FOV01 Fiqh of Oaths and Vows – Chapter on Vows

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Hatem al-Haj

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So now

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I'm about to proceed. Well, now inshallah we'll start a new section. This will be an event one.

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It is a special section.

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Mr.

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Chairman, we will start the new section it is the section of an amendment, although it's a special section, it is

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still not about interaction between you and another Micallef.

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So we were we just finished in a timeout.

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It's about religious advocates and customs. And this is also not about interaction, it is about your personal conduct. And here it is about a man one of your

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hosts and vows. And

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hopefully, inshallah, we'll be able to finish this in four

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sessions. So maybe it will, it will take like three weeks inshallah, to finish this particular section. And then we will move on to the last big segment of the book, which is not really that big. But you know, the last segment of the book, it's about penalties and prescribed penalties, and otherwise, and judiciary and they have

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all of these matters.

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To them having a pedometer no louder than they are six months after Hitler said in his book lambda, which is a Hanbury manual.

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Under the chapter of unearth, which is the first chapter in the segment on oaths and vows a man in the zoo right after the end of the section on a timeout and sugary foods and drinks. He's in another

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era sorella is Allah, Allah.

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Allah for realtor who, whoever vows to do an act of obedience is obligated to do it. Because the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said, Whoever vows to obey Allah let him obey him, let him obey Him, and the rest of the Hadith from another NERC, Allah flirc he, and whoever vows to disobey Allah let him not disobey him, let him not disobey Him. So

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another basically has many similarities with the Ameen oath to take an oath and the kuffaar of another as the prophets of Salaam, setka Felton as he confided to me,

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or confided to me in the godfather of the another explanation for another is the same as the expiation for the oath. So, that is one big similarity there, the Godfather is the same, they have many similarities and sometimes people make enough in the form of a mean

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or it means or implies, I mean, so nazzer or a vow is the applies yourself to make obligatory upon yourself that which has not been made obligatory upon you by the revelation.

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Although that definition has a little bit of an issue, what if you applied yourself or vowed to fast Ramadan?

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Or to pray the five daily prayers? What about this vow to avoid pouring?

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What about these vows? Are they applicable?

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Are they valid?

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Are they binding?

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So that that is like an interesting discussion. But in terms of the definition of a vow, it is basically in zamel mocha Luffy while I'm cafe run nafsa, who very bad at in Latin, the movie genre, it is the Macan left the liable person

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obliging himself or making obligatory upon himself.

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a, an, even if he's not Muslim, an act of worship, that is not binding, by default in the revelation that is not binding by the revelation by the Sharia.

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So that is the definition they give and then they discuss that

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sort of scenario where you vow to stay away from harm or to do that, which as well, that will be another discussion. This battle

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is pretty complicated in a zoo very complicated. So, I want to start by a summary

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it mal and then top seed and then it man, I want to start by a summary and just give some concepts and some points of agreement between the scholars and make a sort of an outline for the discussion and then get into the discussion because otherwise if I read the different statements of amount of Nakayama, here in London, you will get like last and you may get nothing or very little out of this. So, vows when you vow which is not Interpol number 20

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and zero de la natrona halaya la la la without the word massive itself

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upon me to you know for Allah

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or I vow or it's about upon me or anything that that you have to speak of. There is no Nazarbayev, Nia whatsoever, if there is no utterance, it is not binding, it is not valid, it is not necessary. There has to be utterance. But if you make a commitment inside, it is not enough. Just like talaq and Nika there has to be utterance ness, also there has to be utterance, no nazzer by name, so it is an utterance.

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Okay, so now these vows, we said that you're making obligatory upon yourself that which is not obligatory by default to that which is not obligatory in the Sharia. We say even if you're not Muslim, because the Allahu said to the prophet SAW Solomon, you could never

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attack Eva, Laila, I had made

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Can you say something?

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Oh, did I mean Did I say something wrong? Okay.

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Okay, so so Amara delana said to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, that Indian alert to fill a tacky fat lady Latin Philippines to that Haram, I have made a vow before Islam to make it calf one night, in the midst of that Haram, the prophet SAW him said to him, Alfie, Vanessa, fulfill your vow. So they say that the making of the vow itself is not the purpose, it is the fulfillment, that is the purpose. So if, if a non Muslim made a vow, that is a good thing, you know, one Muslim made a vow to give charity and then he became Muslim, what do we say to him? Your actions before Islam are not binding don't don't count or when we tell him, go ahead and fulfill your vow, if it is a good thing,

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you will tell him go ahead and fulfill your vow. Okay, so that's the that part. And we said there has to be an utterance, and then you're making obligatory that which is not obligatory by default in this area. And this will take us to

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Well, let's first start with the points of agreement, what did they agree on? everybody agreed, that if you make a vow,

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not another TA,

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Mark, dourada wetip, lasme

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monoket well as him. So, if you make a vow

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to do something that is thought ha, that that brings you closer to Allah, such as charities such as the caf, any good thing, not simply permissible, good thing,

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but not where there

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has to be between permissible and somewhere between permissible and not permissible, not weird, somewhere here. If you make a vow, to me to basically do something that is almost a hub, that is good, that is likable, commendable, recommended cetera,

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that vow is valid, which means what monarch did

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not void valid.

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And we saw that there has to be an utterance and then last M which means what buying then

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So, valid

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and binding, these are the two issues that we always have to discuss. This is what we're going to be discussing from here on these are the two issues that we always have to discuss

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is this valid valid? Does it mean anything or it is void, if it is void, there is no need for expiation and there is no need for fulfillment if it is valid, the next question is is it lasme bind them

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or not, but if we say it is valid, then at least there will be what? expiation in the case of hence or lack of fulfillment, you know, non fulfillment hence, so, these are the two issues that we have to think about in every unearth and just try to be systematic right and make algorithms and tables when you study fabric. So, what are the different types of nets and for every type of nazzer we will have to ask the two questions and we will have to come out at the end of the class today with an answer for each one of these two questions. What are the different types of nerves

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I have a way for you to remember it with ease

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What are the five legal values in Islam

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in the Sharia

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Okay, you know, so we're in the middle there is more back and above must have been wired up and below makrooh and Haram. Five legal values. Okay, so that's it. The this will give us

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four different types of notes for different types of notes.

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You will have

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Okay, and here

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mine then lasme

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Okay, the first one

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okay. So let's say the first one is web

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but with with web service how long because just like you know, that can harm coffee or bad you know, it's to abandon stay away from her arm avoid her arm is just the same value like doing with sweat.

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So why did you and her arm here

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The second one

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is monster hub.

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And this will be a separate category

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monster hub or we could call it Corbin.

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Anything that brings you closer to Allah

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monster hub then you have mobile

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and then you will have macro.

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And there is a reason why I separated between them because they are opposite from each other liquids and haram but they have different rulings and

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then you have mobile and then you have mcru these are four different types of neath

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what are the other types of NASDAQ

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the NASDAQ of Alamo head

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impossible

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That is mental impossibility

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impossible.

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Then now, we have a viral Madurai

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undoable snapped impossible, but undoable by the person

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the person has no capacity to do it undoable by the person

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and then you have never been a judge or a hubbub or anger, that is to force

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oneself to commit to something force oneself or mother a, you know, at the time of anger.

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And then

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So, here

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this is Parkin haram with fairly large IP at the same time, what if someone makes enough to do heroin

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not to abandon her arm to do harm

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someone another to sacrifice a pig and eat it for instance.

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So, that is natural marceia

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and then what about Nasser? The you make a vow

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that is not undoable because you have no capacity but female I am Lake Nazareth in Santa Monica I am like to make a vow concerning that which you do not possess. You don't own you make a vow to donate your brother's car

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is blocking your way out of the garage every day. So you make a vow to the neatest car.

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So Nah, man, I am Linc mela yummly

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but what you do not possess no possession

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and the answer that is like a Ameen

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Bonanza that is like a I mean

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we will add it here

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you ready to be enhanced if it is like the legit.

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So, the naza that is like a I mean that is what by which I mean is intended, added under this category.

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Because it belongs to this category. It's like like a meme like, these are the different types of nerds, these are all different types of net worth. Every time we read a statement here by you know having a pajama, we want to have an answer in this box or enter this box. So we want to say is it valid and or not? Is it binding or not? valid means that at least there will be expiation if you do not fulfill it. Binding means that you must fulfill it. expiation does not relieve you or does not exempt you from fulfilling the vow you must fulfill the vow it is a sin to expropriate without fulfillment. So it's not always up to you to choose between fulfillment or expropriation to send to

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turn out for fulfill Okay, I to get it out of the way, when is it a sin has sin to not fulfill the vow in one scenario only this corba

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that is the only time when you must fulfill it.

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Now this is a corporate malcador highly doable, you can do it. Even men naturally assume that

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if you bow too fast

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for good

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you know, lifetime

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That is doable, right?

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Whether you can do it or not, that's a different story. But if you're healthy, that's doable.

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It's binding.

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And you will sin if you don't fast. And in this case, fasting, in particular, fasting in particular, if you fast if you make knives that are too fast, for good.

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You will need to expiate, for every day you break the fast, the expiation of breaking the fast, forget about the execution of the answer, because the you will do this once.

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Now for every day you break the fast you would, you would expiate for breaking the fast if you fast if you make a vow to pray, like whatever, and you don't pray.

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There is one explanation, if you make any vows except fasting, because there is a replacement for not fasting, by the default of the Sharia, there is replacement for not fasting. So not only that, you will be asked to explain it for breaking the bow. But you will be asked to expiate for breaking that fast.

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So

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yes, but one is once and the other one is, as many times as you break your fast for every day you break your fast feed miskeen for every day you break your fast.

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And the expansion for the vow is the expansion for me. And we may discuss this in the when when we talk about the mean, but in general, I'm also optimistic in the mastermind. Because what Tomodachi rocketman left handed me for sci

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fi, giving food for 10 people or giving them proper attire for prayer that is enough to pray in, for 10 people or emancipation or

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not or, and if you don't find the above, because this is a foreigner that is both Allah 30 But here, this is a foreigner in which there is option in which there is a binding order, and in which there is options. So the first layer, the three and the first layer are here, up to you options, three options. And then

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30 if you don't find any of the above of the above, then fast three days, most of the people just think it is fasting, you know fasting three days wrong ground ground, and you need to make sure that people understand that this is wrong.

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The easiest one would be to feed 10 people right.

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And in fact the said that this is our faith. Because when you promise a loss of pinata, then we may talk about the ruling of nazara Now, when you promise Allah subhanaw taala and you break your promise, you need to emancipate yourself from the Hellfire

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because Allah says in Surah tell Birmingham and I have a lot in Atlanta. So the hollowness of the Karnataka Nana Mr. Curry, I'm sorry hon. Becky Robin.

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So what

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modern manufacturing, we may or may not be mecanim yakezie Boone, so in order for you, okay, so so and of them are those who gave a pledge to Allah, Allah, if he gives us if he provides for us a good provision, then we will give charity and we'll be good. And then when he gave them what they asked for,

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but it will be and what walked away or

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without lahoma don't and then

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yeah, but it's not walked away. It

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turned away, I guess turned away.

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And yeah, in opposition

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or negligence or disregard. disregard

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for a couple of people obey him. So he punished them by

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making by installing hypocrisy in their hearts in America who today that he will meet them. They might apply for law because of how they broke their promise that they have given to Allah, but the mechanic is a bonus because of their mind. So it's a big deal. You know, a big deal to break your promise with Allah subhanaw taala a big deal

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and I like him

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Those who you've wound up another African American

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era interacting inside

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those who fulfill their vows

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and fear, they

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have great

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sort of evil some robots, you know, have

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great

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stuff. Yeah, sure. Anyway, you have great evil, but it is like have great consequences.

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So, what you find happiness? And now so this is about violating, breaking your promise, breaking your promise. So you cannot break your promise which promise are we talking about this one?

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The quarterback, okay.

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Now, what is the ruling of Nazareth to begin with?

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Because of this, and because you would be bringing about so much harm and turmoil to yourself, and so much trial to yourself so much trial to yourself by vowing the prophet SAW sudden forbade us from making vows. Why? Why don't you do what you want to do without making a vow? Why do you oblige yourself to do something when you're not sure that you can commit to it? Like if you make a vow too fast every Monday and Thursday, you will have to do this forever. And every time you don't, you'll be breaking your promise. Why are you doing this yourself?

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Well, Emmanuel hanifa said that's a good thing. You're forcing yourself to do a good thing. So it's a good thing to force yourself to do a good thing. So that is why Mr. hanifa said bowing is Mr. hub

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because you are doing a good thing.

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And he might say said it is my crew.

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And the the proof of MMR method is less than zero and another layer.

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To be a beam and all Buffy do not make vows the prophets itemset do not make vows for vows do not change the decrees. But something can be extracted from the miserly through it you know, the miserly something can be extracted from the miserly through it and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in Nevada lay it behind, it never brings about any good enough.

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So there is emphasis from the Prophet saws and other than that don't make vows. There is no contradiction between the prophets, emphasis on prohibiting nazzer analyze emphasis on fulfilling NAS These are two different things right.

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To be to begin with the initiation of NAS is mcru. But once you have maintenace then it is our job to fulfill them.

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Is that clear? So what Allah is commending in the Quran you have been as is different from the what the prophet SAW Selim is discouraging. He's discouraging you from making us but did the Prophet ever say after you made an asset or break it no he did not. So no contradiction.

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Okay. Now,

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the Maliki said that the nazara would be most likely the HANA is the set that then others Mr. hub like the HANA fees except if it is mohalla conditional.

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If my son passes the exam, I will do such and such if I you know for like years me I will do such and such the Maliki said this is what the prophet intended when he discouraged know

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that as if you are at score of negative images, I will never mocha Bella our natural mocha. It is as if you are rewarding the laws if you are incentive phi incentivize, incentivize incentivizing God to do something for you and that is like head mannered.

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What you need to do when you want to invoke God when you want God to help you do things. You know that the South Dakota Takara water mess can lead to muck Can you I made this up just two times bigger better. Yes. Anyway, it is the car robe and

00:30:00--> 00:30:27

homeschool, you need to get closer to Allah and show humility and brokenness before him. That's it. Don't incentivize Allah by telling him you know, if you do this for me, I'll give charity or you know that type of business is not appropriate. So that is what the medic he said these entities must have been listed his condition, the shafa he said that this must have been less it is

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to force yourself in ties or force or the tear yourself from something to do something or to stay away from something.

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Mohammed, did you have a question? Okay.

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That's what the shafa is. So almost a habit unless, panelists.

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Okay. I personally believe in the hamburger position, not because I'm hungry, but because it is. The Prophet said don't make vows.

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It doesn't bring about any good.

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If you want to do something good, do it. Just do it. You know, you don't have to make a vow do it.

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So vows are makrooh but fulfilling a vow of corba is binding.

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Let us now go over the different types of vows that the sequin mentioned here and answer these two questions and we may need to take a few minutes over the

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Hello time. The Sheikh said manava Tata, Aloha, salaam, another IoT Allah for the OTA, whoever vows and act of obedience is obligated to do it. Because the Messenger of Allah Azza wa sallam said, Whoever vows to obey Allah, let him obey Him. So first type of bow, Navid corba, by their consensus is binding

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and certainly

00:32:06--> 00:32:15

happy You know, it can't be biting in combat and void, if it is binding has to be valid. So valid and binding by consensus.

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Whenever any ot Allaha paliotta, whoever vows to obey Allah should obey Him.

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What is the expiation

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in case you will be a sinner.

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But if you break the vow and you are a sinner in this case, the exhibition is

00:32:41--> 00:33:37

for like the expansion of yameen to foreign to me, Fang, Canada IoT cache, another CRM and IoT family cafaro to me the Cavalier Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam another another loyalty factor Farah took a photo to me if he cannot tolerate it, as in the case of an old man vowing a fast he cannot tolerate, then he must exhibit for it because the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said, if one takes a vow that he cannot fulfill its expansion is the same as that of an oath. It is expiation is the same as that of an oath. This hubbies has controversial authenticity up to Abner bass. There are two three different rulings that are traceable up to Abner bass as a threat to our webinar bass was

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controversial about traceability to the profit. They come in one Hades, the hub now best said never another LMU send me like a fella took a photo to me.

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This was also reports from the profits and sell them but the report is controversial. But if not best said that whoever makes a negative that he does not mean. He just says the lay Elena's never didn't say what they didn't say what he will do nothing, you know,

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upon me for Allah is on us.

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There's anything who have what is the expansion of this capacity, I mean,

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also he said in the same report, whoever makes another to commit a mafia could find it. I mean, whoever makes another that is that is beyond his capacity or her capacity, clarity. I mean,

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those are from ebonheart bass. And it is the Hanbury position. Many of the scholars of Hadith said

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they don't, they're not there void, land aka void. There is no cafaro there is known as to begin with,

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and they cited law not relevant to baby law. There is no navigation

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Except in that which, through which our laws, pleasure is sought.

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So,

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so then this is my otaku lightkeeper who means undoable, but not impossible, undoable, but not impossible. So someone who made an answer but too fast but unable to fast it, then in this case, this method is it valid

00:35:35--> 00:35:42

in the henneberry method is valid. You know it's controversial Some people say it's not valid to begin with

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Liana Hackett because he does not have the ability in the embedding method just remember it is a valid method. That is, is it binding? No.

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No, like you're not going to be

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bound too fast if you cannot fast and fast thing actually can give you like me like if you want to apply so fat what is what is fasting that is hard on young men right? fasting that they have read

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what is fasting that is portable, fasting Monday

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or Monday was supposed to come down here

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Oh yeah.

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Now we are you you are vowing to do something that is hard not to stay away from something that's harder. Where is it my saying okay, here they have a passing the day of a

00:36:52--> 00:36:52

fasting that is

00:36:53--> 00:36:58

fasting that is Korba fasting that is primadonna

00:37:02--> 00:37:06

fasting that is mobile, there is no fasting that is mobile.

00:37:07--> 00:37:30

By but like it all linguistically, if you say I will refrain from eating and drinking until sunset. You know, I will refrain you know about but that's not fasting in the length in the terminological sense, just fasting in the linguistic sense. What is fasting that is macro

00:37:34--> 00:37:43

what we saw would be fasting that is macro to join two days to fast two days in a row that is macro in the Hanbury Meza

00:37:45--> 00:37:55

too fast on the day of RFA if you are if you are one of the Hadid and you're standing at arafa on the day of Allah for fasting would be my crew for you. So haha

00:37:57--> 00:38:00

and with that fasting that is my crew

00:38:01--> 00:38:04

what is fasting that is impossible that is more hand

00:38:07--> 00:38:08

fasting yesterday

00:38:11--> 00:38:15

if you say I started a vow to fast yesterday

00:38:17--> 00:38:22

when I was fasting that is vitamin D fasting for a seeker under the person

00:38:26--> 00:38:26

Canada

00:38:28--> 00:38:35

is basically when you make another in a time of at a time of anger and stuff like this

00:38:36--> 00:38:37

man am lick

00:38:38--> 00:38:51

the you know but that will not apply to fast things will apply to things that you possess or do not possess but anyway fasting can give you like an example on almost each one of them.

00:38:54--> 00:39:07

So, if if he is unable then it is valid, but not binding so he doesn't have to fast but he will need to explain. Okay.

00:39:10--> 00:39:27

Now is he goes on to fcpa for the mean or for every day he does not fast. Just for the mean? Who's going to expiate for every day he did not fast the person who is able but decided not to fast

00:39:29--> 00:39:32

Okay. Then the SEC said

00:39:35--> 00:39:38

women never elementary elevated learning haraam Lam

00:39:39--> 00:39:41

lambda z in little mesh.

00:39:42--> 00:39:43

We have Jin hombre

00:39:45--> 00:40:00

en el matchyour Akiba, whatever. If one vows to walk to the Sacred House of Allah, his or her vow would only be fulfilled by making by walking for Hajj or Umrah if unable to walk. He or she

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

should ride and expeed

00:40:04--> 00:40:11

should ride and expiate. So, two things here one is, keep in mind that

00:40:13--> 00:40:44

this mohab is not going to come back. So let us finish this Mohan first we set the trust and yesterday, there is a difference between fasting that is undoable and impossible fasting that's undoable, you're sick, you're unable fasting that's impossible to pass yesterday This is not meant to happen and of course not binding, this is void, not binding nonsense, just grow up. That's it,

00:40:48--> 00:41:45

then that this issue that whoever makes a vow to walk to Baitullah had haraam, then you will have to walk in a huge drama even if he did not say and had drama, even if you did not even intend then have drama, but that that you will be liable for what you said. And there is that a lot of fun customarily walking is walking for hydrometer walk intubated, that means walking and hydrometer at least this is the Hanbury position that whenever you say that you will walk the bait alarm you have to make Hajj or Umrah walking. Now, if you're unable to walk, then you have you have to explain it because you did not feel fulfill your vow. But it's not binding because via Matador and Abel

00:41:45--> 00:41:47

undoable via Macedon.

00:41:49--> 00:41:50

So

00:41:52--> 00:42:21

so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he, you know a man came to the Prophet Salam settlements said to him that his sister made a vow Aqua Muhammad said to the provinces Allah says they're made a vow to walk to beta la hora and the prophets Allah wa sallam said, cobalt MC and this was repairing Bukhari let her ride and walk and didn't say anything else. But then in another report of the prophets I was I don't have a Naboo the prophets of Salaam said in a lot of tickets a

00:42:24--> 00:42:28

fantastic job went to Khafre. So Allah subhanaw taala would not,

00:42:29--> 00:42:34

does not need or will not will not would have no interest in the misery of your sister.

00:42:36--> 00:42:40

Let her walk let her ride and expeed.

00:42:42--> 00:42:44

So in this case,

00:42:48--> 00:42:53

right, the dye coated right that isn't vetoed, okay.

00:42:55--> 00:42:58

So then in this case,

00:43:00--> 00:43:01

it's clear.

00:43:03--> 00:43:06

If you are unable then you will expiate and

00:43:07--> 00:43:32

you're not bound you're it's not binding. So in other words, Yamamoto tambien ferratas. On the table someone with authority can walk up for when terracotta turbolaser npsi, who era Venus the NFP webinar minute What tech feed we're interested in Rajasthan APU, another mohanan. After the body Adama who acaba wakatobi Callaghan if one vowels are consecutive fast,

00:43:33--> 00:44:18

but is unable to do it consecutively, he should divided and expiate. If, in the middle of the fast, he finds himself unable to continue it consecutively, he will be given the choice of restarting it and you or completing the remaining days, and expiated if he interrupts the fast without an excuse, he must restart it and you have won vows the past of certain days, and he breaks his fast in some of them, he must finish the past make up for this Miss days, and expiate whether or not, he had an excuse. It's complicated. Well, let's make it easy.

00:44:19--> 00:44:59

If you make a vow to fast, a certain number of days, even 3030 is what? One month write your vows the first 30 days, are you bound to fast them consecutively in a row, or can you divide them? You can divide them, even if you say 30 but if you say I went fast a month Are you bound to fast them consecutively? Yes. Because one month means can set like one month, you know, so 30 days in a row. And if you make a vow to fast

00:45:00--> 00:45:28

30 days in a row then it will be 30 days in a row consecutively, you know, but if you just say 30 days, 28 days, then you are not bound it's not bound to be consecutive. Okay so if you make a fast if you make a vow to fast one month, but you do not specify which month I vowed or like some person would say that he vows the past one month, one month

00:45:31--> 00:45:34

and then some person would vow to fast

00:45:36--> 00:45:45

the month of Roger month Roger, now you are you vowed to fast the month of red and in the middle of the month of Roger

00:45:48--> 00:45:54

you broke your fast you interrupted your fast without execuse

00:45:56--> 00:45:57

without excuse

00:45:59--> 00:46:17

or with executes with out or with executes What if you interrupted the air fast with execuse you are executes the interview fast but you are excused When have you interrupted the past with execuse.

00:46:18--> 00:46:19

Then

00:46:21--> 00:46:23

because you made the power too fast a month

00:46:24--> 00:46:28

you will have to accept regardless with or without excuse.

00:46:29--> 00:46:35

But what is the difference between having an excuse here and not having an excuse.

00:46:37--> 00:46:45

If you did not have an excuse, they will demand you to stand if

00:46:46--> 00:46:54

you you fast, you pass this 27 days and you broke your fast on the 28th day.

00:46:55--> 00:47:04

So you start your restarted on the 29th day, they will demand you to fast 30 days from the 29th.

00:47:07--> 00:47:11

Sir 30 more days, you start because you start and you

00:47:12--> 00:47:20

because you have committed the vast amounts of roger that is two things wrapped up and 30 days consecutively.

00:47:21--> 00:47:25

You missed out on Roger, even though you are excused.

00:47:26--> 00:47:37

Whether whether or not you are excused, if you miss out on rather whether or not you are excused, you will expiate. But if you are not excused,

00:47:38--> 00:47:55

you missed out on graduate, but you should not miss out on the 30 days in a row. Then start anew. If you were executes the break here fast on the 28th execuse, you got sick on the 28th

00:47:58--> 00:48:12

you were executed the break your fast on the 28th then they will tell you to expiate, because you missed out on the tragic part of it, but the fact that you violated their

00:48:13--> 00:48:33

order, they will not hold you liable for this because you are excused. Therefore, all you need to do is to make a bar for that one day that you broke the first after the intervention for that one day that you broke the first after in the bridge. What if you make a vow

00:48:34--> 00:48:36

to fast one month,

00:48:37--> 00:48:37

one month?

00:48:39--> 00:48:42

You're not specifying Roger, he said that. So,

00:48:43--> 00:48:47

I will fast one month in this case

00:48:49--> 00:48:56

then you you interrupted the fast with executes without executes.

00:48:57--> 00:49:01

If you interrupted the fast without execuse

00:49:03--> 00:49:07

they will they will demand you to do what?

00:49:09--> 00:49:18

To restart and you repeat and you Okay. What if you had execuse?

00:49:19--> 00:49:20

No.

00:49:21--> 00:49:25

They will hear because you did not say the monster brother.

00:49:26--> 00:49:33

Can you fulfill fulfill your vow? Yes. So they will give you the option between

00:49:34--> 00:49:37

between finishing the month.

00:49:39--> 00:49:51

That is tapani Allah masaba that is to count whatever you have fasted and active enough days to finish the one month

00:49:54--> 00:49:55

or expiate.

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

I'm sorry, no, and the expiate?

00:50:07--> 00:50:34

No, wait a second, we're talking about a widow excuse where that excuse here we went excuse. So without execuse without excuse, they will ask you to restart and you okay? With execuse, they will give you or they will give you two options. One option is to finish the rest of the days.

00:50:38--> 00:51:32

And you know, tapani and expiate or to restart and you and nothing is binding on you. In this case, no exhibition is binding on you. The difference here is that they allow you to expropriate, they did not allow him to expropriate. They allowed you to finish off the rest of the days and expiate him because he had no excuse excuse they demanded that you still have to fulfill your vow because that was not the specific month a variety of border chabanne that was a month keep doing it until you get the whole thing in a row you know, one month in a row and restart, restart restart all the time, you know, even like whatever because you have no excuse.

00:51:35--> 00:51:36

Vendors except

00:51:38--> 00:51:39

when another

00:51:41--> 00:51:53

way another acaba de tu Gianni, Ella and Ian we are a kapetan via f1 vows the emancipation emancipation of a slave, then the emancipation of any slave.

00:51:55--> 00:52:27

eligible to fulfill the oath will suffice unless he vowed to emancipate a particular slave that's clear you know doesn't require discussion. What another female see it in what I'm about and what our female who see the Vidya mean our Casa Vidya mean, they probably Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam let another female certain whether another female Emily Cubano, Adam will call another female to be a V what Hola. He's of Han, there is no binding vow.

00:52:28--> 00:52:58

I chose binding here for a reason, this that he said there is no vow, he meant there is no binding vow to commit a sin or to carry out a merely permissible act. And there is no binding vow concerning that which one does not possess or cannot do. There is also no valid vow if an oath was intended.

00:53:13--> 00:53:15

That is a bit confusing.

00:53:17--> 00:53:24

It is not, it is not a vow, it will be treated as an oath, but this could mean that he is not required to explain it, but he is required to explain it.

00:53:26--> 00:53:28

So, the word valid here is suboptimal.

00:53:29--> 00:53:36

It is not a vow, it is a an oath, but since it is an oath, he will be required to explain

00:53:37--> 00:54:26

all of this is because the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said there is no binding or valid vow to commit this obedience and no binding or valid vow concerning that which the son of Adam does not possess. And he said there is no binding or valid well except for an act seeking the pleasure of Allah the Exalted. Why is the equivocation here on my part, binding or valid binding or valid, because that is important, you know, because if you translate it as binding you're translating based on your method. Now based on the language is the province of seven said Lana there are there is known as what does that mean? So, when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says

00:54:28--> 00:54:29

raffia

00:54:30--> 00:54:36

let's not just get it because this is a long talk, but land has there has to be

00:54:38--> 00:54:59

Lana's raw female CEO there is known as concerning Masaya do people make nazara? concerning maaseiah or not? They do is the prophet SAW Selim negating the essence of that the very occurrence of that act. No. So what is he negating here? It must be no

00:55:00--> 00:55:18

valid or no binding? Well, no valid would mean both no valid no and or binding. But could he mean only no binding the vow that is the one valid position that he only meant no binding Val

00:55:19--> 00:55:38

have a bit strange because of how Nabila embellies in general do the sort of the so called moment moqtada, which is the generalize and moqtada. The required insertion that you have to make the required insertion, I have to insert something here to make this statement.

00:55:43--> 00:55:46

Accurate? No, it is accurate, it's just

00:55:47--> 00:55:48

comprehensible.

00:55:50--> 00:55:59

I have to make it comprehensible, I have to insert something when I answered the valid, that is generalizing because valid includes binding

00:56:00--> 00:56:07

or wherever I have to tighten it and insert by and insert no binding Val lesson.

00:56:10--> 00:56:57

So the Hanbury is like with insert with insert would generalize the insertion with insert. Why? Because they're saying about if the profit negated the essence verbally, then I would have to negate everything it can negate to come as close to the wording of the profit as possible. And that's what the shefa is do mannequins and Hana fees usually tighten the insertion they make the instance or very little because they say that if I have to insert something in the speech of the premises, I may insert the least to make it comprehensible. It's just like the different discussion. But anyway, here the ham batteries they chose to insert because they have also other evidence from Abner bass

00:56:57--> 00:57:23

and so on the chose to insert the binding. So, all those vows would be valid, not binding, meaning expiation will be required, but no fulfillment will be required. Now, so, he said three things here maaseiah MOBA

00:57:24--> 00:57:38

cause of obesity, I mean, lay on Lake for things that not does not possess. so mad I am lick will be valid. Yes. So I vow to donate my brother's car.

00:57:39--> 00:57:56

Valid vow Meaning what? Meaning and expiation is binding if I don't donate my brother's car, should I donate my brother's car? Absolutely not. You cannot you must not

00:57:57--> 00:57:58

okay.

00:57:59--> 00:58:02

I vow to fast on the day are varied

00:58:04--> 00:58:09

or I vow to drink beer or something like awful.

00:58:11--> 00:59:05

Is this valid? Is this a valid vow? Yes, what according to the embeddings because we agreed, we agreed that there is so much disagreement Aside from this, this this you know make frame this because this is what everybody agrees on and I want you to remember this. Aside from this, there is so much disagreement according to the combat is this novel marceia is valid monoket not lasme not binding, and you must not fulfill it. And if you fulfill it, you will be sinful. So you must not fulfill it. Okay, what else did he say? obedia mean? Which is

00:59:08--> 00:59:09

like legit.

00:59:11--> 00:59:12

Like, you know,

00:59:14--> 00:59:40

delay if you don't eat the layers of error, if I don't do this over if I do this, we will learn things like this. All of this, you know, the neither legit or really mean is valid, according to the ham bellies, not binding, meaning that you either fulfill it if it is okay. Or you expiate.

00:59:42--> 00:59:45

If it is okay, you have the option to fulfill

00:59:46--> 00:59:53

or expiate. So, if you don't eat the Layer Layer, so

00:59:55--> 00:59:59

you know, you either fulfill it or accept it.

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

Okay, this is another legit

01:00:08--> 01:00:19

because this is for Marhaba. This is for like, this is not the intent here is not a port, but the intent here is deterrence or enforcement or

01:00:20--> 01:00:38

it's not the quarterback here The intent is the quarterback, another little quarterback order more helicopter shot if Allah subhanaw taala cures my son. This is different from, you know, you know if you don't take this if you don't do that if I do this and this is for now. Yeah.

01:00:39--> 01:00:50

So then what else is left here and we're back. Okay, so I, you know, vow to wear my

01:00:52--> 01:00:55

Navy job today.

01:00:56--> 01:00:57

For instance,

01:00:59--> 01:01:01

not the gray one, I vowed to wear the Navy.

01:01:03--> 01:01:17

However, I have the option of wearing the Navy and not expiating. But if you must wear the gray, I can wear the gray, and expiate in this case, so

01:01:18--> 01:01:30

I have the option. So is it this vow and this vow is binding only according to Verizon Maliki's. Is it valid vow? Yes.

01:01:31--> 01:01:50

So keep in mind for the ham bellies, the only invalid bow is what Elmo had the impossible and then we will come to this because this is the left so so I wear the gray or wear the Navy or I eat

01:01:51--> 01:02:00

fish today or like whatever. So but it is not binding and I have the option

01:02:02--> 01:02:18

so when is it that I don't have the option Masia so it's x x like you can to do it not only that, and Millennium league xx okay. So, what about macro?

01:02:19--> 01:02:24

What about macro? It is valid, but

01:02:27--> 01:02:44

you are giving the option to fulfill or exit, but you are recommended to execute not fulfill expiate not fulfill so you have added a small x here

01:02:46--> 01:02:55

you know for the macro, you are recommended to expiate and not fulfill in in mobile, you're given the option

01:02:57--> 01:03:01

and you may as well be slightly recommended to fulfill

01:03:02--> 01:03:12

in marceia and man if you're not given the option you must not fail and XRP ledger that you are given the option

01:03:15--> 01:03:25

okay. So we filled all of them. Let us go back and figure out this because this is not coming with us.

01:03:29--> 01:03:38

And mela Musa me. So the most Latinas read the absolute nazzer, which is Malamute you sent me.

01:03:42--> 01:03:44

Man lamb you sent me

01:03:45--> 01:03:48

absolute hormone luck.

01:03:50--> 01:03:52

What did we say about this?

01:03:54--> 01:04:06

Hey, you want to have to expiate? Because he didn't say what he makes enough to do. So we can ask him to do anything in particular. So he just needed XP. That's all.

01:04:07--> 01:04:13

What about Hara Manuel de la Samana Ramadan? You know, suddenly I'm not sure.

01:04:15--> 01:04:27

Whether or a land acquisition or something, anything of that nature to refrain from haram or to do whether is this valid?

01:04:38--> 01:04:39

controversial.

01:04:40--> 01:04:56

controversial. The honeyberries in you know, there are two views that are extremely strong in the meth lab. I would not even say which one is authorized the but some people would say the authorized one is in opposition to the vast majority. They say it is valid.

01:04:58--> 01:04:59

So they

01:05:00--> 01:05:14

It is binding bossless Shaddai it is binding because it is binding because you have to pray I say anyway and it is valid. So if you do not pray Ayesha, you will not only need to repent but you will also need to expiate.

01:05:16--> 01:05:24

So that rest of them as a hub and one report in the Hanbury method have said it is not.

01:05:26--> 01:05:56

It is not it is nonsense it because it is binding bossless Shara Allah as Ambassador Shara, but the honeyberries are saying you added another layer because you will now have to expiate. So you could make a vow to fast from that according to the ham bodies even though the Hanbury definition of a vow rules this out because they have very definition of a vow exam and mocha Luffy nafsa who is someone who kind of Euro caffeine and

01:05:57--> 01:06:18

Erasmus in Basel is Shara the macula the liable person making obligatory on themselves a better that is not lesbian Asada but anyway so that it's can controversial within that very matter. Is it binding of course because it is binding kabasele ashara but it is not binding by the vow itself the vow did not make it binding.

01:06:19--> 01:06:22

So it is binding bosasa

01:06:25--> 01:06:30

then the sheikh said when gamma and gamma have never been a thought you already have

01:06:31--> 01:06:38

it haha the Mirage Nebraska observational, so solemn Rajan Chi Minh fisherman's fissara makalu Abu israa he

01:06:40--> 01:07:16

never any equipment for service what airport what is the villa Attica masuma Kala Maru fanatical Mr. Walia called What do you solo? If one combines in the in the vow an act of obedience with another act he or she is only required to fulfill the act of obedience. This is due to the report of of nobis where he said the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam saw a man standing. So he asked about him, the people said, this is our boy he vowed not to speak, seek shade from the sun, set or fast, not a

01:07:22--> 01:07:47

mistake here in the translation. He vowed not to speak, seek shade, not a speech to seek shade from the sun or set and devour too fast. The Messenger of Allah said, Go and tell him to speak, seek shade and sift. But let him complete his past. So all the nonsense that is not a bad that is not corba

01:07:48--> 01:07:51

Stop it, but couldn't see you know fast.

01:07:53--> 01:08:11

Now, how many explanations one, why, because it is one vowel. If it were many vows, he would have had to expiate, many times, the Prophet did not say expiate. But, you know, they get the exhibition from other reports,

01:08:13--> 01:08:42

if there is expiation, because it's still a controversial issue. Let's go by the hand baddies now, they get the exclusion from the other reports, they will force them to exhibit one expiation because it is one vow to do many things in that when one vow, but if there were separate vows for these separate things, he would have had to exhibit for each one of those vowels. If there are separate vowels for one thing,

01:08:43--> 01:08:47

separate vowels for separate things, separate explanations,

01:08:49--> 01:08:54

one vowel for separate things, one expiation,

01:08:55--> 01:08:58

say several vows for one thing,

01:09:02--> 01:09:03

no one explanation is the

01:09:04--> 01:09:06

company's a very kind,

01:09:08--> 01:09:17

one explanation. So to demand the several explanations, separate explanations for each vow, you will have to have separate separate,

01:09:18--> 01:09:32

high vow to not eat, I vow to wear this high vow that I will not let this person come in separate vows separate, separate

01:09:34--> 01:09:36

issues, separate explanations.

01:09:38--> 01:09:41

I vowed to not let your brother

01:09:42--> 01:09:59

into the house, for instance, then I vowed to not let your brother walk in in or comment. I vow to not linear and you have not expiated all of those want expiation. It's the same thing. Your brother not coming to the house.

01:10:00--> 01:10:01

So one expiation

01:10:04--> 01:10:28

and, and then, like I said, one vowel like I've always thought he made one vow to not sit, not seek shade from the sun, not speak. Three different things. One bow, one expiation, okay then the sheikh said we're in Thailand LA LA and as Ron what I'm used to me Valley he confided to me

01:10:30--> 01:10:41

that I mean it's a mecca for to me. And as you know, this was like I said, traceable to the prophet SAW some controversially, but traceable to Abner bass

01:10:43--> 01:10:59

as a fat boy from Ebner bass, one who makes an unspecified bow for Allah with Oh, and expiation like that for a broken oath, which what you know tamasak Misaki nasima Samana likoma

01:11:01--> 01:11:09

Ltd for sama Saraswati am the same as the expiation for the health This brings us to the end of the chapter on vows I'm sorry.

01:11:11--> 01:11:11

But

01:11:12--> 01:11:29

it had to be done in one session, otherwise we will have not been able to grasp it. So hopefully inshallah with questions and answers you will have a better understanding but but I just hoping that it was I tried to make it easy. protocol, the other stuff.

01:11:31--> 01:11:35

She learned learn stuff forgotten what I could take five minutes and then I'll take questions.