Foundations of the Prophetic Sunnah – 9/13
Channel: Isam Rajab
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welcome to the sciences of Hadith class. Today inshallah we will continue talking about at least concealment in Hadith.
Before we start, I'd like to refresh your memories. So how many types of deadlifts do we have?
Two, what are they?
Very good. So we have two types of deadlifts this list not and this issue.
What's the ruling on that lease? If someone did the beliefs?
What's the ruling on it?
Is it recommended? Is it good? Is it bad?
Or do you think
depends on intention? Actually, before we go to the verdict of it, we need to know why people do deadlifts, why some narrators, they committed this thing. They made that list. And yesterday, I believe there was a question why people do it at least. So this is the answer here.
As we said, we have two types of deadlifts. And therefore, we have two groups of reasons, two sets of reasons for each type.
Now, first, at least a shoe.
And again, that leaves the shoe means concealing the identity. The narrator is there, but his identity is conceal.
First reason, the weakness of the shape.
That's why people make that list.
Because his shape is weak. So I don't want to reveal his weakness. I say, Abdullah, who's Abdullah Abdullah, his father is the father of Abdullah. Why I don't mention his name, because he's weak.
Because people have they knew that he is weak, this hadith becomes automatically weak. So I want them to take this Hadith, I conceal the weakness of the sheep.
The second reason being too old,
the chef is too old.
Why that is reason in third place.
Now let's say you took from a chef.
And that check is old. So after you took from him, you continue to study, you became yourself a chef, the same chef is still teaching after 20 years.
Imagine students came 20 years after you and they took from the same shape. So now they are equal to you. And you don't want that.
So you can seal the identity of the chef, because the chef is too old. And there are many students, men younger than you. And they took from the same shape.
So you don't want this. So you can seal the identity of the shape. This is the second reason.
Another reason for that at least being too young.
It's the opposite. First we said he's too old. Now we say he's too young. And if he's too young,
you may feel ashamed that your chef is too young, which actually is incorrect. You should not do so because the issue is not how old is the shear The issue is? How much knowledge does he have a man Buhari Rahim Allah, he corrected his say while he was 10 years old.
So there is no shame at all if your chef is young.
Number four, the fourth reason
this student or this chef that the student took from he narrated lots of ahaadeeth.
So basically, who's your shape one shape.
And you have hundreds of studies. And you don't want all of them to narrate from the same shape
is the same one
on 50 you say Abdullah
on another 50 you say
his nickname is the same shoe. While you do that you give the impression that you took from two shoe the more shoe you have, the better knowledge you have. So like remember Hydra Rahim Allah He narrated his site for more than 1000.
So the more shoe you have, the more knowledge you will have and the stronger you are.
Here's your keys.
I don't know that's what you're looking for.
So this is the reason for this at least.
He has only one shoe
and if ever
Time, I'm telling you from the same shape, you will be bored after some time. So you want, you want to show people that you had lots of knowledge you traveled. At their time, it was not easy to take for more than one shape, they had to travel, they had to spend lots of time. So they gave the impression that they had lots of people, lots of shoe, lots of scholars they took from, so they did that lease. So these are basically the reasons for that lease a shoe for reasons
whether the shape is weak, or he's too old, or he's too young, or he doesn't have lots of shoe, and he wants to do at least so people have the impression that he has lots of shoe.
Now the reason for that Liesl is not concealment in this net, generate from a shave on he met that which at which he did not hear
the first one, giving the impression of a higher is not
making the people think that this is not as high. Now it's a privilege to have shortlink.
In anything, even in business. Imagine if you are dealing with the source.
Without Commissioner if there is Commissioner in the middle,
your profit will drop. If there is a fourth one, again, it will drop also
the same thing with knowledge. If you have this hadith from the prophet SAW Selim through three three narrators only three levels, it is better than having the same Hadith from five levels
from five levels, and they use to compete who has fewer chains.
If you hear the story from the source, it's unlike when you hear it from third party from two more people.
So this is one of the reasons why people made
the Gliese Alice not
number two, and number three, and number for the same reasons in at least a shoe being too weak, the chef is too weak. So he hides him. He doesn't show him in the snap, because if he shot the chef, they will not accept this nut.
Now remember at the beginning we said conceal concealment of shoe means the shape is there but his name is not
revealed here. The name itself is not there. Neither the shape
or the shape is too old. Or the shape is too young. These are three reasons plus giving the impression of higher is net.
Is this clear about the place? The reasons of that list? why people do templates?
Is it clear? Okay, moving on. Now, how do you know that this? Basically we said it's difficult? How do you know if there is that list? You think the snap is perfect? It's continuous.
Because if you know that there is someone is missing. It's not the case anymore. It is the clear missing link it is whether Moloch Mankato marble or Mercer. So how do you know there is at least?
Yes by checking other narrations by checking the same Hadith from other narrations. It needs research by research scholars of Hadith they did extensive studies on the narrator's For instance,
if he narrates from a chef now remember in third place, you are narrating from your chef, but you are narrating things you did not hear. So you did meet with the chef, how do they distinguish that this particular Hadith? You did not hear it from that chef. They give an example
you narrated from a shave five Hadith.
Then you narrated another five Hadith, the next five a hadith which you narrated. It was known for other students that this shave took them from Iraq for instance. And when he took them you were not there. You took from her from him too early. So you cannot be anyway hear that from him directly. This is one way
another way also they say that
this shape did not start teaching
until this certain age and at that certain age you did not take from him.
So they checked every narration they checked every holiday they checked every year to find the if there is the lease or not.
They check the same Hadith with another narration.
You have other students with you. You are not taking Hadith alone now are they
Time, the scholars of Hadith, they had circles very big gatherings like 200 people, 300 people, even 1000s.
They did not have speakers like we have, but they had human speakers people, they deliver
every five meters every 10 meters, they have one who repeats the Hadith.
So, sometimes the the circle of knowledge is really big. So there are other people taking, and they did not narrate this hadith from that shape.
This means there is something or it was known that you left and after that the students who were with you and did not leave, they generated the Hadith after you leaving after departure. So, he did not hear this hadith. So, they have many ways. This is one way by research by extensive studies the other way,
by the one who disagrees himself, if he admitted now against at least is not lying, when it becomes lying, when you tell the people that this man told you and he did not tell you. Basically, at least this man told you, but that particular thing, he did not tell it to you directly.
So when you confront the person who does the least just like the example we mentioned, Sophia anabaena. When he said azuri, and misery, they asked him, did you hear it from Missouri? Or did he say no, not even from the one who heard it from Missouri?
So he admitted. So by the one who did that list himself? Basically these are the two methods by which you can
find out if there is the police or not.
Yeah, no, this time now when you say from the messenger Salaam, I'm not telling you the prophet SAW Selim told me directly. This is not at least at least when you have the impression that you hear that directly.
This is not the case.
So what's the ruling of the at least the one who makes this thing? The one who does that this.
Now again, as I told you, it's not lying, he is not lying.
But he's using some sort of deception.
We have two opinions.
First opinion, it says, rejecting the narration of the motherless, if there is that place, we reject his narration.
The second opinion
it says the face that I hear then it is accepted.
But if he said from
then it is not accepted.
Now, scholars of Hadith after some time, they developed a profile for each Hadith, and they know whether he makes that list or not. So if he says and they don't accept it, because they suspect he made that list, if he says had definite he told us straight then they accept it.
This is one of the opinion the other opinion which is strict, you reject it totally.
you reject the narration.
But why scholars said it is rejected
automatically or if we suspected, we rejected
why they not like it and they said that
the reason why.
Yeah, actually sometimes scholars of Hadith few times, they took that lead they do this for challenge.
Like even Safina Medina, Allah himself
because scholars notice that he does at least so they started watching out.
one time after he finished of the narrations. He told them what do you think? Did I did that list today?
And they would say no, they will tell them all the ahaadeeth I told you today there is that list in them. So sometimes the reason is for challenge. So it depends actually on your intention. Like that leads to test where remember which is attached to the least conditional is not when you hide
Someone who's weak between two Flipkart, you give the impression that the Hadith is authentic, this is a wrong thing to do.
And this is very disliked, why because people now will accept this hadith according to your techniques.
So, it is misleading people, you are using some kind of deception that's why
the clear say it is from so and so from so and so, be clear do not use wrong methods.
The other reason you are using suspicion again instead of using
the clear method
you are using the possibility because when you say from instead of saying hi Donna, people will start suspecting they are unsure. Did you hear it directly? Is there another man here in between? We're not sure is this not
with five men or four men?
So, instead of that be clear, always you're supposed to be clear.
The other reason
they did not like it because
this man who does that at least he knows that if he said his name, his source, people will not accept it.
So you should not work only to please people. This is the Hadith of the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
As I told you scholars they developed like profile for each narrator.
Now all of them almost agreed if someone didn't at least a lot, then
he will not be trustworthy anymore even if he was a man. So Fianna verena Rahim Allah he was the man of Hadith. And usually he does not do due to this. And if he did at least the people who
whom he hide it on my head, they are trustworthy people. So even is that this is not
harmful is not dangerous. But if you do at least like that list of tests,
then that will affect you. And you will become weak in narrations. So people will not accept your ahaadeeth because you are misleading people.
One of the famous people His name is batea. Occasionally,
scholars used to say a hadith makia. They said Nakia for convenor Allah Takia
the narrations of bacteria are not pure.
So be beware and be cautious.
When we have unbelievable Muslim, I was very lucky.
These are few people and there are lots of people.
Actually scholars, they divided them in their lives into five levels. And this is advanced,
advanced step of studying you don't have to know them. This is only students of Hadith in particular who studied the Hadith. They know it. They they divided the people who do this for five levels according to their trustworthiness,
whether they do it a lot or they do it few times whether they do it from trustworthiness or they do it from weak people, they do this this way. So there are five levels of the modality, the people who does that list, but that's not I mean, now, this is very advanced step.
Those are few people.
And there are books also. There are books of that list. Very famous book written by amendment Hadji last Kalani Rahim Allah, the One who did the commentary on Sahil Bukhari
tarrif Allah tuck this remarkable man so filled with the bliss
that if this were Marathi, and most of fimbriated lives, this is nice book. It's printed. It's available.
He mentioned the people of that list.
And there are other books also.
Now, after we studied, at least,
we're moving to
the lowest step of the week, Hadith, which is the Hadith model, the fourth Hadith,
we have Sahaba authentic, we have Hassan, we have bife and model some scholars, they added it to the life. Other scholars they said mobile is not the Hadith so it should not be added to consider life. It's separate. It's not the Hadith anyway.
Because the weak Hadith, there is a possibility that the prophet SAW Selim said it, but the model it is model, it is false. There is no way the prophet SAW Selim would have said it.
So now we're moving to a very important issue, Hadith model
forgery in Hadith.
What's the definition of modal?
linguistically, to put
input Hadith wahba in Arabic woba. To put like this,
I put this
or to lower something. That's why you call the base people the law people.
means is degraded. He is not respectful man. He is not honored man. He is what we
sow. So that's why they say it is mobile.
Because when you put the same thing, you put this Hadith, you mix it with the Hadith of the messenger Salim or because it's very low. It's not a hadith so it is more low
and Hades terminology.
The live narration that's attributed to the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
The light narration is not enough. It has to be attributed to the prophet SAW Selim. Because nowadays people lie a lot in their narrations. We don't call them this model, unless they attribute it to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
The live narration that's attributed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
dr Kamali in the book. That's how he defined it. A report invented by a liar who has attributed it to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. It's almost the same, I felt the first one is easier. PAGE 66. In the book, this is the definition that was given by Dr. Connelly, a report invented by a liar who has attributed it to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
So anyone you chose have the occasion.
What's the verdict?
They accept Harry's model.
No, and Fabiola man
Yeah, it's good advice but never had if you will never work according to this model. It's rejected. No question about it.
Actually, it cannot be narrated, can you elaborate the Hadith model?
You cannot. Unless you are generating this hadith just to clarify to the people just to tell them this hadith is model because if you say this is a Hadith, people will believe and they will. They may apply it while it is mobile. It's not a hadith. So even narrating the Hadith
while you know it is mobile,
man had this hadith Anuradha, how can a provocateur be? If you narrate the Hadith, which you know is like Hadith then you are a liar?
What's the evidence?
The MacArthur Hadith,
in which the prophet SAW Selim said whoever lied against me.
Yeah, let's see reserve, let him reserve or let him take his seat in hellfire.
Whoever lied against me deliberately. Then let him take his place in Hellfire and catabolic. Mohammedan filetto. Mercado homina the beginning of it had this and when you saw a large
value Mohammedan filetto mercadona. This Hadith is mutawatir its multiplay narrated by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
Now why this arch threat?
Why isn't it just a lie that you will be punished for it and it could be forgiven? Why you will reserve your seat and Hellfire if you lie deliberately against the messengers?
Yes, exactly. You can change the religion through that because people will follow the Hadith of the messenger sasl and that's why some scholars said if you do it and you think it is permissible, then you you disbelieved because who has the right to legislate Allah and His Messenger only. Now you added yourself to this by fabricating a hadith people
Follow this hadith and they don't know.
So the matter is not easy at all to say a hadith which is light.
When did this begin?
When did people start fabricating the Hadith? Was this something known at the time of the companions of the messenger? sallallahu wasallam.
At the time of the Prophet sighs
after the Prophet sallallahu sallam,
When did it happen? And the time for worker?
It couldn't in the time of armor on the alarm.
The time of Earth man, actually, it happened upon the assassination of a fan of the law. Historically, that's when it happened. So after at least 35 years of age,
that's when it started happening.
Before that, it did not happen.
All the ahaadeeth were pure.
How did it begin? What are the motives?
Some of the companions Mashallah, so you accused the companions of flying?
The successors, they forgot. So they made up No.
Yeah, yeah, but yeah, but again, that was remember in the time of earlier the last one.
So there was a reason.
The first motive was the personality cults. That's what Dr. Kammen dimension Fabiola lashkars the virtues of the persons.
At that time, there was political conflict between Alia della Han and why we are the other one.
So you wanted to support one of them? How you push people to support one of them? You fabricate the Hadith. So there were political conflicts. And the reason the first motive, it's mentioned in the book, it says the personality cults or the trouble of their shots, the virtues of the persons.
That was the motive, the first motive?
of course not not to have them. Yeah, the people, of course, yeah. Not anyone, only the ignorant people, those who think that they are doing a good thing.
And we will come for the details when we discuss the reasons for forging a hadith.
Now how the Hadith is forged.
How do you forge a hadith
remember that we have is not and metal, we have text and we have chain of narrators. You cannot forge all of that because scholars when they come and they see names, they don't know.
The Hadith is
changing words of the Hadith how this happened. We have two ways.
fabricating the entire Hadith and adding a chain of narrators to it.
How this happens,
fabricating the entire Hadith.
I come and I want people to follow me for a reason or another.
So I know this is a chain of narrators for authentic hadith, like I come to Sai hell Buhari. I see many chains of generators, I take five of them.
I leave the text, I remove the text.
And I add my own words.
I add my own words to what to that chain. Now people want they come they look they check the chain. And the chain is what chain is authentic. Because again, it's the same chain in Sahih Bukhari or Muslim or any authentic book. But the words they are not authentic.
Those are easy to figure sometimes, or most of the times the other way. The other way.
You don't fabricate the Hadith. It's not your words, but it's words of other people, wise people
like poetry, you like one line of poetry, you came and you added to it a chain of narratives and you said this is a hadith. It is a saying, but it's not from the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
So, these are two methods where or how you could forge a hadith.
Of course, there are some people they may invent their own chain of narrators, but it will be exposed easily.
Now we come to the reasons why people commit such a horrible sin
against the prophet SAW Selim. Why people forge Hadith
The first reason political conflicts
political conflicts, I hate you so I fought your Hadith against you.
Politics always spoil people.
One of the famous sects that they fought the Hadith the Shia
they fought the Hadith in the virtues of family or their loved one and you know belong does not need their fabricated the Hadith because he's the cousin of the messenger Salaam is one of the people that the prophet SAW Selim promised them paradise promised by Allah paradise so he doesn't need their help.
The second reason Zenda What do you mean by Zonda?
the ones that are disbelievers
they tend to destroy Islam. From within from inside
they forge a hadith that will confuse people that will make people's belief corrupt.
So this is another reason why Islam was spreading very quickly, at the time of Amara de la Han at the time of Fatima de la one, so people could not conceal their Cofer could not reveal their cover. So what did they do? They went with the floor and they started fabricating the Hadith against the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
Reason number three bigotry, bigotry to people or race.
You love someone so much. So you want to give him extra credit. How by the Hadith
there are some Hadith
individuals of Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah
or there are some Hadith against Imam Shafi Rahim Allah, what was the motive to forge these a hadith bigotry
people some people they followed the Hanafi school of thoughts blindly and they could not accept anything other than the opinion of Mr. hanifa. When they hear him opinion of Imam Shafi What do they tell people?
They tell them
Imam Shafi is worse than a police.
Why they just because of bigotry. When you are when you have this bigotry you are blind.
The fourth Hadith called and they say in it
yet if you omit the Mohammed bin Idris whoever Allah Hammond place in my nation a man will come with the name Mohammed bin Idris, who's Mohammed bin Idris Imam Shafi.
His name is Mohammed bin Idris is worse than ablaze and they put it in a rhyme. So you could think you may think it is authentic.
What was the reason bigotry or some people who say that
the black race is the best race on Earth.
why someone was black and he wanted to give credit for his race or the IRA, the same thing they may they say there is no virtue for the race itself.
It is your actions your deeds. So again, this bigotry
caused some people to forge a hadith.
Reason number four stories and tales.
You are so say you are storyteller.
You tell stories. And you want people to come you make more you want to make more money you want
to you want people to accept you more, you want to become famous.
So you start forging a hadith. It's a story you like this story. You made it as a hadith and people will love listening to you.
So storytelling is one of the reasons
forging the Hadith
number five ignorance
in doing the good deeds
some people they were overzealous and they wanted to push people to do the good deeds. How, by forging a hadith against the messenger sallallahu Sallam like the one who fought the Hadith about the virtues of reading Quran. He said, I noticed that people are busy with the history with fear and they left the Quran. So he forged 114 Hadith, after each surah for each surah before Hadith for it, that if you read this surah this much and much reward you will get why he wanted people to to read the Quran. Now his intention is noble is good, but his action is horrible.
Because you don't use a forbidden method to bring people close to Allah subhanaw taala
that man, his name is no Shaban, Marian, or did this.
Number six, appeasing
the Kings pleasing the kings and people of authority.
You want to gain status, you want to be accepted by the king by the ruler.
You fought jihadis in his virtues or
he did something and you tell him that's what the prophet SAW Selim said, just to please Him. This is another reason
the alphabet had been Maryam.
Before the Hadith against the prophet SAW Solomon he saw the Khalifa playing with the dogs with pigeons. So he told him that it is permissible and he narrated the Hadith.
Number seven gaining money. Gaining money is another reason for forging the Hadith.
You sell fruits. So you tell the people the prophet SAW Selim said, Whoever ate fruits, he will enter Paradise.
While you forge this Hadith, you want to make more money.
Hong Kong law, one non enforced Hadith against the prophets of Salaam regarding the eggplant.
He said if you eat the eggplant and you have an intention, Allah will fulfill your intention.
He made the Hadith similar to the Hadith of the water of Zamzam.
Why he will he was selling eggplants
out of the desert
you know the harissa
it is desert type of desert.
And again one one man he used to sell it. Before the Hadith that the prophet SAW Selim said whoever made the harissa it will strengthen him.
the reason for that was making more money. Now we come to the signs of forgery. How do you know this hadith is forged?
How do you know this hadith is forged. There are many reasons but first you look whether to the snapper or to the metal. Sometimes from the internet itself. You know this hadith is false. You don't need to look to the text. You only buy the snack you know that they this hadith is false.
If the narrator admits that he did it
he said himself he admitted forging a hadith for each surah. So once someone admitted, then this hadith is false.
or generate something from a shake that you never saw or met him.
Like you were born in the year 141 of hijra,
and that's a died 159 two years before you were born, yet you are narrating from him. This chef told me
how this is possible.
before he dies, you you were created. And then
again, you you were in the womb of your mother how this happened. It's impossible. So scholars when they check the dates of birth and death, they know that he is a liar.
Or the narrator is accused of lying and no one else narrated this hadith.
Now when you lie in something else, you will lie in your truth.
You lie in business, you lie to your family. Yet you narrate the Hadith that no one else narrated the same Hadith, then this is a sign that this hadith most likely is false. Because you are the only one you are accused of lying. You are your lie in many things.
And no one else narrated this hadith. So this is a sign also that this hadith is forged.
These are the signs of forging the Hadith in this net,
in the chain of narrators.
In Latin in the text, it's easier to find out if this hadith is for or not.
First, if there is weakness in the language,
it doesn't seem right. It's very weak. It's very broken language. The prophet SAW Selim was the most eloquent person, he could never say this hadith. So this is a sign of forging the Hadith.
Or the second thing, it gives a bad meaning or it gives a useless meaning.
And the prophet SAW Selim would never say something which is useless.
Like there is a hadith it says,
the white rooster
is my beloved one.
And the beloved, for my beloved one. gibreel Allah Salam.
They say this hadith is funny. It doesn't make any sense.
Yes, it is recommended to to have a rooster.
It mentions the name of philosophy tala, but that does not make it the beloved one to the messenger sallallahu sallam. Because the prophet SAW Selim himself. He said, If I had to take a friend in this life, I would have taken abubaker but I am the friend of Allah.
Number three, contradicting the Quran.
This is a sign of forging the Hadith. If Allah says in the Quran, well Helen bow Hara mareeba Allah made lawful selling and unlawful he made unlawful interest. And there is a hadith comes and says interest is permissible.
This is contradicting the Quran. So you know this hadith is forged
or contradicting historical facts. This is again a sign of forgery and Hadith. If it contradicts the historical facts, again, it's not the historical theories or the scientific theories, it's the historical facts.
Like what there is an example, the Jews in high bar.
During the abbacy dynasty, they came to the Khalifa with a document
signed by the messenger sallallahu Sallam
with some privileges for them.
So the halifa called on to scholars of Hadith to verify Is this true?
In this document,
there is the
signature of two witnesses sadly been wired and
Now remember high bar, it was in the seventh year of hijra.
It was in the seventh year of hijra sad demise of the lawn he was martyred on the fifth year of Phaedra.
Two years before this thing, there is no way he could sign or he could witness this thing.
I was a fan he became Muslim later on, and the conquest of Mecca. He became Muslim. So it was impossible that they were witnesses. So it contradicts historical facts.
This is a sign of forgery. There is a group,
deviant group deviant sect, they are called al karamea. They said we agree with you that the prophet SAW Selim forbade lying against him. But if it's lying for him, then it is permissible.
Lying for a good cause is permissible. So they said lying against the prophet SAW Selim is forbidden, but we live for Him. So if we mentioned Hadith individuals of the prophet SAW Selim information handy to help people come close to Allah that's permissible. So what do you think?
Yeah, lying is all against the messenger silent. It's all the same. The prophet SAW Selim does not need your your support.
Allah testified that the religion is complete.
So this is ignorance.
Lying is lying against, for it's all the same, you cannot lie against the messenger sallallahu wasallam.
I'll, I'll give you one example of force Howdy.
This man ojibwa Nanak.
He was at the time of this hadith was fabricated by a storyteller,
a storyteller again, his purpose was to, to excite the people to mention things that are strange so people will come always to him. He told him at the time of Nogales, Salam when the flood happened when the earth the entire Earth was flooded. This man was so huge
that this flood reached only his ankle.
The flood in the ocean, and the entire earth it reached on his ankle. If he wanted to eat, he takes the whale from the ocean. And he stretches his hand and he fries this fish on the sun.
No, he doesn't know that's the irony.
Yeah, his hand is not burnt, but only the fish. So he reaches the sun with his hand. Now, is there any need to mention that this is a fourth Howdy. It's fair, it's obvious right? It is obvious that there is a fourth Hadith
Yeah, how could the earth
carry this man a man like that.
But at that time, they did not know that the sun is too far like that. So
There are there are many ahaadeeth actually there are books written about the force ahaadeeth like you have you open the book 200 the Hadith all of them are forged. It is in the book, you go to the book and you will find examples also it is in page 66. And with this we will conclude our session now there was Salam Salam ala nabina Muhammad