The Catastrophe of Karbala

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Adnan Rashid

Channel: Adnan Rashid

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I'll go to rely Samir elimina shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Omar Sanok a lot of natella alameen wa Taala shouldn't lie he sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. balwani wolo I, my respective brothers and sisters Assalamualaikum thank you for giving me this opportunity to address you on a very important topic from the Muslim history. The topic is the catastrophe of Karbala. Now, many of you may not be aware as to what Karbala is and what happened there. So, this is why I will be talking about the incident of Karbala. Now, all of us know that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam Prophet Muhammad, he had children. He had four daughters. One of them was fatwa, Allah Juana, he had

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three other daughters, for example, omo mobile home araucaria, and Xena. But then,

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Father, Mark de la Hannah was one of the daughters of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam who was very, very beloved to the Prophet salallahu salam, and she was the first person to join the Prophet. After the Prophet passed away. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam died in 11 Hijri on the 12th of robiola. Well, six months later, his daughter passed away, not because the Prophet loved his daughter, Fatima, very much. He also loved her children. And she had

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children from Ali Baba Ali, Ali rhodiola, who was a cousin of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam who had married the daughter of the Prophet salallahu Salam. And he was the father of the children of Fatima de la Juana. So the children were her son, and her saying, and of course, later on, there are other children as well. But Hassan and Hussain, radi Allahu anhu, ma, were very, very beloved to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and Prophet used to keep them with him all the time. And he used to play with them. He used to spend time with them. And sometimes they used to climb on the back of the progress of the lifestyle nonprofit used to kiss them. And these were very, very beloved

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grandchildren of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So they were very, very special. So after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam passed away, these children had a very special place in the prophets heart, and they were respected for that reason. Right? So they were known as the children of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They were also known as the family of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam Ahlul Bayt, okay. ahlulbayt is an Arabic term, which means the family, right? ahlulbayt means family. So, when we use the term ahlulbayt in Islam, we mean the family, the immediate family of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So, the children of Fatima rhodiola ohana and Ali bin Vitaly rhodiola.

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One, their children were called the ahlulbayt. Okay, primarily children who came from Hassan and Hussein. So Hassan and Hussein radi Allahu wa, both very, very special people, for the reasons I have already explained. So, before I go to the incident of Karbala, I want to tell the story of what happened before Karbala, or what caused the incident of Karbala. Karbala is a place in Iraq, where a great catastrophe took place. When I say catastrophe, I mean a very, very disturbing incident whereby many people from the family of the Prophet were killed, including Hussein or the Allah who are on including Hossein. So Hussein and his family, his brothers, his cousins, and his children

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were killed in this place called Karbala in Iraq. And this happened in 61 Hijri. Okay, this happened almost 50 years after the prophets that sallallahu alayhi wasallam prophet died in 11 Hijri. And this incident happened in 61 Hijri. So remember that this incident took place 50 years after the prophets, death sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Right. So why did this incident happen? Okay, and why is it a great catastrophe? I will quickly tell the story, how things got so bad that one of the grandsons of the Prophet, one of the most beloved persons to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was killed by so called Muslims in a place called Karbala, which is in current day Iraq. Okay, so

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firstly, let me explain the history very quickly after the Prophet

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Abu Bakar Allah one, he came to power for two years. Okay aboubaker governed the Muslims, as a Khalifa of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as a successor of the Prophet for two years, then came over to power Omar rule for nearly 10 years. So two years for Abu Bakar Chinese for Omar, in the time of Omar, many territories were conquered for Islam, for example, some of the Roman territory, a lot of the land was taken from the Romans and some of the Persian territory was taken from the Persians. Right. So Omar governed for 10 years. And then Omar rhodiola. One while he was leading the prayer in the masjid much of the gnabry in the year 23 Hijri. Near the end of the year 23, Eg Omar rhodiola,

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who was killed by a Persian man called abou lock lock Pharaohs, okay. So, Pharaohs basically killed armor when he was leading the prayer in Barcelona movie, because Pharaohs felt very, very bitter about the conquest of Persia. He was one of the captives of Persia, and he was brought to Medina and he was already planning to kill Omar because Omar was a leader of the Muslims at the time. So he killed Omar when he had when he when he when he saw his chance, he killed Omar in the masjid when Omar Raja Lord was leading the prayer then came to power of man and I am summarizing the history in a very

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short span of time right so that you can understand what happened in Karbala and why you got there in the first place, right.

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So, after Amara de la Juan was killed earthman was chosen as the Kaylee's postman was chosen as the next ruler of the most Muslim. So, as a matter of the law, he governed for

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12 years, okay. And these Caleb's these qualifiers are also known as whole of Russia being full of Russia in Aleppo lava or Russia in the rightly guided successes of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam okay. These are the rightly guided successes of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and they are four in total number what is the Robocar number two is Omar number three is of man number four is Ali bin Abi taalib. So Osman govern for 12 years after Omar and then Osman was also killed by some rebels who surrounded his house and they killed him. The story is very, very long, and I cannot go into the details because the topic is Karbala. Not the martyrdom of Monrovia lajuan. Okay, then Khaimah Adi

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rhodiola on Ali came to power for four years. Ali only ruled for four years after us man. Okay, so four caliphs collectively govern for 29 and a half years.

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These four people governed ruled after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. For 29 and a half years, Omar, Abu Bakar, Omar Osman and Ali ruled for 29 and a half years, then another six months has been the son of Ali, the grandson of the Prophet sallallahu. Salma ruled for six months. Okay. So now, this is basically almost you can say 40 Hijri. The year is 40 Hijri. When Ali was also killed by one of his enemies called the coverage, he was from a group, he was from a group of people called the coverage and they had fought Oliver muttalib and Holly was assassinated. He was killed by one of these coverage when Ali was going to Masjid to lead the prayer in the morning. Okay. So a lot

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of political things are happening after the Prophet salallahu salam, and there was a lot of

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internal

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fighting, especially after it was mine was killed. The cousin of mine who was the governor of Syria,

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was more obvious on the lawn, more Avia was a cousin of aasmaan radula one, when this man was killed, Maria demanded justice. And then maveo had realized that Ali was appointed as the next Caleb after Osman was killed in Medina. Right so more of your immediately demanded justice from Ali. He expected from Ali to do justice against those people who had killed off man for more Aveo was demanding justice for the murder of man, Ali radula one whose whose position was still very weak. He was trying to consolidate his power. He was demand

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Time from while you he was asking why he had to unite the Muslims. Give me your pledge of allegiance in other words accept me as the rightly appointed Kayla's and then together we will go after the murders of man. While the I did not agree more we are the Allahu anhu disagreed and he said no, you are the case, it is your responsibility to do justice against the killers of man or your loved one. This difference. It caused

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a conflict between Ali and mava. So I want everyone to understand this. Okay. I want everyone to understand this. Okay, mafia was a cousin of with man, the third Caliph of Islam, who was killed after having ruled for 12 years, right by some rebels. And mafia at the time was the governor of the land of Syria or below the Sham below the Sham was collectively the land of Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and currently Syria. So these four countries constituted below the sham. Collectively this entire area was called Bella's a sham because it consists is it consisted of

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four countries of today, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and Syria, Somalia was a very powerful governor of Bella Sham, this entire region. So because he was a cousin of with Monrovia lajuan, when he when he heard with one has been killed, he demanded justice. And Ali, because he was too weak at the time, who was appointed as a Caleb Hoffman, he could not promise that justice immediately because he wanted to consolidate his power. He wanted to unite the Muslims before he could go after the powerful murderers and killers of horsemen or the Alolan. So this difference of opinion between Ali and Maja caused a conflict between the two. So long story short, Malia and Ollie, they fought a war,

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okay. And there was a fairly famous battle that took place between the two entities. It is called the Battle of Safina. Okay, so Maria continued to fight Ali. For the four years of his reign, when Ali ruled for four years, Baba was continuously in conflict with Ali demanding justice against the killers of man. And Ali was still trying to consolidate his power and he had to fight many different people to do so. Ali was having a lot of problems with his followers, and he could not get them together, it could not unite them for that reason.

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It could not punish the killers of man, right. So this was a very complicated situation. Now, Malia was a very powerful man. As I said he was a governor of a large province in the Muslim world. When Ali rhodiola one died in 40 Hijri. His son was chosen to be the next Caleb Hassan, the grandson of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam now hasn't ruled for nearly six months. And then he realized that Mario is very powerful, and his followers, Hudson's followers from Iraq are not trustworthy. So he decided to join hands with maga. He decided to unite the Muslims, he decided to end the conflict. So Hassan, he basically signed a treaty of peace with Mali or the lajuan. And he chose or he appointed

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rather, more Avia as the ruler of the Muslims. So Hassan rhodiola. One, he stepped down from his position, and he gave the lava the leadership of the Muslims to Mojave or the lajuan. Somalia became the Khalifa of the believers, the halifa of the Muslims, and he went after some of the murderers of aasmaan one by one, okay, they will all punished and while we are governed for about 20 years, while we are governed for about 20 years, having governed for 20 years mavi or the law, one, united the Muslims, and in that, in that period, peace prevailed, and conquest of other lines continued. So, because maga united the Muslims with the help of Hassan Raja lajuan, who stepped down who put his

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ego aside, and he believed that Muslims need to be united. For that reason why we are the Alon was chosen as the halifa to unite the Muslims. So that period of 20 years was peace, harmony between Muslims. So after maveo died, probably a lot

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On, he appointed his son is either as the next leader, now we are coming to Karbala.

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Now we are coming to the incident of Karbala, where the grandson of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam are saying was killed, right. And why

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this happened, this great catastrophe in the history of Islam, one of the one of the one of the most disturbing incidents in the history of Islam, whereby the grandson of the Prophet was killed. So when while we are there, lajuan became old, and he became ill, he appointed his son, you xid as the successor as the next ruler. Now, your xid was a very controversial character, his character was questioned, he was not trusted by the companions, the Sahaba of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, very few people liked him. And while you may have his own reasons for appointing him as the leader, because he was he was very active in the court of Maja jersey that led campaigns against the Romans.

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He was he was very experienced in war. z was very experienced in politics, is he knew how the politics works, and does he knew the Roman threat as well, the threat the Muslims are facing from the Roman side, who you see that all these qualities and Maja may have chosen use it for those reasons. But on the other hand, the companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam were of the view, the remaining companions, of course, maveo was also a companion of the Prophet, but other companions of the Prophet. They were of the view that he has, he is not the best choice. He is controversial. He is young, and he cannot be appointed over elderly companions of the Prophet who are more

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trustworthy. But Maja was a different have a different view. So he basically was appointed as the Kaylee's as a very young man, I think he was he was in his early 30s. He was a very young man, he was appointed by mafia. Now at this time,

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Hussein, the younger son of Alibaba, Vitaly was alive. Hassan had already passed away during the reign of Mahavira, Dr. lowen Hassan had passed away, some say he was poisoned, and he died due to the poison rhodiola on Okay, so Hudson had already passed away for Satan was still alive. Now Hussein knew that we have signed a treaty of peace with Mahavira be alone. So saying, did not say anything, so long as mafia was alive or the Lord after mafia passed away. And Josie was appointed as the next leader for saying he refused to accept us as the leader. He refused, right? And not only her saying, many other companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam refused to accept him as the

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leader of such as Abdullah bin Zubair, and many others, many, many companions from Medina. They refused to give the pledge to use it as their rightful rightful ruler. So what was the result? The result was Iraqis who were the followers of Ali, the supporters of Ali initially and Ali did not like them. Ali was not very happy with the Iraqis because they gave him a lot of trouble when he was the ruler when Ali was the ruler, that Hassan also received a lot of trouble. For Iraqi people, generally speaking, were very, very untrustworthy. Same Iraqi people, they started to write letters to Hossein there are Hussein was at the time in Medina, and when he was he was appointed as the next

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ruler of the Muslims or the next cave of the Muslims. Hussain packed his bags with his family because the time of Hajj was close, and he made his way to Mecca. He went to Makkah to go away from any troubles that may be caused by the governor of Medina, who was governing on behalf of your supply chain left from Makkah. So when he went to Makkah, he received a lot of messages from Iraq, Iraqi people, in particular the people of Kufa, the city of Kufa, which is a big city in Iraq. Baghdad has not yet made, Baghdad was not yet invented or established, right. hufa was one of the major cities in Iraq, where these Iraqi supporters of Ali Hassan are living. So they started to

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write letters to percent, basically encouraging him to join them in Iraq so that they can together find a solution to this new problem. The problem we have

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As IID, because you're the Z has been appointed as the next ruler, and we don't like him. We don't want him to rule us. So you, the grandson of the Prophet, please come and help us. So they wrote 1000s of letters to us. And so Jose decided to respond. And how did he want to respond? He took his entire family, he started to travel towards Iraq, so that he can join the Iraqis and then come up with a strategy

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to deal with the problem of yours. Right.

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And then, when he was deciding or when he had decided to go to Iraq, for saying he had decided to go to Iraq rhodiola run, many Sahaba many companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam warned him about the untrustworthiness of the Iraqis. They told him that the people of Kufa are very treacherous. They are not trustworthy, they are troubled your father, Ollie, they're troubled your brother Hassan, and they will also trouble you, they will not support you. If they find any resistance. If they find a challenger, if they face a challenger or an enemy, they will abandon you for saying, did not pay heed to this advice, and he made his way to Iraq. And before he did that, he sent one of his

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cousins muslimin again, to go and assess the situation in Kufa and generally in Iraq. muslimin again, had gone to Iraq, in the city of Kufa before Hussein to assess the situation. When he got there. He realized that the people of Kufa are willing to support a sane and they are willing to appoint him as the ruler, right? So many, many 1000s of people, they came to Muslim and again, and they promised their support. So Muslim and again, Akil wrote a letter to her saying that you can now come to Iraq because the Iraqis in general and the people of Kufa in particular, are going to support you. So, without hesitation, he started to make his way towards Kufa. And then something

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changed very quickly is your xid sent a very, very cruel governor to rule Iraq. His name was Obaidullah bin Zayed his name was obey the law. Bin Zayed obey the law was sent as the governor of Iraq because he was a very cruel man to crush the troubles in Iraq. He was he'd sent away the law obey the law. When he came to Kufa, the people of Kufa immediately quickly switched sides. They switch two sides, so they betrayed Hussein. Now, Hussein was already very close to Kufa. And what happened when the people of Kufa switched sides because they were threatened by away the Levin's yard, and some of them were even bribed. They were given bags of gold and silver by Aveda Levin's

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yard, and some of them were threatened with death. So they switched sides. They abandoned Hussein's cause, and then they even killed the cousin of a saint who was already in Kufa, his name was Muslim and arcane, Muslim and akili was killed. Now, by the time the news reached Hussein, of the disturbance in Kufa, and murder of his own cousin Muslim and again, it was too late. It was too late. Hussein was too close to the city of Kufa. And then her saying was thinking What shall we do? And he was contemplating turning around and going back to Makkah, but the children and the relatives of Muslim Iraqis, they said they will not leave the dead body of the father and the relative

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attended and Hossein agreed, so they continued until they came to a place called Karbala. Karbala is a place very close to city of Kufa in Iraq. Okay, so for saying rhodiola Juan, he basically establish a settlement, a temporary settlement in this place called Karbala to negotiate, to talk to obey the loving dad and his followers. So what happened long story short, obey the law send an army he sent an army against her saying, to meet her saying in this place called Karbala. So this army consisted of almost 5000 people from Kufa, the same people who had betrayed Ali, the same people who had betrayed her

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And the same people who had betrayed now, Hussein, right, those who invited Husayn, and we're asking for his help, and when he came to help them, they betrayed him, they switched sides. So 5000 people with some unfortunate leaders, like armor been sad vwo ACOs, who was a son of a companion of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and shimmer, a man called shimmer. jojen was also one of the leaders. And there were some other people who came with this army of 5000 people.

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So when they came in front of her saying, history goes that for saying, read the names of those people who had written him letters, he looked at this army, and he said, is so and so among you. And the person would raise his hand and he would say, Yes, we are here. And then he will read another name, he would ask is so and so among you? And the person would confirm that, yes, I am in the cloud, in that very Amit, that, that came to fight her saying,

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so then Hussein asked these people, did you not invite me to come and help you? They said, Yes, we did invite you, and then sends that now you have come to fight me. Now. You are betraying me. Now you're going against me? And they said, Yes. Yes, the son of Rasulullah. Yes, we are betraying you. And we're saying felt very much betrayed. And these people were clearly not trustworthy. And then, long story short, these people collectively, they did not allow for sane to live, and they killed most men in this camp. And these are very few people are saying did not come prepared for a war, or a battle for sane was traveling with his family, his children, his women, and his cousins and

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brothers, and

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children of his cousins. So this was a large number of one family, maybe 70 to 80 people, right. And most males, most male members of the family were killed in this battle, is called the Battle of Karbala. When these 5000 people from Kufa, led by a few men from below the Sham from Syria, who were sent by xid. When these people collectively they killed the most beloved people to the Prophet salallahu salam, they killed some of the most noble people alive in the world. At the time, some of the most pious, some of the most upright, some of the most moral people in the world, some of the most islamically important people in the world, and before they kill the Hussein for the lajuan. And

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before they fought him for saying, he asked, he asked them, he asked them, Do you know who I am? And they all said, Yes, we know who you are.

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He asked him, Do you not know I am the same person that Prophet used to lift on his shoulders. I am the same person about whom the Prophet said that he is one of the leaders of the youth of paradise. He is one of the leaders of the youngsters of Jana.

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And they said yes, we know you are that person. And then he asked them and yet you want to kill me you want to attack me? Despite all these reminders, these unfortunate people of Iraq, and some of them from below the sham. They collectively killed Hussain radula. Warren, and his cousin's his children, and his male relatives, and the only male survivor of this battle was zainul. Aberdeen, one of the younger sons of Hussein rhodiola one and from zainul, Abilene came the rest of the generation of her Sandra de la Juan and the occasional bait. So you can say that in an entire generation or two, were completely wiped out. an entire generation of the prophets, Allah solemn,

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was completely wiped out in this battle, only one male survival, and that was a mom Gen IV Dean who was a young, a young child of Hossein rhodiola. One and many stories told by other people about the Battle of Karbala are false, they are lies, people are made of many, many stories, there is very little information that is available about the Battle of Karbala, which is authentic, I repeat, you all have to pay attention. There is very little authentic information available about the Battle of Karbala, but there is no doubt that Jose rhodiola one was brutally killed by these unfortunate creatures, right from Kufa and elsewhere. These people are directly responsible and Allah will

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punish them.

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Accordingly, on the day of judgment, not only that they got punished in this life, because many of them died in very, very, very disturbing circumstances, people who were directly responsible for killing half Hussein or the other one died in very, very disturbing circumstances, Allah punish them as a sign for the rest of the oma in this world. And in the Hereafter, bigger torment awaits them. So people who killed her st or the lawn, and his children and his family, okay, are going to be punished by Allah subhanaw taala. Accordingly, because of the crime they committed, it was not an ordinary murder. Okay, it was not an ordinary murder. An ordinary murder is bad enough, is bad

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enough. This was the murder of a man of Paradise, who was promised in Jannah by the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because the Prophet said about Hassan and Hussein, that these are Surya da

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Alisha, Baba Jana, these two sons of mine are the leaders of the youth of Paradise, Allahu Akbar. So to kill a man of Paradise is basically yourself going to jahannam right. So these people of Iraq, predominantly, and some of them from Syria, they will face Allah's wrath. On the day of judgment, also, they they already faced Allah's wrath, Allah anger in this life, as I already clarified, okay. So this was the Battle of Karbala, which took place in 61. He and the killing took place on the 10th of Muharram. The 10th of Muharram was the day when all of these blessing people were massacred, killed by these unfortunate creatures from Iraq, these treacherous people, these hypocritical

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people, and when zanele Aberdeen was taken into the city of Kufa, after this incident, because the prisoners were taken to obey the law and in the city of Kufa was a governor of Iraq. And when he entered the city, the people were crying. They were striking themselves. They were striking themselves like that. They were striking the cheeks and they were striking and they're crying. And then lava Dean, the son of Hossein, he asked, Why are these people crying, and he was told that they are crying because your father Hussein has been killed, he said, but these are the people who killed my father. These are the people who are now claiming to be his followers, his Shia, these people are

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claiming to be his sheer sheer means group, by the way, Shia means group. So these people claimed to be the group of Hussein, the group of Hassan, the group of Ali. And now they are beating themselves out of grief. But these are the people who betrayed him. They invited him and then when he came, they switched sides and they joined the enemies. So they're the ones who killed my father. And then this tradition of striking was established. Right. So, this was a very disturbing incident. And then after this incident, the Muslim oma split into two groups, one group

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came to be known as Shia

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which is the majority or the Allah sumati will jamaa right, okay, so the Shia they started to started to follow a different theology or different,

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you know, way of understanding Islam and Allah Subhana Allah so not evil Gemma, they follow a different understanding of Islam. And this is another topic which we can address at another time. You can watch some of my lectures and my discussions with the Shia

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on YouTube inshallah Allah in that regard. So the point I wanted to make was, the Battle of Karbala, was one of the greatest catastrophes in the history of Islam, because it divided the Ummah and it caused major problems. And that battle, the consequences are still harming the Ummah today, that division caused by that battle. The Division was already there. There were some people who claimed to be the followers of Ali, were not really his followers. They didn't really love him because they gave him so much trouble, right? And those who were sincere followers of Ali, so those people still exist today, unfortunately, and the differences are still very much alive. And that battle

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still affects the Muslims to this day, right? So this was a very, very

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disturbing event and yazeed although there is no evidence that he gave direct orders for the killing of Hussein and his family, but he is held responsible for the reason he appointed a man like Aveda Levin zeod and then did not punish him after the Battle of Karbala, so if you see was not directly involved, he could have punished obey the law, but obey the law. God was not punished. This is one of the reasons why yazeed is held responsible, partly responsible for what happened in the this place called Karbala. And it was a very, very unfortunate event in Ollila he was in LA, he robbed your own. And I think I will stop here, I have explained and described the battle in a brief form.

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And if you have any questions, please put them forward and I'll try my best to answer your question to each other. I think it's been half an hour since I've been speaking and Sharla

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does okay.

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So those who wants to ask question, please raise your hands. I sound like I'm sure

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balego salam

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Yes, sir. I wanted to ask that, like you said that the people from Iraq they used to lead themselves up for what they did, but

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like they knew they were guilty. So like, and they betrayed him on purpose. So then why do they beat themselves up to this date?

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Well, this is the mystery. This is why is in lava Dean was shocked that why are these people beating themselves when they are the ones who invited my father and then betrayed him and then handed him over to his enemies? So, so this is why he was very disturbed and, and and shocked at this behavior. And,

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you know, unfortunately, some people do that to this day. They do that to this day, and they are clearly not following the way of the profits. When they beat themselves. Anyone who beats himself is doing haraam. It is absolutely haram to self harm in Islam and Islam. My brothers and sisters, it is absolutely haram to harm yourself, to cut yourself to cause pain to yourself, okay? To hang yourself or to commit suicide or smoke. Why smoking haram? Why is smoking haram because it's self infliction,

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okay, or self affliction or self harm, because you're harming yourself. Right? So it is absolutely Haram in Islam to strike your cheeks to beat yourself to punch yourself or to knife yourselves. It is haram in Islam, okay? It is not from Allah, the prophets did not do it. They did not allow it. The prophets family didn't do it. They didn't allow it. So these people will do that today. They are not following the prophet or his family. This is clear. Okay.

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Since I collected him,

00:38:09--> 00:39:04

I will answer that I will answer. Tyrion is asking that hazard. masovia is the father of your xid and he's the one who appointed to that position. And because he appointed us IID this incident happened in Karbala. So why are we respecting as a mafia? When when he himself is the cause of all of this? Now the answer to that is that a father cannot be responsible for the actions of the sun. maava had no idea what his son will do, and how he will manage the affairs after he dies. More Avia as far as he himself was concerned about the long run. He was doing his best to protect the interest of this oma the reason why appointed us IID as I already stated, maybe that you read is politically

00:39:04--> 00:39:52

informed. Because he was in Damascus, you see that led battles against the Romans. He was he was very experienced as a general. He was he was very experienced because of the court politics. So Maria could see that he has the ability to be an effective ruler. But what Maria did not know. That is he will do what he did later on. Because Maria himself, he was alive for 20 years, and he treated the ahlulbayt the children of Alabama Batali, Robbie Alon very, very respectfully. More are We are the lawan he would send stipends, or was if you know, he would send money to the ol bait for the expenses. Not that this money was more obvious, or not that he was doing any favors to the added

00:39:52--> 00:39:59

bait, but he was kind to the ahlulbayt. That's the point I'm making, but my view was very kind to the automate, but after

00:40:00--> 00:40:17

He died what his son did. Maria cannot be responsible for that. It is only an only is he responsible for whatever he did. When Jay Z was ruling, the Muslim lands. I hope that answers your question to him. That's why we respect Malia, we don't respect him.

00:40:19--> 00:41:01

Just because, you know, he's he's an anybody, he is the companion of the Prophet sallallahu taala. We respect maveo primarily, because he is a companion of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So if you can insult and degrade one companion, then you can easily do it to others. That's why we don't make any difference between the companions, they their actions, and they errors and the mistakes are with them, we ask Allah to forgive them. And at the same time, we respect them because they were the companions of the Prophet Salah Salem, but he cannot be held responsible for the actions of his son. I hope that answers your question clearly. Does ocular Yes, obeah. I would like to ask you for the

00:41:01--> 00:41:02

suggestion that

00:41:03--> 00:41:05

denied both shell and

00:41:06--> 00:41:22

the times are really hard and our enemies are they see us as United Muslims, like they want to attack us, regardless of one being Shia or Sunni. What is your sincere suggestion about the unity of

00:41:23--> 00:42:05

my my, my suggestion is to be sincere with each other, the Shia are following a completely different understanding of Islam. And the Sunnis are following a completely different understanding of Islam. Okay, when I say completely different, I can give details, right, if you so wish. But I think that's another lecture. That's a completely other lecture, another lecture, right? So the Shia understanding will never be the Sony understanding, and the Sony understanding of Islam will never be the Shia understanding. So when it comes to the understanding of Islam from both groups, they will not unite. Okay, now, how can they unite they can unite on common interests, for example, they

00:42:05--> 00:42:25

can unite on making this world a better place, why not? She has continued to keep their religion as they see it. And the sun is continuing to follow their religion or their their religious understanding of Islam, as they see it. And at the same time, they should be honest with each other about the differences and then try try to move forward.

00:42:26--> 00:42:46

Collectively, right. But to unite on religious terms, I don't think that's possible. I don't think that's possible, because these are two different understandings of Islam. Right, completely two different lenses. You know, she does have one lens on Islam, the Sunnis have another lens on Islam. So

00:42:47--> 00:43:03

this is a very difficult thing to do. But they can be honest and sincere with each other. And be very open about the differences that these are the differences we have, and find a solution as to how they can live together with differences. Right. And

00:43:04--> 00:43:39

the Shias and Sunnis have lived together for centuries, with these differences, and they can continue to do so the main thing is being sincere and and not harming each other. That's the main thing, not harming each other. Okay. The Shias should not harm the Sunnis and the interest, and the Sunnis should not harm the Shia and the interest. Okay, so both can continue to practice the religions as they like, because that's what they choose, they can choose what they want, but not harm each other because of the differences. This is the solution. This is the only practical solution in my opinion.

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I cannot more home in Santa Monica.

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Monica philomel villa. I have two questions. First question is that who is the father of immune labia and the second question that in Caliphate as a file, whatever have read that you cannot appoint your own son, it is kingship? It cannot be done in galliford. So I'm EMA we are azula talan was an experienced companion. So why did he do that? Okay, good question. Very good question.

00:44:14--> 00:45:00

Who was the father of a Meanwhile, via Amir mavi. His father was Abou soufiane been had been Amaya, who was a distant cousin of the Prophet as well. These are all gracies maveo was Qureshi. His father was Qureshi. His grandfather was Qureshi, and his father was Qureshi. So these were all distant relatives, Ali ma via Omar Abu Bakar, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and other Sahaba of the Prophet were distant relatives because they had eventually the same father going back in the chain, so they were relatives. So the father of maveo was Abu sufian, who had accepted Islam after the conquest of Makkah, and he became an active Companion of the

00:45:00--> 00:45:51

Prophet sallallahu Sallam until he died about Sophia rhodiola one. Okay. So with regards to kingship, why did maveo appoint his son, but same can be argued about Alibaba Vitaly rhodiola, one after Ali Hassan was appointed in Iraq. Okay, as I mentioned earlier, it wasn't something only Mario did. Although one thing is clear that mava appointed himself ma via appointed a son, in the case of Ali. Ali did not appoint her son rather after the death of Ali, the companions of Ali de united, and they decided that his son should be the next leader. Okay, so their son was appointed after his father. Right. So you're absolutely right, that technically islamically speaking, a father should

00:45:51--> 00:46:16

not appoint his son as a successor by default, just because he's his son, right? That wouldn't be the right thing to do. But that does not take a lot away from him. Because it is not a condition of Halawa. It is not written anywhere, to my knowledge, that a halifa can only be a Khalifa when he is not the son of the previous Khalifa. Does that make sense? It is not a condition of khilafah

00:46:17--> 00:47:04

to be of a different family from the previous Khalifa, right? If there is an evil person, someone who has the ability to rule the Muslim, someone who is a trustworthy man, someone who's who's, who is an upright man, and he happens to be the son of the previous Calif, he can be appointed as the Caleb, like what happened in the case of Hassan after Ali rhodiola one, right. So, the fact that a son was appointed after his father does not take the title of khilafah away from him. But in this case, it was clearly a mistake on the part of mavi or the law one, although his intentions were correct. We cannot doubt his intentions. He ruled the Muslim world for 20 years, effectively. He was

00:47:04--> 00:47:54

a very, very effective ruler, he was just as well. And we cannot doubt the intentions of ma via what he did was for the greater interest of the oma. Although his decision turned out to be a mistake. No doubt. It was a mistake. appointing his either as a leader was definitely a mistake. Right? No doubt, right. And if we want to blame Maria, for example, for appointing Z's, then we need to blame Hassan also for appointing Mario because it was husband, who willingly stepped down in favor of Mario. So those who say that mafia is guilty of appointing xid. We also say to them, that that husband is guilty of appointing mafia in his place because Hassan willingly stepped down to give

00:47:54--> 00:48:28

power into the hands of mafia. So this argument doesn't actually stand it falls it crumbles, right. That's why we need to take every individual on his own merits. Hassan has his own merits. Maria has his own merits and Josie must be judged by his own actions. Okay. Maria is not responsible for what he did later on, because mafia did not have knowledge of the future knowledge of unseen he had no idea what his son is going to do after he died. Probably Allah one.

00:48:31--> 00:48:45

kalasha there are different question in chat box. Edina Swan yard is asking both shears and Sunnis are broken down to several more groups. And this is sector dneasy. six different sects, which is not allowed in Islam, isn't it?

00:48:47--> 00:48:57

Yes, absolutely. sectarianism is not allowed in Islam. It is forbidden. Allah says in the Quran Allah Allah Misha Daniela James without manga or ham.

00:48:59--> 00:49:00

The verse is

00:49:02--> 00:49:12

wah wah tassimo we have Elijah Mian. What are the four Rocco that ally saying that hold on to the rope of Allah tightly and do not

00:49:13--> 00:49:59

do not split into groups? While at the federal food the Koran says malata Farah who do not become fair cause do not split into fair cause. So what is the solution solution is holding on tightly to the rope of Allah and the rope of Allah is the Quran. Anyone who reads the Quran carefully, sincerely with an open heart, you will find a way you will not commit check. You will not believe in erroneous ideas and you will not do self harm and you will not do many, many things that some people do. Right. So, anyone who reads the Quran sincerely and follows the teachings of the Prophet, authentic teachings of the prophets Allah Salaam, you cannot be on the wrong path.

00:50:00--> 00:50:26

It is impossible for you to be on the wrong but it is only when we ignore the Quran and the authentic teachings of the Prophet. We go astray and we go on the wrong path. That's when we become farecast. That's when we become groups. So sectarianism is not allowed in Islam. We have to invite everyone to the Quran and the Sunnah. And if they don't want to accept, don't fight them, don't abuse them, don't insult them, leave them to it. That's it.

00:50:27--> 00:50:41

So Allah so vida Han is asking now she explained different history about Karbala and show their love towards Imam Hussain Rasool Allah when they planned all this for new sex or to divide oma and make history contradictory.

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You see, the Shia version of Karbala is 99% fabricated, it is not trustworthy. As I already stated, that there are many, many stories made up about the incident of Karbala, the details are so many that they are impossible for for us to believe, right? Firstly, the people who are narrating the stories, right? They're not even trustworthy. When you look at their histories, the people who actually narrate the stories, people because stories just don't come into existence from vacuum. stories have regions. Every story has an origin. Every story has an author, so you go back to the author and see if the author is trustworthy. So the stories of Karbala are about Karbala, they come

00:51:29--> 00:52:17

from extremely untrustworthy people, a bunch of liars who have made up stories, right, and much of this information 99 and when I say 99%, I'm saying the overwhelming majority of the stories around the Battle of Karbala are lies or outright lies that cannot be believed and trusted. Right. So there are very, very, very limited amount of narrations that give us as to what happened in the Battle of Karbala very limited amount of authentic information. Because why is that the case? Because most trustworthy men were killed in the battle. Okay, unfortunately, and the ones who are doing the killing are not trustworthy. We cannot believe their story or their version of story, because they

00:52:17--> 00:52:30

are a bunch of liars, the people of Kufa and the people of Iraq, mostly predominantly, many of them, not all of them. Many of them were a bunch of liars, and we cannot believe them and their version. So that's why, when we

00:52:31--> 00:52:59

when we listen to a story of Karbala, a story of Karbala, we have to be very careful, we have to scrutinize every single report question every single sentence attributed to Imam Hussain radula, Juan and his family during the incident of Karbala. Be very, very careful about believing any story about Karbala and always ask questions about his authenticity. Okay. According to the Sunni

00:53:00--> 00:53:27

criteria, do we accept these reports to be authentic? No, we don't know we don't. So what I told you today, in this lecture was pretty much based upon mostly mostly on authentic sources, others, some things cannot be proven, unfortunately, historically speaking, but they have been rated but mostly what I have told you today, major events are historically proven, they are authentic.

00:53:28--> 00:53:37

Does not colossal, one question Some people claim that Imam Hussein or their loved one went against halifa. So isn't it?

00:53:41--> 00:54:24

A very good question. A very good question. No, it is not Bhagavad because Imam Hussain did not accept you see, there's definitely for Mr. Moses and did not accept easy. It is only Bhagavad when you accept him as a lever and then rebel against him. Right? And it wasn't only Imam Hussain, the Sahaba of Medina also go against us he they actually fought a battle, it is called the Battle of Hara. So not only the Battle of Karbala was a catastrophe, the Battle of Hara was also a catastrophe, which was caught near the city of Medina where many, many Sahaba of the Prophet were killed, because they did not want to accept us either as they write full ruler, so it's not only

00:54:24--> 00:54:54

Hossein and olivate rhodiola on him who went against us eat. In fact, other Sahaba did not accept us eat like the Sahaba of Medina, and the followers of Abdullah bin Zubair in Makkah. So they were many, many other Sahaba would not accept us either. So it would be Bhagavad if they had accepted it, and then rebelled against him, but they never accepted Him. So Ziegler was basically by force trying to make them accept him. This is not bhagavat this is actually seeking justice

00:54:57--> 00:54:59

is asking why is hazard mavi our agenda

00:55:00--> 00:55:49

Not Included in whole phi Russia Dean when he ruled for 20 years. Very good question. Very good question. Because a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, it states that my rightly guided caliphs in rule for 30 years. There's a Hadees. There's an authentic Hadith of the Prophet. It is narrated by Imam Muhammad in his emotional and the Hadees clearly states that my whole of all of our Rashi Deen after me will rule for 30 years. So that means I'll even call him after Ali is 29 and a half years and another six months hasn't. So up to Hudson, these people, these five people can be regarded as the rightly guided caliphs. And because my obvious rule was outside of 30 years, we do

00:55:49--> 00:56:14

not call him qualified Rashid. We call him a halifa. We call him acalypha ameerul momineen. But we do not call him qualified Russian, even Hassan itself, who was one of the qualify alpha for Russia Dean, he called mavi ameerul momineen. So Hassan who himself was one of the rightly guided Kayla's, who stepped down from Alia, he used to call mavi ameerul momineen. So even he accepted mavi as the rightly

00:56:15--> 00:56:36

appointed keylock of the Muslims, but he was not a rightly guided Kaylee's The only rule for 30 years. I hope that answers your question. To sokola. There's a question. If the lineage is through the sons and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam didn't have any surviving sons, then how are these people today who claim to be from the family of Prophet?

00:56:38--> 00:56:40

They used to say themselves say yet?

00:56:41--> 00:57:24

Yeah, they are the family of the Prophet because family is not only carried by sons, it is also carried by daughters. So the daughters are also part of the family. And we call them all bait because the prophets Allah Salaam took Ali, Fatima Hassan and Hussein under his cloak, he covered them his way with each other, what we call each other in Urdu, and his cloak. He covered them under his clock and he said, Oh Allah, bless these people. This is my family. Okay, this is my family. So not only they are not only the wives of the Prophet were the family of the Prophet Ali, Fatima, and the children are also from the family of the Prophet salla salam so that's why we call them the Al

00:57:24--> 00:57:32

bait because the Prophet called them a little bit. So the prophets descendants was carried through Hassan and Hussein, let the Allahu on Houma.

00:57:34--> 00:57:38

So, did the last rueckert request from New Fatima that please

00:57:39--> 00:57:45

mention any words material on internet or any book which where we can find detailed story of Karbala.

00:57:47--> 00:58:33

Unfortunately, you will not find the detailed story of Karbala anywhere because there is no detailed story of Karbala, unfortunately. Right? What you find are epic story fabrications and lies and made up stories. It is very unfortunate. But there is no detailed story of Karbala because there is no authentic information available. Okay. Much of the information you find was made up my early she has early she has when I say early she has she has immediately after the time of Hussein and people who were living in Iraq, they made up many, many lies and stories about this battle and then spread them. So there is no detailed story of Karbala, but there is one website, which I highly recommend

00:58:33--> 00:58:49

it is called twelver Shia dotnet It has very, very useful articles on discussions between the Shias and the Sunnis in the dialogues, and we can learn about the sources from this website. Okay, it's called twelver Shia dotnet twelver

00:58:51--> 00:58:52

tw

00:58:53--> 00:59:02

let me quickly give you the exact website. Okay. It is Yeah, t w e l o v e r.

00:59:03--> 00:59:15

s hitch ai ed.net. Okay, you can go and check articles on Karbala in this website in the English language and you will find plenty of information. Okay, I repeat twelver Shia dotnet.

00:59:20--> 00:59:29

Okay, does aka Lhasa. There is a question Can you please narrate shortly what became of Jesse's rule after the Battle of Karbala if and if anyone else stood up to him.

00:59:30--> 00:59:59

Okay, yes, as I said many people stood up to him the Sahaba in Makkah, they resisted him the Sahaba. in Medina, the resistance resisted him and they were destroyed. Unfortunately, the city of Medina was destroyed by the forces of disease, and then Hussein or the Alon and his family were killed as well by one of his governors. So he was he only ruled for three years after mavi I did not live long and he died because of the bite of a monkey. He used to have

01:00:00--> 01:00:12

pets, he used to have monkeys as pets. And you see those bitten by one of them and it is thought that he most likely contracted rabies and he died as a result, he died very young, because he died

01:00:13--> 01:00:43

three years after he came to power. So he didn't rule very long anyway, regardless, having committed committed so many atrocities against such important people, he did not rule very, very long. And one of his sons, his deeds, sons, he was going to be appointed as the Khalifa but he refused, because he did not agree with his father's policies and what his father had done. So he did not want to accept that particular rulership.

01:00:44--> 01:00:44

Okay.

01:00:46--> 01:00:47

So then his last

01:00:49--> 01:00:52

student of the law say he's waiting since long Yes.

01:00:53--> 01:00:55

Very quickly, before I go further,

01:00:57--> 01:01:07

I want to highlight something about what what is the view of alesana on your See, what do we what we our view is the view had been humble gaze

01:01:09--> 01:01:50

larner hibou wala nasugbu Okay. We do not love him and we do not curse him. We leave his affair to Allah, Allah will do justice for them. Allah will deal with him as Allah deems fit. This is our view on yazeed we do not love him law nor Shambo while on asumu we do not love him and we do not curse him like some people will leave his affair to Allah and let Allah deal with him. Allah is the best of doers. Allah is the best of givers of justice. So Allah is the most just will lose affair. We do not love him and we do not curse him. We leave his affair to Allah subhanaw taala Okay, this is our view on UC

01:01:51--> 01:01:55

Santa Maria love bless you brother nandura cola Hi, Ron, Kathy. Ron Kathy.

01:01:57--> 01:02:28

Okay, no problem. Just go look at it. Thank you so much everyone, all the kids all the brothers and sisters, may Allah bless you may God continue to bless you. Please continue to read and always pay attention to the sources and look for the authenticity and don't believe anything you are told on internet or on TV. rather go and do your own research from authentic sources. Read your authentic scholars, trustworthy scholars and you will never go astray inshallah to Allah does not go lokeren masala aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen