Lessons In Fiqh 28

Assim Al-Hakeem


Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem


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100 and 100 behind me

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Casa de oro su de la Vina Mohammed while he was happy he made a salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. And welcome to lessons in film. We're still studying the chapter that deals with times of Salat times of prayer. And we went through Hadith number 130. And we had few points left over so I'd ask brother Fadi to read it again as a reminder,

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narrated by Abu Bursa tell eslami May Allah be pleased with him? Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to offer the prayer and after the prayer one of us would return to his house at the furthest end of the Medina and arrival The sun was still hot and bright. And he sallallahu Sallam love to delay the I should pray and he disliked sleeping before and conversation after. After the fragile query used to leave when a man could recognize the ones sitting beside him. And he used to decide between 60 to 100 verses of the Quran in the federal prayer narrated Jebin the Virgin of a Bukhari and Muslim the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to advance their ship or sometimes

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and delayed other times. Whenever he saw the people assemble for a shipper. He would pray early, and if the people delayed, he would delay the prayer and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to offer the Frederick pray when it was still dark. Narrated Abu Musab Allah peaceful him in another version of Muslim he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam offered the threadripper at daybreak, when the people could hardly recognize one another.

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Again, the thing that we've mentioned, last time we met was, it sounds confusing. In one part, it says that the Prophet would pray when they do not know each other, they could not recognize one another. And in here, it says that the prayer would be over and they could recognize each other. So what do we do? scholars say it's very simple. To begin such a prayer, it has to be really dark, when people cannot recognize each other. But as the prayer goes on, and the solo and the profit that is assigned prolongs it, he recites between 60 to 100 verses of the Koran, then the sun is coming up. So when they finish prayer, it's already daylight, the sun has not risen completely, yet it's

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daylight they could recognize each other. And this tells us that at the time of the Prophet, so they did not have any lamps, or any forms of lighting in

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the mosques, which indicates that the mosques themselves were not beautified and built on the way that is built, the mosques are built nowadays. Nowadays, if you go to lots of mosques in the Muslim world, you would find that they're spending so much money on things that they're not supposed to do.

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In Islam, you're not supposed to put so much money in mosques. You're not supposed to beautify it and put marbles and put chandeliers and put expensive stuff into it. Because it's better that you feed poor people than putting your money in. In mosques. Muslims can pray anywhere, any open area, any place of worship would do for them. It does not have to be so expensive and extravagant for them to pray in. And the Prophet alayhi wa sallam told us clearly that if you

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beautify your copies of the Holy Quran, and start to write it by with gold and put expensive binding to it, and so on. And if you put ornaments on your mosques and put marbles and put expensive things into your mosques, the profit

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warned us that if we do this, then destruction will fall upon us. Furthermore, a damar Aleykum. If you do this Aliza will destroy you. Why? Because this is not religion. And this is the case Nowadays, people with money, build mosques, and they don't build mosques to pray in it. They build mosques to show off. So they say that this is the mosque of this gentleman, so and so it's called Mosque of so and so. And why? because they want to show off. So my mosque is really is bigger than yours. My air conditioning is better than yours. And they start to show off with the houses of Allah, the mosques, and this is unacceptable in Islam. That is why if you compare those that pray in

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these mosques with those that prayed at the time of the Prophet Alayhi, Salatu, salam, the Prophet's mosque did not have any ceiling, they just put some leaves of palm trees, it did not have proper walls, it did not have carpets, they prayed on sand,

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and pebbles, and that's it yet look at the generation that came out of this mosque and look at the generations that are coming from these expensive mosques. There is no comparison, none whatsoever. So it gives you an indication that it is not what you pay. It's not the money that you invest in mosques in building them and having them you know, with nice and beautiful carpets. It's what's being taught inside and the proper sin that should be followed. Brother, no, you have a question. Yes. I written. What happened is that narrated by osmani dolphin,

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who built the Martian in his his life, although we are built for him the the house in the heavens. So if if we build the the bedroom, most of Curse of love, we have built for us a better housing in

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the hadith of narrated was is correct. It says that whoever builds a mosque, even if as small as the nest of a bird, Allah will build him a house and heavens. But that does not mean the more you put into this mosque, the better your house in heaven is because we know that the standard is, is one and heavens. And Allah standards is one you do not have something that is more an extra, everything is perfect in heavens. Yet, if you do this, if you build a mosque, it should be as instructed by the prophet alayhi salatu salam and his companions, for example, Omar said, build,

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build the mosque, but do not use red or yellow, don't paint it. Because the more

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decoration you put in the mosque, the more distracted people. And I've seen this a lot in lots of, you know, expensive mosques, people go in and they pray. And instead of looking at the place of the position where they should put their forehead, on when prostration they, you know, gaze around and look at the chandelier is and look at the decoration, and some of them while prayer while praying, try to read what's written in the Qibla and the verses and somebody does this and what is this? This is this is not praying. Sorry, he was stuck for life. I seek the forgiveness of Allah azza wa jal, but I was distracted.

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Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was given a soap address with lots of marks on them. And he wore it. And as soon as he started praying, he finished prayer quickly, and took it off and said that these marks, you know, distracted me from insula. So take it, take it away, and bring me another thought from Abuja, one of the companions so that I can focus and contemplating my prayer. This is a soap and this is the Prophet a list of some the highest and who sure and submissiveness to Allah azza wa jal. So what is our case?

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It's even worse. When you have things on the floor when you have things on the walls when you are in a place that is so expensive and you start thinking about the decoration they put about the marble about the writing about this and that it distracts you completely from your prayer. This is not the way our Prophet instructed us at SSM and that is why we're losing. Why are we being distracted and drifting from Islam? Because we're not following the teachings of the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa sallam.

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I think that this is all connected to Hadith 130 we move on to Hadith 131

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Narrated by raffia when hardage for the low on we used to over the Margaret prayer with Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and, and then one of us would, would go out of the woods and be able to see the spot, his roll. Row would fall on his arrow was fall at his arrow for what for a lot, okay? Now Robin haddish is telling us that he used to pray with the Prophet is about to set up. And as soon as they go out, one would be able to see the point where his arrows would fall at now is this as soon as that as soon as you go out of the mosque, you take an arrow put in the morning bank to see where it falls. Is this a sinner? So what what is this comparing saying? He's telling us that

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it is so light?

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It is the whole Yeah, it's there's still light outside of the mosque that enables us to see where an error would fall at if we throw one. This indicates what

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what does this indicate? Fadi?

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That's good. Half of the knowledge is I don't know. Mostafa

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used to pray directly after the other. Excellent. This means that the prophets Allah Salam would pray Maghrib, immediately after that just after sunset, and they would finish prayer, and they would go out and there's still light. It's not complete darkness. And it's still like to the extent that one could see the point where his arrow fell, act, do you get the get the message. So this means that this is a consensus of all scholars, the consensus of all scholars as shekel Islam with Tamia states that Margaret is to be prayed immediately after I've done some of them say, well, you should leave an interval of two Raka what what is the what are these two records is considered to be should

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net as soon as bleah and every single prayer you have, how you are able to pray between the event and a comma, because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that between every two events, there is a Salah

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every to advance there is a Salah he repeated that three times and then he said to whomever wishes to do so. So, this is with all form of prayer of prayers, with the exception of pleasure, pleasure, you may only pray the sooner which is true. And that is it. You may not pray anything. In addition to that we have less than 30 seconds, Rushdie if you have a very short question with a very short question. So performing of the Maghrib prayer is the contrary of performing a separator is it right I mean, after as then we immediately performing the Salah, and about Isa we delay for a while. No, it's not a must delaying of Asia is sooner but if you pray I should immediately after that, and then

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this counts. I think we're going to take a short pause and if it's not understood, we'll go back to a break. inshallah.

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We are covering the manners in Islam that a Muslim is supposed to have in Islam, there is a strong link between having good manners and piety. And then he said, I guarantee Edwin in the highest rank of gentlemen, for the one who perfect his manner that indeed, truthfulness leads to piety to righteousness and righteousness and piety leads to gender preference lm you used to always maintain family ties, gentleness, and Islam

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means to treat people with kindness and with tenderness.

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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah and welcome back.

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I think we should move on to the following Hadith

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narrated by Ayesha rhodiola Juana the Prophet sallallahu wasallam

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delayed the Isha prayer one night till a great part of the night passed, then he went out and offered the prayer and said, this is the proper time for it. Where it's not that I would impose a burden on my pardon, a burden on my followers, okay?

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And this Hadith, it tells us that the Prophet alayhi salatu salam preferred to pray a Shia prayer late, until a great portion of the night has passed and gone. It also tells us that the companions of the Prophet that I saw Sam had this as a priority. So they stayed in the mosque, waiting for prayer, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.

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Preferred that he prayer is prayed after the first third of the night has gone, or until it's midnight. So this is the preferred time between the third and before the first third and before the end of the first half of the night. This is the preferred time for Isha prayer. It also tells us that

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the Prophet alayhi salatu salam does not want to burden his oma does not want to burden his followers, otherwise, he would have left it at it as it is. Now, in our times, it's more convenient to be prayed at this time as we all sleep after 12 o'clock, or 1am at some stages. So it would be okay for us. Yet, the sooner is to delay it, depending on the status of those who are praying with you. Which means that I do not want

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any man to come

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and newly appointed a man to come to his mosque, hear the call for prayer for Asia, and then waits for three hours before he makes a karma while the people are waiting, and they're used to 20 minutes or 215 minutes interval. And this guy comes in and extends it to three hours. This is an unacceptable, even if he claims that this is the sooner Why? Because the Prophet alayhi salatu salam told us that we should not

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make people ran away from Islam. This came and the hadith of my other managable You know, my husband German, he's one of the scholars of the companions, he's young. He was very young, he died young. He died with the plague of Hamas. And this companion, used to pray Asia with the Prophet alayhi salatu salam, and then go to his village, which is at the outskirts of Medina, and pray as an Imam, leading prayer for Asia to those who did not pray with the Prophet alayhi wa sallam. So for him, it's for Russia. And it's voluntary, but for them, it is obligatory to prayer. And he would sometimes begin to recite the second chapter of Quran Surah Baqarah, which is the longest chapter in the Holy Quran.

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So at one stage, one of the companions praying, thought that God this guy's taking too long is I have work to do, I'm tired, send them the night. So he had to

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pray on his own. And he left the congregation after the prayer, and they told me why they didn't you see what so and so did. So he asked what what did he do? They said, he abandoned prayer and left the congregation prayed on his own and left home. So my dad said that this guy's is a hypocrite. So the same people that talk to my wife went to this man and said, Did you hear what Maya said about you? He said that you're a hypocrite. And this also shows you that there, there are people that are willing to go out of their way to have disputes among the Muslims to cause disturbances among the Muslims. They don't go to advise and deal with a goodwill, they go to destruct and destroy all kinds

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of relationships. So they went to the man and told them that my dad says you're a hypocrite. So the man says, I will show my who's hypocrite. I'm going to the Prophet alayhi wa sallam to report this. So he went to the Prophet, and he told him that oh prophet of Allah, I have a farm to, to water and irrigate, and wife comes in, and he prays like an hour, an hour and a half, and this jeopardize my work, I can't do this. So the prophet SAW Selim turned to my wife, and was very, very angry with him. And he started a talk

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harshly to him, saying mahad? Are you trying to throw people away from Islam? Are you trying to make people reject Islam? What is this, if anyone of you praised for himself, then you may prolong it as long as you want. If you praying home, on your own, pray for two hours, three hours, it's up to you. It's no problem. But if you're leading prayer, then you should take care of those praying behind you.

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You should choose the small and short sutras to pray. This indicates that if you're an imam of a mosque, and you come to the neighborhood, you should take care of those praying behind you. And you should pay attention to their needs. If there there are elderly, if there are people with special needs, if they there are people that are ill and cannot stand for for a long time, then you should do something about it. So in this Hadith, it tells us zacky that if someone goes to a new mosque, what he should do, he should pray as there used to pray. Now, if they are all young and strong, if they are all knowledgeable, and they agree among themselves that Okay, guys, we want to follow this

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sooner. So instead of calling for Isha prayer at nine o'clock, the karma, instead of praying at nine o'clock, we will postpone it until 11 o'clock, is that okay with all of you. If they all agree Hamdulillah, this is excellent. This is the best. But if they don't, then you have to be with the congregation with the majority. Now, if we go into our homes, now females are women, wives and sisters, and daughters may delay the prayer, because they don't have any congregation. So each one of them prays on her own. So it's okay. It's recommendable for them to delay

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the prayer until it's the first third of the night is gone, or between that and the first half of the night. And this shows us how kind our profit is our research center, because so many instances reported to us that he would

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leave something that he would abandon something though he loves it, because he's afraid that it may become a burden on his nation, or it will become obligatory upon his followers. Do we have any examples? of Malik?

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Should I say the question again? Or

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should I say it again? Well, you know it. Okay, sure. I should say it again. There are many instances in the Sunnah, where the prophet SAW Selim abandons things, does not do things that he loves and wants to do. Because he's afraid that if he continues doing them, it will become obligatory on their, on his followers. So if you know, raise your hand,

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let's see exactly.

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Prayer tarawih prayer, which is a night prayer in Ramadan, the prophet loves it, and the companions love it. But because they prayed four nights in a row with the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he could not go on again. So when they said, Come on, Prophet, let's pray, we want this, he says that I've seen what you've done. And I know that you love to pray with me, but I'm afraid I'm afraid that if I continue to do this, Allah will make it obligatory on

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Muslims, and this would be a burden and thank God is not obligatory, because then most of the Muslims would not have done it or would not have been able to do it. Do you have any other examples of

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this you whack which is an excellent example.

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The Prophet says, I saw some had I not fear that it will be become obligatory, I would have ordered everyone to perform swac to brush his teeth, before will do or before salad, but because he was afraid, it would become obligatory the prophet SAW Selim did not do it, and he did not ask his followers to keep on do it because it would have been impossible or difficult for them to do so. This shows us how kind merciful our Prophet is and was sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. I think we should move on to the following Hadith

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Hadith number 133.

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Narrated Abu hurayrah radi Allahu Allah, Allah messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, when it is hot, delay the super prayer till it cools down till it goes down. For the intensity of hate is from the exhalation of

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Hell, okay. The intensity of hate is of the exhilaration of hell. And the intensity of cold is also from the freezing of hell. So in hell, we have freezing, and we have heat. And when we say, Well, God, please put me in the freezing and I like cold weather. No, it's not that cold. Or actually, it's not that nice. Now, freezing can be part and form of punishment, right? If those who work with liquid nitrogen, notice, if you drop one drop of liquid nitrogen on the flesh, it eats it out. It burns it like hell, though it's frozen. But it It burns. And lots of times, what do you see that people are climbing the Mount Everest and the Himalaya and you get frostbite. And they chop their

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fingers because it's almost similar to burns. So extreme heat and extreme cold is the same. It's a form of punishment, and it's all inhale, and vote prayer. As brother Rishi has read to us the Prophet. So Sam instructed us to delay the heart prayer, when it's really hot. And why is that? Because you should contemplate you should concentrate, you should know what you're doing and saying, while praying. And if you're doing that, in the midst of heat, you're unable to do this. So the colder it is, the better for you to do and by Kohler, we say that it should, could be two hours or more. And we believe in this hadith that we have not seen hell. And we should pray to Allah that we

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do not see it, or be close to it. We believe in this Hadith, that. Also, we should choose the place we pray in. So scholars say, if you pray in a dark place, you'll be afraid, then don't pray in the dark, pray light. And if you pray next to an air conditioning, that is blowing into your face and ear, and after one record, you will be distracted, then choose the place you pray in. And if you play pray next to a person that smells really bad, you know, eating garlic or onion audience, then it's okay for you to leave the prayer. Because you have to contemplate and concentrate in prayer. And that is why it's forbidden for us to pray, while one has to answer the call of nature. And you

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see this in some mosque, you know, people praying and the guy is jumping, what are you doing? Is something vibrating? Do you have a mobile in your pocket? or What is it? No, no, no, no, but I just want to finish and go to the toilet then this is how you are not concentrating in your in what you're doing in your prayer. Likewise, if you're starving, and food is being served, and the call for prayer is, is there, the prophet tells us eat first. Even if you miss the prayer, because if you go and pray and the guy is talking about Jenna and about the food and the chicken and and the things that are there, you're not gonna concentrate and prayer and I'm afraid that this is all the time we

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have for today's program. So until we meet next time, Family Law was Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh