Fiqh – Understanding the Religion 6/14
Channel: Isam Rajab
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smart man Rahim. hamdulillah al Rahman al Ameen. Abdullah Salatu was Curtis Lee Manama both Ramadan Ilana amin Nabina Muhammad, Allah Allah savage mine, so Santa Monica, Telangana Kanto Welcome to our class of today, inshallah we will discuss the recommended acts of photo. We're continuing talking about Voodoo, we started yesterday by the pillars of photo and we mentioned that they are six, it is important always to know the number of each category, how many types of water can we use? What are the divisions of water, what are the pillars of football and now, we are moving to the recommended actor photo. It is important also to know the evidences for each pillar for each thing which is
The Pillars of although we mentioned they are six now,
the recommended x or photo they are 10.
So, remember this number 10 recommended acts of Voodoo.
We have six pillars, and now we have 10 recommended acts of Voodoo. The first one is saying Bismillah
saying Bismillah because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
In one Hadith he said who Bismillah it is narrated by him, I'm gonna say and there are many other Hadith. In one of the Hadith the prophet SAW, Selim said, Lao will do a lemon let me have charisma Allah Allah or lemon, let me send Mila there is no law for the one who did not mention the name of Allah. Now, you feel that because of this Hadith, saying Bismillah should be obligatory. But again, we have the other Hadith in which the prophet SAW Selim instructed the people to go back to the ayah. Since we don't have Bismillah in the ayah then it is not obligatory It is only Sunnah to say Bismillah. That's according to the opinion of Imam Shafi Rahim Allah. So this is the first one
saying Bismillah what's the evidence the prophet SAW Selim recommended many times in many a Hadith, one of them in sunon, an essay and in other books of Hadith to say Bismillah.
recommended act of Voodoo is washing the hands,
washing the hands, what do you mean by the hand, the fingers to the wrist, that's the hand
washing the hands, this is recommended and it is recommended. At the beginning, you start the window after you make your intention, after you say Bismillah you start by washing the hands. Why do we start with washing the hands because you are using water and you want to clean yourself. So you first clean this thing that you will use
the water with. If your hands are dirty, and you are using water to wash your face, maybe your face will become dirty instead of becoming clean. So you start by washing the hands especially if you are sleeping, and you wake up. Some scholars said it is mandatory. Anyway, we will not go into the details. Now we just need to understand and memorize the recommended acts with the evidences, saying Bismillah
and washing the hands. Now we have two things. The third recommended act is rinsing the mouth.
rinsing the mouth. What do we mean by rinsing the mouth. Some people, they put the water in the mouth and then they take it out.
This is good because remember you're doing only as soon as it's not mandatory, however, it's recommended to do it. As the prophet SAW Selim did it. You put the water in your mouth and you move the water inside your mouth. That's what we mean by mouth model. Some people they put the water and they take it out while you're supposed to put the water and you move your mouth with the water in it. And then you take out the water. So that's what we mean by rinsing the mouth.
The next sooner flushing the inside of the nose with the water
the inside of the nose with the water
or what we call an Arabic Eastern shock. We have mud mother and we have Eastern shock. It's been shocked again, many people they don't do it correctly. What do they do? They put the water inside their nose. With their hand they insert the water with their hand
while you're supposed to
sniff the water with your nose, you put the water, clean it clean, close to your nose. And then you sniff the water with your nose. That's how you're supposed to do it.
That's how you're supposed to do. And actually, actually, it's recommended to do both of them in one time. Like, you have water in your hand, you put some water in your mouth, and then the remaining water, you sniff it in your nose, you do the rinsing of the mouth, you take the water out and you flush the water
out of your nose. This is one time then the second time the same thing. Then the third time, the same thing. Instead of doing the mouth three times then doing the nose three times. In total it became six while the sooner is to do it three times altogether. That's what came in the authentic Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim. So we have saying Bismillah we have washing the hands, we have
rinsing the mouth and flushing the inside of the nose. These are three sunon
these are four sunon from the widow. The fifth one is wiping the whole head with both hands
wiping the whole head with both hands.
Now all these soon and what's the evidence for them? Now we said Bismillah it came in some ahaadeeth like the Hadith and Sunnah say the rest of the Hardee's the rest of the sooner it came in the hadith of Abdullah bin Zayed not the Allahu unharmed elevens in the hadith of Abdullah bin Zayed of the law it is inside Buhari anti muslim. All these actions were done by the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Because he called for water. He asked for water when it came to him. He said I will perform the widow as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam performed the widow. So that means this is the sooner This is the sooner you start by saying Bismillah you wash your hands, you rinse your mouth, you've flushed the inside of your nose, you wipe the whole head. So if you say in the pillars wiping the head, it will be incorrect because that's not an accurate statement you have to say in the pillars wiping part of the head in the sun. And the recommended acts wiping the entire head
with two hands because that's what the prophet SAW Selim did.
Number six, wiping the ears wiping the ears with wet fingers. What do you understand from this with wet fingers?
What do you understand from this?
Okay, I will ask you this question.
Because it may come to in the exam. I may ask you this question in the exam someone wide over his head. And then he wiped his ears.
Another one What? His head? He took new water.
And he released the water and then he wiped his ears. Which one is correct? The first or second?
No both you whether this one or that one?
According to the method what you're studying?
which one is correct? The first or the second?
The first one wrong.
According to other schools or schools of thought, yes, the first one but according to the ma'am chef according to this point number six. It is the second one. Why because they said with wet fingers. If you wipe over your head,
then you don't have you almost don't have water because you already removed the water. You just your hands were with you did not keep the hands so you are wiping you are not washing they said wiping with wet fingers, which means you wipe over your head. You take new water, you leave the water and then you wipe your ears with your fingers. So this is important. According to the surface golfer you take new water for
your ears. And what's the evidence for wiping the ears?
Why do we wipe the ears?
Isn't it sufficient to wipe the head?
Why do we wipe the ears
there is the hadith of located on sobre la Juan. The Prophet science alum, Mr. hyperoxia he went over his head then
He took no water and then he wiped over his ears.
And it is narrated by a hacker Rahim Allah and His Mr. Duck. So you wipe your ears with new water. Some scholars said, you don't put new water now we want to establish at least this school of thought then we will move inshallah next year we'll move to all schools of thought and we will discuss all opinions.
Number seven, running the water between the beard, fingers and toes.
Running the water between beard, fingers and toes. What do we mean by that you are washing your hands with water, it's recommended to
make the water come into your fingers, your beard, especially if someone has long beard when you wash your face. Now, remember yesterday we said the face is from the forehead to the chin. But if someone has beard long beard up to here, when you wash your face, that's your face, so you did not reach him. So it is recommended
to run the water through the beard. The same thing with the toes.
The same thing with the toes.
For the same Howdy. Again, it was mentioned in the same Hadith.
So now we have seven recommended acts. The eighth one, cleaning the right side before the left side,
cleaning the right side before the left side. It's always the Sunnah of the messenger SOS lm to start with the right side. When you enter the masjid, when you wear your slippers when you when you do anything, when you take something when you comb your hair, anything you do it you start with the right side. Unless it is something like cleaning, you clean with your left hand, you leave the message, you leave the message with your left foot. So you start with the right hand. The same thing with the
for the hands, with the with for the arms with the elbows for the feet. You start with the right side. Now this is only soon.
So if someone started with the left side, it's still accepted, but it's not recommended. Because the I did not state that you have to start with the right side.
Number nine performing these acts three times thrice performing these acts three times.
you wash your hands three times.
you rinse your mouth three times.
You flush the inside of the nose three times you wash your face three times.
What if someone did it only one time?
It's okay. Why
Quran the Quran does not say you have to do it three times. That's correct. What if someone wiped over his head? Three times?
What do you think?
It's valid? Because it's not in the ayah. Is it? So now?
Now it's true. The Euro is still correct. But is it enough to do here it says performing these Act Three times.
Does it say
except the head?
That's the question. Is it recommended to repeat wiping over the head three times? No. Well, according to the chef, a school of thought Yes, it is recommended.
Because performing these acts thrice all all the acts while we know from the Sunnah, that it's only once
they see the things that you wipe, you should like only once, but they say all the acts, they should be done the same. So even wiping over
the head, you wipe three times.
The last one performing these acts in succession.
performing these acts in succession. Now we have 10 recommended that what do we mean by performing these acts in succession? What's the meaning of succession?
Without long interruption so what's the long interruption
What's the long interruption?
Long interruption is
when the parts of the widow on the limbs of the widow, they become dry by themselves. That means there is a long period of time.
So if that happens, you should start over. Do you have to or it's only recommended, it is recommended. You don't have to. So let's say someone starts to doodle. He washed his hands. He runs his mouth, his nose, he washed his face. Then he received phone call
from his friend, or from his wife.
His wife was complaining and she took half an hour on the phone.
And then he remembered, oh, I started though,
should he start over or he can continue?
He can continue but it's not recommended. He can continue because in the area, it doesn't say that they they have to be
succession, but it is recommended. It is recommended to do these acts in succession. And actually the correct opinion in this is that it it has to be it is pillar. But according to the Shafi school of thought, it's only
recommended it's not a pillar.
So what's the long interruption? How can we say this is long interruption This is short interruption, when
the parts of the window become dry by themselves?
What if someone What if someone washed his hands
he finished his his mouth, his nose, his face? Then he why he took a towel and he wiped his face and his hands then he continued Is that considered
long interruption or he still considered doing these acts in succession
in succession because he himself tried his own parts
that's why we say the long interruption when the parts of the loop by themselves
not when you wipe
you dry your own parks.
So these are
the recommended acts of Voodoo now we know the pillars of the window and we know the recommended acts of Voodoo so now we will move to
the things that invalidate the will do
we have six things
that are pillars for what do we have 10 things which are recommended and now we have things that invalidate will do how many things and remember that was the question I asked you in the in the quiz first day. Now inshallah you should not forget them at all six things. So we have 610 six,
six things and validate will do
six things and validate with the
first one, whatever comes out of the Risa or the rectum
What do we mean by that?
Anything comes out from the genitals
from the front or anything comes from the back. That's what we mean by urethra and rectum anything comes out
they say even if it was the kidney stone you know it comes like crystal small very small it invalidates will do
passing gas included here right. So anything comes out
of the of the Aretha and rectum this invalidates
the second thing sleeping not in a sitting position.
Sleeping not in a sitting position. What do you mean by that?
I may ask you list the things that invalidate will do. And you may say sleeping
if you say sleeping will be wrong. You have to say sleeping not in a sitting position. This is according to the Shafi school of thought. We have actually seven opinions in this matter amongst the scholar seven opinions, because sleeping itself sleeping itself does not invalidate by itself. But because you may lose your room while you are asleep.
And they will not be able to know. So it was considered
as something will invalidate your order. Why? They said why they made an exception while you are in a sitting position. Because there is a hadith when the prophet SAW Selim delayed their Isha prayer, and the companions, their heads were not that means they were almost asleep and they were sitting.
And then Amara de la Han, he called the messenger of science element, he reminded him that people are sleeping.
So the prophet SAW Selim called for the karma, he asked the people to call for their karma. And he said, that's the best time for it. I did not mean difficult, I will made it I would have made it the time for the Isha prayer late. So in this Hadith, the companions no one of them was asked to repeat the widow. So the shaft a school of thought they said, since they were sitting, and they they were almost asleep. That means that it was not invalidated. But if they if you are lying down, then your rule will be invalidated.
So if someone slips like that,
as well, though, is not invalidated according to the surface colorful. Of course, other schools of thought they said no, it invalidates although as long as you lose your conscious, then it invalidates although
losing the consciousness invalidates will do which is more appropriate actually. But again, now we are trying to learn one school of thought before we move to other schools. So we have first anything comes out
from the front or from the back.
Sleeping, but not in a sitting position. Sleeping not in a sitting position. You have to mention this condition. Number three, losing one's mind due to due to does not mean this is the only thing that's why it was said such as alcohol or illness.
Someone passed out.
Does he lose his widow? Yes, he does.
Someone was intoxicated and he doesn't understand anything anymore.
He lost his
illness, not the illness itself, but the illness that will cause you to lose your consciousness. Because some people they take medication and because of that medication they pass out so they will though is not valid anymore.
Number four, directly touching the skin of a foreign woman
directly touching the skin of a foreign woman. This is very important.
Which means if you touch the skin of a foreign woman, but with your gloves, you are wearing gloves, would that invalidate your auto?
If you touch the skin of your mother
does that invalidate will do
know. It says foreign woman who is the foreign woman, the woman that you can marry? That's what they mean by foreign woman. Not from another country. They mean by the foreign woman, the woman that you can marry
any woman you can marry in Islam it is considered foreign woman which means you cannot see her. You cannot see her hair. You cannot see her without the hijab.
That's the foreign woman.
What about your wife?
If someone touched his wife
why it doesn't break. Why?
She's not foreign. No, she is included.
Can you divorce her and re marry her?
you can. So she's still foreign. According to this definition.
Yes, she's your wife. But
she invalidates though that's why people try to joke sometimes you follow the Shafi school of thought and they because what's the evidence why it invalidates will do.
Allah mentioned in the Quran, Allah Miss don't miss
in another era, this is in Surah Nisa, and in Surah, also in another LMS to manisa Lemma stone means you touched
lemmas so they said when you touch woman that will invalidate your worldview.
Now remember here, it's
is touching the skin?
So if you touch the hair of a foreign woman, does it invalidate Oh
no, it does not. It's the hair, it's not the skin. So be careful again you need to be accurate. That's why every word counts every word.
The skin does not the hair does not invalidate widow
has to be direct. She has to be foreign woman and it has to be the skin.
Number five, touching one's genital with the inside of the hand
if you touch your genital with the inside of your hand
so again here in number five
if you touch your genitals with the back of your hand well that invalidate your auto
know why then they said with the inside of your hand because they said that's the most likely with the shower was the desire. So it will invalidate will do while when you touch it with the back maybe it happened
by accident. So there is a reason why they say that. Why to begin with why touching the ones genital invalidate. So though it's part of your body.
Why it invalidates? The prophet SAW Selim said the non Hadith man Mr. dakara, who
and Mr. Khurana filetto. Whoever touched
his private party should perform Moodle. So touching the genitals and validate so do the Shafi school of thought with the insight they said only with the insight.
So this is the fifth thing that will invalidate your model
number six, touching one's anus.
So it's not only your genital but also the anus
that will invalidate will do why
now there is no Hadith here, but they said since the prophet SAW Selim
may made touching the genital for
invalidates Voodoo then also touching the other side invalidates although as well, that's why they said touching one's anus also invalidates will do so how many things invalidate to do according to the Shafi school of thought? Six
you need to memorize them exactly how many things are recommended in auto 10 how many things
are pillars and we'll do six six actions. Okay, now with this we are done with the Moodle. Now we should move to the next chapter which is also
we will move to the Rasul inshallah, however, I want to make sure that you understood everything here.
and he slept.
Is this valid or not?
Exactly, that's good. How did he sleep? You have to ask? Because if you say yes, it invalidates will do wrong if you say no, it's also wrong. How did he sleep? Someone vomited. He threw up does it invalidate whether or not
Yes, very good. Does it say here it invalidates although, no. So why are we are studying six things then?
It does not.
Anything comes out from where
does it say from the mouth from the lower part of your body from the rectum or is it urethra? So vomiting does not invalidate.
he was hurt. Does it invalidate Oh,
no. Does it say here that it invalidates Oh,
no. Okay, that's very important.
wiping the neck?
Is it recommended or pillar of the widow?
recommended? It's one of the 10 things that are mentioned here.
It's not recommended.
Does it say that you wipe over your neck?
That's the purpose of limiting the points they actions 10 six six
What about injection? What about
does it say injecting invalidates although
does it say or it does no so it does not
fasting something else we're not talking about fasting here we're talking about something specific mobile. We're talking about will do.
Okay, we will stop here inshallah is the end of the session how to sell allow Solomon ramadasa management