Foundations of the Prophetic Sunnah 10/13
Channel: Isam Rajab
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Salam Alaikum our cattle Welcome to the class of Hadith. They inshallah we will discuss an important issue, which is the abrogated Hadith.
ness in Arabic has several meanings.
When you have something and you change it later on,
they say in Arabic
as the hottest chumps of Lille, the sun obliterated the shadow, because the shadow is changing,
or necessity after
the wind will change the trace.
Also, notice when we write this is called NUS alum mention in the Quran in akuna. An extensive Houma Quantum Time Alone, we used to write what you did.
But in this terminology,
NES has important issue abrogation, it really, it's really important, because some people made a big deal about it, how could this happen? Because simply when we say there is an S, that means there is one Hadith, and then this hadith was cancelled by another Hadith. So what does it mean literally? or What does it mean exactly in the Hadith terminology, that's the definition of
abrogation in Hadith terminology, suspending our link by a later evidence
suspending or rolling by a later evidence, now in the book,
there is a mistake in the definition. So beware of this mistake. It says suspending a rolling by another rolling the rolling does not suspend the other rolling the evidence suspend the other rule this is very important. So in the book corrected
suspending or changing
before Hawkman should I be the Lillian Shara in Mata
that's what we say in Arabic. Upcoming Shari Medellin inshallah in Mata
Now, again, I want you to, to think of the issue here, what do we have? We have a Hadith, like the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is telling you one day do this.
After two years, for the same thing, he told you don't do this. Now we have two different issues. Before two years, the prophet SAW Selim said do it. Now he told you don't do it.
For us, maybe it's, it's okay. We always change ourselves because we are fallible. We are human beings. But for the messenger science lm
to have this, some people started suspecting doubting why this happens. Actually, abrogation does not only happen in the Hadith, it happens also in the Quran, and we will discuss it, we'll discuss it inshallah, in the Tafseer. But here now, in the Hadith, how could the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
abrogate something or change something?
Could this be possible? Yes, it could be possible. Why? They didn't. The prophet SAW Selim know what he's saying.
Okay, that's very good. One time he told the companions to do something then he was ordered by Allah subhanaw taala. Not to do. This is an evidence that the Sunnah is not does not have authority.
That means we should not follow the Sunnah. Because maybe the prophet SAW Selim is saying some things which are wrong.
If we say the Sunnah is why from Allah subhanaw taala. That means it should be correct. If it was correct, the first time why it was changed the second time, whether you say the first time it was correct, or the second time it was correct. You see, that's the trouble here. And we need to understand it very well. Because some people, again, as I told you, they may make a big deal about it. And you need to know what to tell them. You need to be ready for the answer.
Because it's mercy from Allah subhanaw taala.
So again, there are many purposes for the abrogation, why it happens, but is it possible that
it is happening
Yes, it is possible.
What are the advantages? We will discuss it later inshallah in the Tafseer. But again, could it happen? The answer is yes, it could happen, not because the prophet SAW Selim is not knowing what he's saying, but according to the circumstances, according to the incidents themselves, that are suitable here, and now it's not suitable anymore. It's not like the laws, the lawmaker legislating every day, later on, they found out that this was not correct. And they are changing. They have some amendments to this rule they have. No, it's not like that. In Islam, it's always perfect. It was perfect at the beginning, and it was perfect later and it will remain perfect. But at that time, it
Then, for another reason, it's not permissible anymore, or the opposite. So again, we have abrogation in religion, and not only in Islam in all religions, it happened.
So, we will discuss this inshallah later. But now, what are the types of abrogation do we have in the Hadith?
What are the types of abrogation do we have in Hadith we have four types.
We have four types.
First, explicit statement from the messenger, sallAllahu, Alayhi, wasallam, which means, he said, I told you this earlier, now, I am telling you this.
This is a statement from the prophet SAW Selim, he is abrogating himself what he said earlier.
So the abrogation was done by the messenger. So I said of himself.
Number two, saying, have a companion, when a companion comes and says,
this was abrogated.
Number three, knowing the date of each one.
How could this happen? What do we mean by knowing the date of each one? We have to ahaadeeth
they contradict each other. In one Hadith, the prophet SAW, Selim said, don't do it. In the other Hadith, the prophet SAW Selim said, do it. Now what do you do? You do it or you don't do it? It's about the same exact issue, when you know that the first one was said
in the second year of digital and the second one was said
in the a fear of digital, which one you take
it happened later.
Always you take the recent one. So by knowing the date, you know that there was abrogation.
Number four consensus
What do we mean by consensus, the consensus of the scholars? Now, could the scholars themselves abrogate something from the religion?
No know how then we say consensus they could. So if, if nowadays, we have like the assembly of the scholars worldwide 142 scholars, also the scholars, the real scholars, they came they met all together. And they said, We studied the situation nowadays. And we believe nowadays in our time,
alcohol is allowed. Can they do that?
They are abrogating the prohibition of alcohol. Can they do that?
All of them?
They can't know they can't.
They cannot. They cannot even if they all agreed. So why how we say consensus. We mean by consensus here, that all scholars agreed that this was abrogated. Not they abrogated it. That's what we mean by the consensus.
Because you may hear the statement from the messenger salon. You may hear the same statement from a companion not from the prophet SAW Selim, you may know the date or you may know that there is something abrogated it. And that's what the scholars said, not by themselves. They cannot.
Even if all of them came and they said, which will not happen it's impossible but just hypothetically speaking, it will never happen. All scholars come and agree to abrogate something of the religion they will never do it. You may have majority you may have because the prophet SAW Selim said Almighty law trust me Allah tala, my oma will never
agree on falsehood on something wrong.
So it will never happen.
Is this clear the four types of abrogation now we will take the examples
The first example
the explicit statement from the messenger sallallahu Sallam
where he said that was permissible or that was prohibited and now it is changed.
We have the Hadith of the grave,
visiting the cemetery's, the prophet SAW Selim said come to Karnataka manzara Turku, I forbid you from visiting the graves.
Allah for zero, ha. Now go and visit them, for it will remind you of the day of judgment
that will remind you of the hereafter.
Now at the beginning,
wasn't it going to remind them of the hereafter?
It was. So while the prophet SAW Selim forbade it. Now there could be a wisdom, some scholars said because at that time at the beginning of Islam,
they were still establishing their Eman. So they may be attached to the graves, so it was suitable to prevent them from visiting the graves, the graves of the kuffaar because that was the beginning of Islam. So most of the kuffaar were buried, there was no new Muslims. So maybe that was the reason. Regardless of the reason, the prophet SAW Selim, he himself said, I forbid you from visiting the graves. Now visit them.
What do we call this? This is abrogation at the beginning it was forbidden. Now, it is allowed.
The prophet SAW Selim himself, he said that so we know that this is abrogation is this clear this example.
The second example the companion
when the companion relates something to the messenger sighs a lamb that he used to do it and now he's doing it differently that constitutes abrogation.
This is the example we have the last of the two rulings that is known from the messenger sallallahu Sallam is that will do is not vitiated by consuming food that is changed by fire.
What do we mean by that? The Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
He said earlier tapa omim, Namaste masa, Tina. Any meat you eat, that was changed by fire vitiated
by fire, you know how the meat is read. When you cook it, it is changed. So the rolling at the beginning was any meat you eat. If it's
cooked from fire, what do you do? You make?
So you could say it's one of the things that nullify will do. Later What happened?
It did not break your rule anymore. How do we know that? That's what the companion is saying.
The last of the two rulings that means there were two rulings one of them said it nullifies. The other ruling said it does not nullify will do. So which one you take? You take the second one because he's telling you that the last one, the prophet SAW Selim at the beginning of them, may coup. Later he told them don't make Voodoo.
Can Afro amrhein in an AVI salatu salam Turku in Mombasa, Tina.
So the last of the two rulings that is known from the messenger sallallahu Sallam is that it is not vitiated by consuming food that is changed by fire.
is it clear? It's the same like the first one. The difference is the first one. The prophet SAW Selim himself is telling you here the companion is telling us that the ruling is changed.
The third example when we know the history of both a hadith
we have several examples one of them had this talk
or the other one.
He asked the messenger sallallahu Sallam do we perform we do if we touched our private part.
he touched his private part with his hand. Does this nullify will do.
The prophet SAW Selim said no.
Why? It's part of your body. It should not invalidate your rule. But when did the prophet SAW Selim say that?
It was the early days when he came to Medina.
In the narration, it says pulk came to the messenger Salaam while they were building the masjid. The mustard itself was not built yet the message of Medina
And it was built the first thing the prophet SAW Selim did to build the Muslims in Medina. So that was a early, later busara.
This Robbins of one
as the messenger, so I send them
about touching the private part. So what did the prophet SAW Selim say? Whoever touched his private part, he should perform with Mr. dakara, who fell into Baba. Now again, we have two contradicting
narrations, which one we take.
The second one why
it was related. Later. Now, the prophet SAW Selim here he is not telling us, I told you this earlier, and now I'm telling you this, but it's the same because we knew the history. We knew which one happened first, as the beginning of Islam, the rulings were not established all
prophets are some liftin you years in Medina, Rowling's changed. So, at the beginning it was permissible, then it was what
not permissible it was changed.
This is the third type. The first the first type again, let me recap the first type. The explicit statement from the messenger sallallahu wasallam. The second type
himself is telling you that
the prophet SAW Selim changed it. The third type, knowing the history.
The fourth type, the age map,
the age map, what do you mean by the age map the consensus of the scholars? What's the example for this? We have a hadith the prophet SAW Selim said
when Shatta Wale hameroff actually due
for another surgery, do
another surgery to find out.
If someone drank alcohol, you should lash him. Slash punish him. The first time if you repeated it the second time, do the same. Punish him again. Third time punish him if he did it four times. What do you do? You kill him.
Now scholars agreed unanimously agreed that whoever drank four times is not killed.
Did they themselves abrogate this hadith? They cannot abrogate but they said from the Sunnah of the prophet SAW Selim. We know that this is abrogated. It was never related that someone drank alcohol and he was killed because of it.
So this tells you
this ruling is abrogated. Whoever drank four times alcohol is killed. Why it's abrogated? Did the prophet SAW Selim say it's abrogated? No. The Companions say it's abrogated?
No, we don't have any statement from the companions. Did we know the history? There is another Hadith? No, but it is the H Ma. All scholars agree that this hadith
This is the example of the fourth type, which is the age man Is this clear?
Okay, so inshallah we are done with the issue of abrogation in Hadith. Now, we're moving to another issue,
which is the types of Hadith according to the source.
What do you mean by the source?
The one who says the Hadith?
The source means the ones who says the Hadith who says the holly,
Do you have anyone other than the messenger saucer?
no, that's the narrator.
The companion if the companion says something that isn't considered the holy
some, some scholars consider that the Hadith. So we have the messenger Salaam we have the companions. What do we have also?
Yeah, Allah subhanaw taala. Allah could be the source of the Hadith,
Hadith, Pudsey, divine narrative.
Again, we have several divisions of Hadith. We have division of Harris according to the number of narrators, multiple generated Hadith that had solidity. Solidarity, then we have
according to the authenticity, we have Hadith Sahih Hadith Hassan and his wife and his mobile as well.
Then we have
according to the source, the one who says the Hadith is that the messenger Salaam, is it the companion is it Allah subhana wa Taala. So it is in the book page 155 155.
First, we have the divine
narrative the divine Hadith
from Allah subhanaw taala.
Then we have the prophetic Hadith from the messenger, sallAllahu wasallam.
Then we have from the companion, but all the way to the messengers or Salaam. It's very similar to number two. And then we have allow proof from the companion himself.
So you could say it's three or four,
four types of Hadith.
from Allah, from the messenger Salaam from the companion.
We will start with the divine narrative,
the Hadith, that is said by Allah subhana wa Taala
what's the Quran?
The Book of Allah, the word of Allah. What about the Hadith? Isn't it the wonderful also
it's not part of the Quran. So how do we differentiate between the Quran and what's not from the Quran?
profits are sudden differentiated. Oh
why don't we consider everything from Allah Quran
is every word came from Allah subhanaw taala is foreign. No, the Quran again? That's why we said it's important to know the definitions when we define the Quran What did we say?
The word of Allah that came
43 is the same thing. The same thing with Hadith kotze it came within 23 years
mentioned the Quran is miraculous and it works. While the Hadith a cutscene may or may not be
this is a difference.
is recited in the prayer
the frequency is not
well, we have several books were coming to attention.
So is it different or it's not different?
There are many differences.
The Quran is miraculous, Allah subhanaw taala challenged everybody to bring one ayah the lack of the Quran and they couldn't could they bring the lack of a hadith?
Yes, they could.
So what's the basic difference between Horace Cozzi and Quran?
Yeah, the the Quran has to be miraculous. While the difficulty may or may not be the Quran, you will be rewarded for each letter how many has or not, then and it may be multiplied.
could see you may be rewarded but not then has an ad for every single letter.
Can you recite the Edison could see in the prayer?
Know why it's the word of Allah. It's still even the word of Allah, but you cannot.
All these are differences. So it is different.
What's the rolling if we hit the footsie?
Is it motivated?
Is it azeez? Is it
hasn't is it authentic?
Or it is the life motto? What do you think?
a divine narrated from Allah subhanaw taala?
You don't know.
I don't know. I'm asking you. I'm asking. What about the Quran?
What about the squat? See?
It should be so it should be higher than
I'm asking. What do you think?
Depends. So it's not. So it's not accepted?
Well, they could say just like any other hobby, it could be authentic. It could be why. Why? Because I may come and say from so from so and so from some stuff.
messengers are sent from Allah. And there could be a lie
as people for some ahaadeeth they could forge a hadith could say and they say it's they attributed to Allah subhanaw taala
so it could be but the Quran can they forge any I know. So the difficulty is just like any other. How do you it's not automatically accepted. Once someone say this is divine narrative, so it's accepted, we have to check who generated it.
Are they authentic? Are they reliable, Representative trustworthy or not? You need to check just like any other Hadith, but the difference is what this hadith from Allah subhanaw taala and the regular Hadith from the messenger salallahu alayhi wa sallam.
I gave you an example here. This is one of the longest divine narratives
it's inside Muslim
from Abuja della Han
yeah by the inherent nfcu altobelli nakoma Harmon Filatov Allah
yeah I buy the cooler Come on, in lamb and upon to
faster time on your time.
Yeah, I buy the
is included in the Hadith. It's still the Hadith.
It's very nice. Hadith.
And it is authentic.
This had a one sided Mimosa.
I'ma holla I used to narrate it used to kneel on his knee
out of the greatness of this hadith.
Okay. So this is the divine narrative.
This is just one example. Where do we find the divine narratives? Where can we find them?
You could find them in any book inside Buhari, you may find them inside Muslim.
In other books, again, because they may be authentic and they may be not.
But there are some collections. They collected the Hadith according to the source, so there are some books only for the divine narratives. One of them, one of them
and it's the biggest of them and it Halford Sania Bella Hadid focaccia that's the name of it. And there are awful munari Rahim Allah, He compiled only the divine narratives over 200 a hadith and it has to sunnier with a hadith and could see
I don't think it's in English, but I believe it's I have it in Arabic. I don't know if it's here.
No, I will not ask you about it on the test.
under oath al Muna we had daddy. That's the name of
I don't know, I used to have it. Maybe I took it back. So it's not here, but I have it. This is one of it. I like half artesania Bella Hadid portsea. In English, we have some books. There is I think one book
includes 100 divine narratives.
And I have another one also in English.
This book elec Hafez Sania,
it has over 200, the Hadith.
It has over 200 Hadith. So the divine narratives are not many,
unlike the regular ahaadeeth. So that's about it regarding the divine narratives. That's what you need to know you need to know the difference between the divine narrative and the Quran.
You need to know
the example where do where do you find it and any book or any example like like the one I gave you, this is very long one, you could choose any other one.
So you need to know that there are a hadith narrated from the messenger Salaam from Allah subhanho wa Taala now we are moving to another issue, which is the elevated Hadith
the Hadith What do you mean by elevated to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
marfo Addison Marfa that's what we call a hadith Alma fu or actually, let's, we will we will stop here inshallah. We will stop here.
We will continue later other sort of La Silla mana Mohammed Santa Monica