Channel: Zakir Naik
The next question posed by Abdul Karim from Lahore, Pakistan, if all the Muslims believe in the same Quran and the same audit, then why are there for Muslims? And why do they differ?
This is a very important question. And a very sensitive question.
The brother posed the question that if the Muslims believe in the same Quran and believe in the same audit, then why are they for Muslims? And why do they differ?
I do agree that as far as the Eleison novel Jamaat is concerned,
major chunk of the Muslims, all of us believes in the same Quran. We believe in the same idea we believe after the Quran is the Buhari the most important then a Muslim is there then you follow the quotable set that up without there may be the Nibbana magia si D for the main collection of the auto sector. And there is an animus agreement between this the Quran and the cannabis sector number one of the Quran Pachauri then Muslim and then the other four books of the regarding a question that why are there four methods and why do they differ?
As far as
the four popular model that we have today?
And we follow the four Emma's that a mama hanifa
Imam Malik Imam Shafi animam Mmm, humble, may Allah have mercy on them all. I love all the former's I respect them all. And I really pray for all of the men last minute Allah grant the mercy and mela put all of them in the fridge or Salama.
Let me correct you first, that the four mme they came to explain to the Muslim Ummah,
Islam in detail, let me tell you that they don't differ always, they differ rarely more than 90 to 95% all the formats are the same.
They may differ in some issues may be minor issues, I find that the major issues are concerned about Salah we have to provide time regarding regarding the former that they are saved in the minute aspects of Salah or if they may differ here and there. But they are minor differences. It's not a major difference at all, it is not worth fighting for it. So let me tell you that 90 to 95% of all the former they are the same, exactly. They made different small issues. And very few all this for a month. They said that if you find any of any of my wording, which goes against Allah and is our soul, which goes against Quran and Hadith, then you throw my foot on the wall. So all these four
months, they were great scholars.
And they came to explain the deen to us
regarding Why do they differ if we follow the same Quran and the same idea is a very important question. And this question troubled me for many years
Alhamdulillah Allah has blessed me that I have met many scholars from all the former the head
and I interacted with many of them many hours, and I spent time with them. And
I posed the same question Why do they differ and the replies they gave was there some less satisfying some more satisfying, but there's no convincing replies for the masses.
And the lesson from the laughter meeting the scholars from all these former the head, my vision
of Islam and the differences Alhamdulillah expanded a lot. Allah clearly mentioned the Quran in surah chapter three verse 103, what the theme will be obliged me Allah to hold to the rope of Allah strongly and be not divided. We Muslims are supposed to hold to the rope of Allah that the Glorious Quran and the Hadith, and all its Iijima all the LS for knowledge among the Muslims who believe in the Quran and Hadith then why are the differences
to explain to common man, I will give you some examples and always believe in explaining people by giving examples we understand.
I would like to ask a simple question to the people who know English. What is the spelling of the word color?
Then you guess
give the reply. You can give the plant WhatsApp you can use the reply on the Facebook you can give the reply on YouTube. What is the spelling of color? I'm going to get a Hindi reply. What is the spelling of color?
What is the spelling of color
Some may say the spelling of color is c o l o u r.
Some may say the spelling of color is c o l o r,
which is correct. A person who is well versed with English will tell you that the first spelling is the spelling of British English CE o l o u r is the British spelling for the word color. si o l o r is the American spelling for the word color. I must mean the question which is correct, ce o l o u r or c o l o r and again you'll have different opinion Some will say C o l o urs correct. If it's a British, some will say C o l o r is an American, some will say both are correct. But, even if they differ, you never find them fighting over this issue. The metaphor of British I will say CE o l o u r is correct. I'm an Indian, we were ruled by the British and quite a large portion of the world was
ruled by the Punisher. So, all those who are ruled by the British Earth and we were British colonies, we will follow British English and we said the spelling of currency Oh hello, you are the American will say co LR we agree to both
a British I would prefer to No you are but if someone says to LR fine, we agree to differ. Same with American he will say C or LR but he agrees he believed that is better, but he agrees with CO LR also. Similarly, this is just an example I've given you How do you pronounce all FTN?
How would you pronounce or
some will say often Some will say often.
Previously will often then it'd be more often now new people are saying often this character is not solid it should be pronounced some cities and and then the big debate for that. But we realize that both are correct known ways. Similarly, these schools of thought for that we have actually there were many 10s and hundreds of Imams and scholars before Mr. Abu hanifa Imam Malik Imam Shafi remember the number may Allah have mercy on them all, mela Grandin, Jennifer for those two all they were more popular, or maybe their students made them popular. There were many other Imams, many other shapes, many other scholars, but before their teachings became more popular, maybe the
students made it more popular. And that's how we have these four major medabots but all these four great scholars and for a mass they never came to bring a division in the Muslim Ummah, they explain their point of view
because if it is very clear cut in the foreign that is no problem at all. If we've taken that the the different comes when there is a difference of opinion. Now, why is there a difference of opinion? I will discard that previously as to think okay fine, you know, maybe the differences did some people say sided Some people say that is the difference? That is not the real answer. That may be in some cases
after meeting so many folks has and scholars of the different mothership
have come with this example of the spelling or the example of pronunciation. So, similarly the mother have different what is the major reason according to my study,
there is oolitic
that in areas where it is not very clear cut, Quran says alcohol there's no faking it Allah says Allah.
So no one will differ allowed a lot every two that come when there is difference in understanding the Quran or the idea that cetera then the fixed art. So as far as the school ific is concerned, there are different criteria for giving your ruling on fic
Some may have five criteria Some may have six, some may or seven, some may have nines or maybe even 10.
I will not discuss in detail time does not permit and difficult for common men to understand.
I will give a few examples for better understanding number one differences difference in the criteria. As far as the first two criteria are concerned.
It is the same number one criteria in all Medina all schools of thought it is Quran. Number one, there's no difference in it.
Number two is the matamata D all the schools of thought believe that number two criteria for fish
is the matamata D what is the matamata D there are various different classifications of others.
One of the classification depending upon the narrator's, the chain of narrators. mutawatir Hadith means a hadith in which there are various chains of narrators in every generation. That means that Hadith had been narrated by various many sabas, who heard the Prophet say that, then the next generation turbine, there are many turbines repeated that. Then the Tubby turbine marries Amitabha and repeatedly so in every generation there are various many narrators. So in one of the classification of Hadith, it is based on narrators.
It is maybe a very positive single chain, then this other
one narrator is there at any much the only one narrator. For example, the very famous or did the first lady of say Bukhari, Omar Abdullah when he said that the Prophet said in normal, Armenia
you actions are based on your intention. All you find this hadith in Bukhari and Muslim and Mary's books about the but there is only one Sabo narrated it. So if any of the stages where the stage of Sabah by not Amitabha in any of the stages of narration, if any of the stages are only one narrator coming in all the time, it becomes a data. So there are various chain of narrators. But all the narrators end to Omar Abdullah one and then maravilla narrated what the prophet said. So to become the other there may be a maturity is there may be two or three narrators and it keeps a various category. The highest category is motivated. That means sermon narrators at every stage that we
every stage have many narrators number in Africa has to be more than four or five, every stage Some are 20 Some are 30 at every stage.
So number one is the Quran. Number two is the myth of authorities.
All the schools of thought agree that the number two highest category of evidence after the Quran is the matamata. The
third category onwards. The third criteria of evidence differs in different schools of thought.
Tommy Hilfiger, it rests on six or seven some of 10 criteria. In some schools of thought, the third criteria highest criteria of evidence is
even harder. As long as I had it, even had no problem it can be a maturity, it is the third highest and some school of thought no, no, no. The third after the motto was that Hades is the ORF is the custom, that if the people of Medina did this act, it is a custom it is the third highest higher than even as I had been, which is the other day some will say no, it is chaos analogy. So, different schools of thought have different criteria, in order for you to have the same the third may be a deed Some may say no or the custom, some may say chaos analogy, other groups before it becomes harder this the fourth becomes custom in some schools of thought. So, from the third onward, it
differs. So, based on this difference, some may prefer custom as a higher so if it is not there in the Quran, if it not there matamata D it is an added to this glossary
The other thing is inadequate and not the norm.
So, I will not believe I will give more importance, customer importance. So the differences arise in what you give more importance to you give important more to or for the custom, do you give more importance to chaos and energy? Or do you give more importance to this from third level it keeps on differing in different schools of thought. So because of that what you give more importance to differs. That's how the ruling differs, but all these ruling a minor
What do you have to understand that we have to respect the ruling of all the four schools of thought
because all the four schools of thought are based on Quran that based on Hadith, but the level of importance may differ. Some schools of thought say they may have a criteria. If you're talking about Salah
it should be Amitabha Tara this because Allah the Prophet peed in public, almost all of us saw him. So if you give about Salah
door it is a he I will not follow if it is Salah. It has to be evidence for Matata do not follow the thinking you may agree or not agree. You may say no. It has any one sub report in it. It is sufficient for me it's as I had it fulfills the criteria of say it is sufficient for me. Others close or say no. If it's other matter I will believe in others but Salah such important thing prophet prayed every day five times a day should be a difference of opinion. So how do you differ? So the third and the fourth and the fifth level of criteria after the first two differ?
This is the reason why the major differences there in the four schools of thought
it may be difficult for people to understand number two,
the difference may also be that you may differ that whether it's a say Hadith or not, some may say it's a Sunnah de Hashanah, this is the lowest level of say a D, some will say no, it was a Friday. So, therefore, this is not a houjicha
is not an evidence for saying something is false or something is haram, it may have other values. So, the mohabbatein may differ. And when the different the different minute Some may say, some misses life, Hudson is the lowest category of classifying audit on the basis of whether they say they for Mozu is another classification, failure detection, there are 10 types of psychopathy then comes I then come with more time to go into details. So the second type of difference of opinion in fic. Besides the criteria is whether they had the they say or they've few third, may be differences in understanding the need, for example, to the Hadith of the Prophet Musa al Salaam, that after
the prophet stood, and he kept his hands where there were
some schools of thought, I'm not mentioning the names purposely some schools of thought, say, the prophet
kept his hand
on his chest before he went to Roku, the hands on the chest. So after Roku, when they get up, they keep down on the chest.
The other I must say no, before starting the Salah, where were the hands the hand where the side so when they get up from Roku, they keep the hand on the side. So here you understand that the differences because understanding that
all of them agree that the DJ, but one fuqaha agree to this hadith refers to wherever the hands before going to
the other focus agree that it was before starting Salah. So different
in interpreting the audit. So one is because of criteria, which is the major difference. Number two is that difference in whether it's a failure safe number three in understanding that the similarly they can be a different than understanding the Quranic verses.
For example, the verse of the Quran says that when a woman touches you do bricks,
so one folker agrees that physical bricks are will do the Arabic word is masa, coming from the word lomasa Lama says go to meaning Arabic one means a sexual touch, one means a physical touch. So one for car takes it as a physical touch and the physical touch bricks will do. The other focus is no, it means sexual touch the physical dynamic. So the differences are there in understanding
the meaning of the verse of the Quran. So because of the differences, whether it be difference in criteria, whether it be difference in whether it whether it's a difference and understanding whether the difference in understanding the verse of the Quran, because of this, the differences are there, and the differences are minor.
We should not fight over it. What we find today that because of these issues, there are some people who just study for a few months, a few years. And they start saying that Okay, my freak is the best and is only right one, which is wrong. All these are great forecasts. We love them all. respect them all. Even they among themselves, when they differ they respected. They agreed with the view what they said, my view I think is observed. It is better. That doesn't mean you are wrong. But today most of the you're wrong. I'm right. What I say even I am right. To say I am only right is a big problem. All you can say I think this is observed. This is better than you can see. But today what
we have no I'm only right, you're wrong. Because of that there is tension. And there is fighting. We Muslims should be united. These are petty issues, the differences are going to be fair, there were differences in the Sabbath, we should not fight over it. And we should agree that we agree to disagree. We should not fight over it. And all these issues are not on the major issues. There are minor issues. So I request the Muslim woman that we should be united and we should respect the Imams and we should respect the scholars and seated that we follow the Quran and say Hadith as close as possible of them. So the question