Matn Alajurroomiyyah #02

Adnan Rajeh

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Channel: Adnan Rajeh

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Episode Notes

2017 8 11LMM before Maghrib

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The importance of identifying different elements of a sentence in Arabic writing is discussed, including identifying verb and phrases, and how "brussel" and "monster" can describe situations. The speakers also explain the definition of "immediate" within a sentence and how it can be changed based on the object. The speakers emphasize the importance of understanding the meaning of " refer" in a sentence and provide examples of words that are not considered important. They also discuss the use of "unsuffied" in a sentence and how it can be used to mean something that is not needed in the sentence. The speakers emphasize the importance of Arabic grammar, identifying the signs of a sentence, and learning the meaning of words.

AI Generated Transcript ©


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So here's Maine.

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We're going to continue in Charlotte studying the Nakajima Al Jarreau Romea written by Ibn Urgell, room Rahima hola and is the most basic text in Arabic grammar and then it goes through Arabic grammar a very systematic manner and it kind of covers covers the same concept multiple times in different ways. So, that inshallah you know the basics are clear to you and I will add that some commentary onto that some examples to make it inshallah more practical and more beneficial. Now, what we talked about last time, or what we went through last time, where basically what was happening was even algebra one was explaining to us, how is it that we know or identify a noun? How

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do we identify a verb? How do we identify?

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How to which is a

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would you say pronoun? So, so I was getting preposition is it not a preposition?

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A preposition is like the, you know, what is a pronoun?

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Yeah, so it's a preposition, then a appropriate pronoun is Amir. Yeah, so we'll come to that I'm sorry, I'm, I'm a bit weak with the

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grammar, translation in English, they're gonna help me out with that a bit. So it explained to us how we identify the different the three main components of making a any sentence and in Arabic, now the number of the sixth page in the second half of the text, and in the first half of the text, we're gonna start babbling Rob, that's the first word should be allowed. Just look for the number of the page number for you.

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Yes, okay, page three on your text, Bible era, the chapter of grammatical analysis, right. So

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this is the definition of Arab what is Arab in Arabic, and I'll explain to you in a second shall give you two examples who want to view our Kirill colony De La Villa Amelie de vida de la one otaku de Ron, the grammatical analysis is the changing of vowel markings at the end of words, according to the addition of specific helping words or prepositions, whether they are written or supposed. Now, of course, that made almost no sense to any of you. So I'll explain to you what that means. So when we say what we're saying is that a word can exist in different within different capacities in a sentence, it can, it can exist differently, it's not always going to be the exact same thing. You

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can have it you can move it around, you can you can play around with it a bit. It can it can be it can have different meanings, based on where it is, within a sentence, I understand what I'm saying. And other words in Arabic can't. Other words in Arabic don't have that.

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Luxury meaning what they are is what they are, nothing can change that for them. You don't have the ability to morph or to be affected by anything else in the sentence. So some words can be affected by other things within within the sentences like

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Luffy and other in other words in Arabic do not so if you were to take words just generally speaking just any word

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we have two types of words we have something called mezzanine

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now we have something called Murghab

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we have two things make money and model what we're studying right now if you look at the word Bible, right the grammatical grammatical analysis which is more of meaning something

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that can be affected

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by different elements of the sentence, so it can be morphed and changed its position will change. And then how is going to be seen is going to be changed. So I'm gonna give you a simple examples here

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balibo?

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dellosa

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So the word of Pilate means the student and Delos Amin studied. So here there's a poem on it.

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I love to

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believer

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I taught

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the student right

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the stomach Do

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you know Ba li B.

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So what happened here?

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What happened was

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that

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the same word, see exactly the same word here,

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here and then here again. But you see at the end of it. Things changed in the first example

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it had a llama

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The second example the Fatah third example the customer, because it is a more or a word is to word that can be affected, can be affected by its placement with in the sentence, and with other elements that are in with it in the sentence so it can be affected. And thus, it's going to look and sound differently. So a balibo a PA, Liba, a PA, Libby. So it's three different

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things can kind of three different situation statuses for it because it can be affected. It's a word that is more Arab. And then there are other words that are a mini

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like the word odorless.

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Dunja, so arose

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are the rows is a command study.

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Now, in Arabic, the word odorous is a new word, meaning it's built on a certain concept and it cannot be changed, it will not be affected by anything else that that comes to it, it may look different, you can you can, you can do things to make it look different. But what it is, will always stay the same, it will always be a command, it will never be anything else. Here. This is a moped a duck, it's the beginning of a sentence. Here it is a object and it would be here write something here it is a OSHA mudgeeraba Oh muffled because there's a huff before it. So what this same was with this word is within the sentence is changing based on where it exists in the sentence, and the

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different things that are affecting it in the sentence. However, this one here, no matter what you do to it, and you can do a lot of things you can say felted rose, so you can add

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drew C, you can say

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drew Sue, so it looks differently, but all of them are commands. That's all they are. And it's 70, meaning the concept of is not going to change. It's not it's not as far as when you're when you're identifying it, identifying it, grammatically, when you're now analyzing it grammatically, you will always say the same thing about these words, maybe maybe take out this one just so I don't confuse anyone. Yes. Wait.

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No, no all that fun. So I'm not I'm not right now I'm not categorizing for you. What the, the words that are many are, are the words that are more, or I'm just giving you an example to understand what more than 70 means, but we will go through a bit more detail. Yes.

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It can be money on anything. Yeah, so it doesn't have to be second remember money or anything. But the idea is,

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see, it could be money on different things, even the same word. See, here's money on sukoon. Here's my money

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on a customer here is Magne on Aloma. But why is it money because it's not changing. The word is the same. It is a verb that is commanding it's a commanding verb, it will never be anything else. However, this over here will be.

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This is a beginning of the sentence. It's an object. It's also measurable. It's different things within the sentence. It serves different purposes within the sentence based on where it exists, and what affects it. However, this one here, no matter what happens, no matter how you change the way it looks, there will always be a commanding verb. That's all we'll ever be saying the difference here between.

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Now not all of our money, and not all nouns are mob, you're gonna find differences as we go along. But I need you to understand the basic concept.

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When we talk about Rob, we're saying words are have the flexibility and fluidity to exist in a sentence and

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on different terms and in different ways. Meaning it can mean different things in a sentence, it will be identified grammatically differently. You will not say this is the same word. But when I identify a grammatically, this is the beginning of a sentence. It's the noun at the beginning of a sentence. Some of and here it is an object. They're not the same thing. But here no matter what I do, I'm gonna fail umber commanding verb, commanding verb, so it's my body? Yes.

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Not always. So that's something some. I'm not right now I'm not categorize. I'm not saying these are everything that's money, nothing nouns and verbs are money. I just give you an example. Now, we are going to categorize the taxable categories for us what is happening what is more of as we move forward, but I just need to understand the basic concept. Model money means that it may look differently, but it always fulfills the same purpose within the sentence you nothing can change that for it. Well, that means it can serve different purposes within the sentence and that

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Based on where it exists and what affects it within that census, I want to say something good. I was gonna say so like, or the, like, whenever you changing the last product that is subject to the object. Yeah.

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It's no matter what you do to it, it's still going to be a command exactly, just for commands or something else. Now this is for others. Again, I'm not counting everything. That's me and Rob right now, which we will do in sha Allah, I just seem to understand the basic concept of what that means. So if we look at the definition one more time and arable grammatical analysis, or what I explained to you being the flexibility of a word within a sentence, what does he do is changing, our theory will claim the ending of words, like Tila flour mill, Dakila, tiarella, because of the difference, the different elements that affect it within a sentence, loved one, whether it's literally whether

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it's verbal, odaka Deelen, or if it's proposed, meaning sometimes you have to assume something's being said, even though it's not written there.

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So,

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in Arabic, I'll give you an example. When I say,

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Where's the there was a thing for me to, to wipe the board? How to take a look. I think it's inside the cabinet. So I say Donousa.

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This is a full sentence, and in Arabic, is a full sentence.

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He studied? Who studied? He Who's he? I don't know. But he studied. So don't tell me that someone studied? Where is. So delta is steady in the past tense. Now, where's the guy who did it? It's not written there. It is. There, it's assumed. Right? It's something that's not written specifically in English in English, you couldn't say played studied without that wouldn't be enough, you would need to say he studied you have to put it in an Arabic it can be assumed it doesn't have to be written. Sometimes things won't be written. So that's got to the euro. Right now, with the translation. What was the translation is the last word in the definition was the translation? What's the proper way to

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do it is what?

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suppose suppose so you assume it, or you suppose that I think probably assumed is better, but suppose is fine as well.

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And understanding what the Does that make sense, generally speaking, before they lose you at some point. Alright, so that's the definition of model, which is the flexibility of a word within a within a sentence, within any within any given sentence is based on the fact that the ending of that word can be changed, based on where it exists, and different elements coming in affecting it, whether it's verbal or supposed or assumed. So it can be changed, it can be manipulated. So here, for example, here I said at the beginning of the sentence, it has a certain form, and then in the middle of a sentence, when there's a was a verb and an A subject before it, we end up with a

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different with a different ending as if, and then here, because it's, there's before is a preposition that has a different ending, so it changes and then it's grammatical status changes. Okay, so that's the model, Rob and money. What we're studying right now is not money, we're gonna study models, we're gonna study words that can change, and how the flexibility of having different functions within the sentence it can be, they can be affected by the different elements, we're not gonna tell you the money. First, we start with the model because they're more flexible and more important, and if the vast majority of words in Arabic, so most words in Arabic, are, are modeled.

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Now an example of 70 See this, from a conceptual point of view, it is nobody never changes.

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It is what it is, no matter where you put it, it's always going to look like that, it's always going to sound like that, it's always gonna do the same thing. Nothing changes this. So it's the message that I'm about to write. This one of course, is different. So Sam warmer has four different types of fun. Now this is this is a bit philosophical.

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So examine

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the different types of error we have

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for things and often

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what else one will come.

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last half of or whenever you see the word covered.

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I'll use the word shelter because it's the same thing. Like I said, the different scholars of Buffalo and Kufa does differ on the matter of it, but generally is equivalent to offer the same thing. Now.

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What we know commonly for the concept of Rafa is Obama. That's what we commonly know something that's a metaphor, there's a bomb on it, and commonly for nossob. We know that there's a fatality. And commonly for job. We know there's a customer commonly for jism we know there's a spoon, right for so going. Let's give an example of that here. Just

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put it over here.

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This is what is commonly

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If you didn't find it, okay for me,

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this is what is known commonly for these four things. But what are they exactly in Arabic. So they're based on level of, they're based on status of importance. So, the most important word in a sentence is going to be given refer,

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a less important word, a less high ranked word is going to be given Nussle, the least important word is going to be given genre are covered. Because covered means low means high. Now, some is in between. So from a philosophical point of view, Arabs didn't like that. So an object subject, someone who's doing something is going to be given refer, because he's the center of the story because he's doing it. Now whoever is getting that thing done to them, figuratively speaking, or whatever is being is going to get an awesome, because it's also a very important part of the sentence, but it's not actually doing it, it's happening to them. And then an additional part of the

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sentence, and additional part of the sentence will be given job because not as important. And then jism is a different concept that only exists in verbs is a different concept that only exists in verbs, and it works for and it has certain,

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when we come to it, I'll explain in a bit more detail. So I'm gonna give you an example of

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let's take this off, or actually, we can just use this for a second. And I'll give another example. So it makes me so at Bali, Buddha rasa, the students studied.

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Now who's the one who, who's doing the job,

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but him, so he is the center of this story. And he's the one who's actually performing this action. So he's going to get an offer, right? Because he's looked at it. Now, I talked to the student, I love to party, but I taught the student. So

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I'm the one who did it. So I'm the one who's gonna be a refer. And then the person who learned from me is important in this in this story, but he's not the most important thing. So you're gonna get a tell. If Damac do is enough, it's a complete sentence, I listened. That's a complete sentence that makes sense. This note we don't need anymore. But I'm gonna have an additional part just to make it to clarify it more. So since I don't really need it, and I'm just adding it out. It's gonna have a customer.

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This is a rule. With a lot of exceptions. I just need you to understand the basic way of looking at it. Now, what are the different signs of refer? What's the sign that you know?

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Mumba? Is that the only sign? No, no, there's a lot of signs. What is the sign that you know, for a fact? For nossob?

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Westerlund sign for Joel. Decimal, is that the only sign not at all, you're gonna find that sometimes it is going to be

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the sign of muscle. And sometimes the fight is going to be a sign of general.

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So the concepts are separate the signs will over across a lot. So what I will teach you about we're going to go with the method is going to teach us is how is it that that works. So it gives us all the examples here are the situation here are the different signs for refer. And here how they exist. Here are the different signs for Nisan. And he has here here's how they exist, here are the different science for jello and hear how they exist. Here are the different signs for jism. And he heard there they exist. Now these are the things you will want to try to memorize. Maybe this will help you out a lot because they'll give you a big difference. Have you ever read in the Quran?

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Holika.

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Summer, let

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me just get rid of this. We're done with this.

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I'm pretty sure you've read this in the Quran at one point or the other.

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Because if someone gives me the machine for this,

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the scale when I say the scale it means when we add in all the how to cut the Fatah, Obama the customer, that's the scale. So give me the scale for this

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the Fatah

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some

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tea well.

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So why is it like that, even though they're well

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as one thing to the other? When you add one thing to the other? The rule is they all have to have the exact same they had the exact same status of Arab. So if the first one is is is metaphor, then what was add was added to it is a metaphor and what added to it is metaphoric going on and on and on. Right. So why does this have kestra And this Alfetta.

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So both of them.

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Both of these things, both of them are among sube

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monsoon means that they have not both of them do, but the evidence or the sign of Nisan for autumn

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is a fatter and the sign for Nasim for some allergies or Kassala. Why? Because there are different types of words, which I will explain to you. Our understanding is a very common example that you know, students are embraced by me all the time, because you'll find

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in Mussolini, you know, well Muslim it will mean I mean, it will call it in all the same the sound exactly the same.

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Fight exactly the same. Going on Paula Hakuna, and you will know as a Muslim minute in parnetta. You find the exact same thing when when they're when they're being descriptive, or you're doing additions. You're adding something what is and what is and in English called what is it called?

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A junction. So, a conjunction. So a conjunction does what it?

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What does it do it with? The end? Yeah, so when you pair two things together in Arabic, they have to have the exact same Arab status. If what if what the first one is my forearm has a lifeguard then everything after is going to have Rafi as well like it. So here, both of these things are muscled because halacha create he he created is a verb. And then Allah subhanaw taala is the subject. So he's metaphor. And then the object is some Alex, we are going to be monsoon. But this one word out here gets this nossob is sign of Nasir is going to be a Fatah. And the word semi word is sign of muscle is going to be a customer, why that's what we're going to explain.

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Hmm, unnecessarily, unnecessarily him.

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Because that's much more for that. But even we move forward, you have to specify more. So there's more specifications as you go along any this specification is gonna be, I just need you when I'm watching understanding of the concepts. What's important to me now is just understand this concept, that there are four statuses. When it comes to our dog, that words will exist in the work, this is the highest down to the lowest, right? That doesn't mean that the word is unimportant. But generally, it's just in this sentence, it's not a word that is the most important word. So the most important word in the sentence is gonna have a number. And the less important word is going to have

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a Fatah or the word that is not affected is going to have the comma. And the word that is being affected by something else is gonna have a Fatah. And the word that is unneeded in the sentence gonna have a customer or if I want to be more accurate, the word that is the main part of the sentence or unaffected is going to be more for and the word that is affected or is not the main part of the sentence or the second secondary part of the sentence is going to be more so and the word that is not needed in the sentence you can live without it is going to be majeure, or Masoom. Does that make sense? So this is how, and then Jim, of course, has a whole different concept that we'll

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talk about in in verb specifically, when we come to did I succeed in explaining this these concepts? It's a philosophical one. So you have to understand what I mean. So that later on I can explain and you feel okay, this is this, this is going to work from Yes.

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No, no, no, no, nothing to do with that at all. halacha is a verb, it's a past tense verb, now, and the subject is Allah who is not it's assumed you're supposed it's not, it's not written there. You just know that he did it. And the objects are the skies and the earth is semi wet with objects in Arabic sentences or monsoon. Because they're not the ones who are actually doing it is happening to them. So they are important, but they are affected. So they're monsoon. Right? So

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how do we know that? What are the different signs of an awesome example of it is here's a photo but here it is not? Here's the customer so kestra bum, Fatah don't mean Java nassarawa. They don't have some, they're most commonly the evidence of each other very commonly, but they don't mean the same. This is a philosophical meanings is a status. This one is more for now, how do I know it's not for him? There's different ways to tell that there's different signs. A very common sign is alum. I'm not saying that the thumb is not a common sign, the most common sign, but it's not the only one.

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This word is most soup. Most commonly, it'll have a ton, but not necessarily. This word is majeure most commonly is going to have a customer. But not necessarily.

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This word is made zoom most commonly is going to have a spoon on it, but not all the time. So these are statuses of words that have the flexibility to exist in a sentence on different in different manners or on different levels, their statuses and then that status will be explained through different signs. Some of those signs are going to be these fantastic slides. And some of them will be else other things as well. Yes.

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So that's that's that's the ability to actually read a word properly meaning knowing how the word is, is pronounced. Now pronunciation of words, studying the how to derive That's why at the end of each Hello, kanji, I'll take a word I'll do the derivatives for you.

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To help you out with deriving, it's a language at the end. It's very mathematical. Like it's very philosophical spaces, but it's still a language meaning it's hard. You have to be someone who listens to it, and then understands how the words work. But how you're supposed to read it is depending on understanding how to derive words. So be savvy, be a bit patient. So, as we move forward, we will we will come by bench. All right. So let's continue reciting the CIO exam who are buying, there are four types of statuses of our rub off on what else one will have done. That's why I couldn't explain to you what's covered means covered is just a status. It's me it's referred to

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Public means low. No, sub means midway, it's rough and means very high. Right? It's statuses of words in a sentence. That's all it is. All right, and then they are those the signs of this, these statuses are established in different manners, right? Final Esma, Iman VALIC and for nouns, what nouns get from these statuses

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are three things.

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So nouns,

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nouns that are more out, that have the ability to be flexible in a sentence,

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get three statuses, I known as them, so I'm putting them here.

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And I put a field here

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verb noun, Allison gets an offer.

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It's an awesome

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I guess you're

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right, a noun can have can be in the sense of offer like the example I gave you had a bum on it or it can be in the status of muscle, it can have a photonic or other science or it can be the status of general and it can have a customer or a different sign on it.

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It cannot be imaged zoom,

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there is no noun in the Arabic to this use will read it refer to when possible will have to do what just mafia and there is no jism in a noun, there is no noun, that place is silent ID or jism is to is to silence or to quiet it or to or to take it away or to be neutral, meaning it doesn't have any of these statuses. You see these are high medium, low basically and statuses this no status neutral no status applied right now and always has one of them does not have jism you will never see a system that that is messages zoom.

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Okay? It will fire Lehman's verbs take from that refer when possible, we'll just move well, half Buffy

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infared will get jism

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Okay, now some

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will get refer there is no agenda

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for a verb. Why?

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Java as I told you is going to be the status of words that aren't necessarily important for the sentence the sentence could survive without the my understanding I need you to think about this. You have to you have to just just if you turn your dining your wheels on a bit, you'll understand this will make things weak and clear for you. Joe is the status of words in a sentence that the sentence could survive without like the sentence will still be it will still be a full sentence without having it. A verb by contact by concept is a sentence in its own. It is a sentence a verb will always bring a sentence. Let me give an example. Think of a verb right now give me any verb. Any

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Arabic verb you can think of.

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Yeah, cool.

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Is that a full sentence in Arabic?

00:28:35--> 00:28:57

It is it a full sentence? You don't need anything else. It's a sentence why he's eating whereas he will cut down it suppose you don't need to write it if you want to be great. Yeah, cool. Haha. It's not a it's not a crime. Of course, it sounds really weird and Arabic. But yeah, you can do it's not it's not a problem. You can add the name person's name at the end. But if you choose not to put anything at all, and just write the word Yeah.

00:28:58--> 00:29:06

This is a full sentence on its own, let's say baccala. He ate four sentence, it could.

00:29:08--> 00:29:49

full sentence. Verbs on their own, with the help of nothing else, are full sentences. So they can't be seen as something unneeded in a sentence because they are a sentence in itself. So they can never be measurable. They can never be measurable. They can be resume neutral. Right? Because that happens when you're giving a command we're gonna give me the command. What is the command? Is it a? Is it a sense is it a sentence is not as they differ on how to see it? Because it's not really giving information is giving a command. So a command is command. So they have different ways of looking at it. So, it will be more for it will be more so, it could refer for for a for a verb or AFAM it would

00:29:49--> 00:29:59

mean that it is unaffected and it also means that it is affected right off and also it will also be based on the tense of the on the verb, a verb

00:30:00--> 00:30:36

In one tense will be metaphor and other tenses will be long soup or muscle, you'll find differences, while you do understand is just, the basic idea is that nouns will be subjected to the status of raffia. Now soap and Jarrah, sometimes now will be the most important thing in the sentence, unaffected by anything, sometimes will be less important than sentence still a plays a main role, but it's or it's affected in the sentence, or it could be something that is not needed in the sentence, the sentence could survive without it. So it could be on a final subject, but it cannot be neutral, it can it cannot have just has to have one of those three things either main role, subject,

00:30:37--> 00:30:55

non non affected, you know, secondary role or an effect or affected or completely unnecessary for a file completely unnecessary does not exist, it is either very important or unaffected in a sentence or based on a certain tense or has a different tense or it's affected, or is neutral, one of those three things.

00:30:56--> 00:31:01

Did I make some sense I gave you example, saying that any verb on its own

00:31:02--> 00:31:09

is a sentence. So it cannot be measurable. Because how are you going to be unnecessary for a sentence? If you are a sentence? That's, that's a?

00:31:10--> 00:31:14

That's a problem. That's a paradox and is in its own sense. All right.

00:31:16--> 00:31:53

So we're still in the philosophies of the basic understandings of Arabic. But now you understand something, you will know what metaphor means. What Hmong sold means, what major order means. Zoom means, don't you? I hope you do. If not, repeat this again, listen to it again later. Until you understand it. There's four different statuses of words that are made out of that have the flexibility of being affected by their position and a sentence. There are other words that we talked about at the beginning of ebony that are not affected, or not affected, with the with their status in the sentence, they are what they are. A command verb is gonna be a commanding verb, makes no

00:31:53--> 00:32:28

difference, where you shove it, what you put before it, what you put after it, is what it is, but other words will be affected based on where they exist and what is around them. Now if you can be affected by what's around you, then you have four things to be, you can be metaphor, monsoon, majeure. Masoom, you can be the main character of the sentence or the unaffected part of the sentence, you can be the secondary character of the sentence or an affected part of the sentence as an affected not unaffected and affected part of the sentence. Or you can be an unnecessary partisan dislike majeure, or it can be a neutral party sentence mechanism.

00:32:29--> 00:32:46

Okay, that's the last time I'll repeat them, but inshallah that made some sense. Now, I can actually start doing something that's beneficial, going into learning how that all works, because now you understand the different statuses of words and how they can exist in a sentence differently. Now in English, what's the difference? So

00:32:48--> 00:32:50

I listened

00:32:53--> 00:32:56

to the student, Donatella Talib, I just did that in a second.

00:32:57--> 00:33:06

And a second ago, I use the same example right? In English, its meanings that will base our understanding of what is the subject?

00:33:08--> 00:33:42

What is the where the verb is, if there's an unnecessary or additional part of the sentence, if there's an object or preposition, there's just based on meaning in Arabic, there are codes, there's a coding to it, meaning there's going to be something that will tell us what this word is this because sometimes, you can mix things around. Sometimes in Arabic, you can put, you can mix the sequence, how will I know what you mean? Unless you give me a code of what you're talking about. I'm gonna give you an example of that. Again, I'm just trying to explain to you why these things, why these things matter.

00:33:44--> 00:33:55

So I'm gonna, I'm gonna write down an area that you guys all know. And I'll give an example of how if you mix things up, you could end up actually ruining things simply there's a lot of examples in the Quran. I'm gonna give one that I like specifically in nama.

00:34:02--> 00:34:02

Shala

00:34:05--> 00:34:06

mean a body

00:34:14--> 00:34:15

so

00:34:19--> 00:34:40

who is the subject here? And who is the object? Indeed? Indeed, right? Or exclusively? So the word nama excuse me, I'm going to just translate this tiny little word for Yorkshire Revere. I think that way or there's an ad somewhere, I don't know. Allah, of course the Name of Allah, anybody from

00:34:41--> 00:34:42

His servants?

00:34:46--> 00:34:48

Scholars or scientists

00:34:56--> 00:34:57

so now put it together in English.

00:35:02--> 00:35:03

So who's reviewing here?

00:35:06--> 00:35:07

Based on what?

00:35:08--> 00:35:09

In order for it to be

00:35:13--> 00:35:49

noted for us not to leave Islam today, there's gonna have to be that way. Right? It has to be that way. But let's say that we didn't understand it like that. And that's why of course I used this example because it was obvious. But how else would you know? Maybe maybe the friends tickets aren't teaches you what should have been what's not. So the client is telling you that Allah reveres certain people, then that's what the client is telling you. Right? You can question the Quran. So how do you know that? Who's the subject here? And who's the object in English is based on sequence? In Arabic? It is not. Arabic is based on signs and markers on the word yes, yes.

00:35:52--> 00:35:53

No, there's a marker on the word.

00:35:56--> 00:36:00

As they're very good, they're giving the view to a lot.

00:36:01--> 00:36:20

So this could mean exclusively Allah reveres from His servants as scholars, the scholars or it can mean exclusively the ones who revere Allah the most are scholars right. So in their opposite meanings completely. Now that completely opposition of meaning is based on very something very simple. Here there's a Fatah.

00:36:22--> 00:36:33

Now, this Dhamma is a sign of Rafa, that means this is these are the subject of the don'ts are doing whatever this is, this is reverence. They're doing it, who's receiving it, the one with the Fatah.

00:36:35--> 00:36:39

Right, so if this was written like that, differently, so if this was opposite,

00:36:40--> 00:36:51

then like Emanuel said, we would have, you know, basically a shaky understanding because now we're saying that Allah reveres is scholar, scientists and that, of course, yeah, that doesn't work. But the opposite Yes.

00:36:56--> 00:37:07

That's a whole different thing. Now you've now you've put a preposition before a noun, we put a preposition in before now you change the whole place of Allah and in the in the sentence, that's changing the whole sentence altogether.

00:37:08--> 00:37:21

Okay, like that's just completely changing everything in the sentence by putting it that way. Now, what did I tell you, when you see a preposition, and something after it, these are additional parts of the sentence. So basically, this sentence could be easily understood by taking out this.

00:37:25--> 00:37:29

And this, those are additional parts of the sentence, all you need for this sentence is 123.

00:37:30--> 00:37:36

Those are additional parts, the important parts, they offer a depth of meaning that is needed linguistically, and

00:37:37--> 00:37:49

religiously to understand the text. But the basic meaning of the text of the sentence is, that's all you need, you just need those three words. So which one is the subject and which one is the object? We know it by what's at the end of it?

00:37:50--> 00:37:54

And you're saying the idea, so if you were to change it, you can end up in a big problem. So it's the

00:37:55--> 00:37:56

law.

00:37:57--> 00:38:00

So indeed, the ones whom revere Allah

00:38:01--> 00:38:44

or the scholars listen to an English and the difference in English and English, he was saying, scholars or Viola, right? Or I can tell you the ones whom revere Allah are the scholars. Now does that have a difference of meaning in English linguistically? It does even in English it has even in English, it means that the emphasis here is on the exclusivity of a reference meaning or the emphasis of reverence mean that people actually do it properly exclusively, on a higher level, our scholars when I say the second in the second way, but if I say scholars revere Allah does, it's a very simple, normal, no emphasis based sentence in English. But when you do it differently, the ones

00:38:44--> 00:39:21

who reviewed Allah are the scholars with changes meaning right in Arabic, oh, that is how it works. That's the beauty of it. That once you slap the Fatah here, you can put this word anywhere you want. In the sentence, it will still be the same thing because that little code there will tell you that this is the object he that Allah's name is the object here, he's the one receiving the reference. So you can put it at the end at the beginning. Whenever you want to do it, we're doing them I can come up here I can come here I can come late doesn't make a difference. changing his place will add depth to the sentence or will change the sentence or the from linguistic point of view, where the emphasis

00:39:21--> 00:39:23

is changing where the emphasis exists.

00:39:25--> 00:39:29

That I lose everyone. Well, if you could see what I'm seeing right now, you would stop.

00:39:30--> 00:39:33

Yeah, I need a level of confusion on everyone's faces. Very.

00:39:36--> 00:39:37

Alright, okay.

00:39:38--> 00:39:40

It will make sense. Yeah.

00:39:41--> 00:39:59

So the reason behind it in this specific way, why was exclusivity actually the first word and dissent is in the moment exclusively. So Allah subhanaw Dias is talking about exclusivity, talking about the fact that the highest level of reverence, true reverence, deep reverence, actual Rev.

00:40:00--> 00:40:04

Since coming from the scholars, I could have been still at the beginning of a sentence

00:40:08--> 00:40:47

would have been different know that the focus would in the main show in Mar sha Allah in the martial law, right? The the emphasis here is not going to be on scholars, the emphasis here is going to be on reverence on the concept of reverence of the strength of it. But if you want to emphasize scholarly behavior or, or science or the importance of scientists, then you have to put some concept of exclusivity at the beginning, and then change places when you change places when you don't go with the normal sequence, which is verb, subject objects in Arabic letters, how it works, then you are emphasizing something here, maybe something is being emphasized. And there'll be clear from the

00:40:47--> 00:40:51

context of what's being said, of course, that's a very, that's a whole different level of study. Yes.

00:40:53--> 00:41:14

Yes, this was your language that they speak, it works the same thing for you in English, meaning when you hear the two different ways I talked, I said the sentence, your brain, understood, comprehended what I said differently. It didn't comprehend on the same way, you may not be able to articulate what the difference is. But you know the difference. When I say scholars revere Allah, or I say the ones who truly reveal our scholars,

00:41:15--> 00:41:37

there's it didn't it didn't come in the same place and inside the the break, understood in different places. Now articulating it is basically what grammar is, what grammar is, is being able to think of a sentence and articulate what that sentence actually meant. And what those words carry weight those words carried within the sentence in Arabic, Arabs, were very good at doing that in the Arabic language, not recommended.

00:41:40--> 00:41:59

No, it's fine. It's fine. Because the fact has already been established. Allah has always known that the other one is going to be Orlando. Yeah. So it's gonna be fine. It's not going to be there's no, there's no other, there's no other way to understand it. So you'll be financial. All right. And of course, there's a lot of examples like that in the Quran. I just gave this one because a very, it's a very common one, and people kind of ask about it quite often. Alright, so Babylon

00:42:00--> 00:42:35

13, I'm actually out of the chapter of knowing the signs of Arab flexibile flexibility within a sentence, or the different statuses that have worked in carrying a sentence. Now I know that without all of them explaining it in five or six words in English, but that's how we support understanding means that this word can have different statuses within a sentence. It can exist in different manners, right? So how do we know I don't know the sign? What are the signs of the different statuses? What is it? What are the signs of refer? You're gonna say llama? Yeah, that's one of them. That's, that's one of them. Maybe the most common, but it's just one. There's a lot of other ones

00:42:35--> 00:43:14

that can exist almost on the same level of commonality. What are the signs of nossob? He was a fighter, but there's a lot of other signs that sometimes even rank it and how many times you find it in a sentence? What are the signs of general, you'll say cassava. But there are a lot of other signs. What are the signs of jism, you'll say sukoon. But there are many other. So we start the Rafi it's a very interesting way of studying Arabic grammar. Your roomie when he put it like this, he beat everyone to it, meaning studying it is basically studying Arabic from the end backwards instead of front forward. So we say, okay, let's understand the statuses of words. And let's tell it, I want

00:43:14--> 00:43:51

you to be able to identify the signs, when you identify the signs that you're repeating a sentence, you know, based on this sign, this words matter form. That must mean it's important, right? So even if you don't know exactly what it is, but you know that it's unaffected, or it's important, this is my job, this is my fault here is my job or based on the signs that I see. So must be less important, and so on and so forth. And then you are capable of basically decoding or doing the encrypting of the, of the Arabic sentence before you even understand the meanings of the words, which is a very important part. Subhanallah we're running out of time. So panel, all right. Rafi out about that

00:43:51--> 00:43:53

there are four signs the signs

00:43:55--> 00:44:24

are the markers if you want an offer now, why am I saying it? Because it's a concept. It's not just it doesn't have just a simple meaning. It's a concept. It's being the main character of a sentence or the unaffected part of the sentence. I know I'm repeating it I sound like a broken record, but I want you to memorize this stuff. So those sticks with you in Java. So what are the signs of a blimp so we'll read live off a lot about why they matter for science for for refer Obama to allow when le fu unknown so the four signs are number one

00:44:25--> 00:44:26

a mumma

00:44:28--> 00:44:35

which is basically what you know to be in the middle. Well on top of the end of the word, Obama to

00:44:39--> 00:44:44

the letter Whoa, existing at the end of the word sometimes I'm gonna give you examples so you know exactly what we're talking about in a second.

00:44:46--> 00:44:47

Well, le fu

00:44:49--> 00:44:52

the letter Elif sometimes will be the sign of refer

00:44:54--> 00:44:55

and Cebu to noon.

00:44:57--> 00:44:59

The existence of the letter noon

00:45:00--> 00:45:07

At the end of some words, will be examples or signs that this word is metaphor. Now,

00:45:09--> 00:45:46

for Amma, we start with the Imam of Rumi, we'll start with explaining the different words, that the different words that the bummer is going to be its sign of refer. So there are a number of the group of words, these words, the bummer is the sign of rough air for them. And then there'll be another group of words, these words, the while at the end of them, is going to be the sign of offer. Then there's another group of words that the Elif at the end is going to be the sign up. And then there's another group of words, that the the existence of the noon at the end of the word is going to be the signs. Yes.

00:45:48--> 00:46:21

Not always subjects, either the main character of a sentence, as I said, the main character of a sentence, or the unaffected character of a sentence, something that is main and also unaffected by anything else. So it's still pure, right? No sudden, is the secondary main character of a sentence, or the affected character of a sentence means that there's something that affected it. So it's no longer caring is not independent, is something affected? Yara is the unnecessary part of a sentence. jism is a neutral part of the sentence. That makes sense. These are like little categorizations I'm giving you philosophically you may not find them elsewhere. So memorize them or write them down.

00:46:21--> 00:46:26

Yeah. The other thing news only at the end of the word, give me a second. So

00:46:27--> 00:46:30

close to the end. So in a second, we'll make it clear.

00:46:33--> 00:46:33

One

00:46:36--> 00:46:47

subroutine noon, the existence of the noon, the letter noon at the end of a certain word. Now, what are those words, there's groups of words that we'll study, we'll start with Obama. But there's really no time to make fabric for that anymore.

00:46:51--> 00:46:52

Is

00:46:53--> 00:47:06

the industry formula, I'll give you like a word and give you some derivatives. So what we'll start next time by talking about what are the group of words that sign a profit before, right, and then we'll study the rest of the words in shows that will be are beginning show next week, next week, not here next week.

00:47:08--> 00:47:21

We're taking some Geist camping. So just next week, we'll be off in Charlotte. And we'll be returned immediately shoulder week after that. So I'm just not around on Friday. Next week is Thursday, Thursday. I'll be here until next Friday, next week. So this holiday next week will be postponed to the week after a job.

00:47:25--> 00:48:04

So the first one will be fine on Thursday. So that lamb God has a concept of arriving to something or to a destination somewhere or something, right. That's what arrival that's the idea of Bella. So Bella means someone arrived to a destination, or arrived at a certain status. So it could be literal, it could be figurative, barely, is usually word used for someone who achieved puberty. So he arrived at puberty. So that's why they use that word for this word. So the concept of arrival is still there, even though it's a very specific one. But you can use that in for something else as well. How do you embed a little cavity something will arrive at the cab or arrive to the revere the

00:48:04--> 00:48:36

cab so the word ballot is someone who arrived some somewhere very commonly used for someone who achieved puberty. The allele is what is a description of something that has clear meaning meaning the meaning arrived to your brain properly understood it, you could understand it arrived and made its destination, which is your comprehension. Right? So I'm just giving you how how it can be used differently. But the same core meaning is always going to be there as you move forward. And that's how it is Arabic is easy, but other than announcements, why? Because the words that are announced arrived at everyone's ears and everyone was able to hear it. But is the science of linguistics

00:48:36--> 00:48:42

because the science of understanding how words are supposed to arrive to people's comprehensions right? That's always when there's 10 bananas, and the word

00:48:43--> 00:49:16

is used to make a science out of a word. If a word can be attributed to a science and you will use phyla in that concept, but I mean, and so on and so forth. Yeah blue, someone arrives or someone's arriving something or achieving something in the in the form of arrival. So why am I why am Why do I do this? I give you derivatives, you can write them down. You can make notes of these derivatives hold on to them. And then later on you'll find oh so this is how Arabic works in general. This is how you can take one three letter based word and then derive from it many, many understandings inshallah we'll start with

00:49:19--> 00:49:21

some of the Early Years Learning both philosophy