, you might get the impression
that there's something wrong.
Because there's, I mean, it's strange to find one person and one who narrated from him from the beginning to the end of the difference 135 years.
So they used to study these things to make sure or
just to show that in fact, 135 years is not a strange amount.
And so if anyone were to look at it, you would not be surprised by one narrator near informatik dying that early. And the other one dying that place will vary has a book on this topic.
One of the one of the
largest spends 150 years between
Seven letter form and the letter as
I just did
this is a seven this one
stands out what
have you How do you explain it?
Was was the Chevy Volt much older than him? But he took it from him
Yes 55 years when he told me he wanted to
give it to you just what I'm saying and to avoid that kind of confusion doesn't mean that there is
when when nazare narrated from him when when is that is it my medic was about 34
medic live to about one Oh
yeah, we're taking the death of the person the first one who died and the last one who did
also you have to know they also studied the strange names
and the reason you have studied the strange names is because if you find someone like me For example, I'm sure if I wrote this on the board
so it would correct me to say that's not right it shouldn't be
or this name
yep know the strange names to know that the one who's saying the name is not making mistakes Okay, as the name JB was the name Okay, they're not common names you'll find them in
shouldn't be the same as having
This is when the topic of smarter yet which we're going through just very quickly
including that also those people who have names which give a false impression of their ancestry or a false impression of something about them. For example, there was someone by the name of a woman so didn't
have read on the board is from the Sahaba.
But if you hear that name was the first impression you will get
and this means that he is from the people who participate in but but he has the name of a certain boundary because he lives it further for a while. He lives in that area.
Okay, so if you hear Harry's from him narrating something about the Battle of weather, you might say yeah, he was there His name is
nine thing that he did not does not wear his coat.
But also, for example, we talked about Buhari
how many administer male Bihari jersey. The last name also confuses some people. How does he get the name of the jersey?
Yeah, Danny his the his grandfather became Muslim through someone from the travel jacket. Or that time if you become Muslim at the hand of someone you take on that person's name. So his family was known as the trophy after that.
doula I can't get it to break as new technology.
Maybe it's the mailman or something.
There's also this there's another section about those narrators who are step up but who have no strong change coming from them.
So for example, the one who the one who the process in the nickname is El amin
is just just shy.
The process and him call me
Danny although his element
And obviously his stepfather is no any strong chain to avoid
so we have not authenticated from
those who came up to him
so they also have this category that people who are a step up but there are no authentic change from them so
related from him from an authentic chain
there are some from an opposition
because of the chain after
330 in the morning
I wasn't going to I was going to they wouldn't hear what they said.
But in order to go even quicker make up some more time.
He told me you read everything
these are names of books that I didn't bother to, to try to translate them
Oh, just look at the letter
So this these information about narrator's and any where they lived and where they died, and so forth, these are contained in different books of
biographies. So here I give you a list of some of the more famous books
most of these are published and available nowadays. On the second page is a couple that are
There's books inshallah, when we get to heirs will correct them
as books that just discuss the Sahaba
who are the Sahaba
give some background about the history and who narrated from them.
And Elisa even had the third book there
even talks about who some people call Sahaba. But in fact, they are not to have
he has three sections. The third section are those people who are actually not
next is books of double costs are books that several cost what's the what they mean by that is they take each generation The books are not arranged in alphabetical order. But they take each generation from the Sahaba and then the divine and then service arraign. So you find them all in the same section. Back to the author of the book. One of the most famous of those is to Cobra by
to live inside stem as you save in sad died in 230.
Yeah, also discuss and who were their students and sometimes they're
not the best one books on the conference just have to have awareness to have on some, where did they live? Who were their students and so forth?
Yeah, these are all any biographical books, the biographical information.
not necessarily not in this first two categories. I mean, nothing the books.
The next one is there's books of any discussing narrators in general all different types of narrators. And two examples I gave her severe Buhari and Elijah with a deal by him whenever he has.
He has three books one is to edit his career. One is that he has a rare
large Small and Medium
increase different books to say
pretty much he
Recorded everyone that she had heard of, even if you didn't have any specific information about
where the others know.
Then there's also books of just trustworthy narrators, but
largely been even sharing.
But then there's books of just weak.
He died in
not talking about someone nowadays.
Also books a week
narrated the most important of those two probably are the most important three of those camel pharyngeal by even Abby has been published. And I think eight or nine large volumes is then led to death by the hubby and Mr. Amazon
synonyms and antonyms both as a hook
even had the last word
must have been tagged by the time I reached or someone Junaid calls again.
But then there's also collections of narratives from specific work like elbow Party and the Muslim and also most of the medic
televisie. That's correct. That's correct. Yes.
Please, like Edmund would you be we have to be
the most famous, the most used books are probably the last category.
And those are books of narrators from the famous six books, six books being
Bukhari Muslim and say, let's put him in the web and measure what
he says he says, you
know, since he wouldn't
the first of those was by omakr. So he did in 600, I forgot to put this
was this book needed some revision, and he included lots of information about the narratives, the headaches they recorded and so forth. So this was mizzi
made some Museum The next one, it made some corrections to it and deleted some things. And that's known as the evil command.
And then from Mrs. books to two other books were were made.
One is that he beats me by Debbie
in which he improved the book a little bit.
Yeah, is the one that
what did he do he has also been made in mock tests of the form and two books one is called as cash by Adobe also.
And the other one, the pedals there will
at the north end.
And then on the other side, also, even hazard also went to the Lizzie's book, he added some narrators, he included some, he took out all the information which is not relevant to general ideas. In other words, Missy has lost information and some of it is not really needed. So exclude all that unnecessary stuff. He added some narratives that were not in his book, and he calls it the heavy heavy
and then even had your summarize his own book
and a book called The previous century,
which is the smallest of all those books you will find. He criticized the hobbies in cash if
he said it is like
can you just add one for all the narratives but his book for free was much less has much less information as I have his books? Why brought
to see what kind of
what the books look like some of the books and compare some of them. I brought example from David Talib and Derek revere gelaterias.
For two of the same narrators, I underlined their names I did not make
16 or whatever copies of those.
He has a
Because the LL will not have a rigid but they're in a very there's not all the books Oh, there's many many many books, but these are some of the most important books. Yeah the book by Moxie and by mizzi these two have not been published they are still makuta
they are the books have been published and
you could think of what each one of us take away from the German for the man we can get our PhD
should be the opposite
when you listen to the
So, as I said we went through those that topic quickly Any questions about that? And it wouldn't say enough to actually have questions about it
in his book three, but then we when you when you look at this, you will find for example, that He gives the number after the name Mina Femina
yeah this is this cup of coffee it from the from the Sahaba to been to the debate and so forth is saying which which
generation the person came from and also afterwards you will find initials after the each person's name for example, after job geography
you will find del whatever we'll call
What do you think those mean? This is the three of attending
after the names after each name when you look at this you're going to find some letters who's up here you find Dell was that local
coffee By the way, some people when they look at them, I think it means myself canale
don't make them mistakes, stands for really
anyone knows because we
even measure it we measure.
So, we should compare the different books and how they deal with the same
want you listening from the six books
as a book
I just did not put it
this is the sixth book is narrated from Korean Muslim
Bukhari Muslim widowed etc maybe even measure and NSA
This is how I write them in my notes.
imagine that many would
even had to include in many narrators from books other books that these people included
that you see what's happened is not to see the first one there he decided to make like an encyclopedia biographers claim so he put it he decided to take some important books and make take all the narratives from those books. He decided on these six books, okay. So by this
freak of history, by his decision to do that, these six books became known as standard works, okay. They're called the has that doesn't mean that they're all authentic. But because of what democracy did they are grouped together and they became the most important six books. Why?
Because too big, probably
was the first book and no
more no, no.
In this case, johari was the first Muslim was the second
tirmidhi an essay and all of them are students of inquiry and Muslim.
And Muslim is every student
and even measures the last of these.
So we're talking about people from the same generation or
Muslim is a
Muslim, Muslim is
Any questions about this? Many people?
Many people say that it's the first time I ever heard
I think getting hanifa
I never heard
more of these people.
The first time ever, if you can show me any book, anyone who says this, even for rich.
Now, what's it what kind of debt are you making? His book is too big of his book. If you just take the narratives from his book that will be just as big as this book.
I'm talking about the Muslims
who just take the narratives of the Muslim Ummah and be as big as it
It is actually in another book by forget the name of the author.
The there's a book of just the narratives from Muslim men, but it's not
something I have, but it's not that same
monster agenda he
discussing in general. But let's finally move on to authentic heavy
what are the conditions that authentic Hades must meet now?
Without is a student of Buhari and as tirmidhi and Muslim
tirmidhi NSA and widowed they're all pretty much from the same generation the same time they all studied with a hurry and also wouldn't
imagine a little bit later. I think he may have met them Buhari, but he did not really study under him.
Yeah, he studied under them.
So now after all these chapters that we studied so far, there's five conditions for a headache to be
considered a hate.
keep them awake.
By now, all you should know this
just from logical progression of what we're doing so far. So focus, for example, with respect to the narrator's
all of the narratives must be auditable. Okay,
not 90% of the narratives, but all of the narratives in the chain have to be either rolled up, right? We discussed why are
the five conditions for headaches to Vista, hey,
This this, if he's talking about he had about a particular head is that different from seeing what's there the condition? No, because for example, in the general idea we talked about
the narrator's that for one score, he might be thought the other score will put them a little bit lower. So for one score higher it will be so high for the other one it will be but as for what are the conditions these are pretty much accepted by all elements. What else
chain has to be chain?
What was the chain?
Okay, unbroken chain.
It was all pretty clear from what we've studied. so far.
The third, the fourth condition
Okay, cannot be shared. Okay, no, no
they all come late and they complain
about the class
and the last one
also grammar and there will be
no, no ill
will be also as we talked about for there's grammatical and then something wrong with
this one is clear and one chain has been broken otherwise if there's someone missing from the chain we don't know who he is we cannot say whether he's acceptable or not. Number two we discussed in detail hopefully it's clear to everyone number three. What about number four?
What do we mean by this?
Okay, cannot contradict anything stronger?
Well, this refers to both this method
and the method
for example, the Quran the Hadith contradicts the Quran to be considered shared.
If the headache is the what's the go ahead we'll discuss this and it contradicts another headache, which is what what it is because
if the headache is narrated by people who are any
borderline acceptable, unacceptable and the bottom of the first handout I gave you in the top of the second handout, and it contradicts what the top narrators narrated, it would be considered shared
and notice it refers to both this net and the
most does not end the text of the heading.
contest is not
valid or invalid
it's not for example, suppose you have chains well known for example to pass through episode
and then some other people well everyone knows episode this week. Okay.
So what else narrates the same Hades
and he This is how all the scores are headed and there is someone else the exact same had it was the exact same chain only who puts that inside is
we don't know about.
And in this case, this will be considered shed because everyone owes and this person who narrates it like this is any of this is not from the top category so everyone's narrating in this way and he's contradicting them so this would be considered shed
yeah we only when we look at it we study we have to conclude that he made a mistake so this would be considered it's considered a shed in the internet because the way he's narrating it is contradicting the way the mind
then this is this narration is shared because the way he narrates it contradicts the way the scholars narrative
if we if we narrow it to headed this way, let's say is this a Hey,
if it was actually this way because he's
a busy man man, forget sad
But this is not a hadith because it's shed In other words, the scores have had eaten their rates are headed this way meaning this is wrong.
So this will be considered shed contradicts the way the score was and anything and everything.
Yeah, this is the way that the people who are experts in headings and narrating and
this is the way someone who is a little bit weak is narrating it this way. And all the evidence shows that he's narrating it the wrong way. So in other words, the way he's narrating is contradicting the way the scholars and narrating so we reject it and we call it shed. So there can be no shoot for the headache, a headache can be nothing like this.
The reason is that in this case
The heavy this week
we we narrated incorrectly looks ahead, but this year because it contradicts
the case we'll also in the bottom of the chain, others hover
if you have one Sahaba here and another Sahaba there and it may not affect the status of the head of both the hover
obviously and most of them are known to narrate it may not affect the status because this shirt
most of them
yeah you would say this. For example, if the narrated from is actually one of the heads of Aveda and someone narrated from Alabama to be considered Of course, yes this is yeah this narration is actually narrated by a waiter but then they'll say well Annie the Hadith is still so Hazel just narrowly incorrectly
and depends not just the number of change but sometimes it's if you have one weak narrator going against you American loading in the way these people narrative people that category to reconsider share just one against three
but if it's Jani Ury we're ahead and it goes against me with the weapon for sure it's gonna be [???].
I already explained this
the gear with Islam in
double question is different.
But the last the last condition
there should be no ln the head is what we mean by Allah. This case, by the way, what they mean is the hidden
hidden hidden defects. Everyone in this one again also can be in this net or them
in the either in this net or in the middle
is the but
but what they mean by L
is this the heavy looks the hair and everything looks perfect and headed. Now you could argue that shirt by the way or in the shed is a special case of Ella but anyway they differentiate between two we look at the headings, everything looks sound, everything looks fine.
But if you studied closer
and bring together all the changes in the headings, you will find that there's been a mistake made. And that mistake is is a hidden defect in other words is not obvious to anyone, but only to the scores of Haiti.
For example, there's the statements of Abdullah bin Massoud that says that whatever the Muslims see as good than Allah sees it as good
whatever the Muslim see is better than Allah sees it does that. So you have the chain
statements of Abdullah bin Masood.
So you have the chain. Have you narrated
like the sound that makes
Muslims that makes
you have the chain going back to the love and misses so someone when he narrows his head if he makes a small mistake instead of stopping I love the luck he just maybe his tongue just continues. He says Abdullah an individual Okay, from
the from the public.
Okay, he made a small mistake he just added a small mistake is big, but it's a small mistake. He just added the profits name at the end.
So if we study this already, so now it's the heads of the provinces and the way
we study this head is by itself We'll see. Okay, everyone is Adam Baba. The chain, then broken back up. Elon Musk Massoud said was the hobby. There is many headaches from the promises and so the chain is unbroken back to the processing
So, if we just look at it, everything looks fine.
But if we
study this narration and study how other people narrated the head, you will find that a mistake was made.
Because the hidden mistake is not obvious.
And this mistake because and
so for me to be so hey, there can be no hidden defect, right?
this should be
it should stop right here because it's the same in a bundle, it's not a statement of profit
by taking all the different ways people narrated it and studying it,
and trying to spot to see if someone made a mistake by making it a metaphor back to the process.
Yeah, other any if we study we find that, in fact, that is the statement from Abdullah not from the process.
Okay, so something like that they call it
wonderful, wonderful. But he
in other words, days modifies the statement of the vote, this element is not corrected this week. But as a statement of Adelman Massoud, it is correct. So you find this term a lot or this. They say this a lot. They've been referred to as Mr.
Murphy, I mean, back to the province, that means back to the Sahaba.
That's what those two terms mean.
Another example of that, for example, in the text
is someone I don't remember who written here somewhere.
He narrated that the prophets I seldom said that someone gives so much that his right hand does not know how much his left hand is giving any talking about the people who will be in the shade of Allah subhanaw taala it said one of those is the person who gives so much that his right hand does not know how much his left hand is given.
So the enterprise nowadays I think, is clear. But does the mistake that he made listen closely the right switch hands on like a magician, the right hand does not know how much the left hand gives.
And even in the Arabic language actually the right 10 is the one that gives us maybe
that is a mistake.
That he said the head is nervous.
So anyway, we studied that headings we find that someone made a mistake and that
there was some scholars who were experts in ela like and even the Medina at Milliman Hanban Buhari and daughter, Courtney, Mr. Muslim, it is the most difficult thing
in Oman Have you
any questions about the five conditions
when they established
love to actually state these are the mocassin I think actually
shortly one of the ceram or the first I guess, because
that not the text of the head is they will
actually be former Casa de Shreya. They used to call Muslim.
They will not apply a hadith in certain circumstances because the cost of the Sharia but doesn't mean they will reject the Hadith.
The difference between the two? Yeah.
No, all they have these two principles shared or in. But the same thing.
I said you don't criticize with this specific circle.
says you may not apply to the credit based on this principle but next fall anyway
as opposed to the other questions you've been asking this is important
enough to get anything
to be somebody
with a headache or headache from stronger narratives though they love you
The next point that was going to get to some people said that Yan is visiting my sister pain they said this is all over howdy they just look to this night if there's not a spine the neck of the head is
and this is not correct as you see two of the conditions for this to be a refer directly to the method in other words, they had to study the method also to make sure it's not shared to make sure there's no end
because how do we apply this how do you
know next fall
you had any
as I said next fall
get through the headache part first and then we can
proceed. Yes. Okay, you can see that they work and the great part is probably one of the best fuqaha
of his time
to read this book has helped Buhari and you see how he gets evidence from different parties and you'll see that his focus
but let's take an example of headache and let's see if this headache is authentic or not.
we have in the handout
bother jiofi okay
I'm not going to read I'm just going to say you may write it down college GOP.
I'm delayed and uses the word use of narrative to us and definitely remember that term from long time ago
caller brought in a medic
and even she had
well as we said as a generic term.
From image you have
m Hamad M and jubair even Martin
the range before
populated to the restaurant.
from his father
Who said I heard the prophets the rest of the Hadith is named
as the Prophet recite surah Torre and certain Mogra
or that was the first time that in an instant My heart
is not ready
but the logic
and V any this policy I heard the promises and then we said sort of broader sort of model and that was the first time he met into my heart
the five conditions doesn't meet the five condition
Yes, this heavies this heavy they just gave the meet the post condition. First conditions first condition.
The first edition was the first condition
So between jobs we have books
between a jersey and
the lead the news is the chain broken or not
okay let's start with two and three then
202 and three together we say this the newest has to be
jubair What about him? Is he
smart Martin Martin
What about him?
You don't know him
book Do we have to go to
lithography some users
will find this is a hobby
What about Mohammed even Jabarin
is also so happy
there's so many calls in between people from the same travel costs and everything from each other. It was to have it in everything from each other.
close close enough, the fact that I remember that word.
Yeah, I mean, can we just worry about the lead?
Oh, did I skip as an employee? I said
oh, it means you have somebody Oh, who does my next question.
Okay, what about the zoning
everyone knows the zoning is from the top if you have the handouts from in Manhattan is from the top the top top.
But what about the nomadic
questions that haven't been handled but when it comes to Malik
or affinity I'm sorry.
we have done is we have started by one person. Anyone supports this idea?
They both support as well.
Okay. And he was discussing drove
me to come back to him. They've been now back to the first
let's assume for now, that is the
back to the first condition
is the state unbroken
I mean, who knows? We no way the students in this class know whether this chain is broken or not.
How Okay, I feel jiofi acid For now, let's assume he is
a GOP speaker and he said he had definitely been useless if someone is Stefan has had death Now, what does that mean?
It means he earned it directly from the person three lectures four lectures
going from stupid
means he heard it directly from him.
If I say had destiny now if that means I heard it directly from that, did you miss better
than useless bit about an emetic?
Name thing you heard it directly from Alexa those two links. unbroken
marriage medic did on image you have a zoning.
How do we deal with that? Did we discuss this before? That?
we deal with that, what's the problem with an
the problem was that
someone could make the leap.
What's the definition of delete in this case? What are we talking about?
This issue is not what we mean right here.
At least means that number one has two conditions number one, I will give you any what that looks like.
A narrate Hadees
A narrated from V.
In general, in other words a is a student to be
a is a student of B as I should have put it that way instead of inherits from be
A and B.
voice from the
head is number 251
number 251 y'all know heading number 251
Pacific heading heading number 251 A did not hear from the
A did not hear hedis number 251 from V but he heard it from si
si obviously is also students a b
Everyone following so far?
sees another student from B okay. A did not hear hedis number 251 from B but he heard it from C on the authority of B
because he missed one class yeah this is whether he was sleeping
now here's the important part when A
is no he heard it from be on the sword I mean hearing it from
that's how he heard the head is from C and V doesn't work.
everyone follows the word the heavy from C from presidency and one person she narrated the headache he said had definitely be for example
so you get that now when a narrator
narrator heading number 251
dropping see from this net
and saying I be
Yes, yes. Because if it's not a student of being a and b it's not the
these are the conditions this is what this is that your students have someone you did not hear the headache from him directly you heard it from someone else and you say I'm that person this is what at least is that at least listener
the way that the problem is okay when you do this is you're leaving someone out of the chain
that person may have made a mistake and they didn't had it he may not have noticed the same way beanery throughout the study see dramas you don't know see you don't know who he is because he left them out.
So we can
pay but there will not be
clear any fair okay this is called the list
students a B then the gene is just broken but not that this
is not prominent. So it no longer
Yeah, because the same will be broken. But here we have a more difficult from because a actually heard it from me.
Now what do we do with people who committed these?
Who do this kind of thing.
If they are stubborn In other words, if they are not liars,
For rich school, they don't have much Chuck in this thing.
Now what do we do with people like this? People who committed Lee
people commit to this if they use the word and
we don't accept the Hadees
unless it's proven that they heard it
Let me let me write it.
Those who admittedly.
if they use
any they submit the list. But
if they use on
they use the word rejected what they should do if
they use adesina.
If they use vadhana.
They just state that he heard it directly, because remember, he's not a liar.
That's the point. So in other words, if he says had definitely brought enough, or had definitely brought a need, this means he heard it directly from the person. So there's no fear of him making, at least in this case.
So you're still protesting?
Do you should listen to
it? Yeah, you could argue that you should mention the See that's why this is known as to bliss.
That's why we're careful with narrative. Because
We're talking about the people we're talking about.
If you notice the
Java and Java, many people they said Yanni, if you didn't have destiny, or CMS to run into, then he is
this is what we do with people who commit to these if they use the word on we reject the headache.
Can he be around for the mother this and at the same time, forget several jokes.
now, if they use these terms, then we accept the heavy. That's what we do when we find the term i'm
used by Moodle.
But if we know that the narrator did not commit to this,
then we don't have to worry about this.
If we know that the narrator did not commit the literalist or something marketing hated, because the only dropping someone from the chain is difficult to test the rest of us heavy.
Yeah, sure, that causes the brother of line
shuttler Yeah, here's the name. No, call the brother of line has in mind that I prefer to commit Zina than to commit
he prefers to be killed for committing sin and then to commit to this, because in many cases, you're dealing with the deen itself. When he goes in it, just you so Fanny
Miller, we're talking about the people who commit to this, what do we do with their heads? If they use okay, but if someone as I said, No, not to commit to at least,
and use the word iron from someone who is a student from then that means that the change
is one of the conditions of service.
You should know the
journey as I talked about before, they in general, they will not accept narrations from people who are not careful, but don't know for example, what had destiny means or samento they will know.
We will we will talk about later when we talk about what we had is what are some of the reasons for committing to this. So for example, number c or person C, excuse me.
Person C, in A's opinion system,
but other people don't like
okay, so he knows that if you mentioned C's name, they're not going to accept that. So he dropped C from this and in his opinion is taco there's nothing wrong with
that first one. Anyone?
Reason then might cause someone to commit this kind of
thing. So but if narrator's know not to commit currently, and he's narrating from someone that he was a student of,
then any of the change that means the chain is unbroken at that point. So when mad when medics is unnecessary was medical student
was he school
with medical students?
And it's only been one hour since I talked about that.
Just a little while ago, I talked about a service. Right?
I said he was older than medic, okay. And he was medic teacher, but he still sucks from Hawaii from America, nothing wrong with it. So
but medic has some headaches, this is
nothing wrong with it. Some of them have you think that you will not be a scholar of Hadith. And she will narrate from people who are older than you and people who are younger than you.
So what medical students of design
so the chain is unbroken? That
was zaharie students, Hammond even jubair.
Well, if you go to the Boston Herald you will find the T word.
Broken machine is unbroken. Okay, all the way back to the pub or all the way back to
is missing what
if someone is someone who does not commit to at least use the word I'm
from someone who he was a student from that means that it is here directly from him. So the only people
they also use and
and then you get a heavy chain once you close more and then they might also use a shoe. Okay, this is something we'll discuss later.
does the chain unbroken
Everyone's supply chain for maybe a job? Okay.
Is there any issue there and then this heavy the heavy shed
he said that he heard the process in which he sort of thought and sort of the mother of
learning on how big your handwriting
but we'll get to that
Okay, is there is there any hobbies that you know of?
Is there any hobbies that you know that the province has still never restated sort of thought and sort of smaller?
Is there any hobbies that you know,
that says the Prophet says seldom used to only recite short solos and lots more.
But, can you think of anything this hadith contradicts
LS any hidden defects in this heading? Go to
Okay, first of all, with respect to obviously la you cannot judge this by this chain right? You have to look and study from other chains out there.
Is there any problem with the fact that he said this the first time that a man reached his heart, we said earlier that we do not accept Harry from afar.
So, when he heard this sort of thought this means and he was not a believer.
In other words, that he was a novelist and word the father says Dylan we say this
is any problem with that.
Letter. You heard it in season two.
Like a dog on a leash.
isn't the first time that Eman introduce her
okay we talked about this before this when you convey the head if you must be Muslim we do not accept any form for that and what you will your as the time you heard the heads or saw the incident doesn't matter. We gave examples of this
the first time he went into this for
the first time that he felt
even after my hair that doesn't mean that he was he wasn't Muslim or because of
this. This is
we just all the conditions are met we only have to worry about geography.
jiofi died in 127
this is Java and Java.
Okay, from the book the creme de la we see that the jiofi died in 127
and some people say 132
This is when he died
127 sibella she didn't want me
to say we're just sticking with it. Anytime you find something like this I mean the dates in between also the feel the local
Okay, what's the it's not that we have
we had medic, right? medic live medic live from when doing
medic medic live from what 90
or 91 or something to win
something like 170
Okay, something is
in the news this
live from about
I'm approximating here but it's something like 130
to 200 or two no 141 42%
What does this mean?
Is that deliver news and the Harrison color joke
142 to 10 so
this is when he died and this is
the conclusion from
clear clear that few people have the wrong job
as Mohammed administrators are in
so you have to make sure you identify the people correct if you just jumped to the conclusion that agenda Jovi
you're gonna have you're gonna have lots of trouble with this
is Mohammed eminence Mind Body
The reason I did not mention
body color body
and give this now what would you say?
This is a big mistake why
many books. One of his books is a series of COVID which I take one page from YouTube and Darryl kabiri has many headed and when you discuss them there is as you give the headings.
So just because as Buhari recorded it, it doesn't mean that it's if you recorded it in a technical career, or it doesn't mean that the head either side. So I know that if I just tell you a body you will assume automatically. That is that's not the case. But this particular head is that we studied systems
I just explained
with any any.
So like the example you gave me, I think you want to when we give the example of sufian.
But the humble actually the way they say for to humble, you don't have to be Muslim. But for that, or to give it to someone else, you have to be
one ad or run one ad set between 180 and 190. I think
that's close enough,
close enough for government work as they say,
which one of those.
the easiest way is to start with the second and third condition. Because when you when you gather the second and third condition, when you go to the books, you also will have a chance to see who were the students and who were their teachers. So you can also check to make sure that there was some relation between the different areas in the chain
to report the name of
shalom is a computer program will give them for example, the previous 10, he has it on his computer,
which is the short book this one. And it was just very basic information given about all news, I do not believe we have
a computer program, we just type in the gym. And it is a little bit more to it than that, for example checking
to see if it's unbroken
you could probably do I mean, it can give you it will give you all the information you need in general. Yeah.
Any any computer you have to give a data otherwise.
I don't know if there is right now.
Any such action is more important for gel or for metanarratives than it is actually for Hades.
Because in the case of ritual, if you put it
if you do your best to get all the books of biographies and put it on computer, then you will have the famous of all different scores concerning the narrator. While if you just have the headache, and then you have to look for the narrator, there might be some books that you don't find or you forget to look into. Which has some more discussion about the narrator that
you didn't find but let me just
make a few more points before stuff is the tape still 90 minutes
late leave them
briefly and let me just
how this can be divided into
And this is
what we mean by
what's what it means is the headaches is narrated by so many people
in each of the several costs
that it is virtually impossible for them to have agreed upon to fabricate such a headache
does narrated sometimes even the number doesn't have to be that much but for example if you
to happen you
had anything which is not worth worth
anything which is nothing with the West. It was close.
I think anyway I think you're all familiar with the definition of words words.
There's no specific number any of them or anything they try to figure out what's the minimum number? Most of them say for each generation makes the headmaster worth it, but it's more than
it's more than that. For example, if you have the headaches in many different parts of the Muslim world and everyone is narrating the same headaches in the same way This will make it much worse even if
you just have one for example buffet on one Gulf in one Yemen.
So what the Westerner had he is like the Quran by the way, was it all the Quran
or Hadith or automatically
use cases automatically So in other words, it doesn't have to work that you don't have to go through any Is it
and if it reaches a level called m
also M and
M and up
is also acceptance actually
no there's something
what this means
and when the Oliver said the things have reached that level, it means it's not acceptable for any Muslim to reject
these things because the type of prefer
to reject this like the Quran we reject the verse in the Quran
By the way, these two terms basically what the thing is that these are any definitive knowledge unquestionable definitive knowledge what this term means to something should be known to everyone that he says it there's definite knowledge even without inspection or investigation.
So anyone who denies these
things from this category like the Quran or mutawatir Hadith is considered a type of
and because these things are unquestionable
well you'll find them pretty much anywhere like for example some of the most of the Harris came up with it has two types one is warning
and the other one
the meaning okay with the weapon in its wording with what was it and its meaning but the western is ruling means it's the narrative with the exact same wording and it through so many changes
An example of this is the men kibali in watermelon
then this this heavy it was narrated by something like 82 Sahaba
with exactly the same wording
so it doesn't look like that in its wording some of the headings inside the headings the headings Muslim are of this category. Yeah, not all of them. There is a book by someone by the name of kittanning
I ordered the book on supply hope is in the mail.
There's a book by Catania collection of what was that heavy?
Yeah, from the different book See?
When I get the book of
letters, a few 100
few 100 and they were talking about the exact same wording.
Okay, what was the meaning?
different categories, most of the headings and subheadings they're Muslim are motivated and meaning
they have not been narrated in the exact same words by many people need to step across but their meaning is supported
by different headings
and each double quote.
I don't remember Adam
Smith. He also has a book
Because of a meeting with
someone, and one variation, which was that
there's an increase in the wording of the heading. And it's not
everyone doesn't have that increase or addition
of everyone doesn't have that addition then it will help me with what
Okay, then that then that part, if, for example, the headman can devalue and it is narrated in different contexts, but always with the same wording inside that context I mean instead sometimes someone includes the whole statement of the promises and um, sometimes someone just includes that
you have to study the change to see who never had a nice generation and so forth. Okay.
If you read just to get this there's another book by acuity also
that meaning there's a lot of meaning for example the heads if you raise your hand during draw and it is many many heads the state that the publicist in them raised they raised his hand during God but they're completely different How do you
I mean, one is during the budget one is after the last one is during
different this is called evil like this
so many different incidences but all of them say that the publicist didn't raise his hand while making drugs. So therefore and they are tortured in the meaning
from the shadows
as we've been talking about
if anyone says Yanni that the process and him did not do it
at all, ever, he ever said it he ever did it.
and humblest up isn't
different, different questions so what was the point that I was going to make?
So what the quotes
I had or I had give me divided into different types. We're not the system now. Without just mentioned them.
One is mature.
We're going to look
as he isn't worried
and isn't very
different types of I had had it, but I had had it we have to the search whether they are any they meet the conditions.
We will discuss remind me to begin next time about what I had had these are considered an mulyani robbery but
we'll discuss that next time.
These are the ones we have to study the