Fiqh – Understanding the Religion 7/14

share this pageShare Page
Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:06--> 00:00:09

So I want to log on to cotton. Welcome to the class of the

00:00:10--> 00:00:24

today, inshallah we'll discuss the things that will invalidate the table and the things that will invalidate the ritual purity as well. We will start with the things that invalidate them.

00:00:25--> 00:00:47

And we have three things. Again, it's important to know, under each subtitle, what are the things? How many things, five 612, then this is very important. So here we have three things invalidate the table. The first one, whatever invalidates the wobble.

00:00:49--> 00:00:50

Let's say you perform that.

00:00:52--> 00:00:55

And you prayed, when

00:00:57--> 00:01:21

you passed gas, or you slept? Is your mom still valid? The answer is no. Why? Because you did something that invalidates the rulebook, and the mo is alternative for the world. So whatever invalidates will do, it invalidates them. So this is the first thing anything that invalidates will do, how many things invalidate will do?

00:01:24--> 00:01:32

You forgot? Six. So we here we have one point in details, it could be six points.

00:01:33--> 00:01:39

So in validating the second thing, seeing water at the time of the prayer,

00:01:43--> 00:01:45

seeing water at the time of the prayer?

00:01:48--> 00:01:49

What does that mean?

00:01:55--> 00:01:59

Now, someone lost the water or unable to use the water.

00:02:01--> 00:02:04

And he performed to him. He wants to pray a

00:02:05--> 00:02:08

few minutes before the prayer.

00:02:10--> 00:02:11

The water came?

00:02:14--> 00:02:20

Can you pray with a mom and say I already performed a mom or he has to do to do the will do?

00:02:24--> 00:02:24

What do you say?

00:02:26--> 00:02:27

Can he or can?

00:02:30--> 00:02:30

He can?

00:02:37--> 00:02:39

So he should do or he can play with them?

00:02:42--> 00:02:45

I need an answer. Yes. He should do the Why?

00:02:50--> 00:02:50

Okay.

00:02:52--> 00:03:01

Yes, you were given a permission for a reason that reason is losing the water. Now you are not losing the water anymore. The water is there. So what do you do?

00:03:03--> 00:03:06

You do the widow again? You have to do the widow again?

00:03:08--> 00:03:11

What if you already started the prayer?

00:03:12--> 00:03:20

You started Allahu Akbar, you read Surah Fatiha, you did the record. You did this? You stood up for the second rocker. And the water came?

00:03:23--> 00:03:24

Do you continue?

00:03:26--> 00:03:26

Or

00:03:28--> 00:03:33

you stop the prayer and you do the window and then you restart the prayer again.

00:03:35--> 00:03:36

You continue

00:03:38--> 00:03:40

according to here, what do you say? What does it say?

00:03:44--> 00:03:46

At the time of the prayer, what does that mean?

00:03:48--> 00:03:52

During the time of the prayer, even if you started the prayer,

00:03:53--> 00:03:55

as long as you did not finish the prayer,

00:03:58--> 00:04:24

you have to do the will do again. Because you started this prayer with an excuse, which is losing the water. Now during the prayer you are doing this prayer based on them because you don't have all the water came. So the mo is not valid anymore. Once the water comes the water the timer is invalid anymore, which means your prayer is automatically terminated.

00:04:26--> 00:04:35

So you have to do the thermo again. Now this is logic but we have an evidence from the Hadith. When the prophet SAW Selim set aside

00:04:37--> 00:04:49

the dirt is the window for the Muslim if he did not find the water even if it was 10 years, but once he finds the water, once he finds the water, he should treat Allah and use the water.

00:04:51--> 00:04:59

What does that mean? scholars learned from this hadith that once you find the water and now you found the water even if you're in the prayer, you know that the water is there.

00:05:03--> 00:05:06

So even if you are during the prayer,

00:05:07--> 00:05:29

your prayer is invalid anymore. Your take home is invalid. Once the water comes, the mom is invalid automatically. So if you pray, and the water comes during the prayer, your demo is invalid. You have to do the work. If you don't pray, and the water came, also you have to do what if you already finished the prayer?

00:05:32--> 00:05:41

What if you already finished the prayer? Once you said Salam aleikum, wa rahmatullah sonica. Allah and you found the water came two minutes after you finished the prayer?

00:05:42--> 00:05:43

Yes.

00:05:45--> 00:05:47

Then you don't have to repeat it. Why?

00:05:49--> 00:05:51

If there is enough time, half an hour.

00:05:53--> 00:05:53

What do you think?

00:06:01--> 00:06:02

Do you think

00:06:08--> 00:06:27

you don't have to repeat the prayer. Why? You already prayed with an excuse. And you finished the prayer. Your prayer is already correct. Because you prayed with them. Now the water came. So you cannot do to me anymore. But that does not invalidate what happened earlier.

00:06:28--> 00:06:39

Just like if you're traveling, you prayed Maghrib and Russia. Then you came you arrived? And it is the Asia time? Do you repeat the Isha prayer? You already prayed?

00:06:41--> 00:06:50

So you don't have to pray. But if it arrives, the water comes during the prayer, then you do your will do again and you restart your prayer.

00:06:52--> 00:06:53

So these are two things.

00:06:54--> 00:06:55

The third thing

00:06:58--> 00:07:01

which invalidates the tmo is apostasy.

00:07:06--> 00:07:23

Why? It should be actually in all things? But they mentioned here, they mentioned it here, especially in the demo, because it's an excuse, doing the auto it's a ritual thing. And once someone posted then all his deeds are not all of them, including this thing.

00:07:25--> 00:07:26

Clothing this thing.

00:07:29--> 00:07:37

So these are the three things that are invalidated that invalidate the table. Now, we're moving to

00:07:38--> 00:07:41

prohibitions during menstruation and pure premium.

00:07:44--> 00:07:46

And this pertains to women.

00:07:49--> 00:07:58

What the hell am salado typography mean? Hi Elena. So Holly Mahaffey Monique Khurana in Lompoc city as Kara who will also have an STD

00:07:59--> 00:08:05

The first thing that the woman in her menses, which God she cannot do is praying.

00:08:06--> 00:08:11

Can a woman pray? No. It is prohibited to pray during the menses.

00:08:13--> 00:08:19

The second thing fasting can a woman fast during her medicines again? No.

00:08:21--> 00:08:44

Some woman they think that it is better for them to fast it's prohibited. That's what Allah subhana wa tada commanded you to do. You stay away. If Allah wanted you to fast then you would not be given this thing, your period because some woman actually they delay their period they say we want to fast the entire month. This is permissible but it's not recommended.

00:08:45--> 00:08:51

This is something Allah subhanaw taala has decreed. So why why do you change it?

00:08:52--> 00:08:59

So this is the second thing, fasting and prayer. Both of them are prohibited reciting the Quran.

00:09:01--> 00:09:31

Letter called hydrobiologia bushi Amina Quran, they hide the woman in menses and the genome, the one in the state of Geneva. They don't read anything from the Quran. This is the evidence. However, actually this hadith is weak. But again, this is the shaft a school of thought reciting the Quran is prohibited. So let's say a woman lasts 10 days in her mind says she cannot read any Quran in these 10 days, which is a long time. And that's this shaft a school of thought

00:09:35--> 00:09:54

touching and holding the Quran touching. Holding is not you carry something touching, even touching the Quran is prohibited. Isn't it the same like the first one? The one before what's the difference between reciting the Quran and touching the Quran.

00:09:57--> 00:09:59

You cannot you can recite the Quran without looking at it. Now you

00:10:00--> 00:10:07

recite the Quran even this is prohibited. Touching the Quran is also prohibited. Why? Allah says in the Quran I am so.

00:10:11--> 00:10:13

So you cannot touch or carry the Quran.

00:10:17--> 00:10:18

Entering a Masjid

00:10:22--> 00:10:23

entering the masjid is prohibited

00:10:25--> 00:10:27

for the woman in menses

00:10:30--> 00:10:35

these are five things. The sixth thing thing is circumambulating the Kaaba.

00:10:38--> 00:10:49

Why the prophet SAW Selim said that during the tawaf his prayer. But Allah subhanho wa Taala has allowed talking in it. Is the prayer allowed for the woman in her menses?

00:10:50--> 00:10:56

No. So the same thing for Tov. It is not allowed because of his prayer also.

00:10:58--> 00:11:06

Number seven, sexual intercourse. Also the prophets of Salaam forbade that and Allah subhanaw taala mentioned that in the Quran.

00:11:08--> 00:11:16

While at Aqaba, Hata at home, do not approach them do not have intimate relations with them until

00:11:17--> 00:11:18

they are done with their menses.

00:11:20--> 00:11:40

Number eight, attaining pleasure in the area of the body that is between the bellybutton and the knees. Again, if someone is married, he cannot enjoy with his wife from this area, from the belly button until the knees over the belly button and underneath the knees is allowed. This is the chef a school of thought.

00:11:41--> 00:11:54

Why? Because the prophets Allah did that according to Asher, the Allah Juana. She said the prophet SAW Selim used to command me so I put lower government on me and then use to form the

00:11:56--> 00:12:00

can and abuse Allah. So let me Morrone factor zero for you by showing you unhide

00:12:02--> 00:12:20

now this is the Saturday school of thought other schools of thought they said you can do anything except number seven. Except the thing which is mentioned number seven, anything you can do, because the prophets are seldom said it's now called machine learning can do anything you want except that thing. So but the chef is school of thought that's what they say.

00:12:22--> 00:12:33

So we have eight things. How many things the woman in her menstruation in her pure premium or postnatal cannot do they are

00:12:34--> 00:12:35

they things

00:12:37--> 00:12:42

for a woman? What about men? If they are in the state of Geneva,

00:12:47--> 00:12:48

it is five things.

00:12:53--> 00:12:56

Instead of eight, it becomes five things.

00:12:58--> 00:13:11

Five things. This is actually not only for men, but even women. If they are in this state again, the same thing the state of Geneva There are five things should be avoided. First thing prayer.

00:13:13--> 00:13:13

Prayer.

00:13:15--> 00:13:20

You cannot pray in the state of Geneva. The second thing reciting the Quran

00:13:22--> 00:13:41

based on the Hadith, Lata Krajina bald head shaman and Cora and the other Hadith, of the Latin Masada dylanglen he said that the prophet SAW Selim used to teach us the Quran all times except when he is gentle on his in the state of Geneva. So that tells you it is prohibited

00:13:42--> 00:13:45

to recite the Quran during the state of Geneva

00:13:47--> 00:13:49

number three, touching and holding the Quran

00:13:54--> 00:13:56

number four circumambulating the Kaaba

00:13:57--> 00:14:00

and number five staying in the masjid.

00:14:02--> 00:14:03

Staying in the masjid.

00:14:07--> 00:14:07

Yes.

00:14:09--> 00:14:15

That's good question. Staying in the masjid. What does it mean? Can you pass by domestic?

00:14:17--> 00:14:19

Can you cross from the masjid?

00:14:21--> 00:14:24

Yes, you can. But you cannot stay.

00:14:28--> 00:14:45

You wanted to go from this way to other way and you needed to pass through the master. Can you do that? Yes, you can. But you cannot stay. It is prohibited to stay while previously about two men. What did you say? They cannot enter the masjid. So it is different.

00:14:47--> 00:14:56

For in the last message that has been valid, you know, that's what the prophet SAW Selim said. I don't allow the masjid for origin.

00:14:58--> 00:15:00

So it's important

00:15:00--> 00:15:01

No do not mix between

00:15:02--> 00:15:17

things that are prohibited during menstruation and things that are prohibited during Geneva. And now things which are prohibited for the must've, who's the most diff, the one who did had What's the meaning of Hadith had us

00:15:20--> 00:15:27

anything that nullifies will do anything prevents you from doing the bad. That's the meaning of

00:15:29--> 00:15:57

linguistically how that means the new thing had a means it just happened. That's the meaning of habits, in language. But in Sharia in Islam, it means anything that recently happened, it's true, but anything that prevents you from doing very bad, that's pure pure purity is required for it. Anything prevents you from Salah, anything prevents you from circumambulating the curb, that's the header.

00:15:58--> 00:16:00

And again, we mentioned that they are six things.

00:16:02--> 00:16:10

So what are the things that if you are much this you should avoid three things playing, you cannot pray? Unless you have

00:16:12--> 00:16:18

without a doubt you cannot pray? circumambulating the Kaaba also you cannot circumambulate the Kaaba without to do

00:16:19--> 00:16:21

and touching and holding the Quran.

00:16:22--> 00:16:27

You cannot touch and hold the Quran. What about reciting the Quran? Can you recite the Quran?

00:16:30--> 00:16:32

Yes, you can. Of course you can.

00:16:34--> 00:16:37

It's better to have all the but you don't have to you can decide the crime.

00:16:39--> 00:16:41

So, these are the three things

00:16:42--> 00:16:45

that you should avoid, if you are watching this.

00:16:48--> 00:17:03

Now with this we will end the book of purification. There are a few things remaining. We will mention them inshallah, if we finished the book of prayer soon, it depends on how much we accomplish.

00:17:05--> 00:17:07

We will start with the book of prayer.

00:17:10--> 00:17:15

And before we start with the conditions, the pillars and

00:17:16--> 00:17:21

the required acts of prayer, we need to define the prayer. What's the prayer?

00:17:22--> 00:17:23

What's the definition of the prayer?

00:17:25--> 00:17:29

Can someone define the prayer linguistically and islamically? religiously?

00:17:30--> 00:17:31

What's the definition of prayer?

00:17:38--> 00:17:40

JOHN D No. No.

00:17:44--> 00:17:55

What about islamically? What's the meaning? If you are asked someone do you pray and you say yes. What do you mean by prayer? Someone came to you and asked you what spray? Yes. Do we have an answer from the students online?

00:18:01--> 00:18:06

ritual worship isn't the Hajj ritual worship is then there's a cat ritual worship.

00:18:10--> 00:18:13

supplication Yes, that's true linguistically it's application.

00:18:14--> 00:18:19

That's originally it was called La the Salah is called Yes.

00:18:20--> 00:18:21

Yes.

00:18:34--> 00:18:38

The Quran is specific words are said during the day to worship Allah.

00:18:41--> 00:18:43

Yeah, you can do it at specific times.

00:18:47--> 00:18:49

Yeah, that's close. That's close. Yes.

00:18:58--> 00:19:01

set of actions performed instead of sequence okay.

00:19:03--> 00:19:13

Beginning with the career and ending with Islam, very good. That's the correct definition. In Arabic, we say acqualina followed macusa, mahatama tomatometer, slim,

00:19:14--> 00:19:31

all the types of EBI that they are certain set of actions in a certain sequence, even though we'll do but you don't start with the clear. You don't say Allahu Akbar, and you don't end it with the slim by Solomonic. The only thing you do it this way is the Salah.

00:19:33--> 00:19:37

So that's the definition of the Salah. It's important again definitions are important.

00:19:38--> 00:19:40

In language, it says that

00:19:42--> 00:19:42

prayer

00:19:45--> 00:19:57

also Salah means derived from the root cellar, or sila. sila means connection. It is as if you're doing connection between you and Allah subhanaw taala

00:19:59--> 00:19:59

so islamically

00:20:00--> 00:20:17

His actions and sayings. Start with the clear and then do with the slim. That's the definition of prayer. Why don't I fall in my salsa with the clear tomato with the slim that includes salah and excludes anything else other than the Salah.

00:20:19--> 00:20:23

What what's the virtue of Salah? What are you going to get if you prayed?

00:20:27--> 00:20:28

Why do you pray?

00:20:32--> 00:20:34

Some men do pray. Why?

00:20:35--> 00:20:36

Because you have to.

00:20:39--> 00:20:44

to please Allah. That's it. You could please a lot by reciting the Quran.

00:20:46--> 00:20:46

Yes.

00:20:51--> 00:20:55

It washes away your sins. If you pray five times a day, what's the evidence buzzer

00:20:59--> 00:21:02

it keeps you away from even more. Want more?

00:21:04--> 00:21:06

Yeah, what's happening? I know it's the Howdy.

00:21:07--> 00:21:18

Okay, here's the thing. I mean, you are Muslims. You do this five times a day, at least. And you don't know what are the virtues of homework. Homework?

00:21:22--> 00:21:35

Yes, I don't believe it's in most Muslim but it's authentic hadith. Right, I'm low on Anna Maria Hadley communica Solomon who column comes moratalla come in dharani shade. I don't think it's a Muslim, but it's authentic. It

00:21:36--> 00:21:37

mentioned five

00:21:39--> 00:21:41

virtues for performing the prayer.

00:21:43--> 00:21:52

This is a homework. And again it is due by Sunday inshallah mentioned five virtues for performing the prayer.

00:21:54--> 00:21:56

Sunday 25th.

00:22:02--> 00:22:03

For the prayer,

00:22:09--> 00:22:10

this is very important.

00:22:11--> 00:22:15

I expected like 10 things quickly to be said.

00:22:17--> 00:22:22

Okay. In order for prayer to become mandatory, there should be two conditions.

00:22:24--> 00:22:38

If the prayer is mandatory, those two conditions have to be fulfilled. If one of them is missed, then prayer is not mandatory. First one is Islam. If you're not a Muslim, prayer is not mandatory.

00:22:39--> 00:22:42

Why? Because even if you prayed, it's not accepted.

00:22:48--> 00:22:51

Second thing reaching the age of puberty

00:22:56--> 00:22:59

reaching the age of puberty. What's the evidence that

00:23:01--> 00:23:05

Islam is a condition for prayer? Could someone tell me

00:23:06--> 00:23:11

what's the evidence that Islam is a condition for prayer?

00:23:13--> 00:23:14

Could someone tell me

00:23:19--> 00:23:25

Okay, what about it? Islam is built on five pillars. The first of them was Salah, so what

00:23:28--> 00:23:31

is the Salah, the first pillar of Islam or Shahada thing?

00:23:36--> 00:23:37

Okay.

00:23:38--> 00:23:39

The second pillar

00:23:44--> 00:23:45

is praying to Allah subhanaw taala.

00:23:55--> 00:23:58

What's the point? That's good, but if he prayed, is it accepted or not?

00:24:01--> 00:24:02

Why? What's the evidence? Yes.

00:24:04--> 00:24:14

Very good Zeki? That's the correct answer. When the prophet SAW Selim sent him off to Yemen, he told him, You are coming to the people have booked so tell them remind them

00:24:15--> 00:24:43

to worship Allah, how long if they obeyed you then tell them that Allah subhanaw taala has mandated five times a day prayer, which means if they did not obey you, they did not listen to you. There is no use of telling them that prayer is mandatory, which means it's not accepted. Very good Zakir. Okay. So Islam is mandatory. This is the first condition the second condition, reaching the age of puberty. Why? What's the evidence that reaching the age of puberty is the condition.

00:24:53--> 00:24:53

Yes.

00:24:58--> 00:25:00

Very good. You should encounter

00:25:00--> 00:25:03

Teach them to pray when they reach the age of seven

00:25:06--> 00:25:16

enforce it at the age of 10. Very good that contradicts this condition. You cannot enforce something if it's not mandatory by the age of 10 they are not still

00:25:17--> 00:25:24

they did not reach the age of puberty it by the age of 10. So why you enforce it? Very good howdy This is against this.

00:25:28--> 00:25:29

So, what do you think?

00:25:33--> 00:25:44

No, seven? He said you teach them by seven and you enforce it by 10 which means it is mandatory. The reaching the age of puberty is not a condition. Here we are saying it's a condition.

00:25:49--> 00:25:53

Yes, if they reach it before the age of 10, but what about after the age of them?

00:25:58--> 00:25:58

Honey?

00:26:04--> 00:26:04

What do you think?

00:26:06--> 00:26:07

Any answer?

00:26:10--> 00:26:12

Don't you know they had a profile column on salata.

00:26:13--> 00:26:16

The pen is lifted on three types of people.

00:26:18--> 00:26:26

So we had Diablo, the boy when he reaches the age of puberty, once if you don't reach the age of puberty, it's not mandatory.

00:26:28--> 00:26:32

That's the evidence. But what do we say about this Howdy.

00:26:33--> 00:26:36

If we can punish someone, that means it is mandatory.

00:26:38--> 00:26:57

scholars said this punishment is just an encouragement. It's not also mandatory. You don't have to, but just to make sure that once they reach the age of puberty, they already did it. Since the prayer is very important, you have to enforce it. That does not mean it is mandatory before the age of puberty.

00:27:00--> 00:27:02

conditions for prayer.

00:27:03--> 00:27:09

Now, we already mentioned two conditions for prayer to become mandatory. Here.

00:27:10--> 00:27:14

We have conditions for prayer in order to become accepted.

00:27:15--> 00:27:18

In order for the prayer to become accepted, we have conditions

00:27:20--> 00:27:25

first one the person being free of any ritual impurities Can you pray without Voodoo?

00:27:27--> 00:27:27

Yes, you can.

00:27:33--> 00:27:35

Without the Ottoman Can you or can't you?

00:27:37--> 00:27:44

Once I used to say this, can you pray? And they said no. And I said yes. And one said yeah, I used to do it always.

00:27:47--> 00:27:50

What I meant the prayer for the profits are seldom.

00:27:51--> 00:27:54

It's not though is not required, but hey for the prayer.

00:27:55--> 00:27:58

Can you pray without to do you have to do the will do

00:28:00--> 00:28:06

or you have to remove the ritual impurity. This is a condition otherwise your prayer is not

00:28:08--> 00:28:09

accepted.

00:28:11--> 00:28:16

Like blah, blah salata, Madison Hata. Tada. This is in both Sol Bukhari and Muslim from Abu huraira de la Han.

00:28:18--> 00:28:21

So your prayer is not accepted without

00:28:23--> 00:28:49

removing the ritual impurity. This is the evidence covering the genitals. Unfortunately, the hour until now, I did not find a proper translation for this word hour. Because it's a religious thing. You don't have English translation for it. The translator mentioned genitals while it's not exactly the accurate translation for the hour. What's the hour for men and the woman?

00:28:52--> 00:28:54

What is the hour for men and woman?

00:28:59--> 00:29:04

naval Tunis? This is for for men. What about women?

00:29:07--> 00:29:11

What about both men and women from naval Tunis?

00:29:13--> 00:29:14

possible?

00:29:20--> 00:29:24

Yeah, in front of woman but in the prayer what's the hour for women and men? Yes.

00:29:27--> 00:29:32

Everything except the hand on the face. This is for a woman. Why? What's the evidence?

00:29:34--> 00:29:35

What's the evidence?

00:29:41--> 00:29:42

It's important.

00:29:45--> 00:29:52

If someone came and said if a woman came and said Why should I pray covering my head? Why can't I pray

00:29:53--> 00:29:59

without the head cover? You may say because there are men Okay, inside my house can cheat

00:30:00--> 00:30:00

Do that

00:30:01--> 00:30:02

Why?

00:30:11--> 00:30:16

The same had it I just got it from memoria, left Milan salata hiding behind a femur

00:30:17--> 00:30:22

This is in both our society and Muslim. Once the woman reaches the age of puberty

00:30:23--> 00:30:42

her prayer is not accepted without covering. Now here it doesn't say anything about other parts it says that it covers only the head. But once you cover the head that means you cover other parts. Now most of the scholars if you read their books, you'll notice that they got the if

00:30:43--> 00:30:53

you have any Adam holes in the command the Colima strip, but this is indirect about what are the exact parts that you could show in the prayer.

00:30:54--> 00:30:56

There is hadith of a smack

00:30:57--> 00:31:12

of the law in America, Isabella mihaela, Anuradha prophet SAW Selim pointed to his face and his hands, once the woman reaches the age of puberty, only these two things are allowed to show.

00:31:15--> 00:31:16

For men, it is from

00:31:18--> 00:31:21

the navel to the knee. Can you show the navel or the knee?

00:31:23--> 00:31:26

You cannot. It has to be over. What's the evidence?

00:31:34--> 00:31:44

According to the Shafi school of thought you say yes. And actually to the majority of scholars, only amount of 100 for him Allah, he said, You should cover the knee. Again, remember the issue about ILA

00:31:45--> 00:31:49

is it included or excluded? What we said about the widow,

00:31:51--> 00:31:56

the elbow is included in the arm. Why? Why it is included?

00:31:57--> 00:32:04

What was the role, it is part of the thing that we're talking about. Now, in the hour, when you are covering,

00:32:05--> 00:32:28

what you are using is not the part of your body, what you cover with is not a part of your body, so it doesn't have to reach the knee. But again, it is better because once you bend, once you sit, if you're not covering the knee, maybe something will be exposed from your like, from your thigh, so it is forbidden.

00:32:31--> 00:32:39

So covering the outer, again, covering the outer is a condition for the prayer. If you're not covering the outer, your prayer is incorrect.

00:32:43--> 00:32:51

The third condition standing on ground that is free of any impurities. What about having pure

00:32:52--> 00:32:57

purity for yourself, like having mobile, but you are preying on something which is

00:32:58--> 00:33:00

impure? Is that permissible?

00:33:02--> 00:33:02

Why,

00:33:04--> 00:33:13

why you did the widow, so you're good to go? Why should you have pure ground to pray? Why is it a condition?

00:33:15--> 00:33:16

What's the evidence?

00:33:21--> 00:33:34

It's actually difficult evidence. Few people know it. But you have to know it because someone will come and say, I can pray anywhere I want. Even in the laboratory or even in the restroom. Unless you have an evidence you cannot forbidden

00:33:41--> 00:33:43

How about having this as a homework?

00:33:46--> 00:33:54

Try to think about it don't don't just get things for granted. Or do you think this is optional homework? If you did not do it, that's fine.

00:33:55--> 00:33:59

Or if I said this, no one will do it. So it is a homework.

00:34:01--> 00:34:07

Find the evidence that you have to have pure grounds. You have to pray on claim things.

00:34:10--> 00:34:17

It is it is common. All of you know that. But you may not think about it as Yes.

00:34:20--> 00:34:24

Yeah, if she answers then there is no homework. Go ahead. But

00:34:28--> 00:34:32

yes, that's very good. This is one Hadith. There is another Hadith actually.

00:34:35--> 00:34:43

Remember the Hadith of the Arabi, the Bedouin who urinated in the masjid why he did that? Why the companions rushed to him

00:34:45--> 00:35:00

wanting to prevent him from doing this because they knew that you cannot pray in a dirty place in pure place. This is a clip Hadith all of you know, right. try always to think derive the rulings from the Hadith. So this is the thing

00:35:00--> 00:35:19

condition, we have so far three conditions for the prayer to become correct. Now remember, differentiate between the conditions for the prayer to become mandatory, and conditions for the prayer to become accepted, having the knowledge that the time of the prayer has arrived.

00:35:21--> 00:35:22

Can you pray?

00:35:23--> 00:35:25

Can you pray for her? Now?

00:35:26--> 00:35:31

The garden is at one thing, almost. Now it is

00:35:32--> 00:35:36

1240 or 1230. Can you pray now?

00:35:38--> 00:35:39

Why?

00:35:41--> 00:35:41

Why?

00:35:42--> 00:35:44

Why can't you pray before then?

00:35:47--> 00:35:50

So what can you pray after the other?

00:35:52--> 00:35:54

After the time can you pray?

00:35:56--> 00:35:57

Can you or can't you?

00:35:59--> 00:35:59

You can

00:36:01--> 00:36:03

and the time of acid Can you pray for her or not?

00:36:06--> 00:36:13

You pray after the time for an excuse, if you're traveling, or if you slept, you can write

00:36:15--> 00:36:18

Why can't you pray before? If I'm traveling?

00:36:19--> 00:36:22

Can I pray or I can? What do you think?

00:36:24--> 00:36:25

Yeah, before time?

00:36:34--> 00:36:36

Yeah, what's the problem?

00:36:37--> 00:36:39

Can I pray in advance? give myself some credit

00:36:41--> 00:36:45

for tomorrow, or for the next spread? Why? What's the evidence? Yes.

00:36:46--> 00:36:47

You have to have evidence.

00:36:51--> 00:36:51

Evidence

00:36:52--> 00:36:53

you raise your hand.

00:36:57--> 00:37:00

woman can why this is discrimination?

00:37:05--> 00:37:06

What's the evidence?

00:37:09--> 00:37:19

Yes, exactly. Allah says in the Quran. Indeed. The Prayer is made in prescribed on specific time. There is a specific time for the prayer.

00:37:21--> 00:37:46

The hadith of gibreel when jabril came to the messenger sighs lm and the time of the next day, he came in another time. Oh, yes. Now you remember right? Again, that's the advantage of knowing the Hadith. You need to know what's the the lesson you learned from the Hadith. He told him the next day, the time in between between those two timings. That means if you pray before, it's not accepted.

00:37:47--> 00:37:57

If you pray after it's not accepted, unless you have an excuse, there is extra evidence for that. Otherwise there is no use for jabril to come into specific times into different days.

00:37:58--> 00:38:05

So the hadith of gibreel and the ayah of Surah Nisa insalata kanatal manaakitanga mahkota.

00:38:06--> 00:38:07

Do you have something?

00:38:09--> 00:38:11

Very good, Zaki. Okay.

00:38:13--> 00:38:15

Number five, facing the Qibla.

00:38:17--> 00:38:19

Do you have to face the Qibla?

00:38:20--> 00:38:20

Why?

00:38:22--> 00:38:23

What's the evidence?

00:38:26--> 00:38:27

What's the evidence?

00:38:30--> 00:38:33

Isn't the entire earth for Allah subhana wa Taala.

00:38:35--> 00:38:38

Right. So why should I face the Qibla?

00:38:43--> 00:38:44

Where does the law sit?

00:38:48--> 00:38:48

Yes, very good.

00:38:50--> 00:38:57

Can you face the words the sacred house? So you have to face the Qibla?

00:39:01--> 00:39:02

And what's the Tabler? Basically?

00:39:06--> 00:39:07

North East.

00:39:08--> 00:39:13

So if you are in China, you pray northeast. You said northeast again you have to be careful.

00:39:17--> 00:39:18

What's the Qibla

00:39:19--> 00:39:30

for the people inside the harem? the Qibla is the exact Kaaba. They have to face the cabin, literally. For the people outside.

00:39:31--> 00:39:39

They the masjid. They have to face the masjid because they don't see the problem. For people outside Mecca they have to face Mecca.

00:39:42--> 00:39:47

Because nowadays, if we pray here here in this place, if we have line of 20 people,

00:39:48--> 00:39:57

even if we are 100% sure that this is the direction of the tabla. There are certainly some people they are not facing the exact body of the Qibla.

00:39:59--> 00:40:00

Remember that the circle

00:40:00--> 00:40:19

Goes bigger and bigger. So it is according to your ability to master data. That's your ability you are inside the house of Allah subhanaw taala you see the cabinet, so you have to face the cabinet, outside the house of the outside the message, you face the message, where's the direction of the tibia? in Makkah, you face the direction of

00:40:20--> 00:40:27

the masjid, outside Mecca, you face that direction. Once you go bigger and bigger, the circle becomes bigger.

00:40:29--> 00:40:35

So you have to face the Qibla these are five conditions. So how many conditions for the prayer

00:40:36--> 00:40:41

to become accepted? For how many conditions for the prayer to become mandatory

00:40:42--> 00:40:43

to

00:40:45--> 00:40:49

required acts of prayer, pillars of prayer,

00:40:50--> 00:41:01

the minimum act that you have to do otherwise your prayer is incorrect. That's what we mean by the required acts. This is the question that I asked you the first day

00:41:02--> 00:41:11

and unfortunately no one answered. So now inshallah it's your time to to know them, at least according to the Shafi school of thought.

00:41:12--> 00:41:16

How many conditions I did not mention the number. So you will know the number.

00:41:17--> 00:41:18

Because

00:41:19--> 00:41:34

whether you say 12 or 18 according to the social tranquility, if you differentiate between the control and standing, the whole show in record to show and sitting, it becomes 18. If you consider the kosher one, then it is 12.

00:41:35--> 00:41:36

The first

00:41:37--> 00:41:39

pillar is intention.

00:41:40--> 00:41:42

What do we mean by that? What do we mean by the intention?

00:41:47--> 00:41:55

your intention to pray? Someone prayed, he started Allahu Akbar. And he prayed. It's time for those so he's praying.

00:41:56--> 00:41:59

Then he remembered, I did not pray so.

00:42:01--> 00:42:04

So he changed his intention. Okay, I'm praying. So now

00:42:06--> 00:42:10

Is that allowed? Is it accepted? Yes or no?

00:42:11--> 00:42:12

No.

00:42:13--> 00:42:22

It's not accepted. You have to have your intention before the prayer. What are you praying? In MLM Albania? Again, the first hadith of site Buhari.

00:42:24--> 00:42:34

Always the intention is important, especially in the Shafi school of thought. They focus they give extra emphasis for the intention. You cannot change your intention during the prayer.

00:42:36--> 00:42:38

You started by saying it's more than you said.

00:42:39--> 00:42:46

It is, or it is another prayer. It's not accepted. The intention is a pillar of the prayer.

00:42:47--> 00:42:54

The second pillar, standing upright when the person is able to stand you have to stand

00:42:56--> 00:43:05

they have to now this is the Qibla so we wanted to pray and I said let's pray today sitting on tired so I pray sitting Is that a lot?

00:43:06--> 00:43:07

No.

00:43:08--> 00:43:08

Why

00:43:10--> 00:43:13

not? If you're able to stand up, they have to

00:43:15--> 00:43:16

Why?

00:43:18--> 00:43:19

Because what again,

00:43:20--> 00:43:23

why it's required? Why it's required to stand up

00:43:25--> 00:43:26

Why don't we pray sitting?

00:43:28--> 00:43:31

Maybe it looks nice to pray sitting so why don't we place it

00:43:33--> 00:43:36

always the evidences are important.

00:43:38--> 00:43:41

While clay masala established the prayer we established the prayer.

00:43:44--> 00:43:51

Yes, you cannot make a Karma Karma means standing upright. But there are clear evidences.

00:43:53--> 00:43:56

The prophet SAW Selim said suddenly, or a man

00:43:58--> 00:44:10

pray, standing upright, feign lamp testator, if you could not pray, standing, then pray sitting that means if you can pray standing, you should not pray sitting.

00:44:12--> 00:44:13

So it is important.

00:44:16--> 00:44:20

This is the second pillar saying Allahu Akbar.

00:44:21--> 00:44:23

saying Allahu Akbar.

00:44:28--> 00:44:30

Do you have to say Allahu Akbar?

00:44:31--> 00:44:32

Why

00:44:33--> 00:44:36

can't you say Allah is is merciful.

00:44:39--> 00:44:40

And the Hanafi school of thought you can,

00:44:42--> 00:44:47

but in the Shafi school of thought, and the majority of scholars said you cannot you have to say Allahu Akbar. Why,

00:44:48--> 00:44:49

yes.

00:44:51--> 00:45:00

Very good. Had a failure of the law on what the hurry Mohatta can be. It will not start unless you say Allahu Akbar. You have

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

To say Allahu Akbar, Mata Kabir

00:45:04--> 00:45:07

the prayer starts with the COVID Allahu Akbar.

00:45:09--> 00:45:14

Which means it doesn't start with anything else. Allah is is merciful Allah is.

00:45:16--> 00:45:19

is forgiving. You have to say Allahu Akbar

00:45:22--> 00:45:29

reciting the Fatiha including Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim you have to recite Al Fatiha why

00:45:30--> 00:45:33

we mentioned this in the Tafseer right? What's the Hadith?

00:45:35--> 00:45:35

Yes

00:45:39--> 00:45:42

yes exactly last salata lemon Accra, the Omega keytab.

00:45:44--> 00:46:12

In the Shafi school of thought you have to to read it whether the man read it or not, whether the prayer is prayed aloud or in silent you have to read Surah Fatiha Anita Barrera also the lawn guru Salatin, let me refer you to Makita Dodge, Dodge dodge. Now in the Shafi school of thought again, as we mentioned yesterday Bismillah R Rahman Rahim is a so also you have to say it aloud. Other scholars, they said you say it but silently.

00:46:13--> 00:46:16

So Surah Fatiha is a pillar.

00:46:18--> 00:46:23

And again, in the Shafi school of thought, if someone said iaca, instead of Iraq and Abu what happens?

00:46:24--> 00:46:26

The entire prayer is,

00:46:27--> 00:46:30

is able to of course, because again, iaca

00:46:31--> 00:46:38

is the light of the sun. Instead of saying, You alone worship, you say the light of the sun we worship.

00:46:42--> 00:46:44

It depends if it changes the meaning.

00:46:46--> 00:46:53

If it changes the meaning, like this yakka then it nullifies the prayer, if it does not, then it is it is forgiven.

00:46:54--> 00:47:00

Why? Because again, we're talking about a pillar of prayer. It's not something optional. That is pillar

00:47:01--> 00:47:05

number five, bowing down and settling in the act.

00:47:09--> 00:47:16

diving down and settling in the act, what do we mean by that? You have to bow down to do to cool, and to stay for some time.

00:47:19--> 00:47:31

To Nina, which means you cannot just move like that. Or I did the record, you just bend your head and then you're not and then you stand up. You have to bow with some time.

00:47:33--> 00:47:34

You have to sit in the act.

00:47:37--> 00:47:39

Can someone pray by standing only?

00:47:42--> 00:47:48

We said that standing is a pillar, right? Okay, I understand. I don't like to do Rico don't have to do

00:47:51--> 00:47:51

I have to do?

00:47:54--> 00:48:01

No, there is no problem in the back. The back is good. hamdulillah but I like to to just stay standing. What do you think?

00:48:09--> 00:48:14

Of course, of course there is no meaning for the answer without the evidence. Why do you have to do record?

00:48:16--> 00:48:19

Something you do five times a day at least you don't know why.

00:48:23--> 00:48:25

What's the answer? Go ahead.

00:48:27--> 00:48:28

Go ahead.

00:48:31--> 00:48:35

What's the methods explained? Now the profits are set. Yes.

00:48:38--> 00:48:55

Very good. The prayer of the prophet SAW Selim said pray as you saw me praying solo Kamara, Tonio solly but that means everything the prophet SAW Selim did is mandatory How can we extract the things that are not mandatory? How can we say that record is mandatory

00:49:01--> 00:49:03

what cow Mara can perform record

00:49:04--> 00:49:05

very good.

00:49:07--> 00:49:09

The Ayah or Allah subhanaw taala says

00:49:11--> 00:49:12

what cow Moroccan and then another

00:49:13--> 00:49:21

gala dinner was to do masala come to fly home. So you have to perform record as Allah said in the Quran.

00:49:23--> 00:49:25

Okay, so this is number five bound.

00:49:27--> 00:49:32

What about the second part of it? settling? Why do you have to settle in the record?

00:49:34--> 00:49:36

Can't I just do like this? And I'm done.

00:49:38--> 00:49:44

I did the record. You said record is pillar. Okay, I did it. This is required. And I stood up straight.

00:49:46--> 00:49:51

I'm in a hurry. So I stood up. I need to call and I did salute and that's it.

00:50:01--> 00:50:06

Yeah, that's what the prophet SAW Selim did. So it's recommended. What makes it mandatory?

00:50:08--> 00:50:08

Yes.

00:50:14--> 00:50:22

Very good. That's the essence of all the pillars. That's the essence of all the pillars. The Hadith of the man who did not pray properly.

00:50:23--> 00:51:07

They said the scholar said, whatever the prophet SAW Selim commanded him to do, it is a pillar. He commanded him to do the prayer this way to do the record with Thomasina with settling in the act. So it made it mandatory. If it's not mandatory, the prophet SAW Selim would not have mentioned it for him. That makes it mandatory because the prophet SAW said I mentioned it. So bowing with settling his pillar, standing upright after bowing and settling in the act, the same thing, the same evidence, the Hadith of the man who prayed badly and it is in the Sahaba. So it is famous Hadith, you have to read it, go back and read it. All the acts mentioned there they are pillar

00:51:08--> 00:51:12

number seven, prostrating and settling in the act,

00:51:14--> 00:51:17

prostrating and settling in the act.

00:51:18--> 00:51:23

Number eight, sitting between the two prostrations. So if you prostrate

00:51:25--> 00:51:26

and then you stand up

00:51:27--> 00:51:39

without doing the prostration. The second one, your prayer is incorrect. If you do prostrations twice, without sitting in between your prayer is incorrect, because sitting is is a pillar

00:51:41--> 00:51:49

sitting at the end of the prayer and reciting the dish out, sitting and reciting the Shahada. When

00:51:50--> 00:52:00

at the end, this is very important clause at the end, because we have sitting in the middle, is it the pillar? No, the chef is closer, it's not a pillar.

00:52:04--> 00:52:08

Number 10 making Salah upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:52:11--> 00:52:13

balmaceda Allah Muhammad

00:52:14--> 00:52:22

Ali Mohammed This is a pillar which means if you only say adhere to the law, he was allowed to have a bat and you stop

00:52:23--> 00:52:24

with prayer is incorrect.

00:52:26--> 00:52:32

Number 11 saying Assalamualaikum once to the right.

00:52:36--> 00:52:38

Once to the right What do you understand from this?

00:52:41--> 00:52:52

What do you understand from this? They have to say twice. No all scholars four times they agree that saying the Salaam to the left is only sooner

00:52:53--> 00:53:04

accepted but hasn't Rahim Allah He says both of them are watching. But all scholars said the Salaam is once and the prophet SAW Selim did it in Sedona without intermedia he did Salam once sometimes.

00:53:07--> 00:53:10

So saying Salaam only once this is the pillar.

00:53:11--> 00:53:21

So if you tell me in the exam, if I asked you the pillars of prayer and you say saying the Salaam twice strong You have to say once you have to know which is pillar and which is sooner.

00:53:22--> 00:53:26

So now how many actions do we have as mandatory

00:53:28--> 00:53:56

11 one more left, performing these acts in the order indicated these are the pillars of the prayer performing these acts in the order. Okay, we already said Roku is pillar, right? and tranquility and the core is pillar you have to set them and standing is pillar, I will do it. I will do that. But I will stand up I will pray and then I will go straight to the root. And then I will do the record.

00:53:57--> 00:54:00

I did the record. Is this acceptable?

00:54:02--> 00:54:03

Yes or no?

00:54:04--> 00:54:05

Yes or no?

00:54:06--> 00:54:07

Why?

00:54:08--> 00:54:09

Why it's not acceptable.

00:54:12--> 00:54:13

That's not the way What?

00:54:14--> 00:54:17

Oh, that's not the way he showed the man.

00:54:18--> 00:54:29

Yes. That's the way the prophet SAW Selim commanded them and not only showed because that's the way the prophet SAW send and prayed and he said Son, Luca Mara, Tony solly. But that's the way he commanded the man.

00:54:32--> 00:54:50

Because always he told him then, then that means it is pillar. It's not a pillar, he would not tell him then he would tell him or pray this or this. And then you could do this or this, but he he showed him the correct order. So that's the order. So how many pillars in the prayer

00:54:51--> 00:54:59

12 memorize this number. Keep it in your mind. Don't you notice something here? What do we buy by pillars?

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

If you do them, your prayer is what?

00:55:04--> 00:55:07

Correct? Your prayer is correct.

00:55:08--> 00:55:15

According to the surface school of thought, do you have to say Subhan? Allah, Allah Subhana, Allah Allah in Baku our salute?

00:55:17--> 00:55:27

Do you have to say? No. So it's not a pillar? So once I asked you, what are the pillars always try to recall these 12 things, if it's one of them, when you say it is pillar.

00:55:28--> 00:56:11

This is important in order to judge a prayer, is it correct? Is it complete or not? If you missed one of them, of course, that does not mean it's good to pray this way. But they are just telling you these are the pillars, other things that are recommended when they say they are recommended. That does not mean you leave them. But once or if it happened one time, and you did not do one of the recommended acts, your prayer is correct. These are the pillars of the prayer. Now, recommended acts before beginning the prayer look at before. It's in bold font before because there are recommended acts before the prayer and after the prayer. What are the recommended acts before the beginning of

00:56:11--> 00:56:12

the prayer?

00:56:14--> 00:56:16

We have two acts two things

00:56:18--> 00:56:21

making the other and they come. That's it.

00:56:24--> 00:56:34

People are fighting or he prayed without calling we are done and the economy. It's recommended. It's not mandatory. Yes, you should do it. But it's recommended

00:56:35--> 00:56:54

that we'll tell you how to apply these things. In order if there is dispute, there's argument people said you have to do it you don't. It's only recommended. According to the Shafi school of thought event and the farmer. They are recommended. It's not mandatory. This is before the beginning of the prayer.

00:56:55--> 00:57:03

Recommended acts after the beginning of the prayer and with this inshallah we will end our session recommended acts after beginning the prayer.

00:57:06--> 00:57:23

Also we have two or you could say three, but let's say first it is two, we have two acts recommended after. So you need to know what is before and what is after before then and the comma after the beginning of the prayer reciting the Tisha hood during the middle sitting.

00:57:24--> 00:57:32

The Shahada Also, if you have forca prayer or three recap prayer, there's a shout out in the middle, it is only recommended

00:57:36--> 00:57:39

and the second is making a note during the dawn prayer.

00:57:41--> 00:57:52

The Shafi school of thought it is recommended act to do the keynote in salata. So, what's the keynote, the DA Almudena Freeman had a laugh in a seminar.

00:57:53--> 00:57:54

This is the drop

00:57:55--> 00:58:00

in the corner of the prayer. It is recommended according to the Shafi school of thought

00:58:01--> 00:58:26

and during the winter prayer, in the second half of Ramadan, in Ramadan when people pray the rosary, and then they pray the winter after the second half like from the night of the 15th of Ramadan. And the winter prayer the last striker, you say the keynote also the same that it is recommended. So how many acts are recommended, we have to

00:58:27--> 00:58:30

the middle to shadow the shadow outside and

00:58:31--> 00:58:46

the corner in the dawn and in the winter prayer after the middle of Ramadan. Now, these are the recommended x there is something after that which is preferred x we will not take them. But we need to know the difference.

00:58:47--> 00:58:52

What's the difference in the Shafi school of thought between recommended and preferred?

00:58:54--> 00:59:00

Look at me recommend that means if you missed it, you should do

00:59:02--> 00:59:16

so do the cell forgetfulness salute? preferred means if you did not do it, you don't do so. Without a call. Hey, Attila Oh Do they Miss Li what Allah has to do? That's what they say in the matter. If you miss

00:59:18--> 00:59:25

the preferred act, because we have 15 preferred acts now notice until now we did not mention lots of things, saying I mean,

00:59:26--> 00:59:53

saying Subhan Allah, Allah saying rubberneck and hum saying salam to the left, all these acts are preferred. What's the difference between preferred and recommended? preferred means you don't have to do it and you don't do so don't settle for it. The commanded act which means if you follow the Shafi school of thought the Imam he trades off so they did not do the winter, the keynote and the second draka he should do

00:59:54--> 00:59:59

the forgetfulness to do so do the cell. That's according to the Shafi School of while if you miss

01:00:00--> 01:00:08

One of the preferred acts, you don't do anything, it's only preferred act. So which is stronger, preferred or recommended?

01:00:10--> 01:00:19

Good recommended. okay with this inshallah we will conclude our session for today how to Salalah Solomon and William Hamadan sandwich man. Is there any question?

01:00:26--> 01:00:35

making that in your own language institute and in first of all it's recommended to make dua and distribute. That's the place where you make

01:00:36--> 01:00:57

because the prophets of Salaam said, America Fatima, Massoud fish day to feed. So in this Jude, you make the DA, can you make it with your own language? Some scholars allowed it many scholars said it is prohibited You have to do it in Arabic. But some scholars allowed it including Sheffield Islam or haemoglobin Tamia, it's mentioned in his photo. So it is permissible.

01:01:10--> 01:01:19

Yes, again, do you have to follow all of them actually cannot follow all of them. Because sometimes they contradict each other. So you have to follow only one of them.

01:01:20--> 01:02:00

But what we are doing here, we are teaching you one method. That's what I said, I repeated this twice. And this is the third time. I'm not telling you, this is what you should follow. I'm only teaching you this. Because what happens people are excited. They want to study all the formats. Eventually, they forget everything and they are confused. Once you start with this method, you know, the evidence, then it's no problem go from there. But do not start with all four format types or even more. So I'm only giving you what books the chef's could have. I'm not telling you you have to follow it. Like this incident for the for woman. Do they have to follow? Is this the correct

01:02:00--> 01:02:09

opinion? I don't believe so. I believe women are allowed to recite the Quran even during the menses because it may last for 10 or 15 days.

01:02:10--> 01:02:25

And the Hadith the chef is going to base their opinion on is not authentic. scholar said there is a difference between job and hired her she cannot help it. This is something happened to her while you know you can perform hustle and that's it.