Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 17

share this pageShare Page
Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:01--> 00:00:21

robola alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah Karim. Allah Allah was Javi womanist and Nebuchadnezzar Medina, operates due to align philosophies and verses beyond the last prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and and all those who follow the path of righteousness until the last day.

00:00:23--> 00:00:34

In the previous session, we completed the story of the two individuals who had

00:00:36--> 00:00:44

a difference over faith and their relationship to this world, and to a loss of one or the other.

00:00:45--> 00:00:47

One of the to

00:00:48--> 00:00:52

claim that his riches and his power

00:00:54--> 00:00:59

would be everlasting. And that he would not be accountable to a law,

00:01:00--> 00:01:04

his poorer partner who was a believer, advise them

00:01:05--> 00:01:12

that he was wrong in his thinking. And that in fact, what he has could easily be taken away from him.

00:01:14--> 00:01:16

And he made it to our to that effect,

00:01:18--> 00:01:23

which Allah answered, destroyed the other individuals garden,

00:01:24--> 00:01:27

took away his wealth, and

00:01:28--> 00:01:38

left him in regrets and sorrow over having not believed in Allah and showing gratitude to him.

00:01:40--> 00:01:42

That was the first parable

00:01:44--> 00:01:46

in verse 45,

00:01:47--> 00:01:55

a last one to Allah brings a second parable, carrying basically the same meaning.

00:01:57--> 00:02:02

But coming from a different perspective, using nature,

00:02:03--> 00:02:05

the world around us

00:02:06--> 00:02:24

as a sign for us to realize what that rich individual was unable to realize. Allah said in verse 45, what the riblah home methanol hyah to dunya comma in and now humanness

00:02:26--> 00:02:36

tala de Nevada for us baja Shimon Perez, rue huria locale en la Mata cliche in la parte de la

00:02:37--> 00:02:57

and present to them a parable about the life of this world. It is like rain which I cause to fall from the sky and mix with the vegetation of the earth. And the vegetation became dry, crumbled into pieces and was scattered by the winds, for a lot is able to do everything.

00:03:00--> 00:03:02

So a lot begins.

00:03:03--> 00:03:12

This verse, verse 45, what the who methanol higher to dunya and present to them a parable about the life of this world.

00:03:15--> 00:03:16

When he said what

00:03:17--> 00:03:24

that is he's talking to somebody, the person who is talking to his boom

00:03:26--> 00:03:40

he's talking to a sumo law seller because the Koran the address of the Quran, when it is in singular, is directed to Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu ala Sen.

00:03:41--> 00:04:06

When it's directed to chloro, a group, then it's the Prophet Mohammed Salah man, his followers and ultimately, it is for all who would read the Quran, wherever it is applicable. Now, there are some addresses which are to Prophet Muhammad Salah which are not applicable to anybody else concerning his marriage, his his wives

00:04:08--> 00:04:23

and other issues which are unique to himself, but where the meanings are general and are applicable to anybody at any time, then we look at it as Allah dressing us

00:04:24--> 00:04:27

because the Quran was revealed to us

00:04:28--> 00:04:32

in order that he conveyed to humankind

00:04:33--> 00:04:37

so alive basically says here, all Mohammad

00:04:38--> 00:04:53

mentioned to the people a story to illustrate the spiritual truth about the reality of this worldly life. It's transient nature, and how it will eventually cease and come to an end.

00:05:02--> 00:05:08

Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam was directed to

00:05:09--> 00:05:27

give this parable which allows one to Allah had made to people using this description of the world, the natural world in which we live, to explain its transient nature,

00:05:28--> 00:05:37

just as we were able to extract from the design of the world, that there must be a designer,

00:05:38--> 00:05:40

there must be one who put this all together.

00:05:41--> 00:05:50

In the same way, we should be able to extract from the nature of this world.

00:05:51--> 00:05:53

What is ahead of us.

00:05:55--> 00:05:57

Lot goes on to say,

00:05:58--> 00:06:02

come out in Angela women SMR he, for me He

00:06:04--> 00:06:11

it is like rain, which I cause to fall from the sky and mix with the vegetation of the earth.

00:06:12--> 00:07:06

Allah describes the pleasures and blessings of this life as being like rain, which mingles with the seeds in the earth, causing gardens to have mixtures of plants growing in a variety of types. Having a variety of types of leaves and flowers and fruits. Just as spring When spring comes, how the natural world seems to blossom and bloom, or like a botanical garden, forever been turbocad botanical garden where they bring plants from all over the world, or as many as they are able to capture in particular environments, in a controlled environments, they're able to show us, you know, plants from various parts of the world. And this is a part of the blessing which allows one to Allah

00:07:06--> 00:07:08

has placed on human beings in this earth.

00:07:10--> 00:07:11

So

00:07:12--> 00:07:18

he then goes on to say, for us, Baja Shimon, Castro huria.

00:07:20--> 00:07:37

Then the vegetation became dry crumbled into pieces, and we're scattered by the winds. After some time the plants become weathered up and disintegrate, then the wind comes along and blows the particles about in all directions.

00:07:39--> 00:07:50

A law describes the realities of this life, as a world that flourishes and is prosperous for humans for a while, until they suddenly die or prosperity is lost.

00:07:53--> 00:08:07

All of us or many of us have had plants in our homes, we buy plants to beautify the home, we keep it, it blossoms and blooms, we water it, it continues for a while, but eventually it dies.

00:08:08--> 00:08:16

No matter how well we look after it, eventually, the plant dies, and we have to replace it.

00:08:17--> 00:08:19

So this is the nature of the world.

00:08:21--> 00:08:22

Either

00:08:24--> 00:08:25

a person

00:08:26--> 00:08:27

will die,

00:08:28--> 00:08:40

or the plant or the plants or the things that he or she has, in terms of prosperity in this world will be lost reside the world, one thing or the other. This is the nature of our lives.

00:08:41--> 00:08:53

We have good things for a while. successful businesses, whatever, but it either we die and we leave it behind. Suddenly,

00:08:54--> 00:08:59

our time is up, we go or we lose it. We have it for a while and it's gone.

00:09:00--> 00:09:04

So this is the nature of this world. Nothing is permanent.

00:09:06--> 00:09:15

So along with the simile of plants, gives a perfect example of this life.

00:09:16--> 00:10:00

And he repeats this example, in many places in the plan. Sometimes it's word for word with slight changes. Other times there are greater changes. For example, in Surah Yunus, Allah says there, the parable of this road the light is like rain, which I cause to fall from the sky and mix with the vegetation of the earth, from which humans and capital eat until when the earth has taken on its adornment and is beautified and its people then think that they have control over it. My command strikes it by night or by day and I flattened it like a harvest which had not flourished yesterday. In that way I explained in detail the signs for

00:10:00--> 00:10:30

People will reflect at historic units, verse 24. And in Surah, Zoomer verse 21. Allah says there, Have you not seen that the law sends down rain from the sky causes it to penetrate the earth, then he produces from it crops of varying colors and the crops whether and you see them turn yellow, then he makes them debrie Indeed, there is a reminder in that, for those people of understanding

00:10:32--> 00:11:11

and in Surah Al Hadid, verse 20, Allah says there, know that the life of this world is only play and amusements Tom and mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children. It is like the power of vegetation after rain, whose growth is pleasing to the planters, then it shrivels up and you see it turned yellow, then it becomes debris and in the Hereafter is severe punishment and forgiveness from a law and approval. And what is the worldly life where enjoyment of delusion

00:11:12--> 00:11:14

and in an authentic hadith

00:11:15--> 00:11:25

found in Sahih Muslim the prophets are seldom said in dunya hubiera haniwa were in a low

00:11:26--> 00:11:48

fee for natural k Fatah moon kk, Fatah loon, Allah, Taka dunya what Taka Nisa, the world is beautiful and green. And the lobby he exalted has made you Governor's over it to see how you will act. So beware of the world. And beware of women.

00:11:49--> 00:12:14

The world is beautiful and green. And the law has made you governors over it to see how you will act. So beware of the world. And beware of women of color to be who is the author of one of the tough seers. That I'm using called Jamia camel Quran, and he was a scholar from Spain.

00:12:16--> 00:12:17

He

00:12:18--> 00:12:22

he mentioned that the sages

00:12:23--> 00:12:31

gave five reasons why Allah chose water to compare it to this world.

00:12:33--> 00:12:38

The first is that water does not settle in any location.

00:12:39--> 00:12:43

Similarly, this world does not remain with one.

00:12:45--> 00:12:55

When waterfalls in a location it moves until it finds someplace to be absorbed, it doesn't stay around or it evaporates.

00:12:56--> 00:13:10

And that is the nature of this world. At some point in time it evaporates it goes secondly, water does not remain in a single state, it is changing

00:13:11--> 00:13:14

it is changing it is affected by

00:13:15--> 00:13:17

dust impurities.

00:13:19--> 00:13:28

With heat and with cold changes its form. Similarly, the dounia is in constant change.

00:13:31--> 00:13:40

Also water does not last disappears after some time. Similarly this word disappears sooner or later.

00:13:41--> 00:13:46

Fourthly, no one can enter water without getting wet.

00:13:47--> 00:13:54

Similarly, anyone who enters this world will not be saved from its trials and tribulations

00:13:57--> 00:14:32

and fifthly in certain limited amounts, water is beneficial and causes plants to grow. But if it surpasses that beneficial amount, it becomes harmful and destructive. Similarly, taking what is sufficient from the world is beneficial, while taking excess is harmful. This is some reflection on the part of thinkers you know as to what could be extracted from this simile comparing water to this world

00:14:34--> 00:14:50

of the Lord when he related the promises Solomon said whoever accepts Islam is provided with what is sufficient and the law has made him satisfied with what he gave him

00:14:51--> 00:14:54

will be successful. Whoever accepts this lab

00:14:56--> 00:14:58

is provided with what is sufficient

00:15:00--> 00:15:05

allies made him satisfied with what he gave him, he will be successful.

00:15:10--> 00:15:19

It is amazing that human beings are fooled, in spite of the fact of this world's turbulence, trouble, distress and worries,

00:15:21--> 00:15:29

in spite of the fact that distress struggle and worries are more in life than tranquility and relaxation, comfort and ease,

00:15:30--> 00:15:32

people are still fooled by it.

00:15:33--> 00:16:17

Yes, we all experience some good times, times of enjoyment, relaxation is etc. But if we look at the times of difficulty problems, calamities, trouble, they're more. So really, this should be enough of a sign to tell us it is not worth clinging on to this world. And even those people who seem to have the most of this world, the rich and the famous, if we look into their lives, we see so much wretchedness, so much confusion, drugs, suicide, you know, all kinds of corruption.

00:16:18--> 00:16:23

These are signs, the signs are there for us about the realities of this world.

00:16:25--> 00:16:29

Well, can a long one actually Shay in La Casa de la,

00:16:30--> 00:16:33

for a lawyer who is able to do everything.

00:16:34--> 00:17:07

And this means that whatever exists, Allah is able to cause not to exist, whatever is non existent, he is able to cause to exist. There is nothing between existence and non existence, except the Divine Word be couldn't. And it is, as a lot said in the AMA, ama, who either are the shaman and your food Allahu coolfire. Kuhn, indeed, whenever he intends something, his command is only that he says to it be and it is.

00:17:09--> 00:17:11

However, it should be noted

00:17:13--> 00:17:13

that

00:17:15--> 00:17:31

when we speak about a law, a being able to do anything and everything, we're speaking about the godly things that we don't include in this, the ungodly things. And this is important, because

00:17:32--> 00:17:42

this is an area of confusion, which atheists like to throw on the believers to create confusion in their understanding.

00:17:44--> 00:17:54

They like to raise the issue. If God is all powerful, and he's able to do all things, then Can he make a stone which is too heavy for him to lift?

00:17:55--> 00:17:58

So this is the confusing,

00:17:59--> 00:18:00

diabolical

00:18:02--> 00:18:52

problem that they like to throw on the believers. They used it way back in the Renaissance, to throw at Christian theologians who had problems because they did accept that God does ungodly things. And godly things like becoming a man having a son. These are ungodly things. So once you've opened that door, then where do you close it was from the Islamic perspective, the doors closed from the beginning. Like secondary Shay, there is nothing like a law. He doesn't do anything which would make him like his creatures, is completely distinct and different from his creatures. So any of the ungodly things like dying, being born, creating stones heavier than he can lift? These are things

00:18:52--> 00:19:10

which we call we call absurdities, we know how to include this when we are speaking about Allah being able to do all things, because such things contradict him being a law contradict his qualities, of being a law, just as if somebody said to you

00:19:12--> 00:19:24

what is your understanding of Allah? And you said, Allah, God means one who has no beginning for him to then ask you cannot be born.

00:19:25--> 00:19:38

See, this is an absurdity you've already defined the law as having no beginning. So then to say can you have a beginning This is absurd because to have a beginning means he had to not exist

00:19:40--> 00:19:46

and then to come into existence when somebody has to put bring him into existence. And we're not talking about the law anymore.

00:19:47--> 00:19:48

So

00:19:49--> 00:19:52

when a lot uses this phrase here

00:19:53--> 00:20:00

What can a long while actually say in today's era, for allies, able to do everything, of course, this

00:20:00--> 00:20:02

was specifically in reference to

00:20:03--> 00:20:19

the world. nature that we see around us, he brings it into existence and he can cause it not to not exist. Similarly, our wealth, our children, our success in this world, he gives it to us, he can take it away.

00:20:20--> 00:20:37

But in a general sense, he is also Able to do all things. This is one of his qualities, that is able to create what he wishes and create unable to cause to not exist, whatever he wishes, verse 46, Allah here goes on,

00:20:39--> 00:20:40

to describe

00:20:42--> 00:20:49

the most attractive aspects of the world to human beings.

00:20:50--> 00:21:42

And in it, he rebukes the pagan leaders who boasted about their wealth, and their entourage, like the owner of the garden, the two gardens, he boasted. And we said that this is the same thing that the upper class would do to the profits whenever they came to them, and call them to the oneness of a law, they would look at them and say, we have more money and children than you have, you know, we have more people were more powerful. So why should we follow you? Surely, if God was going to reveal the message, he would reveal it to us? Why do you inferior, lonely, poor, whatever. You know, this is that same attitude. A lot goes on to address this attitude as well as the leaders of Qureshi we

00:21:42--> 00:22:23

spoke about earlier, who when problems are solved, I wanted to sit with them, they asked them to get rid of the poor companions who are sitting around him. They didn't want to sit in the same company with them. So Allah, who's on here to address the issues of wealth and children, as Manuel Bellona, Xena to hayati dunya. Wolbachia to solid how to hiren and Arabic fella then we're hi Ron MLR. wealth and sons are the adornment of this world. But the last thing acts of righteousness are a better source of reward from your Lord, and a better basis for hope.

00:22:25--> 00:22:33

This verse is a continuation of the Divine rebuke to the pagan leaders and the Qureshi leaders.

00:22:35--> 00:22:55

Allah goes into more detail about the reality of the pleasures of this world. And Manuel Bellona, Xena dunya wealth and sons are the adornment of this world. Because wealth provides things of beauty and benefit. And sons provide strength and protection.

00:22:57--> 00:23:03

Human beings past and present, find that having a lot of sons around them is beautiful.

00:23:04--> 00:23:45

It is an attractive scene, having a lot of sons, whether they function as helpers to serve the guests, when people come over to visit, your sons go and take care of the guests look after them. Or as comrades in battle, if they have to go into battle, they have sons all around them, you know, this is how they looked at it in the past, and we still look at it to some degree. In that same way. Of course, in the West, things have changed somewhat where they feel that you should only have one and a half children. Right. So you know, they're not looking at the value of family anymore because families have broken down. And it's just, you know, a man and his wife and one child and a half. We

00:23:45--> 00:23:45

haven't staff,

00:23:47--> 00:24:14

per se, percentage wise, and beyond that she doesn't want anymore, you know, it isn't. And you have people who don't even want children at all. I mean, there's a there's a change in human nature, because it is the nature of human beings to want to have offspring. But, you know, Western civilization's nature has been changed with secularism, meaning of life lost, and people are looking at the dunya.

00:24:15--> 00:24:20

If you have a lot of kids, you have more mouths to feed more people sharing in your dunya

00:24:21--> 00:24:37

you only have one then Okay, you can cut aside a piece for him and still live a comfortable, enjoyable life. And this is the mentality to think why is it the only one one kid because of this. They don't want to share the dunya with anybody else they want to be able to enjoy to its maximum.

00:24:41--> 00:24:55

But in most societies, in the poor societies, around the world where they, the West goes and tries to sterilize and to keep populations down in most societies around the world and look at having a lot of children as being a source of strength.

00:24:57--> 00:24:59

You know, you have more kids you have love with

00:25:00--> 00:25:04

You have a farm, it's more who can work that farm make it more successful, etc.

00:25:08--> 00:25:13

One point to note here that the law of mighty mentions in the verse and malewane, balloon,

00:25:14--> 00:25:41

wealth, and sons. Big question, why not doctors know why just sons? Well, of course, from one point of view, we know that in Arabic, when you use a masculine plural, it includes both the masculine and the feminine. When you have this general principle Anyway, when we say Salaam Alaikum alaikum means

00:25:42--> 00:25:45

on you males.

00:25:47--> 00:25:48

That's what it literally means.

00:25:50--> 00:25:53

on you, females would be la hoonah.

00:25:55--> 00:26:40

But nobody says Rama licona. Right, maybe we'll find it in the crime. We can come and speech in common usage, you don't find it anymore, we will just say slavery. And even in the process the last time they would say some Aleykum to both men and two women could now was when they wanted to specify and you know, specifically address females, otherwise, the general address is on a comb. So that's one understanding. The other understanding is that a lot of deliberately use that male term for a reason. Because you will find someplace in the Quran, where Allah wants to stress that it's both male and female, he will say, No, he mentioned a woman in one minute, you know, he could have

00:26:40--> 00:26:49

settled about money and that covers both, but he wants to stress that it is each and every one he will say that the believing males and the believing females, so on so forth.

00:26:51--> 00:27:23

But the reason why he used the males was because it was the customer at the time of revelation in Arabia, that males were boasted about a man, an Arab, this part of the world in the Arabian Peninsula 1400 years ago, still into today to some degree. You know, if he's going to boast about his children, he boasts about males, his male children, female children, was a disgrace.

00:27:24--> 00:27:27

That's how they looked at it as a disgrace. And Allah spoke about that in

00:27:28--> 00:27:34

verse 58 and 59. He said, whether bashira Ottoman bill OSHA

00:27:36--> 00:27:47

was what then were who were Kareem and when the news of a female's birth is brought to any of them, his face becomes dark, and is filled with inward grief.

00:27:48--> 00:28:05

Yet alarming akoni Minsu inhibition Robbie, he hides himself from the people because of the evil of what he has been informed about. This is how he felt. At that point, he would then weigh his options. What can he do?

00:28:06--> 00:28:16

I am suku, Allahu Ninh. Alia do Sufi, Rob, Allah Azza Maya Khun Chang he keep her with dishonor

00:28:18--> 00:28:23

or bury her in the earth. Certainly evil is their decision.

00:28:25--> 00:28:28

This is the two options that he saw before him. In those days.

00:28:30--> 00:28:33

news came his wife has delivered a girl

00:28:34--> 00:28:39

The zookeeper and be dishonored and feel be in a state of constant dishonor.

00:28:40--> 00:28:45

Or does he bury her alive?

00:28:46--> 00:28:48

And this was the common practice

00:28:50--> 00:28:51

over in a hot tub.

00:28:52--> 00:28:56

On one occasion, he laughed. And then he cried.

00:28:57--> 00:29:02

Some of the jabeen who were sitting with him, they asked him, Why did you do that?

00:29:03--> 00:29:09

So he said, I laughed when I remembered. My days before Islam.

00:29:10--> 00:29:13

I used to have an idol made of this.

00:29:14--> 00:29:17

One day I got very hungry, and I ate a part of it.

00:29:22--> 00:29:27

That's funny. Here was the Irelia worshipping, they were hungry and you ate a part of your idol.

00:29:28--> 00:29:34

So he laughed when he thought back at it. And then he cried. He said, when he remembered

00:29:36--> 00:29:37

burying his daughter alive.

00:29:39--> 00:29:51

He had dug the grave, shallow grave, put her in the grave, and she reached up and brushed dust from my beard. He said, as he was putting her in there.

00:29:52--> 00:29:59

You know, just gotten on his beard and she reached up and brushed off the dust. And then he put the earth over her, buried her alive.

00:30:01--> 00:30:01

That's Oh my goodness.

00:30:03--> 00:30:05

So this was the common

00:30:06--> 00:30:23

attitude. And this is why align the verse addresses, sons, because that was the thing of honor people considered wealth in this world was money, property and sons. And actually, this tradition is alive today

00:30:25--> 00:30:31

still in the Indian subcontinent, among non Muslims and Muslims,

00:30:32--> 00:30:48

because of the huge expensive boundaries, you know, when a man wants to marry, get his daughter married, he has to bring all kinds of money, because of this malpractice amongst Muslims, and the common practice amongst Hindus, that they have to

00:30:49--> 00:30:58

buy off the man to take the doctor off their hands, right. So, having daughters is a masiva is a calamity.

00:30:59--> 00:31:03

And as such, many midwives are paid

00:31:05--> 00:31:08

to snuff out the life of girls at birth.

00:31:10--> 00:31:11

This is something documented.

00:31:14--> 00:31:25

And if you have money, then you can use the ultrasound and find out the gender of the baby before the child is born. So you can abort the girls.

00:31:28--> 00:31:29

And this is why in India,

00:31:30--> 00:31:43

there are more females than males. Sorry, the opposite more males than females, this is abnormal. This is not the norm, the norm for the rest of the world is more females than men's for a variety of reasons.

00:31:44--> 00:32:04

But in India, it has been reversed because of these practices. Also, it is in China. It's the other place where you find a majority of males. Because in China, the law was only one child.

00:32:05--> 00:32:13

A couple was only allowed to have one child. So if they only had one child, then they Wonder Boy.

00:32:14--> 00:32:26

So female infanticide is commonplace all over China, using the ultrasound for those who have money, or killing the children at birth, for those who don't.

00:32:28--> 00:32:43

So its attitude, this attitude of property and sons remains amongst humans. Wolbachia to solid heart. However, the lasting acts of righteousness, like righteous words and deeds,

00:32:45--> 00:33:01

charity, fasting, enjoining, righteousness and forbidding evil and so forth. These are the lasting acts of righteousness. These are all more valuable than the wealth and the sons, if not boss was reported to have said,

00:33:02--> 00:33:18

this is the celebration of the remembrance of a law saying La ilaha illAllah Allahu Akbar Allah subhana wa Alhamdulillah Tabata con la la hawla wala quwata illa Billah stop through la sallallahu, ala rasulillah

00:33:19--> 00:33:38

and fasting prayer hatch, charity, freeing slaves jihad, maintaining ties of kinship, and all other good deeds. These are the righteous good deeds that lasts, they will remain in paradise for those who do them for as long as heaven and earth remain.

00:33:39--> 00:33:51

As managed now fun. He was quoted as saying that the last thing righteous acts are La ilaha illa Allah Subhana Allah Al hamdu Lillah Allahu Akbar La La quwata illa Billah

00:33:52--> 00:34:19

and Seidel Hussain, one of the famous tabea in or students of the Sahaba he also said the same that the backyard soil he had bacteria to soil he had the last thing righteous deeds. Were saying Allahu Akbar Allah Subhana Allah Al Hamdulillah La Ilaha LA and La hawla wala quwata illa Billah.

00:34:22--> 00:34:24

We also have

00:34:25--> 00:34:33

from Manasa sanlam, saying basically the same thing to one who came to him and was not able to memorize the fact you

00:34:35--> 00:34:44

know, it might seem strange, Arab came to the prophet SAW Selim, he had trouble he couldn't memorize the Father. So I told him to say

00:34:45--> 00:34:46

Suhana law

00:34:48--> 00:34:59

Alhamdulillah Allah, Allah and Allah Allahu Akbar, to say this during his prayer, until such time as he managed to learn it. So actually, this is why

00:35:00--> 00:35:43

For people who newly accepted Islam, we give them this bacteria to solve the heart, the day repeating the prayers until such time as they learn the actual text of the prayer. A lot of people are not aware of this. And I know personally when I accepted Islam in Canada, many years ago, nobody told me this. So I ended up learning my prayer by you know, writing out the fact how to say it on a piece of paper, putting it down on my prayer mat, and as I would stand in three, I would look down and read it. And a lot of other people have done the same. So is of course incorrect. You know, the proper way is to, to say some Hannah law or Alhamdulillah, Laila, Hamas, Allahu Akbar to just repeat

00:35:43--> 00:35:49

that in the prayer until you are able to replace it with the different

00:35:50--> 00:35:52

sections that the prophet SAW Selim has taught.

00:35:55--> 00:36:41

So I'm back here to salejaw to hire on Rebecca Ben. Hi, Ron Amala, such as a better a better source of reward from your Lord, and a better basis for hope. Because they are lasting. They are better than the passing worldly adornments. Allah has promised great rewards for righteous deeds in the next life. So they form the basis of hope for the believers. The pleasures of this life, on the other hand, will not be of any benefit in the next life, unless they were used to accumulate the deeds. Cherish and Katie, who is the author of a while by on one of the toughest years, which I use a more recent scholar of the 20th century, from

00:36:44--> 00:37:15

Mauritania, who taught in Medina, he pointed out that the intent of this verse is to bring the great importance of righteous deeds to the attention of humans, in order that they do not become so busy with the beauty of this world that they neglect and forget the lasting good deeds, which will benefit them in the next life. This concept is maintained mentioned in detail in a number of other verses throughout the class. For example, in

00:37:17--> 00:37:19

verse nine, the law says the

00:37:21--> 00:37:23

lateral hichem Amala kumala,

00:37:24--> 00:38:03

the guerrilla, Romania and Alec phalguna, aka homosassa rune are believers. Do not let your wealth or your children divert you from the remembrance of Allah, and whoever does that are truly losers. And in Surah, Saba verse 37 Well, ma'am, welcome Allah, Allah to community to caribou mandanas alpha, in Amman, Amina salejaw and it is not your wealth, nor your children that bring you nearer to me, but only he who believes and does righteous deeds.

00:38:05--> 00:38:08

Allah then goes on in verse 47.

00:38:09--> 00:38:14

To describe what is to come

00:38:15--> 00:38:16

on the day of judgment

00:38:18--> 00:38:24

as this world changes, we lose it or we die and leave it behind.

00:38:26--> 00:38:29

Everything will change at the end of this world.

00:38:31--> 00:38:35

Well, yo man you say your LG Bella water on our batteries.

00:38:37--> 00:38:41

Hahaha Hashana home, for Lam Nova determine whom I

00:38:42--> 00:38:56

remember the day when I will cause the mountains to pass away. And you will see the earth a level playing. On that day I will gather them all together without leaving any of them behind.

00:38:57--> 00:39:04

A law begins to describe the terrors of the Day of Resurrection, the awesome things that will come to pass.

00:39:06--> 00:39:12

He starts with the most outstanding feature on the face of the earth, the mountains, Mount Everest.

00:39:14--> 00:39:25

And we think of scaling the heights. It's the mountains is what stands out in front of us. Human beings are driven to want to conquer it right foolishly.

00:39:28--> 00:39:59

So a lot begins saying, well Yeoman who say you don't remember the day when I will cause the mountains to pass away, meaning they will move from their places and vanish, as the law says elsewhere. Well, Taraji bilotta, Tasha Middleton. We're here tomorrow Mara sahab and you will see the mountains and think them solid, but they will shall pass away like clouds and they will lose their solidity and become like soft teased wool, as the Almighty said, what a corner

00:40:00--> 00:40:05

Hillman fouche and the mountains will become like fluffy wool.

00:40:06--> 00:40:13

And they will crumble into dust and disappear. As the Almighty said yes aluna can in Japan totally and suffer

00:40:16--> 00:40:24

and they ask you about the mountains say my Lord will pulverize them scattering their dust and leaving them as a barren place

00:40:25--> 00:40:28

for power and soft Safa.

00:40:30--> 00:40:38

Then Allah describes how the earth itself will look saying you will see the earth in a leveled plane What are all

00:40:39--> 00:40:40

that is

00:40:41--> 00:41:10

when he causes the mountains to vanish, the Earth would be left as a smooth plane level surface with nothing crooked or curved within it. No valleys or mountains that will have no features that anyone can recognize. Nothing for anyone to even think about hiding behind. All creatures will be exposed in the open standing before their Lord Hashanah whom Fallon Nevada remain home.

00:41:12--> 00:41:45

At the same time, that the earth changes its form. A lot mentioned that all creatures will be gathered saying I will gather them all together without leaving any of them behind. Actual mention of the gathering of other creatures besides humans can be found elsewhere in the Quran. For example, a lot of settings to attack we're whether we're Hoshino hotshot. And when the wild beasts gathered together, and in Surinam, Miami in the bottom fell out of the LA area to be gentle, hey La MaMa,

00:41:47--> 00:42:31

ma for up now from Kitab, in in Shea, from my in our ob him your scharoun. There is not a crawling creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings. But there are communities like you have neglected nothing in the book, and then on to their Lord, they will all be gathered. Of course the gathering of the other creatures besides human beings and the jinn is just a expression of a lost greatness that he brings everything back together, in some cases will be an expression of His justice, as he mentioned that he will bring back to mountain goats, one that had horns, and one without horns, the one which no one's in this life, not the other one off the mountain and it died.

00:42:32--> 00:42:36

So now we bring them back. And the one without horns will not the one with the horns off the mountain.

00:42:38--> 00:42:44

And justice will be complete. To allow will do that as a means of

00:42:45--> 00:42:53

fulfilling his justice. And as an expression of the greatness of him being the Creator of all things

00:42:54--> 00:43:24

able to bring anything back that he already created. In verses 48 onwards 49 a law goes on to describe the judgment how we stand before a law and the books that will be given to us. Charla will cover that in the coming week. So we'll stop here in Sharla if you have any questions that you'd like to ask, concerning, what we have covered so far, verses 45 through 247.

00:43:35--> 00:43:45

Okay brothers asked for clarification of the prophet SAW Selim statement, and this world is green and sweets are beautiful.

00:43:48--> 00:43:52

And Allah has made us governors over it to see what we will do.

00:43:53--> 00:43:56

So beware of

00:43:57--> 00:44:00

the world. And beware of women.

00:44:01--> 00:44:08

And governments are seldom said I've not left a trial, greater on my own man than women.

00:44:10--> 00:44:20

And Allah in the Quran elsewhere, he says, you know, concerning your wives, Father, whom beware of them. Now, that basically said that there are

00:44:21--> 00:44:24

two enemies for you, right? I mean,

00:44:29--> 00:44:40

this, all these statements, we understand it in the context, that there is great temptation for men and women.

00:44:42--> 00:44:45

That is what is most attractive to them in this world.

00:44:46--> 00:44:52

So for them to deviate, and to disobey a law. This is one of the biggest channels by which they do so.

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

So beware of women, beware of women, meaning women who will cause you to do so.

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

A lot

00:45:02--> 00:45:07

either through illicit relations, fornication, adultery, these kind of things,

00:45:09--> 00:45:17

or through legitimate relations, but those legitimate relations call you to do what is displeasing to Allah,

00:45:18--> 00:45:33

your wife, your daughters, they ask you to go and you know, do certain things to go certain places which are not pleasing to Allah, you know, they're not pleasing to Allah to bring into your home things that you know you shouldn't have in your homes, but you bring it in to please them.

00:45:34--> 00:45:37

Father home of them.

00:45:44--> 00:45:48

Children I included in that in the verses to the Mashallah want us to be where?

00:45:50--> 00:45:51

for the question.

00:45:54--> 00:45:57

The mountain goat is Heidi's authentic ID

00:45:59--> 00:46:01

for the question.

00:46:10--> 00:46:12

The narration concerning Omar.

00:46:13--> 00:46:15

Yeah. As

00:46:20--> 00:46:21

opposed

00:46:24--> 00:46:25

to somebody else?

00:46:29--> 00:46:30

Well,

00:46:31--> 00:46:49

that is raise a question concerning the narration I mentioned concerning Omar no hubbub and Shall I will double check it. I mean, this was it was a it was famously conveyed. I just took it for granted, it was expressed by a number of scholars that he was in fact, correct.

00:46:57--> 00:46:57

Is

00:47:00--> 00:47:01

So a question it's a

00:47:04--> 00:47:07

It has nothing to do with the thermal accommodations, they would love to have.

00:47:13--> 00:47:33

Okay, well, brothers mentioned that though the story is well known and narrated by many scholars, that he that a particular individual had done research on it, and had concluded that this was from one of the other tribes not from almost tribe that this was done. So inshallah I will double check it myself and get back to you on that.

00:47:36--> 00:47:39

Questions from the woman's side or comments. One

00:47:41--> 00:48:20

is knowing the sex of the child through ultrasound or whatever sinful sisterhood to something to that effect, that it's a sinful, you know, because it seems to go against one of the statements that are lost my data set that made with regards to his knowledge of the unseen, right, knowing what is in the rooms. So this means we're going in and, and challenging more or less allows knowledge, so they made the cell phone, but actually, what the reference to knowledge of what is in the room, the knowledge of the law with regards to it goes far beyond the ultrasound

00:48:21--> 00:48:54

goes far beyond the ultrasound. I mean, Allah knows, and nobody knows, when the sperm and the old woman going to meet which, you know, spermatozoa is going to meet which ovum Allah knows this. And this is this is taking place in the womb, right? So we don't have any ultrasound which is going to tell us this, we only know only after it has happened. Allah knows before it actually happens. So his knowledge of what is in the womb goes far beyond the ultrasound. So ultrasound is no harm

00:48:55--> 00:48:56

to say that one's

00:48:57--> 00:49:22

going to look at the ultrasound just to find out whether it's a boy or girl will say ready, this is not good. Islamic Lee better to just take whatever Allah gives you leave it unknown, right? But, you know, as a procedure to medical procedure in order to ensure that the child is in a good position, there's no defects or no problems, etc. You know,

00:49:23--> 00:49:40

there's not, there's no harm in utilizing this procedure. And if whilst the procedure is going on, well, then you found out what the sex of the child is, okay, you found out but to say, Well, I'm just gonna go do ultrasound to find out what the sex of the child is, I would say is is not good. But we couldn't say it is sinful.

00:49:41--> 00:50:00

No, good to say it is really sinful. The second point really a comment whether lectures could be arranged on funeral rites, concerning funeral rites, and the future at the Center for people wanting to know what we're supposed to be doing. You know, because, of course, a lot of it

00:50:00--> 00:50:41

innovations in our cultures around the dead and dying the rights concerning it, perhaps inshallah we can arrange a lecture series of lectures on it. I wrote a book on it called human rights in Islam. So I guess I could use that as a basis and give that lecture. So if people are interested perhaps we can get some feedback from you and arrange a day one another day in which we can go through the basic funeral rites. The third was a another suggestion as to reasons why people don't have children is that it's hard to raise them in this world. Well,

00:50:42--> 00:51:15

yeah, perhaps. But I think the greater thing is that you know, when people talk about having more children it is you can't educate them because this is where the difficulties come You can't educate them properly. If you have five kids if you only have one you have more money so that one you can get educated properly. But now if you have five so much to spread around and education so costly, you know, so this is the difficulties in this world raising them but really, you know, problems are seldom he said, that we should marry Alabama dude.

00:51:17--> 00:51:17

Was it

00:51:19--> 00:51:31

alludes? Yes, and what do you know the word dude meaning the loving women who have loving quote, qualities that they can love the children give them love. And at the same time be

00:51:32--> 00:51:48

fruitful, you know, they are not to be prolific, you know, and he said, you know, marriage marry, and the Cafu to have many children. So that you know, I will be proud of you on the Day of Judgment amongst the different alma

00:51:49--> 00:51:55

mater nations. So Islam recommends and encourages us to have many children

00:51:56--> 00:52:28

so regardless of one's reasons, you know, it is preferable in Islam not to just have one and a half kids, you know, or half or whatever, but to have as many as we can, you know, within reason of course, I mean, we can see if a wife is having kids every year and after about five years in a row you know, you see she's can hardly stand up and walk straight you know, is that okay? Is the time you have to give her a chance to recuperate and you know, maybe space things out a bit or whatever inshallah.

00:52:30--> 00:52:35

Allah will stop here and subhanak aloha movie Ambika shadow Allah Allah and and start Furukawa