Life After Death in Hinduism and Islam
Channel: Zakir Naik
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Cycle of Birth, Death and Rebirth in Hinduism
The fifth pillar of Eman
is life after the culture after first we'll discuss
the life after that Hinduism and then Islam,
the common Hindu, or most of the Hindus, the belief in the cycle of birth, death,
rebirth, that rebirth known as the Samsara it's also called as the theory of reincarnation, or tans, migration of soul.
And this philosophy of samsara.
It came about because
the scholars, they could not justify that How Could Almighty God be unjust, that some human beings are born wealthy, some human beings, they're born poor, some human beings, they have been given health, some I've got diseases, so almighty God cannot be unjust. Therefore they came with the philosophy of samsara. Based on the verse of Bhagavad Gita,
chapter number two was number 22.
It says that as a human being, he changes and throws away the old clothes and when new clothes similarly, the soul throws away the old material body and puts on the new body.
A seminar message is given in Ben Hunter Upanishad, part four, chapter number four, was number three, it says that,
whenever Caterpillar climbed onto a grass or blade, he jumped onto a new blade. Similarly, a soul takes a new body. So based on these verses, of the Bhagavad Gita,
and you punishes the scholars to justify they had this theory of samsara, cycle of birth, death, rebirth, and they believe in the concept of Karma, there's action, action, not only of the body, but action, even of the soul.
Based on the philosophy, as you sow, so shall you reap. Whatever you sow,
you shall reap.
They believe also in Dharma, dharma means deed, righteous deed, how you live your life, family life, live in society, if your karma is based on term, you will have good karma and also believe in moksha, that is, Nirvana.
That is ultimate salvation from the cycle of birth, death and rebirth. If you have no deeds, in which you can believe on, you get Moksha
this philosophy they say that the human being is born handicap
is born with diseases, maybe because in his previous birth, he did some evil deeds, they will be punished in this world. So this philosophy came up to justify that Almighty God cannot be unjust. But if you read the Vedas, nowhere to the Vedas speak about the cycle of birth, death and rebirth, nobody speak.
Nowhere in the Vedas is the concept of samsara, they,
what it does mention is the Qunar general poner in Sanskrit means next or again and general myth, but sooner Jana means next birth, or next life. The right translation of Pune, Jereme is next life, it doesn't mean life, death, life, death, life that doesn't mean cycle of death and life, Pune. Genom. If you translate Sanskrit into English, it means next life, so betas have got no problem in agreeing next life. And if you read the Vedas, rigor with books, number 10. Him number 16 was number four and five. It speaks about the next life
that there is an afterlife, but doesn't speak about death and life, death and life. And the way they'll also speak about Swarg that is paradise describing that there is rivers flowing beneath of milk, you will have all kinds of fruit will have peace in for in several places, in a terrible way. Book number two Atharvaveda book number four, Book number six, regret book number 10. Self replaces, regret even speaks about nerve that is held,
describing somewhat like a fire or torment of fire for punishment
in several places in the COVID book number four. So if the concept of work anarchy is there, that after a person dies, he will get a reward and punishment. So what is the requirement of him to come again in this world? So according to the Vedas, the Vedas believe in next life only once and there depending upon your deeds, you will either go to Paradise work or not, that is hell.
It doesn't believe in the concept of birth, death and rebirth, which most of the common Hindus believe and regarding the logical reply, why Almighty God makes some people handicap some people have even discussing the concept of life after their Islam
Allah says in the Quran in surah Baqarah Chapter number two was number 28. That Don't you have faith saying that Allah gave you life? We didn't have life when he caused you to die, then again you give you life and to him will you return? Allah says in surah Mulk chapter number 16 Verse number two, Alessi Khaliqul moto Hattah It is Allah was created that and life to test which of us good indeed. Allah says in surah Al Imran Chapter three verse 185, that Kowloon of psychical mode every soul shall have a taste of that. But the final recompense will be on the day of judgment. And anyone who saved from the hellfire and enters Jana the garden, he has achieved the objective of this world. For
this life is nothing but mere chapters of plain amusement. So you're applying to Islam, a human being comes in this world only once. And this life is a test for the hereafter. And depending how well you follow the commandments of Almighty God, I don't follow a command of Almighty God based on that in the next life in the hereafter, depending which ways more you will either go to heaven that as paradise or hell
that is not and the description of paradise Jana
in Arabic Jana translators garden is given in 70 Plus in the Quran, and the concept is similar, that there are rivers flowing beneath rivers of milk and honey, fruits of all kind, you will have pomegranates you will have peace, there will not be any sin. Hunan also talks about hell about Jahannam similar to the Vedas as torment of Hell, who will be managed stones. So the baccarat chapter two verse number 2324. And many places the Quran even speaks about hellfire. So the concept of hell and heaven in Islam is somewhat similar to the concept given the Vedas. And if you read the Vedas, it is similar to the Islamic concept that you come in this world once and next life,
depending upon your deeds upon your karma. Next world you'll either go to hell or heaven. But it disagrees with the common philosophy with the Hindu scholars talk about the Samsara. The reason they came up with this philosophy of samsara, as I told you, they could not logically justify that How Could Almighty God make some people born in a rich family, some in a poor family, some are born healthy, some are born with congenital defect. The logical reply for this is given in the Quran. Allah says in the Quran
in surah, chapter number 29 was number two.
That Do you think just by saying, I believe Allah will let you go and Allah will not test you? That even if you say that I believe in God, do you think Allah will not test you, you're bound to be tested, every human being is bound to be tested. Allah says, Allah says in surah Baqarah Chapter number two was the 155 that surely we will test you with fear and with hunger, with loss of property, loss of life, loss of fruits of your toil.
And only those will pass those who are patient and perseverance that meet Almighty God will test you with hunger, with fear, with loss and property, in health in different things. Allah says in surah unfiled chapter number eight was number 28, that your wealth and your progeny is a test for you. The wealth and the progeny, your children are there for you. So in Islam, we believe that this life is a test for the Hereafter. And Allah subhanho wa Taala test different people in different ways. And depending upon the surroundings, and the facility Allah gives you He will test you accordingly. For example, if the question paper is difficult, the teacher corrects the people leniently. If the
question paper is easy, the teacher can make the paper most likely to similarly depending upon the facility Allah has given you, he will test you accordingly. And Allah says in Surah Anfal chapter eight, verse 28, that your wealth is a test for you know regarding the logical concept why some people are born in a rich family. Some people are poor family, Allah says wealthy the test for you.
The third pillar of Islam is every rich person who has the saving of more than the nisab level edify grams of gold, he or she should give 2.5% of that saving in charity every year.
So maybe very few rich people will actually give the 2.5% of the excess does the charity majority may give only part of it. So in charity, they'll get less month some people will not give, so they'll get zero marks for a poor man, where the saving of less than 85 grams of gold. He doesn't have to give zakat, so it's hard to get full marks.
We think Oh bichara Very bad me. Poor man.
Allah says was did a test for you and a prophet said it is difficult for a rich man to enter Jannah
so wealthy is a very difficult test
imagine in the year 2002 During examination, a very difficult question comes in the year 2003 doesn't come so we should be happy. Good this question didn't come, we should not cry. But we human be we think opposite. You know he doesn't have well the the poor man you know sad person, it is good for him the difficult test of wealth these are undergoing. If he had the wealth, the test of the West is very difficult. Maybe he would have failed. So Allah test different people in different way. Regarding the reply, why some people are born healthy. Some people are born with the disease with congenital heart defects. Allah says in surah Unfall, chapter eight was 28 that your children are a
test for you.
To the person who's born, even if you don't handicap in Islam believe every child is Masoom is sinless. We don't believe that the child did some bad deeds in the previous board. Therefore he's born handicap. We believe every child born in any family, he said less is muscle. But he may be attached for the parents. The parents may be pious people may be offering five times Allah.
Maybe Allah wants to test them further. And if Allah wants to give you a great reward, yes to test you, in a higher level.
Maybe, for example, if you sit for a graduation in arts
to pass a BA degree in art, it's easy. If you pass you become a graduate, but to pass an MBBS exam and more difficult. But if you pass your doctor, more honor, but the chances of passing MBBS is much less. But if you pass you get great honor. Similarly, maybe the parents, the pious people, Almighty God wants to give them genitive for those. Allah wants to test them, that after giving handicapped children yet do they believe in Almighty God or not. So Allah subhanaw taala tell different people with health,
with disease, with wealth, with poverty, all these are tests of Allah subhanho wa Taala and it is Allah subhana wa Taala tell different people in different ways that the reason there are differences in the human being it is not because Almighty God is unjust. He's testing different people with different ways. And depending upon the facility I've given you, He will reward and punish you accordingly.
So this answers a logical concept, which the scholars could not realize