Channel: Ahsan Hanif
Series: Ahsan Hanif - The Book Of Prayer
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smilla rahmanir rahim Allah
Salallahu salam wa barakaatuh
sora Allah severely when he stands up Sonata he watauga de la meetin seldom at the Sleeman kathira.
So yesterday we began Barbuto to Sana, the chapter of the conditions of the prayer. And we covered a number of headings so just maybe three or four or five Hadith towards the beginning of this chapter. And we said yesterday that there were nine conditions nine conditions for the prayer and we went over them
generally went over them briefly and inshallah we're going through them in detail. So the How do you think we stopped when was Hadith number 166? We're anomaly brr brr todo de la gran hoopin Puna Miranda bs en De La Hoya and he will send them a few the legend will the Lima fish Kela Darlene and similar to for Selena for llama politician so either Selena in
Venezuela for a number to one Lu for some average law of Russia, Germany or the artha on the authority of Armenia arrabiata the Allahu anhu said that we will with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on an extremely dark night. And we were aware of where the Qibla was. So we prayed and when the sun rose The following day, we found out that we prayed towards other than the Tabler and that is when the statement of a larger agenda was revealed. Wherever you face then that is the direction of Allah. And this is collected in a Timothy and he said that it is weak.
This Hadith or this narration of this hadith in southern cinema the as the author says it is weak. But this hadith has many other narrations found in different books of Hadith like Thoreau put me under hacking, and I'll be happy. And all together. These narrations support one another and they strengthen one another. And so the Hadith becomes authentic. I shall banya Rahim Allah mentions. So even though this particular narration is weak altogether, these narrations strengthen one another and they make the Hadith stronger and they make the Hadith authentic.
So yesterday, we were speaking about generally an overview of the nine different conditions of surah. And we said that three of them have been dealt with in detail in the previous book, or one of the previous books that we studied cuttable taharah, the book of purification. And those three conditions were number one Budo number two, purification of the clouds and number three purification of the place that you're going to pray in, all of that was covered in the book of purification, okay, tabara. And yesterday, we covered a number of ahaadeeth towards the beginning of this chapter, which dealt with the first condition that Ibrahim mahama brings to our attention and that was
citral, our covering of the hour. And we discussed the differences between the hour of a man and the hour of a woman within the prayer. So this had he had his number 166. And where we're beginning today covers the fifth condition from the conditions of salah and that condition is facing the Qibla is talking about a problem facing the Qibla. Before we go into this hadith generally speaking when it comes to the dribbler,
the Qibla is the direction of the Qibla is basically the Kaaba that is the Qibla. And so wherever you are praying, you must face the direction of the Qibla you must face the direction of the Qibla. That depends on where you are. So the scholars the way that they have, if you like divided or categorize the tribler and his direction, depending upon your location is in three general categories. Number one is that you praying within Mr. Haram in Makkah itself. So you're praying actually, in the masjid al Haram in Makkah, therefore your tribler will be the carrabba itself. So you must face the direction of the Canada whichever of the four directions. You are facing Canada.
And that's why you see in the international forum, people will pray all around the Caribbean, whichever direction you're facing so long as you're facing the Canada itself. That is okay, so that is your tribler when you're praying in Al Masjid al Haram in Makkah, that's the first category or the first level of the Qibla. The second type or category of the Tabler is for those people who are not praying in the masjid al Haram, but they're praying in the city of Mecca. So they're not praying within the masjid. But they're in the city of Mecca. For them the tribler is the masjid for them. The Qibla is Mr. Del Hara. Okay, so So long as they're facing that direction.
The question then that is the third block that is sufficient for them as the Tabler the third level or the third category are those people who are not praying within Makkah, that beyond Mecca. Medina, they're in rail. They're in England, they're in Pakistan, they're in Malaysia. They're outside of Makkah, wherever else they may be in the world. For them the Qibla is Mecca, the direction of Mecca. Okay, why are we making a differentiation between the three? This is basically going to lead on to the next Hadith which Abraham's Rahim Allah is going to mention as well. But briefly speaking, when we speak about the tabla, when we say thejournal Qibla, we mean the direction of the Qibla. We don't
mean that you must pinpoint the Qibla when you pray, meaning that in this Masjid, the Qibla is behind me, right? That's the table over there. If we were to draw a straight line from here, all the way to the Caribbean all the way to Makkah, would we be hitting the bullseye? Like would it be like straight on at the Kaaba? Or do you just be the director general direction of Mecca?
So question for you, will we, if you draw a straight line, you took a piece of string, and you lay there all the way from here all the way to the Canada in Saudi Arabia, what it hit it, you would hit the karma? No. And you wouldn't do that, in reality wouldn't be possible even in Medina wouldn't be possible anywhere, you would not be able to hit it that accurately. And so that's why the sun doesn't specify that you have to face the Kaaba. It says the direction of the Qibla. And that is dependent, irrelevant on where you happen to be in the world. So when you're in the masjid, you can face the Kaaba because you're in the masjid, and the Kaaba is right in front of you. And your level
of accuracy is pretty good. When you're in the city of Mecca, it becomes more difficult. But the masjid itself, the whole surrounding of the masjid, that is your Qibla because it's a bigger target to hit, and you're most likely to hit it outside of Mecca. Even that becomes difficult. And so when we see the tip law, and this is a follow up from a question that someone asked yesterday as well, that if you're facing any move slightly to the right, slightly to the left, is that okay? Yes, it's okay. because no one's saying that you have to hit the Qibla direct on, you're not going to hit the curb directly. And so what we're talking about is a direction. And this will be further explained in
the next one Ethan Abraham's Rahim Allah will bring. So the point is that those are the three levels of the tribler. So when you're in the UK, you're in Pakistan, you're in Egypt, Malaysia, wherever you are in the world, you're facing the general direction of Makkah, that is what you're facing, you're facing the direction of Makkah. And therefore, if a person was to pray slightly to the right or slightly to the left, they were had, they happen to move that direction slightly, then that wouldn't impact on the general direction, they will still be facing the Qibla. In fact, the next Hadith will show it can be even more than slightly to the right or slightly to the left. But the
point is, that as long as you're facing that direction, it is okay. So you don't have to pinpoint the Kaaba. And that's why one of the common mistakes that people make is when they become overly strenuous and strict in this issue of facing the Qibla. So you see someone the line is there, if they're slightly to the left people, like you know, they get very wound up and they get very perturbed about this and they move them. So that is precisely on this line. These lines are general lines, the guidelines, right, no one else was saying that this will give you the direct pinpoint of the karma. And that's why even when you have this compass, it gives you a degree right, it tells you
the general direction of Makkah, no compass will give you the exact direction of where the Canada is known is that possible, nor is it feasible for everyone to directly face and pinpoint the Canada in their direction. So this is basically what this the general issue of the Qibla is, in this hadith. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was praying with a number of companions, and they were praying outside of Medina. And this is an important distinction to make when it comes to finding the Qibla. The Qibla is a condition for the seller. And like all of the conditions for the seller, you must do your utmost the best your ability to fulfill those conditions. If you're unable to, then a
large sell which will doesn't burden you more than you can bear as Allah says in the Quran. For top law, Mr. Bottom fear Allah as much as you can. And this verse in the Quran for top lumps to bottom, it is one of the Golden principles of fear. Fear a lot as much as you can meaning that you do things to the best of your ability allows our general will not burden you more than what you can bear. If you're unable to make Moodle physically you can't touch water or there is no water alarm. xojo allows you to make tea. If you can't stand and pray Allah allows you to sit and pray you do everything to the best of your ability. And that's why in yesterday's
Heidi was speaking about covering the hour, we saw that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was saying to the companions that they should cover their shoulders when they pray. But if they were unable to meaning they don't have enough clothing don't have enough cloth, then at the minimum, they should cover the lower area where a lower government cover their lower body, and therefore, they are unable to cover their shoulders. And so a large surgeon does not burden them with this, they have a valid excuse. So you do everything to the best of your ability when it comes to the Tabler. It is exactly the same. So for example, if you are in this Masjid, and instead of facing the Tabler, you
prayed that way over there, you face that direction. And you began to pray. And then you said afterwards, I didn't know I didn't know. I was ignorant, didn't have any clue. I thought that was the Qibla. And I prayed that way, we would say to you need to repeat your prayer. Why? Because you can know. And it's possible for you to know, firstly, it's pretty obvious in the message in any way. But even if it wasn't, you can ask someone, you can reasonably take measures that will tell you where the Qibla is. Likewise, for example, if you're a home, or you're a guest at someone's house, and you don't know what the problem is, you can ask the host, where is the problem, maybe you're
playing somewhere you have an iPhone app, you have your watch, whatever it is, that gives you the direction of the problem, so long as you can reasonably take those measures, they surely are makes it incumbent upon you. However, this is different to for example, someone especially in the olden days was traveling, and they'd be out in the open desert. Or maybe for example, you stop in the middle of a motorway somewhere. And you don't know where the Qibla is. And you don't have anything that can tell you you don't have any application that can guide you. You don't have anyone that you can ask around you. It's the middle of a motorway. There now it is a different issue. What do you do
in those instances, you do what you can to the best of your ability to the best of your ability, you try to determine where the problem is, you make HD hat. And that's what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his companions were doing. When they were traveling, it was extremely dark, they didn't know where the sun was going to come up from where it was going to set, they didn't know where they were, and it was dark. And they're traveling in the desert, there's no one in that area that they can ask is open land. So they tried to the best of their ability to make sure that they were facing the Qibla. And they prayed. In the morning, when they woke up, they found that the Qibla
was in a completely different direction. So we're not talking slightly to the right slightly to the left, it was in a completely opposite direction. They didn't even hit the Qibla in his general direction. And so they realized once the sun had risen, they knew now where his claws were restless, they knew where they were. And they realize they didn't face the direction. In this hadith it is basically what it is saying is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't order the companions to repeat the prayer. didn't order them to repeat the prayer. So the general principle is already established that you must face the problem. What is how do you speak about is if you make a
mistake in the issue, you try your best you try to the best of your ability, but you don't know where the problem is. And you make a mistake, and you pray in a different direction.
If you're in a different direction, and you realize later that you've made the mistake, this is one of two scenarios, there's one of two cases, the first case is that it's during your prep. So you've started to pray, you tried your best to find out where the blowers and you started to pray. And then you realize somehow either someone comes and they direct you or they see you and they inform you that you're not facing the Qibla. Once you're in the prayer, during the prayer, they tell you that you're facing the wrong direction. What do you do? Do you just carry on? Or do you change towards the Qibla and carry on, the majority of the spoilers are of the opinion that you change towards the
Qibla. And then you carry on. So during your prayer, you have to break the prayer, don't have to start again. You move and then you carry on. And that is also based in the the famous incident, as I'm sure you're all aware of the changing of the table itself from Jerusalem, to Mecca. And there is an erosion of how some of the people in, in in the area. They were basically praying towards Jerusalem. And whereas they were in prayer, they heard the messenger of the prophets on the low end, he was still in pointing out that the direction has been changed to Makkah. And so during their prayer, they changed. So they didn't stop the prayer. They didn't repeat the prayer. They just
changed their direction and they carried on. That's the first novel during the prayer you realize, and so therefore you change your direction during the prayer. The second scenario and the one that this hadith is directly referring to, is when you find that after the prayer, after the prayer has finished, whether it's during still the the timing of that prayer order is after the time
timing of the prayer you find out that you made the mistake, that the Qibla was in a different direction, and that you prayed somewhere else. The majority of the scholars in the second scenario are of the opinion that you don't have to repeat the prayer that your prayer is correct, that you did everything which Allah had obligated upon you, you tried to the best of your ability, and you did the best that you could. And then you prayed based upon that, so you don't need to repeat the prayer. And that is basically based upon this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that we have above us, we have with us in this chapter.
So that is the opinion of the majority of the spotters and that seems to be the stronger opinion and a large surgeon knows best. The next Howdy, Harry's number 167 wannabe hora de Allahu anhu call Paulo Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam muy bien el machete one mockery Ba ba ba ba ba ba Pawan Buhari on the authority of a Buhari rhodiola one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, between the East and the West is the Qibla collected by Timothy. And it is also strengthened by Imam Al Bukhari. Mahmoud Buhari said that it is an authentic hadith. This Hadith is authentic. And this hadith is basically again, reaffirming what we said about the clipless
direction. And there is even more informative and it's even more explicit in showing that you don't have to face the Qibla directly on meaning the Kaaba, you have to face it, and pinpointed in your direction, it is the general direction that we're referring to. And that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying, My brain and machinery will mostly be a blur all the area between the East and the West, that is the Qibla. Basically, if that is the Qibla. And there is the Qibla. Behind me that is the pillar, if any way so long as you don't face the exact east, or the exact West, you don't face those two directions. So long as you're anywhere within that scope. Your
prayer is correct, you have face to Qibla, technically speaking, and so your prayer is correct. So if for example, a person, for example, just say for the sake of argument, they came in the machine, and they prayed towards that that air conditioning unit to my left, that was where they prayed, when they pray towards these doors, on my right is emergency exit doors, their prayer would be correct, even though there's some way off the actual direction of the fibula. And this is basically what this hadith is referring to. And again, it goes to affirm the principle that you don't have to face the exact cab, no Mr. haraam, nor even perhaps matter if you're that far, then you just basically facing
the direction of Saudi Arabia, as close as you can get to matter. And again, no one saying that you have to pinpoint any of those locations, so that you get to the karma, the more precise direction will become the further away that you are, then the more difficult it will become.
When it comes to facing the table, there are three reasons why you don't have to face the problem three reasons or three scenarios or situations in which you don't have to face the problem. Number one is inability to do so you're unable to face the problem. Perhaps for example, someone is bedridden, they're lying on a bed, they can't move, they can't change direction, they can't get up and face the Qibla. Wherever the direction of their bed is their hospital, wherever they can't get up, they pray where they are, that is their Qibla they pray, where they are in what direction for them, the Qibla is no longer something which they need to worry about. Or maybe for example, as we
said, you know, like, for example, a person, maybe they're on an aeroplane, and they have to pray, they don't know where the problem is. So they pray in the seat sitting down, they pray, they don't have to face the problem, because they're unable to do so. Or they don't know where it is. That's the first scenario. The second scenario where you don't have to face the problem is out of fear, out of fear. And that's an example that is given for this is similar to hope, which we'll come on to in the relevant chapter, the prayer of fear. And that's normally what the martyrs or what the Warriors sorry, will pray on the battlefield, that that type of prayer or a different or similar type of
prayer, for example, where a person is in a state of extreme fear. And so that state of fear doesn't allow them the luxury of changing the blood places. So for example, the Warriors on the battlefield, if the enemy is in front of them, they pray facing them dribblers over there, they don't turn their backs on their enemies and pray because that's where the Qibla is, because the enemies are in front of them. They face them and they pray in their direction. So for those people, they also don't have to face the Qibla and the third person and this is something which Abraham's Rahim Allah will come on to in more detail later, but that is for voluntary prayers, natural prayers. So someone is
traveling for the traveler. This is the natural prayers for the traveler. They don't have to face the Qibla that's why it's authentically reported that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he
was traveling, he would play nephal on his camel play level play on his camera, and he would allow the camera to ride and he would just play in whatever direction it took him whether that face to Qibla or didn't face the camera, it was okay. He would just play on the back of that camera and he would make record and so just by lowering his head to record was slightly less and for the suit, he would go lower still, and that's how he would pray on his camera during his travels and Allah azzawajal knows best.
The next Hadid had his number 168 200 million euro via rhodiola ito Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Saldana raphaela de hazratullah jetbeam Takapuna, la zaharie Yomi Roxy Willem de Kooning, October, Buddha Muhammad era Samadhi Allahu anhu makanda saffer of our other and yet otowa, stuck balbina particular Qibla for kabara masala hisoka, virtually Kirby, he was not
an authority of neurobiology Allah one who said that I saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam preying on his animal, and he would pray for it in whichever direction it took him. And this is an Buhari and Muslim and in the duration of all Buhari, he includes the statement that he would use his head to make record and so forth. And he wouldn't do this in a congregation on an obligatory prayer and incident Aveda award from the hadith of enniscorthy Allah one, and if he was traveling and he wanted to make an initial prayer, he would face his his camel towards the Tabler make the tech beer and then he would pray in whichever direction it took him. And this hadith is Hasson the first two.
The first narration here is in Bukhari and Muslim so it's obviously authentic. The second narration in cinema bedeviled the help of others for the long run. The spawners have different sides over its authenticity or not. Some of them said it is authentic. Others said that it is even though it may be authentic, it contradicts the other Hadith, which is stronger. And basically, this is an issue which the spelling is different over.
So the issue, generally speaking is the one that I mentioned to you before that the Tabler doesn't have to be faced by the one who's praying a novel prayer during travel. So persons traveling and they want to pray optional prayers, not obligatory prayers not for general law. oscillometry Berisha, we're talking about knuffle prayers, and they're traveling and they happen to be riding on a donkey or a camel, whatever it may be. Whatever riding these they're using them today. The modern equivalent would be, for example, a car or an aeroplane, and they want to play. The two narrations differ in one aspect, both of them firstly agree that that person can pray after the tequila to the
Konami doesn't matter whichever direction they're going in, they can pray so they don't have to continually face to the blood. If the person is riding a horse or riding a camel, and that camel or horse is taking them left, right center, north, south, east west, it's okay. They can continue to pray. And the same would go for an aeroplane or a car. Where they differ the two generations is where the Tukwila to the farm should be made. The first step before when they say or when you say Allahu Akbar to begin your prayer, should that be made facing the Qibla? Or can that be made in any direction as well? The stronger Hadith in this chapter, say that they can be made in any direction.
And the narration of the alarm rang in tsunami diode says that you must face the Qibla make the TextView say Allahu Akbar. And then after that you don't need to worry about the direction. I am not calling Rahim Allah says that the narration of Bukhari and Muslim is stronger. And that is has more precedents in this in this issue. And so therefore, the stronger opinion is an Illinois best that you can face any direction even for the Bureau to the Trump. So that is an exception to the rule of facing the Qibla when you're praying enough on prayer, on travel, wherever you may happen to me, you can face whichever direction and pray and a lot of surgeon knows best. That's how he had his number
169 wannabe sorry dinoco de rhodiola one and then nebia Salalah alayhi wa sallam appall Aldo kulu MSG Don lol maqbara Ma'am, Aurora who tell me the world
on the 30th anniversary this year, the one that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, all of the Earth is a mystery except for the graveyard and the bathroom tech to buy him a material movie, and he said that there is some weakness in it. This Hadith
has many supporting narrations and so it is an authentic hadith as scheffel is not able to tell me Araki mahalo mentioned this hadith speaks about a general principle and that is that you can pray anywhere. You can pray anywhere and this is alluding to the one of the conditions of salah and that is that the place of prayer must be a place that is pure, a place that is allowed for you to pray. And the reason why even though some of these issues have been discussed
Kitab at the heart of the book of purification, Abraham's Rahim Allah is bringing them up here again because there is more detail to be added he will mention extra things which weren't mentioned in the chapter.
The general principle of prayer is that you can pray anywhere upon the earth. You can pray anywhere, whether that happens to be outside whether it happens to be a mud on grass, and for example, sand on carpet, wherever you may be. You can pray anywhere on the earth. You can pray, pray at home, you can pray on the road, you can pray on a train station, wherever you may be, you can pray, and that is based on the Hadith in Sahih, Al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said or de to Hamsun Lamoureux Kahuna had been probably in this hadith came in kitahara, that the prophets of Salaam said that I have been given five things that no prophet before me were given.
And he mentioned one of those things, as was was really that reloadable Masjid, and what the hora and all of the Earth has been made for me a place of prayer, and a place of prayer and purification, meaning that the earth of the ground, the earth of the the salt, of molten salt, the sun and the dust of the ground, it is allowed for you to purify yourself within tm, and that you can pray anywhere upon the earth. That is a general principle. So wherever you may be, you can pray. The exception in this hadith is true. And there is another Hadith which will come after this, which will give even more exceptions, but the general exception in this Hadith, or to number one, the
graveyard. And that's obviously because people are buried there. And if a person were to pray there, then he may be perceived, or one may think that they are praying to those dead people. And whichever direction they feast within that graveyard, they will always be buddies, right? They're always going to be praying towards a dead body. And so therefore, that's and the second is the Imam, the bathroom of Chroma Kamala, and that is for the obvious reason, that it is a piece of filth and impurity.
The next Hadeeth
had his number 171 even in Ramadan, the Allahumma anandamaya salam Allahu alayhi wa sallam Anna and you Salafi separately Moroccan and Miss Bella will Majora Bara Macario?
He later Allah told me to Darfur and authority over him to live in Amara de Allahumma. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam forbade that we should pray in seven places. A place where rubbish is a place where animals are slaughtered a graveyard, the roads, the bathroom, the pens of camels and upon the Kaaba on the top on the roof of the Kaaba and selected by a telemedia and he said that it is weak. This Hadith is weak, it is a weak narration. However, we're going to go through all of these seven places that are mentioned within this narration because some of them have been established through other Hadith as being authentic and other of the others of them are weak. So as
we said, the general principle is that you can pray anywhere. That's what the prophet SAW sent him said in Mohali and Muslim, you can pray anywhere. These are exceptions to that rule. So we mentioned two exceptions already. Firstly, the maqbara, which is the graveyard, you can't play there, and the profits on the long run, he will sell them. There are many a hadith about the graveyard not loitering. They're not just standing there, even when you're there after, for example, sit on a grave or to step on a grave. For example, the profits on a lower legal system said that for a person to sit on a red burning coal, and for that coal to burn the clothing and then their skin, it would
be better for them than for them to sit on a grave and sit on a grave there for shows that it is something which is sinful and something which a person will be punished for. So generally when it comes to the graveyard, other than going and giving salaams there and burying the dead and so on is not a place where people should just loot around or is there a place of worship or prayer. The second place that we also mentioned already is the hammam, a place where one relieves themselves. That doesn't literally mean the hammers and has to be a toilet or a bathroom. But as we know in the olden days, the prey the relieve themselves in the open desert, but they had certain areas where
they would do this, it was the one known areas that they would go to safe that is a place whether it's an open, whether it's in a room or a structure, wherever that place is it is a place of impurity and filth and the name of alarm. So when shall is not taken there, let alone the worship of Allah azza wa jal being conducted there. So what remains then is basically a number of issues. Number one is Ms. Bella. Ms. Bella is basically a rubbish heap, places where people dump their rubbish and so that is a must Bella. So for example, our home you have your rubbish, you place it in the bin, the council come and take it and they take it to a rubbish dump and they load it and they
place it all there. The
is a place of filth and there is a piece of impurity as well. So therefore, one should pray them, because you don't know what types of impurity are going to be them we don't mean by rubbish, necessarily. That is, for example, crisp wrappers and, and bottles and so on. They're not impure. So maybe for example, there's blood is urine. There's all sorts of other things. Dirty nappies could be anything there that is impure. So generally, one stays away from praying in certain areas like that. Number two is image Zara. Image Zara is basically a slaughterhouse and abattoir right where people store to their animals, sheeps, camels, so on, these are places where also a person doesn't pray,
because of the blood there and so on. And we said that blood is not just that blood is impure. So that's that. The next one is morality and evil, camel pens, camel pens. This is established. Even though this hadith is weak, there is another Hadith, which is stronger, and that is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Pray in sheep pens, but don't pray in camel pens, pray in sheep pens, but don't pray in camel pens. And so that is an authentic hadith. And so based upon that one isn't allowed to pray in a camel. camel pen is basically where the camels reside, where they live. And so that is a place which is also not allowed for a person to pray what some of the scholars said
that because the camels, the excrement, the urine, and the feces are impure. And so therefore, you can pray that, as opposed to sheeps and cows and so on. However, this is weak, because we know from the authentic sooner that the profits on the lower legal system allowed for people to drink from the urine of camels. That's mentioned in the famous Hadith where a group of people came to Medina and they became ill. So they complained to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they asked him for a cure. And he said, Go to the camels of soda pop the camels that had been gathered for charity. And he said to my shepherd, to give you from the milk, and the union of those camels, and drink from
it. And so they drank from the urine, and the milk of those camels and they were cured. And so after they were cured, they apostates from Islam, they killed the shepherd, and they stole the camels and a fleet. So the prophet SAW Selim, we sent a number of companions to find them and capture them, and he brought them back and He punished them by chopping off the hands and their feet on opposite ends. And by taking out their eyes, and leaving them in the desert today, that was the punishment that he gave them. And so the point of this is that allow them to drink from common urine, therefore showing that common experiments are pure. And that is generally the rule in the Sunnah than anything that
you're allowed to eat, then it's excrements are also pure, not pure in the sense that you would eat them or, or use them per se, pure as in the sense that if they touch your clothing, and so on, it is not employed as ledges, so that
that reasoning isn't doesn't hold here. Another reason which the scholar said, why you can't pray in this, in this place is because of the same reason why eating common meat will break your window. And that is what the profits on the lower end will seldom said that if you eat from common meat, you must make widow again and breaks, you will know nullifies it. And the prophet SAW Selim said, because there is a satanic trait within camels, they have a type of shape Barney in them.
And so that type of satanic devilish trait which which is within them, makes their meat break your will do so you must repeat your model. And so the speller said that it is that same reasoning that is applied here. And so generally, when it comes to praying, we stay away from places of impurity and places where the Sharpie and resided middle to the shouting reside in places of impurity and filth, and Alaska, which knows best. The other two places that are mentioned in this narration number one is a wide road, a road, a pathway, a pavement, a place where people walk across, this Hadeeth, as we said, is weak. And there is no authentic hadith to establish that. So some of the
scholars took this hadith to be authentic. And they said that you can pray in a road. And the reason for that is because it's a place which people use commonly. And so if you were to pray that you would be a nuisance, right, you will just be in the way people wouldn't be able to walk in front of you. And they may not have enough room to walk behind you. And so they wouldn't be able to walk. So even though that is not established, it is not authentic, and there is allowed for a person to play on the road, that reasoning is still correct, that you don't just play some where you will make difficult for people to walk and pass by a new view a nuisance for them. So that reasoning still is
correct. If a person for example was to take a sutra, they prayed on the road and that would be okay. And the last place which is mentioned in this hadith is on top of the curb, on top of on the roof of the curb, and that too is not established in any of the authentic narration. So for a person to play on top of the camera, it is allowed unless the prayer is an obligatory prayer because for the obligatory prayer, you must
face the problem. That's what the Quran and the Sunnah say. And when you're standing on top of the Kaaba, you're not facing the Qibla. whichever direction you're facing, you're not facing the Kaaba and so other than congregational prayers, though it is allowed for you to pray and it is established that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prayed inside the camera as well and all of that inshallah is okay and allows origin knows best.
The next target had his number 171 random be monitored in Ghana We are the Allahu anhu Kala cemento Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he upon that to salute obor voltage this Raja Raja who Muslim on the authority of Abu Martha, we are the only one who said that I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say do not pray towards graveyards or graves and do not sit on them either. And this is collected in Sahih Muslim, obviously just going back to the previous generation that we mentioned, and that is that you can't pray in a graveyard. This Hadith is even more general. And that is that you can't pray towards any grave. So even if it's not in a graveyard, it's in an in
some other place. And it happens just to have a single grave there or maybe two graves there. You can't pray in that direction either. And unless the region knows best,
the next Hades Hades number 172. One A B sorry, the more the Allahu anhu call, Paula Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam either to common Masjid for Jambo for intervenor Allah He other other on phillium sexual Will you Salafi Hema of Raja Buddha would also how even hoceima under 30 Rosarito the Allahu anhu said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, if one of you comes to the masjid and let him Look, if you find on his sandals, or his shoes, some type of filth or impurity, then let him wipe them, and then he can point in them and this is like the Bible that word and authenticated by the blue hoceima.
This Hadith establishes firstly a number of issues number one that is allowed for a person to pray in their shoes and the sandals so long as those sandals are clean, so long as those sandals are clean. And they are pure, so long as they are clean and their appeal is allowed for a person to pray. And this hadith specifically mentioned at the masjid, so if one of you comes to the masjid, and then sees on their sandals that they have some impurities and it might pay off. So therefore, even in the masjid is allowed to do so however, we must understand obviously take this into context that during that time, they never had carpeting and they never had solid floor it was just sand. So
the same ground that they had outside of the mustard wood, it was the same flooring that they had inside the machine. And so therefore he was equal. And there are other Hadith which clearly state and established the fact that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prayed in his sandals, and that his companions prayed in their sandals as well. So therefore, as a principle is established that it is allowed. However, if for example, the general rule for the custom is that because of the puppets and so on, you don't want your shoes in the masjid, because obviously, it was so dirty the carpet even though you may not make it impure, it will still dirty it then obviously, the earth and
the customer of the people has its place, even within the shipyard. And so therefore it is something which a person stays away from. However, if, for example, the machine is completely full, which is often the case, even here, and you have people praying outside in the carpark, they don't have to take off their shoes, if they're praying on the ground, they don't have to take off their shoes. And so therefore it is allowed for them to pray with their shoes on. Likewise, for example, if you're in Mecca, and you're not praying inside the harem, but the roles extend to outside and you're praying in the courtyard, you can wear your shoes, and you can play an OSHA law. All of that is okay. The
issue here is concerning filth and impurity on the shoes. So when you come to pray, you look at the soles of your shoes or your sandals, and you make sure that they are clean. And what we mean by impure we don't mean that they have to be brand spanking new clean, in the sense that they don't have any dirt on them. Because if you walk on the roads in the streets, you will undoubtedly get some type of dirt and dust on them. What we mean here is impurity things which are impure things like for example excrement, urine, blood, things which are impure, that is what we mean, we don't mean just something which is generally which we considered to be dirty, like mud or sand or dust,
and so on. So if that is the case, and they are pure, it is allowed for you to print in them. If they are not, then you wipe them on the ground, and you clean them until there is no visible crease left of that impurity. And then you can pray in them. One of the issues that arises is what happens if you begin the prayer and then you realize that there is impurity on them? Does your prayer become invalid? Do you have to repeat the prayer or do you carry on? What you do is you remove that impurity and you carry on as established by the prophets on alone. While he was still in bed. He prayed with his sandals on and then during the prayer he took them off. So the companions asked him
concerning this after the prayer, and he said for a long while he was solemn.
gibreel came in, he informed me that my sandals have impurity on them. So I took them off. And so he did this during the prayer. He didn't break the prayer, didn't start the prayer again, but he carried on. So if you realize during the prayer that there is encouraging you remove it, unless for example, the impurity is so much that you can't physically remove it. Maybe some all over your cloud, obviously, you would break your prayer and then purify yourself and then come back and start again. I'm alarmed surgeon knows best. The next had you've had it number 173.
We're gonna be holding our authority Allah, Allah Allah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam either what they had to common other before fee for Oklahoma to rob of Raja Buddha would was Ohio a ban on the forgivable hooray rhodiola one who said that the profits are lower and he will sell them said, if one of you
if one of you looks towards if one of you has impurity upon his shoes, then the purification is the sun, click the bubble that was unauthenticated by a band. This actual duration of Abu Dawood is weak, but there are other durations which support it and there is an authentic hadith incident Amida would another Hadith where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that if you have impurity on your shoes, then wipe them on the ground. So basically, you wipe them until all of the impurity the visible impurity comes off, and you don't need to wash them. And that is the opinion of the majority of the scholars. Some of the scholars said that effort is impure. Use your shoes we're talking about
if it is impure, then you must wash them. However that goes against what is clearly established in the Sunnah. And what is the opinion of the majority of the owners? The next 100 Hadith number 174
Hakka Marathi Allahu Allah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
in the heart of his father lost of ofii Hershey Omen columnists in nama, what spiritual what took butyl lockira to an aroma stick on the authority of morality, como de la one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Indeed this prayer is not one in which people should talk, nor is it the fitting that they should do so rather it is for the glorification and the praise of Allah and the recitation of the Quran. And this is collected in Sahih Muslim.
The reason behind this Halley's there is a story behind it, and that is
the companion the narrator of this hadith. He came in, he played with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. I mean, he played with the prophets on the lower and he will sell them in one narration. And he said that someone sneezed in the prayer. And so he
said, your hammock Allah, He said it out loud in the prayer. And this is basically something which I'm going to speak about this issue over the next two or three Hadith. And that is basically because at the beginning of Islam, and the prayer was first established and obligated, people were allowed to talk in the prayer. That was the original ruling. And when we say that they were allowed to talk, we don't mean that they could have conversations and talk about the weather and so on. Were saying that they could speak if there was a need to in very limited terms. So they could say a word or two here and there, if they needed to do so. So for example, if someone sneezed, they could reply. If
someone said a slam, or they come, they could say where are they coming from? If they needed to point out something to someone they could just say, so maybe if someone knocked on the door, and they were at home and they were praying, they could say enter, come in very small statements here and there, they were allowed to do so at the beginning of Islam. That ruling was later abrogated, and was abrogated. But this hadith and other Hadith, that Ibrahim Halawa mentioned within this chapter. However, this companion more alibre como de la gran wasn't aware of this warning, either because he was a new Muslim, or because he had traveled and he had come back. And he wasn't aware of
the change in walling. And so when he came and he began to speak, the companions in moderation began to clap.
They began to clap, or they began to look at him in a certain way, or they began to do something. And so he became extremely perturbed at this. And so after the prayer, he said to them, what's wrong with you? You know, why, why were you doing this towards me? And so that is when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that, indeed, this prayer is not a place where people talk, there's not befitting for you to talk with in it. Rather, it is only praise of a lot, glorification of Allah and the recitation of the Quran, the recitation of the Quran, this issue leads to an issue, which is why the reason why the Orthodox Muslim law brings it here. And that is that one of the things that
will nullify that is for a person to speak intentionally for no good reason. So if a person in the prayer says hello
Good morning says whatever they say intentionally, for no valid reason, that prayer becomes invalid, they must start again that will negate and nullify the prayer. So any speech which is not from the prayer is not Vicar is not praising Allah it is not glorification of Allah is not recitation of the kuranda does not one of the dials of the prayer anything external can nullify the prayer okay. The exception to this is if there is a need, if there is a need, and if there is a reason to do so, in which case Therefore, it is allowed. If there is a need to do so it is allowed otherwise, it is not allowed. inshallah we'll discuss this in slightly more detail in the next couple of Heidi, Heidi
through 175 171. And Nepal in the kingdom of Allah, Allah it Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you called him Dona Sahaja Actonel Salah, toffolo, Allah salatu wa Salatu, wa boku mo de la jolla carnitine. For Oman, herbs, 241, Hina and Kalam, upon Allah, you will not be mistaken on the authority of the Allah one who said that we would speak during the prayer during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, one of us would speak to his companion when there was a need, until the verse of the Quran was revealed, preserved the prayers and the middle of prayer and stand in front of Allah in humility and humbleness. And then we will order to remain silent and we were
prohibited from speaking. And this is an A Buhari a Muslim and the wording is of Sahih Muslim. So as we established before, people would
speak in a limited way if there was a need to do so at the beginning of Islam, that was later abrogated, as is clearly mentioned, in this hadith of zbb, or poem, or the Allah one. The issue which the scholars differ over is, can a person speak at all, even if there is a need or can't speak at all, some of the scholars said that there is not allowed for anyone to speak, whether that person for example is forgetful, whether the ignorant whether for example, even if there is a need of Aurora, there's a necessity that dictates that you speak even then it is not allowed for you to speak. So the only thing that you can do in the prayer is say Subhana Allah are allowed one of those
things that are from the prayer. You can't say anything that is foreign to the prayer you can't speak in any other way. Other scholars said that it is allowed for you to do so. If for example, you forget form, or if you're ignorant of the ruling or if there is a necessity there is a need to do so. And that is a stronger opinion. And it is what the general Sunnah, establishes as well as as mentioned in one of their Hadith which will come on in a later chapter, but it is the hadith of Julia Dean. And that is where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prayed, and he prayed, and he missed a Raka in the form of a prayer he prayed less than four. And he made it the Shahada. And he
said a Salam or Aleikum, wa rahmatullah salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah there a companion by the name of Julia Dean. He said, O Messenger of Allah, did you forget? Or did the prayer become shorten? As the change as the ruling changed, basically, as the prayer become shorten? Or did you forget? So the prophets on the lower army will send them said I didn't forget, nor has the prayer been changed? So the professor sent him things that he prayed correctly. But lulea Dane then said, No messenger of Allah, you didn't pray for you prayed less. So then the prophets of Salaam turned to Abu Bakr and Omar were also in the congregation. And he said, is he truthful in what he says? And they said, Yes,
or messenger of Allah. So the Prophet salaallah alayhi wa sallam then stood, and he played that extra rocker and he completed the prayer. And then he made such the two. So at the end, this hadith establishes this principle that we just mentioned, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam hadn't completed the prayer. And in the middle of the pray, had a conversation, spoke to Julia Dean spoke to Abu Bakr and Omar had a conversation. And then he didn't start the prayer from the beginning, didn't repeat the prayer, he just carried on from where he left off. And so that clearly shows that there is a need to do so it is allowed for you to speak. So for example, if someone was prayer, and
they see that, for example, someone's dying, someone's having a heart attack or so on, they can speak if there is a need to do so. If there is a need to do so they can speak or, for example, they see that there is a harmful Scorpion, you know, coming towards someone, they can point it out to them and say, Be careful, watch out anything that there is a necessity for it is allowed. And that is established in this hadith and there are other proofs for this as well. But obviously, we're not going to go into one of this because that would take more time. So the verse of the Quran halfway there, Allah salatu salam was to preserve the prayers and the middle of prayer.
Middle prayer being referred to here is the answer prayer. And there is the opinion of the majority of the scholars of Islam. And that is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also referred to when he was fighting in the Battle of the Battle of the Confederates, with the different tribes of Arabia declaration, so one had come, and they had laid siege to Medina, and they dug a trench, the Battle of the trench. And so in one of those days that they lead siege upon the Muslims, the prophets on the lower and he will sell them forgot about docile prayer until the sun had set. And so he said to the companions, may Allah azzawajal fill the houses with the fire, they made us forget
the middle of prayer, and it was referring to the awesome prayer. The next had it had his number 167 and the final Hadith that we'll take Today,
we're gonna be holding an authority Allah, Allah Allah Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at the spirit from the region lotusphere Pauline Nisa, otaku analiza the Muslim and Allah on the forgivable hora de la one who said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the the spirit sinks upon Allah it is for the men, and that the speak clapping is for the women, and that is collected in hon hottie and Muslim. And in the wording of Muslim It is said within the prayer. This Hadith also has a story to it. And that is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was once traveling.
And he was traveling and by the time he went sorry, to one of the tribes amongst ansara in order to make some reconciliation between them. So he was out of the immediate vicinity of his Masjid and Medina. And so the time of prayer came, the time of prayer came in. And so they said to avocado the along where I'm sure we established the prayer and will you lead us? So Baba said Yes, I will. So he started the prayer. And within the first rocker, as soon as he has started the prayer, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came, and he came towards the front and he stood in the front row Rasul Salaam started the prayer and he stood in the front row. When the companion saw that the prophets of
Salaam was dead, they began to clap. And when we say clapping in the pray, we don't mean like this, right? We mean that you're standing in the prayer, and you do this. This is the clapping in the prayer that you take your right hand and you clap it on your left hand. And so they began to clap.
So Abubakar, do not rock didn't pay attention. So then they kept again even more severely. And when he saw that they were capping a lot, he turned his head, so that he saw that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was in the front row, he saw that he was standing there basically drawing his attention to the presence of the prophets of Salaam. And so he saw that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was there. And so he wanted to move back. And the professor sent me the signal to him to stay, meaning lead the prayer and pray. And so Abubakar, the alarm when he raised his hand in thanks to a large surgeon, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was the best of creation,
would be willing to pray behind him, he will be the Imam. And the professor seldom is the moon, he is one of the congregation. So he raised his hand and thanks to Allah, and then he moved back. And he moved into the front row, and the professor Selim came, and he led the prayer. And then after the prayer, the prophets of Salaam said to the companions, why will you clapping so much, indeed, in the prayer, the mentioned make the spear, and the women should clap, meaning that there is a reason to signify that something's going on that you need to draw the attention of the Imam, the mentioned says Subhana. Allah dimensioned says, handler That's right. If the man makes a mistake in the
prayer, not in the recitation, but he makes a mistake, he forgets to record the men say Subhana Allah and the women won't clap, they will clap their hands.
So that is basically the story of this hadith under established principle as well, that to the best of one's ability, a person doesn't speak in the prayer, unless there is a need to and if a person can suffice by saying Subhana Allah by by drawing the attention of the Imam by praising Allah, then that is sufficient to do so. This How do you in the duration of sign Muslim says within the prayer that is within the prayer and so that is an issue which also comes up regularly and that is allowed for men to clap outside of the prayer? And so it seems from the general Sunnah, that there is nothing wrong with doing so meaning that it is not Haram. Some of the scholars said it is McCrone it
is disliked, but there is no authentic established Hadith that I know to the best of my knowledge that says that it is haram for men to clap outside of the prayer, whether it is something that they should do, whether it is recommended or light that is a different issue. Whether it is recommended or disliked that's a different issue, but it is not haram and a large soldier knows best. So inshallah we're going to stop there with the light on and then inshallah next week we'll carry on. If there's any questions we can take them away.
So moving in the prep, picking up a crying child opening a door and so on. We're going to come on to this later in terms of picking up a child and yes it is allowed because the professor seldom would pick up her son and her son and he picked up
his granddaughter, the daughter of Xena so that established and moving slowly in the crate is allowed for example, if there is a space in the front row, you move and we are going to come on to the scene in more detail inshallah.
Yeah, again, it would depend on how much you have to walk and what you have to do in order to do that. But if it's for example, NFL player then yes, the NFL pro generally is a lot more lacks in Stallings and that's why you don't have to face a blow you can prey on a common and so on. But if it is an obligatory prayer, that one should obviously try to limit their movements to the best of their ability. And when we discuss the hadith of Xena will go into a lot more detail. The scholars give like different levels of movement and how that affects the prayer on the levels best.
the chef is better than the mosque. That's not allowed. A tomb in the mosque is not allowed. And so you can't play in a mosque in which there is a tomb.
Especially if it's at the front of the mosque and you facing that term.
It is better to avoid.
Yeah, we covered this in the book of the hora. There is a hadith to the effect of the prophet SAW Selim allowed for a person to wipe over their cotton socks. Starbuck word for leather, success, hope. And for the other success Java in the process and our
authentic established, wiping lovable.
If you're on purpose, he doesn't face the table, meaning that he faces in a different direction. He's facing the opposite direction than No. So if you're on purpose, doesn't free stock of blood than
any perform will do in the bathroom. Yes, jury the ruling is and again, I think we discussed this during the top of the horror, that the general ruling is that the place that you relieve yourself in the place that you wash yourself should be two separate areas. However, now it's not it's joined in the way that modern bathrooms are and so on. And so this policy is allowed. Because even that is somewhat separated because the toilet is its own fixed area and then
the sink is in its own area and the bathroom is as normal.
Maybe I forgot to mention that. Yeah, there is an authentic integration. There is also from the center before you make the door after the other. You first send salatu salam upon the partial settlement. So you say along said Allah, Mohammed de de da, are you Gemini sun salutations upon the purpose of selenium? And you recite a lot more about the Delta time.
millennials best put the virtue of making them between the making do arbitrary, and the karma would apply. So long as it's between that gap. If you can hit the other end, and then you're praying and you make that whether you happen to be in the masjid or in the Waldo area wherever you may be outside of the masjid and Sean linbro play
Yeah, what he means is not that you have to make that done in the family means that time between the two
means if it's a separate area completely, yeah. So if the bathroom or the trailer areas completely separate to the Washington area, so it's in a different room and you had to play them. Yeah. Because there's nothing impure better.
Do you care if someone pushes you in the prayer? Yeah, if they push you push you like they're telling you to move forward or
you have the phone into your restaurant you're 40 carry on.
The JIRA Software doesn't have a record or social
So because it doesn't have recourse to God if someone needs to make janaza prayer at the waiver then it's okay. But because the normal prayer has recourse and so that's where the prostrate that's we're worshiping other than Allah will come in just standing or even when you make drive for example at the graveyard and you raise your hands, then that's okay as well.
If you don't do the property you need to define that question. If you mean that you don't do the property in the sense that you haven't fulfilled the basic requirements of will do that. No, you can't.
The Philippines will Sala What do you mean by Sala?
No, no, I think everyone is the Father, even the Hanafi method.
What do they read?
Yeah, then they probably read fatty after that.
On the prayer is a prayer slotland Genesis a prayer?
No, it is like the Salah of the janazah obviously is derived for the deceased as well. That's like the major element of it. But it's still a slot, you still need to do is to like face to crippler use through those like rules still apply?
Yes, a cure for a specific illness, not a general cure for any illness or when you have a coffee. I wouldn't recommend it. But it is a specific illness and that is that Medina was known to have a certain fever
during that time, and then when the professor Solon migrated with the companions he made rather it's fever should be taken out of Medina and taken to a different place. But even then the climate is still harsh is harsher than other places. And so some people that would come they would feel this, they would feel this fever, they would become weak, they would become ill. And so these people came and they felt that fever they became ill. So the professor seldom told them to go and to drink from the urine and the milk of those comments.