Fiqh For Beginners EP 4

Isam Rajab

Channel: Isam Rajab

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

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Special course by Yayasan Ta’lim & Arees University. Conducted by Dr Isam Rajab. FIQH FOR BEGINNERS (session 4)

Episode Transcript

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salatu salam ala rasulillah

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salam alaikum

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we have the book of fasting now inshallah

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and we are fasting in the month of Ramadan. So, we will cover all the aspects of the fasting today inshallah. But before we start what was the homework of last week?

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anybody remembers?

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What was the homework from last week?

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Yes.

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Who can receive the Zika the recipients of the Zika where they were outlined in the Quran in

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surah Toba 60. In the Masada cartulary for arrival Misaki when Angelina Jolie, coloboma photocopiable are in office, nice meal for coming along. This is the 60 of the total. How many recipients of Zika?

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aids Who are they?

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Yes,

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14, that's number one in kotlin for para 14, the second one Masaki. So who's 14 and Who's miskeen?

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What's the difference between faqeer and miskeen?

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Any thoughts?

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Don't look in the notes. It's not there.

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That's why I told it's a homework. Because it's not in the notes. If it's in the notes, it won't be homework.

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That's one bit one definition. True, but it's not the really the accurate one.

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Some scholars say the one who asks

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and the one who doesn't ask one is poor one is miski. Not really.

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The poor is the one that has no income.

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He needs 1000 and he is getting none

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that support. He doesn't have income and he has expenses that support miskeen he has income, but it doesn't cover still he is in need.

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So even if you make 1000 your payments are 3000 so every month you are in debt, because these are essentially food drink payments and you barely cover food only nothing else is like that's a Miskin. So can any scheme has any kind of property it could be possible. He could have a job he could have some income but still is unable to make ends meet.

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Allah says in Surah Tikka

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in the story of a horrible mess Safina two, as far as the ship goes,

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you know the story of

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MS Safina to Lena sakin, who on the ship,

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group of Misaki. They own the ship and they are still considered Misaki. So you could have some kind of ownership but still you are unable to make payments for the essential things. That's a miscue. So that's two categories. What's next?

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Well, aniline Allah, that's number three the workers, you need to collect the Zika you need to pay the Zika those employees they can't work for free. So you give them from the Zika. Who else

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feasibility law What does it mean for you civilian law?

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Give me a sec AFI civilian law.

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What is FISA vilella?

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Don't look at the notes. They are not there.

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Please when I asked you for homework you have an entire week. Just go back to the entries the interpretation that's all v sabini law mainly it's jihad. jihad, the army of the Muslims. The preparation of the army defending the land that all

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pays

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Zakat is paid from there. This is the recipient of the McAfee sebelah. What else what nice Sabine.

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It was Sabine the traveler who didn't have

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Way to go back, he's stuck.

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You just need a ticket to go back you just need. That's also recipient of the Zika. Who else

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bought him? Well, how do you mean? Who is the loading? port a lot? I mean, what did you say?

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freeing slaves? That's another one. Yes.

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But alaric who's the

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prisoner of war? That's the freeing. It's not freeing a slave. It's prisoner of war.

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It's not any slave. We don't pay for the slaves from Africa. It's for the prisoners of war. The kuffaar captured some Muslims, no way to free them except from paying for music is allottee mean the one who's in debt.

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I am in debt 2000 ringgit, but next month, I can make this payment so I don't deserve this occur. But every month, I am incurring 500 or 600. ringgit more because my expenses are more. So every month, the debt is going on, it's increasing. It's just increasing. It's not for luxurious things. It's not for accessories, it is for essential things that's falling. Like every month, the payment is increasing, that there is no way to pay it back. So this is recipients of this account. So Pokhara Misaki amin, Allah, Allah kulu. That's another one. And what are the ones that we hope that they will accept Islam? We can give them from visa, or they already accepted Islam, but they are not

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yet fully understanding everything you give them from the zurka Some scholars like Omar Abdullah Han, he decided that this was only at the time of the prophet SAW Selim now Islam is strong, we don't mean but many scholars say still it is permissible to pay for them from the second

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one while Upolu?

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Yes, but more or less to gain their hearts, they accepted Islam, but they are not really. And this is something that the prophet SAW Selim did. The leaders of the tribes, they accepted Islam, but they were not really like the other companions. So he gave each one of them 100 cheat, he gave them payments to get so they became very strong.

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Okay, so that was the homework. Now, another thing before we move, and it's related actually to Ramadan, because many people pay their second in Ramadan. It was about the goal that

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what is the threshold of the health of the goal?

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Do you remember?

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85 bring it 85 grams of,

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of gold or silver? Roll what gold?

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Pure when we say pure, what does it mean? 24 karat. Okay, so if we have

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let's say we have 21 carat?

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Is it 85 grams?

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It has to be 24. Right? But what I have is 21. That's what I have. How do I know?

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It's subject to this account? Or no? How do I know?

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Nobody thought about the equation. How do we calculate the aka especially you sisters? Don't you have gold, martial life? All of it 24 or you have some 21. So how do you know how do you calculate it?

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Okay, the 24

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the 24 that is the 85 grams. Okay? So anything else, like 21

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we multiply it times 8585 times 24 divided by 21.

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So we get 27 point something

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97 I'm sorry, grams.

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Remember 85 grams, that's for the 24 carat. So if I have 21 carrot, and it's

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see over by 12 grams, even if it is 96 grams, still you don't have to play soccer.

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Again provided all the other conditions one year full ownership. Okay. Now, what about if it was even less 18?

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Same thing.

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It will be about

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roughly, I think so 113 grams.

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Okay?

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No, no, it should be more, because the purity of the gold here is less. So the grams, they have to be higher.

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The lower you go, the higher it will be.

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point something.

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What else? Do you have 10 karat gold here? Because it's very common in America

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to be the other way around

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24 has to change with 2124 21 divided by s that's the Europe. I

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yes, to have the added

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to the comma here.

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Then, what do we have here?

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No, this is

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14.

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And then 1010 is almost

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8585

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over two and 400. At least 200 grams over 223 maybe 240 204. Okay, at least. So you see the difference? Not all gold the same? It's not all gold the same? So you might have 200 grams of gold. And still you don't pay zakat. Why? Because it's not 24 karat.

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Now, let's say I have a team.

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goal. And I have 115 115 grams.

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Do I play soccer? No. Why?

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It's over the nisab over the threshold? How much do I pay?

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Same thing 2.5 2.5? Because the 2.5 of the 115 is just like the 2.5 of the 85. The same?

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Is it clear now regarding these occur in gold?

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Any questions here because we're leaving this acana we're moving too fast.

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Any questions?

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A moment.

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You don't have to.

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You don't have to, you can if you want to you don't have to. You have to be accurate because you are accurate when you build a house and you take the measurements of the door and this is something that is very significant. And when it comes to the illusion of a lie, you say, yeah, you should be accurate, but you can pay more whoever is one wants to pay more, that's fine.

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But you need to know what you owe and whether you or you don't owe this is part of the religion.

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And Other questions?

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Yes, when it comes to the criteria

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Yes.

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Good question. Who is eligible to receive this a car from the family?

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You need to specify family, what type of family members parents, you cannot pay the car to parents.

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Because you have to provide for them.

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Parents children, they cannot receive this occur because you have to give them from what you have. You cannot leave your parents in need. While you are you are able to help them.

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Your brother, yes. Your sister. Yes. Your wife. No.

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Because you have to provide for her the other way around. Yes.

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The wife can pay this occur to her husband. The wife is rich, the husband is poor, and they did happen. They know the wife of gladness owed for the alarm. She came to the prophet SAW Selim, she asked him, can I pay visicalc to my husband because he was poor? She had money he told her Yes.

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And now the questions

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I said that last time it's one of the most disagreed upon cases

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regarding the goal is it what is used only or

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what is used is exempt from this aka so you basically only for what is not used and saved, or any gold even the one that you use the majority of scholars, kinematic human chef and they said you don't pay zakat for what you use. Emmanuel hanifa. Many of the scholars including some of the companions, they said no you praise aka for gold period. And that's the first one out of some scholars that to be on the safe side pages

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of the goal of the majority of scholars they said you don't pay the car for the goal that you use.

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Well, that intention by itself shouldn't be there because if you are intending just to avoid Zika

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This is not good.

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About

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gold

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not really but usually how much do you wear? Roughly Can you wear over 200 300 grams?

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necklace, bracelet ring? earrings, and that's all what else but to have one kilogram of gold and

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not because here's the thing when the scholars say used and unused The minute you use gold, the value goes down

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but brand new gold still brand new goal. So it has more value.

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Okay, Book of fasting

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necessary conditions that speech then

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necessary conditions for the fast to be obligatory. Who has to fast?

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Muslim

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10 years old.

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Barely

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reaching the age of puberty. What else?

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Having the ability to fast.

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Having the ability to fast includes several categories. One of them is being healthy. One of them is being free from hindrances. Like what

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for a woman

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menstruation. That's one of them. You cannot fast even if you wanted to. What else?

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Yeah, traveling? Do you have to fast a new traveler? No. sanity, that's another thing. If you are insane. You're not asking anything not only fasting you're not an ask anything because

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liability is dependent on reason.

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on understanding

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the requests required acts of fast. What are the required acts of fast

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abstinence? That's number one. What do you abstain from?

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food, drink,

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food and drink. That's one category. The other category is

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well,

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sexual intercourse not only the intercourse itself, but anything that leads to it also

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should be avoided. Yes, it might not break your fast except for the intercourse itself but anything leads to it would

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decrease the reward. Why? Allah subhanho wa Taala said in the divine narrative about fasting, get out Bhama shower, he leaves his food and he's lost his desire. So any responding to your desire in terms of

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Sexuality that will reduce the reward of fasting. So you should leave it

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that all is one category food, drink and sexual activity. That's one. And the second thing is what

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the intention?

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The intention? Is it required? Yes, it is required because there are people abstain from food and drink for 24 hours

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because of a diet to lose weight. Some of them they do, maybe not for 24 hours, but for Is that considered fasting? No, there has to be intention. And the intention scholars differ does it have to be every night

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or from the first night of Ramadan, it suffices for the entire month? The majority say every night you have to have intention. That's the opinion of the majority of scholars every night. Again, having been patient doesn't mean that you wait until shortly before so you say I am intending to fast for this day of Ramadan number. It doesn't have to you Don't utter the intention.

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When you have a meal for support. That's an intention because you are preparing too fast this day.

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So there are two pillars, not one not only abstaining from food, drink and any sexual activity but also

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having the intention.

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Okay, what invalidates the fasting?

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Nine things. These nine things they invalidate the fasting.

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What ever reaches by an intentional act, the stomach or the brain?

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The stomach or the brain?

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How can we have things reaching our stomach?

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Anything that goes inside the mouth? Like what?

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Food? What if it is not food? But it's reaching the stomach? Like what?

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Smoking?

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Does it break the fast? Why?

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you inhale a lot. There is no food.

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Smoke. So if you inhale smoke that invalidates the fast

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we are inhaling air. So what makes it different?

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There is something that you are inhaling that is going the nicotine

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that breaks the fast.

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Why? Because some would say Well, I'm not drinking any beverage. I'm not eating any food. I am just chewing dust. swallowing dust still it breaks the fast. Okay. Remember, the words are accurate by an intentional act.

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It has to be intentional.

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If you are a worker in a big factory, and there is smoke and you inhale that that's 10 times more than a cigarette still you don't break your fast Why? It's not intentional.

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Okay, that's number one.

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Number two, an enema or a douche.

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I hope I don't have to explain that. You know, what is that or don't

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whatever comes through the two outlets. So it's a direct entrance to the body.

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Okay, somebody needs an operation.

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So they have to inject a liquid from the bottom to take out or everything from the body or that breaks the fest.

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similar to this, let's say you were sick and pills won't work. The doctor said you have to have suppository.

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Just like the ones that are given to the kids

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got into the shaft a school of thought that what invalidates the fest? Why it's direct entrance to the money.

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So from the two outlets, anything that goes directly there that breaks the fest. Now some other scholars disagree, but this is the feeling of numb shuffle. Okay, it's just like food and drink or anything else coming from the mouth. This is coming from the bottom, direct entrance to the body so it does break the fast.

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Number three, intentional vomiting. If you intentionally vomit, that also breaks the fast. What if it happened unintentionally.

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You were sick and you just threw up

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That doesn't break. The first prophet SAW Selim said men will die fellowship alley. Whoever had no choice but he vomited. Nothing

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he has to do. He has to do nothing. Woman is Taka and whoever intentionally does it, how can you intentionally does this?

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It's very simple. Yes, you can put your finger inside but you don't have to sometimes you know that this smell is too strong. And whenever you do it, you will throw up and you do it. That's intentional.

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Woman, instacart Valley, Hill, Cabo, that sort of thing. So if it was unintentional, you don't

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have to do anything.

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Number four, the sexual intercourse.

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The intercourse itself,

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the touching of the two private parts that breaks the fast.

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Number five ejaculation due to physical contact with one's wife?

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Well, it's more accurate to say ejaculation due to physical contact period.

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Why to include

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masturbation? Some scholars discuss that.

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If it's due to physical contact, it breaks the fast. What if you had a wet dream?

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You're dreaming and you woke up and you found yourself ejaculated? Does that break the fast?

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Yes or no? No, it doesn't. Why you had no control over this. You didn't have any choice. It just happened. But you willingly doing that. It breaks the fast

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menstruation a lady that was fasting seven hours.

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Two hours before the event, she started menstruating.

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Does that count or doesn't count.

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It doesn't count. You have to break your fast. Even if you choose you say you know what I just continue fasting it doesn't count. So you can choose not to eat and drink but it doesn't count. menstruation breaks the fast even if it was one minute

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before the advent of

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pure premium

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postnatal effects

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upon delivering the baby just like menstruation

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that breaks the fast number eight insanity. losing one's mind why? When you lose your mind, you don't have any rationality. You don't have the intention.

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You are not asked to fast so if this happened,

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you break your fast. Here's a question. What if somebody passed out

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for three hours?

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There was a shark accident for three hours he passed out then he woke up between the water and awesome or after and before McGriff

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Does this count or he lost his day of fasting? He has to make it up.

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What?

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Yeah, you don't intentionally pass out usual.

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He's still fasting. Well, insanity also is not intentional.

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But

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insanity breaks the fast.

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Somebody slept before. So for the other

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times they're done now.

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Five, about 550 actually, it's more than that. But I don't know why they go online to the accurate timing. It's about 555. Anyways, let's say 550. Okay, he slept at 530 he was asleep. What time is at

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730 and he woke up 745

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he had three days of working without sleeping now he slept before the advent of soap. And he woke up after the event of mine.

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Does this day count or it doesn't count.

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He had

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he wanted to fast

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should this be a homework for next

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Last homework, okay?

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Does it count or it has, it has only one of two options. Either it counts or it doesn't count, enjoy.

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Okay apostasy, it breaks all these, including fasting.

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Fasting is forbidden on five days, five days you are forbidden to fast. What are those days the trades?

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It's forbidden. It's not just disliked or you shouldn't you cannot fast it is forbidden, you are blameworthy to fast on those two days, and the three days of the shriek, what are three days of the

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11th 12th and 13th of the ledger? After the day of the 11th 12th and 13th of the ledger? These are called the AMA tissue, you don't fast.

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So how many days in total? Five. Fasting is discouraged on the day of doubt. Yo check, what is the oma shock?

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If it was the 29th of Shaban, and it was cloudy, so we don't know tomorrow.

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Because if there were no clouds, we might see the moon, the crescent, so we might know that tomorrow is Rama

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but there is clouds.

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That's called your motion.

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The Night of the 29th before the 30th or the first of Ramadan, we don't know. So it's called the check. So that day, the next day it could be 30th it could be first of Ramadan. Can you fast it the correct opinion of Imam Shafi it is forbidden.

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It is forbidden, but another opinion within them and help within the school of thought it's disliked unless you are used to fasting how you are used to fasting.

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It happened that it's Monday and usually fast Monday and Thursday. You want it to fast this day. In this case, you go ahead and fast but the correct opinion it's not even if you are used to fasting monday and thursday you don't fast this day. If it's clear, there are no clouds it doesn't become a day of doubt why because it's not from above if it's from above, we would have seen the moon

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so it's okay.

00:32:35--> 00:32:39

It's about only when we cannot tell because of the clouds

00:32:43--> 00:32:48

whoever engages intentionally in sexual intercourse during the day of Ramadan

00:32:51--> 00:32:57

this happens especially on the first few days of Ramadan especially for people who are newly married.

00:32:59--> 00:33:07

could it happen it could happen it did happen at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam someone had sexual intercourse with his wife on the day of Ramadan.

00:33:08--> 00:33:09

So what should be done

00:33:12--> 00:33:17

two things fast another day and fulfill the cafaro

00:33:19--> 00:33:21

pay the video what is the cafaro what is the video?

00:33:26--> 00:33:32

First thing is I told Aqaba freeness live which is not an option now. So you do what

00:33:37--> 00:33:38

feed the pole

00:33:39--> 00:33:40

one pole

00:33:42--> 00:33:43

one day

00:33:44--> 00:33:47

meaning for one pole person.

00:33:49--> 00:33:51

So everybody would have sexual intercourse and know that

00:33:55--> 00:34:03

the second level only if you cannot free a slave is too fast 60 days consecutively.

00:34:08--> 00:34:13

That is the kuffar you fast two months consecutively.

00:34:16--> 00:34:21

If you cannot, only when you cannot then you move to the third step which is

00:34:22--> 00:34:25

feeding 60 people

00:34:28--> 00:34:29

60 people

00:34:33--> 00:34:34

okay, what do you feed them?

00:34:37--> 00:34:38

A day is new.

00:34:39--> 00:34:41

For 60 people.

00:34:42--> 00:34:46

That's only when you cannot fast 60 days.

00:34:47--> 00:34:50

At the time of the prophet SAW Selim it didn't happen. A man came

00:34:54--> 00:35:00

telling the prophets I send them I am ruined. He said What happened? He told him this is what happened. You

00:35:00--> 00:35:10

doesn't fear slip? He said, I can't. You was poor man. You told him first 60 days he said, You want me to fast 60 days. Fasting is what made me do that.

00:35:12--> 00:35:23

So if I fast it's it will still happen. He told him feed 60 people, he said, I don't know anyone who's poorer than me. So the prophet SAW Selim gave him

00:35:24--> 00:35:30

dates to feed, to look at Islam, how it's easy. This man

00:35:31--> 00:35:34

because of what he did, he was actually able to help others also.

00:35:35--> 00:35:38

So but that's because it's not an easy thing.

00:35:39--> 00:35:48

It is a sin to do that. Because it's a sin, you have to expeed if it was not a sin, you wouldn't have to do anything else.

00:35:51--> 00:35:59

If someone dies and was required to fast for days he missed during previous summer dance. Can you fast on his behalf on her behalf?

00:36:01--> 00:36:01

Yes or no?

00:36:04--> 00:36:12

You can. It's a bit of Allah, do you pay it or you don't pay it is in the person's responsibility or your responsibility.

00:36:26--> 00:36:31

You have the option you could pay on his behalf.

00:36:33--> 00:36:37

Again, it's a meals day. One day per day, that is the month

00:36:42--> 00:36:44

with exactly

00:36:49--> 00:36:52

2400 grams divided by four. That's what

00:36:59--> 00:37:04

roughly over half kilogram? Roughly. That's the mode?

00:37:07--> 00:37:09

No, I'm sorry, divided by five.

00:37:20--> 00:37:22

Almost, almost. It's this one.

00:37:25--> 00:37:29

Yeah, it's good. 600 grams. It's roughly 600 grams a

00:37:32--> 00:37:34

little bit over half kilogram.

00:37:36--> 00:37:40

That's the average meal. Now some people may need much more than that.

00:37:42--> 00:37:45

A full chicken would not be enough. Some people have chicken with me too much.

00:37:48--> 00:37:56

But usually that's how they measured it. 600 grams of staple food like rice, wheat, something like that.

00:37:58--> 00:38:08

So let's say your relative passed away and he or she had to fast 15 days, you multiply 15 times 600 grams and you feed people.

00:38:09--> 00:38:26

Now why don't we say just pay money? And people now ask why don't I pay money the purpose is to help the poor, the needy directly. So when you find people that they are in need to eat, that's the best you give them directly.

00:38:28--> 00:38:29

Okay.

00:38:30--> 00:38:35

Now you have a choice. You have a choice of fasting on his or her behalf.

00:38:38--> 00:38:45

Because at the time of the Prophet size alum, a woman asked him, my mother passed away and she left days of fasting.

00:38:46--> 00:38:55

Would it suffice if I fasted on her behalf? So he told her if she were to leave the date, wouldn't you pay it off? She said yes. She said this is the death of Allah.

00:39:00--> 00:39:05

Okay, if a pregnant or nursing woman, again this happens a lot.

00:39:06--> 00:39:08

During pregnancy, Ramadan came

00:39:10--> 00:39:19

and doctors said you cannot fast you can try but it will be dangerous for you and for the baby. So he broke your fast. That's how many days

00:39:21--> 00:39:24

30 days. Next Ramadan, you are what?

00:39:25--> 00:39:30

breastfeeding, so that's another 130 days.

00:39:31--> 00:39:32

And then after that,

00:39:34--> 00:39:35

pregnant again.

00:39:36--> 00:39:46

That's another 30 days. So every Ramadan is coming. You are just adding. I knew a sister She asked about 180 days of fasting.

00:39:50--> 00:39:52

That's how much six years

00:39:53--> 00:39:55

about six years of fasting.

00:39:56--> 00:39:59

What do you do? You tell her you have to fast

00:40:00--> 00:40:21

Now, no babies no more. No breastfeeding, but 180 days, that's almost half the year. So they, every other day she has to fast, this would be difficult. Not only that delaine scholars say delaying the fast for a year that requires kafala.

00:40:22--> 00:40:58

Anyways, see, there are many issues but stick to what is written here because this is the basic. Now, if a pregnant or nursing woman fearing for her health did not fast, then she must make up the Miss days of Ramadan. That's what you should do. But again, it's hard to happen because if you are nursing or you are pregnant, chances are you will be nursing later so there is no time. If she did not fast out of concern for the well being for her children, then she should make up the Miss days and fulfill the cafaro both.

00:41:01--> 00:41:03

This is the opinion of Imam Shafi. But

00:41:05--> 00:41:09

the correct opinion actually is one of them only. You don't have to do to

00:41:10--> 00:41:13

you don't have to fast and also see

00:41:14--> 00:41:19

you could fast hungry like you couldn't just feed What do you feed him for one day? That's

00:41:21--> 00:41:22

what? That's the one.

00:41:23--> 00:41:32

why I'm saying this because we have an issue of the cattle fitter. It's not mentioned here. But this is the time for executive theater. What is it?

00:41:35--> 00:41:39

It is fun. That's the measurement side PSA is four handfuls.

00:41:41--> 00:41:44

It is 202,400 grams

00:41:45--> 00:41:47

of staple food.

00:41:48--> 00:41:52

Last year, have you paid the cattle fitter last year? Do you remember how much?

00:41:54--> 00:42:10

7 million how they came up with seven to get the parcels that have never said 7 million? Or $7? Or any money? He mentioned the PSA? And the PSA roughly is 2400 grams. So how much is rice? You pay you purchase?

00:42:12--> 00:42:13

price?

00:42:14--> 00:42:15

Average? How much is it?

00:42:17--> 00:42:24

You estimate 2400 grams, almost two and a half kilograms of rice. How much is it?

00:42:27--> 00:42:34

Average that's the average you don't buy the best or the lowest the average what people usually eat

00:42:40--> 00:42:41

through

00:42:43--> 00:42:44

that's very cheap.

00:42:46--> 00:42:52

per kilo, okay, yeah, so that's about right, three and three, that six and a half of them seven and a half.

00:42:53--> 00:43:15

Let's see where the number came. Originally, it should be like that it should be from food. To make sure that on the day of read only the newbie gets the cattle only the one who had no food for the rest of the day. So on the day of read, everyone has to be happy. Everyone so they don't have to worry about food. That's the cattle

00:43:17--> 00:43:23

chapter on etica. It is an encourage sooner or decaf. decaf literally means

00:43:24--> 00:43:26

continuing doing the thing.

00:43:27--> 00:43:55

Continuing doing the thing that is ethical. And it was mentioned in the Quran when Ibrahim Alayhi Salam said Maha Vilas Nam What are these idols allottee and to Lucha Aki foon? That's the word actually formed from Africa. What are these idols that you are keeping worshiping? You keep sticking to them. So that's the literal word of Africa. Africa is recommended. So now what is that the caf?

00:43:56--> 00:43:58

stain, were

00:44:02--> 00:44:02

staying

00:44:05--> 00:44:06

overnight in the masjid.

00:44:08--> 00:44:09

That's not ethical.

00:44:10--> 00:44:12

You could stay to play

00:44:13--> 00:44:16

a tournament. You could stay to have a competition.

00:44:17--> 00:44:29

You could stay because there is nowhere else to stay. So you have been staying overnight in domestic for the last two years. That's not ethical. Staying in domestic with the intention of

00:44:30--> 00:44:38

this is very important. This condition is very important, staying in domestic with the intention of

00:44:39--> 00:44:40

another.

00:44:42--> 00:44:44

Now when is this happening, usually

00:44:48--> 00:44:51

less than days of Ramadan in Ramadan.

00:44:52--> 00:44:59

prophets I send them last year he didn't do a decaf during Ramadan. So he made it up from so one

00:45:01--> 00:45:06

twice the number usually 10 nights, so he did it 20 nights.

00:45:09--> 00:45:14

why I'm saying this because according to some scholars that the calf is not valid outside Ramadan.

00:45:16--> 00:45:25

But other scholars say that the Gulf is Africa any time of the year, you stay in the ministry with the intention of worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. That is

00:45:28--> 00:45:33

okay, so that concludes the chapter of fasting. Any questions?

00:45:37--> 00:45:43

We have the chapter of hedge last week is the next week is the last. Okay, so it will be enough.

00:45:46--> 00:45:47

Yes.

00:46:06--> 00:46:11

The question is about voluntary fasting, not Rama, okay. You didn't have the intention?

00:46:13--> 00:46:13

Normally,

00:46:15--> 00:46:16

even if you forgot,

00:46:17--> 00:46:27

you can fast if it's voluntary fasting. That's the opinion of the Shafi school of thought hanafy school of thought every fast has to have intention.

00:46:28--> 00:46:36

But according to the Shafi school of thought, yes. Even if you're not used to, I just woke up. And I thought that

00:46:37--> 00:46:53

today is a short day. I don't feel like eating, or I feel like eating but there is nothing to eat, I don't want to go and buy food. I said I will continue the day fasting. That is permissible. If it's voluntary fasting, if it's obligatory Ramadan, you have to make the intention.

00:46:54--> 00:46:57

Good. Any other questions? Yes.

00:47:01--> 00:47:07

For the Muslim, so Attica, is it only for men or it's also for women?

00:47:11--> 00:47:15

Both a woman goes and sleeps in domestic?

00:47:18--> 00:47:42

Yes, the wives of the prophets. I seldom did that. There is no text specifying that it's only for men. So it is permissible for women as well. Now, I don't know if it's equipped or there is room for that. You should do it when people are not looking at you if there is area and you are comfortable there. Yeah, why not?

00:47:44--> 00:47:46

Any other questions? Yes.

00:47:50--> 00:48:00

Yes, staying in domestic with the intention of God if it is in the ministry. That's why when she asked about the woman inside the mosque, there are

00:48:05--> 00:48:21

you mean if a woman wanted to do Attica in her house, no, it has to be in the ministry. But for the woman, what is more rewarding. Now when we say she can do it in the masjid. But staying in her house is always better.

00:48:22--> 00:48:37

So she's still getting the reward, why she wants to do it. The wives of the Prophet SAW Selim did that because they wanted to be always with the Prophet slicin. A woman would do it nowadays to be away from daily work daily routine, that's also understandable.

00:48:38--> 00:48:58

Because in the article if you avoid everything, unfortunately, nowadays, you try it and it's really hard. humbler old days, it was easy, but now you say I will not take my laptop, but you keep your phone and people calling you. You still can go online. So it's really hard. You have to be aware of all these things.

00:48:59--> 00:49:03

Because you want to do it Have you want to be worshipping Allah subhanaw taala

00:49:05--> 00:49:07

you don't want to be busy with other things.

00:49:08--> 00:49:09

And now the questions.

00:49:18--> 00:49:19

Brain.

00:49:20--> 00:49:33

brain could be something directly to the brain or something to the mouth but it goes up like medicine or something. It's not necessarily for the stomach. It's not food. What it is for the brain, like painkiller

00:49:35--> 00:49:38

it still goes to the stomach but the purpose is what to reduce the pain.

00:49:44--> 00:49:48

injections Now, according to the shaeffer school of thought.

00:49:49--> 00:49:52

If it goes directly to the body,

00:49:54--> 00:49:56

it breaks the fast but an injection here.

00:49:59--> 00:49:59

Follow up

00:50:06--> 00:50:07

So it shouldn't be a problem.

00:50:10--> 00:50:30

It shouldn't be a problem, whether it's surface school of thought or majority school of thought. And that's the opinion now, any injection, pain injection for fever for other things. You just take an injection it doesn't break the fast. But if it is like glucose, it is food and drink, you don't need food and drink anymore. No, it breaks the fast

00:50:33--> 00:50:34

blood transfusion

00:50:36--> 00:50:39

blood there is an issue about the blood but

00:50:41--> 00:50:43

you shouldn't fast to begin with if you need blood,

00:50:44--> 00:50:46

presumably two weeks too fast.

00:50:51--> 00:51:02

You are donating blood. It doesn't break fast. But you will be very, you shouldn't do it while fasting if you choose to do it, you can continue to do

00:51:03--> 00:51:05

that's the opinion of the chef is

00:51:06--> 00:51:10

according to some other opinions, you break your fast by doing.

00:51:13--> 00:51:14

And Other questions? Yes.

00:51:20--> 00:51:23

The husband and the wife are only the husband

00:51:27--> 00:51:37

only the husband. Some scholars don't say both of them because the Act was done by both but you go back to the Hadith of the Prophet was a lamp he told the husband on

00:51:40--> 00:51:41

now the wife will go and

00:51:43--> 00:51:46

trick the husband and let him bear the burden of his

00:51:48--> 00:51:49

Any other questions.

00:51:57--> 00:51:58

Duration of political

00:51:59--> 00:52:07

will some scholar said at least it has to be a day and night. Day and night at least some scholars say anytime

00:52:08--> 00:52:19

but there has to be certain time. Otherwise you could go any time to the masjid for prayer for anything and you say I am in Africa. That was not done. So it needs to be at least overnight.

00:52:22--> 00:52:23

Any other questions?

00:52:33--> 00:52:34

She was

00:52:43--> 00:52:43

cleaning,

00:52:45--> 00:52:50

cleaning ears and nose you're taking something out. Breaking the fast is about something going in

00:52:54--> 00:52:55

so it doesn't break the fast.

00:52:57--> 00:53:02

Drop airdrop. Most scholars said it doesn't break the fast.

00:53:04--> 00:53:12

Only some scholars said if you feel it, if you taste it in your mouth and your throat then it breaks the fast but it's very hard because

00:53:13--> 00:53:19

it doesn't break the fast it does it's not coming directly to the body via job it's only here.

00:53:20--> 00:53:21

Yes. What's your question?

00:53:26--> 00:53:28

Some some like what scholars

00:53:34--> 00:53:38

no visiting going there with intention of visiting a must it is there.

00:53:39--> 00:53:43

Pathetic as can be done in any ministry. Not only there.

00:53:46--> 00:53:48

Now the questions.

00:54:02--> 00:54:03

Good question.

00:54:05--> 00:54:10

It is a good question. If it doesn't get outside the body, you can still keep it.

00:54:12--> 00:54:16

But if it goes out, you put it back then.

00:54:31--> 00:54:37

Well that's what it comes out of the throat. It's almost here and then you swallow it again, that breaks the fast.

00:54:47--> 00:54:50

But as long as you feel it there, you keep swallowing it. It doesn't matter

00:54:52--> 00:54:53

doesn't break the fast

00:54:55--> 00:54:56

and other questions

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

Okay,

00:55:02--> 00:55:02

does that

00:55:04--> 00:55:05

sound