Tafsir Surah Tahrim #01
Channel: Haitham al-Haddad
File Size: 34.50MB
Ramadan Amina Mohammed.
Okay, we start this surah a very great surah it is Ahmed ne Surah Surah. Daddy, Chapter 66, the surah that talks about
And when we go through the surah, you will see that this surah is a journey.
It is a train taking us to different places.
Is there a connection between those different stories? There is a connection. As you know, my dear brothers and sisters that
is close of Tafseer have two views regarding
the presence of a single theme for every surah. Some scholars say that there is a single theme for every school. Some other scholars said no, not necessarily, that there is a single theme for every surah you might have different themes, a lot of a lot of the matter is not a big issue. However,
what one of the amazing things about the and you don't find it in any speech, that once you read a surah a chapter and the chapter moves you from one side to another side, you don't find this odd,
you find it that it is move, a smooth transition.
However, the Quran by nature is making your mind thinking all of the time. And once you move from one subject, which might be very technical, like what we have seen in solid Apollo, in the beginning serrata Pollock was talking about what technical issues regarding in between Allah Allah, Allah was talking about a duck walk, we spoke about the benefits of this. After finishing this. Low you can say Allah, Allah, Allah said all of a sudden Okay, I'm in Korea tonight at
lucra Allah Allah Allah is talking about something different, not related to a law at all. In fact, it is not related to the social system which is what if there is a town that goes against the commandments of Allah, Allah Allah, Allah will punish that town. What has this to do with Apollo. However, there is a connection between both and the connection can be easily established. Once we understand Islam in a very holistic way, that Islam is a comprehensive way of life. And the main foundation of Islam is what to follow the commandments follow the law. So as individuals if you follow the commandments of Allah, Allah Allah, in every sphere in your life, including the law of
then Allah, Allah, Allah will what will give you taqwa and the taqwa of Allah, Allah, Allah will provide you with higher in the dunya in the era, the taboo will give you a way out of your difficulties, that are willing to lose you wealth, etc. However, if you as an individual or as a town, you go against the commandment of Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah will punish you.
And so on. This surah in the beginning, Allah Allah Allah is talking about an incident that happened with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, we can learn a lot from this incident. And Allah, Allah Allah is focusing on some private matters.
private matters that used to take place between the officers element his wives, is there anyone who likes to have his private matters disclosed to the public? No, but the prophets alladia cylance life is not for him. He was living for the oma and that's why Allah Allah Allah, not exposes This is not a polite word to use. With the Prophet sallallahu sallam, Allah, Allah, Allah discloses some of the private affairs of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his wives in order to work in order to teach the whole ummah. So a private discussion, we can learn a lot from that.
Private or that that private incident or that private incident? And then all of a sudden, after that, Allah Allah Allah said, Yeah, you already know
who I am for Sakuma, Hakuna waku her natural
subject totally different from what we have been discussing, which is what some private matters
that are a matter of concern for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and of the believers or, as we said, the believers will benefit from it, the oma will benefit from those private matters, Allah, Allah, Allah after discussing all of this allegedly Allah sauce to say, for believers, you have to feel a lot the learner and protect wallet of yourselves and your family's again is the fire of hell, the fuel of the fire of hell will be stones and people.
Look at this very amazing. Then Allah gelada after all of this discussion, which is a discussion related to who to the Prophet, he is the head of believers so Allah, Allah listens to his wives, the wives of the mothers of believers, to the believers themselves, yeah, you Allah, Deena, Sakuma, Hakuna, all of a sudden, yes, the focus moves to who? To the disbelievers. Yeah, you have the vena cava una parte de rollio, innama, to Jonah quantum,
not only a shift in the focus from the believers, in the life of the prophets, I seldom the life of his wives, the life of believers, but the shift went to the disbelievers. Not only that, but it talks about different era, the the focus in the beginning was on there. And then the focus is started to be what on the
cover, Oh, don't bring any excuse. Now, now when on the Day of Resurrection, when you will be punished.
after all of this,
another subject, which is related to what has happened, but again, the focus, as they say the focus of the camera is something a little bit different in terms of time, space people. You have levina
to the toe button, all you who believe, repent to Allah, Allah Allah as in a sincere way, toe button.
And the discussion continues regarding the Toba and what will happen to the people of Kenya Toba? those who repent to Allah, Allah and they want that Alexander Allah is going to give them and part of the reward that Allah Allah, Allah will not disgrace the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the believers who followed him.
another subject, it is totally different subjects. What is it? Jihad? Yeah, you Hannah, bu delco fara. Well, Monica Pina, Walla Walla, Walla, Walla, Johanna Mo, sigma C,
which is another subject, it talks about the international law, the Islamic international law, it talks about some of the rulings of jihad, what has the private efforts that have been mentioned in the beginning of the surah? to do with what
with the Jihad? Yes, what has this to do with this, there is a link that this life in general is what is a struggle is a jihad, and the Jihad takes different forms, different forms. Not only that, the stability of the foundation of the Muslim community of the society, which is what the family bond, that is stability, will strengthen the whole oma and the whole amount we'll be able to perform Jihad and perform other duties. Then, after that.
A few ayat were mentioned, and those are recited frequently by so many imams very beautiful if those ayat are giving us examples of
The best ladies of the oma of all nations, not the home of Mohammed Salah Salem and the worst ladies of all nations
Subhan Allah. Why is this because Allah, Allah, Allah wants to tell the believers, not just the female believers, that if you want role models, there are role models. If you want to follow the footsteps of certain people, these are the role models that you can follow their footsteps. And in particular for our sisters, if you want role, female role models, here, we have given you those female role models. And we have given you the opposite, you need to place yourself in the right place. And this goes smoothly with the start of the surah. Because the start of the surah was talking about what the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and in the middle of the
surah, in the middle of the surah, Allah Allah, Allah told the wives of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, that if you don't want the Prophet sallallahu sallam, we will replace you with righteous women. What are those qualities of the righteous woman, Muslim community and party panic attack into evaton those qualities, and some of those or those qualities have been personalized in some of those in those women that we have mentioned by the end of the school and SubhanAllah. This surah is talking about some elements of the social system. Also, it talks about our women, it talks about women and females. And it sets the examples or the role models for females with are from the wives
of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, or from previous nations. And there is a lot of focus
that the surah is zooming in into the life of a righteous female believers, righteous females. And hence, the surah should be studied carefully by our sisters in particular, they should pay attention to the surah. In the middle, we see rulings regarding the heart.
In the middle also, we see rulings regarding taqwa, which is the essence of everything. In the middle, we read one important idea,
which is what the ayah that talks about our life, the purpose of our life, which is what Yeah, you know, what, who am fuscia como de coonara the purpose of our life is to worship Allah, Allah Allah, in order to protect ourselves from the anger of this Lord, which leads to the fire of the film, the fuel of the fire of hell is human beings and stones. So, it is not just any fire, it is the severest fire that any person can imagine. SubhanAllah it is a journey. And as if we are some scholars say that when you read the Koran, as if you are moving in a form, picking from different fruits, yes, different fruits. However,
to be honest with you, that example is not that best example why? Because any form, any form, which is located in one area will have specific types of fruits, you don't have a farm that you can pick, for example, mango, next to date, you cannot do that. So all the fruit that you are going to pick from one farm, although there are different fruits with different tastes from they have something similar and something common, but therefore an Subhana. Allah has the ability to bring different things from different times from different places that talk about different people in one place and move around them in a very smooth way, in a very pleasant way, in fact, in a very attractive way. So
Read you are waiting for what is coming next what is coming next. Of course, this is in particular if you read in other if you read for iron which is for iron and albia as we always say that's why in sha Allah hopefully this does and other gurus and once you learn about more and more and more, you will come to realization that you really need to learn Arabic, my dear brothers and sisters to enjoy the beauty and adventure of the Kitab la de la vida. Okay, as we said the surah is Amanda Missoula. And we always say as we always say that the mendini sutras are talking about
various rulings and we have mentioned some of those rulings, this surah sauce with what
a very strong statement. Yeah. Are you gonna be you?
Lima to help me Mama Holla Holla
to be honest with you in Arabic, that looks a very strong DIRECT address.
It is not that emotional way that Allah Allah Allah is talking to his prophet Subhana Allah Yeah, you have to be Ulema 200 Mama, a hell of a lot more water as a direct firm statement, by Allah Allah to His Beloved Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, oh Prophet, yeah, you have to be there are very few sutras in the Quran that To start with, yeah, you have to be such as surah, Allah.
Allah Allah, Al Kadena, in also in solid,
and other sources of iron, we see that a legend Oh Allah is addressing his prophet in not in necessarily in the beginning of the sort of bug for example, in solar.
And Fallujah you interview has one kilometer document and amenia you interview ahead of the meaning data and so on, that Allah Allah Allah is addressing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa aalihi wa sahbihi wa sallam, and in fact he is in some verses addressing the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he want the prophesized lm to address his oma or as we said previously, about toilet apalla. Yeah.
What is Dr. Manisha? So Allah, Allah Allah is addressing the process and as we said, either for him to address his oma or is addressing him his oma is through him. Yes, but here, yeah, you wanna be Ulema to Henry Mama, hello Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Allah is addressing who is addressing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam directly? And definitely there is there are many indirect lessons that the oma can take all profit. Why are you prohibiting what Allah guillo Allah made halaal for you? Because you want the pleasure of your wives? Yeah, you are no limit to Henry Mona, la la cabeza de la vaca as logic, okay.
Now, when we read this, that Allah Allah, Allah is telling Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam Yes. Why are you doing this? This is kind of a tap, what is known as a tab not a rebuke. Why are you doing this? Yeah, it's not is a softer version of
of contamination, yeah, it is not a softer
version of contamination. Why are you doing this you should not it does not be fit you or profit to do this. Okay. And it is not for you to do this as well. This proves that this book is the book of Allah, Allah Allah. The Prophet sallallahu wasallam did not interfere in this book. Yes, and this is clear, we don't need to dwell into this many verses in the Quran. Yet confirm this one of them is this because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is conveying to his own man what Allah Allah Allah, okay, told him which is an embarrassment for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself. Yet, the prophets are seldom what he was conveying the exact message that has been revealed to him. Yeah, Johan De Lima to
Henry Mama halala. Moreover, moreover, this verse, or prophet, why are you making what is halal? haram? Yes, what is halal? What was
made halaal for you. Hello. What does it mean? It means that the prophets of Allah alayhi wa sallam is just conveying what Allah, Allah Allah has commanded him. Because a lot of Allah is telling him that it is not for you to make the lead and
it is for Allah. So Allah made this halaal for you, it is not for you to make it wrong. Yes. Which means that the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is nothing but what? Revelation? Anything that comes from the prophets I send them in fact, it is coming from home from a lot.
Yes, otherwise, the prophet SAW Selim can make things can legislate by himself No, a lot. The prophets I send them as himself said, in Marbella Yeah. That the prophets I seldom is conveying the message and of like Allah says, When I am
you know who God Therefore, he does not accept anything out of his own desire or out of his own self. In fact, he is what what you have means that he is conveying the way that has been revealed to him by a lot
more of our My dear brothers and sisters, Allah, Allah, Allah is teaching us a very important lesson, that legislation belongs to him, if it was not allowed for the Prophet sallallahu wasallam to legislate, then it is not for anyone other than the best of mankind to legislate, which means that legislation, on behalf legislation,
any legislation against a last will it means that the person is placing himself in what in the Lord's position in a laws position. That's why when he wrote his book, lm and morphine, I mean, he said, this is he called those who give FET words are what? signatories on behalf of who have a lot in Nevada. So the matters of the dream and to heal. Those matters belong to Allah, Allah, Allah, they do not belong to any one. Hence, we should confirm that legislation belongs to Allah. Allah is the only one who legislates and that has been confirmed in so many verses in the Quran. In fact,
among the most important to eat that has been confirmed in the Quran. Which
apart from the hate, apart from condemning,
yes, apart from a bad, condemned and condemning church is
is confirming that Allah, Allah is the only Kim. Allah the whole mo will help in in como la la li la woman Lamia Bhima Angela La La vaca homolka Pharaoh woman Lamia Mandela from the beginning woman Lamia demands Allah for Allah.
Allah Mandela Bonanza mo de como Molly moon and the last woman Lamia from Lima Angela la ola eco homall.
That helcom belongs to a la jolla. What does that mean? Yes, legislation is part of but the final word in this universe belongs to the one who created this universe, not for anyone else, just by common sense. So if Allah says, do this, we have to do it. If Allah Allah Allah commanded the whole heavens, they they the whole the heavens and the earth, the whole universe to do something, then the whole universe will what will do it? Yeah. What about the human beings if Allah Allah Allah commands them to do something they have to what they have to do it. That's why going going against the will of Allah, Allah Allah.
It might be massiah but when you say that, when you challenge a legend of Allah, in His commandments, then that might be what Cofer
and there is a difference between a person going against the helm of Allah Allah
Out of shanwa and out of desire, yet he confirms or she confirms by their hearts that the ruling is this I cannot to change the ruling go for like the law. And the person who says no the ruling should be this. The person who is saying that the ruling should be this is what is putting himself in place of a larger Nevada and that's why it changing the rules of Allah Allah Allah the legislation of Allah, Allah Allah is one of the acts that can be considered as code for Burma Herman Miller, yes, major code that takes the person out of the fold of Islam. If the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was not allowed to change, just a simple ruling related to who relate to to him. Yeah Johana bu Lima to
Henry MoMA, hell Allahu laka. He did not make it haram for the whole oma and Allah Jalla Allah revealed that this is
revealed this is addressing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam directly regarding this matter, then what about those who say no, forget about this legislation. We put our legislation and those who believe that any legislation other than the legislation will follow the law can be better than the legislation of Allah, Allah, Allah, any rulings by human beings can be better than the rulings of Allah, Allah, Allah, then that is one of the great Cofer that a person can commit.
so Allah Allah, Allah is saying to Mohammed salatu salam Yeah, you have to be your limiter, Henry MoMA, Allahu Allah.
Lima to heavy Mama, Allahu laka Tabitha de matar water as rajic Okay. Why are you all prophet Why are you making what Allah Allah Allah made halal for you as haram?
seeking the pleasure of your wives now, seeking the pleasure of your wives? Is it an explanation for why are you doing this? Is it
for seeking the pleasure of your lives? Or is it a continuation of the address by Allah Allah, Allah to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sahbihi wa sallam which is a description of what the prophet sallallahu wasallam have done? Is the difference
in the first and the first explanation or the first possibility, sorry, as if Allah Allah Allah is addressing the prophets of Allah Islam or
not. I don't want to use Acrobat. What does that have in English?
Brother You know Arabic? Well,
No There is no word for it. But what is the softer the target? No, no, no, no.
No rebuke. No. Dubuque is hard to acquire. No, no, no, no, no. Okay, no, no, the book is
the most known.
admonish, again hot.
Okay. martaba is less than rebuke is a softer version of rebuke and admonish. Yeah, is a softer version of that. Okay. That a larger law is, again, I don't like to use it, rebuke or admonish, but they Yani in a softer version, Allah Allah Allah is telling the prophets Allah they will tell them, why are you doing this? Because you are. Why are you doing this? Is it because you are seeking the pleasure of your wives, which means that if the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not because he was seeking the pleasure of his wives, yes, this would be acceptable. This is one possibility or Allah, Allah Allah is telling the Prophet sallallaahu salam, why are you doing this why you are seeking the
pleasure of your wives, it is a continuation of the description of what he has done. It seems that the second possibility is the correct one. Because if the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was to make what it was held on what was held on for him held on, even for another purpose, other than seeking the pleasure of his wives,
then Allah Allah
Either wouldn't allow him to do so as well. Because in hokhmah, Illa, Allah Allah, Allah is the legislator, as we said, it seems that it is the second possibility. Here also, it shows that, that wives have a very strong influence on their husbands. Because Allah, Allah, Allah is telling the prophets I seldom that you did it, because of what because you are pleased you are trying to please your wives Subhan Allah, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam who opened
the many places, and who was the most brave person ever known in history, and a cinematic probably a lot of data and who he said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to be the best people in character. And he used to be the most generous person and what the bravest person what Medina did also, and he mentioned the rest of the Hadith, the most important the qualities of a human being of a man sorry, of a man is to be what? generous and brave, and as if it had said, all good qualities for men, lie between those two qualities, which are what? To be generous and to be brave. The prophet SAW, Selim had the best general, the best of characters, and he was the most generous person
and the bravest person.
He wouldn't change his views because of anyone. He was soft, but he was a strong the strongest person ever known in history. However, because of his wives, yes, he did something that does not fit him. And he was admonished by Allah because of something that he did for his wives. We chose the influence of women wives, and this shows my dear brothers and sisters, and in particular, my dear sisters, I always say to them, who is the real King? Yes. Who is the real king of this earth? It is what it is the wives.
The real king in your house is who
is your wife? The real King, in the Palace of the king?
in the Palace of the king, who controls a big country? Is the wife. Yes, she controls the house of the king. And the king controls the rest of the population.
Yes, which shows the power of what
of women Subhan Allah, the end of the surah is talking about what is directing the this power and the strength to the right direction. Baba la Matalan de la Vina Amano and Babylon, vena cava, the bad example. Those worst examples known for history and the best examples known for the humanity in order to channel this power and this strange because if we do not channel it in the right way, then the whole
the whole, the whole globe, in fact, the whole of humanity will be misled or misguided, okay.
Because of time we are spending, Okay, anyway.
So, Allah, Allah, Allah said, Why are you doing this? Just because you are pleasing, you want to please your wives totally malata as logic and then look at this, so
a very direct, firm statement. But why the law is what the Most Merciful in the Quran. In the Quran,
you really find a very direct statement that talks about the punishment to follow the law, or warning against the punishment to follow the law. You rarely find a statement that talks about or that warns against the punishment to follow the law without giving hope.
And this is the mercy of Allah, Allah Allah. Yes, this is the mercy of Allah, Allah, Allah Allah. And that is different from when Allah Jalla Allah speaks about his punishment in the
Hereafter, when the Alhaji Allah when Allah Allah, Allah speaks about his punishment in the hereafter. He doesn't talk about his mercy there because there the punishment of Allah, Allah, Allah and the Hereafter is meant for the disbelievers, and there is no mercy for them. However, even for the disbelievers in this dunya Allah Allah Allah is giving them hope, even for the sinners in this dunya Allah Allah Allah always gives what Whoa. And not only that, a large Allah Allah is giving us the hope and the way to achieve that hope, that Mercy of Allah, Allah Allah, so Allah Allah, Allah, after confirming that he is of forgiving, the Most Merciful reform for him, Allah Allah Allah
mentioned the solution for going out of this oath that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam took upon himself or this app that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did himself which is what which is the kafala but follow the letter, a manickam. Okay, but the end of the first verse is what will love afford over him? Allah Allah, Allah is Forgiving, Most Merciful. He is a very smooth, pleasant and for a direct statement that was added is to the best of humanity. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, the second verse will take long time to be explained. We'll stop here in sha Allah, Baraka Luffy from desert lo hara and we will take a few questions one or two questions only because I have
another appointment, I need to rush to it. Is that
any question? I will be glad if there is.
Yeah, we will talk about it inshallah. Yeah.
Okay. We'll talk about the act that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam made upon himself and de la de la. admonished him for.
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