Tafsir of Surah AlMuminun 21
Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda
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Shala we're starting from is number 102.
In the previous session,
we talked about how Allah subhanaw taala informs us about when the time of death comes how they will want another chance and another opportunity. And Allah subhanaw taala rejects their request and dismisses this idea as just words that somebody is saying out of desperation, but it is too little too late. And then in Iowa number one Allah subhanaw taala informs us that when the horn will be blown when it will be sounded, then there will be no relationships that can benefit anyone that can help them out of their predicaments. nor will anyone really even have the concern to get somebody else out of trouble when they themselves might be facing
an equal amount of trouble and difficulty.
In it number 102 Allah subhanaw taala talks about one of the great stages of the day of judgment in the Day of Resurrection.
So to briefly just kind of translate and explain some of the language within the eye and then I'll explain some of the concepts here for mantequilla Xena HuFa hula Iike homophone translation says, Those whose good deeds weigh heavy will be successful. Another translation says does those whose balances are heavy with good works, then it is these who are truly successful.
So, what I'm going to actually do here before I delve into the explanation of some of the language and explain some of the concepts is go ahead and talk about what this is what this is 102 and I'll go ahead and
you know, share a translation of it number 103, as well. And I'd like to explain kind of the concept here. I want to three woman Fatima Xena, who for hula, Iike, Latina, hosue and Fusa home feed Johanna McCauley, Dune, the translation says, but those whose balances lights will have lost their souls forever and will stay in hell. Another translation says but those whose balances are light whose sins does prevail, then it is these who have utterly lost their souls in hell should they shall they abide forever
so the main concept here at the center of these two is for us to be able to discuss it thoroughly and understand what we're talking about, rather than kind of mentioned it in between where it might kind of seem like we strayed from the discussion of the AI itself is the concept of wasn't bad.
and this is something Allah subhanaw taala speaks about many many different places within the Quran.
Allah subhanaw taala probably the most explicit there are a number of different places and sort of allowed off
is 89 Well what's new Yo Ma even it'll help go from anthropology magazine HuFa Allah eco human movie 111 Ha Fatima was in Ohio for like a living in a casino and foster home.
Be McCann will be it negatively moon so Allah subhanho wa Taala and Surah Tula Rob says that the weighing on that day
It is true and it is real. So whosoever scales will be heavy than those people. They indeed are the ones who have achieved success and whose skills will come up lights. Then those are the people who have wronged themselves and they specifically wrong themselves by rejecting and denying our signs. Allah subhanaw taala says, another place in the Quran very explicitly, Allah subhanaw taala says in Surah, Colombia surah number 21. I have 47 Whenever only my wife, Xena Locusta Leo Milty, Amity. And this is probably one of the most explicit mentions and I'll bring this up in just a minute, one another. And we will place and we will place and magazine Alchemist, the scales of justice Leo
Milty, Amity for the Day of Resurrection fell out to the moon of Sanjay I know so we'll be wrong in the least bit. We're in Ghana with Pearl Harbor team and have the LIN attainable. If anyone has any slightest smell the smallest amount of a deed we will bring it will cofina Waka Fabiana has he been and Allah says and we suffice as we suffice to do the accounting. Right we suffice as auditors and as accountants.
And in Surah Nisa Surah four I fully Allah says in in Allah Allah lovely moon with kala virgin were integral hasenhuttl Nouba Allah does not wrong even in the amount of the measurement of the smallest deed possible. And if there is any good that Allah will multiply it Allah subhanaw taala and sunnah to Taria into the Ummah, Allah says for a moment Saku let's magazine who for whom, Aisha Terada, that whosoever their scales will be heavy, then that person will be in a very pleasurable life. Woman hook with a mom and have Fatima was in who? And as far as who skills will be lights for who habia then that person is doomed is ruined. Why am I Dhaka here, what can help you understand what
that means or what that is, not only have me a fire, that will burn forever.
And then of course, there's this idea here in sort of remote me knowing that we are going to be discussing and we're going to be going over. So this is the issue of Amazon,
or just a wasn't wasn't Amazon in general. What that basically means is, and again, we might be kind of familiar with or accustomed to hearing the translation of it, the weighing of deeds, the scales on the Day of Judgment. Now, this is the topic of conversation, simply just because some have discussed that what does that exactly mean? Is it literally talking about the weighing of deeds? Will there quite literally be a scale and good deeds placed in one side? And since placed in the other side, and then weighed accordingly against one another? Does it quite literally mean that like physically, actually being weighed?
Now, the majority, did you hold the majority of Sahaba taby own scholars MUFA saloon of the Quran, scholars of the seed scholars of Arcada have all said that it does quite literally refer to a wing of deeds. It says Meezan, which is a word in the Arabic language and the rule in terms of interpretation is that you stick to the Haqiqa you stick to the actual literal meaning as much as possible. And you don't go to a metaphorical or a figurative interpretation unless there is something telling you to or the need actually arises in light of an equally authoritative text, like something in the Quran quite is telling you that it just cannot be understood. It cannot be
interpreted in this manner. Right? So that's the rule. So they've all said that it is to be taken literally.
There is a minority amongst some of the scholars. And amongst that minority legitimately, there are certain Tabby Owen, the hawk and Mujahid and at mA that some opinions are attributed to and even that is contended whether that was actually their opinion, or they were just stating that this could be possibly an interpretation, but this is not my own personal interpretation of it, who said that it is actually a metaphor. The whole mention of the scales is actually a metaphor for justice being established. What it means is that justice will prevail, and it is a metaphor for justice being established. Again, I say, within the legitimate kind of scope of Islamic thought in Islamic
opinion, some of the Sharia law, not the majority, some of the Sharia.
Some scholars also basically interpreted it this way were they
He said that this is more of a metaphor for justice being established and justice prevailing. And a little bit, I guess what you can say outside the fold of, you know, orthodoxy and traditional thoughts, the more Tesla, who can kind of understood as, generally speaking, the hybrid littoralis, or excuse me, the hyper rationalist, excuse me, the hyper rationalist, they were very adamant about the fact that this is a metaphor. There is no weighing of deeds, there's no scale of deeds, but this is completely and absolutely a metaphor for just as being established God's justice. And when you respond by saying, well, it's quite an elaborate matter of metaphor, ALLAH is talking about bringing
scales and placing them down and weighing of deeds and one being light, and one being heavy. And I mean, it seems very elaborate, they see that's fine. It can be as elaborate as a metaphor, but we cannot take it literally. And the gist of their argument is that because it's just irrational, it's irrational, right? That deeds, like when I say Subhan, Allah, Alhamdulillah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Allahu Akbar, that's a good deed. If I turn around, and I speak a lie, where I swear, or I slander against someone, then that's a sin. That's a bad deed. All right, those are words, there's no mass, there's no physical mass, there's no physical properties to it. Okay. So therefore, we
cannot, and will not take it literally. That's their argument. So the response from the response from the majority in the bulk of Islamic scholarship that has taken it literally because of how explicit it is, and I'll mention some other things that help be, it's not just kind of like a defiant position. No, we're just going to take it literally, there's I mentioned a number of the AI bots, which start to make the the, the, the scenario of the wing of deeds into skillets makes it very real, because I was talking about placing the scale number, we will place it, we will bring it and place it down, right? And Allah is constantly talking about meant in many different places about
the weight of deeds and the measurement of deeds. And I'm going to share a few a hadith in just a minute, that also supplement this whole discussion and basically solidify the position of the majority that no, this is to be taken literally. But just generally speaking, just from a rational point of view, the response from the majority of Scholars is number one, that fine, you find that you're saying that these deeds have no physical form or physical reality, and that's why you're having trouble with it. Well, first and foremost, is talking about the life of the hereafter. And if you're looking for physical, actual evidence, then I mean, you lost this argument a long time ago.
Right? Because now, your documentary, Dominello, Fattah, nine Alhama. But within, right, I mean, we've read this, that the whole gist of the argument of some of the most shaken and the deniers was that, you know, if we become bones and dust, we're going to be resurrected.
So you're already dealing with the unseen. So you trying to rationalize it by saying, Oh, well, this is a word and it doesn't have physical form and mass and this and that, you, you you, you're not applying the proper resume to the proper discussion. If you're discussing something within this worldly realm. Now you're the soul the principles that you are employing have some type of function have some validity, but you're talking about the life of the hereafter with principles and guidelines and mechanisms that apply to this physical realm and reality. But you're speaking about the life and the hereafter, so you're Miss applying the principles. Right? So that's the first
response. That just absolutely not, I mean, just it's just an illogical, irrational argument. Your argument is irrational, your argument of irrational irrationality is irrational. All right. The second response is that there are some very interesting
if you will, subtle mentions of certain things that are that are within the Quran and the Sunnah, that can even provide a little bit of rational basis if somebody so desperately needs that. First and foremost, Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran in surah Toluca have sunnah number 18 is number 105. Allah says Philando clean moolah whom yarmulke Yama it was known
that we will not give them any type of weight on the Day of Resurrection, that they will not have weighed. And so some scholars have said that a way to understand this is that, that it's not maybe the deeds that are being weighed, but the people themselves will be weighed.
And their weight will be determined by their deeds not so much by their physical mass, but by their spiritual mass, if you will. Right. It will be a spiritual weighing of people that people will be weighed. All right and the Quran
him kind of alluded to this we will not give them any weight on that day on the Day of Resurrection.
Another answer to again to try to rationalize for someone who is kind of bound to this type of rational discussion or argument is or hyper rational discussion or argument is that the Hadith will be taka. Hadith will be taught as a hadith in Sahih Bukhari
where the prophet of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam talks about
talks about an individual who will have defaulted will have you know, records upon records upon records, files upon files upon files, I can think of entire filing rooms now file cabinets, but filing rooms, the entire file rooms dedicated to just the sins of the person, the wrongdoings of a person, and that person will feel will kind of resign himself at that moment to
do and damnation like I'm done, look at this, my deeds speak for themselves.
And at that time, Allah subhanaw taala will instruct the angels that however he has a good deed, bring it and there will be a bit darker in the Arabic language literally means like a little piece of paper, like a little piece of paper like a post it note All right, so a post it note will be brought. And the post it note will have written on it La la la la,
la la la written on it. And Allah will add order will command the angels to place the entire filing rooms, some narrations mentioned 99, which is kind of a number to demonstrate excessiveness of something, the innumerable excessive number of just files upon files of sins that that person has, Allah will command the angels to place that on one side of the scale, and will tell commend the angels. And that person actually the narration mentions as a person will look at this little piece of paper, post it note and will kind of say that that's what's they're going to do. Why are you patronizing me? What's that going to do? And Allah will commend the angels to place it on the other
side of the scale. And the narration mentioned that as soon as that piece of paper is laid down, on that side of the scale, the other side that is full of you know, rooms, upon rooms, upon rooms of files will go flying into the sky
that they'll just go flying up into the sky, that's how weighty and heavy Lila will be.
So that's another alternative way to help somebody if somebody's really kind of bothered by the issue of the weighing of deeds because you know, they don't have mastered their intangible or whatever is that it's the deeds written down that the records are being weighed. The recording of the deeds are weighed. So we talked about that one explanation. Of course, the the ultimate explanation is that
there is no need for any type of Rush rationalization of this, we're talking about the life that you're after the day of resurrection. Number two is okay, fine. If we're just trying to help somebody understand, then one is what it's okay to have seems to allude to the fact that the people are being weighed. And number three, that the Hadith will be taka the Hadith in Bukhari in authentic narration alludes to the fact that it is actually the recording of the deeds that is being weighed against one another. All right, and that pretty much settles the issue. And of course, I kind of mentioned that I alluded to the fact that the position of the majority and the normative position
about husen Ultimate is kind of based upon the idea of that there will be a recording there will be a weighing of deeds on the Day of Resurrection, and that is based off of the explicit nature and the mention of it within the Quran number one. And then number two, like I said that it's not just some adamant or defiant or stubborn position for the Quran is very explicit and very detailed in this regard. In number two, there are very clear, authentic narrations, which also establishes fact, I shared a couple of them with you in the course of that explanation, of course, how these will be talked about the weighing of the 99 Allah against the entire
colossal record of sins and bad deeds. And another very beautiful narration Which Imam Bukhari places as the very last Hadith in Sahih. Where the prophets Allah He said, um, says, getting mazzani Have you for tiny island rissani Tequila, tiny filmi Zanni Habib returning Illa Rahmani Subhan Allah he will be handy he Subhan Allah Allah, Allah Lim that there are two phrases that are very light upon the tongue.
That's an expression of Arabic for being very easy to say. And they are very heavy and weighty in the scale of deeds.
And they are extremely beloved to the Most Merciful Allah, Allah Rahman. And they are Subhana Allah, He will be handy. Subhanallah Hilah Alvin. All right. So
hopefully that does,
you know, a good enough job of just kind of explaining this issue overall. So that now we can return back to the AI and kind of proceed with the study of the AI itself. Okay.
And she's me. Last thing I wanted to mention about this. That's something that's very beautiful Imam materially Rahim Allahu Taala has a narration in his Jamia from Abdullah bin Ahmed have been us Radi Allahu Taala and Houma that the Prophet sallallaahu Selim, he said FUCKLOAD Nia angle Misa
FUCKLOAD Nia angle Musa and look for me at the scale of deeds
which is in the context of the prophets, Allah, the Sunnah saying, Don't worry, if you run into a little trouble, you need a little help. Then look for me near the scale because I'll be waiting there for you to help you sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So the IEA is number 102 For Men Saku let's, and whosoever magazine who magazine is the plural of the word Misa is the plural of Mies van. Mo Azim is a plural the ordinary Zan Mies van comes from the word wasn't. And as we studied earlier, it's basically one of the forms of Isml Allah right miftah Misa yes, no, maybe right the noun for tools and devices right. So Meezan is the taken from the word wasn't and it means a tool or a device for measurements and magazine is the plural of that. However, some of us didn't do mention a quote from Abdullah bin Ibis. Radi Allahu Allah anima that he says magazine is also the plural of the word mo zoom. It can also be considered a plural of the
word Mazoon. And Mazoon means the one who is weighed the one who is weighed, and that again is alluding to that particular explanation for nanopi Moula home Jamiroquai emoji was meant that the people themselves will be weighed. All right, and I wanted to mention in the explanation, the context of that as well, the Prophet of Allah salah the some also alluded to this when Abdullah bin Massoud, but not the Allahu Taala and who are delivering Mr. Udo the Allahu taala, who by the way, a little bit of a side note, kind of a sidebar, but you know, the Sahaba, the Allahu Taala animals, some very, very interesting and remarkable people. And by actually setting kind of that generation,
different personalities, and the different people within that community, it actually is a very effective tool for, you know, kind of helping people identify with Islam, and educating them about their religion because you find people from all walks of life, and you find people with all different types of experiences. And so that's why even educating about the car of the Sahaba the biographies of the companions and their experiences has always been a fundamental resource that scholars, particularly if Trotsky, and tetapi have utilized in order to kind of build Islamic identity and help people identify with Islam and kind of build that foundation of I can relate to
the religion as well. I've delivered Massoud, so kind of in light of that I've delivered Masuda the Allahu Taala and who is a really remarkable individual. The story of his Islam is actually quite fascinating. He, he basically was him and his mother. And they were not natives of Makkah. They were not native to Makkah, they had actually come here looking for some type of work and some type of sustenance. They were very poor, and they were kind of like a servant class. They weren't slaves, but they were like, like, you know, unfortunately, we don't speak this way about people. But pre Islamically they had this structure in the system, they were considered like a lower class of
people. And he his job was to kind of do his part and help the family get by. What he did was he used to graze some animals like work as like a shepherd or not even a shepherd himself, but like a shepherds assistant. And so he would be on the outskirts of Mecca grazing animals, sometimes for some people. And the prophets Allah they sent him was with Abu Bakr Siddiq about the Allahu Taala and who and they were kind of walking around, and they were on the outskirts of Mecca one particular day, and they go there and they see this young man who's looking after some animals
and the prophets a lot he said them calls him and he says that can you offer us? You know, some some milk from the animals? And I'm delivering Mr. Ooh, this is he's not Muslim right now. But you see can
Give like the substance of his character, he says that they don't belong to me. They don't belong to me. So I can't. I'm sorry, I'm just hired to do a job and they don't belong to me. So then the prophets Allah did some asked him that, while there are certain animals that you're grazing that belong to an owner that you're working for, are there other animals just kind of like free animals, like goats or sheep or something like that kind of role or camels, just kind of roaming about free animals that don't belong to anybody? And he said, yeah, there's some animals kind of roaming about here. He says, Okay, well, we'll milk one of them and, you know, you have that milk. And he said,
Well, there's no animals that actually have any milk. Right? None of those animals that kind of free roaming animals have any type of milk. So the prophets Allah Islam says, Okay, bring me one of those animals and he brings it to him. And the prophets, Allah Islam says Bismillah and he places his hands on the utters of the animal. And I'm delivering monsoon says in front of my eyes, I see the other of the animals swelling up. And the prophets, Allah ism tells a bucket of the Alana to go and get something and he finds kind of a rock that's can serve as kind of a bowl or a dish. And he cleans it up and he brings it and the prophets Allah milks the animal into that.
And then he says, Alhamdulillah and he says, in front of my eyes, again, the utters of the animal went back to normal. And after that, the prophets Allah, these come first served, I'm delivering Massoud, the young men first served him here, please be my guest.
And he says I was so blown away not just by the miracle add witness but also the character and just the gentleness and kindness and how he treated me with respect. That at that moment, I said, I have to know who you are, and what is going on here. And the prophets Allah has some called them to Allah called them to Islam and Abdullah bin Massoud became Muslim at that moment. And from that point on Abdullah bin Massoud, then he goes home and he brings his mother to the prophets, Allah, and his mother becomes Muslim. And from that point on forward, Abdullah bin Massoud and his mother were like, attached to the Prophet salallahu Salam. And they were so attached to him that the Sahaba say
even later on in Medina, they say that a beloved Massoud and his mother used to be in the home of the prophets, Allah bless him so much. And they were so attached to him, like personally, that we were convinced that they were family. And we actually used to be shocked when we would find out that they're not family. They're not even Kurdish.
That that's how close they were.
And the prophets Allah He said, um, when the idea came down in the Quran about giving the prophets Allah gives him some privacy, and taking permission before you enter into the home of the messenger salatu salam, the prophets Allah Nizam looked at our beloved Massoud and he recited this ayah and educated the Sahaba about the decorum and the etiquette he looked at of delivering Masuda the Allahu Taala and when he said it, Naka, Alagiah and Turfan jabber for that whole the way you seek permission to come into my home is lift a curtain and walk in because your family
right, that was the level of relationship the prophets Allah the some said, whatever you hear from Abdelhamid Massoud know that it came from me
when honorable Cadabra the Allahu taala. And who sent her Abdullah bin Masood to Kufa during his Khilafah to help kind of teach and educate the community there and build the community there. The Amara, the Allahu taala, who wrote a letter and sent it with him. And the letter was to be read by the governor there, the person in charge there at the arrival of Abdullah bin Massoud, and the letter said, that I have preferred over people of Kufa, I've given you preference over myself, because this man, I need him here. I can't run the state the Khilafah without him, but I've preferred you over myself. Right, and the sobre the Allahu taala. And they say that all the
knowledge of the Sahaba used to end that to individuals,
like to two individuals that were the most knowledgeable about the companion amongst the Companions, where I live in Utah live in Abdullah bin Massoud, right, so remarkable person, a remarkable individual.
So just so that you understand the magnitude of who we're talking about. Now, I've delivered Massoud, there are the Allahu taala. And who was embody, like physically, he was a very frail, thin kind of man.
And he was a little kind of like, lanky, like he kind of physically was a little. Again, we don't speak disparagingly about the sahaba. But just as a description, he was a little lanky, he was kind of thin, almost like what people would describe as awkward, a little. And particularly, his legs were like really, really thin.
So even though he was very frail and kind of thin, his upper body still seemed kind of disproportionate to his legs.
And so one time he was climbed up on on a tree basically getting some dates down from there. And when they saw kind of like his legs,
they started to kind of you
You know, Joe can make some jokes and things like that. And he took it to heart and it really offended him and bothered him. And kind of tells you sometimes how you can take things too far. And people are sensitive a lot of times to these things, and we should be careful about that. And he was so hurt by it and the word got back to the prophets, Allah, the salam and the prophets, Allah need some number one to set, you know, set the record straight in terms of being sensitive to people's feelings. And number two, specifically to come to the defensive of delivering Massoud because of what he meant to the Prophet to love him and thereby what he should mean to the community. The
prophets a lot, he said, You can laugh at his thin legs, but know that one of his legs, if it was placed in one side of the scale, and the seven heavens and the seven Earths were played in the other place in the other side of the scale, his one leg would outweigh the seven heavens and seven Earths because again, of the magnitude of this man and his deeds and his knowledge and his action, his emaan his faith, his belief in Allah. Right. So that also kind of falls under this particular discussion. Anyways, from anthropologist magazine who says I was saying, generally majority of the scholars say MOA zine is the plural of the word Meezan. And that's what the language tells us as
well. So whosoever his scales, right, his measurement of deeds is heavy thought will get them those people whom they are ultimately honed.
They have achieved success for all of eternity.
And we've talked extensively about exactly what that alludes to what that means what it refers to, in the next idea.
In the next I number 103, Allah says women have Fatima Xenu and whosoever his or her scale was his or her scales of beads, right measurement of deeds weighing of deeds is light.
For Allah God and those people whom they love God and those people Alladhina they are those who cause you to and full circle. They ruined themselves. We've talked about the meaning of hasira before it means ruin loss. Right. So casino casino can also be used in the transitive form, to ruin something else to damage something else to sabotage something. Right? So casino and fulsome. They have damaged themselves. They have sabotage themselves, they have undermined their own selves. Fee Johanna Mahalia doon in the fire of hell will they spend right and again based on the translation, the discussion we had earlier today, they will be there they will reside there and for all of
eternity, or for a very, very long period of time. Now, one thing, two things that I'd like to mention here number one is
the first part of the I said from uncouple XML was you know, who's ever scale of deeds is heavy, but notice it does not talk about who's Evers whoever's scale of good deeds.
Good deeds is heavy doesn't say that. And when it says here, woman Hufford my words, you know, who whoever scale of deeds is light, and it doesn't say here whoever scale of good deeds
side of good deeds is light. It doesn't specify that right? And why doesn't it so wouldn't another way to say it for one superlative my was he knew who Al Hasan, right? That has an ad has an ad to Armani him, right that whoever's scale of good deeds is heavy woman Woman Saku let my was in who I say here, the whoever skill of bad deeds is heavy, right? It's not said that way. But it says whoever skill of deeds is heavy, which is obviously talking about the good deeds, and whoever skill of deeds is light. And that, again, is talking about the good deeds, but it's not talking about. And again, that is kind of the styled sloop of the Quran, where it is placing emphasis on what the good
deeds, it's almost not even acknowledging the sin and the bad deed. Right. And this is again to draw attention to the good to the positive, that focus on good deeds.
And there's another very subtle nuance here.
That it's telling us that it's saying focus on the good deeds, whoever skill of good deeds is heavy than they are successful. Whoever scale of good deeds is light, then they've ruined themselves, but it's not even acknowledging the existence of the sins and the bad deeds. Why? Because what's the best way to deal with the sin and the bad deeds? Once they've been done? Of course, first, you got to put a stop to it right? Part of doba is putting a stop to it. You might know what we explained the three steps number one you feel bad number two, you ask Allah for forgiveness. Number three, you at least have the conviction to not go there again.
And hopefully you'll be successful most of the time you'll be successful. Sometimes you made you might fail in that regard, but the two
conviction is there the intent is there to not return back there. So you put a stop to it, but once the sin has been committed, then what is the remedy for that sin? How do you remove it? How do you erase it? The Quran talks about this and what does it say
in Al Hasan at you the BNA essay
in Al Hassan art, you have not a say yet. Good deeds undo bad deeds, good deeds, they are the they are the ones who remove do away with Undo sins. They do away with sins. All right. And in another place in the Quran in Surah Furqan. Allah subhanaw taala says For Allah Iike you bet the Lulu who say you add to him has an ITIN that they are those people that Allah says Allah Mantova or Amana were Amelia Island, Saleh and Fabula. Okay, but the Lula who say yeah, Tim Hassan, Allah talks about taking a proactive approach, a proactive approach. All right, and that is, whoever repents, solidifies their faith, their belief, and then focuses on doing good going forward from here, then
those people Allah will convert their sins into good deeds.
And the prophets, Allah, He said, I'm also talking about this in a beautiful Hadith, where the prophets Allah, the salam says, that good deeds, erase Yom who I say at some who say it, right, that good deeds, they erase and remove sins. So the slew the style of the Quran is pointing us in the direction of good deeds, that even when the good deeds are being awaited, still putting the emphasis on good deeds, that the remedy for that, you know, possible scenario is to not obsess necessarily over the sin. But it is to focus from here on forward going forward, to focus on doing good deeds.
Because that will undo and even psychologically, we understand that you don't actually just stop bad behavior. But what you do is you replace it with good behavior, you have to replace you need an alternative, you need a substitute.
So if you have something bad occupying your time and your energy, right, you can't just stop it, it creates a vacuum, and that vacuum can create madness.
But rather, what you do is you substituted you replace it, you fill that void with good and that supplants the bad automatically.
So that is something here in the style of the Quran, every single place, Allah talks about the wing of deeds, that really emphasizes this and, you know, just again, to kind of delve into a little bit more detail just for a minute, that I know that this seems to be kind of like a very analytical, kind of like an academic analysis of the I intercede and seems very, you know, technical and nerdy, for lack of a better word. Right. But at the same time, understand its practicality understand its significance and understand its applicability.
Its practicality and applicability. On a personal level for me, for you, for each and every single one of us. That take a very serious look. We talked about Maha Sabha.
Right, kind of evaluating yourself assessing yourself
that take a very serious look at what are some negative activities that you might be involved in, that are detrimental to your relationship with Allah to your spirituality, to your character, your spiritual well being? What is holding you back? What is some a problem that you're dealing with? And take a very practical look at how you can replace that with something positive and spiritually constructive.
And create practical solutions for yourself.
Right that this this, again, we I talked about this during the Arabic portion of the class, that the study of grammar in Saudi Arabia who is only beneficial and really fruitful if it translates over to some really deep profound understanding of the Quran.
But also understand that this deeper conversation about the meaning of the Quran will only have significance for us will only truly be beneficial if we are able to apply it to our lives, practically.
And that is the next step of that conversation that we have to take. And normally that's left up moreso to the individual. That's where the to the book comes in personal reflection. That's more so left to the individual to really try to figure out where and how. And in regards to what does that apply to me. How does it apply to me? Where does it apply to me in what issues
is it applicable to me, but just to kind of get the conversation started, and maybe give them a little bit of a nudge in the right direction? This is why I'm emphasizing that don't just even read this and be fascinated by it. And it's really interesting and really remarkable. No, no, apply it practically.
That's it, everyone's got some type of visor issue everyone has their own vices
deal with what the advice is, you have to first Admit it, you have to recognize it, you have to identify it. And after identifying the advice, now find some type of practical good, that can fill that void that can replace it and substituted.
And we have to take this type of practical approach to self purification and spirituality. Okay.
The second thing I wanted to mention here
for hula, it can Latina hosue and Fusa home feed, Johanna McCauley don't. So they are the responsibility in the accountability is placed on the individual. Right? That they have ruined themselves they have done this another place, Allah says, Allah, Allah Dena consider, and for whom be mad, can you be it naively, Moon because they just kept on defying our signs. And that's how they ended up in this position. So there has to be a level of accountability. And you have to admit your own faults in doing the wrong and that's really the only way to fix the issue. The third thing I wanted to mention here is that, again, the context and what we've been talking about seems to be
kind of drawing the line that when it talks about those whose scale of good deeds is heavy, and they will succeed, they will be successful. It's talking about the believers. And when it seemed that their scale of good deeds will be light, and they have ruined themselves, and they will be in the fire of hell for eternity. It is talking about the disbelievers. But what we also have to understand that the weighing of the deeds is also in regards to believers themselves, and some believers will fail that particular stage of accountability,
they will also fail that particular stage of accountability and the Quran talks about this, that there will be some people that had some good, but then they also were accuracy and Allah subhanaw taala talks about this within the Quran, that some people, they will have good deeds, but their good deeds will unfortunately, be mixed up with sins that they have committed as well. So this is not again, to kind of bring back that next layer of understanding that I've delivered, Massoud really shouldn't be delivering our bus. Radi Allahu Taala and who are the Allahu Taala NUMA was emphasizing and that is to not read these ayat, almost projecting them that this is solely and exclusively
condemning disbelievers to hell, but also kind of read them in terms of how can I personally reflect and how does this speak to me? And how does this apply to me personally as well?
The next idea,
Allah subhanaw taala.
In the next eye, Allah subhanaw taala number 104. He says telfa who would you have no narrow well whom FIAC Ali Han. A translation says the file the fire will scorch their faces and their lips will be twisted in pain.
Another translation says the fire searing their faces, ever grimacing. They're in with pain. Now there are two words here that I'll explain linguistically, and then we'll go through the Iowa dots are a little bit more unique and maybe new to our vocabulary, even our Quranic vocabulary, the first word is still factual. This comes from the roots of the word lefur Ha
Lessa in the Arabic language, some of the linguists and the scholars of the language they explain.
As he says luffa had to annatto either Assad but Allah just a de for Africa to that it means that lava had to narrow the fire burned him but using the word love for her, it means that it burned the top portion of his body.
Joe hurry, he says look for her to a narrow was small, we heard he had a
very, you know,
profound but also very frightening. He says that NEFA had to another who is what you say when not even the flames directly burn something. But just the heat emanating from the flames is enough to burn and melt something that just
Heat being in close proximity being in proximity of it is enough to melt and burn something that that the word lover has used for that particular meaning. And specifically ALLAH says telfa who would you hug them enough that the fire just because of its sheer intensity will burn and melt their faces. Well whom Fiat Calhoun and then they in that fire, Candy Hoon.
And the second word that we're going to talk about here is gala
gala in the Arabic language.
The lexicons mentioned, you do know, a Sunni, Allah or Bhushan was shatta Mateen. Phil watch
that it refers to the face being twisted, being permanently twisted. Some other lexicons and scholars with the language, they basically say that it refers to
they specifically give an example that the Arabs would use this word gala ha. And again, I apologize for the graphicness of the example. But that's what's mentioned here, within just the explanation, even linguistically, before even going to the books of Tafseer even linguistically, they mentioned the cashew rune for your abou sin. And it also mentions well Kula who Buddha will as nanny in the booths, that they specifically mentioned that, you know, when you take the head of an animal, like maybe an animal that has been, you know, killed, that has been sacrificed for the sake of food, for the sake of consumption, that they would also consume the head of the animal and portions of the
head of the animal, that one way that they would go about and doing so is that they would take the head and they would kind of roast it, they would roast the head.
And when they would do that, the effect of the roasting of it is that of course it would burn the skin and melt the fat. And the fatty parts of the face would melt away. And part of the consequence, when you would see the head of the animal after it had been roasted, was that the lips had completely melted away, and the skin because of being burned, had kind of, you know, pulled back. And the result of that, that it's like the lips were gone, and the teeth would become exposed and the lips would be all the way above the gums even.
So that's what the head of the animal looks like after it has been roasted, that the lips are pulled back into teeth and the gums are all exposed. All right, almost like what a skeleton will to give maybe somebody a better idea, somebody who's not a better one and hasn't roasted the head of an animal in the desert.
To give them an idea of that kind of like what you would imagine like what we see like a skeleton looks like
that, that is the Arabs would use the word kilohearts refer to that image
to that image.
It's very, very frightening.
And that word Gallagher is presented in what we call the samba it form Calhoon. Meaning it's, it's giving that as a permanent description of these people who are in the fire of hell, that that's how they will look.
That's how frightening and scary and horrific. Like they'll basically I mean for again, to just kind of contextualize and help us understand it. They'll look like something out of a nightmare out of a horror film.
Right? So think about a nightmare. That's what they will look like.
In contrast to the beauty and the description of the people in paradise, that this is the opposite of that. So Allah says telfa who would you own before they even enter into the fire? Like sort of zoom in to talks about Watseka Lavina. Guevara was a Latina Catahoula Johanna Matsubara they will be marched up like prisoners to the gates of hell had taught you that Jack Guha footie heads Ababwa when they reach the gate, the gates will be opened when they reach held the gates will be open. A very interesting linguistic nuance I know we're not talking about sort of the Zoomer but a very fascinating linguistic nuance Bulaga within that passage, is that when Allah talks about Paradise,
he says had that you that was he called Latina taco Rob Young people that were conscious of their Lord and Master when they will be much marched up to paradise. Excuse me, they will be led and escorted VIP status, VIP style to Paradise. Allah says hey, that Jack Welch when they arrive at Paradise waffles he had that Babu this one was called well Hallelujah. And the gates are already opened.
You know if you're being welcomed as a special guest and as a VIP,
When your lead up to the door, the door is already left open for you. The door has already been opened, the red carpet has been laid out. And then you are escorted along the red carpet through the open doors. And then whistle and Marhaba Welcome, welcome. Right, so welcome party. But when Allah speaks about the people being marched up to the Gates of Hell, because again, how the idea is that of a prison, right?
And do you leave the gates of the prison open, and you don't leave them closed? Nobody goes in, nobody gets out. Either way, it's problematic.
So when they are led up to the Gates of when they are led up to hell flip the heads up. That's when the gates are opened. Just like you can imagine you go stand outside the gate of the prison, they look at who it is, they check who it is, they ask you who you are. Why are you here? What's your business? Who are you here with, and then you hear the buzzing sound, and then the gates are opened up, and you're letting and you're marched in.
As a prisoner, filthy had the gates will be opened at that moment. And this is what this is placing this now. Because if you're following kind of the sequence of the is, it talks about resurrection, then it talks about the panic at that moment, then it talks about weighing the weighing of deeds. Now it's talking about these people have been marched up to the Gates of Hell. And when the gates of hell are opened
just a second when they're open. The initial yeet of the Quran says Luffy has a feeling was shaken in, in hell, they will have exhaling and inhaling some of them will fasten on I've actually said that the inhaling and exhaling that is described is not of those people, but it's of hell itself. Hell itself is kind of like personified, if you will, is described as like a wild, hungry predatory animal. What gi yo might even be Jahannam and they are Hadith say that it's brought like in chains. And it's like a wild animal. And when you see like a very wild, ferocious animal, when it corners, its prey. What does it do? It's like breathing on it. And that, that that prey can feel the hot
breath of the animal panting and breathing on it before it devours it.
Right? And they talk about luxury, you can smell the fear.
Right? And it only feeds the rage and the hunger of that animal. That that's how hell is described, that when the gates are opened, the Quran says help me mozzie help me mozzie Hallym talathi that Allah will ask, Are you full? Are you done, I will say bring it on, bring them on, help me mercy bring on more that when the gates are open, and Hal will be panting and breathing like a ferocious, wild hungry animal, that that initial burst of heat that will come rushing out of the door will melt their faces off.
And that permanently from that point on forward will be the look of their face. May Allah Subhana Allah protect us all.
And as I alluded to this earlier, but the very graphicness of the description that Allah provides here, warrants another reminder and another mention of this, that this type of mention is actually a blessing and a mercy from Allah.
That you're being told no one sugar Allah is not sugarcoating it. Allah is saying, Look, do not sabotage yourself. Hasid one for so.
Don't sabotage yourself. You've been set up in perfect position. You've been put in a winning position.
You've been told exactly what to do. You've been given all types of concessions and accommodations. It's been made very easy and simple for you. And then on top of that Allah has promised while I'm in Allaha foodora Hey, wanna know, understand, write it down, memorize it. Never forget that Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. You've been guaranteed the mercy and the forgiveness of Allah, you just have to try. You just have to be sincere. You just have to not figuratively shoot yourself in the foot. That's all you have to do.
That's all you have to do. So this is even a mercy from Allah subhanaw taala.
So delta who would you have another one via Callaghan Jessamine mention some other mentioned some other ayat that similarly mentioned this within the Quran in surah. Allah has absolute number 33 is number 6666. Allah says, you don't want to collabo would you want to know the day that their faces will turn in the fire? In surah? Number lion number 90, Allah subhanaw taala says woman A, B C or D for cook but would you home for now that those who come with bad and with evil, their faces will be slammed down within the fire in Surah Al Anbiya Surah 21 is number 39. Allah says lo Yeah, and I will live in a comfort with only these people who insistently and belligerently disbelief if they
only knew he Malaya kupuna on would you hear him enough when they will not be able to save their face?
He says from the fire will not unduly him in nor from their backs, but the fire will completely devour them again, giving that image of just being devoured by the fire of hell. And in Surah Ibrahim so number 14 is number 50. Allah says Sarabi lumen, Iran, whatever Shah would you hang on now that the clothes that they are made to wear will be made from copper and iron, and then from on top of them, the fire will be poured down inside of that, like think of the idea or the image of almost like a burner or a kettle, a cooker that they'll be placed inside of this. And similar to Zuma is number 24. For men yet to be watching hee hee soo Allah wo multi Yama, that who will be able
to save their face from the punishment on the Day of Resurrection, if Allah does not save them, and Allah in Surah Tilka have Surah 89 number 29 Yes Will would you be so shut up, that such hot burning water will be poured onto them when they will beg for water that it will burn their and melt their faces off? Be so shut up, it will be the worst drink you can imagine. Again, may Allah protect us all.
I am number 105 which is basically what we just talked about.
That Allah subhanaw taala doesn't just, you know, this is not just scare tactics, does not just scaring someone like, you know, again, they later commit to the sheikh, nothing compared to Allah when they lacking methylone Allah for Allah is the highest of all examples. But just to kind of understand that this type of you know, this type of message within the Quran. This is not how like people engage with one another or how people treat one another, almost scaring each other just for kicks, or something like that are just to elicit like a frightened reaction out of somebody. No, no Allah subhanaw taala says guidance. This is all for guidance. This is all for betterment. This is
all for improvements. And so in it number one on five Allah says lm tekun te Tila Alikum for quantum Bihar to Quasimodo
a translation says, where my message is not recited over and over to you, and still you rejected them.
That Allah subhanaw taala is saying
that we're not my signs,
recited upon you like presented to you, the ayat of the Quran recited upon you, explain to you elaborated upon for you.
And overall, just the signs of my greatness. And the reality of this message was something that was pointed out to you.
All around you. Lm tech on IoT tutela Aliko for consume control, remember we talked about Canada, and part of the effect of Canada is showing that continuity and persistence
is similar. Kana you feed a list in raw
that gives the meaning of that continuity and persistence. So for quantum you were consistently
adamantly behind when it came to the science to cut the bone, you rejected them. You call them lies, you oppose them.
And you dismiss them constantly.
Like how many times
over and over again, when you look throughout the Quran, this is one of the core themes and messages of the Quran brought up over and over in this sutra, it's been brought up a number of times.
Now think about every single surah in the Quran. How many times is brought up in all the different to what of the Quran? How many hundreds, maybe even 1000s of times this is brought up in the Quran.
And how many 1000s of times did the prophets Allah ism comment on this?
That's what else did you need? What else did you require?
But you made a decision that no I will not listen.
Allah subhanaw taala speaks about this. Again, like I said number of places within the Quran, but just to demonstrate Allah subhanaw taala says, in Surah Nisa surah number four Iowan 65 Li Li Hakuna, leniency Allah Allah He who Jetson Bader Rasul so that there remains no argument for the people upon against God against Allah Allah. That's not fair.
It was in the fine print.
You know, when you're kind of like watching or listening to a commercial at the end, when the guy talks about 100 miles per hour
may cause dizziness drownings. Right. Right. You will vomit out your inner organs, right. Like it's like really fast. I can't even talk about that. But you know, no, no, that's not how we were trying to slip something by you. Well, I asked the biller formula if a biller in Allah Allah, Allah thorough while I got the Mirrabooka shahada, Allah does not do you wrong. Voila.
And fusarium vollum tomb and fusarium were the ones who do ourselves wrong. We sabotage ourselves, we damage ourselves.
Right? So Allah subhanaw taala says when I couldn't have more I ve been I had done about a thorough Sulan so totally sasu 17 i 15 Allah says We would never, ever punish until We had sent a messenger
not just the message but somebody to explain and lay off the message for you.
Allah subhanaw taala says in certain Wulc cool llama will the FE have folgen every single time a group is entered into the fire put in the fire. So Allah who has entered the gatekeeper, the warden of hell asks them allow me to come into the room.
Didn't somebody come to warn you? Kalu balaka and Anna they say no, no, absolutely. Somebody did come to warn us Balou Khadija and Ana de furkids. Governor, we're putting Amanda Salalah Himanshi in Antrim Illa Viva la the movie
that we said no, no. We rejected them. And we said you guys are wrong. You guys are obviously misguided. You don't know what you're talking about.
Gulaba ulti fer folgen Salem has an article called Luca corluka Anna Anna de furkids, debonair Hakuna Manasseh, Luqman, shaitan and Jamila Vidal mov were called Lulo Cannan nesma. Oh, now to Makena V us herbicide, Fonterra, forbiden big infrastructure, Cali philosophically as arbitrary that at the moment, they'll say if we would have only just listened paid attention, and we would have thought about what was being said,
then we wouldn't be in this position. Right, that same passage from Sudha Zoomer that I was quoting
is somebody one Allah says LM yet Chico Roussillon Minko that at the moment when the gate is open in their faces are literally melted off, and they'll scream out of horror, and at that time, the reality will set in and then they'll start to scream and panic and act like wild animals that at that time, they'll be told that let me article musulman coupe Wakandan who has entered the the warden of hell will again yeah Malik right the he will say Malik will say to them at that time, let me actually go to sudo Minko did not messengers come to you from amongst you had Sunnah alinco Maya, tropical Wi Fi yo me come ha MHADA.
And they recited upon you the signs of your Lord in your mastering, they told you this exactly what's going to happen. Subhanallah think about it. We're reading about it right now. We're talking about it.
Remove yourself some a little bit from the comfort and the apathy and then neglect that we fall into sometimes.
We got to remove ourselves from that element, and cause ourselves a little bit of like, like a real spiritual kind of real moment.
Little bit of spiritual discomfort.
And try to envision and experience what that's going to be like.
And the realization settles in, I don't want to ever be in that position.
And that's a profound realization. That's a blessing of Allah. And when that realization settles in, then realize you have the opportunity and the tools and the resources to make sure that doesn't happen right now.
Change not tomorrow.
Make the intention, realize I've done wrong
and that I'm going to change my life.
And I'm taking it to Polycom for content, we had to cut the boon Shala we'll go ahead and stop here and we will start from i o 106. In the next session, may Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to practice everything that's been sitting heard, may Allah subhanaw taala give us the ability to change our lives. So hello and welcome to use of 100 Columbia Hambrick Masha Allah ilaha illa Anta the stock Furukawa to be like