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Fiqh of Worship #48 – Chapter on Ihram Sites

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Hatem al-Haj

Channel: Hatem al-Haj

Series:

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Learn from the Ross Ross Ross

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Ross to proceed.

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So today inshallah, we will take that as a as assessment for HUD. And we will go over two chapters,

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just to make sure that we make some progress and so that we're not, you know, short on time at the end.

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So it will not be like we will abandon the test key assertions until the time of HUD's it's just that we're trying to make some progress. So maybe, you know, a couple of times, we will just devote them to hot

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sessions, but it's not going to be every time until hot.

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Today, we'll talk about the more peat which are the designated places to start your home.

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And we will talk about the home itself and what is so, the first chapter is the chapter on millipede

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and these are like I said, the designated sites of harm or the sites of harm. And McCart means a designated place or designated site right designated place or site can be used for both time and place, time and place.

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So, anything that is more cut or pizza. So, Pete is that is that the designate

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the signal to designate. So, now,

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that is why we have no pizza cellar right, you know the massage of the old published market salon.

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Market is plural of me apart. Now Pete is plural of me cut me a card is a significant significant or designated site. So this chapter is called the more peat callaham because these are the designated places where you must start your home. Having said that, what is wrong is not the basically

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harem is a state of being. It is when you have embarked on the nusach whether it is HUD or hombre, you're steeped during the Nasik which is Haji hombre

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is called the state of a home where certain things are haram for you. And they are not

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they are not by default haram but they're just haram for you, because you have embarked on this new set of had ritual of had or hombre. So that's where the word that comes from it comes from how Roma, Yom haram because to certain certain things become forbidden for you in this state, when they are usually not forbidden. Such as what you know we will talk about those issues next time inshallah, next time, we will talk about Mahabharata haram forbidden things during haram such as you know,

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saving clipping nails,

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wearing sewn fitted clothing,

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covering the head,

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you know, whole forms of sort of sexual advances and certainly intercourse, even the marriage contract itself conducting the marriage contract. These are all things that are forbidden during your state of Haram. So RAM is not simply the garment that you wear, it is your your state of being while you are in performing your act of HUD or home.

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So that's as far as the northeast and as far as when we will talk about ROM and what you need to do. In the next session. inshallah, we'll talk about the hammer and what we need to do in the state of a hand. But before this and since we are not having at a scale class today. So it may be a good thing to talk about, you know what Hodges about in terms of the inner dimensions of culture, the wisdoms of had or just beyond the mere rituals of hearts, because you have to be thoughtful when you make

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in order for you to reap all the benefits of this great act of worship.

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We always say that I better is in general about submission to God, submissiveness to God, you have to show submission to God. And I bet I've had particularly is about submission submissiveness, and it is submissiveness that which you comprehend and that which you do not comprehend because there are certain things I've had that many people may not be able to comprehend.

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People vary in their intellectual aptitudes, a great deal and sometimes

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And that is why they just need to humble themselves and understand that I may not be able to comprehend everything. And even if I'm smart, there is the sort of the intellectual mind and the spiritual mind, your intellectual mind may be very smart, but your spiritual mind is very dumb. And that historically that has been the case, you know.

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You could see that a lot of intellectually smart people could be spiritually very,

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sort of handicapped, or challenged.

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So

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that when you embark upon Hajj, there are certain things that you will be able to comprehend certain things that you can't comprehend, but you're doing it because that is what a Lost Planet Allah had demanded of you. That is what Allah had to ask of you. And that is trading on submission, or submissiveness. And it makes perfect sense, even to the you know, the greatest philosophers

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the most complicated, most sophisticated philosophers.

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Kant is considered the greatest Western philosopher in the last 200 years or 300 years, some people say, you know, ever, and he says that, you know, when it comes to the metaphysical realm, metaphysical realities, in his Critique of Pure Reason, he said, that the mind is incapable of

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basically proving or disproving anything in the meta metaphysical realm. He himself was religious, it's not like he was atheist. He was pious and religious.

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And he, but but he concluded that you can't really prove or disprove anything in the metaphysical world, using your intellect because that is not capable of this work. It is not capable, it doesn't have this capacity

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to begin with in the first place. So it would be important when it comes to the knowledge of the unseen when it comes to the knowledge of the unseen and these are, there's beautiful verses and sort of inocula that basically

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prove provide, like a like a roadmap to epistemology for us Muslims, but I learned I was an article article member of South basara Club in the LA Coliseum in the LA liquidation career, along with Roger Corman between neomatik la Manasa rajala from somehow Apsara de la la quinta Kuru. So, what la vie Bustamante an article Allah belongs the unseen of the heavens and the earth. Well, now I'm going to start the electronic buzzer and the matter of the hour or the command of the hour is like a glimpse of an eye or you know, the blink of an eye.

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In a lot of conditions, very capable overall things. Well, Roger Corman between neomatik Manor laboratory out of the wombs of your mother left out knowing nothing, without a lot of sorrow and either lacking to school and he provided for you He granted you he endowed you with some hearing of SAR sites will have either intellect, law law come to school, that you may show gratitude that you may show gratitude. That is basically a complete roadmap. And that's why you haven't heard me Rahim Allah used to say acmella Mamma Mia, Andaman and mucuna but Oracle has CST one herbaria T, while arklay

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the people who are most nations that are most perfect acknowledged those who acknowledge all routes to knowledge is a barrier that's transmitted, you know, when Larry Ray was spotted article a lot belongs the knowledge of the unseen those that this type of knowledge can only reach you by habit by transmission. So it has to come to you from Allah, through messengers, through you know, the angelic messenger and then the human messenger and asked to come through like a trade. This is a very, let's say a perceptual level project has a perception which are lacking, some are upset and He grants you with some an absurd hearing and sight.

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And in our player, the rational, the rational, that is basically the old the infighting or the fighting between rationalists you know, and and the empiricists is a are we born with a blank slate are not born with a blank slate Islam gives us the perfect answer. We are born with the potential the faculty to understand but it is a blank slate because Allah Azza wa Taala want to say I know nothing without locking someone up seraphina and he provided you with hearing and sight and intellect. That intellect is the power is the potential to understand to comprehend, but it is a blank slate because he said like I don't want to do math.

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He

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basically brought you out of the womb of your mother knowing nothing. So the blank slate is capable. And that is basically what what what can't arrive that how have you know, after all the sort of the back and forth between the rationalists, mainly French and the empiricists, mainly British can't arrive that at this conclusion that you know, it is somewhat of a blank slate. It's not like Socrates, who had an interest in the Socratic tradition in general, who used to believe that we, that knowledge is remembrance, and ignorance is forgetting that we have it all inside, it's all inscribed, but we just need to remember, no, it is a blank slate. But the fifth chakra is the power

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of the potential the capacity to understand the power and potential of the capacity to understand

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not that we're that we are born with, what sort of information already inscribed inside it.

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So this is basically the epistemology of Islam we have an se, sr, and and herbaria and allow play. So we have three routes the knowledge and has a perceptual.

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That is the what the empiricists always talk about that empiricists are always focused on say, a perceptual, we have a sub area that is the transmitted and that is what transmitted that is concerning the knowledge of the unseen will allow you to have the knowledge of the the unseen. And that is what Kant said, cannot be recognized by

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reason, because it is incapable of this and we have an ARCA layer, which is which is the rational, rational. And Islam says that all of them exist all of them are proper ways to knowledge to the acquisition of knowledge, but you have to understand which knowledge can be acquired by which one of these methods so that knowledge of the unseen what you know what is pleasing to Allah, what is not pleasing to Allah, the knowledge that is beyond your comprehension, you could acquire this knowledge through transmission and cabaret, you know, the angelic and messenger and the human messenger, the knowledge, basically

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discovering the discoveries, physics, mathematics, and all of this stuff is predominantly perceptual hasee, who you know,

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somewhat Uppsala and he granted you with some unobserved vision and hearing and there is certainly knowledge that can be acquired by this rational capacity, it is a capacity, it is a potential. It is not like the like the mind has like a manifesto that is inscribed in it, but it has the capacity to have to understand things and to comprehend things. So this submissiveness is extremely important for the Muslim. A Muslim will never be able to claim Islam without submissiveness, Islam is about submissiveness and Islam is about submissiveness to the bar. And if this is what I lost, this is what the messenger said, When accepted. And that is basically what that is what is rational, that is

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what what what makes perfect sense to make tech lead to follow once you have reached the door of God, the Creator, and you have basically realized that, yes, this message comes from him, then it makes perfect sense that you will now submit, and you do not contest

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had trains us in that? Because there are lots of things that you do and had that are beyond your comprehension. And certainly they don't make sense to some people. And some people complain about it, you know, some people who are not particularly, you know, they come back and say, you know, as I said, this doesn't really make much sense to me.

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But if you truly think about it, you will find that everything makes sense, whether or not it makes sense to certain people, but everything makes sense. You know, that standard got out of it. It's sort of like it's a powerful reminder of the Day of Resurrection in the day that we will, you know, be resurrected and that we will be all standing in one place or the master and so on. That circumambulation around the Kaaba. It is about the sensuality of the deen sensuality.

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The place of the Divine in our hearts we are we revolve around. So in all of our affairs, what is central in our lives is the divine place, and we move around. But we don't go far away from it. You see, it's a lot of around the car, but you keep pretty much the same distance from the curb, regardless of your position, but you're keeping the same distance from the curb, and in your life. Regardless of your position. Regardless of your face, you grab this of your career, regardless of where you live, regardless of your age, you should keep close to a lost product. And you should keep that relationship with a lost method or the most central relationship. And it doesn't matter where

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you are, whether you live in Malaysia or America or at the end of your career, beginning of your career young, old this that Bridgeport, it doesn't matter. So that's infidelity of the Divine place is reenacted in power. Also, when it comes to Romeo Jamila, which is the thing that many people don't really comprehend very well or, you know, some people claim that doesn't really make a lot of sense for them. But it is an evocative, also evocative reminder of the chief enemy, that your enemy is not your inconsiderate neighbor who blast the music to hi 11pm your enemy is the shaitan who whispers bad thoughts in your head, your enemy is not your your bossy spouse, your enemy is the

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Straight Talk. Your enemy is not your crew, boss, your enemy is the Straight Talk. Your enemy is not even your chief enemy is not even your human enemy who abuses you, and persecute you, your chief enemy as the state law, because the human enemy can ruin your life, the shaitan will ruin the Iraqi hereafter. So who's who should be a greater enemy, in this case, certainly the shaper. So this is an evocative reminder of that.

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had also is like a training and endurance and because it does take a lot of effort, but it does take sacrifice, it's training and sacrifice training and endurance, you have to have your priorities set right to embark on this journey. Because it's costly, it is difficult, it is tiring, and so on and so forth. Sometimes it's not particularly safe, particularly, you know, in the olden days, it was not particularly safe for for our people was not watching on them. And if it was not, it was and if it was unsafe, it was not profitable for them to embark on it. But even if it is safe, there is you know, you can imagine some people coming from Indonesia, by sea or land it is, you know, like a

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difficult journey. So it's it's a training and endurance and training and sacrifice. Also, when it comes to

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harm and taken off your clothes, it's a reminder that we will leave the studio without any of our possessions and a reminder of equality and reminder of our fragility in us as human beings and weakness as human beings coming together also, is good for us Muslims, when it comes to bonding, when it comes to enhance promoting the bond between us as believers, you know, Muslims could be xenophobes, like any like any human beings, you know, that is one of the the human flaws, xenophobia is one of the human flaws. But how does that help us a great deal, you know, sort of

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treating ourselves from that illness or that flaw. Because people converge to one place, this commonality of purpose creates this bond between you and people that look very different from you, they're converging to this place from all corners of the world. They have been doing this for 1400 years, every year, people come from different places, they get to see one another, they get to share the same experience in the same purpose, you know, with one another in this journey, and that that really removes a lot of the xenophobia that we have as human beings and it creates this bond between us and it teaches us about equality and teaches us about so many things it was even as a means for

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us to propagate knowledge. You know, if Messina, for instance, he wrote in English in Arabic, despite the fact that he was asked if you seen I was from his books there. And he wrote in Arabic because it is it wasn't the global language at the time global Muslim languages live. And if you send a couple of manuscripts of your book of can own a few manuscripts of your book upload to Mecca during the season of hubs and have some scribes write more manuscripts in Mecca and that's what they used to do. And people get you know, within this within a couple of months, you live in oz big Stan or you live in Afghanistan, within a couple of months. You're

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work can be in you know, Sub Saharan Africa could be in Andalusia, you know it will be all over the Muslim world. So, that was a powerful way of the propagation of knowledge you get makes you also aware of the conditions of the Muslims everywhere. Anyway we can talk about this for a lot longer there are so many wisdoms that had and it is so sad and unfortunate that many of us are just sort of

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limiting ourselves to the ritualism of it and not giving us enough thought

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to realize the beauty of it to realize the beauty of this Shire.

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But, but we will have to move on because we were otherwise going to be short.

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Now, like I said, you will have those two chapters the chapter of millipedes and the chapter of ROM itself. Remember, Allah tala

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said in his book,

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under, under, you know, Kitab had the book of HUD's above MRP. The chapter on the sides of Iran when you come to it in Medina lfls was Samuel miserable negative algebra, while Yemen lm lamb was a net carbon wedding messenger that were Okay, so, he said this is a hadith This is exactly the meaning of a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam where

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Abdullah nobis Bukhari Muslim reports from Avila bass he said what Katara pseudo licenser lovely and in Medina, that was the only Shannon one. The Quran when he added Yemeni alumnium sakala una llamada masala

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hombre

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from incana dudas Alec for

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min Allahi wa katha Africa Veronica hatanaka you will learn I mean, so the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said

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or Abdullah Abdullah said that the prophet SAW Selim designated the sights for the people the prophet SAW someone designated

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Okay, now I'm gonna practice my drone skins

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you have to be forgiven

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take a bigger

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This is by the way, for those of you who root for Potter here

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and this is the Emirates for those of you who are not familiar

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This is Saudi Arabia

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I want you to imagine that this is the right see.

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This would be the Mediterranean

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so this would be a sham

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so I'll put this here

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so this is a sham

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which is you know Syria Palestine Jordan and Lebanon

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who this is obviously Egypt

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This is obviously iraq Iraq.

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This is obviously alien.

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Okay.

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Okay. So this is maca.

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This is not

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this is Jeddah.

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This is Mike.

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This is jedha

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Okay.

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I'll tell you why

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you know

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and so, this is his or her life

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and this

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is

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Cora

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is another hand side garden

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This is the Lamb lamb

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okay. So, the the main the main sites that the prophet SAW Selim designated himself are verbally for for the people of Medina

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and this is about 200 miles

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from Mecca straight line you know not by car straight line not the odometer straight line

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and carbon is about 39 miles

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currently is 39 miles

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11 land LAN straight line because you know people will make a lot of mistakes because they they try to figure it out by the diameter of the car which doesn't make sense straight line your lamb lamb is 43 miles.

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Jeddah is 44 miles

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and Jaffa

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is about 92 miles

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from Mecca

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Are you able to see from the back you probably are not you're able to see actually

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Sorry, sir. Okay.

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But I want you to just okay.

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This is your lung lung,

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carton.

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Not for life.

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Joy fun.

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So, they are at different distances the farthest away his life for sure the farthest away from Mecca is Malaysia.

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But then they are at these different distances from Mecca. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam says, you know, the law best said that the Prophet designated life for the people of Medina, he designated

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for the people of a shell.

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Why do they have Robert here? Because Joshua was abandoned some time ago and people use Robert instead because it was close by.

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And then going back a couple of numbers he said what he actually announced the third and the profit designated Cardinal for the people of nodes.

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And what led me to London and the profit designated the aluminum for the people of Yemen, Carla from Allah when Allah tala

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Roger Amara, meaning that these sites will be for the people who live at those places, and whatever goes through those places, who is not a resident of those places, but goes through those places.

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who intends to make Hydra Hummer women another genre who intends to make had genre? So anyone who's coming from Assam

00:29:01--> 00:29:03

this is this is your place.

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This applies also to people coming from a Maghreb and Egypt. You know, anyone who's coming from Medina life, anyone who's coming from like the eastern provinces of Saudi Arabia, it will be a cotton.

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We will come to that canal because that will be here.

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We'll be here.

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So, that is these are these are the four main designated sites that were designated by agreement by the prophet sallallahu Sallam himself

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is the only amendment padana sets Aviemore pg&e our equivalent on Murali howdy there. Those are the Northeast the plural of niqab for the people who live there, and for those who cross through

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by them.

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Then he said, because that's the statement of the prophets Allah lizer. Then he said women men zero who do not make art for someone whose house is closer to Mecca than them apart from a quarter woman mother he had 100 omeka you hit Luna min howdy how Janeway reunited ombre team in Adnan head

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so whosoever lives closer to Mecca, Vanda MacArthur if you live in this area here and sign closer to Mecca vendimia Park where do you make your run from your hometown? Even America, they will make their home from Mecca. However they enter into a home for ombre from the closest place outside the harem from the closest place outside the harem Why is that? So

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far everything's clear. no confusion, right? The people of Mecca what is not

00:31:05--> 00:31:06

closer to

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God?

00:31:17--> 00:31:35

No closer meaning between them a pat on the head on their bit? Yeah. So if between them a pat on the head on you're, you're inside them. So then the path is behind you. So if I live here, partners behind me, so I make my firm from my hometown.

00:31:37--> 00:31:59

Okay, so and America in particular, why is it that they can make their account for hubs from Mecca, but the Emperor aamra they must go out to attend him and that's by the agreement of the form of the must go out to Atlantic even though there is some controversy well

00:32:00--> 00:32:44

why is that why is there controversy because the statements of the Prophet and disagreed upon hobbies reported by Abner bass hotter no matter you he Luna Mina and the Prophet did not say anything else. Even an America the people of Mecca. They started from from it from Mecca and the Prophet did not say for her drama he just that's that's all he said. Some of the scholars took this literally and they said whether it's helped or ombre, the same will apply. Now, the majority of the scholars and that's the form of that have said no. When Asia wanted to make or hombre at the end of her hubs. The Prophet commanded Abdullah commanded was it was probably a man years of drama. Her

00:32:44--> 00:33:19

brother of the romantic take her out to attend him, which is the closest point of that is non in outside the secret prison outside the harem, the sacred prison The closest point to our heroine that is outside the secret prison is at an A. So he told her brother to take her out to a time to make a home from there and come back and make armor. Well that doesn't enter this agreement because they could always say that I said at the time was not a resident of Mexico is resident Medina. But anyway.

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But at this time, she was really in Mecca and she had not intended to come to Mecca she had not intended to come to Mecca.

00:33:37--> 00:33:41

Okay. She had intended to come to Mecca with what

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hombre in the first place, the Prophet told her cancel this and make no your intention to have had because of her circumstances

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so that you don't miss HUD if you have to wait for your period and and so on with aamra and you may not you may miss HUD so start out the nusach as HUD and the profit and she went back but he also she also had her start off her music as hard to get on.

00:34:17--> 00:34:32

So she would earn the reward of having an hombre but then she did want to have like a separate ombre like to feel like she had had endo hombre not that you're not the combined one but hi john hombre like everybody else

00:34:33--> 00:34:59

who make tomato you know that form of hardware you make or hombre and then you endure hombre and then you start your heart. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam allowed her to do this to go out to eat. So literally at this time, she had not planned to go into Mecca without a home. So that we need now to order her to go out you know, but

00:35:00--> 00:35:38

She came into Mecca with her ashram and finished her heart. And now she wants to make her Amara. He asked the Prophet told her go out to a time. Don't start your ombre from here, that browser no justification of this for the majority. And that's the four mam's is what is that inhabits? People go out of the sacred precinct, horrifies outside the sacred precinct, right. So, in even the people of Mecca, they will go out of the sacred prison.

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You know, before is there, they used to make hats. They used to follow the rituals, like Ibrahim started to that and are used to basically follow the rituals that Abraham and his mind started. But the people of Christ in particular, they say, and we are the people of our heart, and we don't go out our fat like the rest of the people.

00:36:03--> 00:36:37

So they are too proud to go out our fat because our fat is outside the harem. How could you How could we live in Harlem to go to a place like this that is outside the hora. And then they were surprised when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam proceeded our affair because he is pricey and makin. He they were surprised when the Prophet proceeded with everyone to our affair. So it is men for the New Silk, the Hajj and Umrah for everyone to combine between the sacred prison and the

00:36:39--> 00:37:05

area outside of it outside of the city to be in both places, and Harlem and outside of Harlem. in hand, everybody has to do this because everybody has to go to our office. In Amara, the people of Mecca were forced to go out to inhale to outside of the sacred prison, so that they can combine in an hombre between being in the sacred prison and being outside of the sacred prison.

00:37:06--> 00:37:48

Right. So the in general, were the people who were the Mk Duma, because some of you may inshallah have the opportunity to live in Mecca for some time. And if you are a resident in Mecca, you don't have to be a native Mexican. If you are resident in Mecca, and you want to make our Amara, this discussion is relevant, it's not irrelevant, because based on that minority position, you could always be making Amerigo just go in the camera and go back home and so on. And based on the majority, the majority position of the forum as I have, you will have to go out to attend him to start your armor. Keep in mind, if you keep on making throw off when you're in Mecca, you get the

00:37:48--> 00:37:55

reward and thoughts great reward, but it is not the complete honor just to the reward of cloth which is a great reward.

00:37:56--> 00:37:57

Okay.

00:37:59--> 00:38:51

Then she said woman Lamia Kotori, for me part for me talk to who has a crabby ha ha he asked for someone whose way does not pass by me caught his me thought would be parallel to the closest in the park to him when he provided me a card for me to highlight for someone who does not go through me thought let us say and this is what the people of Iraq came to Amara the Allahu anhu after Kufa and Basra were acquired by the Muslims. The people of Iraq came to Omar Delano and said, we're coming like this. We're currently down on 30 Pina Coladas outside of our way with pecan is away from us will come in like this the mecca time is outside of our sort of row pass or away from our path to

00:38:51--> 00:39:03

Mecca. And then Omar, you know, spontaneously and that's the beauty of Amara as Why did you know the problem of that is the is that there is no trust, you know, like,

00:39:04--> 00:39:18

we don't trust each other. So whenever a scholar comes up with an idea or like a position that's a little bit strange, people start to accuse them of all kinds of things that he's like Zionist and he takes money from CDC,

00:39:19--> 00:39:21

and all that. So,

00:39:22--> 00:39:53

but Omar Allah who was not in that predicament, so I found that very easy, very easy to spontaneously come up with a solution. The solution, by the way, was the solution of the Prophet but Omar did not know that it was, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam prescribed it. And the people who were asking him did not know that the Prophet prescribed it. Like when the front sahaabah used to make a fat when they agree with the factor of the profit without knowing that they used to get happy because of that, like I'm loving them. So within the fractal of Colossians

00:39:55--> 00:39:58

412 the woman whose husband died

00:40:00--> 00:40:08

So, now I'm already very easily set to them find out which place

00:40:11--> 00:40:21

is has has come in which place is the same distance from the maquette s Come on your path

00:40:22--> 00:41:18

it will be parallel to it like you know mechanics here and this is our find out a point on your path that is parallel to carbon parallel to parallel means what because the scholars disagreed on this, but parallel to porn according to the right position in the strongest position is means that had he the same distance from Mecca life car, you know the same distance from Mecca life Park, that is that is what parallel counterpart means, if Mecca is the focal point here and carbon is 39 miles find a point on your path that is 39 miles from Mecca, and we found that that would be that place the approximately the same distance from Mecca like Cod, okay. So, now, if you are coming from some

00:41:18--> 00:41:31

other place, like here for instance, and the aluminum is to your left hand side, what do you do you figure out you know, that if you figure out this border

00:41:37--> 00:41:59

and you know, you figured out which which macaque which originally designated, a haram site is closest to you and figure out where on your path, you know, the point of that is at the same distance from Mecca like that ashram site that is closest to you. Now, let us come here

00:42:01--> 00:42:24

what the radius, the radius of the circle, if you if you draw a circle, you know, the point the focus of it is Mecca and the the the closest side to you is on that radius, then your sort of home side should be on that radius as well.

00:42:26--> 00:42:27

Now,

00:42:29--> 00:42:36

but, so, what about gender? What about gender? Can people make vary from from gender?

00:42:37--> 00:42:37

Hmm.

00:42:41--> 00:42:53

Okay, he argues, according to him as a very small minority of scholars, contemporary scholars laddoos, according to the vast majority of contemporary scholars, why because they think of agenda as insight.

00:42:55--> 00:43:20

Keep in mind that the Han Chinese and ham bellies, there is one Hanafi scholar that said that people could make a plan from gender but the shafa is an honeyberries in their sort of authorize the views. They consider that to be a mid card for people who will come from the Sudanese island of awaking, and everybody who comes from that side, whereas the Sudanese island of swaggin, so I can is here.

00:43:21--> 00:43:22

This is Sudan.

00:43:25--> 00:43:28

And Egypt and Sudan are fighting over this. But

00:43:30--> 00:43:34

it's just like all Arab countries, you will find they'll find something to fight over.

00:43:36--> 00:44:01

desire and Maghreb and everybody will have to find something anyway. But this is so I can hear and if you go to Judah like this, the Hanbury said that you start your home from Jeddah if you arrive into did by sea from the Sudanese Ireland ofsaa work and authorize the view and the method is that you can start your crop and

00:44:02--> 00:44:20

now contemporary scholars hero, they say that yes, if you if you reach the monopod by air or sea or land, it doesn't matter, you will have to have sparked your arm prior to reaching the Mecca. And that is not a permanent point of contention. The point of contention is whether it

00:44:22--> 00:44:59

could be considered a site of heroin because it is at the same distance. 44 miles that's the airport. If you if you put did this airport and you figured out the distance between this airport and Mecca 44 miles straight line your landline is 43 miles so today is even farther by one mile from here random but if it is not, even if it is 42 You know, when they talked about morality, and we talked about, you know, two phases of travel and morality is 16 parsecs, which is about 48 miles

00:45:00--> 00:45:07

These are things that are approximate. And all of the the estimations they have are just approximate.

00:45:09--> 00:45:22

So just as controversial, the vast majority are saying that, no, you will, you will have to make a home before you leave, if you will arrive in did.

00:45:23--> 00:45:45

And there is a minority of scholars that said that you could make 100 there are some logistical issues also, because, if everybody's making their harm at the airport and said that, there will be a lot of crowdedness but, you know, so those logistical issues may have some impact on the thought process, even in fatwah.

00:45:46--> 00:45:52

But at any rate, the thing that, you know, the say the agenda is not an economic side,

00:45:53--> 00:46:16

why aren't you making an airport that is here, next, the alumnium or something where, you know, where the people instead of the people throughout the world, having to, you know, get to their airports, and there are people from New York and Los Angeles and people from sort of Arkansas have to wear the, you know,

00:46:18--> 00:46:52

walks through the airport and why can't we just have an airport that is outside of any midcard let's say outside of Cardone here and a big airport cognis, close 39 miles from Mecca, you have like a big airport outside of cotton. And then allow the people to just come in and make sure that the path of all the airplanes goes around the horizon, you know, or the the circle of demography and then the land there and then you make your way around there and then you go to a car, it's just like it's a no brainer is is easy stuff.

00:46:56--> 00:47:03

But that's the that's the disagreement in general and that's why it's all over the world. People are making a home from their homes.

00:47:04--> 00:47:31

If they will arrive by air, unless you start out in Medina, that would be a different story. But for most people who are starting out in that they're going to Mecca first, they will need to make their so my advice to you make your home from home because you know the vast majority of scholars do not and even if you don't make your home from home and you go to the airport and die you will be stuck there. There is not you know the the they don't have the facilities

00:47:33--> 00:47:39

with all the numbers of people that you know they don't have the proper facilities for you to make your home just make your home from home.

00:47:41--> 00:47:49

Then the next point is Chef said is what I used limonada the whole Mecca there was only a car

00:47:51--> 00:47:58

hire macadam in Italian MOBA, how has it intercut with a categorical Fabiana when some is

00:48:00--> 00:48:10

Okay, stop here. So, whoever wants to go to Mecca he cannot go past the new path except in a state of Andhra except in a state of

00:48:11--> 00:48:19

acceptance, except for added harm themselves. The they are, you know, there are a lot harder.

00:48:21--> 00:48:24

And except for Who else?

00:48:26--> 00:48:41

The Prophet and his companions, the who, who conquered Mecca, instead of harmony conquered Mecca that's become about permissible, which is not bad for people, aside from the prophet SAW Solomon's companions. And then

00:48:44--> 00:49:27

and then for people who frequently go back to Mecca, you know, like the would gather, for instance, who's in and out, in and out and, you know, delivery people, business people who are in and out, they're going in and out of Mecca. So Takara people who are frequently going back to Mecca, they don't need to wear around every time. Is that clear? Because people don't need to go home every day. Where is the point of contention here, people who go to Mecca in frequently go to Makkah, people who will go to other places other than Mecca or other than Mecca, and they they will not if people are going to get there for instance, and if you say that did that is inside them op or people will go

00:49:27--> 00:49:59

into any place you know inside Dominica but they're they do not intend to reach Mecca by agreement. They don't need to worry just because they're passing through them your car. And by agreement. You know, people who are going to Mecca for hygiene ombre need to be in a state of alarm when they pass through them upon where is the contention that contention is people who people who are going to Mecca infrequently the visitor relative friends, they have something to do and Mark

00:50:00--> 00:50:24

They do not want to do on our heads, they want to go visit a relative in Mecca, that is not frequent, that is not frequent. That is when the scholars disagree, that is when the scholars disagree. So you have the authorized position in the combat he doesn't have his word and that is also the position. So k plus m, they agree

00:50:25--> 00:50:30

and you could also say h hanafy is also but they have one contingency here.

00:50:31--> 00:50:38

So, a plus m plus eight say that they do need to wear a crown.

00:50:42--> 00:50:45

Ah says people who have

00:50:46--> 00:50:51

a residence within the customer distance from Mecca they don't need to worry.

00:50:53--> 00:51:39

But other people need to wear a crown. So people who are going to Mecca you need to wear a firearm according to the majority, if they don't go to Mecca frequently, according to a position within the Hanbury madhhab which is the which is the authorized Shafi position. They don't need to keep in mind that Imam Shafi was a Mexican himself. So probably everybody around them was not necessarily like if if they were living outside of Mecca for some time and going back to visit family or something like this. It's everybody around them was not necessarily put it on their hand when they want what wanted to go back to visit family or do something of that nature, if they were living outside of Mecca if

00:51:39--> 00:51:41

they were residents of

00:51:43--> 00:51:47

some other town, outside of the sacred precinct.

00:51:48--> 00:52:20

So, these are the two positions that we have. Now, in order for you to remember things you will have to remember what the points of consensus on both ends of the spectrum and then work your way in inside to the middle. Go from outside to insight that is how you remember, you know the details of knowledge. So what is what are the two points of consensus? One point of consensus if you're going to Mecca for any news of Hajj or Umrah you must wear your home

00:52:21--> 00:52:24

before or at the Haram site. That means

00:52:25--> 00:52:34

that's the point of consensus. On the opposite side. What's the other point of consensus that people are makin the people

00:52:35--> 00:52:51

that are not going to Mecca all the way to Mecca but going to some other place outside of Mecca and the people of Mecca, even if they were going to Mecca, they don't need to wear her from when they pass through the path. Where is the

00:52:52--> 00:53:04

and for the vast majority also the people who frequently visit Mecca like delivery people and that would gatherers and so on. They are frequently they're in and out. They don't need to where

00:53:05--> 00:53:31

where is the point of contention people who infrequently visit mecca for other than Hajj and Umrah they are going there to visit family. They have some business to finish in Mecca, they open the store in Mecca we have some business to go and it's mecca for do they have to wear a harem when they pass through the pot and that is the disagreement between the scholars. The majority said yes they need to wear a home

00:53:33--> 00:53:48

warranty for excluded people who live within across the distance from Mecca and the minority which is not a small minority it is positioned on the map and the dominant Shafi view. They said they do not need to era

00:53:49--> 00:53:51

Okay. Then

00:53:53--> 00:53:57

in our grandma said some is a rather new suit.

00:53:58--> 00:54:09

If he intends the rights of Hudson Amara, he should enter the state of Iran from his place. Now. You did not intend to go into Mecca

00:54:10--> 00:54:11

into Mecca.

00:54:13--> 00:54:30

I'm sorry or you went to Jeddah for some business and you were there and said you did not come in your home you just arrived into Jeddah for some business and you are there in Jeddah. A friend told you you know I can drive you to Mecca to make our home run.

00:54:32--> 00:54:59

In this case, it is allowed for you to start your home from Jeddah why because when you came into did that you really did not intend to make have drama. He came for business and now you're you are injured. You are injured on a business trip for some other purpose and someone offered you or the half the time you know you went there for business and you waited around your business did not finish you waited around then had time was approaching

00:55:00--> 00:55:10

You've decided well since I'm here, let me also go make heart. In this case you can start your home from the

00:55:11--> 00:55:22

even if you don't consider that to be me, even if you consider it to be in southern RP, but when you came into Judah, you did not come for the purpose of HUD and ombre. Is this clear?

00:55:25--> 00:55:31

And the residents of Jeddah by agreement they start from Jeddah they start with 100

00:55:33--> 00:55:39

then a marble Kodama said we're in there was a who hire a Muslim in Raja harana Minami part what Adama

00:55:40--> 00:55:54

Rama mitotic if he crosses it crosses the many paths without a ROM he should go back and enter the state of ROM from the method and no animal sacrifice is required of him.

00:55:56--> 00:56:23

So you cross the the new paths and then you decided all of a sudden, they told you, you know, you cross the new path you're flying you're this year that you're in the car, they didn't pay attention, you cross the path. Now we are inside what do you do? You have one of two things to do. If you have time go back to the main part and start your home from the macaque no sacrifices require the view no sacrifice is required the view if

00:56:25--> 00:56:26

you made a Hara

00:56:28--> 00:57:14

inside the Mita whether or not you go back to the car, but the time you made a harem you were inside the car, you will have to sacrifice an animal for this sheep or goat, or better yet, karma or cow. Okay. So for an hour my main duty if Allah He damansara con Raja elomi, pata myalgia if he enters the state of Oregon from a place closer to the heart on than the me path within an offering of an animal that's due on him whether or not he goes back to the pot site. But at the time you made your home, you were inside them he thought you were closer to Mecca and America then in this case, you will be required to offer an animal that is sheep or goat

00:57:15--> 00:57:16

Yes.

00:57:21--> 00:57:21

Yes.

00:57:25--> 00:57:35

announcement but they all washed up showers just stop happening. And then they said at that time, they did not make the announcement as

00:57:37--> 00:57:39

fast so they said we have to sacrifice

00:57:41--> 00:57:50

why we would we all we all were rejected. Did you make a LAN did you start the Did you embark on the rituals of Hodge and hombre

00:57:52--> 00:58:03

if you are afraid just to make a LAN from New York City from the airport, if you're afraid that you will miss the announcement or you will be asleep

00:58:04--> 00:58:24

or that they will not make the announcement at the right time. It is preferred to make it is preferred to make this a lead that byculla home hajah bakerella home mama bake alone hajah, Amara etc. It is preferred to make this a lab you know to speak of your intention

00:58:27--> 00:58:31

at the park or around the car

00:58:32--> 00:58:56

because that is what the prophet SAW someone did. And then we will come to it now. But if you are afraid that you will miss it, you know, then make that intention. You don't have to speak the intention but you use you intended that you now start as you embark on the rituals of Hajj and Umrah and you start with your Hara. If you have that intention, you

00:58:57--> 00:59:04

know so you have this clear intent that I started my hat and ombre

00:59:05--> 00:59:09

then you don't have to sacrifice anything.

00:59:15--> 00:59:21

Even if you keep in mind, if you were not dressed in ROM could you make that intense?

00:59:23--> 00:59:59

Yes, but then you will have to sacrifice for what for the violation of around by not wearing the proper garment. But it is not a sacrifice because you have missed your heartbeat for the most part. It is a sacrifice of the violation of a home because you were not in the proper garment. Keep in mind, you know you see those soldiers that are making hygiene ombre dressed fully in their sort of gear the tire, the 100 ombre jazz by agreement. It is just that they are in violation they need to offer like an animal

01:00:00--> 01:00:26

For a sacrifice, because they are in violation of the of the conditions of a home, but that does not negate the validity of their heads and armor, because a home is not all about the attire, the attire is part of it. If you violate that, that is a violation. So a sacrifice Vidya is binding in this case.

01:00:29--> 01:00:35

Okay, so for people who are traveling by air who will make the air from you know

01:00:36--> 01:00:42

people who are traveling by air who would make on their way you know,

01:00:44--> 01:00:55

boarded a flight, just make your home early so that you don't miss the announcement because sometimes you fall asleep and stuff happens make your home a little bit earlier.

01:00:56--> 01:01:02

Finally, he said well after a couple of new cards for unfalsifiable Muslim

01:01:03--> 01:01:30

it is better not to enter into heroin before the new part but if one does then he is in the state of error. There is a beautiful statement from Imam Malik here that I have in the book about people who make haram before the mecca A man came to the BAM Malik and said to him and I know him to Herman de la femme and Hassan masala should Where should I start my home from nomadic said you start your hamstrings are

01:01:32--> 01:01:43

the place where the prophet SAW Selim started his head up to the Man City nomadic but I would love to start my from from the message of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, you know.

01:01:45--> 01:02:25

And then Eman Malik said to him a lot of Alinea shalaka fitna, don't do it. I fear fitna for you. The man was surprised shocked at them. Which what fitna are you talking about, I am only adding some miles to my crown. So I am not doing anything less, I'm doing something more. So the mathematics of them something beautiful is something where you fit in a fee on the phone and like I said, Casa de la hieron Hassan Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, which fitness greater to think that you beat the prophets or sudden something good which fitna is greater to think that you beat the prophet and sell them to something good or that you preceded the prophet SAW sent him to something good. And that's

01:02:25--> 01:03:09

how we should you know be we should always be mindful of that concept. You can really precede the provenance and anything goes just walk behind them you know, and some people are just like impatient, anxious like the people who you know raise their head before the environment the Salah here is not going to be able to finish the Salah before him you're not going to be able to just walk behind you know follow so but why why am I saying that you can make a haram nowadays, particularly if you're traveling by air before them apart, this is just a precaution because you may miss and it will be like a hardship for you if you miss the home, but if you're quite sure that you will be

01:03:09--> 01:03:34

awake when they make the announcement and everything and so on, just wait until they make the announcement so that you could make it around your home by them apart. How do you make your program we will get to it in Sharla in the next session, but it is the intention of the heart and then it is certainly prescribed and recommended to speak of it by your mouth.

01:03:35--> 01:03:48

Then the final point here will ask well how does a well with a crowd Australian mean the head the months of hubs are so well the other end the first 10 days of the head

01:03:49--> 01:04:20

show when comes after Ramadan. This is the 10th month month in the history calendar is a cow that is 11th that hedger is 12th Why is it Why is it that a squirrel has no one makes had fear? You know, the eighth day of the head is when people start to make hats right? But you could start your alarm from for Hajj or you know from the beginning gaps are wet because the Wellman hospital hands so when there's a pad that heads to the 10 days of the head.

01:04:22--> 01:04:59

Okay if you make or ombre you know before hospital had before as well. And you remove it and then you exit from your camera. That is not the matter and you don't have to make heads you don't have to sacrifice but if you make or ombre within us we're not sure when or the pad. Even if you make a homerun show where Take off your ombre around ram or you know exit from your state of ROM for Amara and then make had in the same year. That is the metro that is

01:05:00--> 01:05:21

You enjoy those forbidden acts in this period, and then a sacrifice will be required of you. That is why you want to remember that there are two months and 10 days hospital hubs two months and 10 days. That is according to the Hanafi shefa is a combat medic he said up until the end of the hedge is considered instead of aspirin at heart.

01:05:23--> 01:05:48

Sometimes they disagree over one of the practical, you know, consequences of this this agreement is that Eman Malik says, Have someone the further the offered a father to offer the father which is the main topic of HUDs. The pillar tawaf have had someone different, awful father all the way until the end of the hedger. He's fine and he doesn't have to sacrifice didn't do anything wrong fine.

01:05:49--> 01:05:59

Now hanifa said after the 13th of their head, if you don't make the offer the father by the 13th of the hedger you will have to sacrifice

01:06:00--> 01:06:03

he mamzer Safa Yana mad said

01:06:05--> 01:06:26

that, that the agreement the amount of money for that there are two, it's two months in 10 days, they did not give you the mathematic that had you know, the astrological romance of hedge end by the end of that head, but they said if you defer to often a father, there is no offering to require the view you could defer it for seven years.

01:06:27--> 01:06:35

I mean, you could defer it for 20 years. It's unlimited. However, you will have to be still in a state of alarm

01:06:37--> 01:06:39

until you do it

01:06:40--> 01:06:42

and you know, how complicated that is.

01:06:48--> 01:07:00

But it is not it is not your full set of ROM it is your partial state of Andhra you know, the Missouri in this state is is one Matador there is one forbidden act in this state.

01:07:01--> 01:07:05

So, if someone is not married, they probably can manage to just

01:07:08--> 01:07:08

but

01:07:10--> 01:07:14

so it is after 100 an hour. We will come to it later. Yes.

01:07:36--> 01:07:37

Know that.

01:07:39--> 01:07:44

Whenever you enjoy the forbidden acts between your ombre and had

01:07:45--> 01:07:51

then that is conserved and tomato enjoyment enjoyment of being in a state of hell.

01:07:52--> 01:07:56

in Mecca in the sacred present between year two,

01:07:57--> 01:07:58

no six.

01:08:00--> 01:08:08

Okay, we'll take 10 minutes off and come back and go over the chapter on it. So