Umdat-Al Ahkam – Some guidelines of Tayammum
Channel: Abdulbary Yahya
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you sudo you're in a
say you have
a shadow Allah Allah Allah Allah who has
a shadow under Mohammed Abdullah
know how to party while at the Moto Nayla was the Muslim on? Yeah Hannah SOTA Cora Baku Honda the Halacha ko menacing Wahida a fella coming has out you have a better man who Malaga Vera one is what's up Allah Allah maybe he was in Allah Karnataka, Marathi yeah Johanna Xena Amrita Cola, golden city that you
were mayor de la hora Sula, who are the fans of Jose Medina and my bad
will continue from where we left off which was a hadith
we are covering the Hadith
of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. And right now in Java, we are going to
go back to a hadith in relation to
the making of Tamil. And we mentioned that to your mom as
something that isn't replacement. For
for those who don't have water, for those who are sick, for those who
those who are unable to use it, because they
because they might have water, but
they, you know, if they use it, it might cause the sickness to prolong, and some of the other aspects of it. So, one thing also that we're going to be covered.
And we said we're gonna go back to some of the detail issues of variable and that is, is it permissible? Is it mandatory for a person to have
to have dirt? You know, when you make TMO, Allah Subhan Allah Allah says, for TM, one will say that the Yuba for the mammal side and the event this is a Surah,
in which Allah Subhan sorted and then made Allah subhanaw taala mentioned about
the yam bones. And Allah subhanaw taala says that a ye Mimosa eat and play Eva
may take them from a surface that is clean appear pure surface. So what does that mean? Is that mean?
aside, what is the word side, so it is the surface of the earth? Right? So the surface of the Earth is different. There are some areas where there are no dust, like if you go up into the mountains, it's just rocks. So let's say you're up there, or you're in an area where there is no dust or sand. Like you're on an airplane. So is it permissible or you're in a hospital where everything is above the ground, and you're sick and you can't go down to the ground to get the dust? And so
is it permissible to use any surface? Or do you have to have dust? And this is where the scholars differ. Shuffle Islam over the Tamia, he said Yeah, choose Use it to among the writer to rob men exile or lump, the aged to rather one of the scholars before shuffle, Islam and Tamia, he is of the opinion that it is permissible to use anything, your Jews, I am delighted to rob, you don't have to have dust and dirt as long as it's from the earth.
If that's if you can't find dirt, so the stronger opinion his opinion that if you do have dirt, you should use that you should have at least dust or dirt. Why? Because our eat itself is generally anything from the surface of the earth. And so some scholars,
they say that
you have to have some dust.
You have to have some dust on your hands, right? You don't have any Destiny like for example, this is the shaft
opinion you cannot make to your mom unless there's some dust on your hand. Why? Because Allah Subhana Allah says fam so I will be doing what I did for men from several we will do he can wear it Coleman, wash your wipe your faces and your hand men from it.
And they said that
you have to have something from from from it, there's something in it. And so if, if there's nothing on it if there's nothing on your hand, because if you don't have any ducks, like if I did this, is there anything on my hair?
So there's nothing for me to wipe with. But Allah subhanho wa Taala says FAFSA will be will do Ico WHERE id equal men, men humans from it. So that means that there has to be something like when you're washing with when you're washing use water, you have water. So what am what should you have? From what as you did this, right now is this surface here, right? This is cotton. So this surface, tap the surface, there's nothing, I don't see anything, nothing tangible that I can see
was the same thing. Rocks, yes, if it's if it's a clear surface, it's even if it's a rock, and there's a clear surface, there's nothing that's on your hand, there has to be something that you wipe with. So if I'm wiping with my hair, it's only my hand, if nothing in it, that I'm not using any white with it, if there's nothing. And so some of them, some of the scholars say you have to have that some of the scholars that you don't have to why it has
all it has to do, all it has to be is by even thought that means it has to be pure and clean. That's all something that's good, pure and clean. And why because Allah Subhana Allah says, and by the way, I think I mentioned, this is one of the major sort of reset de facto yamamo. So Eden, thank you,
for the yamamo. So I eaten by Eva. So eat means surface. So up here and clean surface the top. And so we're sorry. And the worst I eat is, which is the surface of the earth. And so that's why,
let's say for example, you have, you know, there's some, there's some sand, that there's no dust, and there's some sand that there is dust. So if you were to do this in some areas, you know, it's it's clean, so clean that you don't pick up any dust. So if there's nothing that sticks onto your head, because dus sticks to your head, there's nothing that sticks on your hand, then it would still be considered permissible. I mean, it's meaning it's still it would still be considered.
It would still be considered,
you know, rather than and so,
of course a TM mom,
when you make TM mom, you know, there's sometimes you have clay, right? You have a wall, the wall is made of clay, what is clay?
Clay is made from dirt that's mixed with water. And then it's harder, right? And so
if you tap on it,
if you tap on it, let's say if the clay is really clean, it's not just dirty, like in your house, sometimes inside somebody's house, if you go like this, there's nothing. It was really clean, somebody wipes it clean, or sometimes you have something you paint over it.
Right. And so you tap on it, there's nothing, there's nothing there. So would that be permissible? And so some of them
they said, some of the scholars have said that it's not permissible because you don't have you don't get anything on. And so that's that's where the that's where the their
logic is. And so what is the stronger opinion in this matter? And what is the stronger opinion in this matter? Some of the Scots are mentioned, we've mentioned some of the opinions of Scalia first, and then I mentioned which, which seems to be the stronger opinion, because you're going to find yourself in different situations. So let's say if you're in hospital, and your Shafi you say you have to have dust in order for someone to make TM and what do they have to do? You have to bring us and then somebody has to tap it, or if you can find an area that's dusty. And if you're in a hospital, you know they're finding places.
If they have the hospitals dusty, that's not a good hospital.
That means they didn't clean it very well, right. They didn't clean it very well.
Some of the scholars, some of the Hanafi scholars, so
What, like a side hustle?
In this book of Masotti says, we're in canon wasafi.
he doesn't find well, as well as well. So
let's say for example, so some of the scholars like first off the handle the sky, or the Hanafi scholars, and others, are of the opinion that if you just have a surface, then it would be, it would be considered permissible. And they said, Whatever you don't find you're in a place you're traveling. And you're, like, sort of like an airplane? Didn't you don't know, have no water? And
and there's no dust? What do you do?
He said, if you look for look for anything that's dirty, and dusty, you can put it on and that would be considered valid. And but well out out out. I mean, that seems that is the storm or opinion seems to be that anything on the face of this earth, that's from the surface of the earth? Sorry, that the surface of the Earth less means naturally from the surface of the earth than is permissible? What do you mean, what I mean by surface of the Earth, surface of the Earth means it is something that
that's originally from the surface of the Earth, right? So sometimes, you have, let's say, for example, you have marble, some houses, some areas of marble, that's originally from the surface of the earth. And of course, that's most that's not going to have any dust. So those are the opinion that the surface of the Earth is permissible, they would say that that's also permissible, that anything that originally came from the surface of the Earth, so if you look at anything that's made from any type of surfaces, that even if it's changed to the point where you might not see the original form, but it came from there. Like for example, if you look at glass, what is the glass
glass is made of sand, right? It's made of sand. But if you were to tap on sand, you would have some sand on you. But if you had a glass, nothing, not a single piece of that glass gets on you. And if it does, then the Glass needs to be changed, because it's correct or broken, and it would be dangerous for you. So that would be considered for those. So this is the madhhab Madhava, Lima, Abu Hanifa. And of course, in my Malik also, they are of the opinion that any surface as long as it's originally from the earth, so what does that mean? Some scholars have mentioned that means if something is not from the earth, you might say what is something that not from on the
things that people have made? like plastic? Right? Like plastic? Or, or animal skin?
Like animal skin, it was an animal skin. And animal isn't? It's not sofas, so anything, anything that's not part of the surface? What we're talking about here is that what's come from the earth and different parts, you have different things that are coming from the earth, that's part of the earth. That's why because, because the Prophet sallallahu said the earth, we're doing that Lee Joyce
must do what the hoorah are. So what's the earth? That's any part of the surface of the earth or any part of the earth? itself? So if someone so if you see an animal, is that part of the surface of the Earth, do you say hey, look at the Earth that's running.
Now the earth is not running, that's the animal that's running. So that's not part of the earth. So the rocks are part of the
plants, the anything that's on the surface of the Earth itself,
a site. So it means a surface surface. So when you come, for example, some of this government and how about wood
comes from the earth. Yeah.
Yeah, but is it? Is it? Is it the surface of the Earth? It grows, it grows on, everything grows on the earth, right? We eat from stuff that grows on the earth. Right, but is it something is it part of like the surface of the Earth itself? Or is it something on the surface that's different, like an animal
is different? It's different. So if it is different, it's not part of the surface of the earth, then it's not something that you should make. That's not that's permissible to make to come with. And that's, and this is the, this is the opinion of those who really will quote require that that which you use to be part of the surface of the earth and those things
Even if they don't require dust and dirt, and so forth, and so I mentioned that they might have a mumble Hanifa Imam, Malema Imam Shafi and Imam
Al Imam Shafi and Imam,
Ahmed, Mohammed. They're all they are of the opinion that it has to be you have to have to dust you have to have dirt and gas, because you have nothing to wipe with. And
how about shuffle some of the scholars like shahada they mean Rahim Allah
is asked about a person who is sick, someone who's sick. And later out, he does not find does fall yet. Yeah, mammalogy
or whatever. Like if you live for, you know, the, the bed, where the bedsheet and so forth. And some of the scholars have mentioned. So this is, of course, these are female Rahim Allah, and it's one of their contemporary scholars
in Saudi Arabia, just when I was still studying,
he actually taught some classes.
And some of the classes they went and they attended with him also, he said, as the data been cited by him, he said, the walls of the house was, is considered a sci fi that
is considered pure, clean surface. And why?
Because he says, I can add it up money and ministry. So I kinda had your own O'Connor, mother and Hola, binominal, teen faith for healing for a new user to Malay.
He said, if the wall is made from something that is originally from the earth surface of the Earth, so like, for example, if it's made from rocks, or cement would be considered from
it's still a mixture. But it's a what is it mean? What do you mean?
You crushed it, right? So anything that's made originally from the earth, then you can make to
me that cannot do that.
As for it, if it's made out of,
for example, a shop. So now you have wood, right?
If it has dust on the wood, then it's permissible. Oh my gosh. setups.
Like, like we said, the ash itself is.
Another thing is
anything that comes from the dust, dirt and dust, I'm just saying this is this is the this is the opinion
of this is this is actually the opinion of the handling.
The handle image opinion, that if the surface is made originally from the wall, is made from something that's original from the surface. And remember, I mentioned that a tree
is not considered a surface. So house that's made out of wood.
Wood is not something that is originally from the surface of the earth. And so, but if some if it's dirty, and it has dust, then the dust of course is part of the earth. And so it's permissible.
But if he doesn't have it, he said, so this is his opinion, this is also the opinion of the shaft and belly.
If there's no if it's not made from the surface, and it's not permissible,
though, even those who are the shattering has required the dust, right, but some of the hundreds, even those who are of the opinion. And because there's a mix, and even the Maliki
and the Hanafi, Maliki scholar, they said it has to be from the surface of the earth.
And trees that grow are not a part of the surface
from the surface of the Earth, but they are not the surface itself. You understand that stuff. It's like the dirt. The dirt itself is different. The house is different from the ground.
Right? So we're talking about the ground anything's made from anything that's considered, then it's permissible.
The same way. So we said, remember, we said, Well, how about the sheets,
if the sheets, of course, have dust, even if it's a small amount, then it's permissible for us to make TM from it. But if it's not
If it's not, if it's just it's just, you know, just material
different from different material or from material that's not not part of the surface that we wouldn't when I mean, what do I mean? We said, the thing is, some people might say, well, everything is originally from the earth. Like, is there anything that's taken? Not from the earth? Yeah, everything comes out of the earth from the earth. But not everything is the surface of the earth.
And that's where that's, that's where the scholars are mentioned. And they set aside. So either for you, and of course, what is it? Or what are sorry to tell you?
Anything, you know, plants that grow from it, and berries that we eat? And fruits?
Yeah, everything is everything is about water. So we can use water, we have water, you don't need to.
You don't need to know what I'm talking about. Now, if you're on an airplane,
like, if you're on an airplane, what's what's on the airplane?
Apply some blastings most likely, it's just not.
Yeah, it's all manmade material, most likely, you don't have anything that's directly from the surface. They're not like cutting up anything. It's very fine and very lightweight. And it's just from different material.
Yeah, sometimes, sometimes some, sometimes some metals, but some plants actually don't even have metals now. Like some Yeah, the thing is, it was from
if you say that's from the metals, right, but if it's metals are part of dislike rocks, different types of rocks, like the different metals that are on the ground, on the earth, and they are just different types of rocks. And so there are different types of rocks, that is permissible. But you have to understand when you're sitting on a chair, when you're sitting on a chair,
there's a lot of
everything in front of you is sometimes a seat is now a lot of it's leather, right, they have leather that they use because leather is lighter. And then the the tray in front of you is what
is plastic, mostly plastic and, and, and everything around you, there's nothing of the earth that you could find. Now, if you have, so that means you don't have any, sometimes you're in a situation where you don't have anything, right. So if you don't have anything, then some of the scholars have mentioned, if there's nothing available, no water, and there's no surface that you can, that you can say that this is from the surface of the Earth, you can't just pat on a piece of paper, the magazine. Because a valid zine is made out of
wood. That's not the surface itself that might come from the surface. But it's not considered the surface. But this is of course, these are exceptions, they said,
some of the scars that you can find dirt on the ground, where you step, or even the bottom of your shoes,
you can find some, but if you you know, the thing is, most likely there's nothing there anyways. And so you just pat wherever you can pat and just make take a moment from them. So that's this is the this is a safer opinion, in relation to the I'm talking about. So all you have to understand the scholars are mentioned. Sorry, that by you. And their old the old days also. Yeah, it's different. You know, the old days no matter where you are,
you will find something from the surface of the earth. What was the difference of opinion?
The difference of opinion was not the difference of opinion was that is is a low bar
is the dust is that mandatory? Right? But now there are many places that we live in. Nowadays. There's an over there, they always have you don't have dots, you always have some surface.
right there. It's not like the world we live in right now there's totally different.
Right? The surface itself, like any surface itself, if you look at the surface, a lot of the surface that we live around us is not from the earth originally. Especially if you're like in a car and you can't get out. You're on the freeway.
What do you have?
Well, you might have the glass. That's right.
But most but even with the glass itself, see it that's where the difference of opinion is, if it's a surface originally promised surface of the earth, and it came originally from the surface of the Earth, but it didn't have dust. That's where the difference of opinion is the stronger opinion we'll have Adam is that you don't need dust. Even though dust as mentioned in some Hadith, it's just that
Data is prevalent is just mentioning a part of something does not mean there's not mandate that that part is required.
Right? Do you understand as long as the because the verse is more general, the verse is a sorry that that means surface, clean, pure surface, clean, pure surface of the earth. Why we say the earth because it has to come from the earth because the Earth has been made the hole. And so in this case, well, I would add Adam, the stronger opinion is that you should you can wipe it out, even if it doesn't have dust. If it does not have desks, but tried to look for anything that has a surface that's come from, I think the easiest in our time that we live in right now.
The easiest, there's two types of glass.
There's like glass that's made out of, you know, like the sand and I think there's I don't know if the other glass is made out of is all glass, mineral sand? Does anybody know? All glass? Or is there some plastic type of glass? That fiber? And there's no sand involved in that? It's not made of sand at all. Just plastic. Plexiglas is all plastic.
Yeah, if it's I don't know if the car car card is a car is a mixture of that. I'm pretty sure car has I think it's because you know, when you break apart. I think it's from Sam. So for us, for us like living in our car right now. The easiest thing that you can get almost anywhere.
Right is a class. So you're in the hospital,
even though it's you know, even though it doesn't look like the surface of the earth. But it originally came from the surface of the Earth something that was the surface of the Earth, even though you don't have anything on you. So the
most practical Spangler opinion seems that your opinion of the Maliki and Hanafy and that the surface of the earth for us?
Just you're in the hospital, tap the glass. And I don't think the airplane glasses.
I don't think this the plastic
one is easier. Yeah, I know the wall is easier. But a lot of the wall is is either made out of wood, which is not the surface. And let's let's make you sheep. What's that? What is that?
Just powder Phaedra?
Yeah, it came from because sometimes it might be might be from sand or dirt or you know, different types of rocks, also a little bit of it. If it has some of that been able to be permissible.
Oh, what is
the what is the powder come from? What does it mean?
I don't I don't know this. But I know that if you're in a hospital, just pat the glass.
I think it's Pat, the glass is the safest. And I think you'll always find the glass anyway. And if you don't find glass, go to the bathroom that mirrors
that mirror. And that mirror is usually that glass. Right? And so if you don't have the skill and by the way, if the thing is, if you can, if you can get to the bathroom, you can use the water but the thing is sometimes you might not be able to use water.
For one reason or another, you might not be able to use water because you're sick, but some people have burned marks, burns and they can't touch water. So in this case, but if you can find anywhere class shadows actually do if you're in your car or something like that. And
let's speak a little bit. Remember I said
We spoke about hadith of Amara Vyasa. And that's Hadith in Sahih Bukhari one of the narrations mentioned to us in in my feed
in my feed, Tasha, Hakka it is enough for you that you do this for vulnerable the coffee, lower button Allah and then Okay, so the prophets of Allah said to a modern Yes, I remember he rolled on the ground when he was in a state of Geneva and the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam said when he heard about what he did, and he asked about it he said
it's in them eight feet in the mechanic Speaker It is enough is enough for you and touch now Hakka it's enough that you just do this man just do this for a lot above the coffee bar button LLR so he struck
with his hands the ground or their their thumb manifold haha. And then he blew
when he blew, which is what why do you blow because you don't want a lot? That's not That's not because when you do this, a lot of dirt sticks you
don't want to put the dirt on your face. It's just you know, you just want that you have something that you padded their thumb enough Abba Massa be human rock Rock Cafe. Mishima Alia so this one Thumma Massa Habima. In this particular narration, Sama masa Habima la hora coffee fi, Mishima even he wiped the outer part of his hands, which is wrist the wrist area only. Oh, the Hiroshima Aalihi because he thumb the master Habima he's white, but this one. In other words, you wipe this one with it which is which is what you liked the the outer portion not the inside. Thumb Mesabi Hema watch. And then he wiped with them. So he did this and this and then he wiped with them his face. So he
wiped with his face. So this particular Hadith
this particular Hadith mentions what did what is his particularly if mentioned, what do you do first?
The Mombasa Habiba he wiped his hands first before his face. Okay, we have another Hadith, right? This is in this is another Hadith which mentioned this is another narration and that's why there's a difference of opinion of what should you wipe first your face or your hands first. Because in the verse in the ayah, in the Quran, Allah mentions
the first for the face first, and then the hands. And then this hadith says, You wipe you wash your hands first you wipe your hands first. So this particular Hadith we have forgotten about the idea that are so he struck with his hands the earth for an alpha and then that he blew blew me blew it blew it away. You know, like sort of like cleaning a little bit of the of the dust. Not all of it. Right but because if you weren't all of it you would like he would you know wipe, but he just blew it. And then he first of all of course you start with your right so you do your left hand on your right and then your right on your left and some adorable Bishi man he either Yemeni so then he he
struck with his wife here says he struck with his right left hand on his left right on his right hand. Well, you mean to be a meanie? Unless you man? I love cafe. And then then the word some some means not Wow, no one can come the other you can mention like Mohammed and McCain who came first, maybe hermetically comfortable us well, and it doesn't show it doesn't show orders right sequence and order. But if you say thumb that means after you do this, then you do this. So some Massa then he wiped his face and so these are Hadith
indicate that the hand the wiping of the hand
is before the wiping of the face. And in another narration in the mechanic fika and W Baba de Iike Allah
it is enough that you strike with your hands
and the the earth some damn fool Homer, and then you blow on them.
And some atoms are heavy me Nika Allah Shima. And then you wipe with your right hand over your left hand the mammoth danza be America unless she married where she Malika Allah you're milling, some atoms, Allah watch. But this one mentioned the wiping of the right first and before the left. So when it comes to the loo
Do you wash your right hand or your left hand first?
You start with the right hand that's agreed upon. Right. But when it comes to TM, there is a difference because of the different opinions in the in the narrations. But anytime you have a different opinion in a narration when there's well the wall itself and it's not saying and then then it could be you can mention either one of them first. It doesn't show 13 doesn't show sequence in the initial order. So even will do just this and that little tangent here. Is it permissible for me if I made blue and I washed my hand my left hand first and then I washed my right hand or my left foot first and my right as my oldest still valid
not as deep as wajib 13
Man who is watching but not 30 of the of the interactions itself. So the right before the left is not part of the 30
What the bottom
30 YG Botamo or Ferodo Steven Ferragosto of course is one of the conditions shouldn't one and zero what we'll do is 13 Thursday when the furrowed Malphur but the act itself within the app.
So the washing of the hands, if you do the left first and you'll then your right is still valid. But if you do your fit your your, your your feet first and then your face, then it's not valid. That's there's no 13 But if you were to wash your right left foot first and then your right foot, it would still be considered valid because it's inside one of the actions and that sunnah. sunnah action, so 30 was mandatory. Yes. But that's 13.
You know, the Ferodo? Not the 30 the act in it in and of itself. And so, but still, of course, it's so neat to start from the right. Okay. So here we have a little bit we have
some some differences. And
there are some, like Chef Alicia chef, how many minutes and PT in his book of walking by and he said he said Buhari had this
Knutsson feet up D Melia Dane Allen watch. So the Hadith that we just mentioned, is clear evidence that the hands should be wipe before the face before the face. And when we look at this hadith.
And when you look at the verse itself, there's actually well, and there's no contradiction itself because the wild does not indicate that 13 in and of itself, so that 30 But there's still a difference of opinion in terms of this below. And so, so what's so how do you do tell them? The first thing,
what do you say First you say Bismillah Of course with with Bismillah you have to have the intention.
You have to have the intention. Without the intention. You're too young is not valid. Even if you're Hanafy. The Ohana they say intention is not mandatory in Gulu, but into your mum, because it's a concession. And there's no there's no word mean there's no specific indication that this is purifying cleaning yourself. Right? There's no it's not my bullet mat my calling manner, meaning you can't really understand that this consider this to be a an act of purification, physical purification. This is purely about pure worship. Right? So first thing you do is say Bismillah with the intention of making Tamil right? So now of course you you know, you don't have water or you
can't use water. So my other be Cafe he watches Barberton vida, and then you pat
the face you pat the surface of the Earth, or any surface that's from the earth
one time, right, so my EMSA hero Kafeel, amen. So then you wipe, you wipe your the outer part
with the inner part of your left, right, the inner part of your left wipes the outer park with our hero Kafeel ASA hero, I think you had helium now. And then you do the opposite. Okay, so, so this is some. So this particular Hadith in Sahih Bukhari that I just mentioned before, indicates that the right hand
the right hand, should usually use the right hand to wash wipe first, over the left hand,
you understand? So this, this, the the wiping is done with the right hand, and then you wipe with the wipe.
You wipe your right left hand with it. And then after that, after you finish, you wipe your face. So we mentioned there's two difference that two difference of opinion of whether you wipe your right hand with your left or your left hand with your right, which ones first. Some scholars have mentioned the right first, some family we have both narrations according to Scheffel Islamic Tamia and our second hazardous Kalani said the stronger there in terms of Hadith, like in the hijab, he's a great scholar of Hadith. And he has a narration and factual body. He's of the opinion that the right hand she
it'd be the wipe the ones who wipe first
the right hand should be the one that is used to wipe first. And then after that use your left and then afterwards you after you up your face. That's it.
So the only two things you don't have number one you pet only one time
okay not pet one time for the hands and one time for the face, but just one time for both the hands
and the face and the wiping of the face. And then you do the exact same thing.
What do you mean? The exact same thing as you would
as you would
make will do like the outcome right. So anytime you make will do what do you after finishing will do what do you say?
I shadow Allah Allah, Allah.
Muhammad Abdul Salam how Rasul Allah and
and then the other narration Allah majali Minetta will be limited Matata hearing the widow, Cara will do afterwards, you do the same thing. So is there also a sunnah, sunnah TMO
if you make TM Can I pray to rock as soon as the same? Yes, because it's the replacement for will do. So if after although you can pray the sooner I will do. Then after TMM you can also do the same thing. So
if someone if someone does not have
if someone is able to make wudu
but they don't make and they just make tea
is is there TIAMO valid
the emblem is not valid.
So Yama Is that valid? Now if TM mum you have to and then you find water, can you pray? Or do you have to make wudu
you have to make wudu right according to the majority of scholars you have to make will do because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam set aside
the whole recruitment
pier side the surface clean surface is the purification for a believer
when he doesn't find water
when he doesn't find water will
either Why did that man, forget Eppela fall you miss missa who Bachata but if he does find water, they let them fear Allah, then let the water touch him, meaning let him let them use the water. Let him use the water to purify himself. Which means the moment that you find water, your time bomb is automatically invalid.
You tell your mum is invalid the moment that you find one.
So if you if you don't have water,
you can use T mo for the last for the next 10 years if you want,
you know, for you can do T mo if the conditions are fulfilled, you can use for the next 10 years, you might say well how is it? What do you mean? 10k is that would that be possible, you will die if you don't have water? No, sometimes you have water but you don't have enough water.
If you have water, and you need that water to survive, you're not allowed to use that water for TMI, it's as if you don't have water.
Only if you have water for too young or if you have water. But if you don't have water, that if you if you have water, but you need that water for yourself and your animal.
Right, then you don't have then you you have to you don't have to use that water. So let's say you have a car, that's your your, your your your driving, right?
You're driving has somebody or sometimes you take a road trip in the summer
and you have water, enough water for you. But you need that water for your car. Because your car is overheating all the time. Right. And if you don't have that water, your cars, you're not gonna get to where you need to go. So now you might have a lot of water
and it's enough for you to drink. But here's my car needs it. Do I have to make wudu? Or am I allowed to save the water for the car
you can save the what you have to say the water for the car otherwise you won't be able to get you won't be able to you know because when it's overheating all the time the water that's always evaporating or it's not working. If you need it to get to your destination then you can save just like as the scholars before I mentioned that water has to be enough for you and your animal
If it's more than enough for you, then you hammer then you make wudu. But if you did that for your animal and you yourself own it, then you don't have to use that water to make although you can still make to Yemen with water, even if you have water, but you don't have enough water if you don't have enough one, right? And so, but if you don't have enough water,
or if you have water,
you are not allowed to do anything except for maybe we'll let Apollo solid highly committed workload that to follow. So that was the prayer of Your any one of you is not accepted. Unless he makes Moodle. And when a person
when a person
as I mentioned, it's permissible for a person to have to make TMM and placement of everything, including Geneva, including Geneva. So what if a person
has to make wudu, but they can use water for most of the areas, but there are certain parts that has to be washed, and that you can't cover you can't wash. And sometimes some people you know they have, but if you have bandaid in a bandage,
sometimes you have a cut, right? Just a small cut. And you know, if you wash, if you wash, it's not going to
it's not going to reach the skin. Right? So are you Is it mandatory for you to take it up,
it is mandatory for you to take it out. Unless it's so severe, it's very severe to the point where you might become more sick
as a result of it. But if it's just sometimes some people just have a small cut, and they don't care, they don't care. Now, if you have a smoker and you do have other bandages, you can replace it, take it off, maybe we'll put a new one. Because you have this you have you have the ability to do that. Right, and you're not gonna get more sick, it's just a small cut. Some people take it very lightly, even though they're able to wash it, they don't wash it. There are some cases when you can't because let's say for example, someone has a cast.
And he can't wash that area. So what do you do? Do I make to them?
You wipe over the area that you can't wash only. So the wiping takes the place for the area that say for example you will make will do. And you can watch here, but you can't watch here, because there's a cast in this area, or there's a cast on your feet, or in the area that you can't reach. So do you have to have Gudo before you put on the cast, some of the Shafi says yes, but the stronger opinions that you don't have to because you can't stop the doctor from
it was an emergency, you might even not even be awake and you put it on Oh, you have to do it over take it up had to be moved first before you put that on. No, it's like, if it's a cast that you put on, then you make will do for the areas that you can wash and the areas that you can't wash, you can wipe you can wipe on placement. And so in this case, it's permissible to wipe
in the areas
you wipe you just just just the mandatory Wi Fi just once. You can just have to work you just have white one time it's enough already. So
so how about another thing another issue here?
I make tea
if I make tea, and I put on my socks
if I put on my my socks
is it permissible?
Kenda can I make? Do I have to take off my socks?
Yes, let's say you know because socks in our socks connected to tm um, anyway.
No, socks, socks, because you don't wash you don't want you don't want you don't wipe at any you don't want to feed that all
to Mom has nothing to do with your feet. Right? And so there is no there's no mandate, mandate mandatory action, let's say because you know how sometimes some people they say we'll do what do you need in order for you to wipe over your socks?
You have to put your socks on the state of Ohio so right now you're gonna say to him all right. So let's say you went you don't have you don't have to do you don't have to. And you know, you don't have to do so what do you do? How do I have to make time on that for my socks? Then the next time then I can do it the next time? No, it doesn't matter. There's not there's no relationship between your socks. And the majority of the scholars of the opinion that it's not permitted it there's no no no relationship.
If he makes a
My mum, or he doesn't make too young before that. It doesn't really matter, because it's not connected to it. Some of the scholars have mentioned yes you do have to otherwise what you have to take off your socks. Who you don't want you don't wipe anyways. And Allah subhana knows best so and so if you
let's say you put you meet a young woman you wear socks
now this is something else. Okay? One other issue. Let's say you have to you put on your socks.
Right? Put on your socks. Now you may well do.
Now you may well do
you put your socks before we'll do right but you didn't make sure that when you put it You didn't put your socks on?
You had your socks on when you had to Yamo
right now you have water I make Well, do you have to wash my feet?
Or I don't have I can just wipe over it because I put it on my socks.
the hot do you understand? Can I wipe over my socks now?
Can I work on my socks. Now, the stronger opinion well hold the item is that you don't
you don't have to, it's not permissible for you to wipe over your socks. Why? Because the profits alongside for me I'd have to my body rotate I put them on in the state of the hora. And da here are they in here is the by the by default is peer to hydro. So anytime you have a concession, which means it's a concession, you can't build off a concession.
So you can't build off a concession means you can't do PS build off the concession from them. So if you
if you first of all tell them Well you don't need them, you don't have to worry about your socks. But if you put on your socks, and nobody hurt him and you make a will do for the first time
you will do has to be able to wash your feet you have to wash your feet. You can't wipe your feet because you never washed them. You never wash them when you put on your socks. So you never put them on in the true state of the Hara.
anyone have other questions before I tell them? Yes?
Then it didn't break
the browser when
they say that the TM one
for every for every prayer
TM has to TM on because the condition the condition of looking for water is there.
So he said, Is it a concern like there is no long bracketed plan, you continue to read the next slide. This is the this particular opinion there's a difference of opinion in terms of
aware of how many prayers you can pray?
Is it the same,
it's the same as long as you don't have water.
As long as you don't find water. That's all. But the conditions again, you remember the you
every time there's prayer,
as long as you as long as those conditions are not fulfilled.
But if of course, if the conditions fulfill you have water, we look for water, then your TMM is already already about it. Maybe not for lack of water, but
if it's for other reasons like for for fear of sickness and so forth, then then the when a person makes when a person makes to them, the term replaces the water. Exactly, exactly. With it with the exception of
looking for water. If you don't look for water, then
if you don't make the effort to look for water, then it's not permissible. So let's say for example, you might know you might know her well or an area that there might be water and you can reach them you can get to them. You know because sometimes sometimes you're traveling and they might take you a little bit out of the way but you still need but you still can you still can get there. You still have the time to get there to get to the water. And in this case, if
if you still have time
you understand the difference in time of prayer. So let's say for example, you're in your car, right you're in your car, and you're driving and you know that the bathroom you you
Have you have
you made the amount because you couldn't find water. Right, and you know that the next rest area, you're gonna find water.
Right the next day you can find water or the rest. If you go backwards to, if you have a specific, there's enough time, then you can't pray unless you get to that unless you go to get the water first. But if you if the amount of time that's going to take you to get to that water, the prayer time has already ended.
Then you met you, you don't have to go. Because why. And of course we're talking about when a person is traveling they can combine right and so you have to put that also into consideration. So let's say if let's say the water is for two hours away if you drive them for another two hours, but you know in one hour prayers gonna be over, you know, like McGraw was already going to come. So in this case, you don't need to wait.
You don't need to wait because if you wait what will happen
is you're going to let the prayer time pass. So you pray what to tell your mom and then we a mother of a cat, you get to the water, you get there time for the water. Right? You get there in time for the water on you. But you can make a little when you get there for the for that. And so that's when it comes to
and when it comes to a person who doesn't have
that doesn't have water. And so
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam set aside, the whole Muslim he set aside in the side of the year, the holder Muslims.
Pierre surface is the whole is purification for a Muslim for it were 11 big dilemma. I should have seen it. Even if you did not find water for 10 years for either. Why did a man for you Mr. Hooper Sharada. For in Nevada for in Nevada Hiram. So the prophets have said here. I just want to mention a few things about this idea. When you find water for a diver dilemma for you missile bachata. When you find water, they let him use that water. And so of course this hadith is about
about TMO and obligation of T Mo. And when we when we say
This is known as a concession.
concession in the Arabic language is Rosa Rosa. What is Rosa? Rosa itself is,
is it's like I said it's concession. I mean, it's not the default permission license. Yeah, I mean, you can see she can, nonetheless have been a rock star itself is not the default. Right? Giemsa. It's an it's an exception.
It's not the rule. So and it's an it's an exception. And anytime you have an exception, the exception that see that the exception itself a rock star, cannot be an exception cannot be a basis
cannot be a basis. So that means you can't use the exception as proof for some other issues.
As proof as a basis for proof for other issues. Why? Because this is an exception. It's not the original This is not the answer. So when you do pls when you say okay, what I can do here, so that's why some people nowadays, I just want to mention this because some people, they use the exception as the rule.
You understand like, for example, you're living in America, living in the United States of America.
There are certain certain things that are haram
but we are put in a situation where we can't
you know, it becomes of extreme difficulty.
You understand. So the scholars have made that as an exception. So like for example,
insurance, for example, Islamically
insurance is like paying for something that you might get and you might not get you have to understand in Islam, when it comes to money. Money is very, very sacred in terms of
when somebody you know you can't take somebody's money unless it's buying real enough that means it's by a thoroughly that means both parties are pleased with it.
You know, when you're buying and selling, you can't cheat someone can't sell a car, or you can't sell something. Unless you clarify you know that they already know that it's well known that this is what you're getting
And that's why some of the scholars, they're very, very, when it comes to buying and selling.
They're very strict
when it comes to the child, especially at the Shafi, the Shafi if you're buying something in order for you to buy something, that the the agreement has to be verbal.
It cannot be anything else but verbal.
It can't be just give and take, I give you $5. And you give me $10. No, you have to like, okay, here, I'm buying this for you from you for $10. Because you might be you might not sell it. There might be situations where you only want to see it, and you give it away. I'm gonna sell to you. No, no, no. I did. I gave you $10. And you gave me this. No, no, that's $20. What do you get? Why did you take my $10? Then?
Will you be handed it to me? Right. So like, yeah, you know, it's $10. You can see this 10? And then no, this is mine now, right? No, no, you can't. So so it has to be like the champagne. Champagne scholars. I remember shopping, it was very strict in this matter, and the bail, bail, buying and selling just by giving only. Or if you see a sign
and you take it and you just give the money without saying anything.
It's not permissible, unless it's something that's verbal. So like, I buy this for you from you for $20. You agree that yeah, I sell it to you of $20 and sell you this item for $20 or this watch for $50, for example, it was not verbalized is not permissible. So if you're Shafi you can't go into the supermarket.
Because every transaction based on this ruling, right,
all these transactions do when you go to the cashier do you say anything to the cashier?
Yeah, the office like that. But this is where the difference of opinion is. And Imam Shafi was very strict when it comes to contracts. When it comes to marriage, buying and selling, you have to verbalize everything.
Amazon Go, yes, anybody take it. But while the struggle is stronger opinions, if if the offer is considered that people understand that this how you buy stuff, like now, like now you just go like just taking go right? Like you said, Amazon Go, you just take your stock and take it and you go. And if as long as and when you're buying stuff, when you're buying something, everything has to be clear, you know, you have the description has to be correct. Clear to the point where you know, okay, this is what I know what I'm getting. And so
why are we mentioning this? We're mentioning this because,
because when it comes to
concessions, when we're when we're when we're speaking about concessions, some people like insurance, and we say insurance is something that is you're taking something for something that you might not get, like many of us, you know, say drivers, some people never get any accidents.
The money, the Monday I paid for the insurance fee.
You pay the pay, and you get I could probably buy three cars by now.
Three cars, right. And there are some people accident every month, right? And maybe they still pay more but they actually profit.
So people are always and then. So I'm paying for something that I don't know if I'm going to use or not. If I don't get this is Islamically This is not permissible. And that's what everybody hates insurance companies.
Like, even people working for the insurance companies they hate they should go ask them.
I know some people like not Muslim. So they're like, they're like, I work for an insurance company. I know. I hate insurance companies.
But I worked with him. Yeah.
I hate insurance companies. Because they're always taking money. Without you know, like, it's like, I don't get anything for Islamically Islamically. And insurance by default, it's not permissible. But in the United States, for example, if you don't have insurance on your car, you're you're not allowed to drive.
Yeah, now, of course, a lot of Muslim countries also now. I mean, it's widespread, like Islamically you're not you don't drive you don't drive.
So you might say well, how do we take well, what happens
then how do we you know, how do we take care of people like say let's say they get into an accident. For that that's where it for us as well.
Muslims, we help each other out. Let's say somebody has a house and their house burns down,
then the community should collect money and help them.
And you get the reward for it. You pay insurance, you don't get anything.
Right, you're just you're forced to pay. Here, everyone just collects and just let's help each other. If somebody gets in an accident and you know that he needs a car,
he that's what he uses to drive. Everyone. Okay, brothers, you know, let's collect money, let's help the brother he needs, you know, he needs to buy a new car to work, or work, or somebody have a card, don't you want to donate help them out? So we help each other? Right, we help each other. And that's what I that's what Islam is based on. And also you Oh, you can set up a company like an issue. So almost like an insurance company, where you ask people to, you know, to donate this is, we have this, this is a fun for those who are in need, let's say if somebody gets an accident, somebody needs to pay for hospital bill, somebody this and that. We just take it ahead of time, like anyone
Yes. I mean, this is how this is how we as Muslims, we are taught to take care of each other. But now, why am I why am I mentioning this because I'm speaking about concession and will do is tell your mom, it's a concession. And so, when it comes to concessions, some people they ask about this, and then they say, Okay, well, yeah, is it credit is using a credit card permissible as using this not permissible. And as if that is permissible, then this is also this permissible? So they use the concession and times of necessity for other rulings. Like for example, somebody eat meat, somebody eats meat, pork, right? Somebody, it's, it's poor.
Somebody, it's pork, and they have to eat pork because they're about to die.
If you're about to die, pork is haram. But if you're about to die,
you can eat the pork, and you should eat, you have to eat the pork. So can you use up a lot? Then you eat it? Okay, and then. So that's a concession. Now, somebody, somebody might say, Okay, if we can eat pork,
Can I barbecue it? But
what do I do? Like, is it permissible for
now it's a concession, right? You don't build any rulings off of that.
Right? This is an emergency situation, you don't build any any rulings off it, and it's only permissible, you can only eat the amount that keeps you alive.
Right, that will keep you alive. Unless you can eat more than that. If you're afraid that if you don't eat this amount, later on, you might not have enough, and we keep it and we spoil and you eat it that then you might become sick. So these are situations, right? But you're only eating just enough. So if you are about to die, the only the amount of pork that you're allowed to eat is the amount that is enough to keep you alive.
So adorato to cut that, because that which is mandatory that which is necessary, is deemed necessary, based on the amount that's necessary, or only the audit permissible amount is only the percentage of the amount that's necessary only and you can't do any more than that. You can you can't take any more than that. So some people, like for example, for some people they like, yeah, okay, insurance is not permissible. Okay, okay. And then was like, Okay, what, what if I would usually have different types of insurance, this coverage, that coverage if you do this and that no, you only you should only pay the amount that is required by law, basic, with the lowest amount
because that's, that's what's necessary for you, you don't do anything extra.
You don't take any unless it's out except for that which are necessary.
Except for that which is necessary. Because if you take any extra, then it becomes more than what is
more than what is necessary. And the necessity is only permissible only for the amount that's necessary. Nothing extra that you can build upon. More than that and that's why when we speak a lot to number one, remember when you see water, you can't use it anymore. It's not valid anymore. Because it's only valid
because of necessity, because you don't have water and it's only valid to the point where you need it. Once you don't need it anymore. It's not valid anymore.
Because now you have water so the water itself for either wedge at ALMA for you, Mr. Bashara when you find water, then you
You have to use it. You can't just okay. I didn't break my my table.
I can continue to pray no,
no, even if you don't do anything,
finding water automatically breaks your table.
The final water automatically breaks your table, because it's only valid to the point the amount that is that is missing. That is necessary. And Allah subhana knows best. So inshallah anyone else have any quick questions before
The insurance company, they want you to warn off that expense, you're saying that, hey, this car is if we have this policy for something to happen. We won't fix it. But you have to do this, you have to bear down in order to fix your car, let's say
back home. Another very nice thing about home, there is often looking at
months. But that's basically it for somebody coming in the window.
You have to pay $200 Every time
Yeah, of course, the first thing was more to go more, because they want more of your money.
They want more of your money. That's the thing they want, they want more of your money. So that's why we should you know, like, because that's the you have the what is deductible, right? They call that they call it the deductible, like you have insurance and you still pay, I am insured when something happens and you still pay for it. You don't pay the whole amount. But you still pay sometimes $1,000, some some insurance, you pay $2,000, sometimes even more than that. And some less than that, like, at least I think at least 500. Usually, you have to pay at least 500, no matter what happens. Like even though you've been paying a lot, if it's useful, you pay a lot still. And
then after you pay 500, your insurance goes up, they take more from you now. Like it's scandalous. And if something happens, they should also if something, let's say calamity happens, and a lot of these houses like they're insured, then they what they do is they take money from the government, because they never took they never use it. They're always, you know, very, very scandalous in terms of so Islamically insurance itself is not permissible. So you only take that which is necessary. So even this, you should pay. If you have to pay the amount, then you know, you pay the amount in terms of like, let's say, okay, yeah, you did. If you pay more, you're gonna get more coverage. Right. But
that coverage is not mandatory. And by law.
Like in terms of like, for example, for us, in the in Washington State, there's a myth, there's minimum coverage that you have to have. If you don't have it, you can't drive your car.
Yeah, and not only liability, but certain amounts also, because there's liability, and then there's addition to that. What's the addition to that? There's liability. And then there's an amount.
Yeah, and there's, there's just, I don't even understand all of it. But in terms of the necessity and Islamically, we can't say that. We can't say to people right now, it's not practical. Say, only you can't use insurance, you can't that means you can't drive. And what am I gonna do when I need to go to the, and it goes on with my family, I take everybody on the bus.
But it's not practical, that you go ahead, have your insurance take put the insurance on, but take, don't take much more. Don't take only that which is necessary. And this is what we have to understand. Also, we have to help each other. So if a brother or sister or someone you know gets in an accident, we should try to help them out. Also, even though some people they can't pay the deductible, whatever it is, that's why we as Muslims, we should always be asking each other.
If someone needs something, somebody loses a job. That's why you give us a cat. That's why you have to pay as a cat. And so you find someone who's in need, you help them out, you know, we help them out. We help them out for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala you don't want anything? We do that? And then that's that's what we should. We should have that, you know, have that culture of trying to help each other for many generations. You know, people survive without insurance.
Like what happened to all the other people before their houses not burned down? Did their characters not break down?
The things never, never went wrong?
Oh, did go wrong, but they used to help each other.
They used to help each other. But these, these are the only insurance companies. And that's why anything that's,
you know that, definitely when it comes to money that's haram, ALLAH SubhanA has protecting us. It's good for us. That's why we don't have it. That's why we have to follow the deen of Allah Subhan the economic system, the social system that we have, we have the most beautiful Dean most complete Dean.
But we also have to understand that it is also it is also practical for all times.
Practical for all times, if we apply the deen correctly, we don't have to do some of the hierarchs. And that's why if it becomes mandatory, maybe we should have an insurance company Muslim insurance company that works based on sadaqa and charity and helping us out like charity organizations, and then maybe register and that way you can, we should always help. But the problem is, sometimes Muslims take advantage when you try to do good with these organizations, and people are always taking advantage of it. And that's why it's based on our connection with a laptop, ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada. And so hamdulillah
Charla will continue again the show next week
on TM one. And I think we're almost finished with the among the next,
the next set of Hadith that we're going to be covering, we're going to be covering Baba, and hail, Rubble hail, which is the chapter on menstruation. And some people might say, Well, why do I need to know about menstruation?
If I'm a man, why do I need to know the rulings on men's rights? No, you have to know why. Because you have your, your why? Woman your family, you want them to go ask other people.
There, it's some of these things are the most difficult for them to ask. Right? It's embarrassing, but they can ask if they ask you, then it's easier for them. And, you know, so that's why everyone has you know, woman in their family. And prayer is connected to that also. And so it's mandatory upon us also for men, so after arsenal to Arsenal, otherwise, we're not we're unable to fulfill our responsibility and teaching. Like right now you guys are here. Where are the sisters?
You're responsible, maybe 100 Maybe some of them are listening online. That's what we're putting on make it easier, but you're responsible. Also responsibility is also to teach them whatever you learn here to go back home to teach your children your family. And
even if it's not directly teaching, you just ask them a question or if you know it, you know you remind them and inshallah something that is mandatory upon both us for all of us to know so that we can
communicate and teach our children also, and our the woman or feminine our wives, and our mothers, if they don't know it. And so we ask Allah subhana wa COVID To teach us that which benefits and benefits from that which Titus