Tafseer – Surah Al-Kahf 16

Bilal Philips

Channel: Bilal Philips

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Topics: Tafsir

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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hamdulillah salat wa salam ala rasulillah. All praise due to law and the law of Peace and blessings beyond the last messenger of Allah.

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In our previous session, we looked at the tafsir upon to verse 37 and verse 37, we're looking at still the story of the two individuals, one of whom Allah blessed with two gardens that were fully bearing fruit. And which led him to some form of this belief, where he started to become proud, felt that his gardens would never go. And he started to have doubts about the coming of the final hour.

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And his poor partner, or friend or companion or a neighbor,

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or perhaps even his brother, as we said, some narrations mentioned that it was his brother, I believe in brother, Abu Salah.

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He then began to respond to the claims made by this disbelieving individual who have been granted all these blessings. And he first began by saying, you know, have you disbelieved or would you disbelieve in the one who created you, and then described how it was created from dust from a oily drop, and then turn you into a full fledged human being?

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Then, after questioning him really chiding him, scolding him for this kind of belief, he goes on in verse 38, to express his own belief, to basically absolve himself from the position of his companion. He says they are lacking, lacking makena who la hora de la la Sheikhupura be a Haida, but to me, he is a law of my Lord. And I will not associate anyone as partner with my Lord.

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So, when the disbelieving companion

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remained on his state of disbelief, his brother or companion, then expressed his own feelings of gratitude to a law and proclaim His religion in the face of the arguments that were being raised by his rich and powerful companion.

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Lakin who a lot more upbeat, but to me, he is a law my lord here, the poor companion affirms allows rubia

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to be a meaning a laws, dominion, is dominion over all things when he said and described him as a be my Lord.

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And all that is this belief in companion had boasted about belongs on ultimately to a lot because by saying he is my Lord, He is the one who has dominion over all things. He is in fact saying that whatever you are boasting about your garden, etc. It's not really yours. Allah has dominion over it.

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It was granted to you by a law nurtured by a law and it's all brought more fruits by a laws permission.

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And then He further declares that the Dominion belongs solely to a law.

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This is expressed in the grammatical construction of the phrase Lakin nahu Allahu Rabi because he could have said, Lakin, Allahu Akbar rugby.

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How to be lacking Aloha. Probably

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without using Hua just like when we say Khan who Allahu Ahad we could have said Allahu Ahad, basically the same meaning is conveyed. A law is unique and one when we say who are when we add this, he's always saying say he a law is one, I mean this is clumsy English would not normally say this in English, but in Arabic by using this additional pronoun. He, as in this case here, same thing he what we've done is we've emphasized that it is he alone

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But only he is uniquely one in the case of hula, hula hula had. So here we're like in hula hula be meaning that only Allah is my Lord. So he is

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affirming that Dominion rubia belongs only to Allah. And in doing so he also announces his own adherence to obedience and worship of the Lord.

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Since all creation is in need

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of someone to create and sustain them,

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only their Creator and sustainer deserves their worship. That's just common sense. So once he is

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identified as the creator and sustainer, that is also a commitment to obedience and worship. And this is why we say

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when we say that, we believe in a law

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and we don't

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act in accordance with the laws commands,

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we have to say that, in truth, the person who makes this claim doesn't really believe in a law,

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they may believe in the concept of a law. In other words, they have knowledge about a law, but belief in Allah, true belief in Allah should produce some actions of obedience may not be perfect, the individual may not be perfectly obedient about everything, but to say that one believes but does nothing.

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You know, like you have this very common in the West today, love

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people who are what we call deists who say, we believe that there is a God

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who created the world. But he left it to run on its own, it has nothing he has nothing to do with us. We have to make our own way we have to find our own way.

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So this way of thinking, is

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not true belief in God.

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Because belief in God, believe in the creator sustainer big who has no beginning or end, who is all wise requires that one believe that God has revealed his will to humankind.

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That is a natural consequence of being God.

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That he does not act in an ignorant or unsuitable, unwise manner.

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Because it is well known

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in our own lives, that if a person were to set up a factory, hire people to worship in the factory, and not tell them what they're supposed to do in that factory, we would say this individual is foolish, unwise, etc. So if we can recognize that on such a low level in our own human functions, we're job descriptions need to know what you're supposed to do is a requirement for effective running of any business or any system etc. When surely on this much greater scale, human beings created in this world, surely Allah who is most wise, has informed them of what they're supposed to do. So belief in a law, when one declares one's belief in Allah, that he is, in fact, the creator

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and Sustainer of the universe.

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That is also a commitment to obedience and worship of that creator. Right?

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worship, whose root is obedience, because when we say obedience, and worship really is

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one of the same thing, because in Islam worship is fundamentally obedience. That is how we worship Allah through obedience to His commands. Also there are the elements of worship, that involve praising him, etc, etc. You know, so every form of obedience is worship, but not necessarily every form of worship is obedience, but it is the core of worship. We all I think, are quite familiar with that. Anyway, the poor individual went on to say well, that we should be ahead.

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I will not associate anyone as a partner with my Lord. So in this, he negates shirk from himself.

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And by negating shirk from himself, he is implying that his companion which companion was, in fact committing shirk, that his claim that the gardens would last forever

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Write, in other words, having no end, giving the quality of having no end which is one of the last quality to his creation. This is a form of shirk. And also saying that he doesn't believe there's going to be a final hour that allows is going to bring us back that is also a form of shirk, you know, really attributing to a law, the inability to bring us back recreate us, after having created us. So in his negation of shift from himself, he is affirming sherek with his companion.

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Then he goes on to advise him what was better for him to upset in verse 39? Well, Ola is the health a genetic, Masha Allahu La quwata illa Billah in torani akanu minca. Marlon, voila.

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It was better for you to say,

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when you entered your garden,

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this is as a law has willed. There is no power except by a laws permission. Although you see me with less wealth and children than you.

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So it goes on to inform his disbelieving companion.

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There are laws blessing him with faith, and Islam,

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even with a little wealth and children, is the true blessing.

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And everything else besides it can perish and can be punishable.

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So the real blessing which one should feel delighted about is a man his faith and to be on the right religion, implementing that faith. So he begins by

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affirming that

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his friend has been deluded into thinking that the material wealth which he has been blessed with makes him superior and that this is the real blessing.

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Masha Allah La quwata illa de la, this is as a law has ruled there is no power except by a laws permission means that this garden did not come into being by the disbelieving companions power or his will, but by the will and power of a law.

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That's what he's implying when he said, This is what you should have said. It is not as you wished, but Masha Allah as a law has wished, because yes, you had a wish you wanted to have a garden. But if I did not wish that you have that garden, you would not have it.

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And it wasn't your power that made the garden beer as it more. It is the lost power. Right? Because you can plant your crops and anything can happen and the crops don't bear or even if they bear maybe they bear in parts and they don't bear in part. And we mentioned earlier that a lot bless the garden in that every single plant in the garden bore fruit.

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So whenever some form of wealth delights a person he or she should say Masha Allah La hawla wala quwata illa Billah This is Ally's rude, there is no power except by laws permission in order to turn one's affairs over to a law and not to one's own efforts and power. Now there are some inauthentic narrations to the effect that if somebody says this, he or she will not see evil come to pass in that property which pleases them. Or that the person will not be affected by the evil eye. Saying Masha Allah.

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Yeah, these narrations actually not authentic. But actually you know, people are very keen on this. You know, to say it, I mean, it's good to say it's good you see something pleasing to you to say Mashallah. But

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the idea of saying that it will prevent the evil eye it will prevent the whatever it is that you liked, from going bad, nothing will happen to it. This is not inauthentic narrations.

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However, it was very common for the Prophet Muhammad wa sallam to use the how Allah

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this saying how Allah

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La quwata illa Billah This is called an Arabic The how Allah like we hear of the best mela bhasma means to say Bismillah R Rahman Rahim the how Allah is to say La hawla wala quwata illa Billah. So we find the prophet SAW Selim saying to Abu Musa and ashari Allah De Luca Allah Kelly Martin milk ulusal Jenna Alcala, Allah can xinmin canoes and Jenna

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Shall I show you a word or treasure from the treasures of paradise? And I will Moosa said, certainly. And he went on to say La hawla wala quwata illa Billah.

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So, he has identified the whole color as one of the treasures of Paradise, so, to something to say frequently,

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we should use it, not just in the cases of calamities, because oftentimes people use it, then, you know, something bad happens you say La La La quwata illa Billah. Okay, it's good. It's okay. But don't restrict it only to the times of calamity, right, because we actually have one already recommended for calamity which is

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in La, la, la, la June, right, that is specific for calamity and a lot refers to it, whoever is struck by these and he listed a different to the calamities and says in Allah, Allah in our era, Rajon in such a person, you know, Allah gives them glad tidings of a paradise. Okay, so we know already that is specific for that. But what can be said, but you know, it is actually better for times of greatness when you see something really great, etc. So don't look at it as a negative for negative circumstances, but for positive circumstances, you know, where you see, you know, somebody with a big car or a big yacht or a big palace or whatever you see, you says, Oh, no, sir. I'm saying

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Allahu Akbar, c'est la hawla. Wala quwata illa Billah remind yourself that it's violence permission that they have it, you know, or if you get something, right, rather than becoming proud about it, this is to bring yourself down and to deal with the life as it really is. As such, you find the bumps are seldom as recommended, you know, from the very beginning of the day,

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starting with the night because for us, the day begins with the night right? We begin from milgrim we go to Maghreb. So, from the night Selamat said that whoever wakes up at night,

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right?

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That they should say, la la la la la de la sharika lahu mucho la will hummed wanna coalition Kadir Suhana, la will hamdulillah La la la la la la, la La, La La La La quwata illa Billah Allah Amina when

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no one has the right to be worshipped, observed the law alone without associate To Him belongs to serenity and the praise. And he is Able to do all things, how perfect Allah is and all praises for law, and none has the right to be worshipped except the law. A law is the greatest and there is no movement, no power, except by laws permission, the most high and Supreme.

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And then, after saying that, they should say are a bit fiddly, or is Oh my Lord, forgive me. And above us lm said, and he will be forgiven.

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And furthermore, if at that time, he makes any do I asked a lot anything, it will be answered to I will be answered. And furthermore, if he gets up, makes Voodoo and make Salah his prayers will be accepted. And is the promise of Allah. For us. We wake up from sleep. You know,

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normally in the other society in the other way of looking at life, you're woken up from sleep, your sleep is disturbed. That's a bad thing. Actually, here, we have being woken up from sleep, your sleep being disturbed, it's a good thing

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to take advantage of it. And this is the general approach of the believer in everything in life. That we normally the society considers this thing to be a bad thing. For us as believers. These become good things if we take advantage of them.

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We can take benefit out of each and every circumstance

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Also Solomon also said when putting on one's clothes to say Alhamdulillah Allah de cassani haga

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cassani has a soul. What does he mean Arabia? How will it mean me Will akua Praise be to Allah who closed me with this garment and provided it for me without any effort on my part, or any power on my part, if he says that he is committing sins as well as his previous sins will be forgiven.

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When one finishes eating, the authentic, most authentic blog to say

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we many of us we have a number of different ones we've learned, but the most authentic one is to say Alhamdulillah Higgledy, Armani, hava what is the funny man the lady How will in many will aku

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pray Praise be to Allah He fed me this and provided it for me without any effort or power on my part. He says that his previous sins will be forgiven.

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And even when leaving the home, in all of this is rare to start your day with the honkala leaving the home box as I said, if one leaves the home and says Bismillah devacurl to Allah La hawla wala quwata illa Billah he says this when leaving the home, then

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it will be said you have been guided sufficed and protected.

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The Devils will avoid him and they will say to the other devils, how can you affect the man when he has been guided sufficed and protected.

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So, all of that from allow Kala and that's why problems are seldom used too frequently. C'est la hawla wala quwata illa Billah throughout his day,

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in terani, and Akala minca Marlon wallaga the poor believe we went on to say that although you see me with less wealth and children than you,

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what is with allies better and more lasting, and what is hoped for of His goodness is superior to all the people compete for in this world.

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What is considered the major symbols of wealth in this life are fleeting gifts, possessed only for a few moments, then quickly lost. real wealth is everlasting, of benefit in both this life and the next. And that is as the prophet SAW, Selim said once good deeds, he alluded to that reality in the following narration about death. He said yes, bowel may it falafel for your Joe, if Nan Webb comma who

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gets Lou, Lou, Lou.

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Lou, Lou. Lou. The data followed by three

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to return and one stays behind his family as well. And his deeds follow him to the grave. His family and wealth return and his deeds remain.

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In verse 4041.

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The believer makes a law

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believing the poor believer makes a law against that hearty and proud disbeliever he said fasab be a genie higher on min genetic, we will see La La sabana mina sama photos Bahasa Eden de la I'll use Bahama.

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filamentous Katia la huhtala perhaps my Lord will give me something better than your garden. And he may cause destruction to descend on your garden from the sky and turn it into smooth, featureless land, or the water may sink so deep into the earth, that you would never be able to reach it.

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So in the first part of his statement,

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perhaps my Lord will give me something better than your garden.

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And he may send destruction to descend on your garden from the sky

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and turn it into smooth, featureless land.

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This statement has two possible meanings.

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The first that it represents this application of hope and wish

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a prayer that the law grants him something better than his companions garden.

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And at the same time, that destruction fall upon him from the sky number we have this thing about

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Making dua against people. So not this point here, right?

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So this bra has two elements to it. One is asking the Lord to give him better.

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And at the same time he's asked me a lot to destroy what he has.

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Why because he scorned him and belittled him. So he prayed against him equivalent to the wrong which he did to him.

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It is not sinful for a person to pray for punishment to befall one who oppresses him, as Allah said, fear the drama of the oppressed.

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Beware of the law of the oppressed, because there is no barrier between him and the law.

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Right. So it is legitimate, if someone is oppressed to make law against that person.

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It is also possible at the supplicated, so that the boastful one would know his Lord and abandon his delight with his wealth, which is in his best interest. So there's another element of the drama of course, what was his intention is known only to Allah, Allah has just told us the story. But we know from the statements that could imply this also, his calling or asking a lot to destroy what the man has, could be for good. Because what he has has been a source of misguidance for him. So by asking a lot to take it away, that perhaps he may return and wake up.

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So it is as though he prayed that the Lord grant him what he was boasting about,

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and to destroy the disbelievers garden in order that he knows that his gardens and entourage belong to a law. He prayed for what would harm him for a greater benefit. It is better that a person knows himself and turns back to his Lord, then for him to be proud of his wealth and power.

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The second meaning is that it represents expectation, it is expected that the VA will take away what he he belittled and scorned his believing companion about it saying

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asabi TNA higher on men genetic here is it could be saying that Allah, this is what he's expecting a lot to do, because he is on the right path. And Allah has promised, you know, to protect them to support the believers, and that that if that requires punishment of the disbelievers, then it will come to them also.

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how you spell Hama, Dora felon testa chia Allahu taala, or the water may sink so deep into the earth, that you will never be able to reach it.

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Because prayer was for the garden to disappear, either by flooding until the earth became featureless and slippery, or that the crops all died due to lack of water.

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This was

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in verses 42 to 444. The consequence of the duel takes place.

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As we said, the drama of the oppressed, Allah hears it and fulfills, it could be right away could be later on down the line or however it is answered by our last month Allah. So Allah goes on in 42 to say what we're here to defend Murray he for us Baja, you're a liberal cafe. Allah I'm Sakai ha ha ha we are to Nala Lucia.

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de Lucia Kabira. Be ahead. So the fruits of his labor became surrounded by room and he began rubbing his hands in regret over the efforts he had spent on it. While it was all destroyed on its trellises

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he could only say, Oh, if only I had not associated any partners with my Lord. Well, I'm takala goofy attune young ser una hoomin lunula Makana moon Casa La, Hunan, wilaya to Linda and Huck, who are hirens awada

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hakoda

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and he had no group of men to help him against the law, nor could he save himself. In such circumstances. The only support comes from a law the true God, his reward is best and the best ending.

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So in the beginning, he said so the fruits of his labor became surrounded by ruin and he began rubbing his hands in regret over the effort he had spent on it. While it was all destroyed on his trellises Allah accepted for believers prayer, and a storm struck his boastful companions gardens destroying all of his crops, and leaving nothing behind. The owner of the gardens became extremely

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regretful of all the time, effort and wealth he had spent on his gardens. As it all came to nothing. He also regretted committing shirk and oppression and wish that things were otherwise, where whom a Tawny lamp should not be a Haida. He could only say, Oh, if only I had not associated any partners with my Lord. However, regret after the time for repentance is of no benefit at that time with regards to the punishment, indeed, instead, those who hear the story will benefit from his sorrow. You know, he is sad, he's regretful Normally, this is a requirement for repentance to be acceptable to the last one to Allah. However, if Allah's punishment descends,

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for you to repent, then it's too late.

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Too late with regards to stopping the punishment, it's coming. The time to repent was before the coming of the punishment, right? But it doesn't mean that when the punishment comes, if you regret and express words of repentance that is not acceptable to Allah.

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It may still be acceptable, however, the punishment is coming because the time for repentance you didn't do it at the time when you should have.

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What you can note from this here is that the disbelieving companion referred to his statements of disbelief as shook while his believing companion previously referred to them as covered

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right here, when he said we accumulated a Lambo Shrek biragi.

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He could only say, Oh, if only I had not associated any partners with my Lord. So, he himself This is the disbelieving companion. He is referring to his statements, that his guidance would last forever, that there was no last hour coming. But all of this was shirk, that we're committed to this Lord, but before that, earlier, the other companion the poor companion that said,

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A Kaffir Kabila de Halak.

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Right his companion that asked him during his discussion, do you disbelieve in Him Who created you? Right.

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So he referred to what he had said as Cooper. So here the individual refers to the shirt before the other companion called Cooper. As a result of that some scholars like chefmaster dl Danny, they held that all forms of schilke aquifer and all forms of commercial that the terms Cooper and shirke are synonymous, right. However, most other scholars held that all forms of shirak aquifer, but not all forms of control are shared meaning that sharing is a subcategory of Cooper

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polam takala who fear to Indian surah who mindu Linda Makana Mundo Sierra era, and he had no group of men to help him against the law. Nor could he save himself. When the punishment rained down on his gardens. All of his entourage left him incapable of averting the disaster. They could not help him against the laws destiny, which once decided cannot be resisted. He was unable to help himself because he had disbelieved and had argued in defense of his this belief, and as such, he deserved this humiliating punishment.

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Now, as we said, in spite of all of this,

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it is not beyond the laws, mercy and grace, that that individual who was the owner of the garden, had his guidance destroyed, that he changed.

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Right, and repented.

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And then ally accepted his repentance. And he

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went on the right path, and this was a source of guiding him.

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Right, because he made open repentance, right?

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Again, we ultimately don't know if this is a real individual and not, you know, hypothetical. We don't know what was in his heart when he said that, but we do know that that as a principle, if someone openly repents that it's possible for law to accept it. So this story doesn't necessarily mean that the rich individual is destroyed totally. His riches were destroyed. But that may have been a means of bringing him back. Right?

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If allowed which is good for a servant he hastens his punishment in this life, the general principle for law which is good for a servant, he hastens his punishment in this life, so that he lives this life, free from sin as a means of purifying himself.

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Allows grace cannot be comprehended by human minds and imagination, and only oppressive, ignorant people would deny it, when Allah can valaya to Linda in hock. In such circumstances, the only support comes from Allah the true God. There are two recitations of this term, when I have Elia and you have realized while I am in support, and wilaya means the minion authority like look. So on the Day of Judgment, there will be no support or authority with anyone besides a law. If that is the case, all besides a law will be unable to benefit him in any way, or who are higher on Khawaja, or higher on Aqaba, his reward is best. And the best ending means that if he gives a reward for a deed,

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his reward is best. Because when others besides the law give reward for deeds, they usually give the equivalent of the need for a little more.

00:36:33--> 00:36:48

If somebody does something for you, you reward them by giving something equivalent, or you may be extra generous, and you give a little more, but a last mile gala, you do a good deed and multiplies it at least 10 times, up to 700 times and more.

00:36:49--> 00:37:33

So a law's reward is better than any reward of his creatures. And it is the best ending meaning that whoever's affairs and with a lot of support is is no doubt better than any other support besides it, all human endings in the hand of other human beings will fade away, but the ending with a law will always remain. So this is what we would seek that a lot support us at the time of our death. You know, we asked a lot to support all of us in the time of my death, there is support be there for us, which guarantees us support in the next life.

00:37:34--> 00:37:36

That completes the

00:37:39--> 00:37:49

parable of the two individuals, two men, one of whom had to gardens, and the other was a poor companion.

00:37:53--> 00:37:57

Share Assad, he extracted seven lessons from it.

00:37:59--> 00:38:02

This magnificent story contains the following lessons.

00:38:04--> 00:39:01

Number one, concerning one more law has granted worldly blessings. Whichever diverted him from his afterlife and made him evil. And he disobeys the law regarding them. Right. So this is a warning was given us a picture, a picture of a person who has been blessed by the worldly blessings. He has success in this life. But that success has diverted him from being conscious of the realities of this life and the life to come. And this is a dangerous state to be in. So the first lesson, right? As a consequence of it, of course, is that it makes the individual evil and he will disobey a law with regarding to what Allah has blessed him with. So those blessings of wealth, children, etc.

00:39:02--> 00:39:12

Become curses. As a law said in another verse from the Koran, that your wives, your children, your wealth, are

00:39:13--> 00:39:16

your enemies. So beware of them.

00:39:20--> 00:39:29

Not literally that they are to be looked at as enemies you take them as enemies, but they have the potential to become enemies if they lead us to disobey a law.

00:39:31--> 00:39:32

second lesson,

00:39:33--> 00:39:38

that the end of worldly blessings is that they fade away and disappear.

00:39:39--> 00:39:45

That even if one does take pleasure in them for a little while

00:39:49--> 00:39:53

he will be denied them for a long time.

00:39:54--> 00:39:55

Forever.

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

The worldly blessings

00:40:00--> 00:40:12

The end of the lessons is that they fade away is another lesson, whatever we see in this world that is so beautiful, so attractive, so delightful. It's going to go, it doesn't last.

00:40:14--> 00:40:23

And not only that, but even though we may enjoy them, because a person might in spite of the fact that it doesn't last they still enjoy

00:40:25--> 00:40:30

even though we may enjoy them for a little while our life is short.

00:40:32--> 00:40:52

What What is the consequence, the consequences that we will be denied them forever in the next life. So when we weigh the two if we are conscious, and we know it is better, to give up the pleasures of this life, if it means denying ourselves forever, the pleasures of the next

00:40:53--> 00:40:55

lesson number three,

00:40:56--> 00:41:13

that if a creature is delighted with some of his possessions or children, he should attribute the blessing to its master Allah and say, Masha Allah, Allah wills The Hollywood Reporter 11 law in order to be grateful for it,

00:41:14--> 00:41:18

and for it to be a cause of the blessings to last.

00:41:20--> 00:41:35

When we find the blessing, something has given a lot has given us something we're happy about it, we say it is as Allah wills, and there's no power except by a law on one hand, to show gratitude, recognizing that it came from Allah,

00:41:36--> 00:41:41

so that we don't go astray with it, don't become so happy with it, you forget a lot.

00:41:42--> 00:41:45

And secondly, so that

00:41:46--> 00:41:49

it will be a cause for the blessing to last.

00:41:51--> 00:42:11

So whatever Allah gives us, if we're thankful for it, then we're rewarded for our thanks for it. So the blessings of that which we have been given, will last, even if the actual thing ends, because it's a physical thing of this world, and you will end but the blessings from it will continue into the next life.

00:42:12--> 00:42:17

The fourth lesson, guidance to find solace in what is good.

00:42:19--> 00:42:25

What a law has in store, instead of the pleasures of this world.

00:42:27--> 00:42:29

There is in the story,

00:42:31--> 00:42:40

guidance for us that we should attach ourselves to what Allah has promised

00:42:41--> 00:42:48

to attach ourselves and to develop a desire, a strong desire for what Allah has promised.

00:42:50--> 00:42:58

If we're able to do that, then we can wean ourselves from our addiction to the things of this life.

00:42:59--> 00:43:02

Right, which are passing

00:43:03--> 00:43:29

it's a question of priorities, where do we put our priority and this life for the next year we're living in this life, so we have to deal with the things of this life, but by attaching ourselves to the asherah, then the things of this life will not blind us and misguide us be a source of misguidance. So we take solace, we attach ourselves to what Allah has promised.

00:43:31--> 00:43:40

The fifth lesson is that the wealth and children are of no benefit, if they do not help one to a bare law,

00:43:42--> 00:43:53

wealth and children, which are normally looked at as great blessings. They are rarely of no benefit. As we said, they are a curse, if they do not help us to obey a law.

00:43:54--> 00:43:57

Either they draw us into sin, or at

00:43:59--> 00:44:08

best, they are neutral. They're not helping us. They're just diversion. Maybe not diversion into disobedience, but diversion from

00:44:09--> 00:44:35

dealing with what we should be dealing with in this life. And it is as a lot said in Surah Saba, verse 37, Rama lucam, Allah, Allah Dooku limited to caribou and then as alpha in them and M and Amina saleha. And it is not your wealth, nor your children that bring you nearer to me, but only one who believes and does righteous needs.

00:44:37--> 00:44:38

The sixth lesson

00:44:40--> 00:44:47

that it is permissible to pray for the destruction of wealth of one whose wealth causes him to be oppressive,

00:44:48--> 00:44:59

caused him to become a disbeliever causes the loss of this life for him, especially if he considers himself superior to the believers and scorns them.

00:45:00--> 00:45:23

It is permissible to pray for the destruction of the wealth of one whose wealth has caused them to become an oppressor. You can do with a good intention, meaning that all our take it away from him, wake him up and let him find his way. Or you can do it with from the perspective of punish him for the evil that he's doing. Both of them are legitimate.

00:45:25--> 00:45:27

And the seventh lesson,

00:45:29--> 00:45:32

there are laws support, and his lack of support.

00:45:34--> 00:45:42

Its consequence will become clear, when the dust settles, and rewards and punishments are meted out

00:45:44--> 00:45:51

a lot of support and his lack of support. When the law is supporting us or is not supporting us, it will become clear in the end.

00:45:53--> 00:46:20

We might be fooled into thinking that a lie supporting an individual because he gets this he gets that whatever he wants, he's, you know, he's achieving it. But in the end, the end of this world, when reward and punishment comes, that's when the consequence will become clear. Was the law really supporting that individual? Or was he only setting him up for a greater punishment?

00:46:22--> 00:46:47

So in other words, we don't trouble ourselves to wandering into trying to figure out what is happening with that person, we focus on our own state, knowing that what comes from a law is either blessing for us if we are thankful and patient, or it becomes punishment for us if we are impatient and ungrateful.

00:46:50--> 00:46:52

So that basically covers

00:46:53--> 00:46:58

the rest of the story of the two individuals, two companions.

00:47:00--> 00:47:07

Following this, will go to look at another parable, which a lot begins in verse 45.

00:47:11--> 00:47:26

Now inshallah, if you have any questions on what we have covered, you're welcome to ask, this is the attendance sheet, if you can just pass it around, just stick your name there, and if your name isn't there, then just add it to the list.

00:47:27--> 00:47:29

Try to do it quickly because our time is running out.

00:47:42--> 00:47:43

From the

00:47:46--> 00:47:47

rating

00:47:49--> 00:47:50

then should be same

00:47:51--> 00:48:01

question if we see some great achievements, or great blessing with the disbeliever should we say here also, Mashallah, yes.

00:48:02--> 00:48:06

That is from Allah, and his viral as well that they have this

00:48:07--> 00:48:20

you know, I mean, it's Byelaws will, that they sent rocket ship to Mars, you know, the rovers crawling around on Mars and analyzing the dirt on Mars, Mashallah.

00:48:21--> 00:48:23

But of course, it's very foolish.

00:48:24--> 00:48:37

Considering the needs on Earth, we can see it as what it is but Mashallah, it is, you know, it's an achievement is achievement based on knowledge, which Allah has given them, you know, to be able to

00:48:39--> 00:48:42

do such a feat, according to

00:48:48--> 00:48:49

the

00:48:53--> 00:48:55

above is asking this is in

00:48:58--> 00:48:59

a second,

00:49:03--> 00:49:08

if only I had not associated any partners with my Lord, the [???]ter, that the

00:49:10--> 00:49:17

individual was speaking about, what type of shirt was it? Well, part it could be shared, we can say in

00:49:19--> 00:49:21

as well as the fact

00:49:22--> 00:49:46

the characteristics of a law that he is eternal is the first without anyone before him, having no beginning. He is the last, the everlasting, everything else ends. So when he said that his garden is going to go on forever, he has given one of his attributes to his guidance.

00:49:48--> 00:49:58

All right, let's check in last night was the fact that our last names and attributes or it could also when he said that I don't believe the hour is coming

00:50:00--> 00:50:17

The law, you know, will call me back and I am will be accountable, I don't think this is going to happen, this world is going to continue forever. So, in that sense, the scholars have pointed out in men that he was considering a law unable

00:50:19--> 00:50:31

is it attributed a weakness a human weakness, you know, because we are not able to do this and saying a lot from be able to do it there won't be any our I will not be called to account.

00:50:32--> 00:50:39

So in this way is attributing a weakness to Allah to this author was an element of the asthma was the fact

00:50:50--> 00:50:55

okay, but it's suggesting that, that and another element of the shark

00:50:56--> 00:51:10

is his love for the guidance and his love had become so great that it blinded him to a law and two laws commandments submission to align cetera etc. Yes,

00:51:11--> 00:51:20

this is an element of shear care and sharing of love here now this becomes an element of A bada should enter into a bada.

00:51:22--> 00:51:25

some point you mentioned, the point today refers to a

00:51:26--> 00:51:27

blessing

00:51:31--> 00:51:37

mentioned that we could be like delighted and to always remember and pray to a lot of them.

00:51:39--> 00:51:41

Both of these go together

00:51:42--> 00:52:02

doesn't mean that what we have material or doesn't seers should be given, which leads to this outcome again, your which two points, one, two and 3.21. This the lesson in point two was that worldly blessings will come to an end.

00:52:05--> 00:52:08

worldly blessings will come to an end.

00:52:09--> 00:52:17

That's knowing the reality of worldly blessings. Point number three is that

00:52:18--> 00:52:36

if a person is delighted, and there is no harm in being delighted with what one has been given, Allah is given these blessings. If one is delighted, then one has to turn it over to Allah recognize and be grateful that it has come from Allah. So the two different points.

00:52:44--> 00:52:46

You can many riches.

00:52:57--> 00:53:26

Yes, a brother is suggesting that, in as many of these scholars of the past who were known for their asceticism, their lack of attachment to the world, it didn't mean that they didn't have possessions, they may have had great possessions, as many as the Sahaba. Remember Abu Bakar, and the possessions that he had, but his heart was not attached to them. Right, he was not addicted to them. So when the time came for him to give we gave.

00:53:28--> 00:53:41

So this is really where the true test or the true love of a law comes. Not that one has no possessions, which is the as you mentioned, the Sufi type of

00:53:42--> 00:53:51

claim that you give up the dunya you know, because usually what happens that the Sufi masters when they tell you to give up the dunya they're collecting your dunya, right?

00:53:52--> 00:53:59

You must give up your dunya you know, you have to be free from the dunya give it all to me, you see, I will look after it for you.

00:54:00--> 00:54:07

So they live in a very high end, but they you know, don't you see me looking like this, but this not really, you know, you understand, I'm just

00:54:08--> 00:54:10

maintaining and looking after these things for you.

00:54:12--> 00:54:58

This is a game that they play on their followers. So they promote the idea of giving up everything, having nothing many of the quotes, you'll find them this is a standard in a practice when people join the culture turn to turn over all your properties, send over your properties to the owner, you know, of the head of the Colts, you know, and they will guide you, you know, and look after you. Right. So this is a trick, common trick that people play. And this was not the way of promises alums. You know, yes, he didn't. He didn't die with anything, which he left behind the material world for inheritance. But it didn't mean that when things came to him gifts came to him.

00:54:59--> 00:55:00

He didn't do

00:55:00--> 00:55:06

Make these things. And he had some times when things were good. And, you know, he had some

00:55:08--> 00:55:18

things of this world. But the thing is that when a need came, he gave it away. He shared it with others. He didn't keep it. You know, and this is the real

00:55:19--> 00:55:25

estate asceticism which Islam promotes, which is referred to as COVID.

00:55:26--> 00:55:36

This point of view, just mentioning that has been pointed out as a true sociopath, Lance Atkinson, and pieces or whatever, when he died, they were distinct, you know, that is his inheritance.

00:55:38--> 00:55:42

Somebody has actually pointed out to me when I when I was discussing about Islam, and

00:55:45--> 00:55:55

this is something I've never heard of before, that there was there someone had had property, but according to his nose, that the prophets did not have inheritance. So

00:56:02--> 00:56:02

this is

00:56:04--> 00:56:16

mentioning about some property, which was with Rasulullah saw salam, and he died. Brother was just mentioning that,

00:56:17--> 00:56:33

as I mentioned, it's well known that the profile set alarm when he died, he didn't leave behind any inheritance, the money that he had in his possession, this was all given away before he died.

00:56:34--> 00:56:41

However, there were some portions of land it was known as the fadak,

00:56:42--> 00:57:35

which came to him not as family inherited land as his possession. But based on the principle that what was taken as possessions, spoils of war, a fifth of it would go to the pub amongst them, which he would then redistribute. But it goes to him in his name, so he is the one over it. And this is why when Fatima after the death of the prophet SAW Selim, she came to Abu Bakar. And she asked for this land, the fact that he refused to give it to her and told her the Hadith of the Prophet SAW Allah, where the prophets leave no inheritance, whatever they have left behind this sadaqa is charity.

00:57:36--> 00:57:48

You know, and that was the way of the prophets so he refused to give it and the Shia, they make a big point about this, you know, because for them, Fatima is one of what they call the 14 in calibos,

00:57:49--> 00:58:04

the 14 and valuables 14 individuals who they believe are absolutely infallible, incapable of committing any error, even an error of thought.

00:58:06--> 00:58:13

They couldn't even think, a wrong thought. And as such, these individuals are prayed to.

00:58:14--> 00:58:39

Prayers are directed to them. They will call an alley call on Fatima Hall and Hasson Hussain, etc, etc, calling them in prayer, or Ali, do this and do that and do the other for me, oh, Fatima, just like the Catholics, they will call on Mary, mother of Jesus, right? They call and Mary they call them different saints, do this for us do that for us, etc. So,

00:58:41--> 00:58:51

the reality is that abubaker did as the prophet SAW Selim instructed, it was had nothing to do with the oppression of Fatima or anything like this.

00:58:52--> 00:59:11

And that's what she did with all of the other property, because, of course, the prophet SAW sanlam he had a daughter, but he also had wives. So, if it was to be divided partly for Fatima, some of it had to go to his wives also, you know, but nothing was given to any of his wives, nor was it given to his daughters.

00:59:13--> 00:59:24

The question from the woman's side, what level of attachment to one's family is acceptable? It is the level which does not cause us to disobey Allah.

00:59:26--> 00:59:58

And is not something you can actually define in precise terms you can define it as to what it is not, as opposed to what it is exactly. So it is what the level was does not cause one to disobey Allah. So one can love the family do things for them, but when that love or that obedience leads us now to disobey Allah, to do what is displeasing to Allah, then that is the unacceptable level.

01:00:00--> 01:00:02

Okay, inshallah, I think

01:00:05--> 01:00:06

covering this subject

01:00:10--> 01:00:11

nowadays,

01:00:12--> 01:00:15

in this part, when people are praying, mostly,

01:00:16--> 01:00:17

when they get up,

01:00:19--> 01:00:19

they get

01:00:22--> 01:00:24

a lot and they will set the whole things up.

01:00:25--> 01:00:27

And everything is

01:00:29--> 01:00:31

moving their feet around while

01:00:32--> 01:00:32

there will be some

01:00:35--> 01:00:35

things to think

01:00:37--> 01:01:24

about. Okay, this question not related to our topic, but general question, Islamic question. The problem about movements, excessive movements in prayer. Is this allowed? I mean, I know, coming from the subcontinent, right? Where you are blocked up with the idea that three consecutive movements, which are not a part of Salah invalidates your prayer, okay, I don't know whether you are better but me, especially if people come from that background. This becomes you know, really shocking, right? So when we see, you know, individuals in the course of prayer, they're flipping the good throws left and right, and, you know, straightening and straightening and, you know, whatever checking the

01:01:24--> 01:01:30

watch, and, you know, as you said, some people cracking knuckles and all these other kinds of things, we see all of this going on.

01:01:32--> 01:01:34

Well, the reality is that

01:01:35--> 01:01:41

excessive movements don't break prayer or invalidate prayer in and of themselves.

01:01:42--> 01:02:28

If they are have a purpose and needed purpose. Right, then it doesn't take care because we know probably mom's asylum, may lead Sala will Hasson and Hussein, you know, little children were like, two years old. Three years old. They were crawling on his back. He was taking them off his back, putting them in front picking them up with him as he stood for prayer and down and you know, so he did all these movements. We know that he prayed in his home, somebody came and knocked Fatima came knock on the door, he walked to the door, open the door, walk back and continued his prayer. So we know these are all we could say excessive movements, you know, so we know that if these movements

01:02:28--> 01:02:29

have a purpose,

01:02:30--> 01:02:35

you know, the phone is ringing in the home, you're praying in the home phone is ringing, you can go and take the phone off

01:02:36--> 01:02:48

the hook, go back and finish your prayer. Right without breaking your prayer. Because you're doing it you have a specific purpose here. Because rather than have the form Brain, Brain, Brain, Brain,

01:02:50--> 01:03:37

your last year your prayer is gone. Anyway, you go take it off the hook stoppage, rigging and finish your prayer, you know, properly. So where you have a purpose behind those movements, then it is acceptable, you know, it does not affect your prayer. But now where you have no purpose, where it is just what they call, you're just playing, you know, the process of selling came across a man Razzies praying he was, you know, with his beard and you know, pulling his beard and so he said that if his heart was a piece, then his limbs would be at peace. So it's a sign of the state of the person's heart. And so it is not a good thing. It's something that we should avoid, you know, but as I said,

01:03:37--> 01:03:41

you know, there is that middle ground, you know, because I know myself

01:03:42--> 01:03:59

when I came into Islam, also I was taught, you know, from people from the Hanafi madhhab you know, these these movements you can't do so when I went out with the Jamaat whatever we're praying you know, flies You know, when to some areas which are flies and the flies crawling in your veins, you know, you

01:04:00--> 01:04:05

don't want to try to brush him away because you might invalidate crazy crawling in your nose.

01:04:06--> 01:04:16

So your prayer is finished because your mind is everywhere but in the air. And you know, it is perfectly okay in such circumstance you can SWAT him off, you know, Chase him away.

01:04:17--> 01:04:23

And it's not his love marriage. People are supposed to go Can they choose their own?

01:04:25--> 01:04:32

Even though the partner even though the parents are saying, no is no better? Yes, we

01:04:39--> 01:04:59

can put something on you. Okay, last question. In the staff for Salah brothers question regarding marriage can children or young people choose their own marriage partners, husbands and wives, or, as is typically taught

01:05:00--> 01:05:12

In the traditions of many parts of the Muslim world, that parents are the ones who make those decisions for you. Right? Well, in fact, Islamic there is a bit of both.

01:05:13--> 01:05:55

There's a bit of both here that on one hand, parents because marriage is not just a marriage of two individuals, it's a marriage of two families, you're establishing in laws and all these other kinds of things. So the relationships of families are important so it is good to get the support of the family, you know, parents, etc, etc. And at the same time, the parents should give some leeway in terms of choice for the Son and the daughter because while someone's very clear, especially in the case of daughters that you know, that their permission needs to be taken it's not that they're somebody is chosen for them and then they are ordered to marry this person you know, and then

01:05:55--> 01:06:05

they're threatened if you don't matter this person then will have nothing more to do with you. So they're in fact forced into marriages is not good islamically you know, we have to find the balance between the two

01:06:21--> 01:06:23

Okay, if a young woman

01:06:24--> 01:06:30

does not prefer the choice of the parents prefer somebody else should

01:06:31--> 01:06:45

she obeyed the choice of the parents to advising her that this person is not good for her? Well, I mean, this goes back to the circumstance You know, one has to look and see what is the reasons why the parents are saying not good for you, not good for you because you don't belong to our tribe.

01:06:47--> 01:07:04

You know, if it's one of those then of course, this is really not acceptable islamically you know, whatever is not good for you because the person is not practicing the deen you know, we can see from his views got bad morals, bad character, these kind of things, we have evidence of it then of course you should listen. inshallah

01:07:05--> 01:07:11

cannot some Hanukkah, Hanukkah, Hanukkah, Shadow Allah, Allah, Allah and Foucault wanted to be like