Sciences Of Hadith 04 – Development of Hadith Sciences
Channel: Abdul Wahab Saleem
Series: Abdul Wahab Saleem - Sciences Of Hadith
File Size: 18.09MB
In this video, Sheikh Abdul Wahab discusses the development of hadith sciences (Uloom al Hadith). He focuses on why the cornerstones of Hadith sciences were developed.
Episode Transcript ©
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sinotrans Rila salatu salam ala rasulillah
salam ala Sayidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri
long Malema man pronoun, Sonia, Tara was eating ice cream. And that in the previous lectures,
we were able to speak about a number of subjects pertinent to the sunova sort of loss loss. And then we spoke about,
you know, the historical development of the synovial salasar cell, and we spoke about the authoritative nature of the sooner
we spoke about all three of the stages.
we're going to be speaking about yet another topic from amongst the topics and with this, we'll be finishing the sessions of Illuminati. So today's the last session,
and then afterwards, we'll get into, you know, actual Hadith Bismillah. So, today, we'll be speaking about how, and what was the reason behind why
the scientists of Hadith were really formed. Okay.
The reasoning for the sciences of Hades to be formed where, you know, of course, numerous, and there were several events
that led up to the formation of the science.
Just as we said about, you know, the compilation of the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, there were several events that led up to, for example, the compilation compilation of slate and Bahati.
It wasn't compiled just like that. Similarly, it also had a number of events that took place before it was entirely formed.
And the need was there.
The need started
but not necessarily during the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
during the lifetime of the prophets, I said them, we already knew which Hadith is correct, and which is not. And if we didn't, and if people didn't have I didn't, they could simply go to the prophet SAW Selim and ask him.
But that does not mean that certain principles are, are illuminated, these weren't taken from the Sunnah of Rasulullah sand or the Quran at large, as in the city at large, certain principles were taken from there, but the need wasn't there, as of yet.
And when the prophet SAW Selim passed away, now you have Sahaba that had met and lived and you know, spent a lot of time with the prophets of Salaam. So even now, the need wasn't that much, but it started.
But it started because there was people accepting Islam that weren't Sahaba.
And there was Sahaba dispersing, as we mentioned earlier on, they're going into different parts of the world.
And so on and so forth. So the need started, and that's why you find that
when I was in the long run, he went to remarkable hottub one day, and he knocked the door and you know how I'm going to help others. Every time something happens. He says, Let me take out my sword.
So he went to so he's messing with the wrong person now.
Why do you think he went to
a pub and he knocked his door
and when he knocked his door
or a little hot dog didn't reply.
So you knocked the door again. Uncle Bob didn't apply again.
He knocked the door a third time. He didn't reply again.
So then, he turned to turn around and started walking.
Todd comes walking out of the door and he says, Hey, Moosa,
you know, what did you need me? And why is it that you're leaving now? He should have waited
something along these lines. So he replies back to Bob and he says that I heard the prophets a lot sending them saying
either Assalamu alaikum, salaam Salaam new job failure.
That if you one of you knocks the doors three times and he's not answered, then you should turn away and go and walk away. Now this headache By the way, most of us might know.
Most of us might know. But you know, not every
But he's capable of encompassing all knowledge.
So I thought he looked at
Abu Musab, do you think he said,
as used to say, at the time of the Prophet system, Daniel?
Let me Oh prophet a little I chop off his neck. No, that's not what he said. He said,
latech, TN nanny led by unity, fanatic.
he is really, in a dilemma. He said, If you don't bring me someone that can witness to this fact, I'm going to do something really serious to
Pharaoh. The point of the matter is he eventually went to
radical cinema into LA, eventually went to
the Sahaba. And he was, as he was walking to the Sahaba, he was pale.
You know, Musashi, scared now of what I was gonna do to him, because he said, a hadith. And he's afraid that nobody else will know that even it's possible. There are a hadith that, you know, people might have one person might have known and other people didn't, you know, people have are dying out. And, you know, not everybody has the same type of memory and stuff like that. But this was a heady, you know, a lot of people seem to don't. So he went to, you know, a group of Sahaba. And finally, he told them that they saw that, you know, he's pale, because something's gone wrong here. You know, they said it was that was going on.
So I was initially told the Sahaba, you know, that I went to a little hotdog, and right away, then you would happen, because then you have
and he would only do this in the truth, and only to some, you know, sometimes also to teach a lesson to the younger Sahaba were coming, you know, growing up so that not everybody just starts to just say provinces and provinces and themselves. And you know, nowadays, we look this,
talking to Abu Musab Shadi, if we sit in one of our majelis. Today, one of our gatherings today, every single person has something that the prophets have said, whether he's sure or not.
You know, I think Who are you to think?
I always tell this to people who are you to think,
you know, you're not ready to think this is the deen of Allah azza wa jal, there's something called guidance from the prophets or someone who take it from that.
And not just from your thoughts. Look, for example, at
one of the Buddha,
you know, basically,
had a dispute with the Mongols.
Okay, and you remember the history of how they came, and they what they did to the Muslims and all this kind of stuff. Everybody knows him, right? Or has heard of it? Because it was such a great misery for the Muslims at that time, that almost every single person recalls it. And over generations, we hear about it, you know, even in the back of our minds, or someone setups mention of it or something like that, even though we haven't read the history, because it was something so grievous. That's why I'm going to be talking about this. He says that, over the generations in the history of Islam, there was not a single set of ruthless murders that was narrated more, you know,
ruthless. Then that which occurred in that time, and probably now in our time, what what's happening in Syria, right, but the point of the matter is that the prophet SAW Selim, he said, in a Hadith, Fukuoka, Morocco, they leave off the Mongols, so long as they don't come and say anything to you what happened was, some of them came to the Muslim lands to do some business. And when they came to do some business, one of the ruling parties there one of the rulers in one of the Muslim neighboring neighboring countries, he killed all of the merchants. So then, Genghis Khan,
he was, he was enraged.
When he was enraged, what did he do? He was still
he was still come, he didn't go and start the fight. We didn't go start to do any of these things. He sent a messenger saying to her, what is insya he told him that look, you have certain people from amongst your rulers who did such and such to my people. Okay, if you didn't know that I'm telling you now, and I hope and I wish that you're going to do something about it. So what is this guy do hadas insha Allah subhana wa Tada. Forgive him. He
goes and kills
ruler as well as already the kills the messenger as well. And when he kills the messenger, this is the time where Khan got enraged.
And he basically picked apart and the prophets if he listened to the statement of the prophets of send them what's meant by tonight, by the way, there's not turkey in Turkey or Turkish people is referring to Mongols. He said through katakana tarraco Coronavirus, the Mongols, so long as they leave you off.
They didn't do anything to you, and this guy is picking a fight. And that's why this crazy historical that took place when murder was left, right and center. And history history tells us about it. If you look in, you know, to the book of the history, so the point of the matter is that, you know, it comes it's not that you just say oh prophets are seldom said or I think, and that's why I always tell people, it's not for you to think the profits, you know, and the
and the loss of control data you have and the message that has been given to us by Allah azza wa jal is already thought for us. It's already thought for us Yes, you can understand.
And when I say you, do you for you not to think I don't, I'm not calling for you not to ponder this, or to ponder the book of Allah azza wa jal do that as much as you can.
But you have to have a certain level of grounding before you can start thinking on your own
without any guidance from another angle,
or without any guidance from the AMA, for that matter. That's what I mean, when I say, you know, you're not ready to think. Anyway. So
this was one example where a little bit of hottub is now checking and being careful of accepting a hadith.
And other examples also occurred during the life of the Sahaba.
Were so happy would come in, give a hoodie. And another Sahabi would say, bring your proof.
So this shows you that now they're starting to authenticate.
Now, they're starting to authenticate. So the essential message or the essential concept of authentication, it started earlier on during the life of the Sahaba. It was narrated by, you know, incidents from earlier the allowed. Similarly abubaker, it was narrated incidents from a mobile hotspot, as we just mentioned previously, and so on and so forth.
we see, on the other hand, that more and more people have are being careful, more and more people are entering into Islam. People that have weaker Eman are also starting to get into the, the circles of knowledge.
These things are all occurring simultaneously.
And eventually, there's also
social problems. There's also political problems. And this is one of the largest ones. There's political problems occurring, which are causing people to side with their party, and then say ahaadeeth, or, you know, twist words, twist, understandings, even of the Quran, to suit their reasons.
And amongst the main parties, basically, if you want to call them a political party, would be the Shia. And that's what he did. He said, that, lm, an Austrian Carib fi ahaadeeth, in forgotten German janeshia that know that the essence of all lies, in terms of the hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu, when it came to the virtue of people, so they were talking about the ritual who
said they came from the Shia.
It came from the shower.
And this is a fact and the person that's saying it in Nigeria, Bella Hadid is who he's a shearing as well. So it's not like we're accusing the Shia, of doing such rather it is a Shia shearing himself, seeing and attesting to the fact that the essential bricks of lies in the hadith of in a hadith pertinent to the virtues of people were laid down by the Shia. So they started talking about God alone. Of course, in good terms, they started talking about Asia.
In bad terms, they started talking about a blue book, all the loans out on bad terms and similarly, you know,
Anyone that they had a positive connection towards, they'll say good things about anyone that they had a negative connection to an extent that recently I heard that one of the shields that I heard this with my own ears, he said that I will work on what
we have done.
Our two characters, and whoever loves them, is also
a cafe. Now compare that with an authentic statement of the prophet SAW Selim, where he said, if they do believe in embody,
follow those two that will come after me. every worker in
here is the she I call them a Kaffir. Well, the mahasarakham that,
that, that they're confirmed, here's what they're saying. And here's the prophets, I send them saying follow these that, you know, they claim to be to be the way that they claim them to be.
And the fact of the matter is that Abu Bakar, Abu Bakr and Omar by the consensus of Alister nojima, are the best two people after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in this oma
by the consensus of the Islamic scholars,
in terms of their virtuous, you know, in terms of their their virtues, they're considered the most to virtuous people.
Out of all of those,
and if you don't
have both father in law's of the Prophet.
you know, so this started to happen from the angle of the sky, and it started to happen from different angles. As I said, political spectrums were some of them. And also,
there was a lot of what they call the heads up, you know, what they call, sectarianism that was starting to occur as well. So you had a person for example, it could have been later on as well, but just as an example, you had someone say, and of course, it's a fabricated Hadees undoubtedly, someone say yaku, fumetti Rajan, you call him Mohammed Abu Idris.
Although Allah Almighty ministries,
that there will be a person in my nation
who's called whose name is Mohammed. Mohammed Idris.
Come on guys.
Hamad. It's a shotgun.
So there will be a person by the name of Mohammed Idris and this is a fabricated, narration fabricated it isn't. It's not from the statement of the prophets Allah settler. fabricated as in somebody else said it as a lie upon the prophets of
Allah Almighty. minibeast is more harmful upon my nation that believes himself
and his amount of shadowy that harmful to the murder is not the entire opposite.
He's the entire opposite. In fact, in other narration, Sufi narrations, you know, you have the prophets I send them saying, I know
that a RM from amongst Quraysh, one island that will come from amongst Quraysh will fill up the entire world with knowledge. And according to inanimate and he was at the same time as the mama Shafi rather than the student of Mr. Schaeffer. He said that this is referring to none other than Mr. Musashi. Because if you look at all the alumni that came from koresh,
particularly from Korea, because none of you, you know, if I'm, if I wasn't pushy,
magmatic wasn't cautious. Mm
hmm. It was shibani. So none of them are cautious, right.
So the point of the matter is that, over here, he's saying one island will fill up the entire world with knowledge. If you look at all of the Porsche, which includes the Sahaba
there was not one person that single handedly filled up the earth with knowledge, as in his knowledge, particularly started to become, you know,
common amongst the people.
You know, if you were to look at the end man that whose knowledge became really common and the layperson would know about him and such and so on and so forth with you.
Mm hmm. And that's why, as I said, Batman himself he says that this hadith is referring to none other than
him I'm sharing yours the prophets I send them saying something like this about Mama's surgery and and the end and these people come and they say such a thing. So this is model is hideous.
advocate daddy's continues. And he says where Poonam and Almighty Allah, Allah who will be Abu hanifa. And there will be another person from my nation that whose name will be able hanifa
Suraj Amati and this is the land friend of my nation. So you can understand which group of people put this
you know without pointing fingers and there's vice versa as well there will be, you know, people from amongst the Shafi amongst Nabila saying other things about other Imams, because there are so, you know, connected, and this amount of connection is not really required. You know, it's not even praiseworthy. Rather, it's
because you're saying something above from amongst the statements, and you're attributing it to the profits.
And that's why the profit center said Mackenzie Valley, Mankato, daliya, muthambi, then Phyllis
says ally upon me, knowingly,
then let him take a seat in how far
so it's not a joke. It's a major sin and according to a very, very weak opinion. But just for the sake of mentioning, it's some of the early ama even said that it's
been a very, very minority position. And it probably a very weak opinion as well. But the point of the matter is that it's no joke to come out and say the prophets of Salaam said just like that, you don't even know.
And we see this today. You guys agree? Do you guys agree? Or am I talking to a wall, we see this today, you go to our marriages, you go to a gathering, and you have a person who gets up and all of a sudden, he has something to say about, you know, the prophets, I send them said such and such and such and such, you know, and or, you know, he gives a fatwa, and he doesn't know what to do. So he makes up for it, to get himself out of that problem. And that's, and even for parents that I actually mentioned, amongst the reasons why fabrications were entered into the books of Heidi's was parents, they would make a claim to their child, and they'll say something like, Oh, this is really
soon now. And then the child would say, hey, Daddy, you know, where did you get this from?
So the dad would now be in a dilemma.
I never expected him to ask me that. You don't have to say. So now the father is in a dilemma, he put him on the spot. And he did the right thing, because his father deserves it. You know, so now the Father has nothing to do. But to make up ID or the mother, like, you know, so they actually their element mentioned from amongst the reasons why fabrications took place is where parents didn't have the intellectual humility to say, I don't know.
And they rather they made up something made up for it, or something along those lines. So you know, at this time, you had things like this occurring, people with weaker Eman entering into Islam, you know, it is getting mixed up with truth and falsehood, amongst the, you know, general public, amongst the general public.
you know, you had, at the same time, concurrently, you had the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam,
you had his teachings engraved in the companions of the prophets.
And what teaching them are referring to particularly that teaching that gave the Sahaba a drive, to not only seek knowledge, but also to spread it.
And you find that they had a very strong drive when it came to seeking
a very strong life
to an extent that you'd have to so hobbies, they would make a deal with each other. So we have a we have to have livelihood. And we also want to have a different purposes. And so I'll cut you a deal. I'll go one day, to the modulus of velocity loss, offset limahl. Here, the Hadeeth. In the meantime, you cover my shift when it comes to work. And when we finish, the next day, I'll go for work. And in the evening, you could tell me everything that the prophets of cinema say. So they would, you know, pretty much cut each other deals, so they could, you know, get every single statement of the profits.
but not everybody was able to do so, you know,
as far as it says, mentioning the point that I was just saying, they soku Luna can as Maria had eaten Debbie's lesson not every one of us used to be able to always be next in the profits and send them to areas I need
to watch Well, we used to have work to do later.
You know, some people were businessmen, some people had other things to do, why Shawn and just other things to do, you know, some cook something at home, clean something at home, whatever it may be, when I can Ghana National lemmya koonunga Tribune for you to shine. At that point during the time of the Prophet Sahaba. He says people didn't use it, like why rather and other so he says, When I couldn't get it, we didn't even know what what lying was, we didn't know, we really didn't know what lying was like, you can really lie. In fact, the error before it was difficult for for them to lie, because it was a matter of integrity.
You know, if your integrity is lost in society, back in those days, especially nowadays, it doesn't matter. You know, sadly enough, if your integrity is lost, and you have a bad name, and society is a liar, you don't mean. So we didn't used to be saying so have you seen, we didn't really need you to know what lying was.
And as I said, concurrently, you have the Sahaba.
hearing all of these encouragements from the prophets, I send them follow.
Muslim, you know, it's watching upon every obligate obligatory upon every believer to seek knowledge, you'd hear all the different virtues of a student of knowledge. So you have all these habits, trying their best to seek the knowledge and one manifestation of that is just what I gave you right now, that they would send one person to the modulus where the other one would work. And then they would switch shifts the next day, so that each of them could get all ready.
And now you have the profit sauce in them also encouraging this However, at the same time, not only to seek this knowledge rather to pass it on as well.
And you have a lot of agenda, saying as well, in the call on time and and timeout call to the wavy Lord, we'll do a little bit hikmah with wisdom and admonition, you have a lost profits that I sent him saying no long,
semi semi quality.
May Allah subhanho wa Taala illuminate the face of an individual that heard a statement of mine, and memorized it. And after he memorized it, he delivered it on the same way he'd memorized it. So the projectors in the missing me a law he's making draw for this individual, may Allah illuminate the face, make it bright with no, of this individual that here's my statement, memorizes it properly, and then passes it on. So you have to have hearing such a thing, you know, the same Sahabi that is switching shifts between him and rather, and he says, Wow, this is really something that that I want for myself.
So, you know, such happen.
So habit started to and that's what happened. And that's why one of the reasons besides jihad, one of the reasons why the Sahaba started to disperse well, so they could spread this knowledge. So they could
spread this knowledge.
And since this was the case,
that the Sahaba were spreading to seek knowledge, and not only to seek it,
rather, to spread it as well, you know, example of seeking knowledge would be jaggedy, Dylan went from Medina all the way to a sham. Just to hear one Hadith,
just to hear one Hadith. I mean, some of us have difficulty coming to the class, and we come late jabiru traveled an entire country. And it wasn't like nowadays with the planes and everything. It was on a camel.
You had a boy, you went inside, he traveled an entire country as well, all to hear just one ad that we can pick up on search on Google today.
And settled on meaning
that whatever covers evil, a bad deed of a believer that loss of panel data will cover his deeds on the last panel to cover our data.
But you have this whole hobby By the way, think about yourself all week long. You've been traveling just so you can hear when
you're traveling to do this. This you know exam of yours.
All in you're not traveling for a week. It's an hour long flight to Dubai. Okay. All week long, maybe days on in your traveling just to get one Have you imagine the type of effect that is going to have on you when you actually hear it from the other Sahabi Jabba Abu Dhabi, who went to meet another Sahabi in another country, so you can hear that one Hadith from those people.
Benoit, he's heard that he's been he wants to make sure that
you know, so he goes in here's imagine the type of feelings that this individual go through much different than what we hear and what we will do when we hear whoever comes aboard request. Oh, yeah, that guy's got a big nose.
He doesn't, but you know, handler. So
the point is that you have this type of Serbia done from the Prophet. So I said until Sahaba. This is just one example of you know, two examples of people traveling for seeking knowledge. Yet people also, as I said, traveling to spread this knowledge in people also traveling to spread this knowledge. And
since that was occurring, and concurrently and we keep I'm trying to paste two pictures here I'm trying to print to pictures are in your mind.
You had people dispersing, you had people that were really keen on seeking knowledge, you had people that were really keen on delivering the message. So since that was occurring, so hubs are dispersing now it's becoming harder and harder and harder for the LMR.
Or for the people to figure out sometimes which is, which is like,
this is the point where the need for putting together something in the sciences of Hadeeth, which can decipher right from wrong came. And this is in short, because our class is short.
The first and one person or the first or one of the main people that put together something in the science was enormous shatter himself. And that was in his book, I decide what you're gonna
say, somebody's gonna say no, that's
It is no sooner. But you realize that does have certain chapters.
So when the need started to become more and more apparent, get rid of mass starting to write down different principles of how to realize which ideas is correct, and which isn't.
Which of these is correct, and which isn't. First, what are the first people to do that was a man a shattering in his book a risotto, it's no sooner. But you realize that sometimes it also lives up to also have some things pertaining to it. Because they're, you know, they go hand in hand.
And then you had a person by the name of it and Medina, he put together
a man Muslim, in the beginning of his book as well, he put together something, but the first person to put together a work that was, you know, that encompassed the large majority of everything pertinent to the science was a person by the name of Abu Mohammed Mohammed aroma, who was he who died the year 360 kg.
He put together his popular text called an
Al farson. Being a warrior, why
attacks in which he collected over you know, these couple of generations, the different rules and different works that were put together, and compiled them all into one text. So you can find most or the vast majority of the rulings that were in the hearts of people before now, imprinted in this text, written by a Rama homos.
And then you had people that came one after another, they started to put together, you know, books in the sciences have had effect, for example, on cultiva, that he put together a book in particular in pretty much every single science that he put in every single chapter of Hadeeth chapter of sciences of hedis, he put together a separate separate volume. And then you add a person by the name of Allah and this is one of the most important texts that I've mentioned it
earlier on as well in our classes. This is one of the most important texts and one of the most crucial texts in the history of Islam in the sciences of Hadith, and that was it was a lot of work by the name of Illuminati
and that was this text one
are normal Hades by Ignace. Allah
you know, if he put together a work as well, so the works were being put left, right, and center.
Now to look at a take a quick look at what exactly were the conditions of a Sahih Hadith?
In Sahih, Hadith and with that being said, we'll stop at one who has So who am I
The sound is not that Oh, you're
that. The first type of Hadith is sight. And this is the Hadith is metaphor, that Hadees, which is connected and there's no drop in the chain. So I inherited from SES who narrated from the brother here who nerd from the brother here, okay?
there, is there any drop in the chain? No drop. But if I take this person out of here, because you're speaking in class, if I take this person out of here,
and I just say safe narrated from him, is there a drop, there is now a missing link. When that occurs, the first condition is lost, which is that the whole thing has to be connected, but the fun is not
there. And it's not supposed to have to do.
Okay, should I do this? I'm a very strong narrator. Let's say.
I say that the prophet SAW Selim made Hajj
in on top of metal off on top of a REIT or government, another person comes and says, I was there that incident that particular incident when he was making hij, and he didn't make the off on top of a mount. And there's 20 people seeing that the profits are made off on top of another one person is saying otherwise. So this is shoes. Now these are all strong near narrators, one other strong narrator. But he's not as strong because there's 20 of us, you know, he comes in says something else. Now this is what they call shoe. So he has to have none of this.
This had to be considered life. And this would be considered science. So because it has this problem of shoes where it's going against a majority, or it's going against stronger narrators.
And there is, you know, no hidden problem in there. Now to explain a hidden problem is another hidden problem. So I'm not going to explain what a hidden problem is. Because it's going to take a lot of time, and we don't have much time. And what it was for who a woman is Nadia, who will let me Shut up I don't know Baba to me three more times.
And the last and final condition is that each and every single narrator has to be an upright narrator.
Which means that he must be Muslim. He must be of age past puberty, he must be sane. And he must be Muslim bad and often 31 Minute Physics and he must be saved from appearance, sin and disobedience to the laws of physics. He's not a factor. You know, someone that smoking, drinking, you can't take it nourish.
Solomon manifest Solomon how I remember why the other thing is he also this as an upright individual, he has to be he has to avoid social, you know, things that are socially detested. So for example, a person comes in public and starts picking your nose.
This is something socially detested. So this type of an individual is Hadeeth wouldn't be accepted. According to the AMA. Think about how careful they weren't and who they'll accept the heat from even a person he didn't do something wrong. He just did something that's socially tested.
So that people don't say that you know, this is an irritant.
And with that being said, these are the five conditions of an ethos I will stop here and inshallah Tada. We'll continue our lessons with the Hadith of the Prophet SAW sent almost all along and sad now medieval and early. He was