History Hajj 15 Ihram Rules
Channel: Muhammad Salah
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Salam alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatu Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Praise be to Allah alone we praise Him and we seek His help. So Allah Allah guide is a truly guided one and of our ally leaves us a non can show him guidance brothers and sisters Welcome to another episode in the series of history of Hajj. Today insha Allah will get to speak about
the very first pillar of either Hajj or Umrah its meaning what it entails, what it requires and the acts that we should respect during this pillar which is a haram.
What is the meaning of the word haram in order to understand a haram and what it entails, you need to look into it from two different angles the first is the linguistic meaning and the second is the applied meaning or the legal meaning linguistically the word a haram is right from the word to Hareem
which is prevention and hindrance.
So, whenever the person acknowledges into condition of a haram, then there are certain things which will be prevented which will be forbidden that he cannot do it cannot approach even though those practices may be were lawful before the condition of a haram. So it's a circuit condition. So that is the meaning of literally the word Haram is taken from the Hareem. What haram forbidden, sacred does not go near Do not touch it prevented and Al Haram is the opposite of a halal
and is plural of home. That's why we say I'll Ashfall. Horam minha arbeiten Horam, as Allah Almighty stated in the Quran, Arbitron, Haoran for sacred months eonni they are forbidden to commit any violations, it is prevented to fight and attack others while in these four sacred months. So once those months approach, then you must avoid these acts these prevented acts
that is the meaning of haram in the Arabic language or haram. Then, Allah Almighty stated in Surah Al Hajj in number 30 Zelicah will remain in your house, Zim hole Murthy, Lehi, for who a higher level and Rob in and number three, chapter number 22. Allah Almighty said what it means that shall be so And whosoever respects the sacred ordinances of Allah, it is better for him with his Lord. So, once the person
commences into the act of a haram must avoid anything which is restricted during this condition, and must honor the sacred ordinance which he commenced into it he is in a state of era. Now brothers and sisters, the applied meaning and the legal meaning of a haram. According to the Muslim jurists, it refers to the condition of commencing into the act of worship with an intention. So such as in the case of offering any prayer.
The prayer begins with what is known as the Kabira tool, from the very beginning that beer is one of the pillars of the prayer. You cannot just enter any part of the prayer, even if the Imam have already prayed some parts of the prayer without making the beginning. That could be that is known as that vibrato, haram. With an intention in order to declare that now we are in a sacred condition of offering the act of worship of pray.
Before the prayer you were able to talk, and you can drink and you can eat lawful food and drink, but in the prayer, you're not allowed to say anything other than the prescribed of God, over the supplications. And in the prayer, you're not allowed to drink or eat anything, even if you have some means of food in your mouth. You're not supposed to be busy with anything other than what Allah prescribed in the prayer. Then, with regards to the applied meaning of your haram, there is another act of worship where the word is used, which is commencing into the sacredness of either Hajj or Umrah with an intention when the person intends to do
Hajj. This is not a Hara.
When somebody plans to go for Hajj, he's not in a state of haram yet, but when the person is either in the near cot and he announces that by making the Tobia and pronouncing the bake Allahu mela bake and in his heart, he intends to do either had or ombre. And if he knows the difference between the various new so he decides to do tomato will come on or a fraud that is called a haram Bill Hajj or a haram and below ombre, where he announces that he commenced into the act of Umrah or hajj that is the applied meaning according to the focus
at the whole format, to declare that you've started the sacred condition of Umrah or hatch. Sometimes a person may wear
the Huron outfit, the izhar and Derrida for a male for innocence from his house, but he still have a long way to come to elmia caught the appointed place where he is supposed to declare the intention of the Umrah or Hajj which is known as a haram from the appointed place. Even if you put the Haram on that is not declaration of a Hara. The haram will be by assuming the intention of commencing into the act of Umrah or Hajj at the proper market. Okay. At Tobia once you start, the Haram is recommended. The Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam made the Obeah he announced that and he recommended the Companions they should raise their voice and they make it out loud. It is not mandatory though
to make the Tobia according to Imam Malik only he considers making Tobia while assuming the intention of a haram mandatory while Imam Abu Hanifa may Allah have mercy on him he considers at Tobia is one of the conditions of the validity of a haram. So if the person said I intend to do ombre or Hajj in his heart, and did not get the sale or bake Allahu mela Bake according to Imam Abu Hanifa, his a haram is invalid, relying on his understanding of the idea of Surah Al Baqarah. And number 197, Phantom fall Rodolphe, he had dead, whoever intends and mandates upon himself to offer the Hajj during those sacred during the month of hajj. So, Haram is to commence or to intend to
commence into the nusach of ombre or hatch. And since we mentioned in the beginning, the linguistic meaning of a haram is prevention or to avoid what is restricted, then what are the restricted acts which Mr. Herring a person who is in a state of haram should not do should not approach or go near to.
There are many restrictions, some of which are shared between both men and women and some which are only for men as we will see, first of all,
shaving or removing any hair from the head,
or any part of the body. That is because Allah Almighty said in Surah Al Baqarah, in Isaiah number 196, when leagoo Second had you ever heard you Mahila you're not supposed to shave your heads until you offer your sacrifice. The scholars join to shave in the head, removing any hair from one's body while he or she is in a state of haram and by analogy, also removing any nails so clipping the nails, removing any hair shaving even the mustache or the hair, or any hair from the body is restricted once a person commenced into the act of era, it is also restricted my rule and forbidden to wear or to apply any fragrance or any perfume or do they deliberately try to sniff or smell any
perfume? Whether you apply it on your body or against the Haram outfit or the clothes for women who are in a state of haram. It is not also permitted to use them while taking a shower or performing mudo so wearing perfume is recommended, but in a state of a haram is absolutely forbidden.
When the Prophet salallahu alayhi salam was performing Hajj, one of his companions fell off the back of his camera and he died as a result. So the messenger of Allah peace be upon him said, wash him with water and said a cinder is a plant its leaves produce like a froth. And he said shroud him in his izhar and reader, the heroine outfit, Wallah to her mirror Assa who Allah to handle to and keep his head and face uncovered and do not apply any fragrance to his coffin. While normally it is recommended to apply fragrance to the coffin and the shroud, but because he was in a state of a haram, even though he died, the Prophet sallallahu sallam said it is restricted to apply any perfume
or fragrance to his coffin. He said Salallahu Alaihe Salam concerning this man, because he shall be resurrected on the Day of Judgment mole a billion making Tobia he is still in a state of Iraq. It is absolutely restricted while in a state of a haram to have sexual intercourse with one spouse. Allah Almighty said in Surah Al Baqarah, second chapter, verse number 197. For men followed off he had Jeff Allah Azza wa ala Fuzu koala de la fille had once he assumed intention of Hajj, then you should avoid our office and Fuzu an LG dat. So Rafa refers to having sexual relations is absolutely forbidden. And similarly, the foreplay or the introduction to having sexual relations and also all
kinds of sins and LG dal, which is also forbidden is argument. It is absolutely restricted while in a state of Iran, then as I mentioned earlier, not only having sexual relations, but the foreplay or what may lead to having sexual relations is also forbidden and restricted while in the State of Iran. Not only that, it is not even permitted to
get engaged or to process a marriage contract or to speak about it while in a state of a haram. Also, it is absolutely restricted to hunt
you know catching the games and hunting while in a state of Haram is forbidden. We have learned before that within the Haram The sanctuary of Mecca or Medina, it is not permitted to catch any hunt or game absolutely throughout the year 24/7 Because it is sanctuary. But sometimes people may you know on the way caravans who used to assume the intention of a haram on the way and they pass by the games or the hunt. It is not permitted while in a state of a haram to hunt anywhere else. Even outside the Haram Allah Almighty stayed in surah and met ADA verse number 95. Yeah, you have Lavina and then hula Topo todo Saeed our tomb from who you believe do not catch the game do not hunt while
you are in a state of haram.
removing trees is permitted if you are in a state of Iran, but it is not permitted within the sanctuary of the Haram even if you are not in a state of Iran.
The following is especially for men wearing any stitch clothes and the origin of that is what the prophets Allah Allah Allah selama Sade la el Bessell El Camino so while al Bara Anissa Wallace Tara Willa, Willa in Welaka FF Yanni a man was in a state of Haram is not permitted to wear a shirt or a coat or a turban or a garment or sir Well, you know, pants or trousers. Then the scholars concluded from that it is not permitted to wear any stitch clothes, that doesn't apply to the izhar and Derrida, which is a sheet or a towel wrapped around your waist that's called is and the reader another sheet or towel that you place on both shoulders. This is outfit of haram for men.
When we say stitched, it does not apply to any stitches in ones is our redact but it applies to what was tailor to fit as we mentioned earlier, shirts, trousers, garments and so on.
It is also restricted during haram for women to cover the faces or their hands. And I shall read the Allahu Anhu said that whenever they would pass by men, they would cover the faces what is restricted is not the niqab rather it is covering the face and
In the hands, so, if she
is in front of men, and she covers her face with anything outside the part of the niqab like a separate cloth, then it is permitted. Similarly, if she conceals her hands beneath the hijab or the femur, it is permitted as one. Don't any of these restrictions of a haram while forgetting or by mistake, the person is not blameworthy, and he does not owe any penalty. Allah Almighty said in Surah Al Azhar verse number five, while I use alikoum, Jonah, FEMA of thought to be here while I came
mad at Punahou, Boko brothers and sisters, by that we've come to the end of today's session about the history of Hajj and we spoke about the Haram and it says sections and until another one I leave you all in the care of Allah. wa Salam o Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh