Fiqh of Worship #47 – The Book of Hajj and ‘Umrah

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Hatem al-Haj

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You know we finished we finished the hora with the Salah

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which is about one half of the of worship the Han Solo alone or about one half of the trip of worship

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and then we had finished the

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song and had in this order but since Ramadan was approaching, we decided to go over the fact of fasting first

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before the club zeca So, we finished the third pillar of fasting so now we finished the look of the heart of Salah the fact of fasting

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and we should have gone back to the track of the cat, but since heart was approaching, we decided to go over the flock of hearts before the clubs okay. inshallah, once we finished the vocal of heart, we will only have the effect of the cow left to finish the fact of worship and next sort of section that we will go over will be the effect of transactions and

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I mean by transactions financial transactions then there will be the falcor family which we have gone over before but not everybody here some of you not everybody and after the fact of family will be the fact of judiciary

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they hadn't all of the you know at the end

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Okay, imagine Kodama Rahim Allah said here

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Jezebel had, well ombre merata v long. Muslim and

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illustrata Isla de Sabina harden hombre are mandatory for the free same adult Muslim once in a lifetime. If he or she got afford the means to it. Everybody knows that right? So not everybody knows that. Because not everybody knows that ombre is wedge.

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Right? Because ombre is not wedge.

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According to the Hanafi xigmatek is they don't consider aamra to be wedges. It's only hard for them.

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But aamra is wajib according to the sapphires and honeyberries.

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Okay.

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So the first thing is the ruling. First thing is the ruling had is worship and it's one of the pillars of Islam by consensus, right? It's one in Islam, Allah, Abdullah Omar, at least above the love norm or

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Islam was based founded on or built on five pillars. And you know, that a lion and Solomon is fasting and HUD. So these are the five pillars of Islam.

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Allah subhanaw taala also said what Allah Allah Nessie had Jude Beatty minister in a villa in Surat, Umrah, la set with Li alumnus hydrolate and it is due to Allah upon people had to vacate pilgrimage to the house, managed to find a villa who can whoever can afford the means do it.

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So it's it's by the Qur'an by the sun, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in front of Allah.

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Allah had made it obligatory and you so make hot and by consensus, which is one of the pillars. Now when it comes to Amara, when it comes to ombre, first of all, all of them agree on the great virtue of armor. You know, Amara to America, Fatah to Lima Vina whomever hajima brutalized in London, this is you know, an agreed upon concept is hobbies reported by our IRA and

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is agreed upon

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from camera to camera is an explanation or that basically ombre after ombre with expiate the sins of between them and Hodges abroad, you know, the accepted had the had that is accepted.

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There will be no reward for it except paradise. No reward for it except paradise. So the reward for hjem abroad is paradise and the prophets of Salaam said I'm an army officer, Oklahomans it'll be harder to humble, whoever may have had and was not involved in obscenity, lewdness

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wickedness or any form of wickedness, then Allah Subhana Allah Tada. Then he will go back clear of his sins. Like the day he was born for the day his mother gave birth and like the day his mother gave birth to him.

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versicle Amara is great. This is by agreement among the scholars, but they disagreed over the obligation of hombre de shafa. Is embellies said Amara is obligatory, and why did they say Amara is obligatory? Because the law said in the Qur'an, why Tim would have Giada Amata lilla last democrat unsalted butter our team would handle amatola and complete Hajin hombre for Allah for Allah. Keep in mind, the herpes Americans are being consistent, because for the Hanafi xigmatek is if you embark on a sudden, you have to finish it for the Japanese and buddies. If you embark on a son, you don't have to finish it. So for the shafa is that it is it makes sense for them. That completed means the

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obligation to make hombre and had but for the HANA fees and medic is the set completed means that if you embark on it, you must complete it. But it does not mean that you must embark on the ombre that you must start it. But once you've started it, you must complete it. That's what the holidays and Maliki's are saying. And then the sufferings and valleys will argue that the prophets of Salaam as reported from is or the other one was asked her Allah Nisa Etihad, are women is there any binding on women? And he said, Yes, Alena jihad, Lucky telavi, La Jolla. Amara, there is Jihad binding on women that has no

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basically

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no combat,

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no combat jihad or non combat Jihad and Hydra Rama,

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Hajj and Umrah is their form of jihad

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and honey hinda means upon them.

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I just saw yesterday that I translated this as mandatory for them or something

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that is my own Hanbury inclination that even the translation is my

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sort of inclination, but to be more honest in translation, I should have said upon the not mandatory, because upon them, it leads to a discussion whether this is one of the forms of obligation or not, is it always one of the

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sort of phrasings indicative of obligation when when you say, I lay him upon them with the layout unless he heads with a towel and as upon the people headed bait, they all agreed that this means that hedged bait is obligatory, but the or they may say that it is not the word Allah upon them that made this obligatory, but we have multitudes of other ayat and a hadith that make HUD obligatory. So anyway, I'm just telling you that there's this is still up for discussion between the mazahub with Amara is mandatory or not. The other

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term is imported from Japanese men came and asked the prophets Allah Salah whether hombre is mandatory on him is whether oma is mandatory and the prophets of Salaam said that when takamura uralic. He said no, it is not. And what do you make Amara is better for you to make Rama is better for you.

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This Hadith has good controversial authenticity, most of the scholars of Hadith including Zhu Li who's Hanafi Allah tala did not consider it to be authentic, some did consider it to be authentic. So creates sort of, you know, leaves room for

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disagreement.

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There is also

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more like a mode of reservation for Tim 100. Amara tele it is what I think what hodza follow Amara to de la palabra de la which also leaves room for disagreement because well Tim would hodza complete the heart and then stop when Allah and hombre is for Allah,

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which is like a distinction between Hajj and Umrah which could be used in favor of the argument of the Hanafi xigmatek is on behalf of the non obligation of the Tamia Rahim Allah chose the Hanafi and Maliki position that is not obligatory. Anyway. My camera camera is great, you

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know in general

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whether whether a person needs to make Amara once in his lifetime or not, the chef is a combat is required it is a medic is dope.

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Okay, so yeah, it's even harder. Amara, Mara, Mara hanamura are mandatory and we said, had for sure by consensus or hombre controversial or mandatory

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for the free scene about Muslim and we will come back to those conditions free sane adult Muslim, we will come back to them once in a lifetime because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in the locker for the lakemont harder for her to do and then they asked him if he could there are many others will Allah He said la Welcome to them.

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So they are the Broncos Allah was saying that Allah subhanaw taala had made her obligatory on you so make Hajj and then he's

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prophet stop. And then the asked him, Someone in the crowd asked him every year on messenger of Allah and that we're all in trouble. That is why our losses and

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losses in the Qur'an. Yeah.

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So come into Sedona

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taco, so people

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don't don't ask about

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about matters that have not been revealed to you.

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That will cause you hardship if they were revealed to you. And if you asked about them, while the prime has been revealed, they'll be revealed to you. So don't be hypertech that's the lesson to learn here. Don't be hyper technical slam is easy. Take it easy. You know, stop being OCD about obsessive compulsive disorder, OCD, so Sabino CDs about the revision

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and take it easy.

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So, the problem was that and if I were to say yes, it would have been binding on you while

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and you would have not been able to do it. So, you will have discussed yourself hardship, why asking questions, when they are not warranted? Why just

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anyway, so that is the proof that it is only once in a lifetime.

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Once in a lifetime if you can afford it the means to it it was he Sevilla and then the chef will explain what the means to it

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is what is the thought and the means to it any agenda than what a Hilton bialetti Hema maspalomas the father in law my attorney with a he provided me Natty nuptse while he

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was

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affording it means that he has sustenance amount

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and whatever is necessary for them

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you know be ality Hema whatever is necessary for them

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master the holy mystery he that would suit someone like him fabulous tattoo in a proper Ada in he in addition to the work he needs to pay off his debts and to pay for sustenance, one more net enough see for himself sustenance for himself.

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While he and his dependents Allah dam until he returns, holiday home does not mean returns. I just translated it like this, because that's essentially what what it means. But I explained in the commentary, what it literally means hardware means forever.

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But we've come to it. So, so forth and it means that he has sustenance, Zed

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and amount and whatever is necessary for them.

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What is necessary for them is as a means of transportation and food sustenance.

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whatever is necessary for them is like the saddle for the mount and the utensils for the food, whatever you need for the sustenance and the mount. He said MySQL for dummies, they miss lee

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that would suit someone like him.

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And that is always there in the fifth. And that is you have the enormous flexibility and the consideration that effect gives to people's conditions and how you know, there is no conspiracy to put people into hardship whatsoever

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which means that if there are heaven

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If you have, if you have a donkey, that is unbefitting of you, you don't have to go

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until you have a donkey that is befitting of you.

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And also, if you can get there, you know, surviving on surviving on dates,

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or surviving on

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wheat or barley bread,

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you could survive, he could have enough food, you could have enough dates and barley bread. But that's not the food that you usually eat. You don't have to make cuts.

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Because you don't have the sustenance that suits someone like you.

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So you're not being asked sacrifice that sort of certain people who like eat

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like sushi everyday or stuff

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instead within reason, reason behind anyway, it is not asking you to give up your living standards.

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You know, famously

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establishes?

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Yeah, if if they tell someone if they tell someone who used to be sort of the

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Secretary of State for instance, and say that we will put you in this

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all Will you know, they're going from Egypt, for instance. And they have this microbus

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was like a, like a lot of people and they're sitting there, they're all sitting there, and he will have a seat handed up, get him to know it. He doesn't have to

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answer the

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last milestone for the Mr. Lee that would suit someone like him.

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The Hana fees went as far as saying, you know, if he has extra stuff, and I'll come back to it.

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He said here, the Malik is under the strictest By the way, in this regard, the Maliki said that he has to have stuff that is enough for him to get there. Not even to come back. Unless, you know if he if he stays there, there will be halakha core that he would fear for his life if he stays in Mecca. But as long as he's able to make it and then he has to go under the said, no rahila no mount, if he's able to walk and he's good enough to walk, he can walk all of them say that he's able to walk, he should walk. But that is within the the distance within 81 kilometres from Mecca if you're within 81 kilometers from the machine, if

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the size of the rituals, all of them said what, you know, if you're able, if you get if you're physically capable, beyond the verse, all of them said that you will need rahila amount except to the medic is said even if you're farther away or capable, and you're capable of making it to Mecca, you could make it to make and they even said if you have a son, our health, our craft, and you could use it to make money on your way and earn a little you know, income to buy food and stuff go you know, but the others did not. And the majority that not and the majority seem to be

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anyway.

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They seem to be the majority

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father and I met at the poverty dining. So you will need to have this.

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This should be a service you need to have enough beyond what you need to pay off your debts what you need to pay off your debts. What more NFC highly advanced and for sustenance for himself and his dependents until he returns. Let's talk about needs to pay off his debts. So if you have $20,000 and you owe people $100,000 You can't go to HUD

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you need to pay the people off first.

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You need to pay

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The people offers for get permission from those people to go.

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This is if the debt is due.

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If the debt is not due, then there are two positions in the in the method.

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One is that you can go, if your journey will end before that becomes Julie could go. The other one says no, you cannot go.

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And we could use the first one for safe travel, we could use the second one for rescue travel. And we could say for safe travel, if the due date will fall after you return. Go ahead, don't worry about the creditor in this case and the permission of the creditor. But if it is risky travel, you'll need the permission of the creditor. And the creditor does have the right to ask for caffeine, which is a guarantee

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basically presence or security around security or a guarantor. But this is a guarantee or a guarantee guarantee reviews are not a guarantee of the money itself a guarantor of future. And if you don't show up then either guarantee the money anyway. So you will need to basically give them some assurance guarantees that they will that you will pay them off.

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So what do we make out of this? Because most people have, you know, particularly in America and places like this, most people that are in that the incur those that mortgages hopefully want to buy stuff.

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So

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in this case with that, you know, the death is not all due, it's paid in installments. And the due dates are, you know, the fall after you come back from HUD, you want to make sure that while you're had a payment that will fall during that time will be made in the paint and the answer is thing.

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But for the other payments, we should be fine. Go and cut

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clear or complicated. So we have that start, do pay them off before you go to heart. Or at least take permission from the creditor before you go to heart. We have debts that are not due. If this trip is risky.

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You do need the creditors permission. If this trip is not risky, you probably don't need the creditors permission. Exactly. Okay.

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Either in IE, not enough see and for sustenance for himself. And that is sustenance that suits him

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and his dependents and that suits his dependents.

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Until he returns

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the way the

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epidemic suppressed. He said while he Allah forever. And that statement could be a little bit problematic. Because it you know, literally means forever. So you need to save enough for your kids, if you don't come back to be in good shape. until you return.

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You're not coming back.

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Yeah.

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He said you're not coming back. You need to save enough for your kids to be in good shape until they grow up and your wife dies.

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So swallow down forever. What does that mean?

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It doesn't exactly mean that because otherwise no one would be

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very few people.

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But it means that if you have a desire, if you have a business, if you have a factory, if you have a shop, if you have real estate that you rent out, if you have any of that stuff, you don't need to sell any of that stuff to go to heart. And that's the position of the majority, you know, kind of is shaft please and have buddies. You don't need to sell this stuff because this is stuff that earns you income. This is stuff this is your capital that earns you income you don't need to sell the stuff that earns you income is not clear. If you are if you have like a shop you don't need

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but it does not mean that you have enough saved for everybody forever. No, it doesn't mean that

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now

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You have a house

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with an extension that you don't mean, like sort of little extension to the house that you don't need.

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It is you have no use need for stuff and you could sell the Hanafi said you don't need to sell. The rest of them said you need to sell

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because that is extra. And you don't need this for income. And you don't need this for your own sort of living or anything. It's extra, or the Hanafi said you don't need to sell.

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Clear, because it's clear. So let's do

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basically the ability to go to heart is

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two things that were mentioned here is that an rahila which is sustenance

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and transportation.

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And we said the sustenance is not only for you, but for your dependents as well

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is that it? There are two other ones, there is the physical capacity. And there is the safety of the road safety and physical capacity. And that is by agreement. That is by agreement. So physical capacity,

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and safety.

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But physical capacity is a little bit tricky. physical capacity is a little bit tricky.

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According to the SRA, phaser honeyberries. If you're physically unable, hard to become still obligatory on you, but it is now obligatory on you to perform it by yourself. You can send someone on your behalf.

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Exactly. You're sick, and you're not likely to get better.

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That's hard to become obligatory on you. Chavez and Humphries will say yes,

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because you own dessert and rahila and the zarahemla have been mentioned in many a Hadith of the Prophet in the monster said none of them is authentic. Knees correct. None of them is authentic.

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You know, but there's Eleonora hayleigh we they are proven by reasoning not by transmits the reports are transmitted the reports of others other Mahela are not authentic. But the Sharpies and somebody said well, he has the Zadie as a healer.

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He has to go. Because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said in one report, men Melaka zetta Nora Hideo Bella Ronnie and bait, Columbia hood, la Mota Who the hell knows Ronnie

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Ronnie, so whoever has the southern rahila

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will get him to the house of Allah. And he does not make hard.

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He shouldn't mind whether he buys his Jew or Christian or anything.

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But there's reasons not

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authentic but it's often used.

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Okay, the Maliki the hunter Hanna fees and medic is said if he has no either does not have physical ability to go to heart Hadji does not become obligatory, it doesn't come down

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you see there is a difference between job and resume it adapt with job and

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the binding performance. So for instance, for women, you know, in their period, Salah

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the does not become obligatory does not come down, they are not being addressed. Right. So when the period ends, they don't need to make up this Allah. Some comes down, but they don't have to perform it because they are in their period. yet. Once their period ends, since it came down and became obligatory on them on their shoulders, it's a debt, they'll have to pay it off. So they'll have to first you see the difference between obligation and the binding performance. So some things can become obligatory, but they're not binding on you to perform the zoom in here that is a similar disagreement between the Hanif is the medic is on one side and shaft laser, Hungary's on the other

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side. I am sick, I am not likely to get better. Am I being addressed by the obligation of heart? Sharpies and ham bodies will say yes. Then you could send someone on your behalf. You have money send someone in your behalf. One of his medic is will say no, you're not being addressed. Don't worry about it. Don't need to send somebody on your behalf.

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If you die, the handpiece and Maliki's would say, Don't send someone on his behalf. You're not required. They don't say don't send the say you're not required, has his inheritors. They send someone on his behalf from his estate, the sheriff is a combat is we'll say, if he left behind $20,000 and had to cost $7,000 you get that 7000 even though it's more than one third, but you take it out from all the memory from any if he left, you know 8000 Haji costs 7000 you send someone on his behalf to make HUD's that Chavez embodies

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because it became obligatory on him when he was

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alive and he did not make hot Hanna fees and Maliki say this is a better buy than a this is a body worship like Salah, if he dies, no one is required to make it on his behalf. If you are kind enough to make it on his behalf, they will not the they will basically cheer you on and everything but

00:31:11--> 00:31:52

but they will not require it of you. They will think it's commendable and good and everything but they will not require it of you. Is that clear. And in all honesty, the Hanafi Maliki position seems to be a bit stronger. Because when when there is no clear proof, when there is no clear proof. You don't need to be four people into hardship when there is no clear proof. And if someone left behind $20,000 and left behind two kids, you probably want to leave them for the kids and not send someone to had you know not give 1000 of them. They send someone to make hugs on his behalf.

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Okay, betrayal here. So

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Ababa, keep in mind also that the mannequins and hafeez will say Malik isn't one of us will say that if, if

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at one point in life, he had all of those conditions met and he did not make had and there after he became sick, he will need to send someone on his behalf.

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That clear, like I have all the conditions this year and for a couple of years I've been okay, I've been fine, I could have gone and then I started to become sick two years from now, all of them, all of them would say this person will have to send someone on his behalf. Because at one point, he had all the conditions met and he did not make it

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clear that the medicals ohana fees will say someone who never had all those conditions met, he was poor.

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And when he became rich, he was sick. There at no point was he capable financially and physically. Therefore, the obligation did not this did not he was not addressed by this obligation.

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But if you want to remember the handle the name as it is, you know, you're still required to send someone if you have the money and your heirs are still required to send someone if had to became obligatory on you. And whether or not you were delinquent, he just made it didn't make it after it became obligatory here in this particular chapter 11 of Kodama chose that will be required if you were delinquent. Anyway.

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sustenance, transportation, physical ability safety

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waterbottle Mr. Zuma harami Hello,

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Amanda Romo. Li Allah beat Vanessa been our suburban mobile.

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Why would you do Mahamaya for a woman to be considered able to go She must have a Muharram with her. Well, who has out to her This is her husband, woman daramola a bead or one of the men whom she is permanently not allowed to marry non marriageable kin permanently. Vanessa been because of blood relationship,

00:34:42--> 00:34:58

relationships by birth or birth, for some permissible reason, some permissible reason. What is permissible? Why did he say permissible reason? Because if he had illicit sex with her mother, she is not allowed for him to marry.

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Right?

00:35:03--> 00:35:05

But this is not a permissible reason.

00:35:06--> 00:35:17

But that does not make him a Muslim. It makes her haram for him to marry according to the majority for for sure he's here. But

00:35:20--> 00:35:21

is that understandable?

00:35:24--> 00:35:28

We're not talking about we're not talking about marriage here we're talking about illicit sex

00:35:30--> 00:35:34

with her mother, then she is the heroine for him

00:35:36--> 00:35:36

right?

00:35:38--> 00:36:00

He cannot marry her is she has Muharram no she is not Can he How can he be in seclusion with her, can he be with her alone can he traveled with her No, but he cannot marry her. So that is why that is why this qualifier is mentioned permissible reason, because there are certain things that are not you know,

00:36:03--> 00:36:13

permissible reasons, you know, having sex with her mother illicitly is not a permissible reason does not make her a Muharram even though she is still not marriageable

00:36:14--> 00:36:27

okay. So, what what are the permissible reasons he said relationship by blood or some permissible reason what could be the permissible reason other than blood relationships?

00:36:30--> 00:36:37

Marriage father in law, you know, in law relationships, that is marriage Massara in law relationships

00:36:38--> 00:36:45

and breastfeeding, mother breastfeeding, these are the two reasons aside from

00:36:46--> 00:36:48

relationship by blood.

00:36:50--> 00:36:53

So, now

00:36:55--> 00:36:57

I have a picture for them had him

00:36:58--> 00:36:59

in the

00:37:00--> 00:37:03

butt. Okay, so,

00:37:05--> 00:37:12

so, you know, there this is this is controversial, isn't it? Is the woman have to have a maharam?

00:37:13--> 00:37:27

Kind of isn't honeyberries will say yes. woman must have a matter. Medic isn't shafa is say if there is Moana safe company, she can go to HUD without her Mahara?

00:37:28--> 00:37:33

Right. So bad morning. So why did they disagree?

00:37:35--> 00:37:36

Well,

00:37:37--> 00:38:03

they disagreed because the prophet SAW settlement reports are best that the prophets of Salaam said less than one Raja Raja Lama has mala to Sephora. Mara. Allah has a mushroom no man should be alone with a woman except with you know, one of them hadn't been with her. And no woman should travel alone except with one of her Mahajan. One of her Mahatma man said Arizona law in a number of different

00:38:05--> 00:38:14

vehicles multicast messenger of Allah, I haven't listed in such instance data. And my work my wife had gone out to heart, country they do.

00:38:19--> 00:38:26

We didn't we didn't talk about how to be in our photo, or Rafi when we talked about the hug. Reminds me to go back to it. Hold on.

00:38:28--> 00:38:37

Okay, what should I do the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, in Thailand, I think you know, you know, go catch, catch up with the wife and make her do with her.

00:38:39--> 00:38:44

make her do with her. So now the shafa is on hand buddies say that this is

00:38:45--> 00:38:59

this is so pertinent, because the profits that she should not travel. And this was concerning. And this comments from the man or question from the man even highlights that this is about how, you know should not go too hard.

00:39:00--> 00:39:18

The Magic isn't hunger, the the Americans and Chef Hayes, American chef is you know, he said to him, go out with her. He did not blame her for going out alone. But he said go out there because your wife, why do you leave her go out to the right to heart

00:39:20--> 00:39:22

and give that precedent

00:39:24--> 00:39:24

that he had.

00:39:26--> 00:39:28

So it doesn't mean

00:39:29--> 00:39:33

then then we come back to that to the text itself.

00:39:36--> 00:39:49

woman should never travel, except while having a maharam what the profits have been by this. That's a long discussion. We covered it before. Do you want to repeat it or should we move on?

00:39:51--> 00:39:53

Move on, repeated.

00:39:55--> 00:39:59

You guys want to move on they want to repeat as well.

00:40:00--> 00:40:02

This is the How are the passions the biases

00:40:04--> 00:40:09

the biases are coming out now. We said is every method in our

00:40:12--> 00:40:13

okay.

00:40:14--> 00:40:14

Anyway

00:40:16--> 00:40:23

well the shaft is our bodies will always have the clear text our man should never travel without

00:40:24--> 00:40:25

the ham

00:40:27--> 00:40:28

visa from Belize

00:40:29--> 00:40:55

Malik is in shock phase where you know can say that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam also said they even had them as Buhari reports it also promises and also sets out even had him then taller, bigger, higher that I am in a minute here I had to bite that halfway Lala. If you live long enough, he will see the lone woman traveler

00:40:58--> 00:41:05

safe out from an era until she makes on a on a journey to elbaite until she makes offer around the bait.

00:41:06--> 00:41:08

not fearing anyone but Allah.

00:41:09--> 00:41:39

And certainly this will create disagreement, right? Because apparently the profits are here is not simply foretelling The future is foretelling the future in a way that looks. Sounds very favorable, like, you know, so he's he's saying that there will be enough safety, that lone traveler who fears Allah who fears nonnberg law, but go out to the bait from an era and make the off.

00:41:41--> 00:41:52

Which means that one safety is guaranteed according to those colors on safety is guaranteed, then she can go out in a safe company.

00:41:55--> 00:41:56

But anyway,

00:41:57--> 00:42:17

no, no this, this is not going to be set up. But certainly women should not be prevented from going too hard without their maharam because we have to considerable to other formulas I have that that said that she may go out with soft November.

00:42:20--> 00:42:21

at any age.

00:42:24--> 00:42:29

Well, if she's less than seven years old, then by agreement, they will let her go.

00:42:35--> 00:42:36

Nobody will let her go.

00:42:39--> 00:42:50

Yeah, but they will let her go to let her go there. You know, well, if she's more than 71 laughter go with it. We're not for anything, they will let her go. But if she is more of them, that's when they

00:42:56--> 00:43:00

Okay, we're done with this. Okay, you didn't remind me to go back to a different era.

00:43:05--> 00:43:43

So when we discussed with the heart of hearts in the beginning of the ruling of hearts in the beginning, we did not talk about our phone or our tariff, we did not talk about whether this obligation is immediate or not immediate postponed. So according to everybody except Safari and Mohammed Ahmed Hassan, one of the two disciples of remember, however, it is all unfold, it is immediate. They have to go immediately. They say it's an obligation and whoever told you that you'll be around next year to make it an amendment. And Mohammed, Hassan, they have a good argument by the way.

00:43:44--> 00:43:48

What is their argument? Their argument is that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam opens Mecca when

00:43:49--> 00:43:51

Ramadan he ate.

00:43:52--> 00:43:54

And when he When did he make had

00:43:55--> 00:44:01

here? 10? So he skipped two years. Right?

00:44:03--> 00:44:20

Right, wrong. Yes, the eighth and the ninth. on someone can say they just went back to Medina on your eighth and everybody must have been tired and so on. But fire does not mean that you can go back and then on the ninth year

00:44:22--> 00:44:23

you could have gone.

00:44:25--> 00:44:34

Certainly, we started the process of atoms in the sensible book, but he himself and many of us did not go.

00:44:35--> 00:44:40

They went when the prophet SAW settlement on the 10th year. So does that

00:44:41--> 00:44:44

can help me Shall I use this to say that it is not immediate

00:44:46--> 00:44:48

lie to me, it looks like you can use it.

00:45:02--> 00:45:04

I'm sure he was preoccupied. There's not a good answer.

00:45:06--> 00:45:09

No, and Gods will tell up is not our little hot.

00:45:12--> 00:45:16

Rod. He is also terrible. So it

00:45:19--> 00:45:20

is not out of

00:45:23--> 00:45:31

the ordinary. But But there is no, but we could assume that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was busy.

00:45:33--> 00:45:34

But that's what the Moshe is saying

00:45:35--> 00:45:54

that people will be busy doing something. Because if you have an awesome keep in mind that emotional play is not saying that you should not have an asthma asthma should be there. To resolve to go to heart, you're determined to go to heart. I did not go this year. I did not go this year because they had finals.

00:45:56--> 00:45:58

Well, if you're better you need to go.

00:45:59--> 00:46:01

Have you ever Hello?

00:46:02--> 00:46:04

There is makeup for your the finance.

00:46:05--> 00:46:06

You know, you need to go.

00:46:08--> 00:46:16

Variable say no, you have finals. You know, this year, my wife's due date is on

00:46:18--> 00:46:19

whatever kinds of storage

00:46:21--> 00:46:22

do I go?

00:46:24--> 00:46:35

In I'm sure they will tell you no, wait around for, you know to be to be around to the wife gives birth, it's fine. The next year you can go.

00:46:37--> 00:47:01

These are not compelling excuses. For the rest of them. They are not compelling excuses. But that is what holiday Rafi means. Allah taraki means not immediately binding. If you have something to attend to, yes, that's fine. Just don't do it. But you have to have the asthma resolve to go to heart. When circumstances are suitable.

00:47:02--> 00:47:11

You don't have any sort of occupation. You don't have any thing to attend to. Exactly as observed.

00:47:12--> 00:47:17

And Muhammad Hassan shoebury. The

00:47:18--> 00:47:22

Sahaba I believe are the two disciples of Abu hanifa

00:47:23--> 00:47:26

he had many disciples was one of the two main disciples

00:47:27--> 00:47:27

Okay.

00:47:31--> 00:47:37

What Okay, then she said, Ramallah mm hmm ferrata Mata

00:47:39--> 00:47:43

Hari john who many he had jetan Well, Amara,

00:47:44--> 00:48:07

as for one who neglects it until he dies enough money to perform 101 A hombre to be done on his behalf should be taken out of his estate, not of one third of his estate of his estate, leaves behind the 1000. It takes seven and you give it someone to make hard on his behalf

00:48:09--> 00:48:21

of his estate. Now, so why and who's saying this the Chavez from Belize. And why are they saying this because the Sharpies and handhelds are considering this to be a debt.

00:48:22--> 00:49:09

What is their proof? And Buhari reported from about the lab not best that a woman came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and said to him in another Ratan Tata method? Johanna, my mother made a vow to make hundreds and she did not make it until she died. Should I make harder on her behalf? And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to her to Canada omega day in a country called What do you think if your mother was indebted old people money would you have paid off her that? She said yes. He said to her fuckable love aloha COVID then pay a lot off laws most deserving fell off and was most deserving Dasha took this to heart. And then they felt that, you know this has to be made,

00:49:10--> 00:49:12

you know, on behalf of this person.

00:49:14--> 00:49:27

And they also said that a person was sick. We went over this right? He's sick, but he has money he has to send someone a Chevy and somebody's not happy and medic, if he died as he became obligatory on him.

00:49:28--> 00:49:30

Even though Kodama says here for

00:49:31--> 00:49:59

you know it is probably forever not for us whether or not we use delinquent, but if he died as a heartbeat, it became obligatory on him. We will, he will send someone to make Hajj on his behalf. Hana fees and Maliki's said you don't need to send someone because this is the I better than a this is the body work that worships like this Allah. You know, you don't need to send someone on his way.

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

You have

00:50:01--> 00:50:20

and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was given an instruction and like, you know, a recommendation. She she was willing to make Hajj on behalf of her mother. He is telling her yes you can be nice, good excetera

00:50:21--> 00:50:21

Okay.

00:50:24--> 00:51:18

What is Hodgman? Catherine, what am I doing in West Covina Savi when I, when I used to see a woman, when a woman available Sophia was at the higher imahara here it would be a little complicated, because he says here we need this table here. He says heart is not valid from a disbeliever or an insane person. It is valid from a child and a slave. But this does not exempt either of them from their obligation to perform had after emancipation or after puberty to perform it later. It is valid for the one who cannot afford it. And the woman who does not have a maharam. So we have three different types of conditions for hard conditions of validity, conditions of obligation, conditions

00:51:18--> 00:51:56

of validity conditions of sufficiency, sufficiency. This is basically my impromptu translation of exam. If you guys have a better translation, please help exact meaning that it will suffice for hazarded Islam for the obligatory HUD that you have to make. because not everything that is valid will suffice for this could be valid and it would count for you as Knapp has the power, as you know, supererogatory option and Hud Okay, let's go over this. It's there is is it obligatory on non Muslims?

00:52:05--> 00:52:05

Okay.

00:52:08--> 00:52:12

By agreement, you will not force them to do it. Okay, by consensus.

00:52:14--> 00:52:21

And, by agreement, it is not valid if they Is it a condition of validity? Yes, it is it

00:52:23--> 00:52:28

will just say let's use this. So it's not valid, it's invalid if they do it.

00:52:30--> 00:52:36

And certainly it is not sufficient if they do it, and then they become Muslim, they must redo it. Okay.

00:52:38--> 00:52:57

But will they be punished in the hereafter for not doing it? That is the disagreement. So some you know, it's a it's a controversy, but it is a controversy and also the Roger hayleigh method is that it is binding on them in the sense that they'll be punished in the hereafter for not doing it

00:52:59--> 00:53:18

for not doing it for not making hot khatola mechagnomes linode I'm not gonna I'm gonna mesquite and they were asked in, you know, in the people to fire they have fire. They were asked what what brought you here, they said that nakoma normal saline, we will not have those who preyed on I'm not going to miskeen and we did not feed the poor

00:53:20--> 00:53:21

Coronavirus thing you can

00:53:23--> 00:54:00

do canonica will be on Monday. And we used to engage in you know, sinfulness like everybody else and we used to belie the the Day of Judgment. So, belie the Day of Judgment makes them go far. Why are they mentioning that they were not feeding the poor because that also got them there. So, in addition to you know, blind the day of judgment in addition to being confirmed, anyway, so, it's a controversy and also by consensus they will not be forced to do it by consensus the night before do it, it is invalid if they do it and it is not sufficient majority puberty, puberty what is the deal with puberty?

00:54:01--> 00:54:10

Is it obligatory on them? No. So is it is majority a condition of obligation? Yes.

00:54:14--> 00:54:16

puberty after puberty, yes.

00:54:22--> 00:54:30

You know that my use of symbols, okay. So let me let me use the okay. So

00:54:33--> 00:54:35

it is majority a majority.

00:54:36--> 00:54:49

It's one of the names because you're minor. If you're less than the age of puberty, you're called minor majority is proposed pubertal. Guys, you're Americans.

00:54:51--> 00:54:52

Anyway

00:54:59--> 00:54:59

I am

00:55:00--> 00:55:01

Going through removing

00:55:08--> 00:55:08

puberty

00:55:09--> 00:55:10

about

00:55:13--> 00:55:13

puberty

00:55:16--> 00:55:45

okay. So, I am going to say this because this means yes, it is a condition it it is a condition of validity. So it is not valid if you're not Muslim Islam is a condition of validity. Islam is a condition of sufficiency. puberty is a condition of obligation is a condition of obligation. So if you're if you did not reach puberty, it's now obligatory on you is puberty a condition of validity

00:55:50--> 00:56:00

except according to the handpiece although the hanafis disagree among themselves in some kind of ease me like to say that the Roger hander must have is that like the jungle

00:56:03--> 00:56:33

but that's a controversy within the mothership. What is the Roger has it's up to them, Shiva was really one of our Messiah, she was the head he was the Hanafi scholar, he thought that the Raja for them is that it is not accepted from the survey it is not accepted from the child had is not accepted. Therefore, puberty is a condition of majority is a condition of obligation, validity validity, but according to the gym or including one position in the Hanafi method

00:56:35--> 00:56:50

it is valid from the child it is valid from the child. So, it is not a condition of validity x here means it is not a condition of validity, which means it is valid. Okay. condition.

00:56:52--> 00:56:52

Okay.

00:56:54--> 00:57:10

Because is it sufficient for them? Meaning if I am three years old, and my parents take me too hard, and they make me you know, make me make off with them and the throw the camera out on my behalf and so on.

00:57:12--> 00:57:33

Does this count for my hat? That no it is not. So is it the condition of sufficiency? Yes. Meaning it is insufficient. You're not exempt from your Hajj afterwards. Because there is a controversial these were the prophets are sometimes said that they had some hints that he had uttered Islam

00:57:35--> 00:57:36

then finally any.

00:57:39--> 00:57:48

So you know, whenever a child makes HUD and then he reaches puberty, he must perform mandatory HUD okay.

00:57:50--> 00:58:01

Senate sanity, sanity is effectively conditional obligation Absolutely. is the condition of validity Absolutely. is the condition of sufficiency, absolutely.

00:58:04--> 00:58:05

Freedom

00:58:06--> 00:58:13

is the condition of obligation. Yes, it is not obligatory on slaves

00:58:17--> 00:58:20

in the you know, the practice

00:58:21--> 00:58:23

validity isn't the condition.

00:58:26--> 00:58:38

No, if a slave mate Hobbs that he would get the reward. So, it is a valid act of worship. Is it sufficient? is a condition of sufficiency? Yes. Like that.

00:58:40--> 00:58:40

Wait a second.

00:58:44--> 00:58:46

Yes. So, it is a condition of sufficiency.

00:58:50--> 00:58:52

Yes, so, it is a condition of sufficiency.

00:58:56--> 00:58:57

It is a condition of sufficiency

00:59:03--> 00:59:04

just like a child.

00:59:06--> 00:59:09

So, it is not that it is not a condition of obligation.

00:59:12--> 00:59:24

It is a condition of obligation and a condition of sufficiency. It is not a condition of validity. So it will be valid they'll get rewarded. It will not be obligatory on them will not be sufficient if they did it.

00:59:25--> 00:59:30

Okay. You don't have to worry about this because we don't have this problem.

00:59:31--> 00:59:37

ability, ability, being able a condition of obligation.

00:59:42--> 00:59:43

No, not always.

00:59:44--> 00:59:59

Because we did talk about it's a little bit tricky, because according to that, according to the honeyberries it is a condition of the performance not obligation. It becomes public.

01:00:00--> 01:00:01

Ettore on you even if you're

01:00:03--> 01:00:05

but that is the physical ability

01:00:07--> 01:00:13

This is okay. So, so let us let us divide them into two here. Financial

01:00:14--> 01:00:16

financial ability

01:00:17--> 01:00:18

and physical ability

01:00:25--> 01:00:37

financial ability in this kind of obligation, absolutely by agreement, condition of validity. know, if you're financially incapable and you still made it

01:00:39--> 01:00:51

it is valid condition of sufficiency. No. If you're financially incapable and you still made it, it is valid, and it will be sufficient for you. That's it, you made your heart.

01:00:53--> 01:00:54

Okay.

01:00:56--> 01:01:00

physical ability, a condition of obligation?

01:01:05--> 01:01:08

How many y's will be how many y's will be no?

01:01:10--> 01:01:13

So for the honeyberries?

01:01:15--> 01:01:17

No. For

01:01:18--> 01:01:29

for the, for the hundreds and jfets for the Hanafi xigmatek is yes. It's not obligatory on you. If you are physically incapable.

01:01:31--> 01:01:39

Valid validity. Is it a condition of validity? Absolutely not. Let's say someone who's really sick and and still made it, it will count

01:01:40--> 01:01:46

is the condition of sufficiency? Absolutely. Not someone who is really sick and they still made it be sufficient.

01:01:48--> 01:01:50

So that's the that's the table.

01:01:56--> 01:02:02

Okay, then, Mahara maharam. You wanna you want to add maharam here?

01:02:05--> 01:02:06

Because this is for women

01:02:08--> 01:02:09

maharam?

01:02:12--> 01:02:14

a condition of obligation?

01:02:17--> 01:02:24

Well, according to the families, for sure. It's a condition of obligation. I mean, if we tell her that you're not going, we can tell her it's wise about you. But you can go

01:02:28--> 01:02:38

a condition of validity. No, a condition of sufficiency. Now, let's say she didn't listen to us.

01:02:42--> 01:02:56

Listen, keep on telling Tom, you can really travel and stuff. And she doesn't listen. Would it be valid? It will be valid, even according to Belize. Will it be sufficient? It will be sufficient.

01:02:57--> 01:02:59

They will still tell her it's sinful.

01:03:01--> 01:03:03

But they will tell her you'll get any word of hot

01:03:05--> 01:03:10

and you'll be exempt from hubs. You will have fulfilled it. You're done.

01:03:31--> 01:03:31

Anyway,

01:03:35--> 01:03:49

john f. c. d. f, honestly, with a father who kubla Hospital Islam. What are you on for the NFC donor via a walker had you on for the NFC donor ID.

01:03:51--> 01:04:27

So as for someone who performs HUD on behalf of someone else, when he has not yet performed it for himself, or performs HUD to fulfill a vow or performance of voluntary HUD before performing the mandatory HUD job Islam, this will count as the mandatory HUD and will not count for anyone else. Now, say someone tells you go make hard on my behalf. You did not make HUD and you go make HUD on their behalf. It does not make HUD you go make HUD on their behalf.

01:04:28--> 01:04:46

Let's say you did not make your heart yet but you vowed to make HUD you know and you go out to fulfill your vow not hesitate Islam, you vow to make an extra HUD before you made your own sort of 100 Islam

01:04:47--> 01:04:59

and then you go out to make your extra heart or you set out to make an athlete hat. You just like to make the power even harder Islamia. Some people are like this.

01:05:00--> 01:05:04

Some people like to complicate matters. So just some view. So

01:05:05--> 01:05:07

what do we say to those people?

01:05:09--> 01:05:24

And and this is a very merciful position. In fact, this is one of the most merciful positions, because we may we could have canceled it and some scholars do cancel it. for them. They say it's very it's invalid, but they will say it automatically switches to your hospital Islam,

01:05:25--> 01:06:05

by default, will automatically automatically switch to your hospital Islam it will count as your 100 Islam, but this person who gave you the money to make the Hajj on their behalf and now switched here, it is your own hazard, not his, what happens to that person? You owe him the money. You must return the money to him. You must return the money. Who said that? All of the above. surveys and Hungary's The Chinese have been given us companies throughout this chapter, right? Except except for agile photo therapy, and except for the mushrooms thing.

01:06:06--> 01:06:07

Right.

01:06:08--> 01:06:10

Otherwise they have been given us company

01:06:11--> 01:06:13

canopies. And Maliki said no.

01:06:14--> 01:06:18

None of us and radicals said no.

01:06:19--> 01:06:35

They said if you did not make your own hat, you could still make hard on behalf of someone else. Maliki said someone who's deceased. hanafy said someone who's deceased or living anyone. If you did not make your own head of his America, he said that's fine. You could make harder on behalf of someone else.

01:06:38--> 01:07:05

What the Japanese embellies will say to them, what are you gonna do with the homies? Hi, john f6 from mahadasha brahma as soon as reported by with a Woodrum na best for the Allahu the Prophet sallallahu Sallam heard someone say, my back Aloha, John's Roman law here is hard for you on behalf of sub Roma. And he said to him, did you make hard for yourself yet? And he said no. And he said that make hard for yourself first and then make hard on behalf of Superman.

01:07:06--> 01:07:26

So that's why the Sharpies somebody say you have to make your own hearts first. The Hanafi is and Maliki's say that this person was advised to do what is better? Not necessarily that it would have not counted had he made had on behalf of Chevron.

01:07:27--> 01:07:35

Not that it would have been invalid and did not would have not counted me it had on behalf of Superman.

01:07:37--> 01:07:38

And certainly

01:07:41--> 01:08:10

so if you have a story, by the way, has like a very beautiful position. So piano slavery has a very beautiful position. He says, well, let's differentiate between two scenarios here. Someone who's financially capable of making had, he has been addressed by the obligation, he should go make Hajj on behalf of myself first. Someone who is incapable financially of making poor people are incapable financially to make hard, they have not been addressed by the obligation.

01:08:12--> 01:08:51

So they don't need to make hard on behalf of themselves first, to be able to make it on behalf of someone else because they have not been addressed with obligation. Therefore for those people, poor people who have not been addressed with obligation, they can go and make harder on behalf of someone else. And that is a middle position between the hierarchies and medic is on one side who said anyone could make hard on behalf of anyone whether or not they may pads and Sharpies and honeyberries on the other side who said you cannot make hard on behalf of someone else or your own natural national HUD entity or make positive Islam yourself. And the pilot says the salary position

01:08:52--> 01:08:59

would make it possible for poor people who has no means to make how to get the

01:09:02--> 01:09:03

pleasure of

01:09:04--> 01:09:06

making Hajj and visiting the holy places.

01:09:09--> 01:09:17

No, it is not counted as their own. But they'll get the reward of those get to see the holy faces but be nice.

01:09:18--> 01:09:18

That's it