Channel: Ismail Kamdar
All right, Saturday,
Welcome to the new year 20 kick off with high objectives of Islamic law.
And we have a we have a lot of books on maqasid. Now, listen of this in the last 1015 years, the subject that
almost everybody who is involved in institutional work should incorporate, but actually, it should be for every Muslim. Unfortunately, the topic that most people don't talk about speak about.
I once went to just aboda to a group of a month. And one of the alums actually from
a reputable institution said, they don't teach this.
And I've read somewhere that you can never be a proficient arlynn or somebody who doesn't understand.
And so it's I think it's an extremely important topic, but I've done it. Many of you have heard my presentation, but we leave it to the chef of chefs. is welcome. So welcome. Six weeks.
Salam alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah. Okay, so before we get started Jazakallah here again, to all of you for attending, really excited to get started with this. This is a subject I've been wanting to teach locally for a long, long time before we even jump into the subject. Just a brief background, about the subject and my relationship to it.
When I finished my Ireland program about remember how long ago, 14 years ago, the 15 I remember 14 or 15 years ago, I was in a state of mind where I to be completely frank, I did not like fake. It was my least favorite subject. Right? I did not like fake. And I spent the next few years studying Islam with scholars from different backgrounds from different math hubs. I studied with all the different scholars. And one of my friends introduced me to a book, write the book on my constitution, Maria, by even assured the great Maliki scholar of Tunisia and basically this course, that we doing the six weeks is primarily based on urban assurance, right? So for those of you who
don't know, even assura Hema hula was one of the greatest scholars of the 20th century, he passed away about 50 or 60 years ago. He was I think, the Grand Mufti of Tunisia, and his book on mikaze, to Sharia changed my life. It's literally the book that made me fall in love with fish all over again. And I've consumed almost every book of mikaze, I could get my hands on since then, lucky for me, brother, Mohammed keeps them all. So I literally went to the store and bought like 10 books Kamikaze, I read all of them in one in one year. And this is really my favorite subject.
It's a subject that I don't just want to revive it as something that's taught in six weeks. It's something I actually want to incorporate into high school curriculum I want to incorporate into university curriculum. And really, I want somehow some way to incorporate into our alum program curriculum. Right? These are the real goals with this. And this is just six weeks to show you why the subject is important. It's relevant to your life, and why it's something that's necessary to revive in our times. So what we're going to do over the next six weeks,
this week is just an introduction. Right? I'm going to explain what maqasid shalya is, why we are studying it. So there's gonna be some course objectives on the history of makadi maqasid shalya, as a science and the basic terminology, so just like with the students, in week one, we did basic terminology, right? So Sema mocassins, sherea week one is basic terminology, because there's certain Arabic words I'm going to be using over the next five weeks, you're going to learn them.
Next week, we will tackle the primary goal of the Sharia, which even assures him Allah describes as the attainment of benefit and the prevention of harm. Right. So this is next week's topic, the attainment of benefit and the prevention of harm. The week after that, we'll begin looking at what's known in mikaze as the buryat necessities,
and basically my posture to Sharia, we're going to learn that the entire Sharia revolves around protecting five or six things, although I have differences of opinion within five or six, this five D agree of one but I'm going to go with six because the sixth one I believe is something that I really want to revive in our time something that's missing today. So preservation of religion and human life, although I agree upon those as the two main goals of the Sharia. We'll discuss that in week.
Week Four we'll discuss preservation of wealth and intellect. Again, everyone agrees on these as part of the show via number five, week five you will discuss the preservation of honor and lineage. Now yours is a difference of opinion.
Some of the classical allama call it the preservation of lineage. Eman bizarrely split into two separate McCroskey the preservation of honor and the preservation of lineage, recent scholars that even assure combine the two. And this is actually the approach I take. And he simply calls it the preservation of family. That's the position I'm with the preservation of family. But I want to talk about on this specifically because honor is a last to nine hour time, the idea of being an honorable person will honorable character, the last two nine hour time, and is a very important topic to cover. And finally, in week six, we will talk about the second year democracy, which are called the
hijack into senior, which are generally translated as needs and luxuries. I don't really like these translations. But really, these words aren't very translatable. It's very hard to find English equivalents. So we'll just go with what's used in these books. So this is our curriculum for the next six weeks, has a lot to cover. And a lot of this is going to be very nutrient write
this before I get into it, show of hands who's read a book or style mocassin? before? in any way, obviously, Professor? Yes. Anybody else? Okay. who's never even heard the term before? Raise your hand if you've never heard the term makutsi before we started these classes. Okay, who's heard the term but hasn't studied it in detail. So use your hands, I seem to understand the level of Okay, so, generally everyone here is people who's heard what's mocassin but never had an opportunity to study so good. This is the right class for you. For those of you who have read it and listen to lectures or spend time with Czech gas, or Oda and these other Greek scholars in this field, this is a
refresher for inshallah, right? So we're getting started, of course, the most basic thing, what is makkasan? Sharia mocassin is the plural of boxer. What is boxer.
So word, that same meaning in Urdu and Arabic and many other languages? What's a boxer? Your purpose, your goal, you know, what you hope to achieve? When you do something, you have a goal, you have a purpose, right? So when we say maqasid, we mean the goals, the purpose the objectives behind something, right? So this is simply the plural of the second word. We did it last year. sherea. sherea simply means divine revealed law. Right? Sharia are those laws that Allah revealed? So it's a very simple term maqasid A Sharia, right, the local construction, the goals of the Sharia, meaning what lokasi the Sharia is simply about trying to figure out, why did Allah reveal the specific laws?
And it's even more costly? The Sharia is all about, it's a human endeavor, to try and figure out why.
And just in that question alone, you understand it's relevant to our time, because we live in the age of why, especially with our kids and our teenagers, they all want to know why. So if you're not teaching them why we're not effectively educating them about Islam.
So technically, democracy, the Sharia, or the wisdoms and objectives behind the revelation of Islamic law, it comes from the idea that unless you have a handle what Allah is unlucky, most wise, therefore, whatever laws he has revealed, is based on hikma is based on wisdom, whether we understand it or not mikaze the Sharia is simply a human attempt. And he had to figure out what that wisdom is, meaning. Whatever we teach our study in mikaze, it's based on the understanding of Allah. It's not something that's directly revealed, you know, it's not like a worship reveal a pseudo saying, These are democracy of the Sharia. Or these are Hadees that states the the democracy of the
Sharia. It's not like that. This is an issue. It's a matter of Omar sat down, did a lateral reading of all the different rulings and Hades and Quranic verses. And these are common trends. These are common patterns, and they put these patterns together.
And they figured out certain things. And for the bulk of it, they came across a mark a consensus, it basically an inch mark, amongst the other mark on this field, not all of all fields, but what am I in this field, on certain goals of the Sharia, and those are the ones we are going to study. We're not going to go into the ones with these differences of opinion, or where one scholar city but somebody else never said it was mainly focusing on the areas where anybody who wrote about this field came to a similar conclusion from Al ghazali to even assure right they all came
To a similar conclusion.
So why? Why do we need to study this? Understand this is very, very different from anything that we are accustomed to studying or teaching in South Africa. In general in South Africa, for us fake is simply a list of do's and don'ts. That's what kids do this don't do that. Right? Who souvik is, how did they arrive at the ruling? How did they figure out this is Khalid Ohara maqasid is why is the ruling in the first place? Why? Because it is, why is alcohol
why sort of obligatory five times a day? This you Omakase is the study of why.
So why is this important? Number one, to understand the wisdom behind the laws of Islam.
It is extremely beneficial for every individual to understand why they follow what they follow.
It's extremely beneficial for any individual to understand why, why do I pray? Why do I pass? If you don't understand why what happens? It just becomes a ritual, it just becomes something that we do without you out any purpose. If you don't have a goal, how do you know? You know what direction you're moving in? Right? How do you judge the quality of your salary? There's no goal?
How do you judge the effectiveness of your worship? If you're not working towards specific goals, it was worship. So understanding why is important for our own sakes.
But it also helps us to appreciate the Sharia and the wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
A lot of Muslims nowadays don't practice Islam, because they don't understand and appreciate the wisdoms behind the Islamic law. They just look at it as a bunch of restrictions. No, that's what it is, for me. It's just a bunch of restrictions, I can't do this, I can't do that. And because they don't understand why they can't do those things. There's no motivation to follow. Once you understand it, you not only follow it, you appreciate it, you thank Allah for giving you these laws, because these laws protect you from yourself to protect you from the harms that are out there in society that people haven't figured out yet. There's a lot of things in society that are extremely
harmful, but humanity due to following their desires haven't come to the conclusion that these things are harmful yet. Right? Are we going to read the future generations before we realize it's harmful? Or do we just follow the law of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
The third benefit. Now generally, when we teach this to Allah, the venerable for the Allah is that they will use this in the HD heart, he will use this in figuring out tax rulings for their time, for the average Muslim, it will help you to appreciate this, Allah, and why and how they are reforming the opinions for the time. Right? So you will find a lot of Allah across the globe, from all the different labs, who are changing the opinions on certain issues. And when you ask them, why they will talk about benefit, they'll talk about harm, they'll talk about the preservation of human life, they'll talk about the preservation of religion, if you don't know my cost of the Sharia, you'll
have no idea what they're talking about. So at least to understand where they're coming from, you know, why are they taking this approach? It's important to understand these basic terminologies. And by the way, some people have the opinion that only Allah should study this field. Right?
I'm of the opinion that only Omar should study this field on maybe a master's level, it will go deep into this field. But I actually believe everybody, I mean, everybody should have a basic knowledge of this field. to such an extent, I taught a very, very watered down version of this to my kids when they're like 10 years old. I mean, if you were to ask my 10 year old son about why we pray, or why we pass, they can give you reasons. Because I thought is today, everybody needs to know basics of why. And that takes us to what is the main reason why I want to teach this and why I want to make this topic known in our community. And that is when dealing with the youth, our people who are not
Muslim yet, those who are interested in Islam, when they ask you why you actually have an answer, right? When they ask you why you actually have something that you can tell them. I mean, for example, the basic question,
a youngster, God will ask you, why is Xena haram?
If you understand what caused the Sharia, you can give them an excellent, logical reason as to why Zina is not just haram but it's harmful to society and it's something no honorable person should go near. But if you don't understand the subject you meet, battled to try and figure out why. Why exactly are we told, get married and avoid see now what's what's the wisdom? What's the link? We'll come to that when you come to the preservation of honor the preservation of lineage, the avoidance of harming all of those, we look at Siena and why
Tarah, but if you understand my posit, it's easy to explain. This is why I really believe when for example, if you teaching kids around the age of 12, or 11, about puberty, and about, you know, becoming an adult, and becoming valuable to teach them this, without you just tell them, you know, the voice, you know, when they're living in an environment of Xena, or to teach them the whys at that age. So they enter the teenager to the understanding of hold on this thing is going to cause me problems you will fall into it. So for our youngsters, it's very important that we understand why and we teach why. And that's why I wanted to have some version of this thought in our high school in
our primary schools. Same with people who are not Muslim. A lot of people are interested in Islam, but they don't understand why do women wear hijab? Why you need to pray five times a day, why can't they drink alcohol, all of this is maqasid. All of this is, you know, under explained the wisdoms of the Sharia, if you can give them an appreciation for this, then this may help them to inshallah, take their Shahada and move forward.
And finally, there is a practical application to this is not just theory, it's not just something that's used in whatever I teach over the next six weeks, you can take it and apply it to your general life, your general life decisions, do I do this or that whenever you face choices in life, and when you teach your next week how to weigh any live choice on a scale of muscle high and laughter, which are two of the terms are going to cover in the next slide. You know, these principles can guide almost any decision we make in life. So our life choices become based on the Sharia not just based on our desires. So this is why the subject is important. And this is why I
really, really wanted to teach this
and to revive the science. And now I'm not really sure, after the six weeks how to move forward with that.
Ideally, you know, to find a way to get it incorporated into the high school curriculums to to know, I mean, one good thing, Mohammed Yokota al ghazali Kids series, that's the first step I've been teaching that to my children. That's basically mama because all these books brought down to a kid's level, and his books were the first Mufasa book. So basically, it basically goes through Salah, and we do in passing an experience that goes behind these things. That's a good first step down to get that into the classrooms. It won't work in the classroom. So that's the problem, right? But we need to get this stuff into the classrooms. But you know that that's really the goal. How do we move from
it's not It's one thing for the 30 of us to be to know these things, but
it needs to reach the masses. It needs to reach the youngster out there who wants to drink alcohol and wants to communicate and doesn't understand why it's harder. It needs to reach the person out there with battling with, you know, becoming an atheist because the Sharia doesn't make sense to you. It needs to reach the the university students who are battling with practicing Islam on campus, it needs to reach everybody. So how do we get there inshallah, maybe we can figure that out to get over the next six weeks. But that's the ultimate goal of this course inshallah. So let's get started with the technical stuff. Hopefully, it's not too much words for you.
We get started with our terminology. As with any new Islamic field, you can't jump into it until you learn the basic Arabic terms, right? Because every field comes with its own terminology. And the primary terms that you always your scholars have maqasid speak about a Muslim, and mapserver. Right, you always hear them talking about weighing the muscle and the muscle. Muscle Haha, we will give a detailed definition of it next week, because that's next week's topic. But it's generally translated as benefit.
Right? It's generally translated as benefit things which are beneficial to society and the individual is a must law. So an example of a Muslim law in modern terms would be hospitals. A hospital is a Muslim, it exists for the benefit of society. It's something that's there, you know, to benefit people in the Sharia, an example would be soccer, right? Soccer is in of itself or Muslim or independent proceedings to society. So we'll discuss next week what this term means in details. We'll look at how it used the effect and also how to use it in your daily decisions. The opposite of Muslim is much sadder. Right? Which is a synonym for dollar for dollar in kaleido. Sula is hum in
mocassin, the word used for homies mob setup and essentially mean the same thing. You know, the Sharia, for example, alcohol is a mobster. Now, it's a harming of itself and it causes all kinds of harm to society and opens the door to other harms. So when we are weighing whether something is halal or haram from a maqasid perspective, what we do is we read them
Musleh in the mobster because most things in this world are not black and white, beneficial or harmful is a mixture, it's a matter of give and take, you're going to find in life a lot of times you have to make a choice where every choice harm someone and benefit someone else, which one do you go with it. So this is where McCarthy comes in to help us to make the best possible choice.
The next important word is the rule yard. Right.
The rule yard is the necessities,
necessities, basically, it
itself often described as the primary needs of human beings without which a human cannot live a happy life,
cannot live a fulfilling life. And so the entire show here, this is the basic definition of mikaze, the Sharia, that the entire Sharia revolves around making sure that people have these necessities.
The religion, human life, intellect, lineage, and wealth, and others are the added one. Right? So these are called the necessities of life, meaning, obviously you can't live without human life. I mean, if you see that people in war zones and places like that, you can't live a fulfilling life. You know, prediction of human life is primarily prediction of religion. We live in an age of atheism, which is causing mass depression and suicide and all kinds of problems. I because happiness comes from Islam, in a piece that it may not have the goal, but comes from Islam, when somebody doesn't have a purpose to live, they don't believe in the afterlife, they don't believe there's any
purpose the test they are facing, then, you know, life becomes extremely, extremely depressing. And therefore, the prediction of religion is, of course, a primary cause the intellect, you can't make sound decisions and live a happy, happy life. If your intellect is messed up through things like drugs, and alcohol, I'm sure all of us have met people who did to one of these vices or the other, the intellect got so messed up the kinds of life, they just can't, they can't be happy, they can't function, they can't live a normal life. And so to protect our intellect, Allah has prohibited these substances, lineage since the sexual revolution, how many people don't know who their fathers are?
How many people grew up completely messed up. Because they because of all of the sexual vices that their parents indulgent.
Right, so Islam puts a strong emphasis on the protective prediction of lineage to marriage, that every Muslim child knows exactly who the mother and father is. So very important thing for one psychological well being to know who your parents are, and for them to be there for you.
Then we have wealth, wealth, ownership, Islam gives all of us the right to own wealth, to grow our wealth, while still taking care of the of the portraits, aka and through soccer and things like that. But the fact is, well, ownership is a basic right in Islam. That's why, you know, I love the idea of Muslim communists. It doesn't make sense, we one of the basic goals of the Sharia is the protection of your right to own wealth. How do you reconcile that with communism? It doesn't make sense, right? So the prediction of, well, this is why you can't steal, you're allowed to do business, all of these fall under the prediction of wealth. And then the prediction of honor, is the
interesting one, because Imam ghazali listed it as a sixth. While even I should combine it with lineage into one equality prediction of family. The prediction of Honor, this is something that's missing in our time, the idea that we should be honorable human beings and live a dignified life. I really think this is something we need to teach our children when they are 11 or 12 years old, when you're about to enter that teenage phase that that post puberty phase, and face decisions that could really mess them up. To teach them about honor about dignity, about being a real man or a woman about the qualities of a true man or a woman, or being the kind of person that others look up to.
This will help them to make good decisions. Because honorable people are generally happier people who avoid things, habits that are dishonorable people who avoid things that are generally mentioned in the context, for example of cinema. That's the number one context is mentioned within. honorable people don't call enough even amongst non Muslims I mean,
the conquest of Makkah. Right, at the conquest of Makkah. The prophet SAW his son was taking the Pledge of Allegiance from the woman and made a mockery.
And part of the Pledge of Allegiance the woman had to pledge never to commit sin. And one of these woman who was one of the leading cause of Makkah, one of the leading idol worshipers of Makkah, and he's now converting to Islam, and she has to take a pledge of allegiance to never commit Zina. She gets offended.
They're shocked. And she says that's an honorable woman actually do that.
Further, like, how can you even think we do something, she wasn't even a Muslim yet. But just the idea that somebody commits the not even to the non Muslims of Makkah, where the dishonorable thing is not something honorable people to. So we need to teach our children about honor. It's a completely lost nine hour time, and a subject that needs to be revived. And that's why I'm including it as a sixth course inshallah, in week five.
The other two main terms that we need to understand from our course it is the hygiene and the senior. So hygiene, our secondary needs, that's the hajian, the secondary needs, you need them to facilitate the Duryea you need hajizade to facilitate the Duryea, for example, the necessity is the preservation of knowledge. Right? That's the theory. And the need. The Hijri in hajia, in that case, is marriage. So marriage is necessary to protect lineage. So it's a need business or work is necessary to earn money. So it's a need. So needs are basically those things that are necessary, not enough themselves, but to protect us the first six, right? So when we talk about democracy, the
scholars put it in different levels, you have these six things, the whole shalya revolve evaluated. The point here is the whole Sharia, every single law fits into one of these six categories, you can find a way to fit into one of these six categories. That's what many of the almasi so anything you think about you place a lot that's prediction of religion, right? You give the goddess prediction of wealth, you're stealing is haraam prediction of wealth murder is wrong prediction of human life. Alcohol is her prediction of intellect, literally any law you think about you can find a way to flooding in with this, the hard yards at the secondary level there what you need to sustain.
The third level is the Tasini yard. And again, the word senior, I have not been able to find a good translation for it in English. Some of the books translated as luxuries, some as adornments.
Reality is, it's much more than that, because for example, we still have acts of worship, also called a senior, but they're not really luxuries. I mean, praying to the gods not to think the hydrate isn't technically a luxury, it's just, it's not a need, or a necessity is just something on top of that. So what does senior refers to is the third level of Islamic law, which is things that are not necessary.
But when the goals of the Sharia are fulfilled, these things now become available to you and they enhance the quality of your life. So when it comes to, for example, your Eman the senior, when it comes to your mind will be framed up in Salah 300, passing Mondays and Thursdays. These are now the senior for the country, man, you don't have to do it. It's not necessity is not a need, but it enhances the quality of your mind. Right when it comes to wealth ownership, everyone needs enough wealth to cover their basic needs anything more than that falls into the senior luxuries. So this is the third category of IQ. And we'll cover that in the final week. There's two more terms I want to
discuss. And often when the subject is taught people forget to teach these terms. And it's very important that we understand these terms because they teach us the limit of this field.
One of the mistakes people fall into is they forget there's a limit when it comes to understanding the goals of the Sharia. And these last two terms help us to understand that that's the terms the apology and
the apology. And even I should mention these terms at the very beginning of his book, so that people start off on the
correct understanding the ugly, we can translate it this is not a literal translation, but we can see non rational and rational.
What this means
is that when you look at the laws of Islam, they are laws of Islam that we can understand the wisdom behind and the laws of Islam, which we don't understand the wisdom behind. You see a lot of people fall into the mistake of thinking that every single law of Islam, we can explain it logically. Now the problem with this line of thinking is there's a fallacy it's it's not possible.
Right. Let me give you a few examples. What's the logic behind mcgurrin Salah being three Raka
someone explain to you what's the logic? We don't know. That is that aboudi Allah told us to pray to your God.
That's all it comes down to. Now we have to mention, Allah is unhappy, most wise. So every law Allah has revealed has hikma is just that sometimes we don't understand.
So we may not agree
The standard hikma behind why certain so LA to La Casa de la foto Casa de la tierra. But we still follow the law. Right? And this is why it's called the Abu Abu It literally means you are doing it out of worship of Allah without understanding it. That's the literal meaning of the Buddha means you are following the law, even though you don't understand it out of obedience to allow the worship of Allah. So, about 10% of our Sharia, I'm just giving a rough number or 10% or 20% of our Sharia, we can see is the aboudi meaning they are things in our religion if somebody asks you, why do you do that? The only answer you can give is because Allah commanded us to do that.
Okay, for example, the yamo I mean, how does touching stand on your face clean you for Salah? It's a WD Allah told us to do that so we do it right.
And why are the two such does not what Allah told us to do it? So all of these aspects were under the output the things that we simply follow because a lot if you live in that way, one of the clearest examples of this in the Quran is when the wishes of Makkah argued about why is Riba Hara Medina, the algorithm advisory bahara? They say what's the difference between ribeye and profits? Right? What's the difference? What's the other say? In the Quran? Allah has made business halal and Riba Haram, there was
a law meet one holla immediately. That's it, you follow? it? Doesn't matter if your understanding about Allah made one Allah Allah made the other, you follow? And so from day we get this idea that sometimes that's the answer. Sometimes that the answer Allah revealed that way. That's why we do it. What Allah means you can understand, as a model is the opposite, you can understand why a lot of you feel that low, clearest example is the prohibition of alcohol. That's very rational. It's very clear why alcohol is haram. I mean, you don't need
the scholar to come out and give you a lecture. But why alcohol is haram, it's something that's obvious to the fitrah for human nature, that this thing is harmful to society. Right. And the harms of it are clear and evident. So when we say that in mikaze, the Sharia we are studying the goals of Islamic law, and that we are studying the wisdom behind Islamic law, it does not mean that by the end of this, you will understand every wisdom behind every Islamic law, right, it simply means you will have a broad overview of the general wisdom buying Islamic law and for certain things specific as well. Now, one more point, which I didn't mention on the slides. Sometimes the wisdom or the mcsa
is mentioned directly in Quranic studies. And sometimes it's worked out he had examples where it's mentioned directly in Quran and Hadees, the verse of capacity, what does Allah say, the other conductor who should be increasing the mcsa is clearly mentioned, so that you may increase in love for charity, when the LSAT in the Quran says that while does not circulate only amongst the rich, the moxa is clearly mentioned in the Quran. So that wealth does not circulate only amongst the rich. Right? So certain things, the maksud is mentioned in the Quran in very clear terms, with Salah up in a solid enhance Dragon capsule that prevents you from immorality and evil sins. So the monsters are
mentioned certain things it's not mentioned, but the olema figured it out, by studying it right by by by looking at the laws and finding patterns. So you will have you have done mock sets that are clear in the Quran and Hadees and those which are understood by the AMA. And then you have those laws where we simply don't understand why this you know, one of my teachers is one thing I really appreciate about him the issue of music, right is you know, there's a difference of opinion there. Now, one of my teachers, he's of the opinion that is harder. But if you ask him why he says WD, he said, Oh, no, unless it harms of taking a
very honest answer, compared to many people who who will give in long, rational discussion, which is full of loopholes, because let's face it, if you are following that opinion, it's not an opinion, you can really explain logically because psychology and science have proven so many medical benefits of music, you know, for therapy and studying and things like this. So if you follow that opinion, it's a very wise thing to see. I'm following it up with following it, because
I see again, this difference of opinion, but I just appreciate that about my teacher, that when I asked him why he said it's a web issue. So the issue that he can explain rationally. And that's really a good approach to take when you do understand something if you don't understand something doesn't mean you just throw them all out the window. If it's something that's clear to you in Khurana heads, if it's something that you honestly believe is the strongest opinion, sometimes you simply follow it. You can feel it even if you don't understand it.
So with that we only have one more point to cover and then we'll open the floor to q&a history of this field, who came up with this idea? How did it develop? Is it something new? Because some people think this is a modern idea. And I think it was invented in 1960. Or, you know, some modernists in America came up with this idea. Where did this come from? Well, to be perfectly frank, in the early Islamic did not exist. The first 300 years of Islam, either, again, the first year and the years of Islam. Islam didn't have fields of study.
The first book of Akita was only written in the fourth century by mom to hobby, right, Akita wasn't even a field yet, the books of Heidi's only written in a third century. So the first century of Islam, you're not going to have people talking about Mustafa Hades and lwml, Koran, and mikaze to Sharia and try to be clear, because none of these fields exist yet. Islam was very simple back then, right. So what you find is in the second generate century of Islam, we have a super thick and thick developing alpha sciences, then the field of Hadees develops in the field of Tafseer develops the appeal of Akita develops, and later on during the golden age of Islam, and scholars have time to
relax and serve their coffee and sit around ask why are we following these laws, then maku[???]a, Sharia developed, it wasn't necessary.
That's not to say it wasn't there. It was there, but not with the name, not with the terminology. And if you look at the rulings of almost no photography, law, no. A lot of his rulings are very mocassin in nature, in that he always weighed the benefits and harms and sometimes even went against what the Hadees would say, or what if he felt that other law is more beneficial? Right. So there are many, many examples in the life of Boomer, which clearly show the maqasid mindset, even though the term did not exist in his time, right. It's the same with me. We spoke with Abu hanifa. Last year, we spoke about the concept of estates, and
a lot of his rulings come from his son. What is the exam besides mocassin? It really is ruling according to the mocassin, even though he did not call it that. And the sun wasn't invented yet. Same with Mr. Malik, when he made his this law, which literally has the same route as Muslim, he was being the Muslim was coming up with rulings based on that. So as a Thiel with this name, and would this terminology not exist, right. But as a concept, they in fact, internally in the minds of the scholars, it's there, it just hasn't developed into a field yet.
During the medieval era,
right, we have the golden age of Islam. And he's during this time that we actually see the first books of mocassin by Aldo Haney drainie, and his student, Al ghazali. And really, Mr. Gonzalez, he helped, he helped Luma Dean, which is the oldest and most famous work we have in this field. Because anyone who's read here, will see that in that event, because it discusses, for example, why we pray, why we fast, why we give soccer, what's the purpose behind these laws. And for every law, he goes into the why this wasn't really done before his time. He was his teacher who started working in this field, it was him who took it to the next level, and so we can trace it back to him. Over the next
few centuries, we have even abdus salam, aka Rafi even a module Xia Shah dB, many other scholars for many different McGahee writing about it.
The classical works of maqasid come from the golden age of Islam, right from the Maliki. And the humbly and the Sharpie scholars, very few from Hanafi scholars for some reason, it didn't really develop in the Hanoverian regions as well.
Last year, we spoke about the stagnation and decline period of our history when everyone started blindly following the quality of scholarship decreased. The Obama himself sort of blindly following that effect in every field, including my corset. So there is a many hundreds of years in our history. When nobody is writing any books on a corset, no ones and some parts of the world they stopped teaching it, they stopped studying it. And our body The world is still stuck in that face. Right. As in the past 300 years there has been a revival. So the earliest I can go back to find a revival is in India 300 years ago, with perhaps the greatest college the history of India Sha one
will his masterpiece sujeto diabolical. The hodja de la baliga Basha de la is a book of mocassin
it's perhaps the greatest book written by Indian alum and this is really really a
fascinating but shower Leola
isn't familiar with that name. Shawn. You're right, the center of almost every alum in South Africa.
goes back to shower. Whether they are per lb or Deobandi orthopaedists everyone loves him. For some reason no one's following. That's that's as blunt as it gets, right?
Everybody says the following him, I mean, even my son that goes back three, right. But when you actually read his books, and you look at what we follow, it's not the same thing. I mean, he was a Hanafi Sufi, who opened the doors of HDR, they told people not to buy too much, especially not to blindly follow. And he just has a whole chapter on this in his future.
But I mean, look at the people who follow him today, ladies are going to prison, and in the Burrell visa to do one is against opening the doors of HDR. So who's actually following him? Right. But it's very fascinating. Everybody loves him. Everybody praises him. Everybody raises their standard factory, everyone boasts about the senate going back to him. But nobody wants to read his books and actually teach what he's teaching, actually promote his message. And really, this was the greatest mind that India ever produced. He was a scholar who was way ahead of his time. He's like you expect him to be the 20th century, on the 21st century. But he he lived at the time when the British were
colonizing India, and his books were a response to them. And he was a response that, listen, these guys are taking over things are changing, we need to reopen a lot of HD hard, we need to look at the mocassin we need to do all of this. But for some reason, didn't generations up to him to work just didn't continue in that direction. So he was really the one who revived this field.
Recently, if you go back 100 years ago, or less than less than that really even assures major work on our Constitution, which has been translated into English.
This course is primarily based on his book. And this is really the best work in this field. In my view. more than times, we have scholars like Gasser Oda, useable qaradawi and many others.
What studying this field was teaching this field or writing in this field all over the world? There are many olema who go into the so we can say that when it comes to maqasid
we are in a revival stage.
Who can tell me why? Why are the llama now suddenly realizing the importance of the skill?
new challenges require new thinking.
we ask why that's the main thing. And exactly the whole reason why I started this course is because everyone's asking why let's teach why. And this is really why this whole field is being revealed. If you look at even our shows, writings, even his book of Tafseer You know, this massive beautiful book of love to have it at home. It's in Arabic, it's not translated but he answers why you know he's holed up series like orientalist, say this is either response oriented or saying that this is the response. He goes into the whys in whether you drink Pepsi rock. And that's the time we are living in this is needed. Things are changing new technologies, new societies, new cultures, new
challenges, we need a new approach. But the beauty of Akasha is it's not a new approach. It's simply reviving the approach of the Golden Age of Islam. That then it works it can work again in our times. So we are in a revival stage of our religion. That's my belief. I'm very optimistic. also people who my kids Tommy Mackenzie, we living in the dark ages of Islam. I taught them the whole history of the Golden Age and they're like, we live in the dark ages. So I'm optimistic. I'm like, No, the dark ages are ending that ended with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Whatever happened after that, the revival is just starting, inshallah, we're gonna start going up again. And part of this revival,
people are reviving the fields of Apostolic Faith have provided the key of Makati to Sharia Islamic psychology, Islamic banking, all these things are being revived in hard times. So ensure this is the beginning of a new phase in our history than the Bible.
And so that's a brief history.
That's all for this week in Sharla. Don't want to go give you too much.
For next week, next week, we will discuss the concept of Muslim mobster benefit and harm, how it is use the fic and how it usually will suit and also to teach you how to use it in daily life decisions very practical tool for daily life decisions. The main takeaways from today, number one, our religion is not just a bunch of random laws. Allah is Allah Hakeem. Therefore His laws are wise. And it's possible for us for the majority of these laws to know what there was the case. And that is what my consider Sharia is it's the study behind the wisdoms of Allah's law. The old Mr can use this for the HD heart and for arriving at New conclusions for new issues.
The average Muslim can use it for understanding and appreciating the law of Islam explaining it to their children and explaining it to non Muslims thinking to yourself really, and also for daily life decisions when you want to decide, you know, how should I do this or that you can look at the records of the Muslim officer and things like that before making your decisions. So with that, we come to a conclusion and open the floor to q&a.
I think I'll put it back to the slide on the terminologies so that I think those are where most of the questions will come from.
from a private Christian school,
you want to create
has never seen
in school, we just didn't do.
But this is mess with the tacit approval of the teachers because
is one of the
people that are not going to get bored. And he said
he was like you.
So it's clearly not enough.
To show I really believe the concept of honor is it's a forgotten part of our religion is like, I mean, when's the last time you went to my lecture about it or read a book about it? You know, when I was young, I remember I was still an awesome student, I was a teenager. And I wrote a whole lecture out on on the concept of quantum. And my friends told me, nobody talks about that. Nobody wants to hear about that. Why are you writing code that was like the Aleutians. Like this is a foreign concept like this has nothing to do with us.
This has to be revived. I've met many young people who amaze me, many young people who like no matter what environment they in, they don't
smoke, they don't take drugs. And in most of the cases, when I asked them, Why they parents taught them, what the
majority of the cases, events, taught them about some of the parents even medium ticket commitment, on the windy intuity depends, you made a big commitment to stay a virgin till I get married, sign the people, you know, your honorable person, I'm not going to do these things. So they actually drive into them this concept of quantum now, these are individual families, the mass of society don't even know what the quantity is a medieval concept on a, you know, Knights in shining armor. And those days, this is something that's needed today, you will find that in schools, it's very easy to follow what everybody else is doing. And I don't want to hurt anyone's feelings. But the fact is,
many of the teachers don't have one either. Right? Many of the teachers are only interested in making sure that the class has the best grades, and only to get the accumulative one copy. Right? Because otherwise, you're going to get a few low grades in your class aggregates gonna go down and you're not going to get that bonus, or whatever it is. So the only needs to start from the top. Teachers don't have honor. I mean, did role models What do you expect the students to do? So this thing has to be revised. And even the lesson even though it's not one of the generally listed five, but Al ghazali, did this to the sixth and I really believe it will solve a lot of our problems if
from the beginning, we teach our kids about on and specifically at the age of 11 and 12, specifically when they hit that age, because it is in the teenage years, when they make most of their dishonorable life choices, which gets stuck with them for life is become addictions for life, whether they start smoking or taking drugs or alcohol. When did they start committing Zina? Whatever these choices are, it has a lifelong effect. Right? It's something that's very hard to let go of, even if you reform later. So the teacher was honor from before that will inshallah solve this, but again, we have to get it into the curriculum. And we first have to teach one the teachers about it
because if the teacher doesn't have any self respect, and any honor, that's what's going to be passed along to the students. So it's very important subject foster device.
So far, obviously,
he's a specialist.
So he says that
is a good point. Okay, so the point is that
some of the he also mentions this in his book, as, yes or Odin, many others. It's they say that environmentalism can be listed as a goal of the Sharia.
Now, for me, the problem with this is that whatever is the intake, we suddenly listed the goal of the Sharia. Now, technically, technically, you can say it is I mean it environmentalism without even if that term didn't exist, our religion has made us holy popped out. Yeah, we are in charge of that. Our religion prohibits us from killing animals without reason only allowed to kill the animal in self defense or to eat it. There's no other reason you're allowed to kill animals, no hunting for sport and our religion. Our religion has prohibited the chopping down the trees without a reason. Right? So all of this is there. So it is logically possible for someone to say environmentalism is
the goal of the show. Yeah.
I wouldn't say the primary goal, now listed as something, or what you've been assured it is under human life, he expanded it to life. So he says, sort of classical scholar says preservation of human life, even assured preservation of life, human life, plant life, animal life.
And that's where the environmental isn't complete without, you know exactly what the problem is. No, sometimes when you use these terms, you want to make it sound like Islam is, you know,
Islamic, like with the times or whatever. And again, sometimes it is, sometimes it isn't. But in this case, it just happens to coincide. I'm just skeptical about using specific terms, because I think that term, you know, meaning changes in the future and, or it's no longer cool thing in our
we're going to stick with it within the next 1000 years.
One, what is popular one, we have a lot benefits, we have baggage attached to exactly.
Exactly, we don't have baggage attached to it something
Because lineage, I don't think it's restricted to family, it is progeny.
Project, posterity, going down the line. So if you talk about preservation of progeny, your future generations must be able to be clean. And if the exact same environment, that's why I think what you said is that I've also got a
leadings, there's nothing, there's nothing that
you know, puts into one of these absolutely nothing. So so you talk about NASA, NASA means project. So
he talked about promotion and preservation, not just protection, okay, so it's protecting, but also promoting, and, therefore advancing. So if we're talking about the future generation, with
climate change water, if we don't take care of the environment, than recreating a condition where future generations will not be able to survive, and therefore he needs
Yeah, I think most people give it a five because it's incumbent on you in some way. But I think it's similar again, on a linear nominee put together what I think is important. But I think the idea of democracy is what I voted for the first time,
early 2000s, to be mindful
of a simple article by
the economist, he came here with a very simple article.
And that's where my inspiration started. And,
of course, he eventually published a whole booklet on it, but not the next thing that
that needs to be discussed. Many of what the scholars are writing about is extending the scope of
the other words, this was the traditional this was the base, this was the foundation, but this extension, for example, medical ethics and
the Islamic Finance, are extending the capacity to incorporate and how those rules fit. So So I think we will come to the object.
By the way, in South Africa, it's just the kilometers Bolivia least don't ask.
if sigh in Cape Town, offered an honest degree for this program in Bahasa China
So they have an institution also so the cake would hurt, but in other other other part of the country. And I think the most important point
why the Hennessey's don't do it, because they want to join the way shafts and Kendra's Chaffee tradition has been fitted to it doesn't make sense. Because it's
just the other thing. So the hanafis, don't ever teach it.
And they don't talk about it anywhere else. In fact, one, Allen actually was asked to give a talk in one of the sessions. And he says,
He opened his talk.
And he says, I didn't know much about the subject, until you asked me to, to, to present it imagine.
So it tells you that we are far from it. And it is
a lot of work to do in this field. But really, again, my point is, if you look at these five or six words, again, everything will fall into it. We don't have to bring up other terminologies like environmentalism or medical ethics, because medical ethics is preservation of human life. Islamic banking is preservation of wealth, environmentalism is preservation of life, preservation of lineage, you know, it all fits in, without having to go into other modern terminologies, what we can do is expand the HD heart to these areas that we understand medical ethics is based on muslin and Masada and you preservation of human life. So to look at it from this lens when arriving at our fic,
this is something which needs to be done. So this is a very important field, whatever field you are in to understand this is very important.
I think I'll stick with a question. The lady said no.
Media wasn't what it is today. I think if the Ottoman Empire collapsed to get a Twitter message, that exact second
look at the Ottoman Empire for the last 100 years of its existence was grown very weak and very small. It grew, it didn't die in one minute. Yes, it technically collapsed 100 years ago, but the collapse started 200 years before that, right? So for example, Egypt was part of the Ottoman Empire. In the 1800s. It fell to the British and before the fall to the French. So by the time world war one happened in the Ottoman Empire collapsed, it was a very, it wasn't the Empire anymore. It was basically a few countries left together. And I don't think even the Muslim Delilah temporarily consider the Empire anymore. It wasn't. It wasn't something that collapsed overnight, it kind of
fizzled out over two years, 200 years. So it wasn't the event that we look at it. If we look back in history and say, Wow, the last elite Holly for the last Empire collapsed 100 years ago. The people at that time is like, those guys came down, that guys came up. for them. It was just like, World War One, the bigger thing going on in World War One, millions of people were dying, entire countries were falling apart. You know, the British took over most of the Muslim countries. Those were the bigger concerns for them at that time. For us 100 years later. It's a big thing. But as I said, it wasn't an overnight thing. It was 200 years of collapse. for 200 years, the ultimate recall the sick
man of Europe, he made the most backwards and technologically
weakest country in Europe and step by step. The Europeans, other countries, the French or the British taking over Egypt, taking over this country taking over their country. And finally the collapse in the 1920s. So that that's one of the probably one of the reasons why.
Any other questions?
Even in boats,
if you look at the reason why
Malaysia and Indonesia became frustrated, is because of the owner for millions of people in the tree, similar devices, our very work, but if we look at it in today's standards very, very critically, because just two decades ago, when for
that then they were all in quotes, their word was taken seriously.
consequences in today's
the state of our nation in
southern Michigan, because
this is really something that we can as Muslims continue to get sometimes.
Yeah, this is a difficult conversation to have in our time. I think one of the reasons why many of the earliest callers never listed it as one of the goals, as you mentioned, it was such an ingrained part of being a Muslim, he never really needed to be discussed. He was just an extra part, you are Muslim, you don't like you're Muslim, you're cheap. It's just like part of the fitrah we live in such a time that Muslims tell me they don't want to work for the Muslims. They don't do business with a Muslim because they've been cheated by Muslims and, and, and oppressed by Muslims. So many times in the city that we live in. And even non Muslims, you know that I was talking to a Christian
the other day trying to do Tao. And he's like, I can't take you guys seriously asked him why. He said, none of our kids smoke all your Muslim kids after tomorrow, say the more smoky, you people got, no one knows exactly what's going on. Your kids stand out in the masjid smoking and you're fine with it. He said, you'll never see a Christian kid outside the church is just smoking. They teach the kids from a young age not to do these things.
So I mean, look at look at how people are perceiving us, because we've completely let go of our honor. And it's, it's become an embarrassment, that you're high person, you know, people who were so disgusted by the actions of other Muslims that they left Islam. They're like, I don't want to be part of this community who behaved like this. So this is, again, even though it's in the past, it wasn't listed. I'm bringing it back up, because we need it, we need to discuss it, we need to talk about it, we need to show how the Sharia evolves around it. And we need to find a way to bring it back into our lives and back at our community. Because without honor, we are never going to even
though not grow, we are going to fall we're going to lose our youth by the either gonna fall into dishonorable practices themselves, or they're going to be disgusted by the dishonorable practices around them and and seek other paths. And so we have to find a way to bring this back. It's really, really a major issue of politics. I think the better Aqaba is a perform at that was a pledge second, according to the cable columns. It's an accord, it's a pledge, and what are the fundamentals on that? Let's do that.
That's a pledge of honesty. And these are new people coming to Islam. And the professor gives them this pledge, that they will start getting rid of some of the practices that will degrade them, and to move towards a new life. So that in a sense, honorable, maybe maybe smile. you're basing
drops of blood for
physicians on top of this something to start debating, and maybe putting out to schools and putting up more dresses and said, Do you pledge to not steal this 10 commandments, what I was thinking
might be one way of reviving the idea that really to be honest. Justice. I mean, justice, justice. I mean, you don't have justice, and you don't employ yourself in just social justice, for example.
I've been thinking about this a lot recently, because my kids are approaching the teenage years next year, my oldest will be a teenager. Now we thinking one of the things we're seeing in our community, we don't really have an initiation phase we our children go from child to adult. So many of them are stackers manchild right into the 30s. Right? Because we don't have the initiation phase. I mean, what even our kids puberty, we make him take the Shahada and take pleasure of like this, you know, make them sign a contract that I will not steal, I will not forget things, because they need to realize now the holder I am now called upon now, I'm now responsible for my actions. Many of our
people who are 17 or 18 years old, don't even know the local authority responsible for the deeds. No, no, they still believe that they are children, they still believe that you're not going to get sued for anything they do. Because we don't teach these we don't have that face, where a boy becomes a man or the girl becomes a woman. It's just, I mean, look, in the olden days. puberty was the difference between a man and an adult and a child. Nowadays, we have this confusion where when a person hits puberty, on one hand, the parents tell them you are a man now, on the other hand, the next thing is they potability no copies for the child. And so now for the next eight or six years,
they have this confusion half the day, the mother term your man will pray five times a day, the other teaching your child will do your homework right?
So it's a very confusing time. So when do we do this initiation? Whenever we tell a child, you are now a man, I will treat you like a man. And who does this in some families. Some families, I know from the time the child hits puberty, they treat their son or daughter as a man or woman. Those kids have matured faster and have been more successful in life. Because they don't go through the confusing period. And the confusing periods sometimes lost it to the 20 somethings right into the 30s. Because there's never a phase where the child, parents now start treating them as a man or woman, they still treat them as a baby, right that age. So we need to figure out some way to bring
this back. These are some ideas we discussing. It could be other ideas as well, inshallah, but I really like the idea of doing some kind of pledge with them when they hit that age.
Yes, if we need to honor the parents, it doesn't become a question of now. Why would you do
it? Because I am wondering if I follow your instruction, not that you are why you possibly
become, indeed, from a more basic level? We don't get to that question because they're not honoring the parents. That's true. So it again needs to go to his
ethics. That's another subject matter, because that leads to
what happens if we don't teach ethics, you know, we don't have subject quantities.
So if you don't have that foundation, it can be harder when you're dealing.
Okay, before we close off on my side, my new books out for anyone who wants a copy, this one's going for 500 this one for 200. I've got copies with me. This is my latest book, I just received a shipment today. So in the life of Omar bin Abdul Aziz, the a tomato Caliph from a productivity perspective, analyze life, and I extract 15 productivity principles from his life. It's something that I don't think anyone's done before combines Islamic history with self help. So if anyone wants a copy, I have them with me. 500 ran my other book from last year the book of hope for sinners. Basically a book on how to repent and how to become religious again, after falling into major sin
hum delights benefited hundreds of people around the world. Anyone wants a copy. Again, I have them with me in the car, the 200 rent. So again, if you want a copy next week, I can't guarantee I'll still have them but in shadow
file. So this is the first week we have every week, Monday, Wednesday, Friday, the drug will change as we go along with quantum mechanics.
The some of the material is already on the YouTube channel for smart condom. Also on the website.
I'm not sure where the technical person posted the this particular set of slides, but having done this model, so you can download the slides. I think about four of the videos with the slides have already been uploaded. So anybody who wants to go and look at it.
That's why number two was
the order familiar with
this Ottoman Empire issue?
is going to be speaking on the rise and fall of Ottoman Empire from good to go to attack. Okay.