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Methodology In Seeking Knowledge EP 5

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Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

Episode Notes

Special course by Yayasan Ta’lim & Arees University. Conducted by Dr Isam Rajab. METHODOLOGY IN SEEKING KNOWLEDGE (session 5)

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Smar Shangri La salatu salam ala rasulillah

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mabank.

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This is the last talk about seeking knowledge.

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I asked you for a few things. I don't know if you did them finally or not.

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Do you remember what we talked about last time?

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Does anyone have a list? Or a shortlist at least?

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Yes, no.

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in seeking knowledge,

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you will have some people with different approaches.

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And that might not be the way that you are approaching

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the seeking of the knowledge.

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So from the beginning, depending on what you choose,

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whether that is suitable for you or not,

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don't change what you started what you're used to doing just because you like something else.

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Now, maybe

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a new plan would be

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easier, or would look better, maybe. But if you keep doing that, eventually you will not go anywhere. We will stay where you are.

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At the lab and muscle draw the long run one of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, Abu Musab lashari. Also one of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. They were talking

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about the Quran, their recitation of the Quran, and those are two of the companions that were known of their recitation. And we mean by that they memorize the Quran already. And they are one of the few that the prophet SAW Allah mentioned, as they are good reciters on the Levin nosode and Abu Salah, Shangri La Bella Han. So they were discussing Abu Salah, sorry about the laquan He said, I read the Quran.

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And I don't stop until I am tired. I'm already sleeping

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on the alarm nosode said I read the Quran when I can read it fully with my full conscious and focus. Once I start

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dozing off, one, start feeling sleepy, I stop. And I sleep. And when I wake up, I continue. So here are two different approaches, what are they one of them is going all the way until you cannot stop. Another one is going at a certain level, and then stopping and then continuing after the period of time. Hamblen nosode said when I wake up, I count my sleep as it was actually a continuation.

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Because the only thing that stopped me from continuing is sleep. While I was on a shadow of a long arm, he wanted to go all the way again until he sleeps. So these are two different approaches. You see from the scholars in the past, some of them were very careful about the time.

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And they went to ask in our standards, they went to an extreme level, what kind of extreme level some of them would not eat regular bread.

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Why they say chewing the bread will waste time. So they already have the food prepared for them just to swallow.

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That's how much they focused on the time.

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Now we say maybe this is extreme, but actually if you look at athletes, what they are trying to do, that's what they do. They even calculate the hairs. And would they push them back? Or would they help in gaining a fraction of a second? That's what they are doing? And that's for sports. So what about you, Dean? What about seeking knowledge? So this is an example. Another example that was not very

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old, actually it's less than 50 years ago. One of the scholars

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is very well known

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when it is a class of knowledge

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Or it is a time to teach, then that's all what is done. But once that is over, then there is nothing else,

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then there is nothing else. Even when he sleeps, he said, Nobody interrupts me, nobody disturbs me, no matter how long I go.

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So sometimes he would sleep for five hours during the day.

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That was his style. At their time, they didn't have alarm. And maybe they had the old clocks, but not with alarms, definitely. So, when he's awake when it's time for class, that's it. So one time, he was invited for a meal, with a lot of people, and one of them asked him a question, he said, This is not the time for knowledge, this is time for socializing. That was this time. But again, you see different people, so see what is suitable for you what fits you best, one of the scholars, when he couldn't seek knowledge on his own,

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like going to the bathroom, that's a simple example, he would have some of his servants reading to him. So while he is in the bathroom, he is listening. And he is continuing doing that.

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One of the scholars, when his visitors come, he would already have the pencils.

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At that time, they didn't have pencils ready, like we have, they had to sharpen them, they had to fix them. So he would give each one a task, you prepare the papers, you do this, do that. And during their visit, they prepare everything they leave, and he saved a lot of time.

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These are examples from the scholars of the past.

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So to us, as I said, maybe this would seem extreme,

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but they cared a lot about the time, how they can take advantage of the time. So make sure that time is of value for you, a student of knowledge cannot be a real student of knowledge, let alone being a scholar in the future, without valuing the time. And knowing that it is his asset, it is the capital that he or she will have. So again, whatever you find suitable for you, whatever is fit for you. And that would happen after consultation after asking the shape, because we tend to

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rush sometimes we are in a time of speed, everything is shortcut, everything is quickly. So we want to gain the fruit without going through the right process. And that's not really the right way and it doesn't work very well. Most of the times, don't look at people when they start looking at them, whether they finish or not. That's what counts.

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So

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these are few reminders of what you are not only supposed to do, but also what you are not supposed to do.

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There are certain things you need to avoid.

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One of them is wasting the time.

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You never waste your time as students of knowledge would be very stingy with his time more than the miser person with his money. How cheap people they don't even spend one penny. That's how the student of knowledge regarding his time why because you believe that this is your real acid the time

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you look at some of the scholars and they wrote books, it will take you years to read just to read.

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One of them even appeal

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for him Allah, he wrote 100 volumes 800

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how much time would you need to read 800 books

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let alone writing them. But how did they get that that time?

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Again, they didn't have

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to PDS laptops. They didn't have secretaries but Allah azza wa jal bless their time. So avoid wasting the time a student of knowledge will never waste his or her time. That's one number two,

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arrogant

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person will never learn.

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arrogance is a killer for people of knowledge.

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Because if you feel you don't need

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this person, or the knowledge he or she has, why would you even ask?

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If you feel you are better than that person, how would that

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Do you feel you will learn from him and we talked about that actually, when we mentioned the story of masala Salaam with Okada. Musa was better than another but he was willing to listen and follow without interruption Why? Because he had more knowledge in certain area that masala Salaam didn't have.

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So this is another thing that you need to avoid another thing, the excess of food and drink.

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Why, even to that level? Yes, even focusing on what you eat what you drink. Because when we eat what happens, especially if you eat Mashallah, a lot of food what will happen,

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you will get lazy, why?

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scientifically, what happens, you eat the food your body needs to digest. So your body is working mind will be closed, the brain will be busy now. So you want to seek knowledge, it will not be

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possible. And as they say, when you eat a lot,

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you will need to sleep a lot.

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Because that's when your body works best. You are rested, but your body is digesting. You eat a lot, you sleep a lot, you sleep a lot, what will happen, you will miss a lot. That's what will happen. And you don't want to miss

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there is a lot of time for sleeping

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in the grave.

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Okay.

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Some scholars, it was reported that, again, these are maybe some extreme examples, but look how they focused on seeking knowledge. Some of them for years, they never slept laying down. They only slept leaning on the wall. Why? Because again, they realize that it's only a short time amendment now Grandma, have you heard of him?

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Almost every single Muslim household almost they have a book, mainly three other solid team who has real solid pain.

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See the vast majority if not all? Isn't that a blessing that you have something in every single house? How old am I know he was when he died?

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4545. How many of you are older than 45?

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So the question is, how much have you done so far? And how much are you willing to do that? Remember? No, that's just an example. Imam Shafi Rahim, Allah also didn't die, with a very old age, unlike the other scholars who lived long. So that's what happens when you care about the time. Allah subhanaw taala will bless your time.

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Another thing?

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Never be shy of asking.

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Never be shy of asking. It'd been at best for the long run Houma when he was asked how you got the knowledge, he said, be listening. So that's the first thing with a tongue that keeps asking.

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And it doesn't mean that you ask any question at any time or always we talked about that if you attended the first session of the character of the club,

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the manners of the Muslim, because there are certain steps how you ask you ask only about what you don't know. Not What the What about, you know, you ask in a certain way. Last prompt, Allah says, Allah, Allah Vickery. In quantum law, Solomon asked the people of knowledge, if you don't know. So,

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never be shy of asking question, the student of knowledge will always ask a question will always, many times, many times the speaker would prepare something, and would think that the entire topic was covered. But then a question comes, and then a lot of things are also said, had it not been for that question.

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The answer wouldn't be given and the knowledge wouldn't have been given. So asking the question is very useful. At the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. The companions were prevented from asking too many questions. Why? Because at the time of the prophet SAW Selim, it was a time of legislation. So

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a person would ask, and because of the question, the answer came, and it made things difficult. And that's what the prophet SAW Selim did not like and the companions knew that this is why they didn't ask too many questions. But whenever someone comes from outside they would love to hear him asking questions to the Prophet sallallahu.

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One time

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Allah crab inhabits he asked the Prophet sallallahu Sallam

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About Hajj.

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The command cane will delay Allah nasopharyngeal baiting and Hajj performing hajj to the house of Allah is an obligation upon mankind. That's what the ayah says. It says it's an obligation. So the Prophet sallahu wa sallam told the companions in Allah catabolic caminhada do, Indeed Allah mandated Hajj. So perform hajj, and Accra inhabits he asked our messenger of Allah is it every year?

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Is it every year? That's what he asked, prophet SAW Selim did not answer. Then he repeated the question, is it every year, until the third time, then the prophet SAW Selim said, had I said it is every year it would have become obligatory? And had it become obligatory you wouldn't be able to perform it.

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Then he said, the worst of people is the one who asks a question and because of his question, the matter became difficult.

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But that was at the time of the prophet SAW Selim. Now it's not time of legislation. So you ask a question. And again, you don't ask for the sake of asking you ask. So you can implement. So these are essential things that you need to avoid, we talked a lot about what you need to do, these are things that you need to avoid.

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And always I bet that has to be

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implemented, whenever knowledge is acquired.

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Knowledge without a bad will be forgotten.

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A bad that is the protection, the fortress that will keep the knowledge and a very simple example the prayer, many occur during the prayer.

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When you start Allahu Akbar,

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there is more than one drop down list after the opening block.

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So you know that what you don't practice Now you try to remember and you forgot, but if you do that, you implement that every now and then you change you remember, so you will know them. What made you know them? The practice,

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try to focus on the practical knowledge, knowledge that will not result in practice shouldn't be acquired. knowledge about things that will not really matter.

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For you, will not bring you closer to Allah subhanaw taala. This is something you don't focus on. Why because there are priorities, there are things that are more important things that will result in action. That's what you need to focus on. So these are

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certain things that you need to avoid, and you need to perform.

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As a final thing, because what you have now is actually more than enough.

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Through those five sessions, it's more than enough. Now it's time to

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practice for you.

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As they say, an ounce of action is better than tons of theory.

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Okay, you have a lot of theories, but where is the action? So it is time for you

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for action.

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Now, how many times have you come here once a week, right? So it has been how long? Five weeks already? Mashallah five weeks? Imagine in those five weeks if you started from week one, how much knowledge would have you acquired Bran. That's a simple thing. But this is how time is passing. But

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in five weeks, if every day, I don't say a page or not even half a page, if every day only one is

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only one

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that's 35 if that's at least, at least how much

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maybe one page or two pages, but you are doing something. So never start something without finishing it.

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Never start something without finishing it. Once you finish it, you move to the next one.

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So that's what I have.

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As a final things, and I want to see what you have what I asked you last week.

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So last week, one of the sisters only one she had the list.

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who prepared the list

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anyone

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No one

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What does that tell you? Why you are here Mashallah, you made one step which is good you're coming here early. It's easier just to sleep. Go back to sleep. So why you are here I asked you please do you have the list? Do you have a plan you do. Who else

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you do?

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How you compose this list

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you took a picture of all the books that you have.

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Here is another thing now what makes you buy a book and add it to your library?

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The beautiful cover

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the catchy title, what is it exactly?

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The writer

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will even writers, some writers they write for different levels and then Kodama Rahim Allah

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he wrote three different books in fifth is from the hamlet school of thought

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he wrote on that and

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that's for the beginners textbook, just with the basics. Then he brought a lacuna that's a little bit advanced and then he brought alimony the sufficient that's the largest book one of the largest books in the entire library in the Muslim woman money. So the same writer but three different books. So how do you know even the writer This is suitable for you? Maybe you read something before and you liked it.

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Okay, so let's see what do you have

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gives 30 and for

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why?

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By the way, do you know a mammogram? Kathy Rahim Allah Where did he start his tafsir

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he didn't start from an Fatiha

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but very few people know that he didn't start from In fact,

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the order should start again from Al Fatiha. But that's not where he started. Now,

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the 30th juice.

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By the way, how many of you memorize the 30th juice?

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See, without memorization, it's very hard. And these are very short Sutras, right? But we've seen this just is not really the right one to start with, for the Tafseer Why? Most words are really advanced words in Arabic. Because the nature of the Quran, it was challenging.

00:22:59--> 00:23:00

To the kuffaar

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any miracle was given to a messenger. It was beyond the capability of his time. That's why a salad salad at his time they were advanced in medicine. So I Sally Sam came with something that no medicine can

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cure death, he would bring back the dead to life.

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masala Salam at his time, there was magic. He was given something beyond magic. Magic cannot transform mystic to

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a snake at the time of the prophet SAW Selim poetry was outspread but he came with something beyond that, which is the Quran. So the 30 of us these sutras with the exception of two or three soldiers only, like Sora colombina.

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So that the muscle, the rest, they are all from the mechi time.

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The beginning time, it was challenging for the kuffar. So the words are not easy action. But because it's short, maybe we'll find it simple. So you have like,

00:24:07--> 00:24:16

separate it's not the full set, the 10 volumes, not the one that I showed you. Okay.

00:24:19--> 00:24:19

Okay.

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How long have you had them?

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Three years. How far did you go in reading?

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So you never read it from cover to cover.

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As a reading Sahih Muslim is enjoying more than Sahih Bukhari

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Sahih Bukhari is deeper. Remember, Bukhari was very smart in putting every Hadith for us.

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certain reason sometimes you find the Hadith in a different place

00:25:06--> 00:25:22

and you don't know why Imam Buhari put it there but there was a reason he was always extracting lessons for lessons. So if you want to read and enjoy start with five Muslim but at least start so three years How big is the Microsoft how many pages

00:25:25--> 00:25:26

yeah 500

00:25:27--> 00:25:33

motto sir shouldn't be more than that 500 pages if one page only one page a day

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that's a year and two months

00:25:38--> 00:26:13

or three months and you will finish. So again, this is how time is passing by. But we're not doing like one thing fully from cover to cover good. So I have Muslim how that would be helpful. This is something that you have to do on daily basis we have the types of knowledge like Pepsi or fake or solid or lumen Hadith, but this is something part of who you are as a Muslim. Just like reading the Quran. Just like improving yourself as a human being. I mentioned there are certain books like

00:26:14--> 00:26:16

classical Muslim, the Muslim character,

00:26:18--> 00:26:36

some people like it, and other books these are to improve your character. So the way to seek knowledge how to read from the biographies of the scholars, you add that to this so these are books that should be read every day. Part of it just like the vicar you have dhikr every day. Okay, what else?

00:26:39--> 00:26:48

A Chanel, Chanel mohammedia the prophetic attributes are the character of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.

00:26:49--> 00:26:52

This is a good book. This is in English or in Malay.

00:26:53--> 00:26:55

Indonesian, okay.

00:27:00--> 00:27:07

So Colombia, see both these books, they are in the same field, which is

00:27:08--> 00:27:10

Syrah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

00:27:13--> 00:27:14

What else?

00:27:21--> 00:27:24

Same thing, stories of the Prophet Which one?

00:27:26--> 00:27:28

Yeah, this one is also ambia

00:27:33--> 00:27:33

the one that's

00:27:35--> 00:27:37

having caffeine, okay.

00:27:43--> 00:27:45

Have you already fully

00:27:48--> 00:27:52

the class started here a few months ago right? Okay, good.

00:27:55--> 00:27:57

Few weeks okay.

00:28:02--> 00:28:17

On the clock and you have on the telecom, you see, all these three books are in the same level. So you start with on the telecom, but you still have the 40, Hadith or binary and you never read them. That's not right. Start with aranui.

00:28:19--> 00:28:19

Okay.

00:28:22--> 00:28:23

Hello humara.

00:28:24--> 00:28:41

Same thing. See, now you have you completed the field, this field, physical hobbies, you have enough now in that area. So you go and you buy another one. No need. Like there is another one that is advanced. monta Calabar.

00:28:45--> 00:28:52

It's I don't think it's available in in Malaysia or Indonesia. I know it's it's translated. It's 5000 heavy.

00:28:53--> 00:28:54

Yeah.

00:28:59--> 00:29:00

What is that?

00:29:11--> 00:29:13

This is, how big is that?

00:29:19--> 00:29:28

According to what I mentioned last time, you could say that this is in the basic level or intermediate or advanced. It's basic. Okay.

00:29:39--> 00:29:43

How'd you labadie that might be similar to

00:29:50--> 00:29:51

in handy lobby Dean.

00:29:52--> 00:29:55

I never heard of that one. I don't think it's far.

00:30:00--> 00:30:19

risala this is for Imam Shafi. This is not the right one to begin, because that is Salah. Actually, it's little bit advanced, or you could say it's in the intermediate level, he talks about the authority of the religion, especially the Quran and the Sunnah.

00:30:20--> 00:30:56

But his approach is different nowadays, we have very basic books, you know, solid facts that are easier. So why this is good. Now, when you read the list, I don't only want to know what you have, you need to know what you need to add also, what you should add to this. So you have a complete set. But even that is not enough. Because some people they cannot afford buying. It's not about buying, it's about having access. I don't know, do you have public libraries here where you could go and read? This is also possible, when is the last time you visited the library?

00:31:01--> 00:31:14

Because it is that actually you go to the libraries, I'm telling you in Houston in and most people there are non Muslims, you rarely find Muslims. And you could take advantage of a lot of resources, their

00:31:15--> 00:31:28

books, DVDs, CDs, everything. So you don't have to purchase them. But you had to set now, when are you going to start and how that's the thing. Okay, anything else?

00:31:33--> 00:31:35

Few of Arabic books while you have them.

00:31:38--> 00:31:39

You can read them.

00:31:45--> 00:31:47

So as I told you last time,

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maybe two weeks ago, you need to decide whether you have to learn Arabic.

00:31:54--> 00:32:36

And you will go all the way. So you would read the books in Arabic. So you don't have to go through all these translated books, whether in Malay, or in English, and you have full access to a huge library of books. But that will take time and it's not easy. Or you take a different way that you are content with being able to understand speak English, or the native language, Malay, Indonesian, and to have access to those books. Don't start saying, Okay, I will do this in Malay. And then after a few years, you find some people, they started learning Arabic, and now they understand Arabic because they started two years ago. And now you say now I will Why? Because there will be two years

00:32:36--> 00:32:40

back behind from now make that decision and

00:32:41--> 00:32:42

continue with it.

00:32:44--> 00:32:46

One of my students, I met him yesterday.

00:32:48--> 00:33:00

He studied with the Aries from the second group that was in Houston in 2009. Now he's here to have a degree at the International Islamic University.

00:33:01--> 00:33:42

But the classes here are in Arabic. So he's finishing Arabic first. Had he started that then now he would have been finished already. But now he felt that this is what he needs because he wants to continue and he wants to go all the way. Not a casual student of knowledge but he wants to be a good student of knowledge. So this is up to you. Why always ask yourself why do I want to do this? Why I bought this book? What do I want from it? Is it going to bring me closer to Allah? subhanaw taala? Am I going to be student of knowledge or it's just something that will earn me some hassle? Not and that's

00:33:44--> 00:33:47

exactly. Okay. What they have?

00:33:53--> 00:34:00

Which one? By the way? When I asked you about the full set who taught who has the full set the 10 volumes.

00:34:02--> 00:34:06

Only you have you read what I asked you the 51st 50

00:34:08--> 00:34:16

pages? No. So if time goes by like a week and then another week and only 50 pages you didn't read?

00:34:19--> 00:34:19

Okay.

00:34:22--> 00:34:22

creation

00:34:25--> 00:34:26

story of creation.

00:34:29--> 00:34:30

Which one is that?

00:34:37--> 00:34:40

That's the name of it. Because when Kathir he has

00:34:42--> 00:34:54

I don't think this is a book, what they are doing. Maybe they are extracting some topics from his books and they put it as a separate book. He has a book about how to sell the signs of the final hour

00:34:55--> 00:34:59

and belief in the final day but the beginning of creation okay.

00:35:06--> 00:35:08

How many of the books that you have you read fully?

00:35:12--> 00:35:12

like

00:35:14--> 00:35:29

reading it and why? That's the thing Why? See this is a phenomena as I told you, you start with something and you don't finish it never do that. Never do that start something and never leave it until you finish it

00:35:30--> 00:35:34

until you finish it. Okay? yes

00:35:38--> 00:35:39

uh huh

00:35:41--> 00:35:42

Yes,

00:35:43--> 00:35:44

I

00:35:47--> 00:35:48

guess

00:35:52--> 00:35:52

you need what

00:35:54--> 00:35:58

this is written in very basic very simple language

00:35:59--> 00:36:00

what stopped you

00:36:02--> 00:36:09

by what what? What are the things that you felt you needed some explanations? I mean, I can understand Yeah.

00:36:13--> 00:36:30

Well, we will touch upon that inshallah you will attend the diploma program because we will have this subject, the science of the Quran. And at the beginning, there will be an introduction. And this is one of the books this is one of the Basic Books very simple, very easy language.

00:36:35--> 00:36:35

Yeah.

00:36:40--> 00:36:46

I don't know it actually. But also sort of folk that we have is very basic, very simple.

00:36:49--> 00:37:07

That now maybe it could happen once that you stopped because you couldn't read or you can read but you cannot understand fully. Okay. But like stories of the prophets, what is so difficult about it? It is story of the Prophet. So you started finishing. Okay, what else?

00:37:09--> 00:37:09

What do you have?

00:37:18--> 00:37:23

Okay, starting with a new thing doesn't mean that you leave the old thing. Right.

00:37:34--> 00:37:37

See all that now is almost in one field about the Sierra.

00:37:38--> 00:37:39

Okay.

00:37:52--> 00:37:58

pathoma, GDS, this is commentary on Cotabato hit. Yes. That's the not language.

00:38:02--> 00:38:06

Hear? That's good. Okay.

00:38:11--> 00:38:35

This is something I didn't talk about. There are certain books, the scholars when they wrote the books, they included all the narrations they have. Some of them would be weak, some of them would be authentic. But they didn't bother to identify what is weak. What is authentic. Why, because they mentioned the chain of narrators, it's up to you to check on that. Now we have scholars who

00:38:36--> 00:38:48

took these books one by one and separated them like so high, Sierra Nevada, only the authentic stories from the prophetic seer.

00:38:50--> 00:39:21

So he shamal mohammedia, only the authentic narrations and so on and so forth. That's an easy way that's because you will get actually even smaller book. And you guarantee that everything here is authentic. So that will give you actually ease also that you are confident whatever you're reading is good. But I didn't talk about that because I didn't know if you have this in, in Malaysia or in in Arabic in English. So this one that you have, it's in Malay. Good.

00:39:23--> 00:39:23

Okay.

00:39:26--> 00:39:31

So this is the best thing, that you have a class and you have a reference, which is the book

00:39:33--> 00:39:45

like seeking knowledge, you will never find the book. That's called the perfect way of seeking knowledge because everyone has a different way. But at the end, they all lead to the same thing.

00:39:47--> 00:39:48

Okay, what else?

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

Now how this is? You see, this is the type of books you read before you sleep to have nightmares.

00:40:00--> 00:40:11

To go to sleep, this is something about the gin. how this would bring you closer to Allah subhanaw taala? Or how this would add practical ibid? For you?

00:40:18--> 00:40:18

Okay,

00:40:20--> 00:40:21

this question is

00:40:24--> 00:40:24

all about

00:40:27--> 00:40:28

why?

00:40:29--> 00:40:31

I don't think you have more movies than hollywood

00:40:33--> 00:40:35

movie, even mulay movies?

00:40:41--> 00:40:49

See, I thought only certain nations they have this, I was surprised to see that you have this here also.

00:40:50--> 00:40:58

Because people do still people have time for this. People are busy with life with making money with arrays, and they still have time for this

00:41:07--> 00:41:07

Subhanallah

00:41:11--> 00:41:13

you have movies in Mali?

00:41:19--> 00:41:20

To give more money

00:41:23--> 00:41:26

to Panama. Okay, what else?

00:41:30--> 00:41:33

Yeah, this is again, we talked about that last time, okay.

00:41:34--> 00:41:50

But you see, most of what you are saying these books that you have, they don't fall, they don't fall in one field, like fake or solid physical. That's what you need to build, you need to build a library of books of knowledge,

00:41:51--> 00:41:52

Encyclopedia

00:41:55--> 00:41:57

Encyclopedia of fit practice.

00:42:05--> 00:42:07

What they mean encyclopedia fill

00:42:19--> 00:42:21

three volumes, in what school of thought.

00:42:28--> 00:42:29

Okay, well,

00:42:31--> 00:42:40

that, again, you are starting a class you already are in the class, I cannot say anything that is already there. But as I told you, you start with one school of thought,

00:42:41--> 00:42:48

with one school of thought with the proper method that all scholars without an exception went through.

00:42:49--> 00:42:57

Then after that, you want to go there? Because what you know, what does it mean encyclopedia? At least you have to have 30 volumes, at least.

00:42:58--> 00:42:59

Okay.

00:43:02--> 00:43:03

So let me ask you this.

00:43:05--> 00:43:07

Did you finish the book of purification?

00:43:10--> 00:43:11

from that class?

00:43:13--> 00:43:15

Because it's Encyclopedia of crime

00:43:19--> 00:43:22

to be how many classes have you finished?

00:43:25--> 00:43:26

What did you cover?

00:43:29--> 00:43:31

Although you finish to do

00:43:40--> 00:43:43

okay, what are the things that invalidate?

00:43:48--> 00:43:48

How many?

00:43:52--> 00:43:59

This is the thing you try to go through, like detailed things, and you didn't master the principles.

00:44:00--> 00:44:03

you attended the class here, right? How many pages

00:44:04--> 00:44:13

in English, it's 12 pages on that 12 pages. I'm not saying this because that's what we do, but this is the proper way you

00:44:14--> 00:44:29

memorize the principles. These are the essential things and then you go through these details. This is the problem with many people now. They spend a lot of time trying to learn things and they have vague general idea.

00:44:32--> 00:44:49

Types of water, what changes the window what is pure and impure? What is nudges. And that's all good. Again, I'm not I will never say that any type of knowledge will not be useful. It will be all useful. What What is more useful. That's the thing. Okay.

00:44:54--> 00:44:57

Same thing, the motto sir or the full version.

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

Summarize

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

Have you read it?

00:45:07--> 00:45:08

Okay.

00:45:15--> 00:45:22

That's all. So as soon as they don't have anything fixed according to one school of thought you don't have anything.

00:45:24--> 00:45:27

You have a book of arcada you said for till Madrid right? Okay.

00:45:29--> 00:45:33

See, we can see which one do you have the full volume is the full okay?

00:45:35--> 00:45:39

aluminum Hadith? Nothing. So you need a lot

00:45:41--> 00:45:45

of not only to have but also to read.

00:45:46--> 00:45:59

What are the characteristics of a chef who can deliver a fatwa, Muslim, memorize all the Hadith and memorize for an can he be an intellectual from Western University?

00:46:01--> 00:46:04

What does that mean intellectual from Western University?

00:46:05--> 00:46:06

I don't know what that means.

00:46:10--> 00:46:12

Depending depending

00:46:14--> 00:46:20

when you study or Sunil FERPA, when you study welfare, there is an entire chapter about ht hat,

00:46:21--> 00:46:31

making the effort to reach a verdict or a ruling. Who is the one who is authorized? Or who is the one who can do that.

00:46:32--> 00:46:34

For the fatwa.

00:46:35--> 00:46:48

They never say he has to memorize everything. Why? Because memorization is not the issue. And now we see that clearly. You have someone memorized the entire Quran, but it's as good as a copy over the shelf

00:46:49--> 00:47:05

does not understand anything. So that's why they don't say memorization. They say he has adequate understanding of the Quran and Sunnah. What does it mean adequate? It means he knows the ayat of the account.

00:47:07--> 00:47:24

He knows them. He knows their rulings, the same thing with the Hadith. No, he doesn't have to memorize all the Hadith. That's one thing. The second thing he needs to know the Arabic language now why the Arabic language because that's how the command is

00:47:25--> 00:47:28

issued in Arabic When Allah says

00:47:29--> 00:47:31

he tenable if I lose

00:47:33--> 00:47:43

any command. So the way that it was mentioned regarding the federal, many scholars add also to be aware of the situation of the questioner

00:47:44--> 00:47:49

because what is permissible to one person could be not permissible to another person.

00:47:50--> 00:48:07

And this is some people they don't really pay attention to, to be aware of the current situation generally. Because fatwa could change from one region to another region. In mammoth Shafi Rahim Allah, two people came to him.

00:48:08--> 00:48:12

Both of them asked the same question, and he gave two different answers.

00:48:14--> 00:48:19

One man came, and they were both fasting. He asked about kissing the wife, is it permissible?

00:48:21--> 00:49:07

And the students were present. So they heard the same question but two different answers. So they asked him, What is this? It's one question, but you gave two different answers. He said the first one was an old man. So there is no fear on him that it might break his fast, he might go further. But the other one was youth he was recently married, so he cannot do it because he might not be able to control himself. So these are basic conditions for the one who gives birth doesn't matter. Some people. No university in the world, by itself will make you qualified to give fatwa. They will give you keys, the best universities, Islamic universities, whether it's here in Malaysia, or Alaska, or

00:49:07--> 00:49:16

in Egypt, or Islamic University, Medina or anywhere in the world, they will only give you keys, you need to depend on yourself. I have

00:49:18--> 00:49:33

a friend, not friend, but a colleague, while we were studying, reading the Quran, he wasn't able to read that was in the fourth year, last year year of graduation, four years studying Islamic Studies, and he cannot read the Quran properly.

00:49:35--> 00:49:53

And he's from Arab countries, not for him. So if the reading was difficult, how you would be able to understand, let alone trying to deduce the rulings and extract the verdicts. So it's not about whether it's Western University or

00:49:55--> 00:49:59

Arab or Muslim country. It's about what you achieved. so far.

00:50:01--> 00:50:08

At what age do you encourage your children to join the Salah they had good.

00:50:11--> 00:50:12

Solid at that do

00:50:17--> 00:51:07

you need to start gradually, you will have from seven to 10. That's the obligatory prayer, then you encourage them for the novel sunon the things that are essential you start with with them. And the sub Sunnah. These are the most confirmed sooner or later. And so then after that you could go with the head. So I would say at least you need after 10 years, maybe 13 at the age of 1314. Roughly, it's not really specific, but roughly, at that age, if you followed the steps from seven to 10, you thought him or her and they now performed the prayer, then you add the discipline, at that age would be suitable for the hedges. Because one thing about the hedges, the nature of the Hebrides, what?

00:51:08--> 00:51:09

Its long prayer,

00:51:10--> 00:51:15

and usually kids cannot stand. Adults complain later on kids.

00:51:17--> 00:51:24

One time, the business owner of the lawn and I just mentioned him when I saw one of the people who memorize the entire program.

00:51:26--> 00:51:30

He used to be next to the prophets I sell them and the prophets I seldom sleeps.

00:51:31--> 00:51:36

He would prepare his water for Hulu and his slippers.

00:51:37--> 00:51:44

So one time prophet SAW Selim stood up in the night praying, and I've learned so join him. Prophet SAW Sam started with Al Baqarah.

00:51:45--> 00:52:29

And llamasoft thought the prophet SAW Selim would make Roca at the end of the first juice, he didn't, he kept going. So he thought he will finish the second juice processor and kept going he said, Okay, then he will finish the entire soda and make Roku. He finished the surah and he went to Surah Nisa. And he kept going until I intended to do something bad, which was leaving the profit sighs and, and that's of the last episode. So you don't want your children to start doing this and then feel that it is difficult and then they don't do it at all. It would be rather better to start late, but guarantee that they will go all the way. So even if you didn't start until they reach the

00:52:29--> 00:52:37

age of puberty, that's not a bad thing because we are struggling with adults with people with old age and they don't do it.

00:52:40--> 00:52:44

Currently, our oma is divided especially due to

00:52:49--> 00:52:54

motivation exam, political example, Egypt, is it good to

00:52:58--> 00:53:04

on scheffel Islam have been timea on the Islamic politic.

00:53:07--> 00:53:10

Sharia What should we do?

00:53:11--> 00:53:23

As a student of knowledge, on area of politics, there are books, even in politics, there are books written one of them one of the best books, Allah comes to pania

00:53:25--> 00:53:35

the ordinance of governance and I showed you the center you remember the center in Qatar, they had this book translated to English, very good book,

00:53:36--> 00:53:40

council Tawny amendment, Mauer the he was the supreme judge.

00:53:41--> 00:54:06

And he was the missionary. He was like an ambassador on behalf of the halifa. So he knew what he's talking about. He talked about the khilafah, the role of the halifa, the duties of everyone, the establishment of the state, you want, that's where you go, there are books about that. But again, here's the thing.

00:54:07--> 00:54:16

We tend to talk a lot about the oma the situation of the people start with your own self now. Where are you? Are you a public figure?

00:54:17--> 00:54:59

You're not there. So start with your own, first improve yourself. And then after that, then you can think of what you can do as a general change. But for now, and this is what I asked first thing on the first day when students come to university while you are here, they are asked we want to see what they want to achieve so we could help them. Most of them say we notice that in the oma there is weakness. We notice that in our community, they love the knowledge. It's true. So every one of them is talking about others, forgetting about their own selves. If you yourself became a better Muslim, that's a plus.

00:55:00--> 00:55:08

For the entire for your community. So focus first on your own self. And then try to think, like generally like this.

00:55:10--> 00:55:11

And other questions.

00:55:17--> 00:55:25

any final comments? This would be the last session shala. Tomorrow, no classes from the 29th, which is tomorrow, right?

00:55:27--> 00:55:29

Except if you're coming for the

00:55:30--> 00:55:33

camera we really short talks

00:55:36--> 00:55:42

lecture us about to be careful of backbiting.

00:55:46--> 00:55:54

But if you keep on advising people not to backbite all the time. What do you do when you your own clothes?

00:55:57--> 00:55:58

in law?

00:56:00--> 00:56:02

Yeah, it's always the mother in law and the sister

00:56:04--> 00:56:18

problems and they need advice. They have to tell about other people shortcomings. How do you approach the problem? If you study the introduction to sciences of Hadith, you don't need to ask this question.

00:56:19--> 00:56:22

I mentioned that in the class of o'clock two days ago.

00:56:23--> 00:56:33

There are exceptions. backbiting is always prohibited. It's always prohibited. There are exceptions when it is permissible

00:56:36--> 00:56:47

to laser deliberate in facilitating metodo luminometer. And Omar riffin. Home jehlen fiskardo, most often woman or other annata, feasability mencari, six things that are exempt

00:56:48--> 00:56:48

six things.

00:56:51--> 00:56:57

What are they? The first one is when you seek justice from the judge? Someone did something wrong to you.

00:56:59--> 00:57:04

You go to the judge, you cannot say I cannot back by you have to tell what happened. Why you want justice.

00:57:06--> 00:57:11

The second thing is when you want to warn someone

00:57:13--> 00:57:41

you know this man. He goes to the masjid. People think he is bias. But after he leaves the prayer, he steals money. He does terrible things that people don't know because you are his neighbor, you know that? People came asking you they said he proposed to our doctor. What do you say of him? You cannot say he is excellent. You are deceiving them? You have to warn. Why? Because they don't know. And it will result in greater evil.

00:57:44--> 00:58:01

The prophet SAW Selim style, what did he usually say when there is a problem? He wouldn't point to the one. But he says Naboo Aqua. So you want to warn against the phenomenon. People are sleeping, they're not coming for some prayer.

00:58:02--> 00:58:18

You know some of the people who are listening, that's what they are doing. And that's why you want to own them but you don't point to them. So that's another way you say staying sleeping and missing. So prayer that's a characteristic of the hypocrites and you.

00:58:20--> 00:58:21

That's the third one.

00:58:22--> 00:58:37

The one who commit sin in public, he already exposed himself. So talking about what he does what he has done. Everybody knows so this is not also like it is still a backbiting but it is exempt.

00:58:40--> 00:58:42

When you want fatwah

00:58:44--> 00:58:46

you go for counseling you go for a fatwa.

00:58:48--> 00:58:59

husband is abusing his wife. And the wife doesn't know whether this is permissible or not. She needs to tell what happened because she wants to know whether this is permissible or haram. So that's another thing.

00:59:01--> 00:59:12

And finally, when you tell the authorities to remove an evil that is becoming widespread, in secret, and then suddenly it will be in public.

00:59:13--> 00:59:44

People are going to a certain area to commit sins, and nobody knows about them. You have been seeing them day in day out so you need to tell the authorities woman Harada Liana de feasibility mockery, that's the last one. So these are six things that are exempt. Now why we talk about that in the science of the introduction in the IDF terminology, because in Hadith terminology, scholars talk about every single narrator. He is trustworthy.

00:59:45--> 00:59:51

He is a man who's pious but he makes a lot of mistakes. His memory is weak, that's backbiting.

00:59:52--> 00:59:59

Memory is weak. I don't like to be classified whether my memory is weak or half and half or but they needed that

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

To predict the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

01:00:07--> 01:00:08

Any other questions?

01:00:10--> 01:00:10

Yes.

01:00:23--> 01:00:24

Yes.

01:00:32--> 01:00:51

I mainly go back to international This is the best translation, but you will never can rely on only one translation especially in depth. Because it will always be translation it will never be around and the translation will be always lacking. But

01:00:52--> 01:00:55

comparing all of them say international is the best one.

01:01:03--> 01:01:04

It's good.

01:01:05--> 01:01:08

All of them are good, but psi international is the best.

01:01:16--> 01:01:17

Any other questions?

01:01:22--> 01:01:27

Okay, does that mean lol Hello sal Allahu Allah Mohammed Ah, savage man. You