Tafseer Of Surah Maryam – Day 02

Abdul Nasir Jangda

Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

share this pageShare Page

Ayahs 1-4

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:19--> 00:00:55

Shalom, it's really nice to see you, when shall everybody come out, especially our students from the other side of town. As I know, there's some rough weather out there. It was desperately needed though Mashallah, today's even passes that we're going to talk about talks about the mercy of Allah. And I was just, I couldn't help but think, you know, coming in, it's raining and you see people running around scattering and but at the same time, if you're a resident of this part of the country, you know, this is an absolute Mercy is so desperately needed. Forget about what you hear on the radio, or what you see in the news. I myself in the last two, three days, I myself driving on

00:00:55--> 00:01:09

the highway saw three brush fires. And I saw one that was literally maybe 100 yards from like apartment complexes. And that's a big problem. And an issue that we have in this part of the country that it gets so dry, that literally it takes maybe one cigarette out the window of a car.

00:01:10--> 00:01:42

Somebody's being careless, if not putting out their barbecue afterwards, or it just takes something very, very little, and brush fire starting literally miles and miles of land is just scorched. And so it's a real big blessing of Allah subhanaw taala that this rain is falling. And you can notice it in the temperature as well. It was like 105 degrees earlier today. It's like 75 degrees outside so much. I love to handle everybody. There we go. All right. And also, I also want to commend everybody, I don't know about you guys, a lot of you are out of towners, so you probably don't even care. But for me, it's a really, really big.

00:01:43--> 00:02:23

It's a real big empty LA to be here for that the fear lesson because my Mavericks are playing right now. And so we need a collective to either down by about six points. I was just checking. So we need a little bit of drive, inshallah. All right. Nevertheless, we'll get the we'll get the ders back on track and Sharla. We talked a lot about the introduction of sodium yesterday, probably a little, I mean, you can't ever say enough. But I realized I went a bit long with the introduction. I just can't help but be fascinated by a lot of these ideas, the making an observation of the theme, the objective, the aims of the sutra, the structure and the beautiful layout of the sutra, the coherence

00:02:23--> 00:02:51

of the sutra with the other sutras that surrounded within the Mazel Tov as well. So it's a very, very beautiful placement of the sutra. And I just wanted to make a few observations about that yesterday. The last note that I'll make here about the layout of the sutra, one of the scholars, you might include to be rahimullah, he actually mentioned this in his stuff here. And it's a beautiful observation. He says that the first three fourths of the sutra, it talks about the need of people for children.

00:02:52--> 00:03:33

He said in a very subtle way, it's talking about how it is a human need and a human desire to want a child starting with Zakaria than even with money. I'm in a PSA. And then it goes on about it. But I hemara he said I'm into contentious relationship with his father. It talks about this marine making strong recommendations to his family members Idris it talks about that it's mentioned is how can yaku this entire chain of you know Father, Son, Father, Son, so it emphasizes it's a very subtle reminder of the human need, the human desire for a child. And the last fourth of the school, ah, very harshly denies refutes the claim that some people have made that Allah has a child. So the

00:03:33--> 00:04:03

first part talks about the fact that it is a human need and desire to want the child and that this is almost a new type of a an emotional weakness of the human being. And Allah subhanaw taala being given but above and beyond any type of weakness to Allah Azerbaijani being above and beyond any type of such a weakness, it denies or refuse to completely rejects this idea that Allah would have a child or would have any need of a child. Nevertheless, we'll get started with the sudo the sudo begins as do 20

00:04:05--> 00:04:16

I believe it is 24 excuse me, 29 others who does in the Quran, this sort of begins as 29 others who does end up rendezvous and that is with the disjointed letters,

00:04:17--> 00:04:59

aka the disjointed letters and what that basically means is what it says that typically when we see Alif Lam Meem written together three letters written together, what it typically how the way we read is we joined it together we say lm, if you see how I mean written together, hum, right. But the way that these letters are read the way that these sutras open, that you read each letter independently, and not only do you read each letter independently, but at the same time the Prophet alayhi salaatu wa Salaam demonstrated for us on how to read each letter independently and it's very beautiful in the way he recited it, where he prolonged he elongated each letter. I leave la

00:05:01--> 00:05:05

Me in a very long fashion like this guy.

00:05:06--> 00:05:07

Hi, yeah, I

00:05:09--> 00:05:10

saw God.

00:05:11--> 00:05:50

Now, let's talk about these letters and the role that they play. Alright, these type of beginnings introductions to the pseudos. First of all, what is the meaning of it? What does it mean? Exactly. So I'm pretty sure everybody has heard this at some level or another, I'm still going to go ahead and state it just to be clear and not assume anything on behalf of any of the students here. And that is that the meaning of these words these phrases Allah subhanaw taala knows best. That is the majority opinion and that is the most confirmed opinion amongst Islamic scholarship that Allah knows best about the meaning of them. However, I would like to make a small note in an observation that

00:05:50--> 00:06:05

even in more it's a mud even in very reliable books of seed, where they base their Tafseer upon narrations be wiped out, even there, they mentioned that there were some Sahaba and there were some scholars that did take certain

00:06:06--> 00:06:42

they took certain inspirations if you will, I don't want to quite call it interpretations but they took certain inspirations from this so it's not about something new is narrated. Elisa love will be a llama, is an Allah the Most knowing God of hindsight, there's actually quite a few narrations about this about Norma rhodiola. I'm not saying that caffeine, their ability, excuse me caffeine, they're a body he that he is he suffices for his slides, that basically he says that each letter stands for one of the attributes of Allah subhanaw taala. And that's why it's in another narration to actually do love what I knew, was actually heard by his students men making law. He said, God,

00:06:42--> 00:07:18

Hi, I'm Todd. And then he made his way like we say the name of Allah. So he invoked catch I installed as a name of a law, because he said, each letter represents an attribute of a law. However, the Mufasa will do make the observation that at the end of the day, at the conclusion, none of these new ideas are strong enough to base a reliable opinion upon. Since this is an academic session, I did want to put that out there that even books famous popular, very commonly read books after fasciae, you'll find even in cathedra, you'll find these narrations in Kathy, nevertheless, they do make the conclusion at the end, that these narrations are not reliable enough for them to be

00:07:19--> 00:07:59

able to base any strong type of interpretation tafsir any type of an opinion off of them. So as I started out, I'll end on the same note saying that the ultimate interpretation of these ion these words or these letters, is that Allah knows their meaning best. And in that so now, what's the purpose of it? If Allah knows their meaning best, and Allah subhanaw taala knows their meaning. And we do not know exactly what they mean, we have not been told, we have not been informed authentically, from the prophets a lot SMS to what they mean, then what's the purpose of it? What purpose does it serve, then in that case, there's a couple of different things, I'll first share the

00:07:59--> 00:08:34

reflection with you, and then I'll talk about it from a linguistic standpoint, a literary standpoint, the reflection of it is, it's a very powerful reminder, very powerful reminder to start out that no matter how much you know, there's always something you don't know. No matter how much you know, there's always something you don't know and it's that it kind of shakes you to start right off right off the bat, it just grabs you and kind of shakes you awake saying that. Remember, before you start reading ahead, realize you don't know anything, Allah and Allah knows everything. So it's that type of a wake up call. All right, before we get before we start the actual the bulk the rest

00:08:34--> 00:08:35

of the sutra.

00:08:36--> 00:08:51

The other thing that's very interesting about this about us not knowing or understanding the meaning of it or not having a confirmed report as to what is the meaning of it. The other role in the purpose of this serves it from a literary or linguistic standpoint is this,

00:08:52--> 00:09:37

these letters, whether they be Alif Lam, Meem have mean calfire installed yacine noon, sod cough, these are the letters of the language. These are the same letters that the entire language is constructed of. And you have to remember the Quran was revealed at a time, that was the peak of eloquence for an entire race, ethnicity of people, this entire race, they prided themselves on their their identity was based upon their language and their eloquence within language. And that was their identity. That's what they prided themselves on. And the Quran was revealed at that time to shock them to all them to amaze them to inspire them to motivate them. And it challenged them

00:09:38--> 00:09:59

intellectually and even spiritually to challenge them. And so these are the same letters that their entire language consisted of, but they had never heard them used in this fashion this way ever before. They had never seen this before. They had never heard it before. And the fact that it wasn't something alien. It wasn't some weird sound like Ooga booga, like something weird didn't come down.

00:10:00--> 00:10:37

It was their own letters of their own language. But read recite it in such a beautiful manner that they had never even thought about it. The greatest poets of their time had never thought that something like this was possible, a construction of this nature could be, could be made, could be read, could be recited could be constructed, they never fathered this possibility. And so the example that I give and notice this that I'd like to make a note of this, like a law tells us in no court on May 2 mystery children, there's nothing like a law when you're not getting metadata for Allah is the most exalted of examples. Similarly, unless Kalam there's nothing like it. And for

00:10:37--> 00:11:08

Alaska lamb is the most exalted example. So when I'm giving you this next little, I'm trying to explain the situation to you how shocking it was, how it snapped the attention of the listeners, the Arabs of that time, I'm just trying to make it easy for you to understand. So by no means am I trying to say it's the same level of eloquence or it's the same thing. I'm just trying to give you a parallel. And that is, I'm talking right now. And in the middle of while I'm talking all of a sudden, if I said, Ah,

00:11:10--> 00:11:19

everybody's looking at me. And everybody's listening to wait, what comes out of my mouth next. If I'm just talking like this, and all of a sudden I said, See,

00:11:22--> 00:11:41

I got pindrop silence. Everyone's listening. And that's what the Katadyn the prophets, a lot of them is trying to communicate it Coronavirus mirrabooka de kala, kala Kala insana, it's amazing, it's absolutely mind blowing. But the Arabs, some of them, at least at that time, are just as stubborn.

00:11:43--> 00:12:10

They're just as stubborn. So they don't want to hear they don't want to listen, they try to talk over the profits. A lot of them do you try to interrupt him, they fold their arms over their chest, they plug their hands into their fingers in their ears, they turn around, they're there. They're just distracting themselves and others from listening to what the Quran is saying. Let us not only huddle for only one Hovey that Allah can totally boon. Don't listen to this Koran, make noise when the Quran is being read.

00:12:11--> 00:12:24

Why so that you can overcome Muhammad and this entire mess that he's trying to cause? That's what they were saying. The Quran tells us that what they were saying. So las panatela said, Okay, if that's your game, that's what you'd like to do, then.

00:12:29--> 00:12:37

And the Arab stopped, and everybody got quiet. And everyone started listening. And then Allah said, well follow me on my

00:12:39--> 00:12:39

game over.

00:12:41--> 00:13:05

And that's how it works. So this was the literary power. This was a captivating nature and Subhanallah we're not those Arabs. I mean, we don't have that level of eloquence and language and majority of us are not even Arab. majority of us do not speak or have a full grasp or comprehension of the language. It still doesn't matter. The Quran when it's read it, it amazes all of us, no doubt.

00:13:06--> 00:13:11

But when the Imam gets up in Salah, and he says God

00:13:13--> 00:13:15

saw God.

00:13:17--> 00:13:18

You can't help but get goosebumps.

00:13:19--> 00:13:22

It gets you excited. Wow. That was amazing.

00:13:24--> 00:13:31

Do it again. Right? It amazes you, it touches your heart. And that's the power of these hurdles.

00:13:32--> 00:13:39

And that's one of the primary functions and the purpose of its revelation. And that's how it was panatela revealed it.

00:13:40--> 00:13:47

The next thing that I'd like to tell you about these photoframe aka Todd suitabie, who sent me an aim to catch the attention of the listeners.

00:13:48--> 00:14:08

The other thing is that 29 places in the Quran 29 suitors of the foreign open with these disjointed letters, these type of openings 24 of them 24 out of the 29. Immediately afterwards, the Quran is mentioned.

00:14:09--> 00:14:23

So the most one of the most miraculous parts of the foreign one of the most mind blowing, heart touching parts of the Quran is recited. And then immediately well for an in Hakeem well Quran in moving

00:14:24--> 00:15:00

immediately the Quran is mentioned and when it when even when the word Koran doesn't occur. It says well Kitab been moving, says Al Kitab Al Quran in 24 out of 29 places. What about the other five and the reason why I'm bringing this up is because suits medium is one of those other five There are five out of the 29 where the word put on or Kitab is not in the immediately next ayah it's not in the immediate next if you look at the next site, it's Vic rahmati Rebecca Aveda who Zakaria there's no mention of the Quran. So now what's the what's the read here? Because we're looking for consistency.

00:15:00--> 00:15:34

We're looking to make an observation, we're trying to find this pattern from cola. So if the Quran isn't mentioned, Al Kitab, which is alluding to the Quran isn't mentioned, then what's going on here and the other five. In that case, there's two, there's three things actually, number one, even if the Quran or Al Kitab is not explicitly mentioned, it is implicitly mentioned, meaning if it's not just outright mentioned, another word or a description of the Quran. So here it says, the crew raw material, because the mention of the mercy of your Lord upon his slaves

00:15:35--> 00:15:59

and the mention of the mercy of your Lord upon the slaves, or could he as the Koran. So it's implicitly alluding to referring to the Quran, that's one thing. But actually, I'd like to go to the next one. And that fully, I don't find full convictions in that. I'll tell you what the second one is. And this is really fascinating. In those five, where the Quran is not immediately mentioned after

00:16:00--> 00:16:03

the end of the surah ends by talking about the Quran.

00:16:05--> 00:16:26

So the 2924 of them, the beginning talks about the Quran, the other five, the end talks about the Quran. And that's a very beautiful connection, that in all 29 of them either in the beginning or in the end, you have the mention of the kuranda, just as miraculous as these letters are from beginning to end each and every sort of singles, whatever is just as miraculous.

00:16:27--> 00:16:40

And just as amazing. And then there's yet a third very, very beautiful understanding of this. And I need you to once again, pay attention, I'll give you a very commonplace example to facilitate understanding and shallow that's the hope.

00:16:41--> 00:17:18

If I start calling on students in the class, and I'm basically telling them come up here and get your assignment. So I say, Omar, Come get your assignment. And then I say Niihau, Come get your assignment wassef. Come get your assignment. On the Come get your assignment meatheads Come get your assignment, after five of them after every name when I say your own mother in the hall and wasif and Ali admitted, after each and every single one of them. When I say Come get your assignment, Come get your assignment, Come get your assignment. When I get to the sixth one in se for hon. Do I have to say Come get your assignment.

00:17:19--> 00:18:00

So I say, Omar, Come get your assignment. alikum get your assignment boisset. Come get your assignment, Hammad Come get your assignment for hon. And then I say the hall. And then I say Arden and Shiraz and Harun. Now I'm not saying Come get your assignment anymore, because now everybody knows the drill. It's as if they've been programmed. It says if that connection, that association has already been established, now there's no need to mention it anymore. And Subhanallah it even goes beyond that. It actually is a part of tutelage and teaching that you're actually supposed to the part of dunbia is that you get the students you get the the the the person that you're making to

00:18:00--> 00:18:37

be off to the point where you don't have to explicitly completely mentioned all the instructions anymore, they can almost kind of work off of a shout out, they can just literally work off of just signals. I call the name that they know exactly what I expect from them, I call the name and he knows exactly what I expect from him. So it's almost like a programming. So the 24 out of the 29 alesse kind of agenda every single time to hopefully my daughter mentioned Allah subhanaw taala said Al Quran Al Kitab. And then by the time we get to the 25th one, now we don't have to say Al Quran Allah kita when you hear God's Hagar and saw the only thing on your mind is Al Quran in Al Kitab.

00:18:38--> 00:19:23

So it's literally teaching, it's conducting tarbiyah it's training the mind of the listener and the reader, that when you hear something as amazing as these disjointed letters, you can't help but think about the Quran in its miraculous nature. So that is a little bit of a detail on these beginning letters. GAF higher I installed a las panatela then in Iowa number two says Vic rajmachi Rebecca avida who is a Korea, Vicar in the Quran means remembrance means remembrance. That's why you see in a lot of English translations, it says mentioned we use the word mentioned which is fine, because Vica remembrance is a type of a mentioning of something. All right, so think of a rock

00:19:23--> 00:19:48

mighty Rama of course means mercy, rock beaker, and this is a construction that it means the mercy of your Lord your master, the karate Rob Baker. He didn't say Rahmatullah the mercy of Elijah Rama t Ron Baker, Rama t Rob Baker, the mercy of your Lord the calf which is the second person who is in our dressing here. So the Mufasa when they tell us this is speaking to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam

00:19:49--> 00:19:59

that this is the mentioned and here for this to Arabic students, the more advanced ones they know there's hubbardton muqtada and cover. So the Mota is what we call the

00:20:00--> 00:20:26

The closest equivalent in English is the subject and the predicate. So the clue is the predicate, the subject is actually omitted. It's not mentioned here, it's, it's assumed that this is the mention of the mercy of your Lord. This is the reminder this is the remembrance of the mercy of your Lord upon his slave zecharia. Why is it omitted? Why is it not explicitly mentioned?

00:20:27--> 00:20:32

Then the scholars what they explained to us about not mentioning it is that

00:20:34--> 00:21:16

it doesn't focus the energy, so much on to what this is, but rather what is the point of this not so much that this is that this would this is, but rather it, whenever you remove the subject and you emphasize you are automatically emphasizing the predicate, you are giving more attention more importance to the predicate. So this is the remembrance of the mercy of your Lord upon upon the slaves that Korea. So it removes that this and just says the remember the remembrance, the reminder, the mention of the mercy of your Lord, upon the slaves, academia. So it kind of gets to the point immediately and it emphasizes what is being mentioned here, and that is the mercy of your Lord. So

00:21:16--> 00:21:58

it emphasizes that by omitting it, and aside from that, throughout the sutra, again, we look for consistency. Throughout the sutra, there is that tone of omitting little little endings of words, we're actually going to see maybe a couple more of them in the first few minutes, and all of that it emphasizes a sense of urgency, desperation, that when a person is calling out to a lion, he says, Rob be, my Lord, my master, but when he omits the ending of it shortens it, abbreviating, says rugby, he drops the bar that shows a sense of urgency on the type of on the part of the person making the draw, that he's so desperate, I don't even have the time, the luxury of time to complete

00:21:58--> 00:22:37

the and this is rugby. This is immediate, I don't have time, my Lord, I don't have time yet Allah, I'm running out of time, I need you to come to my aid in my rescue immediately. So this is the overall tone of the suit that it has that sense of desperation, it has that need in it. And that's why it has very powerful emotional undertones, the entire sudo does. And I'll be pointing those out as we go along. So this is the mention of the mercy of your Lord, your master. So it doesn't mention a lot by name, Allah, it says Rob Baker, to Mohammed Salah, listen, your master your Lord, the word Rob. And the reason again, why the word rubbed is used, why Allah did not mention his own name,

00:22:37--> 00:22:51

Allah, why the word rubbed, is used is because again, the sutra talks about blessing yahia with a son at a very advanced age, blessing eSATA his salam to Maria.

00:22:52--> 00:23:37

And it talks about Ibrahim Ali Salam and his relationship with his father, the difficult relationship he had with his father and mentioned that whole continuation of sons who is married and is hop on the other side and then Yaqoob so that whole aspect of family is being emphasized here. And so the attribute of Allah Rob is mentioned that the one and the rub is the one that not only creates, but he sustains, he maintains he feeds he nourishes, he protects. So right off the very beginning, it doesn't just say a law, it says up to bring that emotional tone right from the very beginning. Vic rahmati Rebecca, this is the reminder about the mercy of your Lord, Abba, who is

00:23:37--> 00:23:41

Acharya upon his slave zecharia.

00:23:42--> 00:23:46

And so, again, like I mentioned yesterday, at the end of the introduction yesterday,

00:23:47--> 00:24:11

it did not mention, it did not mention zecharia by himself, but it gave an introduction to zirconia. Allah introduces Acadia as his slave, a law slave. And again, the beautiful significance of that is, first of all, why was the Korea disabled everyone is the same of Allah. But second, he lived up to the task of being the slave of Allah.

00:24:12--> 00:24:27

That when he was like I told you yesterday, according to some narration 7080 and there's some reason that he was past the age of 100. When he was at such an advanced age, he still didn't lose hope. He's still prayed to Allah subhanaw taala with the convictions that a 30 year old would make dua to Allah for for a son and a child.

00:24:28--> 00:24:52

He truly lived being a slave of Allah. And the other thing I told you about was that sort of to gaff and sort of to the Saraswati benissa he, all of them open with the mention of the slave of Allah. And there's referring to Mohammed ceylonese and him so Hannah lady as Robbie AB de Alhamdulilah De Anza, Allah Allah Abdullah kita and here you have the correct material Becca Abu Zakaria.

00:24:54--> 00:24:58

So Declan rahmati, Rebecca Aveda who Zakaria

00:25:01--> 00:25:35

And one last question about this ayah is that why is the Prophet sallallahu Sallam being addressed in this ayah because if you read on it nada Bonita and Javier Caldera be in Nirvana Lago, then it just, the process is not a part of the conversation anymore like not a direct addressing of the conversation. It's just right there in the beginning of Las panatela addresses. Because you have to remember we talked about this yesterday, when was the pseudo revealed, it was revealed in the end of the fourth year or the beginning of the fifth year of prophethood. It was revealed shortly after the DAO where the message had gone public, and the oppression had started. Remember, that's why the

00:25:35--> 00:25:39

Muslims wintab is senior. That's why they migrated to Habesha.

00:25:40--> 00:26:15

So the oppression that started in the Muslims are facing great odds, the prophets a lot, he said, um, all the odds were stacked against him. And a large part of what Salah quickly points out to the prophets a lot. He said them that listen now, the sutra, this is going to remind you about the mercy of your Lord upon the slaves or Korea, that when all the odds were against academia, there was no chance in the world logically, reasonably, for him to be able to have a child he's 100 plus years old. His wife, even when they were young, was incapable of burying children.

00:26:16--> 00:26:19

It makes no sense all the odds are against him.

00:26:20--> 00:26:58

Logic tells you we cannot have a child unless you gave him a child. And that was the mercy of Allah upon Zakaria. All the odds are against you right now. Yeah, Mohammed. All the odds are against you right now. But like Allah showered zecharia with his mercy, he will shower you with His mercy as well. You just have to hang in there like Zika did. You just have to be patient like Zika do was you just have to continue to make do I like zekeriya did. And so it's a little quick reminder to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, I haven't forgotten about you. I know exactly what you're going through. And that's another thing that we see in the surah that constantly Allah subhanaw taala reassures he

00:26:58--> 00:27:32

consoles the prophets of Allah. And not that the process of was a person of weak faith or a man when I add to Billa No, no. Number one, this lets us this reminds us of the human side of the prophets. A lot of him that he did have emotions, he did feel pain. He had the strongest convictions of any human being that ever lived. But he felt pain. He felt that the pain that people inflicted on him. And secondly, more than anything else, it shows you It displays the love that a lost power data has for Mohammed Rasul Allah somalisa.

00:27:33--> 00:27:37

And when somebody is close to you, you can't help but hug him every time you see them.

00:27:39--> 00:27:53

You can't help but kind of pat them on the back to everything alright, everything's going good. Everything's alright hanging in there. You can't just help but do that because you care about this person. You love this person. A last concert saying Yeah, Mohammed. I haven't forgotten you. Habib I haven't forgotten you hang in there.

00:27:54--> 00:28:17

Look, let me let me tell you, let me tell you about how much mercy how I showered My mercy upon zekeriya and I need you to hang in there because my mercies on the way to your rescue as well. The Quranic Arabic Aveda who zecharia then Allah says is nada Bonita and coffee is in the Arabic language literally, is used for the meaning of remember back when.

00:28:18--> 00:28:23

So it points to something in the past tense, something that already occurred something that is a part of history.

00:28:27--> 00:28:32

Remember when nada zekeriya called out

00:28:33--> 00:28:40

zecharia called out. Now let me tell you a little bit about this word nada. This comes from NIDA. Now we usually know the word

00:28:41--> 00:28:53

una Liga de aza, careerbalance ser la Emraan. That's where right then and there at that point in time in place that could have made Dwyer to his Lord. But NIDA is different than

00:28:54--> 00:29:09

the word dwad literally means that when you do call out, it also means to call out but it means when you call out to someone, and you they can hear you and you know that they can hear you. So when I call out to someone, and I say Alma,

00:29:10--> 00:29:19

listen, or Omar, I need this now Omar sitting in front of me, I know he can hear me, I'm sure about the fact that he's listening to me. And now I'm calling out to him does.

00:29:21--> 00:29:25

NIDA means that when you call out out of desperation,

00:29:27--> 00:29:31

and there's not even maybe somebody there to listen to you.

00:29:32--> 00:29:59

There's no one there. And you don't even need someone to be there. Because it's not so much about the one that you're calling out to you're just calling out out of the desperation that you feel out of the strong emotions that you feel that you kind of like let out a cry like we say in English, he just let out a cry. And that's what the word knee down means. So what in the case of Zachary alehissalaam what it's referring to here is zecharia called out of the depths of his heart.

00:30:01--> 00:30:17

He had a burning desire in his heart. He had something that he felt very, very passionately strongly about. And out of desperation he cried out. Now the second thing is and again Mashallah we have a lot of Arabic students here both advanced and some beginners as well Mashallah

00:30:19--> 00:30:35

the word nada is on a specific pattern. It's part of a specific pattern, a verb, all right. And Arabic is a language of patterns. And the pattern brings certain implications. This is from a specific pattern that brings the implication of mutual action.

00:30:36--> 00:30:39

Mutual action, it nada,

00:30:40--> 00:31:05

mutual action, that means two people calling out to each other. So it now doubt about who when Zakaria called out to his Lord. Now, we in cases where it can be mutual action, like in the case here, it doesn't make sense for it to be mutual action. Then in those cases, it's used for emphasis, hyperbole. mbala, to exaggerate the meaning that he didn't just call out but he cried out,

00:31:06--> 00:31:16

he cried out, very emphatically, very strongly, very heartfully. He cried out it neither about who and who did he cry out to,

00:31:17--> 00:31:21

to his Lord and His master, NIDA and huffy and

00:31:22--> 00:31:34

it wasn't just a cry and then Allah emphasized it some more. So look how much emphasis here the word Naga has emphasis in it already. It now that when he heartfully cried out to his Lord in His master NIDA on

00:31:35--> 00:31:39

an unbelievable crying out coffee yet

00:31:40--> 00:31:47

something very interesting, the word coffee means for something to be very quiet, or light or subtle.

00:31:48--> 00:32:05

Coffee means for something to be light in quiet. Now, I just told you now that means to cry out. And then NIDA and his for more emphasis. So when he cried out a huge crying out, huffy, and very lightly, that seems like a contradiction. But the massassi don't explain it's not a contradiction.

00:32:06--> 00:32:08

Because who is he crying out to?

00:32:09--> 00:32:10

To Allah

00:32:12--> 00:32:19

to Allah, and you don't need to be loud, in order for Allah to hear you. It just has to come from the heart.

00:32:20--> 00:32:58

So now by because of the word huffy, and we understand that Zachary is crying out that was so emphatic that was so powerful that was so emotional and heartfelt. wasn't about the fact that he was screaming and shouting like crazy, or us being loud. But no, it just meant that that's how much heart he had involved in that, because he was crying out to Allah, your contadora and Rahu phiaton. Like the instruction right before instead of, incidentally, serrana too long before, before the sudo Allah subhanaw taala tells us what would you call out to your Lord may do it your Lord, your master, who

00:32:59--> 00:33:14

means with humility, with subjectiveness, being a slave, humbling yourself, well done, and very quietly, very quietly. And there are numerous interpretations that are made from this.

00:33:16--> 00:33:20

That basically the scholars they now discuss that is this

00:33:22--> 00:33:34

an evidence for making draw silently and that's why when you call out to a low when you make dua to Allah when you communicate to a lot that it is best to do silently, and there are certain narrations like you might want to be in his

00:33:35--> 00:33:45

ear. He mentioned sobbing over your castle, the Allahu anhu narrates from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the Hadith victory al hafi was hailed as the McPhee

00:33:46--> 00:34:31

in the fate of Vic in the height of victory, Al hafi, was a risky, McPhee that the best Vicar of Allah is the one that is done quietly. And the best sustenance from Allah is that with suffices that which is enough. So from this, that extraction can be made, that we can extrapolate from this, that it is best to when making glad to Allah when making sub supplicating to Allah, that it is best to do it quietly and privately. Because there's one thing whether you make do our loudly or you make it quietly? Is there any difference? It doesn't make any difference in the case of Allah subhanaw taala? If Allah is the one that you are supplicating to does doing it loudly or silently make any

00:34:31--> 00:34:34

difference? No, it does not. Because I'm not here

00:34:35--> 00:34:36

to see Luna

00:34:37--> 00:35:00

Luna, Allah knows what you do quietly or what you do secretly. And that what you do publicly Allah knows both equally. So they're saying in the eyes of Allah in the sight of Allah, but the scholars they point out that when a person makes do out quietly and silently, that is better. That is more safe in terms of the sincerity of the person that

00:35:00--> 00:35:01

can save a person from

00:35:03--> 00:35:42

showing off. That can save a person from vanity and showing off. There are situations where there might be for the purposes of Tallinn, when trying to educate the people. or there might be certain public gatherings or situations where a supplication has said, you know, out loud for the benefit of all the congregants or for the benefit of all the attendees. That's the exception, but not the rule. The rule is typically that it is best to supplicate privately and silently and fight quiet, intimate moments to connect with a las panatela. But as you can obviously understand, if you have something of something that's very deeply affecting you, that is a very heartfelt issue for you. And you want

00:35:42--> 00:36:08

to cry your eyes out before Allah, and you want to plead and cry and beg before Allah. Obviously, just human nature as well, would you rather do that in private or public, private, it's just naturally, it's easier for you to just kind of cut loose for you to just be open for you to be able to just say what you want to say for you table, get it out of your system, as powerfully as you feel about it. And that's exactly what's being emphasized here in Nevada, Rob Bahu, NIDA and Javier.

00:36:10--> 00:36:41

And there's a few interpretations of this has an imbecile there's no law. He says NIDA and latteria fee, neither larrea a fee that it was the duar this application of Zachary I had no showing off in it, that he was doing it purely solely for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala. And there's yet another very interesting interpretation of this. And that is that some of the scholars saying that and Ophea that he's calling out and he desperately feels this, and he wants to scream, and he wants to cry.

00:36:42--> 00:36:56

And this is again, that emphasizing that human side of things, that emotional undertone, but he's not able to, because based on some of those narrations that talked about executives being upwards of 100 years old, triple digits, he's an extremely old man.

00:36:57--> 00:37:10

And so already, he's losing his voice. And he starts to cry. And he starts to make drama. And what ends up happening in that type of situation, whatever the little voice, you do have what happens to it, you lose out as well.

00:37:11--> 00:37:17

And so some handle on the die. So it starts off in madaba, who needs

00:37:20--> 00:37:33

that he started off by calling out to his Lord and he became more emotional in the midst of his death. And he started getting even more passionate in his work, and he lost his voice and he literally became silent due to losing his voice. Look at the picture that that paints

00:37:34--> 00:37:40

look at the picture that that paints the visual that that gives you it nada Robert onida and

00:37:41--> 00:37:45

the old man lost his voice. He cried so much that he lost his voice.

00:37:47--> 00:38:09

So Hannelore one of the primary lessons that we're learning here and the very first passage we're studying today, is how strong our convictions should be in the last panel with Ella's ability to answer our prayers. How we should feel connected to a lion how we should pray and supplicate to Allah. There should not be the slightest bit of doubt.

00:38:10--> 00:38:41

And we should pray with the utmost convictions. Laying everything on the line. That Yes, Zakaria from Zakaria's perspective, he is old, he is an extremely, extremely old man. He says, Well, God, it was up to me, I'll give it a try. I'm not just old. I like I said yesterday, I am super, super old. I have an extremely old man. And my woman, my wife will get it tomorrow at my wife could not bear children, even when

00:38:43--> 00:38:44

she was young.

00:38:46--> 00:39:04

But guess what, that does not affect my convictions. I will sit here and cry and beg and scream or a lot for you to give me a child as if I'm the 28 year old, or the 35 year old. Because whether I'm 35 or 135, I would love for you it's the same.

00:39:06--> 00:39:19

And you can still give if you'd like, if you will, so all along. So give me please Hello, and almost had insistence. But that insistence is not in terms of entitlement. That insistence is like how a child

00:39:21--> 00:39:28

cries and begs the parent for something. Because he because that child knows that the parent has a soft spot in the heart for that child.

00:39:29--> 00:39:31

Knowing my Rob maiella will take care of me.

00:39:33--> 00:39:49

I'm going to sit here and cry my eyes out before Allah until he takes care of me knowing that Allah will do for me what's best for me. And now so you already have a powerful picture of the level of conviction type of do ours or could he is making but Allah subhanaw taala to complete the lesson to us

00:39:50--> 00:39:59

to complete the lesson. He says let me even tell you one second, he said. Listen to what he said. Paula, I am number four. Follow him

00:40:00--> 00:40:09

said, rugby, my Lord, my master. Now again, our students, they know that this is actually rugby.

00:40:10--> 00:40:18

There's supposed to be a yacht connected here. And it's still understood to be connected here. But the guy is dropped in moments of desperation

00:40:20--> 00:40:35

because look, he's not just making drama that is the only desperately making drama. He's saying I'm a very old man Time is running out as it is, I don't have time. All I need this blessing and I needed now not be in me, most definitely I

00:40:36--> 00:40:45

wahala as a woman, me, WA Han Allah, Allah many wahana in the Arabic language means for something to become extremely weak.

00:40:46--> 00:40:52

It means for something to become extremely weak. And it is specifically used when talking about the body of a person.

00:40:53--> 00:41:14

And it means for something very, very strong and solid, to get worn out over time. Something very strong and solid to get worn out over time. And it's used specifically in Arabic eloquence, is used as a metaphor for the body. Because the body does human body is very, very strong, very powerful. And not only that, but he says Allah,

00:41:15--> 00:41:34

Allah Allah, Allah in the Arabic language means bone, the bones of the body bone, well allogrooming me that my bones have become weak, my bones have eroded, my bones are falling apart. When Allah Allah made me my bones are becoming weak.

00:41:35--> 00:41:38

And so something very strong even like my bones,

00:41:39--> 00:41:53

something that even you know, after the body decomposes and skeleton still sits around, but even my bones are crumbling and falling apart and becoming weak. As a weak I become a lot more and a lot more money. What style of sushi bun

00:41:54--> 00:41:57

is that Allah in the Arabic language

00:41:58--> 00:42:16

comes from the root word, which means flame. Sure Allah. It means a flame, like the flame of a fire is Sharla means for something to flame up for a fire to flame up. So you know when there's a fire burning, and then all sudden it flames up. You've seen that fire flames up, that's what it refers to.

00:42:18--> 00:42:24

So what's shalla rosu? And he's talking about his head, he says the head has flamed up,

00:42:25--> 00:43:10

what has the head flamed up? What does that mean shave and then he qualifies the statement shaven in terms of seniority. Old Age shaved means to become old. So the head has flamed up in terms of becoming old. And what he's referring to here is he's basically trying to have become very, very old, my hair, my head is going white, my hair is going white. And so there's a couple of interesting interpretations of that. First of all, the scholars say that the eloquence is is a very powerful metaphor in the Quran. So very, very eloquent metaphor in the Quran. The first one, the first fact is that like fire has a glow. So naturally, white hair is a lot brighter than black or brown hair.

00:43:10--> 00:43:22

It's brighter, it's shiny, or it glows. So he's saying like, my head is starting to glow. Like I'm getting all white. I'm going great. That's the first thing. The second thing is

00:43:23--> 00:43:33

look at the metaphor from another perspective. The fire What does it do? When there's a fire burning and there's grass or wood or something else around it? What does it do to it?

00:43:35--> 00:43:45

It consumes it right? It eats it up? It consumes it. So what's shallow rot sushi by saying that the white in my hair is eating away at the black in my hair.

00:43:46--> 00:43:56

That's just spreading. It's growing rapidly. Alright, so it's a very powerful, very eloquent beautiful metaphor for becoming very old. washed, shaven.

00:43:57--> 00:43:59

Well, I couldn't be do it cannot be Shakira.

00:44:01--> 00:44:04

Well I'm a comb, and I have never been

00:44:05--> 00:44:11

up till now in the history I have never ever been be do ICA

00:44:12--> 00:44:15

in exchange of making dua to you.

00:44:16--> 00:44:28

The bar here means in exchange of do I regret calling out to you making do it use supplicating to you shaquiesha shocky is the opposite is the antonym of sorry.

00:44:29--> 00:44:58

So other means good fortune to be fortunate to to have good fortune. shocky Shirakawa is the opposite to be unfortunate, to be very, very unfortunate to be deprived. To be deprived to be unfortunate. So he says what am I can be do our economy Shaka I have never been up to this point I've never experienced ever that in exchange of supplicating to you I have ever been left deprived.

00:45:00--> 00:45:15

Every single time I've read to you or a lot, I've benefited. I've gotten something out of it, whether it was exactly what I wanted or not, that's another story. But I've never been deprived. I've always benefited every single time made for you. I've never been left deprived, never been left deprived.

00:45:17--> 00:45:49

And so now he says this, now discuss these are two contrasting statements. In the first part of the statement using any wind algorithm in the future. He's basically pleading his case, saying, Look at me, look how pathetic my situation is. Look up bad. My condition is, my bones are falling apart. My head is on fire. You know, my but I'm going all gray and white, my entire head. And scholars also say that he didn't say hair, he said head, that's not just a hair, it's the beard and the eyebrows and the eyelashes. And I'm just going all white.

00:45:50--> 00:46:19

Right? And so in the first part, he's kind of stating his case. And what this is, this is that part of that bubble. So don't want to download. This is humbling oneself. This is stating one's own weakness, we condition because when you want to win the favor of someone, a powerful way of doing that is letting them know how desperate you are letting them know how desperate your condition is. And this is not somebody else that you're spreading your hands or you're begging or pleading your kid for. This is a law.

00:46:20--> 00:46:27

It is actually worthwhile. It is actually recommended, it is praiseworthy, to state,

00:46:28--> 00:46:56

our own faults, our own weaknesses, the desperate desperate situations that we are in before Allah, because that attracts the mercy of Allah. we humble ourselves, Oh Allah, without your help. There's nothing I can do. I am helpless. I am worthless. What did the Prophet sallallaahu Selim say? When the journey of thought is happened? And he finally was able to escape all the stoning and all the brutality of the people have thought if what did he finally say when he supplicate he says Allahumma schooI Lika Dorf aku at

00:46:57--> 00:47:08

all, I complained to you of my weakness, what can you do to heal it and my lack of resources? Well, how Ani Alana's and my lack of dignity and respect in the eyes of people

00:47:09--> 00:47:19

complains about himself. I am the problem Obama. So he's saying one allows No, my my bones are falling apart. Where's my hair, my head is all going white.

00:47:20--> 00:47:33

Look at me, look how desperate I am. Please have mercy on me. So the first part is that but the second part is something equally as beautiful and powerful. And that is he's also establishing the fact

00:47:35--> 00:47:38

that I have never ever ever

00:47:40--> 00:47:52

walked away empty handed whenever I have complicated to you. You've been good to me. Oh Allah. Yes, my conditions bad right now. But I will like you've always been good to me. You've been there for me, you've taken care of me.

00:47:53--> 00:48:00

And this is something else that's very, very interesting and powerful. There's actually a little story about a poet that

00:48:07--> 00:48:12

had him about he had him about He is a very famous person from Arab.

00:48:14--> 00:48:55

from Arab folklore, he was an actual individual who's known for his generosity. And it kind of became like synonymous with generosity, just his name. So one time a man came to him asking him for some favors. And he said, and then lady Asante, La Jolla, yamaka, and then the accent the Illa Yamagata, I'm the same guy, that you have been so good to so many times before. I'm the same guy that you've been good to so many times before he starts off by saying this Hey, I'm the same guy. You've been very very good to me numerous times before, before he asked for anything. So before he can even ask for anything hotter. My body responds by saying metal have been the mantra was Salah,

00:48:55--> 00:49:36

Bina Elena said Welcome, welcome. Come on in. He says there's nothing better than the one who seeks my good, my good favor through my own generosity. What's a better way to be on somebody's good side than to say that you've been very very good to me so many times before? That's the best way to be on some of these good sites when somebody good favor that you've been good to me many times before. So same way. Zachary Ali Salaam missing in the one hand a lot of my bones have become weak or shallow sushi but my head is going wide. Well I'm not can be to ik rubbish akinola you've never been bad to me. You've always been good to me, Oh Allah, and that wins the favor that wins the blessing that

00:49:36--> 00:49:59

wins the generosity from Allah subhana wa Tada. And after he ends here, then this is the manner in which he's making. This is the introduction to his draw the eye the next I am number five, he actually starts to make dua, we need 15 Medallia man, what are you what are his motives for making? And then what exactly does he want from Allah? We'll cover this in Sharla. in tomorrow's lesson. We'll go ahead and stop here so we can call the other

00:50:00--> 00:50:23

from Santa Lucia, may Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to practice everything that was said and heard. The main conclusion from this we're going to praise Allah right now, the main conclusion from this is whenever you make dua to Allah, know that Allah will answer your prayers, pour your heart out to Allah, state your weakness before Allah and mention all the favors that Allah has done upon you and that's how you make dua. May Allah guide all of us.