A Juz A Day (2nd): Being Tested, Showing Restraint

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Aarij Anwer

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Episode Notes

A Juz A Day (2nd): Being Tested, Showing Restraint
– Ibrahim (AS) from the first juz
– Change of Qiblah
– Tests of life
– Fasting
– Hajj
– Family Law
– Taloot, Dawood and Jaloot (David and Goliath)

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Shall we play silly Emily bajo la casa Melissa Nico Holy qurbana. Athena for dunya Hassan, Hassan of another but not saramonic como la he or Khartoum Welcome to a juice a day. This program is very special programming Ramadan, where every day we will be covering a summarized look at the use of the Quran. A couple of housekeeping notes number one, the recording for last session, I have posted it on a couple of places I've posted it in this whatsapp group that is there for all the London Muslim mosque programs, number one and number two, it's if you can't if you're not on that whatsapp group, you can always find it on my YouTube channel, you can just Google my name and my youtube channel

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will be there and you can find this video there as well.

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That's number one, number two, we will record every day and I will post every day the recording there inshallah. So if you're unable to attend, if the connection drops off, or whatever reason you have to leave, that is always there inshallah for you. Number one, number two is specifically regarding

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the Facebook. So today, our Facebook stream is working Alhamdulillah yesterday, it wasn't working in another human nearly Roger. So

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Facebook stream is a bit of a hiddenness, right?

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Today we're on from the law, I hope to have it on

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everyday and particularly on my page. inshallah, so

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don't rely on it, this is the reliable means through zoom, you've taken some measures to, to

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beef up the security of the Zoom Room, which is

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only allowing people with a authentic authenticated zoom account, like you have to be signed in with your zoom account to join. Also, there is a waiting room before you join. So that's why there's a bit of a

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break a bit of a lag before you're entering the room. This is precautions that we're taking. And if you know we find that there's like another spam bot or something or somebody who isn't really here to participate to learn, but is here to cause trouble hamdulillah we will easily remove them inshallah. Tada. So just a couple of things about Doom, just so that your mind is at ease in sha Allah Tada. All right, that's it. Let's get started using light Allah, we are going to talk today about

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a little bit of the remainder of the first juice. And then from there, we are going to move on and and then talk about the

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the second use. Can you all see the screen?

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Can you see the screen? The Quran?

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can sometimes have yes or no for me.

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Okay, very good. Thank you very much.

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transition has been cut out is I know and I'm sorry.

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I will fix that for you. There we go. Okay, so this is where we are. I am number 124. We actually ended up last time we're there. And today we're going to pick up from here inshallah, hold on. All right. That theme today before I embark upon, upon telling you, or reading to you the ayat and its translation, the theme of

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the Jews today is being tested and showing restraint in the face of that test.

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This is

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the juice has many themes and many shades and many beautiful tangents. But this particular one in this particular juice, I think is really the thread that runs through all of the themes and topics that are covered in the Jews being tested, going through difficulties in life, going through situations that are adverse, either because of like an

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an enemy, or just because you're tested by Allah subhanaw taala. And then in the face of that test, how do we show restraint, to not think that this is somehow a punishment from God? or Why doesn't God love me, I was such a good person showing restraint in the face of tests, showing restraint, that understanding that even right now I may not understand what is the wisdom behind what has happened to me, but

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restraint in the sense that I know this is part of a loss plan. And this is something I currently am experiencing. And as I look back at it for sure, I will see the wisdom in it.

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This is a very critical part of the of a very critical lesson the Koran likes wants to teach us. And this just is a very excellent example of that lesson. We'll begin by reading this passage, which is the passage of our father, Ibraheem alehissalaam. Today we're going to talk about the passage of Ibrahim alayhis salam, we'll talk about the passage of the change of the Qibla, which was a very important and very difficult test for the Prophet Salaam. We'll talk about how Allah speaks about the tests of life, then we'll speak about fasting. That is what we're all doing come to dinner.

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very pertinent that we have the opportunity to speak about fasting, and our fasting is a test, then we'll speak about Hajj and how Hajj is also a massive test. It has two patients, unlike any other tests of patience, that you would experience in your life, then there is a test of the test of family. The Quran in the second year speaks a lot about family law.

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How marriage, divorce, custody, all of these things work, divorce particularly spoken and addressed a lot of divorces.

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You know, it's a very

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difficult experience. It's a real test of a person's faith, and a real test of a person's character, when they go through that, even if it doesn't get to a divorce, even something before divorce for couples having a tough time. It's can really, really affect the person and unfortunately bring out the worst in, in people. And this just speaks a lot about it. And again, from the context of being tested, and showing restraint, that really is something we'll see. And after that

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there is the last little bit of this juice, which is the story of David and Goliath. Very interesting story. In fact, before even that story of David and Goliath is the story of john lute, and how john Luke became the king of bernisa. eel, and how Bernie style isn't like childhood being the king, and how loot was tested, how smart he was as a king as a righteous King.

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And then how his army was tested. It's an incredible story. It's an amazing passage and again, the story of David and Goliath is also a story you find in the Bible as well. Alright, let's get started shall Allah that was a big overview what we're going to do let's get cracking in the lies Allah Allah spotless says RO Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim. What is a bit evil he Marabou Vika Lima,

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Paula in need a local in SEMA, all

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reality, all

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law, the law you mean

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when his Lord tested Abraham with certain commands, and he fulfilled them? He said last head, I will make you a leader of men. Abraham asked and one of my descendants. He answered, my covenant does not extend to the transgressors, Lion Allah, the volley me here right away, we see that syedna Ibrahim Ali Salam is introduced in the surah.

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by the fact that he was tested by Allah, exhibit Allah Ibrahim Marabou be Kelly Martin for uttama Hoon, and the test was not just like a small test. These tests were extreme and prolonged and very, very painful. But Ibrahim alayhis salam is the model of excellence for Adam mahone he fulfilled them at ama is to be perfect. He was perfect. He got like straight A's as straight A's as you can imagine, like 100% as you can imagine, that that is how he was ibrahimpatnam attempt one

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as a result of his his him passing the tests being successful in his tests. Allah says I'm going to make you a leader for people. What make you a leader of mankind in Nigeria I Luca, Linda see Emma man and that is what happens showing restraint in the face of tests is what makes a person worthy of being emulated worthy as a person worthy of

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being looked up to worthy of being put in a position

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To be in a position of leadership. It starts while having to go through tests and difficulties and showing restraint in the face of those sets. And that was like my rival Islam weekly when I am in Islam. He was as a teenager thrown out of his house, thrown in the fire, to be burned alive. So Panama that's no joke. Then his wife, Sarah delana. And him could not conceive for many years, but and her his wife was tried to Nimrod the king the tyrant tried to kidnap his wife, a lost mother saved her and him from that.

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When he couldn't have a child for so many years, he finally had a child in his mind. When he had the child, Allah says to him, leave your child and your wife in the desert and walk away. So panela in a desert where there was nothing and then when the child grows up, and is like you know, in, it's just preteens 1112 years old, allows us to Ibrahim now's your time to sacrifice your child. Then that sacrifice became the symbolic sacrifice of all here the either uphill for us, then to holla now Ibrahim in some in his very last part of his life.

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All men over 100 easily at this point is being told by AVR Pharaoh Ibrahim Kawai dominant at its married he's told to raise the foundations of the gamma the gamma foundations were lead by Adam Allison is with this area that area was sacred since when Allah created the earth. But the foundations that were there were raised up by Ibrahim alayhis Salam eurofer. Ibrahim will cover a dominant Wait, the transition here says laying the foundations in reality, the word The erfahrung is to raise something and your foreign power it as according to scholars of the sea, is that the foundation is already there. He's not raising them and building the garba

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he's doing this and his son is married. The last test in a life of tests of all different intensities of all different types. And every single one Ibrahim Assam has passed with perfection.

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Yet Subhan Allah He says that a banana cobalamin in the country Samuel alim, our Lord, accept this from us. You are the all hearing and all knowing there is not an ounce of arrogance in Ibrahim al Islam. There is not an ounce of entitlement in Ibrahim al Islam, even after sacrificing for his old life. Still, when he is finishing up the last of his great tests, and the lasting legacy of his life, which is him leaving behind the carrabba in Makkah, Subhana Allah he's still making dua to Allah that Allah accept this from us. This is for us a lesson. We should always be focused on doing as much good as we can. And whatever opportunity we get whatever circumstances Allah allows us to do

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good in, but the good that we do, should not go to our head, to make a start thinking that all of a sudden, there's some really like, like God's gift on this earth or something. what it should do is, we should our attitude rather shouldn't be as we are doing this good. We should make dua to Allah.

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Our Lord accept from us, but Barack Obama in the country similarly, all except from us, you are the all hearing and all knowing I mean, he continues to make the law he makes the other all law of budget urban our Jalla musli maynila mundo de Athena amata, Muslim rotten luck, make a submissive to you, oh, Lord, and make our descendants a nation that will submit to you. You look how Ibrahim Hassan was constantly worried about his kids and grandkids. When he was given the leadership of view of humanity, he says What about my kids? Here? He's making two offers kids. And this is the that's, that's Ibrahim and Islam, showing us what it means to be a leader. Right We don't do stuff just for

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ourselves and philosopher also lower short sighted decisions. No, we think about our kids and grandkids.

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He says woman Oh Medina odoratum most a woman momento de Buri getting us or excuse me? I'm in the Ria Tina Mata Muslim metallic arena monastic annato to ballerina in the cantata Rahim, teach us our right to worship and turn us turn to us with mercy You are the Forgiving and Merciful. Okay. On this note, let me return back to this part of the door in a sec. But a very interesting

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related note here is how Allah mentions

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I'm going to show her that were you President Jacob face the hour of death, and he asked his sons, jacobellis, and then he asked his son's mother with Unum in Burundi. What Who will you worship? after me? All una Abu ilaha illa Allah Ibrahima was Mariela was how God ilaha illa Allah whom was the moon, we will worship your God and the God of your fathers, Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac, the one God and we have submitted ourselves to Him, meaning you look at the priorities of these righteous people.

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Generations generation This is the fruit of Ibrahima, Sam's hard work,

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his,

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his grandson yaku

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he, how he is been raised, that when he's dying, he's making sure that his kids are also on the dean. And that's what mattered to them. That's what really mattered to them. So this is something that this just reminds us that we shouldn't forget sight of the fact that life of this world is temporary, but what we leave behind the best of what we leave behind, are righteous kids and grandkids are committed and devoted to worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. And that's the example that said by our Prophet Ibrahim and his son and grandsons afterwards, okay, coming back to this, this Dr. Rahim he makes twice as often our I see him rasuna men home that to Allah him I Attica while you

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are in limbo. Makita verhaeghe motto is a key him in the catalyzes will Hakeem O our Lord sent for to them a messenger of their own, to recite your revelations to them, to teach them the Scripture and wisdom to purify them you are the mighty and the wise one. This is Ibrahim alayhi salam, the door for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this is his

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problem he said that I am the daughter of my father, Ibrahim

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I am the the prediction of my brother Isa, the daughter of my father Ibrahim Okay, the prediction of Raisa will come in towards the end of the Quran. And

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in this Dora Ibrahim Alayhi Salam is asking a lot that he makes the Prophet that that that is being sent the prophets of Salaam in this case he is asking him that Oh Allah allow this prophet to do four things number one yet Lu r la

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yet Lu la him I Attica.

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Number one,

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recite your revelations to them. Number two, teach them the Scripture. You're Aleem. homolka, tab. Number three, teach them wisdom alike matter. Number four, purify them. Okay, these are the four things. That's the job description of the messenger that Ibrahima lisanna wrote, besides the revelation, teach them the Scripture, teach them wisdom and purify them. That should be the job of every person who's teaching the religion, that the curriculum the Islamic educational curriculum here is a citation of the Scripture or a citation of the revelation, the teaching of the Scripture, which is the Quran Al Kitab is the Quran and hikma is the Sunnah of the Prophet Silla. Okay, and

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here the Sunnah is called wisdom because the sooner has all the wisdom in the world in it.

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And, of course, how the sooner is put into practice how we practice our faith based on the Quran and Sunnah. And to purify them The goal of the study should not just be like an academic endeavor, only the ultimate goal is to become a better person. Those are the four things Ibrahim and Sammy do our for now. When a last pantalla answers is, this isn't the second juice.

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Check out how Allah answers his dog in the second year. This is just a few pages afterwards. Okay, I'm going to flip back and forth a little bit between the Iet to show you how these ions are connected. And how like exquisite the the neurons nourish narrative style is and this is just a glimpse and I'm just a student of this. I'm not any expert in this at all. Okay.

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The response of a lot of that Dora many, many centuries, or even millennia after his comma or Sanofi Kumara Sula, minko thus we have sent among you a messenger of your own yet Lu Aleykum Ayah Tina, number one reciting our revelations to you. Why use a key comb and to purify you in the other door. Our purification was fourth, here a second law. You are Lee mukamal keytab

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Number three the teach you the book and I'll take my the wisdom where you are in limbo Madam takuna Darla and to teach you that which you do not know. So Hannah Allah when Allah Ponta Dora of Ibrahim was resuscitation,

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teaching the book teaching wisdom and purification when Allah answers he says, The Prophet is sent to recite, to purify the teacher the book and teaches the wisdom, the purification, Allah puts it ahead because it really should be the point of all of our study of Islam. If of all of our engagement with the Quran, it shouldn't just be a mere recite ation. With no purification. The whole point of it should be purified. Our fasting shouldn't just be leaving food and water the prophets Some said man llamada tala Zora llamada de Felisa de la hodgdon, yada parama paramahansa Sharapova, the person who does not stop lying and giving false testimonies IE cheating in, in work, and

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continues the habits of you know, falsehood.

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Alive Allah has no need for this person to leave his food and water if you catch if you can't leave lying and,

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and false statements and cheating.

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What's the point of leaving your food and water that's what the prophets Islam is saying.

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This is the thing, the point of the fast is purification.

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Every single ibadah we do the point of it, the goal the objective of it should be to purify you. And that's a beautiful,

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very subtle way a lost part of expressing or driving home this point, that as in this just in the second year, we will see all the different acts of worship that are going to be detailed. The point of all of this remains, we'll use that key comb to purify you to make you better people can people who are more connected to Allah subhana wa Tada. That was a little bit about Ibrahim Ali Salam. Let's go back a little bit to the beginning of the second Jews, in which

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the last part Allah says a very very powerful statements they are called Lucifer homina nassima Allahumma de Mola de Caen, Juana hole lilla Hill, mushy poo, while Mallory boo yah Manisha last autumn stoking the foolish will ask what has made them turn away from the direction of prayer, which they used to face say, the east and the west belong to God, He guides whom He pleases to the right path. This has a context this ayah has a context. This is the change of the Qibla. Let me briefly explain to you what this is. The Prophet son was born and raised in Makkah, received revelation in Makkah, then the profits are solemn, because of the persecution that his followers and him faced

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left from Makkah to go to Medina.

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When he went to Medina, the prophet Salim Medina is if Makkah is here, Medina is over here like it's north. Okay, so now the Prophet son faced a very interesting situation in Makkah, the prophets of Salaam, the Qibla when the Prophet son started praying, and received the command or prayer was by to mock this Jerusalem. That was the Qibla BACnet. This is north of Makkah. So when the Prophet Sam is in Makkah here, he could face north towards, by to knock this and he would stand in front of the Kaaba and face north towards battle masters in war in in, in essence, facing battle, not this while also facing the curb. That's what he would do. So now that he's in Medina, Makkah is the opposite

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direction of biting doctors. So now he's facing by to knock this and maka is behind him. And that was something the prophets of solemn did not prefer. He did not prefer that, in fact, he was really wishing that Alas, pata will turn the direction of Qibla or turn the direction of prayer back to the carrabba towards the Kaaba, the house that was built by Abraham, Alyssa, okay. And last month he references references that he says other Narada Luba logic of his summer we have free we have frequently seen you turn your face towards the heavens, meaning we know our profit you are waiting for the command to turn the Qibla to the karma. Now this seems like a small thing to us now many

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years removed, but at

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The time when this was happening, this was a very difficult PR battle for the profit center. He's fading facing battle, not this, the Jewish community in Medina would say, Well, if you're really a prophet, why are you facing the Qibla? That is for us.

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Now, when he is told to face the garba, right, that's the new Qibla.

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Following the worldly and not equivalent of Baja, we will turn make you turn in the direction in a direction for prayer that will please you. So turn your face towards the sacred mosque. And wherever you may be, turn your faces towards it. Right. Now the problem is facing the the caravan, that's the new Qibla. That's the new direction of prayer. Okay, this led to watch. This led to people mocking the Prophet Solomon saying, hey, look, these guys are praying one day this way, praying one day that way, next nasal spray is facing this way. So they

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faced criticism and ridicule. And a last part low warn the problem of this, you are going to face this, this is again, going back to the theme being tested and showing restraint. The problem here is being tested.

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And he has no control over the perception of people, he can control that he cannot stop them from mocking him. He cannot stop them from making fun of the situation. That's a test. That's a huge test. what people say about you, sometimes you can control. And that is the test that the prophecy was being put through, along with the entire Muslim community. And it's a frustrating thing to go through. It's not an easy thing to go through, where people are a community speaking about you, and you have no control over how they speak about you as Muslims. I think we're quite familiar with this when we're spoken about on the news, right? And some like some some some

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unintelligent person comes to represent the Muslim who's maybe not even a Muslim, right? And we feel just like left out of the conversation. Okay, that's the test for the Prophet son was asked to show restraint. And he was rewarded for showing restraint. And then the direction of the clip law was changed. This is something that is the theme of one of the themes of this juice that will show restraint. Be patient, focus on what you can control don't focus on what you can't control, and Allah will take care of the rest. Allah spotlight repeats multiple times this command mean hazlehead register for leverage Akasha trauma suhara wherever you set out from Turn your face in the direction

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of the Sacred Mosque. Well, I mean, hateful, horrid stuff for one Nisha taraka Masjid for one Li Hua Ji haka Chaparral Masjid al Haram, excuse me, from wherever you come from, turn your face to the sacred mosque. Okay. So this command, it's repetition here. This is not a normal thing in the Quran, Allah does not repeat himself so frequently in the same passage, but this is to show how tough it was for the Prophet some as the Sahaba experiences. And this is a lost way of consoling them. This is Allah repeating this command is his way of emphasizing it. But also, you know, when you consult somebody, you repeat your words, right? You say it's okay, it's okay. Right. So that repetition has

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that, that nature or that tone of providing consolation, and that is what Allah subhana wa Taala was providing the Prophet Solomon, the believers. So this is

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a very beautiful passage talks about okay, but the next thing that this just addresses is a very beautiful aspect, a very beautiful ayah and a very, you know, it's like a, like a reality check about life. Life is full of tests, life is going to be full of situations that are difficult. Okay.

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Oftentimes, people lose faith, when something that they don't like happens to them, because their question is, how come I did all these good things? And then this bad thing happened to me, How come my mother who was such a good lady, her whole life, ended up getting cancer? How come this, how come that and what the questioning there feels to understand is,

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by default, the you know, as believers we are going to go through tests. In fact, non believers go through tests as well. Okay. They just brushed it off as, you know, a random chance. We are supposed to look at it as a part of a loss plan. And the reason for him testing us is to bring out the best in us to literally bring out the best in us. First goon squad Come on.

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was what school you allotted for Rouen. So remember me I will remember you be thankful to me and do not be ungrateful in the moments of good times we remember a lot in the moments of difficulty, remember the last part Allah? How do we remember Allah, Allah in moments of difficulty, or you will believe seek help through patience and prayer was the you know, yeah, you live in a monastery, you know, the slavery was solid in the law Hamas slavery surely Allah is with those who are patient is dinuba Sabri masala, seeking a laws help through prayer, through patience, and prayer. This is one of the great profound statements in the Quran. Shahab rhymes as he says, this is one of the great

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and profound statements in the Quran, that with patience, you can find happiness and contentment here in this world.

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Even during hardship,

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with patience, and prayer, you can find happiness and contentment here in this world, even during hardships, and you will find your reward waiting for you in the era. This is a beautiful, beautiful way to look at life, and the ups and downs of life. That even the low moments of life as long as we can have patience, in that in those moments showing restraint. That's actually what sobor literally means to show restraint. to not say something out of emotion that is irrational,

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showing restraint in the face of being tested. And praying. That is something that allows us to find happiness and contentment in this life. So handle up.

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The problem is described as whenever he would experience a difficult time he would rush to the prayer and then he would go find his comfort and solace in the prayer. That's how the prayer is supposed to be. Again the purpose of this these acts of worship is to purify us, and that's the purification that the prayer is supposed to give us if we pray as a last part, Allah has instructed us with that spirit, what are the fooling they may be like Ahmad but

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don't do not say about those that are killed in God's cause that they are dead, but they are alive. They are alive but you are not aware of it. While I never do anakim be shy immunol whole fuel jewelry will not post a minute and while he was enforcing what thammarat publishes salviati We shall certainly test

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we shall certainly test you. Allah is telling us is going to happen there is going to be tests in life. There is no doubt about it.

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We shall certainly test you with fear and hunger and loss of property, lives and crops.

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We shall certainly test you with fear.

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Those of us who live a peaceful lives, we have no idea how big of a blessing being peaceful is though as the one who has lost his house or lost his, his his his homeland because of fear had to flee and escape that they will tell you the value of peace

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while your hunger, a loss of basic necessities,

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loss of food unable to provide well not seminal Amal a loss of property and wealth will enforce the loss of you know people that are close to maybe unforce a loss of health who's going through some tough times in terms of being ill? What thammarat Samara is actually something that

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is explained to be

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above the basic necessities. So not necessarily a luxury but a food item of enjoyment. Something you eat, enjoy. So Allah says you will experience a whole variety of tests, the loss of basic necessities, the loss of luxury, a decline in wealth and property.

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And he declined perhaps in your own health, and even the loss of health and loss of family members. All different types of tests. Allah says for sure they're coming.

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Well budget is solve it in.

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But give good news to those who are showing restraint. In your with for to those who show restraint. They are the ones they are the ones who are lost as what we like or who moved on. They are the ones who are on the right path. They're the ones who are guided, how do they show restraint alladhina either asaba to massima those who when afflicted with a calamity when something bad happens to them.

00:35:00--> 00:35:45

Something that they can't control. They say in that Illa he were in LA he raggio. All in LA, he was in LA, he wrote, he wrote, this is not something that has said only when someone passes away, we belong to God and to Him we shall return. It is to be said at any point, and someone experiences a loss or a difficulty, any type of loss, any type of difficulty. This is the thing to say, Nadella here in Nigeria, it's a beautiful reminder, that whatever we have is from a loss partner, we belong to a lot. And at the end of the day, we will go back to him we are His, and our return will be to Him, He can do with us as he pleases. So this beautiful reminder should will help calm the nerves

00:35:47--> 00:35:57

will help control the tongue will help us from not seeing something or doing something irrational. And then we can move towards solving our problem.

00:35:59--> 00:36:08

Like Allah Himself about the microbiome, those are the people who have the blessings and mercy from the Lord. And it is they who are on the right path, hula ecoman moved on an Arabic.

00:36:10--> 00:37:03

This is actually a very, very nice sentence, una vaca, whom I'll move on, this is added to this to this sentence at the end, generally, there is no need for to have this elder, the one who is rightly guided or the ones who are rightly guided. This actually says exclusively, the ones who are rightly guided are the ones who in the face of difficulty can hold themselves patiently can show restraint while being tested? exclusively? That is the sign of guidance. Remember that we began the Quran by asking for guidance in a Serato stalking guidance the straight path here Allah tells us you want to know if you are close to guidance ARE YOU HAVE YOU ARE YOU attaining it or not? Is the telltale sign

00:37:03--> 00:37:38

How do you react to something that that tells you whether guidance has been attained or whether guidance has not been attained? If we react with showing restraint and remembering a law and working through our problem calmly without you know losing our cool that hula hula como todos that is what guidance means. If the person is exactly the opposite, you know, they're lashing out they're cussing. They're blaming, they're saying bad words.

00:37:39--> 00:37:50

That doesn't show a lot of righteousness or a lot of guidance, a lot of guidance. That is the the last one the idea of tests. Okay.

00:37:51--> 00:37:59

After this passage, a loss pinata, in the juice describes

00:38:00--> 00:38:01

the

00:38:02--> 00:38:22

a very beautiful description of what is virtue? What is virtue when it comes to practicing the faith? Is virtue, merely just facing a certain direction, eating with a certain hand wearing a certain type of dopey or something, you know,

00:38:23--> 00:39:11

putting our feet in one direction or not? Is that what like righteousness means? The answer is that's not what righteousness is all about. Part of righteousness is to face the direction of the Qibla when praying, meaning the, you know, the details of of Islamic law, or the the the details of how we practice our faith are extremely important. But that's not the point. The point of all of this is to purify it right. We use Akiko, when you are an animal communicator, he purifies you and teaches you the book in wisdom. So the purification comes first. In fact, real virtue. What I can tell there is Mohammed Abdullah is the one who believes in Allah and the Last Day, the angels the

00:39:11--> 00:39:21

book and the prophets, okay. There is that faith that drives them that that their life is driven by their faith. How does it manifest?

00:39:23--> 00:39:29

Well, Adam, Allah, Allah who believes that will Karbala, Tama Well, Mr. King, it is

00:39:30--> 00:39:50

to give away wealth, despite loving wealth, despite you know, liking it and wanting it to relatives and orphans and to the poor, the travelers and those who are asking for charity, okay, what does what is virtue, right, what is goodness?

00:39:51--> 00:39:54

It is to be able to

00:39:55--> 00:39:57

put someone else's

00:39:58--> 00:40:00

happiness ahead of

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

Your own.

00:40:01--> 00:40:27

Despite the fact you like wealth and whatnot, you would like to have something you would like someone else to have it. Who needs it? This obviously doesn't mean that you sacrifice your own basic necessities. This is, after your basic necessities are taken care of, and those of the of your family that are dependent on you, they're obviously number one on the list. But after that, what's disposable income? What's excess wealth?

00:40:29--> 00:41:16

While we love it, virtue is we should love putting a smile on another person's face even more. And that's what Alice has here in all these beautiful categories of different types of charity, take care of orphans, take care of the poor, the traveler, who is has lost his wealth, those who asked for help those who are you know, indentured in slavery, set them free, to attend the prayers to give them the guts to keep pledges. You know, this is a sign of a man this is a sign of virtue, a person can follow the book, the laws of Islam to the tee, you know, everything is like exactly by the opinion of the scholars. But then when they say something, you can trust what comes out of their

00:41:16--> 00:41:30

mouth. That is exactly missing the point of, of virtue and practicing the faith that's missing the point of purification. of of us Akiko purification, it misses that point.

00:41:32--> 00:41:52

To show patience, in hardship, and adversity, that point was made before and it's made here again, virtue is that that's that mindset is knowing good and bad is from Allah He man, actually one of the meanings of a man is knowing good and bad is from Allah, Allah, so showing patients in good and bad times.

00:41:53--> 00:42:46

Such other true believers like alladhina Sadako, Allah ecohome otaku, they are they are the people who are the true believers and the truly God fearing ones, the ones who are showing restraint. This idea of taqwa we began by talking about a lot yesterday as well, and today, we'll see it again, the Hawa is cultivated, that what is cultivated by acts of worship by acts of devotion, and that taqwa helps Ben build in us the ability to show restraint when we're tested. It helps build in us the virtue of preferring someone else's happiness over our own, you know, luxuries and materialistic pleasures. It builds in us the virtue of understanding good and bad is from Allah Papa duck, what is

00:42:46--> 00:42:47

cultivated

00:42:48--> 00:43:05

by certain acts of worship? chief among them is a you are living at hamanako divali camassia mocha makuti ballerina Min publikum la la quinta Poon believers fasting has been prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you so that you may attain takua.

00:43:06--> 00:43:11

So you may perhaps acquire taqwa. That's one of the goals of fasting.

00:43:12--> 00:44:06

A shift yeah has something very nice. He says. Fasting by the way, is cm actually means to abstain from something. In the Quran. The word in its linguistic meaning is used to talk about somebody who is going to abstain from talking, for example, Madame la salam, when she brings baby reset to the people, a lot helzer the coolie in Minato Rahmani Soman falon, aka Nima Yama in sia, he says to her, tell people I have sworn an oath to the Most Merciful. I'm not going to speak today. I'm not going to speak today. But the word she's using are the words that allow users to describe her not speaking is in Nina Val Tula Romani Soma. Song fasting me because that's something that we fasting in that

00:44:06--> 00:44:15

case in that context, it's abstaining from speech, fasting in our context, of course, it's abstaining from food, water and intimacy during the hours of the day.

00:44:17--> 00:44:58

manifesting, you have to pray, you have to be developed, you have to control your mouth. You have to control what you say and what you do, what you see and what you hear. It is something that raises your spirit, La La Quinta tahune. So perhaps we can attain the quality of taqwa the quality of showing restraint when we're tested. Fasting is a big test. Now Alhamdulillah Allah makes it easy for us. And that is one of the great blessings of Allah. And that's a miracle. I think we experience every year where we begin and we're all like kind of wondering how is this Ramadan gonna be when it's so hot and you have to go to work and all that stuff, and yet hamdulillah despite the

00:44:58--> 00:45:00

difficulties against the office,

00:45:00--> 00:45:23

We're able to do it and we're okay hamdulillah doing it. And that is one of the great, you know, signs of Allah that He wants to help us in doing good. Fasting, his race is the thing that raises our spirit. It trains us to show restraint in the face of difficulty. That's what fasting is training us to do. One of the themes of the sutra of this juice, in fact,

00:45:24--> 00:46:06

last month says about fasting, he says that it is something that was meant for people before us. So we have examples, even in the modern day, Jewish tradition, and the modern Christian tradition, you will still have examples of them fasting, and depending on what sect they belong to, sometimes the faster day or two, sometimes they fast, an extended period of time. Okay. So the, the precedence of fasting exists in faith, traditions, other than ours as well. And that is something we acknowledge and point to, to show that the source of these revelations is a loss of data. And thus you find the similar practices of different faiths.

00:46:08--> 00:46:36

Because the source of the original revelation was last pantalla even though afterwards he got corrupted about fasting Allah says something very interesting shadow Ramadan under the Zilla field, the only time the word Ramadan is mentioned in the Quran is right here in this ayah and right here in this ayah and Allah talks about Ramadan. He doesn't talk about fasting. He talks about Odin Zilla feel Koran, or on the month when the Quran was sent down.

00:46:37--> 00:47:22

It is the month where we study the Quran. And we fast and these two things help us attain the quality of taqwa. So it's very critical that we have this plan study. And current study is not just reading it again, I think I've said this a few times already. And I don't want to bore you. Reading is good. I'm not discouraging you from reading the Quran. What I'm saying is more important than just mere reading is the studying it's meaning understanding and pondering that is more important. Will LaWanda and there is more pleasure in that. There's more than that. Every minute we spend here together in Sha there is an immense amount of reward for us in here. And we ask a lot to make it

00:47:22--> 00:47:24

heavier on our scales. I mean, you're a banana.

00:47:25--> 00:48:13

After this, another important aspect of fasting or Ramadan is mentioned. Dora. Well, it is an allegory by Dr. Annie for Indian curry, when my servants asked you about me say I am here, I respond to the call of the one who calls whenever he calls to me. So let them then respond to me and believe in me, so that they may be rightly guided to our is critical. This is the time if there's something we need in our lives, we ask Allah for that. And then we say he didn't set out you don't know what to ask for. So he knows the rotten stuff him say that Allah guide me or Guide us to the straight path, guide me in my manners guide me in the way I speak, guide me in the way I make decisions guide

00:48:13--> 00:48:47

me in my emotions guide me and my family in every way. These are the hours we should make every single day in sha Allah while fasting. And towards the end of the fast specifically, okay. There's also intimacy that's talked about in the passage of fasting, which is interesting, because last month was reminding us that you don't have to, you know, forget about your intimacy while you're fasting as an after the fast is over. Don't think Ramadan is just 30 day, you know,

00:48:48--> 00:49:32

of, you know, devotional acts of worship. Don't forget to have the balance with the family. Okay, because otherwise it's unsustainable, that Ramadan activity will become so unsustainable after Milan a person will probably have burnout. So sustainability of actions is very important. Meaning having a balanced lifestyle, having time to study time to worship, time to pray, time to withdraw and time for family or hamdulillah come later to see me Rafa Fulani sir Eagle has been made lawful to you to go to your wives on the night of the fast Okay, and a beautiful description when Oliver's will not come and don't leave us alone. They are a garment for you or they are like a garment for you. And

00:49:32--> 00:49:47

you are like a garment for them. Meaning the husband and the wife are supposed to be in this ideal relationship, like a garment for the other, protecting the other from blemishes making the other look good.

00:49:48--> 00:50:00

Brothers that was yours supposed to do make your wife look good. Don't speak bad about your wives, you know, behind their backs is unacceptable actually, to do that. It's not cool in any way, shape, or form.

00:50:00--> 00:50:28

Are our pop culture glorifies that for some reason that you speak, you say make fun of like this person or a person make fun of it makes fun of their intimate partner behind their backs. That's something to be proud of. We're supposed to be like garments with each other, protecting each other, beautifying each other also shows us imagery shows the intimacy is for our husband and wife to be close together, like a garment is close to the body. Okay.

00:50:29--> 00:51:12

The last thing about the passage of fasting is the most fascinating one, in my opinion, is when a lot ends the passage of fasting, he says, don't consume one another's property, by unjust means. don't consume each other's property by unjust means, what to do via email comm don't offer bribes, to authorities, so that you may deliberately and wrongfully devour a part a part of other people's wealth. What is this is referring to is referring to systemic corruption is referring to systemic problems, where the powerful and the privilege will exploit the perilous and the underprivileged. That is what this is referring to. Sounds familiar, that's where a lot of our societies are at

00:51:12--> 00:51:12

unfortunately,

00:51:14--> 00:51:18

Allah says, after the passage of fasting, don't do this.

00:51:19--> 00:51:36

And there's wisdom in that because like Jeff's already mentioned, that your fasting is supposed to change you, it's supposed to transform you, if you are still a crook. When it comes to business, if you're still bribing, if you're still, you know, indulging in systemic corruption after fasting, what has your fasting done for you?

00:51:37--> 00:51:42

That is the beautiful implication of that, that this is a mix that

00:51:43--> 00:51:54

business practices need to change for the better after Ramadan. And that's a sign of organic, real transformation.

00:51:56--> 00:52:02

The thing after this is what's talks about this passage refers to

00:52:04--> 00:52:09

fighting in the way of a lot and in this particular passage, Allah is talking specifically about

00:52:10--> 00:52:17

fighting to defend or fighting as a retaliation. For those who have fought you fight them.

00:52:19--> 00:53:05

Looking at us as Welcome to new home Hey, look, if the mom or the Jew woman hateful, or fraud, you can drive them out of the places, which they drove you out from. Right meaning they started it, they did it. And this is referring to the people of Makkah, they kicked the Muslims out of their homes. So you have now the ability to retaliate, do so. But for any Intel for in the law for Rahim if they desist, then surely God is most forgiving and merciful. Brothers and sisters when you come to sudo Toba and sola and file I will show you how the Quran as a policy because Quran gives policy for like gives you foreign policy for a Muslim government. It's like uncompromising. If you are meant to be

00:53:05--> 00:53:49

in battle and you're supposed to be defending yourself, you gotta be the best. Okay? But always the Quran prefers and encourages peace. Always. If someone wants to break the peace, you show them what it means to be, you know what it means to have faith. But always, always, always, the Quran prefers fate, always parents prefers peace. And here as well you notice right after the ayah of fighting here Allah says, if the system lies most forgiving and merciful, meaning a level forgive their mistakes, you forgive their mistakes as well and make peace and move on. So this is a beautiful Quranic theme, which we'll come to later, in Surah number eight and number nine, this

00:53:51--> 00:54:10

just also talks about Hajj like I mentioned to you. Hajj is a pillar of Islam, a team will have Java or moratalla perform the Hajj, and the minor pilgrimage or more for the sake of Allah. And this is again, something that is a very difficult undertaking there. It's a it's a

00:54:12--> 00:54:13

it's a person being tested,

00:54:14--> 00:54:59

really in a way that sometimes you can't even imagine, tested by people tested by delays tested by traffic by congestion, because of congestion getting sick. everything right. And what we're asked to do is show restraint for men. For all Luffy in the head, Jeff arafa voila, sukawati de la wer intensive performance during them must abstain from indecent speech, all wicked conduct and all forms of quarreling while on the pilgrimage again, being tested, but showing restraint. That is what allows pantalla that's the point of these acts of worship that we do it

00:55:00--> 00:55:21

builds in us the quality of showing restraint. Because that's what that's what is what does overdue for in the failures are the tug of war prepare, like prepare for the journey. The best preparation is to have the one. Okay. So this is hudge also this just speaks about the

00:55:24--> 00:55:25

about

00:55:30--> 00:55:34

about the laws of marriage and divorce okay?

00:55:36--> 00:56:26

The laws of marriage and divorce and also particularly how who you're supposed to marry to don't marry a polytheist woman for example, who a person can get married to what happens How do you have intimacy they ask you what menstruation say it is it says an impurity but as an actually is more of like a painful thing in the situation where the woman is in her menstrual menstrual cycle she is in a situation that is a difficult painful situation and in that case, the husband and wife are not supposed to be engaging in intimacy okay. But once the the lady is over that situation, then that is everything is acceptable in terms of their intimacy in the law you have with the webinar we are

00:56:26--> 00:56:32

hearing God loves those who turned to him and penitents and loves those who keep themselves clean. Okay.

00:56:35--> 00:56:36

It speaks about

00:56:38--> 00:56:57

what happens in in divorce okay. In divorce, how is it that a how divorces issue now this is not a topic to discuss it like a quick five minute 10 minute thing divorce is a you know you have to break it down step by step but what I want to show you

00:56:58--> 00:57:00

is something very interesting

00:57:04--> 00:57:05

that number one,

00:57:07--> 00:57:17

Allah says the wives have rights corresponding to those which husbands have okay while I miss Lola via Allah He Nabeel mouth

00:57:19--> 00:57:20

All right, that's number one

00:57:21--> 00:58:02

note to make about this that it's not just a one way street a lost part that doesn't make it as such. Both parties have advantages and disadvantages. But alas Papa does give an upper hand to the husband well originally Allah Hinata Raja, okay and this is explicitly stated here, but that does not negate that women also enjoy you know, a footing in marriage and marital relations and in divorce particularly Okay, in divorce. Point number two that alone makes is very interesting. A point number two that I like to highlight about what Allah makes is

00:58:13--> 00:59:03

sorry, right here at tala humara Tawny for him Sakuma roofing outta Surrey home BSN. Divorce may be pronounced twice, and then a woman must be retained honorably are released with kindness. This is the instruction for how divorce proceedings should be retained honorably, reconcile and stay married honorably. Okay, don't make it into like a grudge match for the rest of your life, ruining everybody's life. Or, if you're going to end it out the three humbly son kindness ended with kindness. So panela that is the bar the rod sets for us when it comes to a divorce. I think the most you know, the most

00:59:05--> 00:59:37

difficult transaction a person would ever transact a very bitter transaction but Allah says it's either honorably you stay together, are you divorced with kindness? What's bad is any other third or fourth option. All of those are bad options. These are the two good options here. Also Allah mentions that point number three to notice about bollock is he even though he gave the men the upper hand, he says what are the ducky do it lie whose work do not

00:59:39--> 00:59:46

make a mockery of God's revelations. Okay. Don't use the Quran and Sunnah to

00:59:48--> 00:59:59

do what your ego is asking you to do. Don't use the Quran Sunnah to fulfill your whims and desires to show

01:00:00--> 01:00:04

Your control and to hurt somebody.

01:00:05--> 01:00:05

Okay?

01:00:07--> 01:00:08

What the law

01:00:09--> 01:00:36

while I'm on the lobby conditioning show restraint, show restraint, fear garden show restraint because Allah knows everything. A person who does something evil, or does something inappropriate in a divorce proceeding and can justify it in a way. Just understand the laws watching. Right? Maybe they have followed the letter of the law, but understand Allah is watching them and what they have done.

01:00:38--> 01:01:08

Again, what happens when a woman has gotten divorced number four, observation here and I'll make one last one, the fifth one, which is if they have got gotten divorced, don't stop them from remarried. faletau Luna am Ghana as Raja hoonah is author, although binomial models, remarriage is encouraged. And there is like a whole interesting narration behind how this ayah was revealed. But the story the brief summary is that

01:01:09--> 01:01:14

a family member of a divorced woman should not forever

01:01:16--> 01:01:54

shackle her with the that one incident she shouldn't be defined by that. If she can move forward, she shouldn't move forward. If he doesn't want to move forward with it or she wants to pursue, you know, life herself handler that's fine as well. It's not no one's forcing her to get remarried. But if she wants to get married again, the family shouldn't be holding her back and saying, hey, last time you got married, you got divorced, no falada Luna is the decision of the woman she wants to get married. remarried handler doesn't want to Alhamdulillah but if she wants to get remarried, don't stop. And this is important instruction from the Quran about this

01:01:57--> 01:02:14

last thing that I'll note about this, about the passage of divorce is in the middle of the passage of divorce. see over here Allah is talking about divorce. Right? Well antiflu carambola taqwa. If you are, you know

01:02:16--> 01:02:30

what happens I will come Don't neglect chance of behaving nicely benevolently towards each other. Talking about divorce. Okay? Again, divorce doesn't mean you act like a complete, you know, complete.

01:02:31--> 01:02:56

I can't think of a good word completely bad person. Okay. Have kindness and morality and let that be your guide. Okay. In the middle of the passage of divorce, Allah says half you Lola Salatu. Wa Salatu was for como de la hora, to be ever mindful of prayers, especially the middle of prayer, to stand up before God and submissive devotion. So panela even in those moments where we are going through a range of emotions

01:02:57--> 01:03:47

tested in a way that is very difficult for us mentally. Don't forget about your Salah that is showing restraint at that time. Don't forget about your prayers, guard your prayers, even if we're going through a lot of difficulties. Don't let that become a reason to compromise our relationship with Allah. Allah. Hold on to it as best as you can. Okay, but don't completely let it go. Okay. Last thing in this juice is the people of bunny surah L. Okay. Adam Tara Ellen Levy, lm Tara Illa lol mela, me money Sarah lm embody mufa is all in the Wii lahoma Barcelona, Malika Nakata, the children of Israel, wanting a wanting a king to fight.

01:03:49--> 01:04:35

What fight under a king that will unite them and fight the tyrants that had been oppressing them, slaying them, okay? Allah, Allah sends them off before he sends them this king who will unite them and they will fight under his banner and defeat their enemies. Allah, Allah asked the prophet who was or the sorry, the prophet who's there, ask them what happens if you refuse to fight when overdue, so will you chicken out? Or will you actually stick around to fight? Because right now you want to fight? They say yeah, we'll be here to fight. All right, Allah says, in the law of God Bharata loco luta, Malika Allah has made you made or loot a king for you. All right now Thor loot

01:04:35--> 01:04:50

was selected to be the king. They immediately had concerns. Remember last time when he saw ill the thing that defined them was commitment with compromise. They would commit to something but compromising all the way to the end.

01:04:52--> 01:04:57

Here again, here a lot of points followed. They're like how can you be king he doesn't have any money.

01:04:59--> 01:04:59

You know, whatever.

01:05:00--> 01:05:19

de minimis, he doesn't have that much money. How can he How come he's the king. The Prophet says Allah has chosen him over you, and has given him great knowledge and physique. He is strong physically and smart. That's why he's chosen to do the job of the king. And as you see, he was very smart followed.

01:05:22--> 01:05:53

Then by loot, Costolo knew these people did not want to fight. So Paulo set up a test for them and a very difficult test. And again, that's the point of this just showing restraint while being tested. bothered says we're gonna march towards the enemy, and no one's going to have a drink. The only thing you can drink is a Illa, manjunatha or Phantom Brd except the one who sips a handful from this river. That's okay. But anything more than a handful? You can be with me.

01:05:54--> 01:06:37

Now that's a very like, you know, you can think about this is a hugely difficult test, but follow this smart He's like, I rather have few people that are strong, that will stick with me and fight that have a lot of people that just run away and the moment at the first, you know, instance of adversity, causing others lose morale as well. And this is the thing, quality is more important than quantity. That's what followed new. So most of them for Sheree woman who will love kalila men whom most of them drank from it except a few now only a few money Israelites are left with pollute. But these are the elite when the Israelites and when they go and meet Goliath, dilute.

01:06:38--> 01:07:24

They're like, Oh boy, Allah Paul catalana Yama be jalota God we have no strength today against Goliath and his warriors. This is the elite ones from the elite. You have the super elite. And these are the ones called Lavinia Luna anomala Allah he come in Viet in karela tinola. Three attend Kathy Adam Videla, but those who believe that they will meet God. You know, they were certain that he man was certain like they were sure the man is what drove their worldview. There's certain there were certain in knowing that there's going to be a meeting with alone that the judgment they said how many small group has or many a small group by a loss command has prevailed or a large group. Right?

01:07:24--> 01:08:09

And then they make a beautiful graph. They said Our Lord, bestow patience upon us and make us stand firm and help us against those who deny the truth of free hiding our sovereign was a bit of a dominant one. So national common Catherine and then so panela for has a move home be vanilla, and the day by the commandment of Allah, they defeated them. In fact, they routed them and the star of the army was a khattala the ODU jalota the old Elisa Lam, killed Goliath, David killed Goliath, the tyrant King, the oppressive King, the general of his army, and that turned the that completely demoralized Goliath army and Bani Israel had a great victory. And law gave him kingship and wisdom

01:08:09--> 01:08:22

and imparted to him the knowledge or whatever He willed. So this is the story of again being tested and showing restraint. Last point I'll make about this is you notice the Quran does not

01:08:24--> 01:08:50

just criticize bunnies, right for the sake of criticizing bunnies, right? Air Allah, Allah actually speaks about the good Ebenezer eel, right those who have them believed that they would meet God. They said this beautiful thing, how many are many a small group by God's command has prevailed against a large group, and they made a beautiful Dora and Lakota beautiful Dora, and they had a great victory and Law Courts a great victory.

01:08:51--> 01:09:31

So it's not just about criticizing the Jews is actually criticizing when criticism is deserved, and praising when praise is deserved. That is the Quran zwei inshallah I'll see you all tomorrow when we study the third just in sha Allah, the end of surah baqarah and the beginning of surah, Allah Emraan Joseph McMullen sorry for going a little over today, but we will achieve a lot my goal is to end at 7pm on the dot tomorrow I will keep up my commitment today. Keep in mind we did adjust a little bit more than I just saw. Thank you for affording me the extra 10 minutes. Monica Lama we have they're gonna show the La Ilaha Illa de esta forgot over like, I mean to your beautiful doors. Santa Monica

01:09:31--> 01:09:33

alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakato