The Adhan & Fasting – Umdatul Ahkam 76
Channel: Abdulbary Yahya
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Look to So eat and drink until they've been the only McDo Abdullah having over Mattoon when he makes the plan. So here, this is of course the continuation continuation of Babylon. And this is a Hadith from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that isn't again in Sahih Bukhari and sahih. Muslim at the moment Buhari.
He mentioned this hadith. In his book in the book of shahada, an email Muslim mentions in the book of fasting, the book of fasting.
And a Muslim mentions in the chapter by Dan and the holy soul. Yeah, so lovely to verify that the beginning of prayer or the beginning of fasting starts at the break of dawn, meaning starts at Fajr. Hello, father. So he mentioned this, this hadith, he has a couple of things in this ad. Of course, we, we are in the chapter on on Amazon. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in nebula and you as the newbie, like, during the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salah, there were two
in Medina, these are the two people who used to always make the Koran in the masjid of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam they were beloved. And Abdullah had the only Maktoum they both would make the Alon and they would ultimate take turns and during budget for failure, they
Delilah will make the first app and then Abdullah the only Maktoum will make the second or third. So the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said this in the month of Ramadan, this is this hadith, when he mentions it of course we have as Babu dill Hadith, the reasons why the Messenger of Allah so as I said, these words and the circumstances in which the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned these words. And so just like we have a sebab Mazoon in when it comes to the verses of the Quran, as Baba knows all the reasons and the circumstances for a revelation of verses in the Quran. There are also situations and circumstances that we have to understand when he
said them, to understand them properly. So the prophets of Allah Allahu wa sallam, he said this. And this, he mentioned this for those who course who want to fast, and to let people know when they're fasting, and when they should stop eating and when they should begin eating and when they should stop eating. And so
during the time of the prophets of Allah, in Ramadan, the Messenger of Allah, Allah later for if I had to, was
one of whom is the first of them is Billa Billa. First, he made the first Iran and the second IGNOU Maktoum, he made the second Iran Billa he would
make the other the first answer. And why would he make the first one, the first exam? What's the purpose of it? The first reason the purpose of it was to inform those who are standing up in prayer and form those who are standing up in prayer that it's almost time for fighter, you have to understand it's not the same like we have now. Before it was extremely difficult to determine time, especially when it's nighttime. Right? And so you don't have a clock. For us. It's very, very simple. Very, very easy. Your you take out your phone, or you look at your wall. And you know how many more minutes and minutes until Fudger.
For people in the old days, especially when you're sleeping, and you wake up. You don't know how many more minutes you have left.
You don't know how many more minutes you have left. So you have to have people who inform you. So the Athan the first design was made. The first design was made to give people just enough time for those who are praying to stop praying so that they can have this
so they can prepare and have prepare for the fasting of the upcoming day. And for those who are sleeping, so that they don't oversleep. They hear the Adan then they will be able to wake up and they will be able to still eat. So Bilal will make the land before Fajr before 5g And so he says indeed. So he's telling the people the Companions indeed in nebula
You as you know, belay. Bilal makes the axon at nighttime. And the purpose of it as the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, in Nabila Island, you as you know, be Leyland, the Euro gr, M icon, the Euro GIA, or image icon meaning, so that people would stop and realize that it's almost almost Fajr so that they can stop eating while you do not imarco And to wake up those who are asleep. And that's what the prophets, Allah, Allah, Allah has to sleep, so that they can, so that they can
also wake up for this. And for those who are having some more than they're getting ready. Also, they can do what also, let's say, Okay, if they're already having this hole, let me finish up my soul. And then they have a little bit of time, and they can pray this tahajud also. So it's to let people in to inform people,
the times of prayer and the upcoming failure. And of course, this also tells us that when it comes to savour, that the end of savour is not until Fudger, until until the break of dawn, meeting and testified your time. Before further, you can eat because there are some people, you might say, well, that's really clear. But there are some people, they have what's called the time of him sack. And then they ask for your time and find your time and insight time are two different types. And they have exact time because they say oh, we have to stop before as a precautionary measure. So you have to start before and then some people might wake up during that time. Oh, I can't eat, it's already
finished am sack and so you will see some people, they have prayer times. And then they have em sack and then they have budget. But there is no such thing as to prayer the to two times here. And so the time that you're allowed to eat is until the until the end. And so what he says in the VLAN you as you know, delay,
the meaning of it is before the daytime. So when does the day start and Nebula and Nebula And you as you know, be late for a Muslim. The day the day starts at 5g
The day starts at Fudger. And that's why Allah subhanho wa Taala says a call of worship who had had a at Avaya and Allah Kumar
been invited as what middle aged for whom the washer would eat and drink until you can clearly determine the weight the weight strand from the black strand, the white streak from the black streak meaning the streak on the horizon. That's when you know failure has arrived. And so the person who is responsible to determine when to make the plan he was below. So he's checking how many more minutes? Does he think that it's almost it's almost budget time? And you how do you know? Because when it's fajr When you look in horizon, there are two there's two there is two streaks, there's two streaks
and as a candidate when Fidel Assad there are two streaks, what's the first streak, the first streak happens before Fajr. And what is the streak the streak, you see a light that that comes out that that is illuminated on the horizon. But this light comes and then goes not only does it come and go, it comes up and it's not horizontal. It's not on the horizon. It's like a vertical light that you see on the horizon. And then it disappears. And that light that comes up is not the five year life but not five year time. Right The First Year as soon as it becomes bright that continues to be brighter and brighter and brighter. And it's a street that covers east and west. When you look. So
that's when the sun is about to rise. You'll see this light that streak and that streak. That's the break of dawn. That's the break of 5g That's when you can't eat anymore. And that's why Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Call to worship I will tell you at EBI en Allah Komal hiatal Aveo, hateful abbia the white streak is the white streak on the horizon. Media. Hi, Abby
had a debate and Nicole hytrel LBL media as what? Mirror
x one. So the black streak is when that when you know it's nighttime. So that's when you know he when you look at the horizon and you see when the when the horizon is totally dark, then there's no streak what's
whatever, right and so after mother, like right now,
if you look on the horizon, you're able to see, you will see that when you look west, that you will see there's a streak of light. Sometimes that light is red, reddish, sometimes yellowish, and then it goes down, it becomes sort of like a white light. And then it disappears. As soon as that streak disappears. What is that? That's the beginning of Asia time. That's beginning of the darkness of Asia. As soon as that's finished, by as soon as that's finished, then it's totally dark. And then in the morning, of course, when you look, where do you look for the streak? Now?
You look east, right? And then the east, the beginning of it, you see this light, sort of like, sort of like this Twilight, where they can
see this light and then it disappears. And then there's a streak that continues after that. So when there's billon make the other than he makes the run before Fletcher. And that's why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in the villa Island, you Adelina we lay the public in the heart before the the arrival of the daytime? And
how long is this, this? Just, it's not, it's not extremely long.
Because you have to understand remember, it's not exact every single time the prophets lives and didn't tell him. Okay, do so 20 minutes before,
15 minutes before Fajr. Why? Because they didn't have the time. It's our approximation. So of course, he is up during that time, and he's already he's getting ready. And he's responsible for that. And so he's always making sure that when it's the appropriate time, he makes the Alon to Allah to allow people to finish this. So for, for those who haven't had support to have their support, and he says, you as you know, VLAN you as you know, be late, and then Sakura worship will help you as in, so eat and drink until
until it no knock to mix the Adhan. And when there's a dilemma, to make the other, he makes the alarm when he's told that it's Fajr time. It's morning, morning, right now, why? Anybody know why when he only makes the alarm when he's told to make the other
because he was blind, he was blind, and he's unable to see the horizon. Because he's blind, he is told to make the other. He is told to make the plan. And so he makes it one, of course, as soon as he makes it. That means you stop eating, you stop eating.
And you stop drinking. And so that's the time and when you hear the when you hear the other answer the Prophet sallallahu. So when he says, Eat and drink until until meaning that's when it ends, okay. So as soon as fudgier comes, you have to stop eating.
If s soon as Friday comes, and of course, this is when you're fasting, and you have to stop drinking, and you have to stop doing whatever you need to do. Whatever it is that you're doing, that would break your fast, right. So if somebody is like eating and drinking, they can finish the last sip, or they're eating, let's say they're lifting something to their mouth, and they're about to eat it. Right? Just finish that more so. And that's it. That's the end, when you're drinking, finish that last step, and then you then you stop, right, because you're in the middle of something. You don't want to stop and then chop, chop. So that's your last one. And so some people some of the
some, I remember some of the brothers, he was like, Alright, I got a cup here. He's waiting, waiting for the event. So then he's like, Okay, I got this cup in my hand, let me finish like that, that just finished a few minutes. You're not getting the benefit much anyways, I remember one of the brothers was like, Okay, I'm waiting for the other one. Because I know this is in my hand. And the promise of a lot isn't said if you have you know, if you have that in your hand to finish what you have. But that's if it's coincidental, you understand you don't do that. You don't wait for the other and then drink after the other. Right? It's coincidental when you're doing it and also, you
have to stop and you can't continue. So the person is, you know, having marital relations, for example with their wife.
You know, then you can say, Okay, I'm not finished yet. Let me finish No, it ends is the end. Let me see. Okay, it's not finished. I'm not finished yet. So let me
finish and then I'll stop. Like, no, you can't. As soon as the alarm is called, everything that breaks the fast has to be stopped. And this is of course, this is one of the prophets of aliveness. I mentioned this, this is during Ramadan. And so what do we get from this? From this hadith we have a couple of benefits inshallah from this hadith, but we'll get to it more inshallah. But
beloved, he makes the first one, he makes the first other, and that is the run that you don't have, it's still permissible for you to eat and drink, because it's not fun yet yet. And I believe in Roman tomb, he makes the other than when Fajr comes. And so had you as an employee own Maktoum until he eats, which means that
you know, when until you will have to hear until which means that it's not it doesn't include the time of the Athan. Because some people they say, Oh, he's still making the plan, I can still eat.
Do you understand? Because then I can still eat because he says, until he makes the Athan so he's making the event, does that include the time of the event, right, because when you're making will do the, Allah subhanaw taala. mentioned, like, when you're washing your hands and your,
includes the elbow, it includes it also. So it could, because the word can include that which is mentioned. And that which is that which is mentioned. And it can also meaning when it reaches that also, but here, if the alarm starts, then you're not going to
then then then you're not going to continue, you can't continue. And so as I mentioned that had also means up to that also a lot of Hanover says about and then sort of in one afternoon, about them when f 18.
Allah subhanho wa Taala says Were they of course, they lead to place a lead to fuku Alam Ananda Rasulillah, he had time founder had a young founder.
So that led to Latin people, Allah Marinda Rasulillah, he had a young founder do not spend
who are with the Messenger of Allah, Allah do some until they, until they disperse until they leave here.
it's, it's for reasoning, because it means because of and it's not like up to until they do that. So the word hacker has different types of meetings, in the Arabic language in the coming part, it can mean also up to that area, up to that time. So in this person, this person, or this particular Hadith,
you know, it doesn't include that. And so, like Allah subhana wa, Salam when he had that mapillary, the Phaedra. So the same one, when we say salam when he had the medulla, Salam peace, right, until the break of dawn, until the break of the app, and the breaking down, and when the angels come down unleaded or whether they will do so. And then there'll be, you know, the tranquility the whole night. And, of course, when there's a night end, until the break of dawn, and that's where it ends. And so
in the DLL, and you shouldn't be laying
the up, though. And now, we're UGL.
So in this clip, could, in this case, this case,
is it permissible to make the Alon before Fajr?
Is it permissible,
it's permissible to make the alarm before failure. If people know if people already know that the first event and it is best to have two people make the other
two people make the alarm and people know distinctly what, who's making the other. Why. Because we have the same person making the plan, then you don't know who it is. Who's this the asana Fajr, or is this the Athan before Fajr if it's the same person, and that's why I specifically the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked to order Bilal to make the first
and Abdullah Al Maktoum to make the second event
And so this was known to the companions in Medina. So when they hear beloved making the Koran, then they know that they can still eat. And then when they hear Abdullah hoping only McTell making the other and then they know that they can also they can they're not allowed to eat anymore.
And so when it comes to prayer time, of course it's permissible to make Is it permissible to make the alarm before the prayers? No, it's not permissible to make the alarm before the prayer time. But specifically, the Fajr. Adan and the mother of Iran are more are, you know, when it comes to being precise during these times?
It's more emphasized, why is it more emphasized? Because the validity of a person's fast is dependent upon it. The validity of a person's fast is dependent upon the breaking of the fast and the fast thing itself. So like there is no more NASA mothership. If it's if you're doing on Amazon and acid. If you're in and in Asia, for example, if you made it a little bit later earlier, a little bit it doesn't affect people that much. Right. But you're not supposed to, of course make it before Are you allowed to make it before? No. Why? Because if you're making the Athan before the prayer time, then people will pray when the prayer time has not arrived, and that Prayer is not valid. So
it's probably one of the conditions of prayer is that prayer time has to arrive? And so is it permissible to make the alarm before the prayer, not for any of the other prayer before Fajr prayer when people know when people realize and when people know. And so that's why I you know, like, I remember in Cambodia, the first they used when we were in the village and when I was in the one of the villages that they used to make just one other. And I said, you know, I wanted to
start making the second the first as I'm before Fajr comes. And you know, during Fidel, you have maybe about two rows, two rows. And I remember the first day we made the other the first other people were confused, even though we made, you know, announcements and let people know, already people are confused. Why? Who made the first who made this other than? Right? Who why why is Zan and some people?
You know, of course nowadays, you know, everyone has a clock and watch and they know when 5g comes in. And some people pray anyways. Right? And so
the beginning is, you know, people may get a little bit confused, except for especially those who don't know, but I remember the first time when I made the first one, and then made the second then somebody else made the second other. The Masjid was packed
to the first two rows only before and then when I made the first one and then the second event. It was packed. Why was packed.
People were curious, like what is this?
This is just like one of my friends where he's
I think I told you guys already
in his suit in his in his village. The other than is made by
I think as Mohammed city for dementia we every day. Like how do you have them homeless Indonesia, we make the event. They they used to use a recorder. So then was in comes and he presses play. And they have a recorder making the alarm every time it's always beautiful that right? And of course, that's something that's not permissible, you have to make the other. So he comes to his village after calling, he was in request studying with me in Medina. And he went back to his village. And he says, you know, this is not permissible. And of course, who's going to make the event and you know, when you change thing is very difficult. People are so used to it, right? Used to one way or another. So
he comes from time and he makes the other. And you know when he made the run and not the recorder, when he made the alarm, the Masjid was packed.
Like as full as almost normally, you just have a few people. But when he made the plan,
it was packed. And it wasn't like he made the event early or later. No, but it was packed. And they came to the masjid. And they said who made that ugly sounding alarm? They wanted to know
because they were so used to it
used to such a beautiful man every single time and of course now he's making the plan and they're used to it. I don't know how, how his voice was. But they all came to the masjid because they were curious, like who is this that made the other indication that people are able to go to to play fight it and they are able to come? But sometimes the shaytaan you know makes them
When it's like the same thing over and over, and people go to sleep and then you know they they don't come to pray in the masjid. And then but when something different happens, everybody cuts just the Advan that's made by human instead of a cassette recorder you know the old days we used to have cassette recorders and that brought everyone to the masjid. So the first one
this was made during the time of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam in the in, in Ramallah, it was made in Ramadan because there were people who are waking up they were waking up and they didn't have enough time for Sahaba right it's already Fajr time because by the time they heard the Advan can they eat because the alarm was woke them up? Amazon was what woke what wakes you up? Can you eat after you hear the other?
No, you can't eat after you hear that because that means that's the end. So there were a lot of people who were woken up by the other one and they couldn't eat so that's why the profits or loss from ordered be allowed to make the other and before any announced to the peoples it'd be loud is going to be that makes the first alarm. We'll make the plan at nighttime now. It's not Fudger yet, so continue to eat when you hear continue to eat when you hear until you hear Abdullah Hypno mimica tune making the van then you then you start
also what time did he make? He did some some of the scholars have mentioned that he made it at the middle of the night? No. Because if he makes it in the middle of night, it's there's no purpose for he made it the end of the night, which means right before just enough time, just enough time and so what's enough time? It's enough time is like you know just enough for a person to recite something like 60 verses and that's what the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did and that's why when they asked when they when they were praying the night pray that totally pm will Ramadan pm in Ramadan meaning the night prayer in Ramadan.
I shadowed the law and I was asked how long was it before the time and the time when the Prophet sallallaahu son had his or until until the time that he the time that he would come up for further prayer. So the Prophet SAW she said between 60 and 100 verses 60 high versus how much if you were to read 6200 verses, how long is that?
Defend. But normally, normal normal recitation would be like between 15 to 15 minutes, right? About 1010 To 1510 to 15 minutes. And so we used to make the alarm before just enough so that people would have enough we'd have time to make the to eat. And you know, because you have to like wait, that's not enough time.
That's not enough for us. Maybe it's not enough time because we cook a lot. What did they use to help us the whole
basis date do you need to cook anything, but it's you don't need to cook anything. And this used to have date and people used to have dates. But sometimes, nowadays when it comes to the hola everyone eats like, or just drink water. That's it. You know, now it's like a big, big meal. And so that's why I just remember one of my friends. He of course, every time and his you know, he from the time when he was young, in growing up, there's a whole there's very like just a few dates. And that's it right? Your agents, agents. The support for Asians has been
about some of the brothers in East Africa, but in Southeast Asia. So what is rice? Right with the full meal deal, right? It's like It's like the full meal, right? It's not just a few dates. How is it in East Africa like in Somalia? And Kenya? Is it heavy?
It's heavy, right? Yeah, like nowadays is in many places heavy, right? And so, see, we used to eat, like very heavy we used to eat you know, growing up, like it's hard. It's like a big meal or everyone. It takes a long time to prepare. You have to cook you have to wake up and sometimes you're you know, if whoever's preparing the food your mother's like waking up early just to get everything ready. As soon as the food's ready. Every she wakes up everybody. So like, let's go let's have so and then you have the big meal. And so when we went to Medina, we did the same thing. You know, we're preparing we're saying thing and so some of the brothers and the Arab brothers were with us.
We said Come on, come eat. Can you with us? Like this is the whole
Usually there's only so far and at the end of the day you know like toward ASA time like after awesome he says he looks he comes to he comes to my phrase very close friend of mine he comes to meet us. You guys are cheaters
says you guys are cheated. Like there's never been a day and Ramadan like today for me. I like look, it's awesome after acid I'm not even hungry. I'm not hungry every time every time after acid in Ramadan I'm always hungry. I'm not today I'm not hungry. You guys have been doing this all your life you're cheating. That's not fasting
nice carbs, like Yeah, it lasts a lot longer. And he's never done that he never ate rice for support before. Because you guys are cheaters. That's cheating. You can't Let's go. That's not right. That's not fasting. Like right now. I'm not even hungry. Never in my life and Ramadan that after us, but I'm not hungry, except for today. Except for today. You guys been doing this the whole time I knew you do. So anyways, so it's during the time of the Prophet sallallahu. So there was a small, short amount of time why they didn't need to cook. And most of the time the meals that they ate, didn't require cooking. You know, they just ate dates, and they drank water, or they drank milk. And that
was it. And that was this. And so
that's why in the Hadith
you know, as I mentioned before, that, you know, when the person makes the Azhar
between the time it was probably around 15, more No more than 20 minutes, or even even less than that. So
what's the benefit of this idea? The first benefit here
is that it's permissible to have to
and and of course, if especially when you have to two times in a budget when you when you have different when you have to advance and biller used to make the other right and so the profits a lot is we used to order below to add to say, in his prayer and or in his Alon a Salah to hide, Amina know, as salatu Hiram Mila no prayer is better than than sleep. And so that's why many scholars, those who say that a Salah to Jairo mininum should only be said in the first other. Why? Because when you say prayer is better than sleep. That means if you sleep still, it's still permissible. Because when you say something is better than something, that means that something is better than is
still permissible. I'd say.
I'd say you you should. It's better to do this. And what does that mean? That means I can still do the other option, I still have the other option. So if it's fine your time already? Is it better for you to sleep? Or is it better? Is it better to pray and you can still sleep? No, you have to get up. You don't have an option to continue sleeping? Right? It was fine. Your time budget has already entered you have to get up. And so that's why you say hey, Alice, hello. Hey, Alan fella. And so the two to have to advance especially one for for budget and one during when when Frederick comes and
is it permissible? Because you see some people?
Is it permissible to have two widens making the allowance same time? When you say okay, let's say okay, here are two people. Somebody makes the other on here. The person makes sense on here. And you see I see it on I recently like received a video online that somebody made the other day and somebody says Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. And then the other person says, Allahu Akbar, Allah Allahu Akbar. It's two people
Yes, a masjid. One makes half or the other, the other makes the other half. And then one says the element and the end is a different, a different one, when this person is facing that way, and this is the same one made by two people. But they take turns.
They take turns is that something that's permissible? By default, the other one is an act of worship. Right then is an act of worship. And so we can do anything unless you have evidence for it. So even though you have to advance it doesn't mean that you can have both of them making the oven at the same time for the same at the same time making the whole other to have two people in the same Masjid. Because you have some people in some massage, it's actually do that
that, and I just saw the actual the, I don't know if you can
use, you might have a few of you do a YouTube search, you will see like to add ons to people making advance so, so actually one person they actually on the, you know the
the minaret Menara so one person starts the Adan and the other person continues, the other person says,
eyeshadow hola hola hola hola. And then the other person eyeshadow Hola, it's not more, it's not a different event. It's not a longer than it's just like they're taking turns. And take it turns to the one one when the other paint mix the other one. The other guy gets a little bit rest. He's He's resting so he can make a louder other. So is that is that something that's permissible? And Allah Subhana Allah knows best? No, it's not permissible. And some of the scholars are, are actually
of the opinion that it is.
Like if it's far apart, and the masjid is big, where somebody's on that side, and they're making that on the exact same time, some of the scholars are of the opinion that it's permissible to do that, when, you know, when, when when, when it's a very, very large
masjid, or a large area, like for example, during the time, actually, during the time, the old days, they used to have people putting on muscle, how long, and then they have some some person making the event in this direction, and they all start at the same time.
They all start same time. So one person makes an event facing this way. And it's not just a small number of small msgid. Right. So you're making those who are making the line in this area, the other side can barely hear that's before they had before they have speakers. But of course now when you have the speakers, you just put the speakers in all of those directions and you don't need two people making the other two people making a run. So that's why some of the scholars did allow to more than do making the Iran at the same time. And if you're living in a Muslim country, especially when the massages are close together like if you're in Mecca or Medina
What do you hear when the when when is prayer time?
You hear me with 20 other hands?
Especially now before maybe that but not every every Masjid has a minaret and so you hear like 20 of them's actually going off at exactly the same time. So this necessary like that has attached it's something that's permissible. But to switch off, that's more like a, you know, more like a style like thing that just just to let something that of course Allah, Allah Subhana Allah knows best, there's no need for that. There's no need for that. And you should have you just make the horizontal because otherwise, one person is making happier than on me. Right? So if somebody pray and you pray to rock as I'll pray to rock as we have for Okay, we're good to go.
We're good to go. Pray half and they do have you pass half a day and I passed the other half a day. And we may come to one.
So continuing on when it comes to the acts of worship, unless we have evidence and proofs for it, and the loss of handles best that we should know that you don't switch off like that.
when if somebody makes the plan, right by mistake,
what if what if somebody makes the other by mistake beating the snot fudgier And they make the other or it's not Monrovia, and then they make the other. If that happens, then you should make an announcement. Just like how you made the alarm, you should also make the other just tell him that he made a mistake and just announced it just the way that you announced the alarm and you raise your voice with the evaluation voice but also the correction.
we mentioned also
the other benefit is of course to you know to make to get people also
give people more time so they can get ready more have more time to come to the masjid. Remember when I mentioned the first event, I made two events. After that, when I after that. There were more people who came to the masjid. More people, not just that first day, but later on I noticed in the masjid. Instead of having just two or three lines. It was actually all the time. Every time it was almost more than half. More than half the message was filmed in the village that I that I was in in Cambodia. When we made when we started making the second event and the first design and the second event why? Because before people would
wake up earlier than some people would wake up. But then when they wake up, if they need to take a shower, or sometimes they need to, you know, use the bathroom, it takes them a long time, and they will miss Fudger. But when they have the first Assan, then they will wake up early, and they have a lot more time. And as a result of that, people have more time to prepare to come to the masjid. And so that's another benefit of having the second, the first, the first as and also. And, of course, this is a view in a place an area where you actually hear the other. But for us also, what's the benefit, you should actually, you know, set your alarm earlier so that you can prepare for
childbirth, but the best thing to do is to actually sleep early. There's nothing that beats that because if you sleep really late, it's easy for the shaytaan to make you sleep even more, because you're tired and so you want to sleep early, and that's why it's so nice to sleep early. And another thing that is
that we benefit from this hadith is that it's permissible to eat. It's permissible to eat until Fudger because the prophets of Allah Hassan said Kulu I should tell you, as in immunodominant have to eat and drink. So you don't you don't start before Fajr and it's one it's a sunnah. The Sunnah is to delay the sahaba. This OMA was still continued to be in good in a good state.
If we, if we continue to delay the support, and to hasten the Iftar meaning you when you break your fast because there are some people, like the sheer when it comes when the sun has said When do they eat, they don't eat as soon as the sunsets and the weather when they eat.
They eat when they when they can see the stars and the stars come out. And the when the stars come on at the sunset. And so this is this is ignorance, you know, it's when the sun sets, that's when you eat, that's the end of the day. So when we when we say the sunset, that means the sun is totally gone. Now when it starts to set when it disappeared, because because sometimes when you look at sunset, the sunrise and sunset, right? sunrise and sunset, when they put sunrise and sunset, a lot of times, you know in some almanacs and some books, it's like when the sun hits the horizon, so you make sure that it's actually the sun is actually
not on horizon, you cannot be seen anymore. That's what we mean by sunset. And so I don't know here you can see
they have sunset as
as the same as mother been some.
Some, like I noticed like sometimes in the news, right in the news, you will see that it's a little bit earlier than what we have for 5g For from for malaria. Why? Because sunset that means it's already, as soon as it hits the horizon, it setting they consider that sunset already that the Sun has gone up. And so that has to be also taken into consideration. Another one another benefit that we get from here
is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam even though he ordered
even though this was started during Ramadan, after Ramadan, the Messenger of Allah salAllahu Alaihe, Salam continued to tell me learn to make the first. So the second way to advance continued even after a MOBA. And so that's why even outside of Ramadan when, when everyone is not fasting, meaning most people, some people are fasting and others are not fasting, you still continue to do the same thing. You can invest because the prophets of Allah honey has continued to order the order be allowed to do the same thing. And so
the eating and the drinking, of course, there are some people who as I mentioned, that they they mentioned that you can eat before or you can eat, you know, like, you have to stop five minutes, 10 minutes, there's no proof for that. Like if you say have to eat before if I get the M sack is 15 minutes before failure. What is your evidence? There's 15 minutes what is 15 minutes? What is 10 minutes? What is five minutes, right? And so that's why if you see somebody making a prayer, Ramadan fasting time sheets, and they met they mentioned the day a time before because some people you will see that they will mention that that's something that is not correct. And
also, what's another benefit, the benefit another benefit from the hadith is that it's mandatory for us. When you trust them was in when they want when they are done is being made. Then you follow that
In other words, because the Prophet sallallahu sallam said cool worship, I will tell you as in, in only Maktoum so that the Wiser is entrusted. Which means if you hear something from the other than if you eat it, if you eat during that time, even if the Amazon wasn't making a mistake, your fastest still valid, but say you, you you're eating, and then the Amazon reeled in and realizes, Oh, I made a mistake.
You know, I made a mistake. And it's not enough, if not yet. It's not It's not here. So you eating and thinking that it's our it's already time for Iftar, your fast is still valid. Your fast is still valid. Why? Because you did your very best, even during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the people used to, of course, they look at the sky, and the sun. And if you're living in Seattle, if we didn't have clocks, it wouldn't be very difficult. Because because it's cloudy most of the time. But there was one day in Medina, when it was very, very cloudy. And they ate, thinking it was sunset already. And then the clouds cleared, everybody realized No, still daytime. And so
they had to stop eating, and then wait for wait for the real sunset. But the process of alarmism didn't order the people to repeat their fast. Why? Because they thought that it was already time to eat.
And that's why Allah subhana wa Tiana says, For Kulu wash caribou had yet by Jana, Allah come and eat and drink until it's clear to you.
And notice he says until it's clear to you, which means that if you think if you to you, if you think it's already fragile time, if you realize if you think it's already fragile, or if it's not fragile yet, and you're eating thinking it's not legit yet, then, and then you find out it is fragile, your fasting is still valid. But that's only if you make the make the that's only if you took the measures and the steps to try to find out. Because there are some people who wake up, right? You wake up your clock, your phone is right here next to you. And you have the water and you wake up and you're afraid to look at your phone.
You are afraid to look at your phone, because you don't know if it's Fudger or not. But so you the first thing you do is what you go drink first, let me drink first and then I'll go look at my fault. Am I allowed to do that?
You're not allowed to do that. If you have the opportunity to find out and you don't find out, then whatever happens. You are accountable for it. Which means what? Let's say right now, it's funded already. But you don't know for sure. You don't know it's so close. It's like, but you don't want to look at your phone. You don't want to look at the time. So you drink. And then after you finish drinking you look at the time and like oh, it's two minutes past budget.
So it's two minutes from the time spent. Yeah. What do you do? You continue fasting, but you had to make up that fast.
But you understand. Your fast doesn't count but you have to continue fasting because of the Holy Mother respect and of Ramallah, the sanctity of Ramadan, because of the sanctity of Ramadan, you have to continue to fast. But you have to make up that fast because that fast doesn't count. What if you look you don't know. Okay? So you are calculated that means you have your fast does not count. But what if you look and you don't know, you don't want to look you drink and you find Oh, I still had two minutes left. So as you're fasting valent Yeah, it is because you ate before fighting. Right? So it's the same thing with prayer, right? If someone prays, if someone prays, and they can
determine where the template didn't like, Okay, let me just pray.
And they don't care. Like, you know, like, you know what, I don't know where the public is, um,
you don't ask anybody you don't look around to find out look at the sun or moon or you know, whatever is determined direction. You don't make any effort to find out. Then, if you end up praying in the wrong direction, you have to repeat your prayer.
But if you end up praying in the right direction,
then it's okay. It still counts. You don't have to repeat your prayer. So if you're looking at the clock, and it ends up being not figured yet your fax is still valid. You don't have to make up that fast. But next time you better look
but sometimes some
times, you know, like sometimes the clock, right? And the clock is sometimes wrong, because of one reason because sometimes you know, the old days when we used to have clocks, and then the electricity goes off. And that's why when it goes up, it blinks, right? But there's some clocks that don't blink those off, it's the wrong time, and you think it's still okay, it's still, you know, you don't you think you still have time, and then you realize you don't have time. You know, you start you realize, oh, after you ate already, it's already Fajr. You look at another clock, and this one was wrong. And if that's the case, you're fast is still valid, because you actually made an effort
to look, the mistake was not because of your negligence, the mistake was accidental. And so in this case, you fast is still valid. And so anyone have any questions, we'll end it here, and I will continue.
In Alaska, when it comes to fasting, and those particular places where you don't have a day or night, then you do calculations. You do like a cut in there a couple of ways. You can either follow the closest Muslim country, or just in terms of like, when normally when does the sun normally set on an average day? You calculate that? So because the prophets of Allah has just said, when the data comes, he says, he's he told the people to calculate, but the rule hope Kandra when they have a day, that's like a year, calculate the appropriate calculations. And so notice that the Companions, you know, they ask for Messenger of Allah, how do we calculate that they ask?
They didn't ask. Because they knew that, you know, at that time, people, you know, people will know what it means for us. And when you say calculate the protocol came up. We have clocks we can calculate. Yeah, and so that's why if you're living in Alaska, when there's no night, or sometime in the summer, when there is no nights, when the winter is when there's no day, then you your prayer time is based on what that normal that the the average is, let's say, for example, let me see, okay, normally, when do I pray for
hospital door normally pray at 130 content, and then when it's still nighttime, when
and when times Asia where maybe eight o'clock normally, that's like the normal time that you pray, okay? Even though the sun might be still shining, the sun might still be shining, but you pray a prayer, even when the sun is still shining. Why? Because you don't have a day at night. So you have to make the appropriate calculations. It's just like when you're traveling, and the time goes very, very quickly, you pray, according to the time, that's normal, before it became irregular, right. So if you want to count follow the time in Mecca, that's fine. Also, we're the closest Muslim country that still has the regular time that you can do that also. And when you're on the airplane, though,
you take the time that was still irregular before he left. So let's say for example, if you're if you leave from Seattle, and if you're going west, you know, when you're going west, if you're going after fajr, it's going to be frigid, the sun is not going to set for the next 1820 hours, or 20 plus hours, it's not going to set. In fact, when you arrive in Southeast Asia, it's not even doable yet. But you've been traveling for 20 over 24 hours. So if you prayed according to the sun, because you're following it, you will pray only one prayer for it. And that's it for the whole day. Is that where you're supposed to live? No. When people in Seattle pray that's when you pray because you're
calculating the time in which before it became irregular, you follow the right via the regular time and that's why when you're fasting also, let's say you're traveling, if you were fast and you wanted to travel, and you were fasting and you can sometimes you're allowed to break your fast when you're traveling, but sometimes it's difficult to do so. Why because you know sometimes you don't want to make up your fast because it's easy to fascinate because after all on this living were difficult. You don't want to miss any days even when you're traveling you can fast but what if you fast, you fast and when you're flying in the time changes quickly when do you break your fast you break your
fast based on the time that you left. So the people in Seattle are working there fast even if it's bright outside you
even if it's bright outside you break your fast you break your fast you don't break your fast based on the time because you don't have a regular day and night. Willow Anna, any other questions?
Shallow continue again next week with the Bible the Koran and next week we're gonna speak about both Eman and Sharla. But we still have a little bit left to cover in this particular chapter.
Now we can make the