The Chapter of Fasting #02
Channel: Navaid Aziz
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In Alhamdulillah, Hinata muda Hornstein hornsdale Kuru when Otto Billa him Cerulean fusina Omen sejati Yama, Nina Maja de la dama de la homeodomain hufa de la or shadow La Ilaha Illa Lahore hola shikara Bashar Mohammed Abu Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa seldom at the Sleeman kathira and my dad, my dear brothers and sisters salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
So we started off last week starting off the verses of fasting in the Koran, which were verses 183 to 187 and sort of cut off and I mentioned specifically that we'll be leaving 186 to start off today's class with so in verse 186, Allah subhana wa tada says, we'll be learning in a*aba jeem. What I like about the Agnetha in the corrib Oji Buddha with the devil either the police the Djibouti, what do you what do you mean obey the ILO on your show dawn, and Allah subhanaw taala he says, and when my slave asks your Mohammed Salah Hanyu Selim concerning me, then I then answer them, I am indeed near to them. By my knowledge, I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he
calls upon me without any mediator or intercessor. So let them obey me and believe in me so that they may be led alright today. So in this verse, you'll notice that if something doesn't fit in with this verse, you know, we start off talking about the book of fasting, Allah subhanaw taala says fasting was prescribed for you like it was like it was for those people before you then he talks about Ramadan and the Quran and the sighting of the moon, then all of a sudden, unless I know it's either completely changes topics and talks about the questioning of you know, when my slave asks you about me, then tell him that I am the or tell them that I am the or why does Allah subhanho wa Taala
bring this in in the middle of the verses of Ramadan? Anyone want to take a guess? Why would Allah subhana wa tada bring in his closeness into the verses of Ramadan?
How does that fit in?
The closest of Allah subhanaw taala.
And whatever you ask must be
okay, that's definitely one way of looking at it. What's another way of looking at it?
Why does Allah subhanaw taala talk about his closeness in the month of Ramadan? Go ahead.
laser cutter fantastic. So yes, Allah subhana wa Tada. had to put a special night in layer to cuddle. There's something more particular I want you to think about the social aspect of Ramadan. What do you notice about the social aspect of Ramadan?
Because it is the month where we
need to be together.
I will accept that answer.
Type so what we're trying to get at is Allah subhanho wa Taala talks about his closeness in the month of Ramadan. Because those individuals that were heedless of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Throughout the whole entire year, they will end up finding Allah subhanaw taala in the month of Ramadan and that is why Allah subhana wa tada is saying over here when my slave asks you about me, then tell them that I am near so in the month of Ramadan when someone has forgotten Allah subhanaw taala for the whole entire year, the month of Ramadan comes he wants to get closer to Allah subhana wa tada and he wants to know, will Allah subhanaw taala forgive him? And the answer Allah subhanaw
taala is giving him is he is yes, that I am near. I will answer the supplication of anyone that calls upon me. And that is why supplication in the month of Ramadan is the third aspect of eBuy that needs to be focused on what are the other two aspects that we buy that need to be focused on in the month of Ramadan?
What are the other two aspects that we buy that need to be focused on in the month of Ramadan?
So yum is fantastic Salah? No. It's mentioned in the verse prior to this one.
Shahada Rama bond
under the own zelophehad Koran. So the second aspect of Riba is your affiliation with the Koran. The third aspect of the rather particular term avant, is that like you increase in fasting like you increasing the recitation of the Quran, you need to increase in order to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now, the interesting thing about Dr. To Allah subhanho wa Taala is that it is the easiest act of evaluator perform, there's no restrictions, no limits on it whatsoever. For every other eye activity bother, you'll find like a lot of prerequisites that need to be met. But when it comes to da da can be made at any time in any state, and the more sincere your dua is, the more likely it will be
answered. And that's the beautiful thing about the law. Now, what is what do we learn about you know, Allah subhanho wa Taala through what we learn about Allah subhanaw taala through to our or the actual attributes of Allah subhana wa tada and I want to focus on this a bit. I want you to think about someone that you love.
dearly in this life, it can be your mother, it can be your spouse, it can be your children. Okay? I want everyone to give me one of the characteristics of the people that they love. Okay, give me one characteristic of someone that you love. Go ahead.
patient. Fantastic. What's another characteristic of someone that you love? kindness, fantastic. What else? caring what else? Understanding? Fantastic. Honest, good. What else?
Do you guys not have people to love?
to share my love with?
David. So these are attributes that you notice right about people that you love. Now, I want you to see how many of these attributes are found in the last final time, how many of those attributes are found in a las panatela starting off with the you know, the attribute of kindness and mercy? Allah subhanaw taala gave us the example to understand that he is more merciful towards us than our own mothers are right, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is one day sitting in the marketplace. When this woman has lost her child. She's running around from side to side, till you know tears start coming down in her eyes. She's crying profusely, and eventually she finds her
child. And those tears of sorrow, those tears of anguish, there's tears of pain, the now turns into tears of happiness and joy, and actually picks up a child the process suddenly turns towards his companions. And he says, Do you think that this woman would ever throw her child into the fire? And he said, Ken Lay out a Salah she would never do so she would never throw her child into the fire. And at that time, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam defined for us the foundation of our relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala. He tells us Allah who will be a better human has he wondered? That Allah subhana wa tada is more compassionate, more loving, more caring, more
understanding more patient with his slave, then this mother is with her child and this mother is with her child. And that is the relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala. So that's what you notice about Allah subhanho wa Taala through to her, you get to see the characteristics of almost final we're starting off with generosity. When you look at the aspect of da you'll notice in the story of Adam and Iblees, both Adam and the beliefs made one to Allah subhanaw taala Adam Melissa down, yes, Allah subhanaw taala for forgiveness Iblees he is asking Allah subhanho wa Taala for more time grind to me life till the Day of Judgment. As a man he said and we know he's a prophet of Allah subhana wa
Tada, righteous man, Allah subhanho wa Taala answers is, what do we learn about why did Allah subhanho wa Taala answered the Diwan of a bliss. Why did Allah find a dynasty that live in bliss?
Very good guess but that's not it.
Why did Allah answer the guava bliss? To teach us what? Go ahead
because he was going to make a new califa the new Khalifa was already there for fun.
So this is on the test the monthly nagatomo. So we can depend on factors. So that was the result of it. That was the result of it. So let's find out that answers the DA and this is what the result was mehtab
non believers have hope.
Okay, Abraham, go ahead, buddy.
Fantastic, there you go.
You beat your dad out good stuff. So here let's find what Allah is showing us that everyone's due, I will be answered regardless of level of piety level of sin, everyone's no high is going to get answered. What is the wisdom behind that? That is to show the generosity of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now this is what Allah subhanaw taala is telling us in this very verse over here, right? That call upon Allah subhanho wa Taala ojibwa with the day that I will answer the call of the applicator when he calls upon me. So this month of Ramadan is a month to dedicate to do our now what else do we learn about Allah subhanho wa Taala through the we learn that the wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala
how do we learn about the wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he says, Allah subhanho wa Taala answers everyone's dua in one of three ways in one of three ways. Either he gives us the what he wants when he wants it, or he delays it for a slave till the time that it is better for him. Or Allah subhanho wa Taala doesn't grant him what he asks for, but rather he averts from him an equal amount of evil in his life, an equal amount of evil in his life. When the Sahaba do love and home, you know heard this from the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, they said O Messenger of Allah, then we will increase in making our da and the Messenger of
Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he responded by saying, well Allahu Akbar and Allah subhana wa tada has even more to give you Allah subhanho wa Taala has even more to give you know when you look at the three ways that Allah subhanho wa Taala answers to us. He gives you what you want when you want it. He delayed it till the time that it is better for you. Or rather he doesn't give it to you at all, but rather averts an equal amount of evil from your life. How does this show us the wisdom of Allah subhanaw taala words
wisdom in this, go ahead for something that's not good for you, you don't know. Fantastic. So here's the the wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala, that in his infinite knowledge in his infinite wisdom, he ultimately knows what's good for you, and what is bad for you, right? So when Allah subhanaw taala knows that you're asking for something that isn't too good for you, he doesn't punish you by giving it to you, right. rather he averts it from your life altogether, and protects you from an evil or if it's not good for you now and it may be good for you later, Allah subhanaw taala is gonna delete till that time, and this is from the infinite wisdom of Allah subhanho wa Taala that ties into his
mercy that ties in to His mercy. So what you're coming to see over here, that all of the attributes of Allah subhanho wa Taala are in fact intertwined. That His love, His mercy, His justice, his compassion, his generosity, all of it is intertwined, right. And this is what you see above Allah subhanho wa Taala, through which you see of Allah subhanho wa Taala through da, a third element that you notice of Allah subhanho wa Taala through the DA is how Allah subhana wa tada is completely different from his creation, how Allah subhanaw taala is completely different from his creation, from what aspect? I want you to imagine the person sitting next to you during this lecture. They
keep asking you question after question after question. They're like, Hey, you know, can I borrow $5? Hey, I'm hungry. Can I have some food? Hey, I'm thirsty. Can I have something to drink? Hey, you know, what are you doing after the event today? Let's go you know, hang out or something like that, right? question after question after question. A times eventually gonna come you're gonna be like, Look, shut up. Let me listen. Let me do what I need to do. Stop asking me right. That is the nature of human beings. We get upset when people constantly ask us, we hate to be asked, you know, we could be left alone and not be asked by anyone. That's what we would actually prefer the vast majority of
the time with Allah subhanaw taala it's the exact opposite. Allah subhana wa Tada. He gets angry at us when we don't ask him and this ties into the element of keba You know, a lot of times, we may think that we're not arrogant, and we're not proud, and we're not vain. But we see through arrogance and pride, when we don't raise our hands and ask of Allah subhanho wa Taala that is, you know, a true sign of arrogance and pride. Allah subhana wa tada simply created us, for us to worship Him. And one of the simplest acts of worship is asking Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that is why the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with his closer companions is most interested
companions. He taught to them and developed and instilled inside of them, this particular relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala. One of dependence and one of asking Allah alone, mean that even if their shoelace broke, they would ask Allah subhana wa tada first before they would ask someone to fix it right there said their whip fell off their horse, they would get off their horse pick it up themselves before they would ask anyone other than Allah subhanaw taala they hated to ask any of the creation for anything, right? And scientists that was just for the simple fact that they could strengthen their relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that is what happens through.
So let's find out that it doesn't get angry at us, the more we ask of him, but let's find that out. He gets angry at us. When we don't ask of him whatsoever we don't ask of Allah subhanho wa Taala what so ever. Now what does Allah subhanho wa Taala go on to say, for this the Jubilee Will you mean will be the alone they are shown that so that they can let them call upon me so that I can answer them, and that they may believe in me, and so that they may attain guidance that they may attain guidance. Why does Allah subhanho wa Taala talk about the concept of belief after making dua so that I may answer them and they may believe in me, that one of the greatest signs of the existence of
Allah subhanho wa Taala is the fact that Allah subhanaw taala answers to us, that there are such particular intimate things in our lives that we want from the bottom of my heart, from our hearts, that sometimes you may ask Allah sometimes we will not ask Allah, yet through the generous nature of Allah subhanho wa Taala He will answer those dwis whether we ask them or not, and that can only be through the existence of an all knowing and all informed a loving and caring God Allah subhanho wa Taala That is why Allah subhanaw taala ties in the concept of a man after the ah, then he concludes the verse by saying law home your soon so that they may be left or right. Meaning that if you want
to see your level of guidance, then look at how often you're making the art to Allah subhana wa Tada. How often are you asking of Allah subhanho wa Taala how patient? Are you with Allah subhanho wa Taala and those those being answered, right? it all ties in to do now what is the greatest manifestation of da Who can tell me that? What is the greatest manifestation of da
Go ahead. Why?
it's full with asking Allah subhanho wa Taala your answer is correct. The first half of it so it is a prayer. We want to know why. Why is prayer the greatest manifestation or do I
accept everybody okay.
And what does that have to do with prayer though? What does that have to do with prayer?
Think about it and get back to me
especially when you pray
you're the closest to Allah subhanaw taala when you pray
Okay, that might be in the right direction for
prayer already. Okay, that was mentioned already but that's not it. There's something like when you look at the Salah itself What are you noticing about the salah and the nature of da
you're worshiping Do
you worshiping Him and then you ask. Okay, so you're looking at like sort of fatty hair right sort of on the right track
and you want to give it one last shot. Why is Salah the greatest manifestation of
it comes to animal cattle
so yeah, let me put you on the spot go for it why salad the greatest manifestation of
do I do it better yeah and the best
the best he said he said the best activity by this summer
okay so salon it's time then so salon is time is the best is the man the greatest manifestation of da so Salah. The reason why in some cases so much and the second reason is because
it's all done. Like every single part.
I love you so much. That's why I'll give it to you. I'll give it to you. I'll accept that for him. So the greatest the reason why Salah is the greatest manifestation of da is because when you look at da there's etiquettes of da right so certain things like praising Allah subhanaw taala sending Salaam Salaam upon the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asking Allah subhanho wa Taala for that which is beneficial for you and that which is beneficial for the people around you. praising Allah subhana wa tada through his names and attributes. All of this are part of the etiquettes of making dua and when you actually insula all of this is actually happening right?
You're pacing on this panel data sending salah and Salaam finding messenger of Allah calling upon Allah through his names and attributes, asking Allah for what is most beneficial for you and for mankind. When you ask Dena salado Mr. Karim Allah guide us. So that is why it is the greatest manifestation of da so now what we learn about this is that the frequency of our Salah is how much do we should actually be making in our entire lives, right? So each day we're playing minimum five times a day, minimum 17 hours per day, right? So you want to make sure that your day is just on par with that, that throughout the day, you're taking time out to make a dog to Allah subhana wa Tada.
Now, here's the misunderstanding that some people have. Some people understand from the aspect of da that doe has only asking Allah subhanaw taala do is not only just asking Allah subhanho wa Taala In fact, dwis have two types do I do a better job? Do I the Buddha is to do the vicar of Allah Spanos Allah Subhana Allah Al hamdu Lillah Allahu Akbar Allah, Allah, this is called da da da da da da da, is when you actually ask Allah subhana wa tada when you actually ask of Allah subhanho wa Tada. Now here's a tip for you that in your free moments, that's what you should be filling your time with. So recently, when I started working out at the gym, between reps, there's like a 45 second break
between each rep that I'll take in those 45 seconds. While you're resting while you're you know, getting your heartbeat down, whether you whether it while you're catching your breath, that's an ideal time to fill it with Vicar of Allah subhanho wa Taala, you'll notice you're easily able to say you know, any form of liquor at least 10 times to panela 10 times 100 or 10 times a lot, whatever 10 times or even combined, you know, all three of them 10 times. Now, when you do that throughout each workout and each rep, you easily would have said you know each one of them like 100 times at least. What does that do? You're building your garden in paradise right? The Messenger of Allah sallallahu
alayhi wa sallam, he said the trees in paradise are planted by a scar. So each time you're saying Subhana light, same thing and hamdulillah each time you're saying Allahu Akbar, then your trees are being planted in Jannah for you and once you have property agenda, inshallah you will never be deprived of it inshallah you will never be deprived of it. So that's, you know, one element of it another element of while you're on the bus, while you're walking in this ideal opportunity to make Vic out of Allah subhanho wa Taala and to make ba and that's something that
should constantly be on our minds and on our tongues. Now this leads us into the real discussion we want to have which is the fifth of Ramadan, the fifth of cm. So we finished verse 186. And as I mentioned, we will be discussing the Hadith from Sahil Bukhari in the chapter of fasting. So for those of you that are following along, hopefully online in sha Allah is volume three starting at 1773 that is the beginning of the book, but the book of fasting doesn't actually begin till Hadith 18911891. So even with vocoder himolla he says kita Busan Babu, would you would you be Samia Ramadan? So chapter number one, fasting is obligatory in the month of Ramadan. So now, what you
learn about the chapter headings inside Sohail Bukhari is that emammal Bukhari he actually puts his focus inside of the chapter headings. So when you want to learn the fork of email in Makati, you turn to the chapter headings that are found in sites are held body that is where you'll find the opinion of a manual body. So now some of them you may think are very, very obvious, others are not as obvious or in fact, quite subtle. So the first two chapter heading inside guitar song is actually one that is very, very obvious, and that is fasting is obligatory in the month of Ramadan. So inshallah all of us knew this already. It wasn't something hidden, but he's just stating it, just so
that everyone knows. Now the methodology of emammal bocchetta him Allah is that he would always start off with an ayah from the Quran, or if there's a relevant Ayah from the Quran, and then he would bring the Hadith forward then he would bring the Hadith forward. So you mount Makati. He brings the verses that we discussed last week from Soto Baccarat as the chapter heading where he says yeah, you wonder Dena Amma nocatee ba de como si como como de vida, Divina Min kubla Khan, the undercounter tacos, that oh you who believe fasting has been prescribed for you like it is prescribed for those before you in hopes that you may attend taqwa of Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now
for those of you that were here last week,
when we mentioned this verse, we said that this verse was talking about fasting when
ash showed a fantastic now why is the manual behind him I love bringing this verse for Ramadan.
Why do you think
so all you who believe fasting has been prescribed for you, like it was prescribed for those before you in hopes that you may attend taqwa?
yz mela Bukhari using this verse instead of the verse that comes, you know two verses after Shahada Madonna lady on Zilla via the Koran
to establish common ground. So that's the general context of the verse that we established last week. But God is showing us something else over here. This sort of ties into what we talked about last week as well, in terms of how Allah subhanaw taala obligates things. Go ahead.
Want me purposes?
Fantastic. But what we're talking about last week, is that when this verse was revealed, it was not for fasting Ramadan, it was for fasting the day of Ashura. Right, the fasting in Ramadan came actually after that.
Since I was happy, buddy, How's everything?
going? It makes sense in this one that was sort of saying that person.
And because of that,
it's just like a motivation, discipline.
That may be true, but it's not like a part of the discussion over here. So we're looking at why did the mountain body choose this verse, to show the obligation of fasting that I'll move on, when this verse doesn't have anything to do with Ramadan?
Or does it? That's what we want to establish. So why would you want to use this verse? Who's your last week? Show of hands? I know you were here last week you were here last year. Almost of you weren't here last week. You were here as well. Rizwan, you're here as well. Fantastic. Tell me why. Why is the Mt. bukata using this verse?
They the answer to that is
twofold. Answer number one is that the mind body is indirectly saying that the verses that talk about the obligation of fasting of Ramadan, begin with this verse. So from 183 to 187, this is verse 183. Over here, this seems to be the popular opinion amongst the scholars as to why emammal McClarty is mentioning this number two is that Emanuel bukata himolla is talking about a general concept first, and then leading it into something specific. So here Allah subhanaw taala clearly is making fasting obligatory right quotevalet meaning it has been prescribed for you, it is obligatory upon you. So the general ruling upon fasting is that it is obligatory now which fasting is obligatory in
our book, it goes on to substantiate that through the Hadith that he brings to the Hadith that he begins. Now this ties into the first Hadith Hadith 1891 narrated Paul hubin Obaidullah a Bedouin when
With uncapped here, came to Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and said all as messenger informed me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards to a Salah. He replied you have to perform the five compulsory Salah in a day and night, unless you want to offer in the Warfield. The Bedouin man further asked, informed me what Allah has made compulsory for me as regards to fasting. He said you have to observe fasting during the whole month of Ramadan unless you want to fast more as the waffle the bedwin further as to tell me how much is a cat Allah has enjoyed on me. Thus Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam informed him about all of the laws of Islam. The bed
will then said by him who has honored you, I will neither perform any Noah Phil, nor will I decrease what Allah has enjoyed on me. Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, if he is saying the truth, he will succeed, he will succeed and another version, or he will be granted paradise or he will be granted paradise. So here in Mount Bukhari, he took the general understanding of fasting as prescribed for you and obligatory upon you. Now he tells us which fasting is obligatory upon us through this very first headache, and that is the fasting of the month of Ramadan. So now when you look at this Bedouin man, you see that he came to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam, in the most innocent of ways, right? He came in the way that he was, he didn't, you know, brush his hair, he didn't tidy himself up, he literally came to himself to ask the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, these fundamental questions. What we learn about this is that when it comes to seeking knowledge, you can't wait till you're ready to seek knowledge, you're never going to be ready to signal chiffon is going to keep putting whispers in your head, hey, delay seeking knowledge, delay learning what is obligatory upon you, because you may not be able to do it. This Bedouin man is showing us an example that come to Islam in the state that you're in whatever
your state is, that is the state that you come to Islam with, and you progress from where you are. Number two, is the importance of asking questions that are relevant and important to you. You know, a lot of the times you get into hypotheticals, situations that aren't relevant to us to do the situations that aren't even practical. This Bedouin man is teaching us that you need to ask what is most relevant to you. So he asks about the seller, he knows Salah is mandatory, he's trying to find out what is the absolute minimum that if I was to do it, I can get away with this, I will be scot free, you know, after I do this absolute minimum, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam understanding where this man is coming from, that this man is probably new to Islam doesn't know more. He didn't say, you know what, you have to pray your two cents for further than your 2/4. And then you have your four centers of the heart, then your 4/4 and then your two cents after he didn't burden him with any of that. He just said, Look, there's five daily prayers, pray those five daily prayers. Why is the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam doing this? He's doing this because you need to speak to people at their level. Right? Someone who's new to the faith, you can't overburden them with stuff, teach them the very basics. Once they've established the basics, then
build upon it. And each step of the way. This is what the Messenger of Allah says him telling him he's giving him as much as the man is asking what do I have to do with regards to fasting fast the month of Ramadan? If you want to do more, there is more I can tell you about it. But if you're not going to ask I'm not going to tell zero in terms of the cut the exact same thing. Then look at the the attitude of this man's final at the end. He said by the one who is honored you I will neither perform any the waffle nor will I decrease in what you what you have said or what Allah has prescribed. Basically he's taking an oath one law he I will never pray in a waffle. I will not trust
any, you know, you know, non obligatory fasts, the Messenger of Allah says yum didn't take this personally right? He knew that this is the level of demand was at and that is why he's a colossal if you can do this inshallah you will be successful, trying to encourage the men that look, start off with this and inshallah you will be successful. Now, when you've attended our previous Holocaust, one thing that we learned is that it is impossible to retain your Islam, just with obligatory deeds, it is impossible to retain your Islam, just with obligatory deeds, who remembers Why? Why is it impossible to retain your Islam just with obligatory deeds?
Fantastic, because the nature of human being is that we will constantly slip, we're constantly being attacked by shaytaan. We're constantly giving in to our desires and our weaknesses. When you slip and all you're holding on is to your follow it. When you slip, you're letting go of those four, right, whereas the individual he has, as soon as he has is no avail. When he gets attacked by she thought he has a moment of lapse, he might give up his wife or he might give up some of his Sooners, but at least he's holding on for him to his Ferrari. Right. So that is why the reality of this is that just holding on to your faith through the following wisdom itself is next to impossible, not
going to be completely impossible, but next to impossible. So if you really want to hold on to your faith, you need to make sure you're doing more than the obligatory and that is why a lot of the times when we're trying to, you know, diagnose our own weakness have faith in Why does my demand feel so down? A lot of the times the answer to that question is the standard we have set for ourselves is just to do the right and as long as you're doing the right we're content with ourselves.
You really want to test you and you might take it beyond the four I struggle with more than the four right? And then you will notice that you're no longer going to feel those weakness of homes you will feel that your demand may not be as high as it once was. But you're not going to feel like depleted of demand or burnt out. Together, you're not going to feel burnt out altogether. So this hadith clearly shows us that the Bedouin man and his absolute basics the Messenger of Allah says Allah still obligated, obligated Ramadan upon this man. Now when you tie this concept in to a modern day context, that the messenger Allah says on this Bedouin man new to the faith, doesn't want to do
more. He still obligates Ramadan upon this man tied in with today's scenario, where literally people will openly say, I'm not going to fast in Ramadan, because the days are too long. I'm not going too fast in Ramadan, because the days are too long. For these people, it is a very, very, you know, scary reality in terms of where they are in the spectrum of Islam versus non Muslim, right, when you intentionally want to go against one of the pillars of Islam intentionally rejecting it, the predecessors did consider this an act of disbelief right? It's not as if you tried and you weren't able to do it that's completely different scenario but to say from the outside onset openly that I
will not fast in Ramadan then that is a very scary reality. So if we no such sort of people it's very important to have this discussion with them that Okay, try fasting as much as you can. If you're unable to complete the fast you know, inshallah you can make it up after but to come up with this mentality that I will not fast enough on my bond. That's not acceptable whatsoever. That's not acceptable. Not so whatsoever. Hadith number 818 92 narrated Abdullah bin Omar Abdullah Omar, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam observed so on the 10th of Muharram and ordered Muslims to observe so on that day, but when the first thing of the month of Ramadan was prescribed, the fasting
rashtra was abandoned. Abdullah did not use to observe fast on that day, unless it coincided with his routine fasting by chance. So now we're seeing a second Hadith over here, which teaching he was teaching us, you know, several things over here. Number one, is that the fasting of Ashura was abrogated, abrogated in one sense that the ruling of it was abrogated from mandatory to now it is optional, if you want you to do so, if you want to fast to Shula, there's nothing wrong with that it was no longer obligatory upon the Muslims, Abdullah bin Ahmad Adela Han Houma. He among Bacardi states about him that Abdullah did not observe that fast on that day, unless it coincided with his
routine of fasting by chance, what type of routine is he referring to over here? Go ahead.
One day on one day off, or it could be 13 14/15 or it could be Monday, Thursday, you know, various routines are available for fasting outside of Ramadan. And this was to show the level of piety of the Sahaba or the Allahu anhu. Now, this shows us that, you know, you can have priorities as well. What is this showing us about the flick of Abdullah hammer, this is showing us from the football until the moment that that which is consistent is better than that, which is just coming out around once a year, right. So he knew that look, if this date is going to come in on the day that coincides with the days and regularly fasting, I'll go ahead and fasted but it was not going to go inside,
then I'm going to stick with that which is consistent, based upon the Hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam hailed Malala as one who had the very best of deeds to Allah subhanho wa Taala are those that are most consistent are those deeds that are most consistent? So I'm delivering I'm not a de la Noma is choosing consistency over that which is just coming off once in a while. Number two this is teaching us with the methodology of a manual body is that the Hadeeth and the ayat of the Quran, are meant to be understood and interpreted in light of the understanding of the companions in light of the understanding of the companions. So when there is an opportunity
to mention the opinion of a companion imamo Bukhari will do so to show us that that locates not about mountain quads understand it's not about my understand is not about any of your understandings. It's about how the Sahaba dilla Han Han understood this, this hadith also goes on to show the obligation of Ramadan and that the an obligation that will be only you know, abrogated by another obligation, right. So here the obligation of Ashura was on I was abrogated with Ramadan over here, and if at 93, I showed the love on her, she says, the tribe of grace used to observe so on the day of Ashura in the pre Islamic period, and then Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
ordered Muslims to observe fasti observed so on it till the fasting in the month of Ramadan was prescribed, were upon the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Whoever wants to fashion or shoot on May 1, and whoever does not want to observe, some on Ashura may not fast. So this is further reinforcing the previous statement.
With the exception of here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam particularly talks about the fasting of the Quraysh on Ashura. Why are the Quraysh fasting on assura we know
Why the Jews of Medina were fasting on our shoulder? Because that was the day they said that Allah subhanho wa Taala saved Mousavi Salah. Why are the Quraysh fasting on our shoulder? what's beautiful?
Why are the police fasting on our shoulder? Yeah.
Was it because they had like inferiority complex with the Jewish
Jews? And they try to imitate them? Nope, that is not it. That is not it.
I'm going to leave this as your homework. Okay. Next week's class is the last class when we finished off the chapter of fasting in sha Allah, why were the Quraysh fasting Ashura? That's your homework inshallah. I'm not going to give that to you just yet. So you guys have to do this homework. Can I get like three people that are going to look this up, inshallah, we have one over here, two over there, three over there. So the review three people are responsible for looking this up and benefiting the class with it. Why were the Quran fasting are shorter. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in this hadith again, showing the obligation of fasting in the month of
Ramadan, the abrogation of fasting Natura showing us that the Quraysh they used to fast on our shoulder as well, and then showing us that there's levels of fasting There are levels of fasting. So, the first level of fasting is that which is obligatory, the second level of fasting is that which is non obligatory is that which is non obligatory. Now we move on to chapter number two, which is bad for the Psalm, the chapter of the virtues of fasting the virtues of fasting.
In this hadith narrated Abu huraira, the Allahu anhu, Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said, fasting as a shield. So the person absorbing, absorbing sohm should avoid sexual relations with his wife, and should not behave foolishly, and impudently and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should say to him twice, I am fasting, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam added by him in his hand, my soul is the smell coming from the mouth of a person observing fast is better with Allah than the smell of Musk, Allah subhana wa tada says about the fasting person, he has left his food, drink and desires for my sake, this faster yes for me, so I will
reward it I will I will I so I will reward for it. And the reward of good deeds is multiplied 10 times. So remember criteria himolla. Now establishes chapter number two, which are the virtues of fasting. Now from a psychological perspective, this is very, very important. It's very, very important because the mount Makati is giving us what we need in terms of motivation of fasting, right? fasting is not meant to be a simple task, there is meant to be a challenge. There's meant to be difficulty in fasting. So now what can you use as motivation to get through fasting email and Bacardi made that as the second chapter heading, so after he proves this obligation, now he's going
to be talking about what you need in terms of motivation. And this is a very, very beautiful Hadith in terms of talking about the virtues of fasting. Virtue number one is that fasting is a shield against the Hellfire fasting as a shield against the Hellfire mean that the individual that is fasting, then Allah subhanho wa Taala will protect this person from the Hellfire, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in this Hadith, he actually says also yamu Jonah, that fasting is Juna, now when you look at this concept of
gene known, right, or actually the gym and the known in particular, you'll notice that a lot of words are derived from it, gender comes from it, Gene comes from it. fasti is called the gene over here for an element of the fact that you can't see you know, the true nature of fasting, meaning when the person is fasting, you can't actually see you know, such as fasting it I can't see that he's fasting, right? So something that's hidden from me, the jinn are hidden from agenda is hidden from me, right? It shows us it is something that is concealed. Now a second thing that it shows us is that this concept of being concealed, fasting will conceal a person from the Hellfire, just like
this world of the unseen is concealed from us. That person will be concealed from the Hellfire due to fasting. So any individual that wants to protect himself from the Hellfire, then let him take fasting upon himself. Let him take fasting upon him self. Now, we mentioned briefly last week, what is the relationship between fasting and protection and protecting a person from the Hellfire? Why does fasting protect the person from the Hellfire?
Go ahead in the back.
You have the answer you have it.
The first thing like protecting from committing sins. So like
that's it. That's exactly it. Then when the person is fasting, two things are happening over here. Number one is that the person is being deprived of you know putting food in his body which is giving him more energy which allows him to focus on other ambitions and other desires when he deprives his body of this
Food, his body will naturally be focused on food, and it will prevent him from committing other sins will prevent him from committing other sins. That's the physical element of it, that you desire naturally goes down when your body is deprived from food, so it will not fall into the sins and the temptations that the body naturally has. Number two, is that when a person is in a state of fasting, it will naturally increase his dependence upon Allah subhanaw taala that Oh Allah, you know, I'm depriving myself of food for you. Please help me get through the day, realizing that this food is only coming from Allah subhanaw taala realizing that Allah has blessed us through, you know, having,
you know, access to food, over much of the creation that is out there where they don't have direct access. So that dependence that relationship with Allah subhanho wa Taala, it increases while a person is fasting increases while the person is fasting. And that is why it will naturally protect a person from the Hellfire because it's increasing his patience is increasing his shellcode is increasing his reliance upon Allah subhanho wa Taala. And more importantly, it's really it's reducing the amount of sins that a person will commit, then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam goes on to teach us some etiquette. So the person observing fast, should avoid sexual relation with
his wife and should not be foolishly and impudently. And if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should say twice, I am fasting, I'm fasting. So here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says he stays away from his desire, but he also stays away from impunity, which is a bad character and bad luck. You will notice if someone tries to start a fight with you in the Ramadan, it's not going to nullify your fast in the month of Ramadan. If you get into a fight, you're fast isn't nullified, but the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is reminding us over here, that, hey, when you're engaging in an activity, by the way, it's meant to improve your clock
altogether. It's meant to improve your clock altogether. So someone starts trying to start an argument with you tell them I am fasting, I am fasting, leave me alone, I'm not going to engage with you, no matter how much you try. And it's a reminder for the other person that look, you know, back down, this person is trying to you know, get close to Allah subhanho wa Taala, and is not in the mood to pick a fight with you. But it shows us that a person who is fasting and is engaging in the bladder is required to have a higher level of conduct a higher level of character, where he says, I will not pick a fight with you, nor will I engage with you because I'm dedicating myself to Allah
subhanho wa Taala and Allah subhanho wa Taala would not be pleased with this. Number two, it shows us over here that you are allowed to tell people that you're fasting, right? This person is trying to engage with you. You tell him I am fasting, you openly telling this individual that look, can someone make sure that she doesn't walk out inshallah You got it, Okay, fantastic.
You can openly tell the person that you're fasting and it's not going to nullify your intention, even though fasting is a very, very private deal that no one knows about it. But over here, Allah subhana wa tada is messenger. So Sonam is showing us that for the greater good of preventing a fight and getting a person to back down from you, you are allowed to tell them that you're fasting you are allowed to tell them that you are fasting. Number three, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is teaching us about the concept of protecting our deeds, there are certain things that we will do that aren't related to the deed itself. But that deed in order to protect it, this deed
needs to take place as well. So, like I mentioned, getting too far get into an argument will not nullify your fast, however, you are reducing your opportunity of increased adjure by engaging in that. So the more patients you show, the more resilience to show, the more amount of agility you will have. And this is what the messenger of Lhasa Selim is teaching us that you protect your fast by disengaging from these deeds that you can protect your fast by just engaging in your deeds. Number three, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he goes on to say that by him in whose hand is my soul, the smell coming out of the mouth of a person who is fasting is better with
Allah subhanho wa Taala, then the smell of musk. So one of the greatest fears that people have in the month of Ramadan, as petty as it may be the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Newson has addressed it over here that hey, how can I go to work and I'm going to have bad breath, right? How can I go to school and I'm going to have bad breath. What if someone wants to talk to me and I have bad breath at that time? Here the Messenger of Allah sallallahu I know cinemas teaching us that, hey, at the end of the day, what are you trying to please? Allah subhanho wa Taala or his creation. Now this doesn't mean you shouldn't please the creation. What this means is that your priority should be
Allah subhanho wa Taala. So don't be petty and thinking that hey, I have bad breath is going to offend someone. Right? People should understand that this person is fasting. That is why he may have you know, bad odor coming from his mouth. But at the end of the day, they're not going to take this offensively or personally Why? Why will this person not take it offensively or personally because of you having bad breath while you're fasting? Go ahead.
Put in love. Exactly Allah subhanaw taala controls the hearts and if you want
Have someone to love you, he will cause them to love you. And if Allah doesn't want someone to love you, he will cause them not to love you. So particularly when you're doing something to please Allah subhanho wa Taala you will naturally become beloved to the creation and you will not offend anyone with it, you will not offend anyone with it. That is what we learn over here that make your priority Allah subhana wa Tada. And he will take care of your dunya and akhira of yours, he will take care of your dunya and akhira of yours.
how's your phone? Anything interesting on the phone? No.
He will take care of it for you. And next thing that we learned from this is that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is making this example very, very relevant. At that time, one of the most beloved fragrances to the people were the smell of mosque, and the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying, hey, just like Musk is beloved to you, the smell of the fasting Person of the odor coming from his mouth is more beloved to Allah subhanaw taala than we love musk. And this, you know, should establish something in our heart, that I should be doing something that is making my lord happy, I should be doing something that will make me more beloved
to Allah subhanho wa Taala and that is what you actually want to focus on. Now this also teaches us a very valuable lesson, that what we may consider good, it's not necessarily good in the realm of Allah subhanaw taala and or we may consider bad is not necessarily bad in the realm of Allah subhanho wa Taala you see someone with bad breath in this world, naturally, you're turned off and it puts you off, but to Allah subhanho wa Taala because it's an act of a bother. This is beloved to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So what we may genuinely consider bad is actually good with Allah subhana wa tada to teach us once again, that our understanding of good and bad is not limited just to our
senses. But it has to be related to Revelation as well. Good and bad, the concept of morality and ethics. It needs to be tied into revelation, we will never truly know what is good and bad just by our own understanding. Revelation needs to be there to put that into check. Then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam goes on to say, and this is this part of the Hadith is actually Hadith kotse that Allah subhanho wa Taala he says, he has left his food he has left his drink, he has left his desires for my sake, fasting is for my sake, and I will reward it with you know the way that I like to reward it and the good the reward for good deeds is multiplied 10 times. So here, the
first thing we learn is that Allah subhanho wa Taala particularly addresses the chapter that the concept of fasting, that meaning when each and every one of us fast, Allah subhanho wa Taala knows that we are fasting, he understands and knows that we've given up drink, we've given up our food, we've given up our desires, we've given up these various other temptations to please Allah subhana wa tada and Allah subhanho wa Taala recognizes that and he's appreciative of that. This is why Allah subhana wa tada says he abandoned those things for my sake. So that is why it's very important that when those things are banded, it's not because you didn't have time to eat that day. It's not
because there was some other priority that prevented you from eating that today. It's because you're doing it for the sake of Allah subhana wa Tada. And when you do that, the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala is unlimited. And this what we learn about fasting, that fasting along with patients are the two days that are mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah, that Allah subhanho wa Taala rewards without any limit, everything else with high will have a particular reward for it. Whereas the reward for fasting is unlimited. It will be tied into the level of sincerity, it will be tied into the level of hardship that you face. It'll be tied into how much your body's telling you you know, eat, eat, eat,
eat, and you're like, No, I'm going to wait to eat. Go ahead. Let's see simple.
Potentially, yes, potentially, yes. So if a person is seeking that reward in this life, with the reward of the Hereafter, then the role of the hereafter may be diminished. However, if a person is doing a purely for the sake of Allah, and he just happens to get rewarded in this life, then that's purely from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And it does not diminish it. But that's the combined intention of Hey, I want to go in this life and God in the next at the same time, it's better to stay away from those intentions, but rather make it purely for the sake of the hereafter. And Allah subhanaw taala grant a person good in this life as well. So here Allah subhana wa tada he then concludes, and
the good deeds are naturally multiplied by 10. So you do one good deed Allah does naturally multiplying it by 10. And that's being even multiplied more so because the person is fasting because the person is fasting. So this is just a brief introduction to the virtues of fasting the next chapter that Imam or body goes on to bring is as fasting as a chapter is an explanation for since the next chapter is Allah subhanho wa Taala is prepared to gate with the people of paradise for fasting. And these are all the virtues that Amanda Rahim Allah mentions from fasting. But what we really want to get into is the actual filk of fasting is the actual book.
of fasting. So the first thing we want to start off with is the sighting of the moon. The first thing we want to start off with is the sighting of the moon. Let me just find that chapter for you in Sharma, the statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam start observing on seeing the crescent moon Ramadan, and stop observing, fasting on seeing the crescent moon of chawan. And Amara said, Whoever observes fasting on the doubtful day is disobeying a bit of caution. And this goes into the first half. So here in Mount mala, he starts off the chapter heading with a Hadith of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So now amount bokhara himolla. When he uses the
chapter heading as a he went uses Hadith as a chapter heading of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. What he's showing over here is that the words of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wasallam are better than our own words. So if you can find an opportunity where the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has said something, rather than giving your own opinion, in your own words, use the words of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that is what Imam Bukhari Rahim Allah is doing over here. So the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he gave a clear commandment, that start fasting with the seeing of the crescent moon of
Ramadan mean that whenever you see the healer of Ramadan, then that is when you start fasting, do not start fasting. Before that, you know, a lot of people think that hey, let me approximate the number of days. Even if I don't see them on the Ramadan. Let me just fast to be on the safe side. The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is telling us that there is no fasting on the day of doubt. Fasting Ramadan begins with certainty. So even though you may end up making a mistake, and you may start it on Milan a day late, then make up that day at the end. But don't start fasting Ramadan before the time has actually come. So to fasting in Ramadan has a set time. And that was
with the sighting of the moon, that is with the sighting of the moon. And then same thing with chawan. Don't start fasting for Ramadan, until you have certainty you know, someone may approximate use calculations and say you know what fasting Ramadan is going to end at such and such time. So I will stop fasting over here. But this should not be the case, the moon actually needs to be cited. Now this ties into the concept that we alluded to last week is that we live in the day and age where people are using calculations to tell us when the Ramadan is beginning and ending. We can use those calculations as a secondary form of proof. We can use those calculations as an approximation, but to
say for certainty that Ramadan will start based upon this calculation and end upon this calculation. I personally feel that this is incorrect. Because almost final data clearly says for men Shaheed amin comma shahara when you assume that whoever amongst you sees the crescent of the moon, then start fasting. Allah subhanho wa Taala clearly could have told us you know approximate the number of days due to the fear of it that concept existed in the past, but he didn't tell us to do that. He told us to go and site the moon he told us to go and site the moon. Now let us take Hadith 1906 narrated Abdullah bin Omar Abdullah and Homer Allah messenger sallallahu ano Sena mentioned Ramadan
and said do not observe fasting unless you see the crescent moon and do not give a fasting till you see the crescent moon. But if the sky is overcast and you cannot see the moon, then act on estimation, the count Shaban as 30 days and also Ramadan as 30 days. So now in that situation where there is overcast on the sky, then the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam says give the full extent of the month me that no Islamic month will ever be more than 30 days right? So on that you know 29th day if it ends up being you know, overcast, go ahead and fast the go ahead and approximate 30 days and if you end up making a mistake, then you make up for it later. But you don't obligate
fasting early, nor do you give up fasting early nor do you give a fasting early. But fasting has this prescribed time with the setting of the moon 1907 narrated by Abdullah Omar Abdullah I know my as well Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the month can be 29 nights and the messenger Allah says I'm said the month can be 29 nights or days and do not fast till you see the crescent moon and if the sky is overcast, then complete Chadburn as 30 days then complete Shabbat as 30 days 1908 again by a billion Amara de la Anima the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said the month is like this and this at the same time he showed the fingers of both his hands thrice and left
out 1/3 one thumb on the third time mainly at the Messenger of Allah so Southern Miss saying that the month is 29 or 30 days. That is what the messenger was missing in this hadith 1909 nerida hura The Allahu anhu the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, or said opossum that start absorbing fast on seeing the crescent moon of Ramadan and give a fasting on seeing the crescent moon of Shawwal and if the sky is overcast and you cannot see it complete 30 days of shabaan on Santa Maria della on her deposit solemn vows keep aloof from his wife's repeat of
One month, and after the completion of 29 days, he went either in the morning or in the afternoon to his wives. Someone said to him, You vowed that you would not go to your washroom one month. He said, he replied, Yes, this month was 29 days this month was 29 days. And the last Hadith in this chapter, there is unnecessarily Allahu Allahu Allah, His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam vowed to keep a little from his wives for one month, and he had dislocation of his leg. So he said, Allah Hi, new Salem State in Musha roba, which is a particular area where 29 nights and then came down. Some people said, Oh, my Allah's Messenger, you vow to stay aloof for one month, he said, the month is of
29 days, the month is off 29 days. Now.
email him Allah, what is he doing by repeating the same concept in several different ways. Number one, to show us that the sin of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was not just preserved by a handful of companions, but in fact, it was preserved by all of his companions, it was preserved by all of his companions, some of them male, some of them female, particularly when it comes to acts of a by that
Al Hakim, one of the great scholars of the past, he said the outcome found in the center 1/3 of it was preserved by women 1/3 of it was preserved by women. And this shows us the level of female scholarship at the time of the process element even after that, that the narrated Hadith, they taught Hadith, and this is how 1/3 of a buy that was preserved by women through the woman narrating Hadith. So women have a place in Islamic scholarship, and they should be encouraged to become scholars, they should be encouraged to get the highest level of Islamic knowledge in scholarship. Number two is that emammal Buccola him Allah, he's showing us who the frequent, you know, companions
who call me the prophet SAW some or some of the lumen Amara de la vie, Noma in this chapter has three Hadith has three particular Hadith, even though they're similar in wording, there are differences in all of them. And this shows us that some companions spent more time learning than other companions. One of those companions was Abdullah nama della Han Homer, and he loved to follow the midst of the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Number three emammal quoted him Allah is showing us on the stomach month can either be 29 or 30 days. What is that determined by is determined by the sighting of the moon. Now this was a conflict that they had at
the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wordprocessor them openly took an oath, that I will not approach any of my wives for the period of one month. Then 29 days later, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam came down and wanted to see one of his wives. They said O Messenger of Allah, you said you want to stay away from a month and the messenger Allah says Salaam, his spirits, one by saying this month is 29 days this month is 29 days. Now, what is the wisdom from Islamic calendar having 29 or 30 days? Who can tell me that? What is the possible wisdom that you can think of between the month having 29 and 30 days? And you don't know this in advance?
You wait for the
Sort of Yes, sort of No.
One that's one element of it, that it doesn't become routine, that, that Allah subhanaw taala wants to keep us on our toes that you're not alone constantly in and out in a routine. That's one element of it, too. What else
ties into something we mentioned last week?
What did we mentioned that with the signing of the moon sighting of the moon is an act of
he by the fantastic so let's find out that is giving us an other opportunity to get closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala by going out and seeking the moon, if it was already determined pre determined 29 or 30 days, you know, each month is 29 or each month is 30 or you know in advance which one is 29 and 30 then you're deprived of this activity by the number three is that it's keeping the Muslims active. Number four.
Number four, it's tying the Muslims to the creation of Allah subhanaw taala it is forcing us to interact with nature. You know, in this day and age how often you go to the mountain to look at the moon or to look at the setting of the sun. We don't do it right even though we bamf is they literally like 45 minutes away from us. We don't do it. Yet Allah subhanho wa Taala he enforces this upon us. You have to interact with nature, because it is that is where you find the signs of Allah subhanho wa Taala and when you're deprived of nature, not going to see the signs of Allah subhanaw taala so when it's forced upon the Muslims to go out and look for the moon, because they don't know
if it's 29 or 30 days, this forces them to interact with nature. And these are just some of the wisdoms behind the some of the wisdoms behind it. Now what I want to conclude this section with is this whole concept of global citing versus local citing every year in London and Calgary. We're pretty blessed you guys. If you lived outside of Calgary, you know how big of a mess it is all over the world while in the Western world.
All right. But in Calgary Alhamdulillah for the most part, we're pretty united right? Now, we all agree when Ramadan was started normal Donald and for the most part, now, as a difference of opinion is very important to understand that there is a valid difference of opinion on this issue. Both opinions are valid. But when you look at the generality of the texts that are mentioned over here, it clearly shows us that the generality of the text are alluding to the permissibility and encouragement of global citing, right so that if the moon is cited anywhere in the world, then this is sufficient for the whole entire globe, you don't need to see it locally. Right. This is what the
texts are alluding to. However, if you're in a particular part of the Western world, where they do follow local siding, and the moon was sited somewhere else that the local authorities are not accepting it, what should you do in that situation? Follow your local community because the greater objective behind it is always that of unity. Keeping the oma united keeping the community united is always the greater objective is always the greater objective. And that is summary is the point over here that focus on uniting the oma rather than finding a way to divide them. You'll notice that she thought uses this the sighting of the moon as an opportunity to divide the oma that we will not
speak to one another ruinart page in others mosques, we will call each other like bad names like fat sick and things like that, just because of a minor finger issue and that should not be the case that should not be the case. So that in summary is the discussion of the of the moon sighting issue, it is an activity by that that is encouraged for all of us to do, we should go out and seek it. And with hamdulillah we should thank Allah subhanaw taala for the blessing of you know, having a unit FIDE community in Calgary where you know, we pretty much start and finish the month of Ramadan. At the same time, inshallah next week, we will actually get into the actual Fork of the fasting itself.
Today we briefly just covered the chapter of the sighting of the moon. And next week we'll talk about those things that nullify the fast as well as the fake of aid and the fake of ethical behavior later either. Allahu taala Adam was Sevilla who sent them an article in the Vienna Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi was set up that's coming up next week inshallah us No, it's perfectly fine. Using a sewak is not a problem as long as nothing is swallowed from it. So you know, sometimes the wood will break off, make sure you don't swallow that you spit that out when it happens. All right. So what should you do in that situation? In that situation, my personal opinion is that it's very important
for an individual to have a local mosque and a local community. So whatever your local mosque is, whatever your local community is, that is who you should stick to, that is part of having unity within your community. If you can't achieve unity in the city, then at least try to have unity with the mosque. So the most that you're praying at regularly the mosque that has an Imam that you trust, and that is the mosque that you should follow whatever they decide, even if it goes against your own personal opinion,
a lot of time last question, Abraham.
Can you use mouthwash when you're fasting? And the answer is yes, as long as you don't swallow it, then it's perfectly fine to use mouthwash perfectly fine to use toothbrush and toothpaste.
We'll get into the issue of breath mints and gum next week. But those sorts of things that I mentioned already those are permissible. Toothpaste, toothbrush, mouthwash, seawalk. All that is permissible. Allah huzzah Allah Allah sallallahu Santo, Baraka and again Mohammed while he was talking to Jemaine