Channel: Isam Rajab
Special course by Yayasan Ta’lim & Arees University. Conducted by Dr Isam Rajab. METHODOLOGY IN SEEKING KNOWLEDGE (session 4)
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The purpose of having a right methodology is to put you on the right track, which means saving you a lot of time and effort and getting something productive on the long run. The problem with many people is not
whether to start or not, they already started.
They already have the intention, a lot of people would love to be here to sit here and listen, and they have a sincere intention. But after a few months, you don't find them what happened, they are not getting something they are not building on something. If you come again, two years later, the same thing, maybe they are still going here and there. So that's why when you have a plan, and you have a list,
based on the list that we mentioned, last week, we talked about not all types of knowledge, but the main ones, we talked about the sciences of the Quran, sciences of Hadith, Sierra.
And it's sciences, we talked about that these are the main ones, but then there are other books. So you have this main plan, then you can adjust that based on your ability, whether it's physical or even financial, you might say I cannot buy these books, or they are not available for me.
We see what you have, and whether this is suitable or it's not suitable for you. Whether this will benefit you or will not benefit you. So that is another thing. Yes.
You have a list hamdulillah?
Yeah, let us hear what you have.
This is what
the serum in caffeine.
Okay. tafsir ibn katheer is very common. And it is very good, but not for a beginner. How many of you has the serum in caffeine?
The vast majority? How many of you read it fully?
How long have you been having the cinnamon caffeine?
Few months. But for many of you, you have it for years, and you never read it. Why? Because it's a big book. That would be an advanced level. So my question that's what I wanted from you to see what you have available that is smaller in Arabic. I have a long list of their seats that is with
the serum. Yes, sir. I don't know if it's available in English or even in Malaysia. That's one thing.
The second one is sort of the fasciae. You have that is a that's a good start.
So this is one of the advantages Now you tell me so I sorta faster, it's available in North language.
In donation, you can understand it.
Okay, so that's good. That's a good start. You start with this, but you need to have the obsidian cafe, as you mentioned as reference, you could go back to
good What else?
man had a seller who's the author?
I don't know that.
Okay, this book, you will have many similar books like that. These are
certain books that will encourage you will give you guidelines will remind you, which is good. You need to have one or two.
bluehole muram Bulova muram this is what if you remember last week, what did we say about global muram
but it's a book of what what type of science
heavy it is physical Hadith. It's a collection of narrations. It is a book of Hadith, but it is about rulings. So every Hadith is about ruling. This would be the third step. This is also advanced. What do you need to have before that?
A better book would be
on the telecom. What did you say?
No, you said something very good. Rather salhan could be even a starting point. Why? How many hobbies
Even before we had to sell him he could have something
for the hobby.
A lot of it now. Yeah. So you start with that 40 Hadith.
And unfortunately, many of you, as usual, they don't memorize them. They don't know the Hadith. It's only 40 Hadith. It's not 400 not 4000, not 400,000 it's only 40 Hadith. So 40 Hadith.
in under cam, if you want or you don't have enough time you
jump from a binary term that laka
that's 10 times more on the clock and then after that twice the number is below. Okay, so that comes in the third level. And it's better to have it with the shear Why? Because I said some of the integrations are not authentic, some of them, so you need to know which one and which one is stronger. Okay, now, as you notice, the sister is mentioning a book of
the year, and then a book of Hadith. So you have to separate them like this is you know, what book is for what? And when is the time for that book? Okay, good.
The novel Quran? Yes.
It's a translation. Does it have any comments? So this would be again, just like beginning point, which, after it directly comes a sort of deficit, or at I've settled myself or any deficit like that.
Yeah, hello, Dean.
Dean. Again, this is something similar to
what the book you mentioned, the Indonesian man had just said,
Man, I just said, in Arabic, we have many books like heliot polyblend. As the students of knowledge, you are gaining knowledge you have also to build your character, it's not appropriate that you are just taking mere knowledge that is available in the book, while you are a bad representative of that knowledge. This is very destructive. So scholars always sometimes
they have students, they always remind them of the good character, sometimes they would not start with knowledge. They come to the class and they just sit students they want to learn and they don't give them anything Why they want to build their character first, they have to be eligible to receive the knowledge. So these books, a much better book than here along with Dean because he alamuddin has a lot of weak narrations. Yes, it has some benefits, but it has a lot of weak narrations, a much better book than this one, the book that we are having the regarding the flock book of urban hazard,
healing the source, the name of the book is healing the salts. In Arabic we have Henriette polyblend
we have many books about adapt particularly the ethics of seeking knowledge. These books you need them to build your character, a wrestler Futala will Hadith many scholars brought their you would say their diaries, what happened to them, they Chronicle their history, what happened to them when they were traveling to seek knowledge that will encourage you to keep doing this remind you the purpose of doing that? So you need two three books like that. And that's enough
Okay, what else?
sealmaster Very good.
When the moon split both of them you have them, how long have you had them?
Have you read any of them from cover to cover? not read from them, but read them all?
Good. scholars say the book will not give you light until you document
how you darken the book, by your notes, your remarks, see, you can tell if somebody is really a student of knowledge or
he just has a nice library, how you go there, you find a book on the bed,
a book near the bed, the books are not in order on shelves, because if they are in order that means they are usually not that they are just there. So where is the benefit from the books? Yes, you took one step which is good, you bought the books hamdulillah. Now when will be the time then after that the further step you take one book and you open it and you check out there.
any notes, any things, any remarks that will help you? Usually what? What I do what some others do after finishing a book, summarizing it, this is my way, I have a lot of summaries for a lot of books, my colleagues, other other colleagues, what they do they have the index cards for every book like 1015 index cards, depending on the size of the book, and they have it there. Why? Because chances are, when you will go back to this book,
you made a huge step by reading it, which many people don't do, maybe they came across it, maybe they checked something, but reading it fully, very rare. And then to read it again, that is even rarer. So chances are this would be the last time you are in contact with this book.
So make sure that you remember what is their how to try to go back to the book fully, it will be hard. Good. What else?
So from the list that she mentioned, you see if only 10 of you did that we would have an excellent session. If only 10 did like the sister what she did.
She had a book in tafsir.
a book about we can call it methodology of seeking knowledge. She had a book of
a book of physical Hadith. That's it. Anything else on your list?
Okay, what do you see lacking? What is missing in this list?
Let's hear from her first and then.
Okay. That's good thing. You're focusing on the translation of the Quran understanding the Quran.
Okay, so that's another thing. Are you learning Arabic? Okay, so that's a priority.
You mentioned that in your quest for seeking knowledge. You're learning Arabic. So hopefully, but how the time is divided?
How many hours are you giving? for learning Arabic?
Yeah, how many hours? Are you giving that?
How many hours?
a week or a day?
Two, three hours a week? That's nothing.
Okay, good. As a student of knowledge, as someone who wants to achieve something in this path, how many hours should you dedicate
four hours a day for Arabic.
And what about other types of knowledge?
See in your, in your plan, now you have to know what you want. Because you are learning Arabic, okay. And you're trying to learn the translation, you could do that only.
Now, if you have the time. And you have the means because the means means sometimes the teacher because you might have the time, but there is nobody to take you to the next step. You are still in that level, you need someone to teach you. But you could make that a priority. And it's worth it to start for six months or one year only learning Arabic fully and learning the understanding of the Quran, the translation of the Quran, that is a huge step. Then after that, actually, you upgrade instead of learning translation of books, you read the exact books in Arabic, so it is worth it. But to do both at the same time, reading translation, reading, trying to do everything that also doesn't
work. So that's why you have to have priorities. What do you want?
Now, sister mentioned four hours
for learning Arabic one hour for memorizing Quran, how many hours left?
You need to dedicate a minimum from four to six hours a day. If you are serious about seeking knowledge.
You work for eight hours.
Because you want at the end of the month to get the paycheck. What about seeking knowledge?
Okay, for students of knowledge, but again, standards are different now. We are talking very flexibly. But some scholars they wouldn't accept a student without reading everyday five juices of the Quran. Every week you finish one. That's the minimum, that is minimum requirement. So, every day, you dedicate at least one hour for reading, you finished memorizing already for reading that's keeping the pace because a student of knowledge has to have also a bother attached it's very dangerous to have only knowledge without any better one of the essentially bathers recitation of the Quran, reading the Quran. So how much time do you dedicate for reading the Quran?
You still you might say I didn't memorize the Quran, I need time to memorize the Quran. That's a separate time. Time for reading the Quran
is separate from time of memorizing the Quran. Because this is considered Vicar remembering Allah. We say we love Allah, we love something. We mentioned it a lot. I like my car, I keep mentioning my car, my car, anything you like you keep mentioning so how much time do you give for the vicar of Allah subhanaw taala the remembrance of Allah including the Quran. So divide your day, choose the suitable times, not the killed time when you are too tired. I mentioned that one time in one of the four sessions and one of the four sessions that depending on the type of knowledge, you choose the time
when you wake up in the morning, if you had a nice sleep, you will be fully awake and you start with a type of knowledge that requires focusing. But after a long day of work, you come back, you want to study advanced type of knowledge like a solid fair, Maxim's of fair that will be difficult. So you keep that time for reading history, biographies of the scholar.
This would be the time
so you might do the same thing but you don't get the result because of the difference of the time because of what you chose to do. It all contributes and again that's what I hope that we we can save you some time we give you some things. Now, there is an announcement and it is premature but I wanted to tell you shala the details will come next week. We are having a program full year program inshallah diploma. Aris University in conjunction with us in Tallinn, we are starting this inshallah.
October after Hajj we were debating whether we start before Hajj or after Hajj.
By the way, what do you think is a better time?
After Hajj are there people going for Hajj?
So why not start before especially this year, they are asking people not to go?
Not anytime. Not anytime, sometimes are not suitable. Few announced and everybody has a plan for vacation. It's a long holiday and they're going to visit they're going to the villages they're going so it's not really any time. Yes, you might say generally the sooner the better. So in short, a lot of Fleet will be in October. That's one semester and then another semester. So we will have a good plan. Not everything, but what you will get there inshallah will be very solid for one year, it will be roughly nine months, not really one year, but you will learn a lot. And this plan is based on again, what you have here, the essential types of knowledge. So this is inshallah going to be from
I asked you another thing, and I wouldn't be surprised if you didn't do it. Also. I asked you who has the serum in kathira. And the vast majority said you have right have you read the first 50 pages? Who did it?
Mashallah, one, who else? Two, three. You did? How much have you read? You read the Old 50 pages?
No, I asked specifically for the first volume because it's an introduction to the sciences of the sciences of the Quran. Not only that, he has statistics he has
he mentioned the mother macky Madani and all these things.
You did that because that's what
He said last week. Okay.
So please, when I ask you something, it's for you. It's not for me, I already did it. hamdulillah I have the Tafseer. I have done that several times, but it is for you.
So from that list of the sister that she mentioned, that seer, circle, Hadith sera.
What is lacking? What what what did we say?
Fill candles? Sunil that's very essential.
And the solid? Yes.
Miller Phillips Yeah, that's good.
Okay, so here's the thing. Now if a new language you couldn't find it, which is first choice, Emily, you didn't find it? Do you stop or you go to the second choice, which is English. Now, here is one thing
in our time, a lot of productions.
A lot of books, like notes. These are only for a short period of time, maybe the first two months. After that, I don't advise going to notes, why when you got you get used to it, you will not go back to the original books, even if you went back, you will find them difficult. So make sure that you go back to the original work. That should be always around, you go back to the original work. But when you find it difficult, yes, you might choose to make it easy by what we have hamdulillah we have some publications, they are facilitating those types of knowledge. To start with them, it might be a little bit difficult. So it is good as a start, but not to keep them and depend on them. Just like a
student in college, the professor, the lecture has a book, that's the curriculum, a book. And then you have students they are having notes, they are writing everything what he said and then at the end, before the exam, where do you go, you choose the notes, which will serve you for the exam only, but then it will not give you really knowledge. Or you choose to go back to the book, the original book, which is the curriculum, and that is much better.
What else? So what did we say? What should you start with? When it comes to flip?
Alone? First, what is this?
It's a book or what?
It's called aluminum.
Do start with a solid core.
If you didn't start with thick
I'm not going to tell you don't start but it won't be very helpful.
As soon as it comes as the second step
after fifth, why? because it tells you why scholars came to that conclusion. Why this is the ruling how from the Quran, we can understand the ruling, it is prohibition or permissibility. But if you don't know the ruling to begin with, that will not be very helpful. Just like this is very similar. It's not exactly the same but very similar to someone who wants to learn the Kira act.
Maliki omit the Maliki omit Dean, you want to know the karate before you even memorize or you don't even know how to recite the Quran. So you don't start with Quran that will be the end.
The same thing as you see many people, this is the pattern you see everywhere. They don't have clear plan and this is the problem. They will not go anywhere. They will be staying at the first step and inshallah you all want to go to the next step. Okay, so, in fact, what do we have
not know why or three. This is in
the cache. What's the name of this the common name?
what is known as meta NaVi shujaa. This is a textbook. In fact, schaffen
you learn only rowlings
like we start with chapter of the book of purification kitahara and why all
types of water are
seven what comes from rain what comes from the sea what So, these are the types of water then
the categories of water in terms of purifying and not purifying, they are for Parramatta. So what is this this is mere text giving you rulings? Is there evidence? Is there disagreements? This is the opinion one this is the opinion to know this is that building basic knowledge. This is the first step any other step will not be useful.
You will think it's useful it might be useful but only on the short run.
You will only be confused you will only go to that level and then you will stop. Some people they say we go straight to the Quran and Sunnah.
Nobody's telling you don't go to the Quran and Sunnah that will be always the source of those scholars. They knew what they were doing, and they gave you the easy way. So you start with the text, and the Shafi school of thought one advantage a lot of books are there
and translated to English and I'm sure you have a lot Emily this book is available in Malaysia right
What do they teach usually hear
their own version?
But they have to start somewhere.
Isn't there a text?
Local Ella Where did they get it from?
Safina to ninja.
Well, if somebody could
there has to see anywhere you go Maliki school of thought there is a textbook method highly
humble many school of thought there is a text Hanafi very famous one also. So every school of thought they had one. And for the Shafi Iota three, that's first level. So it's very important, why it's practical rulings, you cannot you cannot have a library not only as a student of knowledge, but as a Muslim, you cannot have a library without having a book of fact, what do you do if you wanted to know a ruling, you need to go there.
for the list, it's imperative to have a book of a minimum.
Then after that, you have a second level, where you have more detailed book in one school of thought some people want to jump they want to go to schools of thought the difference of opinions that will only confuse you. Without solid knowledge, you will not be able to understand the differences. You will be only confused and you will choose one day this school of thought the other day that school of thought see the scholars they knew what they are doing that's why any scholar think of any scholar give me a name of any scholar.
Think of any scholar
nawawi What's the school of thought schaffen. Another scholar
Shafi think of any scholar you'll find him following school of thought. Nobody said I will take from all four schools of thought. And they were great scholars, they are not like two year students of knowledge, or four years. graduates from college. No, they were scholars spent 2030 years and still they follow one school of thought why they knew what they're doing. That's the way nobody's telling you leave the sooner the prophets eyes on them. But the first step is doing this. That is the first step. You have to follow one school of thought. Once you build the basic knowledge in that school of thought then you move on.
Okay, so what else?
Have you checked if there is any local version, any book in Malay? You said you're starting this course it's so solid.
It's not language,
Malay it's not or it's translation of a book
Okay, good. That's very good.
That's a good start. But again, it would be much helpful if you started with fifth. You have the basic field and then you move on. That's very good. Okay. So now what did we cover? We have the fear. We have
hobbies, we didn't really talk about how they felt. We talked about physical hobbies. Okay, there is a primary step before that.
sciences of Hades Like what?
even before that, when you open the books now, all English versions, or the vast majority of them,
you hear on every hora de la Han? That's not how the book was. They omitted the chains of narrators.
What's the difference whether
the names are mentioned or they're not mentioned?
But why scholars mentioned those names.
In a simple version, if somebody came to you non Muslim and asked you, how do you believe that this Hadith, this is an authentic tradition? This is not the fabrication? What do you tell him?
Santa is authentic. What do you mean by Santa is authentic? What Santa means? What is Santa?
chain of narrators? So I come and I say this is a chain of narrators, my father, my uncle
and the neighbor next door and the barber and we form a chain of narratives would that work? See the answer to that question by itself would take you through an entire type of knowledge.
They had this terminology
and it is essential again to learn this terminology. Because when we say authentic What does it mean?
The class of Hadoop, the classification of Hadoop it is what?
What does it mean?
authentic? What does it mean? Practically? What does it mean authentic?
In contrast, when you say authentic does that mean there are unauthentic Hadith narrations.
So what's the difference?
Yeah, to me, whether they are poor or rich or strong or weak, how that affects me as a Muslim. This is my question.
Yeah, so what
anybody that is attributed to the prophet SAW Selim, I will take it it's a blessing.
What do you think?
Again, we have weak narrators,
which leads to a weak Hadith. And we have trustworthy narrators
which means we have trustworthy,
authentic hadith. So when we say authentic
practically What does it mean?
To me, to me as a Muslim,
how that reflects on my actions.
That's my question. When this is an authentic hadith, okay, I will give you half the answer. I need to implement that.
Right? If it's a week, how
can I or can't I
implement the Hadith and act upon the Hadith? If it's week
cannot. So we have authentic and we have an authentic, who says this is authentic and this is authentic. And how the process is done. You see that that is how the terminology.
Anybody can come and say this is authentic. And this is not authentic.
But scholars, they went through a lot of stuff
scrutiny to verify and validate every single Hadith by going through every single narrator. See, I asked you several questions I was going to appoint not every Hadith just because the narrators are authentic, trustworthy. The Hadith itself is authentic, no.
Many narrations the chain itself is authentic. But the Hadith itself is not authentic. Because this chain is not for that what if it was forged?
When I know that some people has, they have some knowledge in Hadith, I will quote narrators that are known to anybody as a trustworthy narrator. So all the chain is authentic. When I add Hadith the prophet SAW Selim said so and so. How do we know that this narration is really narrated by those scholars?
I give you an example. The Jews. They came
at the time of Omar Abdullah Han, claiming some properties.
They knew armor was just Yes, he was tough, but he was just so they came to him with a document that the prophet SAW Allah gave them this property from hiber. So he didn't know or didn't know about that. He couldn't reject it. But at the same time, he had doubts. So he asked the companions their opinion, they said look at the witnesses, who are the witnesses?
Marya, they said, Now, I did not accept Islam until after hiber. So this document is forged.
Same thing with Hadith, every single Hadith who are the narrator's?
How long did they live? Did they really hear from one another? That's one thing. Another thing? When we say this hadith is authentic, does it mean necessarily that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said it?
by necessity? Does it mean the prophet SAW Selim said that Hadith?
No. So why we act upon it, then.
If we cannot say whether the prophet SAW Selim said it or know why we act upon it,
we act upon it because that's our best effort. We cannot do any better.
In Islam, you don't have to be 100%. Right? You do your best. Just like in direction of the Qibla. You are asked to face the Qibla if you're not facing 100%, but that's your best effort that's accepted. Nobody said that's not accepted. So the same thing with narrations. Our judgment is on what appears to be the truth, it appears that the prophets are seldom said it. That's our best guess. But 100% nobody can say that. Because in order for you to say 100% you either have to listen, that you listen, the prophet I said, I'm saying it, or somebody else, like you have a recording or something visible, something tangible, and we don't have that. But still scholars said you could say
that the both Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, you could say for certainty 100% that the prophet SAW Selim said that. But regardless, our actions are based on these narrations that are authentic. When you say this hadith is not authentic, for any reason, whether it's a narrator, whether it's the text itself, then you don't have to act upon it. That's the result. That's the fruit, every type of knowledge before you even start learning that type of knowledge. You have to ask yourself, what's the fruit? What am I going to get from? Because all types of knowledge, you will get reward from Allah subhanaw taala you're seeking knowledge, but why would you choose this path? And not that that
why would you choose this type of knowledge and not that type of knowledge? Maybe this one is more useful for you there is a fruit. So the fruit of Hadith terminology you can distinguish between what is authentic and what is not authentic? Okay, what if I was able to differentiate now I can tell this is authentic and this is not authentic? Once you know that, you can implement you can act upon what is authentic and leave what is not authentic? Because on the Day of Judgment, if Allah asked you, why didn't you do this? They didn't you have a narration from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that you should have done this. You say this was weak.
Even if it appears later that the prophet SAW Selim indeed said it. You don't have to act upon
Because your best, not you individually, but based on the efforts of the scholars, they deemed this hadith weak, and that is accepted.
Because for us, there is no other way, there is no better way to what the scholars did already. Anyways, that's the terminology. What else
do we have?
Fix Sharpie we said we have met in Ohio Deke red metal amisha. That's the first step. Second step would be
mainhand for a mammoth nawawi
or Alba for exam Shirazi, larger books where it's still one opinion, but it's giving you more details.
And we have version here, the same text metal Iota crib. It's short text, but it has all the evidences.
This is the ruling. And that's the evidence. This is the ruling. And that's the evidence This is because at the end of the day, you need to know.
But that's an advanced level.
intention is pillar.
Now, it's enough for me that intention is pillar. And I have to do it because I follow the Shafi school of thought later, after I finished that step, I need to know why someone comes and says you don't have to have the intention for that act. This act
cannot happen by anybody else except the one who was intending really doing this a bother. You say no. Even doing very bad could be similar. So I have to differentiate what is natural what is foreign. So you know, that's
shopping for solar. Again, many books in Arabic. In English, maybe this is what you said this is in Malaysia, right? Is there any other books are sold?
What do we study in a solo?
What's the difference between a solo time
the process like what I give you an example or Solon, we have general rulings that go back to the Quran and the Sunnah. One simple ruling. Cool.
Do every command necessitates obligation.
That's a principle.
Every command necessitates
You read the Quran, anytime you hear Allah subhanaw taala saying do
what's the ruling here?
It's an obligation.
So, that's what we do.
You have a general ruling.
But what's the difference between a solo and maxims of fit, that's another even type of knowledge. And by the way, both solo and Maxim's of faith inshallah will be in the course in the one year diploma that is coming in shala maxims of fic they deal with the practical rulings just like fic but in a general way for Solon fifth deals more with the language
kulu amor every command that a linguistic thing and linguistic aspect.
While in fact, the maxim
a little more bamaca matters are judged by the intention. This is not really linguistic, this is about practical ruling.
a book, basic book, contemporary book, a translation, simple text, then we have a bigger book sold by itself, it's helpful for you to understand the differences amongst the scholars, which means if you are excellent, in fact, you finished all levels of it, you don't really need it, why you already know all the rulings. You already know although but in our time, this is almost impossible. So you still need it. See, what we could have done here is to have an introduction to every type of knowledge
but that will be still an
introduction, you know what you are going to get from this type of knowledge, you know the basics of this type of knowledge, the books at least every type of knowledge, three books. So you try to get one of them at least scholars say for every type of knowledge, there are 10 principles
the definition you need to define this type of knowledge,
the subject what is the subject? Based on the subject, you know the value whether it's worthy your time, like when we talk about the heat, by the way do you have? I'm sure you have Do you have books arcada
English or Malay?
No in money?
is it translation or it is original?
Why, here's the question why if English speaking person came and said,
I believe in one God, why do I have to go to a translation?
Why don't we have books that are written originally in the language the native language? But again, that's a second best no problem. It's translation.
Books of Toshi. So when I say though, what is the subject of the what are we talking about the
oneness of Allah? Is there anything greater than Allah azza wa jal, so is this type of knowledge, waste of time,
low priority or high priority, high priority. So by knowing the subject, see, that's a principle. Some types of knowledge, their subject may not be interesting to you. It's still type of knowledge, it's still going to bring you closer to Allah subhanaw taala. But for you, it's not helpful. Like for inheritance.
inheritance is very simple type of knowledge. It involves math and some rulings. That's it, physics and math. Combined, you have inheritance.
some scholars considered half the knowledge, see how important it is half the knowledge, but still some people to them, this is not relevant, why?
They don't have assets. So they don't worry about what's going to be divided. They are still young, so they think that they won't die. Eventually, every single Muslim needs this type of knowledge, inheritance.
Your wealth has to be divided, even if it's wondering if
there is still division, your debts, they have to be paid the will the request that you request
your request this has to be also fulfilled. What are the rulings? All this is discussed in inheritance? But do you now this is not relevant?
So based on the subject, what is the subject? So we have the definition?
The subject, the fruit, what are you going to gain? Why are you here now? Why you join this class? It's too early and it's disturbing. It's on Sunday, you could have been sleeping. It's all about why you came here. What is the fruit? What are you expecting?
So every type of knowledge there is fruit.
You know, the rulings?
What does that mean when you know the rulings knowing the rulings being able to worship Allah subhanaw taala correctly?
That's a great fruit.
principles. What are the principles of every type of knowledge? That's another thing.
The virtue by reading or an? Is it the same like reading a text effect?
Which is more rewarding when it's the word of Allah. So when we read Quran that is more virtuous. So the virtue of every type of knowledge.
The founder, are all types of knowledge founded on the same level
at the same time, by one entity,
or they are different, like natural grammar. This is in Arabic, that type of knowledge, right? who's the founder of now?
If you're whispering I can't hear you.
See, boy, no see boy is one of the scholars of now. It is not the founder.
When we say the founder of natural now is what? grammar ripe. So does that mean before the founder
They are up didn't have grammar.
They thought without grammar,
or they have grammar, but they didn't need to write down these
common knowledge to them. This happened at the time of alley of the law on the founder. Scholars, some of them say it's alley around himself, because he commanded a will so that dually, or other scholars say, I will ask for the dually, the one that really wrote it, based on the command the value of the law. So that's another thing. Just by taking an introduction to every type of knowledge, you learn these basics, there are 10 principles. One of them is the founder, who's the founder, when I tell you the founder of inheritance,
who said, The wife takes either a quarter or one eighth, the husband takes a half or quarter.
Allah subhanaw taala. It's directly from Allah, Allah did not leave the division of inheritance to any human being, what does that tell you?
This has high priority, the division of inheritance is very important. And unfortunately, in our time, almost most, the cases are not divided. According to the Quran.
Males are either taking the rights of females, or the state itself taking percentage of the wealth, or eventually it's not divided. People are fighting and they go to court, and it shouldn't be like that. Allah Himself divided the shares. So when the founder is Allah, you compare that to another type of knowledge where the founder is, is a righteous person, but it's still a human being. You can wait which one is more important than where to start?
Any other thoughts?
Any other things?
expect from you next time? shala? list? Yes.
Combination of many rules within and
I think it's quite.
Very good question. See, that's the benefit of having a list telling what you have or what you want to have.
Even for me, would be a reference. Well, for me, it should be a book that I read, but even alone, I didn't read it from cover to cover.
it's the only book that is directly from Imam Shafi to his students, but because in the surface school of thought there are many levels. So this book is advanced. That's why I will tell you don't read it, not because I don't want you to read it. At this level. As you just said, it is tough. It will be hard, even though you're reading what the local version.
Yeah, imagine if it was in English. To be more difficult, right?
Imagine going back to the Arabic that will be even more difficult. So this is not now that would be a third step. Maybe after a year of reading three, four books in the Shafi school of thought, then you would go there.
But it's good to have it.
In case sometimes you needed something specific. You were able to go to the to the index, and you find the the issue you could read about but again, this is an advanced book that's not for beginners.
What else? Any other questions? They have any questions?
Yeah, yeah. For us to identify in a region. Yeah. Can we take a shopping cart?
relying on the workshops?
Yes, yes. We don't have to go through so much research. And we are comfortable with it. Regarding the Hadith, instead of going through what the scholars went through, taking a shortcut, and that's what exactly what you mentioned, it's a shortcut. You don't even need that because there are books that are already classified as
Sahel Buhari, have you read saya Buhari?
refer to it, but shouldn't this be a goal for the Muslim to read the second book after only the book of Allah subhanaw taala even the summary the summary is one volume. So make that a target for you. Just like you read the Quran, reading the book from cover to cover, just by reading, you will get the reward even if you didn't understand the single word. And I am sure you will understand a lot you will get the reward you're reading the narration of the prophets awesome when you learn the rulings also. So, this is even better, then after that, yes, you go there as a shortcut.
But for a student of knowledge, why would I
leave it up to someone else? I would want to do my own research.
But again, people if they choose to take a shortcut, especially in this level, because even now even now if you say no I want to search you can
it's still advanced level
Well, we are on the path of seeking knowledge. So that's a student.
If we want to take it strictly a student of knowledge has to be either finishing the entire plan of memorization understanding the rulings having at least studied with two three shapes and intending to do more. So if we wanted to
make it strict with regards to following one school of thought we sometimes feel that
the fatwa is weak.
And for example in saffire
is void upon man and woman touches.
Why? Who said that? It's weak.
Okay, why it is weak?
I have seen for Hadith and Sunnah. And say it's a bit
this agreeing if I recall correctly, Shafi based on Qur'an were interfering caffeine,
elaboration agree with Shafi. Is it okay for me to
dvh if a situation like this, not now.
Now your job is to follow the school of thought.
The same question are you students of knowledge?
No, so you don't have to do this. Again. I'm not telling you.
You know it's wrong and keep doing it. No, but this is a good example. Okay. Imam Shafi said a man touching a woman will do is broken.
You say this is weak. Right? Why?
What's the evidence of Imam Shafi just he felt like keeping men and woman separated so we'll do is invalidated.
Or he went back to the Quran and said, I will let Mr. manisa What's the meaning of lamps?
What's the meaning of lamps?
No. Lamp masa yell masu. lambson
Touch That's the meaning. So do you have something stronger than the Quran? Do you want something more direct than the Quran?
I'm asking you.
It doesn't matter.
Even Kafeel say it Sam Yoko ever it is we're not talking about person z. We're talking about Shafi was greater than all of them. But the bottom line we're talking about evidence. Is there evidence or there isn't evidence?
What's the elaboration you tell me? What is the elaboration? I'm telling you? This is the opinion. And this is the evidence it's higher. You're telling me there is elaboration which one is stronger.
How you base your belief your opinion on elaboration.
See, that's why I'm telling you at this step use you are suffice. Scholars suffice you don't have
to go through these books. You follow the school of thought
I I follow this
Have a school of thought.
And I know that this opinion is not the strongest, but I won't tell you because you're still, I'm now putting myself in the Shafi Imam Shafi issues. So if you are able to argue Go ahead, tell me you have stronger evidence, and I know you cannot.
in quite a
while, because you know, when we go for Hajj,
okay, that's a different thing.
You could say, due to necessity, I will not be able to make although every time I touch a woman,
that doesn't make the feeling itself weak.
Okay, and that's not your question. You should have said, going for heads. Can I in that particular case? Can I do that? That's different.
Okay, so that's what you need when you are students of knowledge. Especially at the first step.
What is the ruling if I start alone?
At the back of a full?
I don't know full what.
Okay, we're talking about Salah
during the prayer, should I pull someone from the first stuff
to accompany me to form two persons have? Or should I just pray alone?
you pray alone.
There is a hadith that the one who is alone, his prayer is not accepted.
But scholars talked about that. And in the surface school of thought you pray alone, especially if you started the prayer because there could be someone coming. Chances are if you pull someone, you'll either have a fight, you will lose both of you the prayer
you will make a gap in the line. So there are many disadvantages for doing this. It's the opinion of Mr. Muhammad Rahim Allah based on an authentic hadith.
But don't do it.
Put me strongly.
So how should I react?
Was the week or
And then when you finished?
Where are you the only two?
There were people. So it was useless. pulling you back?
While you asked me, I don't know the person. Why didn't you talk to him? Ask him Why you pulled me. He will tell you because I didn't want to play alone. Tell him Well, we have people
I'm interested in learning have a solid need to hate monotheism, what can I do to proceed this?
there is a long list of the books in regards to either
you have books about Allah azza wa jal himself, the oneness of Allah, a smart or sifat Most Beautiful Names and attributes of Allah subhanaw taala you have the pillars of Eman the pillars of faith, you have schilke you have now aka a man the things that invite and validate
belief. So, all these go back to the same main subject, though hate personality
there is an entire college a curriculum for four years called solid the the curriculum of a solid D. So based on what do you want exactly? Again is it in English is it in Malay? Based on that there are books that could be recommended
you should make it shorter.
This is a long so make the question space very short. So they can ask a question not give a paragraph
I would like to seek knowledge from scratch only learning Arabic and memorizing Quran. However, the
the worldly we live the doesn't have much option for sisters, non Arabic speakers to learn these two subjects.
The See, this is what I don't like. Anybody can give excuses. You try to seek solutions. And there are online on site. I gave you many examples. I think
Try to motivate you make the
bad experience a chance for a good thing traffic you hate it make it the best thing you like because it will be time to listen to audio CDs, it will be time to memorize the Quran. Cooking takes a lot of time from you make that time cooking is time for memorizing you have in the kitchen copy of the Quran page book. So you will always find an option to you have more responsibility, I understand that you are a mother, you are a spouse, you have duties to your children, you have duties to your husband, plus your duties. First and foremost, a las panatela. That's true, might be more difficult. And sometimes even the husband is discouraging or the family is discouraging. That's all true. But
there will be always solution. Online on site handler there is a lot now knowledge is abundance.
I find my solution is to live in Malaysia temporarily while my husband is still working abroad. I would like to get your opinion advice. If my priority is to take care of the household.
Yes. or leaving my husband for a few months to seek knowledge? Well, if he's okay with that, why you want to seek knowledge, isn't it to please Allah subhanaw taala
obeying your husband, raising your children, that's more rewarding
to please Allah subhanaw taala more,
try to invest new children, maybe it's hard for you to seek knowledge, but you are producing children that are best children, that they will have the knowledge and they will give it to you even and you benefit the entire home. So there are many options here.
Depending on again the situation. He's okay with it. But even if he's okay, you would leave your children. I don't see that better solution? No, I would suggest that you stay. It's better.
Any other questions? Yes.
I'm still waiting for evidence.
I am of the opinion that Who are you to be off or on?
feedback, especially from Saudi? Yeah. Yeah. Have a
practice of setup.
whereby it does not follow directly
to the big four more
school of thought. But so who they are following Follow me on YouTube.
Give me an example of a great scholar, they are either on a better way than all the scholars for 1400 years ago. Or they are I don't want to say what but unfortunately this doesn't work.
That's why I asked you give me any name any scholar for the past 1400 years and I'll give you his school of thought they knew better nobody is telling you this is the summer and go away from it. No, you follow the sooner but for you now following the school of thought is what you have to go ahead.
Okay, bye bye anyway.
My, my opinion on most of this
most of the things
I studied there, by the way, I studied in Medina, probably the
than using, you know, fake
news or be like
this one that I came across them
or a general one? gentleman, Leto if, you know, I don't know, that we give competitive from the different schools.
can you probably can give us some comments on what
and approach on the approach of as a total geek, yes. This is the approach
that we embed indirectly through our
practice. HIV Yeah. Whereas the Salafi no was fully in white Leo here recently.
Is he? Okay, he's from the cellar. Yeah. Okay. Those people who came, I don't suspect I don't doubt their good intention. Okay, but the way the practice is not right.
There are teachers
who taught them. They follow the humblest school of thought they follow school of thought, okay, so it doesn't work.
It doesn't work. Yes, the intention is pure. And the objective is nice, but it doesn't work this way.
First step, you have to follow one school of thought, the problem with what happens when they go there, and I've been there, we studied the four schools of thought
this curriculum was based on previous study. You are supposed to be studying Islamic Studies in high school for three years. And then you come ready for the four schools of thought. But that's not the case. And I was one of them. I went there and I didn't have formal Islamic study before.
So that's why we started with the four schools of thought. And many of us who didn't
realize that we should start with one school of thought ended up confused because those people will tell you follow the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim directly
you will have the same people making this claim in a different place. Are they reaching the same opinion?
In any case, or they have different opinions? Both of them are saying we go back to the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet wrestler. So why they have two different opinions. Which one I follow, he says, follow the book of Allah directly, and the son of the prophet SAW Selim and that one says follow the book of Allah and that's another part I said, I'm directly
it should be one but they have two different opinions.
Do you think that those four scholars, they didn't have this intention that they want to follow the book of Allah and the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim, but they still said, Nobody is telling you, you follow one person 100% nobody can say that I don't make mistakes. Those four Imams, they facilitated the understanding of the religion, the fact so again, to the basic statement, I repeated again and again at this stage for you all what you have to do is follow the school of thought. Now maybe you're right about the practice here that you're not really following the exact Chaffee school of thought but MLA version of the Shafi school of thought the solution is not to go to all four
schools of thought you're just creating more confusion.
Okay. So, one one element here one helpful tip stick to one
student of knowledge, one shape one scholar, stick to him learn from him. And then after that, you can decide and you will see the difference
When I was in school,
when you when a woman and
I married my husband in Australia and jet lag to
inadequate the demands to the Saudis and so distant like, now we come across PJ Heidi with assurity touch
kiss the white paper.
So then, I never tell my husband like shopping you like this work? So I just completely like follow what
what I found and then buy this just because studies and in love with the shopping.
know, in the shop a desire is not that's another opinion to the surface school of thought just the mere touching invalidates for you now in your case, we're talking about the same issue, but she has a different approach. And for her now, I cannot tell her follow the surface school of thought Why? She knows the evidence directly.
Okay, so what do you follow now?
Everything I do I have to see it like this. You can do everything. You can it's it doesn't happen. But in this particular case, what do you do?
It's okay. What is your husband? I have to tell him you're not following this.
Yes. Why? Because now you have direct evidence from the Prophet sallallahu sallam. It's not the understanding of a direct evidence from the Quranic
This is what the prophet SAW Selim did. Okay. So in your case in this particular issue, I tell you go ahead. Why? Because if Allah asked you on the Day of Judgment, you will not say, or other scholars disagreed or that the you say, the prophet SAW Selim did this, that's enough for you.
Yes, you you always start with one school of thought, always. I'm telling you name any scholar, any given time, any place in the Muslim Ummah and I can tell you what school of thought he followed. Nobody came and said, we cannot follow any of these schools of thought and we will go directly to the Quran and soon.
This doesn't happen.
What about him?
He follows the Shafi school of thought mainly.
But in Egypt also he follows the Maliki as well. But mainly Safford.
Philemon just a general question. If I came before the School of if I lived before the School of top arrived, what do I follow?
These schools of thought, first of all, this is hypothetical question. Yes. And I don't like that, but I will answer.
These scholars, they fall out the shoe.
Okay, if you study the evolution of fic each scholar had teachers. So we have the School of Abdullah and Mr. Rhodes in Iraq. We have the School of Abdullah and Ibis in Makkah. We have the School of Abdullah Omar in Medina, we have the school of life in Java in a sham. Each one had the scholar each one had the school. They didn't just say Go straight and even even in at that time.
Not you can you have to, at this time you have to?
Yes, yes. Yes. Nobody says you know, the evidence for the process. And indeed, and then you leave what the prophet SAW Selim did or said for the opinion of anybody. Even the scholars themselves tell you if you know for sure that this is the Sunnah they don't tell you follow me. Nobody is better than the Prophet tassel.
I say it's not okay. In Arabic who say man can I say who can
be the one who whose shape is the book?
His error is more than his right, he will be mistaken more than he will be wrong.
So you need the shape, you need the methodology. And that's why in this methodology, focus sooner shouldn't be there. That's a general book for a layman. Someone who doesn't have time to do anything. Yeah, you can be you could benefit but you are seeking knowledge. You're studying knowledge, you study the books of the scholars.
Yeah, but in one particular case, just like the sister You knew the evidence, you know, following
Any other questions?
If I were to photo
Africa, yeah, French Yeah.
These are the
These are virtual sacks. You don't have to follow a certain person.
But amendment now he and other scholars have Nakayama Rahim Allah he had the book of saving and killing a pirate. They had collection. So anyone you follow?
Any other questions?
Okay, is that fair? See you next week. Next week will be the last session.
no Saturday Sunday.
as much as you can pay
i don't know i you need to ask them.
Don't worry about the payment more about how much you will get. We pay for a lot of things
we'll see inshallah
Diploma in Islamic Studies
today no coins right? So I don't have to worry about it