Qawa’id fiqhiyya #01

Ibrahim Hindy

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Channel: Ibrahim Hindy

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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah he was the he was a happy woman while

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provisionally Saudi, UAE, Sidley Emery were determined does any of the whole comedy

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just ever walk here for joining us in sha Allah for this class on collaborative Alia, for everyone who was attending the previous class on sulfur? I know your first question is, where's the exam? I didn't bring them today. I wasn't able to mark all of them. But inshallah next week, I'll have them for up in the lab.

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So inshallah we'll begin with this class. And just like we began, the last class, the most important thing to begin with in the beginning is to remind ourselves of our intention, and what are we here for? Why are we studying to learn this. And, you know, ultimately, we are studying this for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. And to get closer to Him, and to understand his religion better. And a reminder to us that, you know, taking this course, or the last course doesn't necessitate that, in the end of it, we're going to be on a map, we're going to be scholars, we're going to be giving fatwah or anything like that. But rather, what it means is that, you know, in sha Allah, we're

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gaining a little bit of a little bit of knowledge, such that we can appreciate the knowledge of this religion better, and we can appreciate the work of the origin that better. And we can have a better understanding and sha Allah of our religion, even if we have not coming out of this becoming scholars in and of ourselves and giving fatawa and things like that. That's a long road, and maybe Inshallah, one day some of us can attain that. But it's a good reminder, because one of the pitfalls of shaytaan is somebody takes one course two courses, they read one book or another book, and then they're given fatawa and then they are teaching and then they are, you know, falling into mistakes.

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And we talked about this in the previous course, on also that

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you know, half of a scholar ruins your religion.

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It's kind of Allah Halla, you see today, strange things in this regard. One brother

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on the internet, of course, you know, coming back and forth and talking and saying his opinion and then in the end, you asked him, you know, how many books of Hadith Did you study?

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And he says, None.

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Like even a no waste? 40? Did you study it with the chef with the snad? When did you take full shot off with it? No. So how are you online giving his fidelity didn't study a single book of Hadith. So, you know, it's important for us to put ourselves in our place from the beginning, right, so we don't end up falling into some of these pitfalls that shaitan pulls people into. So inshallah today's class is going to be an introduction class. And my intention is this introduction class and then five other classes. So six classes in total, each one class will be about one of the major collaboratively one of the major types of legal Maxim's and the different legal Maxim's that are

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directly related to that one legal maximum, and we'll do that inshallah starting next week, today's more of an introduction, what is this concept of clarity here? Islamic legal, Maxim's What is this definition? How do we understand it? So the first point

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is to understand that there are three angles of this knowledge, the first perception that we have to understand is this knowledge or this understanding of clarity here? It's not an independent science in a snap. Now, there are some scholars who do say that it's an independent science.

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But the stronger opinion is that it's not why because allied is built upon fifth, okay, so you need FIP to have collide. Without film, we wouldn't have this study to begin with. So this study is dependent on the study of coverage to begin with.

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The second issue that is important and by the way, in the earlier history of Islam, you don't find any scholar talking about collide as its own independent knowledge, you don't find a book written on polarity. Rather the scholars will talk about the concepts of collide within their books or films or within their books of soul. So in the books of Oswald, they will talk about concepts that are basically collide or in the books of film, they will talk about concepts that are basically hard. The second issue to be aware of.

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Since we're saying that, the concept of legal Maxim's collide Familia is attached to the concept of in the science of fit itself.

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In order to study a wide

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You have to in order for it to make sense. And in order for it to be consistent,

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it has to be attached to the fifth that you're studying.

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So if you study the fifth of the humbly madhhab, you need to study the power of the humbling of him.

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You can study the fifth of the humbly method, and then you say, Okay, I'm going to read.

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You know, the leader, pipe pilot, and the humble humans have learned the fifth of the humbly method, and then go and learn, you know, a mammoth duty from the chef, or you may have had his art, there's going to be contradictions in this, there's going to be problems in this. Because the way we come up with most of our collide is by looking at the fifth. So if the fifth rulings are different, the collides are going to be different. Make sense? So you can't divorce these two things from each other. If you take one person's legal rulings, from those legal rulings, we have to take their legal Maxim's

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and so the study of Kava is typically follows the study effect. It's complementary to the study effect. And it gives you a better methodology in the study of fifth. And they have to follow the same method together. So like I said, we'll cover the five major colored and different minor colors that are related to each of those major ones.

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Or the polarity the more than five? Yes, there are, if we were to gather all of the Collaborate, first of all, I don't know if we can gather all of them. Because there are differences of opinions, you get to certain points. But there are hundreds, right, but there's only five major ones. And some people say seven, but five major ones is what is agreed upon.

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And so it doesn't make sense, though, to talk about 100 different awards for PA, if we are not students that have already learned hundreds and hundreds of Messiah and hundreds of hundreds of 50 issues and rulings. If we learned hundreds and 1000s of 50 rulings, then it makes sense to learn hundreds of colored.

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But if we our knowledge is limited, it doesn't make sense to learn more collabed. Why? Because one of and we'll talk about this in the future, one of the benefits of collide is to simplify the knowledge of fifth. So if you don't have the knowledge of fifths to begin with, then there's not that much it's going to simplify for it's actually going to confuse us a little bit. So instead, what we're doing is we're taking the five major ones, because I'm assuming most of us have enough Islamic knowledge. We know enough rulings of Islam, that these five will make sense to us. Right, the five major ones will make sense to us. But if we go beyond that, we may actually confuse

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ourselves until we increase our fifth. So the more we increase our Philips, the more we can then increase our color as well.

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So let's talk about what does color mean.

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And there's two ways to discuss the meaning of it. The first way is to discuss it as a compound term. So you have two words Allah, and familia. And we understand what each of these two terms mean. They are a compound term, we understand them, each of them separately, and as a description.

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What do we mean by this? And then the other way is to look at them as together as one term. What do they mean? So I'll give you an example. On Mel pura the term Omen pura. We can understand it by looking at the two words What does own mean? Oh means the mother, the one that gives birth. Quran means cities or villages, right? So that's one way to look at it. The other way is you look at it together as if it is one title.

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On Malcorra means

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Maccha right, it means Mecca. So those are two ways of looking at it. So we look at it the first way What does cola I mean? Cola right? Is the plural of car either.

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And what is the car either

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hope we're not gonna get in trouble for talking about chloride or anything like that. What is a bar either a bar either is alcohol the year l qualia V comprehensive issue. Now, what does that mean? This is the definition that most scholars rely upon.

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I'll call it L qualia. So Koba Allah subhanaw taala mentioned in the Quran. If you're a foreigner we Brahim will cover terminal beat. Remember when Ibrahim is raising the collide the pillars of the house? So Kava is the basis the basis of the house he's building it. And so Imams under the Sharia obey the law, even Masood, one of the great scholars he says it's the idea of colliders this comprehensive issue. So what does it mean? What is cuddly, cuddly

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Here

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are the year, he says means

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basically an issue or a claim, which could be true or could be false. Okay, so if I said, Zaid is standing,

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Z, the standard is what I'm saying true or false?

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It could be either, right? It couldn't be true or it could be false. Even if his aid was here, and he was standing up, you say, I know it's true that he's standing. But I said a statement that possibly could be true, and possibly could be false. That's what the other year is the issue is right.

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The claim is, and qualia means comprehensive, which means what? When I said they the standing to whom does that statement or that claim apply to?

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It applies to say the only applies to one person, so it's not comprehensive? If I said,

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every Salah requires will do.

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That's a claim that could either be true or false, correct? It could be true could be false.

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And does it apply to one person? Or does it apply to many? It applies to many, many people and many prayers. So it's a comprehensive issue. Right? So this is what makes it clear, it's a comprehensive issue. So likewise, when we say and the Athene will is will be shocked when we say what is certain is not removed or undermined by what is doubtful? This applies to all the issues to which it applies to or to which it arises. Right? So it's not dealing with one specific issue. It's dealing with many, many, many issues.

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Now, somebody might say, well, the collides many of them, most of them, if not all of them have exceptions. There are exceptions to the collide.

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So how do you say that it is qualia? And the scholars talk about this. And they say, because the COA is applied to a great majority of scenarios, or a large number of scenarios. This is why they consider it comprehensive even if it doesn't apply to every single possible scenario that exists.

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And then for peer to peer means its relation to the science of film, right? So its connection to the science of film.

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And if we look at it as a proper name and title,

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what does cooperate for clear as a title mean then it is still the same idea the comprehensive filthy issues

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Okay, now what is the difference? And what is the relationship between FIP and between also?

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So, let's start with a example.

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What if we took the verse in the Quran? What opinion was Sana established salah?

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Is that statement fit? Or is it also or is it color?

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Soul

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it's many, many things. You're right, because it's not really any one of them. It's a It's not from the Quran right? It is a statement from the Quran.

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But let's imagine for a second we have three different men. Okay, we have three different people.

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One of them isn't will solely so he comes in you give him the statements well clean was sought out. He's a scholar of sword.

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So what is he going to do with this statement? He's going to look to examine the sources of law to begin with. So he's gonna say this statement comes from the Quran. Is the Quran a Hajah? Yes, the Quran is the Quran is a source of Islamic law, because from the dilla How do we understand the statements made in the Quran? Our theme was salah. ottimo is

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right, it's a commandment. What is a commandment?

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Those who attended or sold

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an array of 30?

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And would you write so the commandment necessitates or indicates obligation? So he says this verse indicates obligation. So that's how the will solely will look at it. He's not going to look at the specific issue of Salah. He's looking at the broader picture, the bigger principles, right? So what is the sources of law? How do we deduct from the sources of law? That's what he's looking to.

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Then comes in the second man, the second man is the fee, the scholar.

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So he is going to look to what the will Saudi did already. And he is going to take this verse, and he's going to give a ruling for the particular issue the verses speaking about. So he says this verse says, up to Masada

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As we know from the Saudi that the Quran is GA we know from the Saudi that this is will Juba commandment commandment necessitates obligation and this statement therefore necessitates obligation and therefore the hokum of sada is Elijah, right. So the scholar effect is going to give the ruling, this is why Jim,

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okay, now the third man enters, the third person enters, and all of you inshallah the third person because we're taking this class,

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the third person, imagine, the third person goes to a university, Islamic University, and there's different lectures in different halls. So he goes to the first lecture.

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And he hears the chef is speaking about Tahara.

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And he hears the chef's say, if water comes on your clothing,

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and you don't know, is this water?

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Not just or is it pure? Is it fire? Or is it not just, you don't know. The scholar says, to the class,

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you know, that when water comes to this earth, Allah subhanaw taala, sends it in what state pure or impure, pure, it's time, it's the whole.

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You know, this, and you have scheck, you have doubt as to whether this water that came on your clothing was not just correct. So act as though it is based on what you are searching. So act as though it's pure. So he hears this, he leaves this lecture hall, he goes into the next lecture hall, and he hears another chef, and the chef was talking about sludge.

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And he says, You're in your sludge. And you are praying, and you don't know, did I pray three records? Or did I pray for you're unsure. And the sheriff says,

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in that case, you go with what is less. So you go with three, you're not sure that I do three or four, you go with three. So he hears this, he leaves this, and you pray to him on Sunday to sat with him. He leaves us he goes into another lecture hall. There's another chef and he's talking about the fifth of Hajj.

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And he says you're going around the Kaaba.

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And now you have doubts. Did I go around the Kaaba five times? Or do they go around the calendar six times? I don't know, I lost count. What should I do? And the chef says, go with what's less, you go with what's with five? You know, you did five, you're not sure you did six, you go with five. So he leaves this. He goes into another lecture hall. This chef was giving a talk on marriage and divorce. And he says, A man is not sure. Did I divorce my wife? Once or twice? He's not sure. So the chef says, You go with one, right? You're sure but one you're not sure about to.

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Then he goes into another lecture hall.

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Trying to think of other examples.

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They're talking about the mother is breastfeeding the child, the child is not hers. She's breastfeeding. She's the wet nurse. She doesn't know does she feed the child one time or two times? So the chef says you go with what's less, you go with one time. So now he comes out. He says I heard all of these different lectures. I heard all of these Islamic rulings.

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And I make one rule. And you have clean vision. What is certain is not removed by what is doubtful.

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This is the scholar of collide. He heard all the different rulings. And he brings it together into one rule. Right, one Maxim, one precept one understanding. And so from this one rule, you're taking it from all the 50 rulings, but it also helps you understand all the 50 rulings as well.

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Now does this happen? After fifth and also or before fifth and also?

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After, right? So the client has to come last after the will soon. So that also comes first, then come to the fifth, then comes the collide. Right? And so this is what's on the screen right? Now, the first thing is LR either. And obviously the also the principles, the basic principles, the basic was oil, which is what we took in the last course. Right? The sources of law, how do we deduce law? That's the first thing that's the first step, right? We can't have FIP without having also we first have to have a password. Then we have felt right using the will so what do we start to derive 50 rulings This is halal, this is haram. This is why this is MOBA, this has been dual etc.

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After we have the rulings then we create the color or we extrapolate from these 50 rulings collide.

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Now as we say

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that there is an exception.

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There is an exception.

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The POA are two types. There are two two sources of how we get collide. The first or the second here that we've mentioned is what we've already mentioned. You looked at many different rulings. He looked at the ruling in taharah. He looked at the ruling and SWANA he looked at the ruling and Hajj and then he made one maximum. So we're extrapolating from all the filthy rulings, a rule. That's the second type is the corral for what the first type allegedly Sharia is there are things that are mentioned in the Quran or sunnah

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that are directly polite.

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For instance, Lao Bharat, what are the raw Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam says there is no harm and there is no reciprocating harm. Right in the middle, Amma Lavinia at the Prophet says actions are according to their intentions. So this came directly from the NUS the Quran and Sunnah. Right? So that's one type one source of where we get cooperativity from, directly from the

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Quran and Sunnah. And sometimes it can come from Aquinas harbor from the statement of the Sahaba as well.

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And the second type, like we said, is what we extrapolate. The first step as well, for instance, can be something that's not direct. What do we mean something that's not direct? Allah subhanaw taala says,

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you read Allah who become Leo's well are you read over Coronavirus? Allah wants is for you, he doesn't want hardship from you. So he reads this verse in the Quran and he extrapolates from this

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and machaca tells you that as well. Right. Hardship necessitates is when there is hardship there should be ease.

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So this is deduced from the Quran and Sunnah.

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Okay, the types of Kava

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there are three types. And this is when we look at it from the perspective

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of the comprehensiveness of the car idea itself. The comprehensive and comprehensive nature of the maxim itself so the first type is Al Qaida al Kalia al Cobra, the major forms of legal Maxim's of comprehensive Maxim's

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and this is what applies to all of the chapters of

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what's an example

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we mentioned one and your pain is that over shank, just one comes into play when we talk about the hara comes into play when we're talking about when it comes into play when talking about Sana it comes into play when we talked about hedge when we talked about many many different issues and the use of a check applies right so it applies pretty much to all of the chapters of film. So this is a major comprehensive maximum and that's why I said the five Maxim's we're going to study are all from this category, but beneath them there are other categories there are other Maxim's related to it that are not considered major but we'll still study them because they are related to the major one

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and that's the second type are either l qualia

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valued or Cobra the one the comprehensive Maxim's, but they're not major Maxim's and these are the ones that apply to some chapters of filth, but not to all of them.

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An example

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and Harajuku Danna banane, the prophet that the legal maximum scholars say that

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the return or the yield is with the one who bears liability, and Harajuku with bonnet.

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So this applies obviously to many chapters of business transaction, right? Like eBay buying and selling, you can't earn a profit if you didn't take some risks Correct.

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Also to suffer and to pre emptive

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pre emptive situations to

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also contracts when you want to return the contract.

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Right when you want to receive the contract that's been made. So this is a maxim that applies to some chapters a fifth but not to all of them. So it's considered a minor or not a comprehensive or not a major form of

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polite and the last type is a bob it and Bob are the rules right. So an example

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might well be in in high in for whom can we get can we get t this is a bob it a rule. What does it mean it means what is cut off of a living animal is the same as Mehta t as as though it died. So what do we mean by that?

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If,

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let's say for example, there's a sheep, and the sheep falls off of a cliff, and it cuts its leg clean off.

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Okay? Is this leg nudges? Or is it fire?

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So we say is the sheep, if it dies, if it's Mater is the dead sheep, not just earthly

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nudges. So therefore the hand that is cut off of the living being, the rule is exactly what it would be if it died. So that hand, even though it came off of a living animal, that hand is now treated as nudges.

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Whereas if you had a giraffe, like the locusts, or the grasshoppers, locust,

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if the wing of it came off, or the or the leg of it came off, is that net, just

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know, because if it was dead, it would not be in I just understand. So that's one bar. But that's one rule. But it only applies to one chapter filk, right only applies to this area of Tahara. That's it. So this is considered just a rule, because it only applies to one chapter.

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And these categories, by the way, they were made by the leader scholars, the earlier scholars, if you read the earlier books of colored, they didn't make this distinction. So sometimes they call it a party. That's sometimes they call it law. But they didn't really make this distinction that later scholars came and said, you know, these are the terminologies called Cobra and Solterra. And above it.

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There's also a different way I didn't make a slide for it, there's a different way of looking at collide.

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One is almost the independent power, right?

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So for example, an item haccombe

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customs are

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determinative. They determine rules for us, either.

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This is an independent Clyde. Right? It applies independently. But then there are other four winds that only come into play as a condition or as an exception can sharp our stiffener

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or as a house as a specific scenario.

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So those conditions are considered dependent, right? It's dependent on fulfilling the condition, it's dependent on

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being an exception or not being an exception.

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Okay, what are the benefits of studying

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this, this knowledge?

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We say the first is

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Dalton Messiah. And

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so, like we mentioned in the example, where the student goes into all the different lecture halls, so you're getting all these different 50 issues, all these different 50 rulings, and you are putting them together into one statement, one path, one thing that you say, and the opinion is that will be check. This now answers 100 different 50 questions, right. So it helps you with all these different rulings, in one easy way. And it helps you memorize all these different filtering issues and all these different branches of FIP. With just one easy statement.

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The next thing it does is that

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it helps you understand these last two are kind of related, it helps you.

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So let's say you went into those classes,

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and

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you studied Hajj and you learn that if you are doubtful in your Apollo off about how many times you've gone around the Kaaba, take the lesser number, okay, so you learn this, but you didn't learn to call out.

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So you wouldn't necessarily understand the logic behind that ruling. Right? So now a new issue arises that has to do with your pain and

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you're not going to know how to answer it, you're gonna say I need the scholars to answer it. But when you learn collide, you know, the ruling, and you understand the logic behind the ruling, the logic is to build upon certainty, right. So now when a new issue arises, even though it's new, and even though the scholars haven't spoken about it, because you understand the logic of this Clarita, you can now apply it to the new issue that has arisen, you can apply it to the new situation.

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And this is why it comes into the last point, which I didn't translate. It's a mistake that helps you understand the causes of the Sharia as well, the intent of the Shediac so

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For instance, somebody looks and says,

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the Sharia made it easy for travelers, they get to combine their prayers and shorten their prayers. And the Sharia made it easy for the person who's sick, they can pray while they're sitting person who cannot stand. And the Shetty I made it easy for women who are in their menstruation that they don't have to pray.

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And so, they look at one issue after the other issue. The other issue, they said he makes things easy when things become difficult.

00:30:31--> 00:30:56

So when he understands this, then he understands the cost of the objection of the objective of the study on here. So now when a new issue comes, a brother comes and says I have this huge problem in front of me, he understands the Shediac allows ease when there is hardship. Understand so allows you to understand the purpose of the study of the objective of the study by understanding all the different rulings and coming up with the awards.

00:30:59--> 00:31:01

So let's do in sha Allah some

00:31:02--> 00:31:03

tests,

00:31:05--> 00:31:10

some quizzes, the class is short, I thought it was going to be longer, but it's short.

00:31:11--> 00:31:28

But let's do inshallah some questions before we conclude. So, tell me whether what we talked about what is mentioned here, whether it is FIP or whether it is monsoon or whether it is collide. So at embryofetal module the command indicates obligation What is this?

00:31:30--> 00:31:31

This is also

00:31:33--> 00:31:34

spun around for us.

00:31:35--> 00:31:35

Okay,

00:31:37--> 00:31:45

Polis Sahabi Hoja fifth Battlenet account the statement of this hobby is a source of law and establishing rulings is this fifth sword required.

00:31:48--> 00:31:49

So when also the soul

00:31:51--> 00:31:58

okay. And the Athena is pseudo Vishakha certainty is not undermined by doubt is this fifth or is required.

00:32:02--> 00:32:07

Okay, I look for an object forget about it, I can look for an easy source of law in establishing rulings.

00:32:09--> 00:32:10

This is all sorted.

00:32:12--> 00:32:30

Okay, whoever says to his wife and call them right, is he happy? We are lucky because the follow up follow Camerata was the one who tells his wife go to your family with the intention of divorcing her he has divorced his wife is this fifth are also required this is felt

00:32:33--> 00:32:34

allows the borrower to Dyneema

00:32:37--> 00:32:43

Cisco wired and if you said also you wouldn't be totally wrong why for the school students

00:32:46--> 00:32:46

this

00:32:47--> 00:32:55

is this happen which is also the presumption of innocence and also and this happens sometimes there are colors that are kind of sweet as well.

00:32:57--> 00:33:03

Whoever doubts the number of rock has prayed should use the lesser number this fifth rule solar collide

00:33:06--> 00:33:11

This is because we're talking about this specific issue or there's going to be a broader rule

00:33:14--> 00:33:21

whoever cannot pray standing should pray sitting is this fifth or a solar colored this is correct

00:33:24--> 00:33:28

LPS Delicia area is a source of law.

00:33:29--> 00:33:29

This is also

00:33:32--> 00:33:36

a bottle to use oil harmless to be removed is this federal solar collide

00:33:38--> 00:33:39

Galois had

00:33:42--> 00:33:43

the later text and motor

00:33:45--> 00:33:54

incident and the tabula jam the later text abrogates the earlier text if we can Seiling them is impossible this is all sorted

00:33:58--> 00:34:02

and no more will be more costly the matters are according to their intent

00:34:07--> 00:34:08

and the shortage of a pterosaur.

00:34:14--> 00:34:15

Okay, last slide

00:34:16--> 00:34:32

tells me whether we took these out of NUS or we took them out of induction sticker off so acquire that will be more Placidia matters according to their intent is it's come from scripture where does it come from induction

00:34:33--> 00:34:50

Scripture because of the hadith of our prophets of Allah where it was in the metamodel okay. Even said everything that is permissible to buy or sell is also permissible for gifting and for charity and as collateral. Is this pneus or is this stuff is this induction or

00:34:51--> 00:34:52

says induction.

00:34:54--> 00:34:57

Now based on whatever there are, there's no harm and no reciprocating arm.

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

This description is

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

Hadith direct Hadith.

00:35:03--> 00:35:21

And I'm going to cut off he says, and by the way, he's the first one to use the terminology for light. Fatima is Hanafi scholar who wrote the book a little soul, where he's the first person to talk about to give the name terminology, Eliza to you. He says the principle is that whatever is established with certainty is not removed by doubt.

00:35:22--> 00:35:24

There's no source to crop

00:35:26--> 00:35:29

this stuff up so they're inducing it. So

00:35:30--> 00:35:34

Charlotte's short class, I don't know if all the classes will be short. Yes. But

00:35:36--> 00:35:36

guess

00:35:37--> 00:35:37

what?

00:35:43--> 00:35:44

Second key is not.

00:35:47--> 00:35:48

to That's great.

00:35:51--> 00:35:51

That's

00:35:53--> 00:36:29

no. So the example we gave him, he's going into different lecture halls. And he's hearing different lectures on Fifth. Right, but he's hearing different fifth key rulings. So in one class, they're telling him for instance, the man divorces his wife, he doesn't know did I divorce her once or twice? So he says, You go with one, go with a lesser number. He goes into another class and he hears, you know, you don't know how many hours you've prayed three or four. They tell him you go with the less you go with three. So then he creates the sky. This is color right now, where he says polyethylene is rubbish. Certainty is not removed by doubt.

00:36:35--> 00:36:41

That's a 50 ruling for giving her 50 ruling on divorce. They're giving a 50 ruling on prayer. They're giving a free ruling on Hajj.

00:36:42--> 00:37:08

No, that's a filthy state. The power the statement of coercion is what? When he takes all of those rulings, and he says, Hey, all of these rulings, there's one logic behind them. Right? Which is that when we're certain of something, we don't undermine it with what we're doubtful about. Right? So we always build on what we're certain about. So he makes that a party that he makes that a legal Maxim, right, but he's building on the 50 rulings.

00:37:15--> 00:37:18

It's something that only applies to some chapters.

00:37:21--> 00:37:21

In that case.

00:37:28--> 00:37:32

Yeah. So it's a maximum in that chapter. Right.

00:37:33--> 00:38:10

So that's the law that the ruling. So like we gave the example of that Bobbit of if the animals hand comes off, right, what is the ruling is Paul here is not just right. Because think about it, even though that's one chapter, you're going to be asking yourself, what is the ruling on the limb of the rats? What's the ruling on the limb of a cat? What's the ruling on the limb of a bird? What's the ruling? Understand there's like millions of animals. And you're thinking about what is the 50 ruling on each one of these animals, these millions of animals, right? So he gives you one rule, even though that rule only applies to one chapter, it doesn't apply outside of that chapter. He has

00:38:10--> 00:38:32

allowed you to know how to answer hundreds of rulings with one rule. Right? Without one rule as you say, if the animal when it's dead, it's not just then its limb cut off is also not just right. So he gave you that one rule that answers all these different questions, even though it only sticks to one chapter

00:38:39--> 00:38:39

that

00:38:41--> 00:38:42

were not through

00:38:43--> 00:38:45

choice are the ones when you

00:38:47--> 00:38:48

have one

00:38:52--> 00:38:55

on accident within that class would be that

00:38:57--> 00:38:58

lesson.

00:38:59--> 00:39:01

The lesson? Yeah.

00:39:03--> 00:39:08

Overall maximum maximum, which means that you need to take the lesser number for you.

00:39:13--> 00:39:29

Yeah, Jolla, it'll make more sense when we go into each one. Because then we're going to take the major ruling that applies to different categories, and then underneath that, there'll be other Hawaiian as well. So we'll start taking each of those color and you'll start to see inshallah have a better idea of how it works.

00:39:33--> 00:39:33

Because

00:39:34--> 00:39:40

I know it's a little bit self explanatory, but I really cover it just because I'm asking is just the guys in the next lesson can be principals themselves.

00:39:43--> 00:39:44

When exactly

00:39:45--> 00:39:50

which is allowed to use. Like, for example, there's an absence of evidence for a

00:39:52--> 00:40:00

patient, because of course, the boy doesn't understand the memorization but that last point, how to use it, how to apply it to a debate

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

What

00:40:01--> 00:40:03

are the rules laid out about that?

00:40:05--> 00:40:06

Subject?

00:40:08--> 00:40:13

Similar to how they like all the rules? Yeah, I,

00:40:14--> 00:40:32

I don't think we're gonna go too far into that. Because the problem is like that requires a higher level of knowledge, I think then, then this class is going to get but I think it helps the person get to that point, where inshallah down the road, you've gained enough knowledge where you can understand why

00:40:33--> 00:40:34

when to apply these things

00:40:47--> 00:40:48

Yeah, so

00:40:49--> 00:40:50

I didn't translate it.

00:40:52--> 00:41:03

It was, this is not the answer. So which one this one I ordered for the first edition? Yeah. So these two are almost the same. Right? Where

00:41:04--> 00:41:28

you understand when you understand that the teen is out of the shack as an example. You understand the logic behind it, or you understand my chakra fragility. So when you look at the different rulings, and you see okay, the Sharia is making things easy when things become difficult. Now that you know this, this helps you understand them across the difficulty of making something easy in this particular example.

00:41:30--> 00:41:33

So then, when a new issue arises,

00:41:34--> 00:41:41

you understand this and you're able to apply it you may be able to apply it once somebody becomes a scholar. They can apply it

00:41:43--> 00:41:44

and I don't know how to

00:41:49--> 00:41:50

Yeah, so

00:41:57--> 00:41:59

what's the part that's

00:42:01--> 00:42:01

covered?

00:42:04--> 00:42:05

Yeah.

00:42:07--> 00:42:10

Really understand. Like when you talk like

00:42:13--> 00:42:16

this is saying the third one and the fourth one. Yeah, the first one.

00:42:19--> 00:42:22

Yeah, it's it's true. It's overlap between these two.

00:42:27--> 00:42:27

It is

00:42:29--> 00:42:30

to be preservation.

00:42:37--> 00:42:37

Saying I don't know how many.

00:42:39--> 00:42:41

I thought it was like

00:42:43--> 00:42:57

yeah, that's what I'm mean by it. I think he's saying because in order to be able to apply it to a new issue, you have to know the MCSA to begin with, which is true. So that's why there is overlap between three and four.

00:43:02--> 00:43:08

Just a couple of minutes all the next week we'll start in sha Allah, the different colors and same time we

00:43:09--> 00:43:10

see all their second locker