Lessons In Fiqh 29

Assim Al-Hakeem

Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem

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Topics: Fiqh

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hamdulillah salat wa salam o Baraka abakada Abdi he was sued he must have been a Mohammedan. While he was a happy woman at

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a ceremony come to La Jolla Baraka and welcome to lessons. In fact, we're still studying the chapter that deals with times of prayer. And the Hadith we have, has a number of 134 Hadith narrated by Rafael haddish. And brother Nur will read it for us. Narrated by raffia bin hardage Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, over the morning prayer at down for it is greater for your reward. offer the morning prayer a dawn for its greater for your rewards. When would say okay then when do you want this to offer morning prayer, it's definitely offered that dawn. scholars say this hadith is not understood as some people have translated it. But it translates literally to us

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behold the subject, which means that extend your fudger prayer until it's morning until light has come. So it's not what

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the translation has been translated to offer the morning prayer at dawn. Because we can only offer morning prayer at dawn, this is the time so it has no meaning. But the actual meaning is prolong your pleasure prayer until it's light. Which means that when you pray at dawn, don't pray for five or 10 minutes. No extend your prayer until it's like half an hour. And this is the sooner you used to pray at so stop between 60 to 100 verses of the Quran in fudger. Prayer. And this is the Sunnah of the prophet to begin fudger. Early, when it's dark, and to end prayer when it's light. And in one incident abubaker May Allah be pleased with him, pray the ledger. And it was just before sunrise, he

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finished. He finished prayer just before sunrise and the companions. His follow his companion said abubaker was this you almost extended your prayer until it was sunrise. So he said that if the sun rose, it wouldn't have found that sleeping.

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It would have found us praying, it would have found us praying. So this is a positive thing. It's not a negative thing. But the essential thing is when to to begin your prayer. So if you begin you start your prayer at the very beginning, and you extend it until it's daytime. There's no problem with that. And this is the doing of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now the four the four schools of thought.

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And imagine Malik shafie and I heard him humble think that it is the best to pray it early in the morning, just after dawn. Abu hanifa prefers that it is delayed, and the majority's opinion is the correct verdict in accordance to the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa alayhi wasallam the following Hadith

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narrated Abu radi Allahu Allahu the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said he will praise a Raka of the Federal prayer before the sunrises has offered the don't prayer and it's time and he will praise America of the prayer before the sunsets has offered the afternoon prayer.

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Okay, there's another

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yet another original report by Muslim. He said the same above Hadith narrated by Ayesha or the olana who narrated sajida procedure Sasha says the frustration instead of Baraka

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unit and then he Muslim said it said implies Okay. Now this had this tells us

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that if a person

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succeeds in praying one record or as in the version of Ayesha one centimeter before sunset, of course what is the prayer before sunset nor the prayer before sunset?

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It's praying so let me know Zeki also prayed. Okay, so watch out. So that Hadith tells us that if you delay answer prayer for one reason or the other, for example, if you sleep over it, or if you were engaged, or if you had something that was so urgent, and if you forgot, and you just remembered before sunset, and you managed to pray one rocker.

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So the Prophet says that you have succeeded and praying answer in its time. It the time did not go, though you finished the other three after the sun has set. But you're still the answer was done on time. Likewise, pleasure prayer, a few were engaged or delayed the prayer for one reason or the other. And you managed to pray one Raka before the sun rises, this also means that you have correctly prayed fudger before the time ran out. Now, of course, this doesn't mean it's okay. But it tells us when it is not possible to be prayed afterwards.

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Why? I'll tell you why. Allah says that prayer has been timed.

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It was timed on us, which means that we should pray on time. Because if we do not, then our prayer is invalid. Meaning if I am sitting home, watching a football match, and the football match, runs from Azur till after Maghrib. And my wife says, come and pray Yasser, and I say I'm watching the match. And I'm not I know that. The team will lose. Because this is inevitable. They will lose whatever I support someone, and I'm not okay with Elijah, we will all lose. So I insist on watching this game. And I watched the game, and it's 10 minutes before sunset. The game goes on. It's two minutes before sunset. The game goes on. It's sunset. Then I realize and a star for law. I've made a

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mistake. Let me go and pray. Can I pray answer? No, I cannot. Why can't I make Allah?

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No, you cannot. Why? Because you've skipped the time. The prophets Allah Selim says, Who ever sleeps,

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have a prayer over a prayer or forgets it? Then he must pray it. As soon as he remembers. There's no way else for him to compensate for it other than this. So it is a must for you, if you forget or you sleep, but if you deliberately abandon Salah until the following Salah comes, you may not pray it, even if you pray 10 times, it will not suffice. And it's gone. abou Malik has a question. My question she just answered it was gonna ask if you know anybody that leaves a prayer, laziness from laziness, they cannot know they cannot come up callback for the prayer. No, they cannot. If they deliberately abandoned prayer, they cannot pray it again. And psyche has a question. When we can

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call the prayer. You cannot. It's done there is called the inferior Kaaba is only when you sleep. Or you forget. Sometimes you engaged in work, you know, he typing and doing and all of a sudden, Whoa, it's an hour after prayer time. I didn't realize it. And Allah knows that you're saying the truth. It happens. I tell you the best example that happens all the time with those who are used to praying in Masjid. If you have this sooner in you and you pray all the five prayers and Masjid then you program to pray only in Masjid. But for example, if you go to the hospital and you're stuck, you know the doctor is operating on you're doing something

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And you have to be there. And it's my trip time. Oh, okay, I'll try to wrap up the ducks a couple of minutes more.

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And it finishes in half an hour, you will leave the hospital and you go back home. And you go in and you, you know, relieve yourself change and sit down waiting for Isha prayer, the prayer calls and you go into prayer

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at 910 o'clock pm said, Whoa, I didn't pray. I

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completely forgot why because you didn't pray in the masjid. You completely forgot about it. So now you can pray it because you forgot sincerely. But if you leave it intentionally, it's not acceptable. I'll give you another example though. It's not our subject, yet. It's a little bit related to it.

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A person stands on Mount artifact on which date? Mustapha

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the hedge, which date date? Which, eight of hedger 10s of hedger,

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hedger, you guys might have a scholarship and I'll send you to Macau for pilgrimage on the account of whoever you wish but not me definitely. value on the ninth. The day of artifact, the day of artifact is on the night of hedger. 10th is eight. Eight is the day of terror. We're okay, what happens to the best of us.

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Let's assume that someone comes to our fight on the ninth and said, Oh, these people crowded, I can't find a place to park my car. Tell you what, couple of days later. He comes a couple of days later, there's no one in sight. Now that I can stay for the whole day and a half, and then go to Mina. And is this acceptable? No, because it's limited with a time Allah has put a timeframe begins here. And it ends here. So if you can afterwards, goodbye, it doesn't count. Prayer is like that. If you don't pray within the timeframe that was set by Allah azza wa jal, the prayer is invalid. Well offer motion. It's invalid. Okay, just I'll do it as

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I'll just do it. It's not accepted, don't do it. You don't have to do it, then this is the verdict, or the choice of admin taymiyah. May Allah have mercy on his soul? And the also the verdict of chefman bass and Debian. I mean, they all have said on this controversial issue, and that is why I know that you have a lot of questions. I'll try to go through them as quick as possible. We have 60 seconds left, go ahead.

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I ran out somebody's not you know, he left the prayer, laziness, on purpose. What you know, what does he do? Let's make up for that prayer.

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If he skips prayer out of laziness, this is a major sin. It's one prayer. He just left Margaret prayer. He didn't pray until extra prayer was called. And then he's sorry. What does he do? He repents to Allah asks Allah for forgiveness, and praise voluntary prayer as much as possible to compensate but still he has committed a major sin I think, have you got 20 seconds surgeons performing an operation and you cannot leave the operation? And it starts, like before the organ ends after us? What does he do? Well, I'm afraid that we have to break. I'll answer your question in Sharla. Right after the break, so stay tuned.

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Back to the Prophet,

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join Shaykh Ahmad in the program back to the Prophet, wherein he teaches us practical lessons from the prophets life, and how this can help us to overcome our challenges in the present. We talk about the life example of the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, seeking guidance for ourselves. In the early days after the revelation of the Holy Koran. The Muslims were greatly persecuted, so much so that quite a few Muslims had to leave Arabia and migrate to Africa to live among Al Kitab Christian people who follow the gospel of Christ.

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Assalamualaikum warahmatullah

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before the break, brother Fadi had a question. Can you repeat your question again please.

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If a surgeon is performing an operation, and for instance, this operation is a lengthy operation, taking up to eight or 10 hours and

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If the time of salaat comes in, and he cannot perform it, because he cannot give the operation because there's a rescue for the patient's life. So what does he do? I believe that this is a hypothetical question. Because usually in such long operations, you would have three or four surgeons, next to you, operating with you assisting you

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to be humorous, change your profession, but then this wouldn't pay because I know doctors charge a lot of cash yet, to answer your question. Allah says Mohammed Sato that fear Allah as possible as you can. So in this case, if a surgeon is unable to leave the operating theatre, because he's the only one operating and there's a risk that a Muslim or a human being his life is in jeopardy, then this is an excuse for him to continue. But as I said, I believe that usually, there are three or four other surgeons that would take care. It's exactly like, what I tell you what is happening hypothetical. Now, during the eight or 10 hours of surgery, what happens if the guy has to answer

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the call of nature, and he has really to go on? Answer the call of nature had bad Chinese food the day before. And his stomach is, you know, making noises and sounds and definitely is going to leave the operating theater and go and answer the call of nature. So it's same thing. Prayer does not take more than four to five minutes of your time. It refreshes your mind and concentration makes you go back better than the way you left. Again, another question, no, but usually there's a professor, he's in charge of the operation, he has a first, second and third up to fourth assistant. He's the one who that he if he if he if there's a call of nature for him, then he takes a break. But for

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instance, the fourth assistant doesn't have the right to choose so and he doesn't actually sometimes. Sometimes it's sad, but sometimes they don't pray, not all surgeons pray. So if I'm, for instance, the fourth assistant, assistant assistant, then he doesn't allow us to like to leave unless the surgery is finished. Believe me, brother, whenever there's a will, there's a way you can always talk to the professor, you can always talk to the physician to the surgeons, whatever, there's a will there's a way and if it's, it's a must, you got to leave everything and go. So prayer does not cost much time. All you have to do is alternate, tell them that this guy takes my place for

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344 minutes, and I'm back. Now if if things aren't as bad as you say, and there's no way you can leave, then there is a possibility that you join the harasser with a proceed, answer or delay vor and you can join for rocker and for Raka. This is a permission. And if you know

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worst thing happens, and you cannot and it's a matter of life or death, Islam tells you, you have to continue working. And this is a one shot every Blue Moon. It's not every day event that takes place because if it's an everyday event, then you should change your profession seriously, but it happens once every six to eight months maybe because of the timing on and off the situation you are talking about coming back to the Hadeeth before us this is an issue of difference between scholars now, to be able to pray the prayer on time, do I have to only make the bowing the record? Or do I have to finish the whole record which is consisting of bowing and to prostrations and then standing up.

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Because when we hear I she says Sasha, this means the whole thing. And record also can imply or mean only the bowing. It's not the full

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fledged record. So what's the most authentic of all the most authentic of all that? Juma prayer, congregation fetcher and answer all are caught all are

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considered to be made by catching one locker, which is the bank position. Which means that if I go to the mosque in Friday, how many records do we have on Friday, Rusty?

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Pardon me? How many records do we have on Friday Prayer took two

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Hey guys. So if I go to the mosque, and the Imam is mowing in the second round, if I say Allahu Akbar and I bow with him, this is considered to me as catching one Raka, which means after he finished his prayer, I can pray one other record and my prayer is considered to be Juma Friday. But if he raises his head and say, send me a law, hold him and hammer there and I could not catch him. And I joined the prayer after he raised his head, then there's no Friday for me, I have to pray for Raka as the prayer, bubble Malik,

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I heard some people I'm not sure if this is true or not. They said that if you don't catch the fact that they can catch the Raka

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No, this is not true at all. Because this the Prophet that is or Sam said that clearly, whoever catches record, he catches the whole prayer. So if you and the hadith of Abu Bakr also states that when he came to the masjid, and they were all in the bowing position, in the record position, so as soon as he entered the masjid and saw them bowing, he said, Allahu Akbar and bowed and walked, while bowing, until he reached the line, and joined the congregation,

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to the Prophet, Prophet as Islam, continued to prayer. And after he finished, he said, Who did that? And the Prophet had the ability to see what's behind him. This is something miraculous only for the prophet Elijah, Sam, when he used to make the lines and rows you say that keep straight lines because I see you from behind. I have the ability, of course, he doesn't have any cameras and he doesn't have any eyes, but Allah azza wa jal show those praying behind him to him,

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as Allah would show him things that we cannot see. Not that he is, you know, $6 million man or whatever, no, no, he the Prophet alayhi salatu salam can see what Allah shows him. So after prayer has ended, he asked the Prophet sauce on him who did this. So Abubakar said I did. And I intended well, because I couldn't bear walking while you were bowing. How could I stand straight, while you are wearing the boring position? So the Prophet says that I saw salam, May Allah increase your carefulness for prayer, and do not repeat that, which meant that the Raka if it was not acceptable, because he did not recite the fighter, the Prophet would have told him to repeat it again, because

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it's void. And this is one of the evidence that scholars use to say that Fatiha is not a must for those praying behind the Imam is an issue of dispute, we will come to inshallah later on. So now we understand that if we catch if we

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joined the Imam in Raqqa, this counts as one. If we joined the Imam in the record position in the bank position, this counts as what's the key

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catch.

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This counts as a full fledged rocker which entitles us to continue the prayer with a man and it's accepted as a congregation prayer, the following Hadith number 136.

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Narrated by Abu Zubaydah. Hooray, may Allah be pleased with him. I heard Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saying, no salaat meaning prayer is to be offered after the morning prayer until the sunrises are after the afternoon prayer until the sunsets. Another version of Muslim there is no salaat meaning prayer after the fridge meaning Morning Morning, meaning morning morning prayer. Oppenheimer, may Allah be pleased with him narrated, there are three times at which Allah's Messenger sallallahu Sallam used to forbid us to pray or bury our dead. When the sun begins to rise, it's fully up when the sun is at its height at midday till it passes the meridian. And when

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the sun goes near to setting till it sets, okay, now, this Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tells us about the times that we should not pray in.

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Let us get things straight up.

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We should not pray, voluntary prayer, but obligatory prayer. There are no times for you not to pray them. So they get this straight. I get people saying that, Oops, I forgot to pray for her and it's four o'clock.

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at five o'clock in the afternoon, this is a time where we denied to pray. So I have to wait until it's sunset, what is this acceptable, you may pray the five obligatory prayer anytime of the day or night, there are no restrictions to that, of course, providing that you did not leave them because of laziness, you left them because of forgetfulness or of sleep. So this is the first part of the issue that we should always pay attention to Fadi. And also if you prefer performing almara, and there's two or three supposed to do after the off, if they come in the forbidden time. We're also supposed to prepare them right? Well, this is what we are supposed to go through after a while. And

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the same Hadith is mentioned here. But what I'm talking about, there are certain times during the day, when it's forbidden for us to pray this ramza there are certain times in the day when it's forbidden for us to pray and hear the first hadith of others say it's mentioned two times. And the hadith of Akbar an hour, there are three times so all in all, there are five times in the day, two times that are general and white. And three times that are specific in short.

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So the white times are right after after prayer until the sunsets.

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The second one is right after fudger prayer until the sun rises a little bit which is about 10 minutes after sun rise to 15 minutes. So these are two times they are general, they are about three, four hours long, maybe less a little bit less. The three times mentioned in an amorous Hadith are very specific. That is when the sun starts to disappear, or when the sun starts to rise. So this is a span of five to 10 minutes. And the last time, the fifth time, that is when the sun is exactly in the center of the sky. when things don't have any shadow at all. This is the time that it is completely forbidden for us to pray five times. We need more time to explain this. Unfortunately,

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this is all the time we have for today's program. So until we meet next time, Family Law was Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh