Matn Alajurroomiyyah #05

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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File Size: 49.56MB

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2017 9 22LMM before Maghrib

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All right, similar high Mahima hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen Allahumma salli ala Sayyidina Muhammad. All right, so today we'll be continuing Chela talking about the different statuses of words, in sentences. So we started talking about was,

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when we talked about, we talked about Rafa and we talked about numbers. And these are statuses of words, meaning words will have the ability to be flexible within a sentence can carry different statuses within that sentence. And that's, and that flexibility is called an OB in Arabic, that's that flexibility, the different statuses or the different capacities a word can have within a given sentence. So what I found is what we talked about before, then what refer is, is you either it's either the main character

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the main character, and it's

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unchanged,

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are untainted or unaffected. So for something to be more foreign, it has to be a main character of a sentence, it has to be something is unchanged, meaning it is its original status, nothing has affected it at all, then it status will be in effect. And that is like the highest it means to write something right so that it's the highest of all statuses because it's the main character of a sentence. And it's not it hasn't been changed or affected by any exterior

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element within the sentence. Now, how do we know something is a metaphor? In a sentence? How do we know it?

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We know as metaphor. There are a number of markers that tell us that this is metaphor. What are the markers of Rotherham? What are the different markers?

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The first The first one will be bum

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bum

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so the metal dama team because right now we're not differentiating between them for now. I'm not I want you to act like you don't know there's a difference for now and then we'll talk about the difference later. Right. So Obama is the most famous marker of Rafah, it is not the only but it's the most famous, right. So after that

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Hello.

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The letter well,

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like mostly moon and Moon, right. What else?

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And for the

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for the masses for a number of different words. We talked about it before it well as for words like me, no Muslim on the sound masculine plural, right? And for the characteristic or the exceptional five nouns, right? Like Abu vous fu Hamel, a who? Right? Those five words, their status of raffia will be established by the Whoa. Right after that, there's the Elif

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that's for the duel. Right there words are dual like mean n mustafina n right. And then the final one is taboo to noon like you said

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that exists in the five verbs right there's five different types of verbs

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your falloon your violin to fine tune the violent Falleen right. So the the existence of the new and at the end of it is the marker of the status of Rafa right

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okay.

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So that's that's basically explaining what Raafat means.

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Now and also is the second status of flexibility or capacity a word can carry in a sentence that exists also for

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either a secondary character right either a secondary character

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or

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changed main character

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so the main characteristic was affected by an exterior exterior element, right something came in affected it so it's no longer existing in its original form, then it will be among food which is when level less than rougher Right? Or is a secondary character? There could be a secondary character and we talked about the different markers of muscle last time we talked about all the different markers of muscle what's the first marker of no so

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yes, alpha tell

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another marker of nossob is

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the customer right?

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is the most famous of all right, so in monsoon you always think of a fight

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Tai. That's the first thing that comes to mind right.

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Now, what's the example for Elif?

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No, that's

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right. Rafi I live is the America or dual forms. The Elif is a marker of Nelson in the five exceptional nouns

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of a

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hammer, right? So instead of a boo, boo, yes.

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Main, so main character, and, and unchanged, so the main character has to be unchanged or untainted or unaffected. Okay, now is for two things, either secondary character or a changed main character, or main character that was affected by an exterior element. Again, I'm just explaining the different ways of looking at it.

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And if works for the five for the five exceptional nouns, right, and then the customer

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the customer works for what

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Yeah, so there's the sound feminine plural. So semi Let's send that left if you want to give it an offer, you give it a lump sum our tune and we want to give it enough you have to give it a customer Samoa tin or SML it

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so cassava, which is the main marker of geometry we're going to study today is also a marker for nossob but in specific situation, the situation of the sound feminine plural. I will continue to repeat these and chinchilla until you until you can make sense of them and show them as we go. What else is there? What other

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Yeah.

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And that is like brother Saad was saying what was that? Yeah, it's for

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the one that you said the duel right so there is the marker of Nelson in the duel so mostly man. The idea for Rafa and then mostly main is the art for for an awesome okay.

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And the same thing in the sound masculine plural. So mostly moon the marker of raffia as well and Mussolini in the marker of Nasir is yet

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and then the fine has been known

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finally one

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deletion of the known and the same thing here the five

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the five verbs said if I loan is your value instead of defy loan to value give Island your file save the file and the file set of the family in the family

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so here I'll show you

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so for example, yeah the five exceptional nouns so the LF

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so

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Hannah the firm here it's

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a whole

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room

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full so you can tell your friend Ally tomorrow I don't even tell him that your name the well was the marker of refer for your last name because he was humble right? So you can tell him you have a metaphor or last name?

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Because these are the main characters. Yeah. His last name is Hamid sister. It was a joke hold on you're supposed to smile I don't know why

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you didn't smile at all. You kind of broke my made me feel really bad.

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Gave me negative negative feelings there.

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I know this is a confusing but shall I will repeat it enough times until until it makes sense, right? It's understanding languages. If you're going to master it, you have to understand the philosophy of the language or else it will always be an understanding that is that is not complete. Your Romila hemma Hola. He began explaining explaining Arabic grammar simplistically, yes, but he still explained it philosophically. Meaning what you want you understand is that there are four statuses that words can carry in sentences for words that have the ability to carry different capacities and sentences, he talks about being at the beginning, if you remember at the beginning, I

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told you there are certain words that cannot have different capacities in the sentence. This is what it's going to be nothing can change it, nothing can do anything to it, it is what it is. In other words, can have different the word

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insane human. That's a word that depending on on what how you use it in a sentence, it can serve different purposes. It can be a main character, it can be a secondary character can be completely useless. You don't need it at all and again, in the sentence, in other words, it can't it is what it is it can carry different capacities. So what are the different capacities or what are the different statuses that are working carrying the sentence model for among soldier all these are the capacities

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How do we know something is metaphor? Well, there are a number of markers that tell us depending on the type of word there's a there's a marker that suits it. So the manual I live in to Bucha noon these are for refer in different situations. Right? Because when you look at it, there's there are two things that are similar here. Almost exactly the same. So you see an LF here, I'll just end it here. But the LF is in the here is in the five exceptional knowns. Correct? Right. And here it's in the dual form

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dual form of a word so Muslim if you want say to Muslims, you say Muslim and so that is the marker of Rafa here is the marker of Nelson, but in the five exceptional nouns, so it's not the same type of word. Yes, the same letter is serving two different statuses, but in different types of words, this time, the same type of word,

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which makes it less confusing.

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Which makes it a bit less confusing, because it's not, it's not like the LF is going to be a profit and loss in the snow, it's in different words, but you will find in a second that like the yeah, here is going to serve

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Nephalem and Jonah and the same type of word, meaning you won't be able to know the difference if you don't know what the sentence is saying. And we'll explain that in a second. So there are different overlaps here and there. But if you understand the basic concept, when I start putting together sentences for you, right, it'll be easier for you and I to have a conversation about it because we'll say okay, this is what the sentence is saying. understood the vocabulary here. Well, I think this is this seems to be the main characters, the the secondary, secondary character, you can start making sense of, okay, how this is going to work in general. Okay, let's start with explaining

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jump Yes.

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This would have been known the deletion of the noon so and that is in examples like the five verbs right. So yeah, follow

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to follow

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your phyla the Fila

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and family. Right. So here it would be

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your falloon to falloon.

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Yep, I learned a fallen

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into filing.

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Here Yeah, so the new existence of the new one at the end? Yeah, is the marker of refer the deletion of the new one here is a marker of nossob. Okay. All right. Now we start with the gentleman Sharla.

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Now, what is Jennifer though?

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So I say jar was was going to be possession would be like a, like a rough usage of the word I'm just saying was like, what who can generally mean subject and that

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message generally mean object and then I read the Joseph can be possession, Majid or is any unnecessary element of a sentence is much lower. What it means when it's measured, is that the sentence could have survived without it. There's different it can it can exist in different ways. Like it'd be different types of additional words. But what it means in its essence is that this word is not needed. If you remove it completely, the sentence will live descendants will continue will survive within this basic. So unnecessary.

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Unnecessary.

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Unnecessary word. Yeah, prepositions are not more of their money. Prepositions don't, they can't carry different statuses in a sentence. They are what they are, the prepositions don't have different, but the word after it is exactly an example of it. Right? And we'll give you I'll give you I'll give you enough examples for this to make sense. You'll see how it works. So that's what Java is all muffled. Right. Another word for Java is also covered when we talked about that. Okay, let's let's, let's continue

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to read the text from here, because, well, hopefully, you notice, you know where we are in the text in general.

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What else lovely fella, I imagine Can you give me that he doesn't want he doesn't wanna use it. Let me just use it.

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Because my phone is turning off.

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All right.

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Well, hopefully it's Page five in this last sentence of Phase Five and think we'll have least thought on that. And for the condition or the status of fulfilled, there are three signs. So the only so here 1234 Here 12345. And you're only three. So it's less, so you have less to worry about but there's three markers for coffee

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for different words for the first one for America. So the first one is El Kassala. Of course, isn't that the most famous of all, so

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maybe think of the word mineral water in Arabic The first thing that comes to mind is Alka Surah

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but now you can see that there are similarities between nossob and your rain

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but it'll be in different types of words gusta for here is going to be for what? For only the

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the feminine sound Pearl

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like what like mostly not me not you don't say mostly not 10 There's no such thing as mostly Nitin. Right, so that's how you know so it's only any sound feminine plural only because Allah is going to be the marker of John in a number of different situations. We'll go through them one by one for Taku I imagine you will hopefully Fetullah Fatima well, but it will be a marker of Java in three situations. First fill is minimal fraud elements or if

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they'll move fraud

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among sorry.

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Listen, now one more. Okay, I'll explain them well for her Don't look at me like that.

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Move right singular. So the singular noun Moussaieff, which has a vowel markings that can be changed

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alongside F

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means that it can carry all different vowel markings it can carry the gel, the Fatah and cassava and bomba that's what it means it will move sort of means that it is the nature of this word is that it can carry all three

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vowel changes or how to cut it can carry over how to cut some words can carry over how to cut, right they just the way that they're built that you can use it how to ascertain how to cut for them, right? So the singular, the singular now that can carry all for you how to cut.

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Example, any example any any singular noun, say a singular noun.

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beaten, beaten, beaten, good.

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So there you go. We'll use his his example beaten

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are LBT right?

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Okay.

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I'm not gonna say well, what are you gonna ask me? Well, what is the most Sorry, what is the one that can't carry? We'll come to that and shoulder so just leave that aside until until we need to come to it. We'll come to an Shama

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alright.

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Yeah. Have to explain like a bit of that. Okay. What do you make serial Hmong Salif?

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Where's your German I mean? Plural.

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geometric series The Broken plural, right? We talked about that before elements or if

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that can carry that can carry all three halachot. Again, the same idea.

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Same example that Hashem gave the same word.

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But you

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muted because bait when you want to make it plural.

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It doesn't have a sound way of doing it. So it gets a tune,

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which is gonna say beta, but you have to you have to you have to do a broken plural for it. So we would use either why we either Well, no one knows the broken, broken plural doesn't have doesn't have a formula. It's just how that's how it is.

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You don't you just have to, these are things you have to just know. I mean, these are, these are this is where you study vocabulary. You understand how we're different types of words, especially when it comes to plurals.

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Just use it as it is there are words like that. So if it's a if it's a block broken plural that can carry on through how to cut then if it's major or is going to have okay, sir, yes.

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Yeah, massage is different massage is not mostly

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a second didn't work specifically because it's not long, sort of. It's actually the animal side of it. We'll talk about that in shuttle. Yeah.

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ataxia, the broken plural and the geometrics here

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all right.

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The third one with EGM and oneness

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I mean,

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plural, oneness

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feminine, a Salem

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is the sound

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sound feminine flow

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We'll try to memorize the translation of the words gemera plural OneNet, feminine SODIMM sound the sound feminine plural, like what? Like mostly not. So if it's if mostly that is the word we're using, and especially

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now what is the marker of God for it?

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The cassava right? So it must be matin.

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However, the cassava is also the marker of nossob in the same type of word.

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So cassava is the marker of Nasim for the feminine sound feminine plural. And Kassala is the marker of God for this sound feminine plural, meaning the sound feminine plural as an example of a certain type of word, whether it's Hmong, sube, or Majid or is going to have

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I guess.

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The Kessler is a marker of gel, right? And the counselor is also a marker of Nasim sometimes, usually is for different types of words. An example here is only for one type of word. Here's for three types of words. But the coincidence or this is how it works. Not the coincidence, I guess, is that the customer is the marker of gender for the sound feminine plural. And it's also the marker of Nasim for the sound feminine plural. That means the sound feminine plural. So gentlemen, one necessarily

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the sound feminine plural.

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Like the word minute,

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how do we know what the sound from employer has an elephant at the end of it. If it's metaphor,

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there's going to be a bummer.

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And if it's more sobers, you're going to be

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and if it's always going to be like so.

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Right?

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If you remember, I gave you guys an example at the beginning, I told you SML what

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I told you a Halak Allah who sent it. Why because if it's monsoon, it gets the camera. And if it's much slower, it gets the camera. So you can't know if it's most normal soup just based on the cassava you have to look at where it exists in the sentence. So sometimes what you have to do, you have to find out, you have to understand the context of the sentence to know what it is because sometimes, the same marker could mean either things for the same type of word, sometimes not all the time is this specific situations. This is one of them.

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Where a gentleman wanted to sell him, the customer is the marker for it either djaro nossob, no difference.

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So we could have studied the sound feminine plural, and just said that or we can study it. So we're going to do we're going to take and study also the sound feminine plural. So we're gonna look at it from both directions. We're gonna look at it from the from the point of view of the statuses of words that can the capacity that words can carry in a sentence, and they're going to take every type of word and look at the different markers that it carries. And that way you've covered it in from both directions and surely you'll remember it at the end you'll be able to deal with it.

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Is that alright? Are we okay, let's move on to the second so that's the first marker of geography there's only three of them the first one is customer the second one

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Amelia so the second one is Ilya

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you're gonna see that there's also no

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right

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yet he's a marker of nossob and as a marker of you're gonna see these are in the same words are they in different words we'll see.

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I met a little lovely fee fell out at my welder is going to be the marker of Joe in three different situations. Number one

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a smile ahimsa.

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Five

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exceptional nouns.

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Have you memorized the five essential nouns by now or still? What are the

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zoo? So here is going to be

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Abby.

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Okay.

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Honey,

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the

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fee. So you can say Babu Ahmed.

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Ahmed abiy Ahmed, depending on where status is going into sentence depending on if it's male, four months old, or mudgeeraba. Does that make sense so far? So that's the first

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Is the so if you see the five exceptional nouns,

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they have different markers if their metaphor is below if they're among sobers the Elif. If there are Majoris there.

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Are you seeing the idea here? So the five exceptional nouns? Uh hum blue, right? If you remember what I said well, if they're gonna service the Elif, and if it's majority yet

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okay, that's the first one next second one with Destinia.

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What is that what is destiny Amin

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dual form within or Destinia then within or definitely means the dual form.

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Now, if we took a look at what the does for nossob

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Right so, there is a marker for Nasim in a number of different words. So what are the words that the is a marker of Nelson

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is for a daphnia

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and Gemma and without got a Selim

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the sound masculine noun plural, right? So the sound masculine plural that's where the is, is a microcosm. So a Destinia is a word or within now, that has the same marker for both Nussle banjo and it's there. So just like, do you, where's the tissue somewhere? It has to do with a bunch of tissues? How am I gonna get me a tissue from somewhere

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over there?

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So Al Muthanna or Destinia.

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Zack, thanks.

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So let's say we're talking about to Muslims. So we'll see Muslim man

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and the Elif. And the LF here is the marker of Rafa. Right, so it's for the dual form. Right. So the Elif is a marker of a Muslim man. And then if you want to say mostly main.

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This year over here

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is the marker for Nussle. And it's also the marker for geography. So we see the word mostly mean do you know if it's most sober measured, or?

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No you don't? You know, it's either monsoon or majeure. That's what you know, but you don't know which one it is until you look at the sentence and how it works and where it falls in the sentence and what capacity it has from a contextual point of view or a meaning point of view. Right? So you don't know. Mostly man. On the other hand, if you looked at it that I live is a give it gives its instant offer right away, but because they is the marker of Nasim for the dual form, and it's the marker of Jarrah for the dual forum, then when you see the word muesli mean, you're not sure it could be this or that could be the same thing when you see the customer on muesli mat right? You see

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the customer you know it's either monsoon or modular because the customer is the marker for the feminine sound feminine plural for both nossob and gel but you're not sure which one it is you don't know yet

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to a certain words like that right? We're gonna get to see there's not too many of them so only four or five of them that carry that confusing element to them. Okay, the third type of word that is the marker of God for

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the third one I will fill with Gemma

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right

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Jim I mean the gym and we're not gonna sell it on the way but just the man here

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gemera

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And we got got

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a sirloin? What is Jim Erminio heroin?

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Heroin was Jana

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chloro right Keith? What's that go?

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No masculine oneness. One that is feminine. That is masculine is selling me the sound to the sound masculine plural. Like what?

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Yeah, so that's just a

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man with EQ curve. So the Imam wrote on your agenda, but he met me with a custom I don't know why he didn't write the rest of it. I don't know why.

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So gentlemen, with the masculine sound masculine plural, like Muslim woman. Right.

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Mussolini is I was gonna sound when it's my daughter, but here's the thing.

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It's, yeah, it's also the marker of that font. Awesome. So now we have another

00:29:54--> 00:29:56

this is a third type of word.

00:29:59--> 00:29:59

Hi

00:30:00--> 00:30:06

This little we will problem so Jim and we got got to set him the sound masculine plural.

00:30:09--> 00:30:11

Like me noon

00:30:13--> 00:30:23

so the well is, is a giveaway of Rafa because I've always is the only marker for this type of word for refer. But when you say mean

00:30:25--> 00:30:26

as a plural

00:30:28--> 00:30:46

there is a marker of Nelson for this type of word. And there is a marker of geography this type of word. So the same thing do you know when you say the word meaning if it's been sold or majeure? No, but you know, it's either most super modular, what I understand what I'm saying, if it's metaphor is going to be more than 100%.

00:30:47--> 00:31:27

But if it's mean, you're not sure, you have to look at the sentence. And these are the examples of things that overlap, where it's not going to fuse them when they don't overlap. So the LF here is the marker of nossob and the five exceptional nouns, but it's an it's the marker of raffia and the duel for him two different things, so they're not going to confuse you. However, when the same letter or the same marker works for both statuses and the same type of word, that means you can't know from from that alone what status it carries. You can't know you mostly Nitin, you can't know the customer works for the sound feminine plural. For Nelson. And it's for the sound feminine

00:31:27--> 00:31:28

plural.

00:31:29--> 00:32:01

For genre as well, meaning mostly imagine can be both monsoon or module. That makes sense. And why is that because metaphor is the only status that is held in high regards. So nothing overlaps with it, it has its own thing. Yeah. And here you see the overlap the actual overlap. These two olives aren't overlapping. They're in different types of words. Totally different types of words. But here there's actual overlap meaning the word meaning here they could could work both ways. It could be more sober could be measurable, we don't know. We just don't know.

00:32:03--> 00:32:04

Understood. Okay.

00:32:05--> 00:32:07

So there's one more marker of

00:32:08--> 00:32:11

job not sure I'm gonna I'm gonna put it up here.

00:32:13--> 00:32:16

And it's America so the Fatah

00:32:20--> 00:32:23

but the cool little hopefully feet, well done.

00:32:31--> 00:32:39

Sorry, I lost the track by the corner while I'm at a little hub Lee Phyllis Milla de la Yan Salaf. So only one position, which is Phil ism.

00:32:44--> 00:32:45

I eat in amongst life.

00:32:49--> 00:33:25

So remember, when I told you amongst a lot of fear means I can carry all three how to cut later the most solid means that words that can carry off you how to cut, there are certain words that cannot carry the customer, they just can't carry the customer. So if they need to have a customer, then the fat How will substitute for it. So examples of that, and I will we will study those types of words on their own on their own section, Inshallah, we'll study the different types of words that are hermosa, that can't carry all for you how to get in its own section insha Allah. But an example of that is what's the word that you you gave me a second ago? The plural that you gave me? Right? So

00:33:25--> 00:33:26

the Pearl massage, you'd write

00:33:30--> 00:33:35

the word masajid? If it is a metaphor, what do we give it this metaphor?

00:33:37--> 00:33:49

You do? Yes, it was done. So for it good. It's a geometric series. This is a broken plural. So broken plural. The marker of raffia for is the llama. The marker of Nelson for it is the Fatah.

00:33:50--> 00:33:52

And the marker of

00:33:53--> 00:34:20

Jota for it is going to be also the Fatah. Because it's random on sort of what you say no, no, you already said that geometric series is is here meaning it's going to get a customer Yeah, it's moon sort of, if you can carry all the different goods some words can't some words just by nature, there's like five, six categories, I can do it and we'll explain those are shallow ones on their own. For now I just need to know that there's something like that that exists. So the word massage is measured on what it's going to measure with if attack.

00:34:23--> 00:34:29

Alright, so for Jarrah, we have three markers, we have cassava, yeah. And Fatah.

00:34:30--> 00:34:37

And if you look at Nelson, you also have customer Yeah, in Fatah, but for different words, and sometimes for the same types of words.

00:34:39--> 00:34:59

Some of them are different words totally different and some of those same types of words. If customer is the marker of job, in the singular noun that can carry all how to cut in the in the broken world I can carry all halachot and in the sound feminine plural, right these are the three situation three types of words. They are is the mark

00:35:00--> 00:35:08

Corojo and three and four if you situations, in the five exceptional nouns, I'd be happy HMI the fee. In the dual form, mostly main meaning

00:35:09--> 00:35:39

Ebn. And in the sound masculine plural, like Muslimeen, meaning quantity, the last two, overlap with the in the sub mean the last two, when you look at them, mostly mean, you don't know if they're most over modular, you know that they're either most over major, we don't know which one by the way. If that's the only piece of information you're given, that's not enough. You need to you need something more to be able to establish, what's the mean, meaning you don't know if they're most over budget, or you just know they're either mostly over budget, we don't know which one.

00:35:42--> 00:35:44

The third marker of genre is if

00:35:45--> 00:36:08

it is an only one situation, it's in the now and that cannot carry all the different halachot and it's called SM, Vironment. Salaf right so you can look, we will, we will study that inshallah on its own on its own ism, gladinet Masonic, the word that cannot carry all different halachot. So, this basically covers everything regarding the nouns.

00:36:09--> 00:36:13

Because, if you remember when we first in our first session, we said that verbs

00:36:14--> 00:36:48

can be metaphor, monsoon job, image, zoom, but they can't be measured or meaning job does not enter a verb, if you remember here, have been known as the booty noona for verbs. Correct. These are for verbs if I verbs, but here and even here, bum, and Fatah, if you go back to the markers, they were for verbs that didn't have anything attached to the end of it. But here there's nothing regarding verbs because a verb cannot be measurable. When we talked about nouns, we said a noun could be metaphor, mon Sol melodic cannot be Masoom a noun cannot be Masoom. So basically what we studied so far,

00:36:49--> 00:36:55

these three encompass all nouns, all I smell are encompassed within these three in these three things that we studied.

00:36:58--> 00:37:10

Alright, I'll revise them with you, inshallah. One more time, take it, take it off, and we're going to assume this is only when they can't hold. So like when, what's the exact what works, it works,

00:37:11--> 00:37:35

we'll come to that Inshallah, we'll explain the unnecessary characters in the sentence, no sub secondary character or change main character, we either but there has to be a main character has to be unchanged, or untainted, or unaffected by, by an exterior element in the sentence, right has to be able to now I'm gonna take this down, I put up a few examples, right and work on a few examples. And I hope that this will help you guys out in Charlotte with maybe under remembering this stuff. Alright.

00:37:37--> 00:37:41

Again, do not despair. This is a language is a very

00:37:46--> 00:38:20

very rich language, a language that can has the ability within itself, like the deen that was revealed, in its, with its words, has the ability to bring up new words within its own sense, it can develop new words, right. But with this in a systematic approach, I'm just saying I'm saying the derivatives in the Arabic language, which is what I'm going to arrive at, at one point in Shaolin. This study, in this review, is that it has the ability to generate new words, just by the formulas of derivatives that it has in its

00:38:21--> 00:38:25

within its parameters. Right? And so sometimes it's word

00:38:26--> 00:38:57

makes a lot of sense, that should work like everything else, but it doesn't exist there. Why does it exist? The ARB is ever used, it doesn't mean that we can't use it one day for something that would be perfect for it. So the Arabic leg has the ability to generate new words just like Islam has the ability to continuously deal with new problems and come up with new solutions. So Subhanallah there's a there's a parallel here now the Quran was revealed in a language that has this ability to continuously develop and come up with you know, generate new meanings new understandings within its and I find that to be I'm not sure if many languages have that in its within its build I don't know

00:38:57--> 00:39:05

maybe they do by no English doesn't know English as a different maybe they can sometimes add stuff but it's not systematic or it's not it's not based on

00:39:07--> 00:39:09

laws that the language itself can carry

00:39:13--> 00:39:13

on

00:39:28--> 00:39:28

that means

00:39:30--> 00:39:36

he's on his way are gone or going, but it's an hour and it's not a verb enough to invest you obviously

00:39:38--> 00:39:59

know, who is the main character of this sentence? And he's a main character is anything affecting him you see anything before anything before the usually, you know, something that affected based on if there's something before it? Usually that's 90 99% of the time. It was something before it. So there's nothing before it, and there's actually nothing affecting it. So it's going to be about four right. So what is what is what type of work

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

It's a singular noun, right? The singular noun. Now what is the marker of refer for a singular noun?

00:40:11--> 00:40:12

That had

00:40:13--> 00:40:18

on his way or going. It's also unknown, right? So what type of noun is it?

00:40:20--> 00:40:21

No thermal

00:40:28--> 00:40:31

is also a noun, it's also a singular noun,

00:40:32--> 00:40:39

is also a singular noun. So it's a singular noun. Is it going to be my question? Is it going to be a metaphor? Or is gonna be a muscle?

00:40:40--> 00:40:41

Why would it be monsoon?

00:40:43--> 00:40:51

So it's a main character. It's not a secondary character. It's a main character in this sentence isn't affected by anything?

00:40:52--> 00:40:54

Meaning, if you took it out,

00:40:56--> 00:40:58

would the sentence would there be a sentence to begin with?

00:41:00--> 00:41:19

Would they be sent this? So I'm a sentence, I'm gonna do a word. Right? It turns into an it's not a sense anymore. So you need this word here in order for this to be a sentence to begin with. So it's a main character, it's needed for the sentence to survive, right? And it's unaffected by anything. So on a secondary character, you'll see secondary characters will require different things.

00:41:21--> 00:41:29

So it's metaphor. It's also metaphor. Yeah, because it's a main character unaffected by anything. The sentence wouldn't survive without it. So that Hebron?

00:41:31--> 00:41:31

Yes.

00:41:34--> 00:41:51

There you go. So secondary characters are going to be, you'll see, you'll see the objects. You find the objects in a sentence, so I'll give examples of that. I'll give it the second one will be an example of that inshallah. is a proposition. Or preposition. What is it? Which one preposition I can never say the preposition.

00:41:52--> 00:41:56

Now msgid comes after a preposition, right?

00:41:58--> 00:42:17

If you took out these two, would this still be a sentence? Yes, yes. Still be a sentence. For this. Yeah, but still a sentence to fall since I'm a verb, I'm going sentence may not be, you know, your optimal sentence may not love it, but it's a sentence it still works, right? So this is extra stuff. Right? So as my daughter

00:42:21--> 00:42:21

and Mr. GED,

00:42:22--> 00:42:25

you send out works, this is how the logic of it works.

00:42:27--> 00:42:44

The biller is not more up to begin with these words. 123 or more out about meaning there are words that can carry different capacities in a sentence. A Masjid can be unnecessary, and if you change his plays, it can become later on a main character.

00:42:46--> 00:43:11

But no, you cannot. In a it's too it's a preposition. It's, it has no there's no life in it. Nothing can change about it. So it's not more so you can't say it has a target doesn't have anything. It's not a word to begin with. If not more of them to begin with that makes sense as to be model for us to say, Well, what marker and what status does it carry? This is metaphor. I'm gonna force majeure. What is this? This is called mcburnie.

00:43:14--> 00:43:15

Map D means it's

00:43:17--> 00:43:50

cannot carry different status statuses or doesn't have different conditions in a sentence. It is what it is. It never changes. Thoughts. It doesn't need different markers. Why would you give markers or something that's always going to do the same thing in a sentence why that's a waste of time. It's going to always be like that. It's never ever ever changes either. never changes, right? It will always have the same meaning will always serve the same purpose. It will always mean to they'll never be anything else. Right? And the message ID here's a destination I can write it's a destination for someone I can write a difference that's just you and message you do

00:43:58--> 00:44:00

me think of something nice.

00:44:09--> 00:44:12

Masjid Kabira big Headjam size.

00:44:13--> 00:44:17

Right? So the message is big size wise. Talking about size.

00:44:19--> 00:44:22

So now in Masjid, what is it in the sentence?

00:44:24--> 00:44:27

The main character isn't affected by anything. So what is it going to be?

00:44:29--> 00:44:33

For anything that's main and unaffected is going to be a metaphor.

00:44:34--> 00:44:40

Bomba right? Because it's a singular to singular noun. That's how we know it's beautiful. I can hear

00:44:41--> 00:44:42

what is gonna be it here.

00:44:45--> 00:44:46

Now, you

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

know, explain these things later, but without this sentence, so this word is needed. Right? Big is the main character of the sentence. It's not affected by anything. There's nothing before it. So it's also meant for

00:45:02--> 00:45:14

Headjam size wise is an additional word. If you took it out and messed up you would have served the purpose. Right and this is just an additional word. Don't really need it. It's unnecessary in the sentence. Totally unneeded.

00:45:15--> 00:45:17

So if it's needed, what do you do with it? Yes.

00:45:19--> 00:45:21

Helmus De Luca Virol Hajime

00:45:22--> 00:45:22

How do you know

00:45:25--> 00:45:59

you have to understand vocabulary slowly that's why to me when I need what is important to me is I understand how this works. I don't need it to be today to become me it and mashallah, you know, it was nice talking to you didn't take time for but as long as understand how it works like the basic idea of how we're going to look at stuff, right? So these words All them are modeled, they can all carry see the message here was unnecessary. Here is the main character. That's what more means. Mod means it can carry different capacities. It adds dead to dead, it does nothing, it's always going to be this it's always going to be just to go from something to something else. Nothing nothing more

00:45:59--> 00:46:01

you can it will never add up to anything more

00:46:09--> 00:46:10

but it still means to even

00:46:13--> 00:46:53

win he fell markings. markings, yes, you can put this up. But this is not this is not a marker. These are just to help you read. Did you help me to pronounce it? These are not markers. Here it is a marker, I can put a map but these aren't markers. These are just to help you read it properly. But here the bummer is a marker. It's telling you that this is metaphor or because metaphor you know, it's gonna have all the math the end of it, it's a different thing. That's why it's always going to look at the end of the word meaning at the end, either the last or letter or before the last letter will have a marker for you to know what capacity it has in the sentence. If it's a word that can

00:46:53--> 00:46:58

have a capacity in the sentence, it is not one of them. Because it's just it is what it is. It's a preposition. All right.

00:47:00--> 00:47:00

I guess

00:47:02--> 00:47:05

Headjam has moved off Edie can be it as cover.

00:47:08--> 00:47:23

Subject we just usually make a subject we trying to always synchronize those or not be patient. I will show I'll break that all down. Just right now what I'm trying to do is trying to show you how how to think I'm gonna get I'm gonna give a sentence with a with a verb in it this time.

00:47:58--> 00:48:02

Know APA means gave it's a verb. Okay.

00:48:04--> 00:48:04

Mohamed Ahmed.

00:48:06--> 00:48:06

Ahmed,

00:48:07--> 00:48:09

who is his brother,

00:48:10--> 00:48:11

Cora.

00:48:13--> 00:48:18

Below twin, nicely or kindly or gently? Okay. Now,

00:48:19--> 00:48:23

who is the main character of this? Ahmed? Right. So when you're going to be

00:48:25--> 00:48:48

smarter for multiple learning, then you think okay, what is the marker of right of Rafa for this type of word. And they would say lumber. Now, if I took this one out, right? You mean maybe we can find something maybe different? A word that the the marker is not necessarily Obama. But for now I'm just making it easy for you guys. Like keeping a view here. Right? So.

00:48:51--> 00:48:57

Now the second word, what is that? Is he's giving him so here's the thing. If we stopped here, is this a sentence?

00:48:59--> 00:49:30

It is a sentence is a sentence is a sentence? It's missing something? Right? There's some meaning out but if you have information now, I'm gonna give that information. It's not complete information. However, you still need more, right? So when when that says case, when the sentence is there, the build the main build is there. But there's missing information, not essential information, not essential information, but missing information, then that's what a secondary character is. That's what a secondary character is, or an object.

00:49:31--> 00:49:47

Okay, so this is a sentence, but it's but it's missing some information. Right? It can carry more information that will does not, that is not something that is just additional No, it's just needed for the sentence to have completion to complete meaning to it. Right? But it still doesn't. So there's a secondary character What are secondary characters?

00:49:49--> 00:49:57

Monsoon right monsoon. Now the word is from the five exceptional nouns. What is the marker of nothing for the five essential nouns Alif right.

00:49:59--> 00:49:59

So

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

All

00:50:01--> 00:50:01

right.

00:50:03--> 00:50:07

The ball. Muhammad gave his brother the ball.

00:50:08--> 00:50:12

So if you stopped here just a sentence to sentence, is it a complete sentence?

00:50:13--> 00:50:25

There's something there's something missing. I'm gonna give his brother. What there's something missing is a sentence. It gives you information that you can work with. But it's not a complete sentence that says something that you know is missing that you need, right?

00:50:27--> 00:50:29

It's also a secondary character.

00:50:30--> 00:50:58

No secondary character is not an unnecessary character is a secondary character. The Kansas years has meaning is a sentence. But it's not complete. There's something missing. It's one soup, right? Because the secondary character now here nicely. Is it is it a full sentence? full sentence you you have all the information you need. Anything else is going to be additional. It's essential. You don't really need it, but it's nice to have it Yeah, cuz I can look at you know, I don't really care how he gave it to him. But fine. You were telling me it's nice. It's good. So this is

00:51:02--> 00:51:06

so this is a verb we haven't. Yeah, so it's a

00:51:07--> 00:51:14

feral moldy. It's a past tense verb. We haven't talked about those yet. So what they do, but we'll talk about the Michela Yes.

00:51:23--> 00:51:25

The present tense verb, right.

00:51:27--> 00:51:40

Your prime means he's feeding so I'm always feeding his guest, the guest right? The guest. So, your prime is a present tense verb, a present tense verb has nothing attached to the end of it. Right?

00:51:41--> 00:52:12

It's a more of this also, this is not a motherboard isn't a new word. But this is a new verb is a verb in this verb can have different markers at the end of it. Now, it's a verb that has not attempted not tainted or affected by anything before it. So it's going to be much more it's always going to be in the in the original situation. And the original status of a present tense verb is an offer. And for a verb that doesn't have anything attached to the end of it. The marker of raffia is going to be mum, right, Mama? So you're playing. Now who's the main character here?

00:52:14--> 00:52:25

All right, so I'm gonna is going to be metaphor. It's a metaphor. And then we look at the marker, the marker is going to be the Americas as a singular noun, or model. Now, this is a sentence

00:52:26--> 00:52:35

is a sentence, but it's not a complete sentence. There's something missing here. It there's more information that can complete this sentence is a sentence. We need your time Allah gives you information, but it doesn't give you

00:52:36--> 00:52:40

enough information. There's more that you can know, a belief is a secondary character.

00:52:41--> 00:52:48

So what is the second vehicle you're going to be? Munsell so the Nasir, the marker of nossob, in a singular noun.

00:52:49--> 00:52:50

But

00:52:51--> 00:53:03

actually, there's something this is a sentence that you could also complete, it's also incomplete. Because you could also tell me what he's feeding him. Right? So if we added another word here, don't do any more. I'm a believer.

00:53:04--> 00:53:04

To

00:53:08--> 00:53:20

an apple, right. So this is a sentence is gives you but it's missing. If you add another piece to it, it will it will complete it, meaning it's a sentence but there's something missing cuz you don't know what it is that he's being too far heavy comes

00:53:21--> 00:53:25

becomes a secondary character as well. So it's also too fat and

00:53:26--> 00:53:45

it's another object, right? So you're seeing that the subjects are getting the Obama and the objects are getting the Fatah, the subjects are being marked for and the objects are being months old, and the and the additional words are being modular. Okay, so we'll start Michelle next week. I will let you know inshallah on Thursday whether we're doing this after motherboard before Muslim