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Matn Alajurroomiyyah #22
Channel: Adnan Rajeh
Series: Adnan Rajeh - Matn Alajurroomiyyah
File Size: 38.13MB
2018 3 2 LMM before Isha
Episode Transcript ©
Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate and at times crude. We are considering building a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system. No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.
Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala back as he did on Muhammad Ali main. So today we're studying and our Milla Dafina
so I'm going to read the translation
that we have in the book so that we're using the same terminology inshallah. So he's the chapter of the GREP grammatical grammatical factors that can affect the nominal subject and the predicate. Of course, his what he calls me after the cover is the nominal subject and the predicate I'm not using that same terminology because I find it a bit confusing, but he is our main indicator are grammatical factors the word alignment means a grammatical factor, so in other grammatical factors.
effect and move to debt will cover
the subject in a known base sentence, and the information that follows in the affirmative noun that comes after it. Okay, so you're wondering what what does that even mean? So we're gonna take a simple a simple, noun based sentence, right, which is a really simple one.
Safiyah, right. The sky is clear, simplest or the simplest. Move to the right, cover. They're both metaphor. Because what we're studying we're studying the move to uncover, which are nouns that are in the status of status of Rafah, with a state of affairs, sorry, they're both singular nouns. singular noun the marker of refer for is going to be
right so smo
there are three factors that can affect this sentence are that's what the Imam has in his text, there may be more but they're more specific or more specialized, we'll take the three basic groups of factors that can affect now these these factors are called the following.
So one group is called kinda
become an effective sentence we have in
and then we have one
what does this mean? Kinda and its sisters in and its sister has one that is sisters, why sisters?
It's not really any
sisterhood? Or what is it called?
What do they call?
University? There's? Yeah, that's for boys. What is that? What is the ladies one's called?
I know is
the only name I don't know what it's called. So it's not that it's just a number of factors that that make the same effect, have the same effect on the center have a similar effect, other centers, or they are similar in their meaning. So kinda are a number of words that are have a certain effect on a noun based sentence in a number of elements or factors that have a similar effect on the sentence. And then know what you're a number of factors that have a similar effect on the sentence, right? So we're gonna study kind of what your first but these are three groups of factors. Some of them will be words, some of them will be verbs, or semi verbs. And some of them will be just total
prepositions, right, prepositions with the correct Yeah, so prepositions. So you'll find these different factors that will affect
the noun base sentence, it's not affecting the verb, base sentence is affecting the noun basins, right? That's why an on base sentence always had to move that up. And, but these are, these factors can enter and affect the noun base sentence. So you may see something and you'll say, well, there's no not a bit now in base sentence, because it doesn't start with the data. It starts with one of these. But no, it's still unknown base sentence. These are just factors. And the manual starts with kinda wild. So these are the three groups. We're going to start with the first group, kinda and his sisters are the word or the semi verbs that are similar to them. So I'll write them over here
kinda who actually the Imam says,
in Darfur Waffen alisma Welcome Sybil Kabara well he can tell us about how Allah Allah wa about our Surah what ASA Masha Allah Fatcow Maratea Oh my buddy Hello madam well might have started off I'm in her now Holika Cana we're calling we're calling was the house we have asked me to call you can I say don't call ya Sam Rochelle.
Alec All right. So we counted a lot of different words I'm not going to count all of them because many of them are very rarely used. I'm going to count for you the ones that are very commonly used you'll find them crying all the time. Okay, so the first one
is kinda itself
the word kinda after that um so
your other ones maphack can affect coma very Helmer. These are not important. They're less used. So for you to know I want you to know 123456789 No, these nine
factors, they fall under the group of Kana
they find the group of kinda Welcome to Hell
yes, oh, explain show in a minute. So kinda Welcome to Canada sisters.
They are told that if I didn't knock USA
the incomplete verbs that's what they're called.
They're called the incomplete verbs
just finished writing them. Okay. So incomplete verbs.
So this is the example so if I say,
Kennedy Center or Safiyah, I'm gonna we're gonna we're gonna add kind of to this to this sentence over here. So kinda
I'll tell you guys in a minute why that change mechanic is sent out or Safiya?
What is kind of mean?
Was or always has been? So Can Can you have two meanings? It means something was it wasn't a while ago. That's how it was a while ago, or it's always has been is if you're talking about something that is, it doesn't change. Like it kind of Allahu Allah even Hakima means ALLAH SubhanA has always been how do you mean Hakeem. So it can have two meanings kind of.
It can mean was.
always has been.
It's called an incomplete verb. Because it doesn't give a meaning. A full sentence meaning sentence a full sentence with a subject after it.
So if I take out this word
what does that mean? Kind of just SEMO. The sky was isn't a complete sentence. So there's something missing here. So it's an incomplete verb. So you can't call this a verb a sentence because there's not an actual verb. It's not a complete verb. It's a fairly innocuous it's an incomplete verb. It gives context to the sentence it strengthens the meaning of the sentence gets changes something but it does not
have the ability to be a complete sentence without a movie cover it needs in order for it to be able to offer meaning is incomplete verb now cannot.
This word specifically kinda, and the other ones can have a complete form. So the word kinda
will either be an incomplete verb
like here, or it couldn't be a complete verb.
And you're like, Oh, now you're confusing me. But I told you the sky was, is there a way for that sentence to be complete? Because I should get a complete sentence and know immediately because you're but could it be complete?
If I told you the scope the sentence, the sky.
Was, Is that a complete sentence? You said no one I agree. But is there a way for that sentence to be complete? Just the way it is without changing anything?
or changing the words, is there a way for us understand it to be complete?
Yeah, but now you're estimating something, you're estimating that the sky was great. Yeah, it's not there. But you're estimating and I'll tell you how you could be.
Go ahead to handy
if you'd like some keeping in talking about this guy? Yeah.
Yeah, so you're estimating now, where you're estimating the word great. Your estimating says this even is not there. But I'll tell you how you get it could be complete. I tell you, there was nothing there was complete nothingness. And then the sky was
and you suddenly become Does that make sense to you.
So it was here becomes a philosophical existence, was becomes the existence of something.
I said I am, is an incomplete sentence. Unless, I mean that I exist.
I Am, that means I exist. So it could be a complete set of this exact same thing applies to kinda, kinda if it means existence, then this could be a complete sentence, kind of just some A, and then the sky existed, right? So this could be this as a verb, and there's a file a subject, but if that's not what it means, it just means was not in that philosophical existence.
Forum, this is not a complete sentence. Did I lose? Did you guys understand?
How that works? Makes sense. So if it's if it's philosophical, in terms of existence, something existing, then that's why in the shape and the whole, the whole con, fair, cool, you will see you be and then it will be, it'll be what it'll be, it'll exist. So it's a full set. It's a full verb and that's in that context, in that very known area for confer going that's a full verb. It's like direct, it's not as an incomplete verb. It's a complete verb, but God is summer or if I don't mean it like that. It's an incomplete verb, it comes into enters
enters a sentence that is unknown base sentence that has a Muqtada and a Saba, but when it does, it affects one of them.
It gives it a meaning. It gives the meaning of something any being in the past, or always being giving it like a more dynamic existence and a more dynamic understanding. What does it affect? affect the mood? Or affect the cover? Did it affect the subject? Or does it affect the information regarding the subject? So kinda like to have all of them? Here's what they have in common. What do you affect?
Yeah, which one this cover? No, they cover? They cover the motor? There's about four correct? In the Hubbard's metaphor, right? They come in, they affect the cover, when a main character is affected by something, what happens to it?
If you remember when you studied the statuses, roughly, I know some jobs, right? So the main character unaffected right now also the main character affected or secondary character. So this is going to be an affected main character was it going to be going to be moved from now on, so it's going to be for for year 10. So this guy comes in, he affects this, because from a meeting perspective,
the clarity of the sky, the sky was clear. Now that's what the sentence turns into.
The clarity of the sky is given a timeline correct. Now the clarity the sky is unaffected, but the clarity of this guy is now we're saying that it used to be like I was like that. It's not necessarily like that now, or what you're saying, if it means always has been mean, it's always been like that. It's not just like that today, it's always been like that understanding so the concept of clarity is affected in terms of his timeline by the entrance of the word, or the word candidate.
So we took something else like EMSA EMSA means it was at night, meaning the same thing was but add to it, the word at night or during the evening.
I'll spa the same thing was just add during the morning. So these have a more specific timeline attached to them. What Allah means it stayed like that.
Where it happened during noon time.
Right, so that means it stayed like that. It's been like that for a while. Or it happened during noon. Batter. I mean, it happened during midnight, or during time the time we sleep. So was but
was at midnight or white drinks sleeping sawed up means it's new it happened it happened recently. So obviously saw that the seller didn't mean it just happened now it was cloudy a second ago and now it became my understanding what yeah
which one this one isn't thorough with our in our laser laser is to deny something laser to cinema or sci fi hittin the sky is not clear right it's denying denying the concept of the clarity.
Masala means it still is
a little soft yet it still is. But they're not complete verbs they're just giving an extra meaning to the clarity of the sky to the effect the cover
of her also mean it happened in the morning in the morning or around eight o'clock nine o'clock alphabetize really early in the morning, a positive bit later in the morning. Arabs are very very interested in the different times of the day in their language. They're very interested in the different times of the 24 hours every time has a name, and then a verb attached to it an incomplete verb does attached to it. So I'll write down the meanings here just so that insha Allah and you can make sense of all this
was especially when you add
it gives like
it gives a tense or a certain a certain understanding Yeah, these are verbs these verbs are in the past tense by the way, use the same verb you can turn it into the present tense so it can be a cool and then it gives a present tense to it. So I could take out kind of right now
and I could say instead of it
Kunal settles off yet and I'm giving an attentive MPM yet present tense
the sky will be or is being clear. Right so so these offer tenses to a tee when you look at a nominal or a noun base sentence do they have tenses? They don't. Does a verb base sentence have a tense
of course because the verb is either past tense present tense or or any command or a future tense right? So the verb itself always has a tense is dynamic, but a noun base sentence is dead it's not dynamic is static it has no time to it the sky is clear
as summer or Safiya
wet what time has it always been like that? Did you just become like that not going to change is it continuously like that? So there's a lot of questions here you could ask so these words would they come in they offer a tense candidate or takuna was or is
in the evening
in the morning
stayed in a certain in a certain in a certain
in the afternoon
back that was
saw I became
Lisa is not
to deny something masala
in the late morning or in the morning
they're really similar. If you say kinda or Ansel Ross Baja or Lulla or Berta or Alba it's almost like you're saying the same thing. So if you see one of these
unless you're really really specific about your time tense like what time it happened in the day, it almost like the same thing
so 123456 But then you have my salah still is just different laces is to deny something altogether. And thought out means became so they're bit different. So
So these guys over here are kinda unique in their meanings.
123456 very, very similar, very, very similar. That's why I still kind of just sisters, because kind of all these ones kind of kind of means them all kind of has a mean for all these six. These ones are a bit different, but they were added because they have the same effect.
Because It all affects the hover in the noun base and as a nominal sentence you always affect the effect the hover they turn it from being metaphor for being metaphor to being on soup.
And you might that's why I talk to you guys if you remember I told you that refer means main character unaffected and most of means main character affected so that when we come here, you make sense. Oh, that's why so that's what affected me character, it's gonna be more soup. It's not gonna be mature because it's always needed. Let's gonna change the status because it's affected now. Okay
I'll give you a really really really
common common example right very common example from the Quran.
This is a noun based noun based sentence. I moved it up
a subject, and I'll cover both, which are more for so both have mama Allahu
what's a very very common one tick to enter. This
is a very common one of these ones that you've seen before it before it
think about it.
Saw it Allahu
Allah Subhan Allah Holleyman
What have you heard before?
You're denying and thanks Allah who I think you're denying His knowledge you're just committed for now in your mind
this is the most common one
kind of Allah who yeah
yeah, so it's very simple. What does kind of affecting this known base sentence
Matthew, what is the effect is that does kind of affect the mood or the cover?
No, that's all I'm trying to teach you guys. The incomplete verbs will affect the cover. I wrote it right in a second just to cover what does it make the cover?
Very good. So it becomes kind of Allahu Alima God, Allahu Allah, you must Allah Halim. You never hear that sky Allahu Alima What is this due to the sentence of meaning? So Allah Allah Allah has is knowledgeable, or full knowledge gained Allahu Allah, Allah has always been. So it gives this this this infinite time time. 10s right for us to understand his people. Yes.
so now this guy is called What? What does he call
now what is he called, he used to be called up to the cupboard a second ago, and then kind of came and ruined everything as he called. Yes. Now this is guy ism kinda. And this guy is the fourth or the fifth. Now and that is metaphor that we're studying. So you've studied this file, that's the first known that is about for dinner at five the substitute for the five in a passive passive verb a sentence right before that we did last month for the harbor that is meant for and now ism kinda. So it's not that he's metaphor. It's a moment that wasn't affected by anything. They basically kind of came and flew over his head and affected the cover. He stayed unaffected, so he stayed Marfa and
he's called as him kinda that's all but he's not really he's used to be moved to that. Yeah, he his his old job
used to be employed and just no one affected him. No, he's called wasn't gonna. We're just gonna call it here
right. Now change this word. You change this. So if this was MSL you would take let's see mamsa
Cover answer if this was us, Baja or thought it would be awesome sada How about Zara very simple very simple
Alright, let's let's give me a noun base sentence a simple noun, base sentence.
A noun basis is
very good, unless you do
there is more for
cover. There's also
more for that
there's a fundamental difference by the way between English and Arabic people don't pay attention to English cannot have a tenseless sentence you always find is was somewhere there. Arabic is different. A noun base sentence is literally tenseless has no timeframe around it at all. Let me say that there's no time time is on an element and on base and it's not even there doesn't exist in English you can't have anything that doesn't that doesn't
have that senselessness. Arabic does definitely. And these guys come running in, they bring their tenses with them, meaning they change things. So let's start down take them one by one, study all of them and you'll see how each time the meaning will be different. So we're gonna apply them one by one now
you'll see how every time we apply a different one, the meaning will be slightly different. So kind of messy that can be a one
on one just kind of do immediately. What does it affect in this knowledge base sentence? The cover was the cover become one so so just make that's the most important piece of information. This guy says multiple he's got some kinda he's the reason we're studying this to me. He's number four now that we're studying now Canada, Mr. VLAN.
This is someone talking about back home. So yeah, I used to go to a masjid and all that mess. It used to be big. He was he kind of missed you too could be on him. Make sense? So that's, that's that's the context of it.
Let me change the tense to the same word just for the
so yeah, cool message you do the chameleon.
So someone's talking about in order for this to work, we have to have enough people. And the messy working has to be big. So you would say the nurse we're calling Mr. Leukemia run
this this is the status of the message has to be big in the present order for this to work that's when you would use it for you just give examples of how this would kind of be used
and send a message it can be run
and message can be run Oh banter and messaging can be run.
And messages could be one
or the lead to a certain extent.
Pretty much the same just it's any
there's a timing to a specific time attached to it. So um, send messages can be run, the message became
big or was big in the evening. Um, so I mean, it was like that in the evening. Possible. I didn't see what could be happened in the morning but unless you can do and it was like that at night. A lot of Masuda can be around sometime during the early late morning volumetric me sometimes during the afternoon. While it could also mean stayed. Well look, it also means to evolve and mature to community stayed big. That works too. So all these are pretty much the same meaning
on mustard a little bit.
Hmm. So that's why it's inverted. It's a pious and Bala cover Hamza? Hubba, hubba hubba hubba.
Okay, do you always like say, Aha,
do you ever see
the same thing? Because anytime These are used interchangeably, with no with no actual
with no actual recognition of time, like its use of a Samsung Masuda chameleon, and it stayed like that, it was like that mean they'll use
it interchangeably with each other. With Cayenne villa. They have similar meanings based on the context you'll figure it out based on the context and context of the senators will kind of tell you, is it specific here about being in the evening, or just that's how it was? Or that's how it became? That's how it turned out to be. That's, it's really that's why they're these guys, that's why they're called the Sisters of Guyana because there's so so similar that can be used interchangeably with one another and with kinda like it's hard to kind of differentiate between them unless the person is actually trying to differentiate for you or you can you can see the context is dictating
What difference between
the highs and the late morning
around 10 ish, I suppose like at six.
Again, the differences are so small
at the same
right. Well, last time, where there's a will
there's a beginning of shade, but maybe it's when you sleep, right I'm sad Messiah and his evening. That make sense for this reason. So they Farah
the message became big. I mean, you came
You left the city for a while came back. You look oh, sorry, I missed you to come here and they made it bigger. So you say
you said Lisa
come here, Lady said unless you to be honest, not very big, you know, you're denying is a big
mess at MSU to give you an admission is still big for exam for some reason you thought they're gonna make it small or something that was being, you know, bombed or something in the mystery that you can Oh, my stomach because they still big nothing that they haven't changed. They've been taken away from its property or anything, right?
Is that? Does that make sense? So there's also these words, these are factors, cultural factors.
There are three groups of back factors kind of alpha in our
one hour what kind of aha there called the incomplete verbs, because they don't really have complete meanings. They can serve as verbs unless they serve as philosophical existential verbs. Right? So that's something existed in a philosophical way just existed, all of them can do the same thing, right? By the way.
You were saying.
To me, he made it to the early morning, he made it he still existed at that time. So that's that's example where it's a complete verb. It's not an incomplete verb.
Sought or rajulio surah. Raju he became. He wasn't before a man he became games. Right? He became something he wasn't like. So these words, in a philosophical existential perspective, they can be complete. How often are they used like that? Not very often 90% of their usages is as an incomplete verb 90 90% of the usages. Does that make sense? Yep, yep. 100%, but it's very rare. You just don't use it very often, but it's but it's
like, well, you'd have to do it in the right context with understand what you mean. Right? Like, why did you Oh, so you mean like with that? So the context has to be clear. So if I said, Lisa Raju
you're denying the existence if you don't finish this sentence, if you finish the sentence, you say laser rasuluh.
The kitchen is not smart. Move to the harbor. Now with some laser fiber laser, right? And this is an incomplete verb. You take this guy out, and you stick to this and there's no estimation, then you're saying I deny his existence? He's not here nothing right? That's what you're trying to do. Like it becomes an existing philosophical existence issue.
And you say what I mean by this, okay, whatever. Like, I guess what I'm trying to do like, reading it my own like you read the noun.
at it, yeah. So she was looking at unless it's a complete verb, then you start with the verb was a complete verb, you start with a verb a sentence, it turns to a verb extent there's no login with the cover. It's a verb base and you start with the verb and the tense of the verb that's what you go with your profile your the person can anymore. Your example of
where I gave example of I'm supposed to do it, meaning he made it to the to the to the evening, um, so here's a complete verb, but the file is a verb base sentence. When we're complete we're dealing with as an incomplete verb know we have more data and we have covered you could add to it any of these words they'll just add a tense or bring one of these meanings that I put for you
give me another sentence handy
before we do let's just add something over here
effect when did the effect
and make it what
after it was more fun
that's what incomplete verbs do they come to the color they make it one soup and of course they add a certain meaning they change you know there's some change with me Give me Give me a sentence a new sentence any sentence any noun basis
so the player is is quick
the player is quick these are both most of them come up
and they're both marked for one so Allah Abel
sorry on now have one of these one of these. And he kinda Welcome to one of these incomplete words.
To enter the senator Sheila Hamby she was one of them anyone
mashallah Very good. Chose the most difficult one to understand
like what is in effect though Andy was in effect
Yes What is he gonna try to tell me what's gonna turn to
compromise Ella? What would explosive look like now?
So just say what would you say?
Very good just like a look awesome jump so mozarella label
SallyAnn okay so that's what changes now that this guy is going to be affected this is
this guy is still moving forward which is why we're studying this whole thing because he's still my boy he's got this in my cell I used to be looked at he says Chad a change of his name but he's still functions the same way. Now what does that mean?
Still is the player is still quick so that's you 10 years from now watching Rinaldo run
so quick you were saying was anyone right that's that would be your your way of dealing with it
let's give me another one and get try to try another one. You mean anyone? Laser laser librarian it's simple what is it just denying yeah just laser the simplest of all of all I'm just saying he's not he just taken away the he's not quick he's probably what you would save over and over 10 years from now but you know he's like okay, what else what else do you have?
He may win just any of them
so kinda like we said Young
if you reminiscing about a player as they used to be quick
or if you came from watching him Hey, how was he? Oh, he was quick. Right kind of us anyhow this is a part of our speech. You won't say how was he able Surya
What's wrong with you
but I sometimes to this so you kind of live with it and it makes makes much more sense when you when you say it like that right can you give it some test
so if we said maybe example here I'll smile
was a young
he became quick here
and he wasn't the morning or became in the morning sometime in the morning.
Or if you don't give it tense at all it becomes became this like soda same thing they're interchangeable the very interchangeable That's why they're called a whole lot to her. That's why kind of the sisters are very similar. Besides Lisa which is its own thing in Mozilla is a bit different they're pretty much any almost the same.
Do one more example before the end of
one more known base sentence good
just a noun based on what I'm
allowed to say. Can we assume something different give me some trying different different look to do it.
I want to try something that doesn't have singular nouns anymore just so that we actually only see how this would change in
okay sir, say in English and I'll help you with it in Arabic.
Right, there are still singular nouns even though it's a plural but it's a broken plural so it doesn't change much. I'm going to do something a bit different saying mostly Munna.
and Muslim. Muslims are doing their job or serving their purpose claiming now
have any of these ones enter the sentence? Let's use the most
realistic one and say Lisa for now
and then inshallah will become optimistic and use sauna but for now let's say Lisa
just told Angela lady said a Muslim owner. So the Muslim woman what is a side effect? Because one of kinda what does it affect?
What is it called the cover? Right? So what is the cover become it becomes monsoon? How does what is the mark of loss of indoors called a moon? It's a masculine sound.
Masculine sound plurals what does it become?
It's called II mean very good guy. You mean very good. So this becomes called a mean.
Right so that's my sub claiming. So they said Mr. moussaka, you mean, hopefully we will soon
They became or they turned into
The achieved is also behind Muslim or non Muslim we're not claiming any how this all works. Okay, so it's complicated. It's not too complicated. You just need a noun base sentence with a move to then Acaba, you already know that I'm gonna cover both more for you have one of these
factors enter and effect the sentence they will affect it with a tense and with a piece of information as well, is something they can deny. They can say just became they can say it's always has been or still is the offer some meaning to the sentence, but they affect the cover. So what is being what is what is, what is being given a tense are the muscles became a tense, or is the fact that they're doing their job or not doing the job being given a tense, this was being given a tense, right? This is what's been coming. So you're not denying Muslims existence. When you say, Lisa, you're denying the fact that they're claiming so you're affecting the habit, you're affecting the
lives and that's why it becomes more so but that's the logic behind it. Right? So these will enter a sentence and they'll affect the cover. They'll take it from month four, and they'll make it and they'll make it one swoop. Does that make sense? Okay, so we'll there's eight more minutes, but I think we'll end with that because if I start continue, I'll just start in Nova and it's a whole new
topic. We'll start in Charlotte next week is not coming up here. So you have to learn to stop