Matn Alajurroomiyyah #03

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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File Size: 50.41MB

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2017 8 25LMM before Maghrib

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Mr. Heyman hamdulillah I'm glad I mean Allahumma salli ala Sayyidina, Muhammad Ali, you're so have you remain. Alright, so where does anyone remember where we stopped last time? I think we were gonna start talking about it and that type of affair, right. So before we continue, I will do a quick revision of the for

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status statuses of Arab. So when we say the word Arab what it means it means that the word has flexibility to exist in different capacity capacities on different capacities within the sentence. Maybe a word that is many means that a word that doesn't have different capacities, it's only going to exist in one form, it doesn't have the ability to exist in different capacities. So words

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they're going to to so many.

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Right, and these words are a bit more, they lack flexibility, they can exist on different capacities within the sentence, and then more.

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And more of means that a word has the ability to exist on different capacities within the sentence. Now, what are these different capacities, there are four, statuses 1234, there is an offer.

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There is an awesome

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and it is general or fulfilled either either Word works, right, so please keep that in mind. And jism.

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Mara means existing

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in different capacities.

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Sentences

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means

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money is the opposite money says it can only exist in one capacity, there's really there's really no other way for us to look at it. Right? Mark says no, this word, depending on where it exists in the sentence, could exist worked in different ways, right? So how do we know on which capacity or in which capacity this word is existing in the sentence? Well, we have four markers, right? So we have four statuses basically refer.

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So you can write this down if you want, because this is like this is this may help you out. If that means that is the main word in the sentence. Or it's either the main word of the sentence, or it's untainted with or it's unchanged, it's unaffected by anything else. It is on its original.

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In its original form, so main

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word of a sentence, or

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untainted or unchanged.

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Right? No sub,

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there's no sun, I do secondary.

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Secondary word in the sentence,

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or

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changed.

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affected

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by something in the sentence, something, something came in affected in the sentence. But I'll give you many examples of that and show

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us your means unnecessary. Now, I have no idea how to write and I said and

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this is very nice, unnecessary word in a sentence. So we're, that's unnecessary as Joe.

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Joseph is a neutral word.

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Neutral

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What's another word another way to mean to put this

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either neutral?

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Yes, I just stay with neutral, meaning it just it's been, it's a neutral word in the sentence. If neither of these is neither of these, it's a capacity that is none of none of that none of the

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Oh, you can add to that are restricted.

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Which are restricted word.

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I'll explain I'll explain these things as they come along. But these are important if you understand what these are. You understand that those four capacities for resource status is that a word can that word can exist in a sentence, then this helps you understand that this is how these are Arabs build their sentences, they have a way of doing it.

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Because unlike English, sometimes you can put the words in different sequence in the sentence, right? But, but the status of the

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have the word is not based on sequence. It's based on having one of these four statuses. And then there are markers for us to know what status it has meaning an offer is a status of a word. What are the markers of offer? What will tell us that this word is metaphor has been given the status of refer there is 1234 things for us to know. Not so but this was monsoon is begin the status of nossob.

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What are the markers is 12345? The same thing for Joel does anything for jism? So what is the most notorious or famous marker for

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Obama, right? So, the most notorious is Bama. But that's not the only one. Right? That's not the only one at all. There's actually many, many others. No slip, the most notorious one for it is by TA. Jarrah is cassava, and Jasmine is sukoon. Right? These are the famous markers, right of these four statuses. But to say that metaphor equals my mom, with a one minute ionic meaning are the same on sube equals MFG, two are the same a judo equals Maqsood with the customer are the same, Zoom equals second is very wrong. And it fails 80% of the time, because that's not true. But these are the most famous markers. So these four things are statuses that a word can have within a sentence.

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And then that status, each status has a number of markers that will tell us that it has that status or it doesn't. Now how do we what are these markets? So we're going to tell you right now we're going to look at those markets. But this is important, they understand this that the words are their modem, or Mevani. Neither because after we studied at the beginning of the text, we studied nouns, verbs and prepositions, right? File.

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SMA are held off a little bit bit of three types of words. But now within those types and other categorization is to say that some words are flexible within the sentence, they can have different capacities. And some words aren't no more money, we'll study those at the end, because there's simple to that many of them, but more of them is the majority of words. And a word can have different capacities. It can be the main character.

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It could be the secondary character, it could be a tertiary character, it could be unnecessary completely to the sentence. Right. Okay.

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So we read last time, what is the pager so in the English translation, so if you have a text, the text is written twice in the notebook that you have, at the beginning, it's written, translated. And then at the end, if you go farther, and it's written without translation, and there's no space for note taking at the second half. Okay? So it's written twice, where we start stopped in the translated version,

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page four, right, the beginning of page four. So the beginning of page four is we're gonna start now in the non translated version if you want to write notes, because there's more space for notes over there. It's page seven. So if you just so it's nice to know where we are, right? So if you want to use the untranslated parts or make notes under it, then we're at Page seven. So what the Imam your roomie, Rahim Allah

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says is I'm Obama for tekun Sorry.

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So we read the Yeah, so first of all, just as revision last time, Rafi, or about alignment for Rafi there are four markers right? Above METU when Nunu will le fu

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well, well wow so four things right so there's four markers for refer. I hope this hope this clarified a few things for you I may repeat it a few more times in the future just so that ensuring that everyone understands

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and why are they called it off and not something geographer means elevated. So the main character is always elevated or the untainted word is elevated this evening a higher genre is something that is is lower, low, much lower and also was in the middle and that makes sense. So the even the words that they use to describe statuses are actually quite

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and they could correlate quite nicely with with the set with the status of the word in the sentence. So a refer I'm not gonna refer

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markers of refer

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now it's impossible as I said to actually to translate love that phrase a status, there's no translation for it. There's nothing I can say that will make sense in translation. It's just the status of a word in the sentence either main character untainted word, right. That's what one of those two things is going to be. So what are the markers of Rafa Machel refer four things number one, of course, the one that we all know is a mama

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so at the beginning of page four, he says himolla I'm a bum METU for tekun or Isla, Natalia Rafi, the elbow it malware. And as for the Obama it will be it will be seen or it will be a marker for refer in for situations right. Number one for

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is minimal fraud

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in the singular noun

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it's an

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element from a singular noun move rather than singular. Some known example

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think of anything you want.

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So name

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Muhammad who are Muhammad doon. Now you can say, well, Whoa, now you put too. When we say llama, we mean either or, we mean llama, or then we invoke, right. But there will be a point during our study where we will differentiate between tangerine and Burma because some words can't take it and some words can, but for now, it's going to be

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interchangeable. So llama and attend Amin are the same thing as far as far as we were concerned.

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Al Kitab.

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Boo, right.

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Sorry, go to see.

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etc, right. So any singular noun, if it is, given the status of Rafah in a sentence, then the marker of it is going to be Obama. That makes sense what we're learning right now. So if you were to see the word keytab, right, in a sentence, but it doesn't have a mnemonic.

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It has

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a photon? Is it metaphor?

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No, it's not metaphor, because it has a fact it doesn't have a thumb, right. So that's what you know, that is what you learned right now, right now, what I what we've what we've been able to achieve right now with this information we've been given is that if you see a word, which is a singular noun, you were able to identify it as a singular noun, of course, how do you identify singular nouns as vocabulary, and we'll go into that Inshallah, as we move along. But for now, just to say, you identified this as a singular noun, well, if it has a fatality, let me just definitely not metaphor. And if it hadn't come on, and then you can know that it's my fault that you'll know

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that this morning within the sentence, now they're like, Well, how does that help me? Well, right now, it's not gonna help you much because we still haven't studied what types of elements of the sentence are Marfa, for example, a subject is always about for right.

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The one who's doing the action is going to be metaphor 99% of the time. So keytab has a lot of mud. And it's usually subject if it doesn't, is it my funnel, so then it may have a different status. If as a customer, then you can say immediately that it's not matter for right. Now, you can't say right now, it's more super measurable, because we haven't studied the government study the rest of the status and their markers, but we will be able. So this is what you're learning to be able to do. Now you say, well, that's not helpful for me right now. Just be patient. It's like you're studying math, you're just building, we're building a number of formulas. We're learning a bunch of concepts. When

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we have the fundamentals in us. Then when we take a sentence, you'll find how easy it becomes to break it down into its elements, once you understand. And then you'll find out you'll see, it's easier to build the sentence having these pieces of information in your mind now so maybe this is not the first thing you want to jump to like, Well, no, give me a talk talk to me

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about and we will just for now if you can just because right now we're learning to identify words, looking at a word and then seeing something on it and saying, oh, because it has a.on it, then it must mean you know this must mean this. Okay?

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So let's move

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on.

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Tixier

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gemera, Tixier.

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The plural, the broken, pearlwort, plural, basically,

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the broken, broken plural, I'm right. So was not actually broken. But when you take a singular word and turn it into plural, plural in in Arabic, there are actually ways to do it. Like there's actually little codes or equations, meaning methods that are standardized, that you do it like men will turn into me known Muslim into Muslim woman or Muslim in and if it says, Mina, it becomes Minette, or Muslim because Muslim acts, so there's certain ways to do it. And then there is a way that has no method. Right? There's a way there are words that are plural, but they were turned into plural without a clear method of how to do it. So it's called a broken plural, meaning we just

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changed the sequence of the letters a bit. We added a letter here or just substracted letter here, and it turned into a plural but there's no actual method. It doesn't fall under one of those standardized ways of turning a singular word into a plural noun in English. Most of the time you add an S to it, right is just put the s at the end of it. philos is plural. In Arabic. There are still

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Or wait, but sometimes you turn a word into plural in a broken matter me. It's just it's just kind of

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Yeah, no.

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Well, the word rose, they differ whether it's actually Perl or Java to begin with. Right? Because what are we talking about? We're talking about the actual. So does race raise actual grain of rice or rice as a concept? Or like the word insane? The word inside is a plural or is it Gemma? Nate? Most scholars, this is plural. It's a singular, most because a singular, but it's also talking about the human race. So it could be plural. So some words are different upon whether it especially when it when they're talking about large groups of anything. So I'll give examples of geometrics here. So what's the what's the plural of messages? So Masjid?

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What's the plural of miscued? masajid. So this is geometric series. We just added an LF right there in the middle, right? There is no

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that's not a method of how to do things. It's just it's just that's how it happened. Well, I don't really know. And there's no there is no law. There's no formula, just this how Arab speak they say when they want to say a plural Mishima said yes, that's how they say it. It's called geometric seems to be broken plural.

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There you go. So I'm always in mice. Right. So why is it? Not most is?

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So hi, is it not that we don't know? It's always just That's how it is. Right? So it's called geometric series. Right? I'm looking for elicit think of other examples.

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keytab? Since we use that first up there.

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What is the plural? Yeah, good to?

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Come, right. What are we studying? Right now we're saying that the marker of refer, pay attention to this, the marker of refer for a genetic seal for a broke blue broken plural is lumma. That's what we're what that's what we understood. Right? That's what we established right now. So if you see the word quit with a

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double customer on it, or if then you can say it's not a metaphor, it's not a metaphor. If it were metaphor, it would have told them on it. That's what we would have found. Right? That's that's basically what we wish we were established with with with seeing these these words. And as of course, you know, many many other examples in Arabic language, the third one is a certain number three gemera.

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unearth

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a Surlyn.

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So the sound feminine plural,

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the sound feminine plural. So example, I gave you two examples a second ago. So

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summer was the plural

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somehow.

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And the marker of raffia for if it's metaphor, understand it, and this it was given the status of love and the sentence is to love myself. And then Muslimah or Mina, or carnita or Eva, right? And then Muslim, Muslim at mean at CHI Anita to Ebert to say hi all, what is what is it? What is the common thing for them?

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I left her at the end of it, right. So this is an example of a plurals and Arabic that are standardized as a method for it, you take it and then you give it to an elephant at the end of it.

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We'll talk we're going to talk about Jim and wanted to sell him later on in the study again, or look at it on its own as its own entity, but for now, anything that has that is a plural with at the end of it and the plural that has arrived at the end of it, then the llama is going to be a marker of Rafa.

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Alright, forgive the confusion a bit but take time to process all of this because it'll help you very much at the end inshallah once once you if you have clarity on it. So gentlemen, what under the sun in the sound feminine plural, right? Which has how we know it, there's a lift at the end of it.

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Whether examples we have,

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besides the ones that I gave me not to masoumeh Give me something else. Yeah, so that's all descriptions of people. Michiga Damona if you've got all the same, mostly me, what else do we have?

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Something that's not descriptive of people. Maybe?

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Like somebody that was an example. Jen, that's very good.

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So Jana, for all,

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Jen.

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So a way to know sometimes if this word is going to be given a sound feminine plural is if there's a ton of metadata at the end of it.

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Right? If you see

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to take them out of water at the end of a singular noun, then the plural most likely is going to be in the form of a sound feminine plural. Janet right. So that's how it is, and the marker of Rafa of the status of raffia. And for a word like that for a sound feminine plural is Brahma. Alright, so that's what we what we established right now. Okay?

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Now the fourth one, the fourth word that takes it, that takes them as its

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marker indicator of refer is, I'm going to put it up here

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it is very, the verb and move on. So the,

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the present for the present verb, I guess, the present tense verb, Alevi, lemmya, telson will be hee hee che,

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the present tense verb, which has nothing attached to the end of it.

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I love either one. I love the lamb yet. So I'll tell you why that's important in a second.

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So what's an example of a present tense verb? Just give me any present tense verb that comes to your head.

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It'll give me something else.

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You're right, but just give me something

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means

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limiting confusion.

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If I find something that's not me, yeah, at the end of it, okay, let's see, let's see.

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Drip is always your drip. So it's always going to be hit.

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So, is a present tense verb that doesn't have anything attached to the end of it, like yesterday, Boon. Maybe, or yesterday, ban or totally been? See that's something at the end of it, or your driba or your three, boo. Oh, you're dripping. Right? So none of that. It's just the final letter. That's the last letter. So a fairly present tense verb that is like this, get Salem

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yell AB

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yatra.

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So we know how what is the marker of Ravera for a present tense verb, that it has nothing attached to the end of it itself from now.

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Now the beauty of the lumma, I guess is when you want to compare it to other halachot is that the thumb only serves as a llama for refer as a marker for fat it will serve as anything else. No, not everything metaphor will have a bum on it. But everything with alumna on it is more for understanding how this works. It's

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in Matthew's to tell us it's the is this sign.

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So it's not both ways it doesn't go with me. So if you see Obama

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that is not for him.

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If you see them in his metaphor, we don't have

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Obama doesn't work as a marker for any other status. But if you see metaphor, when you say it's gonna be no, so it could be it could be some one of the other three, it could be Elif, or known. Or well, right could be it could be two or three other markers. But if you see them on the end of a word,

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you can say somebody for a complete confidence. Now don't miss serves as a marker of refer as a marker of the status of refer for four types of words. For the singular noun, for the broken plural, for the sound feminine plural, and for the present tense verb that has nothing attached to the end of it. And we gave you a number of examples.

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Does that make sense so far? Like I understand that we will repeat these many many times as we go along until inshallah they sink in. But as long as you can understand what we're talking about what I think is too confusing at least. Alright, so that's the the notorious bummer

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that's the first marker of Rafa which is the movie study that, that I did this little concept to it, right? That if you see Obama, you can say it's a metaphor Go ahead, enjoy. Call it a metaphor right away. But if the not everything metaphor is gonna have a month Yeah, on the end of it. All right. So let's take this and my serves as a marker of refer for four types of words the singular noun, right, the broken plural, the sound feminine plural. And the present tense verb has nothing attached to the end of it. Now the second one

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right now we're gonna move on to

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the letter O factor cool. Rafi female behind. It will be a marker of refer into situations right only into into circumstances it will be our law firm.

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Number one

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If you jump right in with that girl asylum

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January

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that's the first situation and with that gutter

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asylum

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the sound masculine noun, right the sound masculine noun. Like what

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was the moon mean on Barney tune? Ebola I'll be doing a hammy do wanna say who know rocky Runa said you don't tell me you're gonna be Malraux v1 Now who Nanaimo curry? What have you Luna de la? What's What's the common thing is that? Well we're known at the end of it right? So because what could you say? That's almost the same meaning. So Muslim moon

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could you say also Muslim mean? Is that a word? It is a word right? So the difference is being the well and then they are so the

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marker of Ravera for a sound masculine plural

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is though, right is that well, because what could it be? In contrast? It could be

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Muslimeen right.

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Now do all masculine singular nouns turn into sound? Masculine pearls?

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No, not all of them. It's not many of them. Don't like GitHub. GitHub is a singular masculine noun right? Who Wakita so do we say keytab goon no no Arab has never ever said that. He would say that you'll sound ridiculous So never say Keith it's good to that's how it's It's Miss turning to Pearl but many masculine singular words will turn into sound masculine pearls like Muslim own me known carne to into Hebrew and I'd be doing Saudi when when Africa when machico and calf your own right so

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the thing that is common amongst them is that well when the noon at the end of it now allow is the item of honeymoon isn't doesn't change. But there's more for animals sober majeure, the new doesn't change but the wild does. The bow is the marker of Rafa for this word. So there's another item the muesli Nina well Muslim it will mean Nina. So when you say me Nina, is it metaphor? Can you say it's not for? No, right? You can see right away this sound masculine plural is not metaphor, because if it was my fault, it would be more meaningful because it's smarter is the well and this is not a well it's a Yeah, it's something else.

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Does that make any sense? So far? All right. So that's the first the first situation second one was smell. And then the five nouns that are the five I guess, special nouns or whatever you say here are exceptional. So the five exceptional nose Okay, that's nice, exceptional I like like exceptional. Alright, smile Hamsa

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there are five nouns in the Arabic language that do their own thing they have their own little rules working for them and the five words are well here are Buka what a hawker what Hammacher were Forca were who are here he's a good example was the woman so those five have specific rulings now there's a lot of different things that surround them. I'll just talk about this one here and I'll leave what we'll study them in a bit more detail and show later Later within this Texas show. But the word

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how

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full window right is NOTAM.

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Father right so good how to get a boo fallen right. That's actually wrong error because Yeah. befallen you didn't say

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there's a who or who or Fe right abou about who he

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is the in laws, right. So who are Hannah who are heavy food who is the mouth if you need it just to understand the meaning of the word. So, this is the father of brother

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of in law

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of

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mouth view,

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the owner of

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owner of

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so if you have money, we'll say and do mal Right. Or if you have status and to do so pan I will do Jeff will say do so dual means the owner of or the possessor of something. So what is the marker of rough effort these five words that always come to five nouns always come together wherever they go, you find them together is the Associate

00:30:00--> 00:30:18

Whoo hoo. And Hamill and foo and do but it's always something after it. It's never like that. You never say that word Abu with Oh, nothing after that just insane it never works in Arabic There has to be something after it. So it's either going to be a pronoun, or another so

00:30:20--> 00:30:22

OBU could be named after it. So

00:30:24--> 00:30:25

my dad

00:30:26--> 00:30:26

right

00:30:28--> 00:30:29

so uh huh.

00:30:30--> 00:30:31

Abdul Rahman

00:30:33--> 00:30:35

or you can just wipe that out if you like.

00:30:37--> 00:30:40

And give us a pronoun and see who who

00:30:41--> 00:31:04

or who her. Right, the same thing who fuca for when you're talking to the person in front of you for your mouth. The prophets of Allah Hollywood has ended in football Fuka he wants to make dua for rondels ha Budda Fuca, may your mouth never be harmed, or, and he, they say he lived until like 100. And something never lost a tooth. No, he's

00:31:06--> 00:31:10

always had, you know, perfect teeth, he was in his 90s. And he listened, Terry and

00:31:11--> 00:31:30

I were 15 and 16 and 20. And we pulled out fibers for Waka Fuca. Though Accra is filled with with it, so there's a lot of work to do in it. And it's always it's to talk about possession, or the owner of something

00:31:32--> 00:31:50

little corny, there you go. You got someone to give us an example. Doodle got a name the one with a two horns or the helmet with two horns, right? The owner of the helmet with two horns. So a little crummy. Now, so if you were to see one of these words, without the well at the end of it, so if you were to see

00:31:54--> 00:32:06

it and then you could say immediately, oh, this is not a metaphor, because there's a marker of refer for these five words, you have to memorize the words. Uh hum. Who are those five words, right? Is the well,

00:32:08--> 00:32:09

if you see it,

00:32:11--> 00:32:19

then you know that this is not meant for because if it was meant for, for more for you would find Fabio fondo. And the same thing. So Furka

00:32:21--> 00:32:33

is a vaca. But this means all that it means is that it's not metaphor. If it was a metaphor, you would have found wells everywhere. Because that is the marker of rough air for these five nouns. Is though.

00:32:35--> 00:32:38

Confusing, a bit. Sorry, but

00:32:40--> 00:32:45

we will look at it from different angles until it makes sense in California, but the language what are you expecting anywhere?

00:32:47--> 00:32:47

But

00:32:48--> 00:33:13

not a pronoun, but just a while attached to each of the last words for you as the Yeah, so there has to be something so there has to be one there's something after it. There gonna be something after it's gonna be a word or pronoun, something's gonna be there. It cannot be. It won't. You will not find it well, and then nothing it'll be it won't be the end of the sentence. Ask me something after. If there's nothing after it. Then you just take off though. So the word exists in the Arabic language.

00:33:16--> 00:33:17

All

00:33:18--> 00:33:32

right, because they have. Yeah, yeah. But the thing is, the word is a singular noun. If it's not connected to anything, right? Then it's if it's not connected to anything, then what is the marker of refer for a singular noun?

00:33:34--> 00:33:36

Mama, right. So urban,

00:33:37--> 00:33:41

right, because it's not connected to anything. There's nothing after it. So when we talked about these five,

00:33:43--> 00:34:03

there has to be connection has to be connected to something after it. That's why I said, you'll find a well then you have to find something after it. If there's nothing after it, then 1234 Do doesn't exist any other way. Right? The first four will turn into singular nouns, singular nouns will have a match on top of it.

00:34:05--> 00:34:11

Or repeat that one more time. So the first four, father of brother of INLA, have or the most of

00:34:13--> 00:34:50

if they're connected, then the wild was going to be the marker of refer, and there's gonna be something after the world you're gonna be either a word or a pronoun. If there's nothing. Then they turn to singular nouns again, they go back to and what is the item of raffia of a singular noun? What is the marker off every single note is going to be a bummer, right? So Eben Han, right Hamon. Right now the word foo is there's a lot of differential of opinion about whether it works or not without being attached to anything, but sometimes it does, but let's make it less confusing. Just the first three. All right, just focus on the first three, the first three if they don't have

00:34:50--> 00:34:52

anything on top if they have nothing after them.

00:34:55--> 00:34:57

Then they'll turn into singular nouns

00:35:00--> 00:35:25

John Hammond, right? And if they are attached, once they are attached to something, when you're saying that then then it's going to turn the well who's going to be there? Allama refer and the Elif is going to be the animal. No. So and there is going to be a number of jobs, we'll come to those as we move on. Like every, every, every time you study one of the statuses, we're gonna say, what's the marker, we'll come back to these again. So we'll repeat them enough times until you shall memorize them and you have no problem with them anymore. Is there a question? And they move on? Yes.

00:35:27--> 00:35:40

No, again, for now, like I told you can renumber them, meaning the Hallak and the mean of it are the same for now. For now with that when I put 10 where I put the Halacha without denude, then you just use you know difference until I

00:35:41--> 00:35:51

take time and explain what were the differences sometimes will exist. But for now, you're just gonna act like they're the same thing. Yeah. You're saying that for those fibers that have the fence on in their nests of urban? So

00:35:52--> 00:35:56

if you have the if you become the object? Yeah. Yeah.

00:35:58--> 00:36:17

The customer then there they are. You mean they? Yeah. Yeah. So well, here we'll turn to a photographer and awesome and a year for a job, and it'll be unnecessary in the sentence anymore. She was possession. Yeah. No, yeah, that's different. That's now you're talking about the opposition. So we're going to say the opposition on its own. Right, but

00:36:19--> 00:36:20

that means it's measurable.

00:36:21--> 00:36:29

Right. And it acts like a preposition or, the fact is that they understand the subject. And then when so is the object

00:36:32--> 00:36:49

is an unnecessary word in the sentence mean, the sentence would have survived without it. It's an additional word. If it offers an addition, of course, but for the sentence to live and survive, you didn't need it. That makes sense that that's what it was, you know, anything that is like that, that takes that status is what is measurable. So the word of course offers a meaning. It adds something.

00:36:50--> 00:36:57

Yeah, but the sentence would have survived happily without it. Like it could have existed as a sentence, full sentence without needing it at all. Right.

00:36:58--> 00:36:59

Okay.

00:37:00--> 00:37:20

Again, the repetition of this, of these things throughout this thing will make throughout the study will make them clear and showing so if they're not clear, don't, don't despair. So the while is the marker of refer, right? For two types of words for the sound masculine plural, Jim? And will that go to certain examples of Muslim men aren't able to call any tune right?

00:37:22--> 00:37:27

Now even with type one, just basically our status to saw immune Jolliffe and if

00:37:28--> 00:37:57

and then the second category would be a smell comes with exceptional five nouns of ham. Whoo, right. And then they have to be connected to something so as to be something else or abou learn more, Ahmed or Abu or Abu, Abu Bakr, something like that, in order for the world to be the marker of offer. Now, the sentence after Elif now the third marker of refer is going to be a diff

00:38:00--> 00:38:06

right? Well mentally fit a coup Allah Natalia Rafi, it will be the marker of Rotherham

00:38:07--> 00:38:09

feed Tiffany until I smell the Hall saw

00:38:11--> 00:38:15

only one situation so only one so this is easy, so you won't be too hard.

00:38:17--> 00:38:17

A muffin.

00:38:21--> 00:38:23

Dual Form

00:38:24--> 00:38:43

Arabic has this little thing that we don't know why but it has it where Arabic doesn't see two things to be plural. Alright, so Arabs don't don't agree with two things being plural. So one is singular, three and up is plural. Two, they're not plural. Okay, so two is a couple

00:38:44--> 00:39:21

that the Arabs understood Cixi is philosophical reason. So this is just how the Arabic languages sees things. Singular is one, three and up is plural. Two is called Lucena, the dual farm, right. So you and your wife aren't a plural, you're not a group, you're just just a couple, just two of you, right? You only become Gemini when you have a child, right or you marry another wife. In that case, you're probably going to be dead pretty soon late after but anyways, for a couple few moments, you'll exist as a plural, but then after they will be gone. Anyways. So that's how I see it see the language. So and we found that it's something specific in Arabic. In English, it wouldn't be the

00:39:21--> 00:39:23

same thing. In English.

00:39:24--> 00:39:44

There's one book and there are two books and three books in English when it's not one is plural. In Arabic, no, there's one. There's dual. And then there's plural. So dual is important. And there's a set of rules that regard you know, couple or dual terms. So in give me an example from the Quran, if you can

00:39:46--> 00:39:48

give me an example of the Quran and the Sunnah of two things.

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

There you go. Very nice. So, Jana, that's the singular, right? And then Jeanette was the what

00:40:01--> 00:40:11

Come on what was the Genette? Broken Pearl Jam at Dixie it's very good. So that was the book. So in between there's something like there's something that exists between these two statuses and this is called

00:40:13--> 00:40:15

the dual Jana turn.

00:40:16--> 00:40:18

So what did we do here?

00:40:20--> 00:40:45

It's a very simple way. Any word that singular word that you want to turn into a sentence to duel you just add Elif unknown to the end of it. Or yeah, noon later on. Like we'll study that in a while. But if you add Elif unknown to the end of it, it turns into two and what is the marker of refer for this dual term? What is the marker of refer the status of refer for this dual term is the Elif

00:40:46--> 00:40:48

y what is another way for us to say it?

00:40:50--> 00:40:54

Gender team right there's another way to say just saying is gender attaining to say Jana

00:40:57--> 00:40:58

joining the team.

00:41:00--> 00:41:22

And then of course the yet is there live is not there anymore. That means when you see the word gender teen, you can say this is a dual term. That is not metaphor, it does not have the status of them, because if it did, then it would have the Elif because that's the marker of raffia for it. And this is the only time that the olive serves as a marker of refer is the only time it's in the dual term.

00:41:23--> 00:41:28

Dual term either exist with an Elif or with a yeah, that has if I'd had before it

00:41:37--> 00:41:44

so a lot of Allahu method Alladhina Cafaro Murata new hen, Murata Lupo right Canada data

00:41:46--> 00:41:47

Aberdeen

00:41:50--> 00:41:59

so is the word updating metaphor. No, because if it were there would be an Elif here but there's not there's a Canada that Aberdeen mean arriba Dena

00:42:00--> 00:42:08

Solly Hain again the same thing it's not a metaphor, but if we were to find the Ohana to Houma put on your world like shale

00:42:11--> 00:42:28

because it has no no no we can't say anything right now we just survive at that when we do but for now what we know now because you don't know that yet right? What you know now is that the LF for the dual term is the marker of profit that's all you need to win I'm gonna give you examples so give me example give me more examples of

00:42:30--> 00:42:32

muda harmattan awesome

00:42:37--> 00:42:52

so muda harmattan now from the same Surah give me like a nice big number of them because here's an Olivia is the marker of of a fee, Hema I in Ernie number Huttons I in Ernie number Hutton so I earn

00:42:53--> 00:43:03

the singular design and aina and so that's the nub BA is the singular and the No button is the dual term.

00:43:04--> 00:43:09

So in the dual form, the marker of Rafa is going to be the LF

00:43:11--> 00:43:14

Okay, now if you could see what I'm seeing right now

00:43:17--> 00:43:48

level of confusion but it's okay to get in the way that your roomie did his text is that he studied the same concept three times each time from a different angle. So that if you're doing it then if you're looking at from here and then from here and there you will end up with some clarity on the matter inshallah at the end, but just have to be patient Inshallah, try to memorize as much as you can from the concepts that we're explaining try as much as you can remember from it, try to remember it inshallah. So that's the third marker of refer the Elif. So the first marker of affair was the Obama

00:43:49--> 00:44:16

and the Obama was a marker of refer in for situations for the singular noun, for the broken plural. For the feminine side sound feminine plural. And for the present tense verb that had nothing attached to the end of it. The second marker of that was the Whoa. And it worked into situations. It was the marker of refer for the sound masculine Pearl Jam and we're not going to sell him what we know and Muslim. Right. And it was the marker of refer for the exceptional five nouns

00:44:17--> 00:44:38

the Honolulu hookah, hookah dukkha and Fuka or humulene or do some fun or whatever, right. It doesn't work. And then Elif was the was the marker of love after only one situation was the dual term and you dual term. The marker of Otto is going to be the the final one when Manolo is

00:44:41--> 00:44:59

yes for everything and within that doesn't matter whether it's masculine feminine, it works in the same way how you'll know as feminine there'll be a tad before the LF so Muslim attire and instead of Muslim man, right, so just added to add to it right. Welcome to that inshallah. One minute first, hakuna matata Rafi feel fairly free either tussler, the habanero mommy route.

00:45:00--> 00:45:06

Three year old Amil German Oh dummy urine nicotine mahabhava all right now the final

00:45:08--> 00:45:10

marker of Rafa is unknown.

00:45:11--> 00:45:22

So you can see that the letters so after Obama, we have the lf the wild elephant the noon so in different situations each one of those letters will serve as a marker for refer right.

00:45:23--> 00:45:34

Here Rahmatullah This is an early text. So there was before the concept of LSI Lamsa the five verbs came too late so he just he talked about it in a bit of a

00:45:35--> 00:46:04

kind of open way. So he said, It's the mark the newness the marker of offer. For a present tense verb, if connected to it, is a pronoun pronoun of duality. So the dual pronoun because there's a dual pronoun or the pronoun a plural plurality, so a plural pronoun or its use attached pronoun use to address the female gender right? Now forget about all that because that's confusing and I can just give you something much simpler inshallah. So

00:46:05--> 00:46:11

there are five types of it's called a final concept so let's take the place

00:46:15--> 00:46:23

so you can say for and we'll finish with this and Sheldon I want you to I want you to honestly to be as clear as possible to everyone here and show him at the end of it.

00:46:24--> 00:46:27

So if we're gonna say about these kids who are running around

00:46:28--> 00:46:37

that they're playing right so he's playing and so these two are playing this this chart with these two so these two guys are playing what would we say? You Aladdin right? So we say yeah burn

00:46:39--> 00:46:39

right hold off

00:46:42--> 00:46:49

for me to come to so let's say you know if that is sear joins them so now three of them so we say your lagoon

00:46:54--> 00:46:54

right

00:46:56--> 00:46:58

now let's say that the to

00:47:00--> 00:47:01

the sea you're talking

00:47:03--> 00:47:16

to two guys who are playing so let's say I'm talking to them I say unto you to our Taliban right so So you tell about that I'm talking to them I'm talking directly to them I'm not talking about them they are is the core

00:47:18--> 00:47:21

you're talking about to some third party

00:47:23--> 00:47:24

right?

00:47:25--> 00:47:26

If I'm talking to

00:47:31--> 00:47:34

to a lady Auntie I'll say Tell

00:47:35--> 00:47:37

tell abeam as I tell Abby

00:47:42--> 00:47:48

and if I'm talking to a group in front of me that they're playing I'll say and Donatella Boone? Right.

00:47:53--> 00:48:19

So 12345 Right, five different situations to with the three with the tech at the beginning of the present tense verb, right? So the actual the origin of the verb, the verb sorry, is lab like, right the lamb I mean, but that's the origin of the bird verb. So the five verbs the five verbs are the final concept to have them start with the and three of them start with and they have elephant now what's the common thing between them right now?

00:48:20--> 00:48:42

It is the the noon is there no because you have an LF here well here yeah here well here but the common thing between them is the noon if this of the of any of these five examples that you see on on the board are in the status of refer then you will know that by the fact that the noon exists here at the end of it

00:48:46--> 00:48:51

Kudisch Does that make sense? So any of these five verbs right now working these

00:48:53--> 00:48:57

you want me to write down in English what the who they're talking to? Let's do that. Y'all abun

00:49:01--> 00:49:04

two males yeah the two male third party

00:49:05--> 00:49:08

right do all third party masculine

00:49:12--> 00:49:13

duel

00:49:14--> 00:49:15

third party

00:49:18--> 00:49:20

yell aboon masculine

00:49:23--> 00:49:24

plural

00:49:26--> 00:49:26

third party

00:49:32--> 00:49:33

Taliban

00:49:36--> 00:49:37

addressed

00:49:41--> 00:49:41

dual

00:49:43--> 00:49:45

tele been addressed

00:49:51--> 00:49:59

not necessarily it could be for Yeah, so two ladies, this would work as well. That's that's that's where it's there's a difference of opinions amongst scholars of no one sort of

00:50:00--> 00:50:06

When you're talking when you're using this kind of use for the dual female Taliban or tele bein they differ a bit but

00:50:07--> 00:50:14

that's why you leave I'm gonna leave it without the word masculine just so we don't enter we'll go we'll talk about that and Sheldon at the end of the method so addressed

00:50:15--> 00:50:17

addressed female

00:50:19--> 00:50:21

and tell I Boon addressed plural

00:50:26--> 00:50:27

address burl

00:50:29--> 00:50:30

makes sense.

00:50:31--> 00:50:57

Any of any any verbs that have that are one of these five things, what we want to know today is that the marker of the status of Raphael for them is to move to noon, then who is going to be at the end of it? Meaning you can sometimes say these verbs without the noon at the end of it, sometimes you can say, yellow either there are certain situations we will say hola, hola, hola, Abu, or to lobby or your lobby this

00:50:59--> 00:51:35

level, but there are certain situations like that. But if you see that, and the noon isn't there, then you can say that this does not matter for the no one has to be there. In order the new has to be there. So the difference is, when we talked about the lf the LF is changed, if it's if it's raffia doesn't live, and it's not Raafat turns into a year. Here if it's raffia, there's a noon. And if it's not often what happens? They don't go away. There's no substitution here, right? It just it just disappears, the noon is taken out of the equation altogether. So you would find words in the Quran, like a letter falou

00:51:38--> 00:51:39

or a Latin Pharaoh.

00:51:41--> 00:52:01

Right? You say, Well, there's an elephant, the end is silent. You see it? What happened here is that the noon was taken out it was it was removed from the equation altogether. If the new one is there to fight Luna, then you can say that this word is metaphor, then Pharaoh winner, then you say this word is metaphor. You got his one of the five,

00:52:02--> 00:52:06

five verbs, or the five types of verbs? Yes.

00:52:12--> 00:52:35

So so when you see well when noon, right? Yeah, so it could be it's plural is regardless of whether you're female or masculine doesn't matter. Masculine only exists here. Right? So only here that you don't you don't because you're not talking to the person in front of you. Here's a dressed. Here's third party right here with the third party. Right and here is addressed.

00:52:38--> 00:53:16

Yeah, yeah, yeah. You know, you can use something different, but it's not one of the five verbs. So you say I'm gonna tell Abner labdanum. But that's not one of the five verbs anymore. So it doesn't meaning the new one at the end is no longer the these are called Final ahimsa. The five, just like we had the SML comes the five exceptional nouns. These are the five exceptional verbs, here's what they look like, right? You can take any word here and put it in and it would you would be able to do the same thing. And that this would be the exact same thing that would apply to it. What is the marker of raffia for them FUBU to noon, so not just unknown FUBU to know the existence of the noon

00:53:16--> 00:53:48

at the end of it. So to recap quickly Chela before the event because I have to make break my fast recap by saying that refer the status of Rafina which is the main character of a sentence or the untainted or unchanged part of a sentence has four markers abama Elif elbow and Cebu to noon, the llama exists is the marker of refer for the singular noun for the Bloat broken plural, right? For the feminine sound plural or the sound feminine plural. And for the

00:53:49--> 00:54:10

present tense verb that has nothing attached to the end of it. You see now the present tense verb has things attached to the end of it. So that's why I think the first time he said has nothing attached to the end of it, here it has the well is the marker of affair in two situations for the sound masculine plural like meaning one Muslim one, right? And for the five exceptional nouns like

00:54:11--> 00:54:17

hum Lu, right, Buka hookah hamburger Fuka and do Maldonado's open

00:54:18--> 00:54:38

the LF is the marker of raffia in one situation only for the dual term Meenan right. Mostly man with the harmattan magnanni No Baja tanjun, the tan whatever you can find me and the final marker of of raffia is known and it exists for a final concept for the five burbs Zuckerberg get selected them how many