Lives Of The 4 Imams Imam Malik Part 2
Channel: Bilal Assad
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Mountains of Mexico What can you say of the day that Abraham passed to me and he was instructed by God to build a house of peace where people pray and they will come on every camera
for the purpose of praising
mountains of Mecca What can you tell of the day the stones from the sky
destroyed destroying an army determined to break the house
Abraham built on mountains of Mecca How was the dawn on the day that my profit
was gone? How'd it feel knowing he was to be the last and most beloved
mountains of Mecca you
win the Prophet Mohammed claimed in despair ingredientes hardware the words of his mood to love men can this was his called
Oh people praise
mountains of Mecca.
On the day that the beloved returned to his Lord, and up to the last breath escaped from his lips, he prayed that his own would fan success on mountains of Mecca will feel when the earth Shockwave and tremble with fear and we shall be gathered together to stand in the corner of Allah with our deeds.
Oh how we pray that
we'll be with those soon.
Peace be with you.
I am pleased with
mountains of Mecca bear witness to the Oneness
testify for all that he's given me How can
my purpose in life should be only to cry.
There is no God.
There is no
Hello Mina Mohammed hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah ii wasapi
along medicine, Atlanta, Georgia who wanted to Georgia. As an ADA, she said,
my brothers and sisters in Islam Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
We meet again, in yet another
dark circle, about another giant from the giants of the scholars of Islam.
He is the second Imam of the Grateful Imams,
the founders of the four famous schools of thought, now that
we've already spoken about Imam Abu hanifa.
And last week, we began speaking about the second Imam after him in my medic, if not as
And today inshallah, we will continue the second part about Mr. Medic as last week, we were able to complete his whole life story.
And to be honest, one or two lectures is not really enough, we will do no justice, speaking about these great 40 minutes at all. But it is, in a nutshell, for you to just sort of grab a general picture, a general feeling as though you are sitting with them a general feeling of what type of people they were, how they thought,
how their lifestyle was,
how did they develop these schools of thought, the most important thing about learning about these great scholars is their character, their etiquettes in seeking knowledge, and how they were surrounded by people who learned from them their character before their knowledge, what kinds of people they were as role models, they are our examples in life.
the man of aura as we said, The Man Who when you looked at him, you cannot help yourself but
give him respect
not only because of his knowledge extra to that with the features which are last part that I gave, he was a total man, wide chested, broad chested.
He looks strong,
but the difference between him and the rest of the resonance of Medina
unusual features of being very white.
Very close to blonde
basically blonde and colored eyes.
He looked like a Westerner
even though his origin
was from Yemen. And he lived in Medina
Halo he really stood out.
We finished off last week about mmm Malik's.
We will beginning talk about his character
as a teacher and as a seeker of knowledge, and we spoke about how he became into the school and the circle of education. And where he was inspired from it was his mother and his father, but mostly his mother, who basically charted his life into the world of great football jurisprudence.
A loss of Dionysus in an in a which completes by saying yet to do it him yet he was a key him were you on the moon kita Baba hikma. Allah tells us
that he sent people, prophets and people up to them. he recites the verses or brings to them the verses of the Quran. And he purifies them, purifies them purifies their character, and he teaches them the Quran and teaches them the Kitab the Scripture and he teaches them the wisdom. So with every idea that speaks about knowledge in relation to these people, our last panel dialogue usually accompanies a second characteristic, which is,
which is simultaneous to knowledge and that is, does Gaea which is purification character etiquettes manners, respect. You cannot be a knowledgeable person or a student of knowledge if you don't first have the character and respect. And that reminds you what the mother of Imam Malik said to him when she took him to the masjid and never we in Medina, to learn of the great teacher, that I'll be I have not been a member of the authority and the likes of him. She's
said to him son, before you learn in the knowledge of these events, I want you to learn the character and etiquettes of these events, learn how they sit, how they eat, how they stand, how they look at people that I movements, the way they In other words, the way they tie their shoelaces, learn these things from them before you learn the knowledge. A person without character that has knowledge is like a child with weapons is like a child with weapons. They'll cause destruction.
And there is a saying among the Turkish
When a mom said this to me, he says we have a saying that if you're half a doctor, you'll kill people. And if you are half, half a scholar, you lead people astray.
And that made a lot of sense to me, Michelle.
Allah says in the Quran, yeah, you had leadin no limited una de Lune oh you who believe? Why do you say that which yourselves do not do.
So among the great things, which are scholars had to monitor was that they applied what they taught.
And you're going to see today in sha Allah, the application of this mm medical what he taught and what all the Imams field
is about the Prophet sallallahu wasallam when she was asked about him, she said Ghana, Fukuoka and his character was the Quran itself.
So we don't want to live a life of double personalities.
And we are driven by our desires. These were not these great imams.
I mentioned that Eman medics filter, his way of thinking was a little bit different to him. Abu hanifa in fact very different to all the Imams. in Malmo, hanifa Shafi and Matt and Mr. Mohammed, he differed a little bit in the sense, he didn't like to dwell into areas
of controversial issues in our theater.
And he didn't like to dwell into areas of ideological differences, such as what used to happen in Kufa with the Imam Abu hanifa with the Mata Zilla and the Hawaii bridge, philosophies of Greek theology and Aristotle's beliefs, such as St. Today, modernist views,
all those those those different views, he didn't dwell into them. In fact, he didn't need to do that, because he was living in Medina and in Medina till today to a very to a certain limit, these ideologies are not
too many in the as much as they are around the world. The Western influenced Western ideologies are not entrenched in it, you can still see the tradition that America was a traditional man. He taught, according to Ahmed, Medina, the actions and practices of the people of Medina, he was to look at the companions who lived in Medina, and his laws and school of thought revolves a lot around it, as you will see, today, inshallah.
We mentioned that a man entered once into his circle. And he said to him, yeah, amen.
And one of his students by the name of Yeshua of India here, he used to report a lot about him and Malik, yeah, here when you're here, remember that name? He says, a man entered into our circle one day, and he asked the Imam a question. He said, Yeah, mm.
the Most Merciful.
rose above his throne. That's literally what it says in the court. He asked, kay Festo, how did a law rise?
A man Manny put his head down. And the students could see him sweating,
sweating out of anger. He was angry at the question asking about the self of Allah, Allah Himself to describe how he does things, this is unimaginable. This is the second myth. There is nothing like unto Allah so to merely ask the question, how does Allah rise?
Is Is this really
so the man medic looked up? And he said to him, and it's the word
the word is the web
is not unknown to us. We know what it is on face value.
to rise above to be above some not to be below. Well, okay for module
its features how Allah does is the word is unknown to us.
All a man will be
believing in that Allah is above everything is is the word
is a must we have to believe in this we can't deny that Allah spoke like this about himself was so early on COVID are questioning about the nature of Allah, his actions, and his attributes is a bit odd. It's an innovation. None of the companions, nor neither profits ever dwelled into the nature of a loss attribute to hell, because he's nothing like us, you will never reach the answer to that is beyond our imagination beyond our capabilities. Then he said,
Get him out of here, with with force, get him out. And basically, they drove him out like the police do. And he said, Well, I don't know
what else to do. But then I don't assume you except to be one of a filmmaker or an innovator. So he never liked to dwell into these areas, brothers and sisters. Today, we want to continue about also, he is the reason why he liked to avoid the reason why he chose
a bit of niceness in his appearance in his clothing. Some people may think that he was a luxurious person, whereas he wasn't you miss, you can misunderstand that we mentioned last week that he liked to wear beautiful clothing, the best of clothing. In fact, he's like spending if whatever he could on clothing that was very presentable. And he refused to sit on the chair, or on the plate in the place where the profits of a lot he was seldom used to sit in a very same place. And when there are no set in the message that never in a row the sheriff without being absolutely presentable, would have bathed beforehand, where he's best of clothing and fill himself with perfume and cologne
perfume. And then he would sit, you'd see the serenity on his face. He would look up to Apache and then he would begin this is the way Mr. Malik's personality in how he taught howdy to the people. And we mentioned that before he taught a new Hadith
is about to narrate a new Hadith to the students to teach them with his narrations. He would make walk first pray to not speak to anyone walk and sit on the chair. And then he would speak to the people of the Hadeeth that's how he would address them with the Hadith.
My brothers and sisters, a medic lens of as we said there'll be a great teacher and he's called a VIP member is nicknamed Roberto Rai, which means the garden of opinions. Now scholars do give opinions when we say opinions is different to the way the West speaks about opinions. Opinions in among the scholars are based on evidence and proof that originates from the Quran and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam opinions in the West, talk from the whims and desires, there is no basis except whims and desires. And that's why you get things like homosexuality and atheism. Right and people who come with very bizarre things were right seems wrong and the wrong seems right in any
way they want. This is opinion, opinion of men is very dangerous if it's not based on evidence and proof that comes from a legitimate source and our sources from the Creator, Allah.
Allah let this Dean with some flexibility in it, because of the changing times, but the foundations he gave us in the Quran and Sunnah. There is nothing left out that we cannot use
to solve any problem that we have in any given society. But the people who do this who bring these solutions to us, other scholars, other scholars, they are the inheritors of the prophets. Otherwise, we would have never had we don't need scholars, they were just enough with the prophets. And that's it. But Allah made this Deen in a way they can use its foundations for any changing society. And because of this brothers and sisters expect to have differing opinions, that's fine differences of opinions among scholars and people is fine, we have to learn to accept that you cannot change it. And everyone who tried to change it, it's been there for more than 1400 years. Even among the
Sahaba, they differed on how
they differed on almost every single issue. And when we say deferred, we're talking about branches of branches of of the DEA not something that's quite clear. And I gave some examples last week, for example, in a given field here, should I give it to my relatives or poor? Or is it better to give to strangers who are poor, things like that, which don't really affect your Eman or your dean and it shouldn't it shouldn't play a role.
them said to them, if you ever agree on a matter,
then automatically I agree, you don't even have to come and consult me. That's how much they will work on homework. If you ever agree on something. Just go ahead and do it then even consult me because I know it has to be right for both of you to agree. That's how much they did. But they loved each other. They died for each other. A lot of money became the honeypot after the alarm used to say
Local adaptive and jet about
you have truly exhausted those who came after you meaning himself. I'm trying to be like you and I can't even reach your status even though they're different and then a lot of times that associate I send them agree to
even a lot of it came down in favor of armor of the law one such as the I have a Jeff on the line he's not an instigator.
So there's nothing wrong with difference of opinion so long as you base it on delete, and so long as he doesn't cause the division doesn't based on whims and desires, nationality, culture, race, gender, you know,
people who are original for whatever popularity and I'm going to talk a little bit about that and show love very soon. And examples of mm
hmm Alex Hugo was in the following way his sources were as follows this is how he these are the sources he used, like every other scholar including Imam Abu hanifa. Imam Malik first look at the Quran for solutions. If there was no clear cut solution in the Quran, then he would look second into the sooner the ways of the profit or loss and the traditional roles. So is there anything that isn't anything in his actions? If there was nothing clear cut, and now we're coming down to very detailed minute information now about the dean has to be something quite special that has occurred, he would look into the opinions of the Sahaba. What did the Sahaba of the prophet SAW Selim, consider, he
would look into the differing opinions, then if he couldn't find a clear cut solution from the opinions of the Sahaba he would then look at something called an email, consensus of the scholars consensus of the companions and consists of the scholars, the great scholars that existed up to here, all the four elements still follow up to this stage. Now here is where Mr. Malik different. He looked at something which the other imams actually didn't agree with him about, including one of his very close colleagues who studied with him. His name was elated Mossad, which some scholars consider a layth. his contemporaries, the student has studied with him his best friend, to be even more
knowledgeable than the amendment. And Nathan massages to differ on this what was it a medic is to use the practices of the people of Medina, meaning he would look at their practices and how they acted. And he would say act like them. And there were more than 120,000 companions in Medina that lived by the time he meant many came around, so used to use their practices to bring out
rulings, mmm life later massages to write letters to him saying, Yeah, amen. You're right to use these great sahabas of Medina. That's good. We don't see ourselves any better than them. However, not 200 years later, there are customs involved like these people of Medina, they had Arab customs, which they still kept something called, or which is acceptable by us today, traditions of your culture, which doesn't go against Islam. You can't take everything of the practice of the people of Medina. This was the opinion of his friend the late and Mr. Medic respected his opinion but he stuck to his own, believing that this is the right one.
The if he couldn't find it in among the people of Medina, he went to something which amount of money for us. And that is clear as to come to a ruling by comparison, he looked at a ruling that's similar to it and said, Okay, we'll say that it's like this, we'll practice it like this.
For example, cigarettes, scholars used yesterday about smoking cigarettes a few years back, is the scholars used to say that smoking cigarettes is macro it's just disliked, but when they found out the effects of smoking and tobacco and how bad it is, they said it's Akin it's the same as drugs is same as alcohol, same as intoxicants, which Allah spent Allah mentions in the Quran, the process of elimination. So they say based on this By comparison, we conclude that cigarettes and tobacco is haram. Like the Way drugs or alcohol is haram. Maybe not as bad as alcohol, but by the same in the same sort of category. and to a lesser extent, this is called Cliff's comparison.
Mr. Medic also looked at a very unique way. And this is where he really different something full of flexibility. In his method, you will find three things that the other imams didn't practice too much, but they took it to a certain extent Imam Ahmed, Mohammed didn't take any of it except very little. One of it was called an SSN. Which means the better of two full of matters, there's got to focus on matters he'll take the easier one, or the better one. So two possible solutions you take the easier one. And the second thing is the father was said the Dora which means something
lawful or unlawful, depending on what it will lead to, for example, if it leads to destruction, eliminate it.
So if something is normally halen, I'll give an example of no claim used at once, I'm not going to dwell too much into because we haven't got much time. But remember, no claim and Joseph holiday when he was in prison, he sent a ruling that selling grapes is wrong.
I'm just explaining this ruling. He went by a mathematics method over here some desire to prevent Halloween things which will lead to how long he prevented the selling of grapes. And one man who was an official, he got angry at him. And it caused him to spend more time in prison. Because if he used to sell grapes, and he made his business go down. So we asked him, Why did you do that? The no claim said to him, yes, He only said it from the door of desire to prevent harm, what was happening was that he was selling it to people who are becoming well known and popular in squeezing and making alcohol and people selling alcohol in the black market, and it was becoming on an increase. So he
prevented the grapes for a little while. And this is called said the dog.
and also something haram can become slightly looked
sort of surpassed if it's gone in order to stop something greater on the net. And thirdly, a massage. And most of the benefits of the public. If something may lead to the harm of the public or or community even if it was something halen if it was something ordered, then you should stop it. An example of that is on one of the lohana when he stopped the severing of the hand for thieves, people who stole why, because there was a drought. And there were lots of lots of poverty. So he stopped or suspended the severing of the hands for a little while and said, No, no, no, we can't get to the extreme. It's unfair, not just we can't just do that. So there was a penalty maybe to pay something
or to be imprisoned or forgiven, depending on the situation. And this is a muscle that has more center to look at the benefits of the people at large and Eman Manik use this to a great extent. And that's why a lot of demands, they look at the school of thought of mathematic, even a man Madigan himself was actually quite traditional, quite rigid. Being in Medina even till today you go the Mecca and Medina, we still have that view. They're quite rigid in a traditional in one way. And that's why sometimes they felt was for the West are not very suitable sometimes. I say this with understanding sincerity and Selma, but a man man, his mother was actually the most flexible because
of these three. The other amount is different about that they didn't really agree on maybe 100 to a certain extent.
Now I'll go on to something about his the way he respected his seniors and his scholars. There is a story about Mr. Malik, when he was with two of his teachers. One of them was about
the garden of great opinions. And the other was about Missouri.
Mr. Malik was still he was the junior of them.
But he had reached the level of great scholar he was giving fatwas as we said, at the age of 21, people from around the world come to him to Medina to learn at the age of 21. Today, 21 year olds where they're doing still racing on the street, and they're on their plates, trying to beat
you know, other people eaters, gills and stuff and trying to still
you know, I call them lollipop suckers. Still, like children.
Still chugging the lollipop at 21. So
I don't mean to offend anybody, but you know what I mean? 21 year olds, still, they think that there's still little kids, when these images are 21 and given great photos.
So, Amanda zuri. And Robbie, was sitting there, Mr. Malik was there, and we're talking about they're older than him by about 40 years here.
So arrabiata in Missouri and Missouri, they differ on an opinion on an issue.
So they looked at
Mr. Malik, and Robbie was the main teacher of Imam Malik is the main teacher before Missouri.
So they asked him, What do you think?
Yeah, amen. Amen. Medic. Is it was quiet.
He said, What do you think it is already? asked him. What do you think? And the reply of Mr. Medic was, the master has answered. The Master has asked meaning via his teacher has answered that a man has already said to him. Well, he won't leave until you give us an answer.
So Mr. Medic then gave his answer. And it happened to be the exact opposite answer.
These teacher are the exact opposite.
And Missouri looked at him and he said, I agree with you.
And they walked away respectfully the point
how he showed total respect to his teacher and master. I ever listened to the children and their parents. Do you show respect to your parents? When even when you know that your parents are wrong than you're right, they have a wrong opinion. How many children today quick to jump at the parents to make them feel embarrassed about their wrong opinion. This is not the way to advise. And between brothers and sisters between us you want to advise someone I think was the medical membership. Quoting Michelle next week, who said if you want to advise someone, then don't advise them in public. Because if you advise them in public, then you have humiliated them. It defeats the purpose
of the advice unless you have an m&s for the advice in front of people is an exposure is a humiliation. So you got to avoid that stuff. So even when a person is wrong, address it in a proper way and next week, we're going to give you an example of one of the students of your membership. Here's how he advised his teacher on a matter when he waited for the people to leave, but that's inshallah next week.
Brothers and sisters, we mentioned that Imam Malik
had some sources of income.
And there were two main sources of income. But first of all, I'd like to mention he was never a government scholar. Because some people think that no, did any of these imams ever rely on an organization or religion or government to supply them with any income, they always had their own trading their own skill, which they earned from. And they that's that's what made the very powerful. So that always spoke the truth even in front of powerful leaders.
Now, medic, had two pieces of income. One of them was from
three, one of them was from his business, he sold clothing. The other one was from his friend, Nathan Assad, he was actually quite wealthy, he lived in Egypt. And he used to send him wealth every now and then the third sort of source of income was actually from the halifa.
He never accepted anything else for anything from anyone else except the hollyford, only the halifa. And he never had a poster position with the government always refused that like the rest of the Imams never wanted to. And he was one of those also like in Abu hanifa, he refused to be a judge. All these scholars refused to be a judge because they didn't want to be gathered in the on the Day of Judgment with the rest of the rules of the world who they're going to be gathered with how many corrupt rulers, you don't want to be gathered on a day of judgment with these rulers, you want to be gathered with the likes of the prophets of Allah to send them as companions. You don't want to be
with those other rulers, the dictators, because there are so many of them. So they refuse the position of judge and ruling.
Why did he accept gifts from the honey farmer talking about wage gifts.
He had a different philosophy to Abu hanifa and the rest.
They never accepted even gifts from the halifa himself, and even more so than the others. However, his philosophy was like this, he wanted to keep a channel of good terms open between him and the halifa in order to give them a good advice, because he thought that if I can keep a channel with them, it will help the community This is his way of thinking. Secondly, he did not look at the wealth that the halifa had as being the wealth of the hanifa.
He assumed the wealth of the hunt even had a point to do so was actually the wealth of the Muslims. It was from this account money, which was put into bait men and Muslims and social security of the Muslims, which actually belongs to the Mujahideen, the people who fought in to protect the community in their country, and they did and it also went to the poor people and the teachers, the scholars and the students.
And the widows and the orphans. Mmm Malik was one of the teachers in the scholars and he was also more Jade. So he considered that he had right to this wealth anyway and never considered to be the Hanif as wealth. And I'm going to give you some evidence on why he did how he did not consider that inshallah in a short while.
So these are one of the reasons why accept this gift otherwise for any other reason you shouldn't.
There is a story about when he accepted an income from a life of Mossad, his friend.
He was so generous that one time he asked his friend layth for dye dye, you know the dye that you color your clothes with his students asked for some dye because they want to dye their clothing.
So he sent a letter to him asking for that. And Laith sent him a generous amount of money. He sent him 1000 dinars.
Sorry, he sent him in
He sent him extra dye, which, if he sold it, he'd make an extra 1000 dinars out of it.
So it's a sizable amount, enough for all the people of Medina.
So what he did was his students did take this material, this dye, and I did sell it. And they made 1000 dinars out of it for the selves.
I think I'll leave the issue of the government and the amount of the end, I'd like to move a little bit to something else, which I haven't spoken about very in detail, and that is his clothing and his manner of the way he dressed. We said that asceticism, keeping away from the ease of the world and luxuries in America was a little bit different to that he considered staying away, observant, asceticism means staying away from the luxuries comes from the heart and shows itself in your actions, but not in your appearance for the following reasons. He said. I also saw said and said in a la Hippo, a new la othera Namaha. Allah likes that the blaze blessings on his sermons are shown in
public. So if Allah grants you something nice, Allah likes you to show it, but not to show off, to be humble about it, but not to show up and to show this now with sincerity. Secondly, Mr. Malik looked at himself as standing the position of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so you had to be on his best decoration. Doesn't Allah say no for me, who was in a document that couldn't imagine? decorate yourself at every Masjid and especially on a Juma where your best of clothing, say amen. Manik is to love to do that. And he considered that the man giving the knowledge has to be in the best presentation and he had its own psychological effect on the people. It has its own
psychological effect on the people. And this was the philosophy of Mr. Malik. He had his daddy he had his evidence, and then rejected his evidence. Well, he said, Well, with respectfully This is yours. And there was a worshiper who was an ascetic, he sent a letter to Mr. Medic one time, who avoided these cities and used to live in the desert in the heart and use them to worship.
So he sent a letter saying the following Mmm, leave this eloquence and go to the deserts and live a simple life
and live a simple life in Nevada in worship. And this is known to a group called the you know, which later on appeared, formerly appeared as a Sophie's who dwell who really go on to dwell into this in a lot, but not to the certain group of Sophie's not the surface of the service we have today that do particular things that have no basis to the dean. When we say Sophie, we mean, those who are ascetics who avoid the luxury of hustle and bustle. He did that. He did that. But all the prophets were ascetics, they they tried to avoid the world entering their hearts in every way in our humble however, decoration The outside is not going against the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam said, when a man said yeah, rasulillah person likes to wear nice shoes and nice clothing. He said in the larger milania Benjamin, Allah is beautiful, he loves beauty. So the beautiful inshallah within Islamic limits, of course.
So Mr. Malik replied to this aesthetic desirable. This moment, he said, Allah distributed with great respect, Allah distributed the good actions among his creations the same way, as he distributed their sustenance and livelihood. He gives some people the pleasure in Salah more than the pleasure in song, or in hajj more than the pleasure of Zakat, for example, you happen to find your pleasure in abstinence from luxuries and beautification. in worship, I find mine in a knowledge teaching people, I am content with what Allah has given me. And so I like to show it and I hope that both of us are on the straight path. This is the way Mr. Malik addressed it. The point of this is look at
the beautiful the Brotherhood and the respect and the niceness and the kindness they apply to each other with a beautiful, beautiful statements. We don't put each other down at the end of the day, we want sincerity, inshallah, and we try to help each other be in the heat island. So you don't all have to be copycats of each other. This person doesn't like to be a little bit more humble. This person likes to show his beauty have to copycat each other and feel, you know, put on the spot in front of others thinking you know, doing the right thing.
So in America, we said the word ring for example, with a black stone and on the T head has to be alone and Milwaukee.
doesn't mean that you can't do that because others don't do that. You don't have to be copycats. Take it easy. I lost my grandpa mittens and Alico corralitos co jasola. We have not sent this
And upon you in order to make your life miserable and heart. This Deen makes you happy. It should make you happy and flexible in the pleasure of Allah sent upon us kolman Hara Medina Toba in a
minute, say who is it as Allah says Who is it that forbid? the rightful the righteous servants of a lot of Cincy servants to humble servants of Allah from taking pleasure in the beauties that Allah has created for them on Earth.
Amen Malik produced a monumental book, monumental work. It is called an wapa and mortality medic you probably have heard about it. This book is a collection of prophetic Hadees and some companion sayings etc. It contains currently about 1720 hadiths and probably the first book of hudy very popular book.
And it was about 100 years before Bukhari and Muslim and the six books of Hadith that we know about. So basically, some scholars say this was probably the first book of Hadith ever, and it is one of the most authentic. Now this book and what it took about 11 years of mathematics time to complete
into chapters in his under chapters. And it came to us through one of the students of Abu hanifa Mohammed Hassan Shaban,
who studied undemanding for three years, and he propagated this book, along with another scholar.
It reached another scholar by the name of I said, if not in the Fuhrer, who was famous for propagating Islam to a place called Sicily. And a student of manic wrote on water. And the basics of the mother have spread to Africa and Spain. And this keytab motto was spread by his students remember, he didn't write and water himself, he collected it, and his students actually put it together, the way they put it was, first of all, there was 100,000 heads in it from the 100,000 9000 were taken as being most authentic. And from the 9000, we finally ended up with 1720 most authentic IDs till today, till today, and I mentioned last week that among them, several of them, which Mr.
Malik narrated himself, we call that the golden chain, they are the most authentic Hadees existing today. So his students compiled after it took about 30 years after Mr. Malik for this book to be completely edited and filtered. Until now we have 1720 Hadees that you can rely on in their authenticity and memorable Hardy and Muslim and the others that you hear about. They have some of their hobbies with extra them that maybe didn't reach him American his time, which gives us an example of why the Muslims did differ in some of their opinions.
And memories Sheffield says about
no book before the book of Allah was more authentic and accurate than
keeping in mind and Bukhari Muslim was existing at that time. mm chef, and he said this until today, we keep that in mind. So who was the halifa? At that time? Remember, we mentioned him at that time about what hanifa he came up to him and medic at the Kaaba. And he said to him, yeah, amen. We I want this book to be copied and printed and distributed. And I wanted to be the main source and every other book of Hadith can be destroyed and burned. As the be the standard. Mr. Malik said to him, No, don't do that. For there are people who receive knowledge from the Imams and from different sources. And there could be sources that are not known to me to take only my book and refuse All the
rest is a dangerous thing to do. No, keep their heads keep their statements for maybe one day, they'll add to a mortar and maybe you know, more that people will learn from don't take away all the other knowledge just based on mine prime amount of knowledge and there's still more for me to learn. And this is the way the Imams always spoke. We want to stay away from what the students of these events did afterwards. And what we do now something called a possible method, which is the strict following of the method and rejecting the others not praying behind the person of another mother because I think that their prayer is not accepted based on this and based on that will lie This is
hot rod This is federal law. This is division.
These are differences of opinion or respecting each other they look up each other this person have this amendment the student of this amendment would talk to each other they respect each other all with every sense of the word.
So this is the GitHub and more by mmm of nomadic medical, we still have today.
A man medics greatest fear. Can anyone guess what is the greatest fear of all events?
Can anyone guess? The most frightening thing for all imams? What do you think?
No, it is hellfire. That's what everybody wanted something special about the memes they feed in this life.
Very good good on you. When they make a she had to juice a metal to give a fatwa. Someone asked them a question, and they've got to give them a verdict. This was the most frightening thing. This was the norm of all the scholars, especially these 40 memes and the ones like them and in their time. The greatest fear of imams is to answer questions. And this is from the something characters the cold water.
I'll give you an example.
Every time a man medic was asked for a verdict that didn't exist before, scholars hadn't dealt with it before. He would say to the person Wait,
a gun make Waldo. Then he'd come back. he'd sit down. And he would start by saying hello how Lola who was in Lebanon? There is no mind and there is no power except with Allah. Then
he would give the answer to the best of his knowledge. He used to say, ma'am, and Shane should do in a minute who's unmiss Elliot in mental health and he would harm the coupon Minho, Camilla. He used to say there is nothing more harder upon me in life than when I was asked the question about halal or haram is this permissible or not? Because I am representing the hook of the ruling of Allah Himself, the creator of the world.
Brothers and sisters, this is a very important and serious matter for all of us to adhere to.
So be very careful about this subject about this issue.
So the scholars form of decoration was a common model. Guess what it was? The common model, the form of decoration of the scholars was, I do not know. Would you imagine? I do not know. And I'll give you an example. al-hazmi, which was one of the students of human medic says, I witnessed Mr. Malik being asked about 48 issues matters on separate occasions. And he answered only 30 he said, he replied to 32 out of 48 of them. So two thirds, he replied to them agree, I do not know
32 out of 48. So how many did you actually answer
for a psycho? 3216? He answered 16 and 32. He said I don't know.
Good talking about the great man. But
one of the sahabas he says to say I do not know is half of knowledge.
To say I do not know is half of knowledge.
And this is the meaning in the martial law. I mean, obey the law. They're the ones who truly fear a lot of the scholars. There is a story about a Moroccan talking about the humbleness of Moroccan from Morocco, which was about four months journey to reach Medina.
He had a question which all of the Imams of Morocco could not answer him.
So he traveled for four months with a message from the Imam saying there is no knowledge of one knowledgeable scholar on the face of the earth. And he magmatic go to him in Medina and get us the answer for your good for your question. So he set out for four months, this Moroccan men, we don't know who he is, but maybe I don't know who he is, when he originally meant men. You can imagine the desert and the heat and the struggle. When he arrived. He asked him a medic the question in my medic mentor made we'll do came and sat down said that Hola, quwata illa Billah stood up and said to him, give me till tomorrow.
The next day he did the same thing and he sat down. And he said to him, my answer is I do not know.
The Moroccan students stood up and said yeah, amen. With all due respect. The members of Morocco are waiting for my answer. And I've traveled for months. And now I have to return another four months. So how many is that? Eight months to get the answer. I can't say to them, the great mm says I do not know. The Imam looked at him and as I said the man of aura. He said to him, well then go and tell your scholars that Eman Malik says he doesn't know.
The Moroccan went back and this is what he told me.
I do not know
because this can earn him this place in hellfire.
If he knew that he had made a mistake. He'd gather his students and then he would clarify his mistake.
In front of all these students, that's something very heavy to do. This is students I said this before, and I've made a mistake. This is what the correct answer is. This is why the halifa japa mon Sol, in which he came and asked him a few questions. And then he said, Tim, I have decided to take your book and make copies and spread it throughout the world. And he said to him, yeah, and we did what we needed to find, please don't do it. Don't force the people to accept something when I am a man who can make mistakes tomorrow may change and fair and really, as we said, the more thought was changed afterwards until it was filtered.
My brothers and sisters in Islam
the character of Eman medic is what stood out. Yeah, when you hear the student of his as we mentioned before, he said after I graduate graduated from the School of Eman medic, I spent one whole year one extra whole year with him. He's graduated. My medic has said that helaas now you are free you are you graduated, you are now qualified to give classes and so on. He said I spent one extra year of the graduating demand medic and the only reason I spent it was to learn in mathematics etiquettes
Mr. Medic accepted gifts as we said before,
I just wanted to say that
especially for someone like mon Sol, Mr. Medic did accept them from him. When Imam Abu hanifa used to trick the halifa when he offered him a gift he used to say keep it with you, you know, because there's lots of thieves they'll steal it off me
Abu hanifa this was a trick for him to not take the wealth later on Abu hanifa died at mon Sol the honey for found out remember what honey for himself. He was like the banker for students used to keep their money within.
And he used to say to the halifa keep my money with you because these things because he didn't want it. As a mathematic. He did the opposite. And I want to mention now
to explain how Mr. Malik was not a government scholar, because he accepted gifts because some people sent this off to him about Mmm. And this was not good.
people some people had grudges about
Mr. Malik. He went against the norms Yes, of the scholars, which is to accept the gift from the scholars. He considered the stereotype of scholars, meaning that they don't accept the government that they enter, you know, what's the stereotype of scholars, they're always entering the palaces of the armor of the rulers, and they're telling them off about what they're doing. They stand firm about it, they never accept anything on it. Like Imam Abu hanifa, even though he never fought physically the the, you know, the the corrupt government, he did fund rebels, he funded rebels in an indirect way to straighten the government up. He didn't do that. In my medic was a little bit
different. He was powerful and not undermined. And he actually had to face an ordeal and torture. I'd like to say that all four events or four events even though they have different ways of dealing with the government, all of them got imprisoned, and all of them got tortured. Including Imam Malik even with the way Mr. Medic dealt with them he had a downwards upwards approach down approach the rest of the head up down approach get into the pelvis and change he thought no come up towards them and interchange.
Mmm medic witnessed the fall of the Omega dynasty and the rise of the episode dynasty. He witnessed a tiny phase in the time of the Omega dynasty and five alphas in the time of the episode dynasty in 1986 or 90 years, making him the oldest the longest living among the four humans. mm Shepard if only 54 years so Panama, Mama Madonna humble about 70 and email Abu hanifa about 70 years
as I said, not a government scholar. Once Harun al Rashid, I'll give you an example of why he wasn't a government scholar and why they didn't accept it didn't fool him. There was a story of one of the Scott What if it was meant her own rasheeda his time he wants made an oath to do something. And then he broke that. The Khalifa Rashid famous, he made an oath, he said, Well, I'm going to do this
Then he bragged that he didn't do it. Now we all know that you have to expiate
an Earth, if you don't do it the way he is either, you have to follow this order, you have to free a slave. If you're unable to free a slave, you've got to feed 10 poor people. If you're unable to feed tempo people, then you must fast three days in a row.
The way you experience the things that are hardest for you.
So they don't have to shoot the halifa. He called and said, What should I do? The scholars, the other scholars said to him, you can take any of the above three options.
Mr. Medicare, Weber said to him, No, you have the first three days.
Heroin Rashid said but I can do any of the others. I can free a slave. I've got money to pay for 10 people, why should I fast three days, the man said to him courageously without fear. But the money you have does not belong to you, but to the Muslims. And if we were to return all the wealth that you have to their rightful owners, you'll have nothing.
So you don't qualify to free a slave or to pay to Tempe, you'll end up poor, you'll have nothing like amarnath disease, the great considered to one the fifth, righteous Eliphaz he died with a very he'll die poor man. And he was the halifa. So this is what he said. He said, your money is for the Muslims. If we were to take it away, you'll be a poor person. So my point is fast three days. The point is that human medic was courageous. And this is proof that him taking the gifts did not mean that he was a government puppet like some of the scholars today.
And he didn't agree with him. He didn't mind. This was his way he stuck to it with his belly.
He was not a government scholar once Haruna Rashid he gave 3000 denims to amendment.
And he said to him, when these 3000 did reach you, I want you to come immediately to my palace with my royal order. He had to leave Medina and go to Iraq to have that now what we did we say last week, Mr. Malik never left Medina and he insisted on never ever leaving it. In fact, he never rode on a horse or a camera vehicle because he believed as an Imam, how dare he lift his legs off the ground while the process of his body is in the ground?
This was him. Mmm he thought he was the role model he had to have really high stakes doesn't apply to us but him
a letter to come to me about that. Because the 3000 dinars, he sent the 3000 dinars back saying to him, I will never leave Medina. In other words, keep dreaming. That's basically what he was saying. So what did that owner Rashid do to show you how much they respected him? He sent him double 6000 did hums with no conditions. Say my medic looked at the wealth of doctoral students and says, mantra cache and in a world of a lot of promise promises and M says whoever leaves something for the sake of Allah, Allah will give you something better. And he distributed among students and himself.
The Khalifa sent their own children to Mr. Medic. In fact, some of the honeybees that became believers were ex-students of Eman Malik, can you imagine my money coming in? And this is one of the stories he used to enter the palace of the Khalifa. And he refused. I'm almost done in sha Allah. He refused to ever sit in the back. You know, when he entered the palace, there's people in front you can't, you know, walk among the people just so you can have VIP Eman medic insisted on a VIP
not only to sit in the front, but next to the halifa does anyone know why?
I've no time to quiz you. So I'll just say it anyway, I know that and then as soon Eman Malik wanted to teach the people that the scholars are more important and powerful than even the honeybees. And that is true. It is not the honeybees are the inheritors of the prophets. It is the OMS are the inheritors of the prophets and you want to show the people that the income of the prophets of Allah Allah usnm is the first rule not the rule of the halifa
so he always insisted and when he went to the palace I don't mean in but that residential palaces in Medina and Mecca.
When he entered he will look at the current events he like loves people like the way he was sitting here from the back. People will be calling it called out. It says yes, I mean it look up at him.
And we'll say to him is that when you when you except for your amount to sit at the back.
And halifa would say to you know, everyone open up, open up, and he'd let him come to sit right next to him. When the man sat next to the halifa. He would say to him the following words this
into them. They met 31st. So imagine now it was say, a man's at the back says, Yeah, I made more money. And he says, Come, come open, the space comes and sits right next to him on the same chair. And then the man would look at him before the halifa would speak. And he would say to him, yeah, I mean, meaning
later of the believers, Allah says, Yeah, you handed in a manual letter of our sweater, come focus automatic.
Oh, you believe, do not raise your voice over the voice of the Prophet.
I'm here to speak the Hadith of the Prophet. So don't raise your voice over mine. Because it is not me speaking it is the Prophet speaking. And by this the caliphate, the lower his voice in front of the man. This is what I mean by the man of aura.
He always spoke the truth. Mr. Malik, one day enters one of the presidential palace of the halifa and he asks for a cup of water.
So they give him a royal gloss, the Royal glasses that were glass and they had a silver ring around them made of silver.
And then Manik looked at this so at this glass of the silver ring, he didn't say a word, he put the cup down, did not take a sip of it, and walked out. At that time. The hanifa was in Matty's name was in Matthew, one of his students. And he said, Where are you going yet? Why are you leaving? And the man says, I do not drink from a cup, which has silver around
the sun, even Madison ordered all the silver rings to be taken removed from the cups of the palace.
Just showing you that if he was a government scholar, would he say something like that? Never.
Now, lastly, because of this truth, something happened and he had to face a terrible ordeal.
He clashed with the state. Every mm crushed with the state.
A revolution against Abu Jaffa mon Sol began, and Imam Abu hanifa was about in his 60s at that time.
A revolution began against double jeopardy among soldiers Virginia rule they consider regime
and the people who started this revolution were people from the Prophet's family that were called the elevates the ILO is not the other way as of today. When you say otherwise, historically, it meant the bloodline of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They were from the wealthy mother's journey. Those are the people who made a revolution against it. And the leader of the revolutionists was led by Mohammed, enough Suzuki,
who was a descendant of Imam Hassan have had several the law No, it hasn't been Ali, the alarm on the grandson of the philosopher
and the man medic, he supported he supported the leader of this movement.
And he wished him success in a letter or verbally, because he thought that if he became the new ruler, if Mohammed, Mohammed and necessity a great, amen, if he became the new ruler, then it would be better. It would be better this way medic thought on the inside, according to his students is what they said my medic consider the FBI can better ruler, the amount of the Muslims will be in a better way. So one day, the Imam was asked what happened was the governor of Medina, he wanted to be the person wants to be the governor. So he started going around basically forcing the people to pledge allegiance for him meaning to vote for him and pledge allegiance, you accept me.
So there was a bit of a force happening. And the people didn't like this. So the revolution increased. One day someone asked the mathematical question, which had a political motive behind it an amendment he knew this is very smart. The question was, if someone forced if someone if a man was forced to divorce his wife,
and he divorced, does the divorce count in my medic said, in football and Islam, nothing is valid out of force. Nothing. Anything that is false is not valid. So the man divorces What does is force divorce divorce and if divorce is not counted?
Is there a political Meaning? Meaning allegiance to the ruler? If you are compelled, it's invalid is an invalid rule.
This was a big problem. huge problem.
So the halifa found out and he sent news for the amount to stop saying what he was saying and if we were to repeat that rule that verdict again, the man replied, I cannot conceal knowledge. If
I know it.
So they sent a spy to one of his circles. And the spy asked the question again, to check if this amount really meant what he's saying to test it. So we asked him the question, hmm, answered him exactly the same answer as before knowing the political consequences of it. The result of this was
there was an order to capture Mr. Medic in Medina, to the governor of the prince of Medina.
They captured him, imprisoned him, and I tortured him. He was beaten so badly, until his arms became disabled. He couldn't lift his arms for months.
And his shoulder, his right shoulder was dislocated.
Imagine a man with all his aura, and probably among the officials was ex-students.
How can you beat an MMI? How could they beat him to the point where his arms became disabled for months and his arm was dislocated from his body.
And he would not
refuse, he would not go back on his word.
In that time, Mr. Manik prayed a little while with his arms down. This is documented.
And there are some people who wanted to make a joke out of this. I don't know why in this time, which still exists today with some sincere people
saying that the school of thought of Mr. Malik
considers that you should pray with your arms down.
There is no evidence for this in the School of amendment except this situation, because he was beaten on his arms. Anybody if you can't stand you sit.
So this is a funny thing which occurred I don't know where people got this from. The memes are great memes don't agree with this. So the Americans do not should not really leave their arms down. I'm not going to go into too much about then there was a second revolt. When I heard about him and medic being tortured this way. His students got up, you mess with the students. These are the students that if you enter the circle, and you just raise your voice
I know Time's up. Raise your voice, they'll beat you.
So Mmm, also honey famosos sent a letter straight away to the halifa to him and Malik saying I applaud him. No, he did not say that. He came in person to Medina. And he says I apologize. Yes, ma'am. I did not order this. Please tell me what you need and I will give you and I've sacked the governor and I've humiliated him and so on. This is what he claimed.
And he magmatic therefore was not a government scholar, the end of his life of Imam Malik after that he became very ill at the age of 90, and he could not go to the masjid for a little while. He died at the age of 90 years. In introduction to next week's lesson I just want to say one very small story in sha Allah,
a young men the age of about 13 years old. In the time of Mr. Melnick, when demand medic was in his middle ages. A young boy by the age of 13, his mother
from Mecca, his mother said to him, my son, you are now well known, you have memorized the whole CT n. And you have memorized Hadith and you have memorized poetry. I want to send you to Mr. Malik to learn his edit his character before you learn his knowledge. So she got him ready. And she wrote a letter to the prince of Makkah, the governor of Makkah, who has happened to be her cousin, this woman's cousin, Are you with me?
She wrote a letter to him to send a letter to the governor of Medina.
To go with her son to Mr. Malik, basically to intercede for him to become his teacher. So this young boy took this letter from his mother
from the governor of Mecca, and she packed him some food and sent him off a young 13 year old going through the deserts to Medina. seeking knowledge. He reached the governor of Medina and gave him the letter of the governor of Mecca and the governor of Medina.
His face changed. He started to sweat. The young boy looked at him and said What's wrong? He said what law he is the governor of Mecca asked me to walk barefoot in the middle of the desert with nothing on my head, it would be easier than for me to go to him and medics house
because he had so much respect for him. So the boy innocently said to him, Well, you don't have to go to him make him come to you. He forgot that remember? It doesn't it's not as simple as going to the officials No way.
So he loved the governor of Medina law and he said Come on, let's go. So he went to the mathematics house. They knocked on the door and the house made the seventh remember malic acid and they asked for
The prince, the governor of Medina. She said
Listen, if there is a religious question right now is not the time right on the paper and He will answer it for you. If you want to learn how to get to his circles of debtors, there'll be a certain time. And if it's a government issue, this is not the time there's another time for it. So the governor of Medina says, I have a letter for him from the prince of Makkah. So then the young boy says, a big, tall men, blond, white colored eyes, unexpected from the people of Medina came to the door, says, I looked up at him. And the servant lady brought him a chair, he said, and then he said, What does the governor of Mecca want from me?
And the governor of Medina just gave him the paper without a word. When a medic read this paper, he threw the paper away saying that how
has it come to this, that knowledge now needs connections? He looked at the young boy and the young boy said to him, hello Shay.
May Allah straighten the path of the shape out of respect the young boy, he said to him, I am apology. I am from the lineage of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So now, basically, he forced the oblige the mentor, listen to him, you have to respect the lineage of the process, and authority. I have memorized the Quran at the age of seven. And you're
the whole of it. I've memorized it with this chain of narrations by the age of 10. My mother sent me here to learn from you.
a madman it looked at him and said yehudah a young boy, it doesn't
fear a lot, which don't even mousy and stay away from sins.
If you do so,
there will be something of your future. If you apply these two advices Does anyone know who the young boy was?
He was a man. Yes, he was gonna say he was a man of Sheffield. Are you 13 to 13 year old gave me the name of the 13 year old boy. He was Mashallah father. Hello.
So he was Imam Mohammed
a chef he thought he wasn't going to be
same as Mr. Mohammed the military's a chef and next week in Shell a lot will begin the story of the membership. And others of a loved one in the Vina Muhammad Abdul saffioti Germaine were from Darwin