Matn Alajurroomiyyah #06

Adnan Rajeh


Channel: Adnan Rajeh


File Size: 63.58MB

Episode Notes

2017 9 29LMM after Maghrib

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Haman hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salim Ahmed in mind, so we've talked about the three first statuses

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that words can carry within a sentence, right? So is the fact that is the concept of a word being able to have more than one status and a sentence, the capacity to have more than one status within a sentence. So words that are a word that have that capacity,

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The different types of out all the different capacities that words can carry in a sentence. We talked about the three so far, we've talked about

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we've talked about and also

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talked about

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today, we will talk about

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All right.

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Now who can tell me? What is that represent? Generally speaking? Yeah.

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You just destroyed the last

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month of lessons with one word. Yeah, exactly. The whole point of me explaining about them is that you don't immediately say Aloma, because Bama is one of the markers of an offense, one of the markers of Rafah, that was a little point of as explaining that there's that these statuses, there's different markers are different markers for them. lumma is the most famous one for refer. But it's not the only one. Now there are a number of other markers for refer, just like if I asked you about not the first marker that came comes to your mind would be Fatah. But it's not the only one. That is sometimes a marker for nossob as well, as we used to just study jhana the same thing. The first

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marker that comes to mind is Kestrel. But it's not the only one. Yeah, is one as well, in fact, has some time this one, right? So these are statuses and Bama and cassava and Fatah. These are markers, markers that will tell you that this one has a status based on the type of word that it's stuck to. Okay.

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So what I felt like I like he said is the main character, but it has to be an unaffected or untainted with main character. So has to be a main character, right or a main part of the sentence as a verb, a president verb or a noun that is a main character in the sentence but was not affected by anything that is exterior to it, meaning from outside of it, and that's, that's an important point that you need to keep in mind. Right. So that's what Rafa is not was not a stand for.

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Change me. Yeah. So are there a secondary character in a sentence, or a main character that has been affected by something exterior to itself? Right? So it's been tainted with? It's not? It's not it's not in this pure form, okay. Jello,

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unnecessary, anything that is unnecessary for the sentence does not mean I want to be sure that it's clear, it does not necessarily mean that what is material is completely useless. No, it has it has important, but for the actual development of the sentence, it is unnecessary, I mean, the sentence would have survived no problem with a complete and full meaning without as without anything that has matured in it. Does that make sense? Now that the meaning will not be complete to me, the meaning will not be the same. If you take out what is majeure from the sentence, the meaning will change. Obviously, if you add it or you take it out, the meaning will change. But it's an unnecessary

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addition to the sentence. And that's what anything is measurable. Now, these three that we've studied.

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Basically, we've covered everything that can happen to a noun, a noun can be more for monsoon or Madura. Right.

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Now we're gonna study jism. jism, is specific to verbs.

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Just like genre is specific to nouns. So a genre is specific

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to nouns and is specific.

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To verbs.

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That makes sense. So what we studied today, which is the concept of elitism, the fourth status, that a word can carry within a sentence, which is specific to verbs. Now, what does it represent?

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It represents since it's specific to verbs, right? is going to represent a change verb, either a denied verb, something that is denied, that cannot change, right or in the past, or something that is a command meaning is not doesn't have much flexibility to it commands don't really aren't giving you information, right? So either it's a command, or it's a denied verb in the past. It's one of those two things. That's what jasm represents. It's the only two

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things you'll find jazz is related to. There are some other details that I will add as I go along, but it doesn't was mostly neutral. It doesn't really have

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uh what what these three do when we said main character untainted, or secondary or tainted main character or something unnecessary. We can't say the same thing for jism is more neutral doesn't really have that, right? It's specific to verbs however, it No, there is no noun, that will be Masoom. Right? There's no nouns that has a status of jism. It can't happen. Just like there's no verb that will have this type of job at any point. Why? Because verbs can be unnecessary parts of a sentence. Why? Because the verb is a sentence on its own.

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So give me a verb, any verb, any Arabic verb.

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You guys were fasting so you're hungry. So I'm gonna write. So Okada is a verb, but it's also a sentence. This is a full sentence.

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Right? Well, I guess the word full is exaggeration, but it's a complete sentence. Full means. So what is missing is secondary characters is not missing any main characters. So Ocula, who who ate?

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Is it someone who didn't know? But in Arabic we we are capable of anticipating or estimating who did it by saying and the one who did it is a hidden subject. That is who he did it, right. So aka on its own is a sentence. It's a sentence. Now, it's not a full sentence mean, there's some secondary characters that are missing, but it's a complete sentence.

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Does that make sense? So you can never say that a verb is an unnecessary thing in a sentence will never be Masoom Maduro, sorry, it will never have the sentence of job because because every verb on his own in the sentence, give me a

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past tense verb give me a present tense verb,

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just did.

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The same thing usually puts in effort. Where is the subject, it's also something hidden, who well, if you said touch the head.

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It could be here, or under. Right is hidden, it's understood even though it's not written. It is something that is hidden, but it's understood just by Arabic. So it is also a sentence the full sentence is a complete sentence, not a full meaning. There's some secondary characters that are not there. But it's a complete sentence.

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Correct. The same thing goes for a

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future verb or a command.

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So in

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plain, this is a full sentence. Now the subject is someone into wherever that is, does, it's understood, even though it's not written, it's there even though it's not written. So these are full sentences. Verbs cannot be unnecessary because they are their own sentence. That makes sense they are their own sentence. Alright. That's why they can never be Majid order. A verb can never be measurable.

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Alright, now jism is different. It's specific to verbs. Nouns can be Masoom ever. We're going to start by reading the beginning we'll just me Allah, mutton. And there are two markers, which is much simpler doesn't get much simpler because only for verbs anyway. So there's only two markers for jism I sukoon. Will have sukoon which is that's what comes to mind. Anyway, the first one you hear the word jizm. We think of Sycuan and has which is deletion. And we'll talk about what is going to be deleted in the Sharla at the end of it. Mr. Kunal for your corner Allah metally just mean Phil Farrell, Midori, Asahi.

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All right. So let's, let's begin.

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The first marker for it is a circle and

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when is a circle and a marker for doesn't with, again, specific to verbs, we're only talking about verbs here, no nouns. Alright? When is it a

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marker for jism? So

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I didn't move on a saw here.

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And fairly limited out what's it mean?

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So present tense verb, a. So here I'll explain that to you in a minute.

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So hello, right.

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This phrase

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you'll have you'll see a lot in Arabic.

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Is end of it at the end right?

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The true has as a correct true and what is the explanation for it in in the text that you have in English text?

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No one has English text open.

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Alright, thanks everyone, for telling me what is what is translation of English text.

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I'm just interested to know what the word is.

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Some sound the sound letter ending.

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Yeah, so the nd cannot be a vowel, it has to be a constant, constant, it can't be a vowel. So I'm gonna give you an example of four of four words that are a bit different from one another.

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All right, so these are present tense verbs. Okay? These are present tense verbs are the one that has at the end of it a constant, a constant I at the end of it isn't that those vowels and consonants? I'm, I'm correct by saying that, right? So LEM, the L is a consonant, there's not a vowel, right? The Isabelle. Basically, if you want to draw parallels to the English language, and though is available in the ABA is not available, right. So these are consonants. So a sukoon. It's a marker of jism in a present tense verb that has a constant NT at the end of it. So if you were if this present tense verb is going to be Masoom, what will happen, there'll be a colon at the end of

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it. So be cool. Are your lab.

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But here, it's not a constant at the end of it. So it won't be sagoon.

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It won't be it'll be something different. It will be the second, it'll be the second marker. The second marker will be will be specific to present tense verbs that have vowels at the end of them. Any present tense verb that has a constant at the end of it, we will know that it's mid zoom if we see a sukoon at the end, all right. Now if it's not, doesn't have a vowel at the end of it is going to if it's not, doesn't have a constant, it's going to have a vowel at the end of it. We're gonna have a different marker. So the different the second marker sukoon has the first marker and has is the second marker. So we'll have for your corner, a little Jasmine will feel a little more watery.

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Elmore Atelier laughter

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so just like a sukoon was a marker of jism for the present tense verb that has a consonant at the end of it and has deletion

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and I'll explain deletion of what

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is the marker of jism in the present tense verb infinitive Magara. Elmore tell

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these two are

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at the end of it there's a constant Lamba right

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these two are called Elmore attending

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and what it means is a vowel at the end of it.

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These are vowels at the end of them. So how do we how do we give it the status of Justin what's the marker of Justin within these two? Is deletion it's it has. So what do we delete?

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The last letter the last letter is deleted.

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So you just take this one out there is gone. What you have is your machine and the wire was gone.

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And you

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you add the vowel the Hanukkah that is related to the vowel so what was the vowel here was the right so what's the hierarchy that

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Kessler right yeah, that correlates with it is the shortened Yeah, here it was. Well, so what is the Halacha that correlates within its Obama? That makes sense and the same thing would go for anything else for the left it would be it would be the Fatah right even though that's not

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so let's let's give a few examples

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sort of

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on a mat Allah healer and so if you go to the end of zoom in on your site you'll find one a

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yeah, do

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my Alavi

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even though the word yeah do

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it's supposed to be written like this.

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But you'll find it written like that. Because it's about zoom.

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How was became a zoom was something we'll explain and show them when we finish for this when we start talking about the different types of words and how they will explain exactly what caused the jism what what caused the deletion at the end of it to happen. The wall was now deleted. It's no longer there. I mean, yeah, my Allah Hina Hina. Alright.

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I'll give you another example.

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So we're at USF in Maine, yet

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way is better?

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Than Hola, hola, yo.

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So these are two present tense verbs. One of them has a consonant at the end of it. And one of them used to have a vowel at the end of it the one that has a constant in your financial cone, your spirit in Allah, the one that used to have a vowel like it used to be written like this. Yes, definitely.

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We delete this. So you end up with a cough and it gets to 100.

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Does that make sense? Okay.

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There's one more, we'll have it let you off Rohan before booting noon. So deletion is the marker of jism in two types of words and two types of verbs, the present tense verb that has a vowel at the end of it and federal mobile era and more attention.

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And LFR LUCAM said the five verbs

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are the verbs that the status of offer is known with the new one at the end of it. So let me remind you of these of these of these verbs again, so remember

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Yeah, filing or to file in

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your file and or to file an

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order filing. Now why do I always write like that, because you can take any verb and do the same thing. You can take anything what give me give me a verb, any verbal, anything at all.

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You're so used to boon or tech to boon, Yak to ban or tech to ban, or tech to beam, any verb you can, you will have these five statuses, these are three things, but they're five because here the difference is just the beginning or the naming of feminine or masculine. That's the only difference. Now, when these verbs, if you go back to offer, when they have the status of offer, we know they have the status of offer when the noon is there.

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And we said that if they had the status of nossob, we know that they have the status of not so by deleting the noon, right by deleting this noon.

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Now, when they had the status of jism, we also delete the noon. So now if you see a one of these five verbs without the noon at the end of it, so if you see the word Yeah, falou.

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Like that, you know that it's not a metaphor, that's all you know, you know that it's not a metaphor, because if it was metaphor, the noon would be there. What you do know is one of two things. It's either among soul, or Masoom. It's one of these two things.

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Either muscle

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or image zoom, which one it is, which one is it, it depends on the context of the of the sentence, maybe you have to go study a bit more for me to explain to you which one is going to be the right. But that's what we know right now, when you see your file, when you see the new, you see, you don't see the new one at the end of it, then you know, that does not have the status of refer, you know, that's either my job or my resume. Okay. Joseph is probably the easiest of all four statuses because it doesn't have many markers. And it doesn't apply to many different types of words. jism only applies to verbs, and only applies to

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present tense verbs. So if you look fairly,

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fairly enough, I will come to or a far more body, they are present tense verbs as well. So it only applies to a present tense verb.

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If the present tense verb has a consonant at the end of it, then the marker of jism is what

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sukoon is gonna have a record.

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If the present tense verb has a vowel at the end of it, then democracy ism is going to be the deletion of that vowel. If the President's verb is one of the five verbs, if you want to follow in your volunteer volunteer filing, then the microbe doesn't want to be the deletion of the noon at the end of it. So it's very simple, only three only two markers, and only three situations where jasm exists and when there's a market for jism to begin with, so I'm gonna give you a write down from our time. So let's take

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Yejide terrain to run all right, something so how would you do just him on this?

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Right because it's it present tense verb with a vowel at the end of it. So all you do for jism is you just delete this who ends up resulting is Yeah, Judy.

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Judy, alright.

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What else are there?

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Yep D for someone to come you say yet D for this to become a resume. At the end of it is a right so you just delete

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No man yet Dr. Bow would you even put in there to hold your hand MLA and we'll do via well I mean yet D with the gasoline go back to the oil you'll find a lot of these ones right

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so it's

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Yama Luna Foley

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if you want to give this a status of Jason, what do you do?

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We delete the noon you end up with yeah Malou

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because one of the five verbs

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and then any other word that has a constant at the end of it, right which is pretty simple like

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alright, you need

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to give birth or to to be get so you need

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you would add

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let me lead with a new letter you'll see a Syclone

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look like

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so it looks like this.

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Or the other way around.

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No, circle has never has never a circle. Oh, it looks like that. It's just when they when they wrote the Quran

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was before they kind of established all the proper all the modern markers or calligraphy for different

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for the different statuses of of words. So back then, and if you look around, you'll find it looking like a small gym. Right? Or is it the opposite the opposite today? I lost my

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anyways. So look at the difference if you go to go ahead, you'll see it. So like this, right? Something small, right? So it doesn't look like that in the Quran. It looks like this. So when you get it when I'm new to this class you find like this

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right, that's just good so far. So what did you do now? We move on.

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Either way, so Exactly. Yeah. All right.

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Go ahead.

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Yes, good. So for the, for the one where you

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it's like you kind of touch the word right? When he wonders

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what if you

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touch it, you're gonna touch it.

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So what I'm going to do now, is I'm gonna do a revision of the, of what we've studied so far, right? Acknowledging that it's a bit confusing, right now, we're gonna look at it, I still in two different ways, we're gonna look at the same stuff that we talked about from two different angles. What I found when it when you teach your Romea is that because you get to look at the same concept from three different angles, three distinct angles, you end up understanding the concept quite well at the end. So just be patient with me for the first for the first time around, and you'll find Inshallah, that at the end of it, this will make sense to you, you'll be able to actually work with

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words, much better. So let's, let's start by going through them one by one.

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So before I talk about Hello, now Rob,

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which I'm gonna put back up again. Before we do that anyway. So before we do that, there are two words. There are two basic groups, there's been

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handed out

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words that can carry different capacities within a sentence, fall under this, right that's where there's often no sub genre and jism here, and words that cannot carry different capacities within a sentence will be here be no example like, prepositions, right? So they can't carry more than one capacity. They only serve in one way. They don't have different ways to serve. examples have been out also our past tense verbs. Past tense verbs will always be past tense verbs, there's really nothing that they can be or cannot be. That's what they are.

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Command verbs. Verbs that are commanding are also under under this category here. Present tense verbs are the only verbs that have the ability to carry different capacities in the sentence. They're the only ones that have that ability to be a bit more flexible incentives. So everything that has flexibility that can carry different capacities within a sentence you will find under Arab and everything that doesn't only a couple of them you'll find under Bina now we're not studying being out right now. We left that we'll leave that for later and she'll always tell you that at the end. We started by studying out OB we started by studying words that can carry different capacities

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within a sentence.

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let's break this down shall one

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Let's start by the first

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the first one

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is going to be a mate untainted, unchanged main character. And this one's going to be so unchanged

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main character of a sentence

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for as a noun that could be a subject maybe right or a present tense verb that has been unchanged by anything because it is a sentence on its own. It carries its own weight as a sentence right. So an unchanged main character. So what are the different markers for Rafa? What is the most notorious of all mama so number one

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yeah, this is good. Number one

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is going to be a bummer

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so let's go back to the

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go back if you want to your earlier notes started telling me what is the words that the bum is a marker of often

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singular noun is the first one right? So the first one is the singular noun.

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And this one will flood

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the singular noun example of a singular noun

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anything that is singular masjid, right so Mr. G, don't do Obama or bait Matan.

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Or what else give me examples.

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Right, so, very good. So any singular noun, we know that it's not a foreigner with Obama. That's the marker that we that we have for Islam? What's the one after that?

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What is it?

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geomatics Very good.

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What is your metrics here?

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So the broken plural.

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We said that some words are pluralized systematically there's a standardized way to do it. And some of them it's just done that's how it is. So sometimes you'll say the word in Arabic that's the plural you have no idea why it's the plural it's just that all you were taught as a kid but there's no actual way to do it. Right So again, a lab or games or you go from Florida to a lab I don't know it just that's how we say it so I Boone it'll be with them. Right So Miss Jin masajid maybe that's a broken portal then massage you do it'll be a bummer these are all the words that Obama represents the status of Russia for what's after that was after that.

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So gemera unearth

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a Salim

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the sound

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feminine plural.

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Like Muslim et Cie Muslim, or Mena. Let me now turn on Foley. Foley how to write going on and on. It's the llama that will represent about that for it. What else?

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Just in case you guys.

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Yes. So now it's 1234. Yep. So the last one is for a verb is for unfurling Muladhara.

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Let the limit reshape.

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So the President's verb has nothing attached to the end of it. Now if you guys remember, we first studied this, it made no sense to you What do you mean? Nothing. It's actually the end of it. An example of something attached to the end of it would be the five verbs if I lose to falloon. In that case, it's not the llama, that's going to be the marker of refer. In that case, it's the noon it's the existence of the noon but if there's nothing at the end, like Yeah, yeah, cool. Kulu Allahu

00:29:15--> 00:29:20

Allah the lamb yet this will be can he show you guys nothing attached to the end of it?

00:29:25--> 00:29:38

Examples let me give you examples. Your guild label. Right. Okay, so that's where the lumber represents. These are the four situations where in the BIM model presents the offer. In words, there's four types of words.

00:29:40--> 00:29:41

What's the second marker?

00:29:42--> 00:29:43


00:29:44--> 00:29:45

the letter well,

00:29:46--> 00:29:48

when does the owl represent the lumber?

00:29:50--> 00:29:51

Yes, is there anything else?

00:29:52--> 00:29:54

Very good. So there's two situations.

00:29:55--> 00:29:57

The five exceptional nouns

00:30:00--> 00:30:01

What are the five exceptional nouns again?

00:30:03--> 00:30:06

Yeah memorize these ones right so

00:30:10--> 00:30:11


00:30:12--> 00:30:13


00:30:14--> 00:30:14


00:30:16--> 00:30:43

father and brother of INLA of owner of and the most of you know the five letters words that have exceptional are different they just they have some differences when it comes to how the statuses are represented within them so instead of them it's the world that represents them here I used to well it's like he would take this out the way I was the other night something different thing so that's how we represent offer for him the second situation

00:30:48--> 00:30:48

jam and

00:30:52--> 00:30:54

so the five exceptional nouns

00:31:01--> 00:31:02

and hear the sound

00:31:04--> 00:31:06

masculine plural

00:31:09--> 00:31:23

the sound masculine for Lake Muslim moon. Men will mean on to the world is the marker of raffia and those and that type of words, not the new one. It's the well here because that's a sound masculine plural. Alright

00:31:27--> 00:31:28

what's the third marker of

00:31:31--> 00:31:31


00:31:33--> 00:31:33

the third one is

00:31:36--> 00:31:39

the letter F. When is the end of the marker of

00:31:41--> 00:31:42

is there another one?

00:31:52--> 00:31:53

Dual Form is there another one?

00:31:56--> 00:32:18

No, there isn't just one. So the LF represents that offer only in one situation when it's a dual form. So Muslim was the man man la Ebla right with elephant de la represents Rafa just like they are going to represent nossob and Jarrah for the dual form, right? What's that? What's the final or what's what's the next one?

00:32:35--> 00:32:40

The existence of the known at the end, and that is only in one situation, right?

00:32:41--> 00:32:42

And if it comes down

00:32:46--> 00:32:51

to five types of verbs, right, the five types of verbs what are these five verbs?

00:32:58--> 00:32:59


00:33:02--> 00:33:03

the following

00:33:06--> 00:33:07

file on

00:33:09--> 00:33:10

file and

00:33:14--> 00:33:21

filing. Right. What are these mean? In what are the differences? So if I loan

00:33:22--> 00:33:29

is third party, masculine, right? Third party masculine? Yeah, fine. They're doing it.

00:33:30--> 00:33:31

Tough. Either one

00:33:32--> 00:33:33


00:33:34--> 00:33:36

spoken to or what is the word?

00:33:38--> 00:33:59

addressed? Right. The addressed the plural address, you're addressing a plural of group of people to fight alone, right? Yeah, fight on third party duel to people doing something you're talking about them to fight in a dress duel. So you're talking to intimate if you're talking to people in front of you address dual deaf Eileen is the addressed feminine.

00:34:00--> 00:34:03

Right and did fit in the address feminine. So whenever the the

00:34:04--> 00:34:28

at the beginning is addressed someone that you're addressing you're talking to you see that? Yeah, at the beginning is somebody who's speaking off, it's a third party, right? So he's thinking of a third party if I, if I don't if I then you're talking about a group or just two people we are addressing, you're either addressing a group, you're addressing two people or you're addressing a single female. Right? And these are the five types of verbs. What is the market refer for them?

00:34:29--> 00:34:34

The existence of the noon at the end of it, so move to noon at the end of it. Okay, and those are the four

00:34:35--> 00:34:36


00:34:38--> 00:34:41

Therefore, aren't they? So four markers

00:34:47--> 00:34:49

let's put them here so you can read my mind as

00:34:56--> 00:34:57


00:35:00--> 00:35:00


00:35:07--> 00:35:10

the existence of the noon at the end of the four five verbs

00:35:12--> 00:35:14

Alright, so that's the first choice second one

00:35:18--> 00:35:18


00:35:21--> 00:35:31

no so it's either secondary character an object within the sentence or a tainted or changed main character. So it's one of the two things either a secondary character

00:35:39--> 00:35:40

or changed main character

00:35:44--> 00:35:48

it's one of those two things but that's when it gets the status of muscle

00:35:49--> 00:35:50

All right, so what are the

00:35:51--> 00:36:08

markers of muscle was the first one no some has no profit had four markers and also has five no sometimes the most of all it has five has five markers it's the most confusing probably of all of them. If you understand nothing then the rest of it is pretty easy. So the first one that comes to mind is nuts has always Fatah.

00:36:10--> 00:36:15

Right So when does the Fatah represent not so much in which type of words

00:36:17--> 00:36:22

exactly like the bummer almost exactly the moment the singular noun

00:36:28--> 00:36:31

like word bait you say beaten

00:36:36--> 00:36:36


00:36:38--> 00:36:39

keytab and

00:36:40--> 00:36:55

like I said when it comes to having to fight has or one for now you don't know the difference for now do the same until I explained to you when it makes a difference. What's the second type of word that the Fatah is? Geometric see, right. So the broken yes the broken Pearl

00:37:07--> 00:37:07

by time

00:37:15--> 00:37:17

all right, one more

00:37:20--> 00:37:22

the present tense verb

00:37:24--> 00:37:32

just like the Dhamma was the marker of rough and the present tense verb that had nothing attached to the end of it. That is a marker of Nasim in the present tense verb that nothing attached to the end of it

00:37:42--> 00:37:43

examples of that

00:37:49--> 00:37:49


00:37:59--> 00:38:00

yeah, Binya.

00:38:01--> 00:38:16

You're a fighter, and on and on. So in three situations, the Fatah is the marker of Nasim, singular noun, broken plural. And the present tense verb does nothing attached to the end of it. That's the first marker was the second marker.

00:38:22--> 00:38:53

And this is why it's important to study it like this at the beginning, even though even if you're not understanding everything, even if you feel like a lot of is not sticking in your mind. It's important that you sign it like this. Why? Because you get to see that look. Elif is a marker of Rafa but it's also a marker of nossob. But it's what's the difference is a type of word that is going to be existing. So sometimes the same marker will exist for both statuses, but in different types of words. And sometimes it'll exist for the same types of words, meaning you can't know you're looking at a word like the word.

00:38:55--> 00:39:22

Mostly Nitin, you don't know if it's monsoon, or if it's measured, or you don't know because the customer is the marker of Nasim for both ng for Java. And in that word, it's a marker for both so what what is it you have to know the context of the So sometimes there's that and sometimes the marker will will exist for two different statuses, but in completely different types of words. So what is the type of word that Elif is the marker for and so the five exceptional nouns

00:39:28--> 00:39:29

right what are those five sexual nouns

00:39:32--> 00:39:33


00:39:43--> 00:39:44


00:39:47--> 00:39:59

father and brother in LA have owner of and the mouth of right but here it's monsoon and we know it's monsoon through the NF we know it was Marfa through the WoW right. Whoo hoo ha mu here is Abba.

00:40:00--> 00:40:00


00:40:01--> 00:40:02


00:40:17--> 00:40:18

what's the third marker?

00:40:24--> 00:40:34

Right, so the third marker is customer. And it exists in only one type of word in the sound feminine plural, right? So gentlemen, one necessarily only on one type of word.

00:40:38--> 00:40:38

So the sound

00:40:40--> 00:40:41

feminine plural.

00:40:43--> 00:40:46

Like mostly matching, like I gave examples, I'm gonna go listening. I didn't.

00:40:48--> 00:41:01

So you see the customer, but it's not. It could be monsoon, because the customer is the marker of nossob. In the sound feminine plural. What's the fourth? Marker?

00:41:02--> 00:41:03

And yeah.

00:41:05--> 00:41:07

And the exists in what?

00:41:09--> 00:41:10

And two type of words

00:41:11--> 00:41:15

in the sound masculine plural. Very good, Jim. And we're not gonna sell him

00:41:22--> 00:41:29

the sound masculine Pearl like Muslim one. If it smells so good, it becomes Mussolini in there is the one that tells us that Muslimeen

00:41:32--> 00:41:33

add in the dual form.

00:41:35--> 00:41:36

And then we'll send

00:41:39--> 00:41:40

like mostly main

00:41:46--> 00:42:08

so the first one, there's a customer before it was clean. And the second ones mostly mean. But both in both cases is they are that tells us that this word is monsoon. However, this is the same, you're gonna find the exact same thing for Java the exact same thing for general. Right? So when you see the word Muslim and you don't know if it's monsoon or if it's measurable, you just know that it's not matter for for now. And again if it was about 40 with a Muslim woman

00:42:09--> 00:42:16

so you would know but you know, either monsoon or majority have to look into the sentence to find out which one it is the final

00:42:17--> 00:42:18

final marker

00:42:22--> 00:42:29

is the deletion of the noon at the end of it the deletion of the noon and that is in terms of the five the five verbs

00:42:32--> 00:42:33

and I will happily write them again

00:42:44--> 00:42:46

your files are to file one

00:42:49--> 00:42:51

file no to file an

00:42:53--> 00:43:18

RTF file in Now I told you that yes. When you see that yet at the beginning, then it's talking about a third party, a plural third party, which he did at the beginning is talking about an addressed party. So the addressed party will either be plural dual or singular feminine right yeah following your fight and will be a third party that either plural or dual. Right? So how do we know if it's monsoon

00:43:19--> 00:43:23

this goes away becomes your final part of it.

00:43:26--> 00:43:30

We take away the noon just like here it was the existence of the new one here you were taking away the new

00:43:32--> 00:43:39

Alright, so these are the four these are the five markers of have nots. I'm gonna write them down again with them over beside each other here

00:43:45--> 00:43:46

the first one is obviously

00:43:56--> 00:43:58

second one was what what was the second thing we said?

00:44:01--> 00:44:02

Then a customer?

00:44:04--> 00:44:05

Yeah, and then yeah.

00:44:06--> 00:44:33

Yep. And yeah, it was for the smell Come sir. Oh, sorry. For for the dual form, and the sound masculine plural. So Mussolini and Mussolini in the last one has been known. The deletion of the newlyweds for the five, the five types of verbs right? So these are the five markers of Nossal. These are the four markers of Raafat. They exist in different types of words, right, based on the different type of work now. Number three.

00:44:37--> 00:44:38

What are your job to stand for?

00:44:40--> 00:44:43

So very simply, unnecessary.

00:44:45--> 00:44:49

It's an unnecessary word. Is it any word?

00:44:50--> 00:44:52

Or is it only a specific type of word?

00:44:53--> 00:44:59

Totally nouns. Jada only applies to nouns. There are no modular verbs.

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

So this is an unnecessary

00:45:02--> 00:45:03


00:45:04--> 00:45:08

unnecessary noun and the verb in the sentence sorry.

00:45:09--> 00:45:10

So what is the first?

00:45:12--> 00:45:19

Why does it only have three? You only have three markers for geography what's the first one? Yes, it's always in customer

00:45:22--> 00:45:24

now it can still exist and what types of words

00:45:30--> 00:45:31

the singular noun

00:45:35--> 00:45:36


00:45:38--> 00:45:38

Meat in

00:45:42--> 00:45:45

your button right? Pretty simple. What's the second

00:45:47--> 00:45:47

take a look.

00:45:49--> 00:45:51

I don't mind people looking.

00:45:52--> 00:45:55

Yeah. Is it was just like that it is something missing.

00:45:57--> 00:45:59

There was something that was missing right?

00:46:01--> 00:46:03

Because you met Dixie the broken plural is a second one.

00:46:05--> 00:46:06

But there's two words that are missing.

00:46:09--> 00:46:14

We have to have the word element sorry. Both times I'll Moon sorry.

00:46:16--> 00:46:20

Where's the Mossad? If means I'm going to do with Mossad if means we talked about last time? Yes.

00:46:21--> 00:46:50

Yes, it accepts all three vowels. All three Harakat Bama, Fatah and cassava. A word that accepts all three is called among serif. If there's a word that doesn't accept all three by nature by default, it's called the minimal serif, the one that doesn't accept all three right? So it has to be the singular noun that is most or that accepts all three halachot and the geometric cedar the broken plural has to be one that accepts all three. Example is masajid

00:46:53--> 00:46:54

a broken plural does it take?

00:46:56--> 00:47:05

No it doesn't. Doesn't this is not one of those ones. Those broken plurals that take all three doesn't do it. But another one is a lab games.

00:47:07--> 00:47:12

I've been it takes it takes all three so it'll have a customer at the end of it.

00:47:13--> 00:47:13

All right.

00:47:16--> 00:47:20

And what's the third type of work where the customer represents job

00:47:25--> 00:47:27

notice is set in the sound feminine plural.

00:47:30--> 00:47:32

Like Muslim at Muslim 18

00:47:33--> 00:47:41

Muslim act in the cassava represents you're in the sound feminine plural, the sound feminine plural Muslim acting as an example. Now,

00:47:42--> 00:48:17

here are the kestra also represented Nephalem in the same type of word. So when you see the word muesli match in or MENA tin or cloudy 13 or 13 or 13 or 13 or thebarton. You don't know if it's monsoon, or majeure because casserole represents both of them in the same word, you know that it's not metaphor because it was meant for it would be Obama, but you don't know that as we each whether it's monsoon manager or you only know that it's one of them. You have to look at the context of the sentence to find out that's the first marker of cassava the second marker of Jarrah

00:48:19--> 00:48:19


00:48:22--> 00:48:23

and it exists the same

00:48:25--> 00:48:33

things that it existed in muscle exact same two words that exist and doesn't but an additional one more. So it exists in the Dual Form

00:48:38--> 00:48:39

must remain

00:48:40--> 00:48:42

it exists in the sound

00:48:44--> 00:48:46

masculine Pearl Jam and without going to Salim

00:48:49--> 00:49:09

Muslimeen so if you look at easy the word Muslim a enormous ly mean mean a normal meaning you don't know if they are monsoon or modular because they are is represented is the marker for both and the same types of words you do know that it's not meant for because it was meant for you to find a well or an Elif the dual form is mostly man. And the

00:49:10--> 00:49:16

sound masculine furrow is mostly moon you just know it's one of these two, right? The third the third type of word

00:49:18--> 00:49:19

are the five exceptional nouns

00:49:23--> 00:49:24

What are the five exceptional nouns

00:49:29--> 00:49:29


00:49:34--> 00:49:34


00:49:36--> 00:49:36


00:49:38--> 00:49:43

fee, the father of the brother of the INLA of the owner of in the mouth of

00:49:44--> 00:49:46

all right, that'd be okay. I mean easy.

00:49:47--> 00:49:48

All right.

00:49:52--> 00:49:53

The final marker.

00:49:54--> 00:49:55

The final marker

00:49:59--> 00:49:59


00:50:00--> 00:50:00

It was a biomarker.

00:50:03--> 00:50:04

And if I talk, right

00:50:07--> 00:50:15

if I tie is a marker of Nossal in a number of different types of words, and it's a marker of Jodha in the following in the following words

00:50:17--> 00:50:19

Phyllis Mala de Lyonne Saif

00:50:21--> 00:50:23

in the noun ism

00:50:25--> 00:50:26

by your elements or if

00:50:31--> 00:50:51

right the word the noun that doesn't accept them for Tanka soil. So it doesn't accept all of them later the Muslim doesn't accept all of them only accepts some of them. That's why the Fatah because it doesn't accept the customer. Some some nouns don't accept the customer, they can't carry a customer on them. So they have to take a Fatah example is like the one I gave you a second ago. Misogyny isn't a good example.

00:50:52--> 00:51:02

masajid cannot take a customer on the end of it. You just can't do it, especially when it has nothing attached to it. It's it's something attached to it, it can, but if it's alone, it can't. So if it's majeure, it'll be massage.

00:51:05--> 00:51:19

All right, so it'll be massage certain words. So this is not important for you to know all the different words, I will explain that to you and Sharla in the future. But for now, just know that the fact has sometimes will represent Joe, in words that can't carry all three, all three hot buckets. Now.

00:51:21--> 00:51:30

What did you notice about Joe, that is important that you is that it only nouns? Right? There are no there are no verbs here. So we'll pass it on

00:51:33--> 00:51:33


00:51:37--> 00:51:38

and I

00:51:41--> 00:51:42

want you to notice something.

00:51:44--> 00:51:45

All three

00:51:46--> 00:51:48

exist here.

00:51:51--> 00:51:54

Correct. All three are in common.

00:52:01--> 00:52:08

That's why I start teaching it like this. That's why we did this to show you that there are some things that are in common. What else is in common here?

00:52:14--> 00:52:14


00:52:16--> 00:52:17

There are certain things that are uncommon.

00:52:18--> 00:52:29

Here is for the dual forum. Here is for the exceptional five, the five exceptional nouns so it's totally different words, so it's not confusing. However, between this and this

00:52:31--> 00:52:40

there's a lot of things that are in common for the dual form. And for the masculine sound masculine plural. It's the same thing exactly. The same thing goes.

00:52:42--> 00:52:46

For a number of different examples, like you'll find a number of example, it was exactly the same thing.

00:52:48--> 00:52:49

The final status

00:52:50--> 00:52:52

that we studied today jism.

00:53:00--> 00:53:02

So denied,

00:53:06--> 00:53:07

or changed verbs.

00:53:09--> 00:53:11

Present tense verbs

00:53:15--> 00:53:16

jasm is very specific.

00:53:18--> 00:53:28

It only works for present tense verbs, nothing else gets jism it's only present tense verb not even. Not even all verbs just present tense verbs. What are the markers of doesn't?

00:53:30--> 00:53:31

Number one is sukoon.

00:53:33--> 00:53:38

I told you that would be a present tense verb that is what at the end of it a consonant right.

00:53:39--> 00:53:45

Right has to have a constant at the end of it. Like yeah, yeah, cool. You find the school to find the second

00:53:46--> 00:53:48

second marker is

00:53:52--> 00:53:54

have deletion

00:53:56--> 00:53:58

that is for two types of words.

00:54:01--> 00:54:04

The present tense verb that has a vowel at the end of it

00:54:09--> 00:54:16

example Yeah, do you would just delete that it will become your do without without them only. Right. That's the best one example.

00:54:19--> 00:54:21

Or the five verbs

00:54:24--> 00:54:32

your falloon to falloon your Fila Fila into Falleen. If you take that away, that is my resume, no way we end up with is the following.

00:54:33--> 00:54:36

Also, there's, there's there's a similarity here between this

00:54:38--> 00:54:39

and this over here.

00:54:40--> 00:54:54

So the deletion of the noon in the five verbs could be the marker of jism or the marker of no so do you know when you look at it immediately? No, you don't know. You just noticed one of those two things. You know, that's number four. That's all you actually know.

00:54:55--> 00:54:55

All right.

00:55:03--> 00:55:27

because Arabic has that specific way of looking at stuff. I like starting in this form, meaning we can start by studying words. Does that mean there's this is the singular noun? Let's look at the singular noun and how the singular noun functions and what different things are going to happen to it, right? But I like looking at it like this first, because it gives you a philosophical background or explains to you a bit more about the we'll just wait for the then show.

00:55:32--> 00:56:07

me looking at it like this. What do you end up understanding is that words that can have different capacities in a sentence are viewed in different ways in the Arabic language, meaning they are assigned a status based on their value to the sentence. So based on their value, they'll be given a status, that status will be clear to you verbally through a number of different markers. Right. So knowing those markers and knowing the status is allows you to understand how things work within Arabic sentences, that's all and then when we work what we'll do now is we'll look at it from a different angle, we'll look at it from three different angles you'll find at the end repeated these

00:56:07--> 00:56:27

things so many times and Sharla I've always found that the best way to learn stuff like this is through repetition. It's hard to memorize stuff I don't I don't actually expect any of you or most of you to memorize these things. I just expect you to understand what we're trying to do and how there are similarities. Okay, I take this down and put a few examples up

00:56:29--> 00:56:30

a few sentences

00:56:33--> 00:56:37

see if you can figure out a couple of stuff

00:56:43--> 00:56:44

all right

00:57:07--> 00:57:07


00:57:14--> 00:57:14

all right.

00:57:17--> 00:57:23

Eat Muhammad eat food with his friends. Right? Very simple. Now,

00:57:25--> 00:57:28

I'm just gonna think about it from a status point of view, not from

00:57:30--> 00:57:53

I'm not interested in going to detail is one that from the status point of view. Now Yeah, cool is a present tense verb. You know, presidents verb is one of those words, I think the first thing we should do is say which words are more Arab, when we should them or Magne. Which of them can carry different statuses within a sentence, which of them can't carry different statuses in the sentence is a present tense verb, a president's verb is a word that can carry different statuses in this model. Mohamed is someone who

00:57:55--> 00:58:05

is a noun that can carry different statuses in a sentence. A POM food is also a noun that can carry different statuses in the sentence. Ma is a preposition. So it's not this is Magne.

00:58:07--> 00:58:32

It can't do that. And this is not up. So this is a noun that can carry is a genetic seal. So it would say a broken plural, so it can carry different two statuses in a sentence. So these four words can carry different statuses. So what I want you to do is to tell me which one is more for winner, which was monsoon? Which one is measurable? And give me some understanding of why you think so? Right? So what would you say your goal is?

00:58:35--> 00:58:36

So why would it be metaphor?

00:58:37--> 00:59:15

It's part of the subject. So yeah, 100 would be the subject because the main character is eating the me. So a verb is always, by default metaphor, because it's a sentence on its own. You know, it works in a sentence just by itself, it's always going to be by default metaphor. It's, it's it is, it's not, it is the whole sentence. It's not just the main characters of the sentence itself. Now the subject of the sentence, the main character here, right is one missile is also gonna be metaphor. What is the status of Rafa in Muhammad in the word in a singular noun? So if you go back to the thing we just put up, it's gonna be Obama. What is this? What is the status? What is the marker of

00:59:15--> 00:59:36

Rafah in a present tense verb that has nothing attached to the end of it? All right, so that's why we have two numbers here. Yeah. Cool. Muhammadan. Now, what is this here, food? First of all, you say this, is this full set? Is this a complete sentence? Yes, it is. Mama's eating. Complete sentence. Right? Is it full?

00:59:37--> 00:59:51

Now there's still something missing, meaning a secondary character can be added to this to complete the sentence. So it's fulfilled. So food is a secondary character. What is the secondary character taking a sentence?

00:59:52--> 00:59:56

No, what's the status of it? Nope. What is no sub in a singular noun?

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

The marker of nestled in a singular noun

01:00:00--> 01:00:04

All right. So the marker of Nelson and a singular noun is going to be fatigued.

01:00:06--> 01:00:10

Is this a full incomplete sentence? Yes, this is a full incomplete sentence.

01:00:13--> 01:00:14

This is additional with this friends.

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Traditional, the sentence survives is these are not secondary characters. They do not bring

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Completion to the sentence this is completed, fulfilled. So these are unnecessary. It's unnecessary then what steps does it take?

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Right, what is Java and geometric theater? What is the marker of genre and geometric series?

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So, if someone was to read this sentence properly, it was a Yeah, cool. Mohammed O'Neill parama malefactor, he, that's how you would read it properly in Arabic. And to me what, even if, when you read Arabic sentences, you'll find all these things put there, which is fine, you'll see them there, meaning they're written, but it's important for you to understand is going to mean that you understand why or you have some understand or some guess okay, this is why this is like that, that because Allama is always going to be stuck. Two main characters are unchanged main characters and sentences, do the secondary character is something that's unnecessary in the sentence. And that

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should help you at least deal with different

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different types of sentences. Okay, let's try something else.

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I'm gonna give you an example here.

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This is like the most famous example in Arabic literature that ever exists, ever existed.

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Simo soffia, the sky is clear. This is like every every Arabic grammar textbook will have that in it right now.

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Main Character secondary character is telling what you think.

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Is this a full sentence?

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Right? It's just a word. Right? So this is also needed. So both of them are needed. Right? There's no secondary character is needed. This is not even a sentence. So what would they have?

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They're both main characters. is are they changed by anything? Is there anything changing? They're playing around with them? No. So they both will have the status of refer. That's what you have to think about first, and this doesn't have what is the marker of refer in to singular nouns. Love, I saw a summer who

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saw Theoden here's where we're, you'll understand the idea of change your unchanged becomes important. So if I was to insert something at the beginning of this

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let's stick to this. I'm going to give example from the Quran that'll make sense to you. Let's say added to the beginning of the sentence, in

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right now in it enters a sentence. And it affects one of these words,

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is a type of preposition that affects the first word in the sentence. So from a, this is the, this is called move data, and it's called cover. This is the beginning of one word is the beginning of the sentence. And the second word is giving you information about that word. So the sky. That's the first word, so that Fabia clear is the is giving you information about it. So in the type of words, that will affect the first word in the sentence, it won't affect the piece of information, it'll affect the first one, it's gonna make it. Yeah, so this is now a main character that is affected or changed. So it's going to have the status of muscle, what is not any singular noun.

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So because in the summer, so I have yet another example.

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Now it's something different.

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So if I were to add a different word at the beginning

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so cabinet,

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cabinets, is a type of

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all these things emphasize in emphasizes a meaning kind of gives it a divine existence me has always been or always was or husband. So kind of outcomes, it affects the piece of information, it doesn't affect the first word, right? So this was still unaffected main character, so it still has the status of raffia. And we know that through Obama, but this one now is an affected word. It's a main character was affected. Now it's going to have the status of muscle now it's going to have on it

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can have yes or no Safiya. Now, those of you will memorize a few verses of Quran here and there.

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This is a very, very common ending within the Quran

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Allah who go forward, right, right. But never does it at the end of the Quran. And with this

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or at least, there has to be a well somewhere here at the beginning of it.

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But never like that. There's always something before it.

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Example of two things that commonly come before I needed this time

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sentence is in an emphasizing preposition and kinda

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a divine

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provision that brings a divine meaning or a or an incomplete past tense verb that brings a divine meaning to the sentence which is well explained that in Shaolin his time, so, both of these

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effects effectors when it comes to the sentence, each one affects something differently in is the type of preposition that will affect the beginning where the first word of the sentence, so which is because this is Allah subhanaw taala is one of the spoken of and these are the pieces of information that we have about him right. So, in affects this kind of affects two pieces of information without these two without them at all, Allah for both main characters unaffected untainted, so you would find it to be Allah Who before Ron Heyman right and then you bring in one of these two guys

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in a fix the first word so what you end up having is in Allah

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so in Allah has a full reign, or you end up getting caught into the into the kind of effects the two pieces of information. So this one stays Allah Who and these guys become foreign.

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Saying that point of change and unchanged, tainted and untainted. So when you put things in, when you add something to the sentence, it will affect one of the words. Now they may be main characters, these words are extremely important. Without them, the sentence makes no sense at all, it has to be there. But because they've been affected, they're no longer metaphor, they don't have the status of refer anymore so they don't get they get something different.

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Does that make some sense to you? Okay.

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Now, there are many, many examples of course in the Quran.

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Let me give you an example here another one.

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so your hormone

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Okay, your hormone means they stand up, or they take a stand. Yeah, means is the third party. And this means it's plural. So it's a third party portal yakun. Right.

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And this is a full sentence. We don't need anything else. This is a full sentence. It has a verb and it has a subject makes perfect sense. Now, if we were to add something to the beginning of it,

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like limb,

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they didn't, or Len, they will not. Right. Now, this is still a main character of the sentence. It's needed the sentence it doesn't exist without it. It is the sentence on its own sense, right. But now it's tainted and changed. Right? Yeah. So Marfa would have what is the marker of raffia for this is the existence of the noon, right? If it's no longer marked for if it's monsoon or Masoom? Because you can't measure, then what is the marker for that for this type of word? The marker is, has been known. Right? So this is gone.

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So you end up LEM Yeppoon? Or then yeah, you're saying and you're saying the idea here, meaning when it's affected by something, it's no longer metaphor because it's a main character that is affected by something from outside of the sentence. Now it loses its refer status, it has a different status and a marker of it is going to be the deletion of the noon at the end of it. And you're saying the idea so what I'm what I'm trying to show you is that words will carry statuses and sentences based on his capacity based on whether it's a main character secondary character unchanged, untainted, whether it's unnecessary, whether it's a it's a president's verb, we will know based on markers,

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right? We'll know what they like based on the markers that they have. Some words will have the same marker for different statuses, sometimes for different types of words and sometimes with the same type of word. And sometimes you'll have main characters, you just add a few things at the beginning of it and then it's tainted in this change and we have a different idea. Alright, so now that's the revision and all of that first part of your Rumia next time inshallah we'll continue by talking about the same concepts, but from a different angle and show us the pinnacle Yannick I should have Allah Allah.

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Allah Muhammad in early you