Fiqh For Beginners EP 5
Channel: Isam Rajab
File Size: 22.48MB
Special course by Yayasan Ta’lim & Arees University. Conducted by Dr Isam Rajab. FIQH FOR BEGINNERS (session 5)
Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah subhanaw taala Ramadan reached the book of HUD.
First we have the necessary conditions for Hajj to be obligatory.
And we have seven
these conditions in order for Hajj to be obligatory, which means if they are not fulfilled all had is not obligatory upon you. First one is being a Muslim.
Second one is reaching the age of puberty.
The third one is sanity.
The fourth one being a free person.
The fifth one, the availability of food and transportation.
The sixth one, the safety of the road. And finally being able to walk without any of these conditions had
is not mandatory.
We find many people, they ask for help. financial help. Why because I want to go for help. You don't have to, if you don't have enough money had isn't obligatory upon you. That's what these conditions mean. If you are sick, in a sense that you cannot walk. So again, Hajj is not obligatory upon you. So don't be worried, don't feel bad, because you are exempt. Why? These are the most conditions in any of a bother in hedge. Why? Because hedge requires both financial and physical ability. Unlike other types of rabada, where you have one of them, like prayer, you don't have to pay anything, but you have to be able to stand and bow and prostrate while in hajj, you have to have money. Otherwise
you cannot go. Even if you had the money, but there was no way to go there. It was very far. And the road wasn't safe. Again, the same thing you don't have to go. So these conditions actually they make it easy for the Muslim. Unless all of them fulfill, you don't have to go for Hajj. So these are the seven
conditions. Next we have the essential rites of the pilgrimage, five
pillars that need to be done.
First one making the intention to enter into a swamp.
What does it mean?
When we say the word Trump, what comes to mind? What do you know about Trump?
wearing those two towels. So now if I felt hot and I put on two towels, am I in the state of Iran? No. This is what many people think when they look at someone just because he is wearing those two pieces of government that is in the state of Assam? No. This is a preparation the state of Islam is actually with the intention that you are entering into the rights of Umrah or Hajj. So you put those on. But that doesn't mean you are in the state of the state of Iran when you declare the intention whether the baker Lama or the baker Lama Hajj from that designated area, that's what the term means. Okay, but we have the notion that for some reason, once these are put on them, no. That's just the
Standing in our office, when do we stand in our office?
On the ninth of the hedger on the ninth of the
circumambulating the cabinet on
the day of read, when is the day read?
It is the tense one day after standing in alpha
walking between a Safa and Marwa, when does that happen?
After the tower, we call it awfully father, the wife of the visit. Then the walking between Safa and Marwa and
then shaving off
We head again on that day. So how many things do we have?
But there are many things that are not mentioned.
Sleeping in Mina
staying in was really fun. Also, what's the rolling here?
All of these are not pillars.
They are either Santa or only wajib. What does it mean what you
if it's a large IP, then you are to do it and if you don't do it, you are liable for the fara. But your head is valid, while those ones if you don't do them, your hedge is invalid, you have to do them. That's what it means. The essential rites of ombre entering into a home that's number one
circumambulating the Kaaba
walking between Safa and Marwa
and shaving or trimming the hair
these are the four rights of
but for the height we have one additional thing which is standing in Africa.
Now the required rights of the pilgrimage other than the essential ones okay so now you differentiate between required and essential in terms of Hajj only in hajj.
Required means wajib essential means for required means if you leave it your Hajj is still valid but you are liable for kuffar slaughtering sheep or fasting or any of the Coronavirus but essential means that your Hajj is invalid without them. So somebody came on the 10th of the hijab on the day of aid, can he finish the Hajj?
On the 10th he missed arafa
there is no Hajj anymore, it's too late. Okay, that's what it means.
So the required rites of the pilgrimage other than the essential ones, they are three entering into Iran only at occasions specified by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from the designated place. So if you're coming from Malaysia, where is the place where you're supposed to start your
Cardinal monastic? You know where that is?
It's less than 100 kilometers south of Mecca. Okay.
People from the north from a sham. Where is there? Me part?
from our Java,
people from Medina, what is there
a beer alley. So, to make the hum from there, that is required. The harm itself is pillar you cannot perform Hajj or Umrah without harm. What does that mean? So if you pass one of those places, you're supposed to start from there and you didn't you were late. You continued and then you start started from your head or amre still valid, but you are liable for cafaro
is it clear now the difference between required and essential.
So, entering into ashram only? At occasions only applications that are specified by the prophet sallallahu wasallam.
casting the pebbles what pebbles?
peramuna jamara when and how when is that?
Any anyone? You have never been for Hajj nobody went for had
you been? Not yet. You've been so
you didn't throw the pebbles
seven or 21 777 Boeing.
is which one
For casting the pebbles
we have on the day of eight, how many?
Only one of them the last one seven times, a lockable Cobra.
That's on the day of the next day, how many
21 777 just like the sisters, but on the day of read only seven last one because we have three places. We have three places seven at each. That's on the first day after the read, which is 11th of the second day after the 12th of the future. But on the day of read, it's only seven and the first one
or the last one. General, lockable Cobra the last one. Okay. In total, how many do you throw
49 if you want to rush
And 70 if you're staying for the third day, which very few people do, Allah says, from an bandula for your main for life, Molly, he who rushes in two days, there is no harmony, woman tahara and he who delays if you want to delay for the third day after the hedge after the a DA also it is permissible. If you stay for a third day, you have to throw them seven, seven and seven. Okay. So if you want the extended ones on the day of raid, you throw the last one, seven.
Next day 777. That's they want the next day again, 777. That's the two. And then the last day again, seven, seven and seven.
Okay, that's 63 plus the seven on the day of eight, that 70 that's the extended one. But most people what do they do? Only two days after the day, right? So that's 42 plus the seven that's what
49? What's the ruling on doing that?
If you miss them, your hedges invalid. It is valid but you are liable for the far
shaving the head. Now this was repeated twice.
According to one opinion. First we mentioned it as an essential rite of pilgrimage. Actually, you need to strike that out from the top it's here the correct opinion that it is required it is not essential. See repeated twice it cannot be twice it has to be either required or essential.
For aamra Yes, it is essential. But for Hajj. It is required on
it's repeated that number two and number four. Number two, the last one, number five and number four, the last one number three. So keep it at number four and
scratch it from number two.
They understand what happened. We left them to tell you that there is more than one opinion. That's all.
The recommended rites of pilgrimage now these are what recommended. What does it mean? If you leave them? There is nothing on you. You don't have to do anything. But you only lose reward. That's all. Your head is still valid. You don't have to do anything. First one performing the pilgrimage without the ombre. What do we call that?
How many types of Hajj we can make? Three. First one is what
is fraud? What's the meaning of a frog?
singular. That's a frog. Meaning you don't have only you're going there to perform Hajj only and according to the surface school. This is the recommended one. You do had without armor only had
the second form. What do we do?
It's called de mettre.
Umrah and Hajj and in between you break your Islam. So you go for Hajj about 20 days earlier. You cannot stay in the state of Islam all these days because staying in the state of your home means you don't approach your wife sexually. You don't wear perfume. You don't put on your regular clothes. You don't a lot of things.
You cannot shave, but you go there 20 days earlier you perform wrong after you perform, you perform or after you finish them or you terminate.
And then on the eighth of the hedger what is called the day of thermia you start the from again from your place and the hotel wherever you are you start your home again, that's what is it called? It's called tomato
During the time of Hajj with breaking the hump, the third form is gone. Same thing ombre during the time of Hajj, but without breaking the hump.
without breaking the crown for those who never been it's kind of difficult to keep track of all these. So try slowly again.
The only thing we are mixing ombre and Hutch together that's all you have had alone. You have ombre and touch with breaking between them and you have armor and hedge without breaking, staying at the state of Islam.
So the recommended rites for pilgrimage performing the pilgrimage without the ombre only had to go for a frog only.
You don't have to perform Umrah only had
the second chanting the idea the baker lahoma bake the baker lashari Kala Kala bake in Alhambra, one near Metallica. Well, milk, lashari collect? This is recommended. What if somebody didn't say it?
Is hedges valid? Does he have to pay any cafaro to do anything? No, he's just losing reward. companions used to start that the minute they start the
you say the baker long mama or the baker, long Mahajan, and you start saying the baker lamella. Baker Baker. Unfortunately, in our time, you start for five minutes. And that's it.
All the way. You see now, it doesn't make sense to celebrate columella big, this is a temporary a better add a temporary place only during that time. So make sure you do it as much as possible because there isn't other time that you do.
There isn't another time that you do it. Fortunately, many people they are busy. What are we going to have for lunch? How we're arriving? Is it air conditioned? Is it this is it. So at that time, make sure that you are saying as much as possible the bake along because that's the only time
circumambulating the Kaaba at the beginning of the pilgrimage. This is different from the one that we mentioned that number two, this one the minute you arrive to Makkah, whether it's the fourth of the hedger for the hedger, it's recommended, but if you didn't do that, still had is valid. You don't have to do it. The only time you have to circumambulate the cabin is on the day of what
the day of the 10th of the future. That that's power off, Alibaba
spending a night at most velyka.
When do we spend the night at was Delica.
Let's let's try and
have it in days.
The days we have the eighth,
10th 11th and 12th. According to what most people do,
is of the hedger do we have to do anything?
Is there anything done?
Yes or no?
going to Mina.
We have Mecca, where the Kaaba is. And then we have Mina
and we have our alpha.
is the furthest
our alpha. That's the last
from me now. On the ninth. We are already in the state of what Trump
The ninth, where do we go?
until sunset. So after sunset, where do we go? We are here now in our okay. We were in Mecca. On the eighth at the hotel. We went to Mina from Milan. On the ninth we went to Arusha. Now the night of the end before they eat, this is the ninth of the ninth. Where do we go?
mus Delica where it was very fair was Delphi is in between arafa and Mina.
It is in between arafa and Mina, that's where was Delica
This is where you spend the night. You sleep there. And you wake up on the day of late. That's the 10th you wake up on the 10th day of eight. What do we do on the 10th?
What do we do on the 10th? Actually a lot of things, a lot of things. We start with
For the one who's performing hajj. He doesn't have to pray.
You throw the pebbles, how many? Seven only seven. After that.
You go for the path.
That's the path that is mandatory or essential to be more accurate. And after the power
between safa and marwah.
And once you finish that, you shave and you put on your regular clothes. So most actions are when
on the 10th there is another act but we don't do it personally. They used to do it but now there are people doing it on our behalf which is slaughtering
slaughtered. If you are doing Hajj on me, you don't have to do the slaughtering.
But if you do Umrah and Hajj you have to do the slaughtering, and it's done on the 10th Once this is done, what do we do? Where do we go? Do we go to Mecca?
No, we stay
sleeping Amina for what on the 11th floor Do we have how many actions do we have on 11th?
21. And the same thing on the 12th. And with that Hodge is over.
So back to number four.
Next to last one at page 12.
spending a night at was Delica.
This is the night that we spent that was Delphi when
the ninth after going from alpha after finishing out of
praying to Raka after circumambulating the Kava it's always recommended.
And there is a place as Allah says what does he do minakami Ibrahima masala behind the station of Ibrahim you know the place the Golden One behind it. But of course during Hajj
it's full and you might be at the other place. Anywhere you pray to Allah. You don't have to be there but if you can, that's better if you cannot, you don't have to. So are these actions clear?
For the one who was not there? Maybe they're not clear and I should have brought the
charts I have it. Next time we shall be
spending the nights in Mena on the days of the Shrek what are the days of the Shrek
these are the days of the ship 11th 12th and 13th if you want but you don't have to. Because if you stay on the 12th and you don't leave before sunset, you have to stay until the 13th in Mena
You throw again 20 177 and seven.
So staying those nights that's recommended.
According to the Shafi school of thought, according to other scholars, it is mandatory. You have to stay you cannot go to Mecca. Nowadays actually it is very crowded. Minar is not a large place, it's all filled with tents. Most had groups, if they are not, if they haven't been there for a long time, they don't have space. Actually, it's extended to miss data. Because there isn't room there isn't enough.
But anyways, these are the recommended acts, according to the Shafi school of thought. Number six, nine things that are forbidden for anyone who enters into a farm if you're in the state of Islam, you need to remember that there are nine things you have to avoid. What if you do one of them?
There is a far you are liable for the kuffar wearing soon garment Like what? Like this? Or even this? I'm wearing on the two towels, but I put this on I cannot.
That's for men and women.
Okay, I wanted to see if you're fasting or not.
That's only for men. What about women? They enter into the state of Islam with the intention, they don't have to change anything.
Okay. Only men do. Women they don't do.
Actually what women should do on a few of them, whoever is covering the face.
The cover needs to be removed. As the prophet SAW Selim said Latin people Mahatma, the one who's in the state of Islam, the female who's in the set of Islam shouldn't wear niqab.
Okay, covering the head for men and the face for woman that's number two, covering the head. I cannot wear this in the State of Israel.
Shaving the head while you are in the state of Islam, you cannot shave your head
clipping the nails.
Again, why is that?
You need to do that before you're entering this state of Islam. Now, you are not busy with anything of this dunya you're not busy beautifying yourself you're busy worshipping Allah. Allah subhanaw taala during Hajj, when you see all these crowds, it's a reminder of the Day of Resurrection. When we are all resurrected, who would bother about what everybody else is wearing or doing because actually, we are busy with what will happen to us. This is similar thing that you took off your clothes you are wearing the two towels, we are equal. All people are equal. We are there for a greater purpose greater than taking care of how our hair, our fingers, our nails, so you don't do
with all the heat, you don't wear perfume. You can take a shower,
but not wearing perfume attached to that using the soap with the perfume because some people say what about the soap that has perfume? No. You can use the soap no problem but regular soap that doesn't have scent
hunting you're going there for a bad so you don't hunt you go chase animals hunt them, no involving in a marriage contract, whether you are the one who's going to get married, or you are witness involving in the marriage contract that's not allowed again during the state of Islam, whether for Hajj or Umrah you don't do that you are there for a greater purpose.
Engaging in a sexual intercourse. That's another thing also, you're there for worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. You don't involve in sexual intercourse. Finally, directly touching with a desire the skin of one's spouse.
Why they say directly touching with desire, because that's attached to the previous one. You're there for worship. So you don't involve yourself in any sexual act. Not the intercourse itself, but anything that leads to it. Anything with desire.
So, can the husband shake the hand of his wife during your home?
If it's in a normal regular, yes, but if it is with desire, no.
Are obligatory when one is in the state of Islam.
We have a lot of sacrifices.
First one, if one does not perform an essential or required rite of the pilgrimage, he must sacrifice a sheep.
Remember, if you don't go on the ninth floor arafa
is your hedge valid? It's not valid anymore. You have to sacrifice and you have to come next year. What do you sacrifice to sacrifice the sheep?
On the 10th?
You made it.
You did three of the four things you didn't shave your head?
Are Louis, are you liable for anything? Yes, your sacrifice, and you do the thing your hedges valid. So that's number one.
Number two, if one shaves his head or in general indulges in some of the forbidden things during what are the forbidden themes, they are at number six, how many? Nine things any one of those nine things? You must either offer a sacrifice or fulfill the kuffaar? Again, you either slaughter a sheep
what do you do?
fulfill the cafardo? What is the cafaro?
What is the kuffaar?
You fast three days during Hajj and seven days outside Hajj. So you fast in this? Because some people they cannot afford it. They barely made it their their money was only enough to go there. They don't have extra money.
Extra 150 or 200 doing it to pay for sheep, they don't have that. what's the alternative?
You fast 10 days? Is there another alternative? Yes.
You feed how many people?
Six? Okay, six people.
That's number two. Number three, if one is unable to complete the essential or required nusach of the pilgrimage, due to illness. You were there, you were fine. But then
you got sick,
you got a virus
and you were hospitalized, you cannot leave.
You missed number nine, not the ninth, the ninth of the arafa you missed number 10 cannot catch hedge anymore, what do you do?
Because these things they need to be done at that time. cannot go now and say let's be smart and go there is nobody now let's do them. Now. They have to be done at specific time. So you missed them you were sick, you terminate and you sacrifice.
So that sacrifice is to terminate your state of a home.
So that's number three. Number four if one hunt and animal.
Hunting an animal necessitates a father that is similar.
Likewise, let's say
have you seen the llama?
Do you know the llama? It's similar to what types of animals?
Deal? Let's take a deer deer is similar to what type of animals that we can sacrifice
And so on and so forth. any animal that you hunt, you are liable for a sacrifice that is similar to it if there is no similar the minimum is what sheep?
If there is no
you estimate its value and buy food equivalent to its value.
What is the equivalent roughly
of the value? Yeah? How many modes this? This is one month.
Okay, so it could be six, three, depending on because what if you hunt the chicken?
It is small. You're not asked to sacrifice
But rather what do you do? You could feed three people instead. And that would be enough.
So that's number four, number five
If one engages in sexual intercourse, somebody lost it, he lost control, he couldn't keep himself. So he did that, let's say on the day of ninth
Now, there are how many things?
A you sacrifice a camel. Now it's not the sheep anymore It is what? camel. Why because the act is greater now.
If you couldn't do sacrifice a cow only if you couldn't.
If you couldn't, then you sacrifice seven sheep.
If you couldn't, then you estimate the value of the sheet camel and buy food equivalent to its value and give it in charity.
And if you couldn't you fast
in return of every day
of the month, let's say it was equivalent to 20 months. That's the amount of food and you couldn't buy that amount, you have to fast how many days 20 days. Not only that your head is terminated by this action. So you have to come
next year to perform Hajj. So this is the book of hedge roughly in brief. And with this we conclude the
basic book, which is only the book of very bad that as you see we took only the pillars. We didn't take the transactions. We didn't take the family law. We didn't take the criminal law that inshallah is coming the diploma program.
Shall any questions about
the book of Hajj? Yes.
or page 13 page 13 number five.
If one engages in sexual intercourse
the recommended REITs
Why do we say they are seven
You see number
two, number two.
We say they are fight right. But you're asked to strike one of them. The last one. There are actually four. So the same thing here.
They are actually six
Often with that, that's where
it needs to be.
It is recommended according to the shaft school of thought. According to other scholars, it is mandatory. She asked about often what that what is the offer that
you're coming to early? What's the rush
what is the lawful Wada
once you finish on the 12th
you are recommended to go back to Mecca to do
is that mandatory?
According to the surface school of thought it is recommended.
So this is the one that is not mentioned. If you want to keep them seven
In another opinion they are it is with the required acts.
it necessitates sacrifice a few leave it
Some said it is sooner
to wear white color clothes.
For ladies on the hour of the day. Is that true?
Not specifically on RFID.
No, generally, the prophets I seldom mention hydrotherapy Kumbaya, the best of your clubs are white. Now Scott is different. Is that only for men or it's general for men and women, but that's not only
during high drama.
During Hajj and Umrah there isn't specification, the harm is for men changing the cloth. So no, that's not true
for Umrah and Hajj, does a woman need to go with her? Muharram? That's a good question.
If you don't have a Muslim, you don't have to perform Hajj to begin with. Again, it's all the necessary conditions for pilgrimage to be obligatory. Scholars agreed on that you don't have to go for Hajj. It is involved in the safety of the road. Number six, and it is involved in the availability of transportation for many women. Because who is the provider for them? Yes, they don't have money, but usually who is the provider? The husband?
So you don't have to go but she wanted to go? Is it permissible? According to the Maliki school of thought Shafi school of thought as long as it's safe, it is permissible.
If no matter how long can she go with two women, friends, you can trust? Again, that's the opinion of
some scholars, if there is a group of people and their company is trustworthy, yes, you can go with them as friends. But to begin with, you don't have to. You don't have to again, just like the one who doesn't have the money, you don't have to search and ask people to give you and then you go for Hajj. It's not mandatory.
Some scholars say no, it's not permissible. According to the humblest school of thought, No. If you don't have Muharram, you don't go.
Any other questions?
depending if you miss something from number two, the essential rights, it's not enough to do the sacrifice.
It will be too late.
But if you miss from number four, the required act, then yes, that's all what you have to do.
So let's say you came on the 10th. Not on the ninth, you will miss staying.
In arafa. You came after sunset.
You came on the 10th. That's too late. So you sacrifice and you move on? No, it's too late. You have to come next year.
But you don't shave, you sacrifice and you continue?
Can she take medication to stop?
She's able to some. Some scholars talked about that, as long as you can perform the tower. That's what matters only from all these things that are as long as you can perform the love. You can do anything else.
So what if which is on the 10th? If you're afraid that you might not be able scholars differ? So can you that's one solution. You take a medication, it delays it for a few days, or you have to wait and now it's very difficult because you are attached to a group you cannot keep the entire group waiting because you have to do that or you cannot do it. While that one opinion said no. Even if that's the case. It's a necessity. So you do it.
So the question is can a woman take medication? Yes, she can.
And Other questions?
So it's not complete you need to go back and complete it.
Yeah, it's you have to sacrifice because you terminated your Islam.
While you shouldn't, because this is still incomplete, and you need to complete it because is this pillar or it's essential or required.
It's essential, you have to do it.
Because you forgot, You are excused, there is no sin on you. But the act itself is still incomplete.
That's why you need to sacrifice and then you do whatever you want. But you need to go back again, to complete that
the laughs shouldn't be done on behalf of anybody.
Only the pebbles. That's why being able to walk is mentioned number seven, have the necessary conditions for the pilgrimage to be obligatory.
If a husband can make the call on behalf of the woman, then even Mrs is not an issue.
She has to perform that off. It's not done on her behalf.
Any other questions?
Yes, they push back.
power can be done riding it can but it shouldn't be earlier like over 15 years ago, they used to have the wooden the you don't have to if you cannot walk you don't have to do they have the wheelchairs? Also, that's all permissible. Even in the books of Fifth Dimension if you do a lap swimming, it is permissible. Is it imaginable? Yes, it's actually happened. One of the companions of the lab disobeyed the alarm because maca it's a valley surrounded by mountains. So when it rains, all that water goes there. So it happened and he was doing our swimming.
So as long as you do the circumambulating it is permissible whether you are walking or riding or any shape or form.
But you need to do
you need to finish seven
another question questions?
Yeah, no, okay.
is not recommended.
No, no, no. A woman at the time of the prophet SAW Selim, she carried the baby and she said, Would there be hard for him? He said yes. And you will be rewarded for it. Especially in our time, it's not recommended. It's very difficult, but it happened. It's permissible.
Any other questions?
Okay, is that cool off here?